1

I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Oe?a?inueea iaaee/ia noiiaoieia?/ia aeaaeai?y

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

Oaa/aiei ??eia Ai?en?aia

OAeE 616.314.17-008.1-089-053

Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea eiina?aaoeaii-o??o?a?/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy
o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo oai?eo ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi

14.01.22 – noiiaoieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Iieoaaa-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe e?ea??a-noiiaoieia?a
(caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e, i?ioani? Ne?eii?eiaa O.I.) Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii?
noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai??, i.Iieoaaa (?aeoi? – i?ioani? Ne?eii?eia I.N.)

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ne?eii?eiaa Oa?na Iao??aia

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe

e?ea??a-noiiaoieia?a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: – aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ieo/aiie

A?eoi? ?aaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?iiaaeaaoeee

o??o?a?/ii? noiiaoieia?? Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii?

noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai??;

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?oc?i

Aaiaae?e Iao?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o??o?a?/ii? noiiaoieia??
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 8 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 12-00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Ae 44.601.01. Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii?
noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith: 314024, i.Iieoaaa-24, aoe.
Oaa/aiea, 23.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? aeaaeai?? ca
aae?anith: 314024, i.Iieoaaa-24, aoe.Oaa/aiea, 23.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 25 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee

eaiae. iaae. iaoe I.A.Aieiaei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Na?aae iaoe??io?a, ye? caa?oathoueny ca
noiiaoieia?/iith aei?iiiaith, ??ci? oi?ie ia??iaeiioeoa
ae?aaiinoothoueny o 15-30% (Aae?i A.I., 1979; Aaeyaa E.A., 1974;
Eaaiia A.N., Ei?aeaieoaeee A.E., 1992 oa ?i.).

E?oa?aoo?i? aeai? oa ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeacothoue ia
oa, ui o aeieeiaii? aaaaoueio noiiaoieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue nooo?ao
?ieue a?ae?a?athoue o?ii?/i? aiaieua iaeiioiaaiii? ?ioaeoe??.

Ia aeoieo Aaaeii?ii? E.?. (1992) a?eycoai? aiaieua i?e o?ii?/ieo
ia??iaeiioeoao ? ?aca?aoa?ii ooaa?eoeueicii? ?ioaeoe??. Aeae?eai? iath
i?eiaaeoa??? c ina?aaee?a o?ii?/ii? iaeiioiaaiii? ?ioaeoe?? iaee ci?iai?
aeanoeaino?, eio?? i?eoaiaii? ye oeiiaei, oae ? aeaeici?iaiei
i?eiaaeoa??yi ooaa?eoeueica.

*eneaiia e?oa?aoo?a (*a?eaoei N.E., 1991; Ei?aeaieoaeee A.E., 1993;
Eaaeiae/ A.I., 1990; Eaaiiaa I.N. c? ni?aaao., 1995 oa ?i.) i?enay/aia
ieoaiiyi e?eoaaiiy aiaieu iaeiioiaaiii? ?ioaeoe??, ye? iioeiaeaeothoue
ae?eyieo aa?o?aee ei?aiy, a?oo?eaoe?? aai o?eoo?eaoe??.

C iaoith naiaoe?? o?ii?/ieo aiaieu iaeiioiaaiii? ?ioaeoe??
aeei?enoiaothoue o?e iaoiaee: eiina?aaoeaiee, eiina?aaoeaii-o??o?a?/iee
oa o??o?a?/iee. ?yae aaoi??a (Eaaeiae/ A.I., 1990; Merll I.P., 1979;
Reetz U., 1979 oa ?i.) noaa?aeaeothoue, ui iaea?eueo aei?aaaeaiei
iaoiaeii e?eoaaiiy ? onoiaiiy oeeo aiaieu c ia?aaeoth/ei aiaeiaeiioe/iei
ao?o/aiiyi.

Eiina?aaoeaii-o??o?a?/i? niiniae, eio?? iathoue canoinoaaiiy ia
nueiaiaeaiia, aeeth/athoue a naaa — ?acaeoe?th aa?o?aie ei?ai?a coa?a,
aai?naeoe?th, ei?iii-?aaeeeoey?io naia?aoe?th coaa, aiiooaoe?th ei?aiy
oa ?aieaioaoe?th coaa; ?ic?iaeai? aeineoue aeineiiaei, iaeia/a i?e
i?iaaaeaii? oeeo iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue ia a?aoiaothoueny oae? aaaeeea?,
ia iao iiaeyae, iiiaioe, ye a?e iaoe??io?a, e?iaiiinoa/aiiy uaeai,
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae aenioith ei?iieiai? /anoeie coa?a oa ?o ei?ai?a.

Ia nueiaiaei? a noiiaoieia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? canoiniao?oueny cia/ia
e?euee?noue iaoa??ae?a aeey ieiiaoaaiiy ei?aiaaeo eaiae?a, c’yaeany
iiaee aiaeiaeiioe/iee ?ino?oiaioa??e, ana oea ?acii acyoa i?ecaaei aei
caoaeaiiy iieacaiue aei iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/ieo ia??iaeiioeo?a
(Ai?ianueeee A.A., AEioiaa I.N., 1997; AEioiaa I.N., Iaeaaaa I.I., 1997;
I?eieeoei A.E., 1998). A.A.Ai?ianueeee (1996) aeaco?, ui ia aeeaey/enue
ia yai? iieacieee aei iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy iaaecae/aeii ??aee?nia
canoinoaaiiy o??o?a?/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ia??iaeiioeoo.

Ca’ycie c oaiith IAe? OINA. I?aaenoaaeaia ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii
?i?oe?aoeaii? oaie IAe? OINA: “Iaoai?cie ooeiaeaeaiiy coaiuaeaiii?
nenoaie, ?acenoaioi?noue i?e?ii?aai?cio oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiae?a
i?io?eaeoeee, oa?ai?? oa ?aaa?e?oaoe?? iniiaieo noiiaoieia?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue” i?ae ? 01970018550 aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe??.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. A ?iaio? ie iinoaaeee ca iaoo: iaa?oiooaaoe
canoinoaaiiy eiina?aaoeaii-o??o?a?/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai
ia??iaeiioeoo o ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aeoe/ia cae?eniaiiy oe??? iaoe iio?aaoaaei
?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaea/:

1. ?ic?iaeoe iieacaiiy aei ne?aeoth/eo iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue: iia?aoe??
?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy, aiiooaoe?? ei?aiy, aai?naeoe??,
ei?iii-?aaeeeoey?ii? naia?aoe?? ? ?aieaioaoe?? coaa oai?ei ??ciiai a?eo;

2. Aea/eoe oa?aeoa? i?e?ioei?e ia??ai?eaeueieo oeaiei coa?a, eio??
aioothoueny aei iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy — ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy;

3. Aeyaeoe iaaeeeaiaioici? i?aia?aoe, eio?? caeaoi? aieeaaoe ia
iineeaiiy ?aaaia?aoeaieo i?ioean?a a e?noeia?e oeaiei? i?ney iia?aoe??
?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy, a oaeiae aecia/eoe ia?aiinei?noue oeeo
i?aia?ao?a ii iaoiaeo ?.Oieey.

4. Ii??aiyoe o??o?a?/i? iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo a
??cieo a?eiaeo a?oiao ? iaa?oiooaaoe ?o aeioe?euei?noue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Ooi/iai? iieacaiiy aei o??o?a?/iiai iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy
o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo, oa aecia/aia aeioe?euei?noue oiai /e ?ioiai
iaoiaeo.

I?iaaaeaii aaeoa??ieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia??ai?eaeueieo oeaiei coa?a c
caieiiaiaaieie ei?aiaaeie eaiaeaie i?e iia?aoe?? ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee
ei?aiy.

Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaiee eiia?iiaaiee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai
ia??iaeiioeoo, eio?ee oneeaaeieany noaia??inoaeueiith a?aioeueiiith aai
c aieiaith ?aci?aoe??th e?noeiai? oeaieie eoiee.

Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae aai?naeoe?? niieo/ii c ?aieaioaoe??th
iaeiiai c aeaeaeaieo ei?ai?a.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee EE-3 c eaaai?cieii oa a?ae?ieneeaiaoeo aeey caiiaiaiiy
caeeoeiaeo e?noeiaeo i?neyiia?aoe?eieo ii?iaeiei. I?iaaaeaiee
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c canoinoaaiiy oeeo ?a/iaei.

?a/iaeie, ye? canoiniaoaaeenue aeey iaoo?aoe?? i?neyiia?aoe?eieo
e?noeiaeo ii?iaeiei, aeine?aeaeai? ia aia?ao? ?.Oieey ia i?aaeiao ?o
ia?aiineiino? oai?eie.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue. ?ic?iaeaiee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiee o i?aeoeeo iaoiae
e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo, oneeaaeiaiiai noaia??inoaeueiith
a?aioeueiiith, iaoiae aai?naeoe?? a ii?aeiaii? c ?aieaioaoe??th,
aeicaiey? caa?aaoe ia o?eueee aiaoii?/io oi?io coaa, aea e iiai?noth
a?aeiiaeoe eiai ooieoe?th. A iine?aeoth/iio oe? iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy
aeathoue iiaeeea?noue i?iaiaeeoe an? aeaee ?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?ioacoaaiiy.

Canoinoaaiiy eiina?aaoeaii-o??o?a?/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai
ia??iaeiioeoo o oai?eo ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi ni?eythoue i?io?eaeoeoe?
aiaieuacoiiaeaieo caoai?thaaiue.

Iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiith ? iia?aoe?y ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy, eio?o
ne?ae aaaaeaoe i?aaiicaa??aath/ith, i?e i?e ia iioeiaeaeo?oueny ca’ycea
coaa.

Canoinoaaiiy a?ae?ieneeaiaoeoo aeey caiiaiaiiy i?neyiia?aoe?eieo
e?noeiaeo ii?iaeiei ciaioo? e?euee?noue aeieeiaiiy i?neyiia?aoe?eieo,
caiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o oneeaaeiaiue oa e?euee?noue aei?a
iai?aoeacaeaoiino?.

Iaa?oiooaaii iieacaiiy aei aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaea ?.Oieey c iaoith
aecia/aiiy ia?aiineiino? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a aai ieiiaoaaeueieo
iaoa??ae?a, eio?? canoiniaoaaeenue i?e e?eoaaii? oai?eo.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy. Iaea?aeai? a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue aeai? i?i
ii??aiyeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo o??o?a?/iec iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai
ia??iaeiioeoo o oai?eo ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi aeei?enoiaothoueny a o/aiaiio
i?ioean? ia eaoaae?ao i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe e?ea??a-noiiaoieia?a, ia
eaoaae?? i?iiaaeaaoeee o??o?a?/ii? noiiaoieia?? Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii?
noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai??.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii ia?niiaeueii i?iaiae?ciaaia
iaoeiaa e?oa?aoo?a c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie, i?iaaaeaiee
?ioi?iaoe?eiee iiooe, iniaenoi i?ae ea??aieoeoaii iaoeiaiai ea??aieea
i?iaiaeeeenue ee?i?ei-?aioaaiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaia
noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaienai? an? ?icae?ee
?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaai? aeniiaee oa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?ai? ia:

1. O/aiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? 29 aa?aciy 1996?. (i.Iieoaaa).

2. Iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, 20 o?aaiy 1996?. (i.Iieoaaa).

3. Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? e?ea??a-noiiaoieia?a
26-27 o?aaiy 1996?. (i.Iieoaaa).

4. Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??, 10 aeiaoiy 1996?. (i.Iieoaaa).

5. ? ?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe??, 15-16 n?/iy 1998?. (i.Ee?a).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii 11 ?ia?o. C ieo 2 ?iaioe a
aeo?iaeao, caoaa?aeaeaieo AAE, 1 iaoaio ia aeiao?ae ?17866A.

Ia’?i ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 163 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieno, i?noeoue 64 iaethiee (oioi?aioaaiia?ai ? oioi oai?eo), 6
oaaeeoeue ? 2 ae?aa?aie. Aeeth/a? anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, iien
ia’?eo?a ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
?o aiae?c oa iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiaee. Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e
neeaaea?oueny c 266 iaeiaioaaiue, c ieo 193 i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo oa 73
?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

Ia’?eoe ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aoei ianoaaeaii ? i?ie?eiaaii
284 oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee ia??iaeiioeo a?eii a?ae 16 aei 75 ?ie?a.

An? oai?? aoee ?icae?eai? ia ne?aeoth/? a?oie: thiaoeueeee a?e – 16-21
aeey /ieia?e?a ? 16-20?. aeey ae?iie; c??eee a?e, ? ia??iae – 22-35 aeey
/ieia?e?a ? 21-35 ?. aeey ae?iie; c??eee a?e, ?? ia??iae – 36-60 ?ie?a
aeey /ieia?e?a ? 36-55 aeey ae?iie; iioeeee a?e – 61-74 aeey /ieia?e?a ?
56-74 ?iei aeey ae?iie ? noa?a/ee a?e – 75-90 ?ie?a aeey /ieia?e?a ?
ae?iie (I?eaan I.A. ?c ni?aaaoi?aie, 1997).

Ee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo i?iaiaeeeinue ii caaaeueiii?eiyo?e noai?
?noi??? oai?iae: ianii?oia /anoeia, nea?ae oai?iai, aiaiiac,
caoai?thaaiiy, aiaiiac aeeooy, caaaeueiee oa i?noeaaee noaoon,
ia?aee?i?/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Nea?ae oai?iai c’yniaoaaee aaciina?aaeiuei ia?aae iia?aoeaiei
ao?o/aiiyi. E??i oiai, c’yniaoaaeenue noiooi? oa ia?aianai?
caoai?thaaiiy.

Iia?aoe?y ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy i?iaiaeeeanue ca eeane/iith
iaoiaeeeith, iienaiith A.?.?aaeieeiiaei (1972) i?ae ?io?eueo?aoe?eiei,
aai i?ia?aeieeiaei ciaaieaiiyi ye ia iaeii- oae ? ia aaaaoiei?aiaaeo
coaao aa?oiuei? ? ieaeiuei? uaeai.

O 20 (11,6%) oai?eo aeey aecia/aiiy noaio ia??ai?eaeueieo oeaiei coa?a,
i?aeaioiaeaieo aei iia?aoe?? ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy, i?iaaaeaii
aea/aiiy aeaeiaiai neeaaeo i?e?ioei?e, yea caae?aeanue aaciina?aaeiuei
i?ae /an iia?aoe??. Iio?i o aaeoa??ieia?/i?e eaai?aoi??? iaoa??ae c ?aie
caeeaaee 1% oeoe?iaei i’yniiaioiiiei aoeueeiiii ? n?yee ia na?aaeiaeua:
5% e?ia’yiee aaa? aeey aeae?eaiiy eieiai? a?oie i?e?ii?aai?ci?a,
na?aaeiaeua Aiaei aeey aeyaeaiiy aioa?iaaeoa??e, na?aaeiaeua AENA
(aeiaoi/ii-nieueiaee aaa?), na?aaeiaeua Naao?i ? I?ooa-Oa?ioeoe?. Iin?ae
?ieoaoaaee i?ioyaii aeiae o oa?iinoao? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 370N c
iine?aeoth/ith ?aeaioeo?eaoe??th aeaea i?e?ii?aai?ci?a. C io?eiaieo
/enoeo eoeueoo? aiooaaee iacee, oa?aoaaee ca A?ai-Neiiaei ? i?ae
i?e?ineiiii aecia/aee ?o ii?oieia?/i? ? o?ieoi??aeuei? aeanoeaino?. O
noao?eieie?a aecia/aee oa?iaioe iaoiaaiiino?: i?iaeoeoe?th aaiie?c?i?a,
ieaciieiaaoeace, eaoeeo?iace. I?ney anoaiiaeaiiy caoaeieea aecia/aee
eiai /ooeea?noue aei aioea?ioee?a.

C iaoith ii?iae?caoe?? i?ioean?a ?aaaia?aoe?? ooeiaeaeaieo oeaiei i?ney
iia?aoe?? ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy canoiniaoaaee aeey caiiaiaiiy
ii?iaeiei iie?ia?io eiiiiceoe?th (EE-3) c eaaai?cieii (“Eaae?i”) o 18
(8,8%) oai?eo, a oaeiae o 15 (7,3%) oai?eo – a?ae?ieneeaiaoeo
(“Ea?aai”).

O 28 (16,2%) oai?eo i?iaaee aeoioieoo?io ae?aaiinoeeo ca iaoiaeii
Oieey, yea aea? ?aaeueio iiaeeea?noue oanooaaiiy iaaeeeaiaio?a aai
i?aia?ao?a, ye? i?ei?iyeenue oai?ei, aoaeoeai?noue ?o ae?? ia oai?iai, a
oaeiae ia?aa??eoe noi?ni?noue i?aia?aoo aeey aeaiiai iaoe??ioa,
aecia/eoe aeico eiai canoinoaaiiy oa iia?/io ae?th.

Iia?aoe?y aiiooaoe?? ei?aiy i?iaiaeeeanue ia iiey?ao aa?oiuei? uaeaie
i?ae i?ia?aeieeiaei ciaaieaiiyi ii iaoiaeeoe?, iienai?e Amsterdam i
Rosman (1960) a ?iaio? A.I.Iieoaanueeiai (1981).

Iia?aoe?y aai?naeoe?? coaa i?iaiaeeeanue ia aeaiei?aiaaeo coaao
ieaeiuei? uaeaie i?e i?aaeeueiiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? aeiaaeeie ei?iiee coaa
aei aeiaaeeie ei?aiy (Iaaeae E.A., Iooei I.A., 1987) ii iaoiaeeoe?
Amsterdam i Rosman (1960).

Iia?aoe?y ei?iii-?aaeeeoey?ii? naia?aoe?? i?iaiaeeeanue ia iiey?ao
ieaeiuei? uaeaie i?e aeano?oeoe?? i?aeei?aiaai? ia?aai?iaeee ca iaoiaeii
Basaraba (1969).

Iia?aoe?y ?aieaioaoe?? i?iaiaeeeanue ca iaoiaeeeith Eiceiaa A.A.
(1983).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o aiae?c

Aea/aia aeeiai?ea e?eoaaiiy 284 oai?eo (1136 ?aioaaiia?ai o aeeiai?oe?
aeine?aeaeaiue). I?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy iayaiino? i?e?ioei?e o ai?noeiiio
iia?aoe?eii? ?aie o aa?o?aee ei?aiy coaa 20 (9,8%) oai?eo, 28 (13,7%)
iaoe??io?a aeine?aeaeai? ia aia?ao? ?.Oieey c iaoith aecia/aiiy
ia?aiineiino? eeath EE-3 c eaaai?cieii (“Eaae?i”) ? a?ae?ieneeaiaoeoii
(Ea?aai”).

Io?eiai? iaie ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoaiiy o??o?a?/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy
o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo oai?eo ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
e?oa?aoo?i? aeai? i?i iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai
e?eoaaiiy.

O i?ioean? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoea i?aeoaa?aeaeaia iayai?noue
i?e?ioei?e o aa?o?aee ei?aiy coaa, eaiae yeiai aoa iaoo?iaaiee
ieiia??iai/iei iaoa??aeii.

C i?e?ii?aai?ci?a ciaeaeaia a iniiaiiio ci?oaia iaiaoiaaiia
a?aiiiceoeaia eieiaa i?e?ioei?a: noao?eieiee, no?aioieiee, aeeieieiee, a
oaeiae aeyaeyeenue iaee/ee ? ae??aeaeaiiae?ai? a?eae.

Aeey o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo canoiniaoaaeenue
ii iieacaiiyi ne?aeoth/? iia?aoe??: ?acaeoe?y aa?o?aee ei?aiy,
aiiooaoe?y ei?aiy, aai?naeoe?y, ei?iii-?aaeeeoey?ia naia?aoe?y ?
?aieaioaoe?y coaa.

Aecia/ai? iniaeeaino? caaithaaiiy ?ai oa i?ioeana ?aaaia?aoe??
e?noeiai? oeaieie oai?eo ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi.

A?eueoa aoei oai?eo o c??eiio a?oe? – 75 /ieia?e (45,3%), eio?ei
i?iaiaeeeinue iia?aoeaia ao?o/aiiy, oae ye o oeae ia??iae iaea?eueo
/anoi o?aaeathoueny coae ea??iciei i?ioeanii.

I?iaaaeai? ee?i?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae 284 iaoe??ioaie iieacaee, ui
/ano?oa canoiniaoaaeanue iia?aoe?y ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy – o 205
(72,2%) /ieia?e, i?e oe?e iia?aoe?? ia o?eueee e?ea?aeo?oueny aiaieua
iaeiioiaaiii? ?ioaeoe?? (Ai?ianeee A.A., 1996; Aaaeaeia O.A., 1989,
1990), aea oaeiae caa??aa?oueny coa ?acii ?c coaiith ca’yceith, yea a?a?
aaaeeeao ?ieue o ?ioiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoyo ?ioiai? ii?iaeieie.

Iia?aoe?y ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy iiaiaeeeanue ii ne?aeoth/ei
iieacaiiyi: o?ii?/iee a?aioeiiaoiciee ia??iaeiioeo ?c cia/iei
aeaaaeaiiyi ieiiaoaaeueiiai iaoa??aeo ca aa?o?aeo ei?aiy coaa – 101
(41,2%), o?ii?/iee a?aioeiiaoiciee ia??iaeiioeo a noaae?? noai?aiiy
e?noia?aioeaie ? o?ii?/iee ia??iaeiioeo, oneeaaeiaiee noaia??inoaeueiith
a?aioeiiith – iaeiaeiaa e?euee?noue oai?eo – 34 (13,9%), o?ii?/iee
a?aioethth/ee ia??iaeiioeo, i?e yeiio i?ney ieiiaoaaiiy eaiaeo aeieeei
caaino?aiiy o?ii?/iiai caiaeaiiy – 24 /ieia?e (9,8%), iaaeiieiiaoaaiiy
aa?o?aee ei?aiaaiai eaiaeo – 18 /ieia?e (7,3%), ?aaeeeoey?ia e?noa
i?ioyaii 1-2 coa?a – 17 /ieia?e (6,9%), aeaaaeaiiy ieiiaoaaeueiiai
iaoa??aeo aai aooaia?/aaiai ooeooa ca aa?o?aeo ei?aiy coaa i?e ?ioeo
aeaeao caiaeaiiy ia??iaeiioeoo – o 12 /ie. (4,9%) oa ceai
?ino?oiaioa??th o aa?o?aee ei?aiy coaa – 5 /ie. (2,0%).

I?iaaaeai? ee?i?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae 172 (83,9%) oai?eie, o yeeo ia
canoiniaoaaeenue i?aia?aoe, ni?eyth/e ?aaaia?aoe?? e?noeiai? oeaieie
iieacaee, ui o thiaoeueeiio a?oe? (iia?iaaii 16 — 9,3% oai?eo)
caaithaaiiy e?noeiai? ?aie aoei aac oneeaaeiaiue, ia aa?oi?e uaeai?
aeaoaeoe cieeaee /a?ac 3 oeaeiy, a ia ieaei?e uaeai? i?ney ?aaeeeoey?ieo
e?no ia ?aioaaiia?ai? ia aecia/aeenue /a?ac 3-6 i?nyoe?a. Aeeae/? oa
a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe niinoa??aaiiy aoee iiceoeaieie.

O oai?eo c??eiai a?eo ? ia??iaea (75 /ieia?e – 45,9%), ye i?aaeei,
e?noeiaa oeaieia ia aa?oi?e uaeai? a?aeiiaethaaeanue i?ioyaii 3
i?nyoe?a. Ia ieaei?e uaeai? a?aei?/aii aeayea cao?eioaaiiy ?aaaia?aoe??
e?noeiai? oeaieie, iniaeeai i?e ?aaeeeoey?ieo e?noao, ui oe?eeii
iiynith?oueny iniaeeainoyie e?iaiiinoa/aiiy aa?oiuei? oa ieaeiuei?
uaeai: aa?oiy uaeaia ia? aeia?a e?iaiiinoa/aiiy ye ?io?a-, oae ?
aeno?ainnaeueia, a ieaeiy uaeaia ia? a iniiaiiio ?io?ainnaeueia
e?iaiiinoa/aiiy (22).

Oai?eo c??eiai a?eo ?? ia??iaeo ciaoiaeeeinue i?ae iaoei
niinoa?aaeaiiyi 69 /ie. (40,1%).

Iniaeeaino? ?aaaia?aoe?? e?noeiai? oeaieie oeueiai a?eo iaioa
a?aeia?aaeai?, i?ae o ? ia??iae?. I?e iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiiyo ia aa?oi?e
uaeai? c i?eaiaeo o?ii?/iiai a?aioeiiaoiciiai aai a?aioethth/iai
ia??iaeiioeoo i?ioeane a?aeiiaeaiiy e?noee a?aei?/ai? o no?iee, 3
oeaei?, 1 i?nyoeue. Ia ieaei?e uaeai? o aeayeeo oai?eo /a?ac 3 oeaei?
a?aei?/aeanue aaeeeiiaoeeno?noue e?noeiai? oeaieie.

O oai?eo c e?noia?aioeiiaie aai e?noaie ia aa?oi?e uaeai? e?aua
a?aeiiaeaiiy e?noee a?aei?/aeinue o in?a a a?oe? 35-40 ?ie?a, ? a??oa –
50-60 ??/ieo iaoe??io?a oeueiai ia??iaeo. *a?ac 3 i?nyoe? ia aa?oi?e
uaeai? aecia/aeanue aaeeeiiaoeenoa e?noea o in?a 35-40 ?ie?a oa
iaaaee/e? e?noeia? aeaoaeoe o in?a 50-60 ?ie?a. Ia ieaei?e uaeai?
iaa?oue o oai?eo 35-40 ?ie?a /a?ac 3 i?nyoe? aecia/aeenue iaaaee/e?
inoaoi/i? aeaoaeoe e?noeiai? oeaieie. O a?aeaeaeai? no?iee
niinoa?aaeaiiy a?ae 1 ?ieo e a?eueoa e?noeia? aeaoaeoe aecia/aeenue o
aeaeyae? iacia/iiai aeaoaeoo.

Oaeei /eiii, o 98,5% oai?eo ?acoeueoaoe iia?aoe?? ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee
ei?aiy aoee iiceoeaieie.

I?e aeyaeaii? ia ?aioaaiia?ai? aieiai? ?aci?aoe?? e?noeiai? oeaieie
iaie aoea ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iia?aoe??, yea ia?aaeaa/a? aeaeaeaiiy
a?aioeyoe?e, ieiiaoaaeueiiai iaoa??aeo aai aenooiath/iai ooeooa ?
e?eoaaiiy oaei? ?aie a?aee?eoei niiniaii i?ae eiaeioi?iiei oaiiiiii. O
5(7,2%) oai?eo aieiaa ?aci?aoe?y aeyaeaia ia aa?oi?e uaeai? o cii?
iaeiiei?aiaaeo coa?a. Caaithaaiiy ianoaaaei /a?ac 3 oeaei? aoi?eiiei
iaoyaii. Aeeae/? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy aeciai? iiceoeaieie.

Oai?eo iioeeiai a?eo i?ae iaoei niinoa?aaeaiiyi ciaoiaeeeinue 11
/ieia?e (6,4%). O oai?eo oe??? a?oie i?ioeane caaithaaiiy aoee cia/ii
niia?eueiai?. Iaa?oue ia aa?oi?e uaeai? /a?ac 3 i?nyoe? iiaei? aoei
aecia/eoe inoaoi/i? e?noeia? aeaoaeoe, oi/a ?ici?? ?o o?ioe ciaiooaaany,
cieeaea /eoe?noue e?a?a. Ia ieaei?e uaeai? aiie caeeoaeenue iaci?iieie.
I?e iia?aoe?? aeaeaeaiiy ?aaeeeoey?ii? e?noe aai e?noia?aioeiie o
a?aeaeaeaii? no?iee aeine?aeaeaiiy (/a?ac 1 ??e ? a?eueoa) ia aa?oi?e
uaeai? aecia/aeenue ciaioai? ia 1/2 e?noeia? aeaoaeoe,
aaeeeiiaoeeno?noue e?noee ii e?ayo aeaoaeo?a. Ia ieaei?e uaeai?
a?aei?/aeanue o?eueee ia/?oe?noue e?a?a e?noeiaeo aeaoaeo?a.

O 34 (13,9%) oai?eo o?ii?/ia caiaeaiiy ia??iaeiioeoa oneeaaeieeinue
ooai?thaaiiyi noaia??inoaeueii? a?aioeiie. O aeinooii?e iai e?oa?aoo??
i?e aeyaeai? iiae?aiiai oneeaaeiaiiy coae, ye i?aaeei, aeaeaeyeenue
(Ia?ooeeee A.Ae., 1993; ?iaonoiaa O.A. c? ni?aaaoi?aie, 1990; Aaaeieeiia
A.E., 1972).

Iaie aoei cai?iiiiiaaii eiia?iiaaia e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo
coa?a, oneeaaeiaiiai noaia??inoaeueiith a?aioeiiith: ieiiaoaaiiy
ei?aiaaiai eaiaea ca aa?o?aeo, iio?i iia?aoe?y ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aie
ei?ai?a c aeaeaeaiiyi a?aioeiie. Ia cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae aeaeaii iaoaio
?17866A.

Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui aaaeeeao ?ieue o caaithaaii? i?neyiia?aoe?eii?
?aie a?ae?a?athoue ia?aianai? aai noiooi? caoai?thaaiiy, iniaeeai o?,
ye? cia/ii cieaeothoue caoeni? neee i?aai?cio. Oae, o 3 (1,1%) oai?eo,
ye? ia?aianee aioeaoae?o, iia?iaai? coae aa?oiuei? uaeaie o aeeae/?
no?iee niinoa?aaeaiiy aoee aeaeaeai? aiane?aeie iino?eii aeieeath/iai
aieth.

O 18 (8,8%) /ieia?e aeey iioei?caoe?? i?ioean?a ?aaaia?aoe?? e?noeiaeo
oeaiei aoea canoiniaaia iie?ia?ia eiiiiceoe?y c eaaai?cieii (“Eaae?i”),
a o 15 (7,3%) – aeae?ieneeaiaoeo (“Ea?aai”).

Iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe, ui iiceoeai? aeeae/? ? a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe
canoinoaaiiy i?aia?aoa “Eaaeei” aoee a?aei?/ai? o?eueee o iieiaeie (50%)
oai?eo, o ae?oai? iieiaeie aeeeeeaee oneeaaeiaiiy aoee o aeaeyae?
ii?eoe?, iaaii?iiy ?aie, iino?eiiaiieth/iai aieth, oiio “Eaae?i” c ?aie
aoa aeaeaeaiee.

A?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy ?aioaaiia?ai iieacaee, ui i?e
canoinoaaii? i?aia?aoo “Eaae?i” o in?a iieiaeiai ? c??eiai a?eo
?aaaia?aoe?y e?noeiai? oeaieie aoea iaeiaeiai ?ioaineaiith ye ia
aa?oi?e, oae ? ia ieaei?e uaeai?. O oai?eo iioeeiai a?eo i?e iia?aoe?? c
i?eaiaeo ?aae?eoey?ii? e?noe e?noeiaa ii?iaeieia ciaioeeanue ia 1/2
/a?ac ??e.

Aea/ai? ?aioaaiia?aie i?ney canoinoaaiiy i?aia?aoo “Ea?aai” iieacaee,
ui e?noeia? ii?iaeieie i?e a?aioeiiaoiciiio ia??iaeiioeo? cieeaee /a?ac
3 oeaei?, i?ney iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy c i?eaiaeo ?aae?eoey?ii? e?noe o
oai?iai iioeeiai a?eo /a?ac 3 oeaei? e?noeiaa ii?iaeieia iaeaea cieeea,
o oeaio?? ?? aecia/aeanue aaeeeiiaoeenoa e?noea. *a?ac 1 ??e ia
?aioaaiia?aiao ii?iaeieie ia aecia/aeenue.

sse iaoiae aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiineiino? i?aia?ao?a aeey ?aaaia?aoe??
e?noeiaeo oeaiei aoa canoiniaaiee iaoiae ?.Oieey. Canoinoaaiiy oeueiai
iaoiaeo aoei iaiao?aeia oiio, ui i?aia?ao “Eaae?i” o 50% oai?eo aeeeeeaa
?aaeoe?th caiaeaiiy o iia?aoe?eiiio iieth.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ii iaoiaeo ?.Oieey aoee oaeeie:
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aiineiino? i?aia?aoo “Eaae?i” o 28 iaoe??io?a (13,;%)
iieacaei, ui 14 (50%) /ieia?e i?aia?ao ia ia?aiinyoue ? canoiniaoaaoe
eiai oeei oai?ei ia iiaeia.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? i?aia?aoo “Ea?aai” ii iaoiaeo ?.Oieey iaea?aeai?
?acoeueoaoe iiaeaee a?eueoo iaae?th: o?eueee o 7 (25%) oai?eo i?aia?ao
aecaaa oneeaaeiaiiy i?e eiai canoinoaaii?, o 21 (75%) oai?iai i?aia?ao
oneeaaeiaiue ia aeeeeeaa.

Iia?aoe?y aiiooaoe?? ei?aiy i?iaiaeeeanue ia?aaaaeii o c??eiio a?oe? o
18 /ie. (6,3%) ii iieacaiiyi: iai?io?aei?noue ei?aiaaiai eaiaeo iaeiiai
c u?/ieo ei?ai?a i?ioyaii an??? aeiaaeeie. I?ioeane ?aaaia?aoe?? ia
niia?eueiai? o oeueiio a?oe?, oiio oneeaaeiaiue ia aoei aeyaeaii.

O iioeeiio a?oe? o 2 /ie. (11,1%) ia oii? noiooi?o caoai?thaaiue
?icaeeinue caaino?aiiy ia??iaeiioeoo ? iia?iaai? coae aoee aeaeaeai? a
aeeae/? no?iee niinoa?aaeaiiy.

Iia?aoe?y aai?naeoe?? i?iaiaeeeanue a thiaoeueeiio oa c??eiio a?oe? o
20 (7,1%) /ie. ii iieacaiiyi: iai?io?aei?noue iaeiiai c ei?ai?a iiey??a
i?ioyaii an??? aeiaaeeie, aai ia iieiaeio aeiaaeeie ei?aiy. Iaiaei?iiith
oiiaith, iaiao?aeiith aeey iia?aoe?? aai?naeoe??, ii iaoei aeaiei, ?
aei??thaaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aaee/eie ei?iiee ? ei?ai?a.

I?e ii?ooaii? caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo ni?aa?aeiioaiue (Iaaeae A.A., Iooei
I.A., 1987) iia?aoe?y aai?naeoe?? ia iieacaia.

Ie cai?iiiioaaee iia?aoe?th aai?naeoe?? ni?eueii c ?aieaioaoe??th.
Iaoiae caiaoaioiaaiee, iaea?aeaii iiceoeaia ??oaiiy, cayaa ?97062636.
Oaeee iaoiae iia?aoe?? i?iaaaeaiee 5 (25%) oai?ei i?e cia/iiio
?oeioaaii? /anoeie ei?iiee coaa.

A?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe canoinoaaiiy oeueiai iaoiaeo aoee iiceoeaieie.
?aieaioiaaiee ei?aiue no?eeee, aa?a o/anoue o aeo? aeoaaiiy.

Iia?aoe?y ei?iii-?aaeeeoey?ii? naia?aoe?? i?iaaaeaia 17 (6,9%) oai?ei
c??eiai ? thiaoeueeiai a?eo ii iieacaiiyi: ooai?aiiy i?aeei?aiaai?
a?aioeiie, aai ia?oi?aoe?y a?oo?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe iia?aoe?? ye a
aeeae/?, oae ? o a?aeaeaeai? no?iee niinoa?aaeaiiy aoee iiceoeaieie.
Ei?iiee iia?iaaieo coa?a a?aeiiaeai?.

Iia?aoe?y ?aieaioaoe?? i?iaaaeaia o 24 (8,5%) oai?eo, ia?aaaaeii,
c??eiai a?eo. Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui i?e oe?e iia?aoe?? iiai?noth
?oeio?oueny coaia ca’ycea, iieacaiiy aei ia? aoee cia/ii caoaeai?, oiaoi
eiee ia aoee iieacai? ?ai?oa iienai? iia?aoe??. Canoiniaoaaeanue
iia?aoe?y ?aieaioaoe??, ia?aaaaeii i?e iaaeiieiiaiaaieo eaiaeao iaio
ei?ai?a ia 1/2 aeiaaeeie ei?aiy aaaaoiei?aiaaeo coa?a ieaeiuei? uaeaie ?
?icaeoeo e?noia?aioeii o ?o aa?o?aie, o?ii?/iee a?aioethth/ee
ia??iaeiioeo c iaaeiieiiaiaaieie ei?aiyie, ui oneeaaeieany
noaia??inoaeueiith a?aioeiiith.

Iia?aoe?y i?iaiaeeeanue ia?aaaaeii o in?a c??eiai a?eo, ye i?e
o?ii?/iiio ia??iaeiioeo?, oae ? i?e eiai caaino?aii?.

?acoeueoaoe iia?aoe?? o 23 (95,8%) oai?eo ye a aeeae/?, oae ? o
a?aeaeaeai? no?iee niinoa?aaeaiiy aoee iiceoeaieie, o?eueee o 1 (5,2%)
oai?i? coa aoa aeaeaeaiee oiio, ui aeeeeeaa iino?eiee a?eue ieth/iai
oa?aeoa?o. Oai?a ia?aianea aioeaoae?o ? a aeaiue iia?aoe?? c?aoiaeeeanue
o no?ania?e neooaoe??.

Oaeei /eiii, ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, o??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy
o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo ii iieacaiiyi aeyaey?oueny iaiao?aeiei
ao?o/aiiyi, yea iicaaaey? oai?iai a?ae o?ii?/iiai aiaieua iaeiioiaaiii?
?ioaeoe??.

Ca iaoeie aeaieie iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy
a?aei?/ai? o 97,8% oai?eo.

Ii??aithth/e ?acoeueoaoe ??cieo o??o?a?/ieo ao?o/aiue, ie i?eeoee aei
aeniiaeo, ui iia?aoe?y ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy coaa ? iaoiaeii aeai?o
o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ia??iaeiioeoo a iniiaiiio o oai?eo thiaoeueeiai
oa c??eiai a?eo, oiio ui i?e oeueiio ao?o/aii? caa??aa?oueny coa ?, naia
aieiaia, ia ?oeio?oueny ca’ycea coaa. Aeey iioei?caoe?? i?ioean?a
?aaaia?aoe?? e?noeiaeo oeaiei aeioe?eueii canoinoaaiiy i?aia?ao?a, ye?
aeiiiiaaathoue ?aaaia?aoe??, ii iaoei aeine?aeaeaiiyi, iaee?auei
i?aia?aoii ? aeae?ieneeaiaoeo. Iaeiae, aaaeaii ia?aae eiai canoinoaaiiyi
ia?aa??eoe oai?iai ia ia?aiinei?noue oeueiai i?aia?aoo ii iaoiaeo
?.Oieey.

?io? aeaee iia?aoe??: aiiooaoe?y, ei?iii-?aaeeeoey?ia naia?aoe?y, e??i
aai?naeoe??, iieacai? ia?aaaaeii o in?a thiaoeueeiai ? c??eiai a?eo,
eiee i?ioeane ?aaaia?aoe?? aeineoue aeia?a aeyaeythoueny.

Iia?aoe?y aai?naeoe?? coaa ia ia? a?eiaeo iaiaaeaiue. Iaeia/a ie
aaaaea?ii, ui aeey aa?oiueiai ia?oiai i?aiiey?a aiia ia i?eeiyoia, oae
ye ei?iiea oeueiai coaa ia? iaaaeee? ?ici??e, eiai ei?ai? /anoi
aoaathoue c??noeie, oaeei /eiii aeey oeueiai coaa aoaea iaea?eueo
i?eeiyoiith iia?aoe?y ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy.

Iia?aoe?y ?aieaioaoe?? iieacaia a iniiaiiio iniaai thiaoeueeiai ?
c??eiai a?eo ia aaaaoiei?aiaaeo coaao ieaeiuei? uaeaie, oae ye ia coaao
aa?oiuei? uaeaie oaoi?/ii c?o/i?oa i?iaanoe iia?aoe?th ?acaeoe??
aa?o?aee ei?aiy c aeeiiaiiyi, ii iieacaiiyo, iine?aeoth/iai
?ao?ia?aaeiiai ieiiaoaaiiy.

Aeey iaeiiei?aiaaeo coa?a ? aeinooiiith ? aeioe?eueiith iia?aoe?y
?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy.

I?e i?aeaioiaoe? oai?iai aei iia?aoe?? aeioe?eueii aeyaeoe ia?aianai? ?
noiooi? caoai?thaaiiy, ye? iiaeooue yaeoeny i?ioeiieacaiiyi aei
iia?aoe?? o aoaeue-yeiio a?oe?.

AENIIAEE

1. Iieacaiiy aei iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue:

– iia?aoe?y ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy coaa ? iaoiaeii aeai?o i?e
o??o?a?/iiio e?eoaaii? o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo o oai?eo thiaoeueeiai ?
c??eiai a?eo, oae ye aiia caaacia/o? no?ee?noue coaa ? caa?aaeaiiy
coaii? ca’ycee;

– iia?aoe?y aiiooaoe??, ei?iii-?aaeeeoey?ii? naia?aoe?? ? ?aieaioaoe??
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny oai?ei thiaoeueeiai ? c??eiai a?eo i?e oiia?
a?aenooiino? noiooi?o caoai?thaaiue;

– iia?aoe?y aai?naeoe?? iiaea aooe i?iaaaeaia oai?ei aoaeue-yeiai a?eo.

2. Aea?? o??o?a?/iiai iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo
caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?aeoa?o iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano, eiai eieae?caoe??,
yeino? ieiiaoaaiiy ei?aiaaeo eaiae?a, a?eo oai?iai oa noiooiueiai
caoai?thaaiiy.

3. O ?a/iaei?, ui a?aeany c ei?aiy coaa, i?aeaioiaeaiiai aei iia?aoe??
?acaeoe?? ??, aecia/aeanue ci?oaia i?e?ioei?a, ui nei??oa anueiai
ca’ycaii c iaiiaiith iaoo?aoe??th ei?aiaaiai eaiaeo ieiia??iai/iei
iaoa??aeii.

4. Aeey iioei?caoe?? i?ioean?a ?aaaia?aoe?? e?noeiaeo oeaiei
aeine?aeaeaieo a aeeiai?oe? caaithaaiiy, ia? ia?aaaao a?ae?ieneeaiaoeo.
I?e aecia/aii? canoiniaaieo i?aia?ao?a aeyaeaii, ui eeae EE-3 c
eaaai?cieii ia?aiineoueny a 35,7%, a aeae?ieneeaiaoeo — a 75%.

5. ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?ei-?aioaaiieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i
oa, ui o 25,6% oai?eo, e?eiaaieo eiina?aaoeaii c i?eaiaeo o?ii?/iiai
ia??iaeiioeoa, iio?aaothoue o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy. Iiceoeai?
?acoeueoaoe eiina?aaoeaii-o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai
ia??iaeiioeoa a?aei?/ai? o 97,8%.

I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe??

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaii? ii??aiyeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee o??o?a?/ieo
iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo aeaee i?aenoaao aeey
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

1. Iia?aoe?th ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy, aiiooaoe?th,
ei?iii-?aaeeeoey?io naia?aoe?th ? ?aieaioaoe?th i?iaiaeeoe o iaoe??io?a
a iniiaiiio o thiaoeueeiio oa c??eiio a?eo, ye? ia iathoue noiooi?o
caoai?thaaiue, cieaeoth/eo caoeni? neee i?aai?cio;

2. Iia?aoe?y aai?naeoe?? iieacaia o aoaeue-yeiio a?oe?;

3. Na?aae on?o o??o?a?/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy a?aeaeaaaoe ia?aaaao
iia?aoe?? ?acaeoe?? aa?o?aee ei?aiy, i?e ye?e caa??aa?oueny coa ? eiai
ca’ycea;

4. Aeine?aeaeoaaoe iaaeeeaiaioici? caniae, ieiiaoaaeuei? iaoa??aee ia
aia?ao? ?.Oieey aeey aeyaeaiiy ?o ia?aiineiino?.

NIENIE I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO II OAI? AeENA?OAOe??

1. Niin?a e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo. Iaoaio ia aeiao?ae
?17866A.

2. I?eiaiaiea iieeia?iie eiiiiceoeee n eaaaiecieii n oeaeueth
?aia?aoeaiie ?aaaia?aoeee einoiie oeaie. //Aanoiee i?iaeai aeieiaee e
iaaeeoeeiu. -Iieoaaa-Oa?ueeia, 1998. -?4. -N.77-81.

3. Iaoiaeu ainnoaiiaeaiey ei?iiie coaia iinea iia?aoeee, ?ac?ooathuae
aeoo?eaoeeth coaa. //Aanoiee i?iaeai aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu.
-Iieoaaa-Oa?ueeia, 1996. -?18. -N.33-36.

4. Aiiooaoe?y ? ei?iii-?aaeeeoey?ia naia?aoe?y – iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy
o?ii?/ieo ia??iaeiioeo?a. /Na.: Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy oai?aoe/ii? oa
ee?i?/ii? iaaeeoeeie ia no/aniiio ??ai?. Iaoa?. aeiiia?aeae iao/i. eiio.
-Iieoaaa, 1996. -N.375-376.

5. Aeina?ae o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/ieo ia??iaeiioeo?a. /Na.:
Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy oai?aoe/ii? oa ee?i?/ii? iaaeeoeeie. Iaoa?.
aeiiia?aeae iao/i. eiio. -Iieoaaa, 1996. -N.451.

6. Iaa?oiooaaiiy aeai?o o??o?a?/iiai iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/ieo
ia??iaeiioeo?a. /Na.: Iniiai? noiiaoieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy , ?o
i?io?eaeoeea oa e?eoaaiiy. Iaoa?. aeiiia?aeae Anaoe?. iaoeiai-i?aeo.
eiio. e?ea?. -noiiao. -Iieoaaa, 1996. -N.190.

7. Aai?naeoe?y, iieacaiiy, i?ioeiieacaiiy, a?aeaeaeai? iieacieee
e?eoaaiiy. /Na.: Iniiai? noiiaoieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy, ?o i?io?eaeoeea
oa e?eoaaiiy. Iaoa?. aeiiia?aeae Anaoe?. iaoeiai-i?aeo. eiio.
e?ea??a-noiiaoieia?a. -Iieoaaa, 1996. -N.168.

8. Oe?o?ae/aneea iaoiaeu ea/aiey o?iie/aneiai ia?eiaeiioeoa iaoeeaioia
?aciuo aic?anoiuo a?oii. /Na.: Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy i?oiiaaee/ii?
noiiaoieia??. -Iieoaaa, 1996. -N.117-119.

9. ?acaeoeey aa?oooee ei?iy eae iaoiae auai?a oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey
ia?eiaeiioeoa. /Na.: Nia?aiaiiay noiiaoieiaey e /aethnoii-eeoeaaay
oe?o?aey. Na. oac. ? ?ani. eiio. -Eeaa, 1998. -N.216.

10. Niin?a e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo aeaiei?aiaaeo coa?a
ieaeiuei? uaeaie. Iiceoeaia ??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o iaoaioo. Cayaa
?97062636.

11. Eiina?aaoeaii-oe?o?ae/aneea iaoiaeu ea/aiey o?iie/aneiai
ia?eiaeiioeoa. Iieoaaa, 1999, 135 n.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oaa/aiei ?.A. Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea eiina?aaoeaii-o??o?a?/ieo
iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai ia??iaeiioeoo oai?eo ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi.
–?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.22 — noiiaoieia?y. Oe?a?inueea iaaee/ia
noiiaoieia?/ia aeaaeai?y, Iieoaaa, 1998.

Caoeuathoueny iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, iaea?aeai? a ?acoeueoao? ee?i?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ??cieo iaoiae?a iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy 284 oai?eo
o?ii?/iei ia??iaeiioeoii.

C aeiiiiiaith i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo. ?aioaaiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a ??ci?
no?iee caaithaaiiy aac canoinoaaiiy i?aia?ao?a, ye? ni?eythoue
?aaaia?aoe?? e?noeiai? oeaieie, a oaeiae c canoinoaaiiyi oaeeo
i?aia?ao?a, io?eiai? aeai?, ye? aeicaieythoue aea?aoe o??o?a?/ieo iaoiae
e?eoaaiiy oai?eo a ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee. Iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy
i?aia?ao?a aeey ?aaaia?aoe?? aea/aia ia aia?ao? ?.Oieey.

I?aaenoaaeai? a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe a?aeiiaeaiiy aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy
iia?iaaieo coa?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?e?ia?ieia?y, ?acaeoe?y aa?o?aee ei?aiy, aiiooaoe?y,
aai?naeoe?y, ei?iii-?aaeeeoey?ia naia?aoe?y, ?aieaioaoe?y, iie?ia?ia
eiiiiceoe?y, EE-3, eaaai?cie, aeae?ieneeaiaoeo, a?ieia?/ii aeoeaia
oi/ea.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oaa/aiei E.A. N?aaieoaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea eiina?aaoeaii-oe?o?ae/aneeo
iaoiaeia ea/aiey o?iie/aneiai ia?eiaeiioeoa aieueiuo ?aciuo aic?anoiuo
a?oii. -?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.22 — noiiaoieiaey, Oe?aeineay
iaaeeoeeineay noiiaoieiae/aneay aeaaeaiey, Iieoaaa, 1999.

Aeena?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth eeeieei-?aioaaiieiae/aneeo
enneaaeiaaiee ?acoeueoaoia oe?o?ae/aneeo iaoiaeia ea/aiey aieueiuo
o?iie/aneei ia?eiaeiioeoii.

O aieueiuo ?aciuo aic?anoiuo a?oii i?iaaaeaia n?aaieoaeueiay
oa?aeoa?enoeea i?eiaiaiey oe?o?ae/aneeo iaoiaeia ea/aiey o?iie/aneiai
ia?eiaeiioeoa, a eiaiii: ?acaeoeee aa?oooee ei?iy, aiiooaoeee ei?iy,
aaienaeoeee, ei?iii-?aaeeeoey?iie naia?aoeee e ?aieaioaoeee coaa e
auyaeaii, /oi iaoiaeii auai?a yaeyaony iia?aoeey ?acaeoeee aa?oooee
ei?iy.

I?iecaaaeaii eco/aiea ia?eaieeaeueiuo oeaiae coaia, iiaeaioiaeaiiuo e
iia?aoeee ?acaeoeee aa?oooee ei?iy ia iaee/ea iee?ioei?u. ?acoeueoaou
enneaaeiaaiey auyaeee iaee/ea a iniiaiii niaoaiiie a?aii-iieiaeeoaeueiie
iee?ioei?u.

Eco/aiu a aeeiaieea caaeeaeaiey ?acoeueoaou i?eiaiaiey iieeia?iie
eiiiiceoeee: iaaeeoeeineiai eeay EE-3 n eaaaiecieii e aeae?ieneeaiaoeoa
aeey caiieiaiey iineaiia?aoeeiiiuo einoiuo iieinoae. I?e i?eiaiaiee
aeae?ieneeaiaoeoa iieo/aiu iieiaeeoaeueiua eae aeeaeaeoea, oae e
ioaeaeaiiua ?acoeueoaou caaeeaeaiey einoiuo iieinoae.

Ia aiia?aoa ?.Oieey eco/aiu iaaeeoeeineee eeae EE-3 n eaaaiecieii e
aeae?ieneeaiaoeo, eioi?ue iicaieee auyaeoue oi?iooth ia?aiineiinoue
aieueiuie aeae?ieneeaiaoeoa.

I?aaeeiaeai niinia ea/aiey o?iie/aneiai ia?eiaeiioeoa, ineiaeiaiiiai
noaia?einoaeueiie a?aioeaiie, aieiaie ?aci?aoeee oeaiae ia?eiaeiioa.

I?aaeeiaeai niinia aaienaeoeee coaa niaianoii n ?aieaioaoeeae
oaeaeaiiiai ei?iy.

Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey aieueiuo a ?aciua aic?anoiua
ia?eiaeu iicaieyo aua?aoue oe?o?ae/aneee iaoiae ea/aiey o?iie/aneiai
ia?eiaeiioeoa a caaeneiinoe io eieaeecaoeee aai, noaiaie ieiiae?iaaiey
ei?iaaiai eaiaea e niioonoaothuaai caaieaaaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iee?iaeieiaey, ?acaeoeey aa?oooee ei?iy, aiiooaoeey,
aaienaeoeey, ei?iii-?aaeeeoey?iay naia?aoeey, ?aieaioaoeey, iieeia?iay
eiiiiceoeey, EE-3, eaaaiecie, aeae?ieneeaiaoeo, aeieiae/anee aeoeaiay
oi/ea.

Abstract

I.B.Shevchenko

Comparative characteristics of conservatively – surgical methods of
trearment of chronical pericementitis in patients of different age
groups. –A manuscript.

A thesis for the scientific degree of a Candidate of medical sciences
on the speciality 14.01.22 – stomatology. The Ukrainian medical
stomatological academy, Poltava, 1998.

Under defence there are the main theses, obtained as a result of
clinical investigations of different methods of surgical intervention of
284 patients with chronical pericementitis.

With the use of microbiological, roentgenologic investigations in
different terms of heading without the use of any preparations, which
assists to the regeneration of osreal tissnc as well as with the use of
such preparations, there were obtained some data that allow to choose
surgical method of treating of patients in different age periods. The
possibility of the use of the preparations for regeneration was studied
with the use the R.Folle device. There were presented the follow-up
results of crowns restoration operated teeth.

The key words: microbiology, resection of the root, apex, amputation,
hemisection, coronoradicular separation, replantation, polymer
composition,m KL-3, levamisol, hydroxilapatit, biologically active
point.

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