OA?EIANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OIIAA?NEOAO

Ne?iei Aaea??e Aiaoie?eiae/

OAeE 539.17

IIEss?ECAOe?ss I?IAeOEO?A ssAeA?IEO ?AAEOe?E

CA O*ANOTH EAAEEO ssAeA?

A IAEANO? I?II?AEIEO AIA?A?E

01.04.16 — oiceea yae?a, aeaiaioa?ieo /anoeiie i aenieeo aia?aie

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

OA?EIA-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AA?AAEIIE TH??e Aiaoie?eiae/,

Oa?eianueeee aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? yaea?ii? o?ceee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

IA?AIEIA Ieeiea Iao?iae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaoeiaee oeaio? “Oa?e?anueeee o?ceei-

oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo” (IIOe OOO?) IAI Oe?a?ie,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee;

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

IIEAA Ieaenaiae? Na?a?eiae/,

Oa?eianueeee aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

eaoaae?a eaaioiai? oai??? iiey, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 19 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.12 Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310108, i. Oa?e?a, i?. Eo?/aoiaa, 31,
aoae. 301.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:
310077, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “19” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ienueiaiaoeueeee N.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Aea/aiiy iiey?ecaoe?eieo yaeu a yaea?ieo ?aaeoe?yo
yaey? niaith aaaeeeaa aeaea?aei ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i iaoai?cie yaea?ieo
?aaeoe?e ? no?oeoo?o aoiiieo yaea?. Oiio i?iaaaeaiiy oaeeo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oe?iei i?iaiaeeoueny a
??cieo e?a?iao. Uia caeiaooe iiaio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i yaea?iee i?ioean,
o?aaa ciaoe ii?yae c aeeoa?aioe?aeueiei ia?a??cii ?aaeoe?? oaeiae iaai?
iiey?ecaoe?ei? niinoa?aaeoaai?, yeui /anoeiee, ui c?ooiaoothoueny
iathoue a?aei?ii? a?ae ioey ni?ie. Oai?aoe/i? ?ic?aooiee iiey?ecaoe?eieo
niinoa?aaeoaaieo yaea?ieo i?ioean?a aeiaaathoue aeineoue oi/iiai ciaiiy
iaoai?ci?a yaea?ieo c?oeiaiue, oiio ui aiie aeoaea /ooeea? aei aeai?o
??cieo ia?aiao??a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?icaeyaeoaaiee i?ioean.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii? oaoi?ee, ?ic?iaea aeaea?ae
iiey?eciaaieo /anoeiie, iiey?eciaaieo i?oaiae oa oi/ii? aeaoaeooth/i?
aia?aoo?e a inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy aeaei ciiao aeeiioaaoe i?aoeec?ei?
aei??thaaiiy iiey?ecaoe?eieo niinoa?aaeoaaieo a ??ciiiai?oieo yaea?ieo
?aaeoe?yo. Oae? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaathoue
a?aeiia?aeieo oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a, uia iiaeia aoei i?iaiae?coaaoe
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? oa aecia/eoe c oaeiai aiae?co oe?iio
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i no?oeoo?o yaea? ? iaoai?cie ?icaeyaeoaaieo i?ioean?a.

O ca’yceo c oeei i?eioeeiiaith caaea/ath no/anii? oai?aoe/ii? yaea?ii?
o?ceee ? ?ic?iaea i?aeoiae?a, ui aeicaieythoue a ?aeeiiio oi?iae?ci?
?icaeyiooe ieceo iiey?ecaoe?eieo yaeu. A iaeano? i?ii?aeieo aia?a?e
iniiaith aeey oaeiai i?aeoiaeo ? aeeo?aeoe?eia oai??y yaea?ieo
c?oeiaiue, ocaaaeueiaiiy yei? aeey ?ic?aooie?a iiey?ecaoe?eieo
niinoa?aaeoaaieo yaea?ieo ?aaeoe?e aac noii?ao ? aaaeeeaith caaea/ath,
/ei ? iaoiiaeaia aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? oaie aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa ?
/anoeiith aeineiaeaeaiue, ui i?iaiaeeeeny ca i?iaeoii ? 2.4/416 «Oai?iy
aca?iiaei? eaaeeo yaea? c yae?aie» Aea?aeaaiiai Oiiaeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aeineiaeaeaiue Oe?a?ie i ca oaiith «Oai?iy aaaaoi/anoeieiaeo nenoai»
(iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoei? 0197U002489), yea aeeiioaaeanue ca
eii?aeeiaoeieiei ieaiii Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe Oe?a?ie «Eiiieaenii
aeineiaeaeaiiy yaea?ieo i?ioeania oa noai?aiiy ia ?o iniiai
yaea?ii-oice/ieo iaoiaeia aeey canoinoaaiiy a aia?aaoeoei i
?aaeiaoeieiie aaciaoei yaea?ieo aia?aaoe/ieo onoaiiaie i oaoiieiaie,
?aaeiaoeieiie iiaeeoieaoei? iaoa?iaeia oa aeieiai?».

Iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy aeeo?aeoe?eii? oai??? aeey iieno aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo
ia?a??c?a ? iiey?ecaoe?eieo niinoa?aaeoaaieo aeey yaea?ieo ?aaeoe?e ca
o/anoth aeaeo?ii?a oa yaea? 3I, 3Ie c a?aooaaiiyi aioo??oiuei? no?oeoo?e
ia?a?nieo yaea? ? ni?iiaeo ci?iieo /anoeiie, ui c?ooiaoothoueny.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?iaiae?ciaaii iiey?ecaoe?ei? yaeua a i?oaeiiio
?icn?yii? aeaeo?ii?a yae?aie, a oaeiae aeeoa?aioe?aeuei? ia?a??ce,
iiey?ecaoe?? ? ooieoe?? iiai?ioo ni?io a ?ieethceaieo ?aaeoe?yo c?eao ca
o/anoth aeaeo?ii?a oa o?eioeeiiieo yaea?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia caeiaooeo ?acoeueoaoia. O aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa caeiaooi
ae?ace aeey aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ia?a??c?a c a?aooaaiiyi ni?i?a ?
iiey?ecaoe?eieo niinoa?aaeoaaieo aeey ?ieethceaieo ?aaeoe?e ia?aaea/?
ioeeii?a ca o/anoth aeaeo?ii?a ? o?eioeeiiieo yaea?, a oaeiae aeey
aeaeo?ii-yaea?iiai i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy a iaaeeaeaii?, oa?aeoa?iiio aeey
aeeo?aeoe?eii? oai???.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy caeiaooeo ?acoeueoaoia. Caeiaoo? a aeena?oaoe??
?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? aeey aiae?co aenia?eiaioaeueii
aei??yieo aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ia?a??c?a ? iiey?ecaoe?eieo
niinoa?aaeoaaieo aeey ?icaeyaeoaaieo i?ioean?a. C oaeiai aiae?co iiaeia
oaeiae ae?noaoe ?aae?one aoiiieo yaea?, cia/aiiy ?icieooy yaea?ii?
iiaa?oi?, eiao?oe??ioa iiaa?oiaaiai caeiieaiiy yaea? ? aaee/eie
ni?i-i?a?oaeueii? /anoeie iao?eoe? ?icn?yiiy, ye? yaeythoue niaith
oe?iio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i yaea?io no?oeoo?o. Ocaiaeaeaiiy aei??yieo ?
oai?aoe/ii ?ic?aoiaaieo aaee/ei iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i i?aaeeuei?noue
i?eiouaiue uiaei iaoai?ci?a ?icaeyaeoaaieo i?ioean?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?iaioe [1-3], [5-7] iioae?eiaaii o
ni?aaaoi?noa? c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii. A ?iaioao [4], [8] caeiaoaa/
i?eeiaa o/anoue o oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooieao, i?iaiaeea naiino?eii an?
ia/eneaiiy, i?eeiaa o/anoue a iaaiai?aii? ?acoeueoao?a ? iaienaii?
iaoeiaeo noaoae.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei? ? ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa?iaee
aeena?oaoei? aeiiiaiaeaeenue ia XLV (Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1995?.), XLVI
(Iineaa, 1996?.), XLVII (Iai?ine, 1997?.) ? XLIX (Aeoaia, 1999?.)
I?aeia?iaeieo ia?aaeao c yaea?ii? niaeo?ineii?? ? no?oeoo?e aoiiiiai
yae?a, ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao a OAeO ? IIOe OOO? oa iioae?eiaai? o 8-ie
ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ic anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icaeieia iniiaiiai oaenoo c 49 ?enoieaie i 1 oaaeeoeath,
aeniiaeia i nieneo aeei?enoaii? eioa?aoo?e c 75 iaeiaioaaiue ia 8
noi?iieao. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe — 130 noi?iiie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooii iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeena?oaoei?,
oi?ioeth?oueny iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy, ?icaeyaea?oueny iaoeiaa
iiaecia i i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy caeiaooeo ?acoeueoaoia, iiaeathoueny
aiaeiiinoi i?i ai?iaaoeith ?iaioe i i?i no?oeoo?o aeena?oaoei?, noenei
aeeeaaeaii ciino aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? aeeo?aeoe?eii? oai???
?icaeyioo? iiey?ecaoe?ei? niinoa?aaeoaai? aeey i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy
ioeeii?a ? aeaeo?ii?a i?ii?aeieo aia?a?e aacni?iiaeie yae?aie.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.1 caaaeueia ia?aiao?ecaoe?y iao?eoe? ?icn?yiiy
canoiniao?oueny aeey iieno i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy ioeeii?a aacni?iiaeie
yae?aie a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? aia?a?e. Caeiaooi aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey
iiaiiai iaai?o niinoa?aaeoaaieo o ?icaeyaeoaaiiio i?ioean?, ye? i?noyoue
aeeoa?aioe?aeueiee ia?a??c, iiey?ecaoe?th ? ooieoe?th iiai?ioo ni?io
(OIN) i?oaeii ?icn?yieo ioeeii?a.

Aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeey i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy i?ioii?a c
aia?a?yie 40, 185, 500 IaA yae?aie 208Pb ? i?ioii?a c aia?a?yie 500 IaA
yae?aie 40Ca na?ae/eoue, ui ciaeaeai? ae?ace aeey aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai
ia?a??co, iiey?ecaoe?? ? OIN ocaiaeaeothoueny c aenia?eiaioaeueieie
aeaieie. I?iaaaeaia o?oe?oaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeicaieeei
aecia/eoe ia?aiao?e ye oeaio?aeueii?, oae ? ni?i-i?a?oaeueii? /anoeie
ioeeii-yaea?ii? iao?eoe? ?icn?yiiy aeey ?icaeyaeoaaieo aia?a?e ? yaea?.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.2 ciaeaeaii ae?ac aeey aiie?ooaee i?oaeiiai
aeeo?aeoe?eiiai ?icn?yiiy aeaeo?ii?a c o?aooaaiiyi D-oaee? a oaeeueia?e
ooieoe??, yea iieno? iniiaiee noai aeaeo?iia, ? ni?i-i?a?oaeueii?
aca?iiae?? ioeeii?a, ui aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo aeaeo?iia, c
yae?ii-i?oaiith. Aeiaaaeaii ?iaa??aioi?noue caeiaooi? aiie?ooaee
?icn?yiiy noiniaii iaa?iaiiy /ano ? i?inoi?iai? ?iaa?n??.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.3 i?iaaaeaii aiae?c niinoa?aaeoaaieo aeey ?icn?yiiy
aeaeo?ii?a aacni?iiaeie aoiiieie yae?aie. ?icaeyiooi iiaiee iaa??
iacaeaaeieo iiey?ecaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee, aeinoaoi?e aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy
iao?eoe? aiie?ooae i?oaeiiai aeaeo?ii-yaea?iiai ?icn?yiiy, yeee i?noeoue
a oi?iae?ci? aeaea?oiaeo ni?i-oaici??a aeeoa?aioe?aeueiee ia?a??c
wmetafile8? ??T?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyya???AE?? ???&?
?MathType??P????&??yyyy??????????????, aaeoi?io Ay ? oaici?i?
aiae?coth/e caeaoiino? Ayy , Azz , Axz , a oaeiae o?e eiao?oe??ioe
ia?aaea/? iiey?ecaoe?? wmetafile8? ??3/4????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A????&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyyA??e?? ???&?
?MathType??`????uath??????Aeine?aeaeaii oaeiae iiaiee iaa??
niinoa?aaeoaaieo a i?oaeiiio ?icn?yii? aeaeo?ii?a aacni?iiaeie yae?aie,
aecia/aiee a oi?iae?ci? iaca?aeieo noa?e/ieo ni?i-oaici??a, yeee
i?noeoue e??i aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ia?a??co /ioe?e aiae?coth/e
caeaoiino? wmetafile8? ??T?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyya???AE?? ???&?
?MathType??P????&??yyyy???????????es i T11 , T20 , T21 , T22 ? o?e
eiao?oe??ioe ia?aaea/? iiey?ecaoe?? i wmetafile8? ??3/4????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A????&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyyA??e?? ???&?
?MathType??`????uath??????Ia iniia? ?icaeiooi? aeeo?aeoe?eii? oai???
aeaeo?ii-yaea?ii? aca?iiae?? c o?aooaaiiyi ni?i?a /anoeiie i?iaaaeaii
/eneia? ?ic?aooiee iiaiiai iaai?o niinoa?aaeoaaieo a i?oaeiiio ?icn?yii?
aeaeo?ii?a c aia?a?yie 80, 370, 1000 IaA yae?aie 208Pb (?en. 1) ? a
i?oaeiiio ?icn?yii? aeaeo?ii?a c aia?a?yie 1000 IaA yae?aie 40Ca.

?en. 1.Aaeoi?ia Ay (a), oaici?i? aiae?coth/e caeaoiino? Ayy (b), Azz (c)
? aeeoa?aioe?aeueiee ia?a??c  (d) (ia/n?) i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy aeaeo?ii?a
c aia?a?yie 370 IaA yae?aie 208Pb.

Ciaeaeai? iiey?ecaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?icaeyaeoaaieo ?aaeoe?e ia
i?noyoue a?eueieo ia?aiao??a, ine?eueee aeaeo?ii-yaea?ia iao?eoey
?icn?yiiy neeaaea?oueny c ioeeii-yaea?ieo iao?eoeue ?icn?yiiy, ia?aiao?e
yeeo aecia/aii o?oe?oaaiiyi aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeey i?oaeiiai
?icn?yiiy i?ioii?a c aia?a?yie 40, 185, 500 IaA yae?aie 208Pb ? aeey
i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy i?ioii?a c aia?a?yie 500 IaA yae?aie 40Ca.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui aaeoi?ia aiae?coth/a caeaoi?noue Ay a i?oaeiiio ?icn?yii?
aeaeo?ii?a c aia?a?yie 80 IaA yae?aie 208Pb inoeeeth? i?aeoe/ii
neiao?e/ii a?aeiinii naiai ioeueiaiai cia/aiiy iiae?aii aei iiey?ecaoe??
i?ioii?a c aia?a?yie 40 IaA o i?oaeiiio ?icn?yii? yae?aie 208Pb. I?e
aia?a?? aeaeo?ii?a 370 IaA aiae?coth/a caeaoi?noue Ay o i?oaeiiio
?icn?yii? aeaeo?ii?a yae?aie 208Pb inoeeeth?, cnoaath/enue a iaeanoue
nai?o aeiaeaoieo cia/aiue, oiae? ye aeey iiey?ecaoe?? i?ioii?a c
aia?a?yie 185 IaA o i?oaeiiio ?icn?yii? yae?aie 208Pb aoaeo cnoao iaioa
iii?oiee. Inoeeeyoe?? aaeoi?ii? aiae?coth/i? caeaoiino? Ay o i?oaeiiio
?icn?yii? aeaeo?ii?a c aia?a?yie 1000 IaA yae?aie 208Pb cnoioo? a
iaeanoue nai?o aeiaeaoieo cia/aiue. Iiae?aia ea?oeia niinoa??aa?oueny
aeey iiey?ecaoe?? i?ioii?a c aia?a?yie 500 IaA, i?oaeii ?icn?yieo
yae?aie 208Pb. sse?nia iiaaae?iea oaici?ii? aiae?coth/i? caeaoiino? Ayy
o i?oaeiiio ?icn?yii? aeaeo?ii?a yae?aie 208Pb oaea ae naia, ye ?
aaeoi?ii? aiae?coth/i? caeaoiino? Ay aeey ?icaeyaeoaaieo aia?a?e. Aeey
i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy aeaeo?ii?a yae?aie 208Pb oaici?ia aiae?coth/a
caeaoi?noue Axz i?e aia?a?yo 80 ? 370 IaA iaea ca aaniethoiith
aaee/eiith, i?e aia?a?? 1000 IaA aiia inoeeeth? iaaeiei naiai ioeueiaiai
cia/aiiy. Aaee/eia Azz a i?oaeiiio ?icn?yii? aeaeo?ii?a yae?aie 208Pb
i?e aia?a?? 80 IaA i?noeoue inoeeeyoe??, o?ioe cnoioo? a iaeanoue nai?o
aeiaeaoieo cia/aiue, i?e aia?a?? 370 ? 1000 IaA niinoa??aathoueny
i?aeoe/ii neiao?e/i? inoeeeyoe?? Azz iaaeiei naiai ioeueiaiai cia/aiiy.
Aeine?aeaeaii iiaaae?ieo eiao?oe??io?a ia?aaea/? iiey?ecaoe??
wmetafile8? ??3/4????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A????&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyyA??e?? ???&?
?MathType??`????uath??????O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? i?aeo?ae,
?icaeiooee a ia?oiio ?icae?e?, canoiniaaii aeey aiae?co iiey?ecaoe?eieo
niinoa?aaeoaaieo a ?ieethceai?e ?aaeoe?? aeaeo?iiiiai c?eao (d,n).

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.1 ?icaeyiooi aiie?ooaeo ?ieethceaii? ?aaeoe?? (d,n) c
o?aooaaiiyi ni?i-i?a?oaeueii? aca?iiae?? iaeo?iia, ui ca?eueith?oueny, ?
yae?a i?oai?. Ciaeaeaii caaaeuei? oi?ioee, ye? aecia/athoue oeaio?aeueio
? ni?i-i?a?oaeueio /anoeio aiie?ooaee ?icaeyaeoaaiiai i?ioeano.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.2 aeine?aeaeothoueny iiey?ecaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee
iaeo?ii?a, ye? ca?eueiththoueny a ?ieethceai?e ?aaeoe?? aeaeo?iiiiai
c?eao. O iaaeeaeaii? iaeecie e?i?eieo ?ici???a aeaeo?iia ? aaee/eie
?icieooy yaea?ii? iiaa?oi? ii??aiyii c e?i?eiei ?ici??ii yae?a-i?oai?
caeiaooi aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ia?a??co, a oaeiae
aeey eooiaiai ?iciiae?eo, iiey?ecaoe?? ? OIN iaeo?ii?a, ye?
ca?eueiththoueny a ?ieethceai?e ?aaeoe?? aeaeo?iiiiai c?eao, c
a?aooaaiiyi ni?i-i?a?oaeueii? aca?iiae??, iiaa?oiaaiai caeiieaiiy ?
?icieooy yaea?ii? iiaa?oi?.

?en. 2. Eooiaee ?iciiae?e (ai/n?) (a), iiey?ecaoe?y ? OIN iaeo?ii?a, ui
ca?eueiththoueny a ?ieethceai?e ?aaeoe?? 40Ca(d,n) aeey aeaeo?ii?a c
aia?a??th 1000 IaA.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.3 canoiniaoth/e ciaeaeai? aiae?oe/i? ae?ace, caeiaooi
eooiaee ?iciiae?e, iiey?ecaoe?th ? OIN aeey iaeo?ii?a, ye?
ca?eueiththoueny a ?ieethceaieo ?aaeoe?yo 208Pb(d,n) i?e aia?a?yo 80,
370, 1000 IaA, a oaeiae aeey ?aaeoe?? 40Ca(d,n) i?e aia?a?? aeaeo?ii?a
1000 IaA (?en. 2). Aeiaaaeaii, ui i?e aia?a?? 80 IaA iiey?ecaoe?ei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aaeoe?? 208Pb(d,n) iae? ca aaniethoieie aaee/eiaie ?
yaeythoue niaith iiiioiiii niaaei? ooieoe?? eooa aeeueioo iaeo?iia. I?e
aia?a?yo 370 IaA ? 1000 IaA iiey?ecaoe?? ? OIN i?noyoue i?i?ioie a
iaeano? iaeeo eoo?a, a i?e c?inoaii? eooa aeeueioo iaeo?iia oe? aaee/eie
ci?iththoue na?e ciae. Eooia? ?iciiae?ee iaeo?ii?a oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
??ceeie iaeneioiaie a iai?yieo aia?aae, oe?eia yeiai ciaioo?oueny, a
aenioa ca?eueoo?oueny i?e c?inoaii? aia?a?? aeaeo?ii?a, ui iae?oathoue.

sse ? aeey ?ic?aooie?a iiey?ecaoe?eieo niinoa?aaeoaaieo a i?oaeiiio
?icn?yii? aeaeo?ii?a yae?aie, aeei?enoaii ia?aiao?e iao?eoe? ?icn?yiiy,
ciaeaeai? o?oe?oaaiiyi aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeey i?oaeiiai
?icn?yiiy i?ioii?a yae?aie 208Pb ? 40Ca i?e aia?a?? i?ioii?a, yea
noaiiaeoue iieiaeio aia?a?? ia?a?nieo aeaeo?ii?a. Ioaea, ?ic?aoiaai?
iiey?ecaoe?ei? niinoa?aaeoaai? aeey ?icaeyaeoaaieo ?aaeoe?e ia i?noyoue
a?eueieo ia?aiao??a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeo?oueny iiey?ecaoe?ei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee iaeo?ii?a, ye? ca?eueiththoueny a ?ieethceai?e ?aaeoe??
aeaiioeeiiii? ia?aaea/? (3H,n) ia iniia? i?aeoiaeo ?icaeiooiai aeey
?aaeoe?? aeaeo?iiiiai c?eao.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.1 aeine?aeaeo?oueny aiie?ooaea ?ieethceaii? ?aaeoe??
aeaiioeeiiii? ia?aaea/? (3H,n) c o?aooaaiiyi ni?i-i?a?oaeueii?
aca?iiae?? iaeo?iia, ui ca?eueith?oueny, ? yae?a i?oai? oa aioo??oiuei?
no?oeoo?e yaea? 3H. Ciaeaeai? ae?ace, ye? aecia/athoue oeaio?aeueio ?
ni?i-i?a?oaeueio /anoeio aiie?ooaee ?icaeyaeoaaiiai i?ioeano.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.2 ?ic?aoiaaii ae?ac aeey iao?eoe? aonoeie ni?iiaeo
noai?a iaeo?ii?a, ye? ca?eueiththoueny a e?ioeaaiio noai? ?ieethceaii?
?aaeoe?? aeaiioeeiiii? ia?aaea/? ca o/anoth o?eioeeiiieo yaea?.
Canoiniaoth/e ae?ac aeey ni?iiai? iao?eoe? aonoeie ?icaeyaeoaaii?
?aaeoe??, ciaeaeai? oi?ioee aeey iiey?ecaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee
iaeo?ii?a, ui ca?eueiththoueny a ?aaeoe?? (3H,n). O iaaeeaeaii? iaeecie
e?i?eieo ?ici???a o?eioeeiiieo yaea? ? aaee/eie ?icieooy yaea?ii?
iiaa?oi? c o?aooaaiiyi ni?i-i?a?oaeueii? aca?iiae?? ? iiaa?oiaaiai
caeiieaiiy caeiaooi aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ia?a??co
?icaeyaeoaaii? ?aaeoe?? ia?aaea/? ioeeii?a, a oaeiae eooiaiai
?iciiae?eo, iiey?ecaoe?? ? OIN iaeo?ii?a, ye? ca?eueiththoueny a
?ieethceai?e ?aaeoe?? ia?aaea/? (3H,n).

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.3 ?ic?aoiaaii eooiaee ?iciiae?e, iiey?ecaoe?th ? OIN
aeey iaeo?ii?a, ye? ca?eueiththoueny a ?ieethceaieo ?aaeoe?yo
208Pb(3H,n) i?e aia?a?yo yaea? 3H 120, 555, 1500 IaA (?en. 3), a oaeiae
aeey ?aaeoe?? 40Ca(3H,n) i?e aia?a?? 1500 IaA. Aeey yaea? 3H c aia?a?yie
120 IaA ?ic?aoiaai? iiey?ecaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee iae? ca aaniethoiith
aaee/eiith. Aiie yaeythoue niaith iiiioiiii niaaei? i?e c?inoaii? eooa
aeeueioo iaeo?ii?a ooieoe??, i?e/iio oe? niinoa?aaeoaai? iathoue
a?ae‘?ii? ciaee.

?en. 3. Iiey?ecaoe?? (a) ? OIN (b) iaeo?ii?a, ui ca?eueiththoueny a
?ieethceaieo ?aaeoe?yo 208Pb(3H,n). Nooe?euei?, oo?eo-ioieoe?i? ?
ioieoe?i? e?ea? cia?aaeothoue ?ic?aooiee aeey yaea? 3H c aia?a?yie 120,
555 ? 1500 IaA.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui i?e aia?a?yo 555, 1500 IaA iiey?ecaoe?y ? OIN
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?i?ioiaie a iaeano? iaeeo eoo?a, a i?e c?inoaii? eooa
aeeueioo iaeo?ii?a oe? aaee/eie ci?iththoue ciaee ? noathoue
aeiaeaoieie. Eooia? ?iciiae?ee iaeo?ii?a yaeythoue niaith iiiioiiii
niaaei? ooieoe?? eooa aeeueioo iaeo?ii?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ??ceei
iaeneioiii a iai?yieo aia?aae (?en.4).

?en. 4. Eooiaee ?iciiae?e (ai/n?) iaeo?ii?a, ui ca?eueiththoueny a
?ieethceai?e ?aaeoe?? 208Pb(3H,n) aeey yaea? 3H c aia?a??th 120 IaA

Aeey ?ic?aooie?a iiey?ecaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaeo?ii?a, ye?
ca?eueiththoueny a ?icaeyaeoaaieo ?aaeoe?yo aeaiioeeiiii? ia?aaea/?,
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ia?aiao?e iao?eoe? ?icn?yiiy, ciaeaeai? o?oe?oaaiiyi
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeey i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy i?ioii?a yae?aie
208Pb ? 40Ca i?e aia?a?? i?ioii?a, ui noaiiaeei iaeio o?aoeio aia?a??
o?eioeeiiieo yaea? 3H. sse ? aeey ?aaeoe?? aeaeo?iiiiai c?eao,
?ic?aoiaai? oaeei iaoiaeii iiey?ecaoe?ei? niinoa?aaeoaai? aeey ?aaeoe??
aeaiioeeiiii? ia?aaea/? (3H,n) ia i?noyoue a?eueieo ia?aiao??a.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? aeeo?aeoe?eii? oai???
?icaeyaeo?oueny ?ieethceaia ?aaeoe?y iaeiiioeeiiii? ia?aaea/? c
o?aooaaiiyi aioo??oiuei? no?oeoo?e aeaeo?iia, ui ca?eueith?oueny,
ia?a?niiai yae?a 3H ? ?icieooy yaea?ii? iiaa?oi?.

O i?ae?icae?e? 4.1 aaaaeaii aeeo?aeoe?eio aiie?ooaeo ?ieethceaii?
?aaeoe?? (3H,d) ? aecia/aii caaaeueio oi?ioeo aeey aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai
ia?a??co ?icaeyaeoaaii? ?aaeoe??. O iaaeeaeaii? iaeecie e?i?eieo
?ici???a aeaeo?iia, yae?a 3H ? aaee/eie ?icieooy yaea?ii? iiaa?oi?
caeiaooi ae?ac aeey aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ia?a??co ?aaeoe?? iaeiiioeeiiii?
ia?aaea/? (3H,d) c o?aooaaiiyi ?icieooy yaea?ii? iiaa?oi?.

O i?ae?icae?e? 4.2 ciaeaeaii ae?ace aeey eooiaiai ? aia?aaoe/iiai
?iciiae?e?a aeaeo?ii?a, ui ca?eueiththoueny a e?ioeaaiio noai? ?aaeoe??
iaeiiioeeiiii? ia?aaea/? (3H,d). ?ic?aoiaaii eooiaee ?iciiae?e iiiioiiii
ciaioo?oueny i?e c?inoaii? eooa aeeueioo aeaeo?ii?a, ui ca?eueiththoueny
a ?icaeyaeoaai?e ?aaeoe??. A?i i?noeoue iaeneioi a iai?yieo aia?aae.
Aia?aaoe/iee ?iciiae?e aeaeo?ii?a, ui ca?eueiththoueny a ?ieethceai?e
?aaeoe?? (3H,d) i?noeoue aino?ee iaeneioi i?e aia?a?? aeaeo?ii?a, yea
noaiiaeoue i?eaeecii aea? o?aoeie aia?a?? ia?a?nieo yaea? 3H.

I?iaaaeai? /eneia? ?ic?aooiee eooiaiai ? aia?aaoe/iiai ?iciiae?e?a
aeaeo?ii?a, ui ca?eueiththoueny a ?ieethceai?e ?aaeoe?? 208Pb(3H,d) aeey
yaea? 3H c aia?a?yie 975 IaA. Aeiaaaeaii, ui o?aooaaiiy ?icieooy
yaea?ii? iiaa?oi? ca?eueoo? aaee/eie ?iciiae?e?a o iaeneioiao i?eaeecii
a aeaa ?ace, ia ci?ithth/e ?oiuei? ye?nii? iiaaae?iee.

O i?ae?icae?e? 4.3 ?ic?aoiaaii ?ioaa?aeueiee ia?a??c ?aaeoe??
iaeiiioeeiiii? ia?aaea/? (3H,d) a iaaeeaeaii? iaeecie e?i?eieo ?ici???a
yaea? 3H, aeaeo?ii?a ? aaee/eie ?icieooy yaea?ii? iiaa?oi? ii??aiyii c
e?i?eiei ?ici??ii yae?a i?oai?. Ciaeaeaii, ui ?ioaa?aeueiee ia?a??c
?ieethceai?e ?aaeoe?? (3H,d) aecia/a?oueny e?i?eieie ?ici??aie yaea?, ui
i?eeiathoue o/anoue a ?aaeoe??, a oaeiae aaee/eiith ?icieooy yaea?ii?
iiaa?oi? yae?a-i?oai?.

O aeniiaeao noi?ioeueiaaii iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoei?.

AENIIAEE

O aeena?oaoe?? ciaeaeaii oae? ?acoeueoaoe:

1. Cai?iiiiiaaii oi?io ia?aiao?ecaoe?? ioeeii-yaea?ii? iao?eoe?
?icn?yiiy c o?aooaaiiyi ni?i?a ?icn?yieo /anoeiie, ui a??ii iieno?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? aia?a?e ? yaea?.

2. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueii aei??yiiai iaai?o
niinoa?aaeoaaieo, yeee i?noeoue iiey?ecaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeey
i?ioii?a c aia?a?yie 40, 185, 500 IaA i?oaeii ?icn?yieo yae?aie 208Pb, ?
i?ioii?a c aia?a?yie 500 IaA i?oaeii ?icn?yieo yae?aie 40Ca. Aecia/aii
ia?aiao?e cai?iiiiiaaii? ia?aiao?ecaoe?? iao?eoe? ?icn?yiiy aeey
?icaeyaeoaaieo aia?a?e ? yaea?-i?oaiae.

3. Ia iniia? aeeo?aeoe?eii? oai??? i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy aeaeo?ii?a
aacni?iiaeie yae?aie c o?aooaaiiyi D-oaee? a oaeeueia?e ooieoe??
iniiaiiai noaio aeaeo?iia ? ni?i-i?a?oaeueii? aca?iiae?? ioeeii?a, ui
i?noyoueny a neeaae? aeaeo?iia c yae?ii, aeine?aeaeaii ni?iiao no?oeoo?o
iao?eoe? aiie?ooae, yea iieno? ?icn?yiiy aeaeo?ii?a yae?aie. I?iaaaeaii
aiae?c iiey?ecaoe?eieo niinoa?aaeoaaieo, aecia/aieo a oi?iae?ci?
iaca?aeieo noa?e/ieo ? aeaea?oiaeo ni?i-oaici??a, aeey i?oaeiiai
?icn?yiiy aeaeo?ii?a aacni?iiaeie yae?aie.

4. I?iaaaeaii /eneia? ?ic?aooiee iiaiiai iaai?o niinoa?aaeoaaieo aeey
i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy aeaeo?ii?a c aia?a?yie 80, 370, 1000 IaA yae?aie
208Pb ? aeey aeaeo?ii?a c aia?a?yie 1000 IaA yae?aie 40Ca. ?ic?aoiaai?
iiey?ecaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia i?noyoue a?eueieo ia?aiao??a, ine?eueee
ia?aiao?e iao?eoe? ?icn?yiiy aecia/ai? o?oe?oaaiiyi aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo aeey i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy i?ioii?a c aia?a?yie, ui aei??aiththoue
iieiaei? aia?a?? ?icn?thaaiiai aeaeo?iia, yae?aie 208Pb ? 40Ca.

5. ?ic?iaeaii aeeo?aeoe?eio oai??th ?ieethceaii? ?aaeoe?? aeaeo?iiiiai
c?eao (d,n) c o?aooaaiiyi ni?i-i?a?oaeueii? aca?iiae?? iaeo?iia, ui
ca?eueith?oueny, c yae?ii. O iaaeeaeaii? iaeecie e?i?eieo ?ici???a
aeaeo?iia ? aaee/eie ?icieooy yaea?ii? iiaa?oi? ii??aiyii c e?i?eiei
?ici??ii yae?a caeiaooi oi?ioee aeey eooiaiai ?iciiae?eo, iiey?ecaoe?? ?
OIN iaeo?ii?a, ye? ca?eueiththoueny a ?icaeyaeoaai?e ?aaeoe??.
?ic?aoiaaii iiey?ecaoe?ei? niinoa?aaeoaai? aeey ?aaeoe?? c?eao
208Pb(d,n) i?e aia?a?yo aeaeo?ii?a 80, 370, 1000 IaA ? 40Ca(d,n) i?e
aia?a?yo aeaeo?ii?a 1000 IaA.

6. ?ic?iaeaiee i?aeo?ae aeey aiae?co i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy aeaeo?ii?a ?
?aaeoe?? aeaeo?iiiiai c?eao yae?aie ocaaaeueiaii ia aeiaaeie ?aaeoe??
aeaiioeeiiii? ia?aaea/? (3H,n).O iaaeeaeaii? iaeecie e?i?eieo ?ici???a
yae?a 3H ? aaee/eie ?icieooy yaea?ii? iiaa?oi? ii??aiyii c e?i?eiei
?ici??ii yae?a ciaeaeaii ae?ace aeey eooiaiai ?iciiae?eo, iiey?ecaoe?? ?
OIN iaeo?ii?a, ui ca?eueiththoueny a ?icaeyaeoaai?e ?aaeoe??.
Aeiaaaeaii, ui ?ic?aoiaai? iiey?ecaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aaeoe?e
208Pb(3H,n) i?e aia?a?yo yaea? o?eo?th 120, 555, 1500 IaA ? ?aaeoe?e
40Ca(3H,n) i?e aia?a?? 1500 IaA iiae?ai? aei a?aeiia?aeieo aaee/ei a
?aaeoe?yo aeaeo?iiiiai c?eao.

7. Iiaoaeiaaii aeeo?aeoe?eio oai??th ?ieethceaii? ?aaeoe??
iaeiiioeeiiii? ia?aaea/? (3H,d) c o?aooaaiiyi aioo??oiuei? no?oeoo?e
aeaeo?iia ? ia?a?niiai yae?a o?eo?th, a oaeiae ?icieooy yaea?ii?
iiaa?oi?. Ciaeaeaii aeeoa?aioe?aeueiee oa ?ioaa?aeueiee ia?a??ce
?icaeyaeoaaii? ?aaeoe??, a oaeiae eooiaee ? aia?aaoe/iee ?iciiae?ee
aeaeo?ii?a, ui ca?eueiththoueny a ?aaeoe??, a iaaeeaeaii? iaeecie
e?i?eieo ?ici???a yaea? d, 3H ? aaee/eie ?icieooy yaea?ii? iiaa?oi?
ii??aiyii c e?i?eiei ?ici??ii yae?a i?oai?. I?iaaaeaii /eneia?
?ic?aooiee eooiaiai ? aia?aaoe/iiai ?iciiae?e?a aeaeo?ii?a, ye?
ca?eueiththoueny a ?ieethceai?e ?aaeoe?? 208Pb(3H,d) i?e aia?a?yo yaea?
o?eo?th 975 IaA. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ?aooaaiiy ?icieooy yaea?ii? iiaa?oi?
aea? ?noioiee aianie a ?icaeyaeoaai? niinoa?aaeoaai? aaee/eie, ia
ci?ithth/e ?oiuei? ye?nii? iiaaae?iee. Ciaeaeaii, ui ?ioaa?aeueiee
ia?a??c ?aaeoe?? iaeiiioeeiiii? ia?aaea/? 208Pb(3H,d) i?eaeecii a /ioe?e
?ace iaioee ca ?ioaa?aeueiee ia?a??c ?aaeoe?? aeaiioeeiiii? ia?aaea/?
208Pb(3H,n).

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II ?IA?O CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Berezhnoy Yu.A., Slipko V.A. Polarization phenomena in inclusive
nucleon transfer reactions // Int. J. Mod. Phys. E – 1998. – Vol. 7. —
No. 6. – P. 723-746.

2. Aa?aaeiie TH.A., Neeiei A.A. Iiey?ecaoeeiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee
ioeeiiia, inaiaiaeaeathueony a eieethceaiie ?aaeoeee n?uaa // Eca. ?AI.
Na?. oec.- 1997. — O. 61. — ?11. — N. 2146-2151.

3. Aa?aaeiie TH.A., Neeiei A.A. Iiey?ecaoeeiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee
ioeeiiia, inaiaiaeaeathueony a ?aaeoeeyo (3H,n) e (3He,n) // Eca. ?AI.
Na?. oec.- 1998. — O. 62. — ?11. — N. 2272-2276.

4. ?aaeoeee iaeiiioeeiiiie ia?aaea/e n o/anoeai yaea? 3H e 3He a iaeanoe
i?iiaaeooi/iuo yia?aee / A.E. Aoeaca?, TH.A. Aa?aaeiie, A.A. Neeiei,
A.I. Niciee // Eca. ?AI. Na?. oec.- 1996. — O. 60. — ?5. — N. 177-181.

5. Aa?aaeiie TH.A., Neeiei A.A. Iiey?ecaoeey aeaeo?iiia a oi?oaii
yaea?iii ?annayiee // Oacenu aeieeaaeia XLIX Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai niaauaiey
ii yaea?iie niaeo?ineiiee e no?oeoo?a aoiiiiai yae?a. niaauaiey ii
yaea?iie niaeo?ineiiee e no?oeoo?a aoiiiiai yae?a, Aeoaia, 21 – 24
ai?aey 1999 a. — N.-I.: Iaoea, 1999. — N. 226.

6. Aa?aaeiie TH.A., Neeiei A.A. Iiey?ecaoeeiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee
ioeeiiia, inaiaiaeaeathueony a eieethceaiie ?aaeoeee aeaeo?iiiiai n?uaa
// Oacenu aeieeaaeia XLVI Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai niaauaiey ii yaea?iie
niaeo?ineiiee e no?oeoo?a aoiiiiai yae?a, Iineaa, 18 – 21 ethiy 1996 a.
— N.-I.: Iaoea, 1996. — N. 141.

7. Aa?aaeiie TH.A., Neeiei A.A. Iiey?ecaoeeiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee
ioeeiiia, inaiaiaeaeathueony a ?aaeoeeyo (3H,n) e (3He,n) // Oacenu
aeieeaaeia XLVII Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai niaauaiey ii yaea?iie niaeo?ineiiee e
no?oeoo?a aoiiiiai yae?a, Iaieine, 10 – 13 ethiy 1997 a. — N.-I.: Iaoea,
1997. — N. 106.

8. ?aaeoeee iaeiiioeeiiiie ia?aaea/e n o/anoeai yaea? 3H e 3He a iaeanoe
i?iiaaeooi/iuo yia?aee / A.E. Aoeaca?, TH.A. Aa?aaeiie, A.A. Neeiei,
A.I. Niciee // Oacenu aeieeaaeia XLV Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai niaauaiey ii
yaea?iie niaeo?ineiiee e no?oeoo?a aoiiiiai yae?a, Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 27 —
30 ethiy 1995 a. — N.-I.: Iaoea, 1995. — N. 350.

Ne?iei A.A. Iiey?ecaoe?y i?iaeoeo?a yaea?ieo ?aaeoe?e ca o/anoth eaaeeo
yaea? a iaeano? i?ii?aeieo aia?a?e. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.16 o?ceea yae?a,
aeaiaioa?ieo /anoeiie ? aenieeo aia?a?e. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeiooi aeeo?aeoe?eio oai??th i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy
aeaeo?ii?a, ?aaeoe?? aeaeo?iiiiai c?eao (d,n), a oaeiae ?aaeoe??
aeaiioeeiiii? ia?aaea/? (3H,n) a iaeano? i?ii?aeieo aia?a?e c
o?aooaaiiyi ni?i?a /anoeiie, ui ca?eueiththoueny o e?ioeaaiio noai?. Ia
iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? oai??? caeiaooi ae?ace aeey iiaiiai iaai?o
iiey?ecaoe?eieo niinoa?aaeoaaieo a i?oaeiiio ?icn?yii? aeaeo?ii?a
aacni?iiaeie yae?aie. Ciaeaeaii oi?ioee aeey iiey?ecaoe?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee iaeo?ii?a, ye? ca?eueiththoueny a ?ieethceaieo ?aaeoe?yo
c?eao (d,n) ? (3H,n). I?iaaaeaii /eneia? ?ic?aooiee iiey?ecaoe?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy aeaeo?ii?a, a oaeiae iaeo?ii?a, ui
ca?eueiththoueny a ?ieethceaieo ?aaeoe?yo (d,n) ? (3H,n) ia yae?ao
208Pb, i?e aia?a?yo 40, 185, 500 IaA/ioeeii ? ia yae?ao 40Ca i?e aia?a??
500 IaA/ioeeii, a yeeo ia aeei?enoiaoaaeenue a?euei? ia?aiao?e.
Ia?aiao?e ioeeii-yaea?ii? iao?eoe? ?icn?yiiy aecia/aeenue o?oe?oaaiiyi
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, ui i?noeee iiey?ecaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee,
aeey i?oaeiiai ?icn?yiiy i?ioii?a ia yae?ao 208Pb i?e aia?a?yo 40, 185,
500 IaA ? ia yae?ao 40Ca i?e aia?a?? 500 IaA. Ciaeaeaii
aeeoa?aioe?aeueiee oa ?ioaa?aeueiee ia?a??ce ?ieethceaii? ?aaeoe??
(3H,d), a oaeiae eooiaee ? aia?aaoe/iee ?iciiae?ee aeaeo?ii?a, ui
ca?eueiththoueny a ?icaeyaeoaai?e ?aaeoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeeo?aeoe?eia ?icn?yiiy, iiey?ecaoe?ei? niinoa?aaeoaai?,
aeeoa?aioe?aeueiee ia?a??c, i?oaeia ?icn?yiiy, ?ieethceai? ?aaeoe??
ioeeiiii? ia?aaea/?, aeaeo?ii, o?eioeeiii? yae?a.

Slipko V.A. Polarization of products of nuclear reactions with
participation of light nuclei at intermediate energies. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 01.04.16 — physics of
nucleus, elementary particles and high energies. — Kharkov State
University, Kharkov, 1999.

In the thesis the diffraction theory of deuteron-nucleus elastic
scattering and the inclusive deuteron stripping reaction (d,n) along
with two-nucleon transfer reaction (3H,n) is developed with allowance
for spins of particles released in the final state at intermediate
energies. On the basis of the theory under consideration, the formulae
for the full set of the polarization observables for elastic scattering
deuterons by spinless nuclei are obtained. The expressions for the
polarization characteristics of the neutrons released in the inclusive
stripping reactions (d,n) and (3H,n) are derived. The numerical
calculations of the polarization characteristics of the elastically
scattered deuterons along with ones of the neutrons released in the
inclusive reactions (d,n) and (3H,n) by nuclei 208Pb at energies 40,
185, 500 MeV/nucleon and 40Ca at energy 500 MeV/nucleon are performed.
The parameters of the nucleon-nucleus scattering matrix are found from
fitting the experimental data included polarization characteristics for
the elastic scattering of protons by the nuclei 208Pb at energies 40,
185, 500 MeV and 40Ca at energy 500 MeV. The differential and integrated
cross-sections of the inclusive reaction (3H,d) along with the angular
and energy distributions of the deuterons released in the reaction under
study are calculated.

Key words: diffraction scattering, polarization observables,
differential cross-section, elastic scattering, inclusive nucleon
transfer reactions, deuteron, three-nucleon nuclei.

Neeiei A.A. Iiey?ecaoeey i?iaeoeoia yaea?iuo ?aaeoeee n o/anoeai eaaeeo
yaea? a iaeanoe i?iiaaeooi/iuo yia?aee. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.16 oeceea yae?a,
yeaiaioa?iuo /anoeoe e aunieeo yia?aee. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue
oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?acaeoa oai?ey oi?oaiai ?annayiey aeaeo?iiia
aannieiiauie yae?aie a iaeanoe i?iiaaeooi/iuo yia?aee n o/aoii D-aieiu a
aieiiaie ooieoeee, iienuaathuae iniiaiia ninoiyiea aeaeo?iia, e
niei-i?aeoaeueiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey ioeeiiia, aoiaeyueo a ninoaa
aeaeo?iia, n yae?ii. Enneaaeiaaia nieiiaay no?oeoo?a iao?eoeu aiieeooae,
iienuaathuae oi?oaia ?annayiea aeaeo?iiia aannieiiauie yae?aie.
I?iaaaeai aiaeec iiey?ecaoeeiiiuo iaaethaeaaiuo, ii?aaeaeaiiuo a
oi?iaeecia iai?eaiaeeiuo noa?e/aneeo e aeaea?oiauo niei-oaici?ia aeey
?anniao?eaaaiiai i?ioeanna. ?ac?aaioaia aeeo?aeoeeiiiay oai?ey
eieethceaiie ?aaeoeee aeaeo?iiiiai n?uaa (d,n) n o/aoii
niei-i?aeoaeueiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey inaiaiaeaeathuaainy iaeo?iia n
yae?ii. A i?eaeeaeaiee iaeinoe eeiaeiuo ?acia?ia aeaeo?iia e aaee/eiu
?aciuoey yaea?iie iiaa?oiinoe ii n?aaiaieth n eeiaeiui ?acia?ii yae?a
iieo/aiu oi?ioeu aeey oaeiaiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey, iiey?ecaoeee e ooieoeee
iiai?ioa nieia iaeo?iiia, inaiaiaeaeathueony a ?anniao?eaaaiie ?aaeoeee.
?acaeoue aeey aiaeeca oi?oaiai ?annayiey aeaeo?iiia e eieethceaiie
?aaeoeee aeaeo?iiiiai n?uaa iiaeoiae iaiauai ia neo/ae eieethceaiuo
?aaeoeee aeaooioeeiiiie ia?aaea/e n o/anoeai o?aoioeeiiiuo yaea?. A
i?eaeeaeaiee iaeinoe eeiaeiuo ?acia?ia yaea? o?eoey e aaee/eiu ?aciuoey
yaea?iie iiaa?oiinoe ii n?aaiaieth n eeiaeiui ?acia?ii yae?a-ieoaie
iieo/aiu oi?ioeu aeey oaeiaiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey, iiey?ecaoeee e ooieoeee
iiai?ioa nieia iaeo?iiia, inaiaiaeaeathueony a eieethceaiie ?aaeoeee
aeaooioeeiiiie ia?aaea/e (3H,n). Eniieuecoy iieo/aiiua a aeenna?oaoeee
niioiioaiey, i?iaaaeaiu /eneaiiua ?an/aou iiey?ecaoeeiiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee
oi?oaiai ?annayiey aeaeo?iiia, a oaeaea inaiaiaeaeathueony a
eieethceaiuo ?aaeoeeyo (d,n) e (3H,n) iaeo?iiia ia yae?ao 208Pb i?e
yia?aeyo 40, 185, 500 IyA/ioeeii e ia yae?ao 40Ca i?e yia?aee 500
IyA/ioeeii, a eioi?uo ia eniieueciaaiu iiaeaiii/iua ia?aiao?u. Ia?aiao?u
ioeeii-yaea?iie iao?eoeu ?annayiey ii?aaeaeyeenue oeoe?iaaieai
yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaiiuo, aeeth/athueo iiey?ecaoeeiiiua
oa?aeoa?enoeee, aeey oi?oaiai ?annayiey i?ioiiia ia yae?ao 208Pb i?e
yia?aeyo 40, 185, 500 IyA e ia yae?ao 40Ca i?e yia?aee 500 IyA.
Iieacaii, /oi a ?anniao?eaaaiii i?eaeeaeaiee iiey?ecaoeeiiiua
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aaeoeee 208Pb(3H,n) i?e yia?aeyo yaea? o?eoey 120, 555,
1500 IyA e ?aaeoeee 40Ca(3H,n) i?e yia?aee 1500 IyA iiaeiaiu
niioaaonoaothuei aaee/eiai a ?aaeoeeyo aeaeo?iiiiai n?uaa. Iino?iaia
aeeo?aeoeeiiiay oai?ey eieethceaiie ?aaeoeee iaeiiioeeiiiie ia?aaea/e
(3H,d) n o/aoii aioo?aiiae no?oeoo?u aeaeo?iia e ia?ae/iiai yae?a
o?eoey, a oaeaea ?aciuoey yaea?iie iiaa?oiinoe. Iaeaeaiu
aeeooa?aioeeaeueiia e eioaa?aeueiia na/aiey ?anniao?eaaaiie ?aaeoeee, a
oaeaea oaeiaia e yia?aaoe/aneia ?ani?aaeaeaiey inaiaiaeaeathueony a
?aaeoeee aeaeo?iiia a i?eaeeaeaiee iaeinoe eeiaeiuo ?acia?ia yaea? d, 3H
e aaee/eiu ?aciuoey yaea?iie iiaa?oiinoe ii n?aaiaieth n eeiaeiui
?acia?ii yae?a ieoaie. I?iaaaeaiu /eneaiiua ?an/aou oaeiaiai e
yia?aaoe/aneiai ?ani?aaeaeaiee aeaeo?iiia, inaiaiaeaeathueony a
eieethceaiie ?aaeoeee 208Pb(3H,d) i?e yia?aeyo yaea? o?eoey 975 IyA.
Iieacaii, /oi o/ao ?aciuoey yaea?iie iiaa?oiinoe aiineo nouanoaaiiue
aeeaae a ?anniao?eaaaiua iaaethaeaaiua aaee/eiu, ia iaiyy eo
ea/anoaaiiiai iiaaaeaiey. Iaeaeaii, /oi eioaa?aeueiia na/aiea ?aaeoeee
iaeiiioeeiiiie ia?aaea/e 208Pb(3H,d) i?eia?ii a /aou?a ?aca iaiueoa
eioaa?aeueiiai na/aiey ?aaeoeee aeaooioeeiiiie ia?aaea/e 208Pb(3H,n).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeeo?aeoeeiiiia ?annayiea, iiey?ecaoeeiiiua
iaaethaeaaiua, aeeooa?aioeeaeueiia na/aiea, oi?oaia ?annayiea,
eieethceaiua ?aaeoeee ioeeiiiie ia?aaea/e, aeaeo?ii, o?aoioeeiiiua
yae?a.

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