13

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO AEIIII?EI-I?AAIAEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 346: 338.6/8

EINA* Iaoae?y ?aaai?aia

I?AAIAA ?AAOETHAAIIss NI?EUeIIAI I?AeI?E?IIEOeOAA

(ii??aiyeuei? aniaeoe)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue
12.00.04 — Ainiiaea?nueea i?aai;

a?a?o?aaeiee i?ioean

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee — 1999

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia?aae caeiiiaeaaoeai ?
th?eaee/iith iaoeith Oe?a?ie noi?oue caaea/a noai?eoe i?aaiao iniiao
aeey oni?oiiai cae?eniaiiy ?eieiaeo ?aoi?i. Aeey ??oaiiy aeaii? caaea/?
aaeeea cia/aiiy ia? oaeineiiaethaaiiy i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ni?eueii?
ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeoaa ye oe?a?inueeeo, oae ?
?iicaiieo. Aei oiai ae, i?iaeaia i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ni?eueiiai
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa o?nii iia’ycaia c i?iaeaiith i?eoyaiaiiy ?iicaiieo
?iaanoeoe?e a aeiiii?eo Oe?a?ie.

*eiia oe?a?inueea caeiiiaeaanoai a noa?? ni?eueii?
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? a ie?aieo ieoaiiyo a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
caeiiiaeaanoaa cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i ? ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco.
A?aeiia?aeii aei Oaiaee i?i Ia?oia?noai oa Ni?a?ia?oieoeoai i?ae
Oe?a?iith ? ?a?iiaenueeei Ni?aoiaa?enoaii, yea iaa?aea /eiiino? 1
aa?aciy 1998 ?., Oe?a?ia i?eeiyea ciaia’ycaiiy caeeaeoaaoe nai?
caeiiiaeaanoai c caeiiiaeaanoaii ?a?iiaenueeiai Ni?aoiaa?enoaa (no.51).

No?aoaa?y ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie aei ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco
(caoaa?aeaeaia Oeacii I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie a?ae 11 /a?aiy 1998 ?. ?
615/98) ia?aaeaa/a?, ui aaeaioaoe?y caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie aei
caeiiiaeaanoaa ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco iieyaa? o caeeaeaii? ?c no/aniith
?a?iiaenueeith nenoaiith i?aaa, ?aoi?ioaaii? ?? i?aaiai? nenoaie, oa
iinooiiaiio i?eaaaeaii? o a?aeiia?aei?noue c ?a?iiaenueeeie noaiaea?oaie
? ioiieth? aaeoc?, aecia/ai? Oaiaeith i?i Ia?oia?noai oa
Ni?a?ia?oieoeoai.

Oaiaea i?i Ia?oia?noai oa Ni?a?ia?oieoeoai aeiaaa? noai?aiiy
i?aaiaeo ?ino?oiaio?a, ui noinothoueny ??cieo noa? ? ia iaiaaeothoueny
eeoa ieoaiiyie ieoieo i?ioeaaeo? oa oi?a?ae? oiaa?aie. Noa?a ?o ae??
aeeaiei i?iieeaoeia o aioo??oith iie?oeeo oa caeiiiaeaanoai noi??i. Aeey
Oe?a?ie oea ? na?eiciei aei?iaoaaiiyi, ine?eueee iiaia ?iieaiaioaoe?y
Oaiaee aeiaaaoeia aeaeaeinyaeieo coneeue c aaeaioaoe?? aioo??oiueiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa a ??cieo iai?yieao, o oiio /ene? e o noa??
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?. Oiio aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue
i?iaiae?coaaoe aeina?ae i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ni?eueiiai
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa ye o ?a?iiaenueeiio Nithc? (?N), oae ? a
aea?aeaaao-/eaiao ?N aeey iiaeaeueoiai aeei?enoaiiy a caeiiioai?/iio
i?ioean? Oe?a?ie.

?ai?oa a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo ieoaiiy i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa (“joint venture”) ?icaeyaeaeeny a ?ioeo
aniaeoao: i?iaeaie i?eoyaiaiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e, oaeineiiaethaaiiy
i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iicaiiiai ?iaanooaaiiy. “Joint venture”
(ni?eueia i?aei?e?iieoeoai) ?icaeyaeaeinue ia?aaaaeii ye oi?ia
?iicaiiiai ?iaanooaaiiy. I?ioa, ?nio? iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeyiooe ni?eueia
i?aei?e?iieoeoai (“joint venture”) o a?eueo oe?ieiio aniaeo?,
iacaeaaeii a?ae aea?aeaaii? i?eiaeaaeiino? noi??i, ye? aa?ooue o/anoue o
oaeiio i?aei?e?iieoeoa?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei iai?yie?a aeine?aeieoeueei?
?iaioe eaoaae?e aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaeo aeenoeeie?i Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca oaiith “Aea?aeaaii-i?aaia? i?iaeaie
?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie (ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c)”, oeo? ca ieaiii oi?aa?neoaoo
A-97/20.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? iaa?oiooaaiiy
i?iiiceoe?e ii oaeineiiaeaiith a?o/eciyiiai ainiiaea?nueeiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa a ?aieao caeeaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoa Oe?a?ie ? ?N. Aeey
oeueiai iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe oae? caaea/?:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe aaiethoe?th iiiyooy “joint venture” (ni?eueiiai
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa) o i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo;

— ?icaeyiooe yaeua “joint venture” (ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa)
o ainiiaea?nueei-i?aaiaiio aniaeo?, noiniaii oe?a?inueeiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa;

— aecia/eoe noa’?eoe aiae?ciaaieo i?aaia?aeiinei;

— iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue ci?ie o?aeooaaiiy iiiyooy
ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? a oe?a?inueeiio ainiiaea?nueeiio
caeiiiaeaanoa?;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe caeiiiaeaanoai i?i ni?eueia i?aei?e?iieoeoai a
Oe?a?i?, ?iicaiieo e?a?iao ? ?N;

— iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaethaaiiy i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

— iieacaoe, yeei /eiii aeina?ae i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa a cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?iao ? ?N iiaea
aooe aeei?enoaiee o caeiiioai?/iio i?ioean? Oe?a?ie.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. O aeena?oaoe?? ye i?aaeiao
aeine?aeaeothoueny iiiyooy ? i?aaia? oi?ie ni?eueii? i?aei?e?iieoeueei?
ae?yeueiino?, ?oiy aaiethoe?y, no/ani? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooieee i?aaia? ii?ie Oe?a?ie, ie?aieo
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i (O?aioe??, I?ia//eie, Aaeeeia?eoai??) ?
?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??. Iniiaia oaaaa i?eae?eaia ii?iai i?aaa ?N, i?ae
aieeaii yeeo oi?io?oueny iiaa iiiyooy “joint venture” (ni?eueia
i?aei?e?iieoeoai), a oaeiae ii?iai, i?enay/aiei ii??aiyii iia?e oi?i?
ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa — ?a?iiaenueeiio ia’?aeiaiith c caaaeueiith
aeiiii?/iith iaoith.

Oai?aoe/ia ? iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?e ?iaio?
iaae aeena?oaoe??th aaoi?ii aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ui
i?noyoueny a i?aoeyo a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo th?eno?a ? aeiiii?no?a,
oaeeo ye: Aa?eia A.?., Ai?oai A.I., Aiaoneaanueeee I.I., Aeiiee I.I.,
Aeo ?., Aicianainueea I.I., Aa?/eeiaa E.I., A?eiaieueoe ?.A., Aei?ii?ia
I.A., Ciaiainueeee A.E., Eoeaa?i I.?., Eaio?a A.A., Iaeiaii TH.A.,
Iaiooia A.E., Ia?oaiueyiia A.N., Ii?aiaeuea? AE., Ieeeiaiei A.ss.,
Iia?aeiiinoeaa E.I., I?iinueea A.A., ?icianueeee A.A., Nai?aoiaoiaa
I.I., Nai?etho?ia I.A., Noaeia? AE., *oaieei I.I., Oa?oaiaae/ A.O.,
Ua?aeia A.N., THiaoaa TH.I. oa ?i.

??oaiiy caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeiny c aeei?enoaiiyi
oaeeo iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a, ye ?noi?e/iiai, ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaiai, aiae?co
e ocaaaeueiaiiy, a oaeiae ?c canoinoaaiiyi eia?/ieo caeii?a ? i?aaee.
Aeniiaee ? iieiaeaiiy, ui i?noyoueny a ?iaio?, caniiaai? ia aiae?c?
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, aeayeeo ?iicaiieo e?a?i, ?N ? iaoa??ae?,
aeeeaaeaiiio a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
iaea?aeaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee aeine?aeiee?a,
c?iaeai? ?ai?oa a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo.

Iieiaeaiiy, ui neeaaeathoue i?aaeiao caoenoo:

— o ?acoeueoao? aiae?co aaiethoe?? iiiyooy “joint venture”
(ni?eueia i?aei?e?iieoeoai) a ?iicaiieo ? a?o/eciyieo i?aaiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo aecia/aia iiiyooy ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa, ye
ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeoaa (iacaeaaeii a?ae
?oiuei? aea?aeaaii? i?eiaeaaeiino?), caniiaaii? ia ia’?aeiaii? coneeue,
cania?a, iaeia oa ia ?iciiae?e? ?acoeueoao?a ? ?ecee?a a?ae ??
cae?eniaiiy, o oi?i? aeiaiai?o, i?aainoa’?eoii? aai iai?aainoa’?eoii?
i?aai?caoe?? aeey aeinyaiaiiy caaaeueii? iaoe;

— o ii??aiyeueiiio ieai? aecia/ai? noa’?eoe i?aaia?aeiinei,
ioiiethaai? iiiyooyi “joint venture” (ni?eueia i?aei?e?iieoeoai): o
caeiiiaeaanoa? ?N — noa’?eoe i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, o
caeiiiaeaanoa? Oe?a?ie — noa’?eoe ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

— noi?ioeueiaaia iiiyooy ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?,
ye eii?aeeiiaaii?, aca?iicaeaaeii? ae?yeueiino? aeaio ? a?eueoa
oe?a?inueeeo ? ?iicaiieo noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy (ye ?c noai?aiiyi
th?eaee/ii? iniae, oae ? aac noai?aiiy th?eaee/ii? iniae), caniiaaii? ia
oaiae?, ui i?eionea? o?eaaea ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, a oaeiae ia ia’?aeiaii?
coneeue, cania?a, iaeia oa ?iciiae?e? ?acoeueoao?a a?ae ?? cae?eniaiiy
aeey aeinyaiaiiy aecia/aii?, caaaeueii? ainiiaea?nueei? iaoe;

— i?iiiio?oueny caeiiiaeaa/i aecia/eoe, ye i?aaiao oi?io
ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, aoaeue-yeee aeiaia??, iacaeaaeii
a?ae eiai iaeiaioaaiiy, yeui a?i i?noeoue iciaee ni?eueii?
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?;

— iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue eeaneo?eaoe?? ia’?aeiaiue
i?aei?e?inoa oeyoii ?iciaaeoaaiiy ia’?aeiaiue i?aei?e?inoa, iaae?eaieo ?
iaiaae?eaieo i?aainoa’?eoi?noth, a i?aainoa’?eoieo ia’?aeiaiue (o
caeaaeiino? a?ae iniiaii? iaoe ae?yeueiino?) ia eiia?oe?ei? ?
iaeiia?oe?ei?;

— cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa oi?ia ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? — ia’?aeiaiiy
c caaaeueiith ainiiaea?nueeith iaoith, ye ia’?aeiaiiy aeaio aai a?eueoa
th?eaee/ieo in?a ? i?aei?e?ioe?a, noai?aia ia iaaiee oa?i?i c iaoith
ni?eyiiy ? ?icaeoeo ae?yeueiino? eiai /eai?a, iie?ioaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
oe??? ae?yeueiino? c oaeeie iniiaieie iciaeaie :

1) ia’?aeiaiiy iaae?ey?oueny noaoonii th?eaee/ii? iniae;

2) ia’?aeiaiiy noai?th?oueny a aeia?ia?eueiiio ii?yaeeo ia
iniia? aeiaiai?o;

3) noi?iie a?euei? o aecia/aii? cania?a o?iainoaaiiy ia’?aeiaiiy
? oi?i o/ano?;

4) o/anieee ianooue nie?aea?io a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ii ai?aao ?
ciaia’ycaiiyi ia’?aeiaiiy;

5) ae?yeuei?noue ia’?aeiaiiy iiaeiia a?aeiia?aeaoe ae?yeueiino?
eiai o/aniee?a ? iineoe aeiiii?aeiee oa?aeoa?;

6) i?eaooie, iaea?aeoaaiee o ?acoeueoao? ae?yeueiino?
ia’?aeiaiiy, iiaeiai ?iciiae?eyoeny i?ae o/anieeaie;

— iieacaii, ui aaeaioaoe?th caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie aei
caeiiiaeaanoaa ?N o noa?? ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa aeioe?eueii
i?iaiaeeoe oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy a caeiiiaeaanoa? Oe?a?ie i?aaiaeo
iieiaeaiue, ui ni?eythoue caeeaeaiith oe?a?inueeiai ? ?a?iiaenueeiai
ainiiaea?nueeiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeniiaee ?
i?iiiceoe??, ye? i?noyoueny a ?iaio?, aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe,
yeei oeyoii aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe caeeaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie c
caeiiiaeaanoaii ?N o noa?? ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey
oaeineiiaethaaiiy ainiiaea?nueeiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, aeey
iiaeaeueoeo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae a o/aiaiio i?ioean?.

Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii niaoe?aeueiee
eo?n “I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa”, ui /eoa?oueny a
Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? .

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeniiaee, ui noi?ioeueiaaii a
aeena?oaoe??, a?oioothoueny ia iaoa?iaeao, io?eiaieo iniaenoi
caeiaoaa/ai. Iniaenoa o/anoue aaoi?a iieyaa? o aecia/aiii i?iaeai o
noa?? i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa oa o ?ic?iaoei
oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, yei iiaeooue neoaeeoe iniiaith aeey
oaeineiiaeaiiy ainiiaea?nueeiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie. Iniiai? iaoeia?
?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi: noi?ioeueiaaii a?eueo iiaia
aecia/aiiy ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, aeneiaeai?
i?iiiceoe?? i?i aaaaeaiiy iiai? i?aaiai? oi?ie ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae i?i oaeineiiaethaaiiy aaea ?nioth/eo

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
o Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? a 1998-1999 ?., ia
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie i?ina?oieoeoaa”
(Aeiiaoeuee, 1999 ?.) .

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 6
noaoae caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,5 ae.a., ui iniaenoi iaeaaeaoue aaoi?ia?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 160
iaeiaioaaiue, i?noeoue 161 noi??ieo iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 3 iaethiee,
aeiaeaoie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

?icae?e 1. I?aaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa.
Aaoi?ii ?icaeyaeathoueny aoaie aeine?aeaeaiue i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa, aaiethoe?y iiiyooy “joint venture”
(ni?eueia i?aei?e?iieoeoai) o i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, noa’?eoe ?
i?aaia? oi?ie ni?eueii? i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?.

Ia ia?oiio aoai?, c ii/aoeo 70-o ??. aei ii/aoeo 80-o ??.,
?iaioe a?o/eciyieo aeine?aeiee?a i?enay/oaaeeny ni?eueiiio
i?aei?e?iieoeoao a ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao (i?aeia?iaei? ainiiaea?nuee?
i?aai?caoe?? a e?a?iao-/eaiao ?AA, i?aaiaa iieiaeaiiy ci?oaieo oiaa?enoa
o e?a?iao ?AN).

Ae?oaee aoai, c ii/aoeo 80-o ??. aei ii/aoeo 90-o ??.,
iia’ycaiee ?c ii/aoeiaei aeiioneii ?iaanooaaiiy eai?oaeo c e?a?i —
/eai?a ?AA ? o?eueee oeyoii noai?aiiy, oae caaieo NAI (ni?eueieo
ainiiaea?nueeeo i?aai?caoe?e). NAI, ooai?aiei ia oa?eoi??? N?N?, aoa
i?enay/aiee ?yae niaoe?aeueieo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a. I?e oeueiio
i?aee?anethaaeiny, ui ia oa?eoi??? aea?aeaae-/eaia ?AA ni?eueia
ainiiaea?nueea i?aai?caoe?y ? iaei??th c oi?i nioe?ae?noe/ii?
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? ? ia iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny, ye ?iaanooaaiiy aeania
?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo. I?ci?oa, c 1987 ?ieo, a ?aaeyinueeiio
caeiiiaeaanoa? iiiyooy ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa ia?ic?eaii ca’ycoaaeiny
c ?iicaiieie ?iaanoeoe?yie. Ia oeueiio aoai? ?iaioe a?o/eciyieo
aeine?aeiee?a i?enay/oaaeeny i?aaiaei ieoaiiyi canioaaiiy ? ae?yeueiino?
ia oa?eoi??? N?N? ni?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa ca o/anoth ?aaeyinueeeo
i?aai?caoe?e ? o??i eai?oae?noe/ieo e?a?i ? e?a?i, ui ?icaeaathoueny.

O?ao?e aoai, c ii/aoeo 90-o ??., iia’ycaiee ?c oi?ioaaiiyi
iaoe?iiaeueieo caeiiiaeaanoa eieeoi?o ?aaeyinueeeo ?anioae?e, a oaeiae
?c i?aeoeeith canoinoaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i eiieo?aioe?th ?N.

Aeae? a ?icae?e? aena?oeththoueny ?nioth/? o a?o/eciyi?e ?
ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo?? o?aeooaaiiy ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa.
Ioioiaeiaiiy “joint venture” ? ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa ye oi?ie
?iicaiiiai ?iaanooaaiiy — iaea?eueo iioe?aia oi/ea ci?o.

Aeey oiai, uia aecia/eoe noa’?eo?a i?aaia?aeiinei, ioiiethaaieo
iiiyooyi “joint venture”, iaiao?aeii caa?iooeny aei ?ioiai iiiyooy —
“undertaking”. Caeiiiaeaanoai i?i eiieo?aioe?th ?N neeaaeathoue ii?ie,
ui caai?iiythoue aioeeiieo?aioi? oaiaee i?ae noa’?eoaie
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? (“undertakings”) ? ceiaaeeaaiiy
aeii?ioth/ei iieiaeaiiyi ia ?eieo. I?ae iiiyooyi “undertaking”
?icoi??oueny aoaeue-yeee noa’?eo, ui cae?enith? i?aei?e?iieoeueeo
ae?yeuei?noue. Aiii ioiieth? o?ce/ieo in?a, th?eaee/ieo in?a ? ?oi?
ia’?aeiaiiy, iai?aainoa’?eoi? i?aai?caoe??, ui cae?eniththoue
i?aei?e?iieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue. Ia i?aenoaa? ?icaeyiooiai aaoi?ii
?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui “joint venture” ia aa?oi o?aeooaaoe ye ni?eueia
aai ci?oaia i?aei?e?inoai. I?aaeeuei?oa aecia/aoe “joint venture”, ye
ni?eueio i?aei?e?iieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue, oiio ui i?ae “joint venture”
i?eionea?oueny ni?eueia ae?yeuei?noue noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeoaa
(iacaeaaeii a?ae ?oiuei? aea?aeaaii? i?eiaeaaeiino?), caniiaaia ia
ia’?aeiaii? coneeue, cania?a, iaeia oa ia ?iciiae?e? ?acoeueoao?a ?
?ecee?a a?ae ?? cae?eniaiiy, o oi?i? aeiaiai?o, i?aainoa’?eoii? aai
iai?aainoa’?eoii? i?aai?caoe?? aeey aeinyaiaiiy caaaeueii? iaoe.

I?e aecia/aii? eiia?oe?eii? aai i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? a
i?aa? ?N aeei?enoiao?oueny o?aaeeoe?eia oi?ioethaaiiy “iaoa iaea?aeaiiy
i?eaooeo”, ui o?aeoo?oueny, ye ?iciiae?e i?ae ooiaeaoi?aie eiiiai??
iaoa??aeueieo aeaa, iaea?aeoaaieo eiiiai??th a ?acoeueoao? ??
ae?yeueiino?. I?ioa, o e?oa?aoo?? a?aecia/a?oueny, ui oea o?aeooaaiiy
aaea ia a?aeiia?aea? a aeinoaoi?e i??? iio?aaai no/anii? aeiiii?ee a
ca’yceo c? c?inoath/ith ?ieeth aea?aeaaieo ? iaoe?iiae?ciaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa, i?eaooie yeeo eaea aaciina?aaeiuei a athaeaeao, a oaeiae
?c iiyaith iiaeo i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo oi?i, caaea/a yeeo — ni?eyiiy
eiiia?aoe?? i?aei?e?inoa, a ia iaea?aeaiiy i?eaooeo ? ?iciiae?e eiai
i?ae o/anieeaie. Oiio, a?eueo?noue cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo th?eno?a i?e
oeoia/aii? iiiyooy “i?eaooie” iaaieioothoue ia “?aioaaaeuei?noue”, ye ia
iaiao?aeio oiiao aaaeaiiy aoaeue-yei? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?,
oo?aioo i?i caiia?aaiiy caeoe?a. O oai?aoe/iiio oeoia/aii? oe?eue
iaea?aeaiiy i?eaooeo ?icoi??oueny oe?oa, i?ae iai?? ?iciiae?eeoe eiai
i?ae o/anieeaie. Nei??oa aiia ?icoi??oueny ye aoaeoeaii ? iaaaciieaoii
cae?enithaaia ainiiaea?nueea ae?yeuei?noue.

Oiio, yeui ?icaeyaeaoe yaeua “joint venture” o
ainiiaea?nueei-i?aaiaiio aniaeo? uiaei oe?a?inueeiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, oi
iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui noa’?eoe aiae?ciaaieo a?aeiinei
ioiieththoueny iiiyooyi noa’?eoa ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Ii aea/aiith aeoiie aeine?aeiee?a i?i o?aeooaaiiy iiiyoue
“i?aei?e?inoai”, “th?eaee/ia iniaa”, ”ainiiaea?nueea i?aai?caoe?y” ? i?i
i?aaia? oi?ie ni?eueii? i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, aaoi?ii
?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui a caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?aeoa?o ae?yeueiino? aiia
iiaea ?aae?coaaoeny o oi?i? i?aainoa’?eoii? ? iai?aainoa’?eoii?
i?aai?caoe??, o oi?i? aeiaiai?o.

?icae?e 2. I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy a Oe?a?i?. Aaoi?ii aiae?co?oueny caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie
a noa?? ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aecia/aiiy
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, i?aaia? oi?ie, a yeeo
iiaea cae?enithaaoeny ni?eueia ae?yeuei?noue noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

?icaeyaea?oueny iiiyooy i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?,
ia?aaeaa/aia Caeiiii Oe?a?ie “I?i i?aei?e?iieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue”,
iiiyooy ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, aeaia a Caeii? Oe?a?ie “I?i
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoa”. Ia a?aei?io a?ae caeiiiaeaanoaa
?N, o /eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? Oe?a?ie ?nio? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

O i?iaeo? Ainiiaea?nueeiai (Eiia?oe?eiiai) eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie
cae??ieaia ?iciaaeoaaiiy ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, ui
cae?enith?oueny c iaoith aeeo/aiiy i?eaooeo — i?aei?e?iieoeueei? aai
eiia?oe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?,
cae?enithaaii? aac iaoe iaea?aeaiiy i?eaooeo — iaeiia?oe?eii?
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

Caeiiii Oe?a?ie “I?i ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/io ae?yeuei?noue”
aecia/aia ni?eueia i?aei?e?iieoeueea (ainiiaea?nueea) ae?yeuei?noue, ye
ae?yeuei?noue, ui aaco?oueny ia ni?a?ia?oieoeoa? i?ae noa’?eoaie
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? Oe?a?inueei? ?N? ? ?iicaiieie noa’?eoaie
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? ? ia ni?eueiiio ?iciiae?e? ?acoeueoao?a ?
?ecee?a a?ae ?? cae?eniaiiy. Aea oaea aecia/aiiy aeei?enoiao?oueny a
?aieao ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ? ia aeinoaoiuei ?ice?eaa?
nooue aiae?ciaaieo a?aeiinei, aei oiai ae, a?aeaoaa?oueny ioioiaeiaiiy
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

I?aaia? oi?ie, o yeeo iiaea cae?enithaaoeny ni?eueia
ae?yeuei?noue noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy, a?aeiia?aeii aei
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, ? ainiiaea?nueea oiaa?enoai, ia’?aeiaiiy
i?aei?e?inoa, eiiia?aoea ? aeiaia?? i?i ni?eueio ae?yeuei?noue. O
ca’yceo c oei, ui oieaeeiaiaa eiiiai?y noai?th?oueny o oi?i?
a?aee?eoiai aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa, oi aiia oaeiae iiaea aenooiaoe
i?aaiaith oi?iith ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?. Ainiiaea?nueea
oiaa?enoai, eiiia?aoea iiaea iineoaeeoe i?aaiaith oi?iith ni?eueii?
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? a oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee an? o/anieee ?
noa’?eoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Iniaeeaee noaoon, a?aeiia?aeii aei Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i
i?iieneiai-o?iainia? a?oie a Oe?a?i?”, iathoue oae? ia’?aeiaiiy, ye
i?iieneiai-o?iainia? a?oie (IOA). IOA ia ? th?eaee/iith iniaith. Aieiaia
i?aei?e?inoai e o/anieee IOA oeeaaeathoue Aaia?aeueio oaiaeo i?i
ni?eueio ae?yeuei?noue ii ae?iaieoeoao e?ioeaai? i?iaeoeoe??.

Caeiiii Oe?a?ie “I?i iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoa”
ni?eueia ae?yeuei?noue aac noai?aiiy th?eaee/ii? iniae a?aeianaia aei
iia?aoe?e iniaeeaiai aeaeo, iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiy yeeo ?aaoeth?oueny
Ii?yaeeii aaaeaiiy iiaeaoeiaiai o?aooaaiiy e oii?yaeeoaaiiy iiaeaoeiai?
ca?oiino? ?acoeueoao?a ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie aac
noai?aiiy th?eaee/ii? iniae.

O Caeii? Oe?a?ie “I?i ?aaeei ?iicaiiiai ?iaanooaaiiy” cae??ieai?
iniaeeaino? i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ni?eueii? ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?
ca o/anoth ?iicaiieo noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Oaea ae?yeuei?noue
iiaea cae?enithaaoeny ye o aeaeyae? i?aei?e?inoaa (i?aai?caoe??)
aoaeue-yei? i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiai? oi?ie, noai?aiiai a?aeiia?aeii aei
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, oae ? o aeaeyae? aeiaiai?o (eiio?aeoo) i?i
ni?eueio ?iaanoeoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue (ae?iaie/i? eiiia?aoe??, ni?eueiiio
ae?iaieoeoa? oa ?i.), ia iia’ycaio c? noai?aiiyi th?eaee/ii? iniae.

sse aeiaia??ia oi?ia ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?
?icaeyaeathoueny, a?aeaeo? o i?iaeo? Ainiiaea?nueeiai eiaeaeno,
ca’ycai? i?aei?e?inoaa, ui ae?thoue ia i?aenoaa? aeiaiai?o.

Ia iniia? ?icaeyiooiai aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui ni?eueia
ae?yeuei?noue noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy a Oe?a?i? iiaea cae?enithaaoeny
o oi?i? th?eaee/ii? iniae ? o oi?i? aeiaiai?o; o caeiiiaeaanoa? Oe?a?ie
a?aenooi? aecia/aiiy ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, yea
ioiieth? on? i?aaiae oi?ie ?? ?nioaaiiy; iaaeinoaoiuei /?oei aecia/aia
eeaneo?eaoe?y ia’?aeiaiue i?aei?e?inoa ? ?oiy a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, o
ca’yceo c iiaeeea?noth cae?enithaaoe i?aei?e?iieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue.

?icae?e 3. Ni?eueia i?aei?e?iieoeueea ae?yeuei?noue o i?aa?
ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i. Aaoi?ii ?icaeyaea?oueny caeiiiaeaanoai ie?aieo
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i ? ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??, a oaeiae
caeiiiaeaanoai ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco a noa?? ni?eueiiai
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa.

Aeey i?aai?caoe?? ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? a e?a?iao
?iiaii-aa?iainueei? nenoaie i?aaa aeei?enoiaothoueny oae? aeaee
oiaa?enoa, ye iiaia ? eiiaiaeeoia oiaa?enoai, oiaa?enoai c iaiaaeaiith
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noth, aeoe?iia?ia oiaa?enoai. ?icaeyaea?oueny oaeiae
oi?ia cae?eniaiiy ni?eueii? i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? o
Aaeeeia?eoai?? (ia?oia?noai ? ei?ii?aoe?y, ie?aiei aeiaaeeii yei? ?
eiiiai?y).

Aeae?, iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny ia’?aeiaiith c caaaeueiith
aeiiii?/iith iaoith (groupement d’interet economique — G.I.E.) —
niaoeeo?/iiio ?inoeoooo o?aioeocueeiai i?aaa, ui ia ia? aiaeiaa a ?ioeo
e?a?iao, o yeiio iiaeia ?icaeyiooe iciaee oi?aiaiai oiaa?enoaa ? iaa?oue
ni?eee, ui ia ia?ane?aeo? iaoe iaea?aeaiiy i?eaooeo. G.I.E. aoei
aaaaeaii o o?aioeocueeo i?aeoeeo ? caeiiiaeaanoai a 1967 ?. Aiii aoei
caaeoiaii, ye aio/ea oi?ia ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?aei?e?inoa, ui iiaeiia
aoea aeiiiiiaoe o?aioeocueeei i?aei?e?inoaai (ianaiia?aae iaeei)
aeo?eiaoe eiieo?aioe?th c aieo i?aei?e?inoa ?ioeo e?a?i a oiiaao
?aeeiiai ?a?iiaenueeiai ?eieo, ui oi?io?oueny, ? a?aeaithaaoe nia?
i?noea ia oeueiio ?eieo. Oni?o, ui iaea oi?ia G.I.E. o O?aioe??, caeo/ea
aei ia? oaaao i?aai?a ?N, ye? ae??oeee aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?? aeey
i?aai?caoe?? ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?aei?e?inoa ??ciiiai?oieo e?a?i ?N.

Ie?aii iieacothoueny aeiaia??i? oi?ie ni?eueiiai
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa, ui ia i?eioneathoue noai?aiiy i?aai?caoe??, iaae?eaii?
i?aainoa’?eoi?noth, aai ie?aieie ?? aeaiaioaie (aeiaiai?e, ui
anoaiiaeththoue ??aiii?aai? a?aeiineie i?ae eiio?aaaioaie ? aeiaiai?e,
ui anoaiiaeththoue ia??aiii?aai? a?aeiineie i?ae eiio?aaaioaie).

Ni?eueia i?aei?e?iieoeueea ae?yeuei?noue o cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo
e?a?iao iiaea cae?enithaaoeny a ??ciiiai?oieo i?aaiaeo oi?iao.
?icae?eeoe ?o iiaeia ia aea? iniiai? a?oie: oi?ie, ye? ia oyaiooue ca
niaith aeieeiaiiy iiaiai noa’?eoa i?aaa (caniiaai? ia aeiaiai??, ui
oeeaaea?oueny i?ae i?aei?e?ioeyie) ? oi?ie, ui ni?e/eiythoue aeieeiaiiy
iiaiai noa’?eoa i?aaa (iaieeaa noai?aiiy i?aai?caoe??, ui iaae?ey?oueny
caeiiiaeaaoeai o??? aai ?ioi? aea?aeaae noaoonii th?eaee/ii? iniae).

?icaeyaea?oueny oaeiae ?aaoethaaiiy ni?eueii? i?aei?e?iieoeueei?
ae?yeueiino? Oeea?eueiei eiaeaenii ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??. O yeino?
i?aainoa’?eoii? oi?ie ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa aenooiathoue
ainiiaea?nuee? oiaa?enoaa ? ae?iaie/? eiiia?aoeae (a?o?e?), a a yeino?
aeiaia??ii? — i?inoa oiaa?enoai (aeiaia?? i?i ni?eueio ae?yeuei?noue).

I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy “joint venture” o ?N cae?enith?oueny a
?aieao caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i eiieo?aioe?th. Caeiiiaeaanoai ?N i?i “joint
venture” i?noeoue o nia? aeoe i?aai?a ?N, i?eeiyo? o a?aeiioaii? ye
aeiaia??ieo, oae ? ei?ii?aoeaieo “joint venture”, ? ?icaeaaeiny
iinooiiai, ii/eiath/e a?ae ii?i i?i noai?aiiy ??ciiiai?oiiai ?iaeo oaiae
i?i ni?a?ia?oieoeoai ? cae?i/oth/e ii?iaie i?i oaiaee i?i ceeooy
eiiiai?e.

Aeae? o ?icae?e? a?na?oeth?oueny oaea nai???aeia oi?ia ni?eueii?
ae?yeueiino? o?ce/ieo ? th?eaee/ieo in?a, ?aeeia aeey an?o e?a?i ?N, ye
?a?iiaenueea ia’?aeiaiiy c caaaeueiith aeiiii?/iith iaoith (groupement
europeen d’interet economique — G.E.I.E.). I?aaiaee noaoon G.E.I.E.
?aaoeth? ?aaeaiaio ?aaee ?N, eiio?aeo (oaiaea) i?ae o/anieeaie i?i eiai
ooai?aiiy ?, noaneae?a?ii, caeii e?a?ie i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy G.E.I.E.
(oie, yeee ?aaoeth? aiaeia?/i? i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? oi?ie). ?aaeaiaio
?aaee ?N i?i G.E.I.E. ?ic?iaeyany niaoe?aeueii aeey ?icaeoeo
ainiiaea?nueeeo ca’yce?a i?ae iaeeie ? na?aaei?ie eiiiai?yie
??ciiiai?oieo aea?aeaa-/eai?a ?N. Aieiaiith a?aei?ii?noth G.E.I.E. a?ae
o?aioeocueeiai ia’?aeiaiiy ? oa, ui eiai o/anieee iiaeii? iaoe
??ciiiai?oio iaoe?iiaeueio i?eiaeaaei?noue. G.E.I.E. ?a?no?o?oueny a
iaoe?iiaeueieo ?a?no?ao e?a?i ?N. Eiaeia e?a?ia ia? i?aai aaanoe o nai?
caeiiiaeaanoai iaiaaeaiiy, ui noinothoueny iiaeeeaino? o/ano? a G.E.I.E.
ie?aieo eaoaai??e o?ce/ieo ? th?eaee/ieo in?a. Ii?yaeie ?a?no?aoe??,
ieoaiiy i?i iaae?eaiiy ia’?aeiaiiy naiino?eiith i?aainoa’?eoi?noth
aecia/a?oueny caeiiiaeaanoaii aea?aeaa-/eai?a ?N. Aeey canioaaiiy
G.E.I.E. ia iio??aii iayaiino? noaoooiiai eai?oaeo. O/anieee iniaenoi ?
nie?aea?ii a?aeiia?aeaeuei? ii ai?aao ? ciaia’ycaiiyi ia’?aeiaiiy.
Ae?yeuei?noue ia’?aeiaiiy iiaeiia a?aeiia?aeaoe ae?yeueiino? eiai /eai?a
? iineoe aeey ieo aeiiii?aeiee, aeiaeaoeiaee oa?aeoa?. G.E.I.E. ia iiaea
caeiaoeny naiino?eiith ae?iaie/ith ae?yeuei?noth e iaiaaeo?oueny
iaaeaiiyi iineoa nai?i /eaiai. I?e oeueiio G.E.I.E. ia iiaea aeaaaoe
iaia’yceia? aeey aeeiiaiiy aeac?aee, a eeoa eii?aeeio? ?oi? ae??, ia
oi?eath/enue ainiiaea?nueei? naiino?eiino?. O oe?eiio caaea/a
ia’?aeiaiiy — noeioethaaoe ? ?icaeaaoe ae?yeuei?noue nai?o /eai?a,
iie?auoaaoe ?? ?acoeueoaoe.

Aaoi?ii ?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui caeiiiaeaanoai ?a?iiaenueeiai
Nithco i?i ni?eueio i?aei?e?iieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue ?icaeaa?oueny a?eueo
?ioaineaii, /ei o aea?aeaaao-/eaiao ?N, oiio ui aiii ia iia’ycaii
i?eioeeiaie iaoe?iiaeueieo i?aaiaeo nenoai. I?aai ?N ae?iaeei ii?ie,
i?enay/ai? aaciina?aaeiuei ni?euei?e ae?yeueiino? a noa??
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa. Aiii a?eueo i???ioiaaii ia ainiiaea?nueeo
aoaeoeai?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue, a oaeee ?inoeooo, ye ?a?iiaenueea
ia’?aeiaiiy c caaaeueiith aeiiii?/iith iaoith, noaiiaeoue ?ioa?an ?c
iiaeyaeo oaeineiiaethaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie.

?icae?e 4. Oeyoe caeeaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie ?
?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco a noa?? ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. O a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c ciaia’ycaiiyi Oe?a?ie caeeaeoaaoe
nai? caeiiiaeaanoai c caeiiiaeaanoaii ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco ca Oaiaeith
i?i Ia?oia?noai oa Ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, aaoi?ii iieacaii, ye aeina?ae
i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy “joint venture” o ?N iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee a
oe?a?inueeiio ainiiaea?nueeiio caeiiiaeaanoa?.

A ?N a?aeiiaeeeny a?ae oioaeueii? oi?o?eaoe?? i?aaa ?
i?eioneathoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye i?aaiaee ?ino?oiaio aeoea?caoe??
?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a caeeaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoa. Oea cia/ii iineeth?
?ieue iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?aaa aea?aeaa-/eai?a i?e noai?aii? ?aeeiiai
aioo??oiueiai ?eieo ?N. Caeeaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoa caniiao?oueny ia ia
iaa’ycoaaii? aea?aeaaai-/eaiai ?N aioiaiai ??oaiiy, a ia aecia/aii?
iai?yieo ?aaoethaaiiy a ?aieao iaoe?iiaeueieo i?aaiaeo nenoai.

?icaeyaeathoueny noaoo? Oaiaee i?i Ia?oia?noai oa
Ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, ui i?noyoue: ciaia’ycaiiy Oe?a?ie caeeceoe nai?
caeiiiaeaanoai i?i eiiiai?? oa eiieo?aioe?th c caeiiiaeaanoaii ?N;
ciaia’ycaiiy Oe?a?ie i?i ?icaeoie iaeeo ? na?aaei?o i?aei?e?inoa, ?oi?o
ia’?aeiaiue; iieiaeaiiy i?i noai?aiiy eiiiai?e, ye? iathoue iaoith
noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaiai ? noaa?eueiiai ee?iaoo aeey canioaaiiy ?
ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeeo eiiiai?e ia oa?eoi??? ?N ? eiiiai?e
aea?aeaa-/eai?a ?N ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie.

Iiiyooy “joint venture” noaei aeei?enoiaoaaoeny a ?acoeueoao?
i?aeoeee canoinoaaiiy noaoae ?einueeiai aeiaiai?o, i?enay/aieo i?aaeeai
eiieo?aioe??, i?e ?iciaaeoaaii? ea?oaeueii? i?aeoeee e aeiiii?/ii
aeioe?eueii? eiiia?aoe??. I?ioa, caeiiiaeaanoai ?N ia aea? eiai
eaaaeueiiai aecia/aiiy. Iaoe?iiaeueia caeiiiaeaanoai e?a?i-/eai?a ?N
iiaea aeeth/aoe nai? aecia/aiiy “joint venture” i?e i?eeiyoo?
a?aeiia?aeieo ii?i caeiiiaeaanoaa. Aeaia iiiyooy, ine?eueee aiii
i?noeoue o nia? ??ciiiai?oi? i?aaia?aeiineie, iio?aao? ooi/iaiiy i?e
i?eeiyoo? caeiiiaeaanoaa, ui ?aaoeth? cacia/ai? i?aaia?aeiineie.

Ciaia’ycaiiy Oe?a?ie a noa?? eiieo?aioe?? a?aeiia?aeii aei
aeuacaaaeaii? Oaiaee neeaaeathoueny o aei?aaeaii? e onoiaii? iaiaaeaiue
eiieo?aioe??, oeyoii oaeineiiaeaiiy nai?o aioeiiiiiieueieo caeii?a. Ia
a?aei?io a?ae caeiiiaeaanoaa ?N, aioeiiiiiieueia caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie
ia i?noeoue ii?i, ye? aeicaieythoue ?iciaaeiaoaaoe ea?oaeuei? oaiaee e
oaiaee, ni?yiiaai? ia eiiia?aoe?th na?aae oaiae, ui i?aeiaaeathoue i?ae
ae?th noaoae i?i caai?iio iai?aaii??ieo oaiae. Aeey ?icaeoeo
aioeiiiiiieueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie a cacia/aiiio iai?yieo
iaiao?aeii ci?ieoe o?aeooaaiiy ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

I?e ?icaeyae? ieoaiiy i?i oa, yea aecia/aiiy “joint venture”
aeioe?eueii aeeth/eoe a oe?a?inueea caeiiiaeaanoai iaiao?aeii
a?aoiaoaaoe, ui i?aei?e?iieoeueea (eiia?oe?eia) ae?yeuei?noue ?
iaeiia?oe?eia ae?yeuei?noue — oea aeaee ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

Oiio, aaoi?ii i?iiiio?oueny aecia/aiiy ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?, ye eii?aeeiiaaii?, aca?iicaeaaeii? ae?yeueiino? aeaio ?
a?eueoa oe?a?inueeeo ? ?iicaiieo noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy (ye ?c
noai?aiiyi th?eaee/ii? iniae, oae ? aac noai?aiiy th?eaee/ii? iniae),
caniiaaii? ia oaiae?, ui i?eionea? o?eaaea ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, a oaeiae ia
ia’?aeiaii? coneeue, cania?a, iaeia oa ?iciiae?e? ?acoeueoao?a a?ae ??
cae?eniaiiy aeey aeinyaiaiiy aecia/aii?, caaaeueii? ainiiaea?nueei?
iaoe.

Caeiiii Oe?a?ie “I?i iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiy i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoa”
cae??ieaii, ui ni?eueia ae?yeuei?noue aac noai?aiiy th?eaee/ii? iniae
cae?enith?oueny ia i?aenoaa? aeiaiai?o i?i ni?eueio ae?yeuei?noue, yeee
ia?aaeaa/a? ia’?aeiaiiy cania?a aai iaeia o/aniee?a aeey aeinyaiaiiy
ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei? iaoe. Iiaea neeanoeny neooaoe?y, eiee aeiaia??
ca nai?ie iciaeaie ? aeiaiai?ii i?i ni?eueio ae?yeuei?noue, a
?iaio?oueny ia aeiaiai?ii i?i ni?eueio ae?yeuei?noue, a yeinue ?iaeoa ?
c oe??? i?e/eie ia i?aeiaaea? i?ae ae?th a?aeiia?aeieo ii?i iiaeaoeiaiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa. Oiio i?iiiio?oueny caeiiiaeaa/i aecia/eoe, ye i?aaiao
oi?io ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, aoaeue-yeee aeiaia??,
iacaeaaeii a?ae eiai iaeiaioaaiiy, yeui a?i i?noeoue iciaee ni?eueii?
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

O?aaeeoe?eieie i?aaiaeie ?ino?oiaioaie aeey th?eaee/iiai
ioi?ieaiiy a?oi (ia’?aeiaiue) o cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?iao ? aeiaia??
? oiaa?enoai. I?e ia’?aeiaii? nai?? ae?yeueiino? eiia?oe?eieie
i?aai?caoe?yie, noaoonii th?eaee/ii? iniae oaea ia’?aeiaiiy
iaae?ey?oueny, aai ca oiiae iaeiia?oe?eiiai oa?aeoa?o eiai ae?yeueiino?,
aai ca oiiae aeei?enoaiiy aeey eiai th?eaee/iiai ioi?ieaiiy oaeiai
?ino?oiaioa ye oiaa?enoai. Oea iia’ycaii c oei, ui iaea?eueo aaaeeeaei
iiiaioii i?e canioaaii? i?aainoa’?eoieo ia’?aeiaiue ? iaiaaeaiiy
iniaenoi? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? eiai o/aniee?a, a ia ia?oee ieai nenoaie
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? aeoiaeeoue ieoaiiy caoenoo ?ioa?an?a e?aaeeoi??a ?
o/aniee?a oaeiai ooai?aiiy.

Caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie ia i?noeoue i?yiiai iaiaaeaiiy uiaei
oa?aeoa?o ae?yeueiino? ia’?aeiaiue i?aei?e?inoa. Ia’?aeiaiiy ?
th?eaee/iith iniaith, ia? i?aai cae?enithaaoe i?aei?e?iieoeueeo
ae?yeuei?noue ? ia eiai o/aniee?a ia iieeaaeaiee iaia’ycie /anoeiai? aai
nie?aea?ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?. Ca caaaeueiei i?aaeeii o/anieee
ia’?aeiaiiy ia a?aeiia?aeathoue ii ciaia’ycaiiyo ia’?aeiaiiy,
caeiiiaeaanoai ia ciaia’yco? noai?thaaoe iaaiee noaoooiee oiiae (yeui
?ioa ia ia?aaeaa/aii noaoooieie aeieoiaioaie). A ?acoeueoao? o
e?aaeeoi??a ia’?aeiaiiy iaia? i?yeeo aa?aio?e ? ?oi? ?ioa?ane ia
caoeuai?.

Ia’?aeiaiiy i?aei?e?inoa iiaeia eeaneo?eoaaoe ia ia’?aeiaiiy
oiaa?enueeiai ? aeiaia??iiai oa?aeoa?o. I?ioa, aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie,
ui a?eueo aeioe?eueii cae??ieoe a caeiiiaeaanoa? ?iciaaeoaaiiy i?ae
ia’?aeiaiiyie i?aei?e?inoa, iaae?eaieie ? iaiaae?eaieie
i?aainoa’?eoi?noth. I?aainoa’?eoi? ia’?aeiaiiy, o naith /a?ao, aa?oi
eeaneo?eoaaoe ca oa?aeoa?ii ae?yeueiino? ia eiia?oe?ei? ? iaeiia?oe?ei?.
I?aainoa’?eoi? eiia?oe?ei? ia’?aeiaiiy iiaeii? noai?thaaoeny o?eueee o
oi?i? ainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa. ?iaeoa ii?ooothoueny i?eioeeie
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, iieeaaeai? a iniiao th?eaee/iiai ioi?ieaiiy
ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aeey aeei?enoaiiy a caeiiiaeaanoa? Oe?a?ie a yeino?
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiai? oi?ie ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ?icaeyaea?oueny ?a?iiaenueea ia’?aeiaiiy c caaaeueiith
aeiiii?/iith iaoith. Iiae?aia ia’?aeiaiiy (?iaioaaoe yea i?iiiio?oueny,
ye ia’?aeiaiiy c caaaeueiith ainiiaea?nueeith iaoith) ni?yiiaaia ia
ni?eyiiy iaeei ? na?aaei?i i?aei?e?inoaai a oiiaao aei?noei?
eiieo?aioe??, a i?e iiaeaeueo?e ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie a ?N, iiaea aooe
ca?a?no?iaaia ye ?a?iiaenueea ia’?aeiaiiy c caaaeueiith aeiiii?/iith
iaoith.

Ia’?aeiaiiy c caaaeueiith ainiiaea?nueeith iaoith — aio/ea oi?ia
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa th?eaee/ieo ? o?ce/ieo in?a. Ia a?aei?io a?ae
ia’?aeiaiue i?aei?e?inoa aeaia oi?ia aeinooiia an?i noa’?eoai
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? th?eaee/iei iniaai, ? o?ce/iei iniaai-i?aei?e?ioeyi.
I?e oeueiio ia aeiaaa?oueny oi?ioaaiiy noaoooiiai oiiaeo i?e noai?aii?
oeueiai ia’?aeiaiiy, ia a?aei?io a?ae ainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa, a
nie?aea?ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue o/aniee?a ia’?aeiaiiy aa?aioo? caoeno
?ioa?an?a e?aaeeoi??a ? o?ao?o in?a. I?ioa, iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe
ia’?aeiaiiy c caaaeueiith ainiiaea?nueeith iaoith, ye ia’?aeiaiiy aeaio
aai a?eueoa th?eaee/ieo in?a oa i?aei?e?ioe?a, noai?aia ia iaaiee oa?i?i
c iaoith ni?eyiiy ? ?icaeoeo ae?yeueiino? eiai /eai?a, iie?ioaiiy
?acoeueoao?a oe??? ae?yeueiino?. Ia’?aeiaiiy c caaaeueiith
ainiiaea?nueeith iaoith iiaeiii aooe iaae?eaii noaoonii th?eaee/ii?
iniae.

O ?aieao ?aae?caoe?? iieiaeaiue Oaiaee i?i Ia?oia?noai oa
Ni?a?ia?oieoeoai, ui noinothoueny noai?aiiy ? ae?yeueiino? eiiiai?e,
i?iiiio?oueny ia?aaeaa/eoe aeey ia’?aeiaiiy c caaaeueiith
ainiiaea?nueeith iaoith iaia’ycie ?icoaoiaoaaoe naith oeaio?aeueio
aaei?i?no?aoe?th ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie.

AENIIAEE

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia noi?ioethaaoe ianooii?
aeniiaee.

1. I?iaeaie i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa
ina?oeai? o a?o/eciyi?e iaooe? aeaui iaeiiaiei. Oaia i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa ii?ooo?oueny, a iniiaiiio, o
ca’yceo c? ni?eueieie i?aei?e?inoaaie, ye oi?iith ?iicaiiiai
?iaanooaaiiy.

2. I?e ?icaeyae? ieoaiiy i?i iaiao?aei?noue caeeaeaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie c caeiiiaeaanoaii ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco (?N) a
noa?? ni?eueii? i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, aeaeii, ui /eiia
oe?a?inueea caeiiiaeaanoai a ie?aieo ieoaiiyo a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
caeiiiaeaanoaa cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i ? ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco.

3. Caeiiiaeaanoai ?N i?i ni?eueio i?aei?e?iieoeueeo
ae?yeuei?noue ?icaeaa?oueny a?eueo ?ioaineaii, i?ae o aea?aeaaao-/eaiao
?N, oiio ui aiii ia iia’ycaii i?eioeeiaie iaoe?iiaeueieo i?aaiaeo
nenoai. I?aai ?N ae?iaeei ii?ie, i?enay/ai? aaciina?aaeiuei ni?euei?e
ae?yeueiino? a noa?? i?aei?e?iieoeoaa.

4. Ni?eueia i?aei?e?iieoeueea ae?yeuei?noue a ?iicaiieo e?a?iao
iiaea ?aae?coaaoeny o oae?e i?aaia?e oi?i?, ye i?aainoa’?eoia
i?aai?caoe?y, iai?aainoa’?eoia i?aai?caoe?y, aeiaia??, a ni?eueia
ae?yeuei?noue noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy a Oe?a?i? iiaea cae?enithaaoeny
o oi?i? th?eaee/ii? iniae e o oi?i? aeiaiai?o.

5. Aaeaioaoe?th caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie aei caeiiiaeaanoaa ?N o
noa?? ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe oeyoii
aeei?enoaiiy a caeiiiaeaanoa? Oe?a?ie i?aaiaeo iieiaeaiue, ui ni?eythoue
caeeaeaiith oe?a?inueeiai ? ?a?iiaenueeiai ainiiaea?nueeiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa.

6. O caeiiiaeaanoa? Oe?a?ie a?aenooi? aecia/aiiy ni?eueii?
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, yea ioiieth? on? oi?ie ?? ?nioaaiiy;
iaaeinoaoiuei /?oei aecia/aia eeaneo?eaoe?y ia’?aeiaiue i?aei?e?inoa ?
?oiy a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, o ca’yceo c iiaeeea?noth cae?enithaaoe
i?aei?e?iieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue.

7. Aeey ?icaeoeo aioeiiiiiieueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie a
iai?yieo ?iciaaeoaaiiy ea?oaeueii? oaiaee e oaiaee, ni?yiiaaii? ia
eiiia?aoe?th na?aae oaiae, ui i?aeiaaeathoue i?ae ae?th noaoae i?i
caai?iio iai?aaii??ieo oaiae, iaiao?aeii ci?ieoe o?aeooaaiiy ni?eueii?
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

8. Ca?aeii ?c ciaia’ycaiiyi Oe?a?ie i?i caeeaeaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa c caeiiiaeaanoaii ?N, aeioe?eueii aaanoe iiao i?aaiao
oi?io ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? — ia’?aeiaiiy c caaaeueiith
ainiiaea?nueeith iaoith, a oaeiae oaeineiiaeeoe ?nioth/o eeaneo?eaoe?th
ia’?aeiaiue i?aei?e?inoa.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a oaeeo ?iaioao:

1. Eina/ I.?. Iniaeeainoi niieueiiai iiaei?e?iieoeoaa a noa?i
iiicaiiiai iiaanooaaiiy // I?aaie/ee /aniien Aeiiaoeueeiai
oiiaa?neoaoo.-1997.-?1.-N.12-15.

2. Eina/ I.?. I?iaeaie i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy niieueiiai
iiaei?e?iieoeoaa o oi?ii th?eaee/ii? iniae // I?aaie/ee /aniien
Aeiiaoeueeiai oiiaa?neoaoo.-1998.-?1(2).-N.22-25.

3. Eina/ I.A. I?aaiaia ?aaoee?iaaiea eeanneoeeaoeee iauaaeeiaiee
i?aaei?eyoee // Aanoiee Aeiiaoeeiai oieaa?neoaoa.-1999.-?1.-N.179-183.

4. Eina/ I.A. Iaeioi?ua aii?inu nicaeaiey e aeayoaeueiinoe
niaianoiuo i?aaei?eyoee // Aii?inu ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa Oe?aeiu. —
Aeiiaoee : AeiiAO. -1995.- Aui 6.-N.42-46.

5. Eina/ I.A. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea o/aaiuo i?ia?aii i?aaiaiai
ia?aciaaiey eae ia?a i?aaiaiai iaania/aiey eioaa?aoeee Oe?aeiu a AN //
Ainiee Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo aeiiiiiee i oi?aiaei.-
1999.-?1.- N.37-40.

6. Eina/ I.A. ?acaeoea iiiyoey e i?aaiaeo oi?i niaianoiie
oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe a Oe?aeia // Iaoa?eaeu iao/. eiio.
“I?aaiaaaeaiea”. — Aeiiaoee: AeiiAO. -1999. — N.53-55.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eina/ I.?. I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy ni?eueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa
(ii??aiyeuei? aniaeoe). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
th?eaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.04 — Ainiiaea?nueea i?aai;
a?a?o?aaeiee i?ioean. — ?inoeooo aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI
Oe?a?ie, Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiae?ciaaii aaiethoe?th iiiyooy “joint venture”
(ni?eueia i?aei?e?iieoeoai) o i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ? caeiiiaeaanoa?,
o ii??aiyeueiiio aniaeo? ?icaeyioo? i?aaia? oi?ie ? noa’?eoe
i?aaia?aeiinei, ioiiethaai? aeaiei iiiyooyi, i?iaiae?ciaaia
caeiiiaeaanoai i?i ni?eueia i?aei?e?iieoeoai a Oe?a?i?, ?in?enuee?e
Oaaea?aoe??, aeayeeo cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?iao ? ?a?iiaenueeiio
Nithc?. Iieacaii, yeei oeyoii aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe caeeaeaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie c caeiiiaeaanoaii ?N a aiae?ciaai?e noa??.
Noi?ioeueiaaia a?eueo iiaia aecia/aiiy ni?eueii? ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?, aeneiaeai? i?iiiceoe?? i?i aaaaeaiiy iiai? i?aaiai? oi?ie,
a oaeiae i?i oaeineiiaethaaiiy aaea ?nioth/eo i?aaiaeo oi?i oe???
ae?yeueiino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ni?eueia i?aei?e?iieoeoai, ainiiaea?nueea
ae?yeuei?noue, noa’?eo ainiiaea?thaaiiy, oiaa?enoai, ia’?aeiaiiy
i?aei?e?inoa, caeeaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoa, i?aaia?aeiineie, i?aaiaa
?aaoethaaiiy.

SUMMARY

Kosach N.E. Legal Regulation of Joint Venture (comparativ
aspects). — Manuscript.

This is the thesis in the form manuscript for competition the
scientifis degree of Candidate of Legal Siences in the speciality
12.00.04 — Economic Law: Arbitration process.- Institute of Economic and
Legal Research, Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, Donetsk, 1999.

The development of the idea of joint venture in legal reserches
and legislation, the legal forms and subjects of legal relations, also
Ukrainian legislation, legislation of Russian Federation and some
countries of West Europe and European Community were researched in
present thesis. The main attantion has been focused on how to bring
closer together Ukrainian legislation with the legislation of EC in the
area of joint venture. The author formulated the more exact
determination of joint economic activity, made some propositions about
how to create a new legal form of this activity and to improve its
existing forms.

Key words: joint venture, economic activity, subject of business,
partnership, groups of enterprises, convergence of legislation, legal
relations, legal regulation.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eina/ I.A. I?aaiaia ?aaoee?iaaiea niaianoiiai
i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa (n?aaieoaeueiua aniaeou). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
th?eaee/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.04 — Oicyenoaaiiia i?aai;
a?aeo?aaeiue i?ioeann. — Einoeooo yeiiiieei-i?aaiauo enneaaeiaaiee IAI
Oe?aeiu, Aeiiaoee, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaathony yoaiu enneaaeiaaiee i?aaiaiai
?aaoee?iaaiey niaianoiiai i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa, yaiethoeey iiiyoey
“joint venture” (niaianoiia i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai) a ca?oaaaeiuo e
ioa/anoaaiiuo i?aaiauo enneaaeiaaieyo, noauaeou e i?aaiaua oi?iu
niaianoiie i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe. I?e ?anniio?aiee
yaeaiey “joint venture” a oicyenoaaiii-i?aaiaii aniaeoa, i?eiaieoaeueii
e oe?aeineiio caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao, naeaeai auaiae, /oi noauaeou
?anniao?eaaaiuo ioiioaiee ioaaouaathony iiiyoeai noauaeoa
oicyenoaiaaiey. Aiaeece?oaony caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai Oe?aeiu a noa?a
niaianoiie aeayoaeueiinoe noauaeoia oicyenoaiaaiey, ?anniao?eaaaony
caeiiiaeaoaeueiia ii?aaeaeaiea i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie e oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, i?aaiaua oi?iu a eioi?uo iiaeao inouanoaeyoueny
niaianoiay aeayoaeueiinoue noauaeoia oicyenoaiaaiey.

I?iaaaeai n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa i niaianoiie
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe iaeioi?uo caiaaeiiaa?iiaeneeo no?ai
e ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee. Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai Aa?iiaeneiai Nithca i
niaianoiie i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe aieaa i?eaioe?iaaii ia
oicyenoaaiioth yooaeoeaiinoue e oeaeaniia?aciinoue e ?acaeaaaony aieaa
eioaineaii, /ai a ainoaea?noaao-/eaiao AN, oae eae iii ia naycaii
i?eioeeiaie iaoeeiiaeueiuo i?aaiauo nenoai. I?aaiaia ?aaoee?iaaiea
“joint venture” a AN inouanoaeyaony a ?aieao caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa i
eiieo?aioeee. Naii iiiyoea “joint venture” noaei eniieueciaaoueny a
?acoeueoaoa i?aeoeee i?eiaiaiey noaoae ?eineiai aeiaiai?a, iinayuaiiuo
i?aaeeai eiieo?aioeee, i?e ?aca?aie/aiee ea?oaeueiie i?aeoeee e
yeiiiie/anee oeaeaniia?aciie eiiia?aoeee. Iaeiaei, caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai AN
ia aeaao aai eaaaeueiiai ii?aaeaeaiey. Iaoeeiiaeueiia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai
no?ai-/eaiia AN iiaeao aeeth/aoue naia ii?aaeaeaiea “joint venture” i?e
i?eiyoee niioaaonoaothueo ii?i caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa. Iniaia aieiaiea
oaeaeyaony oaeie naiaia?aciie i?aaiaie oi?ia niaianoiie
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe, eae aa?iiaeneia iauaaeeiaiea n
iauae yeiiiie/aneie oeaeueth, i?aaenoaaeythuae eioa?an n oi/ee c?aiey
niaa?oainoaiaaiey caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa Oe?aeiu.

?anniao?eaathony noaouee Niaeaoaiey i Ia?oia?noaa e
Nio?oaeie/anoaa, niaea?aeauea iaycaoaeuenoaa Oe?aeiu naeeaeaoue
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai i eiiiaieyo e eiieo?aioeee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii AN,
iaycaoaeuenoaa i ?acaeoee iaeuo e n?aaeieo i?aaei?eyoee e eo
iauaaeeiaiee. A ioee/ea io caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa AN, aioeiiiiiieueiia
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai Oe?aeiu ia niaea?aeeo ii?i, iicaieythueo
?aca?aie/eaaoue ea?oaeueiua niaeaoaiey e niaeaoaiey, iai?aaeaiiua ia
eiiia?aoeeth n?aaee niaeaoaiee, iiaeiaaeathueo iiae aeaenoaea noaoae i
cai?auaiee iai?aaiia?iuo niaeaoaiee. Aeey ?acaeoey aioeiiiiiieueiiai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa Oe?aeiu a oeacaiiii iai?aaeaiee iaiaoiaeeii eciaieoue
o?aeoiaeo niaianoiie oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe. I?e ?anniio?aiee
aii?ina i oii, eaeia ii?aaeaeaiea “joint venture” oeaeaniia?acii
aeeth/eoue a oe?aeineia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai, iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue, /oi
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneay (eiiia?/aneay) aeayoaeueiinoue e iaeiiia?/aneay
aeayoaeueiinoue — yoi aeaeu oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe. A AN
ioeacaeenue io oioaeueiie oieoeeaoeee i?aaa e i?aaeiieaaatho
eniieueciaaoue a ea/anoaa i?aaiaiai eino?oiaioa aeoeaecaoeee
eioaa?aoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia naeeaeaiea caeiiiaeaoaeuenoa. Yoi
cia/eoaeueii oneeeaaao ?ieue iaoeeiiaeueiiai i?aaa ainoaea?noa-/eaiia
i?e nicaeaiee aaeeiiai aioo?aiiaai ?uiea AN. A nayce n yoei
iieacuaaaony, eaeei iooai oeaeaniia?acii i?iaiaeeoue naeeaeaiea
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa Oe?aeiu n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii AN a ?anniao?eaaaiie
noa?a e eae iiuo i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey “joint venture” a AN iiaeao
auoue eniieueciaai a caeiiioai?/aneii i?ioeanna Oe?aeiu. A
aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa i?aaeeiaeaii: aieaa iieiia ii?aaeaeaiea
niaianoiie oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, aaaaeaiea iiaie
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaie oi?iu niaianoiie aeayoaeueiinoe noauaeoia
oicyenoaiaaiey — iauaaeeiaiey n iauae oicyenoaaiiie oeaeueth, eciaiaiea
eeanneoeeaoeee iauaaeeiaiee i?aaei?eyoee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: niaianoiia i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, oicyenoaaiiay
aeayoaeueiinoue, noauaeo oicyenoaiaaiey, oiaa?euanoai, iauaaeeiaiea
i?aaei?eyoee, naeeaeaiea caeiiiaeaoaeuenoa, i?aaiioiioaiey, i?aaiaia
?aaoee?iaaiea.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 20.08.99.

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