I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i. I.I.AIAIIIEUeOess

OAeE 616.716.4-018.46-002-001-07:

615.847.8:615.849.19:615.849.112

AeIAAEO I?IA IEAENAIAe??AIA

II??AIssEUeIA IOe?IEA IAAI?OIOA?AI??, OA*-

OA?AI??, EACA?IOA?AI?? I?E I?IO?EAEOEOe?

OA E?EOAAII? O?AAIAOE*IIAI INOAII??E?OO

IEAEIUeI? UAEAIE

14.01.22 – Noiiaoieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? o??o?a?/ii? noiiaoieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iaeai/oe Aeaaeeneaa
Ieaenaiae?iae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee
iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey,

IIC Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e o??o?a?/ii? noiiaoieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oa?ueeia Eaii?ae
A?eoi?iae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, IIC Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o??o?a?/ii? noiiaoieia??
aeeoy/iai a?eo,

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?ioeee
Aieiaeeie? Naiaiiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eaiiy iooeei aieiae ? oe? oa
iiaeeo?eiaaieo iaoiae?a

e?eoaaiiy Ee?anueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeiai
?inoeoooo ?aae?ieia?? oa

iieieia??, IIC Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oe?a?inueea iaaee/ia noiiaoieia?/ia aeaaeai?y ,
eaoaae?a

o??o?a?/ii? noiiaoieia??, IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Iieoaaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 15 » ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 13-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 26. 003. 03 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey ca aae?anith:
aoe.Ciieia?/ia, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (aoe. Ciieia?/ia, 1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 2 ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,
A.A.Ai?enaiei

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

Inoaii?ie ?ieaie a?aei?/aii no?eea ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? caoai??aoeo ia
o?aaiaoe/iee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie. Oae, a?eueo?noue aaoi??a
10-30 ?ie?a oiio niinoa??aaee ?icaeoie o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo a
4,67%-28,7% aeiaaee?a (TH.E.Aa?iaaeneee, 1969; A.I.Ianoa?ia, 1977;
A.A.Eiceia, 1981; I.I.Aaaeaiia, I.Ae.Oaeaaaaa, 1986; A.E.Eoeueyiaiei,
1986; A.A.Iaeiia/iue, I.I.*oaeaeia, 1988). A iiaeaeueoiio a?aenioie
oneeaaeiaiue ae??n ? ia??aeei noaiiaeoue ca?ac a?eueoa, i?ae 30%
(A.A.Ooe/, A.A.Oeaioeei, A.E.Eaaaiaoeue oa ?i., 1995; I.E.A?aaai/aiei,
1996). Oaeei /eiii, ye ? ?ai?oa, caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiei iiooe iiaeo
iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai ia?aeaio ieaeiuei? uaeaie, ni?yiiaaieo
ia i?io?eaeoeeo ?icaeoeo o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo.

Oaeiae i?iaeaiaoe/iei eeoa?oueny ? e?eoaaiiy aaea ?icaeiaiiai
o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie, eio?ee, ye i?aaeei, noa?
i?e/eiith o?eaaei? iai?aoeacaeaoiino? iino?aaeaeaeeo, ui caaaea?
a?ae/ooiiai aeiiii?/iiai caeoeo aea?aeaa? (A.A.Iao/ei, 1988)

Aenieee ??aaiue caoai?thaaiino? na?aae iaoeaioe?a Oe?a?ie /a?ac ??cea
iia??oaiiy aeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? oa aaeeea e?euee?noue iia?/ieo ?aaeoe?e
ia caniae o?aaeeoe?eii? oa?ai?? coiiaeththoue aeooaeuei?noue ?ic?iaie oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo niinia?a e?eoaaiiy ?
i?io?eaeoeee iaea?eueo iioe?aieo caoai?thaaiue ethaeeie (A.I.Ei?iaia,
1995).

Na?aae iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a ae?? ia i?aai?ci ethaeeie iniaeeaa
i?noea caeiathoue oe?ethu? o?ce/i? oaeoi?e (OO), caniiaai? ia
aeei?enoaii? ??cieo aeae?a o?ce/ii? aia?a?? a ci?iaiiio aeaeyae?. Oe?
oaeoi?e iathoue iaai? ia?aaaae iaae e?eaie, ai a?aeiinii a?euei? a?ae
iia?/ii? aea?a?/ii? oa oiene/ii? ae?? (E.I.Eey/eei, I.I.Aeiia?aaeiaa,
1995).

Oe?iea ?iciianthaeaeaiiy i?e i?io?eaeoeoe? ? e?eoaaii? o?aaiaoe/iiai
inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie ae?noaee OA*-oa?ai?y (OA*), iaai?oioa?ai?y
(IO), eaca?ioa?ai?y (EO) . Aeiaaaeaia ??ciia?/i?noue iiceoeaiiai aoaeoo
ia?ae?/aieo o?ciaoiae?a (I.A. Aa?acianeay, 1986; A.A.I?ioii/oeia,
I.A.AEeaeeia, 1986; E.I.Ieoa?aeo, A.E.Eaa?euaaa,I.I.Oi?eei, 1991;
A.A.Eaieeei, A.E.Iuoeeia, 1994; A.I.A?ioieueneee, I.A.Oeen, 1996;
A.A.Oeiioaaa, A.A.Eiaaeaiei, 1997; A.A.Ea?i?iaoeue, 1998; A.A.Eiaaeaiei,
1998, A.A.I?ioii/oeia, I.A.AEeaeeia, A.I.Aaeaoia oa ?i., 1998; J.Rooney,
M.Midda, L.Leeming, 1994 oa ?i.). I?ioa a?aeiii e i?i oe?aeeeaee aieea
ia i?aai?ci ??cieo aeae?a ii?ii?iaiiy i?e ?o aeei?enoaii?
(Ae.E.Ei?uoiue, 1979; A.E.Oaeia, 1980; A.A.Noaiaiia, ?.A.Naaa?ii, 1989;
N.A.*aa?eiaoe, 1993; E.I.Ooeiaa, I.O.Eioaeaa, 1994, S.Taube,
P.Ylipaavalniemi, K.Perkki, V.J.Oikarinen, 1983 oa ?i.)

Aoaeoe ae?? e?eoaaeueieo o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a ??ciiiai?oi? e iaaeinoaoiuei
ua aea/ai? (A.N.Oeauee, 1994). A?aenooi?noue /?oeeo a?a??i?/ieo
ii?iaoea?a uiaei a?aeioneo e?eoaaeueieo i?ioeaaeo? coiiaeaia
a?aenooi?noth, a naith /a?ao, iaae?eieo eiio?ieueieo oano?a, ye? a iiaee
aeicaieeoe ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe oie /e ?ioee o?ciaoiae ? cae?enithaaoe
eiio?ieue i?ae /an e?eoaaiiy c iaoith nai?/aniiai onoioiiy iaaaaeaieo
caaaeueieo ?aaeoe?e c aieo i?aai?cio iaoe??ioa. Iaeiio?ieueiaaia ae
canoinoaaiiy o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a iiaea noi?iaiaeeoenue iaaaaeaieie
ci?iaie, ye? aaaeooue aei iaaaoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy. A
iie?ee?i?oe? oe? iaaeie?ee noinothoueny eiaeiiai 2-3 iaoe??ioa, a
ee?i?eao – aei 20% aeiaaee?a (A.N.Oeauee, 1995).

?nioth/? a?io?i?/i? oa ?ioiieia?/i? oanoe (A.A.Iao/ei, A.E.Niieyaei,
A.AEaaaaeyioeaa, 1985; I.I.Ai?aeethe, 1993 oa ?io?), a oaeiae
aiae?oe/iee niin?a (I.I.Nieiaueaaa, O.I.Aeaoiaa, A.I.Ei?ieaaa, 1988;
A.E.Naaia, 1997) i?iaiicoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei?
uaeaie neeaaei? e iaaeinooii? e?ea?yi i?aeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie. E??i oiai,
oe? niiniae ia iathoue iiia?aaeaeoth/iai i?iaiinoe/iiai cia/aiiy a ?ac?
canoinoaaiiy o?c?ioa?ai??, yea caeaoia nooo?ai aieeaaoe ia ?acoeueoaoe
e?eoaaiiy. Ioaea, i?iaiicoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei?
uaeaie ia oii? canoinoaaiiy o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ia
nueiaiaeiyoi?e aeaiue ? ia aea/aiei ? oaeiae i?iaeaiaoe/iei ieoaiiyi.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue a ?aieao iaoeiai? oaie eaoaae?e
o??o?a?/ii? noiiaoieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo «Iiooe
iaoiaaiaoe/ii-a?ieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a aeey ieaioaaiiy ? ?ic?iaee
eiino?oeoe?eii-a?aeiiaieo iia?aoe?e ia e?noeao eeoeueiaiai neaeaoo»
(iiia? Aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0196O007060).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoith iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iie?auaiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?io?eaeoeee oa
e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie ca aeiiiiiaith
?iaeea?aeoaeueii i?ae?a?aieo iaoiae?a o?c?ioa?ai??.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe ianooii?
caaea/?:

1) aea/eoe ii??aiyeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee canoiniaaieo o?c?ioa?aiaaoe/ieo
iaoiae?a (IO, EO, OA*) i?e i?io?eaeoeoe? oa e?eoaaii? o?aaiaoe/iiai
inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie;

2) ?ic?iaeoe eiio?ieuei? oanoe aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? canoiniaaieo
o?c?ioa?aiaaoe/ieo iaoiae?a c o?aooaaiiyi caaaeueiiai oa i?noeaaiai ?o
aieeao ia i?aai?ci iaoe??ioa;

3) oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaee o?c?ioa?ai?? (IO, EO) c o?aooaaiiyi
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae iaoe??ioa;

4) aecia/eoe ee?i?/io aoaeoeai?noue aea/aieo ? oaeineiiaeaieo iaoiaeee
canoinoaaiiy o?ciaoiae?a i?e i?io?eaeoeoe? oa e?eoaaii? o?aaiaoe/iiai
inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
iniaeeainoae iaoe??ioa;

5) ?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei canoinoaaiiy aea/aieo
o?ciaoiae?a aeey i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo
ieaeiuei? uaeaie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

-Aeaia ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea canoiniaaieo o?c?ioa?aiaaoe/ieo
iaoiae?a (IO, EO, OA*) i?e i?io?eaeoeoe? oa e?eoaaii? o?aaiaoe/iiai
inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie.

-Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy eaeeia?aie (EA) ia?eoa??/ii?
e?ia? iaoe??io?a aia?oa aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? e caeiiii??iino?
e?euee?nieo ? ye?nieo ci?i, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny c ee?oeiaie EA i?ae
ae??th IO, EO oa OA*. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co oeeo ci?i aia?oa
aecia/ai? «?ioa?aaee /ooeeaino?», a iaaeao yeeo e?ia ethaeeie iniaeeai
/ooeeaa aei ae?? eiaeiiai c ia?ae?/aieo o?ciaoiae?a. Caaaeyee oeueiio
?ic?iaeai? eiio?ieuei? oanoe, ye? aeicaieeee caa/anii, aei ii/aoeo
o?c?ioa?ai??, aeyaeoe oai?eo, ui

neeaaeathoue «a?oio ?eceeo» i?e i?iaaaeaii? o?c?ioa?ai??, e i?iaiicoaaoe
iiaeeeao a?aeiia?aeio iaaaoeaio ?aaeoe?th e?ia? ia oie /e ?ioee
o?ciaoiae. Oaeiae aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? e?eoa??? aeey nai?/anii? a?aei?ie
o?ce/iiai oaeoi?a i?e aeyaeaii? iaaaoeaii? ?aaeoe?? e?ia?. Aeiaaaeaia
caeaaei?noue i?ae iaaaoeaiei aieeaii o?ce/iiai oaeoi?a ia e?ia ?
iani?eyoeeaei ia?aa?aii eieaeueiiai i?ioeano

-Oaeineiiaeai? iaoiaeeee IO oa EO. Cai?iiiiiaai? «Niin?a i?iaiicoaaiiy
iiyae iaaaoeaii? ?aaeoe?? e?ia? i?e ieaioaaii? iaai?oioa?ai??,
eaca?ioa?ai??, OA*-oa?ai?? o oai?eo c o?aaiaoe/iei ia?aeiiii oa
inoaii??e?oii ieaeiuei? uaeaie, yeee iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee, ye niin?a
i?iaiicoaaiiy iaaaoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy oai?eo c o?aaiith
ieaeiuei? uaeaie (I??i?eoaoia aeia?aeea ca cayaith ia aeiao?ae ?
98127030 a?ae 30.12.1998 ?.) , a oaeiae «Niin?a e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/ieo
o?aaiaoe/ieo inoaii??e?o?a ieaeiuei? uaeaie» (Aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai
N?N? ? 1655500 a?ae 15.2.1991 ?.) aeicaieeee iie?aueoe ?acoeueoaoe
i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie.

-Aecia/aia ee?i?/ia aoaeoeai?noue aea/aieo ? oaeineiiaeaieo iaoiaeee OO
i?e e?eoaaii? o?aaiaoe/iiai ia?aeaio oa inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie c
o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae iaoe??ioa oa iaa?oioiaai?
iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?o aeei?enoaiiy.

-Iaa?oioiaai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei canoinoaaiiy aea/aieo
o?ciaoiae?a aeey i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo
ieaeiuei? uaeaie c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae iaoe??ioa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?ic?iaeaia aeinooiia
nenoaia oanoiaiai eiio?ieth a?aeiieo o?ciaoiae?a (IO, EO, OA*), yea
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe caaaeueiee oa i?noeiaee aieea ia i?aai?ci iaoe??ioa
canoiniaaieo o?ciaoiae?a, caeaaei?noue aoaeoeaiino? eiaeiiai c
o?ciaoiae?a a?ae ae?aciino? oeueiai aieeao. Iaa?oioiaai? e?eoa??? aeey
nai?/anii? a?aei?ie aea/aieo o?ciaoiae?a, ui aeicaieyoue cieceoe
e?euee?noue iaaaoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai ia?aeaio oa
inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie.

Ia?aaaaith ?ic?iaeaiiai oanoiaiai eiio?ieth ? eiai i?inoioa,
iaae?ei?noue ? aeinooii?noue aeey i?aeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie; a?i ia iio?aao?
neeaaeiiai onoaoeoaaiiy ? aaco?oueny ia iaoiaeeoe? caaaeueiiai aiae?co
e?ia?; iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee c iaoith iiia?aaeiueiai aeyaeaiiy
iaoe??io?a, e?ia yeeo iniaeeai /ooeeaa aei ae?? iaeiiai c aea/aieo
o?ciaoiae?a, ? c iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy iaaaoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy
o?aaiaoe/iiai ia?aeaio oa inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie i?e aeei?enoaii?
aeacaieo o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a – ana oea aeicaiey? iie?aueoe ?acoeueoaoe
e?eoaaiiy.

Ia i?aenoaa? aecia/aiiy ee?i?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aea/aieo ? ooi/iaieo
iaoiaeee OO ?ic?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? aeicaieyoue
o??o?aai-noiiaoieiaai, uaeaiii-eeoeaaei o??o?aai,
e?ea?yi-o?c?ioa?aiaaoai ? e?ea?yi-?aaa?e?oieiaai na?aeiii iae?aoe oie /e
?ioee o?ce/iee iaoiae aeey i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai
inoaii??e?oo ieaeiue? uaeaie.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe oe?iei aeei?enoai? aeey
i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie a
ee?i?eao uaeaiii-eeoeaai? o??o?a??, a eaa?iaoao o??o?a?/ii?
noiiaoieia??, a eaa?iaoao OO oa ?aaa?e?oaoe?? niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
noiiaoieia?/ieo iie?ee?i?e.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Caeiaoaa/ iniaenoi i?iaaea aeeaieee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee iiooe, noi?ioethaaea
iaoo oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, cai?iiiioaaea ?aea? niinia?a e?eoaaiiy
o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie oa i?iaiicoaaiiy iaaaoeaii?
?aaeoe?? e?ia? i?e ieaioaaii? aea/a?ieo o?ciaoiae?a.

An? ee?i?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy, nenoaiaoecaoe?y,
ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaoeia? aeniiaee
aeeiiai? iniaenoi aaoi?ii.

Eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? ca o/anoth aaoi?a ia aac? ee?i?/ieo
eaai?aoi??e i?nueeeo e?ea?aiue ?14 ? ?25.

Ai?iaaoe?y ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? ia O?? c’?cae? noiiaoieia?a Oe?a?ie
(Euea?a, 1989 ?.), ia 1 ?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iiaua oece/aneea
iaoiaeu a iaaeeoeeia» (Ai?ioeeiaa?aae, 1990 ?.), ia 3 iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? o??o?a?a-noiiaoieia?a «Ieacaiea iiiiue aieueiui n
ni/aoaiiie o?aaiie eeoea ia yoaiao yaaeoaoeee» (Ooa, 1990 ?.), ia
eiioa?aioe?? aeiao?aeiee?a ? ?aoe?iiae?caoi??a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1992 ?.), ia 5
?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?eiaiaiea eaca?ia a
iaaeeoeeia e aeieiaee» (sseoa, 1995 ?.), ia eiioa?aioe??
uaeaiii-eeoeueiaeo o??o?a?a ? noiiaoieia?a e?a?i I?e/i?iiii?’y (Oa?e?n?,
A?oc?y, 1997 ?.), ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«I?iaeaiu oece/aneie e aeiiaaeeoeeineie yeaeo?iieee» (Ee?a, 1998 ?.), ia
Ia?oiio eiia?an? noiiaoieia?? Eaoa?? (?eaa, Eaoa?y, 1998). ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe a?aeae?eaiiy
uaeaiii-eeoeaai? o??o?a?? e?ea?i? ? 14 i. Ee?aa, aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e
i?iaaaeaii? oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue ia eaoaae?? o??o?a?/ii?
noiiaoieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ioae?eaoe??

Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 9 ?ia?o: a oiio /ene?, 4 noaoo? o
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo AAE Oe?a?ie, 1 aaoi?nueea
na?aeioeoai, ?io?, ye oace o iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e oa c’?cae?a (4).

Io?eiaia 1 i??i?eoaoia aeia?aeea ca cayaith ia aeiao?ae.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 143 noi??ieao, iiaoaeiaaia ca o?aaeeoe?eiei
ieaiii, neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, /ioe?ueio aeaa
aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a ? i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 14 oaaeeoeaie oa 53 iaethieaie.
Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 353 iaeiaioaaiiy (314 ?ia?o
a/aieo NIAe ? 39 ?ia?o ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo).

CI?NO ?IAIOE

?iaioa aaco?oueny ia aiae?c? 868 ?noi??e oai?iae iaoe??io?a, eio?ei aoei
iaaeaii niaoe?ae?ciaaio aeiiiiiao o a?aeae?eaii? uaeaiii-eeoeaai?
o??o?a?? a 1990 – 1996 ?ieao c i?eaiaeo

o?aaiaoe/iiai ia?aeaio oa o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie.
Aei aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoiaeyoue niinoa?aaeaiiy ca 139 iaoe??ioaie,
yeei i?iaiaeeee ii??aiyeueio ioe?ieo aieeao e aoaeoeaiino? OA*, IO, EO
i?e i?io?eaeoeoe? oa e?eoaaii? o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei?
uaeaie. E??i oiai, ianoaaeaii 10 caei?iaeo ethaeae aeey iaea?aeaiiy
aeo?aeieo aeaieo c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy ?o i?e i?iaaaeaii? ii??aiyeueiiai
aiae?co. Aea/aiiy nooi a?o?aiiai iaoa??aeo (729 ?noi??e oai?iae ca
1990-1995 ?iee) ni?eyei i?aeaaaeaiith noaoenoe/ieo i?aenoie?a, ye?
i?aeoaa?aeeee aeooaeuei?noue oaie c iaoith iaea?aeaiiy a?eueo
a??ia?aeieo aeaieo aei ianoaaeaiiy caeo/aii niiaoe/ii caei?iaeo
/ieia?e?a ? ae?iie (a?aeiia?aeii – 17-56 ? 17-46 ?ie?a).

Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea aeacaieo oaeoi??a i?iaaaeaia ca aeaieie ee?i?/iiai
ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy, eaeeia?aie (EA) ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia?, ?aia?ao??
(?A), aoiinoaiiao??? (AII), ?aioaaiia?ao??.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae aeai?o iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy, an? oai?? iiae?eai? ia 5
a?oi. ?iciiae?e oai?eo ii a?oiao iaaaaeaiee o oaaeeoe? 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

?iciiae?e oai?eo ia ee?i?/i? a?oie

a caeaaeiino? a?ae canoiniaaiiai iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy

Iiia? a?oie Aieiaia iciaea a?oie
E?euee?noue

? Caei?ia? 10

?? Oai?? c o?aaiaoe/iei ia?aeaiii ?
inoaii??e?oii

ieaeiuei? uaeaie,yeei i?iaiaeeee
iaaeeeaiaioicio

oa?ai?th aac canoinoaaiiy
o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a
34

??? Oai?? c o?aaiaoe/iei ia?aeaiii ?
inoaii??e?oii

ieaeiuei? uaeaie, yeei
iaaeeeaiaioicia oa?ai?y

aoea aeiiiaiaia iaai?oioa?ai??th

37

?O Oai?? c o?aaiaoe/iei ia?aeaiii ?
inoaii??e?oii

ieaeiuei? uaeaie, yeei
iaaeeeaiaioicia oa?ai?y

aoea aeiiiaiaia
eaca?ioa?ai??th
34

O Oai?? c o?aaiaoe/iei ia?aeaiii ?
inoaii??e?oii

ieaeiuei? uaeaie, yeei
iaaeeeaiaioicia oa?ai?y

aoea aeiiiaiaia OA*-oa?ai??th

34

ANUeIAI 149

E?euee?noue oai?eo c o?aaiaoe/iei ia?aeaiii ieaeiuei? uaeaie a eiaei?e
a?oi? noaiiaeea 17-20 /ieia?e, c o?aaiaoe/iei inoaii??e?oii – 17
/ieia?e, ui aeicaieeei i?iaanoe aaeaeaaoiee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c.
?iciiae?e oai?eo o a?oiao ca ee?i?/ieie ae?aaiicaie iaaaaeaiee a
oaaeeoe? 2.

Oaaeeoey 2

?iciiae?e iaoe??io?a o a?oiao ca ee?i?/ieie ae?aaiicaie

Ae?aaiic
A?oia
E?euee?noue ianoaaeaieo Anueiai

Caei?ia?
?
10 10

O?aaiaoe/iee ia?aeai ieaeiuei? uaeaie
?? 17

??? 20

?O 17
71

O 17

O?aaiaoe/iee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie
?? 17

??? 17

?O 17 68

O 17

Anueiai 149

?iciiae?e oai?eo ca i?e/eiith o?aaie aeaco? ia oa, ui iae/ano?oa aei
o?aaie ieaeiuei? uaeaie i?ecaiaeeee iiaooia? neooaoe?? (a?eea) — o 124
iaoe??io?a (89,2%). Cia/ii iaioa e?euee?noue o?aaiiaaieo aini?oae?ciaaia
a ?acoeueoao? aei?iaeiuei-o?ainii?oieo i?eaiae — 8 (5,8%). Iaeiaioa
e?euee?noue aeiaaee?a — 1 (0,7%) — i?eiaaea? ia nii?oeaio o?aaio. O
6 iaoe??io?a (4,3%) i?e/eio o?aaie ieaeiuei? uaeaie anoaiiaeoe ia
aaeaeiny.

Na?aae i?e/ei, ui iae/ano?oa ni?eyee ?icaeoeia? caiaeueiiai i?ioeano
i?ney ia?aeaio ieaeiuei? uaeaie, ia ia?oa i?noea aenooia? ianai?/ania
iaaeaiiy eiiieaenii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aeiiiiiae c aeie naieo oai?eo —
38 aeiaaee?a (48,7%). Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao e a?aenioie oneeaaeiaiue,
ye? ?icaeioeenue ca iayaiino? coaa a u?eei? ceaio ieaeiuei? uaeaie, ia
aeaeaeaiiai i?ae /an oeioaaiiy oai?iai — 36 aeiaaee?a (45,4%).

Aeey ae??oaiiy aeacaii? aeua i?iaeaie iaie canoiniaai? e?eoaaeuei?
eo?ne, neeaaeiaeie yeeo noaee iaeei c a?aeiieo o?c?ioa?aiaaoe/ieo
iaoiae?a (IO, EO, OA*) o ii?aeiaii? c iaaeeeaiaioiciith
oa?ai??th(aioea?ioee — 1% nie?oiaee ?ic/ei oei?io?e?ioo, ui aoa
canoiniaaiee oai?ei ??, ???, ?O, O a?oi

ca noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeeeaie – ia?i?aeueii, aeey eiii?an?a ? ia?iaee ?ai
oa a?iinainea?e?coth/ee can?a — aetheiiao eaeueoe?th – ia?i?aeueii, ca
noaiaea?oiith noaiith).

Iaai?oioa?ai?th i?iaiaeeee oai?ei ??? a?oie ca aeiiiiiaith ii?oaoeaiiai
iaai?oiaeonoe/iiai aia?aoo «IAA?-2, ui yaey? niaith aeaea?aei ci?iiiai
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey c n?ioni?aeaeueiith oa I-iiae?aiith oi?iith
?iioeueno. I?ecia/aee n?ioni?aeaeueii-on?/aia iaai?oia iiea c /anoioith
50 Aoe uiaeaiii i?ioyaii 15 aei?a o?eaae?noth i?ioeaaeo?e 30 oaeeei.
Iaai?oioa?ai?th noi?uaee ?c aeacaiith iaaeeeaiaioiciith oa?ai??th.

Eaca?ioa?ai?th i?iaiaeeee oai?ei ?O a?oie ca aeaniith iaoiaeeeith,
ca?aeii yei? aeey ii?ii?ithaaiiy ciie caiaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaee
aae?e-iaiiiaee eaca? EA-75 c aeiaaeeiith oaee? 0,63 iei, u?euei?noth
iiooaeiino? 130-150 iAo/ni2, ia a?aenoai? 1 i a?ae oai?iai, c
o?eaae?noth i?ioeaaeo?e

oaeeeie i?ioyaii 15 aei?a. EO noi?uaee c ia?aeaeueiei i?ecia/aiiyi
oei?io?e?ioo oa aetheiiaoo eaeueoe?th*.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy OA* aeei?enoiaoaaee aia?aoe OA*-66 oa OA*-80-01 c
/anoio?ith 40,68 IAoe. Aieeaaee ia ae?eyieo ceaio ieaeiuei? uaeaie
uiaeaiii aoa?i?/iith aeicith o?eaae?noth 10 oaeeei i?ioyaii 10 aei?a.
Ia?aeaeueii i?iaiaeeee aeacaio aeua iaaeeeaiaioicio oa?ai?th.

An?i iaoe??ioai ?iaeee caaaeueiee aiae?c e?ia? a aeeiai?oe?. I?e oeueiio
aeine?aeaeoaaee eai?ey?io e?ia iaoe??ioa, acyoo c iaeueoey. Iacie
ie?aooaaee ca iaoiaeii Iaiiaiaaeia. I?e aea/aii? ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i
e?ia? i?ae ae??th o?c?ioa?ai?? oaaao caa?oaee ia ee?oeie eaeeia?aie.
A?aoiaoaaee ?o e?euee?nio oa ye?nio oa?aeoa?enoeee aei, i?ae /an ? i?ney
e?eoaaiiy. Iniaeeao oaaao caa?oaee ia ci?io aaniethoii? e?eueeino?
e?ioioeeo?a (AEE), nooi?iue o?aaeaiiy ee?oei eaeeia?aie (ci?io oi?ie,
aoaeiae) oa iiyao iiaeo ee?oei a ?acoeueoao? iiae?aciaiiy ?aoeeoey?ii?
oeaieie aei?ii?ithaaiith aia?a??th (?aoeeoey?ieo oa e?ioi?aoeeoey?ieo).
E??i oiai, aea/aee ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ??cieie ee?oeiaie a oiae?
e?eoaaiiy c iaoith aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae oa caeiiii??iinoae eaeeia?aie
a eiaei?e a?oi? oai?eo. Aeey iie?ioaiiy iaoiaeeee aiae?oe/iiai i?ioeano
an?i oai?ei neeaaeaee eaeeioeeoa?iee i?io?eue ca O.Ae.Iioeianueeei. I?e
aiae?c? eaeeia?aie a?aoiaoaaee aeo?aei? aeai? oa iieacieee e?ia?
caei?iaeo ethaeae, i?e??aiaieo aei ii?ie.

?A i?iaiaeeee ca a?iiey?iith iaoiaeeeith c aeei?enoaiiyi aia?aoo ?4-02.
Aeey ?a?no?aoe?? ?aia?ai aei ?iaioe caeo/aee /ioe?ueioeaiaeueiee
aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ao. Aea/aee ianooii? iieacieee ?A:aiie?ooaeo nenoie?/ii?
oaee? A, aiie?ooaeo aaiicii? oaee? A, a?aeiioaiiy A/A, iniiaio
aiie?ooaeo ?aia?aie I, aiie?ooaeo ?ioeeco?e I2, ae?e?ioe/iee ?iaeaen
Ae?= I / I2 ? 100% (A.A.I?ioii/oeia, I.E.Eiaeiiaa, I.A.AEeaeeia, 1980).
I?e aiae?c? ?aia?ai aeei?enoiaoaaee a?aeiini? iieacieee, ye? aeacoaaee
ia ci?ie e?iaioieo i?ae aieeaii oiai /e ?ioiai o?ce/iiai oaeoi?a a
ii??aiyii? c aeo?aeiei ??aiai o a?aenioeao.

AII i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith aoiinoaiiao?a AII-01oe, aeei?enoiaoth/e
noaiaea?oeciaaiee (a?aeiia?aeii aei ?ino?oeoe??) aaniethoiee iaoiae
aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?e yeiio aei??thaaee noia?iee /an i?ioiaeaeaiiy
oeueo?acaoeiaiai ?iioeueno a?ae ae?aaiinoe/ii? aie?aee, yea neoaeeoue
aeey ia?aaea/?, ii i’yeei oeaieiai aei e?noee, ii e?nooe? oa a?ae e?noee
ii i’yeei oeaieiai aei i?eeiath/i? ae?aaiinoe/ii? aie?aee. I?e aiae?c?
ci?i iieaciee?a aoiinoaiiao??? ie nie?aeenue ia na?aaei? iieacieee
caei?iaeo ethaeae oa ia aeo?aei? aeai?, io?eiai? o iaoe??io?a ia?aae
ii/aoeii e?eoaaiiy.

?aioaaiia?ao?/iee eiio?ieue (iaeyaeiaa oa aieiaa ?aioaaiia?ao?y
ieaeiuei? uaeaie) i?iaiaeeee /a?ac aeaa oeaei? i?ney ii/aoeo
e?eoaaeueiiai eo?no c iaoith ioe?iee no?oeoo?ieo ci?i e?noeiai? oeaieie,
oaeiae aeey aecia/aiiy no?ie?a ? iieacaiue aei o??o?a?/ii? naiaoe?? a
ae?eyioe? ceaio ieaeiuei? uaeaie, ioe?iee ci?ie u?eeie a ae?eyioe?
ceaio.

E??i aeacaieo iaoiaeee, ne?aeeoaaee ca ee?i?/iei ia?aa?aii
caoai?thaaiiy. Caa?oaee oaaao ia naiiii/oooy iaoe??io?a, ci?io
oaiia?aoo?e o?ea, no?iee e?ea?aeaoe?? aino?iai caiaeueiiai i?ioeano,
iaa?yeo e aieth.

* Aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai ? 1655500 a?ae 15.2.1991 ?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaie io?eiai? ee?i?/i? ?acoeueoaoe
i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie,
ye? iiaeai? a oaaeeoe? 3.

Oaaeeoey 3

Aoaeoeai?noue i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy

o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie

(ee?i?/i? ?acoeueoaoe) o a?oiao oai?eo

A?oia oai?eo Aoaeoeai?noue i?io?eaeoeee,
Aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy,

%
%

?? (aac OO) 64,7

.23,53

??? (IO)
100,0 76,48

?O (EO)
94,12 76,48

O (OA*)
70,59 35,29

sse aeaeii c oaaeeoe? 3, IO ? iaea?eueo ee?i?/ii aoaeoeaiei iaoiaeii
i?io?eaeoeee o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie: o an?o 20
oai?eo ie io?eiaee no?eeee iiceoeaiee ?acoeueoao.

Aeia?ee ?acoeueoao io?eiaii oaeiae a ?O a?oi? – 94,12% — aea oai??
i?ioiaeeee EO (o?eueee o iaeiiai iaoe??ioa c 17 ?icaeioany o?ii?/iee
caiaeueiee i?ioean).

A ?? a?oi?, aea o?ce/i? iaoiaee ia canoiniaoaaee, a?aenioie aoaeoeaiino?
i?io?eaeoeee o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo aeyaeany iaeieae/ei – 64,71%
(eiai ?icaeoie iaa i?noea a 6 aeiaaeeao c 17).

Aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie aoea
iaeiaeiaith a ??? ? ?O a?oiao (IO,EO) – 76,48% (/ioe?e iaaaoeaieo
?acoeueoaoe c 17 a eiaei?e a?oi?).

Iaeieae/a aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy aeyaeeany a ?? a?oi? (aac OO) – 23,53%
(ee?i?/ia aeaeoaeaiiy ianoaei eeoa o /ioe?ueio c 17 oai?eo).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy EA ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia?, AII oa ?A iieacaee caeaaei?noue
?acoeueoao?a ee?i?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? a?ae ?acoeueoao?a oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue (iniaeeai, EA) i?ae aieeaii oiai /e ?ioiai o?ce/iiai
oaeoi?a (OO).

I?e aea/aii? iieaciee?a EA o a?oiao oai?eo ie aecia/eee oae?
caeiiii??iino? aieeao OO ia ee?oeie EA:

1) ae?y II, EA oa OA* noi?iaiaeaeoaaeanue ao?aoith AEE, a?aeiia?aeii,
i?e:

— IO – 0,27%-61,54% (o an?o oai?eo),

— EO — 3,23%-82,36% (o an?o oai?eo),

— OA*- 0,80%-72,61% (o 94,2% oai?eo);

2) aeieeiaiiy iaaaoeaii? ?aaeoe?? e?ia? o a?aeiia?aeue ia ae?th OO
caeaaeaei a?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? /ooeeaino? ethaeeie aei oeueiai
oaeoi?a. Iaea?eueo /ooeeaa e?ia aei ae?? OA* – 44,1%, iaio /ooeeaa e?ia
aei ae?? II – 29,7%, iaeiaio /ooeeaa e?ia aei ae?? EA – 17,6%;

3) «a?oio ?eceeo» i?e ae?? OO aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith aeo?aeiiai
iieacieea cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaie eaeeioeeoa?ii-iiiioeeoa?iiai ?iaeaena :
EI? – iieaciee, yeee aei??aith? aeiaooeo /enea, ui iieaco? ai?no
eaeeioeeo?a o oeny/ao, ia a?aenioie iiiioeeo?a*.

Noeoiiino? cia/aiue EI?, a iaaeao yeeo e?ia ethaeeie iaea?eueo /ooeeaa
aei ae?? oiai /e ?ioiai o?ce/iiai oaeoi?a, aecia/ai? iaie ye «?ioa?aaee
/ooeeaino?».

Aei IO iaea?eueo /ooeeaa e?ia ethaeeie, EI? yei? eaaeeoue a ?ioa?aae?
a?ae 53,2 aei 81,6. Aei EO – a?aeiia?aeii, a?ae 51,0 aei 70,2. Aei OA* –
a?ae 40,0 aei 73,8. sse aeaeii c oeueiai, iaeiaio i?ioyaeiee ?ioa?aae
oa?aeoa?iee aeey ae?? EO, iaea?eueo i?ioyaeiee – aeey ae?? OA*. Oea
oe?eeii a?aeiia?aea? a?aenioeo iaaaoeaieo i?iya?a c aieo ee?oei EA o
a?aeiia?aeue ia ae?th eiaeiiai c o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a;

4) iaeoaeaeoa ?aaaoaaea e?ia ia OA* (ci?ie a EA iii?/ai? iaie o /anoeie
oai?eo aaea i?ney o?ueio naain?a), aeae? ia IO (i?ney 5 naain?a), aeae?
ia EO (i?ney 11 naain?a). Oea ua ?ac i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui EO – iaeiaio
aieeaiaee ia e?ia OO (canoiniaaiee a e?eoaaeueieo aeicao);

5) e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? ci?ie ee?oei EA i?ae aieeaii OO ia?aaeoaaee
ci?iai o caaaeueiiio noai? iaoe??ioa, i?ioa i?e ?o ia?inoaii? iiaeia
niinoa??aaoe iani?eyoeeaee ia?aa?a eieaeueiiai i?ioeano;

6) ia?aaea?nieeii iiaeeeaiai ?icaeoeo aeacaieo iaaaaeaieo ee?i?/ieo yaeu
o iaoeo oai?eo aoei cieaeaiiy AEE a a?e ieaeiuei? iaae? ii?ie;

7) e?eoa??yie aeey iaia’yceiai? a?aei?ie OO o iaoeo oai?eo aoee:

a) aeey IO: — ao?aoa AEE a?eueoa 40% i?e cia/aii? a aaniethoieo oeeo?ao

1,000 * 109/e ? iaioa,

— cieaeaiiy EI? aei 30,0 ? ieae/a,

— iiyaa oa ia?inoaiiy iaaaoeaieo ye?nieo ci?i ee?oei EA;

a) aeey EO: — ao?aoa AEE a?eueoa 49,02% i?e cia/aii? a aaniethoieo
oeeo?ao

1,000 ? 109/e ? iaioa,

— cieaeaiiy EI? aei 27,0 ? ieae/a,

— iiyaa ? ia?inoaiiy iaaaoeaieo ye?nieo ci?i ee?oei EA;

a) aeey OA*:- ao?aoa AEE a?eueoa 55,43% i?e cia/aii? a aaniethoieo
oeeo?ao

1,000 ? 109/e ? iaioa,

— cieaeaiiy EI? aei 25,2 ? ieae/a,

-iiyaa ? ia?inoaiiy iaaaoeaieo ye?nieo ci?i ee?oei EA;

8) aeine?aeaeaiiy EA ?, a ia?oo /a?ao, i?iaiinoe/iee iaoiae, yeee
aeicaiey?:

-aei ii/aoeo OO aeyaeoe «a?oio ?eceeo»,

-cae?enithaaoe aoaeoeaiee aeeiai?/iee eiio?ieue ca ?aaeoe??th
i?aai?cio

/a?ac e?ia ia ae?th eiie?aoiiai OO,

-nai?/anii a?aei?ieoe (aai cian?i ia i?ecia/aoe) eiie?aoiee OO,

-/a?ac cae?enithaaiee eiio?ieue ni?eyoe i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino?

i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai
inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie.

I??i?eoaoia aeia?aeea ca cayaith ia aeiao?ae ? 98127030 a?ae 30.12.1998
?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy AII iieacaee ianooiia:

1) IO ni?eyea iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiio a?aeiiaeaiith e?noeiai?

oeaieie iioeiaeaeaii? ieaeiuei? uaeaie, ae?oaa i?noea ca aoaeoeai?noth
ae?? ia e?noeiao oeaieio caeia? EO, o?ao? – OA* ? ia inoaiiueiio i?noe?
– iaaeeeaiaioicia oa?ai?y aac aeei?enoaiiy OO. Aeacai? ?acoeueoaoe
iiaeai? a oaaeeoe? 4, ye? na?ae/aoue, ui i?ioean a?aeiiaeaiiy e?noeiai?
oeaieie o?aaiiaaii? ieaeiuei? uaeaie niia?eueith?oueny a ?ac?
oneeaaeiaiiy ia?aeaio caiaeueiei i?ioeanii;

Oaaeeoey 4

Aoaeoeai?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy e?noeiai? oeaieie o?aaiiaaii?

ieaeiuei? uaeaie o a?oiao oai?eo ca aeaieie aoiinoaiiao???

A?oia oai?eo Ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? oeueo?acaoeo a ae?eyioe? ceaio
ieaeiuei? uaeaie i?ney e?eoaaiiy i?e ia?aeai?, % Ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino?
oeueo?acaoeo a

ae?eyioe? ceaio ieaeiuei? uaeaie i?ney

e?eoaaiiy i?e inoaii??e?o?,

%

?? (aac OO) 0,1 0,2

??? (IO) 21,7 20,9

?O (EO) 21,5 20,7

O (OA*) 17,6 15,6

2) AII ? iaoiae eiio?ieth aoaeoeaiino? a?aeiiaeaiiy e?noeiai? oeaieie ?
ia iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia a yeino? i?iaiinoe/iiai iaoiaeo, ai a ei?ioeee
i?ii?aeie /ano u?euei?noue e?noeiai? oeaieie ci?ith?oueny iaei.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aia?ai iieacaee ianooiia: 1) i?e i?iaaaeaii?
IO, EO, OA* iaea i?noea caaaeueia oaiaeaioe?y aei a?aeiiaeaiiy
?aa?iia?iiai e?iaioieo a i’yeeo oeaieiao, i?eeaaeeo aei ae?eyiee ceaio
ieaeiuei? uaeaie; 2) aoaeoeai?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy ?aa?iia?iiai e?iaioieo
caeaaeaea a?ae ae?? ia?aiiai OO (oaaeeoey 5).

Oaaeeoey 5

Aoaeoeai?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy ?aa?iia?iiai e?iaioieo

o a?oiao oai?eo ca aeaieie ?aia?ao??

A?oia oai?eo Ci?ia iieacieea A

ii??aiyii c aeo?aeiei ??aiai, % Ci?ia iieacieea A

ii??aiyii c aeo?aeiei ??aiai, % Ci?ia iieacieea A/A

ii??aiyii c aeo?aeiei ??aiai, %

?? (aac OO) +14,9 +10,1 -3,2

??? (IO) +41,6 -29,4 -38,2

?O (EO) +40,3 -27,8 -35,7

O (OA*) +29,3 -24,9 -34,6

Oaeei /eiii,a?eueo iiceoeai? ci?ie ?A a oe?eiio niinoa??aaeenue i?ae
ae??th IO, ia ae?oaiio i?noe? ii aoaeoeaiino? aieeao ia ?aa?iia?iee
e?iaioie aoea EO,

ia o?aoueiio – OA*, ia inoaiiueiio – iaaeeeaiaioicia oa?ai?y aac OO;

3) ?A iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia eeoa,ye iaoiae eiio?ieth aoaeoeaiino? ae??
OO ia ?aa?iia?iee e?iaioie a oe?eiio. I?iaiinoe/iiai cia/aiiy oeueiai
iaoiaeo ie ia aeyaeee.

Aeniiaee.

1.Ae?y iaai?oioa?ai??, OA*-oa?ai??, eaca?ioa?ai?? ia ee?oeie eaeeia?aie
ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia?, ?aa?iia?iee e?iaio?e, a?aeiiaeaiiy e?noeiai? oeaieie
iioeiaeaeaii? ieaeiuei? uaeaie ??cieoueny ca ye?noth oa ae?aci?noth
aieeao., ui caeaaeeoue a?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? /ooeeaino? i?aai?cio aei
eiie?aoiiai o?ce/iiai oaeoi?a.

2.Iaai?oioa?ai?y, eaca?ioa?ai?y, OA*-oa?ai?y caeaoi? ni?e/eiyoe ye?ni?
oa e?euee?ni? iaaaoeai? ci?ie a e?ia? oai?eo c o?aaiaoe/iei ia?aeaiii ?
inoaii??e?oii ieaeiuei? uaeaie, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
/ooeeaino? iaoe??ioa aei eiie?aoiiai o?ce/iiai oaeoi?a oa a?ae
o?eaaeino? e?eoaaeueiiai eo?no. Iaaaoeai? ci?ie a eaeeia?ai?
ia?aaeothoue ci?iai o caaaeueiiio noai? iaoe??ioa, ci?iai o e?noeia?e
oeaiei? ieaeiuei? uaeaie oa ?aa?iia?iiio e?iaioioe? oeaiei a ae?eyioe?
ceaio ieaeiuei? uaeaie. Ia?inoaiiy iaaaoeaieo ci?i o eaeeia?ai? iiaea
noi?iaiaeaeoaaoenue iani?eyoeeaei ia?aa?aii eieaeueiiai i?ioeano.

3.Iaaaoeai? ci?ie a e?ia?, ui ?o aeeeeeathoue iaai?oioa?ai?y,
OA*-oa?ai?y, eaca?ioa?ai?y, a?aeaeaathoueny ia eaeeia?ai? oa iathoue
caeiiii??iee oa?aeoa?, ui aeicaieeei ?ic?iaeoe aeinooiio nenoaio
oanoiaiai eiio?ieth, yea ia? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy i?e ieaioaaii? oa
i?iaaaeaii? iaai?oioa?ai??, OA*-oa?ai??, eaca?ioa?ai?? i?e i?io?eaeoeoe?
oa e?eoaaii? o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie. Oey nenoaia
eiio?ieth aeeth/a? a naaa: 1)oanoe aeey aeyaeaiiy «a?oie ?eceeo», aai
iiaeeeaino? i?iaiicoaaiiy iaaaoeaii? ?aaeoe?? e?ia? ia o?c?ioa?ai?th;
2)oanoe- e?eoa??? a?aei?ie o?c?ioa?ai??.

4.Canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo niinia?a e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo
ieaeiuei? uaeaie ca aeiiiiiaith eaca?ioa?ai?? oa i?iaiicoaaiiy
iaaaoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

e?eoaaiiy oai?eo c o?aaiith ieaeiuei? uaeaie i?e canoinoaaii?
o?c?ioa?ai?? aeicaieeei iie?aueoe ee?i?/i? ?acoeueoaoe: aoaeoeai?noue
i?io?eaeoeee o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo i?e eaca?ioa?ai?? o iaoeo oai?eo
noaiiaeea 94,12%, i?e iaai?oioa?ai?? – 100%; aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy
o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo — 76,48%.

5.Iaai?oioa?ai?y, OA*-oa?ai?y, eaca?ioa?ai?y iathoue ??cio ee?i?/io
aoaeoeai?noue i?e i?io?eaeoeoe? oa e?eoaaii? o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo
ieaeiuei? uaeaie. Iaai?oioa?ai?y aoea iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiith i?e i?e
i?io?eaeoeoe? inoaii??e?oo (100%) ? aeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaiith i?e eiai
e?eoaaii? (76,48%). Eaca?ioa?ai?y iinooiaeany iaai?oioa?ai?? ca
aoaeoeai?noth i?io?eaeoeee inoaii??e?oo (94,12%) ? aoea iaeiaeiai
aoaeoeaiith i?e eiai e?eoaaii? (76,48%). OA*-oa?ai?y aeyaeeany iaeiaio
aoaeoeaiith i?e i?io?eaeoeoe? oa e?eoaaii? o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo
ieaeiuei? uaeaie (a?aeiia?aeii – 70,59% ? 35,29%).

6.I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, caniiaai? ia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoao
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeicaieeee iie?aueoe ?acoeueoaoe i?io?eaeoeee oa
e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie.

I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??

Aeey i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei?
uaeaie ie ?aeiiaiaeo?ii iaai?oioa?ai?th ? eaca?ioa?ai?th. I?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue ? cieceoe ?ecee canoinoaaiiy iaai?oioa?ai?? ?
eaca?ioa?ai?? iiaeia, caaaeyee iine?aeiaiiio aeeiiaiith cai?iiiiiaaiiai
iaie eiio?ieth, aaciaaiiio ia aiae?c? eaeeia?aie.

sse iieacaee iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy. aea?? iaoiaeo o?c?ioa?ai??
(iaai?oioa?ai?y /e eaca?ioa?ai?y) aeey i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy
o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie caeaaeeoue a?ae iaoe
(i?io?eaeoeea /e e?eoaaiiy) oa a?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? /ooeeaino?
iaoe??ioa aei oiai /e ?ioiai o?ce/iiai oaeoi?a.

Aeey aecia/aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? /ooeeaino? iaoe??ioa aei o?ce/iiai
oaeoi?a aei ii/aoeo o?c?ioa?ai?? iaiao?aeii c?iaeoe caaaeueiee aiae?c
e?ia?, ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai i?ae?aooaaoe eaeeioeeoa?ii-iiiioeeoa?iee
?iaeaen.

A?aooaaoe, ui «?ioa?aae /ooeeaino?» e?ia? aei iaai?oioa?ai?? noaiiaeoue
noeoii?noue cia/aiue EI? a iaaeao a?ae 53,2 aei 81,6, aei eaca?ioa?ai??
– a?ae 51,0 aei 70,2.

Iai’yoaoe, ui iaoe??ioe, EI? yeeo ciaoiaeeoueny a iaeiiio c aeacaieo
?ioa?aae?a, iathoue aooe a?aeianai? aei «a?oie ?eceeo», ui ? a?aeiiniei
i?ioeiieacaiiyi aei i?iaaaeaiiy o?c?ioa?ai??.

A ?ac? i?ecia/aiiy o?ciaoiaeo iaoe??ioo c «a?oie ?eceeo» a oiae?
e?eoaaiiy ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe /?oeee eiio?ieue ianooiieo iieaciee?a
caaaeueiiai aiae?co e?ia?: AEE, EI?, aeyaeaiiy ye?nieo ci?i a neeaae?
eaeeia?aie. Iaae?aci? iaaaoeai? ci?ie a eaeeia?ai? ca a?aenooiino? iciae
?o ia?inoaiiy aeicaieythoue caaa?oeoe o?c?ioa?aiaaoe/iee eo?n c
iiceoeaiei ee?i?/iei ?acoeueoaoii.

I?e ciaioaii? AEE a a?e ieaeiuei? iaae? ii?ie a oiae? e?eoaaiiy ne?ae
i/?eoaaoe ia?inoaiiy iaaaoeaieo ci?i e?ia?, ui i?e iaaieo e?eoa??yo noa?
i?e/eiith a?aei?ie o?ciaoiaeo.

I?e ciaioaii? AEE ieae/a 1,000 ? 109/e, iaae?ii? EI? aei 30,0 (aeey IO)
aai 27,0 (aeey EO) ? ieae/a, iiya? ye?nieo ci?i ee?oei (oe?ieiieaciai?
e?ioioeeoe, a?ia?naaiaioiaai? iaeo?io?ee, ?aoeeoey?i? oa
e?ioi?aoeeoey?i? ee?oeie) o?ciaoiae ia? aooe a?aei?iaiei (e?eoa???
a?aei?ie). I?iaeiaaeaiiy o?c?ioa?ai?? i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaaaoeaieo
ee?i?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a.

I?e i?io?eaeoeoe? inoaii??e?oo ia?aaaao aaaeaii a?aeaeaaaoe
iaai?oioa?ai?? (aia?ao «IAA?-2», /anoioa 50 Aoe, 15 naain?a ii 30 oaeeei
uiaeaiii) a ii?aeiaii? c iaaeeeaiaioiciith oa?ai??th (1% nie?oiaee
?ic/ei oei?io?e?ioo ia?i?aeueii oa aeey ciai?oiueiai aeei?enoaiiy,
aetheiiao eaeueoe?th – ia?i?aeueii – ca noaiaea?oiith noaiith), ui aeaei
iaee?au? ee?i?/i? ?acoeueoaoe a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?e e?eoaaii? inoaii??e?oo iiaeeeai ieaioaaoe ye iaai?oioa?ai?th, oae ?
eaca?ioa?ai?th (aae?e-iaiiiaee eaca? EA-75 c aeiaaeeiith oaee? 0,63 iei,
15 naain?a ii 3 oaeeeie c a?aenoai? 1i, a ii?aeiaii? c iienaiith aeua
iaaeeeaiaioiciith oa?ai??th), ye? iieacaee naaa iaeiaeiai aoaeoeaieie o
iaoeo oai?eo.

IA?AE?E iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

Aeiaaeo I.I. Eaeeioeeoa?iee i?io?eue o oai?eo c o?aaiaoe/iei ia?aeaiii ?
inoaii??e?oii ieaeiuei? uaeaie i?e iaai?oi-, eaca?i oa OA*-oa?ai?? //
A?niee noiiaoieia??.- 1997.- ?4.- N.568-569.

Iaeai/oe A.I.,Aeiaaeo I.I. Aieea eaca?ioa?ai?? ia eaeeia?aio o oai?eo c
o?aaiaoe/iei ia?aeaiii oa inoaii??e?oii ieaeiuei? uaeaie // A?niee
noiiaoieia??.- 1997.- ?4.- N. 576-578.

Aeiaaeo I.I. O?c?ioa?ai?y a e?eoaaii? o?aaiaoe/iiai ia?aeiio oa
inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie // Ee?i?/ia o??o?a?y.- 1998.- ?4.- N.
32-33.

Aaeaeoeiaa N.I.,Aeiaaeo I.I.,Iaeai/oe A.I. Aieea iaai?oioa?ai?? ia
ee?oeie e?ia? i?e e?eoaaii? o?aaiaoe/iiai ia?aeiio oa inoaii??e?oo
ieaeiuei? uaeaie // Ee?i?/ia o??o?a?y.- 1998.- ? 3.- N. 50.

Oiaei?iae/ I.A.,Aeiaauo I.A.,Eiaaiianeay A.I.,Aa?acianeay I.A. Niinia
ea/aiey o?iie/aneeo o?aaiaoe/aneeo inoaiieaeeoia ieaeiae
/aethnoe.Aaoi?neia naeaeaoaeuenoai NNN? ?1655500 io 15.2.1991a.

.Aa?acianeay I.A.,Aa?eyoneaeoa E.TH.,Aeiaauo I.A.,Oiaei?iae/ I.A.
?acoeueoaou i?eiaiaiey eaca?ioa?aiee a ni/aoaiee n oeoioa?aieae i?e
ea/aiee o?iie/aneeo o?aaiaoe/aneeo inoaiieaeeoia ieaeiae /aethnoe //
Iaoa?eaeu O?? nuacaea noiiaoieiaia ONN? «Eiiieaeniia ea/aiea e
i?ioeeaeoeea noiiaoieiae/aneeo caaieaaaiee».- E.- 1989.-N.128.

Aeiaauo I.A.,Aa?acianeay I.A.,Oiaei?iae/ I.A.,Eiaaiianeay A.I.
I?eiaiaiea eaca?ioa?aiee i?e ea/aiee o?aaiaoe/aneiai inoaiieaeeoa
ieaeiae /aethnoe //

Iaoa?eaeu ia?aie ?ani. eiio. «Iiaua oece/aneea iaoiaeu a iaaeeoeeia».-
Ai?ioeeiaa?aae.- 1990.- N. 186-187.

Aeoaeei Ae.A.,Aeiaauo I.A.,Aa?eyoneaeoa E.TH. Ieacaiea iiiiue aieueiui n
ni/aoaiiie o?aaiie eeoea ia yoaiao yaaeoaoeee // Oac. 3
iao/ii-i?aeo.?ani.eiio.oe?o?aia-noiiaoieiaia.-Ooa.-1990.-N.45.

Aeiaaeo I.I. Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy iaai?oiaeonoe/iiai aia?aoo
«IAA?-2» i?e i?io?eaeoeoe? oa e?eoaaii? o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo
ieaeiuei? uaeaie // «Yeaeo?iieea e naycue». Iaoa?eaeu Iaaeaeoia?.
iao/ii-oao. eiio. «I?iaeaiu oece/aneie e aeiiaaeeoeeineie yeaeo?iieee».-
Eeaa.- 1998.- Aui. 4.- *. 2.- N. 318..

AIIOAOe??

Aeiaaeo I.I. Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea iaai?oioa?ai??, OA*-oa?ai??,
eaca?ioa?ai?? i?e i?io?eaeoeoe? oa e?eoaaii?? o?aaiaoe/iiai ia?aeaio
ieaeiuei? uaeaie.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.22 – Noiiaoieia?y.- Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, Ee?a, 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi iie?auaiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?io?eaeoeee
oa e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie ca aeiiiiiaith
?iaeea?aeoaeueii i?ae?a?aieo iaoiae?a o?c?ioa?ai??. A aeena?oaoe??
?ic?iaeaii iiaee iai?yiie a ieaioaaii? oa i?iaaaeaii? o?c?ioa?ai??
aeacai?e a?oi? oai?eo, yeee a?oioo?oueny ia aecia/aii? caeiiii??iinoae
ci?i a eaeeia?ai? ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? a?aeiinii eiie?aoiiai o?ce/iiai
oeoi?a. ?ic?iaeaia, iaa?oioiaaia oa ai?iaaaeaeaia

a ee?i?eo aeinooiia nenoaia oanoiaiai eiio?ieth, yea ia? cia/aiiy i?e
ieaioaaii? oa i?iaaaeaii? o?c?ioa?ai??, ui ni?ey? iie?auaiith
?acoeueoao?a i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/iiai inoaii??e?oo
ieaeiuei? uaeaie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie, i?io?eaeoeea, e?eoaaiiy,
iaai?oioa?ai?y, OA*-oa?ai?y, eaca?ioa?ai?y, nenoaia eiio?ieth.

Aeiaauo I.A. N?aaieoaeueiay ioeaiea iaaieoioa?aiee, OA*-oa?aiee,
eaca?ioa?aiee i?e i?ioeeaeoeea e ea/aiee o?aaiaoe/aneiai inoaiieaeeoa
ieaeiae /aethnoe.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.22 – Noiiaoieiaey.- Iaoeeiiaeueiue
iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao ei. A.A.Aiaiiieueoea, Eeaa, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai oeo/oaiey ?acoeueoaoia i?ioeeaeoeee e
ea/aiey o?aaiaoe/aneiai inoaiieaeeoa ieaeiae /aethnoe n iiiiuueth
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii iiaeia?aiuo iaoiaeia oeceioa?aiee. A aeenna?oaoeee
?ac?aaioaii iiaia iai?aaeaiea a ieaie?iaaiee e i?iaaaeaiee oeceioa?aiee
oeacaiiie a?oiia aieueiuo, eioi?ia iniiaaii ia ii?aaeaeaiee
caeiiiia?iinoae eciaiaiee a eaeeia?aiia ia?eoa?e/aneie e?iae
ioiineoaeueii eiie?aoiiai oece/aneiai oaeoi?a. ?ac?aaioaia, iainiiaaia e
aiaae?aia a eeeieeo aeinooiiay nenoaia oanoiaiai eiio?iey, eioi?ay eiaao
cia/aiea i?e ieaie?iaaiee e i?iaaaeaiee oeceioa?aiee, /oi niinianoaoao
oeo/oaieth ?acoeueoaoia i?ioeeaeoeee e ea/aiey o?aaiaoe/aneiai
inoaiieaeeoa ieaeiae /aethnoe.

Oeaeue enneaaeiaaiey – oeo/oaiea ?acoeueoaoia i?ioeeaeoeee e ea/aiey
o?aaiaoe/aneiai inoaiieaeeoa ieaeiae /aethnoe n iiiiuueth
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii iiaeia?aiiuo iaoiaeia oeceioa?aiee.

Aeey aeinoeaeaiey oeaee iinoaaeaiu e ?aoaiu neaaeothuea caaea/e:
1)eco/aiea n?aaieoaeueiie oa?aeoa?enoeee i?eiaiaiiuo oeciaoiaeia i?e
i?ioeeaeoeea e ea/aiee o?aaiaoe/aneiai inaiieaeeoa ieaeiae /aethnoe:
2)?ac?aaioea eiio?ieueiuo oanoia aeey ii?aaeaeaiey yooaeoeaiinoe
i?eiaiaiiuo oeciaoiaeia; 3)oniaa?oainoaiaaiea iaoiaeee i?eiaiaiey
oeciaoiaeia n o/aoii eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo iniaaiiinoae iaoeeaioa;
4)ii?aaeaeaiea eeeie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe oniaa?oainoaiaaiiuo oeciaoiaeia
n o/aoii eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo iniaaiiinoae iaoeeaioa; 5)?ac?aaioea
i?aeoe/aneeo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?eiaiaieth eco/aiiuo oeciaoiaeia aeey
i?ioeeaeoeee e ea/aiey o?aaiaoe/aneiai inoaiieaeeoa ieaeiae /aethnoe.

I?iaiaeece?iaaii 868 enoi?ee aieacie iaoeeaioia, eioi?ui a 1990-1996
a.a. auea ieacaia niaoeeaeece?iaaiiay iiiiuue a /aethnoii-eeoeaaie
eeeieea Iaoeeiiaeueiiai iaaeeoeeineiai oieaa?neoaoa ii iiaiaeo
o?aaiaoe/aneiai ia?aeiia e inoaiieaeeoa ieaeiae /aethnoe. E nianoaaiiui
enneaaeiaaieyi ioiinyony 139 iaaethaeaiee iaae aieueiuie e eiio?ieueiia
ianeaaeiaaiea 10 caei?iauo /aeiaae. Iaoeeaiou ?ani?aaeaeaiu a iyoe
eeeie/aneeo a?oiiao: ? — caei?iaua; ?? – iaoeeaiou n ia?aeiiaie e
inoaiieaeeoii ieaeiae /aethnoe, eioi?ui i?iaaaeaia eneeth/eoaeueii
iaaeeeaiaioiciay oa?aiey; ??? – iaoeeaiou n ia?aeiiaie e inoaiieaeeoii
ieaeiae /aethnoe, eioi?ui i?iaaaeaia iaaieoioa?aiey e iaaeeeaiaioiciay
oa?aiey; ?O- iaoeeaiou n ia?aeiiaie e inoaiieaeeoii ieaeiae /aethnoe,
eioi?ui i?iaaaeaia eaca?ioa?aiey e iaaeeeaiaioiciay oa?aiey; O –
iaoeeaiou n ia?aeiiaie e inoaiieaeeoii ieaeiae /aethnoe, eioi?ui
i?iaaaeaia OA*-oa?aiey e iaaeeeaiaioiciay oa?aiey.

N?aaieoaeueiay ioeaiea oeacaiiuo oece/aneeo oaeoi?ia inouanoaeaia ii
aeaiiui eeeie/aneiai oa/aiey caaieaaaiey, eaeeia?aiiu ia?eoa?e/aneie
e?iae, ?aia?aoee, yoiinoaiiao?ee, ?aioaaiia?aoee.

Auyaeaii, /oi aeaenoaea eiie?aoiiai oece/aneiai oaeoi?a caaeneo io
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie /oanoaeoaeueiinoe e iaio iaoeeaioa.

Eco/aiea eciaiaiee eaeeia?aiiu ia?eoa?e/aneie e?iae a aeeiaieea
iicaieeei ii?aaeaeeoue eaeeioeeoa?ii-iiiioeeoa?iua eiaeaenu, eo
niaieoiiinoe, eioi?ua niioaaonoaotho eioa?aaeai /oanoaeoaeueiinoe, a
i?aaeaeao eioi?uo e?iaue iaoeeaioia iniaaiii /oanoaeoaeueia e aeaenoaeth
iaaieoioa?aiee, eaca?ioa?aiee, OA*-oa?aiee.

Ia iniiaa caeiiiia?iuo eciaiaiee aaniethoiiai eiee/anoaa eeioioeeoia
iiae aeeyieai oece/aneiai oaeoi?a, eaeeioeeoa?ii-iiiioeeoa?iiai
eiaeaena, ea/anoaaiiuo eciaiaiee eeaoie eaeeia?aiiiu (eciaiaiea oi?iu ,
no?iaiey, iiyaeaiea ?aoeeoey?iuo e eeioi?aoeeoey?iuo eeaoie) ?ac?aaioai
e aiaae?ai oanoiaue eiio?ieue, iicaieythuee ieaie?iaaoue iacia/aiea
eiie?aoiiai oece/aneiai iaoiaea, eiio?iee?iaaoue aai aicaeaenoaea,
aia?aiy ioiaieoue i?e iiyaeaiee io?eoeaoaeueiie ?aaeoeee e?iae.

Aeieacaii, /oi io?eoeaoaeueiay ?aaeoeey e?iae ia oece/aneee oaeoi?
iia?aaeaao eciaiaiey a iauai e eieaeueiii noaoona iaoeeaioa.

Ianaiaa?aiaiiay ioiaia oeciaoiaea iiaeao niinianoaiaaoue
iaaeaaii?eyoiiio eieaeueiiio oa/aieth caaieaaaiey ia oiia
oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiiai iauaai ninoiyiey.

Iaoiae eco/aiey eaeeia?aiiu eiaao i?iaiinoe/aneia cia/aiea, a ioee/ea
io iaoiaeia ?aia?aoee e yoiinoaiiao?ee, eioi?ua a neeo iaiueoae
aeeiaie/iinoe iiaoo neoaeeoue eeoue aeey iauaai eiio?iey ca
yooaeoeaiinoueth ea/aiey. Iaeiaiaa aeeiaie/iue, n iaoae oi/ee c?aiey,
iaoiae ?aioaaiia?aoe/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey.

Aiaeec eeeie/aneeo ?acoeueoaoia iieacae, /oi iaaieoioa?aiey – iaeaieaa
yooaeoeaiue iaoiae i?ioeeaeoeee o?aaiaoe/aneiai inoaiieaeeoa;
aeinoaoi/ii aunieie yooaeoeaiinoueth iaeaaeaao e eaca?ioa?aiey; caiaoii
onooiaao ii yooaeoeaiinoe OA*-oa?aiey. Aeey ea/aiey o?aaiaoe/aneiai
inoaiieaeeoa n?aaieoaeueii yooaeoeaiu eaca?ioa?aiey e iaaieoioa?aiey;
ieceoth yooaeoeaiinoue eiaao OA*-oa?aiey.

I?eiaiaiea ?ac?aaioaiiuo niiniaa ea/aiey o?aaiaoe/aneiai inoaiieaeeoa n
iiiiuueth eaca?ioa?aiee e niiniaa i?iaiice?iaaiey io?eoeaoaeueiie
?aaeoeee e?iae i?e ieaie?iaaiee iaaieoioa?aiee, eaca?ioa?aiee,
OA*-oa?aiee (niinia i?iaiice?iaaiey io?eoeaoaeueiuo ?acoeueoaoia ea/aiey
aieueiuo n o?aaiie ieaeiae /aethnoe) iicaieeo oeo/oeoue ?acoeueoaou
i?ioeeaeoeee e ea/aiey o?aaiaoe/aneiai inoaiieaeeoa ieaeiae /aethnoe.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey iiaoo auoue oe?iei i?eiaiaiu a eeeieeao
/aethnoii-eeoeaaie oe?o?aee, a eaaeiaoao oeceioa?aiee e ?aaaeeeoaoeee
niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo noiiaoieiae/aneeo iieeeeeiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: inoaiieaeeo ieaeiae /aethnoe, i?ioeeaeoeea, ea/aiea,
iaaieoioa?aiey, OA*-oa?aiey, eaca?ioa?aiey, nenoaia eiio?iey.

Dovbish N.I. Comparative assessment of magnetic therapy, ultra-high
frequency therapy and laser therapy in prevention and treatment of
traumatic mandible fracture .- Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree of medical sciences in the speciality
14.01.22 – Stomatology – National Medical university after
A.A.Bogomolets, Kiyv, 1999.

Thesis is aimed at developing problems of prevention and treatment
improvement of traumatic mandible osteomyelitis with individually
adjusted methods of physiotherapy. New approach in planning and
implementation of physiotherapy for specific groups of patients has been
elaborated, which is based on the determination of regular changes in
leucogram of the peripheral blood concerning certain physical factor. A
clear cut system of the test control has been created substantiated and
implemented into clinical practice what presents importance in planning
and carrying out physiotherapy that contribute to the improvement in
prevention and treatment patients with traumatic mandible osteomyelitis.

Key words: osteomyelitis of mandible, prevention, treatment, magnetic
therapy, ultra-high frequency therapy, laser therapy, the system of
control.

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