OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OAeE 130.1

?IIAIIA ?AI? TH??EIAE*

IIIssOOss INEO?*II? ?AAEUeIINO?

A OAI??? OA I?AEOEOe? INEOIAIAE?CO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.04 — o?einionueea aio?iiieia?y

oa o?einio?y eoeueoo?e

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaiaeoe Ieaenaiae? Ieaenaiae?iae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith o?einio??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaa/oe Ea?ena Oeiio??aia,

Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao

?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith aoeee, anoaoeee

oa eoeueoo?ieia??

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

I?ieiiaiei Aieiaeeie? Aieiaeeie?iae/,

Oa?e?anueeee oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa

IAN Oe?a?ie,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e o?einio?? oa iie?oieia??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo o?einio?? ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee IAI

Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e o?einionueei? aio?iiieia??, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23.06. 1999 ?ieo

i 1700 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Ae 64.051.06. i?e Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

ca aae?anith: 310077, Oa?e?a, iaeae. Naiaiaee, 4, aoae. 3-83.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? OAeO ca aae?anith: 310077, Oa?e?a, iaeae. Naiaiaee, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 17.05. 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Noa?iaieo A.N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

“I?iaeaia ?icoi?iiy ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino? iin?aea? i?ia?aeia i?noea a
aoaeue-ye?e ineoiaiae?oe/i?e i?aeoeoe? oa oai???”, – oae ii/eia? noaooth
“Na?aeii?noue ? o?iue /ano” a?aeiiee oai?aoee ineoiaiae?co Aeaeii Eaoea.
Iiaeia c iiaiei i?aaii noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui nueiaiaei? oey oaia ia?aaoaa?
a oeaio?? iaoeiaeo oa ee?i?/ieo ineoiaiae?oe/ieo aeeneon?e. E??i oiai,
iiiyooy ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino? iicia/a? iaaeo iaoaineoieia?/ii? ?aoeaen??
oa aaaea o oea?eio aeania o?einionueei? i?iaeaiaoeee. Aiii ? ia no?eueee
ineoiaiae?oe/iith i?iaeaiith, ne?eueee i?iaeaiith ineoiaiae?co ye
oaeiai: eiai iaoeiaiai e eoeueoo?iiai noaoono, i?aeoe/ieo ?
aeine?aeieoeueeeo ai?eciio?a. O oae?e yeino? iiiyooy ineo?/ii?
?aaeueiino? ? oaiith iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy – ye ?noi?e/ii aecia/aia e
o?ainoi?iiaaia o ineoiaiae?oe/iiio a/aii? oiiaa iiaeeeaino? naia
ineoiaiae?oe/iiai aeeneo?no (o eiai iaoeia?e ? oa?aiaaoe/i?e
iiaeaeueiinoyo).

Ineo?ea (aai ineo?/ia) ? oei iaeneiaeueii caaaeueiei iiiyooyi, yea
aeicaiey? aea/aoe e ii??aithaaoe ??ciiiai?oi? i?iaeoe iaoeiai?
ineoieia?? o ?o ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo (E.N.Aeaionueeee). Aea ineoieia?y
ia ? aeeeth/ii iaoeiaei caiyooyi. Aiia ia o?eueee ia iaiaaeo?oueny
iaoeiaith iaoith, aea e i?aoaiaeo? ia ia?aaeyae naii? iiiceoe?? /enoi? e
i?eeeaaeii? iaoee, ui nyaa? aei eeane/iiai i?e?iaeiciaanoaa. sse
“i?aeoe/ia iaoea” aiia ia? ni?aao ia c iaoeiaeie iiaeaeyie, a c
ineo?/iith ?aaeuei?noth iianyeaeaiiiai aeina?aeo, yeee aaciina?aaeiuei
ia?aaeeaa?oueny. Oeae aeina?ae ooai?th? ?noi?e/ii a?aeiiniee ooiaeaiaio
o?einionueeeo oaiaoecaoe?e ? iaoeiaeo eiino?oeoe?e ineoieia??. A?i
cacia? aieeao ??ciiiai?oieo eoeueoo?ieo aeaoa?i?iaio, iaia?nii?o?eiaaieo
aai aaoi?eciaaieo aieea?a. Aei /enea iaea?eueo ?aoeaeneaieo iaoai?ci?a
oi?ioaaiiy e o?ainoi?iaoe?? oaei? ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino? iaeaaeaoue
??ciiiai?oi? ineoieia?/i? i?aeoeee: a?ae aee?i?noe/ieo ienoaoeoa aeeooy
e o?enoeyinueei? aneace aei iaaee/ieo niinia?a iiaiaeaeaiiy c
aiaeaa?eeyi ? iania??anueeiai «iaaiaoecio». Ae?th/e o i?inoi??
aeeoo?aiai na?oo, no/ania ineoieia?y ia?aaoaa? a ?noi?e/iiio ?yae? naia
oe??? ?a?iiaenueei? o?aaeeoe??.

A e o o a e ue i ? n o ue o a i e . Iaeiei ?c caaaeaiue
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aiae?c iiey no/anieo ineoieia?/ieo i?aeoee, ui
i?aeiaaeathoue i?ae aecia/aiiy ineoioa?ai?? o ?? oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii?.
?icaeyae ineoioa?ai?? o yeino? eoeueoo?iiai oaiiiaia e iniaeeaiai
nioe?aeueiiai aeina?aeo cao?aeii? oeea?e?caoe?? ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey
iinonioe?ae?noe/ieo noni?euenoa, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaeaea iiaiith
a?aenooi?noth no/anieo nenoai i?aeaioiaee e eiio?ieth ineoioa?aiaao?a oa
no?oeoo?iaaii? i?ioan?eii? ni?eueiioe. Aoiaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie a
?a?iiaenueeee i?ino?? i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?oeiaiiy c iaaieie, aaea
onoaeaieie niiniaaie ae??oaiiy ethaenueeeo i?iaeai, ye? ia caaaeaee
c?icoi?e? aeey no/aniee?a ? ia caaaeaee ni?aa?aeiini? c ?nioth/eie.
I?iaeaia ii?icoi?iiy iio?aao? caa?iaiiy aei iiiyoue, ui ? aiaeii/an
ooiaeaiaioii iaoeiaiai oa /anoeiith aeeoo?aiai aeina?aeo.

?noi?e/ii naia ineoiaiae?c noai?ea ea?ean no/anii? ineoioa?ai??,
iaa?oiooaaa ?? iacaeaaeiee noaoon ye iaoee oa i?ioan?? (A.I??oe). Aei
oeueiai /ano a?i caeeoa?oueny ?aeeiith aeaoaeueii ?ic?iaeaiith
ineoioaoi?/iith oai???th, ia? oe?e?nio eiioeaioe?th ethaenueei? ineo?ee
oa oai??th ?? ci?i. Iaeiae no/aniee aoai ?icaeoeo ineoioa?ai?? iiaeia
iacaaoe e?eciaei. A?i oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ciaioaiiyi i?iaeoeoeaiino?
iniiaieo oe?e ineoioa?ai?? oa iiieoo ia ?? iineoae, iiooeaie
oai?aoe/iiai neioaco oa ?inoeoooe?eiiai ioi?ieaiiy, ca?eueoaiiyi
e?eueeino? caaaeueieo aeine?aeieoeueeeo i?ia?ai. Naia ia oeueiio aoai?
noa? aeooaeueiei oai?aoe/ia e o?einionueea inieneaiiy on??? noeoiiino?
no/anieo ineoieia?/ieo i?aeoee, yea ni?iiiaeia aeeoe ca ?aiee
iaoiaeieia?? iaei??? iaoeiai? oeiee.

N o o i ? i ue ae i n e ? ae ae a i i n o ? o a i e ae e n a ? o a
oe ? ? . Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie ia?aaeaa/a? caeo/aiiy aei aiae?co
/eneaiieo aeaea?ae. Ia?o ca ana, i?aaeiaoii aea/aiiy ? ?iaioe C.O?aeaea,
eiai iaea?eueo ciaieo iine?aeiaiee?a oa iiiiaio?a (E.A.THia, A.?aeo,
A.O?aeae, I.Eeyei), a oaeiae i?aaenoaaiee?a ?ioeo iai?yie?a ineoioa?ai??
(E.?iaeaea?na, O.Ia?eca, I.A??eniia). Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?eaia ?iaioai,
i?enay/aiei i?iaeai? ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino?, a oaeiae aeioe/iei aei ia?
caaaeueiiiaoeiaei oaiai. Ii-ae?oaa, ie caeo/a?ii ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?i? oa
?noi?eei-iaoeia? i?aoe?, a yeeo ?aeaoueny i?i i?iaeaie ineoieia??,
ineo?ao???, ineoieia?/ieo i?aeoee. Aei oaeeo i?aoeue iaeaaeaoue
aeine?aeaeaiiy I.Aaei, A.Eaaa?a, I.Ooei, A.A.Aooo?ia i?i oi?ie
“aeoiaaiiy aeoo?” a aioe/iino?; aeine?aeaeaiiy “ineoieia?/ii? eoeueoo?e”
o?aaeeoe?eieo noni?euenoa, ui i?aaenoaaeai? nooae?yie I.A.Aaa?aa,
A.N.Naiaioeiaa, I.E.Iao?iaa; i?aoe? N.N.Oi?oae?y, A.ss.Ao?aae/a,
A.A.Noiey?iaa i?i o?enoeyinuee? i?aeoeee aneace oa oi?ie iianyeaeaiiiai
aeeooy Na?aaeiueia?//y; i?aoe? TH.Eaiiaa?oa, I.Ooei, E.N.Aeaionueeiai,
O.Aeaenaiaea?a, A.Aeeaiaa?aa c ?noi??? ineoieia?? ? ineo?ao???;
aeine?aeaeaiiy A.?oaeeianei, A.Ei?aioea?a, E.Oa?oiea oa ?ioeo o/aieo, ui
?icaeyaeathoue ?noi??th ineoiaiae?co. Iaiao?aeii oaeiae iacaaoe i?aoe?,
ye? i?enay/ai? ?noi??? iioe?aiiy ineoiiae?co a ?in?? ? Oe?a?i?, –
A.I.Eaea?ia, AE.Ia?o?, A.?.Ia/a?aiei, A.I.Aoe?iaea, E.?.Aiiaea?aiei.
Ii-o?ao?, aeaea?aeii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o?einionuee? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
ineoiaiae?oe/iiai a/aiiy (A.Ia?eoca, I.??ea?a, AE.Aeaeueica,
AE.Aea??eaea) oa iaoaineoieia?/i? i?aoe? ineoiaiae?oee?a (C.O?aeaea,
Ae.A?ii?eioa, A.A?iia, O.Eiaooa, AE.Eaeaia). Ii-/aoaa?oa, iaie aoee
caeo/ai? iaoiaeieia?/i? oa aeania o?einionuee? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ineoieia??, ineo?ao???, ineoiaiae?co e ineoioa?ai??. O ?in?enueeiiiai?e
iaooe? aiie i?aaenoaaeai? aieiaiei /eiii i?aoeyie ineoieia?a
ae?yeuei?nii? oa eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ii? oe?e (E.N.Aeaionueeiai,
O.?.Aaneethea, A.I.C?i/aiei, A.A.Ioce??y). E?eoeea ineoiaiae?co a
?aaeyinuee?e iaooe? ia a?aecia/aeanue i?ea?iaeuei?noth oa
iine?aeiai?noth. Aeiyoie noaiiaeyoue i?aoe? O.A.Aan?ia, A.E.Eaeaaaaeca,
E.O.Eaa/oe, A.I.Eaea?ia, A.I.?ooeaae/a, A.?.Oa?ic?y. Iaoiaeieia?/ia
?aoeaen?y ineo?ao?e/iiai ciaiiy ?ai?acaioiaaia ye eeane/ieie i?aoeyie
E.ssnia?na ? ?.Aeaeea?a, oae ? iia?oi?ie ?ica?aeeaie no/anieo aaoi??a —
A.Aiiiia, I.I.O?eueoea, I.A.Ci??ia oa ?i. Inoaii? ocaaaeueithth/? ?iaioe
c ineoioa?ai?? iathoue nenoaiaoecaoi?nueea ni?yioaaiiy (i?aoe?
O.?.Aaneethea, A.I.Oeaie?ia), aeaye? – iai?eoiaaii oaiaeaioe?ei? (i?aoe?
E.?iaeaea?na, E.?oaeanoaia). ??ciiiai?oi?noue ?noi?e/ieo,
nioe?ieia?/ieo, eia?/ieo, oaiiiaiieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a o o?einio??
ineoioa?ai?? i?aaenoaaeaia a iiiia?ao?? “Ineoioa?ai?y — iiaa iaoea i?i
ethaeeio” ca ?aaeaeoe??th A.I??oea.

C a ’ y c i e ? i a i o e c i a o e i a e i e i ? i a ? a i a i
e , i e a i a — i e, o a i a i e . ?iaioa iia’ycaia ?c caaaeueiei
iai?yieii o?einionueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue iinono/anii? eoeueoo?e, ui
i?iaiaeyoueny eaoaae?ith o?einio?? OAeO. Inieneaiiy ineoiaiae?oe/ieo
eiioeaioe?e ? /anoeiith a?eueo oe?iei? i?ia?aie aeine?aeaeaiue
eiioi?eaoe?? ??cii??aeieo aeeneo?n?a o i?inoi?? no/anii? o?einio??.

O a ? a e o a ? e n o e e a i ? a ae i a o a e i a o i ae i e i a
? ? ae i n e ? ae — ae a i i y . Ei?aeoia ?ic?iaea iacaaii? oaie
aeiaaa? aeoiaeo ca iaae? ?noi??? iaoee o noa?o ?noi??? eoeueoo?e oa
a?oaieia?? ciaiiy. E??i oeueiai, ne?ae ia?aeoe a?ae iaoiaeieia?? aei
o?einionueei? aio?iiieia?? oa iioieia??, ye? iaiao?aei? aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aaeiaoa ineoiaiae?co a?eueoith i??ith, i?ae
o?aaeeoe?eia aai ?icoe?aia o?einio?y iaoiaeo (A.A??ao). Aeine?aeaeaiiy
ioiieth?: ?noi??th ?a?iiaenueeeo ineoii?aeoee (1); iniiai? ia?aaeeaie
iieno ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino? o ineo?ao???, ineoieia??, ineoioa?ai?? (2);
niiniae ?? aecia/aiiy a iaaeao naiiai ineoiaiae?oe/iiai aeeneo?no (3).
Aeine?aeieoeueeee iiooe ni?yiiaaiee ia c’ynoaaiiy ?noi?e/iiai i?noey
no/aniiai “i?eeoaaiiy i?i aeooo” (ineoioa?ai??) oa aecia/aiiy
ai?noaiieia?/ii? ?ie? ineoiaiae?oe/iiai a/aiiy.

Ae??oaiiy aecia/aieo caaaeaiue aeinyaa?oueny oeyoii oe?eani?yiiaaiiai
aeei?enoiaoaaiiy aaoa?iaaiii? nenoaie iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a. Oae ?noi?e/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoieia?/ieo i?aeoee iio?aao? caa?iaiiy aei aa?enoe/iiai
i?aeoiaeo i?ciueiai I.Ooei, yeee aeae?eea o yeino? i?aaeiaoa aea/aiiy
iiea aoe/ieo “oaoi?e naaa”, aeeneo?neaieo ? ia-aeeneo?neaieo i?aeoee, ui
i?iaeaiaoecothoue ethaenueeo iiaaae?ieo aeey naieo ?iaeea?aeooi?a
(«?noi??y naenoaeueiino?»). sse aeneiaeaiiy, ?ioaa?iaai? o iaaiee
?noi?e/iee aeeniiceoea ? aae?aniaai? naiiio noa’?eoia?, aiie ?
i?aaeiaoii aeeneo?neaiiai aiae?co, iacaaiiai Ooei aa?iaiaaoeeith
noa’?eoa. Aea, caa?oath/enue aei ?noi??? “iaaeeeae?caoe?? ineoioa?ai??”
o ca’yceo c ?? aeooae?caoe??th a iaaeao ineo?ao?e/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei
aeooaaii? oai?iae, iaiao?aeii aeine?aeeoe iaoeia? i?aeoeee ia’?eoeaaoe??
ineo?/iiai e nioe?aeuei? i?aeoeee ?cieyoe?? aiaeaa?eey. ? ooo
?aeaaaioieie aeyaeythoueny iaoiaee ai?noaiieia?/iiai e a?oaieia?/iiai
aiae?co, ?ai?acaioiaai? ye ?aii?ie i?aoeyie Ooei (“?noi??y aiaeaa?eey” ?
“Neiaa ? ?a/?”), oae ? o?aaeeoe?eieie ?noi???th iaoee oa nioe?aeueiith
?noi???th. Eiee ae i?aaeiaoii oaaae noathoue ineoiaiae?c ? no/ania
ineoioa?ai?y, noieoniaai? ia noinoieao “e?ea? – oai?ee”, aeeneo?neaiee ?
ai?noaiieia?/iee aiae?c iio??aii aeiiiaieoe iaoiaeaie aa?iaiaaoeee ae??
oa oai??? eiioi?eaoe?? (I.??ea?, TH.Oaaa?ian). Ineoiaiae?oe/iee niin?a
?ai?acaioaoe?? ineo?/iiai aeiaaa? caa?iooeny aei oaiiiaiieia??,
aa?iaiaaoeee ? oai??? eiioi?eaoe??.

Oeaio?aeueia i?noea a ?iaio? a?aeaaaeaii aiae?cia? ineoiaiae?oe/iiai
a/aiiy. Ia nueiaiaei? ?niothoue ??ci? o?aaeeoe?? eiai o?einionueeiai
i?i/eoaiiy. E??i iaoaineoieia?/ieo ?ia?o naieo ineoiaiae?oee?a, ne?ae
caaaeaoe oae? aoaii? i?aoe?, ye “A?in ? oeea?e?caoe?y” A.Ia?eoca;
“Eiioe?eo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e” ? “O?aeae ? o?einio?y” I.??ea?a; eia?/io
e?eoeeo E.Iiiia?a oa ?ioeo i?aaenoaaiee?a o?einio?? iaoee;
no?oeoo?ae?nonuee? e iinono?oeoo?ae?nonuee? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaaeeoai?
oai?/?noth AE.Eaeaia (i?aoe? AE.Aeaeueica, AE.Aea??eaea oa ?i.). Oaeei
/eiii, iiaeia aeae?eeoe onoaeai? niiniae o?einionueei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
ineoiaiae?co: aa?iaiaaoe/iee, nioe?aeueii-e?eoe/iee ?
no?oeoo?ae?nonueeee oa iinono?oeoo?ae?nonueeee. Iii?e i/aaeaei?
a?aei?iiino? iaoiaeieia?/ieo ?ioaioe?e, ia?o? aeaa /anoi ii?aeiothoueny
ye, neaae?ii, o i?aoeyo aeine?aeiee?a, ui ia?aaoaathoue i?ae aieeaii
o?aieoo?onueei? oeiee, – TH.Oaaa?iana e A.Ei?aioea?a. C ae?oaiai aieo,
ia aeeaey/enue ia aeaeea?iaai? ?ica?aeiino?, no?oeoo?ae?nonuee? ?
iinono?oeoo?ae?nonuee? aeine?aeaeaiiy /anoi a?aei?ii? eeoa
?aeaieia?/ieie ioe?ieaie, a ia iaoiaeieia??th aai oa?i?iieia??th.

O aeena?oaoe?? aoee aeei?enoai? an? o?e i?aeoiaee, ye?, iaeiae, iathoue
nai? iaiaaeaiiy. Inoaii? iia’ycai? c iiooeiaith cina?aaeaeai?noth ia
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oaeno?a caniiaieea ineoiaiae?co (aeiyoie noaiiaeyoue
ie?ai? ae?aieaiiy eeyei?ainueeiai ineoiaiae?co a i?aoeyo AE.Aeaeueica).
Ie ia?aaeaa/a?ii, ui no/ania i?i/eoaiiy a/aiiy O?aeaea iiaeiii
a?aoiaoaaoe oaanue oeyo eiai aaiethoe??, ?icaeoeo, ioiiethth/e iaoeiao
?noi??th ineoiaiae?co, ?noi??th ii?iaeaeaieo iei ineoieia?/ieo i?aeoee ?
eiioaeno eiai o?einionueeeo ?aoeaioe?e. Oiio iaeiei ?c caaaeaiue
aeena?oaoe?? ? o?einionueea aenie?eaoe?y aeayeeo iiiyoue iaeeane/iiai
ineoiaiae?co (oaeeo, ye “iana?aeii? oaioac??”, “ia?ao?aei? oaiiiaie”,
“naeo” oa ?i.).

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui aoaeue-ye? ni?iae o?einionueeiai inieneaiiy
ineoiaiae?co caeeoaoeiooueny o?aaiaioa?ieie e iacaaa?oaieie, ui ?
iane?aeeii eiai i?aeoe/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? oa iaoiaeieia?/ii?
naii?cieueiaaiino?. Ie iiae?ey?ii oi/eo ci?o, ca?aeii c yeith a?aeiiaa
a?ae nenoaiioai?aiiy ia ? iaaeie?eii, a nooo?aith a?aei?ii?noth no/anii?
o?einio??, yea a?aeiiaey?oueny a?ae iueiai ia ei?enoue ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
??cii??aeieo aeeneo?n?a ? eiioi?eaoe?? c ieie (TH.Oaaa?ian, O.E?ioa?).

I a o a ? c a ae a / ? ae i n e ? ae ae a i i y . Caaaeueiith
iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?aeiino?oeoe?y ineoiaiae?oe/iiai ?icoi?iiy
ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino? a eiai iaoeiaiio, i?aeoe/iiio e o?einionueeiio
aei??ao. Caaaeaiiyie ?iaioe ?: 1) aecia/aiiy i?noey ineoiaiae?co a
?noi??? ?a?iiaenueeeo ineoieia?/ieo i?aeoee (oaoi?e noa’?eoeaaoe??), ye?
eiinoeooththoue ineo?/io ?aaeuei?noue, ui ia?aaeeaa?oueny ?
(o?ain)oi?io?oueny; 2) oa?aeoa?enoeea ai?noaiieia?/ii? nai???aeiino?
ineoiaiae?oe/iiai a/aiiy ii??aiyii c eeane/ieie eaiiiaie
i?e?iaeie/i-iaoeiaiai e aoiai?oa?iiai i?ciaiiy, c ia?aaeeaiaie no/anieo
eiio ineoieia?? oa ineo?ao???, ye? eiino?oththoue iaoeiao i?aaeiaoi?noue
ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino?; 3) aenie?eaoe?y o?einionueeeo iiaeeeainoae
ineoiaiae?oe/iiai iiiyooy ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino?, “i?eoiaaieo”
oaiiiaiieia??, aio?iiieia?? oa iioieia?? ineoiaiae?co; 4) aecia/aiiy
iaae ? eii?aeeiao iiey no/anieo ineoieia?/ieo i?aeoee ye o ?o ca’yceo c
?noi???th ?a?iiaenueeiai “i?eeoaaiiy i?i aeooo”, oae ? a eiioaeno?
eoeueoo?ii? neooaoe?? iinoiiaea?io e / aai “iino(iaaei)iiaea?io”
(I.I.Iaiaeoe).

I a o e i a a i i a e c i a i ae a ? ae a i e o ? a c o e ue o a o
? a . Aia?oa o a?o/eciyi?e iaooe? cai?iiiiiaaia o?einionueea
aenie?eaoe?y ineoiaiae?oe/iiai ?icoi?iiy ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino?. Ineo?/ia
?aaeuei?noue ?icaeyaea?oueny ye ?noi?e/ii aecia/aia oiiaa iaoeiaeo,
o?einionueeeo oa ?ae?a?eieo aeeneo?n?a i?i aeooo ? i?aaeiao i?aeoe/ieo
(ineoioaoi?/ieo) o?ainoi?iaoe?e. Nooo?aith a?aei?ii?noth a?ae
aiaeia?/ieo cao?aeieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? aeaoaeueiee ?icaeyae
ineoiaiae?oe/iiai a/aiiy ? ii?iaeaeaii? iei ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? i?aeoeee
/a?ac i?ecio no/anieo ai?noaiieia??, iioieia?? oa aio?iiieia?? —
a?oaieia?? ciaiiy, o?einio?? ?ic??ciaiue, aa?iaiaaoeee noa’?eoa.
Cai?iiiiiaaii no?oeoo?io oa ?noi?e/io aeane?eioe?? iiey no/anii?
ineoioa?ai??, ?ic?iaeaia inueiaa aen?ieia?/ia iiaeaeue aeey
ocaaaeueiaiiy e eeaneo?eaoe?? ineoioa?aiaaoe/ieo i?aeoiae?a. O
aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa ii??aiththoueny oi?ie ?nioaaiiy ineoioa?ai?? a aiioo
?? noaiiaeaiiy, a neooaoe?? iinoiiaea?io ? a eoeueoo?iiio i?inoi??
iinooioae?oa?ieo noni?euenoa. ??cii??aei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoiaiae?co
ni?aa?aeiinyoueny a eiioaeno? caaaeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee ineo?/ii?
?aaeueiino?.

Iaa?oioiaothoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy:

eoeueoo?ia iiaaoe?y ineoiaiae?co iieyaa? o aeieeiaii? iiaiai aeaeo
i?aeoeee (aeeneo?neaii? oa iaaeeneo?neaii?) ia ia?aoei? ?a?iiaenueeeo
oaoi?e noa’?eoeaaoe?? oa o?einionueei? e?eoeee noa’?eoa;

ineoiaiae?c oniaaeeiao? ni?yiiaai?noue aei naiii?ciaiiy oa aaoiiiacen
aioe/ieo i?aeoee naaa, aa?iaiaaoeeo aioo??oiueiai na?oo oa /ano aeeooy
o?enoeyinueeeo aeooiaieo i?aeoee, oaaao aei iaoieia?/iiai oa iaoeiaee
e?eoeoeeci iaaee/ii? ineoioa?ai??;

?acii ?c oeei ineoiaiae?c i?iiiio? iiao aio?iiieia?th ?noioe, ui aaaea?,
no?aaeaea? e iiieey?oueny uiaei naii? naaa, oa yea naiiaecia/a?oueny
uiaei ineo?/iiai aoooy iioyao, aiaeaa?eey e nia?o?;

ai?noaiieia?/ia iiaaoe?y ineoiaiae?co iieyaa? o o?ainoi?iaoe?? eeane/ieo
oi?i ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oai?aoe/iiai, i?aeoe/iiai e o?einionueeiai ciaiiy;
o ca?aia? “e?eoaaeueiiai” e “aeine?aeieoeueeiai” ?ioa?an?a uiaei aeanii?
noa’?eoeaiino?; aeaiiino?aoe?? iaieio/ino? e iaiaaeaiue iaoao?ce/iiai
ieneaiiy a iaoeao i?i ethaeeio;

aeine?aeieoeueeee i?ino?? ineoiaiae?co aecia/a?oueny iaeii/anii
iiiioaoe/iith e aa?iaiaaoe/iith i?ciaaaeueieie no?aoaa?yie, ye? aca?iii
iiina?aaeeiaothoue iaeia iaeio oa a?aeiia?aeii eiinoeooththoue
iaoo?ae?noe/io e nai?ioe/io iiaeae? ineo?ee;

ineoiaiae?oe/ia i?aeoeea ye e?eoeea ?ethc?e (na?aeiiino?), ia?a?inoath/e
a e?eoeeo ?aaeueiino? (ethaenueei? noa’?eoeaiino?), c?aooith iaa?oioiao?
?icoi?iiy oe??? ?aaeueiino? ye ?iaioe;

?nioaaiiy oe??? ?aaeueiino? iia’ycaia c ae?yeuei?noth oyaiiai
(iana?aeiieo oaioac?e) oa iino?eiei a?aeoai?aiiyi ?ic??ciaiue –
aioo??oiueiai e ciai?oiueiai, noa’?eoa e ?ioiai, ae?eniiai e oyaiiai, –
oiio ?? iiaeia oa?i?iieia?/ii aecia/eoe ye ia?ao?aeio ?aaeuei?noue.

I ? a e o e / i a c i a / a i i y i ae a ? ae a i e o ? a c o e ue
o a o ? a . I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe aeieeaa? c ineoiaiae?oe/iiai
?icoi?iiy iaoiaeieia?/ieo, aio?iiieia?/ieo ? e?eoe/ieo caaaeaiue
iaoaineoieia??, a oaeiae c oyaeaiiy i?i eiioi?eaoeai? e i?eeeaaei?
caaaeaiiy no/anii? o?einio??. Aiii iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? o?einionueei?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iiey ineoioa?aiaaoe/ieo i?aeoee, yea aeicaiey?
aeine?aeaeoaaoe oa i?iaiicoaaoe eiai aaiethoe?th. I?aeoe/ia iaoa
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o noai?aii? ia?aaeoiia aeey
ae?aeiao iaoeiaeo ia?aaeeai, ineoioa?aiaaoe/ieo oe?e ? o?einionueeeo
o?aaeeoe?e. Oaeee ae?aeia iniaeeai iaiao?aeiee aeey a?o/eciyii? iaoee,
ui ia?aaoaa? o noai? iaoiaeieia?/ii? e?ece. O iiaeeeaino? oaeiai
ae?aeiao ian ia?aeiiothoue /eneaii? aenooie ia niaoe?aeueieo nai?ia?ao,
oeieao oa eiioa?aioe?yo o Ee?a?, Aei?i?iiao?ianueeo, Eueaia?, Oa?eia?,
Iinea?. Aeaeaia ca iaoith ?aaeaeoe??th ca??ea ia?aeeaae?a «Ineoiaiaeec a
?acaeoee» (Aeaoe?eiao?a, 1998. — 176 n.) caeo/a? aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao
iia?oi? ineoiaiae?oe/i? eiioeaioe?? oa iaoiaee. Iao aeaniee aeina?ae
aeeeaaeaiiy e i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe o aaeoc? ineoioa?ai?? na?ae/eoue i?i
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?? o?einionueeiai oa ?noi?e/iiai inieneaiiy. Aaoi?nueea
eiioeaioe?y iieeaaeaia a iniiao iin?aieea c ineoioa?ai?? «Ineoiaiaeec:
eoeueoo?iay i?aeoeea e oa?aiaaoe/aneee niune: Aaaaeaiea a oai?eth,
i?aeoeeo e enoi?eth ineoiaiaeeca» (I., 1994. — 287n.), o yeiio
aena?oeththoueny ca’ycee ineoiaiae?oe/iiai a/aiiy c eoeueoo?ith OO
noie?ooy oa iioiaeaeaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo ineoioa?aiaaoe/ieo o?aaeeoe?e.

A i ? i a a oe ? y ? a c o e ue o a o ? a ae e n a ? o a oe ? ? .
O?ae ? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeenue ia oaeeo
eiioa?aioe?yo: 1) Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia i?aeaoc?anueea eiioa?aioe?y
“Aoiai?caoe?y iaoee oa ina?oe” (Oa?e?a, 1991); 2) Eiioa?aioe?y “No/ania
ineoioa?ai?y: a?ae eiio?iioaoe?? aei ae?aeiao oe?e” (Iineaa, 1994); 3)
Ae?oa? I?aeia?iaei? ineoieia?/i? /eoaiiy “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii?
ineoieia??” (Oa?e?a, 1995); 4) ??? I?aeia?iaei? Neiai?iaeei?anuee?
/eoaiiy (Oa?e?a, 1996); 5) Iaii??aeuei? /eoaiiy “I?iaeaia
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ia iaae? OO ? OO? noie?oue”, i?enay/ai? 60-e?ooth
i?ioani?a I.O.Ieaoioiiai (Oa?e?a, 1996); 6) No?aeii?a?iiaenueea
ineoiaiae?oe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Eae i?aaieciaaoue ineoiaiaeeoe/aneee
o?aieia a Ainoi/iie Aa?iia” (Iineaa, 1998).

N o ? o e o o ? a ae e n a ? o a oe ? ? . Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny
?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a.
Ia?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue o?e i?ae?icae?ee, ae?oaee ? o?ao?e i?ae?icae?ee
iiae?eythoueny ia e?eueea ioieo?a. Ae?oaee ?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c
o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a, eiaeiee c yeeo iiae?ey?oueny ia ioieoe. O?ao?e
?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a. O aeiaeaoeao iiaeai?
caoaaaeaiiy aei ?icae?e?a ? o?e noaie. Anueiai a aeena?oaoe?? 250
noi??iie, c yeeo 172 noi??iee iniiaiiai oaenoo, 31 noi??iea nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa 47 noi??iie aeiaeaoe?a. Nienie aeaea?ae
i?noeoue 374 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O “ANOOI?” iaa?oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ??
aeooaeuei?noue, c’yniao?oueny iaoeiaee noai i?iaeaie, ie?aneththoueny
ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iaoiaeieia?y aiae?co, oi?ioeth?oueny caaaeueia
iaoa oa eiie?aoi? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a
aeena?oaoe?? aecia/aia a ?? iniiaieo iieiaeaiiyo. Aeacai? iaoeia?
eiioa?aioe??, ia yeeo i?iaiaeeeanue ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a.
Cae?i/o?oueny anooi ia?ae?eii ioae?eaoe?e, o yeeo a?aeia?aaeai? iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “I?EEOAAIIss I?I NAAA: IA?AAe?NOI??ss INEOIOA?AI??”
– aiae?cothoueny ?noi?e/i? oi?ie ineoieia?/ieo i?aeoee, ui
ni?aa?aeiinyoueny ?c no/aniei iiiyooyi ineoioa?ai??. Inoaiiy
?icaeyaea?oueny ye noeoii?noue ineoieia?/ieo oaoi?e i?aai?caoe?? e
ei?aeoe?? ineo?/iiai aeeooy, ui aeeiiothoue eoeueoo?ia caaaeaiiy
noa’?eoeaaoe?? ?iaeea?aeooio e iaa?oioiaothoueny a ??cieo oai?aoe/ieo
aeeneo?nao – o?einionueeeo, ?ae?a?eieo, ineoieia?/ieo, iaaee/ieo.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? – “E?eca e noaiiaeaiiy no/anii? ineoioa?ai??” –
?icaeyaeathoueny noai no/anii? ineoioa?ai??, ?? ca’ycee c ineo?ao?e/iith
e ineoieia?/iith ia?aaeeaiaie a eiioaeno? niinia?a ?ai?acaioaoe??
ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino?. E?eca no/anii? ineoioa?ai?? i?iyaey?oueny o
ioeueoeie?eaoe?? ??cieo i?aeoe/ieo i?aeoiae?a ? a?aenooiino?
caaeia?eueieo niinia?a oai?aoe/ii? ?aoeaen??, aaeaeaaoieo iio?aaai
??cieo oe?e. I?aoe? oai?aoee?a oa ?noi?ee?a ineoioa?ai?? (A.Ei?aioea?a,
A.?oaeeianei, A.I??oea, O.?.Aaneethea oa ?i.) na?ae/aoue i?i iaaaeueio
iio?aao o noai?aii? ineoioaoi?/ii? oai???, a iaaeao yei? iiaeia aoei a
ii??aiyoe /eneaii? eiioeaioe?? iaoe ineoioa?ai??, ?? iaoiae?a, e?eoa???a
aoaeoeaiino? oa iiooeiaeo no?aoaa?e. O aeena?oaoe?? aeneiaeth?oueny
aeoiea, ui oaea oai??y ia iiaea aooe iaiaaeaia ?nioth/eie iaoeiaeie
ia?aaeeaiaie o ineoieia??; aiia aeiaaa? aeeoe a oea?eio o?einionueei?
aio?iiieia?? (iioieia?? ineo?/iiai) oa ?noi?e/ii? ai?noaiieia??
(niinia?a ?ai?acaioaoe?? ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino?). Ii?yae ?c oeei no/ania
ineoioa?ai?y ia? aoe/iee aei?? ? iiaeiia ?icaeyaeaoeny a ?noi?e/iiio
eiioaeno? ?a?iiaenueeeo i?aeoee “i?eeoaaiiy i?i aeooo” (I.Aaei, A.Eaaa?,
I.Ooei).

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? — “I?eeoaaiiy i?i naaa a ?noi?e/i?e ia?niaeoea?”
— aeine?aeaeothoueny ?noi?e/i? oi?ie ineoieia?/ieo i?aeoee, aeanoea?
?a?iiaenuee?e a?oa?oe?, eoeueoo?? aioe/iino?, na?aaeiueia?//y ? iiaiai
/ano. Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny o?ainoi?iaoe?yi, yeeo caciathoue
oyaeaiiy i?i aeooo, a oaeiae i?i iaoiaee oe?eani?yiiaaii? i?aai?caoe??
ineo?/iiai aeeooy i?e ia?ai???ioaoe?? “i?eeoaaiiy i?i aeooo” ia iia?
niiniae aeeneo?neaiiai iaa?oiooaaiiy (i?oieia?/i?, o?einionuee?,
?ae?a?ei?, iaoeiai-iaaee/i?).

O ia?oiio ioieo? — “Iioo?aoeny i?i naaa” — iieacaii, ui a aiioo
noaiiaeaiiy a?aoeueei? eoeueoo?e aeieea? iiaa, a?aei?iia a?ae i?o?/ii?
oa o?aaeeoe?eii?, eiioeaioe?y aeoo? e a?aeiia?aeia ?e ?icoi?iiy i?aeoee
i?eeoaaiiy i?i naaa. Aeey ieo ? oa?aeoa?iei: ?icoi?iiy aeoo? ye
noa’?eoa, iaa?oiooaaiiy i?enooiiino? aeey oeueiai noa’?eoa na?oo ?noeie,
iaiao?aei?noue i?ciaiiy ?noeie naiiai naaa, ia’?aeiaiiy aoe/ieo ?
iie?oe/ieo eiiiiiaio?a i?eeoaaiiy i?i aeooo ?aea?th iaioaaiiy iaae
niaith. Iiyaa o?einionueeiai aeeneo?no ciaiaio? ia?iaeaeaiiy iiai?
eiioeaioe?? noa’?eoa, iiaeo oi?i ina?oe e i?eeoaaiiy i?i naaa. A?aoeueea
o?einio?y ?ic?iaey? iiaea?eio eiioeaiooae?caoe?th ineo?/iiai –
o?ceei-iaoao?ce/io oa aoe/io. A?aeiia?aei? iaoaiiae iieno aeooaaiiai
aeeooy noa’?eoa aaaaoi?aciai ia?aie?oathoueny o ieaoii?anuee?e o?einio??
(ie?aiei i?eeeaaeii oeueiai ? i?o i?i aeooo) ? ciaoiaeyoue nai?
ae?aaeaiiy a nenoaiaoeoe? A??noioaey. Ooo ia?ii cono??/iee ?oo
aeeneo?n?a – aoeea ? nioe?aeueia o?einio?y ooeathoue nai? iaa?oiooaaiiy
a oai??? “i?e?iaee ethaeeie”, a inoaiiy yaey? niaith ia ui ?ioa, ye
“iie?oe/io oai??th aeoo?” (E.Iiiia?).

O ae?oaiio ioieo? — “Iai’yoae i?i nia?oue” — aiae?cothoueny o?einionuee?
“anoaoeee ?nioaaiiy” aiioe aee?i?cio e ?einueei? ?iia???, “cieioiai a?eo
i?eeoaaiiy i?i naaa e eoeueoo?e naiai “ss” (I.Ooei). Ia iaoa??ae?
?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ieo oa ?noi?eei-o?einionueeeo i?aoeue
aeine?aeaeo?oueny, ye a aoeoe? ai?eo?aenoaa e noi?oeecio a?aeaoaa?oueny
naiicaieeaiiy i?eeoaaiiy i?i naaa ? eiai a?aeae?eaiiy a?ae i?eeoaaiiy
i?i ?ioeo (iie?oeee); ye o a?ae?iaeaeai?e nio?noeoe? a?aoeueea iaeaeaey
iaaoaa? oa?aeoa?o iie?oe/ii? o?einio?? oa ineoaaia?? (aeoiaaiiy /e
“aaaeaiiy” aeoo?); ye o caaaa/aiiio no?aeieie aieeaaie iaiieaoii?ci?
caa?iaiiy aei aeanii? aeoo? iaaoaa? i?noe/iiai cia/aiiy ? aioo? a?oio
aeey o?enoeyinueei? ?aea? nian?iiy aeoo?. O noi?oeeci? (? /anoeiai
ai?eo?aenoa?) aeoiea i?i nia?oue noa? no?eaeiai iiaoaeiae ethaenueeiai
aeeooy, ia/aeii, ui ?? i?aai?ciao?. Iai’yoaoe i?i nia?oue — cia/eoue
caaaeaoe naaa. ?acoeueoaoii oaei? ineoioaoi?ee ? aaoiiii?caoe?y noa’?eoa
(“aaoa?e?y” ? “aiaoaey”), yea aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie i?eeiyooy
?ooeeai? iaae? i?ae na?oii ? noa’?eoii, ui iaaeeaea?oueny aei e?aieiai?
noa’?eoeaiino?. Noi?oeeci noa? “ienoaoeoaii aeeooy”, aoeeith,
caei??iaiith a anoaoeoe? ?nioaaiiy. Aoeei-ineoieia?/ia i?aeoeea, ui iei
i?iaeoeo?oueny, cae?enith? naiicaieeaiiy ae?yeueiino? e iiaeaiiy ia
naiiio noa’?eo?, o?einio?y iiaeeia?oueny aeooiai?noth ye
o?ainoi?iaoe??th noa’?eoa iei naiei. ?iaeoa ae??oo?oueny caaaeaiiy
“cae?aiiy noa’?eoa c ?icn?yii? iiiaeeie” o iaiieaoii?ci?. Ieioei
ieneeoue ?iaioo aeoo? ye iine?aeiaia i/euaiiy e noiaeaeaiiy ii no?aeoeyo
iaaeaooo?ai? ???a?o?? ?iinoanae (Aeoo? – ?icoio – ?aeeiiai). Oeae oeyo ?
iaeii/anii iiaa?iaiiyi aeoo? aei nai?? aacnia?oii? nooiino?. Ia a?aei?io
a?ae iiia?aaeiuei? ieaoii?anueei? o?aaeeoe??, Ieioei inoaoi/ii
ooaa?aeaeo? noanoaioe?iiaeueio iacaeaaei?noue aeoo? a?ae o?ea e ?icoi??
i?aeoeeo i?eeoaaiiy aeeeth/ii ye niiaeyaeaiiy. Ia?aeae?cie i?eeoaaiiy
i?i aeooo e i?eeoaaiiy i?i o?ei, i?eeoaaiiy i?i ?ioeo ? i?eeoaaiiy i?i
naaa, iiaeaiiy ? “aioo??oiuei? ?iciiae aeoo? naii? ?c niaith” o
iaiieaoii?ci? ?iciaaeathoueny.

O o?aoueiio ioieo? — “Neooae naaa” — ?icaeyaeathoueny o?enoeyinuee?
ineoieia?/i? i?aeoeee, a?eueoith i??ith caeaaei? a?ae ii?aeueiiai, a ia
aoeei-anoaoe/iiai caaaeaiiy. Ii?aeueia caeeiiioai?noue ?iaeoue
o?enoeyinoai a?eueo /ooeeaei aei aii??e/ii? oeaieie ineo?/iiai aeeooy –
aaaeaiue ? iioea?a, iai’yo? e caaoaaiiy, aeeooy o?ea ? ciai?oiueiai
ni?eeiyooy. O?enoeyinoai i?ioenoaaey? ethaenueeo ne?i/aii?noue a?/iino?
Aiaeanoaaiii? Iniaenoino? ? oeei a?aee?eaa? /an ethaenueeiai aeeooy.
Oeae /an ia? naith ni?yiiaai?noue, a?i iaiiai?ioiee ? iaea?eueo /?oei
ona?aeiieth?oueny a oi/eao ia?aoai?aiiy ethaenueeiai /ano e a?/iino?
(nia?oue, niia?aeue, iinay/aiiy). ?aeaaeo noaa?aiii? aaoa?e??
o?enoeyinuee? i?aeoeee i?ioenoaaeythoue iineooi?noue, ?aea?
noanoaioe?iiaeueii? aeoo?, ui i?e/aoia aei ?aeeiiai, – ia?aaeeaaiiy
a??oiaiino? e iaiiaiioe ethaenueeiai aeeooy. O?enoeyinueea i?eeoaaiiy
i?i naaa noa? ia no?eueee noa’?eoeaaoe??th, ne?eueee oai?aiiyi
iniaenoino? ia?aae ia?acii iniaenoino? ?ioiai. Oaaaa o?enoeyinoaa aei
?ioeiiiai na?oo aeooaaieo ia?aaeeaaiue ? neiaie?/ia ni?eeiyooy
iaaeieeoiueiai na?oo iinooiiai i?eaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy noaoono
nai?ioe/iiai i?ciaiiy, ia?aoai?thth/e eiai ia noiaeeieo aei?iae aeoo?
aei Aiaa. Aea aioo??oiy ?aei?noue i?ciaiiy (aai naiii?ciaiiy) ?
i?eeoaaiiy i?i aeooo, ui aeanoeaa aioe/iino?, ?iciaaea?oueny. I?eioeei
“iaceeoeo ? ia?icae?eueieo” ?iinoanae Aiaeanoaaiii? Iniaenoino? noaaeoue
ethaeeio ii oie a?e na?oo aiaeanoaaiiiai, aea ?acii ?c oeei a?aee?eaa?
iiaeeea?noue “iaiaeiaiiy” ?? i?e?iaeiiai neeaaeo. ?acoeueoaoii oeueiai
noa? ?aaa?e?oaoe?y o?eanieo oaoi?e aenoaco (o no?aeiiio /a?iaoeoa?) oa
aeooae?caoe?y cia/ouino? iiaieo i?aeoee — iieeoae, niia?ae?, iieayiiy,
neooaiiy-iineooo. Iaaeath inoaii?o iinoa? iia/acia ni?eeiyooy
Aiaeanoaaiieo ?noeie e ?iai?.

O /aoaa?oiio ioieo? — “Ii?iaeueia e iaoieia?/ia” — aeine?aeaeo?oueny
i?ioean iaaeeeae?caoe?? i?eeoaaiiy i?i naaa a eoeueoo?? Iiaiai /ano
(ia?aaeon?i o eeane/io aiioo). Naia a ?aieao ineo?ao?e/ii? iiaeae?
ia?iaeaeo?oueny iaaee/ia ?icoi?iiy ineoioa?ai?? ye iaoiaeo
ineoieia?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ineo?/ieo oai?ia. I?ci?oa a?ae iueiai
a?aeae?eeoueny ineoiaiae?c, noai?thth/e iia? eii?aeeiaoe
ineoioa?aiaaoe/iiai aeina?aeo ? i?e oeueiio iiaa?oath/e eiio noaoon
i?eeoaaiiy i?i aeooo (I.Ooei, A.Aeeaiaa?aa?). O oe?eiio, eoeueoo?a
Iiaiai /ano uiaei oea?eie “i?eeoaaiiy i?i naaa” aiineoue a inoaiith
iaoeiaee aeoo ? ni?e/eiy? oaiaeaioe?th aeanae?ae?caoe??. Aeii?ioth/ee o
eoeueoo?? iaoeiaee aoin oi?io? noa’?eoeai?noue, yea ?iciaaea?oueny ia
noa’?eoa-niinoa??aa/a ? noa’?eoeaiee aeina?ae, ui noa? iai?enooiiei aeey
niinoa?aaeaiiy (A.A.Aooo?i). I?ioean naiia?ae/oaeaiiy noa’?eoa a?ae
naiai ineo?/iiai aeeooy aeinyaa? eoeuei?iaoe?? o iaaee/i?e i?aeoeoe?
iiaiaeaeaiiy c aiaeaa?eeyi. Oiiii oeeo i?ioean?a ? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y
oe?ii?nieo noa? iaeaaeiiai e ?noeiiiai, a oaeiae na?oo eoeueoo?e e
aeeoo?aiai na?oo ?iaeea?aeooio. “Neaiaoo?a iiaea?io” (TH.Oaaa?ian)
ii?iaeaeo? niaoeeo?/i? ineoieia?/i? i?aeoeee, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
i?aeei?aiiyi i?eeoaaiiy i?i naaa caaaeueiei caeiiai ineo?/ii? i?e?iaee;
eiinoeoothth/ei iiae?eii ia ii?iaeueia e iaoieia?/ia; ni?yiiaai?noth ia
iaoo ii?iae?caoe??; ?ai?noeo?eaoe??th aaoi?eoa?ii? ?ie? o/aiiai-e?ea?y;
ona?aeiieaiiyi ?iaeea?aeooiii nai?? naiaiaee, aecenoaioe?eii? naiioiino?
e naiia?ae/oaeaiiy ia?aae eeoeai aace?ia/ii? i?e?iaee, oa?iieie neeaie
aacoinoaa, aoooyi noni?euenoaa oa ?noi???.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? — “Iaae? ineoiaiae?co” — c?iaeaia ni?iaa
aecia/eoe ?noi?e/ia i?noea ineoiaiae?oe/iiai a/aiiy a ?noi???
ineoieia?/ieo i?aeoee, eiai ai?noaiieia?/io oa aeeneo?neaio
nai???aei?noue.

O ia?oiio ioieo? — “?i’y e eiioaeno” — aecia/athoueny aieiai? ?ene
ineoiaiae?oe/iiai aeeneo?no. Aeaiiino?o?oueny eiai aaoi?eciaaiee
oa?aeoa?, caeaaei?noue a?ae ?noi?e/ieo ? eoeueoo?ieo eiioaeno?a i?e
niinoa?aaeaii? ineo?/iiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa eiai ii?ooaiue. Aiaeii/an
ineoiaiae?oe/iiio ieneaiith i?eoaiaiiee oa?aeoa? o?ainaeeneo?neaiino? –
aiii ia iiaea eiioeaio?oaaoeny a ?aeei?e oai??? aai iaoiaeieia??,
caaaeaee ia?aaeaa/a? iiaeeea?noue a?aei?iieo iiyniaiue oa iien?a
(I.Ooei). Oea aecia/a? “aa?iaiaaoe/i?noue” no/aniiai ineoiaiae?oe/iiai
ciaiiy, a yeiio iia? eiioeaioe?? /anoi ia a?aei?iythoue iiia?aaei?o, a
ni?a?niothoue ?c ieie iaoii?i?/ii (C.Aaoiai). Oaeo iie?oii?th
oai?aoe/ieo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e iiaeii? a?aoiaoaaoe ?noi?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ineoiaiae?co.

O ae?oaiio ioieo? — “Eoeueoo?ia iiaaoe?y” — iaa?oioiao?oueny oaca i?i
oa, ui iniiaia eoeueoo?ia iiaaoe?y ineoiaiae?co iieyaa? o a?aee?eoo?
i?inoi?o ineoioa?aiaaoe/iiai aeina?aeo, yeee aeoiaeeoue ca iaae?
iaaee/ieo i?aeoee ii?iae?caoe??. On? /anoeia? iaoeia? oa o?einionuee?
a?aee?eooy ineoiaiae?co – oae?, ye iana?aeiia, ?ioaioeeueia
naenoaeuei?noue, ao?ieia?y iaa?ic?a – iaaoaathoue naiai ni?aaaeiueiai
cia/aiiy eeoa a ia?niaeoea? iiaiai aeaeo i?aeoeee i?eeoaaiiy i?i aeooo.
Oaea i?aeoeea iiaa?oa? nia? i?noea a eoeueoo??, ao?a/aia a ?acoeueoao?
iaaeeeae?caoe??, ? oi?io? iia? caniae ae?aaeaiiy ineo?/iiai aeeooy
ethaeeie ye ?noioe, yea no?aaeaea?, aaaea? e iiieey?oueny uiaei naaa.

O o?aoueiio ioieo? — “Nenoaia ineoiaiae?co” — ei?ioei oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
ai?noaiieia?/ia iiaecia ineoiaiae?oe/iiai a/aiiy (ia?o ca ana a/aiiy
C.O?aeaea). Aeyaey?oueny, ui o no?oeoo?? ineoiaiae?co i?aaenoaaeai? iia?
a?aeiioaiiy oai?aoe/iiai, i?aeoe/iiai e iaoaoai?aoe/iiai ciaiiy,
a?aei?iiiai a?ae eeane/ieo iiaeaeae i?e?iaeiciaanoaa, aa?iaiaaoeee ?
i?eeeaaeieo iaoe. O ?aieao ineoiaiae?oe/ii? iaoiaeieia?? oe?
a?aei?iiino? noi?ioeueiaai? a oac? O?aeaea i?i ?aei?noue “e?eoaaiiy” ?
“aea/aiiy” o ineoiaiae?c?, a oaeiae o eiai aeac?aeao ia ?ieue
iaoaineoieia?? iana?aeiiiai aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy e oa?ai??. C?aooith,
naia a?aeiioaiiy iaoaineoieia?/ii? niaeoeyoe?? ? ineoioa?aiaaoe/iiai
aeina?aeo ?ice?eaathoue ni?aaaei?e oa?aeoa? ineoiaiae?oe/ii?
ai?noaiieia??, oi?iothoue aeanoeaee ineoiaiae?cia? niin?a iieno ?
(?a)eiino?othaaiiy ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “EIINO?OEOe?? INEOIAIAE?CO: AEIAEAeAIIss
INEO?*IIAI” — aiae?cothoueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiy no?oeoo?ieo /anoei
ineoiaiae?oe/iiai a/aiiy – ineoioa?ai??, ineoieia??, iaoaineoieia?? (ia
iaoa??ae? eiioeaioe?? C.O?aeaea e ?yaeo no/anieo ineoiaiae?oee?a),
aeine?aeaeothoueny ??ci? aecia/aiiy ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino? a
ineoiaiae?oe/ieo oai??yo oa ?o o?einionueea iaa?oiooaaiiy –
oaiiiaiieia?y, iioieia?y e aa?iaiaaoeea ineo?/iiai, e?eoeea noa’?eoa,
ineoieia?/iee eiino?oeoe?ii?ci.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? — “A/aiiy – aea/aiiy. Iaoeiaee na?oiaeyae” —
aiae?cothoueny aca?iia?aeiioaiiy iaoaineoieia?? ? ineoieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy o ineoiaiae?c?. Iaoaineoieia?y ?icaeyaea?oueny a yeino?
iaoiaeieia?/ii? e o?einionueei? ?aoeaen?? ineoiaiae?oe/iiai i?ciaiiy.
Caeaaeii a?ae oiai, ?icai?oa?oueny inoaii? a aa?iaiaaoe/io aai
iiynithth/o iiaeaeuei?noue, ineoiaiae?oe/ia a/aiiy caeeaeo?oueny c
eiino?oeoea?nonueeith aai e?eoe/iith o?einio??th. ? a ia?oiio, ? a
ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo iaoaineoieia?y aeeth/a?oueny a aeine?aeieoeueeee
i?ioean, ie?anethth/e eiai aoe/iee ? iioieia?/iee ai?eciioe.

O ia?oiio ioieo? — “A?ae iaoao?ceee aei iaoaineoieia??” —
aeine?aeaeothoueny ?ica?aeiino? uiaei ?icoi?iiy i?noey e ?ie?
iaoaoai?aoe/iiai ciaiiy o no?oeoo?? eeane/ii? o?einionueei? aiinaieia??,
i???ioiaaii? ia ?aeaaee i?e?iaeiciaanoaa, ? a iaoeiaeo i?iaeoao
oaiiiaiieia?? oa ineoiaiae?co. Ineoiaiae?c ?icaeyaea?oueny a yeino?
iaei??? ?c oi?i iaa?oiooaaiiy noaoono ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino? ?, oaeei
/eiii, ni?aa?aeiineoueny c iaoiaeieia?yie “iaoe i?i aeoo”. Oa?aeoa?iith
?enith inoaii?o ? aaciina?aaeiy ni?aa?aeianai?noue iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoiaeieia?/iith ?aoeaen??th, aiaeyoe?y aei
aeii?aaeeeaoeaiiai aeina?aeo aeeoo?aiai na?oo ? na?oo oe?iiinoae.
A?aei?ii?noth ineoiaiae?oe/iiai i?iaeoo a?ae ?noi?e/ii? aa?iaiaaoeee ?
caa?aaeaiiy e?eoe/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
a?aeiia?aeii? iaoo?ae?noe/ii? iioieia??. ?icoiaeaeaiiy c oaiiiaiieia??th
iieyaa? o iaaieioaii? eiinoeoooeaiiai cia/aiiy iaaee/iiai aeina?aeo
a?aeoeeaiue o ?iaio? na?aeiiino?, aeciaii? iie?ii?oiino? e ieanoe/iino?
ethaenueei? noa’?eoeaiino?. Iniaeea?noth ineoiaiae?oe/ii? iaoaineoieia??
? e?eoe/ia oa eiino?oeoeaia ni?yiiaai?noue aei aeeoo?aiai na?oo,
i?aeii?yaeeiaai?noue oa?aiaaoe/iei caaaeaiiyi.

O ae?oaiio ioieo? — “Iioya ? aaaeaiiy” — aiae?cothoueny iiynithth/a oa
?ioa?i?aoaoeaia eia?ee ineoiaiae?oe/iiai ?icoi?iiy ineo?/iiai aeeooy,
a?aeiia?aei? ?i iaoo?ae?noe/ia e nai?ioe/ia eiioeaioe?? iana?aeiiiai
(I.??ea?). Iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaith iciaeith ineoiaiae?oe/ii? aiinaieia??
? ii?aeiaiiy e ia?aieaoaiiy aa?iaiaaoe/ii? oa i?e?iaeiiaoeiaeo
aeine?aeieoeueeeo no?aoaa?e, “?icoi?iiy, ui iiina?aaeeiaaia iiyniaiiyi”.
Oea aeicaiey? oyaeoe ineo?/io ?aaeuei?noue ye neeo e niene: ye
ii?iaeaeoth/o no?oeoo?o cia/aiue ? aeneiaethaaiue, aai ye aaciniaiao
iniiao, ui ?o i?aeo?eio? e i?ae?eaa?. Aaaeaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
?ai?acaioaio iioyao, ui ii?aeio? aoaeo c oyaeaiiyi (oaioac??th /e
niiaaaeii). Iaaeath o?ainoeaiaeaioaeueii? ?aeiino?oeoe?? naiiai iioyao a
ineoiaiae?c? noa? iiiyooy “iioya nia?o?”. Oaeei /eiii, ineoiaiae?oe/ia
?aoeaen?y i?yio? a?ae oaiiiaiieia?? ineo?/ieo ia?aaeeaaiue aei
aa?iaiaaoeee iana?aeiieo aaaeaiue ? oaioac?e. Aeae? aiia ?icai?oa?oueny
a iaoo?ae?noe/io iioieia?th naenoaeueiino? oa iaaaoeaio iioieia?th
nia?o?.

O o?aoueiio ioieo? — “E?eoeea e ineoieia?y” — onoaiiaeth?oueny cia/aiiy
i?e?iaeiiaoeiaiai aeeneo?no a ineoiaiae?c?. “Noe??ioenonueea
naiiia?icoi?iiy” O?aeaea (TH.Oaaa?ian) aecia? ca iaoeith aoe/io
ooieoe?th e?eoeee ?ethc?e ethaenueei? naiina?aeiiino?. A oeueiio
ineoiaiae?oe/ia ?aeaieia?y cieea?oueny c “iaoeiaei na?oiaeyaeii” a eiai
eeane/iiio ?icoi?ii?. Ineoiaiae?c ?icaeaa? e?eoe/i? ?ioaioe?? naii?
ineoieia??, ye? ia iiaee aooe ?aae?ciaai? i? aii??e/iith iaoeith, i?
o?ainoeaiaeaioaeueiith o?einio??th, ui iinoathoue ?c iaoao?ceee
noa’?eoa. E?eoeea iinoa? ?iaioith, ui o?ainoi?io? ineo?/io ?aaeuei?noue.
Inoaiiy eiinoeooth?oueny iiaith naiai naiiiieno oa oyaith noa’?eoa uiaei
naaa naiiai. Ineoiaiae?oe/iee e?eoeoeeci nyaa? iniia ineo?/iiai
?nioaaiiy, aeeiio? ooieoe?th ?ic??ciaiue iiaeaeueiinoae ineo?/iiai
aeeooy: oyaiiai oa ae?eniiai, aioo??oiueiai oa ciai?oiueiai oa ?i. A?i
i?eioeeiiai a?ae??ciy? ineoiaiae?c a?ae aa?iaiaaoe/iiai ?icoi?iiy /e
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy o aaeoc? ineoieia??.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? — “E?eoaaiiy – aea/aiiy. ?iaioa aiae?co” —
aeine?aeaeothoueny aca?iia?aeiioaiiy aeine?aeieoeueei? onoaiiaee ?
oa?aiaaoe/ii? i?aeoeee a ?aieao ineoiaiae?oe/iiai a/aiiy. ?ice?eaa?oueny
o?einionueea cia/aiiy o?aeae?anueei? oace i?i ca?a “e?eoaaiiy e
aea/aiiy”, yea aecia/a? a?aeiioaiiy ineoiaiae?oe/ii? i?aeoeee aei ciaiiy
? (?a)eiino?oeoeaio ooieoe?th inoaiiueiai.

O ia?oiio ioieo? — “A?aeiioaiiy aei ciaiiy” — aeaiiino?o?oueny
eiinoeoothth/a cia/aiiy iaciaiiy o ineoiaiae?oe/i?e ?iaio?. Uiaei oyaii?
ooieoe?? noa’?eoa ? neiaie?/ii? ?iaioe aiae?oeea aiii io?eio? nai?
ae?aaeaiiy a iiiyoo? caia?a/aiiy. Inoaii? aecia/a? i?noea noa’?eoa uiaei
ciai?oiuei? (ia’?eoeaii?) ? aioo??oiuei? (ineo?/ii?) ?aaeueiino?.
Ine?eueee oeei onoaa?oueny aoaeue-yeee noa’?eoea?nonueeee (?io?a- aai
?ioa?noa’?eoeaiee) niin?a aa?eo?eaoe?? ineoiaiae?oe/ieo eiino?oeoe?e,
?ioee noa’?eo (aiae?oee) oaeiae ia iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny a yeino?
?inoaioe?? ciaiiy (AE.Eaeai). O i?inoi?? aiae?oe/iiai aeina?aeo naia
iaciaiiy ia’?aeio? aiae?oeea c aiae?ciaaiei o i?ioean? ?aeiino?oeoe??
a?aei?iiinoae i?ae aioo??oi?i ? ciai?oi?i nai?i ? /oaeei, ?aaeueiei oa
?ethci?iei, c?iaeaiei ? ciaeaeaiei. O e?eoe/i?e ianoaiia? ia?a?niiai
iaciaiiy iiceoe?y oa?aiaaoa ca?aa?oueny c iiceoe??th iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeieea; ?icoi?iiy ineo?ee ye naiioeoia/ii? e naii/eiii?
?aaeueiino? caeeaeo? aiae?c ?c aa?iaiaaoe/ieie i?aeoeeaie.

O ae?oaiio ioieo? — “Eiino?oeoe?? o ineoiaiae?c?” — iaa?oioiao?oueny
aeoiea, ca?aeii c yeith “oa?aiaaoe/iee ?ioa?an”, yeee ooai?th? eiioaeno
iaoaineoieia?/ieo eiino?oeoe?e o ineoiaiae?c?, aeiei??iiei /eiii
a?ae??ciy? eiai a?ae i?e?iaeiiaoeiaiai e aa?iaiaaoe/iiai eiino?othaaiiy.
O oa?aiaaoe/iiio cia/aii? eiino?oeoe?? aacothoueny ia iiia?aeaeuei?e
eiioeaioe?? ?noeie, ui nyaa? ca iaae? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeina?aeo
niiaaae?a. O cia/aii? iaoaineoieia?/iiio aiie iaeaaeaoue aei
ia-aii??e/ieo noa? ineo?/ieo no?oeoo?e oa aia?a?? (Aeae. Naiaeea?). Aea
nooi?noth ineoiaiae?oe/ii? oai??? ineoioa?ai?? ? iai?i i?ae aii??e/ieie
oa ia-aii??e/ieie ae?eyieaie (iai?eeeaae, o eiioeaioe?? no?oeoo?ieo
ci?i). Aeoiaey/e ca ?aiee noa’?eoeaiiai e ?ioa?noa’?eoeaiiai aeina?aeo,
ineoiaiae?oe/i? eiino?oeoe?? cieeathoueny c eiino?oeoeaiith ?iaioith
naii? ineo?ee, yea oeoia/eoue naaa o oaioac?yo, ?ai?acaioaoe?yo ?
ia?aoeaao. O oeueiio nain? oaco i?i ca?a o ineoiaiae?c? e?eoaaiiy e
aea/aiiy ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe o eiioaeno? neiao?e/ieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae
?iaioith aiae?co e ?iaioith naii? ineo?ee. Aecia/aiiy ineo?ee ye ?iaioe
aecia/a? iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy niaoeeo?/ii? “ineoioaoi?/ii?”
iaoiaeieia?? ?? aea/aiiy (E.N.Aeaionueeee, O.?.Aaneethe).

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? — “A/aiiy – e?eoaaiiy. ?noeia oa?aiaaoe/iiai
aeina?aeo” — ocaaaeueiththoueny aeine?aeaeaiiy niinia?a ?ai?acaioaoe??,
iaoiaeieia?? aea/aiiy e cania?a eiino?othaaiiy ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino? o
ineoiaiae?c?. ?icaeyaeathoueny iniiai? ineoiaiae?oe/i? eiioeaioe??
ineo?/iiai c oi/ee ci?o iai?oanoiaaieo o ieo oaiiiaiieia?? oa iioieia??
ineo?/iiai. Iana?aeiia ?icoi?thoue ye oaea ineo?/ia aoooy, yea,
ae?aaeath/e naaa ? aiai?y/e c ?ioei, iino?eii i?iaeoeo? a?aei?iiino?
a?ae naaa — nai?o ae?e, ae?ac?a ? iiaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ioieo? — “A?ae ineo?ao??? aei ineoiaiae?co” — aiae?co?oueny
ceai o ?icoi?ii? ?ioa?noa’?eoeaiiai aeina?aeo aca?iiae?? c ineo?/iei,
aeeeeeaiee ci?iith ee?i?/ii? ia?aaeeaie ineoioa?ai?? ia ineoiaeeiai?/io.
A iniia? ineo?ao?e/iiai aeina?aeo eaaeeoue ee?i?/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy e
i?aeoeea ?cieyoe?? aacoinoaa, ye? ? aacith ? oaiiiaiieia?/iiai, ?
iicieia?/iiai iai?yieo. Ineoiaiae?c, e one?ae ca iei ineoioa?ai?y,
ca?eueiythoueny ye a?ae noanoaioe?ae?caoe?? oai?iae, oae ? a?ae
ineoieia?cio ?icoi?th/i? ineo?ao???. Oyaeaiiy i?i “iie?ii?oii
ia?aa?neaia” iana?aeiia aeeth/a? a?aeoeeaiiy a na?oeaaeio ineo?/iiai
aeeooy, aeiaaa? aeoai?aiiy ana iiaeo aeeneo?n?a i?i ?aaeueiino?
aiaeaa?eey, nia?o?, naenoaeueiino?, ui /eiyoue ni?ioea nai?io
ae?aaeaiith. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui oe?e? ineoiaiae?oe/ii?
i?aeoeee ia iiaeooue aooe aecia/ai? ai? o oa?i?iao iaaee/ii?
ii?iae?caoe??, ai? o oaoi?/ieo oa?i?iao aoaeoeaiino?. C iaeiiai aieo,
aiie iathoue eiie?aoia iaaee/ia cia/aiiy ia?aai?aiiy no?aaeaeaiiy, c
ae?oaiai, cieeathoueny c aoeei-aecenoaioe?aeueiei aei??ii i?eeoaaiiy i?i
naaa — i?aaiaiiyi aei iacaeaaeiino?, naiii?ciaiiy oa ?aeiaiiy c? nai?i
aoooyi.

O ae?oaiio ioieo? — “Ae?ac ? iiaeaiiy” — aiae?cothoueny iaiaaeaiiy
?icoi?iiy iana?aeiiiai ineo?/iiai /a?ac i?ecio iiaieo iaoaoi? aai
aa?iaiaaoeee ae?aco. Iana?aeiia a?aeneea? aei ieai?a ianeacaiiai e
aei-iiaiiai, ye? aeine?aeaeothoueny ia i?eeeaae? iiiyoue “aioo??oiueiai
iiaeaiiy” (E.N.Aeaionueeee) ? “iana?aeiii? oaioac??” (I.Eeyei). O
aioo??oiueiio iiaeaii? ooai?th?oueny «cai?oea» aioo??oiueiai e
ciai?oiueiai, cae?enith?oueny i?ioean ?o aca?iiiai?io, yeee cai?iy?
eiiaaioe?ei? a?aeiioaiiy i?ae cia/aiiyi oa ae?acii. O e?ioeaaiio
aeiaaeeo naia aaaeaiiy (iioea, ca Aeaionueeei) ea?o? oeei i?ioeanii
eiioaenooae?caoe?? nieneo oa ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?? eiaeo iiaeaiiy.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy Eeyei aeaiiino?othoue, ui ineo?/iee na?o noa’?eoa
eiinoeooth?oueny ?ai?acaioaoe?yie aaaeaiue, ye? aia?oa ?iciaaeiaothoue
noa’?eoa e ?ioiai, aioo??oi? e ciai?oi?. O oeueiio nain? iiaeia
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ineo?ea ye oyaeaiiy e niiioeaiiy c’yaey?oueny
iaeii/anii c oei, ui aiia oyaey? e aei /iai i?aaia. Ia a?aei?io a?ae
noaa?aeaeaiiy Eaeaia, iana?aeiia ? ia iiaa, a oaioac??. Iaieio/ei
iane?aeeii oeueiai ? iaia?aai?ia iaaaeaeaaoi?noue aeeneo?neaieo,
iaoeiaeo /e o?einionueeeo, cania?a iieno iana?aeiiiai ineo?/iiai aeeooy.

O o?aoueiio ioieo? — “Aaoiiiacen noa’?eoeaiino?” — ?icai?iooi ?icoi?iiy
ineoiaiae?oe/ii? i?aeoeee a ?one? oai??? ?ioa?noa’?eoeaiino? e
ineoieia?/iiai eiino?oeoe?iiecio (I.Eoiai, ?.Oa??a). Oyaeaiiy i?i
ineoioa?ai?th ye oi?io ?ai?acaioaoe?? e oi?ioaaiiy ?aeaioe/iino?
caeeaeo? ?? c aoe/ieie oai??yie e i?aeoeeaie ieioeiai. ?? a?aei?iiino?
iia’ycai?, ii-ia?oa, c eiie?aoiei aeeth/aiiyi ae?oaiai (? o?aoueiai)
noa’?eoa a yeino? niinoa??aa/a iayaieo aeey noa’?eoa cii aeina?aeo
(iiaeaeue noia?a?ci?noaa a no/aniiio ineoiaiae?c?), ii-ae?oaa, c
iaaee/iei aei??ii i?aeoeee i?eeoaaiiy i?i aeooo («ineoiaiae?c
ii/eia?oueny, eiee eaoano?ioa oaea a?aeaoeanue», A.A??enii). Inoaiiy
oa?aeoa?enoeea aeicaiey? ii??aiyoe no/anio ineoioa?ai?th c iaaaoeaiith
aoeeith (A.Aetheniai). Naia oiio, ui ia?aeiiith ?aaeuei?noth aeey
ineoiaiae?co noa? ii?ooaiiy oa no?aaeaeaiiy, inoaii? ia iiaeooue aooe
a?aeoeeai?. Ineoioa?aiaaoe/ia i?eeoaaiiy ii noo? ? ?iaioith aeo?ae, ui
caaa?oo?oueny oa ciia a?aeiiaeth?oueny o ethaenueeiio aooo?. Oe?e
oo?aio? i?aeii?yaeeiaaiee oa?aiaaoe/iee aaoiiiacen noa’?eoeaiino? ca
aeiiiiiaith ?ioiai.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “I?EEOAAIIss I?I AeOOO O I?INOI?? IINONO*ANIINO?”
— aeine?aeaeothoueny iaae? e eii?aeeiaoe ineoioa?aiaaoe/iiai aeina?aeo a
no/ani?e eoeueoo??, ocaaaeueith?oueny ?noi??y ineoioa?aiaaoe/ieo oe?e,
i?iiiio?oueny inueiaa aen?ieia?/ia iiaeaeue ineoioa?ai??. Ineoioa?ai?y
?icaeyaea?oueny ye aeanoeaa aeey eoeueoo?e OO noi??//y oi?ia i?eeoaaiiy
i?i naaa, oaoi?ea noa’?eoeaaoe??, yeo iiaeia ii??aiyoe c eeane/ieie
aoeeaie e anoaoeeaie ?nioaaiiy. Aeaia oi?ia aeieea? a e?ioe? eoeueoo?e
iiaea?io ? cacia? nooo?aeo o?ainoi?iaoe?e i?e ia?aoiae? aei iinono/anii?
eoeueoo?e. O oeueiio ?icae?e? aiae?cothoueny i?e/eie o?eaaeiai (?
/anoeiai oaeiai, ui i?iaeiaaeo?oueny) iai?eeiyooy ineoioa?ai?? o
?in?enuee?e eoeueoo??, ia?niaeoeae cono??/? oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e c
ineoioa?aiaaoe/iei aeina?aeii cao?aeii? oeea?e?caoe??.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? — “Ineoiaiae?c a ?noi??? ineoioa?ai??” —
iiaea?oueny iaeyae iniiaieo aoai?a ?noi??? ineoioa?ai?? o OO noi??//?.
Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny iioe?aiith ineoioa?aiaaoe/ieo iaoiae?a,
ye? aacothoueny ia oaiiiaiieia?/ieo oa iiaaae?ieiaeo oai?aoe/ieo
iiaeaeyo ? ye? iio?nieee o?aaeeoe?eiee ineoiaiae?c. Iia?oi? i?aeoeee
aoee ci???ioiaai? ia oaiiiaiieia?/i? oa iiaaae?ieia? oi?ie
iaa?oiooaaiiy. Cia/aiiy oeueiai aoaio iieyaa? a inoaoi/iiio
a?aeiaaeoaaii? ineoioa?ai?? a?ae iaaee/ii? ia?aaeeaie, ?? caeeaeaiiy ?c
nioe?aeueii-aaeaioaoe?eieie e aecenoaioe?aeueii i???ioiaaieie
ineoieia?/ieie i?aeoeeaie. Ineoioa?ai?y noa? iacaeaaeiith a?ae
iaaeeoeeie i?ioan?eiith ae?yeuei?noth, ii?aeio?oueny c ?aeaieia?yie
aecaieaiiy na?aeiiino? oa ?icoe?aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeina?aeo. Noa?
i/aaeaeiei, ui ineoioa?aiaaoe/iee ?oo ? ?aaeoe??th ia e?eco iiaea?io —
a?ae/oaeaiiy aeeoo?aiai na?oo, aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oa ?cieyoe?? eoeueoo?ieo
noa?. Iinooiiai aeae?eythoueny o?e iniiai? in? eii?aeeiao, ia yeeo
?ici?uothoueny ana iia? e iia? oa?aiaaoe/i? i?aeoiaee c aeanoeaeie ?i
/anoeiaeie e?eoa??yie e oe?eyie. Oea aiinaieia?/ia (?noeia – iiieeea),
iaaee/ia (caei?ia’y – oai?iaa) ? aoe/ia (aiey – caeaaei?noue) in?. C
oo?aoith neioaoe/ii? ?ie? ineoiaiae?oe/ii? oai???, oeae i?ino?? noa? ana
a?eueo aaoa?iaaiiei ? iaoii?yaeeiaaiei. No/aniee aoai ?icaeoeo
ineoioa?ai?? iia’ycaiee c i?ia?aiaie oai?aoe/iiai oa ?inoeoooe?eiiai
aii?yaeeoaaiiy ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? i?aeoeee, c /eneaiieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie ineoioa?ai??, noai?aiiyi ?ioaa?aoeaieo i?aeoiae?a ?
oe?ieeo i?ioan?eieo ia’?aeiaiue (A.I??oe).

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? — “Kulturtrieb’e iiaea?io” — aiae?cothoueny
oaeoi?e niaoeeo?/ii? ?aoeaioe?? ineoiaiae?co a ?in?enuee?e eoeueoo??
ii/aoeo OO noi??//y. Eoeueoo?oeaio?eci ? ?ae?a?eii-neiaie?nonueea
ni?yiiaai?noue ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai aeeooy ?in?? oeueiai /ano coiiaeee
iani?eeiyoeea?noue ?ioae?aaioe??th e?eoe/ieo ?ioaioe?e ineoiaiae?co. C
ae?oaiai aieo, i?e a?aenooiino? no?oeoo? a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa
ia ?nioaaei iiaeeeainoae aeey caei??iaiiy ?aeaieia?/ii e aeiiii?/ii
iacaeaaeii? ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? i?aeoeee. ?acoeueoaoii oeueiai noa? ia
o?eueee oaeaeeee e?ao ineoiaiae?oe/iiai ?ooo, aea e iaooeeueia caoaeaiiy
ciie ineoieia?/iiai aeina?aeo a oioae?oa?iiio noni?euenoa? oa
na?aeiiino?. Nueiaiaei?oi? a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ineoiaiae?co ciia
c?ooiaoo?oueny ?c ni?iaaie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?aeoeee oa c
iii?ii eieaeoea?nonueei? naiina?aeiiino? noni?euenoaa, ui ia ni?eeia?
e?eoe/ieo oa ?iaeea?aeoae?noe/ieo ?aeaieia?e. Ia a?aei?io a?ae oeueiai,
aeey ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai ineoiaiae?co i?eoaiaiia ?aeaieia?/ia e
i?aai?caoe?eia aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?y i?ioan?eieo a?oi oa a?aenooi?noue
iio?aae aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieth.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? — “I?eeoaaiiy i?i naaa a iaaeethaenuee?e
ia?niaeoea?” — ?icaeyaeathoueny oaiaeaioe?? iinono/anii? eoeueoo?e, ye?
iiaeeo?eothoue caieoe aei ineoioa?ai??, ?? oi?ie oa iaoo. No/ania
eoeueoo?a c ineoiaiae?oe/ieo iiceoe?e oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ye ia?oeenoe/ia,
ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ia ??cieo ??aiyo a?ae?iaeaeaiiyi iaaeethaenueeiai
?aeaaeo a e?oa?aoo?? iinoiiaea?io (AE.Aeaeueic, ?.Nie?iia), ca?eueoaiiyi
/anoee ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? iaaeiaeo ?iceaae?a o caaaeuei?e e?eueeino?
ineo?/ieo ii?ooaiue, ioe?ieaie ineoioa?ai?? c oi/ee ci?o oaeaeeino? e
i?iaiiciaaiino? aoaeoo. Iiae?ai? i?ioeane ni?eythoue ?iciianthaeaeaiith
o na?o? ei?ioeioa?i?iiaeo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy, ni?yiiaaieo ia
e?ea?aeaoe?th neiioii?a – ineoioa?iaeieia?/ieo, noaanoeaieo,
iiaaae?ieiaeo. “Aiioa i?icaea” aeinoaoiueith i??ith iani?eeiyoeeaa aei
ineoiaiae?oe/ieo iaoiae?a, ye? aeiaaathoue iiaeeaeaiiai aiae?co
aioo??oi?o ia?aaeeaaiue ? onoaiiaeaiiy o?eaaeeo a?aeiinei c ?ioei
noa’?eoii. One?ae ca “iiaei noa’?eoea?ciii” (A.Aaeai) ianoa? aeiaa
“ethaeeie aac aeoo?” (TH.E?eno?aa), yea ooieoe?iio? o ciai?oi?o
no?oeoo?ao oaeueoeai? naiino? oa ia ? caoe?eaaeaiith o eeane/ieo oi?iao
i?eeoaaiiy i?i naaa. A oeeo oiiaao ineoiaiae?c, caa??aath/e nai?
oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy, iio?aao? iiaeeo?eaoe?e o yeino? oa?aiaaoe/iiai
iaoiaeo. A?i i?enoiniao?oueny aei oe?eae eiino?othaaiiy iie?oii?/ii? oa
caeaa?eueoiai oyaii? noa’?eoeaiino?, caa??aath/e ca niaith iiaeeea?noue
iiaa?iaiiy aei a?eia?/ieo oe?eae «cae?aiiy» oa i?ciaiiy aeoo?.

O “AENIIAEAO” oi?ioeththoueny iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, na?aae
yeeo ne?ae iacaaoe aenie?eaoe?th ineoiaiae?oe/ii? oaiiiaiieia?? e
iioieia?? ineo?/iiai; aeyaeaiiy o?einionueeiai ci?noo aecia/aiue
ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino? o iiiyooyo “iana?aeiii? oaioac??”, “iioyao” ?
“aaaeaiiy”; ioe?ieo o?einionueeiai cia/aiiy ineoiaiae?co c oi/ee ci?o
?ioa?noa’?eoeaiino? e o?einio?? ?ic??ciaiue. Ineoiaiae?oe/ia a/aiiy
?icaeyaea?oueny a ?noi?e/iiio eiioaeno? ?a?iiaenueeeo i?aeoee i?eeoaaiiy
i?i aeooo ye iniiaa no/anii? oi?ie iiae?aieo i?aeoee, ui io?eiaee iacao
ineoioa?ai??. Inoaiiy aeine?aeaeo?oueny ye i?ino?? naiiaecia/aiiy
noa’?eoa a eiai ca’yceao ?c eoeueoo?ith. Aea/aiiy ai?noaiieia?/ieo oa
?noi?e/ieo aei???a ineoiaiae?co aeicaiey? iienaoe no?oeoo?e no/anii?
noa’?eoeaiino?.

O “AeIAeAOEAO” i?noyoueny caoaaaeaiiy aei ?icae?e?a, ui caeaa?eueoiai
i?enay/ai? iaaiai?aiith eiioeaioe?e, ye? eiiaioothoue aeine?aeaeoaai?
i?iaeaie aai i?iiiiothoue ?io? ??oaiiy. Aei aeena?oaoe?? aeiaeathoueny
noaie, ui ?ethno?othoue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy /anoei ineoiaiae?oe/iiai a/aiiy
oa inueiao iiaeaeue no/anii? ineoioa?ai??.

NIENIE Ae?OEIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

?iiaiia E.TH. Ineoiaiaeec: eoeueoo?iay i?aeoeea e oa?aiaaoe/aneee
niune: Aaaaeaiea a oai?eth, i?aeoeeo e enoi?eth ineoiaiaeeca: Iiniaea
aeey o/eoaeae. — I.: Eioa?i?aen, 1994. — 287 n.

?iiaiia E.TH. A?aiiaoeea niunea e i?e?iaea aeooe // Aanoiee
Oa?ueeianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oieaa?neoaoa. — 1993. — ? 380:
Oeeinioneea ia?eiaoee: Oeeinioey e iiiaiia?acea nioeeieoeueoo?iuo ie?ia.
— N.79–92.

?iiaiia E.TH. Lebenswelt naa?o/aeiaaea: E ineoiaiaeeoe/aneiio aeeaaiico
iinonia?aiaiiinoe. — A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. —
1998. — ? 409: O?einionuee? ia?eiao??. — N.250-253.

?iiaiia E.TH. Aiaeec i?a?aaiiue e iai?a?uaiue // Ineoiaiaeec a
?acaeoee: Na. ia?aaiaeia / Ninoaaeoaee A.I.Ii?oaiei, E.TH.?iiaiia. —
Aeaoa?eiao?a: Aeaeiaay eieaa, 1998. — N.148–169.

?iiaiia E.TH. Ianoi ineoiaiaeeca a i?ino?ainoaa nia?aiaiiie
ineoioa?aiee // Iaoa??aee ae?oaeo i?aeia?iaeieo ineoieia?/ieo /eoaiue:
“Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii? ineoieia??”: Naeoe?y “Iaaee/ia
ineoieia?y”. — Oa?e?a: Oi-o aioo??oi?o ni?aa, 1995. — N.107–108.

?iiaiia E.TH. Ineoiaiaeeoe/aneay iiaeaeue niioiioaiey i?aeoe/aneiai e
oai?aoe/aneiai ciaiey a ineoieiaee // Iaoa??aee ??? I?aeia?iaeieo
Neiai?iaeei?anueeeo /eoaiue: “O?einio?y: eeaneea ? no/ani?noue”. –
Oa?e?a, 1996. — N.14–15.

?iiaiia E.TH. Ineoieiaey a iauanoaa: ioe?uoia e cae?uoia acaeiiaeaenoaea
// I?iaeaia a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ia iaae? OO ? OO? noie?oue: Iaoa??aee
iaii??aeueieo /eoaiue, i?enay/aieo 60-e?ooth i?ioani?a I.O.Ieaoioiiai. —
Oa?e?a: OAeO, 1996. — N.173–176.

?iiaiia ?.TH. Iiiyooy ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino? a oai??? oa i?aeoeoe?
ineoiaiae?co. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.04 — o?einionueea aio?iiieia?y oa
o?einio?y eoeueoo?e. — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a,
1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny ineoiaiae?oe/i? caniae oai?aoe/ii?
?ai?acaioaoe?? oa i?aeoe/iiai o?ainoi?ioaaiiy ineo?/ii? ?aaeueiino?.
Ineoiaiae?oe/ia a/aiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny o eiioaeno? ?noi?e/ieo oi?i
i?eeoaaiiy i?i naaa. Ineoiaiae?c o?ainoi?io? ?a?iiaenueeo o?aaeeoe?th
oaoi?e noa’?eoeaaoe??, anoaiiaethth/e iiaee oei ineoieia?/ii? i?aeoeee,
ui io?eio? iacao ineoioa?ai??. Niaoeeo?/i?noue oe??? i?aeoeee coiiaeaia
?? ?ioa?noa’?eoeaiei oa?aeoa?ii, aaciina?aaei?noth a?aeiioaiiy aei
a?aeoeeaiue, e?eoeeith naiina?aeiiino?. O no?oeoo?? ineoiaiae?oe/iiai
a/aiiy oea a?aeia?aaea?oueny o ni?aa?aeiioaii? i?aeoe/ii?,
aeine?aeieoeueei? oa (iaoa)oai?aoe/ii? /anoei. ?aei?noue e?eoaaiiy oa
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa?aiaaoe/ia i?aeii?yaeeiaai?noue iaoaineoieia?/ieo
niaeoeyoe?e aecia/athoue ye oi?iaeuei? iniaeeaino? ineoiaiae?oe/iiai
aeeneo?no, oae ? i?eoaiaiiee eiio can?a eiinoeoothaaiiy ineo?/ii?
?aaeueiino?. Inoaiiy aecia/a?oueny o yeino? ineo?/ii? ?iaioe,
iana?aeiii? oaioac?? oa ia?ao?aeii? ?aaeueiino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ineo?/ia ?aaeuei?noue, iana?aeiia, noa’?eoeai?noue,
ineoieia?/i? i?aeoeee, ineoioa?ai?y, i?eeoaaiiy i?i naaa.

?iiaiia E.TH. Iiiyoea ineoe/aneie ?aaeueiinoe a oai?ee e i?aeoeea
ineoiaiaeeca. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.04 — oeeinioneay aio?iiieiaey e oeeinioey
eoeueoo?u. — Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeoaony ineoiaiaeeoe/aneea niiniau oai?aoe/aneie
?ai?acaioaoeee e i?aeoe/aneie o?ainoi?iaoeee ineoe/aneie ?aaeueiinoe.
Ineoiaiaeeoe/aneia o/aiea ?anniao?eaaaony a eiioaenoa enoi?e/aneeo oi?i
caaiou i naaa, yoe/aneeo, ?aeeaeiciuo, iaaeeoeeineeo i?aeoee
oi?ie?iaaiey e ei??aeoeee /aeiaa/aneie noauaeoeaiinoe. Ni niaiie
niiniaia oai?aoe/aneiai iainiiaaiey, iineaaeiea i?aoa?iaaatho
nouanoaaiiua eciaiaiey, io?aaeay enoi?e/aneoth eciai/eainoue naiie
/aeiaa/aneie noauaeoeaiinoe a aa ioiioaiee e eoeueoo?a. Oae, a
eeanne/aneie a?a/aneie oeeinioee e eeoa?aoo?a aia?aua aicieeaao
i?aaenoaaeaiea i aeooa-noauaeoa, oi?ioee?oaony o?aaiaaiea caaiou i naaa
e aa iniiaiua iiaeonu — caaioa ia enoeia, caaioa i ae?oaeo, eoeueoo?a
?a/e, caaioa i oaea. A yiioo yeeeiecia e ?eineie eiia?ee i?ienoiaeeo
naiicaiueaiea caaiou i aeooa, ?aniaaeaaony aa aaeeinoai n iiciaieai,
?a/ueth, iieeoeeie. Aeey noauaeoa, iniciathuaai naith eiia/iinoue,
oeeinioey noaiiaeony eneonnoaii aeecie, noeeenoeeie nouanoaiaaiey.
O?enoeainoai eeoaao aa yoie ooieoeee, i?aaeeaaay iiaua, ?aeeaeiciua
i?aeoeee caaiou i naiae aeooa. Iineaaeiea iiae/eiaiu caaea/a ii?aeueiie
eiaeeoeeaoeee e eiia/iie oeaee nianaiey a?aoiaiie, ?acae?iaeaiiie
/aeiaa/aneie aeooe. Eniiaaaeaeueiua, aneaoe/aneea, iieeoaaiiua i?aeoeee
i?eaeatho iiaue niune a?aiaie /aeiaa/aneie aeecie, oaeaniinoe, ?a/e.
Caaioa i aeooa iai?aaeyaony caiuneii (i?a)oai?aiey ee/iinoe a ia?auaiee
e aa/iie nouiinoe e eiaie Aiaa. Ia?ai?eaioaoeey caaiou i aeooa ia
iao/iua eaiiiu a iiaia a?aiy i?eaiaeeo e aa iaaeeeaeecaoeee.
Eiinoeooe?othuaa cia/aiea i?eia?aoaao ?acee/aiea ii?iaeueiiai e
iaoieiae/aneiai. Aicieeaao eiioeaioeey ineoioa?aiee eae ineoieiae/aneiai
ea/aiey, i?aeoeea eioi?iai iiae/eiaia ii?iaeecaoeee aieueiiai e
ecieyoeee aieacie. sscue iiceoeaiie iaoee niinianoaoao io/oaeaeaieth
iiuoa no?aaeaiey e anae ineoe/aneie aeecie io iaaethaeathuaai eo
noauaeoa.

Ineoiaiaeec o?ainoi?ie?oao aa?iiaeneoth o?aaeeoeeth oaoiee
noauaeoeaaoeee, onoaiaaeeaaao iiaue oei ineoieiae/aneie i?aeoeee,
i?eieiathuae iacaaiea ineoioa?aiee. Niaoeeoe/iinoue yoie i?aeoeee
iaoneiaeaia aa eioa?noauaeoeaiui oa?aeoa?ii, iaiin?aaenoaaiiinoueth
ioiioaiey e ioeeiiaieyi, e?eoeeie naiiniciaiey. Ia?yaeo n yoei, a
ineoiaiaeeca O?aeaea ?ac?aaaouaaaony iiaay ia?aaeeaia ?ai?acaioaoeee
ineoe/aneie ?aaeueiinoe, ioee/iay io nia?aiaiiuo aio ineoieiaee e
ineoeao?ee. Yenia?eiaioaeueiiio iiaeaee?iaaieth e eeeie/aneiio
iaaethaeaieth i?ioeaiiinoaaeyaony naii?ai?acaioaoeey noauaeoeaiinoe a
oa?aiaaoe/aneii acaeiiaeaenoaee. Oai naiui ineoiaiaeec i?aaeeaaaao
iiaoth iiaeaeue ni/aoaiey caaiou i naiii naaa n caaioie ia enoeia. A
no?oeoo?a o/aiey C. O?aeaea yoi ioia?aaeaaony a niioiioaiee
i?aeoe/aneie, enneaaeiaaoaeueneie e (iaoa)oai?aoe/aneie /anoae.
Aaeeinoai ea/aiey e eco/aiey, oa?aiaaoe/aneay iiae/eiaiiinoue
iaoaineoieiae/aneeo niaeoeyoeee ii?aaeaeytho eae oi?iaeueiua iniaaiiinoe
ineoiaiaeeoe/aneiai aeeneo?na, oae e i?enouea aio niiniau
eiinoeooe?iaaiey ineoe/aneie ?aaeueiinoe. Iineaaeiyy ii?aaeaeyaony a
iiiyoeyo ineoe/aneie ?aaiou, aanniciaoaeueiie oaioacee e ia?aoiaeiie
?aaeueiinoe. Eo oeeinioneay yenieeeaoeey i?iaiaeeony n eniieueciaaieai
aiia?aoa eiino?oeoeeiiecia, oaiiiaiieiaee e aa?iaiaaoeee, oeeinioee
?acee/ee. A oa?aiaaoe/aneii eiioaenoa iiiyoea ineoe/aneie ?aaeueiinoe
ii?aaeaeyaony a nayce n aiciiaeiinoueth aa o?ainoi?iaoeee e n o/aoii
nii?ioeaeaiey ethaui aiaoiei aicaeaenoaeyi. Enneaaeiaaoaeueneay
iiaeaeueiinoue caaeaaony aiciiaeiinoyie yiiaoe/aneiai e
aa?iaiaaoe/aneiai iiieiaiey, eioi?ua ia?aie/aiu iieiaeaieyie i
aanniciaoaeueiinoe aeaeaiey e aioo?aiiae ?ai?acaioaoeee ae?oaiai a
oaioacee. Ineoiaiaeeoe/aneay iaoaineoieiaey iienuaaao ineoe/aneoth
?aaeueiinoue eae ia?aoiaeiia i?ino?ainoai ?acee/ee iaaeaeo aioo?aiiei e
aiaoiei, i?ioeui e ianoiyuei, ?aaeueiui e aiia?aaeaaiui, naiei e
i?eiaaeeaaeauei ae?oaiio.

A iineaaeiai ?acaeaea aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaaaony enoi?ey e no?oeoo?a
nia?aiaiiie ineoioa?aiee, ia?niaeoeau aa ?acaeoey a
iinonioeeaeenoe/aneeo iauanoaao e a eoeueoo?iie neooaoeee iinoiiaea?ia.
I?aaeeaaaaony inaaay aeneieiae/aneay iiaeaeue i?ino?ainoaa nia?aiaiiie
ineoioa?aiee, iicaieythuay nenoaiaoece?iaaoue iiiaiia?acea /anoiuo
oeaeae oa?aiaaoe/aneeo iai?aaeaiee. Iaaeeoeeineia, aiinaieiae/aneia e
yoeei-yecenoaioeeaeueiia ecia?aiey ecia/aeueii auaeaeythony a
ineoiaiaeeoe/aneie i?aeoeea, a aiineaaenoaee caaeatho iai?aaeaiey
?acaeoey ineoioa?aiee eae oaeiaie. Aiaeec iaaini?eei/eainoe ?inneeneie
eoeueoo?u e ineoiaiaeeco e ineoioa?aiee auyaeyao aa i?e/eiu a
iniaaiiinoyo oioaeeoa?iiai niciaiey e iauanoaa. N ae?oaie noi?iiu,
neiaieenoe/aneee e eieeaeoeaenoneee oa?aeoa? eaeaieiaee ?inneeneie
eioaeeeaaioeee i?aaeii?aaeaeye ionoonoaea eioa?ana e ineoioa?aiee eae
?aaeoeee ia e?ecen eoeueoo?u iiaea?ia. I?e ia?ai?eaioaoeee eoeueoo?u ia
iinoiiaea?iua eaeaaeu e oi?iu aeecie no?aoaaee ineoioa?aiee iaiythony a
iai?aaeaiee eiino?oe?iaaiey iiiaeanoaaiiie, ieanoe/iie e aiia?aaeaaiie
noauaeoeaiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ineoe/aneay ?aaeueiinoue, aanniciaoaeueiia,
noauaeoeaiinoue, ineoieiae/aneea i?aeoeee, ineoioa?aiey, caaioa i naaa.

Romanov I.Y. A concept of psychic reality in theory and practice of
psychoanalysis. — Manuscript.

Thesis for candidate’s degree in Philosophy, speciality 09.00.04 —
Philosophical Anthropology and Philosophy of Culture. — Kharkiv State
University, Kharkiv, 1999.

This thesis contains the study of psychoanalytic ways of theoretical
representation and practical transformation of psychic reality. The
psychoanalytic doctrine is viewed in context of historical forms of
self-care. Psychoanalysis transforms European tradition of
subjectivation techniques, establishes a new type of psychological
practice which could be designed as psychotherapy. The specificity of
this practice is stipulated by its intersubjective character, a direct
relation to the deviations and criticism of self-consciousness. In the
structure of psychoanalytic doctrine it is reflected in the
interrelation of practical, research, and (meta)theoretical parts. The
unity of treatment and research, therapeutically submission of
metapsychologycal speculations determine the formal features of
psychoanalytic discourse as well as its characteristic ways of
constituting a psychic reality. It is defined as a psychic work, an
unconscious fantasy and a transitional reality.

Key words: psychic reality, unconscious, subjectivity, psychological
practices, psychotherapy, self-care.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione Iaiaeoe I.I.

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