Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 167

Iao?ouaieia Na?a?e Iao?iae/

Iianyeaeaii?noue o eiioaenooaeueieo

?aeiino?oeoe?yo iaoee

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.09 — o?einio?y iaoee

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Ee?a – 2000

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio

oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe,

i?ioani? Aeia?ii?aaiaa ??eia Na?aoei?aia,

Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

o?einio?? oa iaoiaeieia?? iaoee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe,

i?ioani? Nieiaae Eaii?ae Aioiiiae/,

Oe?a?inueea Aeaaeai?y ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aoiai?oa?ii? i?aeaioiaee;

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe A?oothiia A’y/aneaa Oo?ooaeiae/,

Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e o?einio??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo o?einio??

?iai? A. N. Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «_28__» ___ethoiai__» 2000 ?. i 14 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.17 aeey

caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a (eaiaeeaeaoa) iaoe o Ee?anueeiio

iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

ca aae?anith: 252017, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60, aoae. 328.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe?

Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «_28_»__n?/iy__» 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee __________________ I.?. Ne?eiea

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icaeoie on??? no/anii? o?einio??
iaoee, iacaeaaeii a?ae ?? eiie?aoii? oi?ie, i?ioiaeea i?ae aaneii
?icoe?aiiy eiioaenoo ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee. I?aaio/e iiaoaeoaaoe a?eueo
iiaia ? oi/ia oyaeaiiy i?i iaoeiaa i?ciaiiy, i?aaenoaaieee an?o oe?e oa
iai?yie?a o?einio?? iaoee ca inoaii? i?anoie?ooy iaiieaaeeai
?icoe?thaaee oie ieano ?aaeueiino?, yeee ni?eya ?icoi?iith caaaeueii?
ea?oeie iaea?aeaiiy, a?aeoai?aiiy, ia?aaea/? e aeei?enoaiiy iaoeiaiai
ciaiiy. A i?aaeiaoia iiea ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee aoee iinooiiai aeeth/ai?
?noi?e/iee oa nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?iee eiioaenoe, inoaii? ?iee ana
a?eueoa aaoi??a ?icaeyaeathoue iaoeo o eiioaeno? «na?oo ethaeeie».
Noai?th?oueny a?aaeaiiy, ui eiioaenooaeueiee i?aeo?ae aeinya iaae naiai
?icaeoeo, ae/a?iaa iiaeeeaino? e?euee?niiai ?inoo. I?ioa, aeiaeai c
iai?yie?a o?einio?? iaoee ia noai?ea iiaeae?, o ?aieao yei? na?aeiii ?
oe?eani?yiiaaii cae?enithaaeiny a ni?aa?aeianaiiy iaoee oa na?oo
iianyeaeaiii? ?aaeueiino?.

Ia iiaeia neacaoe, ui iianyeaeaii?noue acaaae? caeeoaeany ca iaaeaie
oaaae aeine?aeiee?a. *eiaei i?aaenoaaiee?a ca?oa?aeii? ? a?o/eciyii?
o?einio?? oa iaoiaeieia?? iaoee, noeeath/enue c i?iaeaiith iaiaaeaiino?
oiia ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoeiaiai ciaiiy, ia o?eueee a?aecia/aee
iiaeeea?noue aeeth/aiiy aeaiaio?a iianyeaeaiiino? a eiioaeno
?aeiino?oeoe??, aea e cae?enithaaee ??: ia?eneci aeiiiaith? ea?oeio
?icaeoeo iaoee ?icaeyaeii nioe?aeueieo oiia ?? aoooy; O. Eoi iiynith?
iioiaeaeaiiy ia?aaeeai aaooaeueoaie /eai?a iaoeiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa; o
?. Eaeaoina iaoeiai-aeine?aei? i?ia?aie aeiiiaiththoueny aeiiii?/ieie
?ioa?anaie a?oi; I. Oae??aaaiae aeeth/a? a aiae?c iaoee i?oieiaaiiee
eiiiiiaio ? o.?i.

Iaeiae i?e oeueiio «na?o iianyeaeaiiino?» ye oe?e?nia yaeua ia ??ai?
eiioaenooaeueieo ?aeiino?oeoe?e iaoee i?eiee ia ?icaeyaeaany. O eiaei?e
eiioeaioe?? cae?enithaaeiny aea??eiaa a?aeie?aieaiiy eiie?aoieo
aeaiaio?a, ye? aeeth/aeenue aei ?? ci?noo c iaoith iiyniaiiy aieeao
ciai?oi?o, uiaei iaoee, oaeoi??a. I?e oeueiio ieoaiiy i?i i?e/eie
iaaeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? o eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee ? i?i
i?eioeeiiao iiaeeea?noue ae??oaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie caeeoathoueny
a?aee?eoeie. A aac a?aeiia?ae? ia oe? caieoaiiy iaiiaeeeai aeeoe ia
oaeee ??aaiue inieneaiiy iaoee oa iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae ?? ?icaeoeo, i?e
yeiio iiea ci?o aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieth? an? iiaeeea? oaeoi?e ??
aeaoa?i?iaoe??.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ia? ia o?eueee oai?aoe/io, a e
iaoiaeieia?/io neeaaeiao. Ca inoaii? aeanyoue ?ie?a o?einio?y oa
iaoiaeieia?y iaoee aeeoea ia ye?nii iiaee aoai naiai ?icaeoeo. Oea
iia’ycaii ia eeoa c ?aaeoe??th ia na?eici? ci?ie a i?aaeiaoi?e iaeano?:
iiaa ?aaeuei?noue iaoee iio?aao? ? iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei ?? aea/aiiy.
Ci?ie ca/aieee an? noi?iie aeeooy oe??? aaeoc? o?einionueeiai ciaiiy.
Ia Caoiae? «o?einio?y iaoee» (o aocueeiio cia/aii? neiaa) aeeoea ca
?aiee aiae?oe/ii? o?aaeeoe?? ? iiiiaeea ae?aeia c ai?noaiieia?/ii
i???ioiaaieie eiioeaioe?yie. O iino?aaeyinuee?e o?aaeeoe??
(«o?einionuee? i?iaeaie i?e?iaeiciaanoaa») a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioean
aoiaeaeaiiy o na?oiao o?einionueeo eoeueoo?o, a oea e inai?iiy oiai
i?ioa?eo ciaiue, yeee c ?aeaieia?/ieo i?e/ei aoa ?ai?oa iai?enooiiei,
aai ?ioa?i?aooaaany o?eueee a iiiyooyo «e?eoeee», ? aeeth/aiiy a
no?oeoo?e ni?eeoaaiiy, i?eeiyo? o na?oiaiio ni?aoiaa?enoa?, ? i?ioean
naiiaecia/aiiy — ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aeanii? iiceoe??. Aiaeii/an, aeoeaii
inaith?oueny i?aaeiaoia iiea, yea ciaoiaeeoueny ia ia?aoei? ?noi???,
nioe?ieia?? oa aoeee iaoee.

Iiaee aoai oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ua e oei, ui no/ania o?einio?y iaoee
aeinyaea oaei? noaae?? ?icaeoeo, eiee c’yaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue oa
iaiao?aei?noue o?einionueei? ?aoeaen?? iaae ?? ?acoeueoaoaie.
Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaiith i??ith a?aeiia?aea? aeai?e
oaiaeaioe??. Iicaeiioeaiooaeueiee aiae?c i?iaeaie aeeth/aiiy
iianyeaeaiiino? o eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee iio?aao?
iaoaiaoiaeieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo, yeee aeicaiey? aeeoe a iiao ieiueio
?icaeyaeo ye aeia?a a?aeiieo, oae ? o?eueee ui noi?iiaaieo iiaeaeae
iaoee, yea ?icaeaa?oueny. E??i oiai, a iaaeao oaie aeieea? iiaeeea?noue
caa?iooeny aei oai??e ??ciiiai?oiiai nooiaith ni?eueiino? oa
ni?yiiaaiino?, iath/e ia oaac? ciaoiaeaeaiiy oi?ie c’?aeiaiiy
ieth?ae?noe/iiai i?aeoiaeo c aeiiaaie ?aeiino? eiioeaioe??. Oaeei
/eiii, eia?ea i?aeoiaeo aaoiiaoe/ii aeaiaeeoue ia iaoiaeieia?/i?
i?iaeaie no/anii? o?einio?? iaoee.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? oaeiae o oiio, ui i?aaeiaoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oaiiiai iaaeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? o eiioaenooaeuei?
?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee, ii noo? iaaaoeaiee ?acoeueoao. ?noi??y iaoeiaiai
i?ciaiiy aaaaoi?aciai i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui aea/aiiy iaaaoeaieo
?acoeueoao?a yaey?oueny iaea?eueo ?acoeueoaoeaiei c iiaeyaeo iiyae iiaeo
aa??aio?a ae??oaiiy a?aeiieo i?iaeai, aeyaeaiiy oe?eiai ?yaeo iiaeo
i?iaeaiieo neooaoe?e, a?aei?aoeueiaoaaiiy iaoiaeieia?? ?iaioe c
eiioeaioe?yie, iiaoaeiaaieie ia i?eioeeiiai ??ciiiai?oieo i?aenoaaao,
aeoiaeo ia ??aaiue i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo
aa?enoee oa ?i.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaia iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: aeyaeoe
oiiae iiaeeeaino? aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? o eiioaenooaeuei?
?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee.

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy c’ynoaaeiny, ui aeey ?aae?caoe?? aeaii? iaoe
iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

— iiaoaeoaaoe iaa?oioiaaio iaoiaeieia?/io iiaeaeue ?icaeyaeo i?iaeaie;

— ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co ??ciiiai?oieo iai?yie?a o?einio?? iaoee ?ice?eoe
iniiai? iaoiaee aeeth/aiiy iiaeo ia’?eo?a o eiioaenooaeuei? iiaeae?
?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee;

— aeyaeoe i?aenoaae noi??iino? ? ianoi??iino? «na?oo iaoee» ? «na?oo
iianyeaeaiiino?»;

— anoaiiaeoe oaeoi?e, ye? aecia/athoue neeaaei?noue o?einionueeiai
inieneaiiy oaiiiaio iianyeaeaiiino?, oa ciaeoe aaeaeaaoi? caniae
aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? o oai?aoe/i? iiaoaeiae;

— ae?iaeoe iaoiaeieia?/io iiaeaeue iiina?aaeeiaaiiai aeeth/aiiy
iianyeaeaiiino? o eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee oa iaa?oiooaaoe ??
iaoiaeieia?/ia cia/aiiy.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeaea?aea. Aeena?oaio
o nai?io aeine?aeaeaii? nie?aany ia o?einionuee? i?eioeeie
ia’?eoeaiino?, ?noi?ecio, ieth?ae?cio e ?i., a oaeiae ia no/ani?
aeinyaiaiiy a iaeano? o?einio?? ? iaoiaeieia?? iaoee.

Iaea?eueo ?noioiee aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ii?
eiioeaioe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?aaeee i?aoe? I. Iaia?aeaoa?e? (aeina?ae
o?einionueei? ?aeiino?oeoe?? na?aeiiino?, ?aeay i?i oa, ui oaiiiaiieia?y
yaey?oueny noiooi?i iiiaioii aoaeue-yei? o?einio??), E. Ia?ena
(oo?eiaiiy iiaea?eii? ?aoeaen?? a i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy nioe?aeueieo
yaeu, aiae?c iaa?iaieo oi?i), N.A. E?einueeiai (i?ioeaaeo?e oa oi?ie
o?ainoi?iaoe?? iaoeiaiai ciaiiy), O.Ae. I?eaoiai? (nenoaiia i?aai?caoe?y
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iiai ciaiiy), ?. N. Aeia?ii?aaiai? (aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaoeiai? ?aoe?iiaeueiino?) I. A. Iiiiae/a (eii?aeeiaoi? oeie iiaeaeae o
no?oeoo?iiio i?aeoiae?), I. Aa?aa?a ? O. Eoeiaia (eiino?othaaiiy na?oo
iianyeaeaiiino?).

Ae?oaa /anoeia aeaea?ae iia’ycaia c iaoiaeieia??th eiie?aoieo i?aeoiae?a
aei o?einio?? iaoee. A?aecia/eii oaeeo aaoi??a: I.A. Aaoiiiiiaa, I.A.
Aaaoiiiaa, A.E. Aeno?eoeueeee, I.A. Aoeaoia, A.A. ?eue?i, A.I. Eie ,
A.E. Iie/aiia, A.I. Iao?oeia, I.A. ?icia, A.N. Noueii?i, A.I. O?eaoia,
A.I. THae?i.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aaoi? nie?a?oueny ia aiae?c ?ia?o oaeeo aaoi??a:
Ioaiea?a, ?aeoaiaao, Aonna?eue, Iiiia?, Iieai?, Ooei?i, Eoi, Eaeaoin,
Oae??aaaiae, Ooei, Oaaa?ian, Ae. I. Ai?nueeee, A. A. ?eue?i, A. I.
Eaae?ia, I. A. Eiii?i, E. A. Eoci?oeia, A.A. Ia/ueiie?i, A. E. ?ae?oia,
A. N. Oae?ueia oa ?i. Aei iniiaieo aeaea?ae, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeeny a
ae?oaiio ?icae?e?, a?aeiinyoueny ?iaioe E. Ia?ena, Aeaeaeina, Aaaa?a,
Aonna?ey, Uthoea, Eoeiaia, Oaeaeaaaa?a, I?oaa?-?-Aannaoa, O?iiia,
O?aieea, I. A. Aooaiei, A. E. Aeno?eoeueeiai, I.Eiceiai?, A. A.
Oaaeioiai? e ?i. I?e iaienaii? o?aoueiai ?icae?eo aeei?enoiaoaaeenue
oai?e oaeeo aaoi??a ye Aaeueaeaioaeuen, Aaeicae, Uthoe, Aa?aa?, Eoeiai,
Iineia?n?, A. A. A?ooei, E. I. Eeue?i, A. I. O?eaoia, A. I. Oaaeioiaa
oa aaaaoi ?io?o.

I?e iaienaii? aeena?oaoe?? oaeiae aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaoa??aee
nioe?ieia?/ieo, ?noi?e/ieo ? ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaoee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaiei ?acoeueoaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
oi?ioaaiiy eiioeaioe?? iiaeieaiiy ianoi??iino? «na?oo iaoee» ? «na?oo
iianyeaeaiiino?», ia iniia? yei? ae?iaeaii iaoiaeieia?th aeeth/aiiy
iianyeaeaiiino? a ?aiee eiioaenooaeueii? ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee. ?yae
iieiaeaiue oe??? eiioeaioe?? iathoue iaoeiao iiaecio:

— iniiaiith i?e/eiith, yea aecia/a? neeaaei?noue aeeth/aiiy
iianyeaeaiiino? o oai?aoe/i? iiaoaeiae, yaey?oueny iaaeii??i?noue «na?oo
iianyeaeaiiino?» ? «na?oo iaoee», yeo cae??ieaii ia ??ai? iioieia??
na?aeiiino?. A ?aieao o?aaeeoe?eieo i?aeoiae?a aeeth/aiiy
nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo oiia aoooy iaoee a eiioaeno ?? ?aeiino?oeoe??
?ioo?oeaii i?eionea? ?oith aeii??i?noue, i?e oeueiio noi??i?noue
aeinyaa?oueny oeyoii ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iiaeo ia’?eo?a
i?aaeiaoii-iaoiaeieia?/ieie ianoaiiaaie eiie?aoii? eiioeaioe?? —
ianoi??i? aeaiaioe aaoiiaoe/ii caeeoathoueny ca iaaeaie nenoaie.
Ei?aeoia aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? a eiioaenooaeuei? ?aeiino?oeoe??
iaoee iiaeeeai o?eueee o aeiaaeeo ciyooy i?iaeaie iaaeii??iino?.
Iiceoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo iiaeia aeinyaoe oeyoii noai?aiiy eieaeueieo
iiaeaeae, aeaio iniiaieo aeae?a: a) o ?aieao yeeo ?icaeyaeathoueny
noi??i? o?aaiaioe aeaieo na?o?a, a) o ?aieao yeeo noai?th?oueny nenoaia
iiina?aaeeoaaiue, yea aeicaieeoue ?icaeyaeaoe ianoi??i? aeaiaioe a
?aeei?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao . ?nio? iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy aace?/?
oe?e?nieo ?aeiino?oeoe?e iaoee, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue aeaiei
iaoiaeieia?/iei aeiiaai. Iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaieie, c iiaeyaeo aaoi?a,
iiaeaeyie aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? a eiioaenooaeuei? ?aeiino?oeoe??
iaoee ? oae? i?aeoiaee: i?e?i?iiaaoe?? o iaoeiaiio i?ciaii?, iniaeno?ni?
?aeiino?oeoe??, iiaeae? c neiao???th «i?inoi?o aeine?aeaeaiiy» ?
«nenoaie eii?aeeiao, yea eiai i?aai?co?», e ?i.;

— caaaeueiith iaoiaeieia?/iith aeiiaith aei iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae
aaoa?iii?oieo ia’?eo?a, ye? aeeth/athoue o naaa iaaeii??i? aeaiaioe, ?
iaia’yceiaa ?aoeaeneaia oo?eiaiiy aiaeii/an oi/ee a?aee?eo oa iaae
canoiniaaiino? anoaiiaeaii? oeaee noi??iino?. Noiniaii oaeiai ia’?eoa
iiaeeeai cae?enieoe aeinoaoiuei aaeeeo e?euee?noue oe?e?nieo
?aeiino?oeoe?e, ye? iiaeii? i?noeoe a nia? i?aaeea ia?aoiaeo a?ae
iaei??? nenoaie eii?aeeiao aei ?ioi?;

— aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? o eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee iiaiith
i??ith a?aeiia?aea? iaoiaeieia?? iinoiaeeane/ii? iaoee, ine?eueee c
naiiai ii/aoeo i?eionea? a?aooaaiiy nieneiaeeoo?aeo i???ioaoe?e
noa’?eoa, ui i?cia?. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ia ii?yaeeo aeaiiiio no/anii?
o?einio?? i?ciaiiy noi?oue ieoaiiy i?i ia?ao?ae a?ae ieth?ae?cio
iaoiaeieia?/ieo ?aeiino?oeoe?e ye i?eioeeio «?aeaieia?? iaoee», ui
?aaoeth? a?aeiioaiiy i?ae eiieo?oth/eie iai?yieaie, aei ieth?ae?cio ye
iaoiaeieia?/iiai caniao iiaoaeiae oe?e?nii? ?aeiino?oeoe?? ia i?aenoaa?
iiiaeeiiino? ??ciiii?yaeeiaeo iiaeaeae.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iathoue oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy:

— ia i?aenoaa? ?icaeyiooeo iiaeaeae aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? o
eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee iiaeia cae?enieoe ?yae eiie?aoieo
aeine?aeaeaiue no/anii? iaoee ? iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy, o oiio /ene? e oeo
oaiiiai?a, ye? aeioaia? aeiaaeaee c iiey ci?o o?einio?? iaoee;

— io?eiaio aaoi?ii iaoiaeieia?/io iiaeaeue ?aeiino?oeoe?? aaoa?iii?oieo
ia’?eo?a iiaeia aoaea aeei?enoaoe a ?aieao o?einio?? iaoee oa ?ioeo
aaeocyo o?einionueeiai i?ciaiiy, a oaeiae aeey i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue;

— aeina?ae aeei?enoaiiy ieth?ae?cio ye iaoiaeieia?/iiai i?eioeeio ?
iaeiei ?c iaiao?aeieo e?ie?a no/aniiai aoaio naiiaecia/aiiy o?einio??
iaoee;

— ?yae iieiaeaiue iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee o ?aieao eo?n?a c o?einio?? ?
iaoiaeieia?? iaoee aeey nooaeaio?a oa ani??aio?a i?e?iaeie/eo
oaeoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee
iiaeai? ia O11 Ananithciiio oai?aoe/iiio nai?ia?? «Na?oiaeyae ? iaoeiaa
i?ciaiiy», ia O?einionueeeo /eoaiiyo iai’yo? Iaaea Eiii?ia (1997 ?.), ia
Aeiyo iaoee o?einionueeiai oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1996,
1998 ?.), aeeeaaeai? a noaooyo, iioae?eiaaieo o ca??ieeo «O?einionuee?
i?iaeaie no/aniiai i?e?iaeiciaanoaa» ( ? 78, 1991 ?.), o «A?nieeo
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y: O?einio?y. Iie?oieia?y » (1994, 1999
?.). Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeiae iaaiai?thaaeeny
ia iaoiaeieia?/iiio nai?ia?? eaoaae?e o?einio?? ? iaoiaeieia?? iaoee
Ee?anueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. No?oeoo?a ?iaioe ? iine?aeiai?noue aeeeaaeo iaoa??aeo
iaoiiaeai? eia?eith aeine?aeaeaiiy oaie ? a?aeiia?aeathoue iinoaaeaiei
oe?eyi ? caaea/ai ?iaioe. ?iaioa ianyaii 171 noi??iea neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (95
aeaea?ae).

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
oi?ioeththoueny iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiaeai? iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ? ioa?aeoa?eciaaia ?o iaoeiaa iiaecia.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e?, yeee ia? iacao «Eiioaenooaeuei?noue ye niin?a
?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee», ia i?aenoaa? ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co ??ciiiai?oieo
eiioeaioe?e o?einio?? iaoee ?ice?eaathoueny iniiai? caeiiii??iino?
aeeth/aiiy iiaeo ia’?eo?a o oai?aoe/i? iiaeae? iaoee ? iaoeiaiai
i?ciaiiy. ?icii/eia?oueny ?icae?e ia?aa?aoii, i?enay/aiei nooiaith
?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. A ae?oaiio
ia?aa?ao? «I?aaeiaoia iiea ? iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiiy» ooi/iaia oa
iaeanoue o?einio?? iaoee, yea ? i?aaeiaoii o?einionueei-iaoiaeieia?/ii?
?aoeaen??. A oeueiio ?aeo?n?, a?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe oa caaaeaiue
aeena?oaoe??, ?ic?iaeai? iniiai? iaoiaeieia?/i? iieiaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy. O ?o yeino? aenooiathoue: 1) ieth?ae?ci ye can?a
iicaeiioeaiooaeueiiai aiae?co, 2) oaiiiaiieia?/iee i?aeo?ae ye can?a
aeyaeaiiy iiaeeeainoae niiniao iieno, 3) aeeoioii?y «aeii??i?noue —
noi??i?noue» o yeino? eii?aeeiaoii? n?oee, a iaaeao yei? caaea?oueny
niin?a aeeth/aiiy eiioaenoo a ?aeiino?oeoe?th, 4) eaoaai??y «na?o», ye
a?aie/ia oi?ia ni?aa?aeianaiiy «iianyeaeaiiino?» ? «iaoee» e ?i. Ooo
aea aecia/athoueny /ania? ?ioa?aaee, noiniaii yeeo iinoaaeai? a
aeine?aeaeaii? ieoaiiy iathoue nain, a oaeiae ooi/iththoueny cia/aiiy ?
iiaeeeaino? aaeeoeo ?yaeo iniiaieo aeey ?iaioe iiiyoue: o?einio?y iaoee,
eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe??, iianyeaeaii?noue, aoaeaii?noue oa ?i.

O?ao?e ia?aa?ao «Eiioaenooaeuei? ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee» neeaaea?oueny c
aeaio /anoei. O ia?o?e /anoei? ?icaeyaea?oueny ?noi??y o?einio?? iaoee
e??cue i?ecio ?icoe?aiiy eiioaenoo ?aeiino?oeoe??. I?inoaaeoth/e oeyo
a?ae eiioeaioe?e «/enoi? iaoee», o ?aieao yei? iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoeiaiai
i?ciaiiy ia aeoiaeeei ca eiai ae iaae?, aei aeeth/aiiy a eiioaeno
?aeiino?oeoe?? ?noi?e/ii? neeaaeiai? ? aeoiaeo ia ??aaiue
nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? ?aaeueiino?, aaoi? iaea?eueoo oaaao i?eae?ey? i?e/eiai
?icoe?aiiy eiioaenoo, a oaeiae iaoai?ciai oa oi?iai aeeth/aiiy iiaeo
ia’?eo?a o iiaeae? iaoee, yea ?icaeaa?oueny, ? iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy.

A ae?oa?e /anoei? o?aoueiai ia?aa?aoo iniiaia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny
iaoiaeieia?/iiio aniaeoo. Aeae?eythoueny aeae?eueea niinia?a
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iaoee ? eiioaenoo ?? ?aeiino?oeoe??. Aeaa c ieo ?
iniiaieie: 1) «iaoiae caaaeaiiy» — eiioaeno ?icaeyaea?oueny ye oiiaa
?nioaaiiy iaoee ? ?aae?caoe?? aecia/aii? oi?ie i?ciaiiy. O oeueiio
aeiaaeeo eiioaeno i?aai?co?oueny a?aeiia?aeii aei
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo onoaiiaie eiie?aoii? eiioeaioe??, a?aeiia?aea?
oeio «?icoi?iiy iaoee»; 2) «iaoiae aeaaaeaiiy» — iaoeiaa i?ciaiiy ?
iaoea acaaae? ?icoi?thoueny ye ?acoeueoao eiioaenoo, i?e oeueiio
ao?a/a?oueny cia/ei?noue aioo??oi?o caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoee. ?io? niiniae: iaoiae ni?aa?aeianaiiy,
ia?aeae?ci, oaiiiaiieia?/iee i?aeo?ae — ia iaea?aeaee oe?ieiai iioe?aiiy
o o?einio?? iaoee. *aoaa?oee ia?aa?ao ia?oiai ?icae?eo iineoue iacao
«Aeaiaioe iianyeaeaiiino? a eiioaeno? ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee». A?i
i?enay/aiee ia?aaaaeii aiae?co i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
iaoee, oiio ui naia a ieo ie iiaeaii ciaeoe i?eeeaaee caa?oaiiy aei
iianyeaeaiiino? ye aei iaei??? c iaiao?aeieo neeaaeiaeo a?aie/ii
iiaiiai iieno oaiiiaio iaoee. Caaa?oothoue ?icae?e aeniiaee, na?aae
yeeo aeae?eeii o?, ui iathoue iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy aeey iiaeaeueoiai
ia?aa?ao aeine?aeaeaiiy: iai?aoeueiaai? o?einio??th iaoee iaoai?cie
aeeth/aiiy iiaeo ia’?eo?a o eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe?? ia canoiniaai? aei
na?oo iianyeaeaiii? ?aaeueiino? — iaaeii??i?noue iaoee ? iianyeaeaiiino?
i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui a i?ioean? aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaii?noue ao?a/a?
naith ye?nio aecia/ai?noue; aeey aeyaeaiiy i?eioeeiiai? iiaeeeaino?
aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? a eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaiao?aeii
?icaeyiooe aeina?ae o?einionueeiai inieneaiiy oeueiai oaiiiaio.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoue iacao «Aeina?ae
o?einionueeiai inai?iiy iianyeaeaiiino?». A?i neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio
ia?aa?ao?a. Ia?oee ia?aa?ao — «Iianyeaeaii?noue o yeino? ia’?eoa
o?einio??: oeyo aeciaiiy» — i?enay/aiee ?noi??? caa?oaiiy o?einionueei?
aeoiee aei oaiiiaio iianyeaeaiiino?. sse iniiai? «uaae? inai?iiy»
?icaeyaeathoueny: aiae?c Ea?eii Ia?enii «i?aeoe/ii? na?aeiiino?»,
aeae?eaiiy no?oeoo? iianyeaeaiiino? a ?aieao i?aaiaoecio ? ia?niiae?cio,
«iaaeaiiy nieneo» iianyeaeaiiino? o o?einio?? aeeooy, eiioeaioe?y
aeeoo?aiai na?oo A. Aonna?ey, aaaaeaiiy A. Uthoeai iiiyooy «na?o
iianyeaeaiiino?». A ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? — «Iianyeaeaii?noue a no/anieo
o?einionueeeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo» — aaoi? cina?aaeea naith oaaao ia oeo
niaoeeo?/ieo oi?iao, yeeo iaaoaa? na?o iianyeaeaiiino? i?ae aieeaii
oai?aoe/ieo ianoaiia ??ciiiai?oieo eiioeaioe?e. O ?aaeyinuee?e
o?aaeeoe?? oea noa?a iianyeaeaiiino? (iiaoo, iianyeaeaiia ? ianiaa
na?aeii?noue), o oaiiiaiieia?? — iniiaa on?o na?o?a, a aecenoaioe?ae?ci?
— na?o ia?noeiiiai ?nioaaiiy. Ie?aii ?icaeyaeathoueny
o?einionueei-iaoiaeieia?/i? ?acoeueoaoe aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? a
?noi??ia?ao?th, a ?aieao yei? iaeiie/aii aaee/aciee aeina?ae oai?aoe/ii?
?iaioe c oaiiiaiii iianyeaeaiiino?.

Iiooeai a?aeiia?ae? ia caieoaiiy «/iio iianyeaeaii?noue yaey?oueny oaeei
neeaaeiei ia’?eoii i?ciaiiy?» i?enay/aii o?ao?e ia?aa?ao ae?oaiai
?icae?eo. Na?aae iiaeeeaeo aa?n?e iiyniaiiy iniiaia oaaaa
i?eae?ey?oueny a?iioac? i?i oa, ui i?iaeaiaoe/i?noue iiaoaeiae
aaeaeaaoii? iiaeae? naii? iianyeaeaiiino? ? aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? a
eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe?? iia’ycaii c oei, ui iaaeii??i?noue na?oo
iianyeaeaiiino? ? na?o?a eoeueoo?e iaoiiaeaia a oiio /ene? ? ia ??ai?
iioieia?? na?aeiiino?. sse aeaea?aea, aeei?enoiaothoueny noaoo? A. ?.
Iie/aiiaa «Ia?aaeeaie na?aeiiino? ? no?oeoo?e aeina?aeo» ? N. N.
Oi?oaeiai «??ae aai iaaei??ae? Iioaoee aei iioieia?? a??ooaeueiino?».
Iie/aiia i?iaiaeeoue oaiiiaiieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy na?aeiiino? ?
aeaiaeeoue aeniiaie i?i «iaa?aeoai?thaai?noue iianyeaeaiiiai aeina?aeo»,
oiio ui eiai a /enoiio aeaeyae?, oiaoi, iaae?eaiiai aeaniith ye?niith
aecia/ai?noth, ia ?nio?. Iioieia?/ii a?i ii?iaei?e, eiai iaiiaiaiiy
cae?enith?oueny ca ?aooiie ?ioeo aeae?a aeina?aeo. Oiio, c oi/ee ci?o
Iie/aiiaa, i?ioenoaaeaiiy iianyeaeaiiiai aeina?aeo ? aeina?aeo i?ciaiiy
? ia ui ?ioa, ye ni?iae naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aeina?aeo i?ciaiiy ?
aeooiaiiai aeina?aeo. Ia?a?ioa?i?aoiaoth/e ?iaioo Oi?oaeiai, iiaeia
i?eeoe iaeaea aei aiaeia?/iiai aeniiaeo, o?eueee eiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
aoaeo?oueny ia ?ioiio i?eioeei? iiaeaethaaiiy na?aeiiino?: aia?a?ei?e
iioieia??. Aeae?eyth/e «oiieo no?oeoo?o» aoooy, a?aeiia?aeii aei
aeaiiai i?aeoiaeo, Oi?oaeee io?eio? ianooiio o??aaeo: iiae??
o?ainoeaiaeoaaiiy, iiae?? iayaiino? oa a??ooaeuei? iiae??. Aeiaeaoie
oeeo no?oeoo? aei oaiiiai?a iianyeaeaiiino? ? i?ciaiiy i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ianooiiiai aeniiaeo: ia ??ai? oeeo oaiiiai?a aia?a?ei? iioiee iathoue
i?ioeeaaeiee iai?yiie. Ia iiaeia ia a?aecia/eoe, ui ?iaioe eia?e?a, ye?
caeiathoueny i?iaeaiaie noai?aiiy eia?ee i?aeoe/ieo i??eoaaiue
(?oio?aoia e ?i.) i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui ia ??ai? oeo aeaiaio?a
iianyeaeaiiino? ? iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy, ye? i?aeaeathoueny a aeaiee /an
oi?iae?caoe??, ?nio? ?noioia ?icoiaeaeaiiy i?ae oai??yie, ye?
iienothoue i?ioeanoaeuei?noue i??eoaaiue o aeaio oeeo noa?ao. Iniiaiee
aeniiaie ae?oaiai ?icae?eo iieyaa? o oiio, ui cao?eniaaia ianoi??i?noue
na?oo iianyeaeaiiino? ? na?oo iaoee iiaeiia aenooieoe i?aenoaaith aeey
iiooe?a oeyo?a ?? iiaeieaiiy.

O?ao?e ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy — «Na?o iaoee ? na?o
iianyeaeaiiino?: iiooe noi??iino?» — neeaaea?oueny c aeae?eueeio
ia?aa?ao?a, a yeeo aaoi? aiae?co? oi/ee «ia?aoeio na?o?a» c iaoith
iiooeo aaciina?aaeiuei noi??ieo aeaiaio?a. Ia?oee ia?aa?ao —
«Iianyeaeaii?noue iaoee — iaoeia?noue iianyeaeaiiino?» — i?enay/aiee
aeyaeaiith ? aiae?co oeo oaiiiai?a, ye? eaaeaoue ia noeeo ??ciiiai?oieo
eoeueoo?ieo ?aaeueiinoae. Oea ianaiia?aae a?aeiineoueny aei oiai, ui
iaoea, aeinyaioaoe ?ici???a iaaaooai?aiiy, aaea aeaaii ia? aeaiaioe
aeanii? aioo??oiuei? iianyeaeaiiino?, a oaeiae a?aeiineoueny aei
?nioaaiiy aeueoa?iaoeaieo oi?i ciaiiy: aoiiiaoee, ia?aiaoee, aeaa?aioii?
iaoee. A ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? — «Iiooe ia?aiao??a ni?eueiino?» — iniiaia
oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny oei iiaeeeainoyi aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? a
?aeiino?oeoe?th iaoee, ye? aeyaeythoueny i?e iiaoaeia? iiaeaeae iaoee a
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio eiioaeno?. Iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaieie aeyaeythoueny
i?aeoiaee, a yeeo ?aae?ciaaii oae? i?eioeeie ?icaeyaeo: oaiiiai a??e o
na?o? iaoee ? na?o? iianyeaeaiiino?, aoeea iaoee e aoeea a iaooe?,
aio?iiiee i?eioeei, ii?iaoeai? iiaeeeaino? caei?iaiai aeocaeo. Aeyaeai?
ia?aiao?e ni?eueiino? aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui a
no/aniiio na?o? a?aeaoaathoueny i?ioeane, ye? ?noioii ?icieaathoue iaaeo
i?ae na?oii iianyeaeaiiino? oa na?oaie eoeueoo?e; i?e oeueiio aeieea?
iiaeeea?noue iieno ??ciiii?yaeeiaeo oaiiiai?a o ?aieao ?aeeii? oe?e?nii?
iiaeae?.

O?ao?e ia?aa?ao — «Iaoea ? iianyeaeaii?noue: oi?ie aca?iiiai ni?eeiyooy»
— i?enay/aiee aiae?co oi?i aca?iiae?? na?oo iaoee ? na?oo
iianyeaeaiiino? ia ??ai? a?aeiia?aeieo ?i oi?i na?aeiiino?. Niin?a
ni?eeiyooy iianyeaeaiiino? naiina?aeii?noth iaoeiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa ?
iaeiei c oeo oaeoi??a, ye? aecia/athoue aieea no?oeoo? iianyeaeaiiino?
ia an? neeaaeia? iaoee: a?ae oi?i ni?eeoaaiiy ? nioe?aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? iaoee aei ioe?iee eiieo?oth/eo oai??e. O naith /a?ao,
iaoea, a?aeaeaath/enue o aeca?eae? iianyeaeaiiino?, iiaeaia ia ??ai?
iianyeaeaiii? ? ianiai? na?aeiiino? eiiaeiia?aoeaiith, iica?/iith
nenoaiith oyaeaiue, ye? aeeth/athoueny a i?ioean aeaoa?i?iaoe?? ?icaeoeo
iaoee /a?ac nenoaio ina?oe ? oi?ie o?iainoaaiiy iaoee. Oaaaeiee
?icaeyae oaiiiai?a na?aeiiino? aeyaey? oe?eee ?yae ooieoe?e, ye? iaoea
aeeiio? ia ??ai? iianyeaeaiiino? ? ye? i?ye ia iia’ycai? c ?? aeanieie
ooieoe?yie.

*aoaa?oee ia?aa?ao — «Iiaeae? iiina?aaeeiaaiiai aeeth/aiiy
iianyeaeaiiino? a eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe??» — ? caaa?oaeueiei o
aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii?. A iueiio i?aeaiaeeoueny i?aenoiie
aeeiiai?e ?iaio?. Ia i?aenoaa? iaoiaeieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo, caniiaaiiai
ia aeeoioii?? «aeii??iino? ? noi??iino?», aeyaeaieo o ae?oaiio ?icae?e?
i?iaeai oai?aoe/iiai iieno iianyeaeaiiino?, aiae?co «oi/ie ia?aoeio»
na?oo iaoee oa na?oo iianyeaeaiiino? a no/anieo oiiaao, aaoi? i?iiiio?
?yae i?aeoiae?a, ye? aeicaieythoue aaeaeaaoiei niiniaii ona?aeiieaii
aeeth/aoe iianyeaeaii?noue o eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee. I?aeoiaee
??ciyoueny ia?aaaaeii ca niiniaii ciyooy i?iaeaie aeii??iino? — aiia
iiaea aooe iiaeieaia oeyoii noai?aiiy eieaeueieo oe?e?nieo iiaeaeae, a
?aieao yeeo: a) ?icaeyaeathoueny noi??i? o?aaiaioe aeaieo na?o?a, a)
noai?th?oueny nenoaia iiina?aaeeoaaiue, yea aeicaieeoue ?icaeyaeaoe
iaaeii??i? aeaiaioe a ?aeei?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao. Na?aae iaea?eueo
ia?niaeoeaieo ne?ae cacia/eoe ianooii?:

— ?aeiino?oeoe?y iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy ia ??ai? i?e?i?iiaaoe?e, ye? iathoue
iianyeaeaii? oi?ie ?aae?caoe??;

— ?icaeyae nenoaie ia?ac?a iaoee, ye noa?e oi?ioaaiiy ? o?aineyoe??
ii?iaoea?a iaoee ? iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy;

— ?icaeyae oi/ie a?oo?eaoe?? a ?icaeoeo iaoee, o ?aieao yeeo iaeaooi?
iaoee aecia/a?oueny a noa?? iianyeaeaiiino?;

— canoinoaaiiy «iianyeaeaiiino?» ye iaoaoi?e aeey neooaoeaiiai
iiaeieaiiy aioeiii?/ieo neooaoe?e;

— ii?aoethaaiiy i?ioeaaeo?e ia?aoai?aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? a «cai?iooee
aei??» aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aecia/aiiy i?ioeaaeo? ei?aeoiiai ?aoeaeneaiiai
?icai?oaiiy a neooaoe?? iaiao?aeiino? aaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo cania?a
iiyniaiiy;

— iiaoaeiaa iiaeaeae oeyoii anoaiiaeaiiy e oo?eiaiiy i?iaeoe?eii?
neiao???: iianyeaeaii?noue ? iaoeiaa i?ciaiiy iiaeii? aooe
aca?iicai?iieie c iiaeyaeo «i?inoi?o aeine?aeaeaiiy» ? «nenoaie
eii?aeeiao, yea eiai i?aai?co?»;

— iniaeno?ni? ?aeiino?oeoe??: oo?eiaiiy a yeino? nenoaie eii?aeeiao
oe?e?niino? iaoiaeieia?/ii? na?aeiiino? aaoi?a ?aeiino?oeoe??.
Aiaeyoe?y aei iianyeaeaiiino? ooo iiaea neoaeeoe caniaii aeoiaeo ca
iaae? eiioeaiooaeueieo iiaeaeae;

— ?aeiino?oeoe?y iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy c iiaeyaeo aeieeaaeaiiy coneeue
(aia?a?eiiai oaeoi?o, aai aei??o) «i?aeianaiiy iaae iianyeaeaii?noth».

O?einionueea ?aoeaen?y iaae ia?aiao?aie aeaieo iiaeaeae aeicaiey? aeeoe
ia caaaeueiiiaoiaeieia?/i? aeiiae aei iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae aaoa?iii?oieo
ia’?eo?a, ye? aeeth/athoue o naaa iaaeii??i? aeaiaioe. Aieiaia c oeeo
iio?aa — aacoieiia ?aoeaeneaia oo?eiaiiy oi/ee a?aee?eo ? iaae
canoiniaiino? anoaiiaeaii? oeaee noi??iino?. Noiniaii oaeiai ia’?eoa
iiaeia cae?enieoe aoaeue-yeo e?euee?noue oe?e?nieo ?aeiino?oeoe?e, ye?
iiaeii? i?noeoe a nia? i?aaeea ia?aoiaeo a?ae iaei??? nenoaie eii?aeeiao
aei ?ioi?.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaiaeyoueny i?aenoiee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ye? iathoue caaaeueiio?einionueea cia/aiiy: aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? a
eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee iiaiith i??ith a?aeiia?aea? iaoiaeieia??
iinoiaeeane/ii? iaoee, oiio ui c naiiai ii/aoeo i?eionea? a?aooaaiiy
nieneiaeeoo?aeo i???ioaoe?e noa’?eoa, yeee i?cia?; ia ii?yaeeo aeaiiiio
no/aniiai o?einionueeiai i?ciaiiy noi?oue ieoaiiy i?i ia?ao?ae a?ae
ieth?ae?cio, ye i?eioeeio «?aeaieia?? iaoee», ui ?aaoeth? a?aeiioaiiy
i?ae eiieo?oth/eie iai?yieaie, aei ieth?ae?cio ye iaoiaeieia?/iiai
caniao iiaoaeiae oe?e?nii? ?aeiino?oeoe?? ia i?aenoaa? iiiaeeiiino?
??ciiii?yaeeiaeo iiaeaeae.

Aeniiaee.

Iaoiaeieia?/iei ?acoeueoaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
noai?aiiy iaoiaeieia?/ii? iiaeae? o?einionueeiai aiae?co aaoa?iii?oieo
ia’?eo?a, ui ?aae?ciaaia noiniaii ??ciiiai?ooy no/anieo oai??e oa
eiioeaioe?e o?einio?? iaoee. Oey iiaeaeue ia? oae? aeiiae:

1. Iaiao?aeii iaiiaieoe oa?i?i «ieth?ae?ci» eiie?aoiei iaoiaeieia?/iei
ci?noii. Oea iiaeeeai ao?eeoe, iai?eeeaae, oeyoii noai?aiiy
iaeo?aeueiiai, oiaoi oaeiai, yeee ia i?aoaiaeo? ia ?ieue iiynithaaeueii?
iiaeae?, oai?aoe/iiai eiino?oeoo, yeee iiaeiai aeeiioaaoe ooieoe?th
i?aai?caoe?? (oi?ioaaiiy) i?aaeiaoiiai iiey aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeii
aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe. Cia/aiiy iiiyoue ne?ae ooi/ithaaoe noiniaii
aeyaeaii? (noi?iiaaii?) no?oeoo?e i?aaeiaoiiai iiey (ieiueiai ?icaeyaeo)
oa (aai) eiiaaioe?iiaeueii caaeaaaoe a?aeiia?aeii aei neooaoe?e
ia?aoiaeo c iaeiiai ??aiy i?aai?caoe?? ia ?ioee.

2. Ci?noiaiee aiae?c i?aaeiaoiiai iiey iaiao?aeii i?noeoue o nia?
iino?eiee ?aoeaeneaiee eiio?ieue ca «eiino?othaaiiyi ?aaeueiino?», yeee
oo?eio? a nia? aeaa iiiaioe: o?aooaaiiy ianoaiia oi?ioaaiiy eiie?aoiiai
eiino?oeoo (a oiio /ene? ? oaeeo, ye? aeoiaeyoue ia ??aaiue i?aenoaa
aoooy noa’?eoa, ui i?cia?,) ? aiae?c o?ainoi?iaoe?? ia’?eoa
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ae aieeaii eiino?oeoo.

3. Iniiaiei e?eoa???i iaa?oioiaaiino? aeei?enoaiiy eiie?aoiiai
oai?aoe/iiai eiino?oeoo ?, a?aeiia?aeii, i?aenoaaith aeey eiai
ei?aeoe??, ? iiaeeea?noue neiao?e/iiai iaa?oaiiy noi?iiaaiiai
i?aaeiaoiiai iiey (i?inoi?o aeine?aeaeaiiy) ? nenoaie eii?aeeiao, yea
eiai i?aai?co?.

4. Iaea?eueo caaaeueiith iaoiaeieia?/iith aeiiaith aei iiaoaeiae
iiaeaeae aaoa?iii?oieo ia’?eo?a, cie?aia oeo, ye? aeeth/athoue o naaa
iaaeii??i? aeaiaioe, ? aacoieiia ?aoeaeneaia oo?eiaiiy oi/ee a?aee?eo ?
iaae canoiniaiino? anoaiiaeaii? oeaee noi??iino?. Oe?e?niee iien oaeiai
ia’?eoo iiaeia cae?enieoe /a?ac nenoaio ?aeiino?oeoe?e, yea iiaeiia
i?noeoe o nia? i?aaeea ia?aoiaeo a?ae iaei??? ?aeiino?oeoe?? aei ?ioi?.

Nai???aei?noth i?aeoiaeo ? oa, ui a?i oaeoe/ii ci?ia? i?ioenoaaeaiiy
«eiioaeno a?aee?eooy — eiioaeno iaa?oiooaaiiy», aeicaieyth/e a?aoiaoaaoe
aieea noa’?eoa, ui i?cia?, ye a?aei?iio a?ae ia’?eoa nooi?noue. Iaoiae
aeeeaaeaiiy ooo ia iiaea ?noioii a?ae??ciyoeny a?ae iaoiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iine?aeiaiino? eiai cae?eniaiiy, oiio ui io?eiai?
?acoeueoaoe oaeaeoa ca ana aoaeooue iineoe i?ioeanoaeueiee oa?aeoa?
(iai?eeeaae, ye o?aooaaiiy iiaeae? ia?aoiaeo a?ae iaeiiai ??aiy
i?aai?caoe?? i?aaeiaoiiai iiey aei ?ioiai) ? oiio aoaeooue iiie?aoenue
oi?iaeuei?e ?ai?acaioaoe??.

Aei oai?aoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?aeiinyoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy.

1. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co ?noi??? o?einio?? iaoee, ye ?noi??? ?icoe?aiiy
eiioaenoo, aoei aeyaeaii, ui i?ioean ?icoe?aiiy eiioaenoo ?aae?coaaany
aeaiia iniiaieie oeyoaie: 1) «iaoiaeii caaaeaiiy» — eiioaeno
?icaeyaea?oueny ye oiiaa ?nioaaiiy iaoee ? ?aae?caoe?? iaaii? oi?ie
i?ciaiiy. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo eiioaeno i?aai?co?oueny a?aeiia?aeii aei
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo ianoaiia eiie?aoii? eiioeaioe??, a?aeiia?aea?
oeio «?icoi?iiy iaoee»; 2) «iaoiaeii aeaaaeaiiy» — iaoeiaa i?ciaiiy ?
iaoea acaaae? ?icoi?thoueny ye ?acoeueoao eiioaenoo, i?e oeueiio
ao?a/a?oueny cia/ei?noue aioo??oi?o caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoee. O ia?oiio aeiaaeeo, aeeth/aiiy
nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo oiia aoooy iaoee a eiioaeno ?? ?aeiino?oeoe??
?ioo?oeaii aeicaiey?oueny ?oiueith aeii??i?noth, oiio ui noi??i?noue
aeinyaa?oueny oeyoii ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iiaeo ia’?eo?a
i?aaeiaoii-iaoiaeieia?/ieie ianoaiiaaie eiie?aoii? eiioeaioe?? —
ianoi??i? aeaiaioe aaoiiaoe/ii caeeoathoueny ca iaaeaie nenoaie, ye ?
aeaiaioe iianyeaeaiiino? oaeiae. A ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo, ni?iaa i?yiiai
aeaaaeaiiy iaoee c iianyeaeaiiino? i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae o?eueee
oaiiiaiieia?/ii? nioe?ieia?? ciaiiy. Oiaoi, i?ioean iieno aca?iiae??
na?oo iaoee ? na?oo iianyeaeaiiino? aac nenoaie iiina?aaeeoaaiiy
oaeoe/ii iaiiaeeeaee.

2. Aeeth/aiith iianyeaeaiiino? o eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee
ia?aoeiaeaea? ia o?eueee iaaeii??i?noue na?oo iaoee ? na?oo
iianyeaeaiiino?. Naia ii nia? iianyeaeaii?noue ? neeaaeiei aeey
o?einionueeiai inieneaiiy ia’?eoii, aaaaoi oa?aeoa?enoee yeiai
?aae?cothoueny o?eueee i?ioeanoaeueii. I?iaeaiaoe/i?noue iiaoaeiae
aaeaeaaoii? iiaeae? naii? iianyeaeaiiino? (oa, a?aeiia?aeii, iiaeae?
aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? o eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe??) iia’ycaia c oei,
ui iaaeii??i?noue na?oo iianyeaeaiiino? ? na?o?a eoeueoo?e cae??ieaia
ia ??ai? iioieia?? na?aeiiino?.

3. O oie aea /an, aiae?c no/anieo ?aae?e iaoee ? iianyeaeaiiino?
aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui iaia?aai?ii? iaae? i?ae na?oaie
ia ?nio?. ? ?yae i?ioean?a, ye? oa?aeoa?i? ? aeey iaoee, ? aeey
iianyeaeaiiino?. ? ?yae oaiiiai?a, ye? ?aae?cothoueny, i?iiecoth/e an?
noa?e ?aaeueiino?. ? iiaeeea?noue ni?aa?aeianaiiy iianyeaeaiii?
na?aeiiino? ? naiina?aeiiino? iaoeiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa. Ioaea,
?niothoue i?aenoaae aeey iiaeieaiiy iniiaieo i?e/ei, ye? aecia/athoue
neeaaei?noue aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? o oai?aoe/i? iiaoaeiae, ? aiie
aaaaoi a /iio iia’ycai? c? ni?yiiaai?noth oa aeeiai?eith ci?i o
no/aniiio na?o?.

4. I?ioa iiaeeeaino?, ye? a?aee?eeeny, ia aeicaieythoue ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia
cae?eniaiiy aeiaaeueii? ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee o eiioaeno?
iianyeaeaiiino?. ?nio? o?eueee iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy ?yaeo eieaeueieo
?aeiino?oeoe?e, oiio ui aeiiae aei iiaeaeae aeoaea aenie?. I?e oeueiio
iaiao?aeii ?aae?coaaoe oi/a a iaeei ?c ianooiieo i?aeoiae?a: a) iiaeaeue
aoaeo?oueny ia ??ai? ?icaeyaeo noi??ieo o?aaiaio?a na?oo iaoee ? na?oo
iianyeaeaiiino?, a) noai?th?oueny nenoaia iiina?aaeeoaaiue, yea
aeicaieeoue ?icaeyaeaoe iaaeii??i? aeaiaioe a ?aeei?e nenoai?
eii?aeeiao. ?icaeyae aaoi?ii eiie?aoieo iiaeaeae iaoee, yea
?icaeaa?oueny, ia i?aenoaa? ?aoeaeneaiiai aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? o
eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoe??: i?e?i?iiaaoe?? o iaoeiaiio i?ciaii?,
iniaeno?ni? ?aeiino?oeoe??, iiaeae? ?c neiao???th «i?inoi?o
aeine?aeaeaiiy» oa «nenoaie eii?aeeiao, eiai i?aai?coth/i?» e ?i. —
aeicaieeei c?iaeoe ?yae caaaeueiio?einionueeeo aeniiae?a:

1. Caaaeuei? ianoaiiae i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? cai?iiiiiaaii?
iiaeae? ?aeiino?oeoe?? a oe?eiio a?aeiia?aeathoue iaoiaeieia??
iinoiaeeane/ii? iaoee, oiio ui c naiiai ii/aoeo i?eioneathoue a?aooaaiiy
nieneiaeeoo?aeo i???ioaoe?e noa’?eoa, yeee i?cia?.

2. Aeina?ae ?iaioe c iaaeii??ieie ia’?eoaie, aei yeeo iiaeia a?aeianoe
ia o?eueee iianyeaeaii?noue ? iaoeo, aea e ??ciiiai?oi? eiioeaioe??
o?einio?? iaoee, aiai?eoue i?i oa, ui ia ii?yaeeo aeaiiiio no/anii?
o?einio?? i?ciaiiy noi?oue ieoaiiy i?i iiaa aecia/aiiy ieth?ae?cio . A
aeaiee /an ieth?ae?ci yaey?oueny i?eioeeiii «?aeaieia?? iaoee» a?i ia
iniia? aeiiae oiea?aioiino? ?aaoeth? a?aeiioaiiy i?ae eiieo?oth/eie
iai?yieaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoa?iii?oieo ia’?eo?a iio?aao? ia?aoai?aiiy
ieth?ae?cio a iaoiaeieia?/iee can?a iiaoaeiae oe?e?nii? ?aeiino?oeoe??
ia i?aenoaa? iiiaeeiiino? ??ciiii?yaeeiaeo iiaeaeae .

3. I?aaeiaoia iiea no/anii? o?einio?? iaoee cacia? ?noioieo ci?i, ye?
iia’ycai? c aieeaii ye ciai?oi?o, oae e aioo??oi?o oaeoi??a: ci?ie o
iaooe? oa iiyaa iiai? oaee? i?e?iaeiciaaoe?a ?, ye ?acoeueoao, iia?
iaoiaeieia?/i? i?iaeaie, ye? aeiaaathoue o?einionueeiai ??oaiiy; coneeey
nioe?ieia?a, ?noi?ee?a ? ineoieia?a iaoee, aeiooaieo aeiaoaeiaoaaoe
oai?aoe/iee iien nai?o oai??e aei o?einionueeiai iaa?oiooaaiiy eiai
i?eioeei?a; ia?aoai?aiiy o?einio?? iaoee a naiino?eio aaeocue
o?einionueeiai i?ciaiiy. sse iane?aeie oeeo i?ioean?a, ciiao aeieea?
i?iaeaia aeaia?eaoe?? – aaea ye ooi/iaiiy iaae i?aaeiaoiino? o?einio??
iaoee.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui
a no/anieo oiiaao aeei?enoaiiy ia’?eoii-i?aaeiaoiiai i?aeoiaeo aei
oo?eiaiiy oe?e?niino? eiie?aoii? iaeano? o?einionueeiai ciaiiy
aeyaey?oueny iaaeinoaoi?i. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeieia??, yea aoaeo?oueny
ia iniia? iiia?aaeiueiai caaaeaiiy oi/ee a?aee?eo ? nenoaie eii?aeeiao,
ui aeicaieythoue oo?eiaoe noi??i?noue aeine?aeaeoaaieo
(?aeiino?oeiaaieo) ia’?eo?a, iaaea? i?aai aeeth/aoe a i?aaeiaoia iiea
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaiaioe c aoaeue-yei? noi?aeii? iaeano?, yeui ?nio?
iiaeeea?noue ?oiueiai aaeaeaaoiiai iieno a iaaeao aeaii? nenoaie aei??o.
Oea aeicaiey? aeiaeaoe o?einionueeiio aeine?aeaeaiith oa?aeoa?
i?aeaeenoeeieeia?iino? ca iaoith oa caaaeaiiyi.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe aena?oeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. Aaoi?eoao e niauoeeiue aniaeo enoi?ee iao/iiai iiciaiey. // Oacenu
12 Ananithciiai oai?aoe/aneiai naieia?a «Ie?iaicc?aiea e iao/iia
iiciaiea», Ae?iaiae/, 1990.

2. Oe?iiino? ina?oe ? nooaeaionueea na?aaeiaeua. // O?einionuee?
i?iaeaie no/aniiai i?e?iaeiciaanoaa. E., N78, 1991.

3. Iiae?ei?e aniaeo iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy. // A?niee Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y «O?einio?y. Iie?oieia?y», E., 1994.

4. Iianyeaeaii?noue iaoee o i?aaeiaoiiio iie? o?einio?? iaoee // Iaoeiaa
aeaeaiiy «O?einionuee? /eoaiiy iai’yo? Iaaea Eiii?ia», E., 1997.

5. Eiioaenooaeuei?noue ye iaoiae ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee. // A?niee
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y «O?einio?y. Iie?oieia?y», aeione 29, E.,
1999.

Aiioaoe?y.

Iao?ouaieia N. I. Iianyeaeaii?noue o eiioaenooaeueieo ?aeiino?oeoe?yo
iaoee.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.09 — o?einio?y iaoee. — Ee?anueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Ee?a, 1999. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeaiai aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? a eiioaeno
?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee. Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue
?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? a aiae?oe/i?e, no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeuei?e ?
oaiiiaiieia?/i?e o?aaeeoe?? o?einionoaoaaiiy. Ia iniia? aiae?co oai??e
oa eiioeaioe?e no/anii? o?einio?? iaoee c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i
iaiiaeeea?noue aaciina?aaeiueiai aeeth/aiiy iianyeaeaiiino? a eiioaeno
?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee aiane?aeie i?eioeeiiai? ianoi??iino? «na?oo iaoee»
? «na?oo iianyeaeaiiino?». ?ice?eo? iniiai? o?oaeiiu? oai?aoe/iiai
iieno oaiiiaia iianyeaeaiiino?, o oiio /ene? cao?eniaai? ia ??ai?
no?oeoo?e na?aeiiino?. Cai?iiiiiaaii eiioeaioe?th iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae
eiioaenooaeueii? ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaoee, o ?aieao yeeo iiaeeeaa iiaeieaiiy
iaaeii??iino? «na?oo iaoee» ? «na?oo iianyeaeaiiino?»: a) ia i?aenoaa?
iieno aeii??ieo aeaiaio?a: aeyaeai? iniiai? «oi/ee aeioeeo» na?oo iaoee
? na?oo iianyeaeaiiino?; a) ia i?aenoaa? noai?aiiy nenoaie
iiina?aaeeoaaiue: i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaieo iiaeaeae.
Aecia/ai? iniiai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie ?aeiino?oeoe?? aaoa?iii?oieo
ia’?eo?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?einio?y iaoee, iaoiaeieia?y, iianyeaeaii?noue,
aeii??i?noue, noi??i?noue.

Iao?ouaieia N.I. Iianaaeiaaiinoue a eiioaenooaeueiuo ?aeiino?oeoeeyo
iaoee.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.09 — oeeinioey iaoee. — Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao
eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaiai aeeth/aiey iianaaeiaaiinoe a
eiioaenooaeueiua ?aeiino?oeoeee iaoee. Iaoiaeieiae/aneoth iniiao
enneaaeiaaiey ninoaaeytho ?acoeueoaou, iieo/aiiua a aiaeeoe/aneie,
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeeiiaeueiie e oaiiiaiieiae/aneie o?aaeeoeeyo
oeeinionoaiaaiey. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca oai?ee e eiioeaioeee nia?aiaiiie
oeeinioee iaoee naeaeai auaiae i iaaiciiaeiinoe iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai
aeeth/aiey iianaaeiaaiinoe a eiioaeno ?aeiino?oeoeee iaoee ii i?e/eia
i?eioeeieaeueiie iani?acia?iinoe «ie?a iaoee» e «ie?a iianaaeiaaiinoe».
?ane?uou iniiaiua o?oaeiinoe oai?aoe/aneiai iienaiey oaiiiaia
iianaaeiaaiinoe, a oii /enea caoeene?iaaiiua ia o?iaia no?oeoo?u
niciaiey. I?aaeeiaeaia eiioeaioeey iino?iaiey iiaeaeae eiioaenooaeueiie
?aeiino?oeoeee iaoee, a ?aieao eioi?uo aiciiaeii i?aiaeieaiea
iani?acia?iinoe «ie?a iaoee» e «ie?a iianaaeiaaiinoe»: a) ia iniiaaiee
iienaiey ni?acia?iuo yeaiaioia: auyaeaiu iniiaiua «oi/ee
nii?eeiniiaaiey» ie?a iaoee e ie?a iianaaeiaaiinoe; a) ia iniiaaiee
nicaeaiey nenoaiu iiin?aaeiaaiee: i?iaaaeai aiaeec iaeaieaa
ia?niaeoeaiuo iiaeaeae. Ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua iaoiaeieiae/aneea
i?eioeeiu ?aeiino?oeoeee aaoa?iii?oiuo iauaeoia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeeinioey iaoee, iaoiaeieiaey, iianaaeiaaiinoue,
ni?acia?iinoue, niecia?eiinoue.

S. P. Petruschenkov. “Everyday Routine” in Contextual Reconstructions of
Science.

Dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Philosophy in speciality
09.00.99 – Philosophy of Science. – Kyiv Shevshenko University, Kyiv,
1999 – Manuscript.

This dissertation discusses the inclusion of the “everyday routine” in
contextual reconstructions of science. Methodologically, the research is
based on philosophic approaches inherent in analytical philosophy,
structural functionalism and phenomenological tradition. The conclusion
drawn from the analysis of theories and concepts of modern philosophy of
science is that it is impossible to directly include the routine in the
context of scientific reconstruction due to fundamental
incommensurability of “the realm of science” and “the realm of everyday
routine”. Main difficulties of theoretical description of the phenomenon
of “everyday routine” were demonstrated, including those rooted at the
level of the conscious. A conceptual approach was proposed, which allows
to develop models of contextual reconstruction of science. Within these
models, it becomes possible to overcome the incommensurability of “the
realm of science” and “the realm of everyday routine”: (a) on the basis
of description of commensurable components, common points of the realm
of science and the realm of routine were determined; and (b) on the
basis of a created system of indirect constructs, the most prospective
models have been analyzed. Main methodological principles of the
reconstruction of heteromorphic entities were defined.

Key words: philosophy of science, methodology, everyday routine,
comparatibility, commensurability.

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