2

EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i. OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

A?OOAINUeEA IAAe?ss ?AAI?AIA

OAeE 342.53.(4 Oe):174

I?AAIA? CANAAeE AeAIOOAONUeEI? AOEEE

( ia aeina?ae? ia?eaiaioo Oe?a?ie )

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 12.00.02 — eiinoeoooe?eia i?aai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa oa i?noeaaiai

naiia?yaeoaaiiy ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai

Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IIAI??EEI A?EOI? OAAeI?IAE*

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa oa

i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae

? i?aaa ?i. A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

O?EOeUeEEE IEAA OAAeI?IAE*

ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa

Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o ni?aa
Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

EAIII AIEIAeEIE? IEOAEEIAE*

th?eaee/iee ?aaeiee Oe?a?inueei- ?a?iiaenueeiai

eiinoeueoaoeaiiai oeaio?o c ieoaiue
caeiiiaeaanoaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

?i. ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “24” aa?aniy 1999?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.04. ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a th?eaee/ieo iaoe i?e Ee?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252017, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea,
64).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252017, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 64.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “30” /a?aiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe Aia?iaiee
N.A.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. C ooai?aiiyi Oe?a?inueei? iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae, ye
aea?aeaae aeaiie?aoe/ii? oa i?aaiai?, aeieeea iecea oai?aoe/ieo ?
i?aeoe/ieo ieoaiue, iia`ycaieo ?c noaiiaeaiiyi oa ?icaeoeii
ia?eaiaionueeeo ?inoeooo?a.

O ca’yceo c iiaith neooaoe??th, ui neeaeany a Oe?a?i?, iia’ycaiith c
aino?ith iie?oe/iith ai?ioueaith iaaeiei ci?i, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a
oiae? ?aoi?i, aeieeiaiiyi ia oe?e i?aenoaa? nioe?aeueieo eiioe?eo?a,
iinoaee ieoaiiy uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino?
ia?eaiaioo ? ia?eaiaioa???a. A?aenooi?noue aeina?aeo oa iaae/ie
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e caeiiiaeaaoe?a aaaeooue aei niia?eueiaiiy ae??oaiiy
aeooaeueieo ieoaiue, ia?ii? aeo?aoe /ano ieaia?ieo can?aeaiue, ao?aoe
iiaaae c aieo ia?iaeo aei caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee, aeaci?aai?caoe?? ?iaioe
Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie.

Noaiiaeaiiy ia?eaiaioo, ye i?ioan?eiiai caeiiiaeaa/iai i?aaio,
ia`?eoeaii iiaea a?aeaoaaoenue ca oiiae aeine?aeaeaiiy, ioe?iee ?
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee, aoeee /eai?a
i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee (caeiiiaeaaoe?a).

Aeooaeuei?noue oa iaeiaeine?aeaeai?noue oeeo i?iaeai e coiiaeee aea??
oaie oeueiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. ??aaiue aeooae?caoe??
aeaii? i?iaeaie iaoiiaeth?oueny oaeiae c?inoaiiyi ?ie? o Aa?oiai?e ?aae?
Oe?a?ie oaeiai ia?eaiaionueeiai i?aaio, ye Eii?oao c ieoaiue ?aaeaiaioo,
aeaiooaonueei? aoeee oa i?aai?caoe?? ?iaioe Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, a
nae?aoa??ao? yeiai aeena?oaioea i?aoeth? aieiaiei eiinoeueoaioii,
i?aeaioiaeith o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie oa /eiiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa caeii?a i?i ?aaeaiaio Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie oa i?i
noaoon ia?iaeiiai aeaiooaoa Oe?a?ie, yeeie caeia?oueny iacaaiee Eii?oao
Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie ? noai?ai? iei ?iai/? a?oie, oa cae?eniaiiyi a
Oe?a?i? aea?aeaaii-i?aaiai? ? ia?eaiaionueei? ?aoi?ie.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. Ieoaiiy uiaei aeaiooaonueei?
aoeee, ?noi?e/ii-i?aaiaiai aniaeoo aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee /eaia
i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee, ia?eaiaionueei?
eoeueoo?e aeine?aeaeoaaeeny a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? iaoeiaoeyie
I.Aiaeea?ii, A.?.Aaeooaiianueeei, A.A?aoiii, *.Aaecii, A.A.Aeaieniaei,
I.I.Ei?eoiiaei, I.A.E?aniiaei, I.?.Iaaeaaeeii, A.O.Iiai??eeii,
A.I.?iaa?oii, N.Na?oiaith, O.N?ieea?ii, I.I.Na?a?eeii, TH.A.Niaiiiiiaei,
A.I.Oaiiaaeii, I.O.Oooecii oa ?ioeie. A?eueo?noue ?ia?o aeaii? oaie
noino?oueny aeine?aeaeaiue i?aaiaeo canaae aoeee /eaia ia?eaiaioo NOA oa
?ioeo aea?aeaa. Ca ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae Oe?a?ie oe?
i?iaeaie ii?oooaaeeny a ?yae? iaoeiaeo noaoae oa aenooiao ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo iaoeiaoe?a-th?eno?a A.I.Caeoey,
A.I.Eaiii, I.?.Eictha?e, A.A.Eii?e/eeiaa, A.?.Iaoethea, I.I.Ie?iiaiea,
A.O.Iiai??eea, I.I.Oaiethea, ?.A.Oeoiiiai?, I.O.O?eoeueeiai,
A.I.Oaiiaaea, TH.N.Oaioo/aiea, I.?.THueea oa ?ioeo, aea iaia?
niaoe?aeueieo a?oioiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

?ic?iaee oa aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei aoeee ia?eaiaioa??y o Aa?oiai?e ?aae?
Oe?a?ie iaeaea ia ciaeoee naiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e
th?eaee/i?e iaooe?.

Aeaia aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ia?oei aeine?aeaeaiiyi, yea a
eiiieaen? ?icaeyaea? ieoaiiy, ui noinothoueny ?inoeoooo aeaiooaonueei?
aoeee /e aoeee /eaia i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee ia
aeina?ae? Oe?a?ie, aecia/a? oeyoe ae??oaiiy i?iaeaiieo ieoaiue aoeee
caeiiiaeaaoey a ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia?e aac? Oe?a?ie.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? noni?euei? a?aeiineie, ui
aeieeathoue a i?ioean? cae?eniaiiy aeaiooaonueeiai iaiaeaoo,
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa iniiaa aoeee caeiiiaeaaoey a Oe?a?i? oa a ?iicaiieo
aea?aeaaao.

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa
a?aaoethaaiiy aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee /eaia i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio
caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee a Oe?a?i? oa ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Caaaeueiith iaoith
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?:

— aecia/aiiy iiiyooy oa nooiino? ?inoeoooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee,
iai?yi?a eiai oi?ioaaiiy;

— aeyaeaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aoe/ieo (ii?aeueieo) ? i?aaiaeo ii?i uiaei
iiaaae?iee ?iaeea?ae?a oa a?oi ?iaeea?ae?a;

— aea/aiiy oa aiae?c aoai?a noaiiaeaiiy aoeee /eaia i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai
i?aaio caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaiieo ieoaiue aoeee ia?eaiaioa??y Aa?oiaii? ?aaee
Oe?a?ie o ni?anoaaeaii? oeueiai ?inoeoooo c a?aeiia?aeieie ?inoeoooaie
?ioeo aea?aeaa;

— eiiieaeniee aiae?c ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace uiaei aoeee ia?eaiaioa??y
a oiiaao iei?oiueiai aoaio ?icaeoeo aea?aeaaiino? Oe?a?ie, i?aeoeee ??
canoinoaaiiy;

— ii?aoethaaiiy i?iiiceoe?e oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii oaeineiiaeaiith
ae??oaiiy i?iaeaiieo ieoaiue i?e ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a.

?aae?caoe?y oe??? iaoe ni?e/eieea ae??oaiiy ianooiieo iniiaieo
caaaeaiue:

1) aeine?aeeoe ?yae oai?aoe/ieo ieoaiue uiaei aeieeiaiiy oa ooai?aiiy
?inoeoooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee, ye? ia aena?oeai? aai iaaeinoaoiuei
aena?oeai? a oe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e th?eaee/i?e e?oa?aoo??;

2) i?iaiae?coaaoe oa aeine?aeeoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oa aca?iica’ycie
aoe/ieo (ii?aeueieo) oa i?aaiaeo ii?i, c yeeo neeaaea?oueny ?inoeooo
aeaiooaonueei? aoeee;

3) aeine?aeeoe i?iaeaie oa aecia/eoe i?aaia? ii?ie aoeee caeiiiaeaaoey,
ye? a iaea?eueoa a?aeiia?aeaee o?aaeeoe?yi Oe?a?ie ? cia/ii aieeioee a
ia iie?ioaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe ia?eaiaioo Oe?a?ie;

4) aeine?aeeoe ?noi?eei-i?aaiaee aniaeo aoeee /eaia i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai
i?aaio caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee caaeey aeyao o?aaeeoe?e aoeee ia?eaiaioa??y
Oe?a?ie, ye? iaea?eueo ni?eeiyoi? aoee a oaia? aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie;

5) i?iaiae?coaaoe noai ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace aoeee ia?eaiaioa??y
Oe?a?ie caaeey aecia/aiiy oeyo?a oa iai?yie?a ?? aaeineiiaeaiiy;

6) aeine?aeeoe no/anio ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiao aaco aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee /eai?a
i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i;

7) noi?ioethaaoe eiie?aoi? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace aoeee ia?eaiaioa??y Oe?a?ie.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith oa iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia caaaeueiio?einionueeeo, caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo oa
niaoe?aeueieo iaoiae?a, ye? aoei aeei?enoaii, ye caniae iaoeiaiai iiooeo
a aoiai?oa?ieo, o oiio /ene? th?eaee/ieo iaoe. A i?ioean?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei canoiniaaii caaaeueiiiaoeia? iaoiaee: iaoiae
nenoaiiiai aiae?co, no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee,
?ao?iniaeoeaii-ii??aiyeueiee, eia?ei-?noi?e/iee, ?io?. E??i oiai
canoiniaoaaeeny niaoe?aeuei? iaoiaee: oi?iaeueii-th?eaee/iee,
oi?iaeueii-eia?/iee, nenoaiiee, aiae?oe/iee, ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaee,
caaaeueiiii?iaoeaiiai ii?aeueiiai ae?yeuei?noiiai i?aeoiaeo,
noaoenoe/iee, ?noi?eei-i?aaiaee.

Oai?aoe/io iniiao aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue iaoeia?
iieiaeaiiy i?i i?aaiao eoeueoo?o; i?i iiiyooy aoe/ieo (ii?aeueieo) oa
i?aaiaeo ii?i ? nioe?aeueieo ii?i a oe?eiio; i?e?iaeo oa iiiyooy i?aaa,
ii?ae?, aoeee; i?aaiaee noaoon ia?eaiaioa??y, ye? i?noyoueny a ?iaioao
no/anieo a/aieo: O.A.Aaie?ii?, N.N.Aeaen??aa, I.Aiaeea?a,
A.?.Aaeooaiianueeiai, *.Aaeca, A.A.Aeaieniaa, A.A.?o?iaiea,
A.A.Eiiae/eeiaa, I.A.Einoth/aiea, I.A.E?aniiaa, A.E?aooia?a,
I.I..E?i/oea, ?.C.E?aoeoey, A.?.Iaoethea, I.I.Ie?iiaiea, I.?.Iaaeaaeea,
A.N.Ia?nanyioea, A.O.Ii?eoea, A.O.Iiai??eea, A.I.?iaa?oa, O.N?ieea?a,
TH.A.Niaiiiiiaa, I.I.Na?a?eea, I.I.Oaiethea, ?.A.Oeoiiiai?,
TH.A.Oeoii?aaiaa, I.O. O?eoeueeiai, I.?. Oi?oiaa, I.O.Oooeca,
A.I.Oaiiaaea, TH.N.Oaioo/aiea, A.Oeuei?a, I.Oiaoa, ?.A.Oeiea?aiea,
I.?.THueea, ?ioeo iaoeiaoe?a; iaoeia? ?iaioe ieneeoae?a: A??noioaey,
A.A?aoia, ?.Aaioaia, I.Aaaa?a, A.Aaaaey, ?.Ea??iaa, ?.Eaioa,
A.Eaeuecaia, I.I.Ei?eoiiaa, E.Ia?ena, Aeae. I?eey, Aeae. Io?a, Aeae.
Ino?ia, Ieooa?oa, ?.?aaea?ooa, A.Niaina?a, ?.I.O?oaaoeueeiai, E.Ooeea?a,
A.Oueiaaey, Oeeoea?iia, O.Aiaaeuena oa ?ioeo.

Aeena?oaio aeei?enoaea ca iaiao?aei?noth ?iaioe ?ioeo a?o/eciyieo oa
caei?aeiiieo i?aaiciaaoe?a, ui i?enay/ai? i?iaeaiai, yeeo noino?oueny
oaia aeena?oaoe??.

Aeaea?aea oa aii??e/iee iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ii?iaoeaiith aacith
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie 1996 ?ieo,
Eiinoeoooe?y O?N? 1978 ?ieo, Eiinoeoooe?y 1710 ?ieo (Iaeoe ?
eiinoeoooe?y i?aa ? aieueiinoae Caii??cueeiai A?enueea), Eiinoeoooe??
ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i, Caeiie Oe?a?ie, a naia Caeiie Oe?a?ie “I?i noaoon
ia?iaeiiai aeaiooaoa Oe?a?ie”, “I?i ai?ioueao c ei?oioe??th” oa ?io?,
Oei/aniaee ?aaeaiaio Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie aeaaiaaeoeyoiai neeeeaiiy,
?aaeaiaio Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? aeoe Oe?a?ie, OI?,
ON?N, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? aeoe ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i, ?aaeaiaioe (noaoooe) ?o
ia?eaiaio?a.

Aeaea?aeii i?aeoe/ieo ocaaaeueiaiue noaea ?iaioa aeena?oaioee ia iinaae?
aieiaiiai eiinoeueoaioa nae?aoa??aoo Eii?oaoo (Eii?n??) Aa?oiaii? ?aaee
Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue ?aaeaiaioo, aeaiooaonueei? aoeee oa caaacia/aiiy
ae?yeueiino? aeaiooao?a ( Aa?oiaia ?aaea Oe?a?ie 13-ai neeeeaiiy) oa
Eii?oaoo Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue ?aaeaiaioo, aeaiooaonueei?
aoeee oa i?aai?caoe?? ?iaioe Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie (Aa?oiaia ?aaea
Oe?a?ie 14-ai neeeeaiiy); o/anoue aeena?oaioee o ?iaio? ?iai/eo a?oi i?e
Aa?oiai?e ?aae? Oe?a?ie ii ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeo?a caeii?a Oe?a?ie i?i
eii?oaoe ? eii?n?? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, i?i noaoon ia?iaeiiai
aeaiooaoa Oe?a?ie, i?i ?aaeaiaio Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, ?ioeo, a
oaeiae ?iai/i? a?oie Oei/aniai? ne?ae/i? eii?n?? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie
ii aea/aiith neooaoe?? uiaei noaio aeiaea?aeaiiy aeai?/iai
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy aeai??a ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a Oe?a?ie
o 1998?ioe?; noaaeoaaiiy aeena?oaioee o ia?eaiaioao caei?aeiiieo e?a?i,
a naia ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??, Oaaea?aoeaii? ?anioae?ee I?ia//eia,
?anioae?ee Iieueua.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy,
aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeena?oaoe?? aacothoueny ia
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iiio, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiio ? i?aeoe/iiio iaoa??ae?, yeee
iniaenoi aeine?aeaeaiee aaoi?ii.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui oea ? ia?oa ni?iaa a
oe?a?inuee?e eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaia?e iaooe? ia iiiia?ao?/iiio ??ai?
eiiieaenii ?icaeyiooe th?eaee/io i?e?iaeo oa nooi?noue ?inoeoooo
aeaiooaonueei? aoeee, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai a?aaoethaaiiy aoeee /eaia
i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee ? aeine?aeeoe i?iaeaii?
ieoaiiy aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee ia?iaeiiai aeaiooaoa Oe?a?ie caaeey
aecia/aiiy iai?yie?a oa iiaeeeainoae ?? a?aaoethaaiiy a caeiiiaeaanoa?
Oe?a?ie.

A?oiooth/enue ia ocaaaeueiaii? iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiue, aeena?oaio
cina?aaeeea oaaao ia aeine?aeaeaii? aoeee a na?oia?e ia?eaiaionuee?e
i?aeoeoe?, iiaeeeainoyo canoinoaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo i?aaee, iieiaeaiue,
i?eioeei?a, i?aaiaeo oa aoe/ieo(ii?aeueieo) ii?i a caeiiiaeaanoa?
Oe?a?ie aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee nai? ao?eaiiy a iniiaieo iieiaeaiiyo
? aeniiaeao, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

— aecia/aiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oa aca?iica’yceo aoe/ieo (ii?aeueieo) oa
i?aaiaeo ii?i;

— aecia/aiiy iiiyooy oa nooiino? ?inoeoooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee;

— i?aenoaae ?iciaaeoaaiiy aoe/ieo (ii?aeueieo) oa i?aaiaeo ii?i uiaei
aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee ia?eaiaioa???a;

— iaa?oiooaaiiy oaa?aeaeaiiy, ui aoeea ia?eaiaioa??y ? i?ioan?eiith
aoeeith;

— aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae a?aaoethaaiiy ?inoeoooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee;

— oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i caeaaei?noue ?inoeoooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee a?ae
o?aaeeoe?e a?aeiia?aeii? e?a?ie;

— aeyaeaiiy aoai?a noaiiaeaiiy aoeee caeiiiaeaaoe?a;

— caeiiii??iino? aeieeiaiiy ? ?icaeoeo aoeee /eaia i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai
i?aaio caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee;

— eiioeaioe?y uiaei caeiiiaeaa/iai a?aaoethaaiiy aoeee caeiiiaeaaoey o
aeaeyae? i?aaiaeo /e ii?aeueieo i?aaee, eiaeaen?a, ?ioeo
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a;

— nenoaiiee aiae?c i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ui a?aaoeueiaothoue i?aaia?aeiineie
uiaei aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a Oe?a?ie;

— aeyaeaiiy ?noioieo iciae ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy aoe/ii?
iiaaae?iee /eaia i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio aea?aeaaii? caeiiiaeaa/i?
aeaaee a ia?eaiaionuee?e i?aeoeoe? oaeeo e?a?i, ye ?anioae?ea Iieueua,
?in?enueea Oaaea?aoe?y, Niieo/ai? Ooaoe Aia?eee, Oaaea?aoeaia ?anioae?ea
I?ia//eia, ?ioeo oa iiaeeeainoae canoinoaaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo
uiaei aoeee ia?eaiaioa??y a Oe?a?i?;

— aecia/aiiy iaaeie?e?a oa iiceoeaieo ?en ?icaeiaii? nenoaie th?eaee/ii
ioi?ieaieo ii?i aoeee caeiiiaeaaoey;

— oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i oa, ui i?ioean i?iaaaeaiiy ci?i ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai?
aace aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee caeiiiaeaaoey oa aoe/ieo ?aoi?i ? iino?eiei;

— aeie?aieaiiy eiea i?iaeaiieo ieoaiue aoeee ia?eaiaioa??y Oe?a?ie ( ia
aeina?ae? cae?eniaiiy iiaiiaaaeaiue Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie 12-ai,
13-ai oa 14-ai neeeeaiue) oa iiaeeeaino? uiaei aeieeiaiiy ?ioeo, c
a?aooaaiiyi aeina?aeo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i; i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?o ae??oaiiy
/e a?aaoethaaiiy; aeyaeaiiy oaiaeaioe?e ca?eueoaiiy ?o /a?ac
iaaeineiiae?noue ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai a?aaoethaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo
i?eioeei?a cae?eniaiiy aeaiooaonueeiai iaiaeaoo oa ia?eaiaionueei?
ae?yeueiino?;

— i?iiiceoe?y i?i aaaaeaiiy aoe/iiai (ii?aeueiiai) i?eioeeio aei
i?eioeei?a i?aaioai?aiiy;

— aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue ci?oeiaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace aoeee
/eaia i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio aea?aeaaii? caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee a
Oe?a?i? oa i?iiiceoe?? ii ?? ?ic?iaoe? oa aaeineiiaeaiith.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio,
ui aeena?oaoe?y ni?yiiaaia ia iiaeeaeaiiy iaoeiaeo ciaiue i?i i?aaia?
canaaee aeaiooaonueei? aoeee (ia aeina?ae? ia?eaiaioo Oe?a?ie ?
ii??aiyiiy eiai c aeina?aeii ia?eaiaio?a ?ioeo e?a?i na?oo),
caeiiiaeaa/a a?aaoethaaiiy aecia/aieo i?iaeaiieo ieoaiue ?inoeoooo
aeaiooaonueei? aoeee, ui ia? ia iao? ni?eyoe i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie.

Aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey ?noioiiai aaeineiiaeaiiy
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace aoeee /eaia i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio
caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee a Oe?a?i?, i?aeaioiaee i?iaeo?a caeii?a i?i
?aaeaiaio Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie oa i?i noaoon ia?iaeiiai aeaiooaoa
Oe?a?ie, ?ioeo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a caaeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaii?
ae?yeueiino? ia?eaiaioo ? ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a Oe?a?ie, cae?eniaiiy
ia?eaiaionueei? ?aoi?ie ye neeaaeiai? aea?aeaaii-i?aaiai? ?aoi?ie a
Oe?a?i?.

Iiaeeea? ianooii? noa?e canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe: i?aaioai?/a (th?eaee/ia caaacia/aiiy ia?eaiaionueeeo
?inoeooo?a), iaoeiai-aeine?aeia (c`ynoaaiiy iniaeeainoae i?aaia?aeiinei
o ia?eaiaio?), ina?oiy (o aeeeaaeaii? niaoeeo?n?a, i?enay/aiei
ia?eaiaioa?ecio), i?aaicanoinia/a ( a ae?yeueiino? ia?eaiaioo oa eiai
i?aai?a), ?io?.

Ai?iaaoe?y, ioae?eaoe?? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Ca /an ?iaioe iaae aeena?oaoe??th iaienaii oa iioae?eiaaii iniiai? ??
iieiaeaiiy o i`yoe ioae?eaoe?yo. ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
ai?iaiaai? aeena?oaioii o aenooiao ia i?aeia?iaeieo oa a?o/eciyieo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo oa iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo 1997, 1998 oa 1999 ?ie?a, a
naia: “I?aaiaa eoeueoo?a: oai??y ? i?aeoeea” ( Ee?a, o?aaaiue 1997 ?.),
“Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ieoaiiy ?aae?caoe?? Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie:
i?iaeaie, aeina?ae, ia?niaeoeae” ( Ee?a, /a?aaiue 1997?. ),
”Aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaa ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?i?” (Ee?a, eenoiiaae 1997 ?.),
“Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ao?eaiiy a aeeooy iieiaeaiue Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie”
(Ee?a, aa?anaiue 1998?.), “I?iaeaie aa?iii?caoe?? caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie
c i?aeia?iaeiei i?aaii” (Ee?a, aeiaoaiue 1998?.), “??/ieoey c iaaoooy
/eiiino? Oaiaee i?i ia?oia?noai ? ni?a?ia?oieoeoai i?ae Oe?a?iith oa
?a?iiaenueeei Nithcii: aeinyaiaiiy ? ia?niaeoeae (Ee?a, aa?acaiue
1999?.). Iaoeia? aeniiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aeei?enoai? a ?iaio?
Eii?oaoo A?O c ieoaiue ?aaeaiaioo, aeaiooaonueei? aoeee oa caaacia/aiiy
ae?yeueiino? aeaiooao?a (13 neeeeaiiy )oa a ieaioaaii? ? cae?eniaii?
ae?yeueiino? Eii?oaoo A?O c ieoaiue ?aaeaiaioo, aeaiooaonueei? aoeee oa
i?aai?caoe?? ?iaioe Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie (14 neeeeaiiy). Iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? uiaei i?iaeaiieo ieoaiue aoeee ia?eaiaioa??y ciaeoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o a?aeiia?aeieo ?icae?eao i?iaeo?a caeii?a Oe?a?ie i?i
?aaeaiaio Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, i?i noaoon ia?iaeiiai aeaiooaoa
Oe?a?ie oa i?i eii?oaoe ? eii?n?? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, a ?ic?iaoe?
oa ii?aoethaaii? yeeo a?aea ? aa?a o/anoue aeena?oaioea, ye /eai
?iai/i? a?oie ca?aeii ?icii?yaeaeaiue Aieiae Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie,
Ea??aieea aia?aoo Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie. E??i oiai i?i i?iaeaii?
ieoaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeena?oaioea aeiiia?aeaea
ia i?aeia?iaeieo nai?ia?ao, ui i?ioiaeeee o Aa?oiai?e ?aae? Oe?a?ie c
o/anoth i?aaenoaaiee?a I?iaoeueeiai Aoiaeanoaao o ethoiio 1998?. oa o
eenoiiaae? 1998?., ia oaio “I?aaiaee noaoon ia?eaiaioa??y, eiai ?iaioa a
ia?eaiaio? oa c aeai?oeyie, i?iaeaii? ieoaiiy aeaiooaonueei? aoeee oa
aeenoeeie?ie, a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue /eaia ia?eaiaioo” ca o/anoth
i?aaenoaaiee?a Eiia?ano NOA, I?iaoeueeiai Aoiaeanoaao, Iieuenueeiai
Naeio oa Aea?aeaaii? Aeoie ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??; i?ae /an noaaeoaaiiy
a ia?eaiaioao ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??, Oaaea?aoeaii? ?anioae?ee
I?ia//eia, ?anioae?ee Iieueua.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? aecia/aia iaoith oa caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a, ui ioiieththoue o?noue
i?ae?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo (anueiai 168 noi??iie), ia?ae?eo iineeaiue
(anueiai 168 iaeiaioaaiue), nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (anueiai 241
iaeiaioaaiiy), aeiaeaoe?a — 2. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 269
noi??iie.

Ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/athoueny iaoa, caaaeaiiy oa iaoiaee aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?acoeueoao?a
oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeeaaeathoueny iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

Ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? “Aoeea /eai?a ia?eaiaioo Oe?a?ie ye
ii?iaoeaia ia?aaeoiiaa eiai ae?yeueiino?” i?enay/aiee aecia/aiith
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oa aca?iica`yceo aoe/ieo (ii?aeueieo) oa i?aaiaeo ii?i,
c yeeo neeaaea?oueny ?inoeooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee; aeine?aeaeaiith
iniiaieo aoai?a noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ii?i aeaiooaonueei? aoeee oa
o?aaeeoe?e uiaei aoeee ia?eaiaioa??y Oe?a?ie, ui iiaeooue ni?eyoe
i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? oa yeino? cae?eniaiiy aeaiooaonueeiai iaiaeaoo
? iiaiiaaaeaiue Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie; aecia/aiith iiiyooy oa
nooiino? ?inoeoooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee.

I?aaiaa iieiaeaiiy aeaiooao?a, ?aaeaiaioiaaia Eiinoeoooe??th oa /eiiei
caeiiiaeaanoaii Oe?a?ie, i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aeaiooaonueeei iaiaeaoii, yaey?
niaith aa?aio?th oiai, ui ia?eaiaionueeee ei?ion aeeiio? ooieoe??,
iieeaaeai? ia iueiai o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ?nioth/eo caaaeueiiaeciaieo
noni?euenoaii aoe/ii-ii?aeueieo ii?i.

Aecia/ai?noue uiaei i?aaiaeo oa aoe/ieo (ii?aeueieo) ii?i, ?oiueiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oa aca?iica`yceo iaaea? iiaeeea?noue cae?eniaiiy aiae?co
i?aaiaiai ?inoeoooo uiaei iiaaae?iee ?iaeea?ae?a aai a?oi ?iaeea?ae?a,
ui iiina?aaeeiao?oueny aeciaiith noni?euenoaii ii?aeeth, iaoiiaeaiee
oa?aeoa?ii ae?th/iai i?aaa oa a?aeiia?aea? caaaeueiinoni?eueiei
?ioa?anai.

Ii??aithth/e i?aaia? oa aoe/i? (ii?aeuei?) ii?ie ? aecia/ath/e ?o
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oa aca?iica`ycie, aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui /eii?
i?aaia? ii?ie oa aoe/i? aai ii?aeuei? ii?ie uiaei aoeee caeiiiaeaaoey a
oe?eiio iathoue ni?euei? caaea/?, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ?aei?noth ?o
iniiaieo i?eioeei?a, iioea?a aeio?eiaiiy, caai?ii oa aeicaieyiue o
no/aniiio noni?euenoa?, aea a?aeaoaa?oueny noaiiaeaiiy ae?enii
i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee, a oaeiae aeinyaa?oueny
ao?eaiiy iniiaieo ii?aeueieo i?eioeei?a a i?aaia? ii?ie, caa??aath/e ?o
niaoeeo?/i? ?ene.

Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?eei-i?aaiaiai aniaeoo aoeee caeiiiaeaaoey
aeena?oaioii cacia/a?oueny, ui noaiiaeaiiy aoeee /eai?a
i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee a?aeaoaa?oueny o i?iyaao
aeaaeii? aoeee, aoeee i?aaeoae?a, iie?oe/ii? aoeee, ?ioeo, ii?aeiaieo o
oe?e?niee nioe?oi oa aeciaieo ??cieie aeaiie?aoe/ieie ?inoeoooaie ?
noni?euenoaaie a /ane aioe/ii?, oaiaeaeueii? oa eicaoeueei?,
?aaiethoe?eii? ? nioe?ae?noe/ii? aeaiie?ao??. ?? aeooiaiei iaoa??aeii,
ui iaee aeaeyae iaaieo aoe/ieo ii?i, neoaoaaee a?enoie?aoe/iee oa
ath?ie?aoe/iee aoine oi?aae?iiy aaniethoenonueeeo iiia?o?e oa ??cieo
aeaiie?ao?e, aoe/i? ( ii?aeuei?) iniiae a?aeiia?aeieo e?a?i, eaiii?/ia
i?aai oa ?ae?a?ei? ii?ie, iaa?oue, a/aiiy aioe/ieo o?einio?a i?i ?ieue
i?aaeoae?a ye iin??a aeniei? ii?aeueiino? oa aeoiaaoae?a ia?iaeo, cae/a?
oa o?aaeeoe?? c aeaai?o /an?a oiui.

Oe? aoe/i? ii?ie iaiaaeoaaeeny ii?iaie ii?ae?, aeciaieie iaaieie
noni?euenoaaie o iaai? /ane, ii?aeioth/e a nia? ye ?aeaieia?/iee a?e (
ii?aeueio na?aeii?noue), oae ? i?aeoe/iee (ii?aeuei? noinoiee), c
a?aooaaiiyi ?ioa?an?a a?aeiia?aeiiai noni?euenoaa iacaeaaeii a?ae oi?ie
aeaiie?ao??. Caeiiiaeaa/a a?aaoethaaiiy aoeee o aeaeyae? i?aaiaeo /e
ii?aeueieo i?aaee, eiaeaen?a, ?ioeo uiaei caeiiiaeaaoey iaaoaa? naiai
?icaeoeo a oiiaao ?icaeiaii? aeaiie?ao?? o ae?enii i?aaenoaaieoeueeiio
i?aai? aea?aeaaii? caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee, ui ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi naiai
ia?iaeo c i?aaenoaaeaiiyi an?o i?ioa?e?a ianaeaiiy.

Canoinoaaiiy a aeine?aeaeaii? i?eioeeio ae?yeuei?noiiai ii?aeueiiai
i?aeoiaeo ni?eyei i?iieeiaiith a aeeaeii? i?aeaaeeie
ii?iaoeaii-oe?e?niiai oa?aeoa?o oa aecia/aiith nooiino? ?inoeoooo
aeaiooaonueei? aoeee, caaaeath/e ia ui iiiyooy ?inoeoooo aeaiooaonueei?
aoeee iinoaei ia eeoa c aeaeyaeo “aeaiooaonueei? ii?ae?”, a c
“ii?aeueii? ae?yeueiino?”, ui a?eueoa ?ice?eei eiai nooi?noue.
Aeaiooaonueeo ii?aeueio ae?yeuei?noue ne?ae ni?eeiaoe ye i?ioan?eio
aoeeo, a i?ioan?eio ii?aeue, ye aecia/ai?noue caaaeueieo ii?i, ui
iia’ycai? c eiai ae?yeuei?noth oa ? nooi?noth ?inoeoooo aeaiooaonueei?
aoeee.

O aeena?oaoe?? cacia/a?oueny, ui ?inoeooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee oea
iainiaeaia ?aei?noue aca?iiiia’ycaieo ii?i i?aaa oa aoeee (ii?ae?), ui ?
aecia/aeueiei a iiaaae?ioe? ia?iaeiiai ia?aioey, eiai ae?yo ?
ae?yeueiino?, ye? a?aaoeueiaothoue a?iiaaenuee? oa i?ioan?ei? noinoiee a
ia?eaiaio? oa iica iei uiaei inoaiiueiai, ? ? ?inoeoooii
ia?eaiaionueeiai i?aaa, ye neeaaeiai? eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa.

Caaaeath/e ia ia?iciaaeiaai?noue ia?eaiaionueeeo ooieoe?e aeaiooao?a,
aeaiooaonueeeo ia’?aeiaiue o caeiiiaeaa/iio i?aai? aeaaee ( o?aeoe?e,
a?oi oiui), ia?eaiaionueeeo a?eueoino?, iaioino? (iiiceoe??), eiai
i?aai?a, ?inoeooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee nooo?ai caeaaeeoue a?ae
o?aaeeoe?e a?aeiia?aeii? e?a?ie oa ?? i?aaio caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee,
ia?eaiaionueeeo i?ioeaaeo?, ui ca eiinoeoooe??th oa iaaieie
caeiiiaeaa/eie aeoaie caaacia/othoue cae?eniaiiy ooieoe?e ia?eaiaioo.

I?aeoeea cana?ae/o?, ui i?e?iaea i?aaiaiai oa ii?aeueiiai (aoe/iiai)
a?aaoethaaiiy ?inoeoooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee iieyaa? o aecia/aiino? oa
aa?aiooaaii? ?aae?e, aii?yaeeoaaii? ae?yeueiino? oa ye?niiio cae?eniaii?
ia?eaiaionueeeo iiaiiaaaeaiue oa aeaiooaonueeiai iaiaeaoo.

O ?iaio? noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui aaeaea aeeiiaiiy iiaiiaaaeaiue ia?eaiaioo
oa eiai /eai?a iaiaei?iii caeaaeeoue ia eeoa a?ae i?ioeaaeo?ieo /e
i?aai?caoe?eieo i?eien?a, a ? a?ae i?aeoe/iiai aeeiiaiiy iiaiiaaaeaiue
naieie /eaiaie ia?eaiaioo oa ii?aeueiiai ii?aeiaiiy noinoie?a ye o
i?aaenoaaieoeueeiio i?aai?, oae ? ca eiai iaaeaie, /iio ni?ey? ?inoeooo
aeaiooaonueei? aoeee.

Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui eiaeai ia?eaiaio ia? ciaoiaeeoe na?e aeaniee oeyo
uiaei a?aaoethaaiiy aoeee caeiiiaeaaoey, aecia/ath/e oaeei /eiii, aae
ni?eyoe iaee?auiio aeeiiaiith ia?eaiaionueeeo caaea/ oa ooieoe?e, ai
i?aaiii?yaeie oa th?eaee/ia aeoiea eiaeii? e?a?ie iaaiith i??ith
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae a?aeiia?aeieo ii?i ?ioiai noni?euenoaa, ye ?
c?acee iiaaae?iee na?aae ia?iaeo oa o i?aaenoaaieoeueeiio i?aai?, a
oaeiae aecia/aoeny, ui iio?aao? i?aaiaiai a?aaoethaaiiy a ?inoeooo?
aeaiooaonueei? aoeee, a ui ii?aeueiiai.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa iniiaa aoeee /eaia
ia?eaiaioo Oe?a?ie oa i?iaeaie ?? ?icaeoeo ? aaeineiiaeaiiy”
aiae?co?oueny ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa aaca aoeee /eaia ia?eaiaioo Oe?a?ie,
no/ania ia?eaiaionueea ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa aaca ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i uiaei
aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee ?o ia?eaiaioa???a; aecia/athoueny i?iaeaii? ieoaiiy
?icaeoeo ? aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaeo iniia aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee ia?iaeieo
aeaiooao?a Oe?a?ie.

Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui a?eueo?noue caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a, ye? neeaaeathoue
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiao aaco aoeee caeiiiaeaaoey Oe?a?ie, iio?aaothoue
ea?aeeiaeueieo ci?i ? ia nueiaiaei? ciaoiaeyoueny ia aeiii?aoethaaii?,
oa ia a?aenooi?noue aoaeue-yeeo i?aecaeiiieo aeo?a /e i?aaee iiaaae?iee
aai ii?aeueieo eiaeaen?a, aeena?oaio ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui aeacaia aaca
iio?aao? ia i?inoi aaeineiiaeaiiy, a nooo?aiai aeiii?aoethaaiiy oa
aeiiiaiaiiy.

Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiao aaco uiaei aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee caeiiiaeaaoey aaoi?
oiiaii ?iciaaeiao? ca ianooiieie iai?yiaie:

1. Iniaenoa aoeea oa ii?ie iiaaae?iee caeiiiaeaaoe?a. Ii?ie aoe/ii?
iiaaae?iee caeiiiaeaaoey ii?aeiothoue a nia? ii?ie ii?ae?
caaaeueiiaeciaii? noni?euenoaii, ye? iaiiaeeeai caeiaeeo?eoaaoe c aieo
i?aaa, aea ?o ii?aeiaiiy, ye ooiaeaoe?eieo, oa aecia/aiiy o i?aaiaeo
ii?iao i?e?iaeiueiai i?aaa ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi ?nioaaiiy i?aaiaeo
canaae aeaiooaonueei? aoeee.

2. Ii?ie neoaeaiai? iiaaae?iee caeiiiaeaaoe?a a i?aaenoaaieoeueeiio
i?aai? aea?aeaaii? caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee oa ca eiai iaaeaie. Ii?ie
neoaeaiai? iiaaae?iee caeiiiaeaaoey o ia?eaiaio? oa ca eiai iaaeaie, ui
aecia/ai? ii?iaie ii?ae?( aoeee) o ii?aeueieo eiaeaenao /e i?aaeeao
aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee, ?ioeo, a oaeiae i?aaia? ii?ie, ui iaaoee
a?aeiia?aeiiai ae?aco o caeiiiaeaa/eo aeoao, ? iaia`yceiaeie aeey
aeeiiaiiy eiaeiei, ai iaaeio?eiaiiy ?o ia o?eueee iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia
?i?aeae eiai, a e ni?ey? noai?aiith iaaaoeaiiai ?i?aeaeo anueiai
i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee, cieaeo? aoaeoeai?noue
caeiiiaeaa/iai i?ioeano.

3. Ae??oaiiy eiioe?eo?a aai eie?c?e ?ioa?an?a, iia?/i? i?eaooee oa
o?iainia? ? iaeiia? ?ioa?ane. A?aaoethaaiiy aeieeath/eo aai iiaeeeaeo
eiioe?eo?a /e eie?c?e ?ioa?an?a, io?eiaiiy i?eaooe?a oa /?oe?
iaoiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeie aeoaie uiaei i?eaaaeaiiy aei ae??oaiiy
aoaeue-yei? iniaenoi? caoe?eaaeaiino? o noni?eueieo ?ioa?anao ni?ey?
ci?oeiaiith aeia??e ia eeoa aei ie?aiiai ia?eaiaioa??y, a e aei
caeiiiaeaa/iai i?aaio a oe?eiio, oa i?aeoe/ii ia? caoeni? ooieoe?? ii
a?aeiioaiith aei naieo noa`?eo?a aeacaieo eiioe?eo?a aai eie?c?e.

4. Iaoiiaeaiiy oa caai?iia ae?yeueiino?, ui ia? iciaee ei?oioe?eii?.
Ii?ie iiaaae?iee uiaei iicaia?eaiaionueei? ae?yeueiino? /eaia
ia?eaiaioo, yea noino?oueny eiai iniaenoeo o?iainiaeo ?ioa?an?a, oa
iathoue iaai? aoe/i? iaiaaeaiiy caaeey caiia?aaiiy aeieeiaiith
ei?oioe?eieo ae?yiue iaoiiaeththoueny a eiaei?e e?a?i? a caeaaeiino?
a?ae ??aiy aeaiie?aoe/ii? c??eino?, aeciaieo o?aaeeoe?e oa
caaaeueiiaeciaii? noni?euenoaii ii?ae?, aea c a?aeiia?aeiith iiaaaith
noni?euenoaa aei noaoono ia?iaeieo ia?aioe?a oa i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai
i?aaio caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee.

Aecia/athoueny iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo uiaei
aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee ia?eaiaioa??y Oe?a?ie.

Aiae?coth/e ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiao aaco uiaei aoeee ia?eaiaioa???a, aaoi?
?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui ?niothoue ni?euei? oaiaeaioe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
a?aaoethaaiiy iiaaae?iee caeiiiaeaaoe?a — /eai?a ia?eaiaio?a ca?oa?aeieo
e?a?i, ui coiiaeththoueny ni?euei?noth ?en o cae?eniaii? iaiaeaoo
ia?eaiaioa??y oa o aeeiiaii? iiaiiaaaeaiue naiei i?aaenoaaieoeueeei
i?aaiii caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee eiaeii? e?a?ie.

O aeena?oaoe?? aecia/athoueny iaaeie?ee oa iiceoeai? ?ene ia`?iii?
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee caeiiiaeaaoe?a oa
aeiaiaeeoueny iayai?noue nooo?aeo iaaeie?e?a ?? c i?aeoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o.
I?iiiio?oueny canoinoaaiiy a Oe?a?i? ?ioeo oeyo?a a?aaoethaaiiy
i?iaeaiieo ieoaiue, ye iai?eeeaae, canoinoaaiiy o?aeoe?eiiai i?eioeeio a
i?aai?caoe?? ae?yeueiino? i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio aea?aeaaii?
caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee.

Aaoi? i?iaiaeeoue aeoieo, ui i?ioean i?iaaaeaiiy ci?i
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee caeiiiaeaaoey oa aoe/ieo
?aoi?i ? iino?eiei. A iaaeao caaaeueiiaeciaii? ii?aeueiino?
a?aeaoaa?oueny iino?eia ?aoi?ioaaiiy oa aaeineiiaeaiiy
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee caeiiiaeaaoey a oe?eiio oa a
eiaei?e e?a?i? ie?aii.

Caaaeath/e ia iaaeineiiae?noue oa iaiiaiioo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace
aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee /eaia i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio aea?aeaaii?
caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee Oe?a?ie, ae??oaiiy ?o oneeaaeith?oueny oa
ca?eueoo?oueny eiei i?iaeaiieo ieoaiue. Oe? ieoaiiy uiaei aoeee
caeiiiaeaaoey a Oe?a?i? ia i?aenoaa? aeina?aeo eieeoi?o eii?n?e, a oaia?
eii?oao?a, aei eiiiaoaioe?? yeeo aoei a?aeianaii ieoaiiy aeaiooaonueei?
aoeee, oiiaii ?iciiae?eai? ca /ioe?ia iai?yieaie c aecia/aiiyi oeyo?a
uiaei ?o ae??oaiiy. Aiae?coth/e ae?yeuei?noue Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie,
aeena?oaio aeneiaeth? i?eiouaiiy, ui iacaaa?ii, e??i ?nioth/eo iiaeooue
aeieeiooe i?iaeaii? ieoaiiy uiaei eia?thaaiiy, uiaei i?aeeoio
aeaiooaonueeeo aiein?a i?e aieinoaaii? a cae? ieaia?ieo can?aeaiue,
uiaei o?aeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? oa o?aeoe?eii? aeenoeeie?ie oiui.

Aaoi? cacia/a?, ui caeiiiaeaa/i a?aaoethaaoe aeine?aeaeai? i?iaeaii?
ieoaiiy aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee /eaia Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie iiaeeeai c
i?eeiyooyi iiai? ?aaeaeoe?? Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i noaoon ia?iaeiiai
aeaiooaoa Oe?a?ie”[aeiaeaoie A], ui cai?iiiiiaaiee ?iai/ith a?oiith, aei
neeaaeo yei? aoiaeeoue aeena?oaio, oa aianaiee ia ?icaeyae Aa?oiaii?
?aaee Oe?a?ie, caeii?a Oe?a?ie i?i eii?oaoe oa oei/ania? niaoe?aeuei? ?
oei/ania? ne?ae/? eii?n?? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie oa i?i ?aaeaiaio
Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, aeiaeaoeii aei yeiai ia? aooe ?ic?iaeaii oa
i?eeiyoi Iinoaiiaith Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie ie?aiee ii?iaoeaiee aeo i?i
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aoe/ii? (ii?aeueii?) iiaaae?iee ia?iaeiiai aeaiooaoa
Oe?a?ie ca iai?yieaie, aecia/aieie i?e aeine?aeaeaii?
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee caeiiiaeaaoey ca?oa?aeieo
e?a?i, ?ioeo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a, ?ic?iaeaieo ia i?aenoaa? cacia/aieo, a
oaeiae aaanoe aoe/iee (ii?aeueiee) i?eioeei, ye iaoeiaee, aei i?eioeei?a
i?aaioai?/ino?.

Aa?oiaia ?aaea Oe?a?ie, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ia? i?eeiyoe oae? caeiie oa
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? aeoe uiaei cae?eniaiiy nai?o iiaiiaaaeaiue oa
aeaiooaonueeiai iaiaeaoo, ye? aeiiiiaaaee a aoaeoeaii ?aaaoaaoe ia
ii?ooaiiy aoe/ieo ii?i ia?iaeieie aeaiooaoaie, i?e oeueiio caoeuath/e
iniaeno? i?aaa eiaeiiai ie?aiiai ia?eaiaioa??y oa aeaniee aaoi?eoao.

O aeniiaeao aeena?oaoe?? i?aeaaaeai? caaaeuei? i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
noi?ioeueiaai? caaaeuei? aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?ic?iaee oa
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee o i?aaenoaaieoeueeiio
i?aai? aea?aeaaii? caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee Oe?a?ie.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Oaeei I.A., A?ooainueea I.?. ?aaeaiaio oa ii?ie aoeee. //I?aeoeea
ia?eaiaioa?ecio. Iin?aiee. — E.: Caiia?o, 1997. — N.104-108.

2. A?ooainueea I.?. Iiiyooy oa nooi?noue ?inoeoooo aeaiooaonueei?
aoeee. //I?aai Oe?a?ie. — 1999. — ?5. — N. 79-81.

3. A?ooainueea I.?. ?inoeooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee. Iiiyooy oa
nooi?noue. //A?/a. — 1999. — ?4. — N.45-50.

4. A?ooainueea I.?. ?noi?eei-i?aaiaee aniaeo aoeee caeiiiaeaaoe?a.
//I?aai Oe?a?ie. — 1999. — ?7. — N.

5. A?ooainueea I.?. ?noi?eei-i?aaiaee aniaeo aoeee /eaia
i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio aea?aeaaii? caeiiiaeaa/i? aeaaee
(caeiiiaeaaoe?a).// Iiaa iie?oeea. — 1999. — ?2. — N. 34-37.

6. Oaeei I.A., A?ooainueea I.?. I?aaia? canaaee aeaiooaonueei? aoeee.
//A?niee INIO. Aoeea caeiiiaeaaoe?a. — 1997. — ?5(27). — N.2-7.

7. Oaeei I.A., A?ooainueea I.?. I?aaia? canaaee aeaiooaonueei? aoeee.
//Aiein a?iiaaeyieia. Aeaeaiiy ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a Oe?a?ie. — 1997. —
?4(191). — N.40-45.

8. A?ooainueea I.?. I?aaia? canaaee aeaiooaonueei? aoeee. //I?aai oa
eoeueoo?a: oai??y ? i?aeoeea. /I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia
eiioa?aioe?y, i. Ee?a, 15-16 o?aaiy 1997 ?ieo. — E.: II “Eany”, 1997. —
N. 215-219.

9. A?ooainueea I.?. I?aaia? canaaee aeaiooaonueei? aoeee. //
Aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaa ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?i?. /Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe??. — E.,1997. — N. 138-141.

10. A?ooainueea I.?. Aeina?ae ?a?iia?eaiaioo oa i?iaoeueeiai
ia?eaiaioa?ecio aeey Oe?a?ie.//I?iaeaie aa?iii?caoe?? caeiiiaeaanoaa
Oe?a?ie c i?aeia?iaeiei i?aaii. /Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe??. — E., 1998. — N.192-195.

AIIOAOe?ss

A?ooainueea I.?. I?aaia? canaaee aeaiooaonueei? aoeee (ia aeina?ae?
ia?eaiaioo Oe?a?ie). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.02 — eiinoeoooe?eia i?aai. — Ee?anueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?aaiaei canaaeai aeaiooaonueei? aoeee ia
aeina?ae? ia?eaiaioo Oe?a?ie, aecia/aiith iiiyooy oa nooiino? ?inoeoooo
aeaiooaonueei? aoeee, aeine?aeaeaiith eiai oi?ioaaiiy, nenoaie,
no?oeoo?e oa aeaea?ae. Aiae?cothoueny ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? iniiae aoeee
ia?eaiaioa??y ?ioeo e?a?i oa Oe?a?ie a oiiaao iei?oiueiai aoaio ?icaeoeo
aea?aeaaiino?, oi?ioeththoueny i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?? aaeineiiaeaiiy.
Aecia/a?oueny eiei ?nioth/eo i?iaeaiieo ieoaiue aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee
ia?iaeiiai aeaiooaoa Oe?a?ie oa iniiai? oeyoe ?o ae??oaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?inoeooo aeaiooaonueei? aoeee, Aa?oiaia ?aaea Oe?a?ie,
ia?iaeiee aeaiooao Oe?a?ie, i?aaeea aoe/ii? iiaaae?iee, eiaeaen.

AIIIOAOeEss

A?ooaineay I.E. I?aaiaua iniiau aeaiooaoneie yoeee (ia iiuoa ia?eaiaioa
Oe?aeiu). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.02 — eiinoeoooeeiiiia i?aai. — Eeaaneee
oieaa?neoao ei. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Eeaa, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?aaiaui iniiaai aeaiooaoneie yoeee ia iiuoa
ia?eaiaioa Oe?aeiu, ii?aaeaeaieth iiiyoey e nouiinoe einoeoooa
aeaiooaoneie yoeee, enneaaeiaaieth aai oi?ie?iaaiey e aicieeathueo
i?iaeai. Aiaeece?othony ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaua iniiau yoeee ia?eaiaioa?ey a
oneiaeyo oaia?aoiaai yoaia ?acaeoey ainoaea?noaaiiinoe Oe?aeiu e ae?oaeo
ainoaea?noa. Ii?aaeaeyaony e?oa nouanoaothueo i?iaeaiiuo aii?inia
yoe/iiai iiaaaeaiey ia?iaeiiai aeaiooaoa Oe?aeiu e iniiaiua iooe eo
?ac?aoaiey.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiia enneaaeiaaiea ninoieo ec anooieaiey, aeaoo ?acaeaeia,
eioi?ua iauaaeeiytho a naaa oanoue iiae?acaeaeia, auaiaeia, e yoiio
i?eeaaathony aeaa aeiiieiaiey, eioi?ua aii/eth iiaeoaa?aeaeatho
i?aeoe/aneia eniieueciaaiea ?acoeueoaoia, nienie enoi/ieeia — 241
iaeiaiiaaiea. Iau?i enneaaeiaaiey ninoaaeyao 168 no?aieoe.

Ai anooieaiee iainiiauaaaony aeooaeueiinoue oaiu enneaaeiaaiey,
ii?aaeaeyaony aai oeaeue, caaea/e e iaoiaeu, iao/iay iiaecia e
i?aeoe/aneay cia/eiinoue ?acoeueoaoia, eceaaathony iniiaiua iieiaeaiey,
eioi?ua auiinyony ia caueoo.

Ia?aue ?acaeae aeenna?oaoeee “Yoeea /eaiia ia?eaiaioa Oe?aeiu eae
ii?iaoeaiia oneiaea aai aeayoaeueiinoe” iinayu?i ii?aaeaeaieth
niioiioaiey e acaeiinayce yoe/aneeo (ii?aeueiuo) e i?aaiauo ii?i, ec
eioi?uo ninoieo einoeooo aeaiooaoneie yoeee; enneaaeiaaieth iniiaiuo
yoaiia nicaeaiey e ?acaeoey ii?i aeaiooaoneie yoeee, o?aaeeoeee yoeee
ia?eaiaioa?ey Oe?aeiu, eioi?ua iiaoo niinianoaiaaoue iiauoaieth
yooaeoeaiinoe e ea/anoao eniieiaiey aeaiooaoneiai iaiaeaoa e iieiiii/ee
Aa?oiaiui Niaaoii Oe?aeiu; ii?aaeaeaieth iiiyoey e nouiinoe einoeoooa
aeaiooaoneie yoeee.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea aeenna?oaoeee “ Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaua iniiau yoeee
/eaia ia?eaiaioa Oe?aeiu, i?iaeaiu a? ?acaeoey e niaa?oainoaiaaiey”
aiaeece?oaony ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaay aaca yoeee /eaia ia?eaiaioa Oe?aeiu;
nia?aiaiiay ca?oaaaeiay ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaay aaca yoe/iiai iiaaaeaiey
caeiiiaeaoaey; ii?aaeaeythony i?iaeaiiua aii?inu ?acaeoey e
niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?aaiauo iniia yoe/iiai iiaaaeaiey ia?iaeiuo
aeaiooaoia Oe?aeiu ec iiuoa ?aaiou 12-ai, 13-ai e 14-ai nicuaia
Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa Oe?aeiu.

A auaiaeao aeenna?oaoeee iiaeaaaeaiu eoiae enneaaeiaaiey, noi?ioee?iaaiu
iauea auaiaeu e i?aaeeiaeaiey ii ?ac?aaioea e niaa?oainoaiaaieth
einoeoooa aeaiooaoneie yoeee ii ioiioaieth e ia?eaiaioo Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: einoeooo aeaiooaoneie yoeee, Aa?oiaiue Niaao Oe?aeiu,
ia?iaeiue aeaiooao Oe?aeiu, i?aaeea yoe/iiai iiaaaeaiey, eiaeaen.

SUMMARY

Grushanska N. I. The legal principles ethics of legislator ( in
experience of the government Ukraine). — The manuscript.

The Dissertation for obtaining a scientific degree of the candidate of
sciences (law) in occupation 12.00.02 — constitutional law. — Kiev
University Taras Shevchenko, Kiev, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to legal principles ethics of legislator, in
experience of government of Ukraine, determination of the idea and
assent of institute ethics of legislator, research its forms, systems,
structure and source. Normative-legal foundations analyze ethics of
legislator from other countries and Ukraine in condition the presence
stage development the country formed suggestion about improvement of it.
The circlet it is locate existing problem questions of ethics conduction
of national deputy of Ukraine and the main ways of their decision.

Key words: institute of the deputy’s ethics, Supreme Soviet of Ukraine,
the national delegate of Ukraine, the ethics roles conduction, code.

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