IAOe?IIAEUeIA TH?EAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

?iai? ss?INEAAA IOAe?IAI

*OEEIAA AAEAIOEIA TH???AIA

OAeE 347.65/.68

I?AAIA? IEOAIIss

NIAAeEOAAIIss CA CAIIA?OII

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 12.00.03. – oeea?eueia i?aai ? oeea?eueiee i?ioean;

n?iaeia i?aai; i?aeia?iaeia i?eaaoia i?aai

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiyeaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oeea?eueiiai i?aaa Iaoe?iiaeueii?
th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie Ac?iia *?ia?coai
Iooaoiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa
Ioae?iai, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oeea?eueiiai i?aaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio Aeaaeai??
i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie Eoci?oeiaa Iaoae?y Naiai?aia, Iaoe?iiaeueiee
Oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oeea?eueiiai
i?aaa;

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio E?ieoi? Aieiaeeie? Aiae??eiae/,
Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN Oe?a?ie, ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e
oeea?eueii-i?aaiaeo iaoe

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa- ?inoeooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?iai? A.I.Ei?aoeueeiai
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e oeea?eueiiai ?
o?oaeiaiai i?aaa, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ __22_ ”__/a?aiy__1999?. i 15_____aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.086.02 i?e
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e th?eaee/i?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai ca
aae?anith: 310024, i.Oa?e?a 24, aoe. Iooe?inueea 77

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?

th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai ca aae?anith:
310024, i.Oa?e?a 24, aoe.Iooe?inueea 77

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 20___ ” ___o?aaiy____1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.Ae.
Aii/a?aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aaiaeo ieoaiue niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii iaoiiaeaia c?inoath/ei
cia/aiiyi i?aaa i?eaaoii? aeaniino? a?iiaaeyi ? ii?yaeeo ?? niaaeeoaaiiy
a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, iaiao?aei?noth ?ic?iaee i?aaiaiai
iaoai?cio, yeee iaeaaeiei /eiii i?a ae caoenoeoe i?aaa ? ?ioa?ane
a?iiaaeyi.

Niaaeeiaa i?aai nueiaiaei? – iaeei c oeaio?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a
oeea?eueiiai i?aaa. Eiai i?noea o nenoai? oeea?eueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa
aecia/a?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi c ?ioeie oeea?eueii-i?aaiaeie ?inoeoooaie
?, a ia?oo /a?ao, c ?inoeoooii i?aaa aeaniino?, yeee a inoaii?
aeanyoe??//y ?aaeeeaeueii ci?ieany, aea oe? ci?ie ia ciaeoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o niaaeeiaiio i?aa? Oe?a?ie. I?ae oei, niaaeeiaa i?aai
caaacia/o? i?aaiianooiieoeoai o oeea?eueieo i?aaao ? iaia‘yceao ia
aeiaaeie nia?o? ?o iin?y, aecia/a? aeieth iaeia iiia?eiai.

I?ecia/aiiy ?inoeoooo niaaeeiaiai i?aaa a oiiaao ?eieo — o
noeioethaaii? ?icaeoeo i?eaaoii? aeaniino? ? noai?aii? oiia, ye?
iaiao?aei? aeey ?? aeei?enoaiiy c iaoith caaacia/aiiy iaoa??aeueieo oa
?ioeo iio?aa a?iiaaeyi-aeaniee?a, a i?ney ?o nia?o? – niaaeei?ioe?a.
A?eueo oiai, aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y a Oe?a?i? iio?aao? eiiieaeniiai
aea/aiiy a?aeiinei, ye? aeieeathoue i?e niaaeeoaaii? ca caiia?oii, a
oaeiae caeiiiaeaanoaa, ui ?aaoeth? oe? a?aeiineie.

O ca’yceo c ?aoi?iith niaaeeiaiai i?aaa Oe?a?ie aeooaeuei?noue aea?aii?
oaie ia aeeeeea? noii?a?a, a niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii ai?uo? a nia?
iniiai? i?eioeeie oeea?eueii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy – i?eioeei
aeicaieaii? ni?yiiaaiino? ? i?eioeei aeeniiceoeaiino?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai niaaeeiaiai i?aaa a oiiaao ?eieo, a naia
niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii, ia? aaaeeeaa oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.
Oeei ? iiynith?oueny aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai
aeooaeuei?noue oa cia/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei oe?eueiai? eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie
“I?aaia? i?iaeaie cae?eniaiiy iaeiiaeo oa iniaenoeo iaiaeiiaeo i?aa a
oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ” (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
0186.0.070867).

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea? nenoaia ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a, ye?
?aaoeththoue i?aaia?aeiineie niaaeei?inoaa ca caiia?oii, noaeiaa oa
iioa??aeueia i?aeoeea ?o canoinoaaiiy.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ieoaiiy i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy niaaeeoaaiiy
ca caiia?oii , th?eaee/ia i?e?iaea caiia?oo, i?aenoaae aeieeiaiiy
niaaeeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei ca caiia?oii, iniaeea?noue niaaeeoaaiiy ca
caiia?oii a ?eieiaeo oiiaao.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
anaa?/ia eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiinei niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii a
?eieiaeo oiiaao, oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ii?iaoeaiiai cae??ieaiiy
niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii ye iaeiiai c aaaeeea?oeo a no/anieo oiiaao
aeae?a niaaeeoaaiiy, a oaeiae cai?iiiioaaiiy eiie?aoieo i?iiiceoe?e
uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie noiniaii oeueiai
aeaeo niaaeeoaaiiy.

Ca?aeii c iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee iinoaaeai? oae?
aieiai? caaaeaiiy:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe i?aenoaae aeieeiaiiy niaaeeiaiai i?aaia?aeiioaiiy ca
caiia?oii;

— aeyaeoe th?eaee/io i?e?iaeo caiia?oo;

— aecia/eoe noa’?eoiee neeaae niaaeeiaiai i?aaia?aeiioaiiy ca caiia?oii;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe iiiyooy “niaaeeiai? iane” a iaaeao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei;

— ?ic?iaeoe i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy niaaeeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa
noiniaii niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii, ie?aneeoe ia?niaeoeae oa iniiai?
iai?yiee eiai ?icaeoeo.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia, oai?aoe/ia oa aii??e/ia iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny c aaciaeo
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, i?eeiyoeo a th?eaee/i?e iaooe? a oe?eiio
? a iaooe? oeea?eueiiai i?aaa cie?aia. O i?ioean? ?iaioe aaoi?
aeei?enoaa oae? iaoeia? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?noi?e/iee,
eia?ei-th?eaee/iee, nenoaiiee, nioe?ieia?/iee, ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaee,
noaoenoe/iee. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee, iiaeai? a ?iaio?,
a?oioothoueny ia aiae?c? /eiiiai oeea?eueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa ,
iniaeeainoae eiai canoinoaaiiy, aeinyaiaiue oeea?eueii-i?aaiai? iaoee.

Oai?aoe/io iniiao aeey aeniiae?a, c?iaeaieo o aeena?oaoe??, noaiiaeyoue
i?aoe? a?aeiieo aei?aaiethoe?eieo ?in?enueeeo, ?aaeyinueeeo,
oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo-th?eno?a: I.I. Aaa?eiaa, *.I.
Ac?iiaa, N.N. Aeaena?aa, A.N. Aioeiiiiaa, N.I. A?aoony, I.TH.
Aa?uaanueeiai, I.?. A?aa?inueeiai, A.A. Aaneeue/aiea, Ae.I. Aaoiaia,
I.I. A?o?yinueeiai, Ae.I. Aaie?ia, TH.I. A?eueiaia, I.A. Ai?aeiia, E.A.
A?aaa, I.A. A?aieiai?, A.E. Ae?ii?eiaa, ?.A. Cai?ia, I.N. ?iooa, I.I.
E?anaa/eeiaa, ?.TH. E?anueei, Ae.?. Ea??iiaa, ?.C. E?aoeoey, I.N.
I?e?othea, ?.A. Iiaeoeueeiai, A.A. I?aeii?eai?e, ?.A. Iie?ianueeiai,
I.I. Iooe?ia, I.I. ?aa?iiae/a, A.A. ?oaaiiaa, A.A. ?ynaioeaaa, A.?.
Na?aa?ianueeiai, TH.A. Oeoiie?iaa, TH.E. Oienoiai, O.Ae. *ai?ae, A.A.
*a?aiao?ia, A.I. Oaoiaoiaa , ss.I. Oaa/aiei oa ?ioeo.

Aii??e/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iioae?eiaaia ? iaiioae?eiaaia
noaeiaa oa iioa??aeueia i?aeoeea c ieoaiue niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii,
i?aeoeea Aa?oiaiiai Noaeo Oe?a?ie oa noae?a Oa?e?anueei? iaeano?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y ? ia?oei a iaooe?
oeea?eueiiai i?aaa Oe?a?ie eiiieaeniei aeine?aeaeaiiyi, i?enay/aiei
i?iaeaiai niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. Iaoeiaa
iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? ye o naiiio i?aeoiae? aei aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaeai niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii a no/anieo oiiaao, oae ? o ?ica’ycaii?
?yaeo eiie?aoieo ieoaiue oaie. Iaeaaaeeea?oeie ?acoeueoaoaie oeueiai
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? i?noyoue, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, iiiaioe
iiaecie, ? naia:

· aaoi? aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui niaaeeiaa i?aai – a?aeiioaiiy ca caiia?oii
– ??ciiaeae oeea?eueieo i?aaia?aeiinei c aeaiaioaie ciaia’ycaeueieo;

· i?aenoaaith aeieeiaiiy niaaeeiaiai i?aaia?aeiioaiiy ca caiia?oii ?
th?eaee/iee neeaae – neeaaeaiiy caiia?oo, nia?oue niaaeeiaeaaoey,
a?aee?eooy niaaeueie, i?eeiyooy niaaeeo;

· i?aai caiia?aeaoe – noa’?eoeaia oeea?eueia i?aai, yea aea? naiiio
noa’?eoia? iiaeeea?noue nai?? aeanii? aeoeaii? iiaaae?iee (“i?aai ia
aeani? ae??”) ? iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye eiiieaenia i?aai;

· caiia?o – aeo ?icii?yaeaeaiiy iaeiii aai ?ioeie, iaeaaeieie
caiia?aea/o, iaoa??aeueieie aai iaiaoa??aeueieie aeaaaie, ia aeiaaeie
nai?? nia?o?;

· ci?no caiia?oo aecia/a?oueny a?eueiei oyaeaiiyi niaaeeiaeaaoey, aea
i?e oeueiio ? aiii ia iiaeiii i?ioenoiyoe caeiiiaeaanoao , ?ioa?anai
aea?aeaae ? noni?euenoaa, a oaeiae iiaeiai a?aeiia?aeaoe ii?iai ii?ae?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
naiino?eiith caaa?oaiith iaoeiaith ?iaioith, ia?oei eiiieaeniei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi ieoaiue i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeiinei niaaeeoaaiiy ca
caiia?oii a oiiaao ?eieo. Noi?ioeueiaai? a i?e iieiaeaiiy oa oai?aoe/i?
?ic?iaee iathoue iaoeiaa ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, ine?eueee aiie
aacothoueny ia iniaenoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, e?eoe/iiio inieneaii?
aeecueei noa i’yoaeanyoe iaoeiaeo oa ii?iaoeaieo aeaea?ae ? ia
ocaaaeueiaii? i?aeoeee canoinoaaiiy ii?i niaaeeiaiai i?aaa o noaeia?e
oa iioa??euei?e i?aeoeoe?. Aeena?oaio aea? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui aea/aiiy iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue ?inoeoooo niaaeeiaiai i?aaa, cie?aia ieoaiiy niaaeeoaaiiy ca
caiia?oii, ni?yiiaaia ia iiaeaeueoo ?ic?iaeo ? aaeineiiaeaiiy a/aiiy
no/aniiai niaaeeiaiai i?aaa Oe?a?ie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue aeena?oaoe?? a oiio, ui ?? oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee ?
eiie?aoi? i?iiiceoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? iiaiai
Oeea?eueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie, i?e aaeineiiaeaii? aeayeeo /eiieo caeii?a
Oe?a?ie ( “I?i i?aei?e?inoaa a Oe?a?i?”,”I?i oe?ii? iaia?e ? oiiaeiao
a??aeo”,”I?i ainiiaea?nuee? oiaa?enoaa” oiui), a oaeiae i?e
iiaeaeueoiio aaeineiiaeaii? ?inoeoooo niaaeeiaiai i?aaa ye neeaaeiai?
/anoeie iiaiai oeea?eueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie.

Cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? ? a oiio, ui iaeaaaeeea?o?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? o
i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy iaa/aeueiiai eo?no “Oeea?eueia i?aai” (/.Iniaeeaa),
a oaeiae niaoeeo?no “Niaaeeiaa i?aai Oe?a?ie” o aeueo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeao.

Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iathoue aeeneon?eiee oa?aeoa? ? iiaeooue
noaoe i?aea?oioyi aeey iiaeaeueoiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?aia ia
can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e oeea?eueiiai i?aaa Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeei?enoai? aaoi?ii o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy
i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c eo?no oeea?eueiiai i?aaa. Nai? iiaeyaee c aeayeeo
i?iaeai, ii?ooaieo o ?iaio?, aaoi? ii?eethaeiea ia ?anioae?eainuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?aaiaa aea?aeaaa Oe?a?ia: i?iaeaie,
ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo” (i.Oa?e?a, 1995?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe??
ciaeoee a?aeaeooy o o?ueio noaooyo a iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia iaoith oa oa?aeoa?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy.
?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 148 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, ui i?noyoue n?i i?ae?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (145 iaeiaioaaiue).

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O Anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/athoueny iaoa oa caaaeaiiy ?iaioe,
aeeeaaeathoueny a ocaaaeueiaiiio aeaeyae? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai?
aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno,
aena?oeth?oueny oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe??.

?icae?e ia?oee “Iiiyooy niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii”, ui neeaaea?oueny c
o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a, i?enay/aiee aeaoaeueiiio aiae?co i?aaia?aeiinei
niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii.

I?ae?icae?e ia?oee “I?aenoaae aeieeiaiiy niaaeeiaiai i?aaia?aeiioaiiy
ca caiia?oii” ii/eia?oueny c aecia/aiiy ?inoeoooo niaaeeiaiai i?aaa a
no/anieo oiiaao ? eiai i?noey o nenoai? oeea?eueiiai i?aaa.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy niaaeeiaiai i?aaia?aeiioaiiy ca caiia?oii aaoi?
i?iaaaeeoue, aeoiaey/e c iieiaeaiiy, ui i?aaia?aeiioaiiy – noni?eueia
a?aeiioaiiy, ui a?aaoeueiaaia i?aaiaith ii?iith, oiaoi i?aaia?aeiioaiiy
– ?acoeueoao ae?? i?aaiai? ii?ie. Aea aeey oiai, uia ii?ia ii/aea ae?yoe
? canoiniaoaaoeny, iiaeii? iaoe i?noea aecia/ai? oaeoe/i? ianoaaeie,
oiaoi th?eaee/i? oaeoe.

sse ? aoaeue-yea i?aaia?aeiioaiiy, i?aaia?aeiioaiiy niaaeeoaaiiy oaae
aeieea?, ci?ith?oueny ? i?eieiy?oueny i?e iayaiino? aecia/aieo
th?eaee/ieo oaeo?a, aea yeui i?e niaaeeoaaii? ca caeiiii oaeith
i?aenoaaith ? nia?oue niaaeeiaeaaoey — iiae?y, oi i?e niaaeeoaaii? ca
caiia?oii nia?oue niaaeeiaeaaoey-caiia?aea/a o?eueee oiiaa, ianooi yei?
oyaia ca niaith ?aae?caoe?th eiai aie?, ui aeneiaeaia o caiia?o?.

Aaoi? iiae?ey? oi/eo ci?o, ca?aeii c yeith io?eiaiiy niaaeeo ca caeiiii
ia caeaaeeoue i? a?ae aie? iiia?eiai, i? a?ae aie? niaaeei?ioe?a.
Io?eiaiiy niaaeeo iia’yco?oueny c oei, ui caeiiiaeaaaoeue, yeee
ia?aaeaa/a? iiae?aio neooaoe?th, na?aeiii iia’yco? c iath aecia/ai?
i?aaia? iane?aeee. Iacaeaaeii a?ae aie? ethaeae i?aaia? iane?aeee ia
iiaeooue acaaae? ianooiaoe, ai a i?aaiaeo ii?iao o?eno?oueny aiey
ethaeae aei anoaiiaeaiiy ii?yaeeo o noni?euenoa?. Oiio ia ??ai? iiae??
( yeith ? ? nia?oue niaaeeiaeaaoey) i?aaia? iane?aeee ianooiathoue ii
aie? caeiiiaeaaoey, a ia i?aaicanoiniaiee?a. A aaea ia ??ai? ae?? ia?
i?noea ? aiey i?aaicanoiniaiee?a. sseui iiia?eee caeeoea caiia?o (ae?y),
oi niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii ianooia? ? ii aie? niaaeeiaeaaoey, ? ii
aie? caeiiiaeaaoey.

Aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui a iniia? aeieeiaiiy i?aaia?aeiioaiiy
niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii eaaeeoue th?eaee/iee neeaae – noeoii?noue
aecia/aieo oaeo?a, ye? iaiao?aei? aeey ianooio th?eaee/ieo iane?aee?a,
oiaoi neeaaeaiiy caiia?oo, nia?oue niaaeeiaeaaoey, a?aee?eooy niaaeueie
oa i?eeiyooy niaaeeo.

Aeae? aaoi? i?enay/o? naith oaaao ieoaiith ?icaeyaeo th?eaee/iiai
neeaaeo, a naia iaeiiai c th?eaee/ieo oaeo?a – i?aao caiia?aeaoe o
ca’yceo c oei, ui a?aee?eooy niaaeueie ? i?eeiyooy niaaeeo ca caiia?oii
i?/ei ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae oaeeo naia th?eaee/ieo oaeo?a i?e
niaaeeoaaii? ca caeiiii.

O ?iaio? i?iaaaeaiee aeaoaeueiee aiae?c ??cieo oi/ie ci?o noiniaii
i?aaa caiia?aeaoe. Aaoi? ia iiae?ey? oi/eo ci?o, ca?aeii c yeith i?aai
neeaaeaoe caiia?o – ie?aia i?iyaeaiiy oeea?eueii? i?aaicaeaoiino?
(Aaa?eia I.I.), cae?eniaiiy aeanieeii naiai noa’?eoeaiiai i?aaa
(A?aoonue N.I.).

Aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui i?aai caiia?aeaoe – noa’?eoeaia
oeea?eueia i?aai, yea ? o nai?e a?eueoino? “i?aaii ia aeani? ae??” ?
iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye eiiieaenia i?aai, yea aeeth/a? a naaa aeaiaioe ?
?a/iaiai i?aaa, ? ?ioeo ?a/iaeo i?aa, ? ciaia’ycaeueiiai i?aaa, ?
aeeeth/iiai i?aaa ia ?acoeueoaoe ?ioaeaeooaeueii? aeaniino?.

Ca?aeii no.534 Oeea?eueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie eiaeai a?iiaaeyiei iiaea
neeanoe caiia?o, caeeoeaoe iaeii iaeiiio aai e?eueeii iniaai. Oey ii?ia
c iiceoe?? ii?iaoea?nonueeiai i?aeoiaeo ? neeaaea? iniiao noa’?eoeaiiai
i?aaa. Aea aeey oiai, uia oey ii?ia ii/aea ae?yoe ? canoiniaoaaoeny,
iiaeii? iaoe i?noea aecia/ai? oaeoe/i? ianoaaeie, oiaoi th?eaee/iee
oaeo, aeoeaia ae?y c aieo niaaeeiaeaaoey-caiia?aea/a – neeaaeaiiy
caiia?oo-oaiaee.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “TH?eaee/ia i?e?iaea caiia?oo” ?icaeyaea?oueny
caiia?o ye oeea?eueii — i?aaiaa oaiaea, ui aoei ? caeeoa?oueny
o?aaeeoe?eiei aeey iaoee oeea?eueiiai i?aaa.

Caiia?o ye oaiaea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaeeie iciaeaie: oea iaeiia?/ia
oaiaea, ai caeii ia aeiaaa? ia oea caiaee niaaeei?ioey ? ia iia’yco?
iaaeaiiy aecia/ai?e inia? iiaeeeaino? cae?eniaiiy oaiaee c oe??th
oiiaith. O ca’yceo c oei, ui caiia?o ca aeeooy niaaeeiaeaaoey ia
ii?iaeaeo? aeey niaaeei?ioe?a, aeacaieo o iueiio, i?yeeo i?aa oa
iaia’yce?a, o caiia?aea/a caa??aa?oueny i?aai ci?ieoe ?icii?yaeaeaiiy, a
oiio aeo neeaaeaiiy caiia?oo aeioe, iiee ia ianoaea nia?oue inoaiiueiai,
ia ? aaciiai?ioiei.

Caiia?o – oaiaea, yea cae?enith?oueny a?ae ?iai? iaei??? iniae; oea
?icii?yaeaeaiiy, ui iineoue nooi aeaaeiee oa?aeoa? ? oiio ia iiaea
cae?enithaaoenue /a?ac i?aaenoaaieea; oea aaciieaoia, eaocaeueia,
no?ieiaa ? oi?iaeueia oaiaea.

Aei oeueiai /ano a caeii? a?aenooi? aecia/aiiy caiia?oo, a o
th?eaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? cono??/athoueny ??ciiiai?oi? eiai aa??aioe, ye?
aaoi? oiiaii iiae?ey? ia aea? a?oie. Iaei? aaoi?e (Na?aa?ianueeee A.?.,
Aio?iiiia A.N., A?aaa E.A.) aecia/athoue, ui caiia?o – aeo
?icii?yaeaeaiiy nai?i iaeiii ia aeiaaeie nia?o?. Ae?oa? (iai?eeeaae,
Aaneeue/aiei A.A.) aeciathoue, ui o ?aieao caeiio caiia?o iiaea aooe
i?aenoaaith aeieeiaiiy i?aa ? iaia’yce?a, ye? niaaeeiaeaaoeaa? ia
iaeaaeaee. Aaoi? ia iiae?ey? oeeo oi/ie ci?o ? aecia/a?, ui caiia?o –
oea aeo ?icii?yaeaeaiiy iaeiii aai ?ioeie iaeaaeieie caiia?aea/aa?
iaoa??aeueieie aai iaiaoa??aeueieie aeaaaie ia aeiaaeie nia?o?
inoaiiueiai.

Aaoi? iaiieyaa? ia oiio, ui aecia/aiiy ca caiia?oii yeino? th?eaee/iiai
oaeoo iiaeeeaa o?eueee i?e eiai ae?eniino?, oiaoi caiia?o – oaiaea, o
ca’yceo c oeei a?i iiaeiai a?aeiia?aeaoe aecia/aiei aeiiaai, oiaoi
oiiaai ae?eniino? oaiae.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a iaaiee ?ioa?an noaiiaeoue iiaa?iaiiy o th?eaee/i?e
e?oa?aoo?? aei ieoaiiy i?i a?aeiia?aei?noue oaiae ii?iai ii?ae?. I?e
oeueiio aaoi? iiae?ey? oi/eo ci?o, ca?aeii c yeith, yeui iiaa eaea i?i
ii?ooaiiy ii?aeueiiai ono?ith noni?euenoaa, oaiaea, a o aeaiiiio
aeiaaeeo oiiaa o caiia?o?, iiaeiia aooe aecia/aia iaae?eniith.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? “Ioi?ieaiiy caiia?oo” aeine?aeaeothoueny
ieoaiiy i?i oi?io caiia?oo, a oaeiae ii?yaeie eiai ioi?ieaiiy. Aaoi?
iiae?ey? oi/eo ci?o, ca?aeii c yeith iioa??aeueia iina?ae/aiiy caiia?oo
ia? iniaeeaee ci?no ? cia/aiiy noiniaii caiia?oo ye iaeiia?/ii? oaiaee
iniaeeaiai ?iaeo. Oey iniaeea?noue iieyaa? o oiio, ui i?aaia? iane?aeee,
ia ianooi yeeo oey oaiaea ni?yiiaaia, aeieeathoue eeoa i?ney nia?o?
iniae, yea a/eieea oeth oaiaeo. Oiio o oie /an, eiee ?ica’yco?oueny
ieoaiiy i?i ae?eni?noue oe??? oaiaee ? i?i a?aeiia?aei?noue aie?
niaaeeiaeaaoey eiai ae?eni?e aie?, — aaea iaia a aeeaeo naiiai
niaaeeiaeaaoey. Aei oiai ae , aei anoaiiaeaiiy ci?noo oe??? aie? ia
iiaeooue aooe caeo/ai? i? na?aeee, i? aeei?enoai? aoaeue-ye? ?io?
aeieoiaioe. Ana oea ? iaoiiaeth? iniaeeao iaiao?aei?noue o/ano? o
neeaaeaii? caiia?oo ? cana?ae/aii? aie? niaaeeiaeaaoey iinaaeiai? iniae
– iioa??ona, yeee ? iaaea? caiia?oo oa?aeoa? aacia?a/iiai th?eaee/iiai
aeoo.

I?eae?ey?oueny cia/ia oaaaa i?aeienaiith caiia?oo ?ioith iniaith ia
aeiaaeie, yeui nai caiia?aea/ aiane?aeie o?ce/ii? aaaee, oai?iae aai c
aoaeue-yeeo ?ioeo i?e/ei ia iiaea nai i?aeienaoe caiia?o.

Aena?oethth/e ieoaiiy i?i iina?ae/aiiy caiia?o?a in?a, ye?
no?aaeaeathoue aoaeue-yeeie o?ce/ieie aaaeaie, aai ia aieiae?thoue
iiaith, ia ye?e neeaaeaiee caiia?o, aaoi? caa?oa? oaaao ia oa, ui
i?aaeea iina?ae/aiiy caiia?o?a, ye? ae?iaeai? iioa??aeueiith i?aeoeeith,
ia caoeuathoueny ii?iaie e?ei?iaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa. Oiio aaoi?
aecia? aeioe?eueiei aaanoe aei E?ei?iaeueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie ii?io i?i
e?ei?iaeueio a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ia?aeeaaea/a ca na?aeiii
iai?aaeeueiee ia?aeeaae. Aaoi? aecia? iai?aaeeueiith i?iiiceoe?th uiaei
?icoe?aiiy eiea in?a, ye? ianooue e?ei?iaeueio a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca
no.178 E?ei?iaeueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie, ai aiia ia?aaeaa/a?
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca cei/eie i?ioe i?aainoaeaey, a i?e iai?aaeeueiiio
ia?aeeaae? iiaa eaea i?i iinyaaiiy ia i?eaaoio aeani?noue.

Aiae?coth/e ieoaiiy i?i caiia?oe, ye? iina?ae/othoueny iinaaeiaeie
iniaaie a?aeiia?aeieo onoaiia ? i?aai?caoe?e, aaoi? iiae?ey? oi/eo ci?o,
ui oea iniaeeaa oi?ia caiia?oo, a ia can?a eiai iina?ae/aiiy. Aaaaeaiiy
oe??? oi?ie iiynith?oueny iaiao?aei?noth caoenoeoe ?ioa?ane in?a, ye?
iieieeenue o aeno?aiaeuei?e neooaoe??. O ca’yceo ?c ci?iaie, ui
a?aeaoeeny o caeiiiaeaanoa? Oe?a?ie i?i ioi?iio caei?ia’y, aaoi? aecia?
aeioe?eueiei ci?ieoe ?aaeaeoe?th /.1i.1no.542 Oeea?eueiiai eiaeaeno
Oe?a?ie, aeacaaoe, ui iina?ae/aiiy caiia?o?a iiaeiii a?aeaoaaoeny o
noaoe?iia?? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo onoaiia ? aeeeth/ii caa?aeoaa/aie
a?aeae?eaiue, aea ciaoiaeyoueny oe? oai??, ai o?eueee oe? iinaaeia?
iniae e?aua ciathoue noai caei?ia’y oai?eo, ?o ae??caeaoi?noue, i?ae
aaei?i?no?aoe?y e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai caeeaaeo.

Aeae? aaoi? aiae?co? iiaaee noiniaii iiaeo aeae?a caiia?oo, ui
i?noyoueny o I?iaeo? Oeea?eueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie ? i?eoiaeeoue aei
aeniiaeo, ui i?iiiceoe?? aeayeeo aaoi??a (Aaneeue/aiei A.A.) noiniaii
?aoeaioe?? ?einueeiai niaaeeiaiai i?aaa c iaoith aaaaeaiiy o /eiia
oeea?eueia caeiiiaeaanoai iiaeo oi?i caiia?oo – oiiaiiai, aeanii?o/iiai,
caiia?oo iiae?oaeaey — ia iiaeia aecia/eoe iaa?oioiaaieie. Aeei?enoaiiy
oa?i?iieia?? iiaeiii i?aeei?yoeny iniiaiei aeiiaai: ?aei?noue
oa?i?iieia??,-eiee iaeei ? oie aea oa?i?i iiaeiai aeei?enoiaoaaoeny o
iaeiiio ? oiio ae cia/aii?, ? noaa?euei?noue,- oiaoi oa?i?ie iiaeii?
aooe no?eeeie, ?o ci?no ia iiaeiai ci?ithaaoeny ca aaaeaiiyi aaoi??a.
Oiio o oeueiio aeiaaeeo iiaa iiaeiia eoe ia i?i oi?io caiia?oo, a i?i
eiai iia? aeaee. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui o no/aniiio oeea?eueiiio
i?aa?, ia a?aei?io a?ae ?einueeiai oeea?eueiiai i?aaa, i?ae oi?iith
oaiaee ?icoi?thoue caniae ae?aco, cae??ieaiiy aai iina?ae/aiiy aie?
noa’?eo?a, ye? cae?eniththoue oaiaeo. Oiio ? oiiaiee caiia?o, ? caiia?o
iiae?oaeaey iiaeii? neeaaeaoeny o ienueiia?e oi?i?. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ? aiae?cii a?aeiia?aeieo ii?i I?iaeoo Oeea?eueiiai
eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie.

A?aeiii, ui naiaiaea caiia?oo – iaeei c aaaeeea?oeo i?eioeei?a
niaaeeiaiai i?aaa. Oiio caeiiiaeaanoai ? cae??ieth? i?aai caiia?aea/a o
aoaeue-yeo ieoue, aei iiiaioo a?aee?eooy niaaeueie, ci?ieoe naith aieth
noiniaii niaaeeiaiai ianooiieoeoaa. Oey iiaeeea?noue ua ?ac
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui i?aenoaaith aeieeiaiiy niaaeeiaiai i?aaia?aeiioaiiy
ca caiia?oii ? ia o?eueee oaiaea-caiia?o. Oea – th?eaee/iee neeaae.
TH?eaee/i? iane?aeee ianoaiooue eeoa o ?acoeueoao? iaeiie/aiiy on?o
iaiao?aeieo aeaiaio?a th?eaee/iiai neeaaeo. Oiio ci?ia oi/a a iaeiiai c
th?eaee/ieo oaeo?a, iai?eeeaae, caiia?oo, iioyaia ca niaith eeoa
“iioaioe?eio” iiaeeea?noue ianoaiiy o iaeaooiueiio i?aaia?aeiinei
niaaeeoaaiiy. Aea /e aoaea oea niaaeeiaa i?aaia?aeiioaiiy ca caiia?oii
(a oea ia? i?noea, eiee caiia?o ci?iaii), /e niaaeeiaa i?aaia?aeiioaiiy
ca caeiiii (eiee caiia?o a?aei?iaii) – caeaaeeoue a?ae aie?
niaaeeiaeaaoey.

O th?eaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? aeeneon?eiei ? ieoaiiy noiniaii th?eaee/ii?
aeie? caiia?oo, ui aoa a?aei?iaiee (cai?iaiee), eiee cayaa i?i a?aei?io
(ci?io) caiia?oo, aai caiia?o, ui aoa neeaaeaiee i?ci?oa, aoaeooue
aeciai? iaae?enieie. Aaoi? iiae?ey? oi/eo ci?o, noiniaii c yeith
a?aei?iaiee caiia?o (iiaei caiia?oii aai cayaith i?i a?aei?io) ia iiaea
aooe iiiiaeaiee, yeui o?eueee aeo a?aei?ie ia aoaea aeciaiee
iaae?eniei.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Noa’?eoe niaaeeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei ca caiia?oii”
neeaaea?oueny c aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Noa’?eoe niaaeeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei” aaoi?
aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui caiia?o, ye iaeiia?/ia oaiaea, iiaeiai
a?aeiia?aeaoe on?i oiiaai ae?eniino? oaiae. Niaaeeiaeaaaoeue ia ?
noa’?eoii niaaeeiaiai i?aaia?aeiioaiiy, ai eiai iaia? a aeeaeo ia
iiiaio a?aee?eooy niaaeueie. Aea a?ae oiai, iaa a?i i?aai neeaaeaoe
caiia?o /e i?, caeaaeeoue aeieeiaiiy niaaeeiaiai i?aaia?aeiioaiiy aai ca
caeiiii, aai ca caiia?oii, a oiio niaaeeiaeaaaoeue iiaeiai aooe
ae??caeaoiei, oiaoi eiio ia? aooe 18 ?ie?a. Aea o aeiaaeeo anooio iniae
o oetha aei aeinyaiaiiy 18 ?ie?a, aiia iaaoaa? iiaiiai ianyao
ae??caeaoiino? c iiiaioo ?a?no?aoe?? oethao ? oiio ia? i?aai ia
neeaaeaiiy caiia?oo.

Aaoi? ia iiaiaeaeo?oueny c i?iiiceoe??th ie?aieo a/aieo, ye? aeciathoue
iaiao?aeiei aeei?enoiaoaaoe o no/ani?e oai??? ? i?aeoeoe? niaaeeiaiai
i?aaa “niaaeeiao i?aainoa’?eoi?noue” ye ?aeeio eaoaai??th, yea aeeth/a?
? caiia?aeaeueio i?aaicaeaoi?noue, ? caiia?aeaeueio ae??caeaoi?noue, ui
aeieeathoue o o?ce/ii? iniae iaeii/anii ? ia iiaeooue aooe ?aae?ciaai?
iaeia aac iayaiino? ae?oaiai. Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui o oeueiio ?ac?
niinoa??aa?oueny ni?iaa iaaeaoe eaoaai??? i?aainoa’?eoiino?
?iaeea?aeoae?coth/ee oa?aeoa?, oiaoi i?ae i?aainoa’?eoi?noth ?icoi?oe ia
oa, ye? yeino? iiaeii? aooe i?eoaiaii? a?iiaaeyieio ye noa’?eoo
oeea?eueiiai i?aaa a oe?eiio, a oa yeo ye?noue iaiao?aeii iaoe ie?aiiio
a?iiaaeyieio aeey oiai, uia aooe aeciaiiei caeiiii ia’?eoii niaaeeiaeo
i?aaia?aeiinei.

I?ae oei iayaiino? i?aainoa’?eoiino? aeey a?iiaaeyieia iaaeinoaoiuei
aeey oiai, uia iaoe eiie?aoi? noa’?eoeai? oeea?euei? i?aaa ? ianoe
iaia’ycee. I?aainoa’?eoi?noue iineoue aano?aeoiee oa?aeoa?, oiaoi oea
ocaaaeueiaia iiaeeea?noue i?aaiaieiae?iiy, yea ia iiaea aooe iiaeaia o
aeaeyae? iaai?o aai eiiieaeno ie?aieo noa’?eoeaieo i?aa. Oiio i?aei?ia
aai ?icoe?aiiy aeei?enoiaoaaieo o caeii? oa?i?i?a i?/iai ia ci?ith?.

Aeae? aaoi? coieiy?oueny ia ae??oaii? ieoaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue /anoeiai
ae??caeaoieo a?iiaaeyi caiia?aeaoe nai? iaeii. Aiae?coth/e /eiia
caeiiiaeaanoai, oiaoi /.2no.13 Oeea?eueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie, yea iaaea?
iaiiaiie?oi?i iniaai i?aai naiino?eii ?icii?yaeaeaoeny nai?i ca?ia?oeii
aai noeiaiae??th, aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui “i?aai caiia?aeaoe” ?
neeaaeiaith iiiyooy “?icii?yaeaeaiiy”, a oiio noiniaii a?aeiioaiiy aei
eiie?aoii aecia/aiiai iaeia iaiiaiie?oi? iathoue caiia?aeaeueio
ae??caeaoi?noue.Naith oi/eo ci?o aaoi? aaco? ia oiio, ui iaeiei ?c
cania?a i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ? th?eaee/iee aeica?e. O i?aa? aeica?e
ia? i?aaenoaaieoeueea i?ecia/aiiy, ai a?i aea? i?ino??, iiaeeea?noue
aeey “aeanii?”, ii ?ioa?ano iiaaae?iee o/aniee?a noni?eueieo a?aeiinei.
C th?eaee/ii? oi/ee ci?o aeica?e ia? a?aeaeaaoeny o noa’’?eoeaieo i?aaao
ia aeanio aeoeaio iiaaae?ieo. TH?eaee/iee aeica?e caaaeaee ao?eth?oueny
o oaeno? ii?iaoeaiiai aeoo ye iniaeeaee ??ciiaeae ?aaoethth/eo ii?i –
oi?aaiia/oth/eo. *.2 no.13 Oeea?eueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie – i?eeeaae
oaeiai aeicaieo, yeee io?eiaa noai?? ia?ene, /?oe? iaae? :”iaiiaiie?oi?
iathoue i?aai ?icii?yaeaeaoeny nai?i ca?ia?oeii aai noeiaiae??th”. Oiaoi
o oeueiio aeiaaeeo caeii caaaeo? eeoa i?i iaeia c i?aaiii/iinoae, yea ?
neeaaeiaith noa’?eoeaiiai i?aaa, — i?aaa ?icii?yaeaeaiiy.

O ca’yceo c oeei aaoi? aiineoue i?iiiceoe?th aeiiiaieoe /.2 no.13
Oeea?eueiiai eiaeaeno (no.34 I?iaeoo Oeea?eueiiai eiaeaeno) aeac?aeith
ia oa, ui iaiiaiie?oi?e a?eii a?ae 15 aei 18 ?ie?a ia? i?aai caiia?aeaoe
a?io?, aeaea?aeii yeeo ? eiai iniaeno? ca?ia?oie aai noeiaiae?y, a
oaeiae aiii?a?e aaoi?a ia’?eo?a ?ioaeaeooaeueii? aeaniino?.

Ui ae noino?oueny a?iiaaeyi, ye? iiaeooue aooe iaiaaeai? noaeii o
ae??caeaoiino? (/.1no.15 OeE), aiie ia iiaeooue caiia?aeaoe. ?nioth/a
noa’?eoeaia i?aai aeaniino?, yea i?noeoue o nia? o?e iiaiiaaaeaiiy:
i?aai aieiae?iiy, i?aai ei?enooaaiiy ? i?aai ?icii?yaeaeaiiy – o
?acoeueoao? th?eaee/ii? caai?iie, ao?eai?e o /.1no.15 OeE ? a?aeaeo?e o
noaeiaiio ??oaii?, yea iaa?aei /eiiino?, ia?aaeaa/a? th?eaee/ia
ciaia’ycaiiy iniae, iaiaaeaii? o ae??caeaoiino? o noaeiaiio ii?yaeeo,
oo?eioaaoeny a?ae cae?eniaiiy ae?e uiaei naiino?eiiai ?icii?yaeaeaiiy
iaeiii, ca?ia?oeii oiui. Oe? ae?? iathoue cae?enithaaoeny o?eueee ca
caiaeith i?eeoaaeueieea. Oiaoi ? caiia?o oeae a?iiaaeyiei neeaaeaoe ia
iiaea.

Aeae? aaoi? aena?oeth? ieoaiiy i?i niaaeei?ioe?a ? iiae?ey? oi/eo ci?o
, ca?aeii c yeith iaeiei ?c niaaeei?ioe?a iiaea aooe aeeoeia (ae?oe),
yea (ye?) aoea (aoee) ca/aoa (ca/ao?) ca aeeooy niaaeeiaeaaoey ?
ia?iaeaeaia (ia?iaeaeai?) i?ney eiai nia?o?. Iiaa eaea ia i?i oa, ui
aeeoeia, yea ua ia ia?iaeeeanue, iaae?ey?oueny i?aaicaeaoi?noth aai
aoaeue-yeei noa’?eoeaiei i?aaii. Caeii ia?aaeaa/a? eeoa ioi?iio
?ioa?an?a iiaeeeaiai niaaeei?ioey, aei oiai ae i?yeeo i?aa ia iaeii aai
niaaeeoaaiiy ua ia ia?iaeaeaia aeeoeia ia ia?. Caoeno ?? ?ioa?an?a
caaaeaii aei ioi?iie ?? iiaeeeai? aeie? i?e oiia? ?? ia?iaeaeaiiy, yeui
ae aeeoeia ia?iaeaeo?oueny, oi aiia ia aoaea caeeeeaia aei niaaeeoaaiiy.

A caeii? ia ae??oaia ieoaiiy i?i ianooiieoeoai in?a, ye? iiia?ee o
iaeio ? oo ae aeiao. Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui o caeiiiaeaanoai iio??aii aianoe
ii?io noiniaii oiai, ui iniae aecia/athoueny iiia?eeie iaeii/anii ? ia
niaaeeothoue iaeei i?ney ae?oaiai eeoa i?e iaiiaeeeaino? anoaiiaeoe,
ooi c aeaio ? a?eueo in?a iiia? ?ai?oa. I?ae oei, aaoi? aecia?, ui e nai
niaaeeiaeaaaoeue-caiia?aea/ iiaea ?icii?yaeeoeny aeieath iaeia ia oie
aeiaaeie, yeui a?i iii?a iaeii/anii c niaaeei?ioeai.

Aeae? o i?ae?icae?e? aaoi? caa?oa? oaaao ia ni??i? ieoaiiy noiniaii
“iaa?aeieo” niaaeei?ioe?a, a oaeiae ieoaiue niaoe?aeueieo aeiaeaoeiaeo
?icii?yaeaeaiue, ye? iiaeia aeeth/aoe o ci?no caiia?oo. O ia?oo /a?ao
oea noino?oueny i?aei?ecia/aiiy niaaeei?ioey. Aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui
i?aei?ecia/aiee niaaeei?iaoeue i?ecia/a?oueny o?eueee ia oie aeiaaeie,
yeui ia?oee i?ecia/aiee niaaeei?iaoeue ia iiaea noaoe niaaeei?ioeai aai
c iiaaaeii? i?e/eie (nia?oue), aai yeui a?i oeueiai ia aaaea?. Ai
iniiaiee niaaeei?iaoeue, yeui a?i noaa ianooiieeii iiia?eiai, o?eueee
nai ia? i?aai ?icii?yaeaeaoeny aeieath, oaia? aaea naiai, iaeia, a
niaaeeiaeaaaoeue cacaeaeaa?aeue ia i?a iaiaaeeoe i?aai niaaeei?ioey
noiniaii ?icii?yaeaeaiiy iaeiii.

Niaaeeiaeaaaoeue iiaea aei?o/eoe aeeiiaiiy caiia?oo inia?, yea ia ?
niaaeei?ioeai. Oea oaae iaeaaeeoue aei niaoe?aeueieo aeiaeaoeiaeo
?icii?yaeaeaiue. Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui aeeiiaaoeai caiia?oo iiaea aooe
ae??caeaoia o?ce/ia iniaa, yea ia ? niaaeei?ioeai ca caiia?oii. ?ioa
ae??oaiiy oeueiai ieoaiiy a?aei?ieei a ?inoeooo aeeiiaiiy caiia?oo, ai
ca?aeii c /.1no.546 OeE aeeiiaiiy caiia?oo iieeaaea?oueny ia
i?ecia/aieo o iueiio niaaeei?ioe?a ? niaaeei?iaoeue, yeee caeeeea?oueny
aei niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii, ca?any a c aeiiiaaoeai caiia?oo.

Aeoiaey/e c aiae?co /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, aaoi? aecia?, ui iiiyooy
aeeiiaaaoeue caiia?oo, eiai ooieoe?? ? aca?iia?aeiineie, ye? aeieeathoue
i?ae iei ? niaaeei?ioeyie, ia oioiaei? oei aca?iia?aeiineiai, ye?
aeieeathoue i?ae niaaeei?ioeyie ? ioi?iioeyie (oi?aaeoaeyie) iaeia.
Caeiiiaeaanoai ia?aaeaa/a? iiaeeea?noue ?nioaaiiy iaeii/anii aeaio
ii?yaee?a : eiee niaaeie iiaea ia?aoiaeeoe aaciina?aaeiuei aei
niaaeei?ioe?a, ? oiae? iiaa eaea i?i oi?aa?naeueia ianooiieoeoai, ? eiee
niaaeie ia?aoiaeeoue ia aaciina?aaeiuei aei niaaeei?ioe?a, a nii/aoeo
iieiy?oueny o ?icii?yaeaeaii? iniae, yea aecia/a?oueny caiia?aea/ai ?
oiae? a?i ?iaio?oueny “aeeiiaaoeai caiia?oo” , aai i?ecia/a?oueny
aea?aeaaiei iioa??onii (iinaaeiaith iniaith aeeiieiio a?aeiia?aeii?
?aaee ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a) ? oiae? a?i ?iaio?oueny “ioi?iioeai,”
“ii?eoiii”,”iniaith, ui oi?aaey? iaeiii”. O ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo aanoe iiao
i?i oi?aa?naeueia ianooiieoeoai, ia iao iiaeaae, ia iiaeeeai. Oi/a an?
aeacai? iniae i?ecia/ai? oi?aaeyoe iaeiii c iaoith ioi?iie niaaeueie,
aea caeaaeii a?ae oiai, yeee ii?yaeie ?o i?ecia/aiiy aoaea canoiniaaiee
–iaeiia?/ia oaiaea-caiia?o niaaeei?ioey /e i?ecia/aiiy aea?aeaaiei
iioa??onii- aiie ia o?eueee ii-??ciiio aoaeooue ?iaioaaoeny, a e eiei
oeeo in?a ? ?o ooieoe?? aoaeooue aecia/aoeny ii-??ciiio.

Aaoi? ia iiae?ey? oi/ee ci?o noiniaii oiai, ui i?ecia/eoe aeeiiaaoe?a
caiia?oo iathoue i?aai nai? niaaeei?ioe?. Ae?enii, i?eeiyaoe niaaeie,
aiie noathoue aeanieeaie niaaeeiaiai iaeia ? iiaeooue oeeaaeaoe oaiaee,
i?aaiaith iaoith yeeo aoaea oi?aae?iiy iaeiii, iiaaoaiiy ai?a?a, noia
iaeia oiui. Aea oea ia aeeiiaaoe? caiia?oo o noai?iio ?icoi?ii? oeueiai
neiaa, ai i?ecia/eoe aeeiiaaoey caiia?oo iiaea o?eueee nai caiia?aea/,
?ioa icia/a? ci?io aie? inoaiiueiai aaea i?ney eiai nia?o?, a oeueiai
ia iiaeia ?iaeoe. Aacoiiaii, niaaeei?iaoeue iiaea aei?o/eoe aeeiiaiiy
aoaeue-yeeo oaeoe/ieo ae?e o?ao?e inia?. Aea oey iniaa aoaea
i?aaenoaaieeii niaaeei?ioey (niaaeei?ioe?a).

Aaoi? ia iiaiaeaeo?oueny uiaei ni?iae aaanoe a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue
aeeiiaaoey caiia?oo. Ii-ia?oa, aeeiiaaaoeue caiia?oo noaaeoueny
caeiiiaeaaoeai o iaea??oa iieiaeaiiy, i?ae niaaeei?iaoeue, yeee ia?
i?aai a?aeiiaeoenue a?ae niaaeueie ? oea ia ii?iaeaeo? aeey iueiai
i?yeeo iane?aee?a. Ii-ae?oaa, ? i?aai, yeee ca?aeii caeiio ciaia’ycaiee
cae?enithaaoe o? ae??, ye? ni?yiiaai?, a ia?oo /a?ao, ia ioi?iio
niaaeeo, iacaeaaeii a?ae oiai, i?ecia/aiee aeeiiaaaoeue caiia?oo aai
i?,- iioa??ao o inia? aea?aeaaieo iioa??on?a ? eiinoeueneeo onoaiia
Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi? aecia? oe?eeii neooiei aaanoe a /eiia caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie
ii?io i?i aeia??/a oi?aae?iiy niaaeeiaei iaeiii, yea iiaea aooe
caniiaaia ia i?aenoaa? caiia?oo. Aeeiiaaaoeue caiia?oo iiaea aenooiaoe
ye caniiaiee aeia??/iai oi?aae?iiy, oeeaaoe oaiaeo aeia??/iai
oi?aae?iiy niaaeeiaei iaeiii c aeia??/ei oi?aaeoaeai. Oea aoaea aeiaia??
ia ei?enoue o?aouei? iniae – niaaeei?ioey-aeaiaeii?eaeaa/a.

Aiae?coy i?aaiao i?e?iaeo oaeeo ?icii?yaeaeaiue caiia?aea/a , ye
caiia?aeaeueia a?aeiiaa oa iieeaaeaiiy ia niaaeei?ioey aeeiiaiiy
aoaeue-yeeo ae?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia cae?eniaiiy aoaeue-yei?
caaaeueiiei?enoii? iaoe, aaoi? ia iiae?ey? oi/eo ci?o oeo aaoi??a, ye?
?icaeyaeathoue ?o ye i?aaia?aeiineie, ye? iinyoue aeia??/ee oa?aeoa?,
aea iaeia iniaa – caniiaiee ia?aaea? nai? iaeii o aeani?noue ?io?e inia?
– aeia??/iio aeanieeo aeey oi?aae?iiy a ?ioa?anao o?aouei? iniae
–iaaoaa/a aai aaieo?oe?a??y. O i?aaia?aeiineiao, ui aiae?cothoueny,
i?eeiathoue o/anoue o?e noa’?eoe, eiaeai c yeeo ia? a?aeiia?aei? i?aaa
oa iaia’ycee. I?aenoaaith aeieeiaiiy oaeeo i?aaia?aeiinei ? oaiaea,
i?aaeiaoii yei? ? ae?y uiaei ia?aaea/? iaeia.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “Iaia’yceiaa /anoea” aaoi? ?ice?eaa? nooi?noue
iaia’yceiai? /anoee o niaaeuei? ? niin?a ?? ?iciiae?eo. Aaoi? aeoiaeeoue
c oiai, ui i?aaeei i?i iaia’yceiao /anoeo – oea ii?ia, ui anoaiiaeth?
caai?iio, oiaoi eeaaea ia caiia?aea/a iaia’ycie oo?eioaaoeny a?ae
?icii?yaeaeaiiy nai?i iaeiii o /?oei aecia/aiiio ?ici??? i?e iayaiino?
iaaieo oiia. Oea aecia/aii naiith i?e?iaeith noa’?eoeaiiai i?aaa, yea
aeicaiey? aoaeue-yeo iiaaae?ieo nai?io iin?th, caaaeaee iaiaaeo? oaeee
aeica?e a?aeiieie, cacaeaeaa?aeue iaoiiaeaieie iaaeaie. Ie?aneththoueny
aiie aeey ??cieo noa’?eoeaieo oeea?eueieo i?aa iaiaeiaeiai, o aeaiiiio
aeiaaeeo i?aaeeii i?i iaia’yceiao /anoeo, yea iiaeia ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ye
niaoe?aeueio caai?iio.

Aaoi? aaaaea? aeioe?eueiei ?icoe?eoe eiei iaia’yceiaeo niaaeei?ioe?a ca
?aooiie iioe?a, i?e oiia?, ui inoaii? – iaiiaiie?oi? ? ia io?eiothoue
oo?eiaiiy a?ae nai?o aaouee?a, a oeae iaia’ycie iieeaaea?oueny ia ae?aea
(aaao) i?e oiia? ?o iaoa??aeueii? caaacia/aiiino?. Oea iiynith?oueny
oei, ui ia ae?aea (aaao) ia?aoiaeyoue iaia’ycee ?o ae?oae-aaouee?a
iaiiaiie?oi?o iioe?a, nai???aeia “ia?aaaaeaiiy ai?ao”.Oiio
caeiiiaeaaaoeue ia iiaea o iaeiiio aeiaaeeo a?aoe i?ae caoeno ?ioa?ane
iaiiaiie?oi?o, a o ae?oaiio – aooe aei ?ioa?an?a iaiiaiie?oi?o
aaeaeoaeei.

Aaoi? aecia? iaiao?aeiei aeaoe Ieaioio Aa?oiaiiai Noaeo Oe?a?ie o
iinoaiia? ?ic’yniaiiy uiaei ieoaiiy noiniaii eiea in?a, yeeo iiaeia
aaaaeaoe iai?aoeacaeaoieie ? oo?eiaioeyie. Oea aeoaea aaaeeeai, ai
caeeeeaiiy iaiao?aeiiai niaaeei?ioey aei niaaeueie cae?enith?oueny
cian?i ia ca caiia?oii, aiii cae?enith?oueny anoia?a/ caiia?oo. Oiio
oaeiae aoei a aeioe?eueiei ?icoaooaaoe i?aaeei noiniaii iaia’yceiai?
/anoee ia na?aae caaaeueieo iieiaeaiue niaaeeiaiai i?aaa, a na?aae
niaoe?aeueieo ii?i, ye, iai?eeeaae, oea ae??oaii noiniaii aeeaae?a.

?icae?e o?ao?e “Ia’?eoe niaaeeiaiai ianooiieoeoaa ca caiia?oii”
neeaaea?oueny c aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a. Aaoi? aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui
niaaeeiaa iana – oea noeoii?noue iaeiiaeo i?aa oa iaia’yce?a, a o
iaaiiio ianyc? ? noeoii?noue iniaenoeo i?aaiii/iinoae ? ?icaeyaea?
iniaeeaino? niaaeeoaaiiy oeeo i?aa ? iaia’yce?a, caeaaeii a?ae oiai ?
aiie ?a/iaeie, ciaia’ycaeueieie /e iniaenoeie.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Niaaeeoaaiiy iaeia ? iaeiiaeo i?aa”
?icaeyaeathoueny iniaeeaino? niaaeeoaaiiy: aeeeiai aoaeeieo (/anoeie
aoaeeieo), eaa?oe?e (/anoeie eaa?oe?e); eaa?oe?, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny o
i?ioean? i?eaaoecaoe??; i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoa; oe?iieo iaia??a;
caiaeueieo ae?eyiie; ?ioeo ?a/iaeo i?aa, a oaeiae iniaeeaino?
niaaeeoaaiiy o eieainiiiio (oa?ia?nueeiio) ainiiaea?noa?, eieaeoeaiiio
n?eueneiainiiaea?nueeiio i?aei?e?inoa?.

Aaoi?ii aecia/aii, ui i?e i?eaaoecaoe?? aea?aeaaiiai aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo
i?aenoaaith aeieeiaiiy i?aaa aeaniino? ? th?eaee/iee neeaae, ui i?noeoue
a nia?: iayai?noue aeeoeiaiai ciaia’ycaiiy a aeiiao aea?aeaaiiai
aeeoeiaiai oiiaeo, aieaaeyaeaiiy iaeia/a ia ci?io naiai i?aaiaiai
noaoono iaeia/a ia noaoon aeanieea; aeianaiiy i?aaiii i?eaaoecaoe??
?icii?yaeaeaiiy i?i ia?aaea/o aeeoea o aeani?noue a?iiaaeyi. Ui ae
noino?oueny ioi?ieaiiy na?aeioenoaa i?i aeani?noue – oea o?eueee
th?eaee/ia cae??ieaiiy ?nioth/iai i?aaa aeaniino?: a yeino? aeaiaioa
th?eaee/iiai neeaaeo aiii ?icaeyaeaoeny ia iiaea.

?icaeyaeath/e ieoaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue caiia?aeaoe i?eaaoia
i?aei?e?inoai, aaoi? aecia/a?, ui /eiia caeiiiaeaanoai a iaai?e i??? ia
aioiaa aei oiai, ui caiia?aea/? noaee noa’?eoaie i?aaa aeaniino? c
??cieo i?aenoaa. Aiii o?aaeeoe?eii ?aaoeth? a?aeiineie noiniaii
niaaeeoaaiiy iaeia iaeiaieo ?ia?oiee?a. Ui ae noino?oueny ieoaiue
niaaeeoaaiiy i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoa, ei?ii?aoeaieo i?aa oiui, oi
caeiiiaeaaaoeue acaaae? ia ?aaoeth? oe? ieoaiiy aai ?iaeoue a?aeneeeo
aei caaaeueieo i?aaee. Oiio e i?eaaoia i?aei?e?inoai, ca?aeii c /eiiei
caeiiiaeaanoaii, ? th?eaee/iith iniaith ? noa’?eoii oeea?eueieo
i?aaia?aeiinei ? oiio ia iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye ia’?eo niaaeeiaiai
ianooiieoeoaa, ai iaeei noa’?eo ia iiaea ?icii?yaeaeaoeny aeieath ?ioiai
noa’?eoa.

Noiniaii ieoaiiy i?i niaaeeoaaiiy aeoe?e aaoi? aecia/a?, ui aeoe?iia?
ai?aa? caiia?aeaoe eeoa nai? ?a/iaa i?aai ia aeoe?th. I?aai aeaniino?
“ia aeoe?th” aeieea? o niaaeei?ioey, yeee i?eeiya niaaeie , c iiiaioo
a?aee?eooy niaaeueie. Ui ae noino?oueny aeieeiaiiy i?aa “?c aeoe??”,
oiaoi “ei?ii?aoeaieo” i?aa, oi aeey ?o aeieeiaiiy iaiao?aeia iayai?noue
noeoiiino? th?eaee/ieo oaeo?a, oiaoi th?eaee/iiai neeaaeo: neeaaeaiiy
caiia?oo; nia?oue aeoe?iia?a-caiia?aea/a; anooi aei niaaeei?inoaa ?
io?eiaiiy na?aeioenoaa i?i i?aai ia niaaeie; aieaaeyaeaiiy niaaeei?ioey
, ni?yiiaaia ia anooi aei aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa; a?aenooi?noue
caai?iie ia oae? ae?? niaaeei?ioey o Noaooo? aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa,
oiaoi cono??/ia aieaaeyaeaiiy inoaiiueiai, a oaeiae ae?? ?a?no?aoi?a,
iia’ycai? c ia?aioi?ieaiiyi ?iaiieo aeoe?e.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e o?aoueiai ?icae?eo “Niaaeeoaaiiy a aaoi?nueeiio
i?aa?” aena?oeth? ieoaiiy i?i niaaeeoaaiiy aaoi?nueeeo i?aa. Aaoi?
i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui i?e niaaeeoaaii? ca caiia?oii aaoi?nuee?
i?aaa iiaeooue aooe ia?aaeai? aoaeue-yeiio a?iiaaeyieio, iacaeaaeii a?ae
eiai a?iiaaeyinoaa ? iayaiino? ?iaeeiieo ca’yce?a ?c caiia?aea/ai, a
oaeiae th?eaee/i?e inia?, iacaeaaeii a?ae i?io?eth ?? ae?yeueiino?.

Aei niaaeei?ioe?a ca caiia?oii ia?aoiaeyoue eeoa iaeiia? aaoi?nuee?
i?aaa. Ui ae noino?oueny i?aaa ia caoeno ?aiooaoe?? aaoi?a, oi eiai
caiia?aeaoe ia iiaeia, aea ia niaaeei?ioe?a caeiiii iieeaaeaiee
iaia’ycie noiniaii ioi?iie oeueiai i?aaa niaaeeiaeaaoey, yeui a caiia?o?
o oaeiio ae ii?yaeeo ye ? i?ecia/aiiy aeeiiaaoey caiia?oo, ia aeacaia
iniaa, ia yeo iieeaaeaia ioi?iia aaoi?nueeeo i?aa.

Aaoi?nuee? i?aaa niaaeei?ioe?a iaiaaeai? /anii ia a?aei?io a?ae i?aa
naieo aaoi??a, ye? iaeaaeaoue aaoi?ai o aeeoo?.

Aaoi?nuee? i?aaa ia?aoiaeyoue aei niaaeei?ioe?a o noi?nio aeani?noue,
oiaoi ye ?aeeia oe?ea, yea ia i?aeeyaa? i? aeae?eo, i? ?icae?eo.

Aeniiaee. Caeeth/ia /anoeia ?iaioe i?noeoue caaaeuei? aeniiaee,
iaea?aeai? aaoi?ii o i?ioean? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, a naia:
a) a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee aeey niaaeeiaiai i?aaa oa?aeoa?ieie ?
oae? iciaee, ye aaciina?aaei?e ca’ycie ? caeaaei?noue i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy a?ae ?a/iaeo ? ?ioeo ?a/iaeo i?aa
niaaeeiaeaaoey-caiia?aea/a; ca’ycie c n?iaeiei i?aaii;
iaoa??aeueii-caaacia/oaaeueia i?ecia/aiiy niaaeeo; oi?aa?naeueiee oa
n?iaoey?iee oa?aeoa? i?aaiianooiieoeoaa; naiaiaea caiia?oo; a) ??cieoey
niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii a?ae niaaeeoaaiiy ca caeiiii ? o oiio, ui aiii
cae?enith?oueny o iane?aeeo th?eaee/iiai neeaaeo; caiia?aea/ iiaeiai
aooe ae??caeaoiei; caiia?aea/ iiaea i?ecia/eoe niaaeei?ioeai aoaeue-yeo
iniao, iicaaaea caeiiiiai niaaeei?ioey i?aaa ia niaaeie, ca aeiyoeii
i?aaa ia iaia’yceiao /anoeo; caiia?aea/ ia? i?aai iieeaaeaoe ia
niaaeei?ioe?a iaai? ciaia’ycaiiy o oi?i? a?aeeac?a oa iieeaaeaiue;
i?aei?ecia/aoe niaaeei?ioe?a, i?ecia/aoe aeeaiaaoe?a caiia?oo; a) i?aai
caiia?aeaoe – noa’?eoeaia oeea?eueia i?aai; a) caiia?o – aeo
?icii?yaeaeaiiy iaeiii aai ?ioeie iaeaaeieie caiia?aea/o iaoa??aeueieie
oa iaiaoa??aeueieie aeaaaie ia aeiaaeie nia?o?; ae) niaaeeiaa iana – oea
noeoii?noue iaeiiaeo i?aa oa iaia’yce?a, a o iaaiiio ianyc? ?
noeoii?noue iniaenoeo i?aaiii/iinoae; ?) ii?yaeie caeeeeaiiy aei
niaaeeoaaiiy, a oaeiae ci?no i?aa oa iaia’yce?a, ye? ia?aeaeooue aei
niaaeei?ioe?a ca caiia?oii, aecia/athoueny ia o?eueee caaaeueieie
iieiaeaiiyie i?i niaaeeoaaiiy, a e niaoe?aeueieie i?aaeeaie, ye?
?ic?aoiaai? ia ie?ai? aeaee niaaeeiaiai ianooiieoeoaa.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii oae? ?iaioe:

1. *oeeiaa A.TH. Niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii: i?iaeaie noaeiai? i?aeoeee
// Iiaa Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie ? i?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa:
Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue.- Oa?e?a. Iaoe.th?eae.aeaae. Oe?a?ie, 1997.- N.81-87.

2. *oeeiaa A.TH. E aii?ino ia iauaeoao ianeaaenoaaiiiai i?aainoaa / ia
i?eia?a e?anoueyineeo (oa?ia?neeo) oicyenoa e eieeaeoeaiuo
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee / // I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, oicyenoai
e i?aai.- 1998.- ?2.- N. 22-28.

3. *oeeiaa A.TH. Ianeaaeiaaiea eaa?oe?, iaoiaeyueony a i?ioeanna
i?eaaoecaoeee // I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, oicyenoai e i?aai.- 1998.- ? 7.-
N. 10-14.

*oeeiaa A.TH. I?aaia? ieoaiiy niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.03 – oeea?eueia i?aai ? oeea?eueiee
i?ioean; n?iaeia i?aai; i?aeia?iaeia i?eaaoia i?aai.- Iaoe?iiaeueia
th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith ieoaiue i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
a?aeiinei niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii a oiiaao ?eieo. ?icaeyioo? i?aenoaae
aeieeiaiiy niaaeeiaeo i?aaia?aeiinei ca caiia?oii, th?eaee/ia i?e?iaea
caiia?oo, noa’?eoiee neeaae, ia’?eoe niaaeeiaeo i?aaia?aeiioaiue oa
iniaeeaino? niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii oe?iieo iaia??a, eaa?oe? oiui.
Aianai? eiie?aoi? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai oeea?eueiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue niaaeeoaaiiy ca caiia?oii.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: niaaeueia, caiia?o, niaaeeiaeaaaoeue, niaaeei?iaoeue,
niaaeeia? i?aaia?aeiineie, i?aaiianooiieoeoai, aeeiiaaaoeue caiia?oo,
?oeii?eeeaaeiee.

*oeeiaa A.TH. I?aaiaua aii?inu ianeaaeiaaiey ii caaauaieth — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.03 – a?aaeaeaineia i?aai e a?aaeaeaineee
i?ioeann; naiaeiia i?aai; iaaeaeoia?iaeiia /anoiia i?aai.-
Iaoeeiiaeueiay th?eaee/aneay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu eiaie ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai.
Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Ianeaaenoaaiiia i?aai e a ianoiyuaa a?aiy yaeyaony iaeiei ec
oeaio?aeueiuo einoeoooia a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa. Aai ianoi a nenoaia
a?aaeaeaineiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ii?aaeaeyaony niioiioaieai n ae?oaeie
a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiauie einoeoooaie e, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue, n einoeoooii
i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe, a eioi?ii ca iineaaeiaa aeanyoeeaoea i?iecioee
?aaeeeaeueiua eciaiaiey, ia iieo/eaoea aua io?aaeaiey a ianeaaenoaaiiii
i?aaa. Aianoa n oai, eiaiii ianeaaenoaaiiia i?aai iaania/eaaao
i?aaii?aainoai a a?aaeaeaineeo i?aaao e iaycaiiinoyo ia neo/ae nia?oe eo
iineoaey, ii?aaeaeyy noaeueao eiouanoaa oia?oaai.

Iacia/aiea einoeoooa ianeaaenoaaiiiai i?aaa a ?uii/iie yeiiiieea
ninoieo a noeioee?iaaiee ?acaeoey /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe e nicaeaiee
oneiaee, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey aa eniieueciaaiey n oeaeueth oaeiaeaoai?aiey
iaoa?eaeueiuo e eoeueoo?iuo iio?aaiinoae a?aaeaeai-nianoaaiieeia, a
iinea eo nia?oe – ianeaaeieeia.

Iaiythuayny yeiiiie/aneay neooaoeey a Oe?aeia noaaeo ia?aae o/aiuie
caaea/o eiiieaeniiai eco/aiey ioiioaiee, aicieeathueo i?e ianeaaeiaaiee
ii caaauaieth, a oaeaea caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, ?aaoee?othuaai yoe
ioiioaiey. A nayce n yoei aeenna?oaoeey e iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth
aii?inia i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey ioiioaiee ianeaaeiaaiey ii caaauaieth a
oneiaeyo ?uiea, n oeaeueth niaa?oainoaiaaiey caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa a yoie
iaeanoe.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniio?aiu iniiaaiey aicieeiiaaiey ianeaaenoaaiiuo
i?aaiioiioaiee ii caaauaieth, th?eaee/aneay i?e?iaea caaauaiey,
noauaeoiue ninoaa, iauaeou ianeaaenoaaiiiai i?aaiioiioaiey e iniaaiiinoe
ianeaaeiaaiey ii caaauaieth oeaiiuo aoiaa, eaa?oe? e o.ae. Aaoi?
i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeo, /oi ianeaaenoaaiiia i?aaiioiioaiea ii caaauaieth –
?aciiaeaeiinoue a?aaeaeaineeo i?aaiioiioaiee, eioi?ia ioiineony e aauiui
i?aaiioiioaieyi n yeaiaioaie iaycaoaeuenoaaiiuo. Iniiaaieai
aicieeiiaaiey oaeiai ianeaaenoaaiiiai i?aaiioiioaiey yaeyaony
th?eaee/aneee ninoaa – ninoaaeaiea caaauaiey, nia?oue ianeaaeiaeaoaey,
ioe?uoea ianeaaenoaa, i?eiyoea ianeaaenoaa. I?aai caaauaoue –
noauaeoeaiia a?aaeaeaineia i?aai, eioi?ia aeaao aiciiaeiinoue noauaeoo
ia nianoaaiiia aeoeaiia iiaaaeaiea (“i?aai ia nianoaaiiua aeaenoaey”) e
iiaeao ?anniao?eaaoueny eae eiiieaeniia i?aai, aeeth/athuaa a naay
yeaiaiou e aauiiai i?aaa, e eiuo aauiuo i?aa, e iaycaoaeuenoaaiiiai
i?aaa, e eneeth/eoaeueiiai i?aaa ia ?acoeueoaou eioaeeaeooaeueiie
nianoaaiiinoe.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ii?yaeie i?ecaaiey e ianeaaeiaaieth, a oaeaea
niaea?aeaiea i?aa e iaycaiiinoae, eioi?ua ia?aeaeoo e ianeaaeieeai ii
caaauaieth, ii?aaeaeythony ia oieueei iaueie iieiaeaieyie i
ianeaaeiaaiee, niaea?aeaueieny a A?aaeaeaineii eiaeaena Oe?aeiu, a e
niaoeeaeueiuie i?aaeeaie, eioi?ua ?an/eoaiu ia ioaeaeueiua aeaeu
ianeaaenoaaiiiai i?aainoaa, iai?eia?, a caeiiao Oe?aeiu “I
i?aaei?eyoeyo a Oe?aeia,” “I oeaiiuo aoiaaao e oiiaeiaie ae?aea,” “Ia
aaoi?neii i?aaa e niaaeiuo i?aaao” e ae?oaeo. A nayce n yoei aaoi?ii
aianaiu eiie?aoiua i?aaeeiaeaiey ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth aeaenoaothuaai
a?aaeaeaineiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa Oe?aeiu ii aii?inai ianeaaeiaaiey ii
caaauaieth.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ianeaaenoai, caaauaiea, ianeaaeiaeaoaeue, ianeaaeiee,
ianeaaenoaaiiua i?aaiioiioaiey, i?aaii?aainoai, eniieieoaeue caaauaiey,
?oeii?eeeaae/ee.

Nhuykova V. Yu. The legal aspekts of testamentary succession.-
Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate of Sciences degree (PhD), speciality 12.00.03 –
Civil Law and Civil Procedure; Family Law; International Private Law. –
National Law Academy of Ukraine named after Yaroslav Mudry, Kharkiv,
1999.

The candidate’s thesis deals with the analysis of legal regylation of
testamentary succession in market-based relations.

The basis of legal relations arising as a result of testamentary
succession, the legal nature of testament, legal entity, the objects of
heriditary rights and the peculiarities of testamentary succession of
securities, flats ( apartments) are examined. Specific proposals for the
development of the existing civil legislation of Ukraine involuing the
problems of testamentary succession are considered.

Key words: legacy, testament (will), executor of testament, legator,
legatee, heriditary rights (legal relation), right of succesion, applied
hand, recipient of refusal.

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