30

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO I?E?IA?IEIA?? ? A??ONIEIA?? ?i. Ae.E. CAAIEIOIIAI

EIAAEAIEI EMMA IEAENAIAe??AIA

OAeE 577.1+579.8

IICAEE?OEII? EAEOEIE AAEOA??E ?IAeO Bacillus

03.00.07 — i?e?ia?ieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? o?c?ieia?? i?iieneiaeo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a

?inoeoooo i?e?ia?ieia?? ? a??onieia?? ?i. Ae.E. Caaieioiiai IAI Oe?a?ie

Haoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie, aeieoi?
a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee Oe?a?ie
I?aeai?nueeee Aaeaioei Noaiaiiae/, ?inoeooo i?e?ia?ieia?? ? a??onieia??
?i. Ae.E. Caaieioiiai IAI Oe?a?ie, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ii iaooe?,
caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii o?c?ieia?? i?iieneiaeo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee Eooeee Iaenei Aeieo?iae/, A?aeae?eaiiy ?aaoeyoi?ieo nenoai
ee?oeie ?inoeoooo a?io?i?? ?i. I.A. Iaeeaae?ia IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?oaeaiei Aaea A?eoop?aia, ?icoeooo
o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oepa?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi???th
i?e?ia?ieia?? oa a??onieia??

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?aaeaanueeee TH??e Eaii?aeiae/,

?icoeooo a?ii?aai?/ii? o?i?? oa iaooio?i?? IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii no?oeoo?e oa ooieoe?? a?ee?a oa iaioeae?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo iieaeoey?ii? a?ieia?? ? aaiaoeee IAI
Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 26 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.233.01 a ?inoeooo? i?e?ia?ieia?? ?
a??onieia?? ?i. Ae.E. Caaieioiiai IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252143, i.
Ee?a, aoe. Caaieioiiai, 154.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
i?e?ia?ieia?? ? a??onieia?? ?i. Ae.E. Caaieioiiai IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 22 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe Io??o E.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Inoaii?i /anii i?aeaeuaiee ?ioa?an a/aieo
ae-eeeeathoue aoaeaaiaeca’ycoth/? a?eee – eaeoeie, ye? a?ae?a?athoue
i?ia?aeio ?ieue o i?ioeanao a?ieia?/iiai ai?ciaaaiiy, ciaoiaeyoueny a
aoaeue-ye?e a?ieia?/i?e nenoai? oa iathoue oe?ieee niaeo? a?ieia?/ii?
aeoeaiino?. Aiie caaacia/othoue aioo??- oa i?aeee?oeii? aca?iiae??,
aeyaeythoue i?oiaaii? e i?ioeiooeeii? aeanoeaino?, aenooiathoue
?ioiiiiaeoeyoi?aie ? o?eaa?aie, oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoueny a ??cieo
aaeocyo o?i??, a?ieia?? oa iaaeeoeeie. Iiaeeaeaia aea/aiiy eaeoei?a
iaiao?aeia ye aeey i?ciaiiy ?aaoeyoi?ieo iaoai?ci?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny
a aeea?e i?e?iae?, oae ? aeey aeei?enoaiiy oeeo iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieo
?a/iaei ye aoaeoeaieo iaaee/ieo cania?a. Noa?e canoinoaaiiy eaeoei?a
/anoi iaiaaeothoueny aeinooii?noth oa aa?o?noth aeaea?ae aeae?eaiiy;
aaeeeei ? oaeiae aeao?oeeo eaeoei?a c ??aee?niith aoaeaaiaeiith
niaoeeo?/i?noth, a naia: aei ooeice, n?aeiaeo oa o?iiiaeo eeneio,
ie?ainaoa?eae?a, oiui; oiio iiooe oa aeei?enoaiiy iao?aaeeoe?eieo
aeaea?ae iaea?aeaiiy i?aia?ao?a eaeoei?a c oi?eaeueiith niaoeeo?/i?noth
? aaeueie iaiao?aeiei.

Na?aae eaeoei?a ??ciiai iioiaeaeaiiy iaeiaio aea/aieie ? i?e?iai?, e
a?eueoith i??ith – aaeoa??ei? eaeoeie. Na?aae oe??? a?oie iaea?eueo
aeine?aeaeaieie ? eaeoeie, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia iiaa?oi? ee?oeie ?
aa?ooue aaciina?aaeith o/anoue o i?ioeanao aaeaac?? oa oi?ioaaiiy
i?e?iaieo anioe?aoe?e (Einaiei E.A., Eiaaeaaneay O.I., 1989; Buchanan
T.M., Pearce W.A., 1976; Kameyama N., Oishi K., 1983; Sharon N. 1984;
Wadstroem T., 1983). Iicaee?oeiia eieae?caoe?y aeyaey?oueny o iaaaeeei?
e?eueeino? aaeoa??e, a iniiaiiio, a iaoiaaiieo ooai?a, aeey yeeo oe?
iaoaaie?oe ? oaeoi?aie a??oeaioiino? i?e ??ciiiai?oieo iaoieia?/ieo
i?ioeanao oa iathoue oiene/i? aeanoeaino? (Draper R.K. et al., 1978;
Dufrene Y.F. et al., 1996; Kameyama K. et al., 1987; Richards R.L. et
al., 1979; Wadsdroem T., 1989). Aeai? uiaei eaeoei?a cai?io?oieo
aaeoa??e i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi?, oiio oey a?oia eaeoei?a noaiiaeoue
iaaecae/aeii aaaaoee iaoa??ae aeey aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ca’yceo c oeei, aeine?aeaeaiiy, ni?yiiaai? ia iiaeeaeaiee iiooe
iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a na?aae cian?i ia aea/aii? o oeueiio ieai? a?oie
i?e?ii?aai?ci?a – nii?iooai?thth/eo aa?iaieo aaeoa??e ?iaeo Bacillus,
iaea?aeaiiy eaeoei?a c? niaoeeo?/i?noth, ui ??aeei cono??/a?oueny,
aecia/aiiy ?oi?o aeanoeainoae oa aniaeo?a canoinoaaiiy, noathoue
aeooaeueieie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii ieai?a iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ?inoeoooo
i?e?ia?ieia?? ? a??onieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie (?IA), a oaeiae aaeocaaeie ?
aea?aeaaieie iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieie i?ia?aiaie: “I?ia?aia ai?ioueae c?
NI?Aeii”, “?ioiii?io?eaeoeea ianaeaiiy ia 1993-2000 ?iee”, “Caei?ia’y
ethaeeie”, “Caoeno aaiioiiaeo, oa ?ioiii? nenoaie ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie”,
“A?ioaoiieia?y”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe: anoaiiaeoe o?c?ieia?/i?
iniaeeaino? nii?iooai?thth/eo aa?iaieo aaeoa??e ?iaeo Bacillus –
ceioaoee?a iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a, aeae?eeoe oa i/enoeoe eaeoeie c?
niaoeeo?/i?noth, ui ??aeei cono??/a?oueny, aecia/eoe ?oi?
aaiaaethoeioth/?, o?ceei-o?i?/i? oa iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? aeanoeaino? oa
iiaeeea? noa?e canoinoaaiiy.

Aeoiaey/e c iaoe ?iaioe, aoei noi?ioeueiaaii oae? iniiai? caaea/?:

1. I?iaanoe iiaeeaeaiee iiooe i?iaeooeaio?a iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a
na?aae i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeo Bacillus, aeae?eaieo ?c ??cieo aeieia?/ieo
i?o.

2. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? a?ineioaco iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a o i?ioean?
?inoo aaeoa??e.

3. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee aeae?eaiiy oa i/euaiiy iicaee?oeiieo
n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a.

4. Aecia/eoe ?o aoaeaaiaeca’ycoth/? oa o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino?.

5. Onoaiiaeoe oiieo aoaeaaiaeio niaoeeo?/i?noue eaeoei?a aaoeee.

6. Aeyaeoe no?ee?noue eaeoei?a aaoeee aei ??cieo oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua.

7. Aeine?aeeoe iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? aeanoeaino? iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a
Bacillus: aino?o oiene/i?noue, i?ioeiooeeiio aeoeai?noue, ae?th ia
?ioiiaaiac, ?ioiio a?aeiia?aeue iae?ii?aai?cio oa ?ioa?oa?iiiaaiac.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. I?e aeeiiaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
iaea?aeaii iia? ?acoeueoaoe, ia iniia? yeeo aoei aia?oa:

– i?iaaaeaii ?icoe?aiee iiooe i?iaeooeaio?a iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a
na?aae nii?iooai?thth/eo aa?iaieo aaeoa??e ?iaeo Bacillus ? anoaiiaeaii
?oith caeaoi?noue neioacoaaoe oa aeae?eyoe o na?aaeiaeua ?inoo eaeoeie c
oi?eaeueiith niaoeeo?/i?noth aei n?aeiaeo oa o?iiiaeo eeneio;

– aeyaeaii iniaeeaino? a?ineioaco iicaee?oeiieo n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo
eaeoei?a nai?io?oieie aaeoa??yie, iieacaii aieea ia oeae i?ioean ??cieo
oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua; anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue i?ioeano
eaeoeiiooai?aiiy a?ae oiia ?inoo i?e ia??iaee/iiio ? aacia?a?aiiio
eoeueoeaoaaii?; cae?eniaii ni?yiiaaiee a?ineioac oeeo iaoaaie?o?a;

– iaea?aeaii i/euai? i?aia?aoe n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a, aea/aii ?oi?
aeanoeaino? oa iieacaii, ui i?aaenoaaieee ?iaeo Bacillus i?iaeoeothoue
aeaa iicaee?oeii? eaeoeie, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny i?ae niaith ca
aaiaaethoeioth/eie, aoaeaaiaeca’ycoth/eie oa o?ceei-o?i?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie;

– aecia/aii oiieo aoaeaaiaeio niaoeeo?/i?noue iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a
aaoeee o a?aeiioaii? ??cieo oei?a n?aeiaeo eeneio, ?o aoeaoeeueiaaieo
oi?i oa ca’yce?a c oa?i?iaeueieie aoaeaaiaeaie;

– onoaiiaeaii caeaoi?noue iicaee?oeiieo n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a
Bacillus /eieoe aeeoa?aioe?eiaaio oa ?ioiinoeioethth/o ae?th ia ie?ai?
aoaie ?ioiiaaiaco oa ?ioiio a?aeiia?aeue iae?ii?aai?cio, cae?enithaaoe
aea??eiaee i?ioeiooeeiiee aoaeo oa ?iaeoeoaaoe ooai?aiiy
aaia-?ioa?oa?iio.

Iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ooai?ththoue iiaee iai?yi o
i?e?ia?ieia??: aea/aiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae oa a?ieia?/ii?
aeoeaiino? iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a nai?io?oieo aaeoa??e oa aecia/aiiy
noa? ?o aeei?enoaiiy a ??cieo aaeocyo a?ieia?? oa iaaeeoeeie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Aeai? uiaei eaeoeii?iaeoeoth/i? caeaoiino?
nii?iooai?thth/eo aa?iaieo aaeoa??e ?iaeo Bacillus iathoue cia/aiiy aeey
ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue no/anii? i?e?ia?ieia??, ye: aecia/aiiy
caeaoiino? nai?io?oieo aaeoa??e ooai?thaaoe n?aeiniaoeeo?/i? eaeoeie,
ca’ycie oe??? aeanoeaino? c ooieoe?iioaaiiyi oeeo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a o
i?e?iaeieo oiiaao ? aeei?enoaiiyo ?? ye aeiaeaoeiai? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eii?
iciaee i?e ?ic?iaoe? no/anii? oaeniiii?? aaoeee.

Anoaiiaeaiiy iniaeeainoae ooai?aiiy iicaee?oeiieo aaeoa??eieo eaeoei?a
aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe ni?yiiaaiee a?ineioac oeeo a?iiie?ia??a.

?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y iaea?aeaiiy i?aia?ao?a iicaee?oeiieo
n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a nai?io?oieo aaeoa??e c ??cieie e?eoa??yie
i/euaiiy oa nooiaiai nii??aeiaiino? aei niaoeeo?/ieo aoaeaaiae?a aeey
??ciiiai?oieo iai?yie?a aeei?enoaiiy oeeo a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei.

Oi?eaeueia niaoeeo?/i?noue i/euaieo eaeoei?a aaoeee aei ??cieo oei?a
n?aeiaeo eeneio, ?o I-aoeaoeeueiaaieo oi?i oa ca’yce?a c oa?i?iaeueieie
aoaeaaiaeaie aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe oe? ?a/iaeie ye aeniei/ooeea? ?
niaoeeo?/i? aiae?oe/i? oa ae?aaiinoe/i? ?aaaaioe, ye? eiieo?othoue ca
oiieith aoaeaaiaeiith niaoeeo?/i?noth c iiiieeiiaeueieie aioeo?eaie.

3a ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue noai?aii
oiiae aeey eiino?othaaiiy ia iniia? n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a
nai?io?oieo aaeoa??e i?eioeeiiai iiaeo iaaeeeaiaioicieo i?aia?ao?a
iai?aaeaii? ae?? ye ?ioiiiiaeoethth/eo ? i?ioeiooeeiieo cania?a.

?ic?iaeaii: Eaai?aoi?iee ?aaeaiaio ia io?eiaiiy iicaee?oeiiiai
n?aeiniaoeeo?/iiai eaeoeio (ooaii B.subtilis 668 ?IA) aeey iio?aa
a?ieia??, iaaeeoeeie oa aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie oa Oaoi?/i? oiiae ia
ae?iaieoeoai g-?ioa?oa?ii?a naeiae ? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae, a yeeo ye
?iaeoeoi? ?ioa?oa?iiiaaiaco aeei?enoiao?oueny aaeoa??eiee eaeoei.

Iniaenoee aianie iiooea/a. Aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?aeay iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy
iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a nai?io?oieo aaeoa??e aeey ?icoi?iiy o?c?ieia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae ooai?aiiy oeeo a?iiie?ia??a ? i?iaaaeaiiy ea?iaaiiai
i?ioeano ?oiueiai a?ineioaco, a oaeiae c iaoith iiooeo iiaeo a?ieia?/ii
aeoeaieo ?a/iaei, ye? aiane?aeie nai?o ??ciiiai?oieo a?iaoaeoi?ieo
aeanoeainoae iiaeooue ciaeoe i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy a ??cieo aaeocyo
a?ieia?? oa iaaeeoeeie. Oey ?aeay ciaeoea eeciepeieioaeueia
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?. Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii ?
cae?eniaii eiiieaen ??ciiieaiiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aenia?eiaioaeueii?
/anoeie ?iaioe, i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ? oai?aoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaiiai
oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo, c?iaeaii aeniiaee oa ocaaaeueiaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii
iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ye? ? cia/ieie aeinyaiaiiyie a eaeoeiieia??.
Iniiaiee aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaoa??ae iaea?aeaii aaoi?ii iniaenoi oa
?acii ?c ni?a?ia?oieeaie aeine?aeieoeueei? a?oie i?ae ea??aieoeoaii
aeena?oaioa (?iae. ? eao. E.?. Aaoueiai, e.a.i. ?.A. Neiiiaiei). A
ie?aieo aeine?aeao a?aee o/anoue iaoeiaoe? ?IA: e.a.i. A.A. A’thieoeueea
? e.a.i. A.?. Eice?eoeueea (iiooe i?iaeooeaio?a iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a
aaoeee ? no?aioii?oeao?a, a?aeii-a?aeii). /e.-ei?. IAIO, ae.a.i., i?io.
?.A. Ne?eiaeue (?ic?iaea iaoiaeo aiaeaiueca’ycoth/i? oa a?ae?ioiaii?
o?iiaoia?ao??), e.a.i. N.E. Aioeaeei (aecia/aiiy iieaeoey?ii-ianiaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee), aeaae. AOIO, ae.a.i., i?io. ss.A. E?oei (aea/aiiy
?ioa?oa?iiiaaiii? aeoeaiino? eaeoei?a). Iaea?aeaiiy n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo
eaeoei?a iaoiaeii a?ae?ioiaii? o?iiaoia?ao?? aeeiiaii ni?eueii c e.a.i.
E.N. AEea?n a ?inoeooo? a?ii?aai?/ii? o?i?? ?AI, Iineaa; aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae eaeoei?a i?iaaaeaii ca o/anoth ae.i.i.,
i?io. I.?. Oa?ee?ii? oa e.a.i. ?.A. Eoae?yaoeaai? (?inoeooo oa?iaeieia??
oa oieneeieia?? AIIO).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? oa iaoeia?
?acoeueoaoe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia VII c’?cae? Ananithciiai
i?e?ia?ieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa (Aeia-Aoa, 1985), 10th Congress of the
Hungarian society of microbiology (Szeged, Hungary, 1987), I
Panioae?eainueei? eiioa?aioe?? “Eco/aiea e i?eiaiaiea eaeoeiia”
(Oaee?i-Oa?oo, 1988), VII ? VIII c’?caeao Oe?a?inueeiai
i?e?ia?ieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa (*a?i?aoe?, 1989; Iaeana, 1993), VII
International Congress of Virology (Berlin, 1990), Ananithcii?
eiioa?aioe?? “Nia?aiaiiua aniaeou i?eiaiaiey eioa?oa?iiia e ae?oaeo
eiioiiiiaeoeyoi?ia” (Iineaa, 1990). Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??
“Aeooaeueiua aii?inu iee?iaeieiaee, yieaeaieieiaee e eiioiieiaee
eioaeoeeiiiuo aieaciae” (Oa?ueeia, 1993); 10th (Tartu, Estony,1989),
15th (Szeged, Hungary, 1993) oa 17th (Wuerzburg, Germany, 1997)
International Lectin Conferences; 2nd International Conference “AIDS,
Cancer and Human Retroviruses” (St. Petersburg, Russia, 1997), a oaeiae
eiioa?aioe?yo, nai?ia?ao ? can?aeaiiyo a/aii? ?aaee ?IA.

Ioae?eaoe??. 3a iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 65 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o,
o oiio /ene?: 1 iiiia?ao?y, 20 ?ia?o (8 c ieo o ca?oa?aeieo aeaeaiiyo),
35 oacao a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo eiioa?aioe?e, 8 aaoi?nueeeo
na?aeioeoa ? iaoaio?a ia aeiaoiaee (ia 3 ?c ieo iaea?aeaii iiceoeai?
??oaiiy) ? 1 ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueea i?iiiceoe?y. ?ic?iaeaia oaoi?/ia
aeieoiaioaoe?y: “Eaai?aoi?iue ?aaeaiaio ia i?iecaiaenoai aiaeeaoi/iiai
neaeiniaoeeoe/iiai eaeoeia iee?ii?aaiecia Bacillus subtilis ooaii 668
EIB” ? Oaoi?/i? oiiae: “Aaiia-aiaeoa?ii” ? “Aaiia-noeoa?ii”.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia a iaeiiio oii? ?
i?noeoue anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e (3 ?icae?ee), iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue (5
?icae?e?a), iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a ? aeniiaee, nienie e?oa?aoo?e (311
aeaea?ae) oa aeoaeaoie. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 292 noi??ieao, ?ethno?iaaia
53 oaaeeoeyie oa 41 ?enoieii.

IAOA??AEE OA IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiue aoee nii?iooai?thth/? aa?iai? aaeoa??? ?iaeo
Bacillus: A.subtilis 316I – ooai naeaeoe?eiaaiee a ?IA ? aeaiiiiaaiee a
Oeaio?aeueiiio ioca? i?iieneiaeo eoeueoo? i?e?ii?aai?ci?a ca ? OeIE
2466; aea? eoeueoo?e B.mucilaginosus spp. – iaea?aeai? c ?inoeoooo
i?ia?aeueieo ?ano?n?a (N?ioa?iiieue) oa Ananithciiai ?inoeoooo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?e?ia?ieia?? (Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a); 306 eoeueoo?
aaoeee – c iocath a?aeae?eo aioea?ioee?a ?IA; ooai B.subtilis 668 ?MB
aeaiiiiaaiee a Aeaiiceoa??? ?MA ca ? A-7014.

Eoeueoeaoaaiiy aaeoa??e cae?enithaaee ia??iaee/iei niiniaii ia ea/aeeao
(n-160 ia/oa) a eieaao A?eaiiaea?a c ia’?iii 100 ie oa aacia?a?aiei
caniaii o oa?iaioa?ao oeio “Aieoi” (?iai/ee ia’?i 3 e, aeo?aoa iia?o?y
ia aa?aoe?th 0,5 e/e/oa). Aeo?aeieie aoee: na?aaeiaeua 25 aeey
B.subtilis 316I (Aane?aithe A.O. oa ?io?, 1977); ae?iuoaaiiy
B.mucilaginosus spp. i?iaiaeeee ia na?aaeiaeu? c? neeaaeii, a/e:
aetheica – 0,9; MgSO4·7H2O – 1,3; Na2HPO4 – 0,7; KNO3 – 0,9; FeCl3 –
0,05; ?io? ooaie aaoeee ae?iuoaaee ia na?aaeiaeu? Aaoca (Eiaaeaiei Y.A.
e ae?., 1987). Aeine?aei? na?aaeiaeua i?noeee iaeei c iioeiaeueieo aeey
iaeiie/aiiy eaeoei?a aoaeaaiae: na?aaeiaeua 25 – iaeueoico, aaeaeoico oa
?aiiico. na?aaeiaeua Aaoca – aaeaeoico, eaeoico, o?oeoico ? eneeico.
Eoeueoo?e ae?iuoaaee i?e 30, 37 oa 42°N.

Aaeoa??ei? ee?oeie a?aeae?eyee oeaio?eooaoaaiiyi i?e 5000-6000 g ia
i?ioyc? 20 oa. Eoeueoo?aeueiee o?eueo?ao aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey
iaea?aeaiiy eaeoei?a, a ee?oeie – aeey aecia/aiiy e?eueeino? a?iiane
aaaiaei iaoiaeii ? ?ic?aooieo cia/aiue ieoiii? oaeaeeino? ?inoo ?
ieoiii? oaeaeeino? ooai?aiiy eaeoei?a (Ia?o, 1987).

I?aia?aoe eaeoei?a iaea?aeoaaee c eoeueoo?aeueiiai o?eueo?aoo
inaaeaeoaaiiyi aoaiieii (2 ia’?iaie), aoeaoiiii (2 ia’?iaie) aai
aeniethaaiiyi n??/aiieeneei aiii??i o a?aae??io? iane/aiiy a?ae 0 aei 80
%.

Aeey i/euaiiy eaeoei?a aeei?enoiaoaaee ??ci? iaoiaee: ao?iio
o?iiaoia?ao?th ia iooeei-naoa?ic? 4A o caaooa?aiiio o?c?ieia?/iiio
?ic/ei? (CO?), ?I 7,3; eaeoei-ao?iio o?iiaoia?ao?th ia eiieaiaaae?i
A-aetheicee-noa?ii? a CO? c ianooiiith aethoe??th a-iaoee-D-aetheiceaeii
a eiioeaio?aoe?? a?ae 10 aei 100 iI; ?iiiiai?iio o?iiaoia?ao?th ia AeAAA
– oeaetheic? o oinoaoiiio aooa??, ?I 8,0; aaeue-o?iiaoia?ao?th ia
naoaaeaen? G-50 a CO? oa naoa?icao CL-6A, 6A ? 4A a o?en-IN? aooa?? c
0,1I NaN?, ?H 8,2; aiaeaiueca’ycoth/o ? a?ae?ioiaio o?iiaoia?ao?th ia
aaeyo oeio “OSE Gel Toyo?arl” ia?ee HW-40; HW-55 ? HW-60 a o?en-IN?
aooa??, ?I 8,0; ?ciaeaeo?ioieonoaaiiy a ai?ao-iie?ieuei?e nenoai? a
a?aae??io? ?I 2,0-9,5.

Aaiaaethoeioth/? aeanoeaino? eaeoei?a ia?aa??yee ia iaoeaieo ?
ia?iaeaieo oa?iaioaie ??cieo oei?a a?eo?ioeeoao: e?iey, ieo?,
aa?iaenueei? naeiee ? ethaeeie. Iayai?noue aaiaaethoeioth/i? (AAA) aai
eaeoeiiai? (EA) aeoeaiino? aecia/aee ?aaeoe??th aaiaaethoeoe?? (?AA) ?
ae?aaeaee ye oeo?-1 ?AA aai lg2 oeo?a-1?AA; ieoiio eaeoeiiao aeoeai?noue
(EAieo) – ye oeo?-1 PAA ia 1 ia a?eea a 1 ie (AAI) eoeueoo?aeueii?
??aeeie/i?aia?aoo (Eooeee I.Ae. oa ?i., 1980). Aoaeaaiaeca’ycoth/o
caeaoi?noue aeine?aeaeoaaee ?aaeoe??th ?ia?aoaaiiy aaiaaethoeiaoe??,
aeey /iai aeei?enoiaoaaee 73 aoaeaaiaea oa aoaeaaiaeai?nieo iie?ia?a.

Aeey aeyaeaiiy no?eeino? eaeoei?a aei ??cieo oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua noaaeee ?AA c o?eineieciaaieie oa ia?iaeaieie aeooa?iaei
aeueaeaa?aeii a?eo?ioeeoaie e?iey a ??cieo aooa?ieo nenoaiao i?e ?I a?ae
2,8 aei 10,0 a i?enooiino? aai a?aenooiino? AAeOA ? Na2+; i?e aecia/aii?
oa?iinoaa?eueiino? eaeoeie ?ieoaoaaee ia aiaeyi?e aai? i?e oaiia?aoo??
a?ae 40 aei 100°N ia i?ioyc? 5-20 oa.

E?euee?noue a?ee?a aecia/aee c aeei?enoaiiyi ?aaeoeao Oie?ia (Lowry O.H.
et al., 1951), iaoiaeii Bradford M.M. (1976) aai aaciina?aaeiuei ia
aeaeo?ioioiiao?? NO-26 i?e 280 ii; ai?no ai?iieeneio aea/aee ia
aiae?caoi?? ai?iieeneio ELA.

3aaaeuei? aoaeaaiaee aeine?aeaeoaaee ?aaeoe??th c oaiieii ? n??/aiith
eeneioith (Dubois M. et al., 1956); ye?niee iiiinaoa?eaeiee neeaae
aiae?coaaee iaoiaeii aaci??aeeiii? o?iiaoia?ao?? ia o?iiaoia?ao?
“Nrom-5” (Albershein P. et al., 1976).

Caaaeueio i?ioaie?oe/io aeoeai?noue aecia/aee c aeei?enoaiiyi eaca?io ye
noano?aoo (Aiiaea?/oe A.A., Aaeeoeeee A.TH., 1982).

Iieaeoey?io iano eaeoei?a aea/aee iaoiaeaie aaeue-o?eueo?aoe?? ia
naoa?ic? 6A (Andrews P., 1965) ? iaoiaeii oeueo?aoeaio?eooaoaaiiy.
A?ae?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee eaeoei?a aiae?coaaee ca iaoiaeii
oaeaee?nii? naaeeiaioaoe?? ia aiae?oe/ieo oeaio?eooaao III-31~70A oa
Spinko E; iieaeoey?ii-ianiaee ?iciiae?e i?iaiaeeee ia i?aia?aoeaieo
oeueo?aoeaio?eooaao AC-601, K-32 ? “Aan” L-6 (Booeaeei N.E. e ae?.,
1992).

Aeaeo?ioi?aoe/iee ?iciiae?e eaeoei?a i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeii
aeene-aeaeo?ioi?aco a 10 %-iiio iie?ae??eai?aeiiio aae? ia i?eeaae?
“Reanal” a i?enooiino? 0,1 % aeiaeaoeeenoeueoaoo iao??th.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aino?i? oiene/iino? eaeoei?a aeei?enoiaoaaee
aeni?an-iaoiae I?ici?ianueeiai A.A. (1978), i?ioeiooeeiii? aeoeaiino? –
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? Iieieia?/iiai oeaio?o AII ?in??, ?ioiio?iiieo
aeanoeainoae – noaio aenia?eiaio?a, cai?iiiiiaaieo Iao?iaei ?.A. ?
Oa?oiaei ?.I. (1972, 1974, 1976).

?ioa?oa?iiiaaii? aeanoeaino? eaeoei?a aea/aee in vitro ia nieaiioeeoao
ieo, naeiae oa aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae; a aeine?aeao in viro eaeoeie
aaiaeeee ieoai aioo??oiueii’yciai; oei ?ioa?oa?iio aecia/aee ca eiai
/ooeea?noth aei oaiia?aoo?e oa eeneioino?eeino? (Kirhner H. et al.,
1982)

Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo i?iaiaeeee ca
ia?aiao?e/ieie e?eoa??yie ii?iaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo aa??aio (Aicianaineee
A.E., 1969; O?aao A.TH.,1975); noaoenoe/i? iieacieee: na?aaei?
a?eoiaoe/ia, na?aaeiy eaaae?aoe/ia iioeaea, noaiaea?oia iioeaea oa
aeia??/ee ?ioa?aae i?e ??aiyii? cia/eiino? 0,05 iaaaaeaii a oaaeeoeyo ?
a?aoiaaii i?e aeeiiaii? ?enoie?a.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

Iaoai?ci a?ineioaco iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a Bacillus

Iiooe i?iaeooeaio?a iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a. I?e iino?eiiio ?icoe?aii?
noa? canoinoaaiiy eaeoei?a iio?aaa a oeeo ?a/iaeiao iaci?iii c?inoa?, ?
iiooe iiaeo iao?aaeeoe?eieo aeaea?ae ne?iaeie oa iaea?aeaiiy i?aia?ao?a
c ??ciiiai?oiith niaoeeo?/i?noth ? a?ieia?/iith aeoeai?noth ? aaeueie
aeooaeueieie caaea/aie. Iaie aoa i?iaaaeaiee iiia?aaei?e iiooe
iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a na?aae ??cieo a?oi i?e?ii?aai?ci?a:
no?aioii?oeao?a (Aaeaao?iaa A.A. e ae?., 1994), iiei/ii-eeneeo, ei??ia-
? iiea?ae?iiiae?aieo aaeoa??e, ae??aeaeae?a oa aaoeee (Iiaeai?neee A.N.
e ae?., 1992), anueiai aoei aeine?aeaeaii a?ey 750 eoeueoo?. Iaea?eueoa
e?euee?noue eaeoeineioacoth/eo eoeueoo? aoea aeyaeaia a inoaii?e a?oi?
aaeoa??e. Iiaeeaeaiee iiooe i?iaeooeaio?a iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a na?aae
309 aaeoa??eieo eoeueoo?, ye? iaeaaeaoue aei 15 aeae?a aaoeee,
?cieueiaaieo ?c ??cieo aeieia?/ieo i?o, aeicaieeee aeyaeoe a?ey 30 %
ooai?a, caeaoieo neioacoaaoe oe? ?a/iaeie (oaae. 1, 2).

Oaaeeoey 1

Neioac iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a Bacillus

AeaeE?euee?noue
ooai?aaea/aieoeaeoeii?iaeoeoth/eoB.subtilis22365A.licheniformis257B.cere
us195B.pumilus131B.firmus82B.polymyxa63B.megaterium52B.mucilaginosus22B.
coagulans21B.thuringiensis11B.brevis10B.laterosporus10B.macerans10B.mese
ntericus Flage10B.sphaericus10ANUeIAI30989

Oaaeeoey 2

Caeaoi?noue aei i?iaeoeoaaiiy iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a
nii?iooai?thth/eieaa?iaieie aaeoa??yie, ?cieueiaaieie c ??cieo
eeoeia?/iex i?o

Aeaea?aeiaeae?eaiiyE-oue

aeine?aeaeaieoooai?aAeoeai?noueAaiie?oe/iaAaiaaethoeioth/aE-oue
ooai?aOeo?–1E-oue ooai?aOeo?–1 ?AAI?aai?ci ethaeeie: a.
oeoieiai-eeoeiaee o?aeo a. e?ia

21

5

13

3

8-32

8-32

3

0

2-4

0I?aai?ci oaa?ei

(oeoieiai-eeoeiaee o?aeo):

a. n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo

a. eaai?aoi?ieo

65

16

19

0

2-256

0

10

0

2-4

0A?oio43108-25612E?eoaaeuei? a?yc?109398-256162Aon?iue
oiaeii?yaeo17216-32216O?eiieaia yaeoi?1418-1600Iocaei?
eoeueoo?e1924-800ANUeIAI:3098932

O a?eueo?e i??? aoee aeine?aeaeai? ooaie Bacillus subtilis, ye? cia/ii
/ano?oa, i?ae an? inoaii?, aeae?eyeenue ?c oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo
ethaeeie ? oaa?ei oa ?ioeo aeaea?ae; a?ey o?aoeie c ieo aoee
i?iaeooeaioaie iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a. Na?aae ?ioeo aeae?a
eaeoeii?iaeoeoth/? eoeueoo?e aoee aeyaeai? a B.licheniformis, B.cereus,
B.polymyxa, B.megaterium, B.mucilaginosus, B.coagulans, B.firmus,
B.pumilus. A ie?aieo ooaiao, ye? iaeaaeaoue aei aeae?a, ui ??aeei
cono??/athoueny, oey caeaoi?noue iiee ia aoea aecia/aia. Iaea?eueo
aeoeaieie aoee ooaie, ?cieueiaai? a?ae ethaeae (63 %),
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei (29 %), e?eoaaeueieo a?ycae (36 %) ?
a?oioo (20 %). Eaeoeiiaa aeoeai?noue aoea aeyaeaia naia o oeo aeae?a
Bacillus, ye? aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo i?e?ia?ioeaiico ethaeeie ? oaa?ei, a
oaeiae n?ia?ioe/ieo anioe?aoe?e a?oioo, ui iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i iiaeeeao
?ieue iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a o ?yae? ooieoe?e i?e?ii?aai?ci?a, ye?
iaoiiaeththoueny ii?iaeueiith i?e?ioei?ith: aeinoaaoe? iiaeeaieo
?a/iaei, iaeo?ae?caoe?? oienei?a, caoenoo a?ae iaoiaai?a oiui.

Aeey iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee a?ae?a?ai? iaea?eueo aeoeai?
nai?io?oi? eoeueoo?e aaoeee, ye? noi?iaiaeaeothoue ethaeeio oa oaa?ei ia
i?ioyc? anueiai aeeooy, ? i?aai?ci aaeaioiaaiee ia o?eueee aei oe?e?nieo
ee?oei, aea e aei ?o iaoaaie?o?a, iaeieie c yeeo ? iicaee?oeii? eaeoeie,
/ey iaoe?aeeea?noue aeey ethaeeie ? oaa?ei ? ?oiueith i?e?iaeiith
aeanoea?noth.

Aeeiai?ea ooai?aiiy iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a. O e?oa?aoo?? ? aeinoaoiuei
aeaieo uiaei aoaeaaiaeca’ycoth/eo aeanoeainoae iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a
aaeoa??e, cono??/athoueny a?aeiiino? uiaei ?o o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee, aea aea/aiith o?c?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ooai?aiiy
eaeoei?a i?enay/ai? iaeeie/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy (Eiaaeaiei Y.A., 1990;
Iiaeai?neee A.N. e ae?., 1992). Aea/aiiy oeeo i?ioean?a iaaecae/aeii
aaaeeeaa aeey ?icoi?iiy ?ie? iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a o iaoaaie?ci?
aaeoa??e.

I?e aea/aii? o?c?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ?inoo nai?io?oieo ooai?a aaoeee
? a?ineioaco ieie iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui aeeiai?ea
i?iyaeaiiy eaeoeiiai? aeoeaiino? oa ?? ??aaiue ? o?eaae?noue aoee
?iaeea?aeoaeueieie aeey eiaeiiai ooaio (?en. 1). Aeey aeayeeo eoeueoo?
ia i?ioyc? oaeiai ae /ano ae?iuoaaiiy aoea anoaiiaeaia caeaoi?noue aei
ooai?thaaiiy aeaio ??ai?a i?aeaeuaiiy oa cieaeaiiy eaeoeiiai? aeoeaiino?
a eoeueoo?aeuei?e ??aeei? (?en. 1, 2.A). Ia?oee, iaeneiaeueiee aeno?aioi
aeoeaiino?, aoa a?aei?/aiee o oac? aaeueioaaiiy ?inoo ee?oei
(iai?ee?ioe? eia-oace); ae?oaee, iaio aeoeaiee – o oac? a?aeie?aiiy
ee?oei (?en. 2).

?en. 1. Aeeiai?ea aeyaeaiiy eaeoeiiai? aeoeaiino? a eoeueoo?aeuei?e
??aeei? i?aaenoaaiee?a Bacillus ia na?aaeiaeu? Aaoca; eoeueoo?e: 1 –
B.polymyxa 102 EAeO, 2 – B.subtilis 668 ?IA, 3 – B.subtilis 684 ?IA, 4 –
B.cereus, 5 – B.subtilis 605 ?IA, 6 – B.subtilis 685 ?IA.

?en. 2. Aeeiai?ea aeyaeaiiy eaeoeiiai? (AAA) ? i?ioaie?oe/ii? (IA)
aeoeaiinoae a eoeueoo?aeuei?e ??aeei? B.subtilis 316I c aaoie?caoii ?c
oe?aiiaea?ieo (A) aai ieaieo (A) ae??aeaeae?a: 1 – a?iianna (ANA), 2 –
AAA, 3 – IA.

Cieaeaiiy eaeoeiiai? aeoeaiino? a ?aii?e noaoe?iia?i?e oac? ?inoo,
iiaeeeai, iiynith?thoueny ca’ycoaaiiyi iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a
aoaeaaiaeieo ?aoeaioi??a ?oi?o aeanieo ee?oei, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
i?e?ineii?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie eoeueoo?, /a?ac oa ui naia a oeae
ia??iae a?aei?/a?oueny aa?aaaoe?y ee?oei a ?acoeueoao? aaethoeiaoe??,
yea aecaaia i?enooi?noth eaeoei?a o na?aaeiaeu? ?inoo. Iiaoi?ia
i?aeaeuaiiy eaeoeiiai? aeoeaiino? a eoeueoo?aeuei?e ??aeei? ni?e/eiaii
ia aeoeaiith nae?aoe??th eaeoei?a, a aeoiaeii o na?aaeiaeua
aioo??ee?oeiieo eaeoei?a ca ?aooiie aaoie?ca ee?oei ? i?ioeano
ni?iooai?aiiy, yeee i?ioiaeeoue o oeae /an ?inoo eoeueoo?.

Aeinoia??ii anoaiiaeaiee iaie oaeo iaeneiaeueiiai neioaco iicaee?oeiieo
eaeoei?a aaoeee naia iai?ee?ioe? eia-oace ?inoo ee?oei na?ae/eoue i?i
oa, ui oe? iaoaaie?oe ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye aoi?eii?, o ca’yceo c /ei
iiaeaeueoa ?iaioa iio?aaoaaea ??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue, ye: i?iaaaeaiiy
?aaoeyoe?? i?ioeano eaeoeiiooai?thaaiiy, iaea?aeaiiy aeoeaieo i?aia?ao?a
eaeoei?a aaoeee, aea/aiiy ?o aeanoeainoae ? iiaeeeainoae canoinoaaiiy.

Aieea oaiia?aoo?e eoeueoeaoaaiiy ia a?ineioac eaeoei?a. Ia caeaoi?noue
aaeoa??eieo eoeueoo? aei neioaco aoi?eiieo iaoaaie?o?a, o oiio /ene? e
eaeoei?a, nooo?ai aieeaathoue ??ci? oaeoi?e ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ?
ianaiia?aae oaiia?aoo?a ae?iuoaaiiy (Old D.C. et al., 1985). I?e
eoeueoeaoaaii? aeine?aeaeoaaieo ooai?a aaoeee i?e 30, 37 oa 42°N aoei
anoaiiaeaii, ui oaiia?aoo?a /eieoue ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee aoaeo ia ?o
eaeoeineioacoth/o caeaoi?noue ? o an?o aeiaaeeao caeaaeii a?ae
oaiia?aoo?e ci?ith?oueny e?euee?niee ai?no eaeoei?a o na?aaeiaeu? ?inoo.
Iioeiaeueiith oaiia?aoo?ith aeey ?inoo i?iaeooeaio?a ? a?ineioaco ieie
iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a ? oaiia?aoo?a 37°N, i?e ye?e a?aei?/a?oueny
aeaioaciee oa?aeoa? iaeiie/aiiy eaeoeiiai? aeoeaiino? a eoeueoo?aeuei?e
??aeei?.

Caeaaei?noue eaeoeii?iaeoeoth/i? caeaoiino? aaeoa??e a?ae eiiiiiaio?a
iiaeeaiiai na?aaeiaeua. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aeeiai?ee ooai?thaaiiy
iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a aaoeee aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ioean
eaeoeiooai?aiiy o?nii iia’ycaiee c ?inoii eoeueoo? oa ?o ooieoe??th. O
ca’yceo c oeei eiiiiiaioe iiaeeaiiai na?aaeiaeua, ye? aeoeaii
aieeaathoue ia ??no aaeoa??e, iiaeooue /eieoe ae?th ? ia neioac
eaeoei?a.

Aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo a?inoeioeyoi??a, iai?eeeaae o aeiaaeeo B.subtilis
316I, cai?ia aaoie?caoo c oe?aiiaea?ieo ae??aeae?a ia aaoie?cao c ieaieo
ae??aeaeae?a aeicaiey? ?ioaineo?eoaaoe aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue aaeoa??e
(oaeaee?noue ?inoo, ANA), aeyaeoe ae?oaee aeno?aioi aeoeaiino? ? cia/ii
nei?ioeoe /an aeoiaeo eaeoei?a o na?aaeiaeua ?inoo, ui ? aeoaea
aaaeeeaei aeey nooo?aiai caeaoaaeaiiy i?ioeano iaea?aeaiiy eaeoei?a
(?en. 2).

Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey a?ineioaco iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a iaaecae/aeii
aaaeeea? eiioeaio?aoe?y ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeaea?ae aoaeaoeth oa acioo a
na?aaeiaeu?. Oae, i?e ae?iuoaaii? B.mucilaginosus sp. ia na?aaeiaeu? c
aetheicith (aeaea?aei aoaeaoeth) ? ENI3 (aeaea?aei acioo) o
ni?aa?aeiioaii? 1:1 niinoa??aa?oueny ooai?aiiy eaeoei?a a?eueii? ?
ca’ycaii? oi?i, yea cae?i/o?oueny aei e?ioey ia?oi? aeiae (?en. 3). I?e
eoeueoeaoaaii? oeueiai ae ooaio ia na?aaeiaeuao ?c i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii
aetheice a?aecia/a?oueny iaaia ia??iaee/i?noue iaeiie/aiiy eaeoei?a ia
i?ioyc? 12 ae?a! Oaeiai yaeua aei oeueiai /ano ia aoei ca?a?no?iaaii o
aeiaeieo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a, aea iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/eoue i?i oa,
ui i?ioean eaeoeiooai?aiiy iiaea aooe ea?iaaiei.

?en. 3. A?ineioac eaeoei?a B.mucilaginosus sp.; eaeoeiiaa aeoeai?noue: 1
– ia ee?oeiao, 2 – a eoeueoo?aeuei?e ??aeei?; 3– a?iiana (ANA);
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy acioo ? aoaeaaiaeo a na?aaeiaeu? = 1:1; oaiia?aoo?a
ae?iuoaaiiy 28-30°N.

I?e aea/aii? aieeao ??cieo aoaeaaiae?a ia eaeoeiiao aeoeai?noue
eoeueoo?aeueii? ??aeeie i?iaeooeaio?a anoaiiaeaii, ui aiia iino?eii
aecia/a?oueny o?eueee i?e iayaiino? o na?aaeiaeu? aetheice, aaeaeoice, a
oaeiae ?o aeenaoa?eae?a: eaeoice ? a iaio?e i??? iaeueoice. ?io?
aeine?aeaeoaai? aoaeaaiaee iaee ?iaeea?aeoaeueio ae?th ia oeae i?ioean,
a ?ao?iica eiai ?ia?aoaaea (oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 3

Aieea aeaea?ae aoaeaoeth ia ooai?aiiyiicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a
i?aaenoaaieeaie Bacillus

AoaeaaiaeeOoaieB.subtilisB.cereusB.polymyxa102 EAeO316 M605 ?IA668
?IA684 ?IA685 ?IAaetheica+ + + ++ + + ++ + + ++ + +++ + ++ + +
+aaeaeoica+ + ++ + ++ + + ++ + + ++ + ++ + + ++ + + +o?oeoica–+ + +–––+
+ + +–?aiiica+ + +–––––+iaiiica–––––+–eneeica+——+ + + +a?aa?iica+
+——+naoa?ica–+++++–eaeoica–+ + + ++ + + ++ + + +++ + + ++ + +
+iaeueoica+ + ++++++ ++ +?aoo?iica–––––––

I?ei?oea: “+” – iayai?noue, “–” – a?aenooi?noue aaiaaethoeioth/i?
aeoeaiino?; i?aee?aneai? aoaeaaiaee (ooo ? iaaeae?) – iniiaia aeaea?aei
aoaeaaiaeo a eiio?ieueieo na?aaeiaeuao aeey eiaeiiai ooaio.

Aeyaeaiiy aeaio aeno?aioi?a aeoeaiino? a eoeueoo?aeuei?e ??aeei? aaoeee
iinoaaeei ieoaiiy uiaei iiaeeeaino? i?iaeoeoaaiiy ieie aeaio eaeoei?a o
??ci? oace ?inoo, yea iiaeia aoei ae??oeoe o?eueee i?e ii??aiyii? ?o
aoaeaaiaeca’ycoth/eo aeanoeainoae. Aeei?enoaiiy a?eueo, i?ae 70 iiii-,
aee- ? o?enaoa?eae?a aeey ?aaeoe?? ?ia?aoaaiiy aaiaaethoeiaoe??
iieacaei, ui aeey an?o eaeoei?a, iacaeaaeii a?ae oace ?inoo oa
i?enooiino? oiai /e ?ioiai aoaeaaiaeo o na?aaeiaeu?, oa?aeoa?ia
nii??aeiai?noue aei N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iiai? oa D-aetheo?iiiai? eeneio,
o?oeoici-1,6-aeeoinoaoo, iaio ai?iinaoa??a. Caeaoi?noue aeine?aeaeoaaieo
eaeoei?a ca’ycoaaoe aeaye? ?io? naoa?a (D-aaeaeoo?iiiao, oinoiaetheiiiao
oa aetheici-6-oinoi?io eeneioe) aoea ?iaeea?aeoaeueiith aeey eiaeii?
eoeueoo?e (oaae. 4).

Oaaeeoey 4

I?i?iaeuei? aeice aoaeaaiae?a, ye? ?ia?aothoue ?aaeoe?th
aaiaaethoeiaoe?? eaeoei?a,neioaciaaieo Bacillus o oac? cao?eiaiiy ?inoo
ia na?aaeiaeuao c ??cieie aoaeaaiaeaie

OoaieAoaeaaiaee a na?aaeiaeu?I?i?iaeuei? ?iaeaoth/? eiioeaio?aoe??
aoaeaaiae?a (iI)D-aaeaeoicai?iD-aetheicai?iD-aaeaeoo?iiiaa
e-oaD-aetheo?iiiaa e-oaOinoiaeth-eiiiaa
e-oaAetheici-6-oinoi?iae-oaN-aoeaoeeiae-?ai?iiaa e-oaO?oeoici

-1,6-aeeoinoaoB.subtilis 316 IIaeueoica

aetheica

aaeaeoica

?aiiica18,7

9,4

75,0

–9,4

2,3

75,0

75,0–

3,7

7,5

7,53,7

3,7

7,5

7,5–

––

–7,5

3,7

–4,7

2,3

4,7B.subtilis 605 EIAAetheica

aaeaeoica

eaeoica

o?oeoica150,0

150,0

75,0

–37,5

75,0

75,0

150,0–

–3,7

30,0

–37,5

75,0

150,037,5

37,5

75,0

37,57,5

7,5

7,5

–9,4

18,7

9,4

18,7B.subtilis 668 EIAAetheica

aaeaeoica

eaeoica9,4

9,4

18,718,7

9,4

9,4–

–1,9

0,9

0,93,7

3,7

1,918,7

18,7

9,41,9

0,9

3,718,7

2,3

9,4B.subtilis 684 EIAAetheica

aaeaeoica

eaeoica9,4

4,7

18,718,7

1,2

4,7–

–1,9

1,9

1,937,5

3,7

37,518,7

18,7

9,47,5

7,5

7,52,3

1,2

2,3B.subtilis 685 EIAAetheica

aaeaeoica

eaeoica9,4

9,4

75,02,3

2,3

9,4–

–1,9

1,9

3,737,5

37,5

150,018,7

9,4

18,715,0

15,0

15,01,2

1,2

2,3B.cereusAetheica

aaeaeoica

eaeoica

o?oeoica150,0

150,0

–18,7

18,7

18,7

18,7–

–30,0

30,0

30,0

––

––

–15,0

15,0

15,0

15,09,4

4,7

9,4

9,4B.polymyxa 102 EAOAetheica

aaeaeoica

eaeoica

eneeica150,0

75,0

150,037,5

18,7

150,0

75,03,7

1,9

7,5

3,73,7

1,9

7,5

3,7–

––

–7,5

1,9

1,9

3,70,6

0,3

1,2

0,6

oaeaaiaeca’ycoth/? aeanoeaino? eaeoei?a, ui i?iaeoeothoueny ye ia
?aii?o, oae ? i?ci?o noaae?yo ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?, i?iyaeyeenue aei
iaei??? e o??? ae a?oie aoaeaaiae?a ? aoee ?aeaioe/ieie. ??cieoey
iieyaaea o?eueee a ?ia?aoth/eo aeicao niaoeeo?/ieo aoaeaaiae?a, aei yeeo
eaeoeie ?-ai aeno?aioio aeoeaiino? i?iyaeyee a?eueo aenieee nooi?iue
nii??aeiaiino?, i?ae eaeoeie ??-ai aeno?aioio aeoeaiino?. Iaeneiaeueia
/ooeea?noue aei aoaeaaiae?a aoea aeyaeaia o eaeoei?a, neioaciaaieo ia
na?aaeiaeuao c iaeneiaeueiei ?iaeoeoi?ii ?o neioaco; oiaoi neioac
eaeoei?a c?inoa?, noa? a?eueo ni?yiiaaiei, a ?o aoaeaaiaeca’ycoth/?
aeanoeaino? i?iyaeythoueny /?oe?oa.

O aeinooii?e iai e?oa?aoo?? ie oaeeo a?aeiiinoae ia ciaeoee. Ia iaoo
aeoieo, ??cieoeth a nooiai? nii??aeiaiino? aei aoaeaaiae?a eaeoei?a,
neioaciaaieo aaeoa??yie ia na?aaeiaeuao c ??cieie aeaea?aeaie aoaeaoeth,
iiaeia iiynieoe ooai?aiiyi ??cieo ?cioi?i eaeoei?a.

Ae?y ?I na?aaeiaeua ia ooai?aiiy eaeoei?a. I?e aea/aii? aieeao ?I
na?aaeiaeua ia i?iaeoeoaaiiy eaeoei?a aoee aeei?enoai? aoaeaaiaee, ye?
cae?enithaaee iaeneiaeueiee noeioethth/ee aieea ia neioac iicaee?oeiieo
eaeoei?a aaoeeeaie; ii/aoeia? cia/aiiy ?I na?aaeiaeu eieeaaeenue a
iaaeao a?ae 5,0 aei 8,0; ?acoeueoaoe oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeai? ia pec.
4. sse i?aaeei, iioeiaeueiei aeey i?ioeano eaeoeiiooai?aiiy aoei ?I
na?aaeiaeua, yea ? iaee?auei aeey ?inoo ee?oei; iaeiae caeeneaiiyi
na?aaeiaeua aei ?I 5,0 aai caeoaeaiiyi eiai aei ?I 8,0 c iaeii/aniei
aianaiiyi ?iaeoeoth/iai oeae i?ioean aoaeaaiaeo iiaeia oaeiae i?aeaeueoe
??aaiue eaeoei?a eiie?aoii aeey eiaeiiai i?iaeooeaioa.

Oa?aeoa? ?inoo ? eaeoeiiooai?aiiy a oiiaao ia??iaee/iiai ? aacia?a?aiiai
eoeueoeaoaaiiy aaeoa???e. Ii??aiyeueia aea/aiiy ieoiii? oaeaeeino? ?inoo
aaeoa??e ? ooai?aiiy ieie eaeoei?a a?ae ii/aoeo eoeueoeaoaaiiy aei oace
a?aeie?aiiy aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe, ui o an?o aeiaaeeao noaae?y ?inoo
aaeoa??e aeia?aaeaea? noaae?th neioaco eaeoei?a (?en. 5). I?e cai?i?
iniiaiiai aeaea?aea aoaeaaiaeo a na?aaeiaeu? ia aoaeaaiae, yeee
iaeneiaeueii ?iaeoeo? neioac eaeoei?a, a?aei?/aii ca?eue-oaiiy ieoiii?
oaeaeeino? ?inoo aaeoa??e ? a a?eueo?e i??? – ieoiii? oaeaeeino? neioaco
eaeoei?a.

Iaeaeua eaeoeiiaa aeoeai?noue eoeueoo?aeueii? ??aeeie aoea a?aecia/aia o
oac? cao?eiaiiy ?inoo aaeoa??e, ui noaei iniiaith aeey aeei?enoaiiy
iaoiaeo oaiinoaoiiai eoeueoeaoaaiiy a oe?ieiio ?iciiae?e? ?icaaaeaiiy
na?aaeiaeu. Aacia?a?aia eoeueoeaoaaiiy i?e i?ae?a?aieo oiiaao aeicaieeei
i?aeaeueoe aaiaaethoeioth/o aeoeai?noue a na?aaeiaeu? a 4-16 ?ac?a ?
ciaioeoe ?oith caeaoi?noue aei a?ineioaco ?ioeo a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo
?a/iaei (iai?eeeaae, i?ioa?iac A.subtilis 316I).

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i iiaeeeao aoaeoeaio o?c?ieia?/io
?aaoeyoe?th iaoaaie?cio iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a aaoeee oa i?iaaaeaiiy
i?ioeano ni?yiiaaiiai a?ineioaco oeeo iaoaaie?o?a.

?en. 4. Aieea ?I na?aaeiaeua ia ooai?aiiy iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a
Bacillus; eoeueoo?e: A – B.subtilis 605 ?IA, A – B.subtilis 684 ?IA, A –
B.subtilis 685 ?IA, A – B.cereus,Ae – B.subtilis 316 M, E – B.subtilis
668 ?IA, AE – B.polymyxa 102 EAeO; aoaeaaiaee a na?aaeiaeu?: 1 –
aetheica, 2 – aaeaeoica, 3 – eaeoica, 4 – o?oeoica, 5 – iaeueoica,6 –
?aiiica, 7 – eneeica.

?en. 5. Ieoiia oaeaee?noue ?inoo aaeoa??e – mo (1) ? ieoiia oaeaee?noue
iaeiie/aiiy eaeoei?a – m? (2)) B.subtilis 668 ?IA ia na?aaeiaeu? Aaoca c
aetheicith (A) oa na?aaeiaeu? Aaoca c aaeaeoicith (A).

Oaeei /eiii, anoaiiaeaia caeaoi?noue aaeoa??e ?iaeo Bacillus neioacoaaoe
iicaee?oeii? eaeoeie c? niaoeeo?/i?noth aei n?aeiaeo ? o?iiiaeo eeneio,
aea/aiiy o?c?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ?inoo aaeoa??e aeicaieeei aeyaeoe
o?e oaeoe: ?iaeea?-aeoaeuei?noue i?ioeano eaeoeiiooai?aiiy aeey eiaeii?
eoeueoo?e, iaiaaeai?noue o /an? i?iyaeaiiy eaeoeiiai? aeoeaiino? a
eoeueoo?aeuei?e ??aeei?, a oaeiae iayai?noue o i?e aeaio aeno?aioi?a
aeoeaiino?; iaea?eueo aeniea eaeoeiiaa aeoeai?noue a?aei?/aia a noaae??
cao?eiaiiy ?inoo aaeoa??e; noaae?y ?inoo aaeoa??e aeia?aaeaea? noaae?th
neioaco eaeoei?a; ia eaeoeineioacoth/? aeanoeaino? aaoeee aieeaathoue
??ci? oaeoi?e ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua: oaiia?aoo?a oa /an ae?iuoaaiiy,
neeaae ? ?I iiaeeaiiai na?aaeiaeua, iayai?noue o iueiio iaaiiai
aoaeaaiaeo e a?inoeioeyoi??a; i?aea?? iioeiaeueieo oiia eoeueoeaoaaiiy
aaeoa??e aeicaieeee cae?enieoe ea?iaaiee neioac iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a.

Iaea?aeaiiy iicaee?oeiieo n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a Bacillus

Aeae?eaiiy eaeoei?a c eoeueoo?aeueii? ??aeeie. A e?oa?aoo?? ? a?aeiiino?
uiaei iaeaea 70 aaeoa??eieo eaeoei?a (Eiaaeaiei Y.A., 1990; Iiaeai?neee
B.C. e ae?., 1992), iaeiae a?eueo?noue ?c ieo ia iaea?aeaii a i/euaiiio
noai? ? ia aea/aii. O?oaeiiu? iia’ycai? c iaaecae/aeiith eaa?euei?noth
iieaeoe oeeo a?iiie?ia??a, ui i?iyaey?thoueny o aaeee?e ao?ao?
aeoeaiino? oa aoaeaaiaeii? niaoeeo?/iino?, a a?eueo?e i??? aei n?aeiaeo
eeneio, ia ??cieo aoaiao i/euaiiy. O ca’yceo c oeei iaeiei ?c aieiaieo
caaaeaiue aoa i?aea?? ? ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a iaea?aeaiiy iicaee?oeieo
n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a aaoeee.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? – aeae?eaii? eaeoei?a ?c eoeueoo?aeueii? ??aeeie – aoee
ai?iaiaai? o ii??aiyeueiiio aniaeo? caaaeuei? iaoiaee a?eeiai? o?i??:
aeniethaaiiy noeueoaoii aiii?th oa inaaeaeoaaiiy nie?oii e aoeaoiiii.
Noia?i? i?aia?aoe eaeoei?a c iaeaeueie iieacieeaie ca aeoeai?noth,
nooiaiai i/euaiiy, aeoiaeii ca aeoeai?noth ? nii??aeiai?noth aei
N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iiai? eeneioe aoee iaea?aeai? i?e aeniethaaii?
noeueoaoii aiii?th. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i/euaiiy aoee a?ae?a?ai? o?e
iae-a?eueo aeoeai? eaeoeie, ye? iaaeae? aoaeaii iaceaaoe ca iiia?aie
ooai?a: eaeoei 316, eaeoei 668 oa eaeoei 102.

I/euaiiy n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a. I?e i?aeai?? iaoiae?a i/euaiiy
n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a aaoeee aoee aeei?enoai? ??ci? aeaee
o?iiaoia?ao??, aaeue-o?eueo?aoe?? oa ?ciaeaeo?ioieonoaaiiy.

Aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a ao?iii? o?iiaoia?ao?? ia iooeei-naoa?ic? oa
eaeoei-ao?iii? o?iiaoia?ao?? ia eiieaiaaae?i-A-aetheicee-noa?ii? ia
aeaee i/?eoaaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaeiae aeicaieeee iaea?aeaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th
uiaei aeoaea aenieiai nooiaiy nii??aeiaiino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo eaeoei?a
aei n?aeiaeo eeneio oa i?i iayai?noue aeaio iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a 668 ?
102, ye? iathoue /anoeia? a?aei?iiino? a o?i?/i?e no?oeoo?? ?o iieaeoe;
iaeei ?c ieo yaey? niaith N-acia?aa?ica’ycaiee ae?eii?ioa?i. I?e
o?iiaoia?ao?? ia ?ioeo iin?yo a?aei?/aii cia/i? ao?aoe aeoeaiino?
eaeoei?a ? iiaia a?aenooi?noue ?o nii??aeiaiino? aei
N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iiai? eeneioe.

Iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe aoee io?eiai? i?e aeei?enoaii? iaoiae?a
aaeue-o?eueo?aoe?? ia ??cieo oeiao naoa?ic (CL 6A, 6A oa 4A) ?c
ianooiiith ?ao?iiaoia?ao??th ia oeeo aea iin?yo, iine?aeiaii?
aiaeaiue-ca’ycoth/i? ? a?ae?ioiaii? o?iiaoia?ao?? ia TSK aaeyo oa
?ciaeaeo?ioieonoaaiiy a nenoai? ai?ao iie?ieueieo iin??a. I?e
aeei?enoaii? oeeo iaoiae?a aoe? iaea?aeai? iaeei eaeoei 316 (?en. 6) ?
aeaa eaeoeie aai ?o i’youe ?cioi?i eaeoei?a 668 oa 102 (?en. 7, 8).

?en. 6. ?ao?iiaoia?ao?y eaeoeio B.subtilis 316I ia naoa?ic? 4A: 1 –
a?eie,2 – aaiaaethoeioth/a aeoeai?noue, 3 – aoaeaaiaee.

?en. 7. Aiaeaiueca’ycoth/a (A) ? a?ae?ioiaia (A) o?iiaoia?ao?y eaeoei?a
B.polymyxa 102 EAeO (aiaeia?/i? aeai? iaea?aeaii aeey A.subtilis 668
?IA) 1 – a?eie; 2 – aaiaaethoeioth/a aeoeai?noue.

?en. 8. ?ao?iiaoia?ao?y ia naoa?ic? CL-6A (A) oa ?ciaeaeo?ioieonoaaiiy
(A) eaeoeio A.subtilis 668 ?IA: 1 – a?eie, 2 – aaiaaethoeioth/a
aeoeai?noue, 3 – aoaeaaiaee, 4 – a?aae??io ?I.

I/euai? i?aia?aoe eaeoei?a /?oei ?iciiae?eyeenue ia aea? a?oie: ia?oa –
eaeoeie 316, 668-1 oa 102-1 c aeoaea aenieith ieoiiith aeoeai?noth (aei
422813 AAI), nooiaiai i/euaiiy 216,1-237,8 ?ac?a, aeoiaeii ca
aeoeai?noth 64,0-81,9 % ? ca a?eeii aei 0,84 %; aeey ae?oai? a?oie
eaeoei?a (668-2 oa 102-2) a?aei?/aii ieae/? iieacieee i/euaiiy, iaeiae
/?oeee ?iciiae?e eaeoei?a na?ae/eoue i?i aoaeoeai?noue canoiniaaieo
iaoiae?a.

Aeey i/euaieo i?aia?ao?a eaeoei?a oa?aeoa?ia ??cieoey a nooiai?
nii??aeiaiino? aei niaoeeo?/ieo aoaeaaiae?a. Aeey eaeoeio 316 a?aei?/aia
caeaoi?noue ?aaaoaaoe a a?eueo?e i??? c o?oeoici-1,6-aeeoinoaoii oa
N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iiaith eeneioith (i?i?iaeuei? ?ia?aoth/? ?AA aeice
aoaeaaiae?a 0,6 iI oa 0,9 iI, a?aeiia?aeii). Eaeoeie 668-1 oa 102-1
aeyaeyee nii??aeiai?noue aei N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iiai? eeneioe (0,5 iI oa
0,9 iI, a?aeiia?aeii), D-aetheo?iiiai? eeneioe (0,9 iI),
o?oeoici-1,6-aeeoinoaoo (2,3 iI oa 0,3 iI, a?aeiia?aeii), iaio
ai?iinaoa??a (18,7 iI). Eaeoei 102-1 ?aaaoaaa oaeiae c D-aaeaeoo?iiiaith
eeneioith (0,9 I). Eaeoeie ae?oai? a?oie a?ae??ciyeenue a?ae eaeoei?a
ia?oi? a?oie a?eueo aocueeith aoaeaaiaeiith niaoeeo?/i?noth; eaeoei
668-2 iaa caeaoi?noue aei ai?ciaaaiiy o?eueee N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iiai? oa
D-aetheo?iiiai? eeneio (0,9 iI), a eaeoei 102-2 /a?ac naith /ooeea?noue
o?eueee aei D-aetheo?iiiai? eeneioe (0,9 iI) a?aeiineoueny aei
iiiiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a, ui cono??/a?oueny ae?ae ??aeei.

Ioaea, i?e ii??aiyeueiiio aeei?enoaii? aeey i/euaiiy n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo
eaeoei?a ??cieo iaoiae?a iaie i?ae?a?ai? aeae?eueea iaea?eueo
?acoeueoaoeaieo, ye? aia?oa aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey oe??? iaoe, a naia:
aaeue-o?eueo?aoe?y ia ??cieo oeiao naoa?ic, o?iiaoia?ao?y ia TSK aaeyo
oa ?ciaeaeo?ioieonoaaiiy a ai?ao-iie?ieuei?e nenoai?, ui aeicaiey?
iaea?aeoaaoe iaoeai? i?aia?aoe eaeoei?a oa ?o ?cioi?ie c ??cieie,
a?eueo?noth, aenieeie iieacieeaie i/euaiiy ? aaeeeith nii??aeiai?noth
aei n?aeiaeo ? o?iiiaeo eeneio. ?ic?iaeai? noaie i/euaiiy aeeth/athoue
onueiai aeaa aoaie: aeniethaaiiy ca?eueiaiiai a?ae ee?oei
eoeueoo?aeueiiai o?eueo?aoo noeueoaoii aiii?th oa o?iiaoia?ao?th ia TSK
aaeyo; aeey iaea?aeaiiy ?cioi?i eaeoei?a aeiaea?oueny o?ao?e aoai:
?ao?iiaoia?ao?y aai ?ciaeaeo?ioieonoaaiiiy. I/euai? i?aia?aoe
n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a aaoeee aenieiaeoeai? ? a?aeiia?aeathoue
na?oiaei noaiaea?oai oaeeo a?iiie?ia??a.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a Bacillus

X?i?/iee neeaae eaeoei?a aaoeee. Aea/aiiy o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ?cieueiaaieo
eaeoei?a aaoeee iieacaei, ui an? aiie ? ae?eii?ioa?iaie, ye? i?noyoue o
nai?io neeaae? 53,7-76,0 % a?eea oa a?ae 4,9 % aei 11,5 % aoaeaaiae?a
(oaae. 5). A?aei?/aii ??cieoeth ca ai?noii a?eea a ??cieo i?aia?aoao: o
eaeoeiao 668-1 oa 102-1 e?euee?noue a?eea aoea a 1,3-1,4 ?ace a?eueoa,
i?ae o eaeoeiao 668-2 oa 102-2.

Oaaeeoey 5

O?i?/iee neeaae iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a Bacillus

EaeoeieAi?no, % aei nooi? aaaeA?eieAoaeaaiaeeB.subtilis 316
M55,0±12,011,5±1,5B.subtilis 668 ?IA:eaeoei 1eaeoei 2

76,0±13,0

53,7±14,3

5,1±0,1

5,3±0,2B.polymyxa 102 EAeO:eaeoei 1eaeoei 2

75,5±1,2

56,5±6,5

4,9±0,3

5,4±0,5

Ca ai?iieeneioiei neeaaeii oa e?euee?niei ai?noii ai?iieeneio
aeoce?aeaeoaai? eeeoeie iiae?ai? aei ?ioeo aaeoa??eieo eaeoei?a ?
n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a, ?cieueiaaieo c ??cieo aeaea?ae. A ?oiueiio
neeaae? aecia/aia cia/ia e?euee?noue aeeea?aiiiaeo eeneio (ania?aa?io oa
aethoai?io) e aae?io, ? iiai?noth a?aenooi? n??eiai?ni? ai?-iieeneioe;
ai?no ?ioeo ai?iieeneio eieeaa?oueny a na?aaei?o cia/aiiyo. A?aei?/aia
iiae?ai?noue ca e?euee?niei ai?noii iaaieo ai?iieeneio o eaeoei?a ia?oi?
? ae?oai? a?oie; eaeoeie 662-2 oa 102-2 a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae eaeoei?a
ia?oi? a?oie i?aeaeuaiith e?euee?noth o?aii?ia oa na?eia.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? iiiinaoa?eaeiiai neeaaeo anoaiiaeaii, ui eaeoeie iaio
a?oi i?noyoue ia?aaaaeio e?euee?noue aetheice oa aaeaeoice ?
a?ae??ciythoueny i?ae niaith ca ai?noii iaiice oa a?aa?iice (ia?oa a?oia
eaeoei?a) ? ?aiiice oa ?eaice (ae?oaa a?oia eaeoei?a).

sse?niee oa e?euee?niee ai?no ai?iieeneio ? iiiinaoa?eae?a o eaeoeiao
316, 668-1 oa 102-1 oa?aeoa?iee aeey oeio N-ae?eiceaeiiai ca’yceo a
iieaeoe? ae?eii?ioa?i?a, a yeeo a?eeiaa /anoeia ca’yco?oueny c
aoaeaaiaeiith /a?ac ania?aa?i, a a eaeoeiao 668-2 oa 102-2 na?ae/eoue
i?i iayai?noue a ?o iieaeoeao I-ae?eiceaeiiai oeio ca’yceo /a?ac na?ei ?
o?aii?i. Oea ocaiaeaeo?oueny c ?acoeueoaoaie, iaea?aeaieie i?e
ca’ycoaaii? aeine?aeaeoaaieo eaeoei?a c
eiieaiaaae?i-A-aetheicee-noa?iiii, a oaeiae i?e i/euaii? ia TSK aaeyo.

O?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino? eaeoei?a aaoeee. Aea/aiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee i/euaieo aei aiiiaaiiiai noaio i?aia?ao?a iicaee?oeiieo
eaeoei?a iieacaei, ui eaeoeie ia?oi? a?oie iathoue iieaeoey?io iano
ii?yaeeo 19-26 eAea, a ae?oai? – cia/ii (a 3 ?ace) iaioo. Ca aeaieie
aaeue-o?eueo?aoe?? ia naoa?ic? iieaeoey?i? iane an?o eaeoei?a aoee ia
ii?yaeie a?eueo?, ui iia’ycaii, iiaeeeai, c oaiaeaioe??th i/euaieo
i?aia?ao?a aei aa?aaaoe?? c ooai?aiiyi cia/ieo eiiieaen?a eaeoei?a, ui
ynii aeaeii ia oioia?ao?? (?en. 9).

?en. 9. I/euai? eaeoeie aaeoa??e ?iaeo Bacillus

(aeaeo?iiia i?e?ineii?y x30000 ?ac?a)

Ii??aiyeuei? aeai?, iaea?aeai? i?e aeei?enoaii? ??cieo iaoiae?a
i/euaiiy, aea/aiiy aoaeaaiaeca’ycoth/eo, o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae
na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui B.subtilis 316I neioaco? iaeei iicaee?oeiiee
eaeoei, yeee noaiiaeoue niaith N-ania?aa?ica’ycaiee,
aetheici/iaiiciai?niee ae?eii?ioa?i, a aea? ?io? eoeueoo?e (B.subtilis
668 ?MB oa B.polymyxa 102 EAeO) iathoue caeaoi?noue aei ooai?aiiy aeaio
iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a, iaeei ?c yeeo ? oaeiae N-ania?aa?ica’ycaiei
ae?eii?ioa?iii, a ae?oaee a?aeiineoueny aei I-na?ei/o?aii?ica’ycaieo
ae?eoipooe?i?a.

?acoioth/e ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae
iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a Bacillus, ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui aiie noaiiaeyoue
niaith ae?eii?ioa?ie, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny ca ai?noii a?ee?a,
aoaeaaiae?a, ai?iieeneio ? iiiinaoa?eae?a, ui iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i
a?aei?iiino? a no?oeoo?i?e i?aai?caoe?? ?oi?o iieaeoe, oe? a?iiie?ia?e
iathoue ??ci? iieaeoey?i? iane ? a i/euaiiio noai? iiaeooue ooai?thaaoe
e?oiiiiieaeoey?i? aa?aaaoe.

Aaiaaethoeioth/? aeanoeaino? iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a Bacillus

Aca?iiae?y eaeoei?a aaoeee c ??cieie oeiaie a?eo?ioeeo?a oa
ae?eieiiuethaaoaie. Iaie aia?oa aeyaeaia caeaoi?noue nai?io?oieo
aaeoa??e neioacoaaoe iicaee?oeii? eaeoeie oa ?o niaoeeo?/i?noue aei
n?aeiaeo eeneio. Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea nooiaiy nii??aeiaiino? aei
iacai?uaieo n?aeiaeo eeneio iaea?eueo a?aeiieo n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo
eaeoei?a iieacaea, ui eaeoeie aaoeee ? iaea?eueo /ooeeaeie aei oeeo
iiiinaoa?eae?a (oaae. 6). Ca nai?ie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie n?aeiniaoeeo?/i?
eaeoeie aaoeee a?aeiia?aeathoue na?oiaei noaiaea?oai n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo
eaeoei?a, aeae?eaieo c ?ioeo aeaea?ae, a ca aeayeeie (aeoeai?noth,
nooiaiai nii??aeiaiino? aei n?aeiaeo eeneio, oiui) – ia?aaeuothoue ?o.

Oaaeeoey 6

Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a(i?i?iaeuei?
?ia?aoth/? eiioeaio?aoe?? n?aeiaeo eeneio a iI)

N?aeia? eeneioeAchatina fulica*Cancer
antennarius*Lobster*H.granu-lomanus*E.coli*Bacillussubtilispolymyxa316
M668 ?IA102 EAON-aoeaoee-iae?ai?iiaa

1,9

8,3

50,0

12,5

9,7

0,9

0,5

0,9N-ae?eieee-iae?ai?iiaa

8,3

25,0

i/a

0,7

i/a

i/a

I?ei?oea: “—” – a?aenooi?noue ?ia?aoaaiiy, i/a – ia aecia/aee, * – oeeo
ca Mandal C., 1990.

Aecia/aiiy oiiei? aoaeaaiaeii? niaoeeo?/iino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo eaeoei?a
aei i?e?iaeieo n?aei- oa n?aeiai?nieo ae?eieiiuethaao?a, ye? iaee o
nai?io neeaae? ??ci? oeie, oi?ie oa e?euee?noue n?aeiaeo eeneio,
aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe, ui an? aiie aca?iiae?thoue o?eueee c oeie c ieo,
uo i?noyoue o nai?io neeaae? iaeaeaa oeie n?aeiaeo eeneio (iooeeiii
i?aeuaeaiii? caeice aeea oa oaoo?iii) aai ?-?ciia?ii
N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iiai? eeneioe a I-aoeaoeeueiaai?e oi?i?, ye? iathoue
?2,3-, a2,6- oa a iaio?e i??? ?2,8-ca’ycee: o?a?eiiaaiii,
?ioiiaeiaoe?iii ? eieii?iiaith eeneioith (oaae. 7). Iaeaeuo
nii??aeiai?noue eaeoeie aaoeee aeyaeyee aei iooeeio i?aeuaeaiii? caeice
aeea, ui i?noeoue iaea?eueoo e?euee?noue iaio oei?a n?aeiaeo eeneio, a
yeeo oa?i?iaeueia iae?ai?iiaa eeneioa ca’ycaia c aaeaeoicith
?2,6-ca’yceii. Oeei ? iiaeia iiynieoe aaeeeo i?oei?noue eiiieaeno
iooeei-eaeoei i?e i?iioneaii? ?ic/ei?a eaeoei?a /a?ac iooeei-naoa?ico.

Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaethoeioth/eo aeanoeainoae iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a aaoeee o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei a?eo?ioeeo?a ??cieo aeae?a oaa?ei, ye?
a?ae??ciythoueny ai?noii a?aei?iieo oei?a n?aeiaeo eeneio e iayai?noth
?oi?o cai?uaieo oi?i. Aeyaeeinue, ui iicaee?oeii? eaeoeie aaoeee
aca?iiae?thoue o?eueee c a?eo?ioeeoaie e?iey oa ieo?, a yeeo n?aeia?
eeneioe i?aaenoaaeai? a a?eueo?e i??? N-ae?eieeeiae?ai?iiaith eeneioith
oa I-cai?uaiith oi?iith N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iiai? eeneioe. A?aenooi?noue
aaethoeiaoe?? a?eo?ioeeo?a on?o a?oi e?ia? ethaeeie c?icoi?ea, /a?ac oa
ui a a?eo?ioeeoao ethaeeie iaia? N-ae?eieeeiae?ai?iiai? eeneioe, a ?
ia?aaaaeii N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iiaa eeneioa a iacai?uai?e oi?i?.

3aeeaeiicoue aeiaaethoeioth/o? aeoeaiino? eaeoei?a a?ae oaeoi??a
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Aea/aiiy aaiaaethoeioth/eo aeanoeainoae
iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a aaoeee i?iaeaiiino?oaaei, ui aiie iathoue ?yae
iniaeeainoae, ye? nooo?ai a?ae??ciythoue ?o a?ae ?ioeo aaeoa??eieo
eaeoei?a. Ianaiia?aae, eaeoeie aaoeee no?ee? a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? ?I:
a?ae 4,8 aei 9,1. Aiie ? Na2+ – iacaeaaeieie a?iiie?ia?aie, ia/ooeeaeie
aei ae?? aeaoa?aaio?a, cie?aia AAeOA, (oaae. 8). Oea na?ae/eoue,
iiaeeeai, i?i oa, ui eiie iaoae?a ia ? no?oeoo?ieie aeaiaioaie eaeoei?a,
iaiao?aeieie aeey ?o ca’ycoth/eo aeanoeainoae. Aeey ?ioeo aaeoa??eieo oa
n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a oaea caeaaei?noue anoaiiaeaia e aeyaeaii, ui
a i?enooiino? eii?a Na2+ oa AAeOA a?aeaoaa?oueny ?oiy iiaia aai /anoeiaa
?iaeoeaaoe?y (Mandal C., 1990).

Oaaeeoey 7

Nii??aeiai?noue iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a Bacillus aei i?e?iaeieo
ae?eieiiuethaao?a

?ia?a?oi?eI?i?iaeuei? ?ia?aoth/? ?AAeiioeaio?aoe?? aoaeaaiae?a,
iIEaeoeie316668-1668-2102-1102-2I.
Aoaeaaiaee:Neu5AcNeu5Ac?2NH3Neu5Ac?2CH3?2-3 Sia Lac?2-6 Sia Lac

0,9

0,9

2,5

0,5

0,2

0,9

0,5

1,9

0,4

0,05

0,5

0,5

0,9

0,1

0,02

0,9

0,5

2,5

0,5

0,1

1,9

0,9

2,5

0,9

0,2II. Ae?eieiiuethaaoe, ui i?noyoue aeaa oeia n?aeiaeo eeneio:Iooeei
i?aeuaeaiii? caeice aeeaOaoo?i

0,78

1,56

0,19

0,39

0,39

3,12

0,39

3,12

0,78

3,12III. Ae?eieiiuethaaoe, ui i?noyoue N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iiao eeneioo a
I-aoeaoeeueiaai?e oi?i?:O?a?eiiaai?ioiiaeiaoe?iEieii?iiaa eeneioa

6,25

12,50

12,50

3,12

12,50

3,12-6,25

3,12

12,50

6,25

1,56

12,50

12,50

3,12

6,25

12,50IV. Ae?eieiiuethaaoe, ui i?noyoue N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iiao eeneioo a
N-aoeaoeeueiaai?e oi?i?:Iooeei neeciai? eeoa/ieea
naei?Iaiioei?aeOe?aiaeiaoe?i

–V.
An?aeieiiuethaaoe:Ea?aieneiaoee-?-iaiiooeeiIaaeueaoi?iO?ainoa?eiIaio?ain
oa?ei

I?ei?oea: “—” – a?aenooi?noue ?AA.

Oaaeeoey 8

Aaethoeiaoe?y e?iey/eo a?eo?ioeeo?a eaeoeiaie Bacilluso i?enooiino? Na2+
? AAeOA (oeo?–1 ?AA)

EaeoeieAooa? aac Na2+ ? AAeOA (eiio?ieue)

Aooa? c 30 iI Na2+Aooa?, ui i?noeoue AAeOA,
%0,20,4316512-102410241024512-102466832768-655366553632768-6553632768-65
53610232768-1360726553613607265536

Iaeia c aaaeeeaeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeine?aeaeoaaieo eaeoei?a – oea ?oiy
oa?iinoaa?euei?noue. I?ia??aaiiy 1 %-ieo ?ic/ei?a eaeoei?a i?e 80°N
i?ioyaii iaeaea 5 aiae. ia ci?ith? ?oi? aaethoeioth/? aeanoeaino?, o oie
/an ye ?io? eaeoeie ??aeei aeo?eiothoue i?ia??aaiiy aeua, i?ae 50°N
(Atkinson H.M., Trust T.I., 1980; Dehazya P., Coles R.S., 1982; Huang J.
et al., 1988).

Noaa?euei?noue aaoeeey?ieo eaeoei?a i?e caa??aaii?. Iaiao?aeiith oiiaith
i?e ?iaio? c i?aia?aoaie eaeoei?a ? caa?aaeaiiy ?oi?o aieiaieo
oa?aeoa?enoee: aeoeaiino? oa aoaeaaiaeii? niaoeeo?/iino? i?e aeiaaiio
caa??aaii?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieo niinia?a caa??aaiiy iicaee?oeiieo
eaeoei?a aaoeee aeaei iiaeeea?noue onoaiiaeoe, ui oe? ?a/iaeie o
e?io?e?ciaaiiio noai? iiaeooue caa??aaoeny ?ieaie aac iniaeeaeo ao?ao
aeoeaiino? oa niaoeeo?/iino?.

Iaea?aeai? aeai? uiaei aaiaaethoeioth/eo aeanoeainoae iicaee?oeiieo
eaeoei?a Bacillus na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui oe? a?iiie?ia?e iathoue aeoaea
aocueeo aoaeaaiaeio niaoeeo?/i?noue oa aenieee nooi?iue ai?ciaaaiiy
oi/ii iaaieo no?oeoo? ? iiaeooue oni?oii eiieo?oaaoe c iiiieeiiaeueieie
aioeo?eaie ye aiae?oe/i? e ae?aaiinoe/i? ?aaaaioe. Eaeoeie aaoeee no?ee?
aei aieeao ??cieo oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua (oaiia?aoo?e, ?I,
oaeaooth/eo aaaio?a, o?eaaeiai caa??aaiiy), ui ? aaaeeea?-oith
a?aei?ii?noth a?ae ?ioeo aaeoa??eieo eaeoei?a ? aecia/a? ?oi? ia?aaaae
i?e iaea?aeaii? oa aeei?enoaii?.

A?ieia?/ia aeoeai?noue iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a Bacillus

Aino?a oiene/i?noue eaeoei?a aaoeee. Iaoeiaee ? i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an aei
aaeoa??eieo eaeoei?a coiiaeaiee ?oiueith iino?eiith ae??th ia i?aai?ci
iae?ii?aai?ci?a ? iiaeeea?noth ?aaoeyoe?? ?ioiieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino?
i?aai?cio ca aeiiiiiaith oeeo o?c?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei. Eaeoeie
nai?io?oieo aaeoa??e iiaeooue noaoe ia?niaeoeaieie iaaeeeaiaioicieie
i?aia?aoaie. Aecia/aiiy iaeiiai c aieiaieo oa?iaeieia?/ieo ?iaeaen?a
iaaeeeaiaioicieo i?aia?ao?a – aino?i? oiene/iino? ia aeaio aeaeao oaa?ei
i?e ??cieo oeyoao aaaaeaiiy iieacaea, ui aeine?aeaeoaai? eaeoeie aaoeee
a?aeiinyoueny aei iii??ieo oa iaeioiene/ieo ?a/iaei (oaae. 9).

Oaaeeoey 9

Na?aaeiueinia?oaeuei? aeice eaeoei?a Bacillus ca ??cieie oeyoaie
aaaaeaiiy

Oeyoe aaaaeaiiyLD50, ia/eaEaeoei 316Eaeoei 668Eaeoei
102Ieo?Aioo??oiueii’yciaeeia aecia/aee68 (46-101)294
(210-318)I?aeoe??ieeia aecia/aee71 (59-84)248
(195-301)Aioo??oiuei/a?aaiee564 (490-640)89 (75-106)200
(154-246)Aioo??oiueiaaiieeia aecia/aee37 (26-54)ia
aecia/aeeIaoetheeAioo??oiuei/a?aaiee150 (137-163)71 (62-80)60
(52-68)Aioo??oiueiaaiieeia aecia/aee52 (45-59)ia aecia/aee

I?ei?oea: ooo e aeae? aeine?aeaeoaaee noia?i? i?aia?aoe eaeoei?a 668 e
102.

I?ioeiooeeiia aeoeai?noue eaeoei?a aaoeee. I?iaaaeaia aea/aiiy
i?ioeiooeeiii? aeoeaiino? iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a Bacillus o a?aeiioaii?
ooai?a iooeei ??ciiai aaiaco aeicaieeei iaea?aeaoe ??ci? ?acoeueoaoe
(?en. 10). Iaea?eueo aeoeaio oa noaa?eueio i?ioeiooeeiio ae?th o
a?aeiioaii? aaeueioaaiiy ?inoo iooeei aeyaeya eaeoei 668 (iiceoeaiee
aoaeo ia 4-o c 5-oe aenia?eiaioaeueieo iooeei). Aeecueeei aei iueiai ca
i?ioeiooeeiiei aoaeoii aoa eaeoei 102 (aaeueioaaiiy ?inoo 3-o iooeei).
Ae?y eaeoeia 316 aoea iaiaeiicia/iith: oeae eaeoei iaa aaaiiee
i?ioeiooeeiiee aoaeo ia iaeiiio ooai? iooeeie, a ia aeaio – noeioethaaa
?o ??no. Oae? iaiaeiicia/i? ?acoeueoaoe oe?eeii iiyniththoueny; a?aeiii,
ui i?e o?ainoi?iaoe?? ii?iaeueii? ee?oeie a iooeeiio a neeaae?
eiiiiiaio?a iiaa?oi? ee?oeie a?aeaoaa?oueny ?yae e?euee?nieo oa ye?nieo
ci?i: ca?eueoo?oueny e?euee?noue n?aeiaeo eeneio, ci?-ith?oueny ?oi?e
ye?niee neeaae, ca’ycee c noaoa?i?iaeueiei aoaeaaiaeii (Aeociai Ae.O. e
ae?., 1989). Aeine?aeaeoaai? eaeoeie, ye? iathoue oiie? a?aei?iiino? a
i?ciaaaii? ??cieo oei?a ? no?oeoo? n?aeiaeo eeneio, iiaeeeai, nii/aoeo
?ici?ciathoue iaai? eiiiiiaioe iiaa?oi? ee?oeie, a iio?i /eiyoue
?ioiio?iiio ae?th, oa?aeoa?io aeey eiaeiiai eaeoeio, a i?ioeiooeeiiee
aoaeo. Iaea?aeai? aeai? a?aee?eaathoue iia? noi?iie oa?iaeieia?/ii? ae??
iicaee?oeiieo n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a Bacillus oa aeicaieythoue
?icaeyaeaoe ?o ye aaeueie ia?niaeoeai? i?ioeiooeeii? caniae, iiaeeeai, o
niieo/aii? c ?ioeie oa?aiaaoe/ieie i?aia?aoaie.

Aieea eaeoei?a aaoeee ia ie?ai? eaioethae ?ioiiaaiaco oa ?ioiio
a?aeiia?aeue iae?ii?aai?cio. Aea/aiiy aieeao iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a
aaoeee ia ie?ai? ??ai? ?ioiiaaiaco a?ae ii/aoeiaeo aoai?a
(ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio iie?iioaioii? noiaao?iai? ee?oeie e?noeiaiai
iiceo) aei ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie ?ioi?oaoo (aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? ioe?iee
niaoeeo?/ieo ?aaeoe?e O- ? A- e?ioioeeo?a oa ?o eiiia?aoeaii? aca?iiae??
a ?ioii?e a?aeiia?ae?) aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe, ui an? aeine?aeaeoaai?
eaeoeie aaoeee iathoue ae?aaeaiee oa aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee
?ioiinoeioethth/ee aoaeo (?en. 10). Ia ?aii? aoaie ?ioiiaaiaco
(i?a?aoe?th ? i?ie?oa?aoe?th noiaao?iai? ee?oeie e?noeiaiai iiceo)
iaea?eueoo ae?th /eieoue eaeoei 102 (+44,6-51 %); i?a?aoe?y oa
ooieoe?iiaeueia aeoeai?noue O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a (na?aaei? aoaie)
i?eaeecii iaeiaeiaa i?e ae?? an?o o?ueio eaeoei?a c aeayeith ia?aaaaith
aeey eaeoeio 668 (22,2-35,7 %); iaeiae, aieea eaeoeio 316 ia
eiiia?aoeaio aca?iiae?th ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei (i?ci? aoaie) cia/ii
aeua, i?ae a ?ioeo aeine?aeaeoaaieo eaeoei?a (61,4 %).

?ioiia a?aeiia?aeue nieaiioeeo?a o a?eueo?e i??? c?inoa? i?ae aieeaii
eaeoeio 668 (33,0 %), a ooieoe?iiaeueia aeoeai?noue A-e?ioioeeo?a
e?noeiaiai iiceo cia/ii aeua i?ney ia?iaee eaeoeiaie 102 ? 316 (62,5 oa
72,6 % a?aeiia?aeii). Iaea?eueoo ae?th ia A-e?ioioeeoe /eieoue eaeoei
668, ia O-ee?oeie – eaeoei 102. Aeyaeaiiy ae?aaeaiiai oa aea??eiaiai
aieeao iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a aaoeee ia ??ci? aoaie ?ioiiaaiaco oa
?ioiio a?aeiia?aeue iae?ii?aai?cio, anoaiiaeaiiy iiaeeeaino? naeaeoeaii
iiaeoethaaoe T- ? A- nenoaie e?ioioeeo?a ia? aacia?a/iee ?ioa?an c oi/ee
ci?o ea?iaaii? ?ioiiaeai?an?? oa ?ioiinoeioeyoe??.

?ioa?oa?iiiaaiia aeoeai?noue eaeoei?a aaoeee. ?ioa?oa?iiiaaii?
aeanoeaino? aeyaeai? o a??on?a, aaeoa??e oa ?oi?o aeoeaieo eiiiiiaio?a –
e?iiiie?naoa?eae?a (Liener I.E., 1986). Aeia?a aea/aieie ? oe?iei
aeei?enoiaoaaieie o eaai?aoi?i?e i?aeoeoe? ? oaeiae ?ineeii? eaeoeie:
OAA oa EiiA (Eooeee I.Ae. e ae?., 1981). Aiae?c ?ioa?oa?ii?iaeoeoth/i?
caeaoiino? iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a aaoeee in vivo oa in vitro
i?iaeaiiino?oaaa, ui an? o?e eaeoeie ? ?iaeoeoi?aie ooai?aiiy
?-?ioa?oa?iio, iaeiae iaea?eueo aenieee aoaeo iaa eaeoei 668 (?en. 10).
Eiai ?ioa?oa?iiiaaiia ae?y aoea iaeiaeiaith c ae??th noaiaea?oieo
eiia?oe?eieo i?aia?ao?a ?ineeiieo eaeoei?a, a o aeiaaeeo canoinoaaiiy
“i?aei?iao” ia?aaeuoaaea ??. Caeaoi?noue aei ?iaeoeoe?? neioaco
?-?ioa?oa?iio eaeoeio 102 aoea aeecueeith aei iiae?aii? eaeoeio 668, a
aeey eaeoeio 316 – iacia/iith. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa,
ui iicaee?oeii? eaeoeie aaoeee ? neeueieie ?iaeoeoi?aie neioaco
i?e?iaeiiai ?-?ioa?oa?iio; a?aenooi?noue oiene/ieo oa aea?a?/ieo aoaeo?a
aeicaiey? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe eaeoei 668 aeey oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy.

Iiae?ai? iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? aeanoeaino? eaeoei?a 668 oa 102
iiyniththoueny aaeeeith noiae?noth oeeo eaeoei?a ca o?ceei-o?i?/ieie oa
aaiaaethoeioth/eie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. Eaeoei 316 a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ieo
aaaaoueia aeanoeainoyie ? ia ? aeiyoeii o a?aeiioaii? eiai a?ieia?/ii?
aeoeaiino?.

Iaea?aeaiiy aeoeaieo i?aia?ao?a n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a nai?io?oieo
aaeoa??e, aea/aiiy ?oi?o aaiaaethoeioth/eo ? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
aeanoeainoae oa a?iei-a?/ii? aeoeaiino? aeicaieeei aecia/eoe oae?
iiaeeea? aniaeoe ?o aeei?enoaiiy. Ianaiia?aae, iaaecae/aeia, ia iao
iiaeyae, oiiea aoaeaaiaeia niaoeeo?/i?noue aeicaiey? canoiniaoaaoe
iicaee?oeii? eaeoeie aaoeee ye oe?ii? aiae?oe/i? ?aaaaioe oa
ae?aaiinoe/i? i?aia?aoe, ui ia iinooiathoueny ca nai?th /ooeea?noth
iiiieeiiaeueiei aioeo?eai. Iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? aeanoeaino? oeeo
a?iiie?ia??a na?ae/aoue i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue ?oiueiai aeei?enoaiiy ye
i?ioeiooeeiieo oa ?ioiiiiaeoethth/eo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, ?iaeoeoi??a
neioaco g-?ioa?oa?iio, a oaeiae aeey eiino?othaaiiy e?ea?nueeeo
i?aia?ao?a ia aac? aaeoa??eieo eaeoei?a (aaeoeei, iieaeoey?ieo
anioe?aoe?e, oiui).

AENIIAEE

1. I?iaaaeaii oe?ieee iiooe i?iaeooeaio?a iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a na?aae
i?aaenoaaiee?a nii?iooai?thth/eo aa?iaieo aaeoa??e ?iaeo Bacillus oa
aeyaeaii ?oith caeaoi?noue neioacoaaoe oa aeae?eyoe a na?aaeiaeua ?inoo
eaeoeie c? niaoeeo?/i?noth, ui ??aeei cono??/a?oueny, aei n?aeiaeo ?
o?iiiaeo eeneio.

2. Iniaeeainoyie ooai?aiiy iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a nai?io?oieo eoeueoo?
aaoeee o i?ioean? ?oiueiai ?inoo ?: iayai?noue aeaio ia??iae?a aeyaeaiiy
eaeoeiiai? aeoeaiino? a aeeiai?oe? ?inoo aaeoa??e, iaeneiaeueia
i?iaeoeoaaiiy eaeoei?a o oac? cao?eiaiiy ?inoo, a?aeie?aieai?noue
?inoiaeo oa eaeoeineioacoth/eo i?ioean?a. Aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? oiiae
ooai?aiiy iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a (oaiia?aoo?a ? /an ae?iuoaaiiy, neeaae
oa ?I na?aaeiaeua, iayai?noue o iueiio a?inoeioeyoi??a ? eiie?aoieo
aoaeaaiae?a), ui aeicaiey? cae?enieoe ea?iaaiee neioac oeeo
a?iiie?ia??a.

3. I?ae?a?aii iaoiaee aeae?eaiiy oa i/euaiiy iicaee?oeiieo
n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a aaeoa??e ?c aeei?enoaiiyi o?iiaoia?ao?? ia
TSK aaeyo, aaeue-o?eueo?aoe?? ia ??cieo oeiao naoa?ic oa
?ciaeaeo?ioieonoaaiiy a ai?ao-iie?ieuei?e nenoai?, ye? aeicaieythoue
iaea?aeoaaoe i?aia?aoe eaeoei?a oa ?oi? ?cioi?ie c aenieeie iieacieeaie
ca aeoeai?noth, i/euaiiyi oa nooiaiai nii??aeiaiino? aei niaoeeo?/ieo
aoaeaaiae?a.

4. O nai?io?oieo aaeoa??e onoaiiaeaii caeaoi?noue aei i?iaeoeoaaiiy
aeaio iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a, ui a?ae??ciythoueny i?ae niaith ca
o?i?/iei neeaaeii ?oi?o iieaeoe, o?ceei-o?i?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie,
aeoeai?noth oa aoaeaaiaeca’ycoth/eie aeanoeainoyie:

– eaeoeie ia?oi? a?oie a?aeiinyoueny aei N-ania?aa?ica’ycaieo
ae?eii?ioa?i?a c ae?aaeaieie a?ae?io?eueieie aeanoeainoyie,
iieaeoey?iith ianith 19-26 eAea, aenieith aaiaaethoeioth/ith aeoeai?noth
oa nooiaiai nii??aeiaiino? aei iaio oei?a n?aeiaeo oa o?iiiaeo eeneio, a
oaeiae aei o?oeoici- 1,6-aeeoinoaoo; aeey ia?oi? a?oie eaeoei?a
onoaiiaeaii iayai?noue o?ueio ?cioi?i;

– eaeoeie ae?oai? a?oie noaiiaeyoue niaith I-na?ei-o?aii?ica’ycai?
ae?eii?ioa?ie, eio?? aeyaeythoue aaeee? a?ae?ioiai? aeanoeaino? c
iieaeoey?iith ianith 7,7-10,0 eAeA, a?eueo iecueeith aeoeai?noth ?
aocueeith aoaeaaiaeiith niaoeeo?/i?noth aei N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iiai? oa
D-aetheo?iiiai? eeneio, eaeoeie oe??? a?oie ?niothoue o aeaio ?cioi?iao.

5. Iicaee?oeii? eaeoeie Bacillus ? oa?iinoaa?eueieie, no?eeeie aei ae??
?I oa aeaoa?aaio?a, Ca+2 – iecaeaaeieie ae?eiiie?ia?aie, ye?
caa??aathoue naith aeoeai?noue i?e o?eaaeiio caa??aaii?, caeaoieie o
/enoiio aeaeyae? ooai?thaaoe aaeee? aa?aaaoe c iieaeoey?iith ianith
77-260 eAeA.

6. Aeine?aeaeoaai? eaeoeie ?ici?ciathoue oiie? a?aei?iiino? a no?oeoo??
n?aeiaeo eeneio oa ?oi?o ca’yceao ?c oa?i?iaeueieie aoaeaaiaeaie;
iaea?eueoo nii??aeiai?noue eaeoeie aaoeee aeyaeythoue aei
ae?eieiiuethaao?a, ye? i?noyoue N-ae?eieee- oa N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iia?
eeneioe aai ?-?ciia? I-aoeaoeeueiaaii? oi?ie N-aoeaoeeiae?ai?iiai?
eeneioe c ?2,3- oa ?2,6- ca’yceaie.

7. Iicaee?oeii? eaeoeie aaoeee a?aeiinyoueny aei iii??ii e iaeioiene/ieo
?a/iaei oa iathoue ae?aaeai? ?ioiio?iii? aeanoeaino?: aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii
noeioeththoue aaaeo/? eaioethae ?ioiiaaiaco oa ?ioiio a?aeiia?aeue
iae?ii?aai?cio, aeyaeythoue aea??eiaee noeioethth/ee aoaeo o a?aeiioaii?
O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a, /eiyoue naeaeoeaio i?ioeiooeeiio ae?th, aenooiathoue
?iaeoeoi?aie ooai?aiiy ?-?ioa?oa?iio a ??cieo a?ieia?/ieo nenoaiao.

8. ?ic?iaeaii eaai?aoi?iee ?aaeaiaio ia io?eiaiiy iicaee?oeiiiai
n?aeiniaoeeo?/iiai eaeoeio (ooai B.subtilis 668 1MB), aea iienothoueny
iniaeeaino? i?iaaaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ? oa?aeoa?enoeea
aioiaiai i?iaeoeoo aeey aeei?enoaiiy eiai ye ?ioiio?iiii? ?a/iaeie,
?iaeoeoi?a ?-?ioa?oa?iio oa o?i?ei-aiae?oe/iiai ?aaaaioo. Iaea?aeai?
i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ca caeaoi?noth eaeoeio B.subtilis 668 ?IA
?iaeoeoaaoe neioac ?-?ioa?oa?iio oa?eoee ye neeaaeiaa /anoeia a OO ii
ae?iaieoeoao ?-?ioa?oa?ii?a naeiae oa aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae.

9. Iicaee?oeii? n?aeiniaoeeo?/i? eaeoeie nai?io?oieo aaeoa??e iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoenue o oaeeo iai?yieao:

– ye aeniei/ooeea? oa niaoeeo?/i? aiae?oe/i? ?aaaaioe (aeey aeae?eaiiy,
i/euaiiy, aea/aiiy n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo ae?eiiie?ia??a) oa ae?aaiinoeeoi?a
(i?e iooeeiao ??ciiai aaiaco);

– ye iaaeeeaiaioici? i?aia?aoe iai?aaeaii? ae?? ia ??ci? aoaie
?ioiiaaiaco, ?ioiio a?aeiia?aeue iae?ii?aai?cio, O- ? A-nenoaie
?ioi?oaoo;

– aeey iaea?aeaiiy ?-?ioa?oa?ii?a;

– aeey i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy ?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiue, ceiye?nieo
ooai?thaaiue oa ?ioiiaeao?oeeoieo noai?a ??cii? aoeieia??;

– aeey eiino?othaaiiy ia iniia? aaeoa??eieo eaeoei?a i?eioeeiiai iiaeo
oa?aiaaoe/ieo i?aia?ao?a.

Ia?ae?e iniiaieo i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

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– 1990. – O. 52, ? 3. – N.92-99.

3. Eiaaeaiei Y.A. Aieiieeneioiue e iiiinaoa?eaeiue ninoaa aiaeeaoi/iuo
neaeiniaoeeoe/iuo eaeoeiia aaeoa?ee ?iaea Bacillus //Iee?iaeie. ae. –
1997. – O. 59, ? 5. – N. 3-6.

4. Eiaaeaiei Y.A. Oaeaaiaeiay niaoeeoe/iinoue aiaeeaoi/iuo eaeoeiia
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7-13.

5. Eiaaeaiei Y.A. Oa?iaiou, iaeaaeathuea eaeoeiiauie naienoaaie
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6. Iiaeai?neee A.N., Eiaaeaiei Y.A., Neiiiaiei E.A. Aeeyiea oaeoi?ia
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7. Eiaaeaiei Y.A., Eieooeiaa I.A., No?aeue/eia O.A., Iiaeai?neee A.N.
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6. – N. 784-788.

8. Iiaeai?neee A.N., Eiaaeaiei Y.A., Aaoueiai A.E., Auethieoeeay A.A.
Aeeyiea oneiaee eoeueoeae?iaaiey ia i?iaeooee?iaaiea eaeoeiia iaeioi?uie
i?aaenoaaeoaeyie aaeoa?ee ?iaea Bacillus //Iee?iaeie. ae. – 1989. – O.
51, ? 5. – N.30-34.

9. Einaiei E.A., Eiaaeaiei Y.A. ?anioaeeeaineay eiioa?aioeey “Eco/aiea e
i?eiaiaiea eaeoeiia” //Iee?iaeie. ae. – 1989. – O. 51, ? 5. – N.
108-110.

10. Eiaaeaiei Y.A., Aaoueiai A.E., Auethieoeeay A.A. Aaeoa?ee ?iaea
Bacillus – i?iaeooeaiou aiaeeaoi/iuo eaeoeiia //O/aiua caienee
Oa?ooneiai oi-oa, 869. – 1989. – O. 1. – N. 72-80.

11. Neiiiaiei E.A., Eiaaeaiei Y.A., Iiaeai?neee A.N.
Eaeoeii?iaeooee?othuay niiniaiinoue Bacillus mesentericus //O/aiua
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aeineioaca eaeoeiia aaeoa?eyie ?iaea Bacillus // O/aiua caienee
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13. Eioeio?ae ss., O?aioe A., Yooeea? I., *ae?aaa?oe ?.,
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e aniaeou eo eco/aiey (aeeneonney). //Iee?iaeie. ae. – 1990. – O 52, ?
1. – N. 84-90.

14. Einaiei E.A., Eiaaeaiei Y.A. II-y Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay eiioa?aioeey ii
eaeoeiai (EIOA?EAE-II) //Iee?iaeie. ae. – 1990. – O. 52, ?3. – N.
102-105.

15. Ne?eiaeue E.A., Iaeeiianeay E.I., Oieiaaiei E.I., Eiaaeaiei Y.A.,
Aaoueiai A.E. Aeae?ioiaiay e aiaei?iae-naycuaathuay o?iiaoia?aoey
eaeoeiia // Iee?iaeie. ae. – 1992. – O. 54, ?2. – N. 59-65.

16. Zhigis L.S., Ivanov A.E., Rapoport E.M., Kovalenko E.A., Getman
E.I., Zubov V.P. Purification of sialic acid binding protein from
saprophytic bacteria by hydrophobic-interaction chromatography on
butyl-toyoperl and polymer-coated porous glass //Biotechnology
Technique. – 1993 (Sept.) – Vol. 7, ? 9. – P. 667-670.

17. Aaeaao?iaa A.A., Eicu?eoeeay A.A., Oa?aiao E.E., Eiaaeaiei Y.A.
Niiniaiinoue eieeaeoeeiiiuo eoeueoo? no?aioiieoeaoia ia?aciauaaoue
aiaeeaoi/iua eaeoeiu // Iee?iaeie. ae. – 1994. – O. 56, ?4. – N. 11-15.

18. Kishko Ya.G., Kovalenko E.A. New technology on production of animal
gamma-interferons //J. Interferon & Cytokine Research. – 1995. – Vol.
15, Suppl. 1. – P. S84.

19. Rapoport E.M., Ivanov A.E., Zhigis L.S., Kovalenko E.A., Getman
E.I., Zubov V.P. Purification of lectin ao hydrophobic – interation and
size-exlusion chromatography. //IJBS – 1996. – Vol. 2 (1). – P.17-24.

20. Kishko Ya.G., Vasilenko M.I., Podgorsky V.S.,Kovalenko E.A. Lectin
of Bacillus subtilis sp. as overinducer of g-interferonogenesis
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21. Kishko Ya.G., Vasilenko M.I., Podgorsky V.S., Kovalenko E.A.
Influence of Bacillus subtilis sp. lectin on functional activity on
phagocytes //I?e?ia?ie. ae. – 1998. – O. 60, ? 1. – N. 36-42.

22. An. NNN? SU ? 1622397 A1. IEE N12 ? 19/04. Niinia iieo/aiey
aaeoa-?eaeueiiai eaeoeia, niaoeeoe/iiai e neaeiaui eeneioai /Iiaeai?neee
A.N., Eiaaeaiei Y.A., Neiiiaiei E.A., Eaooei A.I. Cayaeaii 01.08.88.
Iioae. 12.01.91. Athe. ? 3 – 2 n.

23. An. NNN? SU ? 1756357 A1. IEE N12 ? 19/00. Niinia ii?aaeaeaiey
iieaeoey?ii-ianniaiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo aauanoa
/Aioeaeei N.E., Eooeineay A.A., Eiaaeaiei Y.A., Neiiiaiei E.A. Cayaeaii
23.12.88. Iioae. 23.08.92. Athe. ? 31 – 14 n.

24. An. NNN? ? 4936807/1341712. IEE N12 ? 19/04 Niinia iieo/aiey
aaeoa?eaeueiiai aiaeeaoi/iiai eaeoeia /Eoae?y A.A., Neiiiaiei E.A.,
Caoa?iaa E.ss., Iiaeai?neee A.N., Eiaaeaiei Y.A. Cayaeaii 15.01.90.
Iieiaeeoaeueiia ?aoaiea 29.09.92.

25. An. NNN? SU ? 1701322. IEE 5A 61E 45/2. Eiaeoeoi? g-eioa?oa?iia
/Eeoei ss.A., Eaaiaiei A.E., Iiaeai?neee A.N., Eiaaeaiei Y.A., Aaoueiai
A.E., Eaci?aiei E.A., Neiiiaiei E.A. Cayaeaii 12.05.91. Iioae. a Athe. ?
48, 1992. – 10 n.

26. Iaoaio Oe?a?ie UA ? 1791. IE? 5N 12? 19/04 Can?a iaea?aeaiiy
aaeoa??eiiai eaeoeio, niaoeeo?/iiai aei n?aeiaeo eeneio /I?aeai?nueeee
A.N., Eiaaeaiei A.I., Neiiiaiei ?.A., Eaoo?i A.I. Cayaeaii 10.08.91.
Iioae. 20.10.93. Athe. ? 3 – 2 n.

27. Iaoaio Oe?a?ie UA ? 8276 A. Niin?a aeaioiaeaiiy aaia-?ioa?oa?iio oa
i?eno??e aeey eiai cae?eniaiiy /E?oei ss.A., ?aaiaiei A.E., Aeoiainueeee
A.Ae., Eiaaeaiei A.I., Eaci?aiei E.A., Naeaciueia I.A. Cayaeaii
23.03.94. Iioae. 29.03.96. Athe. ? 1 – 5 n.

28. Iaoaio Oe?a?ie ? A 4602486/4 (4506). IE? N12 ? 1/00. Ooai Bacillus
subtilis – i?iaeooeaio iicaee?oeiiiai n?aeiniaoeeo?/iiai eaeoeio
/A’thieoeueea A.I., Eiaaeaiei A.I., Aaoueiai E.?. Cayaeaii 30.06.94.
Iiceoeaia ??oaiiy 5.03.97.

29. Iaoaio Oe?a?ie ? 98052626. ?iaeoeoi? neioaco aaia-?ioa?oa?iio
/I?aeai?nueeee A.N., E?oei ss.A., Eiaaeaiei A.I., Aaoueiai E.?. Cayaeaii
20.05.98. Iiceoeaia ??oaiiy 5.11.98.

30. Iiaeai?neee A.N., Eiaaeaiei Y.A., Aaoueiai A.E. Eaai?aoi?iue
?aaeaiaio ia i?iecaiaenoai neaeiniaoeeoe/iiai eaeoeia iee?ii?aaiecia
Bacillus subtilis ooaii 668 EIA. /Einoeooo iee?iaeieiaee e ae?onieiaee
IAI Oe?aeiu. – 1993. – 21 n.

31. Eeoei ss.A., Eaaiaiei A.E., Iiaeai?neee A.N., Eiaaeaiei Y.A.
Aaiia-aiaeoa?ii /OO ?15 –9.1/17. – 1992. – 17 n.

32. Eeoei ss.A., Eaaiaiei A.E., Iiaeai?neee A.N., Eiaaeaiei Y.A.
Aaiia-noeoa?ii /OO ?16 –9.1/15. – 1992. – 17 n.

Eiaaeaiei A.I. Iicaee?oeii? eaeoeie aaeoa??e ?iaeo Bacillus. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a a?ieia?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.07 – i?e?ia?ieia?y. – ?inoeooo i?e?ia?ieia?? ?
a??onieia?? ?i. Ae.E. Caaieioiiai IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii iiaeeaeaiiio aea/aiith iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a
nai?io?oieo aaeoa??e. O aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii iiaee iai?yiie a
i?e?ia?ieia??, ui a?oioo?oueny ia eiioeaioe?? iiooeo ? canoinoaaiiy a
??cieo aaeocyo a?ieia?? oa iaaeeoeeie i?eioeeiiai iiaeo iaoe?aeeeaeo
iaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a i?e?iaeiiai iioiaeaeaiiy.

I?iaaaeaii ?icoe?aiee ne?ei?ia i?iaeooeaio?a iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a
na?aae aaeoa??e ?iaeo Bacillus ? anoaiiaeaia ?oiy caeaoi?noue aei
neioaco eaeoei?a c oi?eaeueiith niaoeeo?/i?noth aei n?aeiaeo ? o?iiiaeo
eeneio. Aeyaeaii o?c?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ?inoo i?iaeooeaio?a ?
ooai?aiiy ieie iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a; cae?eniaii ni?yiiaaiee a?i-neioac
oeeo iaoaaie?o?a. ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?th iaea?aeaiiy i?aia?ao?a oa
?cioi?i aaeoa??eieo n?aeiniaoeeo?/ieo eaeoei?a. Aea/aii ?o
aoaeaaiaeca’ycoth/?, aaiaaethoeioth/?, o?ceei-o?i?/i? oa
iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? aeanoeaino?. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeeea? noa?e
canoinoaaiiy oeeo a?iiie?ia??a ye oe?iieo o?i?ei-aiae?oe/ieo oa
ae?aaiinoe/ieo ?aaaaio?a, ?iaeoeoi??a g-?ioa?oa?iiiaaiaco, ?ioiio?iiieo
oa i?ioeiooeeiieo cania?a. Noai?aii iaoeia? iniiae aeey eiino?othaaiiy
ia aac? iicaee?oeiieo eaeoei?a nai?io?oieo aaeoa??e oa?aiaaoe/ieo
i?aia?ao?a iai?aaeaii? ae??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eaeoeie, aaeoa???, neioac, iaea?aeaiiy, aoaeaaiaeia
niaoeeo?/i?noue, aeanoeaino?, canoinoaaiiy.

Eiaaeaiei Y.A. Aiaeeaoi/iua eaeoeiu aaeoa?ee ?iaea Bacillus. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a aeieiae/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.07 – iee?iaeieiaey. – Einoeooo iee?iaeieiaee e
ae?onieiaee ei. Ae.E. Caaieioiiai IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iao/ioth ?aaioo, iieiaeaiey e auaiaeu
eioi?ie nicaeatho iiaia iai?aaeaiea a iee?iaeieiaee: oaeoaeaiiia
eco/aiea aiaeeaoi/iuo eaeoeiia nai?ioeoiuo aaeoa?ee n oeaeueth iienea e
eniieueciaaiey a ?acee/iuo iaeanoyo aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu
i?eioeeieaeueii iiauo aaca?aaeiuo iaaeeeaiaioiciuo i?aia?aoia
i?e?iaeiiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey.

I?iaaaeai ?anoe?aiiue iiene i?iaeooeaioia aiaeeaoi/iuo eaeoeiia n?aaee
i?aaenoaaeoaeae nii?iia?acothueo ay?iaiuo aaeoa?ee ?iaea Bacillus,
auaeaeaiiuo ec ?acee/iuo yeieiae/aneeo ieo, e auyaeaia eo niiniaiinoue
neioace?iaaoue e auaeaeyoue a n?aaeo ?inoa eaeoeiu n ?aaeei
ano?a/athuaeny niaoeeoe/iinoueth e neaeiaui e o?iiiaui eeneioai.

Onoaiiaeaiu oeceieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe ?inoa aaoeeee e ia?aciaaiey eie
aiaeeaoi/iuo eaeoeiia: eiaeoaeaeoaeueiinoue i?ioeanna eaeoeiiia?aciaaiey
aeey eaaeaeie eoeueoo?u, ia?aie/aiiinoue ai a?aiaie i?iyaeaiey
eaeoeiiaie aeoeaiinoe a eoeueoo?aeueiie aeeaeeinoe, iaee/ea a iae aeaoo
ia?eiaeia aeoeaiinoe, iaeneiaeueiia i?iaeooee?iaaiea eaeoeiia a oaca
caiaaeeaiey ?inoa aaeoa?ee e ?aciauaiiinoue ai a?aiaie ?inoiauo e
neioaoe/aneeo i?ioeannia. Iieacaii, /oi ia eaeoeineioace?othuea naienoaa
aaoeeee ieacuaatho cia/eoaeueiia aeeyiea oa?aeoa?enoeee ?inoa aaeoa?ee,
a oaeaea ?acee/iua oaeoi?u aiaoiae n?aaeu: oaiia?aoo?a e a?aiy
au?aueaaiey, ninoaa e ?I n?aaeu, iaee/ea a iae aeinoeioeyoi?ia e
eiie?aoiuo oaeaaiaeia. Iiaeai? oneiaee au?aueaaiey iicaieee cia/eoaeueii
iiauneoue eaeoeii?iaeooee?othuoth niiniaiinoue eaaeaeie eoeueoo?u e
inouanoaeoue iai?aaeaiiue neioac aiaeeaoi/iuo eaeoeiia aaeoa?eyie.

I?e n?aaieoaeueiii eniieueciaaiee aeey i/enoee neaeiniaoeeoe/iuo
eaeoeiia ?acee/iuo iaoiaeia iiaeia?aii ianeieueei, aia?aua i?eiaiyaiuo
aeey yoie oeaee: aaeue-oeeueo?aoeeth ia naoa?icao, o?iiaoia?aoeth ia TSK
aaeyo e eciyeaeo?ioieone?iaaiea a ai?ao-iieeieueiie nenoaia. Yoe iaoiaeu
iicaieeee iieo/eoue i?aia?aou eaeoeiia e eo ecioi?iu n aunieeie
e?eoa?eyie i/enoee e n?iaenoaa e niaoeeoe/iui oaeaaiaeai; ii naiei
oa?aeoa?enoeeai i/euaiiua i?aia?aou eaeoeiia aaoeeee niioaaonoaotho (a
ii iaeioi?ui – i?aauoatho) ie?iaua noaiaea?ou neaeiniaoeeoe/iuo
eaeoeiia.

Iieacaii, /oi nai?ioeoiua eoeueoo?u aaoeeee niiniaiu neioace?iaaoue aeaa
aiaeeaoi/iuo eaeoeia, eioi?ua ioee/athony iaaeaeo niaie ii aeoeaiinoe,
oaeaaiaenaycuaathuei naienoaai, oeie/aneiio ninoaao e oeceei-oeie/aneei
oa?aeoa?enoeeai. Iie i?aaenoaaeytho niaie oa?iinoaaeeueiua, Na2+ –
iacaaeneiua aeeeii?ioaeiu n iI io 7,7 aei 26 eAea, onoie/eaua e
aeaenoaeth ?I, aeaoa?aaioia e aeeeoaeueiiio o?aiaieth, niiniaiua a
i/euaiiii ninoiyiee ia?aciauaaoue e?oiii-iieaeoey?iua aa?aaaou n iI aei
260 eAea.

Eniieueciaaiea aieaa 70-oe iiii-, aee- e o?enaoa?eaeia e i?e?iaeiuo
aeeeiiieeia?ia iicaieeei onoaiiaeoue, /oi enneaaeoaiua eaeoeiu
iaeaaeatho oceie oaeaaiaeiie niaoeeoe/iinoueth e i?iyaeytho
/oanoaeoaeueiinoue oieueei e neaeiaui e o?iiiaui eeneioai,
o?oeoici-1,6-aeeoinoaoo e iaiei aieiinaoa?ai. Iaeaieueoaa n?iaenoai
eaeoeiu aaoeeee i?iyaeytho e N-aeeeieeeiae?aieiiaie e
N-aoeaoeeiae?aieiiaie eeneioai e aeeeieiiuethaaoai, a eioi?uo
niaea?aeaony iaa oeia neaeiauo eeneio eee a-eciia? I-aoeaoeee?iaaiiie
oi?iu N-aoeaoeeiae?aieiiaie eeneiou, naycaiiie n noaoa?ieiaeueiui
oaeaaiaeii a2,3-, a2,6- e a iaiueoae ia?a a2,8- naycyie. Aunieay
noaiaiue ociaaaiey no?iai ii?aaeaeaiiuo no?oeoo? aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi aiaeeaoi/iua eaeoeiu aaoeeee iiaoo n oniaoii
eiieo?e?iaaoue n iiiieeiiaeueiuie aioeoaeaie (iai?eia?, i?e aeeaaiinoeea
?acee/iuo iiooieae).

Enneaaeoaiua eaeoeiu ioiinyony e oia?aiii e iaeioiene/iui aauanoaai e
i?iyaeytho au?aaeaiiua eiioiio?iiiua naienoaa: ieacuaatho cia/eoaeueiue
i?ioeaiiiooieaaue yooaeo, eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue a ioiioaiee iiooieae
?acee/iiai aaiaca, aeeooa?aioee?iaaiii noeioee?otho ioaeaeueiua yoaiu
eiioiiaaiaca e eiioiiiai ioaaoa iae?ii?aaiecia, O- e A- nenoaiu
eeioioeeoia, yaeythony eiaeoeoi?aie neioaca g-eioa?oa?iia.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee aiaeeaoi/iuo eaeoeiia nai?ioeoiuo eoeueoo?
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i oii, /oi yoe aeiiieeia?u iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu
a ea/anoaa auniei/oanoaeoaeueiuo aiaeeoe/aneeo e aeeaaiinoe/aneeo
?aaaaioia e yooaeoeaiuo ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo i?aia?aoia i?e
eiioiiaeaoeoeeoao ?acee/iie yoeieiaee, a o./. eioaeoeeiiiuo caaieaaaiee
e ceiea/anoaaiiuo iiaiia?aciaaiee. Nicaeaiu iao/iua iniiau aeey
eiino?oe?iaaiey i?eioeeieaeueii iiauo oa?aiaaoe/aneeo i?aia?aoia
iai?aaeaiiiai aeaenoaey n eniieueciaaieai aiaeeaoi/iuo eaeoeiia
nai?ioeoiuo aaeoa?ee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eaeoeiu, aaeoa?ee, neioac, iieo/aiea, oaeaaiaeiay
niaoeeoe/iinoue, naienoaa, i?eiaiaiea.

Kovalenko E.A. Extracellular lectins of Bacillus genus bacteria. –
Manuscript.

Thesis for a doctor’s degree by speciality 03.00.07 – microbiology. –
The Institute of Microbiology and Virology of National Academy of
Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation represents the study of saprophytic bacteria
extracellular lectins. A new direction in the microbiology is elaborated
and based on the concept of the research and application of the
principal new nontoxic natural medical preparations in different regions
of biology and medicine.

Broadened screening of extracellular lectin producers are conducted
among Bacillus genus bacteria, their ability for synthesis of the
lectins with unique specificity to sialic and uronic acids was
established. There were shown the physiological peculiarity of the
growth and formation extracellular lectins; the direct biosynthesis of
these metabolites was realized. The technology of the obtaining of
bacterial sialospecific lectin preparations has been developed.
Carbohydrate-binding haemagglutinating, physico-chemical and
medical-biological properties has been determined. The possible sphere
of these biopolymers application as the valuable chemical-analytical and
diagnostic reagents, so as inductors of the g-interferonogenesis,
immunotropic and antitumoral means were offered. The scientific grounds
are created for the construction of the new direct action therapeutic
preparations on the basis of the saprophytic bacteria extracellular
lectins.

Key words: lectins, bacteria, synthesis, obtaining, carbohydrate
specifity, properties, application.

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