Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a

OAeE 616.69.008.1:616.66-007.26-08

IAEAIOUe?AA Ieaia Iaae?aia

II?OOAIIss NAENOAEUeIIAI CAeI?IA’ssO A?AeAeAEAIEE IA??IAe O??O?A?*IIAI
E?EOAAIIss A?IINIAAe?? OA ?O EI?AEOe?ss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 14.01.16 — ineo?ao??y

Aaoi?aoa?aoaeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Oa?e?anueeiio ?inoeooo? oaeineiiaeaiiye?ea??a oa
a?aeae?eaii? n?iaeiiai e?ea?nueei-ineoieia?/iiai eiinoeueooaaiiy
Oa?e?anueeiai iaeaniiai ineoiiaa?ieia?/iiai aeeniaina?o

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: – aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Eooeaiei Ieaenaiae?
A?eai?iae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaee/ii? naenieia?? oa iaaee/ii?
ineoieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ieoaeeia Ai?en
Aieiaeeie?iae/, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ineoioa?ai?? Oa?e?anueeiai
?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Niii?e A?eai??e O?ioeiiae/,
caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ineo?ao???, ia?eieia?? ? iaaee/ii? ineoieia??
Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai??

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y – Aei?i?iiao?ianueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, eaoaae?a
ineo?ao???, caaaeueii? oa iaaee/ii? ineoieia??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 30 » aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 10-00 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae 64.609.01 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
?inoeooo? oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a ca aae?anith: 310176, i.Oa?e?a, aoe.
Ei?/aa?ioe?a, 58

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii » 27 » ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe

A?eai?iaa ?.A.4

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

I?e?iaeaeaia aiiiae?y noaoaaeo i?aai?a /ieia?e?a – a?iiniaae?y ia?
aeineoue cia/io iioe?ai?noue: ca aeaieie ??cieo aaoi??a — a?ae 1:150 aei
1:500 iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, ? a inoaii? ?iee a?aecia/a?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei
c?inoaiiy ?? /anoioe o ca’yceo ?c caaaeueiei ca?eueoaiiyi /enea aiiiae?e
?icaeoeo (I.?.Naa/aiei, 1974; I.I.Eiiaoe?i, A.A.Ioaa/ia, 1986).
A?iiniaae?y ia o?eueee iia??oo? o?c?ieia?/i? ooieoe?? noaoaaeo i?aai?a,
a e oyaeei ia?aaeeaa?oueny oai?eie, iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ?o ineo?/iee
noai, ni?eyth/e oi?ioaaiith oaeeo iniaeno?nieo aeanoeainoae, ui
oneeaaeiththoue eiioi?eaoe?th, ye caieioo?noue, aa?aneai?noue,
ae?ao?aeea?noue oiui. ?aeeiee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy a?iiniaae?? — o??o?a?/ia
ei?aeoe?y — /anoi noi?iaiaeeoueny oneeaaeiaiiyie oa ni?e/eiy? oae?
iane?aeee, ye o?ii?/iee i?inoaoeo, ?oaoeaa? no?oeoo?e o?ao?e, neaae?noue
oa aie?ni?noue a?aeoe?e, ui o naith /a?ao iiaea ni?e/eieoe ??ci?
naenoaeuei? ii?ooaiiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?iaeaia naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??
iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e, a oiio /ene? ca ??cii? niiaoe/ii? oa ineo?/ii?
iaoieia??, inoaii? ?iee i?eaa?oa? oaaao aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a ? iiaea
aaaaeaoeny aeineoue ?ic?iaeaiith (A.A.E?eooaeue, 1990; N.?.Oaaa/i?eia,
1992, 1995; ?.?.Eooueei, 1993; A.E.Iai?a?iei, 1994; A.O.Niiiee, 1995, oa
?i.). Oei /anii i?e/eie, iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo oa ee?i?/i? i?iyae ii?ooaiiy
naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y o in?a, ui caciaee iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy c
i?eaiaeo a?iiniaae??, i?aeoe/ii ia aea/aii. A ie?aieo i?aoeyo, ui
noinothoueny oe??? i?iaeaie, ?aii?o?oueny ia?iee oa?aeoa? naenoaeueii?
ooieoe?? ? ia a?aoiao?oueny ?ieue nioe?aeueieo, ineoieia?/ieo oa
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo /eiiee?a o ?icaeoeo iiae?oaeiuei? aeenaa?iii??
i?e a?iiniaae??. *a?ac oea ia ?ic?iaeaii e iaoiae?a ei?aeoe?? iia’ycaii?
?c cacia/aiith iaoieia??th naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? iiae?oaeiuei?
ia?e, ui noai?th? eiioe?eoi? neooaoe?? e i?ae?eaa? i?oei?noue oethao.

Ona neacaia aecia/a? iaaee/io oa nioe?aeueio cia/ou?noue
aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioo aeeiiaii
a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo
oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a ca oaiith «Nioe?aeuei?, ineoieia?/i?, a?ieia?/i?
oaeoi?e a ao?ieia?? oa iaoiaaiac?, ei?aeoe?? oa i?io?eaeoeoe? ii?ooaiue
naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y».

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — ia iniia? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy i?e/ei
oa oiia ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y i?e a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aeeao
iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy a?iiniaae?? ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio ei?aeoe??
naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e ca aeaii? iaoieia??.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe a?aeaeaeai? iane?aeee iia?aoeaii? ei?aeoe?? a?iiniaae?? oa ?o
ca’ycie ?c iayaieie o /ieia?e?a naenoaeueieie ?iceaaeaie.

2. Aecia/eoe ?ieue niiaoiaaiieo, nioe?iaaiieo oa ineoiaaiieo /eiiee?a o
aeieeiaii? oa ee?i?/ieo i?iyaao naenoaeueii? aeenooieoe?? o /ieia?e?a,
ye? caciaee iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy c i?eaiaeo a?iiniaae??.

3. Aea/eoe i?e/eie oa oiiae ?icaeoeo naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??
iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e ca aeine?aeaeoaaii? iaoieia?? a /ieia?ea.

4. Aeyaeoe aa??aioe naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??, ui ?icaeaa?oueny o
a?aeaeaeaiee ia??iae o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy a?iiniaae??, ? aecia/eoe ?o
aeeoa?aioe?aeuei? e?eoa???.

5. ?ic?iaeoe aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? iaoiaee ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiue naenoaeueiiai
caei?ia’y i?e a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aeeao a?iiniaae??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a nenoaiiiio i?aeoiae? aei
aea/aiiy ii?ooaiue naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e, a ye?e
/ieia?e caciaa iia?aoeaii? ei?aeoe?? a?iiniaae??. Iiaei o ?iaio? ?
aeyaeaiiy i?e/ei oa iaoai?ci?a ?icaeoeo naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? i?e
a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aeeao o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy a?iiniaae??. Oia?oa
iieacaii ca’ycie ii?ooaiue naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y ca aeaii? iaoieia?? c
iaaaoeaieie nioe?aeueieie, ineoieia?/ieie oa nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieie
/eiieeaie, iienaii ee?i?/io ea?oeio oa ia?aa?a ??cieo aa??aio?a
iiae?oaeiuei? aeenaa?iii??, ye? ?icaeaathoueny a oaeeo aeiaaeeao, a
oaeiae i?ae aieeaii niiaoiaaiieo /eiiee?a. Iiaith ? ?ic?iaeaia ia iniia?
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia ei?aeoe??
?iceaaeo naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y ca aeine?aeaeoaaii? iaoieia??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?iaioe. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey ee?i?ee iathoue
aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae i?iyao oa ia?aa?ao naenoaeueieo ?iceaae?a o
/ieia?e?a, ye? caciaee iia?aoeaii? ei?aeoe?? a?iiniaae??, oa aecia/aiiy
ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue eiie?aoieo oiia, ui
ni?eythoue aeieeiaiith naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e ca
aeaii? iaoieia?? o /ieia?ea. Cai?iiiiiaai?
aeeoa?aioe?aeueii-ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa??? ??cieo aa??aio?a iiae?oaeiuei?
aeenaa?iii?? aeathoue ciiao aea?aoe aaeaeaaoi? iaoiaee
ineoioa?aiaaoe/iiai aieeao, ni?yiiaai? ia a?aeiiaeaiiy naenoaeueiiai
caei?ia’y iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e.

Nenoaia ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??,
?ic?iaeaia c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeno?nieo a?aei?iiinoae iiae?oaeaey, ??aiy
?o nioe?aeueii?, ineoieia?/ii? oa nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? aaeaioaoe??
caaacia/o? aeinyaiaiiy aenieiai oa?aiaaoe/iiai aoaeoo.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. Ieaioaaiiy e cae?eniaiiy on?o aeine?aeaeaiue
aeeiiaii aeena?oaioii. Ca ia??iae ?c 1994 ii 1996 ??e iniaenoi aaoi?ii
i?iaaaeaii anaa?/ia ee?i?/ia, a oiio /ene? niaoe?aeueia naenieia?/ia,
ee?i?ei- oa aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/ia, nioe?ieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy
/ieia?e?a, ye? caciaee iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy c i?eaiaeo a?iiniaae??, oa
?oi?o ae?oaeei, i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ianoaaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaeaii
nenoaio ei?aeoe?? iayaiiai o iiae?oaeaey ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueiiai
caei?ia’y.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea oa iaoeiaa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y on?o caeiaooeo o
aeine?aeaeaii? aeaieo aeeiiai? iniaenoi aaoi?ii.

Ai?iaaoe?y oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe o i?aeoeeo.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeieeaaeaeeny ia ?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe??
naeniiaoieia?a oa aiae?ieia?a (1994, 1998), ia can?aeaii? naeoe??
naeniiaoieia?a Oa?e?anueeiai iaoeiaiai iaaee/iiai oiaa?enoaa (1995,
1996) ??.

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 noaoae.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue oi?iaaaeaeaii a e?eoaaeueio
i?aeoeeo a?aeae?eaiiy n?iaeiiai e?ea?nueei-ineoieia?/iiai
eiinoeueooaaiiy Oa?e?anueeiai iaeaniiai ineoiiaa?ieia?/iiai aeeniaina?o,
o iaaeaaia?/iee i?ioean ia eaoaae?? iaaee/ii? naenieia?? oa iaaee/ii?
ineoieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 144 noi?.
iaoeiiieno ? neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeiai? aeaae, i?enay/aii?
aiae?co no/aniiai noaio aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie, 5 aeaa aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a oa aeiaeaoe?a (48 noi?.).

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? ?ethno?iaaii 29 oaaeeoeyie. A?ae?ia?ao?/iee
nienie i?noeoue 197 aeaea?ae, c yeeo 62 ?iicaiieo.

CI?NO ?IAIOE. CAeIAOO? ?ACOEUeOAOE.

I?ae iaoei niinoa?aaeaiiyi ia?aaoaaei 123 iiae?oaei? ia?e c
a?iiniaae??th o /ieia?e?a, c i?eaiaeo yei? a ieo o aeeoeinoa? aoei
i?iaaaeaii o??o?a?/io ei?aeoe?th.

O 103 (84±4%) ?c oeeo iiae?oaei?o ia? niinoa??aaeany naenoaeueia
aeenaa?iii?y. O 20 (17±11%) ia?, a yeeo /ieia?ee oaeiae ia?aianee
iia?aoe?th c i?eaiaeo a?iiniaae??, aeenaa?iii?? ia niinoa??aaeiny
(eiio?ieueia a?oia).

A?aeiia?aeii aei i?e/eie aeieeiaiiy naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? na?aae
ianoaaeaieo iiae?oaei?o ia? aoei aeae?eaii /ioe?e iniiai? a?oie. Ia?oo c
ieo noaiiaeee 26 (26±4%) iiae?oaei?o ia?, o yeeo aeenaa?iii?y aoea
coiiaeaia naenoaeueiith aeenooieoe??th, iia’ycaiith c aiaoii?/iei
aeaoaeoii noaoaaeo i?aai?a o /ieia?ea. Aei ae?oai? a?oie aa?eoee 24
(24±4%) ia?e, aea naenoaeueia aeenaa?iii?y ?icaeeany aiane?aeie
iaaeinoaoiuei? ?ioi?iiaaiino? iaeiiai /e iaio ?c iiae?oaeaey a ieoaiiyo
ineoia?a??ie noaoaaiai aeeooy. O?aoy a?oia neeaaeaeany ?c 23 (22±4%)
iiae?oaei?o ia?, a yeeo aeenaa?iii?y coiiaethaaeany
aioo??oiueiiniaeno?niei eiioe?eoii o /ieia?e?a, iia’ycaiei c ?oiueith
ia?aeiiai?noth o nai?e naenoaeueii? iaiiaiioe?iiino?. Aei /aoaa?oi? aoei
aeeth/aii CI (29±5%) iiae?oaei?o ia?, a yeeo naenoaeueia aeenaa?iii?y
noaea iane?aeeii i?aeiniaeno?niiai eiioe?eoo iiae?oaeaey.

Ca aeo?aeieie oi?iaie a?iiniaae?? iaoe??ioe ?iciiae?eyeeny oaeei /eiii:
a?ioeaaa a?iiniaae?y iaea i?noea o 64 (63±5%) /ieia?e, noiaao?iaa — o 47
(46±5%), iioiieiaa — o 8 (8±3%), iioiieiai-i?iiaaeeiia — o 3 (3±2%) oa
i?iiaaeeiia — o iaeiiai /ieia?ea.

Ianoaaeai? aoee a?eii a?ae 25 aei 40 ?ie?a, ae?iee aeaui /ano?oa — aei
CI ?ie?a, i?e/iio caeaa?eueoiai /ieia?ee ? ae?oaeeie aoiaeeee aei
iaei??? a?eiai? a?oie.

O?eaae?noue naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? o ianoaaeaieo iiae?oaei?o ia? o
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a noaiiaeea 3-5 ?ie?a, iaeaeiaoith aiia aoea o ia?o?e
a?oi? iiae?oaei?o ia?. Eeoa a oe?e a?oi? a?aecia/aeeny e iaeoyae/? oi?ie
a?iiniaae?? (iioiieiai-i?iiaaeeiia oa i?iiaaeeiia), oiae? ye o
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oae? oi?ie cian?i ia cono??/aeeny.

On?i oai?ei oa ?oi?i ae?oaeeiai aoei i?iaaaeaii anaa?/ia eiiieaenia
ianoaaeaiiy, ui aeeth/aei ee?i?/ia, ee?i?ei- oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/ia ? nioe?ieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aei ee?i?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy aoiaeeei aea/aiiy aiaiiaco aeeooy oa
iniiaiiai caoai?thaaiiy /ieia?e?a, iniaeeaino? o?ce/iiai oa ineo?/iiai
?icaeoeo oai?eo oa ?oi?o ae?oaeei, niiaoe/iiai noaio iiae?oaeaey (a oiio
/ene? iaa?ieia?/iiai, o?ieia?/iiai, a?iaeieia?/iiai) oa ineo?/iiai, a
oaeiae nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee aiae?c naenoaeueii? aa?iii?? oa niaoe?aeueia
naenieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie.

Iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? iiae?oaei?o ia? aea/aee c
o?aooaaiiyi aaaaoii??iino? caaacia/aiiy naenoaeueii? ooieoe?? oa ??
ia?iiai oa?aeoa?o ca iaoiaeii nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiai aiae?co, ?ic?iaeaiei
A.A. E?eooaeai (1985). Oei noaoaai? eiinoeoooe?? /ieia?e?a aecia/aee ca
aaeoi?iith oeaeith A.N.Aaneeue/aiea (1977), oei noaoaai? eiinoeoooe??
ae?iie — ca oeaeith ?.E.Aioi?ai? (1983).

A?aoiaoth/e aaaeeeao ?ieue iniaeno?nieo a?aei?iiinoae oa
i?aeiniaeno?nieo a?aeiinei o ?icaeoeo naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??,
i?iaiaeeee aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith
16-oaeoi?iiai ieoaeueieea Eaooaea (1973) oa ieoaeueieea O.E??? (1975).
Ineoinaenoaeuei? oeie /ieia?e?a oa ae?iie aea/aee ca N.N.E?a?oii (1979).
Oeie naenoaeueii? iioeaaoe?? aecia/aee ca A.N.Aaneeue/aieii (1983).

Aei caaaeaiiy nioe?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy aoiaeeei aecia/aiiy noaaeo
n?iaeiiai aeeooy, i?oeiino? n?iaeieo a?aeiinei, ??aiy ina?oe
iiae?oaeaey, e?eueeino? ae?oae, aea/aiiy n?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua,
o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?, nioe?aeueieo ca’yce?a iiae?oaeaey, ?o aca?iiae??
c eieaeoeaii oa aca?iica’yceo oeeo oa?aeoa?enoee ?c naenoaeueiith
aeenaa?iii??th iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e.

Caeiaoo? ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?/ieo, ineoieia?/ieo oa nioe?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ia?iaeaii ca oaaeeoeyie a?aenioe?a oa ?o iiieeie
(A.N.Aaian, 1967).

Iaoaiaoe/io ia?iaeo ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith iaeao?a noaiaea?oii?
noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee NAG FORT oa BMDP (Dixon, 1983) ia AII ?AI ?N AO.
A??ia?aei?noue ??cieoeue na?aaei?o aecia/aee ca e?eoa???i Nouethaeaioa.
Ei?aeyoe?ei? aca?iia?aeiineie aiae?coaaee c aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa??th
?aiaiai? ei?aeyoe?? Ni??iaia (a??ia?aei?noue e?eoa??th ioe?ithaaee ca
t-noaoenoeeith) c o?aooaaiiyi iii?aaee ia ca’ycai? ?aiae
(A.A.Nooiaeieuenueeee, 1972; A.Oa?noa?, A.?aioe, 1983). Aeey ia?aa??ee
aae?aeiino? aeae?eaiiy a?oi aeei?enoiaoaaee i?ioeaaeo?o eeanoa?ecaoe??
(aa?n?y 2.1; Wishart, 1982), yea aea? iiaeeea?noue aeae?eyoe a?oie ca
e?eoa???i iaeii??aeiino?.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui caaaeueiee o?ce/iee oa ineo?/iee
?icaeoie ? /ieia?e?a, ? ae?iie caeaa?eueoiai aoa ii?iaeueiei, i? a eiai
c ieo ia aoei oaeiae caoai?thaaiue (ca aeiyoeii a?iiniaae?? o
/ieia?e?a), caeaoieo iaaaoeaii aieeaaoe ia naenoaeueio ooieoe?th. ?ioa
ea?oeia niinoa??aaeany o noaoaaiio ?icaeoeo ianoaaeaiiai iiae?oaeaey.

Niiaoinaenoaeueiee ?icaeoie iaeaea o iieiaeie (46±10%) /ieia?e?a ia?oi?
a?oie aoa oiia?eueiaiei, a o 26±9% o o?ao?e a?oi? — i?enei?aiei. O
/ieia?e?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie ? o ae?iie on?o a?oi niiaoinaenoaeueiee
?icaeoie iae/ano?oa aoa ii?iaeueiee. O ineoinaenoaeueiiio ?icaeoeo o
iieiaeie /ieia?e?a a?aecia/aeiny ii?ooaiiy eiai oaii?a, iae/ano?oa 10
?aoa?aeaoe?y (iniaeeai a ia?o?e a?oi? — o 38±10%). Aeoaea /anoeie aoee o
/ieia?e?a iniiaieo a?oi aneio?ii?? noaoaaiai aec??aaiiy (68±6%),
iniaeeai noeoii? oa neeaaei? (a?aeiia?aeii o 30±5 oa 22±4%), a o ae?iie
aneio?ii?? iicia/aeeny iaaaaaoi ??aeoa, oae naii ye ? o iiae?oaeaey
eiio?ieueii? a?oie.

Niinoa??aaeeny oaeiae ii?ooaiiy noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee, iae/ano?oa
— ?? o?ainoi?iaoe?y o /ieia?e?a ia?oi? oa o?aouei? a?oi oa a?ia??ieueiaa
iiaaae?iea — o /ieia?e?a /aoaa?oi? a?oie. O ae?iie iniiaieo a?oi
iiae?ai? ii?ooaiiy aoee iaaaaaoi ??aeoeie. O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?
a?aeoeeaiiy o ineoi-naenoaeueiiio ?icaeoeo ? na?aae /ieia?e?a, ? na?aae
ae?iie cono??/aeeny a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao.

Oaeei /eiii, ii?ooaiiy niiaoi- oa ineoinaenoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo iaaaaaoi
/ano?oa cono??/aeeny o /ieia?e?a iniiaieo a?oi ii??aiyii c ae?ieaie oa
/ieia?eaie eiio?ieueii? a?oie.

O i?ioean? iaa?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy a aeiaeiiai c iiae?oaeaey ia aoei
aeyaeaii aiaieuaaeo ci?i ia?aiai? nenoaie ? iaioa o 10±3% /ieia?e?a oa
12±3% ae?iie aecia/aeany ?icn?yia iaa?ieia?/ia neiioiiaoeea. O /anoeie
oai?eo ae?aaiinooaaeiny ii?ooaiiy aai?oaeueieo ?aoeaen?a, caeaa?eueoiai
ca iioiieiai-i?iiaaeeiii? oa i?iiaaeeiii? oi?ie a?iiniaae??.

I?e a?iaeieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeaui a?eueoa, i?ae o iieiaeie ae?iie
(52±4%), aoei aeyaeaii caiaeuei? i?ioeane a aai?oae?yo.

I?e o?ieia?/iiio ianoaaeaii? o iaoe??io?a aecia/aeeny o??th /e ?ioith
i??ith ae?aaeai? oneeaaeiaiiy i?ney o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? a?iiniaae?? —
?oaoeaa? ci?ie, aee?eaeaiiy noaoaaiai /eaia, aieueiaee neiae?ii i?e
noaoaaiio aeo?, ci?ia i?io?aeiino? o?ao?e, o?ii?/iee i?inoaoeo (o 60±16%
oai?eo), ??aeoa — i?oiai?aeeaeei?o (o 8±8%). Iae/ano?oa oe? ii?ooaiiy
o?iaai?oaeueii? noa?e, ui ni?e/eiyee ?iceaae iaoai?cio a?aeoe?? oa
ii?ooaiiy ayeoeyoe??, niinoa??aaeeny a ia?o?e a?oi? iiae?oaei?o ia?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ineo?/iiai noaoono iaoeo iaoe??io?a oa ?oi?o ae?oaeei
iieacaei, ui a iniiaieo a?oiao o? /e ?io? eiai a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae ii?ie
aoee o ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? /ieia?e?a (75±4%) oa ae?iie (96±1%): o
/ieia?e?a iae/ano?oa iicia/aeeny iaa?anoai?/iee, oia?/iee oa
?iioiiae??/iee neiae?iie, o ae?iie – ?noa?e/iee oa iaa?anoai?/iee.
Aeniea /anoioa ineoiiaoieia?/ieo i?iya?a o ae?oaeei oai?eo iniiaieo
a?oi, i/aaeaeii, a?aeaeaa? ?o iaa?ioe/i? ?aaeoe?? ia ?nioth/ee o
/ieia?e?a aiaoii?/iee aeaoaeo noaoaaiai /eaia oa iiae?oaeith
aeenaa?iii?th. O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? iaa?ioe/ia neiioiiaoeea cono??/aeany
a iiiaeeiieeo aeiaaeeao.

Oei /anii oae? i?aii?a?aei? ?ene ianoaaeaieo, ye o?eaiaeii-iiieneia?,
caieioo?, anoai?/i? o /ieia?e?a, ?noa?i?aei?, o?eaiaeii-iiieneia? o
ae?iie, iaaaaaoi /ano?oa iaee i?noea a iniiaieo a?oiao, i?ae o eiio?ie?:
yeui a??aiiaaaeaiee, niie?eiee oa?aeoa? o ia?oeo /ioe?ueio a?oiao
a?aecia/aany eeoa o 9±3% /ieia?e?a ? 15±4% ae?iie, oi a eiio?ieuei?e
a?oi? a?aeiia?aeii o 35±11 ? 60±11% ianoaaeaieo.

Iniiaieie ee?i?/ieie i?iyaaie naenoaeueii? aeenooieoe?? o /ieia?e?a aoee
ii?ooaiiy a?aeoe?? (525%), eiai niieo/aiiy c ia?aae/aniith ayeoeyoe??th
(385%) ? c a?iie?a?aeai??th ? ae?a?aeai??th (17±4%), iae/ano?oa o o?ao?e
a?oi? iiae?oaei?o ia?. O iaoe??io?a ia?oi? a?oie, aeey yeeo aoei
oa?aeoa?ia ii?aeiaiiy a?iia?aeoe?? c ia?aae/aniei n?i’yaeii?neoaaiiyi,
a?aeoe?? ia??aeei noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny aieai. O ae?oaeei oai?eo
iae/ano?oeie ii?ooaiiyie aoee ii?aeiaiiy naenoaeueii? a?ianoac?? c
a?iii?aaci??th (34±5%) ? c ae?a?aeai??th (20±4%), ?cieueiaaia
a?iii?aaci?y niinoa??aaeany a 20±4% aeiaaee?a.

Nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee aiae?c naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y o iiae?oaei?o ia?,
ui ia?aaoaaee i?ae iaoei niinoa?aaeaiiyi, aeaa ciiao aecia/eoe noeoiia
o?aaeaiiy eiai eiiiiiaio?a oa neeaaeiaeo o an?o ianoaaeaieo iniiaieo
ee?i?/ieo a?oi.

I?e oeueiio aaciina?aaeiueith i?e/eiith naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? o
iiae?oaeaey ia?oi? a?oie aoei no?eaeiaaa (3-ai nooiaiy) o?aaeaiiy
a?aeoe?eii? oa ayeoeyoi?ii? neeaaeiaeo a?ieia?/iiai eiiiiiaioa,
coiiaeaia iayaiith o /ieia?e?a aiiiae??th noaoaaiai /eaia oa o?ii?/iei
i?inoaoeoii; ii?ooaiiy a oe?e a?oi? nioe?aeueiiai, ineoieia?/iiai oa
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai eiiiiiaio?a, iia’ycaia c iaaeinoaoiueith
ii?ioi?iiaai?noth a ieoaiiyo ineoia?a??ie noaoaaiai aeeooy,
iaa?aeiia?aei?noth iniaeno?nieo ?en oa ii?ooaiiyi i?aeiniaeno?nieo
a?aeiinei iiae?oaeaey, aeinyaaei 2-ai nooiaiy e iineethaaei iiae?oaeith
aeenaa?iii?th.

O ae?oa?e a?oi? iiae?oaei?o ia? i?e/eiith ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueiiai
caei?ia’y aoei no?eaeiaaa o?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii-ioe?iii? neeaaeiai?
nioe?aeueiiai eiiiiiaioa ?c cacia/aii? aeua i?e/eie, a iineaaeaiiy
a?ieia?/iiai eiiiiiaioa, aieiaiei /eiii eiai ineo?/ii? neeaaeiai?
aiane?aeie iaa?ioe/ieo ?aaeoe?e iiae?oaeaey ia ii?ooai?
aca?iia?aeiineie, a oaeiae ayeoeyoi?ii? neeaaeiai? /a?ac o?ii?/iee
i?inoaoeo, aoee iaoiieanoe/iei oa iineethth/ei iiae?oaeith aeenaa?iii?th
/eiieeii.

I?e/eiith ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y o o?ao?e oa /aoaa?o?e a?oi?
iiae?oaei?o ia? noaei no?eaeiaaa o?aaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeii ineoieia?/iiai
oa nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai eiai eiiiiiaio?a aiane?aeie aioo??oiuei-
oa i?aeiniaeno?niiai eiioe?eoo iiae?oaeaey, oiae? ye ii?ooaiiy ineo?/ii?
oa ayeoeyoi?ii? neeaaeiaeo a?ieia?/iiai eiiiiiaioa 2-ai — 1-ai nooiaiy
ni?eyei aeieeiaiith e iineethaaei ia?aa?a aeenaa?iii??.

A on?o a?oiao iiae?oaei?o ia?, aea iae/ano?oa o ia?o?e ? /aoaa?o?e,
iaoiieanoe/iei /eiieeii ?icaeoeo naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? aoei
ii?ooaiiy iae?iaoii?aeueii? neeaaeiai? a?ieia?/iiai eiiiiiaioa
naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y a ?acoeueoao? ?aoa?aeaoe?? niiaoinaenoaeueiiai
?icaeoeo, caeaa?eueoiai /ieia?e?a.

Nooo?aei aeenaa?iiioth/ei /eiieeii a on?o oeeo a?oiaoiiae?oaei?o ia?
aoea oaeiae oa ianoaaeia, ui a?eueo?noue /ieia?e?a ooo iaeaaeaee aei
ineaaeaiiai na?aaeiueiai oa neaaeiai oei?a noaoaai? eiinoeoooe??, ia
a?aei?io a?ae ae?iie, a yeeo aoea ia?aaaaeii na?aaeiy oa neeueia noaoaaa
eiinoeoooe?y.

Nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee aiae?c naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?
iiae?oaei?o ia? iieacaa, ui ia a?aei?io a?ae iniiaieo a?oi, ooo iaei
i?noea eeoa iiiaeeiiea, ?cieueiaaia ineaaeaiiy oiai /e ?ioiai
eiiiiiaioa, ui aeinyaaei aei oiai ae nooiaiy iaoiaaiiiai. E??i oiai, o
eiio?ie? ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue /ieia?e?a oa ae?iie (ca aeiyoeii aeaio
/ieia?e?a) iaeaaeaea aei na?aaeiueiai (/ano?oa iineeaiiai) oa neeueiiai
oeio noaoaai? eiinoeoooe??.

I?e ee?i?ei-ineoieia?/iiio ianoaaeaii? iiae?oaeaey aiae?c ni?yiiaaiino?
?o iniaenoino? iieacaa, ui, yeui a iniiaieo a?oiao aeii?ioth/ith
iioeaaoe??th caeaa?eueoiai aoei caaacia/aiiy aeeoo?aeo ?ioa?an?a, oi a
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia ia?oiio i?noe? ca /anoioith aoa i?anoeae ? ?noioia
i?noea iin?aeaee oai?/? ?ioa?ane oa i?aaiaiiy aei naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy.
Na?aae oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e o /ieia?e?a ia ia?oiio i?noe? aoee
ae?iaie/? ?ioa?ane, o ae?iie — iiaoo, i?ioa i?eaa?oa? oaaao aeniea
oe?ii?noue naenoaeueii? noa?e aeey iiae?oaeaey o?aouei? oa /aoaa?oi?
a?oie: ?? noaaeee ia ia?oa i?noea 38±10% /ieia?e?a ? 46±11% ae?iie.
Iaa?aeiia?aei?noue ni?yiiaaiino? iniaenoino? a?aecia/aeany o 59±5%
iiae?oaei?o ia?. Iieaciai oaeiae, ui a iniiaieo a?oiao iiae?oaei?o ia?
aeineoue /anoei iioeaii anooio aei oethao (na?aae /ieia?e?a o 22±3%,
na?aae ae?iie — 42±4%) aoa ?ic?aooiie, ui, aac noii?ao, noai?thaaei
ia?aaeoiiae aeey aeenaa?iii?/iiai oethao.

Iani?eyoeeaei aoei niieo/aiiy o cia/ii? e?eueeino? iiae?oaei?o ia?
(41±4%) ineoinaenoaeueieo oei?a /ieia?ea ? ae?iee, iniaeeai a /aoaa?o?e
a?oi?, aea ia?aaaaeaee ianeaii-i?aeei?thaai? aa??aioe oei?a ? /ieia?e?a,
? ae?iie. Ia ni?eyea caa?aaeaiith naenoaeueii? aa?iii?? ? ?ica?aei?noue
naenoaeueii? iioeaaoe?? iiae?oaeaey: iaeiioe?ai?oeie ?? oeiaie o
/ieia?e?a iniiaieo a?oi aoee aai?oaeueiee oa oaaeiiii-?aaeaiaioiaaiee, o
oie /an ye a ?oi?o ae?oaeei ia?aaaaeaa ?a?iaee oei naenoaeueii?
iioeaaoe??. O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ? a /ieia?e?a, ? o ae?iie iae/ano?oei
aoa oaeiae ?a?iaee oei.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy iiae?oaeaey ca
ieoaeueieeii E??? na?ae/aoue i?i cia/io ?ica?aei?noue ?aaeueii? oa
?aeaaeueii? ioe?iee naiai ia?aco oa ia?aco /ieia?ea (ae?oaeeie) o
a?eueoino? /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie iniiaieo a?oi, iniaeeai o?aouei?. Aeey
iiae?oaeaey ia?oi? a?oie aoee oa?aeoa?i? oae? iniaeno?ni? aeanoeaino?,
ye ianaiino?ei?noue, caeaaei?noue, eaa?aei?noue, aea a oie naiee /an
aaeaeaaoia naiiioe?iea /ieia?ea (ae?oaeeie). O ae?oa?e a?oi? cacia/ai?
aeanoeaino? iniaenoino? oaeiae iicia/aeeny aeineoue /anoi, i?ioa ooo
iaea i?noea a iniiaiiio caieaeaia naiiioe?iea i?e aaeaeaaoi?e ioe?ioe?
/ieia?ea (ae?oaeeie). O o?ao?e a?oi? o ae?iie caeaa?eueoiai
a?aecia/aeeny oae? yeino?, ye aeaaei?noue, iai?eie?aii?noue oa caaeuaia
naiiioe?iea i?e caieaeai?e ioe?ioe? /ieia?ea; o /ieia?e?a /ano?oa
niinoa??aaeany ianeaia i?aeei?thaai?noue, aeia??eea?noue, caieaeaia
naiiioe?iea oa aaeaeaaoia aai caieaeaia ioe?iea ae?oaeeie. Aeey
a?eueoino? ae?iie /aoaa?oi? a?oie aoee oa?aeoa?i? aeaaei?noue,
aeiiaeea?noue, aeey ?o /ieia?e?a — eaa?aei?noue, neooiyi?noue, ??aeoa —
oaiaeaioe?y aei e?aea?noaa, oia?o?noue. Ooo /anoi (o 62±8% aeiaaee?a)
cono??/aeany iaaaeaeaaoia ioe?iea /ieia?ea (ae?oaeeie).

Iani?eyoeeaa ii?aeiaiiy oa?aeoa?ieia?/ieo ?en, iaaaeaeaaoi? naiiioe?iee
oa ioe?iee /ieia?ea (ae?oaeeie) aoei aeyaeaii e o i?ioean? ianoaaeaiiy
iiae?oaei?o ia? ca iaoiaeeeith Eaooaea.

O oe?eiio ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
i?aeoaa?aeeee aeai?, caeiaoo? i?e ee?i?/iiio ianoaaeaii? iiae?oaeaey,
cie?aia, i?e nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiio aiae?c?, a naia oa ianoaaeia, ui
i?e/eiith naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? o o?ao?e oa /aoaa?o?e a?oiao
iiae?oaei?o ia? aoei iani?eyoeeaa niieo/aiiy a iiae?oaeaey
oa?aeoa?ieia?/ieo ?en oa aeacaaeaioeai? oi?ie iiaaae?iee, caaeuaiee aai
caieaeaiee ??aaiue aeiiaaaiue oa iaaaeaeaaoia ni?eeiyooy iiae?oaeaeyi
iaeia iaeiiai. A ?aoo? a?oi oe? ianoaaeie ni?eyee aeieeiaiith
aeenaa?iii?? oa iineethaaee ??.

Nioe?ieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy iaoeo iaoe??io?a oa ?oi?o ae?oaeei aeaei
iiaeeea?noue onoaiiaeoe, ui a?eueo?noue c ieo — oeo, ui aoiaeeee aei
iniiaieo a?oi, — c?inoaee a iani?eyoeeaeo i?e?inioe?aeueieo oiiaao — o
iaiiaieo aai eiioe?eoieo n?i’yo (79±6% /ieia?e?a ? 74+6% ae?iie), ?
aeoiaoaaeeny ca oeiii a?ii- aai a?ia?ii?ee, oiae? ye o eiio?ieuei?e
a?oi? 55±11% /ieia?e?a ? 40±11% ae?iie c?inoaee a iiaieo aa?iii?/ieo
n?i’yo ? ae?noaee caeaa?eueoiai i?aaeeueia aeoiaaiiy. Uiaei i?oeiino?
oethao, oi i?i iaaaoeaiee aieea aeenaa?iii?? ia oeae ia?aiao?
ia?aeiieeai na?ae/eoue oie oaeo, ui na?aae iiae?oaeaey iniiaieo a?oi
eeoa 1/6 ia iaee aaaeee i?i ?iceo/aiiy.

Ioaea, ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai eiiieaeniiai ianoaaeaiiy iiae?oaeaey oa
nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee aiae?c ?o naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y aeaee ciiao
ae?eoe aeniiaeo, ui ?ieue a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a a?iiniaae?? a ?icaeoeo
naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? ia ? iaeiicia/iith ? ui i?e/eiith ??
aeieeiaiiy iiaea aooe ?yae ?ioeo iaoiaaiieo /eiiee?a. Ia iniia?
caeiaooeo aeaieo iaie aoei aeae?eaii o?e aa??aioe aeenaa?iii??
iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e, a ye?e /ieia?e caciaa iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy c
i?eaiaeo a?iiiaae??:

1.Aeenaa?iii?y, coiiaeaia naenoaeueiith aeenooieoe??th o /ieia?ea,
iia’ycaiith c aiaoii?/iei aeaoaeoii noaoaaeo i?aai?a (26±4%).

2.Aeenaa?iii?y aiane?aeie iaaeinoaoiuei? ii?ioi?iiaaiino? iiae?oaeaey a
ieoaiiyo ineoia?a??ie noaoaaiai aeeooy (24±4%).

3.Aeenaa?iii?y ye ?acoeueoao ineoieia?/ii? oa nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii?
aeacaaeaioaoe?? iiae?oaeaey (51±6%).

I?e ia?oiio aa??aio? naenoaeueia aeenaa?iii?y coiiaeth?oueny o?aaeaiiyi
a?aeoeeueii? ooieoe?? aiane?aeie ?oaoeaaeo ci?i, aee?eaeaiiy noaoaaiai
/eaia, aieueiaiai neiae?iio i?e noaoaaiio aeo?. *a?ac ia?iee oa?aeoa?
naenoaeueii? ooieoe?? ?iceaae ?? o /ieia?ea ni?e/eiy? naenoaeuei?
ii?ooaiiy o ae?oaeeie. Cacia/aiee aa??aio aeenaa?iii?? iiae?oaeiuei?
ia?e oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia?a?niith naenoaeueiith aeenooieoe??th o
/ieia?ea oa iinooiiaei ?icaeoeii iniaeno?nieo ?aaeoe?e ia iayaio a
/ieia?ea iaoieia?th oa naenoaeueio aeenaa?iii?th a iaio. Ie??i
aaciina?aaeiuei? i?e/eie ?icaeoeo aeenaa?iii?? a oeeo aeiaaeeao, a ??
aaiac? aa?ooue o/anoue e ?io? iaoiaaii? /eiieee, ianaiia?aae —
iniaeno?ni? ?aaeoe?? ia iiae?oaeith aeenaa?iii?th. Ni?eythoue
aeieeiaiith oa iineeththoue aeenaa?iii?th aeac?ioi?iaoe?y a ieoaiiyo
ineoia?a??ie noaoaaiai aeeooy, iecueeee ??aaiue ineoieia?/ii?
aaeaioaoe??, i?aeiniaeno?niee eiioe?eo, a oaeiae iani?eyoeeaa niieo/aiiy
a iiae?oaei?e ia?? ineoinaenoaeueieo oei?a /ieia?ea oa ae?iee ?
?ica?aei?noue oei?a naenoaeueii? iioeaaoe?? /ieia?ea ? ae?oaeeie.

Ae?oaee, aeac?ioi?iaoe?eiee aa??aio naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? coiiaeaii
iaaeinoaoiueith ? iai?aaeeueiith ia?ciai?noth a ieoaiiyo ineoia?a??ie
noaoaaiai aeeooy oa iecueeei ??aiai naenoaeueii? eoeueoo?e. Aeenaa?iii?y
a oeeo aeiaaeeao iiaea ii/eiaoeny iacaaa?ii aai /a?ac aeineoue o?eaaeee
/an i?ney ii/aoeo iiae?oaeiueiai aeeooy ? ia caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaiy
aiiiae?? noaoaaiai /eaia o /ieia?ea. Iia’ycaia c iecueeei ??aiai ciaiue
iiae?oaeaey i?i ii?io, iaoieia?th oa o?c?ieia?/i? eieeaaiiy naenoaeueii?
ooieoe?? iai?aaeeueia naenoaeueia iiaaae?iea iiae?oaeaey ni?e/eiy? ?o
naenoaeueii-a?ioe/io aeacaaeaioaoe?aei, ui iineeth?oueny oeie naieie
iaaaoeaieie /eiieeaie, ui e o iiia?aaeiueiio aa??aio? aeenaai?ii??.

I?e/eiith o?aoueiai aa??aioa aeenaa?iii?? ? iayai? a iiae?oaeaey
aioo??oiuei- /e i?aeiniaeno?ni? eiioe?eoe. Aeenaa?iii?y a oeeo aeiaaeeao
cae/aeii ?icaeaa?oueny iinooiiai ? iineeth?oueny iecueeei ??aiai
ia?ciaiino? iiae?oaeaey a ieoaiiyo ineoia?a??ie noaoaaiai aeeooy, ?o
iaa?ioe/ieie ?aaeoe?yie ia aeenaa?iii?th ? /anoi — ii?ooaiiyi
ayeoeyoi?ii? ooieoe?? aiane?aeie iayaiiai a /ieia?e?a o?ii?/iiai
i?inoaoeoo.

Ne?ae a?aei?/aoe, ui ca an?o o?ueio aa??aio?a naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??
nooo?ao iaoiieanoe/io oa iineethth/o aeenaa?iii?th ?ieue a?ae?a?aaaea
neaaea e ineaaeaia na?aaeiy noaoaaa eiinoeoooe?y, yea, i?i ui eoeiny
aeua, iaea i?noea o a?eueoino? /ieia?e?a iniiaieo ee?i?/ieo a?oi (64,
aai 80±4%).

Ia i?aenoaa? caeiaooeo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei ?ic?iaeaii
nenoaio ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? aeyaeaieo aa??aio?a naenoaeueii?
aeenaa?iii??, a ye?e a?aoiaothoueny i?e/eie ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueiiai
caei?ia’y iiae?oaeaey, ni?eyth/? oa iineethth/? iiae?oaeith
aeenaa?iii?th /eiieee oa nooi?iue aaeaioaoe?? iiae?oaeaey ia an?o ??aiyo
?o aca?iiae?? – nioe?aeueiiio, ineoieia?/iiio,
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiio, aiaoiii-o?c?ieia?/iiio.

Ca?aeii ?c no/aniei i?aeoiaeii aei ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiue naenoaeueiiai
caei?ia’y ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia a?oioo?oueny ia i?eioeeiao eiiieaeniino?,
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiino?, aoaiiino?, iine?aeiaiino? ? neeaaea?oueny ?c
o?ueio eiiiiiaio?a: eiai?oeaiiai (?ioi?iaoe?eiiai), aoaeoeaiiai
(aiioe?eiiai) oa eiiaoeaiiai (iiaaae?ieiaiai). Ineoioa?aiaaoe/ia
ei?aeoe?y aeacaaeaioaoe?? iiae?oaeaey aae?ano?oueny aei o?ueio
i?aenenoai iniaenoino? — ?io?a?iaeea?aeii?, ?ioa??iaeea?aeii? oa
iaoa?iaeea?aeii? ? i?iaaaeeoueny o a?aeiia?aeieo iai?yieao: ei?aeoe?y
oa?aeoa?ieia?/ieo ?en iiae?oaeaey, ei?aeoe?y i?aeiniaeno?nieo a?aeiinei
oa ii?iae?caoe?y i?ioeano ia?niiae?caoe??.

Aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? aeinyaa?oueny ca
aeiiiiiaith canoinoaaiiy no/anieo iaoiae?a ineoioa?ai??: ?aoe?iiaeueii?
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? oa ia?ii? (iiae?oaeiuei?), a?oiiai? ineoioa?ai??,
eiai?oeaii? ineoioa?ai??, noaoaai?ieueiaiai oa naenoaeueii-a?ioe/iiai
o?ai?iao, ia?niiae?noe/ii? ineoioa?ai?? oiui.

Ie??i ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe??, /ieia?eai ia?oi? a?oie i?iaiaeeee
niaoe?aeueia naenieia?/ia e?eoaaiiy – a?aeoi?ioa?ai?th, EAe-oa?ai?th,
aioo??oiueieaaa?iicia aaaaeaiiy eaaa?aeaeaeoo.

Iaeaoaeoeai?oei, ye aeyaeeiny, noaei e?eoaaiiy iiae?oaei?o ia? ?c
ae?oaei oa o?ao?i aa??aioaie naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??. O ia?aaaaeii?
a?eueoino? c ieo (86±4%) aoei aeinyaiooi iiaia a?aeiiaeaiiy
iiae?oaeiuei? aa?iii?? aai cia/ia iie?ioaiiy, aeinoaoi? aeey ii?iaeueieo
naenoaeueieo eiioaeo?a. Oni?oo ia aoei caeiaooi i?e
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i?e aeacaaeaioaoe?? iiae?oaeaey a oeo aeiaaeeao,
eiee iaeei c ieo /e iaeaeaa ia aaaeaee ii?iae?coaaoe nai? n?iaeia
aeeooy. I?e o?aoueiio aa??aio? aeenaa?iii?? aeieeaee e ?? ?aoeeaeeae
(18±5% i?ioyaii 2 ?ie?a), oiae? ye i?e aeac?ioi?iaoe?eii-ioe?iiiio
aa??aio? aeenaa?iii?? oa?aiaaoe/iee aoaeo aoa iaeno?ee?o?i (?aoeeaeea?a
ia niinoa??aaeiny).

Iaeieae/eie aoee ?acoeueoaoe ei?aeoe?? ia?oiai aa??aioa naenoaeueii?
aeenaa?iii??, oiaoi i?e naenoaeuei?e aeenooieoe?? o /ieia?e?a,
coiiaeai?e aiaoii?/iei aeaoaeoii noaoaaiai /eaia, ui ii?ooo? iaoai?ci
a?aeoe??. I?ioa o 66±10% ?c oeeo iiae?oaei?o ia? oaeaeiny aeinyaoe
aeinoaoiuei? naenoaeueii-a?ioe/ii? aaeaioaoe??.

O oe?eiio ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii?
ei?aeoe?? naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e i?e a?aeaeaeaieo
iane?aeeao a?iiniaae?? o /ieia?ea aeaee ciiao io?eiaoe oa?aiaaoe/iee
aoaeo, ui aei??aith? 83±4%.

AENIIAEE

1.Ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y o a?aeaeaeaiee ia??iae o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy a?iiniaae?? iiaea aooe iane?aeeii niiaoiaaiieo, nioe?iaaiieo,
ineoiaaiieo oa iaaaoeaieo nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo /eiiee?a.

2.Niiaoiaaiia naenoaeueia aeenooieoe?y o /ieia?e?a, ye? caciaee
iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy c i?eaiaeo a?iiniaae??, iia’ycaia c aiaoii?/ieie
aeaoaeoaie noaoaaiai /eaia, aieueiaei neiae?iiii i?e noaoaaiio aeo?, ui
ni?e/eiy? ii?ooaiiy iaoai?cio a?aeoe??, a oaeiae ?c iayai?noth
o?ii?/iiai i?inoaoeoo oa i?oiai?aeeaeei?oo.

Ni?eythoue aeieeiaiith niiaoiaaiii? naenoaeueii? aeenooieoe?? neaaeee oa
ineaaeaiee na?aaei?e oeie noaoaai? eiinoeoooe??, aei yeeo iaeaaeaea
a?eueo?noue niinoa?aaeoaaieo iaie /ieia?e?a ?c a?iiniaae??th.

C.Nioe?iaaiia naenoaeueia aeenooieoe?y ca aeaii? iaoieia?? o /ieia?e?a
coiiaeth?oueny iecueeei ??aiai naenoaeueii? eoeueoo?e, iaaeinoaoiueith ?
iai?aaeeueiith ii?ioi?iiaai?noth a ieoaiiyo ineoia?a??ie noaoaaiai
aeeooy oa iia’ycaieie c oeei iai?aaeeueiith ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th nai?o
naenoaeueieo i?iya?a ? naenoaeueii-a?ioe/iith aeacaaeaioaoe??th
iiae?oaeaey.

4.Ineoiaaiia naenoaeueia aeenooieoe?y ? iane?aeeii iayaiino? o /ieia?e?a
aioo??oiueiiniaeno?niiai eiioe?eoo, a iniia? yeiai eaaeeoue ?oiy
ia?aeiiai?noue o nai?e naenoaeuei?e iani?iiiaeiino? /a?ac ia?aianaio o
aeeoeinoa? iia?aoe?th c i?eaiaeo a?iiniaae?? oa yo?iaai?y, aai
?acoeueoaoii i?aeiniaeno?niiai eiioe?eoo, iia’ycaiiai c iniaeno?nieie
a?aei?iiinoyie iiae?oaeaey, oae ? c ii?ooaiiyi aa?iii?? naenoaeueieo
a?aeiinei.

5.Naenoaeueia aeenaa?iii?y iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e ca aeine?aeaeoaaii?
iaoieia?? o /ieia?ea ?icaeaa?oueny, ye i?aaeei, aiane?aeie noeoiiiai
o?aaeaiiy a?ieia?/iiai (aiaoiii-o?c?ieia?/iiai), nioe?aeueiiai,
ineoieia?/iiai oa nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai eiiiiiaio?a naenoaeueiiai
caei?ia’y oa ?o neeaaeiaeo. I?ioa a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy ?o
ii?ooaiiy a?ae?a?a? ??cio ?ieue o aaiac? naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??,
aenooiath/e a iaeieo aeiaaeeao ye i?e/eii?, a ?ioeo — ye iaoiieanoe/i?
oa iineethth/? aeenaa?iii?th /eiieee.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai o ianoaaeaiiai iaie iiae?oaeaey iaee i?noea o?e
aa??aioe naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??: aeenaa?iii?y, coiiaeaia
naenoaeueiith aeenooieoe??th o /ieia?ea, iia’ycaiith c aiaoii?/iei
aeaoaeoii noaoaaiai /eaia; aeac?ioi?iaoe?eiee aa??aio naenoaeueii?
aeenaa?iii?? oa aeenaa?iii?y aiane?aeie ineoieia?/ii? oa
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii? aeacaaeaioaoe?? iiae?oaeaey.

6.O ii?ooaii? naenoaeueii? aa?iii?? iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e, a ye?e /ieia?e
ia?ai?n iia?aoe?th c i?eaiaeo a?iiniaae??, nooo?ao aeenaa?iiioth/o ?ieue
a?ae?a?athoue oaeiae a?aeoeeaiiy o ineoinaenoaeueiiio ?icaeoeo
(ii?ooaiiy noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee), iani?eyoeeaa niieo/aiiy a
iiae?oaei?e ia?? ineoinaenoaeueieo oei?a /ieia?ea ? ae?iee,
?ica?aei?noue oei?a naenoaeueii? iioeaaoe?? iiae?oaeaey oa
iaa?aeiia?aei?noue noaoaai? eiinoeoooe?? /ieia?ea ? ae?iee.

7.Ei?aeoe?y aeyaeaieo aa??aio?a naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? iiae?oaeiuei?
ia?e ioneoue yaeyoe niaith nenoaio ineoioa?aiaaoe/ieo aieea?a, a ye?e
a?aoiaothoueny i?e/eie ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueii? ooieoe?? /ieia?ea ?
ae?oaeeie, /eiieee, ui ni?eythoue aeieeiaiith aeenaa?iii?? oa
iineeththoue ??, ? nooi?iue aaeaioaoe?? iiae?oaeaey ia an?o ??aiyo ?o
aca?iiae?? — aiaoiii-o?c?ieia?/iiio, nioe?aeueiiio, ineoieia?/iiio oa
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiio.

NIENIE I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Iaeaioueaaa A.I. I?e/eiu e ei??aeoeey ia?ooaiee naenoaeueiie ooieoeee
o ioae/ei, iaoneiaeaiiuo ineiaeiaieyie iinea iia?aoeaiiai ea/aiey
aeiiniaaeee // Oe?. a?niee ineoiiaa?ieia??. – Oa?e?a, 1994. – Aei.4. –
N.196-199.

2. Iaeaioueaaa A.I. Naenoaeueiay aeenaa?iiiey noi?oaeaneie ia?u i?e
iineaaenoaeyo aeeiiniaaeee o ioaea // Oe?. a?niee ineoiiaa?ieia??. –
Oa?e?a, 1995. – O.3,aei.1. – N.280-283.

3. Iaeaioue?aa I.I. ?aaa?e?oaoe?y oai?eo c ii?ooaiiyie naenoaeueiiai
caei?ia’y o a?aeaeaeaiee ia??iae o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy a?iiniaae?? //
Iaaeeoeeineay ?aaaeeeoaoeey, eo?i?oieiaey, oeceioa?aiey. – 1998. — ?1. –
N.30-31.

4. Iaeaioueaaa A.I. I ?iee ioaeaeaiiuo iineaaenoaee oe?o?ae/aneiai
ea/aiey aeiiniaaeee a aaiaca ia?ooaiee naenoaeueiiai caei?iauey // A?oea
eeeie/aneie e yenia?eiaioaeueiie iaaeeoeeiu. – 1998. – O.1, aui.3. –
N.34-37.

5. Iaeaioueaaa A.I. I?e/eiu e ei??aeoeey ia?ooaiee naenoaeueiiai
caei?iauey ioae/ei, ia?aianoeo iia?aoeaiia aiaoaoaeuenoai ii iiaiaeo
aeiiniaaeee // Iiaia a iaaeeoeeia: oai?ey, i?aeoeea: Oacenu aeieeaaeia
iao/. eiio. – Oa?ueeia, 1994. – N.47.

6. Iaeaioueaaa A.I. Yiioeeiiaeueiua ?anno?ienoaa o ioae/ei, ia?aianoeo
iia?aoeaiia aiaoaoaeuenoai ii iiaiaeo aeiiniaaeee a aeaoneii aic?anoa //
Iiaia a iaaeeoeeia: oai?ey, i?aeoeea: Oacenu aeieeaaeia iao/. eiio. –
Oa?ueeia, 1994. – N.48.

7. Iaeaioueaaa A.I. Ia?ooaiey naenoaeueiiai caei?iauey i?e aeiiniaaeee o
ioae/ei // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu ieaie?iaaiey naiuee, naenieiaee e
?ai?iaeoeoeee. – Eeaa, 1998. – N.118-120.

8. Iaeaioueaaa A.I. I ?iee ioaeaeaiiuo iineaaenoaee oe?o?ae/aneiai
ea/aiey aeiiniaaeee a aaiaca ia?ooaiey naenoaeueiiai caei?iauey //
Aeooaeueiua aii?inu ieaie?iaaiey naiuee, naenieiaee e ?ai?iaeoeoeee. –
Eeaa, 1998. – N.120-122.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iaeaioue?aa Ieaia Iaae?aia. Ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y o
a?aeaeaeaiee ia??iae o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy a?iiniaae?? oa ?o ei?aeoe?y.
Aeae aeena?oaoe?? — ?oeiien. Niaoe?aeuei?noue 14.01.16 – ineo?ao??y.
Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a, 1999?.

Ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiai aiae?co aeine?aeaeaii ii?ooaiiy
naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y iiae?oaeaey i?e a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aeeao
o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy a?iiniaae?? o /ieia?ea. Aecia/aii ?ieue
niiaoiaaiieo, nioe?iaaiieo, ineoiaaiieo oa iaaaoeaieo
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo /eiiee?a o aaiac? cacia/aieo ii?ooaiue.
Cai?iiiiiaaii aeeoa?aioe?aeueii-ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa??? ??cieo aa??aio?a
naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? ca aeine?aeaeoaaii? iaoieia?? oa nenoaia ?o
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y, nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee
aiae?c, a?iiniaae?y, o??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy, ineoioa?aiaaoe/ia ei?aeoe?y

AIIIOAOeEss

Iaeaioueaaa Aeaia Iaaeiaia. Ia?ooaiey naenoaeueiiaicaei?iauey a
ioaeaeaiiue ia?eiae oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey aeiiniaaeee e eo ei??aeoeey.
– ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.06 — ineoeao?ey. Oa?ueeianeee einoeooo
oniaa?oainoaiaaiey a?a/ae, 1999a.

N iiceoeee nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiai aiaeeca e iaaeaeenoeeieeia?iiai
iiaeoiaea enneaaeiaaiu ia?ooaiey naenoaeueiiai caei?iauey 103
noi?oaeaneeo ia? i?e ioaeaeaiiuo iineaaenoaeyo oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey
aeiiniaaeee o ioae/ei. Iieacaii, /oi naenoaeueiay aeenooieoeey o ioae/ei
iiaeao auoue niiaoiaaiiie, naycaiiie n aiaoiie/aneei aeaoaeoii iieiaiai
/eaia e ia?ooaieai iaoaiecia y?aeoeee; nioeeiaaiiie, iaoneiaeaiiie
aeaceioi?iaoeeae a iaeanoe naena; e ineoiaaiiie, yaeythuaeny neaaenoaeai
iaee/ey o ioae/ei aioo?eee/iinoiiai eee iaaeee/iinoiiai eiioeeeoa
noi?oaia. Auyaeaia caaeneiinoue ia?ooaiey naenoaeueiie ooieoeee ioae/ei
io oi?iu e noaiaie aeiiniaaeee.

Onoaiiaeaiu i?e/eiu e iaoaieciu ?acaeoey naenoaeueiie aeenaa?iiiee
noi?oaeaneie ia?u i?e eco/aiiie iaoieiaee o ioae/ei. Iieacaii, /oi iia
aicieeaao a ?acoeueoaoa ni/aoaiiiai ii?aaeaiey aiaoiii-oeceieiae/aneiai
(o ioae/ei), nioeeaeueiiai, ineoieiae/aneiai e
nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneiai eiiiiiaioia e ninoaaeythueo naenoaeueiiai
caei?iauey noi?oaia, i?e/ai eo ia?ooaiea, a caaeneiinoe io noaiaie,
iiaeao ea?aoue ?acioth ?ieue a aaiaca aeenaa?iiiee, aunooiay eae aa
i?e/eia, iaoiieanoe/aneee eee onoaoaeythuee oaeoi?.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a ?acaeoee naenoaeueiie aeenaa?iiiee nouanoaaiioth
?ieue ea?aee ia?ooaiey niiaoinaenoaeueiiai e ineoinaenoaeueiiai ?acaeoey
ioae/ei, ia?aianoeo a aeaonoaa iia?aoeeth ii iiaiaeo aeiiniaaeee
(neiaeiua e ni/aoaiiua aneio?iiee, ia?ooaiea iiei?ieaaiai iiaaaeaiey), a
oaeaea iaaeaaii?eyoiia ni/aoaiea a noi?oaeaneie ia?a ineoinaenoaeueiuo
oeiia ioae/eiu e aeaiueiu, ?anoiaeaeaiea naenoaeueiie iioeaaoeee e
ianiioaaonoaea oeiia iieiaie eiinoeoooeee noi?oaia. A
yenia?eiaioaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaieyo auyaeaii oaeaea
iaaeaaii?eyoiia ni/aoaiea oa?aeoa?ieiae/aneeo /a?o ioaea e aeaiu,
aeacaaeaioeaiua oi?iu iiaaaeaiey, iaaaeaeaaoiue o?iaaiue i?eoycaiee
noi?oaia, iaoneiaeeaathueo aicieeiiaaiea iaaeee/iinoiiai eiioeeeoa.

Auyaeaiu e iienaiu o?e eeeie/aneeo aa?eaioa naenoaeueiie aeenaa?iiiee:
aeenaa?iiiey, iaoneiaeaiiay niiaoiaaiiie naenoaeueiie aeenooieoeeae o
ioae/ei; aeaceioi?iaoeeiiiue aa?eaio aeenaa?iiiee e aeenaa?iiiey
aneaaenoaea ineoieiae/aneie e nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneie
aeacaaeaioaoeee noi?oaia. Iieacaiu i?iyaeaiey e oa/aiea eaaeaeiai ec
yoeo aa?eaioia, ii?aaeaeaiu eo aeeooa?aioeeaeueii-aeeaaiinoe/aneea
e?eoa?ee.

?ac?aaioaia nenoaia iiyoaiiie ineoioa?aiaaoe/aneie ei??aeoeee
naenoaeueiie aeenaa?iiiee noi?oaeaneie ia?u i?e eco/aaiie iaoieiaee o
ioae/ei, i?aaenoaaeythuay niaie nenoaio ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiuo ia?ii?eyoee,
aeeth/athueo, n iaeiie noi?iiu, ea/aiea y?aeoeeueiie aeenooieoeee o
ioae/ei, naycaiiie n iineaaenoaeyie iia?aoeaiiai aiaoaoaeuenoaa ii
iiaiaeo aeiiniaaeee, n ae?oaie – eiiieaen ineoioa?aiaaoe/aneeo iaoiaeia,
iai?aaeaiiuo ia ei??aeoeeth noi?oaeaneie aeenaa?iiiee. A i?aaeeiaeaiiie
nenoaia ineoioa?aiaaoe/aneie ei??aeoeee ?acee/iuo aa?eaioia noi?oaeaneie
aeenaa?iiiee o/eouaathony eae i?e/eiu ia?ooaiey naenoaeueiiai
caei?iauey, niinianoaothuea e onoaoaeythuea oaeoi?u, oae e noaiaiue
aaeaioaoeee noi?oaia ia anao o?iaiyo acaeiiaeaenoaey

I?iaaaeaiea ?ac?aaioaiiie nenoaiu ei??eae?othueo e ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiuo
ia?ii?eyoee iicaieyao aeinoeaiooue aunieiai oa?aiaaoe/aneiai yooaeoa o
aieueoeinoaa noi?oaeaneeo ia?.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ia?ooaiey naenoaeueiiai caei?iauey,
nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iue aiaeec, aeiiniaaeey, oe?o?ae/aneia ea/aiea,
ineoioa?aiaaoe/aneay ei??aeoeey

SUMMARY

Melentyeva Elena Pavlovna. Disorders of sexual health in remote period
of surgical treatment of hypospadias and their correction. Kind of
dissertation – manuscript. Speciality – 14.01.16 – psychiatry. The
Kharkov Institute for Advanced Training of Doctors, 1999.

With the help of a method of the system-structural analysis disorders of
sexual health of a married couple are investigeted at remote
consequences of surgical treatment of hypospadias at a husband. A role
of somatogenin, sociogenic, psychogenic and negative socio-psychological
factors in genesis of the specified disorders is established.
Differential-diagnostic criteria of different variants of sexual
disharmony are offered at an investigated pathology and system of their
differential psychotherapeutic correction.

Key words: disorders of sexual health, system-structural analysis,
hypospadias, surgical treatment, psychotherapeutic correction.

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