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I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss I?NEssAeEIEIIII? INA?OE

?i. I.E. Ooieea

IA?*AIEI Aiaoie?e Iaaiiae/

OAeE 611.74-07:681.31/:340.66

Ii?o?aoii-inoaieia?/ia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y

iniae c aeei?enoaiiyi oaea- a?aeaieiiithoa?ieo cania?a aeine?aeaeaiiy

14.01.25- noaeiaa iaaeeoeeia

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe

?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ooiee TH??e Ieaoiiiae/, caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii?

ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Einoee?a Aieiaeeie? ?ee?/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie ? iniia i?aaa Eoaainueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Aieoaiae/ Eaii?ae Eueaiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e

noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie c iniiaaie i?aaa Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I. Ai?ueeiai, i.
Aeiiaoeuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «_26____» _eenoiiaaea__________________ 1999 ?ieo
i __12___ aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Ae.26.613.03 i?e Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 04112, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aei?iaiaeeoeueea, 9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea ca aae?anith: 04112,
i. Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea, 9.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 21 » aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee aeioe.
Ao?/einueeee A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ieoaiiy ?icooeo ethaeae, ye? i?iiaee aaca?noe, a
inoaii? /ane cia/ii caaino?eeinue. Oea iia’ycaii c? neeaaei?noth
e?ei?iiaaiiiai noaio a iao?e e?a?i?. E??i oiai, o aeiaaeeao aeyaeaiiy
aiee?niici?iaiiai o?oia, eiai ?ic/eaioaaiiy, niioai?aiiy aiane?aeie
o?aaie, ae?? iieoiy iaiaei?iii iinoa? ieoaiiy i?i eiai iaeaaei?noue
iaai?e ethaeei?, aac /iai iiaeaeueoa ?icne?aeoaaiiy e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae
i?aeoe/ii noa? iaiiaeeeaei. Ii/ano?oaee ? aeiaaeee eaoano?io ?c ianiaeie
aea?oaaie (aa?aoe?ei?, oaoiiaaii? oiui), ciaeaeaiiy neaeaoiaaieo
caeeoe?a aea?oa ianiaiai cieuaiiy o /ane ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie, a aei-
oa iiai?ii? ?iee, ui oaeiae iio?aao? i?iaaaeaiiy noaeiai-iaaee/ieo
?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Neeaaei?noue oaei? ?iaioe iia’ycaia ?c cia/iith ??ciiiai?oi?noth
ia’?eo?a ioioiaeiaiiy ca ?oi?i iioiaeaeaiiyi, noaiii caa?aaeaiiy e
?ioi?iaoeaiino?, aaaaoiaoaii?noth, neeaaei?noth ? o?oaeii?noe?noth
naiiai i?ioeano ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, iaiao?aei?noth io?eiaiiy aa?aioiaaiiai
aeinoia??iiai e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo.

Ia ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?oece e?noeiaeo caeeoe?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy cae/aeii ni?yiiaaia ia aecia/aiiy oae caaieo a?oiiaeo
(aai caaaeueieo) aio?iiieia?/ieo iciae: ?ane, noao?, c?inoo, a?eo
caaeaei? iniae. Oey i?iaeaia, caaaeyee cia/i?e e?eueeino? iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo noaeiaeo iaaeee?a, ca?ac
a?aei?aoeueiaaia a?aeiinii aeia?a, ui caaacia/o? aeinoaoiuei iaae?eio
a??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a.

Ioioiaeiaiiy eiie?aoii? ethaeeie ca e?noeiaeie caeeoeaie, iaa?oue i?ney
a?aeiieo ?ia?o aeaeaoiiai aio?iiieiaa I.I. Aa?aneiiaa oa
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?aoeue noaeiai-iaaee/ieo inoaieia?a (I.A. Oeeei/oe,
1996; N.N. Aa?aiia, 1998), caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiith ? inoaoi/ii
iaae??oaiith i?iaeaiith. Oea, a ia?oo /a?ao, iia’ycaii ?c
noa’?eoeai?noth cai?iiiiiaaieo aaoi?aie iaoiae?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniae
ca e?noeiaeie caeeoeaie — oioinoi?uaiiy ii?o?aoa oa /a?aia,
ei?aeyoe?eiee iaoiae ii??aiyiiy nenoaie ii?ciaaaeueieo ioieo?a ia
oeeo ia’?eoao,

a?ao?/i? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?ei? aeai?eoie (AA?), niin?a neoeueioo?ii?
?aeiino?oeoe??, noia?a?aeaii?iaeoe?? cia?aaeaiue /a?aia ? i?eaeeoo?aiai
oioi-ci?iea. Ioaea, ?ic?iaea oa a?aei?aoethaaiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a
ioioiaeiaiiy iniae c o?aooaaiiyi iaeiie/aiiai ianyao iaoeiai? iaaee/ii?
?ioi?iaoe??, no/aniiai noaio noaeiai-iaaee/ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eii?
aenia?oece, iiaeeeainoae eiii’thoa?iiai caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy oaeeo
?ia?o caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith.

E??i oiai, c’yaeeanue iiaeeea?noue ia’?eoea?coaaoe oa cia/ii i?enei?eoe
i?ioean ioioiaeiaiiy iniae caaaeyee no/aniei iiaeeeainoyi cania?a
iaea?aeaiiy oa caaaaeaiiy a?coaeueii? ?ioi?iaoe??, oaeeo ye oeeo?ia?
oioiaia?aoe, oaea- a?aeaieaia?e, neaia?e oiui. Ana oea iiaeiii iie?ioeoe
ye?noue oa ia’?eoeai?noue noaeiai-iaaee/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, nei?ioeoe
oa?i?i ?o aeeiiaiiy, a ca?eueiaiee aiane?aeie oeueiai /an ?aoe?iiaeueii
aeei?enoaoe aeey ?icoe?aiiy ae?aiaciio ??ciiiai?oieo iaoiaeee
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iaea?eueo iiaiiai ? iaa?oioiaaiiai oi?ioaaiiy ?acthia
oa aeniiae?a aeine?aeieea.

Iioei?caoe?y ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue o iai?yieo anoaiiaeaiiy
eiie?aoii? iniae ca /a?aiii oa i?eaeeoo?aei ii?o?aoii iino?eii
ciaoiaeeeanue a iie? ci?o a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a. O
oeueiio ieai? a 1994-96 ??. I.A. Oeeei/oeii aoei aeeiiaii a?oioiaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea cana?ae/eei ia?niaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e a inoaieia?/i?e ii?o?aoi?e ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
iniae. Iaeiae cai?iiiiiaai? aaoi?ii iia? oaoiieia?/i? caniae ia caaaeaee
iiaeooue aooe ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoe/ieo aenia?oieo caeeaaeao iaoi?
e?a?ie, c ?ioiai aieo, aiie ia ae/a?iothoue iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy
?ioeo, ia iaio aoaeoeaieo niinia?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ua iaeiei ia?niaeoeaiei iai?yieii ii?o?aoii-inoaieia?/ii?
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ? iiaeaeueoa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo no/anieo i?ia?aiieo
cania?a eiii’thoa?ii? noia?i?iaeoe?? i?eaeeoo?aeo cia?aaeaiue iniae, ui
?aeaioeo?eo?oueny, ? iaaeaiiai ia aenia?oeco /a?aia.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aea?aiee
iai?yiie ?iaioe iia’ycaiee ?c ieaiaie eaoaae?e noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea
noiniaii a?aei?aoethaaiiy iiaeo ia’?eoeaieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a
noaeia?e iaaeeoeei? . ?iaioa ? i?iaeiaaeaiiyi, aeiiiaiaiiyi ?
iiaeaeueoei oaeineiiaeaiiyi nenoaie eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e,
?ic?iaeaieo ia eaoaae?? a 1994-1996 ??. Aiia oaeiae ? o?aaiaioii
eiiieaenii? oe?eueiai? i?ia?aie ai?ioueae c? cei/eii?noth ia 1996-2000
?iee ca?aeii c Oeacii I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie a?ae
17.09.1996 ?. ca

? 837/96.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe — noai?eoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe o
i?aeoeeo iaoiaeeee aeei?enoaiiy iaeii- oa aeaieaia?ieo oaea-
a?aeaieiiithoa?ieo eiiieaen?a aeey ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniae ca /a?aiii oa
oioiii?o?aoii, noai?eoe niaoe?aeueia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeey ?o
ao?eaiiy.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oe??? iaoe a ?iaio? iinoaaeai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Ia i?aeoe/iiio noaeiai-iaaee/iiio iaoa??ae? ?ic?iaeoe no/ani?
eiiithoa?i? iaoiaeeee caaaaeaiiy, ia?iaee ? i?aeaioiaee aeey
iiaeaeueoiai ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?eaeeoo?aeo
oioia?ao?/ieo cia?aaeaiue in?a, ye? ?aeaioeo?eothoueny.

2. A?aei?aoethaaoe iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaiiy aeaieaia?ii? oaeaa?c?eii?
onoaiiaee ia aac? i?eeaaeo OA?-2 i?e ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniae ca /a?aiii oa
oioiii?o?aoii.

3. Noai?eoe ? ai?iaoaaoe a?aeaieiiithoa?iee eiiieaen aeey
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? eiie?aoii? iniae ia aac? oeeo?iaiai oioiaia?aoa,
ieaioaoiiai neaia?a, a?aeaieaia?e oa aeaniiai niaoe?aeueiiai i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oia?oa cai?iiiiiaai? no/ani?
eiiithoa?i? niiniae i?aeaioiaee oioia?ao?/ieo i?eaeeoo?aeo cia?aaeaiue
iaee//y aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy iaeiieaia?ieo a?aeaieiiithoa?ieo eiiieaen?a
aeey noia?i?iaeoe?? cia?aaeaiue /a?aia ? iaee//y ia i?eaeeoo?a?e
oioiea?ooe? i?e ii?o?aoii-inoaieia?/i?e ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniae ?
aoaeoeaiei caniaii ioioiaeiaiiy. Aeey oeueiai noai?aii iiao eiii’thoa?io
i?ia?aio “Fotohead”, i?ecia/aio aeey ?iaioe c no/anieie eiii’thoa?aie
oeio “Pentium”, ye? i?aoeththoue o nenoai? “Windows 95 — 98” (?ai?oa
neeaaeai? i?ia?aie aoee ?ic?aoiaai? ia canoa??e? eiii’thoa?e oeio IBM
286-486 aeey ?iaioe a iia?aoe?ei?e nenoai? MS DOS). Aea/ai? iiaeeeaino?
aeei?enoaiiy aeaieaia?ieo oaeaa?c?eieo onoaiiaie oeio OA?-2; ia a?aei?io
a?ae ?acoeueoao?a, iaea?aeaieo ?ai?oa, oeae niin?a, caaacia/aiee iaie
eiii’thoa?iei ca’yceii c OA?-2, aia?oa noaa iaae?eiei ? aeinooiiei
caniaii ioioiaeiaiiy iniae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo
iaoiae?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? caaacia/o? ia?eoeai?noue ? aa?aioo?
iaae?ei?noue ioioiaeiaiiy iniae ca e?noeiaeie caeeoeaie.

Oia?oa cyaeoueny iiaeeea?noue i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy i?eeaae?a oeio
OA?-2 c iaoith ii?o?aoiiai ioioiaeiaiiy iniae ca e?noeiaeie caeeoeaie,
ui c?iaeoue iaoiaeeeo aeinooiiith ? iineeueiith aeey i?aeoe/ieo
noaeiai-iaaee/ieo aenia?o?a-e?ei?iae?no?a.

?aae?caoe?y iaoiaeo iaeiieaia?ii? a?aeaieiii’thoa?ii? noia?i?iaeoe??
cia?aaeaiue /a?aia ? i?eaeeoo?aiai ii?o?aoa ni?inoeoue oaoi?eo
?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aeaeueoue ye?noue oa
i?iaeoeoeai?noue oe??? ?iaioe.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeeee aaea aeei?enoiaothoueny a Aieiaiiio ath?i
noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?anueeiio i?nueeiio oa
Ee?anueeiio iaeaniiio ath?i noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece.
?iciianthaeaeai?noue i?eeaae?a OA?-2, aeineoue oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy
no/anieo eiii’thoa??a a aenia?oi?e i?aeoeoe? aeicaieyoue caaacia/eoe
ianooaae aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiae?a i?aeoe/ii a on?o iaeanieo
ath?i noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. I?e noai?aii? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy
(eiii’thoa?i? i?ia?aie “Fotohead”, “Faceshow”) aaoi?ii aoei
i?aeaioiaeaii oaea: i?eioeeie ?o iiaoaeiae, aeai?eoie ae??oaiiy
caaaeaiue, ia?ae?e oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo
cania?a, aeiiae aei aeecaeia?nueeeo ooieoe?e. I?iaaaeaia ai?iaaoe?y
i?ia?aiieo i?iaeoeo?a, ioe?iea ?o i?iaeoeoeaiino?, aoaeoeaiino? oa
c?o/iino? a ?iaio?, aeinoia??iino? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aaoi?ii aoei caiice/aii i?eioeei aeei?enoaiiy i?eeaaeo OA?-2, yeee aoa
ai?iaiaaiee ? iaaaoeaii ioe?iaiee I.A. Oeeei/oeii (1996); ?ic?iaea
iaoiaeeee ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, cania?a aia?aoii-eiii’thoa?iiai ? i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy ? i?ea?iaeueieie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia ni?eueiiio can?aeaii? ni?a?ia?oiee?a eaoaae?e
noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie EIAII ?i. I.E. Ooieea, eaoaae?e noaeiai? iaaeeoeeie
IIO ?i. aeaae. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey, eaoaae?e e?ei?iae?noeee IO ?i. O.
Oaa-/aiea, Aieiaiiai ath?i noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece IIC Oe?a?ie,
Ee?anueeiai i?nueeiai oa Ee?anueeiai iaeaniiai ath?i noaeiai-iaaee/ii?
aenia?oece, Oeaio?o noaeiaeo aenia?oec II Oe?a?ie (1999 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? o o?ueio noaooyo o
iaoeiaiio oaoiaiio aeo?iae? “Oe?a?inueeee noaeiai-iaaee/iee a?niee”,
iiaeaii aea? ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nuee? i?iiiceoe??.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iieno iaoa??aeo oa iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?icae?eo aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co ? ocaaaeueiaiiy iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoea.

Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe neeaaea? 146 noi??iie oaenoo eiii’thoa?iiai
iaai?o. Aeena?oaoe?y ?ethno?iaaia 53 ?enoieaie, aeaiia oaaeeoeyie.
Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 162 aeaea?aea, c ieo 118 —
a?o/eciyieo ? e?a?i NIAe oa 44 aeaea?aea ?iicaiieo aaoi??a (c ieo 15
aiaeiiiaieo, 25 i?iaoeueeeo, 4 o?aioeocueeeo).

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iaaiaeeoueny iaeyae no/anii? a?o/eciyii? oa
ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e, i?enay/aii? ieoaiiyi anoaiiaeaiiy caaaeueieo oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iciae iniae, yeo ?aeaioeo?eothoue. Aeaoaeueii
aeeeaaeai? iaoiaee ioioiaeiaiiy ethaeeie ca e?noeiaeie caeeoeaie.
I?iaiae?ciaaii noai i?iaeaie ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ca /a?aiii ? i?eaeeoo?aei
oioici?ieii, aecia/aii ia?niaeoeai? iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii a?aeiiino? i?i iaoa??ae ?iaioe ?
aeei?enoai? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? ?iaioe aoei iinoaaeaia caaaeaiiy: aecia/eoe noai
ii?o?aoii-?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue a noaeiai-iaaee/ieo
caeeaaeao Oe?a?ie. Aeey oeueiai aea/aii 213 “Aeniiae?a aenia?oa”,
iaea?aeaieo c 21 iaeaniiai, ee?anueeiai i?nueeiai ? Aieiaiiai ath?i
noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece IIC Oe?a?ie ca 1996-1998 ?iee. Iniiaiei
ia-i?yieii aiae?co aoei anoaiiaeaiiy /anoioe i?iaaaeaiiy oaeeo
aenia?oec, na?aaeiueiai /ano ?o aeeiiaiiy oa iaoiaeee, yeeie
ei?enooaaeenue oao?aoe? aeey aeinyaiaiiy ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ethaeeie.

O an?o ath?i, ca aeiyoeii Aieiaiiai, ee?anueeiai i?nueeiai oa
ee?anueeiai iaeaniiai, niaoe?ae?noe ei?enooaaeenue o?aaeeoe?eiei
iaoiaeii oioinoi?uaiiy cia?aaeaiue /a?aia oa i?eaeeoo?aiai oioici?iea
aaaeaii? iniae c aeei?enoaiiyi oioii?eeaaeo “Aaea?onue”. sse a?aeiii,
oaeee niin?a oioinoi?uaiiy iio?aao? cia/ieo cao?ao /ano, a nai
oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean ? iaaeineiiaeei ? iaaa?aioiaaiei a?ae oaoi?/ieo
iiieeie ia aoaeue-yeiio aoai? aenia?oece.

Iniiaiei iaoa??aeii iaoi? ?iaioe aoei 38 noaeiai-iaaee/ieo aenia?oec,
aeeiiaieo aaoi?ii ca ia??iae 1997-1999 ?ie?a o Ee?anueeiio i?nueeiio,
iaeaniiio oa Aieiaiiio ath?i noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece IIC Oe?a?ie.
Ia oeueiio iaoa??ae? a?aei?aoeueiaoaaeeny an? iinoaaeai? a ?iaio?
caaaeaiiy, ai?iaoaaeeny iia? cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeeee.

Ia iiia?aaeiueiio aoai? ioe?ithaaee ye?ni? iieacieee iaaeaieo
i?eaeeoo?aeo oioici?ie?a ethaeeie, yeo iio??aii ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe. A
iaoiio iaoa??ae? i?aeoe/ieo noaeiai-iaaee/ieo aenia?oec c iaaeaieo 102
i?eaeeoo?aeo oioicia?aaeaiue 28 (27%) aeyaeeenue iai?eaeaoieie aeey
ioioiaeiaiiy. Oea aoei iia’ycaii c iaaeinoaoiueith ??ce?noth, /?oe?noth
aiaoi?nueeeo oioiea?oie. Ua 70 ci?ie?a aeciaii “oiiaii i?eaeaoieie”,
oiaoi oaeeie, ui iio?aaothoue naiai iie?ioaiiy, ? o?eueee i?ney oeueiai
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a i?ioean? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniae.

A?ae?a?aiee oioici?iie aeey i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?iaioe iaiao?aeii neii?thaaoe.
I?ioean ?ai?iaeoeoe?? aeeiioaaee (caeaaeii a?ae neooaoe??) ca
aeiiiiiaith iaeiiai c o?ueio i?eeii?a. sseui i?ea?iaeueiee oioici?iie ?
aeinoaoiuei aaeeeei (ia iaio ye 5o4 ni), iiaeia nei?enoaoenue eiai
aaaaeaiiyi a eiii’thoa? ca aeiiiiiaith oaeaa?c?eii? aai a?aeai-eaia?e.
Aeey oeueiai ei?enooaaeenue iaei??th c /ioe?ueio oaeaeaia? noaiaea?oiiai
i?eeaaeo OA?-2 (OA1. 135.009 — “Onoaiiaea aeey aiaeeca ?aioaaiia?aii”).
Aea?? i?eeaaeo aeey iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue iia’ycaiee c i?noeai eiai
aeaioiaeaiiy (i. Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a), oiaoi c a?aeiiniith aeinooii?noth
i?eaeaaiiy, ? oei, ui oaea iaeaaeiaiiy ca?ac ? aeineoue
?iciianthaeaeaiei a iaaee/ieo oeaio?ao iaoi? e?a?ie.

Ia?aiao?e, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue OA?-2, iaoiiaeththoue aeinoaoith ye?noue
aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?icae?eueia caeaoi?noue oaeaeaia? EO-179 caaacia/o?
550-600 e?i?e/ni; eii?aeeiaoi? niioai?aiiy — aei 1%.

Iaeiae OA?-2 ooieoe?iiaeueii i?ecia/aiee eeoa aeey a?coaeueieo
niinoa?aaeaiue ia ae?ai? iii?oi??a (eieuei?iaee ? /i?ii-a?eee), oiio
aeey io?eiaiiy eiii’thoa?iiai oeeo?iaiai cia?aaeaiiy ea?oeiea c
oaeaeaia? iiaeiia iiaeaaaoenue a eiii’thoa?, aeey /iai ie
aeei?enoiaoaaee iaeio c aeaio ieao a?aeaicaaaaeaiiy, aai aaeaioa? FG-22
oa ieaoo Aver Video Commaner 2.

I?eioeeiiai i?/ei ia a?ae??ciy?oueny ? iaea?aeaiiy oeeo?iaiai
cia?aaeaiiy oioiii?o?aoa ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeaieaia? oeio “Panasonic” aai
“Sharp VL-C7400E”, c’?aeiaieo /a?ac aaeaioa? c ia?niiaeueiei
eiii’thoa?ii (a ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaee iaeaea? eaia?e).

I?e iaaeaii? oioiea?oie ?ici??ii, iaio ye 5o4 ni, iaeneiaeueio ye?noue
i?e ?o ca?eueoaii? caaacia/o? eii?thaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith oeeo?iaiai
oioiaia?aoa aai ieaioaoiiai neaia?a.

Aia?oa a noaeiai-iaaee/i?e i?aeoeoe? ai?iaoaaee eieuei?iaee oioiaia?ao
“Canon Power Shott 600” (ssiii?y) aeey ?ai?iaeoeoe?? ? oeeo?iai?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? oioicia?aaeaiue. sse?noue ea?oeiee caaacia/o?oueny
iiaeeea?noth ?? 10-?aciaiai ca?eueoaiiy i?e ?icae?euei?e caeaoiino?
832o624 i?enae?a.

Ia iaio ye?ni? oeeo?ia? cia?aaeaiiy (eieuei?ia? oa /i?ii-a?e?)
io?eioaaee, aeei?enoiaoth/e o i?ioean? ?ai?iaeoeoe?? ii?o?ao?a
ieaioaoiee neaia? “HP Scan Jet 5p” (NOA).

O iiaeaeueoiio aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ianooiiiai ii??aiyeueiiai i?ioeano
iaiao?aeia ia?iaea iaea?aeaieo oeeo?iaeo eiii’thoa?ieo cia?aaeaiue c
iaoith ?o iie?ioaiiy. Cae/aeii, aoaa? iaiao?aeiei iie?ioaiiy ??ceino?,
iioei?caoe?y (i?aeaeuaiiy /e cieaeaiiy) eiio?anoo, e?ea?aeaoe?y
no?ieaoiai oiio, a?oaoaeo?a (o??ueie, caa?oaeiaiiy aioeuen?eiiai oa?o)
oiui. Iie?ioaiiy ??ceino? iiaeiia aa?aiooaaoe oi/ia aecia/aiiy eiioo??a
iaee//y, aacnoii?aia anoaiiaeaiiy eieae?caoe?? iniiaieo eiinoaioieo
i???ioe??a.

Aeey ia?iaee oioi-oaea-a?aeaiea?oeiie, iaea?aeaieo c iaaeaieo aeey
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ii?o?ao?a, i?iaaaeaii ai?iaaoe?th 14 a?ao?/ieo
?aaeaeoi??a.

Naiai /ano aoei cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeeo?eaoe?th iaoiaeo oioinoi?uaiiy
eiioo?iiai iaethiea iaee//y oa /a?aia (N.A. Ao?ia, 1961). Iiooe
iiaeeeainoae noai?aiiy eiioo?ieo iaethie?a a aaoiiaoe/iiio ?aaeei?
aeicaieea a?aeooeaoe caniae, caeeaaeai? a a?ao?/ieo ?aaeaeoi?ao ca
aeiiiiiaith o?eueo?a “Aecia/aiiy e?a?a” (“Edge Detect”) o iaai??
niaoe-aoaeo?a. Io?eiai?, caaaeyee oeueiio i?eeiio, eiioo?i? iaethiee
aa?aioothoue a?aeiia?aei?noue ia?enai i?ea?iaeo, ui ? iaiao?aeiith ?
iaia’yceiaith oiiaith iiaeaeueoi? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??. I?eeii ii??aiyeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?enoie?a iaee//y oa /a?aia ai?iaoaaee a 21 aeiaaeeo ia
iaoiio aenia?oiiio iaoa??ae?.

Ia??aeei ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th iniae i?eoiaeeoueny i?iaiaeeoe i?ney caaeaae?
iioa?i?eiai aiane?aeie o?aaie, oiaoi, /a?ai iiaea aooe a ye?enue i???
c?oeiiaaiei, ? ioioiaeiaiiy noa? iiaeeeaei eeoa i?ney eiai ?anoaa?aoe??.

I?e iayaiino? aaeeeeo e?noeiaeo o?aaiaio?a ?o ni?anoaaeyee ii e?i?yo
ia?aeii?a ? ne??iethaaee ae?ioyieie oaaie. Ae??ai? a?aeeaiee (ieiuath
aei 3-10 ni2) aeioe?eueii neeathaaoe niaoe?aeueiei eea?i. Neeaae
cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaie niaoe?aeueiiai ?anoaa?aoe?eiiai eeath ie
aei?iaoaaee ia iaoa??ae? 12 i?aeoe/ieo aenia?oec.

Neeaaei?oei ? i?ioean ?anoaa?aoe?? (?aeiino?oeoe??) i?e caaoaeai?e
/anoei? e?noeiaeo ceaie?a ? iaiao?aeiino? ooo/iiai caiiaiaiiy aeaoaeo?a.
Aeey oaeeo aeiaaee?a ie a?aei?aoethaaee niaoe?aeueio iaoiaeeeo ca
i?eioeeiii aeaioiaeaiiy iai’?-iaoa (ye iniiae) c ianooiiei iaeea-aeaiiyi
caa?oo ieanoee?io /e aeuaiaaaaeaii? niaoe?aeueii? iane.

A?ae?anoaa?iaaiee /a?ai ne??ieththoue c ieaeiueith uaeaiith. Iaee?auei
niiniaii aeyaeany cai?iiiiiaaiee iaie aoiiaee o?enaoi? uaeaie c aeaiia
e?ioeaaeie aa/eaie.

I?aeaioiaeaiee /a?ai aeey iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiao?aeii
cao?enoaaoe o iieiaeaii? eeoeueiaith /anoeiith aeiai?e. Aeey oeueiai
cai?iiiiiaaii niaoe?aeueiee i?eno??e o aeaeyae? cae?eueoeueiaaii? a
oeee?iae? noaeaai? nioae oiaueiith 0,3-0,5 ii, caaaeiaaeee 600 ii,
oe?eiith 70 ii.

A ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiiio i?ioean? iaea?eueo a?aeiia?aeaeueiei aoaiii ?
ii??aiyeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe ?iaioe,
a?aei?aoeueiaai? aea? iaoiaeeee ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiiai ii??aiyeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy: 1) iaoiae aeaieaia?ii? oaeaa?c?eii? noia?i?iaeoe??
/a?aia ? oioiii?o?aoa ? 2) niin?a iaeiieaia?ii? a?aeainoia?i?iaeoe??
oeeo aea cia?aaeaiue.

Iaoiae aeaieaia?ii? oaeaa?c?eii? noia?i?iaeoe?? ia?aaeaa/a? iaeii/ania
(ia ae?ai? iaeiiai iii?oi?o ia?niiaeueiiai eiii’thoa?a) niinoa?aaeaiiy ?
ii??aiyeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaio cia?aaeaiue (oioi oa /a?aia), ye?
iaea?aeothoue ca aeiiiiiaith aeaio oaeaeaia? aaciina?aaeiuei c naieo
ia’?eo?a ii??aiyiiy.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeeee aeei?enoaii i?eeaae OA?-2 c ia?ith ia’?eoea?a
IEN1-22-1 c oieoniith a?aeaeaeeth 22 ii. Ii iioe/i?e in? iaeiiai c ieo
iii?ua?oueny ?ai?iaeoeoe?y oioiii?o?aoa iniae, yeo ioioiaeiththoue. Ia
i?e iiia?aaeiuei ?iaeoueny ?ici?oea eiioo?o i?aeai??aeaey, ?ioiai? e?i??
oa eiinoaioieo oi/ie: ia?ai?nny, eoo?a i/ae, eicaee?a, i?aeiiniai?.
?ici?/aiee ii?o?ao eeaaeooue ia niaoe?aeueiee noieee, yeee iiaea
i?aei?iaoenue /e iioneaoenue o aa?oeeaeuei?e ieiuei? ia 10 ni. I?ae
ae?oao oaeaeaia?o OA?-2, a oaooo aeey i?aena?oeaiiy noiea, ia
neiino?oeiaai?e iaie i?aenoaaoe? cae??ieth?oueny /a?ai, eiai cia?aaeaiiy
oieonothoue. Ia ae?ai? iii?oi?a a ?aaeei? iaeeaaeaiiy cia?aaeaiue aeaeii
aiaeii/an ? ii?o?ao, ? /a?ai.

Oeyoii ci?uaiiy aeiai?e /e aeiieco ii?o?aoa ia ?ooiiiio noieeeo, c
iaeii/aniei oieonoaaiiyi cia?aaeaiiy, aeinyaa?oueny i?eaeeciee ca?a
iaeeaaeaieo iaio ia’?eo?a ca ?o ?ici??aie, i?ney /iai i?iaiaeeoueny
ei?aeoe?y i?inoi?iaiai iieiaeaiiy /a?aia c iaoith i?aeai?o oaeiai
?aeo?no, eiee eiioo?e aieiae oa ?ici?/ai? eiinoaioi? oi/ee ia ii?o?ao?
ca?aathoueny c a?aeiia?aeieie aiaoii?/ieie i???ioe?aie ia /a?ai?.
Noi?uai? cia?aaeaiiy o?enothoueny ? caienothoueny o aeaeyae? a?ao?/iiai
oaeeo a aoaeue-yeiio oi?iao?.

Iaoiae iaeiieaia?ii? a?aeainoia?i?iaeoe?? cia?aaeaiue i?eaeeoo?-aiai
ii?o?aoa oa /a?aia ai?iaiaaia ia 34 i?aeoe/ieo aenia?oieo aeiaaeeao.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae iiia?aaeiueiai niiniao, oioiii?o?ao caieno?oueny o
aeaeyae? a?ao?/iiai oaeea a iai’youe eiii’thoa?a ? aeeeeea?oueny c ia?
ia ae?ai iii?oi?a. Cia?aaeaiiy ae?oaiai ia’?eoa (/a?aia) caaiaeeoueny
a?aeaieaia?ith ? iaeeaaea?oueny ia ea?oeieo oioiii?o?aoa. Oaeei /eiii,
ia iii?oi?? eiii’thoa?a aeaeii iaeaea? iaeeaaeai? iaeia ia iaeio
ea?oeiee. I?ney i?eaaaeaiiy iaio cia?aaeaiue aei iaeiiai ?ici??o
o?ainoieaoi?ii a?aeaieaia?e, ye ? a iiia?aaei?e iaoiaeeoe?, aeae?athoue
oaeee ?aeo?n /a?aia, eiee eiai eiioo?e oa eiinoaioi? oi/ee ca?aathoue-
ny i?ae niaith. Noi?uaia ea?oeiea caieno?oueny o a?ao?/iee oaee.

Oaea iaoiaeeea aeaeyaea? aeaui i?ino?oa a?ae iiia?aaeiuei?, iaeiae aeey
aeinyaiaiiy oeueiai iaiao?aeia niaoe?aeueia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy. Aiii
aoei aeaioiaeaii iaie ?acii c i?ioan?eiei i?ia?ai?noii, i?ia?aia
io?eiaea iacao “Fotohead”, ?ic?aoiaaia ia ?iaioo c aeei?enoaiiyi
no/anieo eiii’thoa??a oeio “Pentium” c nenoaiith Windows 95-98. I?ia?aia
caaacia/aia nai?i a?ao?/iei ?aaeaeoi?ii. Cia?aaeaiiy ii?o?aoa, ye ?
/a?aia, iiaeia iioeiaeueii eiio?anooaaoe, i?iyoe yne?aa?noue aeey
iaee?aui? i?i?iaee aeaoaeae, ca?eueooaaoe aai ciaiooaaoe.

I?e aeinyaiaii? iiceoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a noia?i?iaeoe??, iniaeeai o
aeiaaeeao iiaeaiiy ia aenia?oeco eeoa iaeiiai ye?niiai oioiii?o?aoa
(aioan), aeey oi?ioethaaiiy eaoaai?e/iiai aeniiaeo iaiao?aeia nenoaia
ia?aa??ee ?acoeueoao?a c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioeo niinia?a. Oiio ia ii/aoeo
?iaioe a eiaei?e iao?e i?aeoe/i?e aenia?oec? (o 5 aeiaaeeao) ye
aeiiii?aeiee, ia?aa??i/iee iaoiae aeei?enoiaoaaee eiii’thoa?iee aa??aio
iaoiaeeee I.I. Iyoeaae/a. Iaeiae ai?iaaoe?y oeueiai niiniao cana?ae/eea
eiai iaiaae?ei?noue. Oiio a iiaeaeueoiio aeey ia?aa??ee iniiaiiai
?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiiai niiniao (iaeiieaia?ii? /e aeaieaia?ii?
noia?i?iaeoe?? cia?aaeaiue) ie ai?iaoaaee iaoiaeeeo aeai?eoi?a a?ao?/ieo
?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo (AA?) — o 30 aenia?oecao.

Cia/i? o?oaeiiu? iaa?oue c aeei?enoaiiyi a?ao?/ieo ?aaeaeoi??a aeey
iiaoaeiae aecia/iee?a ia’?eo?a oa ?o ii??aiyiiy niiioeaee ian
a?aei?aoethaaoe eiii’thoa?iee aa??aio iaoiaeeee. Aeey oeueiai ie ?acii c
a?oiith oao?aoe?a noai?eee niaoe?aeueio eiii’thoa?io i?ia?aio i?ae
iacaith “Faceshow”.

I?ia?aia caaacia/o? iiaea/o ia ae?ai iine?aeiaii eiaeiiai c iaio
cia?aaeaiue, aea i?iaiaeeoueny o ?o/iiio ?aaeei? ?ici?oea oa ei?aeoe?y
noaiaea?oieo eiinoaioieo oi/ie — iaaeia?ai?nny, eooe i/ae, ei??iue iina,
eooe ?ioa. I?ney ?ici?oee a aaoiiaoe/iiio ?aaeei? ca eiiaiaeith
aeine?aeieea a?aeaoaa?oueny iiaoaeiaa aecia/iee?a ye aeey /a?aia, oae ?
aeey oioiii?o?aoa. ?ici?/ai? cia?aaeaiiy ? eiaeiee c aecia/iee?a
caienothoueny niaoe?aeueieie a?ao?/ieie oaeeaie o oi?iao? *.bmp.
A?ao?/ia ii??aiyiiy aecia/iee?a ca eiiaiaeith aeine?aeieea i?iaiaeeoueny
aaoiiaoe/ii, aac noi?iiiueiai ao?o/aiiy.

E??i oiai, aeey eiio?ieth ca ye?noth noi?uaiiy iaio cia?aaeaiue o
aa??aio? ye iaeiieaia?ii?, oae ? aeaieaia?ii? noia?i?iaeoe?? iaiao?aeii
a?aoiaoaaoe oie oaeo, ui eiinoaioi? oi/ee ia cia?aaeaii? iaee//y ia
iathoue naiai /?oeiai, caaaeaee iaeiicia/iiai iieiaeaiiy a i?iaeoe?? ia
/a?ai?. Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy iaae ?o eieeaaiiy a oie /e ?ioee a?e i?iaaee
niaoe?aeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy ca ?acoeueoaoaie 25 iaoeo i?aeoe/ieo
aenia?oec. Aeey oeueiai a eiaeiiio aeiaaeeo iiceoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a
noi?uaiiy, i?aee??ieaieo aeaieie ne?aenoaa oa iaoeie ia?aa??i/ieie
niiniaaie, i?iaeoe?thaaee eiaeio c eiinoaioieo oi/ie, ?ici?/aieo ia
cia?aaeaii? iaee//y, ia iaeiiianooaaia, iaeii?aeo?nia cia?aaeaiiy
/a?aia. Noia iaeiieiaiieo oi/ie ia ocaaaeueiaiiio cia?aaeaii? /a?aia
aeaeyaeaea ye aeayea ieiua iaaii? oi?ie oa aaee/eie.

O?ao?e ?icae?e — ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue. O iueiio
iine?aeiaii aeeeaaeaii an? aoaie ioioiaeiaiiy iniae ca /a?aiii oa
i?eaeeoo?aei oioiii?o?aoii. Caa?iaii oaaao ia i?noea ? cia/aiiy aea/aiiy
iaoa??ae?a ni?aae ? iaaeaii? aeieoiaioaoe??, iniaeeai yeino?
oioia?ao?/ieo ii?o?ao?a, ia iiia?aaeith i?aeaioiaeo oioia?ao?/iiai oa
e?noeiaiai iaoa??aeo aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy a?ao?/ieo ?aaeaeoi??a caaacia/o? iie?ioaiiy
/?oeino? oa ??ceino? cia?aaeaiue. Oae, ?aaeaeoi?e Photo Finisch, Photo
Editor, Adobe Photoshop, Photoimpact, Corel Photo-Paint 5.0 (oa ianooii?
aa?n??) na?aae nai?o na?a?nieo ooieoe?e iathoue niaoe?aeuei? o?eueo?e
“??ce?noue” (“Sharp”oa “Sharp +»), ye? ca aeiiiiiaith iaoaiaoe/ieo
cania?a caoaeothoue oe?eio e?i?e ia oeeo?iaeo cia?aaeaiiyo, ui i?aeaeuo?
??ce?noue ea?oeiee.

sse i?aaeei, aiaoi?nuee? oioia?ao?? cia?aaeothoue ethaeeio ia yeiionue
oii?, aeaeaeiio a?ae a?eiai, /anoi — aeoaea no?ieaoiio (iai?eeeaae,
e?iia aea?aa /e cia?aaeaiiy nii?oae). Oiio aeaeaeaiiy oiio, iaea?aeaiiy
cia?aaeaiiy aieiae ia a?eiio oe? iio?aaothoue aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?aeueieo
cania?a a?ao?/iiai ei?aaoaaiiy.

A?eueo?noue ?aaeaeoi??a iathoue o nai?io iaai?? iioe?th “Eanoee”, yeith
? iiaeia nei?enoaoenue, “aeoe?ath/e” ieyienoa oei. E?auei i?eeiiii ?
aeei?enoaiiy ?ino?oiaioa “I?iaoea”, ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai ca iniiao
aa?ooue a?eee eie??, a aeae? iaiinyoue eiai ia ieyie oea ca aeiiiiiaith
?ino?oiaio?a “Ioeueaa?ecaoi?” aai “Iaicaeue”.

sse a?aeiii, N.A. Ao?ia (1961) cai?iiiioaaa iiaeeo?eaoe?th iaoiaeo
oioinoi?uaiiy, ui ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy oioia?ao?? /a?aia oa
eiioo?iiai iaethiea iaee//y. Iaeiae iaethiie, aeeiiaiee a «?o/iiio»
?aaeei? ia caaacia/o? ni?aaaeith a?aeiia?aei?noue eiioo??a. Ai?iaaoe?y
iiaeeeainoae a?ao?/ieo ?aaeaeoi??a Photo Finisch 4.0, Photo Editor 3.0,
Adobe Photoshop 3.0.5, Corel Photo-Paint 5.0 cana?ae/eea iayai?noue o
ieo o?eueo?o “Aecia/aiiy e?a?a” (“Edge Detect”), yeee aeicaiey? c?iaeoe
ia?aoai?aiiy n??iai cia?aaeaiiy c a?aaeaoe??th 256 a?aeo?ie?a
/i?ii-a?ei? aaie a a?ia?ia (o?eueee /i?ia oa a?ea) cia?aaeaiiy eiioo??a
ia iaae? ia?aoiaeo oii?a. Iaea?aeaiee a aaoiiaoe/iiio ?aaeei? eiioo?iee
?enoiie aa?aioo? aaniethoio a?aeiia?aei?noue i?ea?iaeo, oiaoi oeei naiei
caaacia/o?oueny iaae?ei?noue ianooiiiai iaeeaaeaiiy ia cia?aaeaiiy
/a?aia ia niioai?aiiai eiioo?o iaee//y. A?ae?aaeaaiaaiee oaeei /eiii
eiii’thoa?iee iaethiie-ii?o?ao a iiaeaeueoiio aeei?enoiaothoue a
i?ioean? ioioiaeiaiiy iniae. I?e oeueiio cia/ii ni?iuo?oueny nai i?ioean
eiii’thoa?iiai iaeeaaeaiiy ? noi?uaiiy cia?aaeaiue ca ?aooiie cia/iiai
eiio?anooaaiiy ia’?eo?a ii??aiyiiy. Eaaoa i?iaiaeeoueny ? ioe?iea oaeiai
noi?uaiiy ea?oeiie.

C?oeiiaai? /a?aie iio?aaothoue noa?aiii? oa aeo?aoii? ?anoaa?aoe??,
ia??aeei — ? ?aeiino?oeoe?? (o aeiaaeeao iai?aaeeueii anoaaeaieo i?ney
aeaa?thaaiiy coa?a, ieaeiuei? uaeaie, iaaaeaeiai ne??ieaiiy e?noeiaeo
ceaie?a oa ?i.). Iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy a oeueiio iai?yieo cana?ae/eee
iaaeiionoei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo noaiaea?oieo i?iieneiaeo
eea?a. Oea ae noino?oueny ? o?enaoe?? coa?a a yieao. Iaea?eueo aaeaeei
aeey neeathaaiiy a?aeeaie?a e?noie aeyaeany ?ic?iaeaiee iaie ?aoeaio
a?ne-ieanoee?i-eai?oieueii? iane:

A?ne coaioaoi?/iee- 50 /. (iniiaa)

Ieanoee?i a?eee (aeiaoee)- 40 /. (ieanoeo?eaoi?,
oa?aiee)

Eai?oieue- 10 /.
(ne??iethaa/)

Ia?aaaaa oaeiai eeath iaae ?ioeie a oiio, ui eiai eie?? i?aeae?a?oueny
a?aeiia?aeii aei eieuei?o e?noie /a?aia, i?noea neeathaaiiy aeinoaoiuei
i?oeia, iaeiae, i?e iaiao?aeiino?, aeoaea eaaei iiaea aooe ?icae?eaia
oeyoii iaa??aaiiyi. Cai?iiiiiaaiee neeaae aeyaeany iioeiaeueiei ? aeey
caiiaiaiiy ae??aieo /e aeineoue aaeeeeo e?noeiaeo aeaoaeo?a /a?aia.

Aeey noai?aiiy aioo??oiuei? no?iee aaeeeeo aeaoaeo?a neeai?iiy /a?aia
i?e eiai ?anoaa?aoe?? iaee?auei aa??aioii ? niin?a ca i?eioeeiii
aeaioiaeaiiy iai’?-iaoa ia ?icaeooo a ii?iaeiei? /a?aia aoiiao iia?o?yio
eoeueeo.

Aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo iaie niinia?a ii??aiyeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaoa??aeueieo ia’?eo?a (/a?aia oa oioici?iea) ca aeiiiiiaith no/anieo
niinia?a caaaaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? (neaioaaiiy, oeeo?iaa eiaeoaaiiy
ea?oeiie, oaea- a?aeaiceiiea) ia?aoai?th? oe? ia’?eoe a ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
nenoaie, ?iaioa c yeeie a iiaeaeueoiio aaco?oueny ia iniia? iaoiaeieia??
noaeiai-e?aa?iaoe/ii? aenia?oece. Inoaiiy iino?eii ?icaeaa?oueny ?
oaeineiiaeth?oueny, ui ? ni?ey? ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo cania?a i?ioeano
?aeaioeo?eaoe??.

Oae, o ii??aiyii? c a?aeiiith i?ia?aiith TADD, cai?iiiiiaaia iaie
eiii’thoa?ia i?ia?aia “Fotohead” aeyaeeanue no/aniith, cia/ii a?eueo
aeineiiaeith, c?o/i?oith o aeei?enoaii?, caaacia/aiith iioeiaeueieie
na?a?nieie ooieoe?yie, ui iiceoeaii aieeaa? ? ia ye?noue naiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy. E??i oiai, cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aeicaiey? i?ino?oa ?
iaae?ei?oa oi?iae?coaaoe ao?aei? aeai? o aeaeyae? nenoaie eiinoaioieo
oi/ie oa noaiaea?oieo eiioo??a ye ia oioiii?o?ao?, oae ? ia /a?ai?, ui
aeicaiey? iaeiicia/ii aeyaeoe iciaee, iicaaaeai? noa’?eoeaiino? oa
ia/?oeino?. ?? ?ic?iaea aaco?oueny ia inoaii?o aeinyaiaiiyo
eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e caaaeyee noai?aiith iiaiai iieie?iiy
ia?niiaeueieo eiii’thoa??a c a?aeiia?aeiei i?ia?aiiei caaacia/aiiyi.

?ai?oa niin?a aeei?enoaiiy OA?-2 aeey ii??aiyeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
/a?aia oa oioiii?o?aoa i?ooi c aeine?aeiee?a i?aeoe/ii ia canoiniaoaaa.
Iiceoeaiei iiiaioii aeei?enoaiiy onoaiiaee aeey aiae?co ?aioaaiia?ai,
caaacia/aii? eiii’thoa?iei ianeoaiaoaaiiyi i?ioeano ioioiaeiaiiy, ?
iie?ioaiiy yeino? cia?aaeaiue oioiii?o?aoa oa /a?aia ia ae?ai? iii?oi?a.
Oeei naiei noai?th?oueny iiaeeea?noue aa?aioiaaii? iaae?eiino? ca
eiio?ieai noi?uaiiy iaio cia?aaeaiue, a ca?aene — e ca e?ioeaaei
?acoeueoaoii ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaeaea? cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeeee ? i?eaeecii ??aiioe?iieie ca nai?ie
iiaeeeainoyie ? ca aa?aio??th ?acoeueoao?a ioioiaeiaiiy. A
ii??aiyeueiiio ieai? ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui aeei?enoaiiy aeaieaia?ii?
oaeanoia?i?iaeoe?? iio?aao? aeiaeaoeiaiai aoaio ?iaioe — aeaioiaeaiiy
oaa?aei? eii?? (iaae?oeiaaii? ia eaca?iiio /e no?oieiiiio i?eioa??)
oioiii?o?aoa, a iaeiieaia?iiio niinia? a oeueiio iaia? iaiao?aeiino?,
ine?eueee cia?aaeaiiy ii?o?aoa caieno?oueny ie?aiei a?ao?/iei oaeeii ? a
aoaeue-yeee /an aeeeeea?oueny c iai’yo? IE. ?iaioa ia OA?-2 ia iio?aao?
niaoe?aeueiiai i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy, ui caeaoaaeth? oeae niin?a ia
a?aei?io a?ae a?aeainoia?i?iaeoe??, aeey yei? iio??aia aeineoue aei?iaa
niaoe?aeueia eiii’thoa?ia i?ia?aia.

A?aeiinii /ano, iaiao?aeiiai aeey aeeiiaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaeaeaa
niiniae oaeiae i?eaeecii ??aiicia/i? ? caaacia/othoue eiai nei?i/aiiy o
ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eiei iaoiaeii oioinoi?uaiiy i?eaeecii a 10-15
?ac?a.

A?aeiii, ui aeei?enoaiiy eeoa iaeiiai oioiii?o?aoa aioan aa?aioo?
ioioiaeiaiiy aeanue ia 75%. Iaeiae caeo/aiiy a aeine?aeieoeueeee i?ioean
aeiaeaoeiaeo a?aeiiinoae i?i caaeaeiai (noiiaonoaoon, ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
iniaeeaino?, aiiiae?? ?icaeoeo, ne?aee caoai?thaaiue oa iciaee e?eoaaiiy
oiui) oa aeei?enoaiiy ia?aa??i/ieo cania?a ioioiaeiaiiy aeicaieythoue
iaae?eii ia?nii?o?eoaaoe ethaeeio iaa?oue i?e iaaeaii? iaeiiai (i?aaaea,
ye?niiai) ci?iea.

O ieai? ia?aa??ee aeinoia??iino? ca?ao eiioo??a oa iaeiieiaiieo
ii?ciaaaeueieo eiinoaioieo oi/ie ia oioiii?o?ao? oa /a?ai? iio??aii
a?aoiaoaaoe ? oa, ui oe? i???ioe?e ia cia?aaeaii? iaee//y
i?iaeoe?ththoueny ia /a?ai ia o aeaeyae? /?oei cae??ieaieo ca ieie
i?noeue (oi/ie), a iathoue aeineoue cia/i? eieeaaiiy naiai iieiaeaiiy ?
aeaeyaeathoue ye aeaye? ieiu? (a na?aaeiueiio aeanue 5o6 ii), a iaaeao
yeeo aiie iiaeooue eieae?coaaoenue, a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiino?oeoeaieo
iniaeeainoae /a?aia ? iaee//y eiaeiiai ?iaeea?aeooia. Oeae oaeo aoei
niaoe?aeueii aeine?aeaeaii, ? a?i iaia’yceiai iiaeiai a?aoiaoaaoenue i?e
ioe?ioe? ?acoeueoao?a noia?i?iaeoe??, ui neoaeeoue ua iaeiei caniaii
eiio?ieth ca ?acoeueoaoaie noi?uaiiy iaio cia?aaeaiue ?, a?aeiia?aeii,
oi?ioethaaiiyi iiceoeaiiai /e iaaaoeaiiai aeniiaeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe??.

Aeiaeaoeia? iiaeeeaino? o i?aeaeuaii? nooiaith aa?aioiaaiino? oa
iaae?eiino? noia?i?iaeoe?? a?aee?eaa? aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?aeieo niinia?a
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? (ie o nai?e ?iaio? ai?iaoaaee iaoiaeeeo ei?aeyoe?eiiai
aiae?co oa iaoiaeo a?ao?/ieo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo aeai?eoi?a (AA?).

Niaoe?aeueii i?iaaaeaiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi, ni?yiiaaiei ia aecia/aiiy
iaae?eiino? aeiaeaoeiaeo (ia?aa??i/ieo) niinia?a, aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui
iaoiaeeea ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co ca I.I. Iyoeaae/ai ia aa?aioo?
aeinoia??iino? ?acoeueoao?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ca /a?aiii oa i?eaeeoo?aei
oioiii?o?aoii, ui, ia iao iiaeyae, iia’ycaii c oei, ui aaoi? aeia?a
a?aei?aoethaaa iaoaiaoe/iee a?e i?iaeaie, iaeiae ia a?aoiaoaaa
ia’?eoeaiee oaeo ianoaa?eueiino? i?iaeoe?? eiinoaioieo oi/ie ia
a?aeiia?aei? ooai?aiiy ia /a?ai?.

Aiaeii/an ?acoeueoaoe iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy cana?ae/eee, ui niin?a
aeai?eoi?a a?ao?/ieo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo (AA?, o aa??aio? AA?-5) aeyaeany
?aoe?iiaeueiei oa iaae?eiei caniaii ia?aa??ee aeinoia??iino? iaoiaeo
eiii’thoa?ii? noia?i?iaeoe?? cia?aaeaiue oioiii?o?aoa oa iaaeaiiai
/a?aia. Iaoiae aeia?a a?aei?aoeueiaaiee oai?aoe/ii ? i?aaeth? oaiiiai
ianoaa?eueiino? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiinoaioieo oi/ie, ine?eueee ?acoeueoao
ii??aiyiiy oaeiae i?aaenoaaey?oueny o aeaeyae? aeayei? ieiu?, ia ye?e o
a?ao?/iiio aeaeyae? i?iaeoe?ththoueny ia?an?/aiiy aecia/iee?a /a?aia oa
iaee//y. Iaoa ia?aeiiai?noue a oeueiio aaco?oueny ia ai?iaaoe?? niiniao
AA? ia?aeaeueii c iniiaiei (noia?i?iaeoe??th) ? iaea?aeaiiyi ?aeaioe/ieo
?acoeueoao?a o aeiaaeeao ye c iiceoeaieie, oae ? iaaaoeaieie
?acoeueoaoaie ia?nii?o?eaoe??, i?aeoaa?aeaeaieie ne?aenoaii.

I?aeaioiaeaia eiii’thoa?ia i?ia?aia niiniao AA? aeicaiey? iiai?noth
aaoiiaoecoaaoe i?ioean oi?iae?caoe?? ao?aeieo aeaieo (iiaoaeiao
aecia/iee?a iaee//y oa /a?aia), ca aeiyoeii ?ici?oee eiinoaioieo oi/ie.
Inoaii? iaiiaeeeai aei?o/eoe eiii’thoa?o, ine?eueee oea ? oai?/ei
i?ioeanii, ui iio?aao? eiiieaeno oai?aoe/ieo ciaiue oa i?aeoe/ieo
iaae/ie aeine?aeieea c o?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a
?iaeea?aeo-aeueii? aoaeiae iaee//y oa /a?aia. A aaoiiaoe/iiio ?aaeei?
aeeiio?oueny ? ii??aiyeueiee a?ao?/iee aiae?c aecia/iee?a. Oaeei /eiii,
iaoiaeeea, yea aein? aoea iaaeinooiiith a?eueoino? aenia?o?a /a?ac
neeaaeio nenoaio a?ao?/ieo iiaoaeia, iiaea c oni?oii aeei?enoiaoaaoenue
ye iaeei ?c cania?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiiai i?ioeano.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaiai?ththoueny ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? cana?ae/eee, ui cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee ioioiaeiaiiy
iniae ca aeiiiiiaith aeai- oa iaeiieaia?ii? noia?-oaea-a?aeaii?iaeoe??
aeicaieythoue, a eiiieaen? c ia?aa??i/ieie (aeiiii?aeieie) niiniaaie, ca
aeaieie iaoiai o?iiiiao?aaeo, aeeiioaaoe oeth ?iaioo ia i?ioyc? iaeiiai
?iai/iai aeiy (aac o?aooaaiiy cao?ao /ano ia iaoiaeeee ae?aaiinoeee
?ane, noao?, c?inoo, a?eo). Oaeei /eiii, cai?iiiiiaai? iaie iaoiaee
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniae i?ieoee ia?aa??eo ia i?aeoeoe? ? i?aeoaa?aeeee
naith iaae?ei?noue ye ?ino?oiaioa anoaiiaeaiiy ?noeie o aeiaaeeao iiooeo
aaca?noe cieeei? ethaeeie.

AENIIAEE

1. I?iaeaia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniae ca /a?aiii oa i?eaeeoo?aei
oioiii?o?aoii aein? iaaeinoaoiuei ae??oaia ? iio?aao?, a ia?oo /a?ao,
oaeineiiaeaiiy aia?aoii? oa eiii’thoa?ii-i?ia?aiii? aace
noaeiai-iaaee/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

2. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee ioioiaeiaiiy ethaeeie ca /a?aiii oa
i?eaeeoo?aei oioicia?aaeaiiyi c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeiieaia?ii? oa
aeaieaia?ii? a?aeai-oaea-noia?i?iaeoe?? aeicaieythoue iioei?coaaoe
i?ioean ii??aiyeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ni?eythoue c?o/iino? a ?iaio? oa
ia’?eoea?caoe?? ?acoeueoao?a, noai?ththoue iiaeeea?noue ?? aeeiiaiiy
i?ioyaii iaeiiai ?iai/iai aeiy. A ii??aiyii? c iioe?aiei niiniaii
oioinoi?uaiiy cia?aaeaiue iaee//y oa /a?aia iaoiae eiii’thoa?ii?
noia?i?iaeoe?? aea? aea?ao o /an? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?eaeecii a 10-15
?ac?a.

3. Oia?oa ?ic?iaeaia ? ai?iaiaaia iaoiaeeea aeaieaia?ii?
oaeanoia?i?iaeoe?? iiaea aooe ai?iaaaeaeaia a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe iaeanieo
ath?i noaeiai-iaaee/ii? aenia?oece ca aeiiiiiaith iioe?aiiai a iaaee/ieo
onoaiiaao i?eeaaeo OA?-2 a eiiieaen? c ia?niiaeueiei eiii’thoa?ii ? ia
iio?aao? niaoe?aeueiiai i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iaeiieaia?ii? a?aeainoia?i?iaeoe?? ia
nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue ? iaea?eueo c?o/iei caniaii ?aeaioeo?eaoe??.

4. Eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia aac? cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiaeee
oaea-a?aeai-noia?i?iaeoe?? ?acii c aeiiii?aeiei niiniaii (a?ao?/ieo
?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo aeai?eoi?a) caaacia/o? aa?aioiaaio aeinoia??i?noue
ioioiaeiaiiy iaa?oue ca iaeiei oioiii?o?aoii.

5. Ii?o?aoii-inoaieia?/ia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y iio?aao? aeaoaeueii?
iiia?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee iaaeaiiai iaoa??aeo aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaea?aeaiiy ye?nieo eiii’thoa?ieo cia?aaeaiue iaee//y caaacia/o?oueny
iaoiaeii ieaioaoiiai neaioaaiiy aai ?ai?iaeoeoe??th c aeei?enoaiiyi
oeeo?iaeo oioiaia?ao?a. Ai?iaiaai? niiniae iie?ioaiiy i?eaeeoo?aeo
oioicia?aaeaiue ca aeiiiiiaith a?ao?/ieo ?aaeaeoi??a ia o?eueee
ia’?eoea?cothoue ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiee i?ioean, aea e aeathoue iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ii?o?aoe, i?aeoe/ii iai?eaeaoi? aeey oioinoi?uaiiy.

6. Cai?iiiiiaai? niiniae ?anoaa?aoe?? /a?aia caaacia/othoue i?iaaaeaiiy
ioioiaeiaiiy iaa?oue i?e cia/ieo iaoai?/ieo oa oa?i?/ieo eiai
ooeiaeaeaiiyo ? ao?ao? aeineoue aaeeeeo e?noeiaeo o?aaiaio?a.

I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??

1. I?iaaaeaiiy ii?o?aoii-inoaieia?/iiai ioioiaeiaiiy iniae iio?aao?
aeaoaeueii? i?aeaioiaee iaaeaiiai iaoa??aeo aeine?aeaeaiiy —
i?aaenoaaeaieo oioicia?aaeaiue ethaeeie, yeo ?aeaioeo?eothoue, oa
e?noeiaiai iaoa??aeo.

2. Eii?thaaiiy oioicia?aaeaiue ethaeeie, yeo iio??aii ioioiaeieoe,
iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueii i?iaiaeeoe iaoiaeii ieaioaoiiai neaioaaiiy aai
ca aeiiiiiaith oeeo?iai? oioiaia?aoo?e. Iie?ioaiiy iiaeaieo
oioiii?o?ao?a ne?ae aeeiioaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith a?ao?/ieo ?aaeaeoi??a,
iaea?eueo c?o/ieie c yeeo ? “Oioioii” oa “Oioio?i?o”.

3. C?oeiiaai? o?aaiith /e oa?i?/iei oaeoi?ii /a?aie ia aeeeth/athoue
iiaeeea?noue i?iaaaeaiiy ia?nii?o?eaoe?? i?ney ?anoaa?aoe?eieo ?ia?o
iaa?oue o aeiaaeeao iayaiino? cia/ieo aeaoaeo?a e?noie. Iaee?auei
caniaii neeathaaiiy e?noeiaeo a?aeeaie?a oa caiiaiaiiy ae??/anoeo
aeaoaeo?a ? a?ne-ieanoee?i-eai?oieueia iana.

4. Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniae ca i?eaeeoo?aei ii?o?aoii oa
/a?aiii ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoaiiy iaeiiai c aeaio iaoiae?a. Niiniaii
aeaieaia?ii? oaeanoia?i?iaeoe?? iiaeia nei?enoaoenue ca iayaiino?
?iciianthaeaeaiiai iaaee/iiai i?eeaaeo OA?-2, c’?aeiaiiai c
ia?niiaeueiei eiii’thoa?ii, ui ia iio?aao? niaoe?aeueiiai i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy.

Iaoiaeeea iaeiieaia?ii? a?aeainoia?i?iaeoe?? aea? aeaui e?auo
ia’?eoea?caoe?th noi?uaiiy ca ?aooiie a?eueoi? ?icae?eueii? caeaoiino?
a?ao?/ieo cia?aaeaiue, iaeiae aeiaaa? aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?aeueii?
eiii’thoa?ii? i?ia?aie.

5. Iaeaea? iaoiaeeee i?e i?aaenoaaeaii? ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iaio, ye
aeaio ??cii?aeo?nieo oioiii?o?ao?a (aioan oa i?io?eue), caaacia/othoue
iaea?aeaiiy eaoaai?e/iiai ?aeaioeo?eaoe?eiiai aeniiaeo. Aeey
aa?aioiaaii? aeinoia??iino? ia?nii?o?eaoe?? i?e iayaiino? eeoa iaeiiai
ii?o?aoo (a aioan) iaiao?aeii caeo/aiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai, ia?aa??i/iiai
iaoiaeo. Oea caaacia/o?oueny iaoiaeeeith aeai?eoi?a a?ao?/ieo
?aeaioeo?eaoe?eieo (AA?) o aa??aio? AA?-5. ?aae?caoe?y ?? a «?o/iiio»
?aaeei? iio?aao? cia/ieo cao?ao /ano, iaae/ie e?aney?noaa ? ia aeeeth/a?
iaea?aeaiiy oeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ca ?aooiie ?ino?oiaioaeueieo iiieeie.
Oiio iaee?auei aa??aioii ? aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?aeueii? eiii’thoa?ii?
i?ia?aie «Fotohead».

Iaoiaeeea ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co ca I.I. Iyoeaae/ai, ye ia?aa??i/iee
can?a noia?i?iaeoe??, ia aa?aioo? iaae?eiino? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a,
oiio ?? aeei?enoaiiy iaaaaeaia.

NIENIE I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. I?aeaioiaea /a?aia aei ii?o?aoii-inoaieia?/ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? //
Oe?a?inueeee noaeiai-iaaee/iee a?niee. — Ee?a, 1998.- ? 1. — N. 22-25.

2. Ia?/aiei A.?. Aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo cania?a a?ao?/iiai
?aaeaaoaaiiy oioicia?aaeaiue // Oe?a?inueeee noaeiai-iaaee/iee a?niee. —
Ee?a, 1999.- ? 1. — N. 13-16.

3. Ia?/aiei A.?. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y iniae ca /a?aiii oa i?eaeeoo?aei
oioiii?o?aoii iaoiaeii aeaieaia?ii? oaeanoia?i?iaeoe?? cia?aaeaiue //
Oe?a?inueeee noaeiai-iaaee/iee a?niee. — Ee?a, 1999.- ? 1. — N. 16-18.

Aiioaoe?y

Ia?/aiei A.?. Ii?o?aoii-inoaieia?/ia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y iniae c
aeei?enoaiiyi oaea- a?aeaieiii’thoa?ieo cania?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.25 — noaeiaa iaaeeoeeia. — Ee?anueea iaaee/ia
aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea. Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? ? ai?iaaoe?? no/anieo
oaea-a?aeai-eiiithoa?ieo cania?a ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? iniae ca /a?aiii oa
i?eaeeoo?aei oioiii?o?aoii. A?aei?aoeueiaai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? i?eeiie
i?aeaioiaee ia?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeey ioioiaeiaiiy iniae — iie?ioaiiy
ooiii?o?ao?a, aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?aeueieo niinia?a ?anoaa?aoe?? e?noie
/a?aia. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th i?iiiio?oueny aeeiioaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith iaeiiai
c aeaio iaoiae?a: oeyoii oaeanoia?i?iaeoe?? ia i?eeaae? OA?-2,
c?aeiaiiio c ia?niiaeueiei eiiithoa?ii, aai ca niiniaii
a?aeainoia?i?iaeoe?? cia?aaeaiue ia iniia? niaoe?aeueiiai i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy. Iaoiaeeea noi?uaiiy cia?aaeaiue ia OA?-2 a?aei?aoeueiaaia
ye o aa??aio? c oioiii?o?aoii, oae ? c eiiithoa?iei eiioo?iei ?enoieii
iaee//y. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? niiniao a?aeainoia?i?iaeoe?? cia?aaeaiue
noai?aia niaoe?aeueia i?ia?aia aeey ia?niiaeueiiai eiiithoa?a oeio
“Pentium”. Ai?iaiaai? ia?eoeai? caniae eiio?ieth yeino? noia?i?iaeoe??
oa anoaiiaeaiiy aeinoia??iino? ia?nii?o?eaoe?? iniae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y, oaea-a?aeai-noia?i?iaeoe?y,
oioiii?o?ao, /a?ai, noi?uaiiy cia?aaeaiue.

Aiiioaoeey

Ia?/aiei A.E. Ii?o?aoii-inoaieiae/aneay eaeaioeoeeaoeey ee/iinoe n
eniieueciaaieai oaea- aeaeaieiiiuethoa?iuo niiniaia enneaaeiaaiey.-
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo
iaoe ca niaoeeaeueiinoueth 14.01.25 — noaeaaiay iaaeeoeeia. — Eeaaneay
iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey ei. I.E. Ooieea.
Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea e ai?iaaoeee nia?aiaiiuo
oaea-aeaeai-eiiithoa?ieo niiniaia eaeaioeoeeaoeee ee/iinoe ii /a?aio e
i?eaeeciaiiiio oioiii?o?aoo. A ?aaioa ai?iae?iaaiu iaoiaeu aaiaea
oioieioi?iaoeee (neaie?iaaiea, oeeo?iaay oioinuaiea, oaea- aeaeaiaaiae)
aeey aa eniieueciaaiey a i?ioeanna ioiaeaeanoaeaiey ee/iinoe.
I?aaeeiaeaiu e io?aaioaiu ?aoeeiiaeueiua i?eaiu iiaeaioiaee iauaeoia
enneaaeiaaiey aeey ioiaeaeanoaeaiey ee/iinoe — iaoiaeu oeo/oaiey
i?aaenoaaeaiiuo oioiii?o?aoia, eniieueciaaiea niaoeeaeueiuo i?eaiia
?anoaa?aoeee e ?aeiino?oeoeee einoae /a?aia. Eaeaioeoeeaoeeth
i?aaeeaaaaony i?iaiaeeoue n iiiiuueth iaeiiai ec aeaoo iaoiaeia: iooai
aeaooeaia?iie oaeanoia?i?iaeoeee ia onoaiiaea OA?-2, niaaeeiaiiie n
ia?niiaeueiui eiiiuethoa?ii, eee niiniaii iaeiieaia?iie
aeaeainoia?i?iaeoeee ecia?aaeaiee n eniieueciaaiei niaoeeaeueiiai
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey aeey IE. Iaoiaeeea niaiauaiey ecia?aaeaiee ia
OA?-2 io?aaioaia eae n i?aaenoaaeaiiui i?eaeeciaiiui oioiii?o?aoii, oae
e n iieo/aaiui n iaai eiiiuethoa?iui eiioo?iui ?enoieii eeoea. Aeey
?aaeecaoeee niiniaa aeaeainoia?i?iaeoeee ecia?aaeaiee nicaeaia
niaoeeaeueiay i?ia?aiia aeey ia?niiaeueiiai eiiiuethoa?a oeia “Pentium”.
Ai?iae?iaaiu iauaeoeaiua n?aaenoaa eiio?iey ea/anoaa noia?i?iaeoeee e
onoaiiaeaiey aeinoiaa?iinoe ia?niieoeeaoeee ee/iinoe. Iaoiaeeea
ei??aeyoeeiiiiai aiaeeca nenoaiu eiinoaioiuo oi/ae ia ii?o?aoa e /a?aia
ii I.I. Iyoeaae/o a ea/anoaa eaeaioeoeeaoeeiiiiai i?eaia i?eciaia
iai?eaiaeiie. Iaaeaaeiui n?aaenoaii i?iaa?ee aeinoiaa?iinoe
i?iaaaeaiiiai ioiaeaeanoaeaiey ee/iinoe yaeyaony niinia a?aoe/aneeo
eaeaioeoeeaoeeiiiuo aeai?eoiia (AAE). Aeey aai ?aaeecaoeee nicaeaia
niaoeeaeueiay eiiiuethoa?iay i?ia?aiia. A ?aaioa i?aaenoaaeaiu iaeaieaa
?aoeeiiaeueiua i?eaiu e niiniau enneaaeiaaiey ia eaaeaeii ec yoaiia
eaeaioeoeeaoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eaeaioeoeeaoeey, oaea-aeaeai-noia?i?iaeoeey,
oioiii?o?ao, /a?ai, niaiauaiea ecia?aaeaiee.

Annotation

Marchenko A.I. Portrait-osteologic identification of a person using
tele- videocomputer devices of investigation. — Manuscript.

Dissertation is submitted for the academic Degree of Candidate of
Medical Sciences on speciality 14.01.25 — forensic medicine. — P.L.
Shupik Kyiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education. Kyiv, 1999.

Dissertation is devoted to the development and testing of the up-to-date
tele- videocomputer devices of identification of a person by a scull and
a life-time photoportrait. Rational ways for preparation of the objecs
of investigation for identification of a person — improvement of the
quality of a portrait, use of special methods of reconstruction of scull
bones have been determined. It is offered to apply one of two methods
for identification: using of the method of telesuperprojection on UAR-2
device connected with a personal computer or the method of
videosuperprojection of images using special software. The technique of
the coincidence of images on UAR-2 has been established both with
portrait and with computer contour picture of a face. For realization
of the method of videosuperprojection of images special software has
been created for personal compuer “Pentium”. Objective methods for the
control of superprojection quality and determination of the reliability
of identification of a person have been tested.

Key words: identification, tele-video-superprojection, photoportrait,
scull, coincidence of images.

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