1

EAA?IAO I?I?NO??A OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AEO?AIEI TH??E ?AAIIAE*

OAeE 636.084/087

IIAEEAIA Oe?II?NOUe ETHOeA?IIAIAI N?IA CAEAAEII A?Ae OAOIIEIA?? EIAI
CAAIO?AE?

06.02.02 –aiae?aey oaa?ei ? oaoiieia?y ei?i?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a eaai?aoi??? iaoai?caoe??, oaoiieia?? caaio?ae? ?
caa??aaiiy ei?i?a ?inoeoooo ei?i?a Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe
oa ia eaoaae?? o?c?ieia?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

TH?/aiei Aaneeue Eeeiaio?eiae/,

A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?c?ieia?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: – aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, noa?oee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Aoaeianea Aaneeue TH??eiae/,

?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa ? a?ieia?? oaa?ei OAAI, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi???
oaoiieia?? ei?i?a ? ei?iiaeo aeiaaaie;

– eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

Eiiiiaiei Aieiaeeie? Eaeaieeiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio eaoaae?e aiae?ae?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei ? oaoiieia?? ei?i?a.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaia aa?iaeieia?/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie
I?i?noa?noai AIE, i. AEeoiie?, eaoaae?a aiae?ae?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ _29_ ” __ethoiai_____ 2000 ?ieo

i _1100_ aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae 26.004.05 a
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 15, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion ? 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 11,
iaa/aeueiee ei?ion ? 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ _27__ ” ___n?/iy____ 2000 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Noiethe A.Ae.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Noaa?eueia caaacia/aiiy ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie
i?iaeoeoe??th oaa?eiieoeoaa iiaeeeaa eeoa ca oiia noai?aiiy i?oeii?
ei?iiai? aace, a ye?e iaeia c i?ia?aeieo i?noeue iaeaaeeoue n?io. Na?aae
no/anieo oaoiieia?e caaio?ae? n?ia a oiiaao caaino?aiiy
iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ii? e?ece iniiaia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny iieueiaiio
noo?iith o?aa.

Cia/iee aianie o ?ic?iaeo no/anieo oaoiieia?e caaio?ae? oa caa??aaiiy
ei?i?a, a oiio /ene? n?ia, aianee a?o/eciyi? oa ca?oa?aei? a/ai?,
cie?aia: A.A. Coa?ee?i, ?.I. Ieoono?i, ?.N. Iiiia, I.I.
Aeieo?i/aiei, I.Ae. Ioaie/iee, N.Ae. Oionii, I.
Aeae. Iao, N.ss. Cao?ai, E.A. Aeaieeaiei, A.I. Aiaaeaiia, A.E.
TH?/aiei, I.?. I?eaaei, A.Ae. Aa?ueeaaee, I.O. Eoeee oa ?io?.

Aieiaiei aeaiaioii oaoiieia?? caaio?ae? n?ia ? aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo
niinia?a eiai noo?iiy ? nei?i/aiiy /ano ia?aaoaaiiy neioaieo ia n?ii
o?aa a iie?. Iia?eueia aeneoaiiy noaaae, iniaeeai aiaiaeo o?aa,
ca?eueoo? no?iee ?o noo?iiy oa i?ia’yethaaiiy o iie?, ui aeeeeea?
ca?eueoaiiy ao?ao iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei, ye? a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao, ca
aeaieie I.A. Nio?ea?ia, aeinyaathoue 50%.

Iniiaiith i?iaeaiith i?e caaio?ae? n?ia, iniaeeai aiaiaeo o?aa, ye
noaa?aeaeo? I.Aeae. Iao, ? ao?aoe eenoy – iaea?eueo oe?iii? c oi/ee
ci?o iiaeeaiino? /anoeie ?ineeie. Ao?aoe neioaiith ?ineeiith eenoy
a?aeaoaathoueny i?e ia?iaoe? aaee?a (ai?oo?iiy oa iaa?oaiiy ?o) ? a
aeaye?e i??? i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy ianooiieo oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e, a
oiio /ene? ? i?e o?ainii?ooaaii? n?ia.

Oiio ?ic?iaea iiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue, ui i?enei?ththoue noo?iiy
o?aae ethoea?ie a iieueiaeo oiiaao c iaoith iaeneiaeueiiai caa?aaeaiiy
iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei ?ineei i?e i?i?iaeueieo cao?aoao iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo
?ano?n?a, caaacia/aiiy aeniei? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaa?ei oa yeino?
iaea?aeaii? i?iaeoeoe?? ? aeooaeueiith iaoeiaith i?iaeaiith, ui
iai?aaeaia ia ae??oaiiy no/anieo caaaeaiue a aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa.

O ca’yceo c oeei aaeineiiaeaiiy aieiaieo aeaiaio?a oaoiieia?? caaio?ae?
n?ia, a oiio /ene? iioeiaeueii? e?aoiino? ia?iaee aaeea o?aae ethoea?ie
i?e canoinoaaii? iiaeo ei?iicae?aeueieo iaoei i?ae /an iieueiaiai
noo?iiy, ia? oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
a eaai?aoi??? iaoai?caoe??, oaoiieia?? caaio?ae? ? caa??aaiiy ei?i?a
?inoeoooo ei?i?a OAAI ye neeaaeiaa iaoeiai? oaie: “?ic?iaeoe iioieia?
?ano?nicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? caaio?ae? oa caa??aaiiy ei?i?a ia aac?
aaaaoiiia?aoe?eieo cae?aeueieo eiiieaen?a, ia?niaeoeaieo eiino?oeoe?eieo
??oaiue n?iinoiaeu oa iiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a” (iiia? aea?aeaaii?
?a?no?aoe?? 03.04-IA/24-96) oa ia eaoaae?? o?c?ieia??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Aieiaiith iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoei anoaiiaeaiiy yeino?, iiaeeaii? oe?iiino? oa i?iaeoeoeaii?
ae?? n?ia ethoea?ie caeaaeii a?ae e?aoiino? ia?iaee aaeea i?ia’yeaii?
o?aae i?e ?? aenoooaaii? a iie? c a?aooaaiiyi i?e?iaeieo oaeoi??a.
A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe aecia/aeeny ianooii? caaaeaiiy.

1. Aeine?aeeoe aeeiai?eo oaeaeeino? aieiaia?aeaea/? neioaii? o?aae
ethoea?ie a i?ioean? iieueiaiai aenoooaaiiy.

2. Ioe?ieoe ye?noue ?iaioe iiai? ei?iicae?aeueii? iaoeie AEI-O2.

3. Aea/eoe aieea iiai? ei?iicae?aeueii? iaoeie ia ao?aoe eenoy noaaeaie
?ineei a i?ioean? caaio?ae? n?ia.

4. Aeine?aeeoe ci?ie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo o?aae ethoea?ie a ia??iae
aenoooaaiiy.

5. Aea/eoe ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei oa aaeain acioo o iaaoeue
i?e caiaeiaoaaii? n?ia ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaiiai ca ??cieie oaoiieia?yie.

6. C’ynoaaoe aieea caiaeiaoaaiiy n?ia ethoea?ie ??cieo oaoiieia?e
caaio?ae? ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae i?e
ae?iuoaaii? eiai ia i’yni.

7. ?ic?aooaaoe aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue caaio?ae? oa aeei?enoaiiy n?ia
ethoea?ie a ?aoe?iiao i?e ae?iuoaaii? iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae.

8. Ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo cai?iiiioaaoe ae?iaieoeoao
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii caaio?ae? oa aeei?enoaiith n?ia
ethoea?ie, cie?aia, ii canoinoaaiith iiaeo aoaeoeaieo i?eeii?a ia?iaee
aaeea.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa aea/aii aeeiai?eo
aieiaia?aeaea/?, ao?aoo eenoy noaaeii i?e ae?? ?iai/eo i?aai?a iiai?
aaaaoioe?eueiai? ei?iicae?aeueii? iaoeie AEI-O2. Aeine?aeaeaii o?i?/iee
neeaae neioaii? ia n?ii o?aae ethoea?ie caeaaeii a?ae e?aoiino? ia?iaee
aaeea a i?ioean? caaio?ae? n?ia. Aecia/aii ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo
?a/iaei, aaeain acioo o iaaoeue oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue iieiaeiyeo aaeeei?
?iaaoi? ooaeiae i?e ae?iuoaaii? ia i’yni c aeei?enoaiiyi a ?aoe?iiao
n?ia ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaiiai i?e ??ci?e e?aoiino? ia?iaee aaeea.
I?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? caaio?ae? oa aeei?enoaiiy
n?ia ethoea?ie a ?aoe?iiao iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue ii aaeineiiaeaiith oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a caaio?ae? n?ia
ethoea?ie a iieueiaeo oiiaao oa ii aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy eiai a
aiae?ae? oaa?ei iiaeooue aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aei aeei?enoaiiy a
eieaeoeaieo, aeoe?iia?ieo, oa?ia?nueeeo oa i?eaaoieo ainiiaea?noaao.

Ie?ai? ?ic?iaee, iiaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, ai?iaaaeaeai? a ENI “Noai?iaa”
n. O?iua Eeiiaaoeueeiai ?aeiio A?iieoeueei? iaeano? (aeo a?ae
27.08.1997 ?., iaea?aeaii aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy 3.89
a?i./o n?ia), ENI “I??y” n.A?eica??a, ENI “Ae?oaeaa” n. Naa?aee?aea,
ENI “Oe?a?ia” n. Cic?a, ENI “Iaye” n. Eoeao?aea Eeiiaaoeueeiai ?aeiio
A?iieoeueei? iaeano? (aeo a?ae 26 na?iiy 1997 ?ieo, aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo – 2.55 a?i./o n?ia), a aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? A?iieoeueei?
aea?aeaaii? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? aeine?aeii? noaioe??
(aeoe a?ae 3 aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo, aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaa 2045
a?i. oa a?ae 10 na?iiy 1999 ?ieo, aeiiii?/iee aoaeo –
537 a?i.).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii iiai?noth aeeiiaia
aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, inai?i? iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaii iaoeiai-ainiiiaea?nuee? aeine?aee, a oaeiae
cae?eniaii aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, oi?ioaaiiy aeniiae?a ?
i?iiiceoe?e. Aei 5 % a?ae caaaeueiiai ianyao an?o ?ia?o noiniaii
aea/aiiy aieeao oaoiieia?? caaio?ae? ia iiaeeaio oe?ii?noue n?ia
ethoea?ie i?iaaaeaii ?acii c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii – aeieoi?ii
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?ii A.E. TH?/aieii.

Aeneiaeth?ii aeeaieo aaey/i?noue aeieoi?o oaoi?/ieo iaoe, caneoaeaiiio
aeiao?aeieeo Oe?a?ie Aa?ueeaaiio Aiaoie?th Aeieo?iae/o – iniiaiiio
aaoi?o iiai? ei?iicae?aeueii? iaoeie AEI-O2 ca aeiiiiiao a i?iaaaeaii?
iieueiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo aeine?ae?a.

Iniaenoee eiie?aoiee aianie ii eiaei?e iaoeia?e noaoo?, yea aoea
iioae?eiaaia caeiaoaa/ai o ni?aaaoi?noa?, caaeaeea?iaaiee o nieneo
iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue aaoi?aoa?aoo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue, ui
aeeth/ai? aei aeena?oaoe??, ii?eethaeiaii ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? i?iaeaie cii?iaeaia??? oa oeyoe ?o ae??oaiiy” 7-8
aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo (Euea?anueea aeaaeai?y aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i.
N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai, i. Euea?a).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeeth/aii aei aeena?oaoe??,
iioae?eiaai? a 4 iaoeiaeo noaooyo.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
oaeeo ?icae?e?a: anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, caaaeueia iaoiaeeea ? iniiai?
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o aiae?c ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy, aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao, nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoee.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 125 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
i?noeoue 27 oaaeeoeue, 15 ?enoie?a. Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e
aeeth/a? 269 aeaea?ae, c ieo 71 ?iicaiieo. Aeiaeaoee aei aeena?oaoe??
?ici?uai? ia 25 noi??ieao.

IAOA??AE ? IAOIAeEEA AeINE?AeAEAIUe

C iaoith aea/aiiy ?ioaineaiino? aieiaia?aeaea/?, o?i?/iiai neeaaeo,
ia?ao?aaiino? oa aeei?enoaiiy oaa?eiaie iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei n?ia
ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaiiai c aeei?enoaiiyi ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a a
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio ainiiaea?noa? ?inoeoooo ei?i?a OAAI “Aioiieoeueea”
oa aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? A?iieoeueei? aea?aeaaii?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? aeine?aeii? noaioe?? aoei i?iaaaeaii a
1997-1999 ??. ?yae aeine?ae?a. Aiie oiiaii ?iciiae?eai? ia 3 a?oie:
oaoiieia?/i? (iieueia? ? eaai?aoi?i?), iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nuee?,
aaeainia?. Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoea o?aaa ethoea?ie neiuei?, yeo
caaioiaeyee ia n?ii ?c canoinoaaiiyi ??cii? e?aoiino? oaoiieia?/ieo
iia?aoe?e ii ia?iaoe? aaeea (ai?oo?iiy oa iaa?oaiiy) oa oaa?eie, ia yeeo
aea/aee ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei oa i?iaeoeoeaio ae?th
ethoea?iiaiai n?ia.

Ia?oee ? ae?oaee aeine?aee ii aaeineiiaeaiith oaoiieia?? caaio?ae? n?ia
ethoea?ie i?iaaaeai? a 1997-1998 ??. ca noaiith (oaae. 1) ca ??cieo
iiaiaeieo oiia (1-e – ca oiia iaaei??ii? aieiaino?, 2-e – niaeioii?
nooi? iiaiaee).

Iniaeea?noth ae?oaiai aeine?aeo aoei oa, ui /aoaa?oee aa??aio aoei
aeeeth/aii, ine?eueee ?acoeueoaoe ia?oiai aeine?aeo i?aeoaa?aeeee
iaaeioe?euei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy o?ee?aoii? ia?iaee aaeea a i?ioean?
caaio?ae? n?ia ethoea?ie.

Iaeaeaa oaoiieia?/i? aeine?aee i?iaaaeai? ia iin?aao ethoea?ie neiuei?
ni?oo A?iie/aiea: ia?oee — a aenia?eiaioaeueiiio ainiiaea?noa? ?inoeoooo
ei?i?a OAAI “Aioiieoeueea”, a ae?oaee — a aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa?
A?iieoeueei? aea?aeaaii? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? aeine?aeii? noaioe??.

A aeine?aeao aeei?enoiaoaaeany iiaa aaaaoioe?eueiaa ei?iicae?aeueia
iaoeia AEI-O2 c aeanoe/ieie ?iai/eie i?aaiaie (1. aoiia? iaeueoe?,
aeaioiaeai? c i?ea?aeiiai iano ca?iicae?aeueiiai eiiaaeio NE-5
“Ieaa”; 2. i?iaoiiaaia no??/ea eiioniiiae?aii? oi?ie, aeaioiaeaia c
no??/ee o?ainii?oa?a) aeey ia?iaee aaeea a i?ioean? noo?iiy o?aae
ethoea?ie ia n?ii.

Oaaeeoey 1

Noaia ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai aeine?ae?a*

Aa??aioIa?iaea aaeea (ai?oo?iiy, iaa?oaiiy), e?aoi?noue ia aeiao1 —
eiio?ieueieeaac ia?iaee2 — aeine?aeieeiaeiie?aoia3 —
aeine?aeieeaeaie?aoia4 – aeine?aeiee**o?ee?aoia

* I?e aeinyaiaii? aieiaino? o?aae 50-55% iia?aoe?y ai?oo?iiy cai?iyeany
ia iaa?oaiiy aaeea.

** Eeoa a ia?oiio aeine?ae?.

I?e oeueiio n?ii ??cieo aa??aio?a caaioiaeyeiny c aeei?enoaiiyi ??cii?
e?aoiino? ia?iaee aaeea: a ia?oiio aa??aio? (eiio?ieue) — ia?iaea ia
i?iaiaeeeany, a ae?oaiio — canoiniaoaaee iaeiie?aoio, a o?aoueiio —
aeaie?aoio, a /aoaa?oiio — o?ee?aoio (eeoa a ia?oiio aeine?ae?) ia?iaeo
ia aeiao.

Oaoiieia?/i? iieueia? oa eaai?aoi?iee aeine?aee i?iaaaeai? ca?aeii
Aaeocaaeo oa Aea?aeaaieo noaiaea?o?a: INO 10235-86 (ii?oieia?/iee neeaae
iane); AINO 20915-75 (aieia?noue oa aieiaia?aeaea/a i?aea’yeaii? iane);
AINO 20915-75 (a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/i? oiiae) oa iaoiaeeee IAe?
ei?i?a OAAI.

A oaoiieia?/ieo aeine?aeao i?iaiaeeee aecia/aiiy o?iaeaeiino?,
ii?oieia?/iiai neeaaeo ?ineei ethoea?ie oa ioe?ieo yeino? ?iaioe iiai?
aaaaoioe?eueiai? ei?iicae?aeueii? iaoeie AEI-O2 oeyoii aecia/aiiy
oe?eie, aenioe, i?io?eth aaeea, eiai iiooaei?noue, aei ? i?ney
i?iaaaeaiiy iaaii? oaoiieia?/ii? iia?aoe??, oa ao?aoe nooi? ?a/iaeie
iane caeaii? ethoea?ie a?ae iacaoaaoo ?iai/eie i?aaiaie iaoeie.

C?acee neioaii? caeaii? iane ethoea?ie a?aeae?aee a aeaiiee /an aeey
aeine?aeaeaiue /a?ac eiaei? 2 aiaeeie i?ioyaii anueiai ia??iaeo
caaio?ae? n?ia c iaoith aecia/aiiy a ieo ao?ao eenoy, ?ioaineaiino?
aieiaia?aeaea/? oa o?i?/iiai neeaaeo.

Ii cae?i/aiith ia?oiai oaoiieia?/iiai aeine?aeo i?iaaaeaii aaeainiaee
aeine?ae (o?ao?e) ii aecia/aiith ia?ao?aaiino? iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei oa
aaeaino acioo o iaaoeue i?e caiaeiaoaaii? n?ia ethoea?ie (?aeeiee ei?i
?o ?aoe?iio), caaioiaeaiiai i?e ??ci?e e?aoiino? ia?iaee aaeea.
Aeine?ae i?iaiaeeany ia /ioe?ueio a?oiao aaeao?a (ii 4 aieiae a eiaei?e)
ca iaoiaeii a?oi (oaae.2). Oaa?ei a a?oie i?aeae?aee c a?aooaaiiyi
noao?, aeeai? iane oa a?eo.

I?aeaioia/ee ia??iae aeine?aeo o?eaaa 7, a iae?eiaee — 10 aei?a.

Oaaeeoey 2

Noaia aeine?aeo ii aecia/aiith ia?ao?aaiino? iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei n?ia
ethoea?ie ? aaeaino acioo o aaeao?a

A ? o i aE?euee?noue oaa?ei a a?oi?, aie?aOiiae aiae?ae?E?euee?noue
caiaeiaaiiai n?ia ia aeiao, ea/aieiaoE?aoi?noue ia?iaee aaeea i?e
caaio?ae? n?ia1-eiio?ieueia41.5aac
ia?iaee2-aeine?aeia41.5iaeiie?aoia3-aeine?aeia41.5aeaie?aoia4-aeine?aeia
41.5o?ee?aoiaI?aeaeine?aei? oaa?eie oo?eioaaeeny a ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
iai?iieo noaieao, i?enoiniaaieo aeey cae?aiiy eaeo ? na/?.

Aiaeoaaee aaeao?a ?iaeea?aeoaeueii 2 ?ace ia aeiao.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aieeao caiaeiaoaaiiy n?ia ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaiiai ca
??cii? e?aoiino? ia?iaee aaeea, ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue iieiaeiyeo aaeeei?
?iaaoi? ooaeiae i?e ae?iuoaaii? ia i’yni, i?iaaaeaii
iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nueeee aeine?ae (/aoaa?oee) ca noaiith, iaaaaeaiith a
oaaeeoe? 3.

Aeine?ae i?iaaaeaii ia o?ueio a?oiao aoaaeoe?a oe?a?inueei?
/a?aiii-?yai? iiei/ii? ii?iaee (ii 10 aie?a a a?oi?) a aeine?aeiiio
ainiiaea?noa? A?iieoeueei? aea?aeaaii? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
aeine?aeii? noaioe?? ca iaoiaeii a?oi.

Oaaeeoey 3

Noaia iaoeiai-ainiiaea?nueeiai aeine?aeo ia aoaaeoeyo

A ? o i a E?euee?noue

oaa?ei a

a?oi?, aie?aOiiae aiae?ae?C??aiyeueiee ia??iaeIniiaiee ia??iae
(e?aoi?noue ia?iaee aaeea i?e caaio?ae? n?ia)1-eiio?ieueia10I? —
Iniiaiee ?aoe?iiaac ia?iaee2-aeine?aeia10I?iaeiie?aoia
ia?iaea3-aeine?aeia10I?aeaie?aoia ia?iaeaI?ei?oea: aei neeaaeo I?
aoiaeeoue n?ii ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaia aac ia?iaee aaeea

Oaa?ei i?aeae?aee a a?oie ca i?eioeeiii aiaeia?a c o?aooaaiiyi a?eo,
noao?, ii?iaee, aeeai? iane. I?aeaeine?aei? oaa?eie oo?eioaaeeny a
iaeiaeiaeo oiiaao. C??aiyeueiee ia??iae o?eaaa 30 aei?a, iniiaiee — 122
aei?. ?aoe?iie aeey i?aeaeine?aeieo aoaaeoe?a neeaaeaee ia iniia?
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo ii?i, aeoiaey/e c

iayaieo a ainiiaea?noa? ei?i?a.

Aei iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio aoaaeoe?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie a c??aiyeueiee ?
iniiaiee ia??iaee aeine?aeo aoiaeeee: nieiia ioaie/ia, neein
eoeo?oaecyiee, noi?o eiioeaio?ao?a (aea?oue ioaie/ia, y/i?iia,
ai?ioiaa), iaeyna ? n?ii ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaia aac ia?iaee aaeea, oiaoi
aac canoinoaaiiy ai?oo?iiy oa iaa?oaiiy.

A iniiaiee ia??iae aeine?aeo aoaaeoe? ae?oai? ? o?aouei? a?oi
iaea?aeoaaee oaeee aea ?aoe?ii, aea n?ii ethoea?ie aeey oaa?ei ae?oai?
a?oie aoei cai?iaii ia oaeo ae e?euee?noue n?ia, caaioiaeaiiai c
canoinoaaiiyi iaeiie?aoii?, a o?aouei? – aeaie?aoii? ia?iaee aaeea.

Iae?e caaeaieo ei?i?a ia a?oio cae?enithaaany uiaeaiii, a ?o ii?aeaiiy
— ca aeaieie uiaeaeaaeieo eiio?ieueieo aiae?aaeue. Aeeiai?ea aeeai? iane
i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei anoaiiaethaaeany oeyoii ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
caaaeoaaiiy uii?ny/ii oa ia ii/aoeo ? a e?ioe? aeine?aeo. Ca aeaieie
caaaeoaaiiy ?ic?aoiaaia ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo oa aeo?aoe ei?iiaeo
iaeeieoeue ia 1 ea i?e?inoo aeeai? iane i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei.

E??i oiai, i?iaaaeaii eaai?aoi?iee aeine?ae ii aecia/aiith ao?ao eenoy
ethoea?ie neiuei? a?ae iaaeaaiiy ?iai/eie i?aaiaie n?iiai?ooeeee ia
iiaeaeuei?e onoaiiaoe? (i’yoee aeine?ae) ca iaoiaeeeith, ?ic?iaeaiith
A.Ae. Aa?ueeaaei oa Ae.A. Eiiae?aotheii.

C iaoith anoaiiaeaiiy ao?ao eenoy i?e aeeiiaii? oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e
ii ia?iaoe? aaeea (ai?oo?iiy, iaa?oaiiy) a i?ioean? noo?iiy ethoea?ie a
iie? aecia/aee ?? iaeenoaai?noue – a?aeiioaiiy iane nooi? ?a/iaeie
eenoe?a ? nooea?oue aei iane nooi? ?a/iaeie o?aae.

Noia?i? ao?aoe anoaiiaethaaee ca ianith ao?ao nooeo ?a/iaei c iiaiiiiai
iao?a aaeea a?ae ii/aoeo i?ia’yethaaiiy aei i?aeae?aiiy aioiaiai n?ia.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Iaoai?/i? oa a?io?i?/i? ao?aoe nooi? ?a/iaeie i?ae /an iieueiaiai
aenoooaaiiy o?aae ethoea?ie. ?acoeueoaoe iieueiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo
aeine?ae?a, i?iaaaeaieo ca ??cieo iiaiaeieo oiia i?e canoinoaaii?
aaaaoioe?eueiai? ei?iicae?aeueii? iaoeie AEI-O2, iieacaee, ui e?aoi?noue
ia?iaee aaeea i?e caaio?ae? n?ia ethoea?ie iii?oii aieeaa? ia eiai
i?io?eue, aenioo, oe?eio, u?euei?noue, ui a naith /a?ao noai?th?
iaiaeiaeia? oiiae ao?aoe aieiae i?e i?ia’yethaaii? iane ? a e?ioeaaiio
i?aenoieo — ia iiaeeai?noue n?ia.

I?ioa, i?e i?iaaaeaii? oeeo iia?aoe?e c iaoith i?enei?aiiy noo?iiy
niinoa??aaeeny ao?aoe nooeo ?a/iaei ei?io a iaio aeine?aeao (oaae. 4).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ?ici?? ao?ao nooeo ?a/iaei ethoea?ie a
i?ioean? caaio?ae? ?? ia n?ii caeaaeeoue a?ae iiaiaeieo oiia oa
e?aoiino? ia?iaee aaeea. A a??oeo iiaiaeieo oiiaao (ia?oee aeine?ae)
iaoai?/i? ao?aoe nooeo ?a/iaei ca aa??aioaie aeine?aeo neeaaeaee: 1 –
12.7; 2 – 11.8; 3 – 14.2 ? 4 – 14.9%, aai a?aeiia?aeii 16.26; 15.12;
18.18 ? 19.08 oe/aa. I?e oeueiio a ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiy ai?oo?iiy oa
iaa?oaiiy aaeea ?ici?? iaoai?/ieo ao?ao eieeaaany a?ae 5.4% a ae?oaiio
aa??aio? aei 7.3% – a /aoaa?oiio aa??aio? aeine?aeo. Iaea?eueo? ao?aoe
niinoa??aaeeny aiane?aeie i?aeae?aiiy ? i?anoaaiiy n?ia i?e aieiaino?
iane 21-22%.

Oaaeeoey 4

Ao?aoe nooi? ?a/iaeie ethoea?ie i?ae /an iieueiaiai aenoooaaiiy, %

Aa??aioAo?aoeiaoai?/i?a?io?-noia?i?i?ney ai?oo?iiyi?ney iaa?oaiiyi?ney
i?an-i?aeae?a/aanueiai i?/i?Ia?oee
aeine?ae1—12.712.78.220.921.44.06.411.84.616.432.34.67.314.25.019.242.6
4.77.614.95.320.2Ae?oaee
aeine?ae1—8.98.95.614.520.92.64.88.33.611.931.42.95.09.83.413.2A
ae?oaiio aeine?ae? ao?aoe nooi? ?a/iaeie aoee cia/ii iaioeie i?ae a
ia?oiio, ui aaaaea?oueny caeiiii??iei i?e caaio?ae? n?ia ca ni?eyoeeaeo
iiaiaeieo oiia.

Caaaeuei? iaoai?/i? ao?aoe noaiiaeee 8.9% a ia?oiio, 8.3% – a
ae?oaiio, 9.8% – a o?aoueiio aa??aioao aeine?aeo, aai a?aeiia?aeii
6.1; 5.69; 6.72 oe/aa.

A?io?i?/i? ao?aoe nooeo ?a/iaei aoee ii??aiyii iaioeie, ye iaoai?/i? ?
caeaaeaee a iniiaiiio a?ae o?eaaeino? ia?aaoaaiiy iane a iie?. Ine?eueee
n?ii eiio?ieueiiai aa??aioo ia i?aeeyaaei oaoiieia?/i?e ia?iaoe? ?
aenoooaaeinue a ia?oiio aeine?ae? 82 aiae , a a ae?oaiio – 58 aiae,
a?io?i?/i? ao?aoe nooi? ?a/iaeie ooo aoee iaea?eueoeie ? neeaee
a?aeiia?aeii 8.2% a ia?oiio ? 5.6% a ae?oaiio aeine?aeao.

Noia?i? ao?aoe (a?io?i?/i? + iaoai?/i?) nooeo ?a/iaei eieeaaeeny a
iaaeao 16.4-20.9% a ia?oiio ? 11.9-14.5% a ae?oaiio aeine?aeao.

A?aeiii, ui iaoai?/i? ao?aoe i?e caaio?ae? ethoea?ie ia n?ii a
iniiaiiio a?aeiinyoueny aei eenoy – iaeoe?ii?oi? /anoee ei?io.

Ao?aoe eenoy i?ae /an iieueiaiai aenoooaaiiy ethoea?ie a iaoeo
aeine?aeao oa?aeoa?eco? aeeiai?ea iaeenoaaiino? (oaae. 5).

Oaaeeoey 5

Iaeenoaai?noue o?aae ethoea?ie ? ethoea?iiaiai n?ia, %

Oaoiieia?/ia iia?aoe?yIa?oee aeine?aeAe?oaee
aeine?aeaa??aioaa??aio1234123I?e
neiooaaii?49.149.149.149.151.751.751.7Ia?aae
i?aeae?aiiyi47.546.843.443.750.649.347.4I?ney
i?anoaaiiy37.539.035.936.743.544.342.6Cieaeaiiy aei ii/aoeiaiai
??aiy11.610.113.212.48.27.49.1Aeai? oaaeeoe? 5 na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui a
on?o aa??aioao iaio aeine?ae?a a i?ioean? aenoooaaiiy caeaii? ethoea?ie
niinoa??aaeiny ciaioaiiy ?? iaeenoaaiino?. I?e oeueiio iaea?eueo
iii?oieie aoee ao?aoe eenoy i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e
ai?oo?iiy, iaa?oaiiy aaeea oa i?e caeeth/ieo iia?aoe?yo i?aeae?aiiy oa
i?anoaaiiy n?ia.

Caaaeueiee ?ici?? cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a iaeenoaaiino? a eiio?ieueiiio
aa??aio? ia?oiai aeine?aeo neeaa 11.6, a a ae?oaiio aeine?ae? – 8.2%
a?ae ii/aoeiaiai ?o ??aiy.

Oaeaee?noue aenoooaaiiy ethoea?ie a ia??iae caaio?ae? n?ia. Ci?ie
aieiaino? o?aae ethoea?ie a i?ioean? iieueiaiai aenoooaaiiy iane a iaio
aeine?aeao i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aieea oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a oa iiaiaeieo
oiia ia ?ioaineai?noue aieiaia?aeaea/? ethoea?ie (oaae. 6).

Oaaeeoey 6

Aeeiai?ea aieiaia?aeaea/? o?aae ethoea?ie a ia??iae aenoooaaiiy a iie?,
%/aiae.

O?eaae?noue ia??iaeo aenoooaaiiy, aiaeAa??aiocaaaeueiaa oiio
/ene?0-100-340-58ii/aoie-e?iaoeueIa?oee
aeine?ae1831.490.960.700.652512.931.241.061.063722.321.300.920.774741.81
0.980.910.74Ae?oaee
aeine?ae1582.671.311.011.012343.981.65-1.653344.221.68-1.68

A ia?oiio aeine?ae?, eiee iia?o?y ? a?oio aoee iane/ai? aieiaith,
?ioaineai?noue aieiaia?aeaea/? ?ineeiaie aoea cia/ii ieae/ith, i?ae o
ae?oaiio aeine?ae?.

I?ioa, a iaio aeine?aeao ca aanue ia??iae aenoooaaiiy iane ethoea?ie
?ioaineai?noue aieiaia?aeaea/? aoea iaeaeuith a ae?oaiio aa??aio?,
oiaoi i?e canoinoaaii? iaeiie?aoii? ia?iaee aaeea, ? neeaaeaea
1.06%/aiae a ia?oiio ? 1.65 a ae?oaiio aeine?ae?.

Aieea e?aoiino? oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e ia?iaee aaeea neioaii?
ethoea?ie i?e caaio?ae? n?ia ia eiai o?i?/iee neeaae. ?acoeueoaoe,
iaea?aeai? a iieueiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo aeine?aeao, iieacothoue, ui
e?aoi?noue ia?iaee aaeea a i?ioean? caaio?ae? n?ia ethoea?ie oa iiaiaei?
oiiae a iaai?e i??? aieeaathoue ia eiai ye?noue oa ai?no iiaeeaieo
?a/iaei a iueiio (oaae. 7).

Oaaeeoey 7

O?i?/iee neeaae n?ia ethoea?ie

Aa??aio oa e?aoi?noue

ia?ia?oeo aaeeaNooa

?a/iaeia, a/eaI?noeoueny a noo?e ?a/iaei?,
%i?ioa?ioaee?oee?oei-aeiecieeAA?Ia?oee aeine?aeAeo?aeia
iana235.415.613.2034.077.0540.071- aac
ia?iaee807.813.431.5239.896.8738.292-
iaeiie?aoia845.514.812.0535.956.3540.843-
aeaie?aoia854.613.691.8040.236.5637.724-
o?ee?aoia857.413.651.6538.926.7239.06Ae?oaee aeine?aeAeo?aeia
iana209.916.573.3527.487.2145.391- aac
ia?iaee837.413.842.0533.747.043.372-
iaeiie?aoia828.215.712.6630.387.4643.793-
aeaie?aoia829.615.062.6130.557.6244.16

sse aeaeii c iaaaaeaieo aeaieo, ia?aaaaa ae?oaiai aeine?aeiiai aa??aioo
i?e caaio?ae? n?ia c iaeiie?aoiith ia?iaeith aaeea iaae ?ioeie
aa??aioaie i?inoaaeo?oueny ca an?ia iniiaieie iieacieeaie ye?niiai
neeaaeo.

Cieaeaiiy ai?noo i?ioa?io ? c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? ee?oeiaeie a i?ioean?
noo?iiy ethoea?ie a?aeaoaaeiny ia eeoa ca ?aooiie a?io?i?/ieo i?ioean?a,
ye? i?io?eathoue i?e aenoooaaii? caeaii? iane, a e ca ?aooiie ao?ao
eenoy, a yeiio ai?no i?ioa?io cia/ii aeuee, a ee?oeiaeie – ieae/ee, i?ae
a noaaeao ?ineei. N?ii ??cieo aa??aio?a a?ae??ciyeiny oaeiae ? ca
ai?noii ea?ioeio, eaeueoe?th ? oinoi?o.

Oaeei /eiii, ca an?ia iieacieeaie ai?noo iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei e?auith
aeyaeeanue oaoiieia?y caaio?ae? n?ia ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaeiie?aoii?
ia?iaee aaeea ia aeiao, yea a?aeiia?aea? ae?oaiio aeine?aeiiio aa??aioo.

Ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei n?ia ethoea?ie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacaee, ui ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei n?ia ethoea?ie a cia/i?e
i??? caeaaeeoue a?ae e?aoiino? ia?iaee aaeea a ia??iae eiai aenoooaaiiy
(oaae. 8).

Iiaeeai? ?a/iaeie n?ia ethoea?ie ae?oaiai, o?aoueiai ? /aoaa?oiai
aa??aio?a caaio?ae? ia?ao?aaethaaeeny a?aoeyie ii??aiyii e?aua, i?ae
ia?oiai aa??aioo (aac ia?iaee).

Oaaeeoey 8

Ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei n?ia ethoea?ie, %

Iiaeeaia ?a/iaeiaA?oie oaa?ei1-eiio?ieueia2-
aeine?aeia3-aeine?aeia4-aeine?aeiaNooa
?a/iaeia56.93.4264.83.4862.62.6562.41.37I?aai?/ia
?a/iaeia60.62.7366.73.5164.62.6464.12.25I?ioa?i68.61.6774.22.05**70.92.5
272.63.22Ee?oeiaeia48.31.5353.11.43**49.81.1649.51.81AEe?40.24.0161.54.3
3***51.84.8555.23.11**AA?59.12.2471.22.82**66.92.09*64.23.20

I?ei?oea: * – ? < 0.05, ** – ? < 0.01, *** – ? < 0.001 I?e oeueiio a?aei?/aii, ui iiaeeai? ?a/iaeie n?ia, caaioiaeaiiai i?e canoinoaaii? iaeiie?aoii? ia?iaee (2 aeine?aeia a?oia), ia?ao?aaethaaeenue iaee?aua. Iaea?aeaia ianooiia iiceoeaia ??cieoey a ia?ao?aaiino? a?aoeyie oe??? a?oie a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith: i?ioa?io – ia 2.6%, ee?oeiaeie – ia 4.8%, AA? – ia 12.4% (?0.01). Aaeaoe ae?oai? aeine?aeii? a?oie e?aua ia?ao?aaethaaee nooo ? i?aai?/io ?a/iaeio, a ia?ao?aai?noue aee?o o ieo aoea ia 21.3% aeua a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith (?0.001). Eiao?oe??ioe ia?ao?aaiino? iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei n?ia a?aoeyie o?aouei? ? /aoaa?oi? aeine?aeii? a?oi aoee a?aeiia?aeii aeueie a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith: nooi? ?a/iaei? – ia 5.7 ? 5.5, i?aai?/ii? ?a/iaeie – 4.0 ? 3.5, i?ioa?io – 2.3 ? 4.0, ee?oeiaeie – 1.5 ? 1.2, aee?o – 11.6 ? 12.0 ? AA? – ia 7.8 ? 5.1. Ioaea, ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei n?ia, yea a ia??iae aenoooaaiiy i?aeaeaaaee ia?iaoe? aeaa oa o?e ?ace ia aeiao, aoea aeaui ieae/ith, i?ae i?e iaeiie?aoi?e, aea aeuith a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiei aa??aioii. Oaeei /eiii, a?aei?/aia caeiiii??i?noue a i?aeaeuaii? ia?ao?aaiino? iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei n?ia ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaiiai ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaeiie?aoii? ia?iaee aaeea i?e eiai aenoooaaii?. A ca’yceo c oei, ui n?ii ethoea?ie ??cieo aeine?aeieo aa??aio?a ia? ??ci? eiao?oe??ioe ia?ao?aaiino? iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei, ie ?ic?aooaaee iiaeeai?noue eiai caeaaeii a?ae e?aoiino? ia?iaee aaeea i?e aenoooaaii? oa a ii??aiyii? c aeo?aeiith ianith (oaae. 9). Oaaeeoey 9 Iiaeeai?noue n?ia ethoea?ie Aa??aioI?noeoueny a 1 ea nooi? ?a/iaeieei?iiaeo iaeeieoeueia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io, aAA, IAeaeIA, IAeae1-e aeine?aeAeo?aeia iana0.6411519.018.9110.519218.677.9220.6011018.878.5830.519718.827.9440. 539918.718.082-e aeine?aeAeo?aeia iana0.7612318.909.4510.559418.637.9320.7411618.709.3130.6610618.658.29Ia ea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui n?ii ae?oaiai aa??aioo (iaeiie?aoia ia?iaea) a iaea?eueo?e i??? iaaeeaea?oueny ca iiaeeai?noth aei aeo?aeii? iane. Oae, ai?no ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue a 1 ea nooi? ?a/iaeie oeueiai n?ia noaiiaea 0.6, ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io – 110 a, aaeiai? aia?a?? – 18.87 IAeae ? iai?iii? aia?a?? – 8.58 IAeae a ia?oiio aeine?ae?; 0.74 ei?i.iae., 116 a ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io, 18.7 IAeae aaeiai? ? 9.31 IAeae iai?iii? aia?a?? a?aeiia?aeii a ae?oaiio aeine?ae?. Aeei?enoaiiy a?aoeyie acioo i?ioa?io n?ia ethoea?ie A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiy aaeainiaiai aeine?aeo ia a?aoeyo anoaiiaeaii, ui ?nio? caaaeueia oaiaeaioe?y aei i?aeaeuaiiy e?eueeino? acioo, yeee oo?eioaaany a o?e? oaa?ei, yeei caiaeiaoaaee n?ii ethoea?ie c canoinoaaiiyi ??cii? e?aoiino? ia?iaee aaeea (2,3,4 a?oie). I?e oeueiio aaeaoe, yeei caiaeiaoaaee n?ii, caaioiaeaia i?e iaeiie?aoi?e ia?iaoe? (2 a?oia), oo?eioaaee a o?e? acioo a?eueoa, i?ae ?o aiaeiae c ?ioeo aeine?aeieo (3, 4) oa eiio?ieueii? (1) a?oi (oaae.10). Oaaeeoey 10 Aaeain acioo o i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei IieacieeA?oia oaa?ei1- eiio?ieueia2-aeine?aeia3-aeine?aeia4-aeine?aeiaI?eeiyoi c ei?iii, a24.840.5628.000.9825.381.4326.870.74Aeae?eaii c eaeii, a7.810.587.270.767.430.967.360.5Aeae?eaii c na/ath, a9.141.357.450.498.241.39.290.12Ia?ao?aaeeiny, a17.020.1520.740.5217.950.8919.500.35Oo?eiaeiny a o?e?: a7.891.513.290.999.711.6110.220.38% a?ae i?eeiyoiai31.926.0547.463.138.646.338.041.2% a?ae ia?ao?aaeaiiai46.18.463.83.353.87.652.31.24O aaeao?a ae?oai? aeine?aeii? a?oie oo?eioaaeinue a o?e? acioo o a?aenioeao a?ae c’?aeaiiai ia 15.54%, a a?ae ia?ao?aaeaiiai ia 17.70% a?eueoa, i?ae o aaeao?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie, oa ia 8.82 ? 10% a?eueoa, i?ae o ?o aiaeia?a c o?aouei? ? ia 9.42 oa 11.5% - /aoaa?oi? a?oie. Ioaea, acio n?ia, caaioiaeaiiai i?e iaeiie?aoi?e ia?iaoe? aaeea, oo?eioaaany a o?e? aaeao?a a a?eueo?e e?eueeino?, i?ae acio n?ia ?ioeo aeine?aeieo aa??aio?a. Caiaeiaoaaiiy n?ia ethoea?ie aeine?aeieo aa??aio?a iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae. ??cia iiaeeai?noue n?ia, iaoiiaeaia ??cieie aa??aioaie oaoiieia?? eiai caaio?ae?, aeaui aieeioea ia caaaeueio iiaeeai?noue ?aoe?ii?a aoaaeoe?a, oi/a ca iaai?ii ? e?euee?noth ei?i?a aiie aoee ?aeaioe/ieie ii a?oiao oaa?ei (3 ea n?ia ethoea?ie, 1 ea nieiie ioaie/ii?, 20 ea neeino eoeo?oaecyiiai, 2,5 ea ca?iiaeo eiioeaio?ao?a, 0.7 ea iaeyne, 50 a ae?aiii?eoinoaoo ? 50 a nie? eooiiii?). Caaaeueia iiaeeai?noue ?aoe?iio i?aeaeine?aeieo aoaaeoe?a a 1 eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? noaiiaeea 8.81 ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue, 109 IAeae iai?iii? aia?a?? ? 816 a ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io, a 2 a?oi? a?aeiia?aeii – 9.26, 112 ? 912 ? a 3 a?oi? – 9.08, 109 ? 870 a a na?aaeiueiio ia 1 aieiao ca aeiao. Eiioeaio?aoe?y aia?a?? a 1 ea nooi? ?a/iaeie a ?aoe?iiao aoaaeoe?a 1, 2 oa 3-i? a?oi a?aeiia?aeii neeaaeaea 9.2, 10.1 ? 9.9 IAeae iai?iii? aia?a?? , ui a?aeiia?aea? iioeiaeueiei aeiiaai aiae?ae? iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae i?e ae?iuoaaii? ia i’yni aeey iaea?aeaiiy na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a aeeai? iane ia ??ai? 800-900 a. I?eaaaeai? ?aoe?iie oa ?o iiaeeaia oe?ii?noue caaacia/eee ??no aoaaeoe?a, aeecueeee aei ?ioaineaiiai (oaae. 11). Oaaeeoey 11 I?e?inoe aeeai? iane i?aeaeine?aeieo aoaaeoe?a ca iniiaiee ia??iae aeine?aeo A?oia oaa?eiAEeaa iana, eaI?e??no aeeai? ianeA?aeiinia oaeaee?noueia ii/aoie iniiaiiai ia??iaeoia e?iaoeue iniiaiiai ia??iaeocaaaeueiee, eana?aaeiuei-aeiaiaee, a?inoo, %1 – eiio?ieueia333,84,17436,86,07103,02,2784420,3926,72 – aeine?aeia335,04,61449,53,27114,55,5693945,7229,23 – aeine?aeia334,04,16444,05,061105,7690247,1528,3 C aeaieo oaaeeoe? 11 aeaeii, ui ia ii/aoeo aeine?aeo oaa?eie an?o o?ueio a?oi aoee iaeaea iaeiaeia? ca aeeaith ianith (??cieoey i?ae a?oiaie ia ia?aaeuoaaea 0.3%), a a e?ioe? iniiaiiai ia??iaeo aeine?aeo aoaaeoe? 2 ? 3 aein-e?aeieo a?oi iaee ii??aiyii aeuo aeeao iano, i?ae eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Oaa?eie 2 aeine?aeii? a?oie ca aeeaith ianith ia?aaaaeaee nai?o aiaeia?a c eiio?ieueii? a?oie ia 12.7 ea. ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ??aiai na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a, aoea aeuith o oaa?ei 2 aeine?aeii? a?oie – 939 a i?ioe 844 a a eiio?ieuei?e ? 902 a a o?ao?e aeine?aei?e a?oi?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui caiaeiaoaaiiy aoaaeoeyi i?e ae?iuoaaii? ?o ia i’yni n?ia ethoea?ie c a?eueo aenieith iiaeeaiith oe?ii?noth (2 ? 3 a?oie) ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith i?e?ino?a ia 11.2 ? 6.8%. Iniaeeai nooo?ai aieeioei ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue oaa?ei n?ii, caaioiaeaia c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeiie?aoii? ia?iaee aaeea. Aeo?aoe ei?io ia 1 ea i?e?inoo iane nei?i/oaaeeny a?aeiia?aeii ia 5.6% a ae?oa?e ? 3.6% a o?ao?e a?oi? oaa?ei. Ioaea, iaeaeuo i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?e ae?iuoaaii? aoaaeoe?a ia i’yni iaea?aeaii ii a?oi? oaa?ei, yeei caiaeiaoaaee n?ii ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaia c iaeiie?aoiith ia?iaeith aaeea i?e aenoooaaii? o?aae ethoea?ie ia n?ii. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo iaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoea i?ae?aoiaaia aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai aaeineiiaeaii? oaoiieia?? caaio?ae? n?ia. Aeo?aeieie iaoa??aeaie aeey ?ic?aooie?a aoee iieacieee, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ca?? n?ia oa aeo?ae iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei c 1 aa, i?e?inoe aeeai? iane i?aeaeine?aeieo aoaaeoe?a, iaea?aeai? a ?acoeueoao? caiaeiaoaaiiy n?ia ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaiiai c ??ciith e?aoi?noth ia?iaee aaeea oa aeo?aoe iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei ia 1 ea i?e?inoo. Ine?eueee a ?aoe?iiao i?aeaeine?aeieo aoaaeoe?a i?e a?aeaiae?ae? aeei?enoiaoaaeinue n?ii ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaia a ae?oaiio iieueiaiio oaoiieia?/iiio aeine?ae?, oi ? aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue eiai caaio?ae? ?ic?aoiaaia ii oeueiio ae aeine?aeo (oaae.12). Oaaeeoey 12 Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue a?aeaiae?ae? aoaaeoe?a, a ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aieiao IieacieeA?oia oaa?ei1 – eiio?ieue2 - aeine?aeia3- aeine?aeiaOaa?ei a a?oi?, aie.101010I?e??no aeeai? iane ca ia??iae aeine?aeo, ea103114.5110O?eaae?noue aeine?aeo, aei?a122122122Cao?aoe ei?i?a, ei?i.iae.107511291107Cao?aoe ei?i?a ia 1 ea i?e?inoo, ei?i.iae.10.449.8610.07Na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no, a844939902Ae?iaie/? cao?aoe, a?i.197.76196.83198.16A o. /. ia ei?ie, a?i.88.0087.5988.18Nia?aa?o?noue 1 ea i?e?inoo, a?i.1.921.721.80Nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe ei?i.iae., a?i.8.197.767.96Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo ia 1 ea i?e?inoo, a?i.0.290.490.41Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo ia 1 aieiao, a?i.29.8756.1045.1I?eaooie ia 1 oe i?e?inoo, a?i.29.049.041.0?aae?caoe?eia oe?ia 1 ea i?e?inoo, a?i.2.212.212.21?aioaaaeuei?noue, %15.128.522.8Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e caaio?ae? n?ia 2 ? 3 aa??aio?a aeo?ae ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue aoa a?eueoee ia 14.0 ? 8.1 oe/aa, i?ae a eiio?ieueiiio aa??aio?. Ca ?aooiie oeueiai i?e ii??aiyii aeueo cao?aoao a ia??iae caaio?ae? o aeacaieo aa??aioao (254.77 oa 260.34 a?i./aa), nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe ei?i.iae. a ieo aoea ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiei aa??aioii ieae/ith a?aeiia?aeii ia 2.03 oa 1.15 a?i. Iaea?aeai? na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe aeeai? iane aoaaeoe?a 2 oa 3 aeine?aeieo a?oi, yeei caiaeiaoaaee n?ii ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaia i?e iaeii- oa aeaie?aoi?e ia?iaoe? aaeea, aoee ia 95 ? 58 a a?aeiia?aeii aeueie a ii??aiyii? c aiaeiaaie eiio?ieueii? a?oie, ui iaoiiaeei ii??aiyii ieae/o nia?aa?o?noue 1 ea i?e?inoo o oaa?ei oeeo a?oi. A ?acoeueoao? iaea?aeaii aeiiii?/iee aoaeo i?e ?aae?caoe?? i’yna ia 1 aieiao 56.1 a?i. a 2-e ? 45.1 a?i. – a 3-e a?oiao i?ioe 29.87 a?i. ia 1 aieiao a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?. Ia 1 oe i?e?inoo a 2-e aeine?aei?e a?oi? iaea?aeaii i?eaooie 30 a?i., a a 3-e aeine?aei?e – 18 a?i., ui ia 23 ? 11 a?i. a?aeiia?aeii aeua, i?ae a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?. Ioaea, aeai? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeathoue i?aenoaao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui caaio?aey n?ia c iaeii- oa aeaie?aoiith ia?iaeith aaeea ? aeei?enoaiiy eiai a ?aoe?iiao iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae i?e ae?iuoaaii? ia i’yni aeiiii?/ii aei?aaaeaii. I?e oeueiio a?eueoee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo iaea?aeaii a a?oi? oaa?ei, yeei caiaeiaoaaee n?ii, caaioiaeaia ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaeiie?aoii? ia?iaee aaeea. AENIIAEE 1. Aeei?enoaiiy aaaaoioe?eueiai? ei?iicae?aeueii? iaoeie AEI-O2 c aeanoe/ieie ?iai/eie i?aaiaie i?e caaio?ae? n?ia ethoea?ie caaacia/o? i?i?iaeueio e?aoi?noue oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e ii ia?iaoe? aaeea a ia??iae iieueiaiai noo?iiy neioaii? iane oa aenieee ??aaiue caa?aaeaiiy iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei, ciaioo? aia?aaoe/i? aeo?aoe oa ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith iiaeeaii? oe?iiino? ? i?iaeoeoeaii? ae?? n?ia. I?e oeueiio iaei??th c iniiaieo ia?aaaa i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? aeaii? oaoiieia?/ii? noaie ? cieaeaiiy ao?ao eenoy a i?ioean? caaio?ae? n?ia ethoea?ie oa aeiiii?y iaeeaieo iaoa??ae?a. 2. Iieacaii, ui oaeaee?noue aieiaia?aeaea/? neioaii? o?aae ethoea?ie oa iiaeeaia oe?ii?noue n?ia o?nii iia’ycai? c ae??th niiy/ii? ?aae?aoe?? oa e?aoi?noth ia?iaee aaeea a i?ioean? aenoooaaiiy. Iaeiie?aoia ia?iaea aaeea a ia??iae iieueiaiai aenoooaaiiy o?aae ethoea?ie ca ?acoeueoaoaie ciioaoi?/ii? ? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ? iioeiaeueiith aeey iaea?aeaiiy n?ia aeniei? yeino?. 3. Canoinoaaiiy aaaaoioe?eueiai? ei?iicae?aeueii? iaoeie AEI-O2 i?e iaeiie?aoi?e ia?iaoe? aaeea a ia??iae aenoooaaiiy o?aae ethoea?ie caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy ao?ao nooeo ?a/iaei ia 2.6-4.5%, iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia o?i?/iee neeaae n?ia ? noai?th? iaee?au? oiiae aeey caa?aaeaiiy iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei oa ea?ioeio. 4. Caaio?ae? n?ia ethoea?ie c iaeiie?aoiith ia?iaeith aaeea ca?eueoo? aeo?ae ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue ia 14.0-16.4 oe ? ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io – ia 171-310 ea c iaeiiai aaeoa?a, i?e aeaie?aoi?e – a?aeiia?aeii ia 4.1-8.1 oe ? 90-120 ea ii??aiyii c oaoiieia??th aac ia?iaee aaeea. 5. I?iaaaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e a ?aaeei? iaeii-, aeai- oa o?ee?aoii? ia?iaee aaeea a i?ioean? caaio?ae? n?ia ethoea?ie ni?ey?, ii??aiyii c aa??aioii aac ia?iaee aaeea, i?aeaeuaiith ia?ao?aaiino? iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei a?aoeyie. I?e oeueiio ia?ao?aai?noue i?ioa?io c?inoa? – ia 5.6, ee?oeiaeie – 4.8, aee?o – 21.3 ? aacacioenoeo aeno?aeoeaieo ?a/iaei – ia 12.1%, ui oa?aeoa?ii aeey n?ia, caaioiaeaiiai i?e iaeiie?aoi?e ia?iaoe? aaeea. 6. Caiaeiaoaaiiy a?aoeyi n?ia ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaiiai i?e iaeiie?aoi?e ia?iaoe? aaeea, caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy oo?eiaiiy acioo a ?o o?e? ia 15.54% a?ae i?eeiyoiai c ei?iii ? ia 17.70% a?ae ia?ao?aaeaiiai ii??aiyii c aa??aioii aac ia?iaee. 7. Caaio?aey n?ia ethoea?ie c canoinoaaiiyi iaeiie?aoii? ia?iaee aaeea noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iaee?auei caa?aaeaiiyi iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei. Ca ai?noii ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue (0.6-0.74), ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io (110-116 a) oa iai?iii? aia?a?? (8.58-9.31 IAeae) a 1 ea nooi? ?a/iaeie oaea n?ii a iaea?eueo?e i??? iaaeeaea?oueny aei aeo?aeii? iane. 8. Aeei?enoaiiy n?ia ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaiiai i?e i?i?iaeuei?e e?aoiino? ia?iaee aaeea, a ?aoe?iiao aoaaeoe?a i?e ae?iuoaaii? ia i’yni a e?eueeino? 19.8% a?ae caaaeueii? iiaeeaiino?, i?aeaeuo? i?e?inoe aeeai? iane oaa?ei ia 11.2 oa cieaeo? aeo?aoe ei?io ia 1 ea i?e?inoo ia 5.6%. 9. Caaio?aey n?ia ethoea?ie c canoinoaaiiyi iaeiie?aoii? ia?iaee aaeea i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? 1 oe ei?i. iae. ia 2.03 a?i., a aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai n?ia a ?aoe?iiao iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith ??aiy ?aioaaaeueiino? i?e ae?iaieoeoa? yeiae/eie ia 12.6%. Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ae?iaieoeoao i?iiiio?oueny oaoiieia?y caaio?ae? n?ia ethoea?ie c iaeiie?aoiith ia?iaeith aaeea ? canoinoaaiiyi iiai? aaaaoioe?eueiai? ei?iicae?aeueii? iaoeie AEI-O2. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue cieceoe ao?aoe iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei a i?ioean? iieueiaiai noo?iiy ethoea?ie ia n?ii, i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue eiai aeei?enoaiiy a ?aoe?iiao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei. NIENIE ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO II OAI? AeENA?OAOe?? 1. AEo?aiei TH.?. ?ioaineai?noue aieiaia?aeaea/? oa iiaeeai?noue ethoea?iiaiai n?ia a caeaaeiino? a?ae e?aoiino? ai?oo?iiy // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue AAeNA?.– A?iieoey, 1998 – Aei. 5. – N.258-264. 2. TH?/aiei A.E., AEo?aiei TH.?. Ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei ? aaeain acioo o iaaoeue i?e caiaeiaoaaii? n?ia ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaiiai i?e ??ci?e e?aoiino? ai?oo?iiy // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue AAeNA? – A?iieoey, 1999.– Aei.6. – N. 186-192 (aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia, ia?iaea aeaieo). 3. AEo?aiei TH.?. Aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a i?e caaio?ae? n?ia oa eiai ciioaoi?/iee aiae?c // A?niee A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue .– A?ea Oea?eaa, 1999. – Aei.8. – /.2. – N. 85-88. 4. TH?/aiei A.E., Aa?ueeaaee A.Ae., AEo?aiei TH.?. Iiaeeaia oe?ii?noue n?ia ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaiiai i?e ??ci?e e?aoiino? ai?oo?iiy // Iaoeiaee a?niee Euea?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai – Euea?a, 1999. – Aei. 3, /.2. – N. 96-98 (aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia, ia?iaea aeaieo). AEo?aiei TH.?. Iiaeeaia oe?ii?noue ethoea?iiaiai n?ia caeaaeii a?ae oaoiieia?? eiai caaio?ae?. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.02.02 – aiae?aey oaa?ei ? oaoiieia?y ei?i?a. – Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aea/aiith oaoiieia?? caaio?ae? ethoea?iiaiai n?ia i?e ??ci?e e?aoiino? ia?iaee aaeea a i?ioean? iieueiaiai aenoooaaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi iiai? aaaaoioe?eueiai? ei?iicae?aeueii? iaoeie AEI-O2. Aecia/aii aeeiai?eo aieiaia?aeaea/?, ao?aoo nooeo ?a/iaei a?ae iaaeaaiiy ?iai/eie i?aaiaie iaoeie oa o?i?/iee neeaae n?ia ethoea?ie caeaaeii a?ae e?aoiino? i?iaaaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e ii ia?iaoe? aaeea a ia??iae aenoooaaiiy o?aae a iie?. Aecia/aii ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei, aaeain acioo o iaaoeue oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae i?e ae?iuoaaii? ia i’yni c aeei?enoaiiyi a ?aoe?iiao n?ia ethoea?ie, caaioiaeaiiai ca ??cieie oaoiieia?yie. I?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? caaio?ae? oa aeei?enoaiiy n?ia ethoea?ie a ?aoe?iiao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei. Oaoiieia?y caaio?ae? n?ia c iioeiaeueiith e?aoi?noth ia?iaee aaeea aaco?oueny ia caaacia/aii? aenieiai ??aiy caa?aaeaiiy iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei, ciaioaii? iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo aeo?ao, ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith iiaeeaii? oe?iiino? oa i?iaeoeoeaii? ae?? n?ia. Eeth/ia? neiaa: n?ii ethoea?ie, oaoiieia?y caaio?ae?, ia?ao?aai?noue, aaeain acioo, iiaeeaia oe?ii?noue, iieiaeiye aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae. AEo?aiei TH.E. Ieoaoaeueiay oeaiiinoue ethoea?iiaiai naia a caaeneiinoe io oaoiieiaee aai caaioiaee. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.02 – ei?ieaiea aeeaioiuo e oaoiieiaey ei?iia. – Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth oaoiieiaee caaioiaee ethoea?iiaiai naia i?e ?acee/iie e?aoiinoe ia?aaioee aaeea a i?ioeanna iieaaiai aunooeaaiey n i?eiaiaieai iiaie iiiaioeaeaaie ei?iioai?i/iie iaoeiu AEI-O2 n yeanoe/aneeie ?aai/eie i?aaiaie. Ii?aaeaeaii aeeiaieeo aeaaiioaea/e, iioa?ue nooeo aauanoa a ?acoeueoaoa iaaeaaiey ?aai/eie i?aaiaie iaoeiu eenoueaa e oeie/aneiai ninoaaa neioaiiie iannu ethoea?iu a caaeneiinoe io e?aoiinoe i?iaaaeaiey oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee ii ia?aaioea aaeea a ia?eiae a? aunooeaaiey a iiea. Eco/aiu ia?aaa?eiinoue ieoaoaeueiuo aauanoa, aaeain acioa o iaaoe e i?iaeoeoeaiinoue iieiaeiyea e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa, au?aueaaaiiai ia iyni, i?e nea?ieeaaiee naia ethoea?iu, caaioiaeaiiiai ii ?aciui oaoiieiaeyi. Naeaeaiu ?an/?ou yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe caaioiaee e eniieueciaaiey naia ethoea?iu a ?aoeeiiao naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo aeeaioiuo. Oaoiieiaey caaioiaee naia n iioeiaeueiie e?aoiinoueth ia?aaioee aaeea iniiauaaaony ia iaania/aiee aunieiai o?iaiy nio?aiiinoe ieoaoaeueiuo aauanoa, oiaiueoaiey oiieeaii-yia?aaoe/aneeo cao?ao, niinianoaoao iiauoaieth ieoaoaeueiie oeaiiinoe e i?iaeoeoeaiiai aeaenoaey naia. Eniieueciaaiea iiiaioeaeaaie ei?iioai?i/iie iaoeiu AEI-O2 i?e iaeiie?aoiie ia?aaioea aaeea a ia?eiae aunooeaaiey ethoea?iu iaania/eaaao nieaeaiea iioa?ue nooeo aauanoa ia 2,6-4,5% e iieiaeeoaeueii aeeyao ia oeie/aneee ninoaa naia. I?e yoii niaea?aeaiea i?ioaeia a i?i eeoue ia 0,81-0,86% ieaea, a eeao/aoee – ia 1,88-2,5% auoa a n?aaiaiee n niaea?aeaieai yoeo aauanoa a enoiaeiie ianna, a oi aea a?aiy a aa?eaioa aac ia?aaioee aaeea yoa ?acieoea ninoaaeea niioaaonoaaiii 2,18-2,75 e 5,82-6,26%. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?iaaaeaiea oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee a ?aaeeia iaeiie?aoiie ia?aaioee aaeea a i?ioeanna caaioiaee ethoea?iiaiai naia niinianoaoao iiauoaieth ia?aaa?eiinoe ieoaoaeueiuo aauanoa iaoeaie, a eiaiii: i?ioaeia – ia 5.6, eeao/aoee – 4.8, aee?a – 21.3 e aacacioenouo yeno?aeoeaiuo aauanoa – ia 12.1%. Nea?ieeaaiea naia ethoea?iu, caaioiaeaiiiai i?e iaeiie?aoiie ia?aaioea aaeea, iaoeai iaania/eaaao iiauoaiea oaea?aeaiey acioa a eo oaea ia 15.54% io i?eiyoiai n ei?iii e ia 12.7% io ia?aaa?aiiiai a i?aaiecia. Oaoiieiaey caaioiaee naia i?e iaeiie?aoiie ia?aaioea aaeea aea?o aiciiaeiinoue iiauneoue auoiae ei?iiauo aaeeieoe ia 14-16.4 oe e ia?aaa?eiiai i?ioaeia ia 171-130 ea n eaaeaeiai aaeoa?a, a eniieueciaaiea yoiai naia a ?aoeeiiao ?anoouaai iieiaeiyea e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa niinianoaoao iiauoaieth aai eioaineaiinoe ?inoa ia 11.2 e nieaeaieth ?anoiaea ei?iia ia 1 oe i?eaana ia 5.6%. Eeth/aaua neiaa: naii ethoea?iu, oaoiieiaey caaioiaee, ia?aaa?eiinoue, aaeain acioa, ieoaoaeueiay oeaiiinoue, iieiaeiye e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa. Zhurenko Y.I. Nutritional value of the alfalfa hay depending on the technology of its production. – Script. A thesis on obtaining the scientific degree of the candidate of agrarian sciences on speciality 06.02.02 – Feeding animals and technology of fodder. – National Agrarian University, Kyiv, 1999. The given thesis is dedicated to the study of the technology of the alfalfa hay stocking up by different times of shaft processing in the process field curing using the new many purpose fodder collecting BKM-F2 machine. The dynamics of moisture educing, dry matter losses because of the knocking down by the working parts of the machine and chemical composition of the mowed alfalfa mass depending on the times of the processing in the period of the field curing has been stated. Nutrient digestibility, nitrogen balance in sheep and young cattle performance rearing on meat when fed with the alfalfa hay prepared by the different technologies has been determined. Calculations of the economic efficiency of the laying in and using alfalfa hay in the diets of the farm animals have been carried out. Technology of the laying in alfalfa hay with the optimal times of processing is based on the providing the high level of nutrients conservation, decreasing the fuel-energy losses, it also facilitates to the increasing the nutritional value and productivity of hay. Key words: alfalfa hay, technology of laying up, digestibility, nitrogen balance, nutritional value, young cattle.

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