Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

OAeE 130.2

Eoiaeaiei ssia Ieeiea?aia

Iianyeaeaii?noue ye ?aae?y eoeueoo?ii? ae?eniino?

09.00.04 — o?einionueea aio?iiieia?y ? o?einio?y eoeueoo?e

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii o Aea?aeaaiiio aa?ieini?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i.I.?.AEoeianueeiai “OA?”, I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee I?ioeaiei Ieueaa Iao??aia, eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo
iaoe, aeioeaio eaoaae?e o?einio?? Aea?aeaaiiai aa?ieini?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.?.AEoeianueeiai “OA?”

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe Aey/aiei Ieeiea Aaneeueiae/, aeieoi? o?einionueeeo
iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith o?einio?? oa iie?oieia??
Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii aeaaeai?? eoeueoo?e

Eaiioue?aa Aa?ii?ea Ieeiea?aia, eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio
eaoaae?e o?einio?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. ss?ineaaa
Ioae?iai, eaoaae?a eoeueoo?ieia??, I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “7” ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo i 15.15 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.64.051.06 o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310077, Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee, 4, aoae.
???-83.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (310077, Oa?e?a, ie.
Naiaiaee, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 01.03.1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio A.N.Noa?iaieo

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iianyeaeaii?noue — oea noa?a neeaaeii? aca?iiae?? i?e?iaee ? “ae?oai?
i?e?iaee” — eoeueoo?e, ?acoeueoao na?aeiii? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie ?
iaa?ae’?iiee aeaiaio aoooy. Cia/ou?noue iianyeaeaiii? noa?e
iaaecae/aeii aaeeea, ine?eueee aiia ni?ey? aaeaioaoe?? ethaeeie aei
iaoa??aeueiiai ? aeooiaiiai niiniao aeeooy, caaacia/o? o?ce/iee oa
ineoieia?/iee eiioi?o, oi?io? oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? ? aecia/a?
eiioi?eaoeai? i??i?eoaoe.

Iianyeaeaii?noue ye aaaeeeaee aeaiaio nioe?aeueiiai aoooy iia’ycaiee c
oeea?e?caoe?eieie i?ioeanaie. Oiio c /anii aiia iaaoaa? a?eueo
neeaaeiiai oaoi?/iiai iniauaiiy ? anoaoe/iiai ae?aaeaiiy. Oea ni?yiiao?
aoiai?oa?ia ciaiiy ia iaiao?aei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy cia/aiiy
iianyeaeaiiiai ia o?eueee a aeeoo? ?iaeea?ae?a, aea ? a
nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo oa eiie?aoii-?noi?e/ieo i?ioeanao ? yaeuao.

Iianyeaeaiiee niin?a ? ye?noue aeeooy noathoue nooo?aeie aeaiaioaie
aeeiai?ee noni?euenoaa. I?e oeueiio i?aeaeuo?oueny ??aaiue aeiia aei
cina?aaeaeaieo o iianyeaeaii?e noa?? cania?a ?nioaaiiy ? a?aeiiaeaiiy
iniaenoino?. Oaaao aei iianyeaeaiiino? aeeeeeaii ua e oei, ui /a?ac nai?
oi?aa?naeueia iieiaeaiiy ? i?ecia/aiiy aiia caaaeaee caeeoa?oueny
eiinoaioith eoeueoo?ieo o?aaeeoe?e. I?aaeea ? ii?ie, a?aei?aoeueiaai? oa
cae??ieai? a aoaeaiieo i?ioeaaeo?ao, i?noyoue aaaaoia?eiaee aeina?ae
naii?aae?caoe?? noni?euenoaa, ui caeeaaea? iniiao aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
eiaeiiai ? caa??aa? niaaeei?ii?noue iieie?iue.

E??i oiai, o iianyeaeaii?e noa?? aeyaeythoueny iniaeeaino? aoi?/iiai
ieaio. Aeaoooaaiiy iiaooo, ia?yaee, cae/a?, noa?aioeie iiaaae?iee
caeaoi? caa??aaoe iaiiaoi?iee eiei?eo ia?iaeiiai aeeooy. sse iniiaa
o?aaeeoe?e iianyeaeaiia ?nioaaiiy ethaeeie aoiaeeoue o oai?/ee
iioaioe?ae no/aniiai noni?euenoaa. Oaaaa aei iianyeaeaiiino?, ??
oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o?ainoi?iaoe?y o nioe?aeueio i?aeoeeo
ni?eythoue a?ae?iaeaeaiith iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e, ui aeoaea aaaeeeai
aeey iieiaei? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae.

Nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie

Iianyeaeaii?noue ye eoeueoo?ia yaeua ia? aeiaao ?noi??th ?icaeoeo, aea
i?aaeiaoii oai?aoe/iiai aea/aiiy aiia noa? o?eueee o OO a?oe?.
Iaeaeaai?oiii ? o?aaeeoe?eiei ? aea/aiiy oa aecia/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino?
ye “?aaeueiino? ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano”, ui iino?eii ?nio?, aea
ci?ith?oueny a ?? i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaiio ioi/aii? ? iaioaeueieo no?oeoo?ao
(AE.Ea Aioo, O.A?iaeaeue, A.Ao?aae/, A.Eiaaa, TH.Eioiai, TH.Aacnia?oiee,
A.ssno?aaeoeueea). Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeooae?ciaaii i?aaiaiiyi aeine?aeeoe
?noi??th ia /a?ac iien cia/ieo iiae?e /e ia iniia? aeeooy oa
ae?yeueiino? ie?aieo aeaeaoieo iniaenoinoae, a /a?ac ?? noa`?eoa ? iin?y
— “iianyeaeaiio ethaeeio”. Aiaeii/an aeyaey?oueny ? iaa?oioiao?oueny
nioe?ieoeueoo?ia cia/aiiy iianyeaeaiii? noa?e, ?? oe?ii?noue ye
?noi?e/iiai aeaea?aea, a oaeiae iaiaaeo?oueny eiei yaeu, ui
a?aeiinyoueny aei iianyeaeaiieo.

Cia/io /anoeio ?ia?o (E.Ie?iethaiaa, E.Ao?iaee, N.Ii?aieia) i?enay/aii
?ie? ? cia/aiith i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaiai ioi/aiiy a iianyeaeaiiino?, aea
aaoi?e i?aee?aneththoue iie?ooieoe?iiaeuei?noue ?a/? a iiaoo?, yea ia?
ia o?eueee cia/aiiy cia?yaeaey, aea e eiioi?eaoeaio oa anoaoe/io
oe?ii?noue. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iianyeaeaiio noa?o ye
aeaiaio eoeueoo?e, noai?aiee aeey caaeiaieaiiy iaoa??aeueieo oa
aeooiaieo iio?aa ethaeeie. Aeiiaoith ianoaiiaeo ye i?iya “ia?aaeeaaiiy
aeeooy” aeine?aeaeo? o?aioeocueeee o?einio-iinoiiaea?i?no AE.Aiae??ey?,
yeee iaiaaa?oueny i?ine?aeeoaaoe, ye ?aoe?iiaeuei?noue ?a/? o no/aniiio
aeaoooaaii? ai?aoueny c ???aoe?iiaeuei?noth iio?aa ethaeeie. A?i
aiae?co? noa?o iiaooo, yea oaia? ai/aaeaeue aeyaey? na?e eoeueoo?iee
ci?no. Iaiaaaiiy iiaee?aneeoe ooaeiaeith oe?ii?noue iianyeaeaiii? noa?e
i?enooi? a ?iaio? I.Eicueyeiai?, yea i?iiiio? “anoaoe/ia i?i/eoaiiy”
?noi??? iianyeaeaiiino? /a?ac aeine?aeaeaiiy “iaoa??aeueiiai oaenoo”
ioi/oth/iai eoeueoo?iiai na?aaeiaeua, aecia/ath/e i?e oeueiio eiai
aaaeeea?noue oa aeooaeuei?noue.

Iaeii/anii iianyeaeaii?noue ii/eia? aea/aoeny ye noa?a nioe?aeueii?
aca?iiae??. Ii/aoeii oaeiai ?icaeyaeo ? aaaaeaiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy
A.Aonna?eai iiiyooy “aeeoo?aee na?o”, yea iio?i eiie?aoeciaaii A.Othoeai
o “iianyeaeaiiee aeeoo?aee na?o”. Eiai iiaeaii ye noaoi?aa?noi
(ia?oi?yaeio ?aaeuei?noue ianoaaei ? ioi/aiiy), ui aeeth/a? ?a/? ?
iiae?? ci nai?ie i?e/eiaie, ca`yceaie ? i?e?iaeieie caeiiaie,
nioe?aeueieie yaeuaie oa ?inoeoooaie. sse oaiiiaiaeueia ?aaeuei?noue
iianyeaeaii?noue ?iaiaioia aoaeaii?e na?aeiiino?. Ia aeoieo
oaiiiaiieia?a, aiia aea? iiaeeea?noue aiae?coaaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee
ii/aoie caaaeueiicia/ouiai aeina?aeo, oiio ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iiai i?ciaiiy. Oe? aeniiaee ?icaeiaii a “nioe?ieia??
aoaeaiiiai aeeooy” A.Aa?o?ieaey, Ae.Oeeiia?iaia, I.Iieia?a. Aiie
?icaeyaeathoue oaeoieia?/iee iaoa??ae iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy ye
ia?oi?yaeiee aeey nioe?ieia?/iiai aiae?co.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiiiaiieia?/ii? nioe?ieia?? i?iaeiaaeaii a ?iaioao
?in?enueeeo oa oe?a?inueeeo aaoi??a. Oae, I.Eiceiaa aaaaea?, ui
iianyeaeaii?noue — oea ia o?eueee iaeaeua oe?ii?noue, aea ? oe?e?niee
nioe?ieoeueoo?iee na?o. O ?iaioao A.*a?eaniaa, N.Naa?ooeueei?
iianyeaeaii?noue aecia/aii ye “ia?ac aeeooy” — onoaeai?, oeiia? aeey
?noi?e/ii eiie?aoiiai i?aai?cio oi?ie iianyeaeaiii? ae?yeueiino?
?iaeea?ae?a ? nioe?aeueieo a?oi, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue iniaeeaino? ?o
ni?eeoaaiiy, iiaaae?iee ? ieneaiiy o noa?? i?aoe?, iiaooo,
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa aeica?eey.

Aa?oi oaaae ?iaioe, a yeeo iianyeaeaii?noue iiaeaii ye niaoeeo?/io
eiaiaoeaio no?oeoo?o — aoaeaiio na?aeii?noue, ui ? iaa?ae`?iiith
neeaaeiaith ia o?eueee i?ioeano i?ciaiiy, aea ? eoeueoo?e acaaae?
(O.Eocuei?ia, Ae.A?/aaa, A.Ooioo, ?.Aeoa?i?i, E.Aoneyeiaa, A.*a?iye,
E.Oae?iia, A.Ioeoainueeee, A.Oaaeioiaa, A.O?eaoia, ?.Ooeueaa). Ia iniia?
oeeo ?ia?o iiaeia aecia/eoe, ui aeeoo?ai-i?aeoe/iee, ianiaee oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueiee aeina?ae, iaaooee o ?acoeueoao? ae?yeueiino? aoaeaiii?
na?aeiiino?, ? neeaaeiei oaiiiaiii aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e, ui aeeth/a?
i?ciaaaeuei?, oe?ii?ni? oa nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? eiiiiiaioe. A oie
aea /an a?i ? iaiao?aeiei ? iino?eiei aeaiaioii i?ciaiiy ? i?aeoeee.

Ua iaeiei iai?yieii aeine?aeaeaiiy iianyeaeaiiino? ? aiae?c ?? ye
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Caii/aoeoaaa eiai C.O?aeae o
?iaio? “Ineoiiaoieia?y aoaeaiiiai aeeooy”. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aieo
i?iya?a iianyeaeaiieo ia?aaeeaaiue ethaeeie naiae/aoue i?i ?o
iai?aeeia?ia cia/aiiy aeey aioo??oiueiai na?oo iniaenoino? ? aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue ?icaeyaeaoe iianyeaeaii?noue ye iino?eii i?enooi?e
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/iee eiioaeno ?? eiaiaoeaieo no?oeoo? (O.Oiia,
O.Ea?, A.Aioeeoa?iaa).

Aii??e/ia aea/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? noiniaii e?iaa?noe/ieo iniaeeainoae
aoaeaiii? iiae ?ic?iaeaii a aiae?oe/i?e o?einio?? E.A?oaaiooaeia oa
Aeae.Ino?ia, a “nioe?ieia?? aoaeaiiiai aeeooy” ?.Aa?oa, a oaeiae a
“a?oaieia?/ieo” aeine?aeaeaiiyo I.Ooei.

C /anii a?aeaoaa?oueny naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?y iiiyooy “iianyeaeaii?noue”,
eiai aaea ia ?icaeyaeathoue ye i?ioeeaaeia iiiyooth “eoeueoo?a”, a
ni?aa?aeiinyoue c iei (?.Aeno?eoeueeee, E.Eaioi?, A.Eiaaa, A.Ao?aae/).
Oea noa? iiaeeeaei ia iniia? aecia/aiiy eoeueoo?e ye niaoeeo?/iiai aoooy
ethaeeie, ui noino?oueny ia o?eueee oi?ie, aea e onueiai
aeooiaii-i?aeoe/iiai ci?noo oiai, ui aiia ?iaeoue ? /ei aeeaa a oeueiio
na?o?, aea a?oio oa iniiao noai?th? iianyeaeaiia noa?a.

O ?yae? iaoeiaeo i?aoeue i?iaeaio iianyeaeaiiino? ?icaeyiooi ye
naiino?eiee i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy (?.Ai/ae, A.Aaeueaeaioaeuen,
?.Ein?a, ?.Ea?iaiei). Aecia/ath/e iianyeaeaii?noue ye nioe?aeueio ?
eoeueoo?io ae?eni?noue, ?.Ai/ae aaaaea?, ui aiia ? i?e?iaeiei
na?aaeiaeuai aeey ethaeeie, ai a i?e ethaeeia a?ae/oaa? naaa aiaaiaii oa
ciaoiaeeoue ?aei?noue ? aca?ii?icoi?iiy c ?ioeie. ?.Ein?a iiaea?
iianyeaeaii?noue ye ia?aeiio ee?oeio nioe?aeueiino? ? a?aecia/a?, ui
aiia ? iniiaith aeey noai?aiiy aeniei? aeooiaiino?. Eeoa oiae? eoeueoo?a
aoaea nioe?aeueii cia/ouith, eiee cae??ieaii a iiaoo? ciai?oiueiio
i?iya? iianyeaeaiiino?. Iaaiee i?aenoiie o aeine?aeaeaii?
iianyeaeaiiino? ?iaioe A.Aaeueaeaioaeuena, aea cacia/aii, ui
iianyeaeaii?noue ia iiaea aooe nioe?aeueiith noa?ith /e aaciina?aaei?i
aeeooyi, ai aiia ? iniaeeaith “i?eei?aeiiiith” ciiith, ui ?nio? o?eueee
/a?ac “iiianyeaeaiaiiy” ? “iiaeieaiiy iianyeaeaiiiai” o eoeueoo?iiio
aooo?. Iniiaa oeueiai niaoeeo?/ia ?aoe?iiaeuei?noue, yea iaiiaeeeaa aac
?nioaaiiy ?? i?ioeeaaeiino? “iaiianyeaeaiiiai”. Aeine?aeaeaiith
iianyeaeaiii? ?aoe?iiaeueiino? i?enay/aii noaoo? ?.Ea?iaiea, yeee
aaaaea?, ui o?eueee c ?? o?aooaaiiyi no/ania o?einio?y iiaea ia?aiiaoe
iaiaaeai?noue ea?oac?ainueei? iaoeiai? ?aoe?iiaeueiino?.

Ioaea, o iacaaieo ?iaioao aaoi?e aeinyaee iaaieo ?acoeueoao?a o aea/aii?
iianyeaeaiiino? ye nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai oa ?noi?e/iiai yaeua. Aiie
ie?aneeee aieiai? ?ene ? oa?aeoa?enoeee no?oeoo? iianyeaeaiii? noa?e,
/ei i?aeaiooaaee iniiao aeey aecia/aiiy ?? noo? oa i?ecia/aiiy. Aea
ne?ae i?aee?aneeoe, ui aeaye? ieoaiiy eeoathoueny aeeneon?eieie ?
iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee. ?iaaiue oaaae aei iianyeaeaiiino? ye
oaiiiaia eoeueoo?iiai aoooy ethaeeie iaaoaa? ?ioiai aei??o, i?ae
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?e/ieo, nioe?aeueieo ? ineoieia?/ieo ?? aniaeo?a.
I?iaeaia iianyeaeaiiino? aeiaaa? o?einionueei? ?aoeaen??, ui ia?aaeaa/a?
?noi?eei-o?einionueeee aiae?c ?icaeoeo, ?ice?eooy naiiai iiiyooy
“iianyeaeaii?noue”, yea aeanoue ?icoi?iiy noo? oa i?ecia/aiiy aeaiiai
eoeueoo?iiai yaeua. Cacia/ai? i?iaeaie oa ??aaiue ?o ?ic?iaee
aecia/athoue iaoo e caaaeaiiy oe??? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Iaoa ?iaioe

Ia i?aenoaa? nenoaiiiai aiae?co ?ice?eoe aecenoaioe?eii-iioieia?/i? oa
oe?ii?nii-aiinaieia?/i? aniaeoe iianyeaeaiiino? oa aecia/eoe ??
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueii ia?aiao?e.

Caaaeaiiy

1. Ie?aneeoe iiea aeine?aeaeaiiy oa nooi?iue ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie
iianyeaeaiiino? o no/aniiio nioe?iaoiai?oa?iiio ciaii?.

2. I?iaiae?coaaoe noaiiaeaiiy i?iaeaie iianyeaeaiiino? a ?noi???
o?einio??.

3. Aecia/eoe iiiyooy “iianyeaeaii?noue” ? aaanoe eiai aei
eaoaai??aeueiiai aia?aoo aoiai?oa?iiai ciaiiy.

4. Iaa?oiooaaoe i?ecia/aiiy i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaiai ioi/aiiy ethaeeie o
iianyeaeaii?e noa?? inioaaiiy.

5. I?iaanoe oaiiiaiieia?/iee aiae?c aoaeaiiiai ieneaiiy.

Ia`?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy eoeueoo?a ye noa?a oaiiiaiaeueiiai aoooy
ethaeeie.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy iianyeaeaii?noue ye iino?eii i?enooiy ?aae?y
eoeueoo?e.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith ?iaioe ? caaaeueiiiaoeia? i?eioeeie
?noi?e/iino?, ia`?eoeaiino? oa nenoaiiino?.

Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith ?iaioe ? oaiiiaiieia?/ia aea/aiiy nioe?aeueii?
?aaeueiino? ye aeina?aeo iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy ethaeeie, ui iaaaaeaii o
i?aoeyo A.Othoea ? O.Eoeiaia; ae?aeia?/iee eoeueoo?ieia?/iee aiae?c,
cai?iiiiiaaiee I.Aaoo?iei; ?noi?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ca noaiith “?noi??y
— i?iaeaia”, ?ic?iaeaia o i?aoeyo Ea Aiooa ? O.A?iaeaey; i?aoei
aecenoaioe?ae?no?a E.ssnia?na, I.Oaeaeaaaa?a, ?.Ioiue?,
O.I?oaaa-?-Aannaoa; ?aea? I.Ooei ? AE.Aiae??ey?a i?e aea/aii? ie?aieo
no?oeoo? eoeueoo?e ? iianyeaeaiii? noa?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a nenoaiiiio o?einionueeiio
aiae?c? oaiiiaia iianyeaeaiiino? o eoeueoo?ieia?/iiio eiioaeno?, ui
ia?aaeaa/a? caeo/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aea/aiiy iianyeaeaiii? noa?e ye
iaiao?aeiiai aeaea?aea aeey ?icoi?iiy nooiino? i?ioean?a oa yaeu o
eoeueoo?i?e ae?eniino? c iaoith oeieiniiai aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iciaee
iiaecie ?acoeueoaoia, yei aeiinyoueny ia caoeno iinoyoueny a oiio, ui:

 cae?eniaii eeaneo?eaoe?th ??cieo i?aeoiae?a i?e aea/aii?
iianyeaeaiiino? o no/aniiio aoiai?oa?iiio ciaii? (nioe?ieia?y,
o?einio?y, eoeueoo?ieia?y, ?noi??y oa ineoieia?y), ui ia?aeiai?
iaoiaeieiai/iith iaiao?aei?noth o?einionueeiai aecia/aiiy iiiyooy
iianyeaeaii?noue;

 nenoaiaoeciaaii iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiiy iianyeaeaiiino? a ?noi???
o?einio?? oa aecia/aii ye?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee oai?a ?icaeoeo i?iaeaie,
ye? aieeioee ia oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?iiai ci?noo iianyeaeaiiiai ?nioaaiiy
iniaenoinoe;

 iianyeaeaii?noue i?aaenoaaeaii ye iino?eii i?enooith ?aae?th
eoeueoo?ii? ae?eniino?, ooeeioa?ii-i?aaiaoe/ia nooi?noue yei? iiaycaia
?? ooieoe??th caa?aaoe, i?iaeiaaeeoe ? aeaoooaaoe aeeooy ethaeeie;

 aeae?eaii aeaiaioe, ui ?ice?eaathoue aecenoaioe?eii-iioieia?/i? oa
oe?ii?nii-aiinaieia?/i? aniaeoe oaiiiaia iianyeaeaii?noue: 1)
i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaa ioi/aiiy, ia oii? yeiai aeieea? eiioi?eaoeaia nenoaia
? noa?aioeie iiaaae?iee; 2) aoaeaiia ieneaiiy, ui ea?o?oueny
iianyeaeaiiith ?aoe?iiaeuei?noth caei?iaei aeocaeii;

 ioa?aeoa?eciaaii iniaeeaino? ooee?oa?iiai i?ecia/aiiy
i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaiai ioi/aiiy o iianyeaeaii?e noa?? ii caaacia/aiith
o?ce/iiai ? ineoieia?/iiai eiioi?oo ethaeeie ? ie?aneaii naiaioe/ia
cia/aiiy i?aaeiao?a iiaooo ye niaoeeo?/ii? iaaa?aae?ciaaii? oi?ie
ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??;

 aoaeaiia ieneaiiy aecia/aii ye i?aaiaoe/ii i???ioiaaiee oi?iioai?/?e
eiiiiiaio iianyeaeaiiino? oa ?ino?oiaio nioe?ae?caoe?? ethaeeie a
?ioa?noa`?eoeaiiio na?o? eoeueoo?e.

Iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aii eiai
iiaeciith. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeathoue iiaeeea?noue c?icoi?oe
i?e?iaeo ? niaoeeo?eo oaiiiaia “iianyeaeaii?noue”, ui ni?ey? aeyaeaiith
cia/ouino? eiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeey ae??oaiiy eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo i?iaeai.

Iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iiaeia aeei?enoaoe i?e aeeeaaeaii?
o?einionueeeo aeenoeeie?i o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aoc?anueei? i?ia?aie,
cie?aia o ?icae?eao, iia`ycaieo c aea/aiiyi eoeueoo?e, i?iaeai i?ciaiiy
oa na?aeiiino?, na?oiaeyaeo ethaeeie, a oaeiae i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
niaoeeo?n?a c iiae?aii? i?iaeaiaoeee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ?iaioao, ye? iaaiai?aii ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo:
o?einionueeiio neiiic?oii nooaeaio?a, ani??aio?a, iieiaeeo aeeeaaea/?a
OAeO “Ciaiiy, eoeueoo?a, aeaaea: i?iaeaie o?einionueeiai ?icaeoio”
(Oa?e?a, 1993 ?.); I?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“?iaeaia?ia ina?oa — ?aei?noue oaoi?/ii? ? aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe” (Oa?e?a,
1993 ?.); ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eoeueoo?a ?
aoiiaoeea” (Ee?a, 1994 ?.); Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Oe?a?iiciaanoai o oaoi?/iiio aoc?: iaoiaeieia?y,
iaoiaeeea, ia?niaeoeae” (Ee?a, 1994 ?.); V Oa?e?anueeeo i?aeia?iaeieo
Neiai?iaeei?anueeeo /eoaiiyo “I?iaeaie ?aoe?iiaeueiino? iai?ee?ioe? OO
noie?ooy” (Oa?e?a, 1998 ?.), a oaeiae ia iaoiaeieia?/ieo nai?ia?ao
eaoaae?e o?einio?? OA?. E??i oiai, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeei?enoaii a o/aiaiio i?ioean? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? ? /eoaii? eaeoe?e oa
i?iaaaeaii? i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c o?einio?? oa eoeueoo?ieia?? ia eaoaae??
o?einio?? OA?.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?y caaaeueiei ianyaii 171 noi?. neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo oa nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ?c 101 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy, iaaaaeaii iciaee iaoeiai? iiaecie,
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a
cai?iiiiiaaii? eiioeaioe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “??ciiiai?oi?noue i?aeoiae?a o aeine?aeaeaii?
iianyeaeaiiino? o no/aniiio nioe?iaoiai?oa?iiio ciaii?” aaoi?
aeiaiaeeoue , ui oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth oaie ? ?? oai?aoe/ia
ia?ic?iaeai?noue, ai iiiyooy “iianyeaeaii?noue”, yea aeineoue /anoi
cono??/a?oueny a e?oa?aoo??, iiaea?oueny ye i?ioeeaaei?noue eoeueoo??. C
/anii oyaeaiiy i?i eoeueoo?o ci?ith?oueny, ? aeieea? iiaeeea?noue aeaoe
?e oe?e?nia aecia/aiiy ye niaoeeo?/iiai aoooy ethaeeie, yea aiia
noai?th? a Na?oiaoaeia?. Oiio iianyeaeaiia noa?a, ui aaciina?aaeiuei
ioi/o? ethaeeio ? aeyaey? eoeueoo?io caaeai?noue, aeiaaa? oai?aoe/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?? iiaiio cia/aii? eoeueoo?iiai oaiiiaia.

Aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy nai?o oaa?aeaeaiue aaoi? aeena?oaoe?? aiae?co? ??ci?
i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? ? iianyeaeaiiiai, ye? aaaaea?
iaiao?aeiei ?icae?eeoe ia aeaa iniiaieo iai?yiee: 1) ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y
iiiyooy “iianyeaeaii?noue” (nioe?ieia?y, o?einio?y oa eoeueoo?ieia?y);
2) aea/aiiy oeueiai oaiiiaia o oi?iao ? ooieoe?yo (ineoieia?y oa
?noi??y).

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iiiyooy “iianyeaeaii?noue”
?icaeyiooi ni?iae aecia/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? a nioe?ieia??, o?einio?? oa
eoeueoo?ieia??. A nioe?ieia?? iianyeaeaii?noue ioioiaeith?oueny c
“aeeoo?aei na?oii”, ?iaiaioiei aoaeaii?e na?aeiiino?. Iniiaiei
iaaeaaiiyi aeine?aeiee?a ? aeae?eaiiy no?oeoo? iianyeaeaiiino?,
iiaycaieo c ieie iniaeeainoae a?aeiinei ? cayce?a, noai iiaaae?iee, ui
iaiothoue o iiaoo?.

Caa?oath/enue aei a?o/eciyii? nioe?ieia??, aaoi? i?aee?aneth?
i?aeaeuaiiy caoe?eaaeaiino? a/aieo i?iaeaiith iianyeaeaiiino?. Aiie
iaaieioothoue, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeaiii? na?aeiiino? oea niaoeeo?/ia
“nioe?ieia?/ia iei”, yea aea? iiaeeea?noue oieeiooe aaae ?aoe?iiae?cio,
ui ia?aoai?eee iaoeo o a?ae/oaeaia ciaiiy, ? inyaiooe aaaaoiieaiiaee
aeeaee aeina?ae.

Oe?eaaei iaaeaaiiyi aeey aiae?co i?iaeaie ? o?einionuee? ?iaioe, a yeeo
iaaaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeee ie?aieo no?oeoo? iianyeaeaiiino?: aoaeaiia
ieneaiiy oa caei?iaee aeocae, i?aaeiaoia ioi/aiiy oa aca?iia?aeiineie,
ui neeaaeathoueny a i?ioean? eiai noai?aiiy. Iianyeaeaii?noue
aiae?co?oueny i?e ?ice?eoo? aeecueeiai a aeayeeo aniaeoao iiiyooy “ia?ac
aeeooy”.

Iaaia cia/aiiy iathoue i?enay/ai? iianyeaeaiiino? eoeueoo?ieia?/i?
?iaioe, a yeeo aecia/aii, ui oe?e i?iaeai? iio??aia “o?einionueea
aiaineiaoe?y”. Aiie ai?uothoue ni?iae aecia/aiiy aeaiiai iiiyooy, ye?
iinyoue caaaeueiee oa?aeoa?. Oea aeaei iiaeeea?noue aeae?eeoe a
iaa/aeueieo iin?aieeao c o?einio?? oa eoeueoo?ieia?? ie?ai? ?icae?ee,
i?enay/ai? i?iaeaiai iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy ethaeeie ? aoaeaiiiai
ieneaiiy.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “Iianyeaeaii?noue o oi?iao ? ooieoe?yo”
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii aeine?aeaeaiiy iianyeaeaiiino? ye ineoieia?/iiai oa
?noi?e/iiai yaeua. Aaoi? aeoeaioo? oaaao ia oiio, ui o no/ani?e
ineoieia?? a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?ao?ae a?ae o?aaeeoe?eiiai aea/aiiy ie?aieo
aeaiaio?a “aeeoo?ai? ineoieia??”, yea ? iniiaith oi?ioaaiiy o
aoaeue-yei? ethaeeie ianoia?a/eeai? ? ?aeeii? ea?oeie na?oo, aei
i?iaeaie aca?iiae?? oiiaeyaeii-?aeaaeueii? oa iianyeaeaiii-?aaeueii?
noa? o neeaaei?e ae?eniino?. Oea ia ?ice?eaa? noo? i?iaeaie
iianyeaeaiiino?, aea iiaeeaeth? oyaeaiiy i?i ia?.

Ia iaiao?aei?noue iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoa??ae?a iianyeaeaiiiai
aeeooy aeacothoue i?aaenoaaieee no/anii? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee. Aiie
cina?aaeaeothoueny ia aea/aii? iniaeeainoae iaioaeueiino? “iianyeaeaiii?
ethaeeie”, ia noai?aiiio iath ia?ac? na?oo oa eiai ?aaeueiiio
a?aeia?aaeaii? o iianyeaeaiiiio i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaiio ioi/aii?. O oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo c?iaeaii ia?o? ni?iae ie?aneeoe i?noea ? cia/aiiy
iianyeaeaiiiai a aeeoo? ethaeeie oa a ?noi??? noni?euenoaa.

Ioaea, aieiaiei ?acoeueoaoii aea/aiiy i?iaeaie iianyeaeaiiino? o
no/aniiio aoiai?oa?iiio ciaii? ? oa?aeoa?enoeea ??ciiiai?oieo aniaeo?a
aeaiiai yaeua a eiai ?noi?e/i?e, nioe?aeuei?e, ineoieia?/i?e,
e?iaa?noe/i?e oa eoeueoo?ii-aoiia?ao?/i?e aeaiino?. O i?ioean? oeueiai
aiae?co ie?aneaii iaae? oa no?oeoo?e iianyeaeaiii? noa?e,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii iniaeeaino?, a oaeiae iaa?oioiaaia iaeaaei?noue ?? aei
eoeueoo?e ye niaoeeo?/iiai aoooy ethaeeie.

Oaeei /eiii, noi?iiaaii ia?aaeoiiae oa iaoiaeieia?/io iaiao?aei?noue
ocaaaeueieoe aii??e/iee iaoa??ae a ?aeeia neioacoth/a aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiiyooy “iianyeaeaii?noue”, aea eiai aoaea aecia/aii c oi/ee ci?o
?iaeiaiai iiiyooy “eoeueoo?a” ? o aeaeia?e no?oeoo?i?e iiaiio? oa
niaoeeo?/iino?. Oea aeanoue iiaeeea?noue c?icoi?oe nooi?noue ?
i?ecia/aiiy oaiiiaia iianyeaeaii?noue, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo
aea/aiiy eoeueoo?e oa ?? neeaaeiaeo o noa?? aoiai?oa?iiai ciaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “O?aaeeoe?? o?einionueei? aeoiee a aaiethoe??
iiiyooy “iianyeaeaii?noue” i?iaiae?ciaaii aoaie ?icaeoeo i?iaeaie
iianyeaeaiiino?. Aaoi? iieaco?, ye iinooiiai o o?einionueeeo o/aiiyo
neeaaea?oueny oyaeaiiy oa oi?io?oueny a?aeiioaiiy aei iaiao?aeieo ?
ia?aeiieo oaeo?a aeeooy ethaeeie, aeyaey?oueny ?o eoeueoo?ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Eoeueoo?i? aa??aoe?? aeeoo?aoooy a Aioe/iino?”
aaoi? i?aee?aneth?, ui a aioe/i?e o?einio?? iiaoooaaiiy ethaeeie noa?
i?aaeiaoii o?einionueeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? oi?ie iianyeaeaiiiai
aeeooy ? aoaeaiiiai ieneaiiy ie?aneaii, aea ua ia aecia/aii. ?icaeoie
o?einio?a ?icaeaathoueny o iai?yieo aoe/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee, aea iinoaaeaii
ieoaiiy ia no?eueee aeeoo?ono?ith, ne?eueee eiai ci?noo ? i?ecia/aiiy.
Noai?ththoueny ii?ie oa iiaeae? iiaaae?iee, ye? o?ainoi?iothoueny o
iianyeaeaiio ?aaeuei?noue.

Aieiaiith oaiaeaioe??th o o?einionueeiio inieneaii? i?iaeaie
iianyeaeaiiino? /an?a Aioe/iino? aaoi? aeae?ey? ona?aeiieaiiy no?eeeo,
iiaoi?thaaieo ?aaeueieo oi?i, na?aae yeeo i?ioiaeeoue aeeooy ethaeeie:
iaiao?aei?noue aeeoea ? eiai icaeiaeaiiy; iniaeeaino? iaeyao oa ia/eiiy;
cae/a?, ia?yaee, ii?ie ? i?aaeea, iiaycai? c iianyeaeaiieie iiae?yie;
i?eioeeie ni?aaeeooy: ae?oaeaa, ai?iaeia/a, oetha, aaouee?anuee?
iaiaycee, ??ci? aeaee i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? oa a?aeii/eieo,
a?aeiioaiiy aei aaaaonoaa, a?aeiino?, aeaaee, aea?aeaae ? noni?euenoaa;
i?aai?caoe?y aiioe?eii-/ooo?aiai na?oo oa aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaee
iiaaae?iee.

O i?ioean? noai?aiiy niaoeeo?/ii? a?o?oaeoii?ee iianyeaeaiii?
?aaeueiino? o?einioe Aioe/iino? aeoeaioothoue oaaao ia ?icoii?e
iiaoaeia? aeeooy. I?e/eiith oeueiai noaei aeae?eaiiy ieie oaeeo
iniaeeainoae iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy, ye ianiie?e, i?aaiaiiy aei a?aeiii?
iaoe, /eneaii? iio?aae ? a?aenooi?noue naiiaeinoaoiino?. Ioae?a
iiaoaeiaa iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy iaiao?aeia o cayceo c iaaeineiiae?noth
ciaiiy, i?eoaiaiiiai na?oo ?a/ae. Ciaoiaey/enue i?ae iaooeoaii oa
?noeiiei ciaiiyi — oiiaeyaeii, aiii noa?eoeaia, ?ooiia ? noia?a/eeaa.
Aea a oie aea /an aioe/i? ieneeoae? a?aecia/athoue, ui ?noeia aaaeee,
yea i?e/aoia aei iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy, aaaea aei a??ieo ae?e ia a??oa,
i?ae ?icoi, a i?aeoe/i?noue, ia aecia/ath/e aeia?i/ani?noue, ana ae
cae?enith? iiaeeea?noue aeuiai aeaaa — ioae?ino?.

Ioaea, aaoi? i?aee?aneth?, ui a ia??iae Aioe/iino? i?iaeaio
iianyeaeaiiiai aoooy oaea aoei iinoaaeaii. O?einioe aeine?aeaeothoue
iaea?eueo i/aaeaei? ?? neeaaeia?, ? oea cae?enith?oueny o eiioaeno?
?ic?iaee ?ioiai, ?noeiiiai, aeeoo?aiai oeyoo o o?einionoaoaaii? oa
ioae?iio ae?yii?.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “A?ae neiaie?/iiai cia/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? a
na?aaeiueia?/i?e oainio?? aei ?? nieneiaiai ci?noo o o?einio?? Iiaiai
/ano” ioa?aeoa?eciaaii ianooiiee aoai oi?ioaaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie. Aaoi?
a?aecia/a?, ui oyaeaiiy ethaeeie i?i naaa ci?ith?oueny: aiia aaea ia
/anoeia einiino, a “ia?ac ? iiaeiaa Aiaea”. Ii-?ioiio ?icoi??oueny niene
? iaoa aeeooy, oeyoe ?? aeinyaiaiiy: a?ae ?icoio aei ii/ooo?a ? a??e,
a?ae i?ciaiiy ioi/oth/iai aei naiii?ciaiiy. Ethaeeia ao?a/a? aioe/io
aa?iii?ei?noue oa ?aeaaeuei?noue, aea ciaoiaeeoue aeooo. I?e oeueiio
aeyaey?oueny i?ioe??//y: aeooa iio?aao? o?ea, ye a??a oa neoae?iiy Aiao
iio?aao? ?aaeueii? iniiae caiiiai aeeooy. Oiio oea?eaa, ui oiniaetha
Aiaeo aieth, aecia/a? ia o?eueee ieoaiiy a??e, aea e ?aaeaiaioo?
iianyeaeaiia iiaoooaaiiy, ii?aeioth/e i?ace?noai aei na?oo c eiai
aeooiaiith i?aai?caoe??th. Oaeei /eiii, iianyeaeaiia noa?a iaaoaa?
aiaeanoaaiiiai aei?aaaeaiiy ? inay/aiiy.

Aaoi? i?aee?aneth?, ui c iiaei a?aeiioaiiyi aei o?ea ? o?eaniiai
ci?ith?oueny oyaa i?i noa?o eiai ?nioaaiiy iianyeaeaiia aeeooy. Ia
iniia? oeueiai aiaineiae iaaiai?ththoue iiaeae? iiaaae?iee,
i?ioenoaaeyth/e i?aeoe/iiio aeoeaiiio aeeooth aeooiaia e niiaeyaeaeueia.
Iianyeaeaiia aeeooy, ui ia?aaeaa/aei nioe?aeueio oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueio
aeoeai?noue, i?aaiaiiy ia?aoai?eoe ioi/oth/ee na?o, ao?a/a? nain. Aea,
iacaaaeath/e ia caeeee iaoooaaoe caiiei aeeooyi ? ia caa?oaoe ia iueiai
oaaao, i?aaio/e aei “a?aaeo iaaaniiai”, aei i?eoiaaieo aaaaonoa aeooo,
ana o na?aaeiueia?/iiio noni?euenoa? aecia/a?oueny a?aeiioaiiyi aei
“aaaeaiiai”, oaeiai, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny o iianyeaeaiiiio aeeoo?. Ca
i/aaeaeiei ciaoiaeeeiny a?eueo nooo?aa oa ?noeiia, ui a oie aea /an
i?iyaey?oueny o nai?io caiiiio oai??ii?. sseui aiaeanoaaiia nooi?noue
i?eoiao?oueny, oi iaiao?aeii caa?iooeny aei neiaie?coth/i? ?o
?aaeueiino?, cie?aia iianyeaeaiii?. Oaeei /eiii, a ia??iae
Na?aaeiueia?//y a?aeaoaa?oueny iaeooioai?aiiy iianyeaeaiiino?.

Aieiaiith oaiaeaioe??th o?einionueei? oai?/ino? ianooiii? aiioe —
A?ae?iaeaeaiiy — ? i???ioaoe?y ia na?onueea aeeooy oa ae?yeuei?noue o
iueiio. Aiii iaaoaa? nae?aeueiiai oa?aeoa?o. Ethaeeia ia o?eueee
caaeiaieueiy? caii? iio?aae, a e noai?th? iiaee na?o ? iaeaeua, ui a
iueiio ? naiiai naaa, /ei oiiae?aith?oueny aei Oai?oey. Ci?ith?oueny
a?aeiioaiiy aei ethaenueei? ieio?: Aia noai?ea ethaeeio o?eaniith
?noioith ? o?eania aeeooy — naiioe?iia. Oiio aaoi? a?aecia/a? i?eoaiaiio
oeueiio /ano ci?io oyaeaiue i?i iianyeaeaiia ?nioaaiiy. Ae?y/?
A?ae?iaeaeaiiy “iaeiiaoieee” a?oaoeiia? oi?ioee o?enoeyinueei? i?oieia??
oa ?eoi?eee, aeei?enoaaoe ?o aeey i?aeianaiiy iayaiiai aoooy, ui
?icai?oa?oueny o iianyeaeaii?e ?aaeueiino?. Eiie?aoi?noue ? e?ia/i?noue
caiiiai aoooy ia?anoaea aooe ???a?o?/ii i?eieaeaiith, ye oea aoei o
na?aaeiueia?/i?e eoeueoo??. Aoiai?noe aaiaeeee o nai? iianyeaeaiia
aeeooy nayoeia?noue ? ?eooaeuei?noue, uia ia o?eueee i?ee?aneoe, a e
ia?aoai?eoe oa, ui aaaaeaeiny ?ai?oa iaaa?oei oaaae. Na?aaeiueia?/ia
ethaeeia, ni?yiiaoth/e na?e iiaeyae o A?/i?noue /a?ac aoaeaiio
aeaeei?noue, neiaie?co? e iaaea? ?e eoeueoo?iiai cia/aiiy. O ia??iae
A?ae?iaeaeaiiy nae?aeueiee oa?aeoa? aecia/a?oueny ca caiiei aeeooyi, ?
aiii iaae?ey?oueny c?eii i?ae?anieie oi?iaie.

Aiieia?y iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy caaa?oo?oueny a ia??iae ?aoi?iaoe??,
eiee aiii iaea?aeo? noaoon “iieeeeaiiy” ? aecia/a?oueny “neoae?iiyi
Aiao”. O oeae ia??iae i?iaieioothoueny oae? ?ene oa?aeoa?o, ye
aa?aaeeea?noue, noie?ii?noue, i?aoeaethai?noue. Aiaiaei?aaaeaiei
aaaaea?oueny iianyeaeaiia ae?yeuei?noue o noai?aii? oiia aeeooy
ethaeeie. Oea, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, aea? iiaeeea?noue iaaeae? ?icaeyaeaoe
iianyeaeaii?noue ye a?aeiee ia?eo aeey iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O o?einionueeeo ?iaioao Iiaiai /ano iianyeaeaii?noue aeine?aeaeo?oueny
a iaaeao aiinaieia?/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee, aea o ii??aiyii? c iaoeiaei
ieneaiiyi c’yniaothoueny iniaeeaino? aoaeaiiiai ieneaiiy: i?enooi?noue
eiai o i?ciaaaeuei?e ae?yeueiino? eiaeiiai; iayai?noue iiieeie,
caaiaii?a, aoaeo?a, ui ia?aoeiaeaeathoue aeinyaiaiith ?noeie. E??i oiai,
aaoi? a?aecia/a?, ui o?einioe oeueiai ia??iaeo ciaoiaeyoue o aoaeaiiiio
ieneaii? ?aoe?iiaeueiee eiiiiiaio — caei?iaee aeocae, yeee aea?
iiaeeea?noue ocaaaeueieoe aeeoo?aee aeina?ae ? aeaoooaaoe nai? aeeooy.

Ieoaiiy i?i cia/ou?noue caei?iaiai aeocaeo ye ie?aii? i?iaeaie
o?einio?? ?icaeyaeaoueny o I?iaoeuee?e eeane/i?e o?einio??. Aoaeaiia
ieneaiiy oa caei?iaee aeocae aecia/athoueny ye aeeaeiia iniiaa
o?einionueei? oai???, cie?aia ii?aeueii?. I?e oeueiio aoaeaiia ieneaiiy
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny a?aeiinii o?einionueeiai ye /anoeia ae?aeaeoe/iiai
i?ciaiiy, aea caeeaaeathoueny iniiae, iiiyooy a?ae??ciythoueny, aea ia
aecia/athoueny. Noa?a ae?? aoaeaiiiai ieneaiiy (iianyeaeaii? iio?aae ?
ni?aae) ia aea/aoueny, ai aeoiaeeoue ca iaae? o?einio?? ? ? iaeanoth
ae?yeueiino?, a ia ?icaeoioaaiiy.

I?aenoiiaoth/e, aaoi? a?aecia/a?, ui a ia??iae a?ae Na?aaeiueia?//y aei
I?iaoeueei? eeane/ii? o?einio?? i?iaeaio iianyeaeaiiino? ?icaeyiooi o
oaeeo aniaeoao: o?einio?y Na?aaei?o a?e?a iaeooioai?th? ? neiaie?co?
iianyeaeaii? ?aae??, A?ae?iaeaeaiiy anoaoeco? ?o, ?aoi?iaoe?y ?icoi?? ye
neoae?iiy Aiao, a o?einioe Iiaiai /ano iiaeathoue caei?iaee aeocae, ui
oi?io? aeaio noa?o aeeooy ethaeeie, ye iaoiae iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy.
I?iaoeueea eeane/ia o?einio?y aecia/a? iianyeaeaii?noue /a?ac iiiyooy
“aoaeaiia ieneaiiy”.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? “Aiieia?y iianyeaeaiiiai ? caa?iaiiy aei
iianyeaeaiiino? a iinoeeane/i?e o?einio??” aaoi? aiae?co? iiaee i?aeo?ae
aei i?iaeaie, eiee i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy noathoue no?oeoo?i?
aeaiaioe iianyeaeaiiino?, ye? ?icaeyiooi naiino?eii a iaaeao oaiaoeee
oiai /e ?ioiai iai?yieo. Caaaeueiei oiiii oeueiai i?ioeano aaoi?
aecia/a? i?aeaeuaio caoe?eaaeai?noue aei eoeueoo?e ye noa?e
oaiiiaiaeueiiai aoooy ethaeeie oa ?? iianyeaeaiiiai aeaoooaaiiy. Oae, o
ia?eneci? i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaa ?aaeuei?noue ? i?aeoe/ia ae?yeuei?noue o ??
noai?aii? aeae?eaia ye iniiaa ?icaeoeo. Oiio aeaia yaeua aaiaeeoueny a
iiea o?einionueeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noni?euenoaa ? ethaeeie.

Oaiiiaiieia?y aeoeaioo? ia aa?enoe/ieo iniaeeainoyo aaciina?aaeiueiai
iianyeaeaiiiai ciaiiy ye iiia?aaeiueiai ? aecia/aeueiiai aeey iaoee.
Oaaao ni?yiiaaii ia ia i?ciaiiy caeii?a ia?eoeaiiai na?oo, a ia
aecia/aiiy i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae noa?eoeaiiai na?oo iniaenoino?. Aaeeea
cia/aiiy iaaea?oueny ineoieia?/iei oa i?aena?aeiiei oaeoi?ai, ye?
iaea?eueoa aeyaeythoue naaa a aoaeaii?e i?aeoeoe?.

O i?aaiaoeci? caei?iaee aeocae, ui ? iianyeaeaiiith ?aoe?iiaeuei?noth,
noa? iaoiaeii o?einionueeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oeei iaoeiaa ciaiiy
?aaeoeo?oueny aei aoaeaiiiai ieneaiiy, ui ni?yiiaaii noa?eoeaiith
i?aaiaoe/iith caoe?eaaeai?noth. I?e oeueiio ieneeoae? ?iaeyoue aeniiaie,
ui o?einio?y iieeeeaia ae??ooaaoe i?iaeaie iiaooiaeo aca?iia?aeiinei.

Aecenoaioe?ae?ci caa?oa? oaaao ia nenoaio oe?iiinoae ? cayce?a o
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio aooo? ethaeeie, oiiii yeiai ? iianyeaeaiia aeeooy. O
i?ioean? eiai cae?enith?oueny ?noeiia “aoooy — iiae?y”. A ?ioi?iaoe?eia
iiea o?einio?? aaiaeyoueny iiiyooy, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue noa?eoeai?
ia?aaeeaaiiy iniaenoino?: no?ao, a?ae/ae, o?eaiaa, ooaa, oo?aioa,
ethaia, i?e/aoi?noue. Aiie neeaaeathoue aiioe?eii-/ooo?aee oii
iianyeaeaiiino?.

O i?ioean? naiina?aeiiino? eoeueoo?e ia aoai? iinoiiaea?ia o
o?einionueeiio ciaii? aeyaey?oueny ?aaeueiee oa ???aoe?iiaeueiee
iianyeaeaiiee ieano, a?aeoai?aiee o a?aeiia?aei?e oi?i? ae?aaeaiiy:
ia?aci?noue, aeaai?e/i?noue, iaoaoi?e/i?noue. A?aee?eaathoueny iia?
a?ai? ? no?oeoo?e Aoooy oaea ia a?aeiinii Na?oiaoaeiae, a a?aeiia?aeii
na?oo eoeueoo?e. Iaiiaeeea?noue aeiaeoe iiaa aeiaaa? aeoiaeo ia ?ioee
??aaiue, aea o?aaeeoe?ei? iiiyooy ia?aoai?ththoueny o naith
i?ioeeaaei?noue ? neeaaeathoue iaoa??ae aeey iiaeo oai?aoe/ieo
eiino?oeoe?e. I?eeeaaeii oeueiai ? iiiyooy “iianyeaeaii?noue”, yea ia
no/aniiio aoai? ?icoi?thoue ? aea/athoue ia o i?ioenoaaeaii? eoeueoo??,
a ye ?? aeaiaio ? i?iya.

Ioaea, a no/aniiio iaeeane/iiio o?einionoaoaaii? i?iaeaia
iianyeaeaiiino? aenoaa?oueny ye naiino?eia. Aeaiee oa?i?i aaiaeeoueny a
eaoaai??aeueia iiea o?einio??, aea ia io?eio? no?iai? aeao?i?oe??, ai
aeine?aeaeothoueny o?eueee ?? ie?ai? no?oeoo?i? aeaiaioe, ui ia
i?eaaaeai? o a?aeiia?aei?noue. Oea aeaco? ia iaiao?aei?noue
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? caeeaaea? oai?aoe/io iniiao aea/aiiy naiiai iiiyooy
“iianyeaeaii?noue”. Oaeee aiae?c i?noeoueny o o?aoueiio
eiioeaiooaeueiiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Ooee?oa?ii-i?aaiaoe/ia i?ecia/aiiy
iianyeaeaiiino? a eoeueoo??” aaoi? a?aecia/a?, ui iianyeaeaii?noue oea
noa?a ?nioaaiiy ethaeeie, ui ? niaoeeo?/iith ?aaeuei?noth eoeueoo?ii?
ae?eniino?.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Noa?a aaciina?aaeiueiai aoooy a ei?eniino? oa
i?aeoe/iino? i?aaeiaoiiai ioi/aiiy” i?aee?aneaii, ui iianyeaeaii?noue ye
noa?a iayaiiai aoooy iiaycaia ?c i?aaeiaoaie oa ?a/aie, ye?
ciaoiaeyoueny a iianyeaeaiiiio aaeeoeo ? iathoue ooee?oa?iee oa?aeoa?.
Iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy oaeiai na?aaeiaeua, ui a?aeia?aaea? ?
aeiiiaith? ethaeeio, aeieea? /a?ac iaiiaeeea?noue aienaoeny a
ioi/oth/ee na?o ?ioei niiniaii, i?ae ia?aoai?eaoe eiai a i?inoi?iaeo ?
/aniaeo aeene?aoieo ia?aiao?ao iianyeaeaiiiai iiaoooaaiiy. Ethaeeia
o?ce/ii ? iaoai?/ii ia?aoai?th? ia?eoeaii ?nioth/a a iaiao?aei? ? c?o/i?
?a/? oa i?ioeane, ui ? i?iaeiaaeaiiyi ?? o?eaniino? ? iiaycai? c
noa?eoeaieie ia?aaeeaaiiyie. I?ae /an noai?aiiy i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaiai
na?aaeiaeua neeaaeathoueny aca?iia?aeiineie, ye? noathoue oei
i?e?inioe?oiii, /a?ac yeee iniaeno?noue aoiaeeoue o nenoaio noni?eueieo
cayce?a, caa??aath/e ? i?iaeiaaeoth/e aeeooy.

Aaoi? i?aee?aneth?, ui ooee?oa?i?noue ?a/? ai?uo? ia o?eueee
ia?eoeaii-oaoiieia?/io caeiiii??i?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?
caaaeueii-eoeueoo?iee ci?no, aea e ?iaeea?aeoaeueio cia/ou?noue
ethaenueei? iio?aae, ui caaaciacia/o? o?ce/iee oa ineoieia?/iee eiioi?o.
Oaea iniaeea?noue iiaooiaiai i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaiai na?aaeiaeua aea?
iiaeeea?noue aea/aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai a?aeaeooy noeoiiiai
eoeueoo?iiai aeina?aeo, yeee o iianyeaeaii?e noa?? ia ia?aai?th?oueny, a
eoeueoeao?oueny o cayceo ?c aeeoo?aith iaiao?aei?noth.

Nai???aei?noue iianyeaeaiiino? iaeyne?aa?oa i?iyaey? naaa o
niaoeeo?/i?e naiaioeoe? iiaooo, eiee ci?no ae?aaea?oueny /a?ac
??ciiiai?oi? iaoa??aeuei? oi?ie, a oaeno ni?eeia?oueny ia iniia?
eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieo oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo anioe?aoe?e. Ooo aea
aeyaey?oueny ?ioa?noa?eoeaiee oa?aeoa? aeaii? noa?e, aea i?aaeiaoe,
iiina?aeeiaai? na?aeii?noth, ? ii?aeiaiiyi na?oo aiioe?eieo ia?aaeeaaiue
? oe?iiinoae, i?aeiniaeno?nieo cayce?a ? oi?i iiaaae?iee, ni?yiiaaieo ia
ae?iaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aeeoo?ai? no?aoaa??.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “Oaiiiaiieia?y aoaeaiiiai ieneaiiy: a?ae
caei?iaiai aeocaeo aei i?aaiaoe/ii? ianoaiiae” aaoi? a?aecia/a?, ui
aoaeaiia ieneaiiy oea ii/aoeiaee nooi?iue i?ioeano i?ciaiiy, aea
ethaeeia iaeiie/o? ? aiae?co? oe?ieee oa ??ciiiai?oiee iianyeaeaiiee
aeina?ae, iaaoaa? caeaoiino? aeaooiaoaaoe na?e aeeoo?aee i?ino?? a eiai
i?aaeiaoiiio ? nieneiaiio i?iya?. O nenoai? eoeueoo?e aoaeaiia ieneaiiy
? iniiaith cayceo noa?eoeaii? noa?e iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy c
?ioa?noa?eoeaiei na?oii eoeueoo?ieo cia/aiue.

Aoaeaiia ieneaiiy, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, oi?io? nieneiaee ci?no
ooee?oa?iiai i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaiai ioi/aiiy, i?aeiniaeno?nieo a?aeiinei ?
noai iiaaae?iee a i?ianyeaeaii?e ?aaeueiino?. Aeii?iaioiith oi?iith
ae?yeueiino? aoaeaiiiai ieneaiiy ? eii?aeeiaoe?y i?aeoe/iiai
ia?aoai?aiiy ciai?oiueiai na?oo (ye i?e?iaeiiai, oae ? nioe?aeueiiai) c
i?aaiaoe/iith iaoith: aeaoooaaoe aeeooy eiie?aoii? ethaeeie. Ioaea,
iaeaaaeeea?oith ooieoe??th iianyeaeaiiiai ieneaiiy ? /aniaa, i?inoi?iaa
? i?aeiniaeno?nia no?aoeo?eaoe?y, ui aaco?oueny ia iniia? niaoeeo?/ii?
noa?eoeaii i???ioiaaii? oeiieia??. Aiia ?aae?co?oueny iianyeaeaiiith
?aoe?iiaeuei?noth (caei?iaei aeocaeii) o a?aeiia?aeiino? c i?aaiaoe/iei
ni?yioaaiiyi.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oiai, ui iianyeaeaiia i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaa ioi/aiiy
iiaea?oueny ye ?aae?y iiaoooaaiiy ethaeeie o eoeueoo??, aoaeaiia
ieneaiiy aenooia? ii/aoeii oa iniiaith i?ioeano i?ciaiiy, ui aecia/a?
nooue eoeueoo?ii? oai?/ino?. Oiio aca?iiae?y aoaeaiiiai ? oai?aoe/iiai
ieneaiiy i/aaeaeia. Aiie aeiiiaiththoue iaeia iaeiiai ye o i?aaeiao?
aeine?aeaeaiiy (na?o aeeooy eiie?aoii? ethaeeie ? Anana?o o oe?eiio),
oae ? a iaoiaeeoe? ooieoe?iioaaiiy (noa?eoeai?noue o aoaeaiiiio ieneaii?
oa ia?eoeai?noue o oai?aoe/iiio).

Aaoi? a?aecia/a?, ui oae? ?ene aoaeaiiiai ieneaiiy, ye ?ooii?noue,
aacnenoaii?noue, iacaaa?oai?noue aeiiiaiththoueny no?oeoo?i?noth,
nenoaii?noth ? aeieacia?noth oai?aoe/iiai a eoeueoo?? oa aeyaeythoue
niaoeeo?/io aeeoo?ao eia?eo, ui nie?a?oueny ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueio
ianoaiiao ? noa?eoeaiee e?eoa??e, iaiao?aeiee o iianyeaeaiiiio aeeoo?.
Ie??i oiai, aoaeaiia ieneaiiy ni?ey? ii/aoeiaiio aoaio nioe?ae?caoe??
?iaeea?aeooia, ui cae?enith?oueny o iianyeaeaii?e noa?? /a?ac iaa/aiiy,
ia?aaea/o oa cae??ieaiiy o?aaeeoe?e a ia?yaeao, oea?aiii?yo, aoaeaiieo
i?aaeeao ? cae/eao. Ia?ao?ae a?ae aoaeaiiiai aei oai?aoe/iiai
a?aeaoaa?oueny oiae?, eiee ia?oa ia ni?aaey?oueny ?c i?iaeaiaie
uiaeaiiiai aeeooy, ye? aeieeathoue a iaaeao cae/ieo i?aaee, ae?iaeaieo
caei?iaei aeocaeii. Oiae? o noa?? oai??? aeyaeythoueny i?e/eie,
oi?iothoueny caeiie oa ?aeaaee, ye? iio?i aaeaioothoueny ?
ooieoe?iiothoue o iianyeaeaiiino?.

O aeniiaeo aaoi? iaa?oioiao? aeoieo, ui iianyeaeaii?noue — oea iino?eii
i?enooiy ?aae?y eoeueoo?ii? ae?eniino?, ooee?oa?ii-i?aaiaoe/ia nooue
yei? aecia/a?oueny ?? i?ecia/aiiyi caa?aaoe, i?iaeiaaeeoe ? aeaoooaaoe
aeeooy ethaeeie. Oaeee ci?no ? ooieoe?iiaeueia cia/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino?
aeyaey?oueny a ?? neeaaeiaeo eiiiiiaioao: 1) i?aaeiaoii-?a/iaa ioi/aiiy,
ia oii? yeiai oi?io?oueny oeaii?nii-eiioi?eaoeaia nenoaia ?
cae??ieththoueny noa?aioeie iiaaae?iee; 2) aoaeaiia ieneaiiy, yea ia?
aeanio ?aoe?iiaeuei?noue i?aaiaoe/ii i???ioiaaiee caei?iaee aeocae.

Oaeei /eiii, eoeueoo?a iiaea aooe iiaeaia ye niaoeeo?/ia ae?eni?noue
aca?iiae?? iianyeaeaiii? ?aaeueiino? oa nooi?nii? aeeaeie ?? oai?aoe/ii?
noa?e. Oea aeicaiey? aea/aoe eoeueoo?io ae?eni?noue ia o?eueee a
o?aaeeoe?eii a?aeiieo i?iyaao, aea ? a ?? iianyeaeaiiiio ao?eaii?, aea
i?inoaaeothoueny iniaeeaino? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai a?aeaeooy ??cieo
eoeueoo?ieo oi?i ? aeyaeythoueny iino?eii i?enooi? aniaeoe, ui
neeaaeathoue iniiao o?aaeeoe??.

NIENIE Ae?OEIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Oieaa?naeueiinoue iianaaeiaaiinoe a eoeueoo?a /Iinoaiiaea i?iaeaiu//
A?niee OAeO, ? 397, “O?einio?y ? eoeueoo?a”, 1997-1998. N.53-58.

2. Iianaaeiaaiinoue eae iinoiyiii i?enoonoaothuay ?aaeey eoeueoo?iie
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe// A?niee OAeO, ? 397, “O?einio?y ? eoeueoo?a”,
1997-1998. N.74-77.

3. Noa?a iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai auoey a iieaciinoe e i?aeoe/iinoe
i?aaeiaoiiai ie?oaeaiey// A?niee OAeO, ? 400/4, “Iaoea ? eoeueoo?a”,
1998. N.166-169.

4. Iianaaeiaaiinoue: eoeueoo?iay oieaa?naeey eee “iaiiaeeeiiia auoea”
/aeiaaea// Eoeueoo?a e aeeciaiiue ie? /aeiaaea: Na. iao/i. ?aaio
Oa?ueeia: OAE, 1996. N. 25-30.

5. Aiieiaey iianaaeiaaiiai e ia?auaiea e iianaaeiaaiinoe a
iinoeeanne/aneii nioeeiaoiaieoa?iii ciaiee//Iaoa??aee V Oa?e?anueeeo
i?aeia?iaeieo Neiai?iaeei?anueeeo /eoaiue “I?iaeaie ?aoe?iiaeueiino?
iai?ee?ioe? OO noie?ooy” Oa?e?a: OAO, 1998. N. 143-145.

6. Eoeueoo?i? oi?aa?nae?? oe?a?inueeiai aoiino// Iaoa??aee I?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Eoeueoo?a oa aoiiaoeea” Ee?a: ?i-ooo
o?einio?? oa ?i-ooo nioe?ieiae? IAI Oe?a?ie, EAeO, 1994. N. 2-3.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eoiaeaiei ss.I. Iianyeaeaii?noue ye ?aae?y eoeueoo?ii? ae?eniino?.
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.04 o?einionueea aio?iiieia?y ? o?einio?y
eoeueoo?e. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao. Oa?e?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith nooiino? ? i?ecia/aiiy
iianyeaeaiiino? o eoeueoo?i?e ae?eniino?. ?icaeoie eoeueoo?e ? ??
aecia/aiiy ye oaiiiaiaeueiiai aoooy ethaeeie aeicaiey? iiaeaoe
iianyeaeaii?noue ye iino?eii i?enooith ?aae?th eoeueoo?e, aieiaieie
?enaie yei? ? aaciina?aaeiy /ooo?aa aeai?noue, noa?eoeaia ni?yiiaai?noue
o oi?ioaaii? oa i?aai?caoe??, a oaeiae ooee?oa?ii-i?aaiaoe/iee oa?aeoa?
no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a, iiaycaiee c iniiaiei ?? i?ecia/aiiyi caa?aaeaiiy
? i?iaeiaaeaiiy aeeooy ethaeeie. Eoeueoo?ieia?/ia aea/aiiy no?oeoo?
iianyeaeaiii? ?aaeueiino? caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue i?ine?aeeoaaoe
iniaeeaino? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai a?aeaeooy caaaeueiieoeueoo?ieo oi?i,
aecia/eoe o? aniaeoe, ye? oi?aa?naeueii i?enooi? a eoeueoo?i?e
ae?eniino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iianyeaeaii?noue, eoeueoo?ia ae?eni?noue, aoaeaiia
ieneaiiy, caei?iaee aeocae, ?ioa?noa?eoeai?noue.

Eoiaeaiei ss.I. Iianaaeiaaiinoue eae ?aaeey eoeueoo?iie
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.04 oeeinioneay aio?iiieiaey e oeeinioey
eoeueoo?u. — Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao. Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth nouiinoe e iacia/aiey
iianaaeiaaiinoe a eoeueoo?iie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. ?acaeoea eoeueoo?u e
aa ii?aaeaeaiea eae oaiiiaiaeueiiai auoey /aeiaaea iicaieyao
i?aaenoaaeoue iianaaeiaaiinoue iinoiyiii i?enoonoaothuae a iae ?aaeeae.
Aeey iainiiaaiey naieo ooaa?aeaeaiee aaoi? aiaeece?oao ?acee/iua
iiaeoiaeu a eco/aiee iianaaeiaaiinoe e iianaaeiaaiiai. Iniiaiui eoiaii
eco/aiey i?iaeaiu a nia?aiaiiii aoiaieoa?iii ciaiee yaeyaony
ii?aaeaeaiea ?aciiia?aciuo aniaeoia iianaaeiaaiinoe a aa enoi?e/aneie,
nioeeaeueiie, ineoieiae/aneie e eoeueoo?ii-yoiia?aoe/aneie aeaiiinoe.

A i?ioeanna enneaaeiaaiey aaoi? aiaeece?oao yoaiu noaiiaeaiey aeaiiie
i?iaeaiu e iieacuaaao, eae iinoaiaiii a oeeinioneeo o/aieyo
neeaaeuaaaony i?aaenoaaeaiea e oi?ie?oaony ioiioaiea e iaiaoiaeeiui e
ia?ae/iui oaeoai a aeecie /aeiaaea, iaia?oaeeaaaony eo eoeueoo?iia
cia/aiea. A ia?eiae Aioe/iinoe i?iaeaia auoiaaiey /aeiaaea noaiiaeony
i?aaeiaoii oeeinioneiai iniuneaiey. Caeanue aeaaiui ia?acii aeiieie?oao
yoe/aneay i?iaeaiaoeea: i?aaeeiaeaiu ii?iu e iiaeaee iiaaaeaiey, eioi?ua
o?ainoi?ie?othony a iianaaeiaaioth ?aaeueiinoue. A ia?eiae
N?aaeiaaaeiauey i?ienoiaeeo neiaieecaoeey iianaaeiaaiuo ?aaeee. Iniiaiie
iniaaiiinoueth neaaeothuaai ia?eiaea yiioe Aic?iaeaeaiey yaeyaony
ynoaoecaoeey iianaaeiaaiiai auoiaaiey. Aiieiaey iianaaeiaaiie aeecie
caaa?oaaony a ia?eiae ?aoi?iaoeee, eiaaea iia iieo/aao noaoon
“i?ecaaiey” e i?eciaia “neoaeaieai Aiao”. Yoi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue a
aeaeueiaeoai ?anniao?eaaoue noa?o iianaaeiaaiinoe eae aeinoieiue iauaeo
aeey iao/iiai enneaaeiaaiey. A oeeinioneeo ?aaioao Iiaiai a?aiaie e
Iaiaoeeie eeanne/aneie oeeinioee aeaiioth i?iaeaio enneaaeotho a ?aieao
aiinaieiae/aneie i?iaeaiaoeee, aaea iniaaiiinoe iauaeaiiiai iuoeaiey
auyaeythony a n?aaiaiee n iao/iui e oeeinioneei iiciaieai. A nia?aiaiiii
iaeeanne/aneii oeeinionoaiaaiee i?iaeaia iianaaeiaaiinoe i?eia?aoaao
naiinoiyoaeueiue noaoon. Yoio oa?iei aaiaeeony a eaoaai?eaeueiia iiea
oeeinioee, iaeiaei, ia iieo/aao no?iaie aeaoeieoeee. Oaeei ia?acii,
caeeaaeuaaaony oai?aoe/aneay iniiaa e auyaeyaony iaoiaeieiae/aneay
iaiaoiaeeiinoue oeeinioneie ?aoeaenee naiiai iiiyoey “iianaaeiaaiinoue”.

Aeaeaa aaoi? iainiiauaaao iuneue, /oi iianaaeiaaiinoue yoi iinoiyiii
i?enoonoaothuay ?aaeey eoeueoo?iie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe,
ooeeeoa?ii-i?aaiaoe/aneay nouiinoue eioi?ie ii?aaeaeaia aa
i?aaeiacia/aieai nio?aiyoue e iaono?aeaaoue aeeciue /aeiaaea. Oaeia
niaea?aeaiea e ooieoeeiiaeueiia cia/aiea iianaaeiaaiinoe iaia?oaeeaaaony
n iiiiuueth ninoaaeythueo aa eiiiiiaioia: 1) i?aaeiaoii-aauiiai
ie?oaeaiey, ia oiia nicaeaiey eioi?iai oi?ie?oaony
oeaiiinoii-eiiioieeaoeaiay nenoaia e cae?aieythony noa?aioeiu
iiaaaeaiey; 2) iauaeaiiiai iuoeaiey, niaea?aeauaai a ea/anoaa
niaoeeoe/aneie ?aoeeiiaeueiinoe i?aaiaoe/anee i?eaioe?iaaiiue cae?aaue
niune.

Aaoi? iiae/a?eeaaao, /oi ooeeeoa?iinoue aaue, naycaiiay n
iaiaoiaeeiinoueth iaania/aiey oece/aneiai e ineoieiae/aneiai eiioi?oa
ee/iinoe, niaea?aeeo ia oieueei iauaeoeaii-oaoiieiae/aneoth
caeiiiia?iinoue ooieoeeiie?iaaiey e iauaeoeueoo?iue niune, ii e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueioth cia/eiinoue /aeiaa/aneie iio?aaiinoe. Naiaia?acea
iianaaeiaaiinoe y?/a anaai i?iyaeyaony a niaoeeoe/aneie naiaioeea aaue a
auoo, eiaaea niune au?aaeaaony iin?aaenoaii ?aciiia?aciuo iaoa?eaeueiuo
oi?i, a oaeno aini?eieiaaony ia iniiaa eoeueoo?ii-enoi?e/aneeo e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo annioeeaoeee. Caeanue au?aaeai noauaeoeaiue oa?aeoa?
aeaiiie noa?u, aaea i?aaeiaou, iiin?aaeiaaiiua niciaieai, iiieiathony a
eiioaenoa ie?a yiioeeiiaeueiuo ia?aaeeaaiee e oeaiiinoae, iaaeee/iinoiuo
naycae e oi?i iiaaaeaiey, iai?aaeaiiuo ia au?aaioeo eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie
aeeciaiiie no?aoaaee.

Niuneiaia niaea?aeaiea iianaaeiaaiiai i?aaeiaoii-aauiiai ie?oaeaiey, ii
iiaieth aaoi?a, oi?ie?oaony iauaeaiiui iuoeaieai, eioi?ia yaeyaony
ia/aeueiie nooiaiueth i?ioeanna iiciaiey, eiaaea /aeiaae iaeaieeaaao e
aiaeece?oao iaoe?iue e ?aciiia?aciue iianaaeiaaiue iiuo, i?eia?aoaao
iaaue i?aaiecaoeee naiaai aeeciaiiiai i?ino?ainoaa a aai i?aaeiaoiii e
niuneiaii i?iyaeaiee. Aeiieiaioiie oi?iie aeayoaeueiinoe iauaeaiiiai
iuoeaiey yaeyaony eii?aeeiaoeey eciaiaiey ie?oaeathuaai ie?a (eae
i?e?iaeiiai, oae e nioeeaeueiiai) n i?aaiaoe/aneie oeaeueth: iaono?ieoue
aeeciue eiie?aoiiai /aeiaaea. Aaaeiaeoay ooieoeey iauaeaiiiai iuoeaiey
a?aiaiiay, i?ino?ainoaaiiay e iaaeee/iinoiay no?aoeoeeaoeey, iniiaaiiay
ia niaoeeoe/aneie noauaeoeaii i?eaioe?iaaiiie oeiieiaee e ?aaeecoaiay
iianaaeiaaiie ?aoeeiiaeueiinoueth (cae?aaui niuneii) a niioaaonoaee n
i?aaiaoe/aneie iai?aaeaiiinoueth. A nenoaia eoeueoo?u iauaeaiiia
iuoeaiea aunooiaao eae iniiaaiea nayce noauaeoeaiie noa?u iianaaeiaaiie
aeecie n eioa?noauaeoeaiui ie?ii eoeueoo?iuo cia/aiee.

Oaeei ia?acii, eoeueoo?o iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue eae niaoeeoe/aneia
acaeiiaeaenoaea iianaaeiaaiie ?aaeueiinoe e nouiinoiie aeoaeiu aa
oai?aoe/aneie noa?u. Yoi iicaieyao enneaaeiaaoue eoeueoo?ioth
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue ia oieueei a aa o?aaeeoeeiiii auaeaeyaiuo oi?iao, ii
e a iianaaeiaaiii aiieiuaiee, eiaaea i?ineaaeeaathony iniaaiiinoe
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai i?aeiieaiey anao eoeueoo?iuo oi?i e auyaeythony
iinoiyiii i?enoonoaothuea aniaeou, ninoaaeythuea iniiao o?aaeeoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iianaaeiaaiinoue, eoeueoo?iay aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue,
iauaeaiiia iuoeaiea, cae?aaue niune, eioa?noauaeoeaiinoue.

Kundenko Ya.N. Every day life as a reality of cultural
effectivness.-Manuscript.

This dissertation-for competition of candidate’s degree in philosophy in
speciality 09.00.04Kharkov State University, Kharkov, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to the research of essence and purpose of
every day life in cultural effectivness.The development of culture and
it’s definition as a phenomenal being of a man allows to imagine every
day life reality of culture,the main features of which are spontaneous
sensitive grounds,subjective trend in the formation and organization,
utilitarian- pragmatical nature of structural elements, connected with
it’s main purpose- to preserve and prolong man’s life. Cultural research
of every day life reality structures gives apossibility to follow the
peculiarities of individual interpretation of all common cultural forms,
to reveal those aspects which are really present in cultural
effectiveness.

Key words: every day life, cultural effectiveness, ordinary thinking,
common sense, intersubjectiveness.

Aiaeiiaiaeaeueia ca aeione I.I. I?ioeaiei

______________________________________________________________

Iiaeienaii aei ae?oeo
Oi?iao 6090 1/16

Iaii? Nipy paper. Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0: Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

Cai. ?

Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.I.?.AEoeianueeiai “OA?”.

Ae?oea?iy AeAEO “OAI”, 310070, Oa?eia-70, aoe. *eaeiaa, 17

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