EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

*aoiae/ Na?a?e Aieaneaaiae/

OAeE 342.71+325.1

I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo

i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 12.00.02 — eiinoeoooe?eia i?aai

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? eiinoeoooe?eiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa oa
aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa ?inoeoooo caeiiiaeaanoaa Aa?oiaii? ?aaee
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oeoiiiaa ?aaai?y
Aioii?aia, aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo eiinoeoooe?eiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa oa aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa ?inoeoooo caeiiiaeaanoaa
Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? ?eia?aiei TH??e ?aaiiae/,
i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i.
A.I.Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie.

Eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio *aeee Iao?i Oaaei?iae/,
caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo a?iiaaeyinoaa Aaei?i?no?aoe?? I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y aioo??oi?o ni?aa
Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 25 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 26.001.04. ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a th?eaee/ieo iaoe i?e Ee?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252017, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 64).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 25 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252017, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 64).

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aia?iaiee N.A.

I. CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oa ??aaiue iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaiaa i?e?iaea
i?a?aoe?? iieyaa? o i?aa? ethaeeie ia naiaiaeo ia?anoaaiiy e aea??
i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy.

Noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo aea?aeaa noaei iaea?eueo aaaeeeaith iiae??th,
ui aieeioea ia iia?euei?noue oa ?iciiae?e ianaeaiiy ia Caie?. Aeey
i?aeo?eiaiiy iie?oe/ii? oa oa?eoi??aeueii-aaei?i?no?aoeaii? oe?e?niino?,
iaaiiai ??aiy aeeooy, aoi?/ii? oi?eaeueiino? aea?aeaae ae?eoee aei
iaiao?aeiino? anoaiiaeaiiy ei?aeii?a oa eiio?ieth c iaoith iaiaaeaiiy
iaieeao i?a?aio?a.

Aeoiaey/e c noaa?aiiiai i?aaa oa caeiiieo ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaa, eiaeia c
ieo ia? iaoe aeani? ?ii?a?aoe?ei? caeiie, a oie aea /an, iiaaaeath/e
ii?ie i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa, ciaiaycoth/enue caaaeaee aeio?eioaaoeny i?aa
? naiaiae ethaeeie-i?a?aioa.

I?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane ye iaa?ae?iia oa iino?eia neeaaeiaa ?noi???
ethaenoaa ?noioii aieeaathoue ia noai ? ia?niaeoeae aeiiii?/iiai,
eoeueoo?iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa, i?eaiiny/e na?ae?
?aea? oa iineethth/e oai?/ee iioaioe?ae e?a?ie. Iaeyne?aa?oei i?eeeaaeii
ooo iiaea aooe aeina?ae NOA. Oae, iaeaea 11 iei. ?ii?a?aio?a, ye? iei?
i?iaeeaathoue o e?a?i?, ca?iaeythoue 240 ie?ae. aeiea??a, niea/oth/e i?e
oeueiio iiaeaoee ia caaaeueio noio 90 ie?ae. aeiea??a, a ua — iiaeaoee o
aea?aeaaio eacio a ?ici??? 5 ie?ae. aeiea??a. Oae? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeioiaeo e?a?ie o 5-8 ?ac?a ia?aaeuothoue aeo?aoe ia
oo?eiaiiy i?a?aio?a.

Ioe?ithth/e /eiia caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie o noa?? i?a?aoe??, ne?ae
a?aecia/eoe, ui i???ioaoe?y ia aeei?enoaiiy i?a?aoe?? ye aeeoo?aeaeio
aeiiii?/io neeo ae??oo?oueny o?aaiaioa?ii oa iaiine?aeiaii.

?nioth/ee ??aaiue i?aaiaiai noaoono i?a?aio?a a Oe?a?i? aeaeaei ia a
iiai?e i??? a?aeiia?aea? i?aeia?iaeiiio aeina?aeo ? no/aniiio ci?noo
i?a?aoe?eieo i?aaia?aeiinei, a eiai iaaeinoaoiy iaa?aaoeueiaai?noue
?iiae? ni?ey? iiya? oa iioe?aiith oaeiai yaeua ye iacaeiiia i?a?aoe?y,
yea ni?aaey? aeano?oeoeaiee aieea ia iie?oe/ia, nioe?aeueia oa
aeooiaii-eoeueoo?ia aeeooy, ui iiaea iaoe iaaaoeai? iane?aeee aeey
aaciaee e noaa?eueiino? e?a?ie. Aei oiai ae ia ?nio? eiiieaeniiai
iaoai?cio th?eaee/ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ni?eyiiy iacaeiii?e
i?a?aoe??.

Caoeno aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a iio?aao? caaacia/aiiy nenoaiith i?aaiaeo,
i?aai?caoe?eieo oa o?iainiaeo caoiae?a. Aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaee aieea ia
i?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane a Oe?a?i? ana ua ? iaaeineiiaeei. Nueiaiaei?
oi?aae?iiy i?a?aoe??th cae?eniththoue a?eueoa aeanyoe i?i?noa?noa oa
?ioeo oeaio?aeueieo i?aai?a aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee Oe?a?ie. A oie aea /an
a?aenooiy iaeaaeia eii?aeeiaoe?y ?o ae?yeueiino?, /?oei ia aecia/aia
noa?a ?o aieeao oa a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?.

Aeeeaaeaia na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ci?no i?a?aoe?eiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa yaii
iaaeinoaoiuei a?aeiia?aea? ia?eoeaiei oaiaeaioe?yi ?icaeoeo noni?eueieo
a?aeiinei. O cia/i?e i??? oaea iieiaeaiiy iiaycaia c neaaei ?icoi?iiyi
cia/aiiy i?iaeaie aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie, ui oi?iothoue aioo??oith
iie?oeeo aea?aeaae ? ye ?acoeueoao oeueiai — iayai?noue iaaoaeoeaii?
nenoaie ae?iaeaiiy e cae?eniaiiy aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee o aeine?aeaeoaai?e
noa??.

I?a?aoe?eia i?iaeaia iineoue aaaaoianiaeoiee oa?aeoa?, i?eaaaeth?
aeine?aeiee?a ??cieo aaeocae ciaiue, ye? eiaeai ii-nai?io aea/a? ??:
?noi?ee?a, nioe?ieia?a, o?einio?a, iie?oieia?a, aeaiia?ao?a oiui.
Cia/iee aei?iaie o aeine?aeaeaiiy i?a?aoe?eii? i?iaeaiaoeee aianee,
cie?aia, oae? oao?aoe?: Iaeeiianueea I., Ie?iaeeia N., I?neoi I.,
I?eaeoeiaa ?., ?eia?aiei TH., O?iueinueeee A., Oeaiaeia A., Ooeueaa I.

?in?enuee? a/ai? Aaoe?ueia N., E?aneiaoe A., Cae?aaiieneia A., Oii?e?i
A., Oeoeia A., cina?aaeaeothoueny ia aea/aii? i?a?aoe??, aiae?cothoue ??
nioe?aeueiee aieea ia noai ? ia?niaeoeae iaoe?iiaeueieo o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a ?in??, eiioe?eoiaaiiee iioaioe?ae, caeeaaeaiee o i?a?aoe?eieo
i?ioeanao.

Ie?ai? aniaeoe oe??? i?iaeaiaoeee aeine?aeaeoaaeeny ? a th?eaee/i?e
iaooe?. Iai?eeeaae, i?a?aoe?ei? a?aeiineie /a?ac i?ecio i?aa ethaeeie o
ni?aa?aeiioaii? i?aeia?iaeiiai ? iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?aaa a?aeia?aaeai? a
?iaioao Aooeaae/a A, ?a?ioiaa A., ieoaiiy a?iiaaeyinoaa c iii?ae ?ioeo
?icaeyaeaee Iaeauaiei A., *aeee I. Caaaeii aeey a?o/eciyii? i?aaiai?
iaoee ?ic?iaea i?a?aoe?eieo i?iaeai ? iiaei ? iaaeinoaoiuei ?icaeiooei
iai?yieii iaoeiaiai iiooeo. ? oiio nueiaiaei? a i?aaia?e e?oa?aoo??
a?aenooi? i?iia?nuee? eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy ieoaiue i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

Naia oiio i?aaeiaoii oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy
i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i? oa noaiiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo
th?eaee/ieo ?inoeooo?a ? aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a, i?a?aoe?eia
caeiiiaeaanoai, ?io? aeaea?aea i?aaa, a oaeiae aiae?c iaoeiaeo aeaea?ae
c ieoaiue i?a?aoe?? ianaeaiiy.

Aoiaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie a i?aeaea?aeaai?, i?aeia?iaei? ?inoeoooe?? aeiaaa?
?iieaiaioaoe?? i?a?aoe?eieo ii?i i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa a iaoe?iiaeueia
caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie, aiane?aeie /iai i?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe noaee oaeiae ? i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaia? aeoe oa i?aaiaa aaca oeo
e?a?i, ye? aaea iathoue /eiaeee caeiiioai?/ee ? i?aaiaee i?aeoe/iee
aeina?ae uiaei ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeiinii iiaeo aeey Oe?a?ie i?a?aoe?eieo
noni?eueieo a?aeiinei.

Ia?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiiieaen i?a?aoe?eieo
i?aaia?aeiinei, ui aeieeathoue o oe?e noa?? i?ae aea?aeaaith ? ??
a?iiaaeyiaie, ?iicaioeyie, iniaaie aac a?iiaaeyinoaa, a?aeaioeyie,
aeaii?oiaaieie oiui.

Caaaeueiith iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ni?iaa, aeoiaey/e c
iiaaaeaiiy oi?aa?naeueieo i?aa ethaeeie, na?oiaeo oa ?a?iiaenueeeo
noaiaea?o?a o eiioaeno? /?oei aecia/aieo iieiaeaiue Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie
oa th?eaee/ii? iaoee aeine?aeeoe no/ani? i?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane a Oe?a?i?
c ?o iaiayceiaei nenoaiiei oa eiiieaeniei aiae?cii, i?aeoe/iei
inieneaiiyi, i?aaiaei ? iie?oe/iei ona?aeiieaiiyi oa aeyaeoe ia oe?e
iniia? oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo i?a?aoe?eiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa
Oe?a?ie, a?aeiia?aeii? nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?a?aoe?eieie
i?ioeanaie.

?aae?caoe?y oe??? iaoe ni?e/eieea ae??oaiiy oaeeo iniiaieo caaaeaiue:
aeeaiei ? anaa?/ii aeine?aeeoe ca?iaeaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?, ?o i?aaiaeo iniaeeainoae;
aecia/eoe i?noea no/aniiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?a?aoe?eiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa
a nenoai? caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, aeaoe i?iiiceoe?? i?i iniiai? iai?yiee
eiai oaeineiiaeaiiy o no?oeoo?iiio oa ci?noiaiiio aniaeoao;
i?iaiae?coaaoe i?a?aoe?ei? th?eaee/i? ?inoeoooe ye a oe?a?inueeiio, oae
? o i?aeia?iaeiiio i?aa?, ?o ae?th, i?aaiao nooue, aena?oeeoe
?noi?eei-i?aaia? o?aaeeoe?? i?a?aoe?eieo th?eaee/ieo ?inoeooo?a a
Oe?a?i? oa ?ioeo e?a?iao na?oo, ooi/ieoe oa aeaoe aecia/aiiy iniiaieo c
oeeo ?inoeooo?a; ?ice?eoe ni?yioaaiiy aea?aeaaii? i?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae; cae?enieoe aiae?c i?aaiaiai noaoono ??cieo
eaoaai??e i?a?aio?a a Oe?a?i?; aeyaeoe nenoaio ? no?oeoo?o aea?aeaaieo
i?aai?a, ye? cae?eniththoue aea?aeaaiee aieea o i?a?aoe?ei?e noa??,
noi?ioethaaoe i?aeoe/i? i?iiiceoe??, ui ni?yiiaai? ia oaeineiiaeaiiy ?o
i?aai?caoe?? oa ae?yeueiino?; iieacaoe no/aniee noai ?icaeoeo ?inoeoooo
i?aaiai? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? o aeine?aeaeoaaeuei?e noa??, ?ic?iaeoe
i?aeoe/i? i?iiiceoe?? oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ia oaeineiiaeaiiy
oeea?eueii-i?aaiai? oa aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiai? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca
ii?ooaiiy i?a?aoe?eiiai i?aaiaiai ?aaeeio.

Iaoiaeieia?/io oa iaoeiai-oai?aoe/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?
no/ania nioe?aeueia o?einio?y aeciaiiy i??i?eoaoiino? ?ioa?an?a
ethaeeie, caaacia/aiiy ?? i?aa ? naiaiae ye iniiaiiai iaiayceo
aea?aeaae. A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeany nenoaia ye
caaaeueiio?einionueeeo, caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo, oae ? niaoe?aeueieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaio aeoiaeeoue c ?aeiino? nioe?ieia?/iiai ?
aiinaieia?/iiai aiae?co, ia?eoeaiino?, ?noi?ecio aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Na?aae caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo iaoiae?a aeei?enoiaothoueny: iaoiae nenoaiiiai
aiae?co, no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee, ?ao?iniaeoeaii-ii??aiyeueiee oiui.

E??i oeueiai canoiniaoaaeeny oi?iaeueii-th?eaee/iee iaoiae,
?noi?eei-i?aaiaee, ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaee, o?iiieia?/iee iaoiaee.

Eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aeei?enoaiiy an?o aeuacacia/aieo iaoeiaeo
iaoiae?a aeicaieeee anaa?/ii ?icaeyiooe ?inoeoooe iaoe?iiaeueiiai
i?a?aoe?eiiai i?aaa, ?o i?noea ? ?ieue a nenoai? i?aaiaiai noaoono
ethaeeie oa a?iiaaeyieia a iaooe? eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa Oe?a?ie.

Aeaea?aea oa aii??e/iee iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ii?iaoeaio iniiao
?iaioe noaiiaeyoue: Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie, caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe Oe?a?ie,
a?aeii/? ii?iaoeai? aeoe, i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaia? aeieoiaioe,
caeiiiaeaanoai ?ioeo aea?aeaa c ieoaiue i?a?aoe??, yea aeei?enoiaoaaeiny
c iaoith ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co.

Ocaaaeueiaii a?aeiia?aei? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? iaoa??aee I?aai?caoe??
Ia?aeiaieo Iaoe?e (III) Oi?aae?iiy Aa?oiaiiai Eii?na?a o ni?aaao
a?aeaioe?a III, I?aeia?iaeii? I?aai?caoe?? c I?a?aoe??, I?aeia?iaeii?
I?aai?caoe?? I?aoe?, ?aaee ?a?iie, ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco, aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa aeniiaee iaoee eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa Oe?a?ie ? eiinoeoooe?eiiai
i?aaa ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i, i?aeia?iaeiiai ioae?/iiai i?aaa, oai?aoe/i?
?ic?iaee i?ia?aeieo a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo oao?aoe?a.

Aea/aiith i?iaeaie ni?eyee oaeiae iioae?eiaai? a ieioeiio ? no/ani?
i?aoe? a aaeoc? i?aaa, ?noi???, aeaiia?ao??, o?einio??, oe?a?iiciaanoaa,
nioe?ieia??, iie?oieia??. Iaeii/anii acyoi aei oai?aoe/ii? oa i?aeoe/ii?
oaaae cao?aeia i?a?aoe?eia iaoeiaa aeoiea.

Aeaea?aeii i?aeoe/ieo ocaaaeueiaiue noaea o/anoue aeena?oaioa o
i?aeaioiaoe? i?iaeo?a ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a o noa?? i?a?aoe?eieo
i?aaia?aeiinei.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? ia?o ca ana o
aeai?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aiii ? ia iiiia?ao?/iiio ??ai? iaei??th c
ia?oeo ni?ia a oe?a?inuee?e eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaia?e iaooe? eiiieaeniith
?ic?iaeith i?iaeai i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a o
ia??iae ?nioaaiiy noaa?aiii? ? iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?ie. Aei oeueiai /ano a
oe?a?inuee?e th?eaee/i?e iaooe? nenoaiii oa oe?e?nii ia aoei i?iaaaeaii
aiae?co no/anieo i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ye? a?aaoeueiaothoue
i?a?aoe?eii-i?aaia? a?aeiineie, nenoaiaoecaoe?? a?aeiia?aeieo
th?eaee/ieo ?inoeooo?a, cynoaaiiy niinia?a i?aai?caoe?? ?aaoethaaiiy
cacia/aieo i?ioean?a ia oa?eoi??? aea?aeaae. E??i oeueiai
aeeeaaeathoueny eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy a?aeiinii caaaeueii?
no?aoaa?? a ieoaiiyo oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?a?aoe?eiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Aaoi? cai?iiiioaaa ?yae oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue oa aeniiae?a, ye?
a?ae??ciythoueny iaaiith iiaeciith o aeine?aeaeoaai?e noa??, ui
aeicaiey? noi?ioethaaoe oa aeianoe ia caoeno oae? ?aea? oa iieiaeaiiy:
1) ?ice?eooy th?eaee/ii? i?e?iaee i?a?aoe??, eeaneo?eaoe?? ?inoeooo?a
i?a?aoe?eiiai i?aaa; 2) aecia/aiiy ci?noo iiiyoue: i?a?aioa ye ethaeeie,
yea c aeanii? aie? ia?aoeia? aea?aeaaiee aai
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiee ei?aeiie c iaoith ci?ie naiai i?noey
iino?eiiai i?iaeeaaiiy; ?iicaioey (/oaeeioey) ye iniae, yea
ciaoiaeeoueny (ia?aaoaa?) ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, ia iaeaaeaoue aei ??
a?iiaaeyi ? ia? aeinoaoi? aeey aea?aeaae ia?aaoaaiiy aeieace nai??
iaeaaeiino? aei a?iiaaeyinoaa /e i?aeaeainoaa ?iicaiii? (/oaeeinueei?)
aea?aeaae; i?aaiaee noaoon ?iicaioey oa iniae aac a?iiaaeyinoaa a
Oe?a?i? ye noeoiiino? noa?eoeaieo i?aa ? th?eaee/ieo iaiayce?a, ui
aecia/ai? e cae??ieai? Eiinoeoooe??th oa caeiiaie Oe?a?ie; i?eooeie ye
coiiaeaia aea?aeaaiei noaa?ai?oaoii caeaoi?noue aeei?enoiaoaaoe
aea?aeaaio oa?eoi??th aeey iioe?aiiy aeanii? th?enaeeeoe?? ia ?iicaioey
/e iniao aac a?iiaaeyinoaa c iaoith caoenoo a?ae iinyaaiue ia ?o aeeooy,
iniaeno?noue, naiaiaeo c aieo aea?aeaae a?iiaaeyinoaa (i?aeaeainoaa) /e
e?a?ie iiia?aaeiueiai iino?eiiai i?iaeeaaiiy; aeaii?oaoe?y ca
iaoe?iiaeueiith iciaeith — iicanoaeiaa i?eioniaa (iaaeia?ia?eueia)
ia?anaeaiiy ia?iae?a (iaoe?e, iaoe?iiaeueiinoae, aoi?/ieo a?oi, aoi?/ieo
ni?eueiio) c i?noeue ?o iino?eiiai i?iaeeaaiiy ia i?aenoaa?
?icii?yaeaeaiue aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a aai ?ioeo, noai?aieo aeey eiai
cae?eniaiiy, i?aai?a eieeoiueiai Nithco ?N?; i?aaiaee noaoon ei??iieo
ia?iae?a ye eiiieaen i?aa oa iaiayce?a, i?iaieioaieo ? aa?aioiaaieo
aea?aeaaith, ui iaaea? ei??iiei ia?iaeai iiaeeea?noue aenooiaoe noa?eoii
i?aaia?aeiinei o ??cieo noa?ao noni?eueiiai aeeooy; 3) nenoaiiee aiae?c
i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ye? a?aaoeueiaothoue i?a?aoe?ei? i?aaia?aeiineie ia
i?aaeiao ?o ioe?iee a?aeiia?aeiei iieiaeaiiyi Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie ?
i?aeia?iaeiei aeiaiai?ai; 4) aecia/aiiy canaae oe?a?inueei? i?a?aoe?eii?
iie?oeee, aeoiaey/e c iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a, a oaeiae a?aoiaoth/e
o?iainia? iiaeeeaino?, ? i???ioe?ii aeey ?iieaiaioaoe?? eiie?aoieo
i?aeia?iaeieo i?a?aoe?eieo ii?i o aioo??oi?e i?aaiii?yaeie Oe?a?ie; 5)
aeniiaie i?i oa, ui i?aai ia naiaiaeo ia?anoaaiiy e aea?? i?noey
i?iaeeaaiiy iaeaaeaoue aei oeo i?aa ? naiaiae ethaeeie, ye? coiiaeai? ??
i?e?iaeith oa ia caeaaeaoue a?ae iayaiino? iaaiiai noaoono a aea?aeaa?;
6) aiae?c iniaeeainoae caeiiiaeaa/iai cae??ieaiiy iniiaieo i?aa, naiaiae
? iaiayce?a i?a?aio?a ye aaaeeeaiai aeaiaioa ?o eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai
noaoono; 7) oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i oa, ui Eiinoeoooe?y oa Caeii Oe?a?ie “I?i
i?aaiaee noaoon ?iicaioe?a” anoaiiaeee eeoa canaaee i?aaiaiai noaoono
?iicaioe?a oa in?a aac a?iiaaeyinoaa.

E??i oeueiai, a Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie caeeaaeai? i?eioeeie, ye? iiaeii?
aooe ?icaeioo? oa eiie?aoeciaai? o a?aeiia?aeieo caeiiao,
ine?eueee i?aaiaa iiea ?aaoethaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aniaeo?a iiaaae?iee
?iicaioe?a oa in?a aac a?iiaaeyinoaa, ?oiueiai i?aaiaiai noaoono ua ia
iiai?noth aii?yaeeiaaia. Iaoe?iiaeueiee ?aaeei aeey ?iicaioe?a oa in?a
aac a?iiaaeyinoaa icia/a? aeey ieo aecia/ai? i?aaiiaiaaeaiiy, oiaoi
iaaeaiiy ?i i?aa, naiaiae ? iaiayce?a, ye? ia iiaeooue o??aiyoe ?o c
i?aaiaei noaoonii a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie. I?aaiaee noaoon a?aeaioe?a ia? ?yae
iniaeeainoae, ye? aeicaieythoue aeae?eeoe ?o a ie?aio a?oio ?c nai?i
niaoeeo?/iei i?aaiaei noaoonii. I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy iniaeeainoae
ieoaiiy iiaa?iaiiy, iaeaoooaaiiy, aaeaioaoe?? oa ?ioaa?aoe??
aeaii?oiaaieo ia?iae?a a oe?a?inueea noni?euenoai, a oaeiae uiaei i?aa
ei??iieo ia?iae?a ? iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei Oe?a?ie iieacaei, ui aiii ?
yaii iaaeinoaoi?i. Iaiao?aeiei ? aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? nenoaie
aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a aeaaee uiaei caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe??
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai noaoono i?a?aio?a. Iaa?oioiao?oueny
iaiao?aei?noue ooai?aiiy ?aeeii? aea?aeaaii? onoaiiae, yea a ae?yea o
i?a?aoe?ei?e noa??. ?ic?iaeai? eiie?aoi? i?iiiceoe?? ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c
ieoaiue oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy noaoono i?a?aio?a, o oiio
/ene? ?iicaioe?a oa in?a aac a?iiaaeyinoaa a Oe?a?i?, oa i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? i?aaiaiai iaoai?cio eiai ?aae?caoe??.

O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? cia/io oaaao i?eae?eaii ieoaiiyi
?ic?iaee iaoeiaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo i?aaia?aeiinei ? a?aeiia?aeieo
i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui ??
iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeathoue iiaeeea?noue cynoaaoe iaoeia? iniiae
i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a, no?oeoo?o i?aaia?aeiinei,
ye? aeieeathoue c i?eaiaeo canoinoaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo th?eaee/ieo
?inoeooo?a, a oaeiae ia iniia? aea/aiiy aeina?aeo ?yaeo aea?aeaa na?oo
aeei?enoaoe eiai a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy ye iiceoe?? Oe?a?ie o a?aeiioaii?
aei i?a?aio?a, oae ? iaoe?iiaeueii? caeiiiaeaa/i? aace, iieeeeaii?
?aaoethaaoe oe? i?ioeane.

Cie?aia, iiaeia aeae?eeoe oae? noa?e canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe:

1) iaoeiai-aeine?aeio (cynoaaiiy oa?aeoa?o ? iniaeeainoae i?a?aoe?eieo
i?aaia?aeiinei);

2) i?aaioai?/o (a th?eaee/iiio caaacia/aii? i?aa ethaeeie, i?ioeano
oi?ioaaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai? aea?aeaae);

3) i?aaicanoinia/o (a ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy,
a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ca ?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a, a oaeiae o
oiae? ?aoi?ioaaiiy oeeo i?aai?a);

4) iaoeiai-ina?oith (o i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy niaoeeo?n?a, i?aeaioiaee oa
ia?ai?aeaioiaee eaae??a oiui);

5) ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/io (o ?iaio? onoaiia, iiaycaieo c aea/aiiyi
i?ioean?a ia?ai?uaiiy o?ce/ieo in?a).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y i?aeaioiaeaia o
a?aeae?e? eiinoeoooe?eiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa oa aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa
?inoeoooo caeiiiaeaanoaa Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, aea i?iaaaeaii ??
iaaiai?aiiy.

A i?ioean? ?iaioe iaae aeena?oaoe??th iaienaii oa iioae?eiaaii 12
iaoeiaeo noaoae. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaiaai? aaoi?ii o
aenooiao ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, ye? a?aeaoaaeeny a
Oe?a?i?: Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy (Ee?a,
o?aaaiue 1997 ?ieo), Aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaa ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?i? (Ee?a,
eenoiiaae 1997 ?ieo), I?iaeaie aa?iii?caoe?? caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie c
i?aeia?iaeiei i?aaii (Ee?a, aeiaoaiue 1998 ?ieo).

Aeena?oaio i?eeiaa aaciina?aaeith o/anoue o ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeoo
Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo caeiiiaeaanoaa aei 2000 ?ieo, a oaeiae
oaeeo caeiiii?iaeo?a: “I?i aianaiiy ci?i ? aeiiiaiaiue aei Caeiio
Oe?a?ie “I?i iaoe?iiaeuei? iaioeie a Oe?a?i?”; “I?i ii?yaeie iaaeaiiy
i?eooeeo ?iicaioeyi oa iniaai aac a?iiaaeyinoaa a Oe?a?i?”; “I?i
?aaa?e?oaoe?th oa caaacia/aiiy i?aa in?a c /enea iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei,
ui caciaee ?ai?an?e oa aoee aeaii?oiaai? c oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie”; “I?i
aianaiiy ci?i ? aeiiiaiaiue aei Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i a?aeaioe?a”, a
oaeiae i?iaeoo Iinoaiiae Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie “I?i oeoia/aiiy ioieoo
2 noaoo? 2 Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i a?iiaaeyinoai Oe?a?ie” oa Eiioeaioe??
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie uiaei ei??iieo ia?iae?a.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Niaoeeo?ea oaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/eee iine?aeiai?noue aeeeaaeo iaoa??aeo ? no?oeoo?o
aeena?oaoe??. Aiia i?noeoue o nia? anooi, iyoue ?icae?e?a, ye?
iiae?eythoueny ia aeaaiaaeoeyoue i?ae?icae?e?a, aeniiaee, a?ae?ia?ao?/i?
iineeaiiy, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (340 iaeiaioaaiue). Ianya i?aoe?
neeaaea? 180 noi??iie, caaaeueiee — 231 noi??iea.

II. CI?NO ?IAIOE

O Anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy a no/aniee
ia??iae ?icaoaeiae oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?, aiae?co?oueny noai ??
aeine?aeaeaiiy o a?o/eciyi?e e?oa?aoo??, aecia/athoueny i?aaeiao oa
ia?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoa ? iniiai? caaaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia,
oi?ioeththoueny ?aea? oa iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno,
oai?aoe/ia e i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe, ?? iaoiaeieia?/i?, oai?aoe/i?
? ii?iaoeai? iniiae.

?icae?e 1 “Oai?aoe/i? canaaee ?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a a
Oe?a?i?” neeaaea?oueny c aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a “I?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane ye
i?aaeiao i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy” oa “Ieoaiiy ?iieaiaioaoe?? ii?i
i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa a iaoe?iiaeueia caeiiiaeaanoai ?
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaia? aa?aio?? caoenoo i?aa i?a?aio?a”.

A i?ae?icae?e? 1.1. ?ice?eaa?oueny i?aaiaa i?e?iaea i?a?aoe??, aea?oueny
aecia/aiiy “i?a?aio” oa eeaneo?eaoe?y i?a?aoe??, ine?eueee
caaaeueiii?eeiyoia ?? eeaneo?eaoe?y ia nueiaiaei? a?aenooiy.

Aiae?coth/e i?a?aoe?th ye nioe?aeueiee oaiiiai, aeena?oaio a?aei?/a?, ui
a ?acoeueoao? cia/ieo aaiiie?oe/ieo ci?i ia i?inoi?ao eieeoiueiai
?aaeyinueeiai Nithco, aeiiii?/ii? e?ece, Oe?a?ia iieieeany a?/-ia-a?/ ?c
ianiaeie ia?ai?uaiiyie ianaeaiiy, ye? oiiaii iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia aea?
a?oie. Aei ia?oi? iaeaaeaoue o?, ui aa?ooue nai? iioiaeaeaiiy a ieioeiio
? ? iane?aeeii aai i?iaeiaaeaiiyi i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a ?aaeyinueeiai
ia??iaeo — cie?aia, iiaa?iaiiy ?ai?aniaaieo ? aeaii?oiaaieo ia?iae?a ia
?noi?e/io Aaouee?aueio. Ae?oaa a?oia neeaaea?oueny c oeo eiiiiiaio?a,
ye? i?eoaiaii? no/aniei i?ioeanai — a?aeaioe?, ae?cae ianaeaiiy o a?eueo
?icaeioo? oa aaaao? e?a?ie, a ia?oo /a?ao aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo
niaoe?ae?no?a (“a?aeieea oi?a”), o?aiceoia, iacaeiiia i?a?aoe?y, i?e?cae
?iicaioe?a a Oe?a?io ia oei/aniaa aai iino?eia i?iaeeaaiiy.

sseui i?ioeane i?a?aoe?? ia ?aaoethaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith i?aaiaiai
iaoai?cio, oi oea ia coieieoue ??, a o?eueee ni?eyoeia oaioe/iiio
oa?aeoa?o. A oeueiio nain? a?aecia/a?oueny oe?ii?noue noaoo? 92
Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, aea cae??ieaia ii?ia aii?yaeeoaaiiy iaea?eueo
aaaeeeaeo noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, a oiio /ene? i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a,
aeeeth/ii caeiiaie Oe?a?ie. A ioieo 8 /anoeie ae?oai? noaoo? 92
Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie aaiaeeoue iiiyooy i?a?aoe?eiiai ?aaeeio,
a?aei?iiiai a?ae caaaeueiiai, aea o a?eueieo oa ?ioeo niaoe?aeueieo
ciiao.

Iaaieioo?oueny, ui iieiaeaiiy ioieoo 10 noaoo? 92 Eiinoeoooe??
?icaeaathoue ii?ie noaoo? 3 Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, ye? cae??ieththoue
iaeei c ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iaiayce?a aea?aeaae — ooaa?aeaeaiiy ?
caaacia/aiiy i?aa ? naiaiae ethaeeie. I?aai ia naiaiaeo ia?anoaaiiy e
aea?? i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy iaeaaeaoue aei oeo iaa?ae?iieo i?aa ? naiaiae
ethaeeie, ui coiiaeai? ?? i?e?iaeith oa ia caeaaeaoue a?ae iayaiino?
iaaiiai noaoono iniae a aea?aeaa?.

Aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui ia aeieo?eiaeueiiio ??ai?
? ia i?aeoeoe? iaiao?aeii ia?ainieneeoe o?aaeeoe?eiee iiaeyae ia
i?a?aioa eeoa ye “/oaeeioey” — ?iicaioey /e iniao aac a?iiaaeyinoaa. Ia
ia?oee ieai ia? aeoiaeeoe ia oeae noaoon, cae??ieaiee o Eiinoeoooe?? oa
iaoe?iiaeueiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? Oe?a?ie, a i?eioeei “ethaenueeee aei??”,
?ic?iaeaiee i?aeia?iaeiei ni?aoiaa?enoaii, a?aei?noue ? oe?ii?noue
ethaenueei? iniae.

Ine?eueee i?a?aoe?ei? ieoaiiy ia?aaoaathoue o “a?aeaii?” iniiaieo
aaeocae ioae?/iiai i?aaa oaeeo, ye eiinoeoooe?eia ? aaei?i?no?aoeaia
i?aai, oi i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith eiinoeoooe?eiiai
i?aaa, ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith e caniaii ?aae?caoe?? Eiinoeoooe??
Oe?a?ie. Aaei?i?no?aoeaia ae i?aai ni?aaey? i?aai?coth/ee aieea ia
i?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane, iio?aae ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo yeeo
aeiaaathoue iaaiiai ao?o/aiiy aea?aeaae ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeiia?aeieo
i?aaiaeo aaaeae?a.

Aeena?oaio oaeiae i?eae?ey? oaaao th?eaee/iei ?inoeoooai i?a?aoe?eiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa. I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui aecia/aiiy oeeo ?inoeooo?a
th?eaee/ieo aca?iia?aeiinei, eiie?aoecaoe?y aaaaoi a /iio ?o ae?? yaey?
niaith iaaio iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao ?icaeoeo ? aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie
i?a?aoe?eiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa. Oea, cie?aia, i?ecaaaea aei iiyae iiaiai
i?aaiaiai iai?yio iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae o/aiai? aeenoeeie?ie
a nenoai? th?eaee/ii? ina?oe.

Iaa?oioiao?oueny aeioe?euei?noue nenoaiaoecaoe? i?a?aoe?eiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa oeyoii ?ic?iaee ? i?eeiyooy I?a?aoe?eiiai eiaeaeno
Oe?a?ie, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny ye iaeei ?c cania?a caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe??
iniiaiiieiaeiiai i?eioeeio Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie — aeciaiiy ethaeeie, ??
i?aa ? naiaiae iaeaeuith nioe?aeueiith oe?ii?noth.

I?ae?icae?e 1.2. i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith i?aeia?iaeii?
i?aaina?aeiiino? oa i?aaa noiniaii i?aa i?a?aio?a c iaoith cynoaaiiy
i??e aieeao i?aeia?iaeiiai i?a?aoe?eiiai i?aaa ia iaoe?iiaeueia
caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie.

?icae?e II “I?noea ?inoeoooo a?iiaaeyinoaa o i?aaiaiio ?aaoethaaii?
i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a” ia?aoiao? aeaa i?ae?icae?ee. A oeueiio ?icae?e?
aaoi? aeine?aeaeo? a?iiaaeyinoai ye i?aaiaee ?inoeooo, yeee ca neiaaie
a?aeiiiai aia?eeainueeiai th?enoa A?ea Oi?aia: “? iniiaiei i?aaii
ethaeeie, ai aiii ? ia ui ?ioa, ye i?aai iaoe i?aaa”. Ine?eueee
i?a?aoe?y i?aai?/ii ii?aeiaia c iaaoooyi a?iiaaeyinoaa ? aenooia?
aaaeeeaei /eiieeii aeeiiaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo caeii?a, ?iaeoueny aeniiaie,
ui caeiiiaeaa/a a?aaoethaaiiy iaoai?cio ?aae?caoe?? ethaeeie i?aaa ia
a?iiaaeyinoai a oe?eiio ni?eyoeeai iicia/eeiny ia i?aaiaiio ?aaoethaaii?
i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?.

I?ae?icae?e 2.1. “?noi?eei-i?aaia? o?aaeeoe?? ?inoeoooo a?iiaaeyinoaa:
?aeaieia?y noaiiaeaiiy oa oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo” i?enay/aiee
ca?iaeaeaiith oa aaiaceno ?inoeoooo a?iiaaeyinoaa. ?icaeyaeathoueny
ii?ie cae/a?aiai i?aaa, Caeiie Oaiio?ai?, ia??iae a?aoeueei? e ?einueei?
?noi???, aea ?inoeooo a?iiaaeyinoaa c? nai?ie iniaeeainoyie aia?oa
cyaeany o iiaiiio cia/aii? oeueiai iiiyooy, ?a?iiaenueea
Na?aaeiueia?//y, yea iiaea o?aeooaaoeny ye e?ie iacaae ii??aiyii c
aioe/iei ?icoi?iiyi a?iiaaeyieia, ine?eueee no?eaeiai noni?eueiiai
aeeooy noa? iinoaoue i?aeaeaiiai, iineoae yeiai caaacia/othoue aeaaeo
iaae caeaaeieie a?ae iueiai. Ia?aiiaa ao?aeoacieo ?aaiethoe?e
(Aeaeea?aoe?y iacaeaaeiino? NOA /e Aaeeea o?aioeocueea ?aaiethoe?y c ??
Aeaeea?aoe??th i?aa ethaeeie ? a?iiaaeyieia, o yeeo eiioeaio?iaaii
iaoa??ae?ciaoaaeeny i?ia?aneai? iie?oeei-th?eaee/i? ?aea?) iieacaea
ia?aaaao i?nueeiai a?iiaaeyinueeiai iaioae?oaoo iaae oaiaeaeueiei.

Aeine?aeaeaii ? i?aaioai?/o ae?yeuei?noue o noa?? a?iiaaeyinoaa an?o
oe?a?inueeeo aea?aeaa ia?oi? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy, i?aaiianooiieoeoai
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i a?iiaaeyinoai Oe?a?ie.

I?ae?icae?e 2.2. “Nooi?noue oa i?iaeaie a?iiaaeyinoaa o cayceo c
i?a?aoe?eieie i?ioeanaie a Oe?a?i?” aeine?aeaeo?oueny iiiyooy oa
nooi?noue a?iiaaeyinoaa ye no?eeiai i?aaiaiai cayceo i?ae a?iiaaeyiaie
Oe?a?ie ? Oe?a?inueeith aea?aeaaith, i?iaeaie oa noia?a/iino?
i?aaicanoinoaaiiy. Caaaeyee oiio, ui iniaa ? a?iiaaeyieiii Oe?a?ie, aiia
a iiaiiio ianyc? aieiae?? eiiieaenii i?aa, naiaiae ? iaiayce?a,
ine?eueee Oe?a?inueeee ia?iae ? ?aeeiei aeaea?aeii aeaaee.

?icae?e III “I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai noaoono ?iicaioe?a oa
in?a aac a?iiaaeyinoaa aiane?aeie ?icaeoeo i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a”
ioiieth? o?e i?ae?icae?ee ? ? iaea?eueoei ca nai?i ianyaii. O oeueiio
?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy, iiaycai? c
aeei?enoaiiyi a caeiiiaeaanoa? oa th?eaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? i?aaiaeo
eaoaai??e “i?aaiaee noaoon”, “?iicaiaoeue” ? “iniaa aac a?iiaaeyinoaa”,
iaa?oioiao?oueny, aeoiaey/e c Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, ?o aecia/aiiy,
?ao?iniaeoeaii aea?oueny na?oiaee ? oe?a?inueeee cie?aia ?noi?e/iee
aeneo?n uiaei i?iaeaie ?aaoethaaiiy i?aaiaiai noaoono ?iicaioey a e?a?i?
ia?aaoaaiiy, aea/a?oueny caaaeueiee i?aaiaee ?aaeei ?iicaioe?a oa in?a
aac a?iiaaeyinoaa a Oe?a?i?, iniaeeaino? i?aaiaiai noaoono ?o ie?aieo
eaoaai??e oa th?eaee/i? i?aenoaae ci?ie oeueiai noaoono.

Eiaeai ?c i?ae?icae?e?a: “I?aaiaee noaoon ?iicaioe?a oa in?a aac
a?iiaaeyinoaa ? th?eaee/i? i?aenoaae eiai ci?ie”, “Caaaeueiee ii?yaeie
a?caeo ?iicaioe?a a Oe?a?io, ae?caeo c Oe?a?ie oa ia?aaoaaiiy ia ??
oa?eoi???”, “TH?eaee/ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ?iicaioe?a oa in?a aac
a?iiaaeyinoaa” ca aeeeaaeii iaoa??aeo ni?yiiaaiee ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
aeniiae?a:

1) i?aaiaee noaoon ?iicaioe?a oa in?a aac a?iiaaeyinoaa — oea /anoeia
caaaeueiiai i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua iniae a noni?euenoa?, i?aa, naiaiae oa
iaiayce?a ethaeeie ? a?iiaaeyieia, ui iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeai o cayceo c
?icaeoeii na?oiaeo i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

2) iiaa i?aaiaa nenoaia, anoaiiaeaia Eiinoeoooe??th Oe?a?ie, noa?
?aaeueiith aacith iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaiai
noaoono iniae, aeeth/ath/e i?a?aio?a, ui a naith /a?ao ia? i?eioeeiiaa
cia/aiiy aeey ci?oeiaiiy aeaiie?ao??, aa?aiooaaiiy eiinoeoooe?eieo i?aa
? naiaiae ethaeeie.

3) Eiinoeoooe?y oa caeiie Oe?a?ie cae??ieththoue i?aaiaee ?aaeei
?iicaioe?a oa in?a aac a?iiaaeyinoaa a Oe?a?i? a iniiaiiio ye
iaoe?iiaeueiee, aea c ie?aieie iniaeeainoyie eiai canoinoaaiiy aei
??cieo eaoaai??e oeeo in?a.

O ?iaio? caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia iniaeeaino? aeeeaaeo iieiaeaiue noaoo? 26
Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, ye? anoaiiaeththoue, ui ?iicaioe? oa iniae aac
a?iiaaeyinoaa i?aeoe/ii i?eiee iiai?noth ia i?e??aiththoueny o nai?o
i?aaao ? iaiayceao aei a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie, oiaoi ci?no ?o i?aaiaiai
noaoono ? aeaui iaioei. Iiae?ai?noue noaoono a?iiaaeyi, ?iicaioe?a oa
in?a aac a?iiaaeyinoaa iieyaa? ia?o ca ana o a?aeiioaii? aei i?e?iaeieo
i?aa ethaeeie, a ui noino?oueny iie?oe/ieo i?aa, oi a neeo aeoae?cio
no/aniiai noni?euenoaa, yea iaeii/anii aenooia? ye a?iiaaeyinueea ?
iie?oe/ii ci?aai?ciaaia, eiinoeoooe?eii aecia/aia ia??ai?noue i?ae ieie
caa??aa?oueny. Noiae? iaiaaeaiiy a iiai?e i??? a?aeiia?aeathoue
i?aeia?iaeiiio i?aao oa ?nioth/?e na?oia?e i?aeoeoe?.

?, ia?aoo?, ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy th?eaee/ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?
?iicaioe?a oa in?a aac a?iiaaeyinoaa, ye? i?aeeyaathoue th?enaeeeoe??
Oe?a?ie, ? a?aeiia?aeathoue ca i?aaiii?ooaiiy ia??ai? c a?iiaaeyiaie
Oe?a?ie, ca aeeeth/aiiyi oeo in?a, ui caoeuai? i?ea?eayie oa
?ioi?oaoaie.

?icae?e VI “Iniaeeaino? i?aaiaiai noaoono a?aeaioe?a ? aeaii?oiaaieo
ia?iae?a”, yeee ia? aeaa i?ae?icae?ee, ca/?ia? i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy
noaoono a?aeaioe?a a Oe?a?i? oa i?iaeaie ?aae?caoe?? caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
a?aeaioe?a, a oaeiae ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiao aaco iiaa?iaiiy, iaeaoooaaiiy,
aaeaioaoe?? oa ?ioaa?aoe?? aeaii?oiaaieo ia?iae?a a oe?a?inueea
noni?euenoai.

Eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaee noaoon a?aeaioe?a o aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao
aiaeia?/iee i?aaiaiio noaoono ?iicaioe?a. ?acii c oei, a?i ia? ?yae
?noioieo iniaeeainoae, ye? aeicaieythoue aeae?eeoe a?aeaioe?a a ie?aio
a?oio c? nai?i niaoeeo?/iei i?aaiaei noaoonii.

A?aeaioe?, ia a?aei?io a?ae ?iicaioe?a, ia ei?enoothoueny caoenoii
aea?aeaae, a?iiaaeyiaie (i?aeaeaieie) aiie ?, ? ia iiaycai? c
aea?aeaaith naiai a?iiaaeyinoaa (i?aeaeainoaa) aoaeue-yeeie
ciaiaycaiiyie, aiaeae oi?iaeueii ? aaaaeathoueny ?? a?iiaaeyiaie
(i?aeaeaieie). Aei oiai ae, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeie
ii?iaie a?aeaioe? ia i?aeeyaathoue aeaea/? o?e aea?aeaa?, aea aiie
iiaeooue ia?ane?aeoaaoeny, ine?eueee oiae? ao?a/a?oueny nai ci?no i?aaa
i?eooeeo. E??i oeueiai, a?aeiia?aeii aei Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i a?aeaioe?a”
aea?aeaaa iaaea? a?aeaioeyi iaoa??aeueio, o?iainiao aeiiiiiao.

I?ioean iiaa?iaiiy aeaii?oiaaieo ia?iae?a aei Oe?a?ie, yeee ii?iaeea
aeey aea?aeaae neeaaei? noni?eueii-iie?oe/i?, th?eaee/i?, ii?aeuei? e
i?aeoe/i? i?iaeaie, ? yaeuai oi?eaeueiei o na?oia?e ?noi???. O?oaeiiu?
?icaycaiiy i?iaeaie iiaa?iaiiy aeaii?oiaaieo ia?iae?a ianaiia?aae
iieyaathoue o oiio, ui aeaii?oaoe?y oeeo ia?iae?a a?aeaoeany a iaaeao
oa?eoi??? eieeoiueiai Nithco ?N?, a ?o iiaa?iaiiy iiaycaia c
ia?aoeiaiiyi aea?aeaaieo ei?aeii?a.

Nooo?aei iaaeaaiiyi a th?eaee/iiio aeciaii? i?iaeaie aeaii?oiaaieo
ia?iae?a ye i?iaeaie aea?aeaaii? aaae noaei cae??ieaiiy ia
eiinoeoooe?eiiio ??ai? iiiyooy “aeaii?oiaai? ia?iaee”. Aia?oa ia
iaeaeuiio ??ai? cao?eniaaii ?nioaaiiy a Oe?a?i? ii?yae c iaoe?iiaeueieie
iaioeiaie ei??iieo ia?iae?a (noaoo? 11, 119 Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie) oa
?oi? i?aaa a?aeianaii aei iaeaaaeeea?oeo ieoaiue noni?eueieo a?aeiinei,
ye? iathoue aecia/aoeny aeeeth/ii caeiiiaeaa/ei ?aaoethaaiiyi (ioieo 3
/anoeie ia?oi? noaoo? 92 Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie). Aea ua aein? ia
cae??ieaii a i?aaiaeo aeoao iaoe?iiaeueiiai ? i?aeia?iaeiiai ??aiy
/?oeiai aecia/aiiy th?eaee/iiai ci?noo iiiyooy “ei??iiee ia?iae”, ye
noa?eoa i?aaia?aeiinei. Oea ia aea? ciiae ?ic?iaeyoe e i?eeiaoe
a?aeiia?aei? i?aaia? ii?ie.

Caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie i?e??aiyei aeaii?oiaai? ia?iaee aei
iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei (noaooy 10 Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i iaoe?iiaeuei?
iaioeie a Oe?a?i?”).

Aaaeeeaei /eiieeii, ui ni?eyoeia iiaeaeueoiio ae??oaiith i?iaeaie, ia?
aooe i?eeiyooy a?aeiia?aeii aei Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie caeii?a uiaei
caaacia/aiiy i?aa oaeeo ie?aieo neeaaeiaeo noni?euenoaa ye ei??ii?
ia?iaee oa iaoe?iiaeuei? iaioeie.

Iaiiaiioa a?aeiia?aeii? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace a?ae/ooii iicia/a?oueny
ia iie?oe/iiio e aeiiii?/iiio aeeoo? aea?aeaae, iniaeeai ia nioe?aeuei?e
?io?ano?oeoo??, yea cacaeaeaa?aeue ia i?aeaioiaeaia aei aeiaeaoeiaeo
iaaaioaaeaiue, coiiaeth? nioe?aeueio iai?oaeai?noue ? noni?eueio
aeenaa?iii?th.

?icae?e V “I?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? oi?ie oi?aae?iiy i?a?aoe?eieie
i?ioeanaie” i?enay/aii aea?aeaaiei i?aaiai, i?ae th?enaeeeoe??th yeeo
ciaoiaeeoueny oi?aae?iiy i?a?aoe?eieie i?ioeanaie.

I?iiiiothoueny oeyoe ?aoi?ioaaiiy oeeo i?aai?a c iaoith noai?aiiy
caaeainiaaiiai aea?aeaaiiai iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo
i?ioean?a, yeee ia? caaacia/eoe a?eueiee ae?cae ? a?eueia iiaa?iaiiy a
Oe?a?io a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie, ui aa?aioo?oueny Eiinoeoooe??th Oe?a?ie,
caaacia/aiiy i?aa ?iicaioe?a oa in?a aac a?iiaaeyinoaa, ye? ia caeiiieo
i?aenoaaao ia?aaoaathoue a Oe?a?i?, aeeoa?aioe?eiee i?aeo?ae aei ??cieo
eaoaai??e i?a?aio?a, aeoiaey/e c iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a oa
caeiiiaeaanoaa e?a?ie, a oaeiae ?c i?aeia?iaeieo ciaiaycaiue Oe?a?ie.

I?iaaaeaiee no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee aiae?c ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo
i?aai?a, ye? cae?eniththoue oi?aae?iiy a noa?? i?a?aoe?? oa
oa?aeoa?ecothoue noa?eo aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, aeicaiey? c?iaeoe oae?
aeniiaee:

1. Aea?aeaai? i?aaie aeaaee a?aeiia?aeii aei iiaiiaaaeaiue, aecia/aieo
Eiinoeoooe??th ? caeiiaie Oe?a?ie oa a?aeiia?aeieie i?aecaeiiieie
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeie aeoaie, ia iaaiiio ??ai? caaacia/othoue oi?aae?iiy
i?a?aoe?eieie i?ioeanaie.

2. Ca ?iee ?nioaaiiy noaa?aiii? Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae ia o?eueee ia
aaeaeiny aeinyaoe oaeiai ??aiy i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy, yeee ae
aeinoaoiueith i??ith caaeiaieueiea iio?aae aeeiai?/iiai ?icaeoeo
i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a, aea e aei oeueiai /ano ia ae?iaeaii /?oeiai
nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo o ae??oaii? an?o i?a?aoe?eieo i?iaeai.

3. O no?oeoo?iiio a?aeiioaii? noa?eoe aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie
i?a?aoe?? ia/?oei aecia/ai?.

4. Ci?no ooieoe?e ? eiiiaoaioe?? niaoe?aeueieo i?aai?a, ye? iieeeeai?
cae?enithaaoe aea?aeaaia oi?aae?iiy o aeine?aeaeoaaeuei?e noa??,
iio?aaothoue nooo?aiai ooi/iaiiy, ?icoe?aiiy oa eii?aeeiaoe??, ai a
?nioth/iio aeaeyae? aiie ia iiaeooue caaacia/eoe a?aeiia?aeia eiiieaenia
oi?aae?iiy.

Iaei??th c iniiaieo i?e/ei iaaeinoaoiuei? aoaeoeaiino? aea?aeaaiiai
aieeao ia i?a?aoe?eio noa?o ? iaiiaiioa i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?
a?aenooi?noue ?aeeiiai aea?aeaaiiai iaoai?cio, yeee ae ioiiethaaa an?
noaae?? ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaii? i?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee. Iie?ioaiiy
aeacaiiai iaoai?cio iiaeiii cae?enithaaoenue i?e a?aooaaii? oaeeo
oaeoi??a, ye: ??aaiue ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei; iaaeineiiae?noue
i?a?aoe?eiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa oa iaoai?cio eiai ?aae?caoe??; c?inoaiiy
i?aaiii?ooaiue o aeai?e noa??; a?aenooi?noue eii?aeeiaoe?? ae?yeueiino?
i?aai?a caeiiiaeaa/i?, aeeiiaa/i? oa noaeiai? aeaaee a i?a?aoe?ei?e
noa??; iaiao?aei?noue aca?iiae?? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?, cie?aia, c
aea?aeaaaie NIAe ? ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco.

?, ye aeniiaie, i?iiiio?oueny ia aac? Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie o
ni?aaao iaoe?iiaeueiinoae oa i?a?aoe?? ooai?eoe ooieoe?iiaeueiee i?aai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy — Aea?aeaaio i?a?aoe?eia neoaeao Oe?a?ie c
aa?oeeaeeth i?aeii?yaeeiaaieo ?e i?noeaaeo i?aai?a i?a?aoe?eii? neoaeae.
Aiia ia eeoa eii?aeeioaaoeia ae?yeuei?noue c ieoaiue i?a?aoe?? ?ioeo
i?aai?a aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee, a e iaoeia aanue iaiao?aeiee aeey aoaeoeaii?
?iaioe eiiieaen aoiai?oa?ieo iiaiiaaaeaiue, aecia/aieo caeiiii.
Iia?aoeaii — ?icooeia? ooieoe?e oa ?io?, iiaycai? c ieie, caeeoathoueny
ca a?aeiia?aeieie i?aaiaie aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee.

I?ioa ooai?aiiy oaei? ?aeeii? aea?aeaaii? onoaiiae, yea a ae?yea o
i?a?aoe?ei?e noa??, ?icaeyaea?oueny ye aeiaaino?ieiaa iaoa /a?ac ne?ooia
o?iainiaa caaacia/aiiy. Ia? aooe iiaoaiia ae??oaiiy oeueiai ieoaiiy.
Nii/aoeo ciiao a?aeoai?aiee Aeaia?oaiaio i?a?aoe??, a oi/i?oa
Aeaia?oaiaio i?a?aoe?eii? neoaeae, i?e Aea?aeaaiiio eii?oao? Oe?a?ie o
ni?aaao iaoe?iiaeueiinoae oa i?a?aoe?? c iiaiiaaaeaiiyie ia ?aae?caoe?th
i?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee, ii?aoethaaiith i?iaeai, iiaycaieo c iaaeaiiyi
i?eooeeo oa noaoono a?aeaioe?a, aeicaie?a ia ?ii?a?aoe?th, a oaeiae
o?oaeiaith i?a?aoe??th. C /anii, eiee aeicaieeoue Aea?aeaaiee athaeaeao
Oe?a?ie, Aeaia?oaiaio oiniaethaaoeia Aea?aeaaio i?a?aoe?eio neoaeao
Oe?a?ie.

Ieoaiiyie ?aiao??aoe?? oa ?ioaa?aoe?? a oe?a?inueea noni?euenoai
aeaii?oiaaieo in?a iiaei caeiaoeny niaoe?aeueia Ath?i ?aiao??aoe??, yea
aaciina?aaeiuei i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaeiny a Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie.

Oe?a?inueeith ae?anii?ith ia?aeiaeinue ae I?i?noa?noai caei?aeiiieo
ni?aa Oe?a?ie, iaoe?iiaeueieie iaioeiaie ca oiia aianaiiy ci?i o Caeii
Oe?a?ie “I?i iaoe?iiaeuei? iaioeie Oe?a?ie” — I?i?noa?noai eoeueoo?e oa
ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie aai ae I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie. A NOA, iai?eeeaae,
i?iaeaiaie ?icaycaiiy eiioe?eoieo neooaoe?e ia iaoe?iiaeueii-aoi?/iiio
a?oio? caeia?oueny Neoaeaa noinoie?a a?iiaae I?i?noa?noaa thnoeoe??.

Ca iei?oi?o oiia caaeey aeiiiiiae aeia?ia?euei?e ?aiao??aoe?? aeo?aeoe?a
c Oe?a?ie, i?ae ?ioeie e aeaii?oiaaieo, caoenoo oe?a?inueeeo
o?oaeyueo-i?a?aio?a, ?icaeoeo i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a neeaae?
eiinoeuenueeeo ? aeeieiiaoe/ieo i?aaenoaaieoeoa Oe?a?ie aaa/a?oueny
?aoe?iiaeueiei oaaaeaiiy iinaaee nae?aoa??a aai ?aaeiee?a c i?a?aoe?eieo
ieoaiue. Aiie ciiaee a aea/aoe neooaoe?th, i?iaiicoaaoe i?a?aoe?ei?
i?ioeane i?ae Oe?a?iith oa e?a?iaie ?oiueiai ia?aaoaaiiy.

O Aeniiaeao ai?uai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy e ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai
iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aeaaaeai? caaaeuei? eiai i?aenoiee,
noi?ioeueiaai? i?aeoiaee uiaei aea?aeaaiiai aieeao ia i?a?aoe?ei?
i?ioeane oa th?eaee/i? caniae eiai caaacia/aiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Ieoaiiy ?iieaiaioaoe?? ii?i i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa a iaoe?iiaeueia
caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie ? i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaia? aa?aio?? caoenoo i?aa
i?a?aio?a //Caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie oa i?aeia?iaeia i?aai (i?iaeaie
aa?iii?caoe??). Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 4. — E.: ?inoeooo c-aa
Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, 1998. — C. 42-53. [o ni?aaaoi?noa? c i?ioani?ii
Oeoiiiaith ?.A.]

2. Aei ieoaiiy noaiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo a?iiaaeyinoaa //I?iaeaie
aea?aeaaii-i?aaiai? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?i?. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione
3. — E.: ?inoeooo c-aa Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, 1997. — N. 238-245.

3. Aei ieoaiiy caeiiiaeaa/iai ?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a a
Oe?a?i?. //Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie — iniiaa iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
caeiiiaeaanoaa. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 2. — E.: ?inoeooo c-aa
Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, 1997. — N. 298-306.

4. Ieoaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiy ii?yaeeo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?. //Aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaa ?aoi?ia a
Oe?a?i?. Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. — E.: ?inoeooo c-aa
Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, 1997. — N. 188-190.

5. I?i aaeineiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy o noa?? i?a?aoe??. //I?aai
Oe?a?ie. — 1998. — ? 4.

6. ?iieaiaioaoe?y i?a?aoe?eieo ii?i i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa a iaoe?iiaeueia
caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie. //I?iaeaie aa?iii?caoe?? caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie
c i?aeia?iaeiei i?aaii. Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. — E.:
?inoeooo c-aa Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, 1998. — C. 230-233

7. A?iiaaeyinoai aoaeoeaia (i?eioeei). //I?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane a
no/aniiio na?o?: na?oiaee, ?aa?iiaeueiee oa iaoe?iiaeueiee aei??e:
(Iiiyo?eiee aia?ao, eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee, oai??y oa i?aeoeea):
Aioeeeeiiaae?y /Oii?yae. ?eia?aiei TH.?.; Ca ?aae. ?eia?aiea TH. — E.:
Aeia??a, 1998. — N. 106-107.

8. I?aai i?eooeeo (aeniiaee). //I?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane a no/aniiio na?o?:
na?oiaee, ?aa?iiaeueiee oa iaoe?iiaeueiee aei??e: (Iiiyo?eiee aia?ao,
eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee, oai??y oa i?aeoeea): Aioeeeeiiaae?y /Oii?yae.
?eia?aiei TH.?.; Ca ?aae. ?eia?aiea TH. — E.: Aeia??a, 1998. — N. 170.

9. Caeii “I?i a?iiaaeyinoai Oe?a?ie”. //I?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane a no/aniiio
na?o?: na?oiaee, ?aa?iiaeueiee oa iaoe?iiaeueiee aei??e: (Iiiyo?eiee
aia?ao, eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee, oai??y oa i?aeoeea): Aioeeeeiiaae?y
/Oii?yae. ?eia?aiei TH.?.; Ca ?aae. ?eia?aiea TH. — E.: Aeia??a, 1998. —
N. 804-805.

10. I?a?aoe?eia neoaeaa (aaei?i?no?aoeai? no?oeoo?e). //I?a?aoe?ei?
i?ioeane a no/aniiio na?o?: na?oiaee, ?aa?iiaeueiee oa iaoe?iiaeueiee
aei??e: (Iiiyo?eiee aia?ao, eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee, oai??y oa
i?aeoeea): Aioeeeeiiaae?y /Oii?yae. ?eia?aiei TH.?.; Ca ?aae. ?eia?aiea
TH. — E.: Aeia??a, 1998. — N. 137.

11. Iniaa aac a?iiaaeyinoaa. //I?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane a no/aniiio na?o?:
na?oiaee, ?aa?iiaeueiee oa iaoe?iiaeueiee aei??e: (Iiiyo?eiee aia?ao,
eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee, oai??y oa i?aeoeea): Aioeeeeiiaae?y /Oii?yae.
?eia?aiei TH.?.; Ca ?aae. ?eia?aiea TH. — E.: Aeia??a, 1998. — N. 164.

12. I?aeaeainoai. //I?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane a no/aniiio na?o?: na?oiaee,
?aa?iiaeueiee oa iaoe?iiaeueiee aei??e: (Iiiyo?eiee aia?ao,
eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee, oai??y oa i?aeoeea): Aioeeeeiiaae?y /Oii?yae.
?eia?aiei TH.?.; Ca ?aae. ?eia?aiea TH. — E.: Aeia??a, 1998. — N. 166.

*aoiae/ N.A. I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.02. — eiinoeoooe?eia i?aai. — ?inoeooo
caeiiiaeaanoaa Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?a?aoe?eieo
i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?. A ?iaio? aiae?cothoueny iiiyooy “i?a?aio”,
“?iicaiaoeue”, “i?aaiaee noaoon ?iicaioey oa iniae aac a?iiaaeyinoaa a
Oe?a?i?”, “i?eooeie”, “aeaii?oaoe?y ca iaoe?iiaeueiith iciaeith”,
“i?aaiaee noaoon ei??iieo ia?iae?a”, nooue oa i?aaiaa i?e?iaea
i?a?aoe??, aea?oueny ?? eeaneo?eaoe?y, ?iaeoueny eiiieaenia
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ye? a?aaoeueiaothoue i?a?aoe?ei?
i?aaia?aeiineie. ?icaeyaea?oueny nenoaia aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a aeaaee
uiaei caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe?? eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai noaoono
i?a?aio?a, i?iiiiothoueny eiie?aoi? i?iiiceoe?? ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c
ieoaiue oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?aaiaiai noaoono
i?a?aio?a, o oiio /ene? ?iicaioe?a oa in?a aac a?iiaaeyinoaa a Oe?a?i?,
oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaoai?cio eiai ?aae?caoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?aeaioe?, aeaii?oiaai? ia?iaee, ?iicaioe?,
a?iiaaeyinoai, ei??ii? ia?iaee, i?a?aoe?y, iaoe?iiaeuei? iaioeie, iniae
aac a?iiaaeyinoaa, i?aaiaee noaoon ethaeeie ? a?iiaaeyieia, i?eooeie.

*aoiae/ N.A. I?aaiaia ?aaoee?iaaiea iea?aoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia a Oe?aeia.
— ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.02. — eiinoeoooeeiiiia i?aai. — Einoeooo
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa Aa?oiaiie ?aaeu Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey iea?aoeeiiiuo
i?ioeannia a Oe?aeia. A ?aaioa aiaeece?othony iiiyoey “iea?aio”,
“eiino?aiaoe”, “i?aaiaie noaoon eiino?aioeaa e eeoe aac a?aaeaeainoaa a
Oe?aeia”, “oaaaeeua”, “aeaii?oaoeey ii iaoeeiiaeueiiio i?eciaeo”,
“i?aaiaie noaoon ei?aiiuo ia?iaeia”, nouiinoue e i?aaiaay i?e?iaea
iea?aoeee, aeaaony a? eeanneoeeaoeey, inouanoaeyaony eiiieaeniia
enneaaeiaaiea i?aaiauo aeoia, ?aaoee?othueo iea?aoeeiiiua
i?aaiioiioaiey. ?anniao?eaaaony nenoaia ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia aeanoe
ii iaania/aieth ?aaeecaoeee eiinoeoooeeiiii-i?aaiaiai noaoona iea?aioia,
i?aaeeaaathony eiie?aoiua i?aaeeiaeaiey e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
niaa?oainoaiaaieth i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey i?aaiaiai noaoona iea?aioia,
a oii /enea eiino?aioeaa e eeoe aac a?aaeaeainoaa a Oe?aeia, a oaeaea
iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe iaoaiecia aai ?aaeecaoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaaeaioeu, aeaii?oe?iaaiiua ia?iaeu, eiino?aioeu,
a?aaeaeainoai, ei?aiiua ia?iaeu, iea?aoeey, iaoeeiiaeueiua iaiueoeinoaa,
eeoea aac a?aaeaeainoaa (aiao?eaeu), i?aaiaie noaoon /aeiaaea e
a?aaeaeaieia, oaaaeeua.

Chekhovich S.B. Legal management of migration processes in Ukraine. —
Manuscript.

Thesis for the Law PhD scientific degree, the speciality 12.00.02.-
constitutional law. — The Institute of Legislation of the Supreme
Council of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to issues of legal management of migration
processes in Ukraine. The work analyzes definitions: “migrant”,
“foreigner”, “legal status of a foreigner and a person without
citizenship in Ukraine”, “asylum”, “deportation on national signs”,
“legal status of indigenous peoples”, essence and legal nature of
migration, classifies it, comprehensively studies legal acts, that
regulate migration relations. It highlights the system of state
authorities that ensure realization of constitutional-legal status of
migrants, offers detailed proposals and recommendations for improvement
of the legal management of legal status of migrants, including
foreigners and persons without citizenship in Ukraine, as well as for
increasing efficiency of their implementation mechanism.

Key words: asylum, citizenship, deported peoples, foreigners, indigenous
peoples, legal status of a person and citizen, migration, national
minorities, persons without citizenship, refugees.

Похожие записи