18

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO CIIEIA?? ?i. ?.?. OIAEUeAAOCAIA IAI OE?A?IE

*OIAE AANEEUe IEAENAIAe?IAE*

OAeE 595.752.2 (477.46)

Iiiaeeoe? (Homoptera, Aphidinea) Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 03. 00. 09 — aioiiieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ea?iaonueeiio a?inoa?iiio caiia?aeieeo I?i?noa?noaa
ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua oa yaea?ii? aaciaee
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe,

/eai — ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie

AeIE?I A. A.,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo Caaaeueii? aioiiieia?? ?inoeoooo ciieia??

?i. ?. ?. Oiaeueaaocaia IAI Oe?a?ieIo?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi?
a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

OAAeI?AIEI A. I.,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo Caoenoo ?ineei A?eioea?e?anueei?

aeine?aeii-naeaeoe?eii? noaioe?? OAAIeaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

AessEII*OE E. A.

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo Nenoaiaoeee aioiiioaa?a oa
aeieia?/ieo iniia a?iiaoiaeo ?inoeoooo ciieia?? ?i. ?. ?. Oiaeueaaocaia
IAI Oe?a?ieI?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoe?iiaeueiee Aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 27 “ ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.153.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
ciieia?? ?i. ?. ?. Oiaeueaaocaia IAI Oe?a?ie (252650, INI, Ee?a-30, aoe.
Oiaeueieoeueeiai, 15, ?inoeooo ciieia?? IAIO).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ciieia??

?i. ?. ?. Oiaeueaaocaia IAI Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 25 “ aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A?aeaoee a aeaio i?ei??ieeao, caa??ai? ia/aoeith onoaiiae, i?ioaiiy
iaaeneeaoe ia aae?ano: 252650, INI, Ee?a-30, aoe. Oiaeueieoeueeiai, 15,
?inoeooo ciieia?? IAIO.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe wmetafile8?
??d????????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
??W????u??????????????????D???-?????????uaey??????CAAAEUeIA
OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iiiaeeoe? (Aphidinea) – iaeei c iaea?eueoeo ca
e?euee?noth aeae?a i?ae?yae ?yaeo ??aiie?eeeo (Homoptera).
Iaiao?aei?noue aea/aiiy oaoie, iniaeeainoae a?ieia?? oa aeieia??
iiiaeeoeue iaoiiaeaia aaaeeea?noth ?o i?noey a i?e?iaeieo aeinenoaiao oa
aio?iiioeaiicao. sse eiinoiaio?a ia?oiai ii?yaeeo oa i?iaeooeaio?a
iaae?, ?ieue iiiaeeoeue aeoaea aaaeeeaa o i?ioeanao e?oaiia?ao i?aai?ee,
cie?aia, o ia?a?iciiae?e? aoaeaaiae?a oa ?ioeo aenieiiieaeoey?ieo
niieoe.

Oe?a?inuee? Ea?iaoe — a??nueea nenoaia, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aaaaonoaii i?e?iaeieo oiia, oeaiioe/iith, oei?enoe/iith oa oaoi?noe/iith
??ciiiai?oi?noth. Ooo c?inoa? iiiaae 2500 aeae?a aeueo noaeeiieo
?ineei. Oiio i?ciaiiy o?io?/ieo ca’yce?a iiiaeeoeue oa ?o aeeoo?aeo
oeeee?a ? aaaeeeaei aeey ?icoi?iiy neeaaeieo eiini?oeaieo i?e?iaeieo
ca’yce?a. *eiaei aeae?a iiiaeeoeue – oe?aeieee iieueiaeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, naae?a ? e?niaeo ianaaeaeaiue.
Ciaiiy ?o aeaeiaiai neeaaeo, a?ieia?/ieo oa aeieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae
iaiao?aeia aeey aoaeoeaii? ai?ioueae c ieie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
i?iaiaeeeany o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei oaie ? 2 “?iaaioa?ecaoe?y oaoie
Ea?iaonueeiai a?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea”, caoaa?aeaeaii?
Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith ?aaeith caiia?aeieea oa oaie ? 3.2 “?iaaioa?ecaoe?y
aaco?aaaoieo oaoie Ea?iaonueeiai a?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea”, yea
aeeiioaaeanue a iaaeao i?aeia?iaeii? i?ia?aie “Caa?aaeaiiy
a?i??ciiiai?ooy Ea?iao”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei: aea/eoe
aeaeiaee neeaae oa o?io?/i? ca’ycee iiiaeeoeue ?aa?iio, c’ynoaaoe
iniaeeaino? aeieia?? oa a?ieia?? aeayeeo aeae?a, a oaeiae ?o iioe?aiiy a
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iaoao.

Aeey ?? aeeiiaiiy aoee iinoaaeai? caaaeaiiy:

· neeanoe aiioiaaiee nienie oaoie iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao,
c?iaeoe nenoaiaoe/iee aiae?c oaoie;

· i?iaanoe ?aa?c?th ?iae?a Metopeurum, Macrosiphum oa eiiieaeno
iiiaeeoeue ?iaeo Aphis, ye? aeeaeyoueny ia uaaeyo ?a?iie;

· anoaiiaeoe o?io?/i? ca’ycee iiiaeeoeue aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aa?iio,
neeanoe nienie ei?iiaeo ?ineei iiiaeeoeue;

· i?inoaaeeoe iioe?aiiy aeae?a ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao;

· aea/eoe iniaeeaino? aeieia?? oa a?ieia?? aeayeeo aeae?a iiiaeeoeue
?aa?iio;

· aecia/eoe eiei iiiaeeoeue – oe?aeiee?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo?, naae?a, e?n?a oa caeaieo ianaaeaeaiue ianaeaieo ioieo?a;

· ocaaaeueieoe aeaeiaee neeaae ie?aieo nenoaiaoe/ieo a?oi ia?aceo?a,
oeaeae?a oa neia?iio?a iiiaeeoeue ?aa?iio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ca ia??iae c 1990 ii 1998 ?iee neeaaeaii aiioiaaiee
nienie iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao, ?o ?iciiae?e ca ei?iiaeie
?ineeiaie; aea/aii iioe?aiiy aeae?a iiiaeeoeue ia oa?eoi??? ?aa?iio;
aea/aii aeaye? iniaeeaino? aeieia?? oa a?ieia?? iiiaeeoeue; ocaaaeueiaii
aeaeiaee neeaae ia?aceoe/ieo ?caeoe?a oa io?aoie – neia?iio?a
iiiaeeoeue; ie?aneaii a?oie iiiaeeoeue – oe?aeiee?a iieueiaeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, naae?a, e?n?a oa caeaieo
ianaaeaeaiue ianaeaieo ioieo?a.

Nienie oaoie iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao ca?eueoeany c 274 aei 424
aeae?a. Iienaii 3 iiaeo aeey iaoee aeaee. Aeey oaoie Oe?a?ie aia?oa
a?aei?/aii 25 aeae?a, aeey No?aeii? ?a?iie – 3 aeaee. Caaaeii aeey oaoie
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao aia?oa iaaiaeeoueny 150 aeae?a iiiaeeoeue.

Neeaaeaii nienie ei?iiaeo ?ineei iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao, eio?ee
aeeth/a? 458 aeae?a c 66 ?iaeei, c ieo 15 aeae?a aeacothoueny ye ei?iia?
?ineeie aia?oa.

I?iaaaeaii ?aa?c?th ?iae?a Metopeurum, Macrosiphum oa eiiieaeno aeae?a
?iaeo Aphis, ye? aeeaeyoueny ia uaaeyo. Aea/aii iniaeeaino? aeeoo?aeo
oeeee?a Microlophium primulae Theobald, 1913 oa Macrosiphum albifrons
Essig, 1911. Iienaii aio?aiiia iieie?iiy M. albifrons – naioe? ?
yeoeaeeaaeo/? naiee, ye? ia aoee a?aeii? a ?a?ii?.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c iioe?aiiy aeae?a ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao, ?o
?iciiae?e a iaaeao aenioii-ciiaeueieo ?ineeiieo iiyn?a.

Cai?iiiiiaaii noaie ?icaeoeo aeaiaeiiieo aeae?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae
eieae?caoe?? ia ?ineeiao.

Ie?aneaii eiei iiiaeeoeue – oe?aeiee?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo?, naae?a, e?n?a, caeaieo ianaaeaeaiue ianaeaieo ioieo?a.
A?aei?/aii, ui aei oe?aeiee?a a Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iaoao a?aeiinyoueny
aeecueei 150 aeae?a iiiaeeoeue. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue aia?oa aeey
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie aeyaeaii oe?aeieee aeaei?aoeaiiai ethieio
aaaaoieenoiai (Macrosiphum albifrons), ea?oiie? (Rhopalosiphoninus
latysiphon (Davidson, 1912), aeey Caea?iaooy – oe?aeieea ia?neea
(Brachycaudus schwartzi Borner, 1931).

Aea/aii aeaye? aniaeoe eiini?oeaieo ca’yce?a iiiaeeoeue ?aa?iio:
aeaeiaee neeaae iiiaeeoeue – ia’?eo?a aeeaeaiiy Coccinella
septempunctata L. (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae); io?aoie – neia?iio?a
iiiaeeoeue; ocaaaeueiaii a?aeiiino? uiaei aeaeiaiai neeaaeo ?caeoe?a –
ia?aceo?a iiiaeeoeue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe, a ye?e
aia?oa ocaaaeueiaii aeaeiaee neeaae iiiaeeoeue ?aa?iio Oe?a?inueeeo
Ea?iao, aoaeooue aeei?enoai? aeey aea/aiiy iioe?aiiy aeae?a iiiaeeoeue
a Oe?a?i? oa i?e ioe?ioe? aeaeiaiai neeaaeo oe?aeiee?a iieueiaeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, naae?a, e?n?a oa caeaieo
ianaaeaeaiue ianaeaieo ioieo?a.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?aa?c?? ?iae?a Metopeurum , Macrosiphum oa eiiieaeno
iiiaeeoeue ?iaeo Aphis c uaae?a neeaaeaii oaaeeoe? aeey aecia/aiiy
aeae?a, ye? aeiiiiiaeooue oe?ieiio eieo niaoe?ae?no?a i?e ?o
?aeaioeo?eaoe??.

Ciaiiy iniaeeainoae aeieia?? oa a?ieia?? ni?eyoeiooue iie?auaiith
i?iaiicoaaiiy oa iiaeeeainoae canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a
?aaoethaaiiy /enaeueiino? iiiaeeoeue.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno. 1. Oaoia iiiaeeoeue
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao i?aaenoaaeaia 424 aeaeaie c 132 ?iae?a, ui
iaeaaeaoue aei 10 ?iaeei. 2. Iiiaeeoeyie canaey?oueny 458 aeae?a ?ineei
c 66 ?iaeei. 3. Aeaeiaa ??ciiiai?oi?noue iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao
ci?ith?oueny o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ?ineeiieo iiyn?a aenioii –
ee?iaoe/ieo cii. 4. Macrosiphum albifrons Essig, 1911 a oiiaao
Caea?iaooy ?icaeaa?oueny iiaiioeeee?/ii.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?iaioa aaco?oueny ia ?acoeueoaoao 9-??/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? aaoi? i?iaiaeea naiino?eii oa a iaaeao ieai?a
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe Ea?iaonueeiai a?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea.
Eieaeoe?y iiiaeeoeue aaoi?a, yea caa??aa?oueny a ciieia?/i?e eaai?aoi???
Ea?iaonueeiai a?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea (EAC), ia?aoiao? a?eueoa 300
aeae?a. Ie?ai? aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei neia?iio?a, ia?aceo?a oa oeaeae?a
iiiaeeoeue i?iaaaeaii ni?eueii c eieaaaie c ?inoeoooo ciieia?? IAI
Oe?a?ie oa Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, iaeiae aeaeiaee
neeaae iiiaeeoeue aecia/aany aaoi?ii naiino?eii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue
i?aaenoaaeai? ia IV oa V c’?caeao Oe?a?inueeiai aioiiieia?/iiai
oiaa?enoaa (Oa?e?a, 1992, 1998); i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo “Oaoia
No?aeieo Ea?iao: no/aniee noai ? ioi?iia” (Oaeai?iae, 1993); “Aeieia?/i?
iniiae iioei?caoe?? ?aaeeio ioi?iie ? aeei?enoaiiy
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiiai oiiaeo” (?ao?a, 1993); “Ea?iaonueeee ?aa?ii ?
i?iaeaie noaeiai ?icaeoeo” (?ao?a, 1998); “Iaoe?iiaeuei? ia?ee, ?o
aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueia cia/aiiy ? i?iaeaie ioi?iie i?e?iaee” (ss?ai/a,
1990). ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ?aaoey?ii aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
Iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e ?aae? Ea?iaonueeiai a?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 11 iaoeiaeo
?ia?o, na?aae ieo 2 – a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 2 – a iiiia?ao?? ? 7 – a
iaoa??aeao c’?cae?a oa i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?e. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue aena?oeai? a “E?oiienao i?e?iaee Ea?iaonueeiai
a?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea” (1990 – 1998).

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, naie
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoe?a.
Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? – 309 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, c
yeeo iniiaia /anoeia aeeeaaeaia ia 140 noi??ieao, 12 oaaeeoeue
neeaaeathoue 47 noi??iie. Aeiaeaoee, ye? aeeth/athoue aiioiaaiee nienie
iiiaeeoeue oa ?o ?iciiae?e ca ei?iiaeie ?ineeiaie, a oaeiae nienie
aeae?a io?aoie, ui o?io?/ii iia’ycai? c iiiaeeoeyie – ia 122 noi??ieao.
?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 34 ?enoieaie. Nienie oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e neeaaea?
209 iaeiaioaaiue.

Iiaeyee. ss aeneiaethth aaey/i?noue ca anaa?/io aeiiiiiao oa i?aeo?eieo
o aea/aii? iiiaeeoeue ea??aieeai aeieoi?o a?ieia?/ieo iaoe A???
Ieaen??ai? Iaiiioia?e ? /eaio-ei?aniiiaeaioo IAI Oe?a?ie, aeieoi?o
a?ieia?/ieo iaoe Aieiaeeie?o Aaeae?eiae/o Aeie?io. Cia/io aeiiiiiao y
io?eiaa a?ae ni?a?ia?oiee?a ?inoeoooo ciieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie I. ?aae/aiea,
A. Eioaiea, A. Oea/a, ?. Caai?iaeithea, A. AEo?aaeueiaa; i?aeoe/ia
/anoeia aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeaoeanue caaaeyee aeiiiiic? eieaa c
Ea?iaonueeiai a?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea O. Aaii?a, A. Aioinyea, E.
Aoiaecyea, A. Aoiaecye, A. Aiaeiaaioey, ss. Aeiaaaie/a, ?. Eyoaiea, A.
Iieeiue/a?aaee, I. TH?eooe; Ea?iaonueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiiai
ia?eo I. Eenaethea, ss. Oei/oea; Aea?aeaaiiai i?e?iaeiciaa/iai iocath
(i. Euea?a) A. ??coia; Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo A.
E?i/ea, I. Eiaana, ca ui ?i ue?i aaey/iee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?AA?IIO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

A ?icae?e? i?eaiaeeoueny oa?aeoa?enoeea Ea?iaonueei? a??nueei? nenoaie
a iaaeao Oe?a?ie (Oe?a?inuee? Ea?iaoe). Aiae?co?oueny ?aeue?o, aaieia?y,
ee?iao oa ?ineeii?noue ?aa?iio. I?eaiaeyoueny noaie oei?enoe/iiai oa
ciiaaia?ao?/iiai ?aeiioaaiiy oa?eoi???.

Oe?a?inuee? Ea?iaoe oa?aeoa?ecothoueny /?oei ae?aaeaiith iiyni?noth
ee?iaoo, a?oio?a ? ?ineeiiiai iie?eao, ??cieoeath i?e?iaeieo oiia ia
i?ai?/ii-no?aeiiio ? i?aaeaiii-cao?aeiiio iae?inoeeao, ui cia/iei /eiii
a?aeia?aaea?oueny ye ia aeaeiaiio neeaae? iiiaeeoeue, oae ? ia ?o
oa?eoi??aeueiiio ?iciiae?e?.

A Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iaoao aeae?ey?oueny i’youe aenioieo iiyn?a
?ineeiiino?: iiyn ia?aaea??ieo aeoaiaeo oa aoeiaeo e?n?a; iiyn a??nueeeo
aoeiaeo e?n?a; iiyn yeeiiaeo e?n?a; noaaeuei?enueeee ? aeuei?enueeee
iiyne (Aieoaaoeue, I?ee?ia, 1988).

INOI?Iss AEA*AIIss AOIAeIOAOIE ?AAIIIO

Ia?oi o?aaiaioa?ii aiaeiiinoi i?i aeaeiaee neeaae iiiaeeoeue
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao i?eaiaeyoueny a ?iaioao E. E. Oanoeaoi (1953,
1958), E. E. Oanoeao? oa A. ?. N?eo?e (1956), ?. E. Caaaeeaae/a (1958,
1956), a yeeo aaoi?e, aiae?coth/e oe?aeiee?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo?, naae?a oa e?n?a Caea?iaooy, i?eaiaeyoue 17 aeae?a iiiaeeoeue.

A?eueo aeaoaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoie iiiaeeoeue ?aa?iio aoee
i?iaaaeai? A. I. Iaiiioiaith, a ?acoeueoao? yeeo ca?a?no?iaaii 261
aeae (1959, 1963, 1966, 1972). Iienaii iia? aeaee – Stomaphis acerina
Mamontova, 1963, Hydaphias carpaticae Mamontova, 1966, Delphiniobium
carpaticae Mamontova, 1966, i?iaiae?ciaaii nenoaiaoe/iee neeaae oaoie.

Iiiaeeoe? aeaiae?io?eueii? a?oie Caea?iaooy aea/aeeny A. ?. Ni?oiieii
(1959, 1961). Nienie iiiaeeoeue, c?a?aieo ia o?aa’yienoeo ?ineeiao
iaaiaeyoueny a ?iaio? A. I. Iaiaeaeoe (1964).

Caaaeii aeey ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue aoei a?aeiii 274 aeaee iiiaeeoeue.

Cia/ii aeeaoa aea/aia oaoia iiiaeeoeue ia oa?eoi??? ca?oa?aeieo Ea?iao
oa ?a?iie. Oaoia iiiaeeoeue Iieueu?, cie?aia Ea?iao, aea/aeanue A.
Oaeaaaae/ai (Scelegiewicz, 1968); Oai?ueie – A. Oaeaaaae/ai
(Scelegiewicz, 1966, 1977), N. Eanei (Laslo, 1969); ?oioii? – ss.
Aieiaiii i A. Iiioa?a (Holman, Pintera, 1981); *ao?? oa Neineiaa//eie –
A. Iaoaeii (Pasek, 1954), ss. Aieiaiii (Holman, 1959, 1971, 1972,
1981, 1991), A. Iiioa?a (Pintera, 1987).

Na?aae iiiia?ao?/ieo caaaeaiue uiaei oaoie iiiaeeoeue ?a?iie ne?ae
a?aei?oeoe ?iaioe I. Oaea (Heie, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1986, 1992), K.
Oaeioea (Heinze, 1961, 1962) oa ?ioeo.

IAOA??AE ? IAOIAeEEA AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Iaoa?iaeii aeey ?iaioe iineoaeeee cai?e oa i?ea?iaeuei? niinoa?aaeaiiy,
ye? i?iaiaeeeeny ia i?ioyc? 1990-1998 ?ie?a a 120 ioieoao ia oa?eoi???
Caea?iaonueei?, ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?, *a?i?aaoeueei? oa Euea?anueei?
iaeanoae. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee a on? naciie ?ieo.

Cai? oa ia?iaeo iaoa?ieo i?iaiaeeee caiaeii i?eeiyoeo a aoiaeieiai?
iaoiaeee (Iaiiioiaa, 1959; Iaiiioiaa-Nieooa, *a?eaniaa, 1967; Oanoeaoi,
1971; Hille Ris Lambers, 1950). Aecia/aiiy i?iaiaeeee iiae naioeiaeie
iie?ineiiaie Aiieai — 8 oa Leitz-Biomed, iaii?e – ca aeiiiiiaith
ieoey?-iie?iiao?a c oi/i?noth aei 0.01 ii. Aeey aeaioiaeaiiy ?enoie?a
aeei?enoiaoaaee ?enoaaeueiee aia?ao ?A-4.

A ?acoeueoaoi i?iaaaeaieo ?ia?o c?a?aii 3 000 i?ia iiiaeeoeue, c yeeo
aeaioiaeaii iino?ei? i?aia?aoe, ui caa??aathoueny a ciieia?/i?e
eaai?aoi??? Ea?iaonueeiai a?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea. Caaaeueia /enei
ii?aoeueiaaieo iniaei nyaa? 15 000. E??i oiai, aea/ai? iaoa??aee cai??a
c ?aa?iio Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao ?inoeoooo ciieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie.
Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea i?iaaaeaia ca?aeii caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaoiaeee.

AEIEIAI – OAOI?NOE*IA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA

IIIAEEOeUe OE?A?INUeEEO EA?IAO

Oaoia iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao, a?aoiaoth/e ? iiia?aaei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aaenoaaeaia 424 aeaeaie c 10 ?iaeei, 132 ?iae?a.
Nenoaiaoe/ii aiie a?aeiinyoueny aei aeanyoe ?iaeei: ?iaeeia Adelgidae —
4 ?iaee, 6 aeae?a; Phylloxeridae — 3 ?iaee, 4 aeaee; Pemphigidae — 12
?iae?a, 23 aeaee; Lachnidae — 16 ?iae?a, 35 aeae?a; Mindaridae — 1
??ae, 1 aeae; Anoeciidae — 1 ??ae, 4 aeaee; Thelaxidae — 2 ?iaee, 3
aeaee; Drepanosiphidae — 20 ?iae?a, 40 aeae?a; Chaitophoridae — 6
?iae?a, 27 aeae?a; Aphididae — 65 ?iae?a, 281 aeae (?en. 1).

Nenoaiaoe/iee nienie aeae?a iaaaaeaii a oaaeeoe?, aea aeey eiaeiiai
aeaeo aeaco?oueny eiai iacaa, ei?iiaa ?ineeia, ei?iiaa niaoe?ae?caoe?y,
oei ?icaeoeo oa iioe?aiiy a iaaeao ?ineeiieo iiyn?a ?aa?iio.

I?eaiaeyoueny iia? a?aeiiino? i?i oaeniie, ui aeyaeai? i?e aea/aii?
iiiaeeoeue. C 424 aeae?a, a?aeiieo aeey ?aa?iio, aia?oa aeey oaoie
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao ca?a?no?iaaii 150 aeae?a. Iienaii iia? aeaee: Aphis
carpatica Nhumak, 1993 (1995) c uaaeth eo/a?yaiai (Rumex crispus),
Metopeurum millefolii Mamontova & Chumak, 1994 c aea?aa?th
oeny/ieenoiai (Achillea millefolium) oa Metopeurum gentianae Mamontova
& Chumak, 1994 c oe?ee/o aaoi/ieeiaiai (Gentiana asclepiadea).

Aia?oa aeey oaoie No?aeii? ?a?iie ca?a?no?iaaii o?e aeaee: Eulachnus
pumilae Inouye, 1939 c ninie eaae?iai? ?a?iiaenueei? (Pinus cembra), ui
aoa a?aeiiee c ssiii?? (i-a Oieeaeaei) ? Cao?aeii? ?a?iie c eaae?a
ei?aenueeiai (Pinus koraiensis), eaae?iaiai neaioeth (P. pumila) oa
ninie aaeiooiai? (P. strobus) (Iauaiei, 1988); Schizolachnus obscurus
Borner, 1940 c ninie cae/aeii? (Pinus sylvestris) – c I?ia//eie
(Borner, 1940); Ovatus glechimae Hille Ris Lambers, 1947 c ?ico?aeieea
cae/aeiiai (Glechoma hederacea) – c Aieeaiae??, A?eoai??, I?ai?/ii?
I?ia//eie, Oaaoe?? (Heie, 1992). A ?iaio? aeaii ?o iiene oa i?eaaaeaii
ii?oieia?/i? iniaeeaino?.

Aeey oaoie Oe?a?ie aia?oa a?aei?/aii 25 aeae?a: Gootiella alba
Schaposhnikov, 1952 (ei?iiaa ?ineeia – Populus alba); Eulachnus
nigricola Pasek, 1953 (Pinus nigra); Cinara cembrae (Seitner, 1936)
(Pinus cembra); Cupressobium tujafilina (del Guercio, 1909) (Juniperus
communis); Tuberculatus (Tuberculoides) neglectus (Krzywiec, 1966)
(Quercur robur); Betulaphis helvetica (Hille Ris Lambers, 1947) (Betula
pendula); Therioaphis riehmi Borner, 1949 (Melilotus albus);
Chaitophorus horii subsp. beuthani (Borner, 1950) (Salix elaeagnos);
Brachycaudus (Acaudus) jacobi Stroyan, 1957 (Saponaria officinalis);
Mariaella lambersi Szelegiewicz, 1961 (Myricaria germanica);
Macchiatiella rhamni (Boyer de Fonskolombe, 1841) (Polygonum sp.);
Ovatus menthastri Hille Ris Lambers, 1947, (Mentha aquatica); Myzus
borealis Ossiannilson, 1959 (Galium boreale); Microlophium primulae
(Theobald, 1913) (Primula vulgare); Acyrthosiphon boreale Hille Ris
Lambers, 1952 (Potentilla aurea oa P. anserina); Rhopalosiphoninus
latysiphon (Davidson, 1912); Chaetosiphon (Pentatrichopus) potentillae
(Walker, 1850) (Potentilla anserina); Sitobion dryopteridis Holman.
1959; Macrosiphum albifrons Essig, 1911 (Lupinus polyphyllos);
Macrosiphum hellebori (Theobald & Walton, 1923) (Helleborus
purpurascens); Macrosiphum prenanthidis Borner, 1940 (Prenanthes
purpurea); Macrosiphum epilobiellum (Theobald, 1923) (Epilobium spp.);
Uroleucon telekiae (Holman, 1965) (Telekia speciosa); Uroleucon
(Lambersius) erigeronensis (Thomas, 1878) (Erigeron annua oa E.
canadensis); Paczoskia longipes Tashew, 1964 (Echinops exaltatus).

I?iaaaeaii ?aa?c?th na?oiai? oaoie ?iaeo Metopeurum, ?iaeo Macrosiphum
oaoie Oe?a?ie oa eiiieaeno aeae?a iiiaeeoeue ?iaeo Aphis, ye? aeeaooue
ia uaaeyo ?a?iie. Aeey ieo ?ic?iaeai? oaaeeoe? aeey aecia/aiiy aeae?a.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui aei neeaaeo ?iaeo Metopeurum aoiaeeoue 11 aeae?a, c ieo
9 – ?a?iiaenueeeo. ??ae Macrosiphum o oaoi? Oe?a?ie i?aaenoaaeaiee 16-ia
aeaeaie, c yeeo 13 aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo oaoie Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao.
Iniiai? ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee oa ?iaeaene ?o ei?aeyoe?? aeey aeae?a
?iaeo Macrosiphum i?eaaaeai? a oaaeeoe?, aaciaai?e ia iniia? iai???a 189
iniaei. A?aei?/aii, ui aeey oi/ii? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? aeae?a iaiao?aeii
a?aoiaoaaoe ?iaeaene ei?aeyoe??, cie?aia a?aeiioaiiy aeiaaeeie
/aoaa?oiai /eaieea oiaioea aei aeiaaeeie ae?oaiai /eaieea caaeiuei?
eaiee. Eiiieaen aeae?a ?iaeo Aphis c uaae?a ?a?iiaenueei? oei?e
neeaaea? 8 aeaeia, c yeeo 4 ?icaeaathoueny iaeiiaeiiii ia ??cieo aeaeao
Rumex, 4 – i?a?aioe c a?oneeie, aeanieio, eaeeie, aoceie oa e?ooeie. Ia
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie a?aeiii 6 aeae?a eiiieaeno, 4 c yeeo a?aeiinyoueny aei
a?oie ‘fabae’ .

I?eaaaeaii aeaoaeuei? iiene oa i?ea?iaeuei? ?enoiee iaeia?aeiieo
aeae?a, ia?oiiiene yeeo iaaeinoaoi? aeey i?aaeeueii? ae?aaiinoeee aai
aeai? i?i ye? a?aenooi? o a?o/eciyi?e e?oa?aoo??. Cie?aia, i?eaiaeyoueny
iiene a?eueoino? aeae?a, aia?oa ca?a?no?iaaieo aeey oaoie Oe?a?ie.

Aea/aii iniaeeaino? aeeoo?aiai oeeeeo Macrosiphum albifrons –
oe?aeieea aeaei?aoeaiiai aaaaoi??/iiai aeaeo ethieio aaaaoieenoiai
(Lupinus polyphyllos). Oea aeae i?ai?/iiaia?eeainueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy,
yeee iiyaeany aia?oa o Aaeeeia?eoai?? o aa?ani? 1981 ?ieo (Carter,
Nichols, 1989), o O?aioe?? — a 1986 ?ioe? (Bournoville, 1989), a *ao?? —
a /a?ai? 1989 ?ieo (Stary, Havelka, 1990). Ia Caea?iaoo? eiai ie
?a?no?oaaee a i. Oy/?a – o 1994, i. ?ao?a – o 1996 ?ioe?. Ca?aeii
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo (Heie, 1995), ?icaeoie M. albifrons a Cao?aei?e
?a?ii? i?ioiaeeoue aiieioeeee?/ii. Ciao?aeee iienaiiai iaie aio?aiiiiai
iieie?iiy aea? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui a oiiaao Caea?iaooy M.
albifrons ?icaeaa?oueny iiaiioeeee?/ii.

?icaeyiooi aeaye? iniaeeaino? a?ieia?? iiiaeeoeue a a??nueeeo oiiaao.
Cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e c i?aeiyooyi a ai?e, a, a?aeiia?aeii, ciaioaiiy
noie aoaeoeaieo oaiia?aoo?, cia/iith i??ith aieeaa? ia ?icaeoie
iiiaeeoeue. Ca iaoeie niinoa?aaeaiiyie, c i?aeiyooyi a ai?e
ci?iththoueny oa?i?ie iiyae caniiaieoeue oa aio?aiiiiai iieie?iiy,
ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue iieie?iue ia?oaiiaaiaoe/ieo naiie. Noaoaiinee ?
noaoaaa iieie?iiy a?ae?iaeaeothoueny iaaaaaoi ?ai?oa, i?ae a ieceiieo
?aeiiao. Oae, caniiaieoe? Rhopalosiphum insertum (Walker, 1849) ia
aenio? 1200 i i. ?. i. ?a?no?oaaeeny a na?aaeei? /a?aiy, oiae? ye ia
aenio? 450 i i. ?. i. aiie ?icaeaaeeny eeoa a na?aaeei? o?aaiy. Iiyaa
aio?aiiiiai iieie?iiy Callaphis juglandis (Goeze, 1778) ia aenio? 650 i
i. ?. i. cao?eniaaia ia ii/aoeo aa?aniy, oiae? ye ia aenio? 200 i i.?.i.
– eeoa ia ii/aoeo aeiaoiy.

?acoeueoaoe niinoa?aaeaiue ca aeeoo?aei oeeeeii iaeiiaeiiiiai
aieioeeee?/iiai aeaeo, iiiioaao ia Primula vulgare – M. primulae
iieacaee, ui caniiaieoe? iiyaeythoueny ii??aiyii i?cii, a na?aaeei?
o?aaiy ? a?ae?iaeaeothoue iaaaeeeo e?euee?noue (aei ainueie) ee/eiie.
I?ioyaii aaaaoaoeaiiai naciio ?icaeaa?oueny o?e – i’youe iieie?iue
aace?eeeo ia?oaiiaaiaoe/ieo naiie, i?e oeueiio e?eeao? naiee na?aae
aeine?aeaeoaaieo eieii?e ia niinoa??aaeeny. Aio?aiiia iieie?iiy
a?ae?iaeaeo?oueny ia ii/aoeo aeiaoiy. sseoeaeeaaeo/? naiee
a?aeeeaaeathoue a?ae o?ueio aei i’yoe y?oeue ia ceioth/o a?oiueeo.

Aiae?c oei?a ?icaeoeo aeae?a iieaco?, ui 80 c ieo ?icaeaathoueny
aeaiaeiiii, 344 – iaeiiaeiiii. Na?aae iaeiiaeiiieo – 20
aiieioeeee?/ieo aeae?a.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae eieae?caoe?? iiiaeeoeue ia ei?iiaeo ?ineeiao
aeae?eaii i’youe noai ?icaeoeo aeaiaeiiieo aeae?a iiiaeeoeue
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao, ye? i?a?othoue:

· c aae?a ia aaaaoaoeaieo i?aaiao oaieiiai aea?aaa ia aaaaoaoeai?
/anoeie oaieiiai aea?aaa (2 aeaee).

· c aae?a ia aaaaoaoeaieo i?aaiao eenoyiiai aea?aaa ia ei??iiy oaieiiai
aea?aaa (5 aeae?a).

· c aaaaoaoeaieo i?aai?a eenoyiiai aea?aaa ia ei??iiy o?aa’yienoeo
?ineeie (12 aeae?a).

· c aae?a ia aaaaoaoeaieo i?aaiao eenoyiiai aea?aaa ia ei??iiy eenoyiiai
aea?aaa (2 aeaee).

· c aaaaoaoeaieo i?aai?a eenoyiiai aea?aaa ia iaaecaiio /anoeio
o?aa’yienoeo ?ineei (59 aeae?a).

I?iaiae?ciaaii neeaae oaoie ca aeeoo?aeie oi?iaie, yeeo o ?? neeaae? –
25 aeae?a iae?aaoieo ?ecia?iio?a, a?eueoa iieiaeie – ii?o?e?a, 209 –
aeaiae?io?e?a.

Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e ei?iia? ?ineeie iiiaeeoeue aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aa?iio,
ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui ooo c?inoa? iiiaae 2500 aeae?a aeueo noaeeiieo
?ineei. Ei?iiaeie ?ineeiaie aeey iiiaeeoeue ? 458 aeae?a (66 ?iaeei), c
ieo aia?oa i?eaiaeyoueny 15 aeae?a.

Aiae?c ei?iiaeo ?ineei iiiaeeoeue ca ?iaeeiaie iieacaa, ui na?aae ieo
aeii?iothoue i?aaenoaaieee neeaaeiioea?oeo (Asteraceae) – 103 aeaee,
ceaeiaeo (Poaceae) – 37, inieioea?oeo (Cyperaceae) – 11, aoaioea?oeo
(Lamiaceae) – 18, aa?aioea?oeo (Salicaceae) – 17, a?a/eioea?oeo
(Polygonaceae) – 13, aaicaeeeioea?oeo (Caryophyllaceae) – 10,
o?anoioea?oeo (Brassicaceae) – 14, ?icioea?oeo (Rosaceae) – 32, aiaiaeo
(Fabaceae) – 25, ciioeeioea?oeo (Apiaceae) – 24 oa neoieeioea?oeo
(Juncaceae) – 10 aeae?a. E?euee?noue aeae?a oeeo ?iaeei noia?ii
neeaaeathoue a?eueoa iieiaeie caaaeueiiai aeaeiaiai neeaaeo ei?iiaeo
?ineei (310 aeae?a, aai 67.6 %). Ia ieo aeeaeoueny 283 aeaee iiiaeeoeue
(66.7 % a?ae on??? e?eueeino? aeae?a).

?c 424 aeae?a iiiaeeoeue, a?aeiieo aeey ?aa?iio, 120 aeae?a (28%) –
iiiioaae, 280 (66%) – ie?aioaae ? 24 (6 %) – iie?oaae. A neeo oeueiai,
?nio? i?yia caeaaei?noue i?ae e?euee?noth aeae?a iiiaeeoeue oa
e?euee?noth ?o ei?iiaeo ?ineei ca ?iaeeiaie, oiaoi ?iaeeie c a?eueoith
e?euee?noth aeae?a ei?iiaeo ?ineei oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?eueoei aeaeiaei
aaaaonoaii iiiaeeoeue (?en. 2).

Ca aeeoo?aeie oi?iaie ei?iia? ?ineeie i?aaenoaaeai? o?aa’yienoeie
aeaeaie (364), /aaa?ieeaie (43) oa aea?aaaie (51 aeae).

O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aenioieo iiyn?a ?ineeiiino? a Oe?a?inueeeo
Ea?iaoao aeae?eaii 4 oeie aeieiai-oaoi?noe/ieo eiiieaen?a iiiaeeoeue
(?en.3):

Ao?aeieiiieaen iiyno ia?aaea??ieo aeoaiai-aoeiaeo e?n?a oa
Caea?iaonueei? ??aieie (?I) ia?aoiao? 274 aeaee iiiaeeoeue. A
ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? – oea iacio?ee a?aee?eoeo eoe (oi?oia?iioe) /e
eou?a (oaiiia?iioe). A eiai iaaeao aaeee? ieiu? caeiyo?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeie oa?aeaeyie oa a?aee?eoeie eo/ieie ae?eyieaie,
iniaeeai inoaiiaii? ae?eyiee i?aaeaiiiai caoiaeo Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?,
i?e?iaeia ?ineeii?noue yeeo iineoue oa?aeoa? ?a?iiaenueeeo e?ninoai?a.
Oiio aeey oeueiai ao?aeieiiieaeno oa?aeoa?ieie ? aaeaaioeai? aeaee
(Viteus vitifolii (Fitch, 1855), Eriosoma lanigerum (Hausmann, 1802),
Eulachnus rileyi (Williams, 1941) oa ?io?) ? aeaee, aeey yeeo ei?iiaeie
?ineeiaie ? ?oaea?aeueii – naaaoaeueia oei?a (Aphis craccae Linnaeus,
1758, A.gossypii Glover, 1877, A.plantaginis Goeze, 1778, A. polygonata
(Nevsky, 1929) A.symphyti Schrank, 1801, A. taraxacicola (Borner, 1940).

Aei aaeeo?eaoi??a iiyno a?aeianaii 80 aeae?a.

Ao?aeieiiieaen iiyno a??nueeeo aoeiaeo e?n?a (AO) (246 aeae?a). Eiai
iniiao neeaaeathoue aeaee, ei?iiaeie ?ineeiaie yeeo ? aaeeo?eoth/?
ii?iaee aea?aainoai?a (Phyllaphis fagi (Linnaeus, 1767), Calaphis flava
Mordvilko, 1928, Drepanosiphum aceris Koch, 1855, D. platanoidis
(Schrank, 1801). Ia o?aa’yienoeo ?ineeiao, ui aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo
e?niaeo oi?iaoe?e oa noaoi?iaoe?e, aeeaeyoueny Aphis hederae Kaltenbach,
1843, A. gentianae (Borner, 1940), Rhopalomyzus lonicerae (Siebold,
1839), Ovatus glechomae Hille Ris Lambers, 1947 , Linosophon
asperulophagum Holman, 1961, Uroleucon muralis (Buckton, 1876), U.
telekiae (Holman, 1965) oiui. I?ea?iaeueia /anoeia iiyno neeaaea? 59
aeae?a, na?aae ieo Ovatus menthastri Hille Ris Lambers, 1947,
Microlophium primulae, Hyperomyzus lampsanae (Borner, 1932) oa ?io?.

Ao?aeieiiieaen iiyno yeeiiaeo e?n?a (ssE) iae?/o? 118 aeae?a
iiiaeeoeue. Aeii?ioaaiiy a e?niaeo ianaaeaeaiiyo yeeie iaoiiaeth?
iayai?noue ai?aaeueieo aeae?a (Cinara grossa (Kaltenbach, 1846), C.
stroyani Pasek, 1954, Cinarella cuneomaculata (del Guercio, 1909),
Buchneria pectinatae (Nordlinger, 1880). Niaoeeo?/ieie aeey
ao?aeieiiieaeno ? 28 aeae?a iiiaeeoeue: Mariaella lambersi Szelegiewicz,
1961, Cryptomyzus korschelti Borner, 1938, Sitobion dryopteridis Holman,
1959, Macrosiphum epelobiellum Theobald, 1923, Linosiphon galii
(Mamontova, 1961), Uroleucon doronici (Borner, 1942) oiui.

Ao?aeieiiieaen noaaeuei?enueei-aeuei?enueeiai iiyno (NA) ia?aoiao? 24
aeaee iiiaeeoeue. A?aeiee aeaeiaee neeaae ?ineei aenieia??’y iaoiiaeth?
neeaae iiiaeeoeue, yeeo aeey iiyno ca?a?no?iaaii 24 aeaee.
Aaeeo?eaoi?aie eiiieaeno ? Cinarella neubergi (Arnhart, 1930) c
a??nueei? ninie (Pinus mugo), Boernerina depressa Bramsted, 1940 c
caeaii? a?eueoe (Dushekia viridis), Hyperomyzus picridis (Borner &
Blunk, 1916) c aeuei?enueei? nii?iaeeie (Ribes alpinum), Delphiniobium
carpaticae Mamontova, 1966 c aeii?oo (Aconitum sp.).

E?euee?noue aeae?a o ao?aeieiiieaenao ci?ith?oueny o a?aeiia?aeiino?
aei ?ineeiieo iiyn?a aenioii-ee?iaoe/ieo cii. Iaea?eueoa aeaeiaa
aaaaonoai oa?aeoa?ia aeey ao?aeieiiieaeno iiyno ia?aaea??ieo
aeoaiai-aoeiaeo e?n?a oa Caea?iaonueei? ??aieie, iaeiaioa –
noaaeuei?enueei – aeuei?enueeiai. Iaea?eueoith noiae?noth ca ?iaeaenii
iiae?aiino? *aeaiianueeiai–Nue??ainaia (?cs) (Ianaiei, 1982)
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ao?aeieiiieaene iiyno ia?aaea??ieo aeoaiai-aoeiaeo
e?n?a ? Caea?iaonueei? ??aieie oa aoeiaeo e?n?a (?cs = 0.59); iaeieae/ee
eiao?oe??io iiae?aiino? – i?ae oaoiith iiyno ia?aaea??ieo
aeoaiai-aoeiaeo e?n?a ? Caea?iaonueei? ??aieie oa
noaaeuei?enueei–aeuei?enueeiai (?cs = 0.07).

CIIAAIA?AO?*IA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA IIIAEEOeUe

OE?A?INUeEEO EA?IAO

Nai???aei?noue oaoie iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao iaoiiaeaia
aaia?ao?/iei iieiaeaiiyi ?aa?iio oa aeaeiaei aaaaonoaii oei?e. ssae?ii
oaoie iiiaeeoeue ?aa?iio ? na?aaeiuei?a?iiaenuee? iacio?euei? aeaee.
Aeey 30 aeae?a Ea?iaoe ? i?e?iaeiueith iaaeath iioe?aiiy ?o ia no?ae.

Ia iniia? aiae?co oei?a a?aae?a iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao
a?aeianaii aei 12 ciiaaia?ao?/ieo eiiieaen?a (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1.

Iniiai? ciiaaia?ao?/i? eiiieaene iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao

Iacaa eiiieaenoE?euee?noue aeae?aA?aenioie a?ae caaaeueiiai /enea aeae?a
Aiea?eoe/iee389.0Iaeaa?eoe/iee389.0Cao?aeiiiaeaa?eoe/iee153.6?a?iiaenuee
i-cao?aeiinea??nueeee163.8?a?iiaenueeee20648.6No?aeii?a?iiaenueeee92.1?a
?iiaenueei-iaa?eoe/iee81.9I?aaeaiii?a?iiaenueeee40.9Na?aaecaiiiii?nueeee
163.8Ai?aaeueii-iiioaiiee143.3Ea?iaonueeee61.4Einiiiie?oe235.4Anueiai:39
3*92.8* I?ei?oea: ca aeeeth/aiiyi aaeaaioeaieo aeae?a

?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyiiy aeaeiaiai aaaaonoaa iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo
Ea?iao ?c oaoiaie ??cieo a??nueeeo nenoai oa ?aa?ii?a ?a?iie ca
?iaeaenii *aeaiianueeiai – Nue??ainaia (Ianaiei, 1982) na?ae/aoue, ui
iaeaeu? ?iaeaene iiae?aiino? oaoie iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao c
oaoiith ?aa?iio I?aaeaiieo oa No?aeieo (ca aeeeth/aiiyi oa?eoi???
Oe?a?ie) Ea?iao (0.67) oa oaoiith Aeuei (0.61) (oaae. 2). Ca /eneii
aeae?a iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inuee? Ea?iaoe aeia?aaeaeathoue an? ii??aithaai?
a??nuee? ?aa?iie, e??i ?aa?ii?a I?aaeaiieo oa No?aeieo Ea?iao (aac
Oe?a?ie) oa Aeuei (?en. 3). ?acii c oei, oaoia aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aa?iio
neeaaea? a?eueoa iieiaeie aeaeiaiai neeaaeo Oe?a?ie.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ii??aiyiiy oaoie iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao c oaoiaie ??cieo

aaia?ao?/ieo oa?eoi??aeueieo iaeeieoeue ?a?iie

?aa?iiE?euee?noue aeae?a iiiaeeoeueE?euee?noue ni?eueieo aeae?a?iaeaen
iiae?aiino? c oaoiith Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao I?aaeaii? oa No?aei? (aac
Oe?a?ie) Ea?iaoe

502

294

0.67Iieuenuee? Ea?iaoe (Oao?e, Aaneeaee, Aauaaee, I??i?ie)

231

186

0.57Aeueie4612700.61Noaeaoe
(Iieueua)1721400.47E?ei3251980.53Eaoa?y3812700.63Eeoaa3042240.62Iieaeaa?
y3512410.62Oe?a?ia (aac Ea?iao)7553730.53

IA?ACEOE, OEAEAEE OA NEIA?IIOE IIIAEEOeUe OE?A?INUeEEO EA?IAO

A ?icae?e? i?eaaaeaii aeaeiaee neeaae ia?aceoe/ieo ia?aoei/anoie?eeeo
eiiao iiiaeeoeue ?aa?iio, neeaaeaiee ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo (Ca?iaa oa ?i., 1996, 1997) oa ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo
cai??a. Caaaeii, a Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iaoao a?aeiii 51 aeae ?caeoe?a –
ia?aceo?a iiiaeeoeue.

I?eaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy o?io?/ieo ca’yce?a ao?aeioaaa
Coccinella septempunctata L. C iiiaeeoeue ?aa?iio 53 aeaee iiaeooue aooe
a’?eoaie eiai aeeaeaiiy.

Aeey 94 aeae?a iiiaeeoeue ca?a?no?iaaii 20 aeae?a io?aoie, ui
o?io?/ii iia’ycai? c ieie.

AINIIAeA?NUeEA CIA*AIIss IIIAEEOeUe

A ?iaio? i?eaaaeaii nienie aeae?a iiiaeeoeue — oe?aeiee?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, naae?a oa e?niaeo ianaaeaeaiue
?aa?iio. Aei oe?aeiee?a a?aeianaii a?eueoa 150 aeae?a. Iieueiaei
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei eoeueoo?ai a ?aa?ii? oeiaeyoue 24 aeaee,
naaeai – 28, oaieiei ianaaeaeaiiyi –19, oe?ieieenoyiei e?nai – 22 aeaee
iiiaeeoeue. A ia?eao oa caeaieo ianaaeaeaiiyo ianaeaieo ioieo?a
iioaioe?eii oe?aeeeaeie ? 78 aeae?a iiiaeeoeue.

AENIIAEE

1. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue nienie oaoie iiiaeeoeue
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao ca?eueoeany c 274 aei 424 aeae?a c 132 ?iae?a, ui
iaeaaeaoue aei 10 ?iaeei: ?iaeeia Adelgidae – 4 ?iaee, 6 aeae?a;
Phylloxeridae – 3 ?iaee, 4 aeaee; Pemphigidae – 12 ?iae?a, 23 aeaee;
Lachnidae – 16 ?iae?a, 35 aeae?a; Mindaridae – 1 ??ae, 1 aeae;
Anoeciidae – 1 ??ae, 4 aeaee; Thelaxidae – 2 ?iaee, 3 aeaee;
Drepanosiphidae – 20 ?iae?a, 40 aeae?a; Chaitophoridae – 6 ?iae?a, 27
aeae?a; Aphididae – 65 ?iae?a, 281 aeae.

2. Iienaii 3 iiaeo aeaee – Aphis carpatica Chumak, 1993; Metopeurum
millefolii Mamontova & Chumak, 1994; Metopeurum gentianae Mamontova &
Chumak, 1994. Aia?oa aeey oaoie No?aeii? ?a?iie iaaaaeaii 3 aeaee –
Eulachnus pumilae Inouye 1939, Schizolachnus obscurus Borner, 1940 oa
Ovatus glechomae Hille Ris Lambers, 1947; aeey oaoie Oe?a?ie – 25
aeae?a; caaaeii aeey Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao – 150 aeae?a.

3. I?iaaaeaii ?aa?c?th ?iae?a Macrosiphum, Metopeurum oa eiiieaeno
iiiaeeoeue ?iaeo Aphis, ye? aeeaeyoueny ia uaaeyo, aeey yeeo neeaaeai?
oaaeeoe? aeey aecia/aiiy.

4. A oiiaao Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao 404 aeaee ?icaeaathoueny iiaiioeeee?/ii,
c ieo 80 – aeaiaeiiieo, 324 – iaeiiaeiii?; 20 aeae?a iiiaeeoeue
?icaeaathoueny aiieioeeee?/ii. Ca aeeoo?aeie oi?iaie 30 aeae?a
iiiaeeoeue ? ?ecia?iioaie, 261 aeae – ii?o?eaie, 209 aeaiae?io?eaie.

5. Ii??aiyiiy oaoie iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao ?c oaoiaie ??cieo
a??nueeeo nenoai oa ?aa?ii?a ?a?iie ca ?iaeaenii
*aeaiianueeiai-Nue??ainaia na?ae/eoue i?i aenieo iiae?ai?noue oaoie
iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao c oaoiith ?aa?iio I?aaeaiieo oa No?aeieo
(aac Oe?a?ie) Ea?iao (0.67) oa oaoiith Aeuei (0.61).

6. Ca ei?iiaith niaoe?ae?caoe??th 120 aeae?a iiiaeeoeue ?aa?iio (28%)
a?aeiineoueny aei iiiioaa?a, 280 (66%) – ie?aioaa?a ? 24 (6 %) –
iie?oaa?a. Caaaeii iiiaeeoeyie canaey?oueny 458 aeae?a ?ineei (66
?iaeei), c yeeo 15 aeae?a aia?oa a?aei?/aii a yeino? ei?iiaeo.

7. A Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iaoao aeae?eaii 4 oeie aeieiai-oaoi?noe/ieo
eiiieaen?a iiiaeeoeue ?ineeiieo iiyn?a ??cieo aenioii-ee?iaoe/ieo cii:
ia?aaea??ieo aeoaiai-aoeiaeo e?n?a oa Caea?iaonueei? ??aieie, a??nueeeo
aoeiaeo e?n?a, yeeiiaeo e?n?a, noaaeuei?enueei-aeuei?enueeee. Iaea?eueoa
aeaeiaa ??ciiiai?oi?noue oa?aeoa?ia aeey ao?aeieiiieaeno iiyno
ia?aaea??ieo aeoaiai-aoeiaeo e?n?a oa Caea?iaonueei? ??aieie, iaeiaioa –
noaaeuei?enueei- aeuei?enueeiai.

8. Ca oeiaie a?aae?a o neeaae? oaoie iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao
aeae?eaii 12 ciiaaia?ao?/ieo eiiieaen?a: Aiea?eoe/iee (38 aeae?a),
Iaeaa?eoe/iee (38), Cao?aeiiiaeaa?eoe/iee (15), ?a?iiaenueei–iaa?eoe/iee
(8), ?a?iiaenueei–cao?aeiinea??nueeee (16), ?a?iiaenueeee (206),
No?aeii?a?iiaenueeee (9), I?aaeaiii–?a?iiaenueeee (4),
Na?aaecaiiiii?nueeee (16), Ai?aaeueii–iiioaiiee (14), Ea?iaonueeee (6),
Einiiiie?oe (23 aeaee). O neeaae? oaoie Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao 31
aaeaaioeaiee aeae.

9. A ?acoeueoao? aea/aiiy eiini?oeaieo ca’yce?a iiiaeeoeue ?aa?iio
anoaiiaeaii: a ?aa?ii? Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao ia iiiaeeoeyo ia?aceoothoue
51 aeae ia?aceoe/ieo ?caeoe?a; aeey 94 aeae?a iiiaeeoeue ca?a?no?iaaii
20 aeae?a io?aoie, ye? ?o a?aea?aeothoue; 53 aeaee iiiaeeoeue iiaeooue
aooe ia’?eoii ei?io aeey Coccinella septempunctata (Coleoptera,
Coccinellidae).

10. Aei oe?aeiee?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, naae?a, e?n?a oa
caeaieo ianaaeaeaiue ianaeaieo ioieo?a a Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iaoao
a?aeiinyoueny a?eueo i?ae 150 aeae?a iiiaeeoeue. Iieueiaei
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei eoeueoo?ai a ?aa?ii? oeiaeyoue 24 aeaee,
naaeai – 28, oaieiei ianaaeaeaiiyi –19, oe?ieieenoyiei e?nai – 22 aeaee.
A ia?eao oa caeaieo ianaaeaeaiiyo ianaeaieo ioieo?a iioaioe?eii
oe?aeeeaeie ? 78 aeae?a iiiaeeoeue.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo ?iaioao:

1. *oiae A. I. Iiaue aeae oee (Homoptera, Aphididae) ec Ea?iaoneiai
aeinoa?iiai caiiaaaeieea // AEo?iae Oe?. yio. o-aa.– O. 1, ? 3-4. – 1993
(1995).– N. 27-30.

2. Iaiiioiaa A. A., *oiae A. A. Iiaua aeaeu oeae ?iaea Metopeurum
(Homoptera, Aphidinea) ec Oe?aeiu // Aanoiee ciieiaee.– ? 6.– 1994. – N.
29-34.

3. *oiae A. I. ?yae ??aiie?ee? – Homoptera. I?ae?yae Iiiaeeoe? –
Aphidinea // A?i??ciiiai?ooy Ea?iaonueeiai a?inoa?iiai
caiia?aeieea.–Ee?a: ?ioa?aeioeaio?, 1997.– N. 255-256, 657-665.

4. *oiae A. I. ?noi??y aeine?aeaeaiue oaoie Ea?iaonueeiai a?inoa?iiai
caiia?aeieea // A?i??ciiiai?ooy Ea?iaonueeiai a?inoa?iiai
caiia?aeieea.–Ee?a: ?ioa?aeioeaio?, 1997.– N. 251-253.

5. *oiae A. I. Aei aea/aiiy oaoie iiiaeeoeue (Homoptera,Aphidinea)
Ea?iaonueeiai caiiaiaeieea // Oace aeii. IV c’?caeo Oe?a?inueeiai
aioiiieiai/iiai oiaa?enoaa. – Oa?eia, 1992. – N. 181-182.

6. *oiae A. I. Oaoia aeaiae?io?eueieo iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao //
Oace aeii. V c”?caeo Oe?a?inueeiai aioiiieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa. – Oa?e?a,
1998. – N. 177-178.

7. *oiae A. I. Noai aea/aiino? aeaeiaiai neeaaeo iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo
Ea?iao // I-ee i?aei. eiio. «Oaoia No?aeieo Ea?iao: no/aniee noai ?
ioi?iia».– Oaeai?iae, 1993.– N. 245 — 247.

8. E?i/ei A.TH., *oiae A.I. O?io?/i? ca”ycee Coccinella septempunctata
L. a Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iaoao // I-ee i?aei. eiio. «Oaoia No?aeieo Ea?iao:
no/aniee noai ? ioi?iia».– Oaeai?iae, 1993. – N. 204-208

9. *oiae A. I., Aioinye A. I. Aiae?c canaeaiino? iiiaeeoeyie (Homoptera,
Aphidinea) ?ineei Ea?iaonueeiai caiia?aeieea // Oace aeii.
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai – i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??, i?ena. 25-??//th
Ea?iaonueeiai a?inoa?iiai caiia?aeieea «Aeieia?/i? iniiae iioei?caoe??
?aaeeio ioi?iie ? aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiiai oiiaeo».– ?ao?a,
1993. – N. 224 – 225.

10. *oiae A. I. Iaeyae iiiaeeoeue (Homoptera, Aphidinea) oaieieo ?aa?iio
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao // I-ee i?aei. iaoe.– i?aeo. eiio., i?ena. 30-??//th
Ea?i. a?ino. cai. “Ea?iaoueeee ?aa?ii ? i?iaeaie noaeiai ?icaeoeo”. – O.
2. – ?ao?a, 1998. – N. 310-315.

11. *oiae A. I. Iiiaeeoe? ?iaeeie Lachnidae (Insekta, Homoptera) oaieieo
Ea?iaonueeiai aea?aeaaiiai i?e?iaeiiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai ia?eo // I-ee
iaoe.–i?aeo. eiio. “Iaoe?iiaeuei? ia?ee, ?o aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueia
cia/aiiy ? i?iaeaie ioi?iie i?e?iaee». – ss?ai/a, 1990. – N.105 — 106.

Aiioaoe??

*oiae A.I. Iiiaeeoe? (Homoptera, Aphidinea) Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.09 – aioiiieia?y.– ?inoeooo ciieia?? ?i. ?.
?. Oiaeueaaocaia IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi oaoie, nenoaiaoeee, a?ieia??,
aeieia?? oa iioe?aiiy iiiaeeoeue (Homoptera, Aphidinea) ?aa?iio
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeey
?aa?iio ca?a?no?iaaii 424 aeaee c 10 ?iaeei, 132 ?iae?a, c yeeo 150
a?aei?/athoueny aia?oa aeey oaoie Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao, 25 — aia?oa aeey
oaoie Oe?a?ie, 3 — aia?oa aeey oaoie No?aeii? ?a?iie. Iienaii 3 iiaeo
aeey iaoee aeaee — Aphis carpatica Chumak, 1993, Metopeurum millefolii
Mamontova & Chumak, 1996; Metopeurum gentianae Mamontova & Chumak, 1996.
I?iaaaeaii ?aa?c?th ?iae?a Metopeurum, Macrosiphum oa eiiieaeno aeae?a
?iaeo Aphis ?c uaae?a ?a?iie. Aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? a?ieia?? oa
aeieia?? aeayeeo aeae?a. I?iaaaeaii ciiaaia?ao?/iee aiae?c oaoie
iiiaeeoeue Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao. Aecia/aii iniiai? aeieiai-oaoi?noe/i?
eiiieaene ?ineeiieo iiyn?a ?aa?iio. Iaaiai?aii ieoaiiy aeaeiaiai neeaaeo
iiiaeeoeue — oe?aeiee?a iieueiaeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?,
naae?a ? e?n?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: Homoptera, Aphidinea, oaoia, nenoaiaoeea, a?ieia?y,
aeieia?y, iioe?aiiy.

Chumak V.O. Aphids ( Homoptera, Aphidinea ) of the Ukrainian Carpathians
(fauna, systematization, taxonomy, biology, distribution). — Manuscript.

Thesis for the Candidate degree on speciality 03.00.09 — entomology. —
Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of National Academy of Science of
Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation deals with the items of fauna, systematization,
biology, ecology and distribution of aphids (Homoptera, Aphidinea) in
the Ukrainian Carpathians. As a result of investigations 424 species
from 10 families, 132 genera have been found in the studied region. 150
species are registered for the first time in fauna of the Ukrainian
Carpathians, 3 species — in fauna of the East Europe. 3 species, which
are new for science, are described: Aphis carpatica Chumak, 1993,
Metopeurum millefolii Mamontova & Chumak, 1996; Metopeurum gentianae
Mamontova & Chumak, 1996.

The inspection of genera Metopeurum, Macrosiphum and species complex
of the genus Aphis from the sorrels of Europe has been conducted. The
biology and ecology features of some species are investigated. The
zoogeographical analysis of the aphids fauna in the Ukrainian
Carpathians is conducted. The main ecological-faunistic complexes of the
region’s vegetation zones have been determined. The item of composition
of the aphid species — pests of the agricultural crops, garden and
forest has been discussed.

Key words: Homoptera, Aphidinea, fauna, systematization, biology,
ecology, distribution.

*oiae A. A. Oee (Homoptera, Aphidinea) Oe?aeineeo Ea?iao. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.09 – yioiiieiaey.– Einoeooo ciieiaee ei.
E. E. Oiaeueaaocaia IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai oaoiu, nenoaiaoeee, aeieiaee, yeieiaee
e ?aniino?aiaiey oeae (Homoptera, Aphidinea) ?aaeiia Oe?aeineeo Ea?iao.
A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee aeey ?aaeiia ca?aaeno?e?iaaii
424 aeaea oeae ec 10 naiaenoa, 132 ?iaeia. 150 aeaeia ?aaeno?e?othony
aia?aua aeey oaoiu Oe?aeineeo Ea?iao, 25 — aia?aua aeey oaoiu Oe?aeiu, 3
— aeey oaoiu Ainoi/iie Aa?iiu. Iienaii 3 iiauo aeey iaoee aeaea — Aphis
carpatica Chumak, 1993, Metopeurum millefolii Mamontova & Chumak, 1996;
Metopeurum gentianae Mamontova & Chumak, 1996. I?iaaaeaia ?aaecey ?iaeia
Metopeurum, Macrosiphum e eiiieaena aeaeia ?iaea Aphis , ieoathueony ia
uaaaeyo Aa?iiu. I?eaaaeaiu aeaoaeueiua iienaiey e i?eaeiaeueiua ?enoiee
iaeiecaanoiuo aeaeia, ia?aiiienaiey eioi?uo iaaeinoaoi/iu aeey
i?aaeeueiie aeeaaiinoeee, a /anoiinoe, aeey aieueoeinoaa aeaeia, aia?aua
ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiuo aeey Oe?aeiu.

Enneaaeiaaiu iniaaiiinoe aeieiaee e yeieiaee iaeioi?uo aeaeia.
Aeaoaeueii eco/aiu aeeciaiiua oeeeeu Microlophium primulae e
Macrosiphum albifrons. Iienaii aioeaiiiia iieieaiea M. albifrons –
naioeu e yeoeaeeaaeouea naiee, aei neo ii? ia ecaanoiua a Aa?iia.

Ioia/aii, /oi a oaoia oeae Oe?aeineeo Ea?iao iieiioeeeee/ii ?acaeaaaony
404 aeaea, ec ieo 73 – aeaoaeiiiuo, 331 – iaeiiaeiiiu; 20 aeaeia oeae
?acaeaathoueny aiieioeeeee/anee. Ca aeeciaiiuie oi?iaie – 30 aeaeia oeae
– ?eciaeiioia, 261 – iiaoeeia, 209 aeaiae?ioeeia.

I?iaiaeece?iaaii ?ani?aaeaeaiea oeae ii ei?iiaui ?anoaieyi. Ec 2500
aeaeia aunoeo ninoaeenouo ?anoaiee ?aaeiia ei?iiauie aeey oeae
ca?aaeno?e?iaaii 458 aeaeia, 15 ec eioi?uo i?eaiaeyony aia?aua. N?aaee
ei?iiauo ?anoaiee aeiieie?otho i?aaenoaaeoaee neiaeiioeaaoiuo
(Asteraceae) – 103 aeaea, ceaeia (Poaceae) – 37, inieiauo (Cyperaceae) –
11, aoaioeaaoiuo (Lamiaceae) – 18, eaiauo (Salicaceae) – 17,
a?a/eoioeaaoiuo (Polygonaceae) – 13, aaicaeeeioeaaoiua (Caryophyllaceae)
– 10, e?anoioeaaoiuo (Brassicaceae) – 14, ?icioeaaoiuo (Rosaceae) – 32,
aiaiaioeaaoiuo (Fabaceae) – 25, ciioe/iuo (Apiaceae) – 24 e neoieeiauo
(Juncaceae) – 10 aeaeia. Eiee/anoai aeaeia yoeo naiaenoa noiia?ii
ninoaaeytho aieueoa iieiaeiu iauaai aeaeiaiai ninoaaa ei?iiauo ?anoaiee
(310 aeaeia, eee 67.6 %). Ia ieo ieoathony 283 aeaeia oeae (66.7 % io
anaai eiee/anoaa aeaeia). Ec 424 aeaeia oeae, ecaanoiuo aeey ?aaeiia,
120 (28%) – iiiioaae, 280 (66%) – ieeaioaae e 24 (6 %) – iieeoaae.

I?iaaaeaii ciiaaia?aoe/aneee aiaeec oaoiu oeae Oe?aeineeo Ea?iao. Ia
iniiaaiee oeiia a?aaeia a ninoaaa oaoiu auaeaeaiu 12 ciiaaia?aoe/aneeo
eiiieaenia: Aiea?eoe/aneee (38 aeaeia), Iaeaa?eoe/aneee (38),
Caiaaeiiiaeaa?eoe/aneee (15), Aa?iiaeneee (206), Aa?iiaenei –
caiaaeiineae?neee (16), Ainoi/iiaa?iiaeneee (9), Aa?iiaenei –
iaa?eoe/aneee (8), THaeii – aa?iiaeneee (4), N?aaeecaiiiii?neie (16),
Ai?aaeueii–iiioaiiue (14), Ea?iaonueeee (6), Einiiiieeou (23 aeaee).

A niioaaonoaee n aunioiuie iiynaie ?anoeoaeueiinoe a Oe?aeineeo
Ea?iaoao auaeaeaii 4 oeia yeieiai – oaoienoe/aneeo eiiieaenia oeae:
aoeaeieiiieaen iiyna i?aaeai?iuo aeoaiai – aoeiauo eania e Caea?iaoneie
ieciaiiinoe (?I) (274 aeaea oeae); iiyna aoeiauo eania Oe?aeineeo
Ea?iao (246); iiyna aeiauo eania (118); noaaeueieenei – aeueieeneiai
(24). Eiee/anoai aeaeia a aoeaeieiiieaenao eciaiyaony a niioaaonoaee n
?anoeoaeueiuie iiynaie aunioii – eeeiaoe/aneeo cii.

Iaiauaiu aeaiiua i aeaeiaii ninoaaa 51 aeaea iaacaeieeia – ia?aceoia
oeae enneaaeoaiiai ?aaeiia. Eco/aiu iaeioi?ua aniaeou o?ioe/aneeo naycae
oeuieeia oeae ?aaeiia, a /anoiinoe, 53 aeaea oeae iiaoo auoue iauaeoaie
ieoaiey Coccinella septempunctata (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae). I?eaaaeai
nienie aeaeia io?aaueaa (20 aeaeia), eioi?ua iinauatho 94 aeaea oeae.

Ianoaeaeaiu aii?inu aeaeiaiai ninoaaa oeae — a?aaeeoaeae
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iieaauo eoeueoo?, naaea, eana, caeaiuo
ianaaeaeaiee ianaeaiiuo ioieoia. E a?aaeeoaeyi a ?aaeiia Oe?aeineeo
Ea?iao ioianaii ieiei 150 aeaeia oeae. Iieaaui naeueneioicyenoaaiiui
eoeueoo?ai a ?aaeiia iiaoo a?aaeeoue 24 aeaea, naaeai – 28, oaieiui
eanai – 19, oe?ieieenoaaiiui eanai – 22 aeaea. A ia?eao e caeaieo
ianaaeaeaieyi ianaeaiiuo ioieoia iiaoo a?aaeeoue 78 aeaeia oeae. A
?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiee aia?aua aeey oa??eoi?ee Oe?aeiu ioia/aiu
a?aaeeoaee aeaei?aoeaiiai ethieia iiiaieenoiai (Macrosiphum albifrons),
ea?oioaey (Rhopalosiphoninus latysiphon), aeey Caea?iaouey – a?aaeeoaey
ia?neea (Brachycaudus schwartzi ).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Homoptera, Aphidinea, oaoia, nenoaiaoeea, aeieiaey,
yeieiaey, ?ani?ino?aiaiea.

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