3

Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie

?inoeooo iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I. I. Iioaai?

E?AA*OE AEEA IEEIEA?AIA

OAeE 808.4(415.61)+808.4(413.13)

IIEUeNUeEA O?ACAIEIA?ss

C IIIIANOE*IEI EIIIIIAIOII

10.02.03 — neiayinuee? iiae

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? neiayinueei? o?eieia??

Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaiaO?aiea

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oaieyeia ?aai Ieoaeeiae/

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? ?aaiaO?aiea, aeioeaio

eaoaae?e neiayinueei? o?eieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaaioo Aeea Einei?aia

?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
a?aeae?eo nioe?ie?iaa?noeee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe

Aeaieeaiei Ethaeieea
?aai?aia,

aeeeaaea/ eaoaae?e
neiayinueei? o?eieia??

Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?i. ?. ?. Ia/ieeiaa I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a caaaeueiiai oa
neiayinueeiai iiaiciaanoaa, Iaeana

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «26» aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.172.01. aeey caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?eieia?/ieo iaoe i?e ?inoeooo?
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I. Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252001, Ee?a-1,
aoe. A?ooaanueeiai, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I. Iioaai? oa ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie
ca aae?anith: 252001, Ee?a-1, aoe. A?ooaanueeiai, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «23» aa?aniy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe
I.A.Ica?iaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

O no/anieo e?iaa?noe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo niinoa??aa?oueny ae?acia
oaiaeaioe?y aei aeyaeaiiy iiaieo yaeu, iiaycaieo ?c iaoe?iiaeueiith
naiiaooi?noth e?iaaini?eueiioe, oa ?o anaa?/iee aiae?c. Ia?eoii oaeiai
caoe?eaaeaiiy ? o?acaieia?y, a iniaeeai oa ?? /anoeia, ui i?noeoue
iaoe?iiaeueii ia?eiaaiee eiiiiiaio — aeanio iacao (AI). Aea/aiiy
o?acaieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue (OI) c iiiianoe/iei eiiiiiaioii aea? ciiao, c
iaeiiai aieo, i?inoaaeeoe iniaeeaino? cae??ieaiiy a iia?
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo ?aae?e, c ?ioiai — c?iaeoe ocaaaeueiaiiy
oai?aoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o c i?eaiaeo ie?aieo ia aei e?ioey cyniaaieo
i?iaeai o?acaieia?? oa iiiianoeee.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? ianaiia?aae o caa?iaii? aei
e?iaaieoeueoo?ii ia?eiaaiiai iaoa??aeo, aiae?c yeiai aeiiiiaaa?
iiaeeaeoe ?icoi?iiy ?yaeo aeeneon?eieo i?iaeai iiaiciaanoaa, ye
iai?eeeaae: i?e?iaea eiiiiiaioa OI oa eiai ?ieue o iioeaaoe??
o?acaieia?/iiai cia/aiiy; naiaioe/iee noaoon AI; ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
eaoaai??e iaoe?iiaeueiiai e ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai a ei?ion? o?acaieia?? c
AI. Oe? ieoaiiy aaea noaaeee e /anoeiai ae??ooaaee iieuenuee?,
oe?a?inuee? e ?in?enuee? a/ai? (i?iaeaio naiaioeee AI ?icaeyaeaee
A.A?iaec?inueeee, A.Ao?iiae/, ?.Aeiianueea, A.AEaoaeuenueea-Oae?oei,
A.Ca?aiaa, TH.I.Ea?iaiei, A.I.E?eoaiei, I.I.*o/ea, A.?.Aieioia,
I.A.Noia?ainueea; cia/aiiy oa ?ieue eiiiiiaioa OI aiae?coaaee
I.A?ioianueeee, A.I.Eaaeoeueeee, A.Iaeaec?inueea, I.O.Aeao??aiei,
A.I.A?eiiiaeaiei, ?.N.Aiaothe, A.I.AEoeia, O.A.I?o?ia, A.Ae.?aeoooaei;
ieoaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii-?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiioaiue o o?acaieia??
oi?eaeeny I.Aanae, E.Iaoeeaae/, I.?.*a?aaeie/aiei, TH.I.Nieiaeoa,
A.I.Nieiaeooi, E.?.Noaiaiiaa). I?ioa caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo oai?aoe/ieo
i?aeoiae?a aei aeacaieo i?iaeai o no/ani?e neaa?noeoe? ia ae?iaeaii.
Iniaeeai ae iaiaaeaii ?icaeyaeathoue oeth i?iaeaiaoeeo ia iaoa??ae? OI c
iiiianoe/iei eiiiiiaioii. O noaooyo, i?enay/aieo iiiianoe/i?e
o?acaieia?? (ss.Aaeaiianueeee, E.Aeeoaio, E.E?a?anueeee, N.?iniiiae,
E.A.Ne?eiiee, ?.O?aaea?, A.I.Aaeithe, I.A.Iineaeaiei, I.I.Ua?aaiue),
o/ai? aeathoue ia?aaaaeii caaaeueiee iaeyaeiaee iien aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
iaoa??aeo aai aena?oeththoue eiai /anoeiai, a?aeiia?aeii aei ia?aiiai
aniaeoo. O iieuenuee?e iia? iiiianoe/i? OI iienai? c oi/ee ci?o ?o
aoeiieia?? (A.Aea?ianueeee, TH.Eoeaeaiianueeee) ? ii?iaoeaiino?
aaeeaaiiy (i?aoe? N.Aiiae), iaeiae OI c eiiiiiaioii-AI a ii??aiyeueiiio
ieai? aeine?aeaeai? aeoaea iaei, a i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo c?noaaeaiith
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai iaoa??aeo, acaaae? iaia?.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy — aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? naiaioeee
iiiianoe/iiai eiiiiiaioa iieuenueeeo OI, cynoaaoe eiai ?ieue o
iioeaaoe?? o?acaieia?/iiai cia/aiiy, a oaeiae aeyaeoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai a iieuenueeeo iiiianoe/ieo OI
ii??aiyii c oe?a?inueeeie.

Aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

— aecia/aiiy ei?iono iieuenueei? o?acaieia?? c iiiianoe/iei eiiiiiaioii
(a?aeiia?aeii aei oe?ieiai ?icoi?iiy oa?i?ia «o?acaieia?/ia iaeeieoey»);

— aeyaeaiiy naiaioe/ieo iciae AI a iia?, iiaeaii? oa ye eiiiiiaioa OI;

— i?inoaaeaiiy iaoai?cio iioeaaoe?? caaaeueiiai o?acaieia?/iiai cia/aiiy
naiaioeeith ii?ia-eiiiiiaioa OI;

— iien ieoiii? aaae AI a caaaeuei?e naiaioe/i?e no?oeoo?? OI;

— aeyaeaiiy no?oeoo?ii? oa cia/aii?ai? niaoeeo?ee iieuenueeeo e
oe?a?inueeeo OI c ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiei ii?iii;

— aiae?c no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo iiaeaeae iieuenueei? oa oe?a?inueei?
iiiianoe/ii? o?acaieia??;

— anoaiiaeaiiy ??aiy iaoe?iiaeueii? ia?eiaaiino? OI ni?eueieo
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo iiaeaeae caeaaeii a?ae aeaeo AI;

— ?iciiae?e iieuenueei? oa oe?a?inueei? o?acaieia?? c AI ca iaeaaei?noth
aei ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai yae?a oa ia?eoa???.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ocaiaeaeaia c iai?yiii iaoeiai? ?iaioe
eaoaae?e neiayinueei? o?eieia?? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? ?aaia O?aiea. Iaoa??aee oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeei?enoiaothoueny a oiae? ii?aoethaaiiy /eaiaie eaoaae?e
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie «Iaoiaee oa i?eioeeie oeeaaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei-?ioiiiaiineiayinueeeo oaiaoe/ieo neiaiee?a», i?e oeeaaeaii?
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai o?acaieia?/iiai neiaieea, a oaeiae o ?iaio?
iaoeiaiai nooaeaionueeiai nai?ia?o «Neiayinueea o?acaieia?y».

Ia?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? naiaioeea AI o iieuenueeeo OI oa ?ieue ii?i?a o
oi?ioaaii? iaoe?iiaeueieo oa ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo iciae o?acaieia??.

Iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee OI c ?iaiieeiaeie iiiianoe/ieie
eiiiiiaioaie oa iio?aeieie a?ae AI i?eeiaoieeaie. O?acaieia?cie aeeo/aii
c o?acaieia?/ieo, oeoia/ieo ? ?yaeo niaoe?aeueieo iieuenueeeo e
oe?a?inueeeo neiaiee?a, a oaeiae ?c aeia?aeiee?a oa aeaeaiue
ia?ai?ia?ao?/iiai oa?aeoa?o. I?iaiae?ciaaii iiiaae 4 oeny/? iieuenueeeo
OI, aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeeoue a?eueoa 1 oeny/? AI — aio?iiii?ie (?iaia,
i??caeua, ??aeoa — aiae?ii?ie, i??caenueea oa inaaaeii?ie), oiiii?ie
(ieeii?ie, o?aaiii?ie, oi?ii?ie, i?ii?ie, a?ae?ii?ie), ciii?ie,
einiii?ie, o?iiii?ie, o?aiaoii?ie, aoiii?ie (ieoaiiy iaeaaeiino?
inoaii?o aei AI cyniao?ii ie?aii).

Oa?i?i «o?acaieia?/ia iaeeieoey» ?icoi??ii oe?iei: a?i ioiieth? ia eeoa
?ae?iie (o?acaieia?/i? c?iuaiiy e o?acaieia?/i? ?aeiino?), o?acaieia?/i?
niieo/aiiy, ??ciiai ?iaeo ii??aiyeuei? cai?ioe, a e i?ene?ay, i?eeacee,
i?eeiaoe, e?eeao? aeneiae, oiaoi anth ??ciiiai?oi?noue no?eeeo
a?aeoai?thaaieo neiaanieo eiiieaen?a (e??i oa?i?iieia?/ieo), ye?
i?noyoue o nai?e oi?iaeuei?e no?oeoo?? AI.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. sse iniiaiee i?eeii ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iiaieo yaeu
canoiniao?ii iaoiae eia?/iiai iieno, i?e anoaiiaeaii?
aioo??oiueino?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae naiaioeee OI — eiiiiiaioiee aiae?c,
i?e c?noaaeaii? iieuenueei? oa oe?a?inueei? o?acaieia?? — ii??aiyeueiee
iaoiae ? iaoiae no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a aeine?aeaeaii?
iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiiai a oai?aoe/iiio ieai? iaoa??aeo. Aiae?c
iieuenueei? o?acaieia?? c iiiianoe/iei eiiiiiaioii o anueiio ?? ianyc?
i?iaaaeaii aia?oa. Na?aae iaoeiaeo ii?aoethaaiue iiiianoe/ii?
o?acaieia?? iaia? ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo c?noaaeaiith
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai iaoa??aeo. A iieuenuee?e e?iaa?noeoe? a?aenooi?
oai?aoe/i? i?aoe? c i?iaeai iiiianoe/ii? o?acaieia?? a aniaeo?
aioo??oiueino?oeoo?ii? niaoeeo?ee cia/aiiy OI. O aeena?oaoe?? ae?noaea
iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ? ??oioiaia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oe?ieei oaeoe/iei
iaoa??aeii aenoiooa a ie?aieo iiaiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiiyo inoaii?o ?ie?a
(E.?.Noaiaiiaa, I.Aanae, A.Oe?aaea) oaca i?i iaoe?iiaeueio niaoeeo?eo
aeayeeo OI c iiiianoe/iei eiiiiiaioii aioe/iiai oa a?ae?eiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy. Cae?eniaii iien iiiianoe/ii? o?acaieia?? iieuenueei? oa
oe?a?inueei? iia oeyoii ?? no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy (o
iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo o?acaieia?cie c AI eeoa iaiaaeaii aaiaeeeeny
aei iienoaaieo no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo iiaeaeae). Aeyaeaii anenoaii?
oaeoe o noa?? no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i
iaoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? o?acaioai?aiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiao iaoiaeeeo
aiae?co naiaioeee iiiianoe/iiai eiiiiiaioa OI, ui aeicaiey? i?inoaaeeoe
ia?inoaiiy oa niaae naiaioe/ii? aeoeaiino? iiiianoe/iiai eiiiiiaioa OI
ii??aiyii c? cia/aiiyi aoeiiia. A/aiiy i?i naiaioe/iee noaoon AI o
nenoai? iiae oa iiaeaii? ni?iaeoiaaii ia o?acaieia?/iee ??aaiue,
?acoeueoaoii /iai noaei aianaiiy aeiiiaiaiue aei ae??oaiiy oai?aoe/ii?
i?iaeaie iioeaaoe?? o?acaieia?/ii? naiaioeee aeaiaioaie cia/aii?ai?
no?oeoo?e ie?aieo eiiiiiaio?a OI.

Iaoeiaa oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Iaoeiaa oe?ii?noue aeena?oaoe??
iieyaa? a ni?ia? ae??oaiiy aeooaeueieo oai?aoe/ieo i?iaeai neiayinueei?
o?acaieia?? oa iiiianoeee. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui ?icoe?ththoue
iaae? ?icoi?iiy naiaioe/ii? nooiino? AI e o ?ie? eiiiiiaioa OI, ? iica
o?acaieia??th, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a iiaeaeueoeo i?aoeyo c oe???
i?iaeaiaoeee. Cai?iiiiiaaia a ?iaio? iaoiaeeea aiae?co naiaioeee AI a
neeaae? OI, a oaeiae i?eioeei iieno ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo oa
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo iciae iieuenueei? oa oe?a?inueei? o?acaieia?? c
iiiianoe/iei eiiiiiaioii iiaeooue canoiniaoaaoeny i?e aeine?aeaeaii?
iiiianoe/ii? o?acaieia?? ?ioeo iia. Iaoa??aee e aeniiaee
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e aeeeaaeaii?
aoc?anueeeo eo?n?a «Eaeneea oa o?acaieia?y iieuenueei? iiae», «Oai??y oa
i?aeoeea ia?aeeaaeo», aeey niaoeeo?n?a ? niaoenai?ia??a c o?acaieia??,
iiiianoeee e aoiie?iaa?noeee, i?e iaienaii? iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a c
iieuenueei? iiae e oeeaaeaii? iaeii- oa aeaiiiaieo o?acaia?ao?/ieo ?
ia?ai?ia?ao?/ieo aeaeaiue, niaoe?aeueieo neiaiee?a
(e?iaaieoeueoo?iciaa/iai, neiaieea «oaeueoeaeo ae?oc?a ia?aeeaaea/a»,
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai neiaieea iiiianoe/ii? o?acaieia?? oa ?i.).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?th iaaiai?aii ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e neiayinueei? o?eieia?? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea oa ia can?aeaii? A?aeae?eo cao?aeii- e
i?aaeaiiineiayinueeeo iia ?inoeoooo iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai? IAI
Oe?a?ie. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ii?eethaeiaii ia V,
VI, VII e VIII I?aeia?iaeieo neaa?noe/ieo eieiea?oiao (Euea?a, o?aaaiue
1996?., o?aaaiue 1997?., o?aaaiue 1998?., o?aaaiue 1999?.),
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iiaa. Eoeueoo?a. Aca?ii?icoi?iiy» (Euea?a,
n?/aiue 1997?.), I?aeia?iaei?e neaa?noe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? iaiyo?
i?ioani?a Einoyioeia O?ioeiiae/a (Euea?a, ea?oaiue 1998?.),
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oe?a?inueea o?eieia?y: oeiee,
iinoao?, i?iaeaie» (Euea?a, aeiaoaiue 1998?.), Iaoeiaeo /eoaiiyo ia
iioaio Oaio?ey Eiia?eioey (Euea?a, ea?oaiue 1997?.), a oaeiae ia ca?oieo
eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a e ani??aio?a Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ice?eoi a 9 ioae?eaoe?yo, c ieo — o 6
noaooyo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y caaaeueiei ianyaii 251 noi??iea
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae (445 iaeiaioaaiue), /ioe?ueio aeiaeaoe?a (nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoee caeiathoue 72 noi??iee).

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? aecia/aii iaoo, caaaeaiiy, no?oeoo?o oa ianya aeena?oaoe??, ??
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, aeooaeuei?noue ? iiaecio aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? «Naiaioeea aeanieo iaca o o?acaieia??»
?icaeyaea?ii iniaeeaino? cia/aii?aiai i?iyao AI o ?ie? eiiiiiaioa OI.
Aiae?c cae?enith?ii o aeaio aniaeoao: c iiaeyaeo cayceo naiaioeee
ii?ia-eiiiiiaioa OI ?c naiaioeeith ii?ia-aoeiiia (a?aeiia?aeii? AI o
a?eueiiio aaeeaaii?), a oaeiae c oi/ee ci?o naiaioe/ii? aaae
iiiianoe/iiai eiiiiiaioa a caaaeuei?e cia/aii?a?e no?oeoo?? OI.

Ia?oee aniaeo aeiaaa? cynoaaiiy naiaioe/ii? niaoeeo?ee AI iica
o?acaieia??th — ia ??ai? iiae (nenoaie ciaeiaeo iaeeieoeue) oa iiaeaiiy
(eiioi?eaoeaiiai canoinoaaiiy oeeo iaeeieoeue). Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui
i?iaeai? naiaioe/iiai noaoono AI i?enay/aii /eiaei iaoeiaeo i?aoeue o
iieuenuee?e oa no?aeiineiayinuee?e e?iaa?noeoe?, ieoaiiy i?i AI ye
cia/aii?ai iaiiaiaio /e anaiaioe/io aein? caeeoa?oueny aei e?ioey ia
cyniaaiei. ??ciiiai?oi?noue iiaeyae?a ia naiaioe/io i?e?iaeo AI
coiiaeaia ye neeaaei?noth naiiai ia?eoa aiae?co, oae ? iaaaeaeaaoiei
o?aeooaaiiyi oa?i?ia «cia/aiiy», ci?ooaaiiyi iiaiiai oa iiaeaii?aiai
??ai?a aiae?co, iaiaeii??aei?noth naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e ??cieo aeae?a
AI. ? i?aenoaae aiai?eoe i?i iaaeinoaoith iii?o aeayeeo aeania iiaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ia iaeaaeio eia?ei-o?einionueeo aaco. Ei?ioei
coieiyth/enue ia oeeo i?iaeaiao, ia??oioiao?ii a ?iaio? nai? ?icoi?iiy
naiaioe/iiai noaoono AI. Noeey?iiny aei iiaeyae?a oeo o/aieo, eio??
aaaaeathoue, ui AI ia? cia/aiiy. Caeeoath/e iica oaaaith ia/eneaii?
yaeua iaoeiiai?, anenoaiii? iiiianoe/ii? iii?iaoe??, aeioiaeeii aeniiaeo
i?i iayai?noue o AI, e??i nooi ciaeiai?, aeeaoi? ?ioi?iaoe??. Ia ??ai?
iiae oey ?ioi?iaoe?y iiai?noth iaeeaaea?oueny ia oa iiiyooy (cia/aiiy),
yea ia? ?iaeiaa aiaeyoeaia iacaa (iai?eeeaae, «/ieia?e» aai «ae?iea» —
aeey aio?iiii?i?a, «ianaeaiee ioieo» — aeey ieeii?i?a, «oaa?eia» — aeey
ciii?i?a oa ?i.). E??i oiai, ia iiaiiio ??ai? AI iiaea iaoe e ?io?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, ui aeaiaeyoueny c iiaii-no?oeoo?iiai ioi?ieaiiy ii?ia
(iiaeeea? oi?iaeuei? iieacieee aoi?/ii-iaoe?iiaeueii? iaeaaeiino? (a
oiiii?iao oa aio?iiii?iao); noao? (a iniaiaeo ?iaiao, ??aeoa — a
i??caeuao), a?eo (ia?aaaaeii a iniaiaeo ?iaiao)). Aei oiai ae eiaeia
caaaeueia cia/aiiy AI, ia a?aei?io a?ae a?aeiia?aeiiai cia/aiiy
?iaeiaiai aiaeyoeaa, aeiiiaith?oueny eiiiiiaioii «?iy» (ethaeeie),
«i??caeua» (ethaeeie), «iacaa» (i?noa), «iacaa» (noc??y) oiui. O
no?oeoo?? cia/aiiy AI, e??i nenoaiieo iiaieo nai, ?niothoue /eneaii?
iiaeaii?a? naie, yeeo AI iaaoaa? a i?ioean? eiioi?eaoe??. Aeoiaey/e ca
?aiee ia?aaeeaiaoeee oa iiaycoth/enue ?c eiie?aoiei ia?eoii, AI
aeooae?co?oueny a eiie?aoiiio eiioaeno? e iaiiaith?oueny neooaoe?eiith
naiaioeeith (i?e oeueiio aeoea?coaaoeny iiaea e iaeei ?c aeaiaio?a
nenoaiiiai cia/aiiy). Ia ??ai? iiaii? nenoaie no?oeoo?a cia/aiiy AI
aii?yaeeiao?oueny a iniiaiiio iiiianoe/ieie iieyie (oeiaie), a ia ??ai?
iiaeaiiy aiia ooai?th? ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiey — iicaiiai? noa?e
ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Iai?eeeaae, aeey i?noa oaeeie noa?aie iiaeooue aooe
«oeaio?aeuei?noue — ia?eoa??ei?noue» (Ee?a -«noieeoey»), «/an ?nioaaiiy»
(Ee?a -«noa?iaeiia i?noi»),»ciai?oi?e aeaeyae» (Ee?a — «iaeueiaie/a
i?noi»), aeey aio?iiii?ia — iiey n?i?, i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?,
?ioa?an?a, aioo??oi?o yeinoae, ciai?oi?o iciae oiui. Eiie?aoiee
iiaeaii?aee eiioaeno iieaco?, yea ooieoe?iiaeueia iiea AI (a oaeiae
iiaycaia c iei cia/aiiy AI) aeooae?co?oueny.

Iio?aieyth/e aei neeaaeo OI, ii?i, ia iaoo aeoieo, ia ?ic?eaa? iiai?noth
cayce?a c iiaieie oa iiaeaii?aeie naiaie. A?eueo?noue aeine?aeiee?a
iiiianoe/ii? o?acaieia?? (A.I.Iie??iei, I.O.Eoae?ia, A.I.Eioae)
noaa?aeaeo?, ui a neeaae? OI ii?i iaaoaa? aiaeyoeaiiai ci?noo, a
i?eoeeueieee ia?aaeeaiaoe/ii? anaiaioe/iino? ii?i?a (?.?.Ioooao,
E.?.Noaiaiiaa) ooi/iththoue, ui c aaciiiyoo?aiai ciaea ia ??ai? iiae AI
ia?aoai?th?oueny a aiaeyoea ia ??ai? o?acaieia??. Oaea o?aeooaaiiy
naiaioe/ieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e o iaaeao ii?ia i?e eiai aoiaeaeaii? o OI
caea?oueny iai iaaeoi ni?iuaiei. Aaaaea?ii, ui AI a neeaae? OI caa??aa?,
i?eiaeii? /anoeiai, o? cia/aiiy, yeeie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny e ia ??ai?
iiae, e ia ??ai? iiaeaiiy. Iaoa i?eiouaiiy, ia caia?a/oth/e ?acoeueoao?a
iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiue iiiianoe/ii? o?acaieia??, aeiiiaith? ?o,
aeoiaey/e c i?eeiyoeo iaie iiaeyae?a ia iniaeeaino? cia/aiiy AI a
ia?aaeeaiaoeoe? oa neioaaiaoeoe?.

Aeooae?ciaaia iiaeaii?aa cia/aiiy ii?ia, iaeeie/ia ca i?e?iaeith, iiaea
iiai?noth ia?aoiaeeoe ia iiiianoe/iee eiiiiiaio OI. Iai?eeeaae, ieeii?i
A?aeaiue o ooieoe?iiaeueiiio eiioaeno? ia c?acie Iioaeaieei caeiaoaaoe
ina?oo a naiiio A?aei? ia? naio «i?anoeaeiee ina?aaeie ina?oe»; oey ae
naia eaaeeoue a iniia? iieuenueei? OI G?upi i w Wiedniu rozumu nie kupi.
O iiaeaii?aiio eiioaeno? Po drodze do Warszawy zatrzymamy sie w
Kozienicach ieeii?ie iathoue i?inoi?ia? cia/aiiy: Kozienice — «aeeae/ee
ioieo», Warszawa — «aeaeueoee ioieo». Oe? ae cia/aiiy i?aai?ciaothoue ?
iioeaothoue OI Dopiero Kozienice, a ty ju? pytasz o Warszawe, ui
aaeeaa?oueny o a?aeiia?aeue ia /ethnue iaoa?iey/?noue ? aaaeaiiy
i?enei?eoe iiae??. Cia/aiiy «iainoaoi/ia aeciaiiy /e??nue i?aaioe aai
i?iaeie», yea ia? OI Obaczymy, co na to Czaplic, iiynith?oueny
iiaeaii?aei ooieoe?iioaaiiyi aio?iiii?ia Czaplic o nioe?aeueiiio iie?
i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? (aoea. «iiaa/eii, ui ia oea th?eno»).

Ia ??ai? iiae a?eueo?noue AI oiane?aeie aieeao iaaieo iii?iaoe?eieo
o?aaeeoe?e cina?aaeaeo? ia nia? i?eiaeii? oae? cia/aii?a? iciaee, ye
iaeaaei?noue aei iiiianoe/iiai iiey (Aiae??e, Andrzej — «ethaeeia»,
A?eaei, Burek — «oaa?eia», I/ae?a, Pinczow — «ianaeaiee ioieo»), aei
aoi?/ii? ni?eueiioe (Aiae??e — «oe?a?iaoeue», Aiae??e — «?in?yiei,»
Aiaeaeae — «iieye», Aiae?a — «o?aioeoc»), a oaeiae aaaiooaeuei? —
iai?eeeaae, aeac?aeo ia a?iiaaeyinueeee noaoon (Iao?eoa, Maaekowa —
«ae?oaeeia»), ia a?eia? iniaeeaino? (Iao?ee, Pietru? — ?iia??ii,
«aeeoeia»). Oe? naie, a oaeiae aeania iiiianoe/ia cia/aiiy «?iy»
(«iacaa») caeaoi? i?aai?ciaoaaoe OI e iioeaoaaoe ?? naiaioeeo. Oae,
o?acaieia?/ia cia/aiiy «ia?icoi?iiia ethaeeia», yea iathoue OI Wojtku,
jak ci na imie; Zgadnij [,Maaeku], jak mojej Ka?ce na imie, iiaeia
iioeaoaaoe naia oei, ui ?icoiia ethaeeia eaaei eaae?o?eo? neiaa Wojtek,
Ka?ka ye «?iaia», a, a?aeiia?aeii, iacaeaoi?noue ethaeeie ona?aeiieoe
oe? neiaa ye ?iaia na?ae/eoue i?i a?aenooi?noue ?ioaeaeooaeueieo
cae?aiinoae. O OI Jeszcze tego nikt nie s?ycha?, ?eby babie by?o Micha?,
ui icia/a? «aano?aei?noue, iaaeoiai?noue, iani?aaaei?noue yeeoinue
yaeu», aio?iiii?ie aeoea?cothoue ia?aaeeaiaoe/ia cia/aiiy noao?,
aiane?aeie /iai cae?enith?oueny iioeaaoe?y caaaeueiiai o?acaieia?/iiai
cia/aiiy. O OI, ia?ace yeeo iiaoaeiaai? ia iniia? c?noaaeaiiy a?eiaeo
iciae ethaeeie, ii?ie aenooiathoue o niaoeeo?/ieo iiaieo oi?iao c
aeai?iooeaieie neiaioai?/eie caniaaie, iai?eeeaae: Czego sie Ja? nie
nauczy, Jan nie bedzie umia?; Jak sie Jasiowi nie chcia?o, to Janowi tym
bardziej (Jan — «aei?ineee», Ja?, Jasio — «aeeoeia»). O neeaae? OI
aeaye? c iioe?aieo o iaaiiio iiaii-iaoe?iiaeueiiio eieaeoea? ?iaia
icia/athoue i?aaenoaaieea oe??? ni?eueiioe e, iaaoaath/e aeanoeaeo
a?aeiia?aei?e iaoe?? naiaioe/ieo eiiioaoe?e, iioeaothoue o?acaieia?/ia
cia/aiiy. Iae/eneaii?oa i?aaenoaaeai? a iieuenuee?e o?acaieia??
?a?aenuee? ?iaia, ye? a eiaei?e ?c OI, e??i iicia/aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
iaeaaeiino?, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeiaeaoeiaith eiiioaoeaiith iciaeith, ui
?? i?eienothoue ?a?ayi, iai?eeeaae: bogaty jak Berek; Ca?uje Mo?ka w
brode i w kumy go prosi («iice/a? a?io?»), aea Berek, Mosiek — «?a?ae»;
«aaaaoee». OI iiaeooue aooe iiaoaeiaai? ca c?aceii ?ioiiiaieo
aio?iiii?i?/ieo iiaeaeae — iai?eeeaae, o?aioeocueei? (graf de Socha;
hrabia de Golis/de Mortus — ??ii. «ae??aia oeyooa»),
aeaaiueiaaa?aenueei? (Potockes umnes, Czarnoryskes dumnes, Radziwi??es
za?awi?es, Ma?achowskes pikes). Iiaiith i?aeoeeith cae??ieth?oueny
nioe?aeueia aa?o?noue iaaieo aio?iiii?iieo iaca. O OI, a?aeiia?aeii,
a?aeia?aaeaia aeaaiy nioe?aeueia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y AI, yea iioeao?
naiaioeeo OI ia c?acie: Nie janaj/piotraj mi, bom ja -ski/-cki;
szlachcic Skicki.

Ioaea, a?aeiiaeyth/enue a?ae eaoaai?e/iiai ?iciaaeoaaiiy AI ye
aaciiiyoo?aiai ciaea a iia? e aiaeyoeciaaiiai iiiyooy o o?acaieia??,
aaaaea?ii, ui e ?c iiae ye nenoaie, e ?c eiie?aoii ?aae?ciaaiiai
iiaeaii?aiai eiioaenoo AI iiaea ia?aiineoe iciaee o OI. Oe? iciaee ?
aecia/aeueieie o oi?ioaaii? o?acaieia?/iiai cia/aiiy iaeeieoe?, aei yei?
AI aoiaeeoue ye eiiiiiaio.

Ae?oaee aniaeo naiaioeee AI o o?acaieia?? — ieoiio aaao iiiianoe/iiai
eiiiiiaioa o oi?ioaaii? cia/aiiy OI — aeine?aeaeo?ii, i?iaiae?coaaaoe
?nioth/? o o?acaieia?? iiaeyaee ia naiaioe/iee noaoon eiiiiiaioa OI.
Iiaiaeaeoth/enue ?c aeneiaeaiith a /eneaiieo i?aoeyo oacith i?i
caeaaei?noue naiaioe/ii? naiino?eiino? eiiiiiaio?a a?ae nooiaiy
?ae?iiaoe/iino? OI, ?icaeyaea?ii iniaeeaino? cia/aii?ai? ?aae?caoe??
??cieo aeae?a AI o o?acaieia??. C oe??th iaoith ?ic?iaey?ii iaoiaeeeo
aiae?co naiaioe/iiai i?iyao ii?i?a o o?acaieia??. sseui noaiaoe/ii
i?aaenoaaeii iiaeeea? oeyoe ?aae?caoe?? naiaioeee AI o o?acaieia??, oi
ea?oeia aeiaeueiao?oueny a iaaeao aeaio iiethn?a: aa?oiueiai — c
iaeneiaeueiith naiaioe/iith iane/ai?noth AI oa ieaeiueiai — c
iaeneiaeueiei nooiaiai ?? aeanaiaioecaoe??. C?inoaiiy naiaioe/ii?
aeoeaiino? iiiianoe/iiai eiiiiiaioa OI i?inoaaeo?ii a?ae iaoaoi?e/ieo OI
(Bismark w spodnicy — «aia?a?eia aeaaeia ae?iea») oa iaoii?i?/ieo
(wyprawiae sie na Brodno — «iiia?oe», Brodno — iacaa eeaaeiaeua) aei
eaeaiao?ieo (Widzia?em ?winie w Aksamitach/Gronostajach chodz?c?), a ??
niaae — a?ae OI c iioeaaoe?eii iano?eaeiaaeie ii?iaie (Piekna Ka?ka, ale
malowana) aei OI c oaeoeueoaoeaieie AI (siedem ?wiatow [i po? Ameryki])
oa a?ae OI c aeaeeoe/ii caaa?aeaieie ii?iaie (Ka?da Agata ma swoje
tarapata) aei OI c aocueei aeaeeoe/iith ooieoe??th (Ja o Pawle, a on o
Gawle) ?, a?aoo?, aei OI c oe?eeii aeanaiaioeciaaieie ii?iaie (fik mik
Dominik — «eaaeiaaaeiee aai oeo?ee o/eiie»), na?aae yeeo i?i?iaeueii
ii?iaei?ie a naiaioe/iiio ieai? ? AI iiaeaeueieo aeaoeiaeo cai?io?a (Do
stu Maaekow! — aea?o?aeeaee i?ieeueii). Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae
o?acieia?/ii? naiaioeee AI ca ?ic?iaeaiith ???a?o?/iith noaiith aea?
ciiao ioe?ieoe ieoiio aaao iiiianoe/iiai eiiiiiaioa o oi?ioaaii?
cia/aiue OI ??cieo aeae?a. O OI c? no?eaeiaaei eaeaiao?iei, iaoii?i?/ii
e iaoaoi?e/ii ia?ainieneaiei ii?iii inoaii?e a?ae?a?a? i?ia?aeio
iioeaoth/o ?ieue. Eaeaiao?ia ia?a?oaaiiy iaea?eueo aeanoeaa oiiii?iai oa
aio?iiii?iai, iaoii?i?/iee ia?aiin — oiiii?iai (iniaeeai o?aaiii?iai). O
?ie? ?iaiieo iiiianoe/ieo iaoaoi? iae/ano?oa aenooiathoue aio?iiii?ie oa
aoiii?ie, a a ?ie? aae?eoeaieo e aaeaa?a?aeueieo — oiiii?ie e aoiii?ie.
O OI aeaeeoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o, iae/eneaii?oa i?aaenoaaeaieo aio?iiii?iiith
o?acaieia??th (cie?aia, OI c ?iaiaie), ii?ie caa??aathoue ?ieue
no?eaeiaaeo eiiiiiaio?a, i?ioa aeooae?cothoue eeoa aeac?aio ooieoe?th.
Ao?aoa aeii?iaioii? iioeaoth/i? ?ie? ia ei?enoue iaiiiianoe/ieo
eiiiiiaio?a aeanoeaa ia?aaaaeii aio?iiii?iai-?iaiai oa i?eeiaoieeiaei
aae?aniei oiiii?iai. O ?ie? oaeoeueoaoeaieo aenooiathoue i?eaeecii
iaeiaeiaith i??ith an? aiae?ciaai? iiiianoe/i? eiiiiiaioe, ?oiy
iioeaoth/a ?ieue o OI caaaeaia aei i?i?ioio. O OI aenieiai nooiaiy
naiaioe/ii? iiiie?oiino?, a yeeo aenooiathoue AI on?o ?ic?yae?a,
iiiianoe/iee eiiiiiaio ia?aaaaeii ? no?eaeiaaei, iaeiae eiai naiaioeea
iaa?aeae?eueia a?ae caaaeueii? o?acaieia?/ii?. Oae? OI noaiiaeyoue
?ae?iiaoe/ia yae?i iieuenueei? iiiianoe/ii? o?acaieia??. Na?aae
iiaeaeueieo OI a?aeiinia naiaioe/ia naiino?ei?noue aeanoeaa oiiii?iai oa
aoiii?iai o cai?ioao-i?ieeueiiao, oiae? ye aio?iiii?ie, aenooiath/e o
aeneiaao ia iicia/aiiy iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo aiioe?e, iiai?noth
aeanaiaioecothoueny.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? «Aca?iiae?y iaoe?iiaeueiiai e
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai a iiiianoe/i?e o?acaieia??», ia??oiooaaaoe nai?
?icoi?iiy iiiyooy ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai o o?acaieia??, iieaco?ii, yeei
/eiii o iieuenuee?e oa oe?a?inuee?e iiiianoe/i?e o?acaieia??
ni?a?niothoue iaoe?iiaeuei? e ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeuei? aeaiaioe. Iayai?noue
iaoe?iiaeueiiai a ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiio ?ethno?o?ii o?acaieia?/iei
iaoa??aeii, yeee iiaiciaaoe? o?aaeeoe?eii ca?aoiaothoue aei
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueii? o?acaieia?? (ca aaiaoe/iei e?eoa???i — A?ae?y;
aioe/ia i?oieia?y, ?noi??y, e?oa?aoo?a; na?oiaa ?noi??y, e?oa?aoo?a), a
iayai?noue ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai a iaoe?iiaeueiiio — iaoa??aeii,
iaeaaei?noue yeiai aei ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueii? o?acaieia?? ? aeeneon?eiei
ieoaiiyi (?ioa?iaoe?iiae?caoe?y o?acaieia?? aiane?aeie i?a?aoe?eieo
i?ioean?a ? ye ?acoeueoao iacaeaaeiiai ?icaeoeo a ie?aieo iiaao o
ca’yceo c oi?aa?naeuei?noth iaoaoi?e/iiai ni?eeiyooy ae?eniino?).
Onoia?a/ onoaeaiei iiaeyaeai ia AI ye ia aeinoaoi?e iieaciee
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueii? aai iaoe?iiaeueii? iaeaaeiino? OI, aaaaea?ii, ui
iayai?noue o o?acaieia?ci? ii?ia c aecia/aiei noaoonii
(?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiei — o aeiaaeeo aio?iiii?i?a, oiiii?i?a a?ae?eiiai e
aioe/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy, a iaoe?iiaeueiei — o aeiaaeeo aeania iieuenueeeo
/e oe?a?inueeeo aio?iiii?i?a ? eieaeueieo oiiii?i?a) ia caaaeaee
aecia/a? noaoon onueiai o?acaieia?cio. OI c aioe/ieie e a?ae?eieie
iacaaie iiaeooue a?aecia/aoeny iaoe?iiaeueiith nai???aei?noth, a
iaoe?iiaeueii ia?eiaai? ii?ie caeaoi? i?aai?ciaoaaoe OI, ui
iaeeaaeathoueny ia aeanoea? aaaaoueii iiaai no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i?
iiaeae? e oiio iathoue ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeuei? iciaee.

I?e c?noaaeaii? a?ae?eieo, aioe/ieo ? caiice/aieo c? na?oiai? ?noi??? oa
e?oa?aoo?e OI aa?aii aei oaaae: 1) oiiaoe/i? a?aei?iiino?; 2)
neiaioa??i? a?aei?iiino?; 3) ii?oieia?/i? a?aei?iiino?, ui
aeyaeythoueny a: a) eaoaai??? ?iaeo; a) eaoaai??? /enea; a)
aa?aaeueieo eaoaai??yo; 4) no?oeoo?ii-neioaene/i? a?aei?iiino?: a)
eaaioeoaoeai? a?aei?iiino?; a) ii?oieiai- oa eaeneei-neioaene/i?
a?aei?iiino?; a) ci?ie ii?yaeeo ?icoaooaaiiy eiiiiiaio?a (?iaa?n?y).
I?i?ethno?oaaaoe oi?iaeuei? ?ica?aeiino?, iieaco?ii, /e i?iaeoothoueny
aiie ia noee?noe/io e naiaioe/io ieiueie aai ae iane?eueee nooo?ai
a?aeia?aaeathoue iiaii-iaoe?iiaeueio niaoeeo?eo aeine?aeaeoaaieo OI.
sse?ni? ?ica?aeiino? eiiiiiaio?a (eaene/ia aa??aioi?noue) iieiythoueny
ia iaae? aeae?eaiiy oi?iaeueieo ? naiaioe/ieo a?aei?iiinoae. Iieacoth/e
ci?ie eaene/iiai iaiiiianoe/iiai eiiiiiaioa, aecia/a?ii, yeei /eiii ?o
iiaeia eaae?o?eoaaoe: /e eeoa ye no?oeoo?i?, /e ye ci?ie o a?aeo?ieao
naiaioeee OI. Ia naiaioe/iiio ??ai?: 1) iieno?ii iieuenuee?
iie?naiaioe/i? OI oa ?o oe?a?inuee? a?aeiia?aeieee; aeaco?ii ia iiaiioo
ca?ao o?acai-naiaioe/ieo aa??aio?a; 2) ii??aith?ii iieuenuee? oa
oe?a?inuee? OI, ia’?aeiai? ca ?aeeiith oi?iaeueiith iciaeith —
iayai?noth ni?eueiiai ii?ia; cacia/a?ii, yeeie a?aei?iieie eiiioaoeaieie
?enaie iaae?eai? ni?euei? ii?ie o o?acaieia?? eiaeii? c iia; 3)
iaaiaeeii i?eeeaaee OI, iiiianoe/iee eiiiiiaio yeeo ?aae?co?oueny o
o?acaieia?? eeoa iaei??? c iia, ? ia iniia? oeueiai iaoa??aeo ?iaeii
i?eiouaiiy i?i iniaeeaino? iiaieo ea?oei na?oo iieye?a oa oe?a?ioe?a.

Aiae?c iieacaa, ui iaa?oue i?e iaoooaaii? a?aei?iiinoyie oiiaoe/iiai
ioi?ieaiiy AI oiane?aeie ?o o?aaeeoe?eii ??ciiai ia?aeeaaeo oa
iaoai?/iei iiceoe?eiei iaiaeeaaeaiiyi eiiiiiaio?a iieuenueeeo oa
oe?a?inueeeo OI, coiiaeaiei a?aei?iieie ii?iaie ?iaa?noaaiiy a
iieuenuee?e oa oe?a?inuee?e iiaao, o c?noaaethaaieo aeecueeinii??aeiaieo
iiaao cian?i iacia/ia e?euee?noue OI oe?eeii ca?aa?oueny ca no?oeoo?ith
oa naiaioeeith, iai?eeeaae: s?u?yae Mamonie — neoaeeoe Iaiii?; od Adama
zaczynaae — a?ae Aaeaia ii/eiaoe; mury jerychonskie — ???eoiinuee? io?e.
Oi?iaeuei? ?ica?aeiino? aeine?aeaeoaaii? iieuenueei? oa oe?a?inueei?
o?acaieia?? c?inoathoue a?ae i?i?iaeueieo (iai?eeeaae, sodoma i gomora —
niaeii/niaeiia ? aiii??a — a?aei?iiino? oiiaoe/ia e ii?oieia?/iiai ?iaeo
(o aa??aioi?e oi?i?); s?d salomonowy — noae Nieiiiia, jajko Kolumba —
eieoiaiaa yeoea — a?aei?iiino? ii?oieiai-neioaene/ii? no?oeoo?e;
iaoona?e?a a?e — ?yae matuzalowe lata — iayai?noue a iaei?e ?c iia OI
ae??ne?aiiai aea?eaaoa; eaae? e?aainueeee — wznios?y jak cedr libanski —
?iie?oeeoi?noue/aenie?oeeoi?noue ae?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??) aei
iaeneiaeueieo (iai?eeeaae, iaa?aeiia?aei?noue eaene/ieo eiiiiiaio?a OI,
ui coiiaeth? ci?io aai ia?acieo anioe?aoe?e (poj?ae do Abrahama na piwo
— i?oe aei Aa?aaia e?c ianoe), aai noee?noe/iiai caaa?aeaiiy OI (pietno
kainowe — ea?iiaa ia/aoue (a?o.), stary Adam — aaooee Aaeai (a?o.)), aai
naiaioe/ieo a?aeo?ie?a OI (zbrodnia kainowa — «a?aoiaaeanoai» oa ea?iiaa
ae?ei — «c?aaea, aaeanoai, aei?noie? a/eiee»)). Niaoeeo?ea
c?noaaethaaii? o?acaieia?? ia oi?iaeueiiio ??ai? iieyaa? a ia?aaaaeaii?
a oe?a?inueeeo OI iaae iieuenueeeie ?iaa?niaaieo eiino?oeoe?e, a oaeiae
o aeii?ioaaii? a ?iaiieo OI oe?a?inueei? iiae no?oeoo? ?c i?eeiaoieeii
(ocaiaeaeai? icia/aiiy), a a ?iaiieo OI iieuenueei? iiae — no?oeoo? c
?iaiieeiaei aaiaoeaii (iaocaiaeaeai? icia/aiiy). A?aei?ii? ?ene ia??aeei
aeoiaeyoue ca oi?iaeuei? ?aiee: iai?eeeaae, ?iaa?niaai? eiino?oeoe??
aieeaathoue ia i?aeianaia noee?noe/ia caaa?aeaiiy e ia iaaieioaiiy
aeanoeaino? iin?y iciaee a oe?a?inuee?e o?acaieia??. Ia iniaeeao oaaao
caneoaiaothoue o? oi?iaeuei? ci?ie, ye? iicia/athoueny ia naiaioeoe?
c?noaaethaaieo OI, ye iai?eeeaae: a) aieea neiaioa??iiai aai
ii?oieia?/iiai aa??aioa a iaei?e ?c iia ia ci?io cia/aiiy OI (aaeaiiaa
?aa?i — ? «ae?iee», ? «ni?eueia iniiaa /iainue», a aaeaiia? ?aaa?oey —
eeoa «ae?iee»; plaga egipska / plagi egipskie — «aaeee? iauanoy», oa
eeoa plaga egipska — «iaaeieo/eeaa iniaa»); a) ?icaeoie a iaei?e ?c iia
ae??ne?aieo aea?eaao?a c ye?niith ci?iith naiaioeee (?o?e Prokrusta;
i?ie?onoiaa eiaea («i??ea, i?ae yeo uinue i?aeaaiythoue») — eeoa oe?.
i?noeoeny ia i?ie?onoiaiio eiae? («caaeiaieueiyoeny /eiinue iacia/iei»);
a) aieea aa??aioiiai eaene/iiai eiiiiiaioa a iaei?e ?c iia ia
aeaoi?iaoe?th naiaioeee OI (rozwi?zaae weze? gordyjski — ?ic?oaaoe
ai?ae??a aocie) aai ia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th o?acaieia?/iiai cia/aiiy i?e
iie?nai?? OI (praca/trud danaidowy — eeoa «ia?ia i?aoey», oiae? ye
beczka Danaid — ua e «anaiiaeeiath/a i???aa» oa «caoeaiia ethaeeia»).
I?aeiiaia iaa?aeiia?aei?noue OI ia oi?iaeueiiio ??ai? na?ae/eoue a
iniiaiiio i?i e?iaa?noe/i? iniaeeaino? anei?eyoe?? aaiaoe/ii ni?eueieo
OI, a naiaioe/i? ?ica?aeiino? aeacothoue ia ?o iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?io
aaeaioaoe?th (iai?eeeaae, ???eoiinueea o?oaa — «ao/iee aiein», «ooi»;
tr?ba jerychonska — «e?eeoi», «ie?oea?», «aeo?aiue», «iaaeioaia»; aeioee
I?aeana — «iai?e?iia ianiiae?aaiea»; dotkniecie Midasa — «ai?iiy
aea?aeii iaa?iooe aoaeue-yeo ni?aao; caeaoi?noue aei aeiaaeeiaiai
i?eaooeiaiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa»). ?icaeoie ??cieo eiiioaoe?e ni?eueiiai
ii?ia a iieuenuee?e oa oe?a?inuee?e o?acaieia?? na?ae/eoue i?i
a?aei?iiino? a ni?eeiyoo? a?ae?eieo oa aioe/ieo ia?ac?a eiaeiei
ia?iaeii. Iai?eeeaae, o na?aeiiino? oe?a?ioe?a Eaca?, Eaoii, ssion
iaae?eai? a?eueo iaaaoeaieie ?enaie, i?ae o na?aeiiino? iieye?a
(ni?aaoe/caaiaeeoe/nei?/eoe Eaca?y («aeaa?aeoaaoe, i?eeeaeath/enue
iauaniei») — biedny/go?y/opuszczony jak Fazarz; noaaaoe a iico Eaoiia
(«a?aoe ia naaa ?ieue ai?aiiai aee?eaa/a») — katonska cnota
(«aeia?i/ani?noue»), nieugiety jak Kato («iaiioeoiee»);
aeaieeeee/aeaieeoeee ssion («iaue?a, eoeaaa, aeai?aeooia ethaeeia») —
janusowe oblicze («uinue aeaia?/ia; uinue aeaicia/ia; aeaa aniaeoe
yei?nue ni?aae», «caaaaeeiaa e i?ieeaa iaee//y»)); aeiyoeiai a
iieuenuee?e iia? ?oaea ? niieoooaa/ai (ae?ae. lazc jak Judosz), a I?eao
a oe?a?inuee?e — iaeyeaiei (iia?e?a ye I?eao); ia ca?aathoueny a
c?noaaethaaieo iiaao o?acaieia?/i? ii?o?aoe Aaeaia oa ?ae. I?i ??ciee
nooi?iue canai?iiy ni?eueii? a?ae?eii? oa aioe/ii? niaaeueie na?ae/eoue
cia/ia e?euee?noue iaeeieoeue, ui iathoue ni?eueiee ii?i, aea ??cio
no?oeoo?o e cia/aiiy, a oaeiae OI, AI yeeo canai?eeny o?acaieia??th
o?eueee iaei??? c iia. Aeyaeai? a?aei?iiino? aeathoue i?aenoaae aiai?eoe
i?i iaeaaei?noue aaaaoueio a?ae?eieo, aioe/ieo ? caiice/aieo c? na?oiai?
?noi??? oa e?oa?aoo?e OI aei ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueii? ia?eoa???.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo iciae, aeanoeaeo o?acaieia?? c
iaoe?iiaeueii caaa?aeaiei iiiianoe/iei eiiiiiaioii, a?aeooiaoo?iiny a?ae
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ii? iiaeae?, i?ae yeith, i?eeiath/e ca iniiao
iieiaeaiiy A.I.Iie??iea, ?icoi??ii no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iee ?iaa??aio
no?eeeo niieoe, yeee noaiaoe/ii a?aeia?aaea? a?aeiinio noaa?euei?noue ?o
oi?ie oa naiaioeee. Ine?eueee iieuenuee? oa oe?a?inuee? OI
iaeeaaeathoueny ia ni?euei? aeey aaaaoueio iia no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i?
iiaeae?, iiaeaii aiai?eoe i?i ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeuei? iciaee OI c
iaoe?iiaeueii ia?eiaaieie AI.

No?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? iiaeae? aoaeothoueny ia iniia? oeiieia?/ieo ?
aaiaoe/ieo cayce?a o o?acaieia??. O i?ioean? iacaeaaeiiai o?acaioai?aiiy
aai i?a?aoe?eieo o?acaieia?/ieo yaeu o c?noaaethaaieo iiaao aeieeathoue
ni?euei? aeiee OI, na?aae yeeo aaea?oueny aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe iaeeieoe? c
a?eueoei aai iaioei i?iyaii ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo ? iaoe?iiaeueieo iciae.
AI o oaeeo OI ? oeaio?ii aeeoioii?? «?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueia —
iaoe?iiaeueia», ine?eueee ia i?e no?auothoueny aea? i?ioeeaaei?
oaiaeaioe?? — naia?aoe/ia e oi?aa?nae?coth/a: c iaeiiai aieo,
e?iaaieoeueoo?ii ia?eiaaiee ii?i caeaoiee ae??ciyoe OI ye iaoe?iiaeueii
caaa?aeaio, a c ?ioiai — ii?i o ?ie? eiiiiiaioa OI ? eeoa nai?ioe/iith
iicia/eith: a?i ao?a/a? caycie c ii/aoeiaei aeaiioaoii ? ii/eia?
ocaaaeueithaaoe, ia?aeioth/e oaeei /eiii aeine?aeaeoaaio OI c ?ioeie OI
nai?? oa c?noaaethaaii? iiae.

I???iooth/enue ia iiia?aaei? aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo
iiaeaeae (i?aoe? A.I.Iie??iea, A.I.?a/aiea, TH.I.Nieiaeoaa, I.Aanay,
E.Iaoeeaae/), ?ic??ciy?ii iiaeae?, a yeeo ca?aathoueny eiie?aoii-ia?acia
e eia?ei-nai?ioe/ia oi?ie ?aae?caoe?? (oei A), oa iiaeae? eeoa c? ca?aii
eia?ei-na?iioe/ii? oi?ie ?aae?caoe?? (oei A). I?e eia?ei-nai?ioe/i?e
?aae?caoe?? iiaeae? (oei A) ia?acia iniiaa ??ciiiiaieo OI ia ?
?aeaioe/iith: aiie iiaeooue oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeny iaoe?iiaeueiith
nai???aei?noth. O aeine?aeaeoaai?e iiiianoe/i?e o?acaieia?? oey
niaoeeo?ea i?iyaey?oueny ia?aaeon?i o iaoe?iiaeueiiio caaa?aeaii? ii?ia.
Oae, eaoeinueeee aene?a Quod licet Jovi, non licet bovi, neaeueeiaaiee
iieuenueeith oa oe?a?inueeith iiaaie, ia? ?yae oi?i ?c iieuenueeeie e
oe?a?inueeeie ii?iaie, ui a?aecia/athoueny iaoe?iiaeueiei eiei?eoii.
I?ioa iiiianoe/i? OI, ai?uai? a ?aieao caaaeueii? iiaeae? < ui aeicaieaia eiionue, oa ia aeicaieaia ?ioiio >, ?aeaioe/i? ca cia/aiiyi:
ye ? eaoeinueeee ia?oiac??aoeue, oaeeaathoueny, uia canoaeeoe /e?nue
aaci?aenoaai? i?aoaic??: A: Ui aeicaieaii THi?oa?o, oa ia aeicaieaii
aeeo; Co wolno Jowiszowi, nie wolno wo?owi; Co wolno Jowiszowi, nie
wolno os?owi; Co sie godzi Jowiszowi, tego sie nie godzi os?owi; A: Co
wolno Bohuszowi, nie wolno Werbuszowi; Co wolno Baranowskiemu, nie
wolno Koz?owskiemu; Co mo?e pan Baranowski, tego nie mo?e pan Koz?owski;
Co wolno Radziwi??owi, to nie wolno Mikuciowi; Ui iiaeia iaio, oiai ia
iiaeia Eaaio. Iiaeeeai, iiooiaoii aei aeieeiaiiy OI c iaoe?iiaeueieie
ii?iaie aoee iicaiiai? /eiieee i?noeaai? eieae?caoe??, iaeiae o ieai?
ia?aiiniiai aaeeaaiiy, ui ianaiia?aae aaaeeeai o o?acaieia??, oae? OI
iiae?ai? aei ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo. C oi/ee ci?o oi?aa?naeueiino?
ethaenueeiai ieneaiiy iiae?aia iiaeaeue — aeoeaia e aeeth/a? ia eeoa
iiiianoe/i? OI, aea e aiaeyoeai?, iai?eeeaae: Co wolno koz?owi, nie
wolno os?owi; Co wolno wojewodzie, to nie tobie, smrodzie; Ui iiiia?
iiaeia, oa aeyeia? canue.

OI ni?eueieo no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo iiaeaeae, o yeeo ca?aathoueny
eia?ei-nai?ioe/ia oa eiie?aoii-ia?acia oi?ie ?aae?caoe??, ca?aoiao?ii
aei ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai oiiaeo o?acaieia??, ine?eueee iacia/i?
?ica?aeiino? eaene/iiai e a?aiaoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o, ui ia?aaaaeii ia
aeoiaeyoue ca iaae? aeania iiaii? no?oeoo?e, ia ? aeinoaoi?ie, ia iao
iiaeyae, i?aenoaaaie aeey noii?a?a uiaei noaoono OI. I?e ca?aia? eeoa
eia?ei-nai?ioe/ii? oi?ie ?aae?caoe?? cyaeythoueny iia? ia?ace, coiiaeai?
aoiaeaeaiiyi iaoe?iiaeueii caaa?aeaiiai ii?ia. Oae? iaeeieoe? ia ne?ae,
ia iaoo aeoieo, iaeiicia/ii o?aeooaaoe ye ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?cie.
Caaaeath/e, iaeiae, ia oa, ui aiie iaeeaaeathoueny ia oi?aa?naeueio
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/io iiaeaeue ? ae?aaeathoue iaeia e oa naia iiiyooy,
a?aeaiaeeii ?i i?noea ia ia?eoa??? ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueii? o?acaieia??.

O aeniiaeao aeeeaaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

AENIIAEE

I?iaaaeaia a aeena?oaoe?? eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieuenueei?
iiiianoe/ii? o?acaieia?? aeaei ciiao ooi/ieoe ?? ei?ion, aeine?aeeoe
cia/aiiy iiiianoe/iiai eiiiiiaioa OI. Aiae?c naiaioeee AI ye eiiiiiaioa
OI ii??aiyii ?c naiaioeeith aoeiiia iieacaa, ui ii?i o neeaae? OI
caa??aa? naiaioe/i? caycee c aoeiiiii. Caeaa?eueoiai iiiianoe/iee
eiiiiiaio a?ae?a?a? ?ieue aecia/aeueiiai a ieai? iioeaaoe?? cia/aiiy
aeaiaioa OI. Oiio a?i ia eeoa coiiaeth? aeni?aneai?noue OI ? ia?aaaaeii
aoaa? ia?eaoi?ii ?? iaoe?iiaeueii? iaeaaeiino?, a e aaciina?aaeiuei
aieeaa? ia o?acaieia?/io naiaioeeo. Oeae aieea iiaeeeaee caaaeyee oiio,
ui nai iiiianoe/iee eiiiiiaio OI ia? cia/aii?a? oa?aeoa?enoeee, ye?, o
naith /a?ao, coiiaeai? naiaioeeith AI a iia? oa iiaeaii?. Ieoiia aaaa
iiiianoe/iiai eiiiiiaioa o oi?ioaaii? naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e OI
aa??th?oueny ca a?aaeaoe?eiith oeaeith. Iaea?eueo ?noioio naiaioe/io
?ioi?iaoe?th ianooue o OI eaeaiao?ii ia?a?ai? AI, a oaeiae iaoaoi?e/ii e
iaoii?i?/ii ia?ainieneai? no?eaeiaa? iiiianoe/i? eiiiiiaioe. Naiaioe/ii
iineaaeaieie ? AI o OI c ?ioi?iaoeai?oeie a nieneiaiio ieai?
iaiiiianoe/ieie eiiiiiaioaie, a oaeiae oaeoeueoaoeai? AI.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy naiaioeee AI o o?acaieia?? iaaoee
??oioiai?oi? aaae caaaeyee /anoeiaiio aaaaeaiith aei aiae?co
oe?a?inueeiai oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo. Ia?aeaeuei? a iieuenuee?e oa
oe?a?inuee?e iiiianoe/i?e o?acaieia?? naiaioe/i? i?ioeane na?ae/aoue i?i
oa, ui oai?aoe/i? iniiae naiaioe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? ii?ia o o?acaieia??
iinyoue oi?aa?naeueiee oa?aeoa? (inoaoi/ii i?aeoaa?aeeoe oeth oaco iiaei
a c?noaaeaiiy iniaeeainoae naiaioeee AI o o?acaieia?? ?ioeo,
neiayinueeeo ? ianeiayinueeeo, iia).

sseui i?e aeine?aeaeaii? aioo??oiueino?oeoo?ii? niaoeeo?ee cia/aiiy OI
oe?a?inueeee iaoa??ae neoaoaaa ca aeiaeaoeiaee, oi i?e cynoaaii?
iaoe?iiaeueii-?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiioaiue a iiiianoe/i?e o?acaieia??
iinoaea iio?aaa nenoaiiiai aaaaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo OI — ei?aeyo?a
iieuenueeeo iaeeieoeue. C?noaaiee aiae?c iieuenueei? oa oe?a?inueei?
o?acaieia?? c ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieie ii?iaie aeaa ciiao i?inoaaeeoe, yeei
/eiii eiaeia c iia canaith? aeine?aeaeoaai? OI ia oi?iaeueiiio oa
cia/aii?aiio ??aiyo. Aca?iia?aeiioaiiy ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo ?
iaoe?iiaeueieo iciae o iieuenuee?e oa oe?a?inuee?e iiiianoe/i?e
o?acaieia?? iiaeia i?i?ethno?oaaoe ?iciiae?eii OI ca iaeaaei?noth aei
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai yae?a oa ia?eoa???. ssae?iaa ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueia
ae?eyiea — oea OI c a?ae?eieie oa aioe/ieie AI, ye? a naiaioe/iiio oa
no?oeoo?iiio ieai? ca?aathoueny a c?noaaethaaieo iiaao, a oaeiae OI
ni?eueieo no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo iiaeaeae c ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieie AI i?e
i?i?iaeueieo a?aei?iiinoyo o eaeneei-a?aiaoe/i?e aoaeia?.
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueia ia?eoa??y i?noeoue iaiaeii??aeio c oi/ee ci?o
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo oa iaoe?iiaeueieo iciae
o?acaieia?th. Nthaee iaeaaeaoue ye naiaioe/ii iaoioiaei? OI c AI
a?ae?eiiai e aioe/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy, oae ? OI c iaoe?iiaeueii
ia?eiaaiith AI, ye? iaeeaaeathoueny ia no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? iiaeae?,
ni?euei? aeey iieuenueei?, oe?a?inueei? oa ?ioeo iia.

?icaeyae naiaioeee AI o neeaae? OI, a oaeiae
iaoe?iiaeueii-?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiioaiue o o?acaieia?? c
iiiianoe/iei eiiiiiaioii aeaa ciiao ae??oeoe ?yae e?iaa?noe/ieo
caaaeaiue oai?aoe/iiai oa i?aeoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o. ?acii c oei aa?oi
a?aecia/eoe, ui o noa?? aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaiaoeee caeeoa?oueny
i?ino?? aeey aeieeaaei?oiai aea/aiiy. Aa?oeie oaaae ? ooieoe?iiaeueiee
oa nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iee aniaeoe o?acaieia?? c iiiianoe/iei eiiiiiaioii,
iniaeeai oe?eaaeie a oeueiio ieai? aoee a ?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyeueieo
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue. E??i oiai, iiaeaeueoa aea/aiiy
iiiianoe/ii? o?acaieia?? ?ioeo, neiayinueeeo ? ianeiayinueeeo, iia
aeicaieeoue ooi/ieoe e caaaaoeoe aeniiaee i?i iaoe?iiaeuei? oa
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeuei? iciaee iiiianoe/ii? o?acaieia??, cynoaaoe
a?aei?iiino? iiaieo ea?oei na?oo ??cieo aoiini?eueiio, ni?eyoeia
ae??oaiith ?yaeo ?ioeo (o?acaieia?/ieo, iiiianoe/ieo, a oaeiae
caaaeueiiiiaiciaa/eo) i?iaeai.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Aioe/ia e a?ae?eia iiiianoe/ia o?acaieia?y iieuenueei? oa
oe?a?inueei? iia: eiio?anoeaiee aniaeo // Slavia Orientalis. — 1999. —
T.XLVIII. — ?2. — S.239-253.

2. Ui icia/athoue aeani? ?iaia ethaeae o o?acaieia?? // Iiaa
iaaeaaia?/ia aeoiea. — 1998. — ?2. — N.61-65.

3. I?iaeaie c?noaaiiai aea/aiiy oe?a?inueei? ? iieuenueei? o?acaieia??
(ia iaoa??ae? o?acaieia?ci?a c aioe/ieie ? a?ae?eieie aeanieie iacaaie)
// Iiaa iaaeaaia?/ia aeoiea. — 1998. — ?3. — N.67-70.

4. I?iaeaia naiaioe/iiai noaoono aeanii? iacae a e?iaa?noeoe? // Iiaa
iaaeaaia?/ia aeoiea. — 1999. — ?1. — N.88-92.

5. ?onneay iiiianoe/aneay o?acaieiaey aioe/iiai e aeaeaeneiai
i?ienoiaeaeaiey a niiinoaaeaiee n iieueneie // ?onneee ycue e eeoa?aoo?a
a o/aaiuo caaaaeaieyo. — 1998. — ?5-6. — N.54-56.

6. Iieuenueea o?acaieia?y c ?iaiaie nayoeo ? iacaaie nayo // Neaa?noe/i?
caienee. — 1998. — ?1-2. — N.5-8.

7. Naiaioecaoe?y iiiianoe/iiai eiiiiiaioa iieuenueeeo onoaeaieo cai?io?a
// Neaa?noe/i? nooae??. — Euea?a: Iaoeiaa oiaa?enoai ?i.Oaa/aiea,1997. —
O.1: Iaoa??aee V-ai I?aeia?iaeiiai neaa?noe/iiai eieiea?oio (Euea?a,
14-16 o?aaiy 1996?.). — N.54-56.

8. Yoiiieiu a ninoaaa iieueneeo onoie/eauo iai?ioia // sscue. Eoeueoo?a.
Acaeiiiiieiaiea: Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee. — Eueaia:
Eueaianeee ain. oi-o, 1997. — N.116-119.

9. Iiii?i?y o noa?? iieuenueei-oe?a?inueei? iiiianoe/ii? o?acaieia?? //
Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? neaa?noe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? iaiyo? i?ioani?a
Einoyioeia O?ioeiiae/a: O 2o. — Euea?a: E?oiien, 1998. — O.1. —
N.357-362.

AIIOAOe?ss

E?aa/oe A.I. Iieuenueea o?acaieia?y c iiiianoe/iei eiiiiiaioii. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.03 — neiayinuee? iiae. — ?inoeooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a,1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi naiaioeee aeanii? iacae a neeaae?
o?acaieia?cio oa i?iaeai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai e
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueiiai a iiiianoe/i?e o?acaieia??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
iiiianoe/iee eiiiiiaio o?acaieia?/ii? iaeeieoe? caa??aa? naiaioe/i?
caycee c a?aeiia?aeiei ii?iii o iia? e iiaeaii? ? caaaeyee oeueiio
iioeao? cia/aiiy o?acaieia?cio. Naiaioe/ia aaaa aeanii? iacae a
caaaeueiiio o?acaieia?/iiio cia/aii? caeaaeeoue a?ae niaoeeo?ee ??
iiiianoe/iiai ?ic?yaeo e a?ae nooiaiy ?ae?iiaoe/iino? o?acaieia?cio.
Iaoe?iiaeuei? e ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeuei? iciaee o?acaieia?ci?a ia iaiayceiai
coiiaeai? oa?aeoa?ii iiiianoe/iiai eiiiiiaioa. O?acaieia?/i? iaeeieoe? c
i?aeia?iaeieie aeanieie iacaaie a?ae?eiiai e aioe/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy
iiaeooue a?aecia/aoeny iaoe?iiaeueieie iniaeeainoyie, a cai?ioe c
iaoe?iiaeueii caaa?aeaieie ii?iaie, iaeeaaeath/enue ia ni?euei? aeey
aaaaoueio iia no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? iiaeae?, iathoue ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeuei?
iciaee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?acaieia?/ia iaeeieoey, aeania iacaa, iiiianoe/iee
eiiiiiaio, no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ia iiaeaeue.

AIIIOAOeEss

E?aa/oe A.I. Iieueneay o?acaieiaey n iiiianoe/aneei eiiiiiaioii. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.03 — neaayineea ycuee. — Einoeooo
ycueiciaiey ei. A.A.Iioaaie IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa,1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai naiaioeee eiaie nianoaaiiiai a ninoaaa
o?acaieiae/aneeo aaeeieoe iieueneiai ycuea, a oaeaea i?iaeaia
niioiioaiey iaoeeiiaeueiuo e eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiuo i?eciaeia iieueneie e
oe?aeineie o?acaieiaee n iiiianoe/aneei eiiiiiaioii. A aeenna?oaoeee
?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea naiaioe/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey iiiianoe/aneiai
eiiiiiaioa o?acaieiae/aneie aaeeieoeu a aeaoo aniaeoao: n oi/ee c?aiey
aai ioiioaiey e yoeiiio — niioaaonoaothuaio iieio a ycuea e ?a/e, a
oaeaea a nayce n aai o/anoeai a oi?ie?iaaiee iauaai cia/aiey
o?acaieiaecia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eiy nianoaaiiia a ?iee eiiiiiaioa
o?acaieiae/aneie aaeeieoeu nio?aiyao ii?aaeaeaiioth naiaioe/aneoth
naycue n yoeiiiii, aneaaenoaea /aai aiciiaeia iioeaaoeey
o?acaieiae/aneiai cia/aiey. A nenoaia ycuea e a eiie?aoiii ?a/aaii aeoa
eiy nianoaaiiia iiaeao iaeaaeaoue naiaie «eiy»/»iacaaiea», «/aeiaae»
(«ioae/eia», «aeaiueia»), «aeeaioiia», «ianaeaiiue ioieo» e ae?.
(niioaaonoaaiii cia/aieth ?iaeiaiai aiaeeyoeaa), a oaeaea naiaioe/aneeie
i?eciaeaie iaoeeiiaeueii-yoie/aneie i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe, aic?anoa (a
caaeneiinoe io ?ac?yaea iieia) e ooieoeeiiaeueiiai iiey —
eiiioieeaoeaiie noa?u ooieoeeiie?iaaiey eiaie nianoaaiiiai. Iiaeiaiua
yeaiaiou cia/aiey nio?aiythony eiaiai nianoaaiiui a ninoaaa
o?acaieiae/aneie aaeeieoeu, oi?ie?oy e iioeae?oy iauoth
o?acaieiae/aneoth naiaioeeo. Oaeaeueiue aan iiiianoe/aneiai eiiiiiaioa a
iauae naiaioeea o?acaieiaecia caaeneo io noaiaie eaeeiiaoe/iinoe
iineaaeiaai, a oaeaea io niaoeeoeee iiiianoe/aneiai ?ac?yaea eiaie
nianoaaiiiai. Iaeaieaa nouanoaaiiay naiaioe/aneay iaa?ocea i?enoua
aio?iiiieiai (iniaaiii oaieeeyi) e oiiiieiai ai o?acaieiae/aneeo
eaeaiao?ao e iaoaoi?e/anee ia?ainiuneaiiuo o?acaieiaeciao. Naiaioe/anee
ineaaeaiiuie ai o?acaieiaee i?aeiouanoaaiii auaatho ee/iua eiaia e
iooiiiieie/aneea i?eeaaaoaeueiua, a oaeaea ana ?ac?yaeu oaeoeueoaoeaiuo
iieiia-eiiiiiaioia o?acaieiaeciia. Iaee/ea a no?oeoo?a o?acaieiae/aneie
aaeeieoeu eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiiai eeai iaoeeiiaeueii ie?aoaiiiai iieia ia
yaeyaony aeinoaoi/iui iieacaoaeai aa, niioaaonoaaiii,
eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiie eee iaoeeiiaeueiie i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe. A i?ioeanna
?acaeoey iieueneiai e oe?aeineiai ycueia o?aaeeoeeiiii i?e/eneyaiay e
eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiiio oiiaeo o?acaieiaey n eiaiaie nianoaaiiuie aioe/iiai
e aeaeaeneiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey iinoaiaiii i?eia?aea a eaaeaeii ec ieo
iaoeeiiaeueiua /a?ou. I?e niiinoaaeaiee iiaeiaiuo iieueneeo e oe?aeineeo
o?acaieiaeciia iaia?oaeeaaaony ia oieueei ?acee/ea
oi?iaeueii-no?oeoo?iiai ieaia, ii e niuneiaay iaoiaeaeanoaaiiinoue. Ec
yoiai neaaeoao, /oi aaiaoe/anee iauaa o?acaieiae/aneia ianeaaeea
anneieee?oaony eaaeaeui ycueii e ia o?iaia no?oeoo?u, e ia o?iaia
iaoeeiiaeueiie eoeueoo?u. A naith i/a?aaeue, ai o?acaieiae/aneii oiiaea
iieueneiai e oe?aeineiai ycueia nouanoaotho o?acaieiae/aneea aaeeieoeu n
iaoeeiiaeueii ie?aoaiiuie eiaiaie nianoaaiiuie, oa?aeoa?ecothueany
eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiuie i?eciaeaie. Oaeea o?acaieiaeciu iino?iaiu ii
ia?acoeo i?enoueo iiiaei ycueai no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/aneeo iiaeaeae.
Ianiio?y ia iaee/ea eieaeueiiai iieia, iie iaaeaeoia?iaeiu ii oa?aeoa?o
no?oeoo?aoeee ia iniiaaiee iaua/aeiaa/aneiai caeiia iiaeiaiuo
iaoaoi?e/aneeo annioeeaoeee. Eiaia nianoaaiiua a ninoaaa o?acaieiaeciia
eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiuo no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/aneeo iiaeaeae, n iaeiie noi?iiu,
auiieiytho ooieoeeth iaoeeiiaeueiuo ia?ea?ia o?acaieiae/aneeo aaeeieoe,
a n ae?oaie — yaeythony iaiauathueie eiaeei-naieioe/aneeie ciaeaie
oieaa?naeueiiai oa?aeoa?a. A nayce n yoei i?aaenoaaeyaony iaaiciiaeiui
/aoeia ?aca?aie/aiea eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiuo e iaoeeiiaeueiuo yeaiaioia
iino?iaiiie ii iauei iiaeaeyi iiiianoe/aneie o?acaieiaee. Ni/aoaiea
?aciioeiiuo (eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiuo e iaoeeiiaeueiuo) i?eciaeia a i?aaeaeao
o?acaieiaee n eiaiaie nianoaaiiuie, iiaeaee?oaiie ii iaaeaeoia?iaeiui
ia?acoeai, a oaeaea niaea?aeauae iaaeaeoia?iaeiua (aeaeaeneea, aioe/iua
e caeinoaiaaiiua ec ie?iaie enoi?ee e eeoa?aoo?u) iieiu, iicaieyao
n/eoaoue yoe o?acaieiae/aneea aaeeieoeu oaeoaie ia?eoa?eeiie iaeanoe
eioa?iaoeeiiaeecaoeee. Nin?aaeioi/aiea cia/eoaeueiiai eiee/anoaa
aiaeece?oaiuo o?acaieiaeciia a eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiie ia?eoa?ee
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iaoiaeaeanoaaiiinoe iieueneie e oe?aeineie ycueiaie
ea?oeiu aeaaea a iaeaieaa iauae /anoe o?acaieiae/aneiai oiiaea
niiinoaaeyaiuo ycueia. I?aaei?eiyoia a aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeiaaiea
naiaioe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee eiaie nianoaaiiiai a ninoaaa o?acaieiae/aneie
aaeeieoeu e aai o/anoey a oi?ie?iaaiee iaoeeiiaeueiuo e
eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiuo i?eciaeia o?acaieiaee iai?aaeaii ia ?aoaiea
aeeneonneiiiuo o?acaieiae/aneeo e iauaycueiauo i?iaeai, a oaeaea ia
?anoe?aiea i?eeeaaeiiai i?eiaiaiey aiaeece?oaiiai oaeoe/aneiai iaoa?eaea
a o/aaiie e eaeneeia?aoe/aneie i?aeoeea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?acaieiae/aneay aaeeieoea, eiy nianoaaiiia,
iiiianoe/aneee eiiiiiaio, no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/aneay iiaeaeue.

SUMMARY

Kravchuk A.M. The Polish Phraseology with the onomastic component. —
Manuscript.

Thesis to obtain the scientific degree of the phylological sciences
candidate in speciality 10.02.03 — slavonic languages. — The
O.O.Potebnya Institute of Linguistics, National Academy of Sciences of
Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to the semantic questions of the Proper Name in
the phraseologism composition and to the problem of national and
international in the onomastic phraseology. It’s discovered that the
onomastic component of the phraseological unit preserves the semantic
links with the corresponding Proper Name in the speech and language and
due to that it motivabes the meaning of the phraseologism. The semantic
meaning of the Proper Name in the general phraseological meaning depends
on the peculiarities of its onomastic catagory and on the degree of the
phraseologism idiomacy. The national and international features of
phraseologisms are not always conditioned by the character of the
onomastic component. The phraseological units with the international
Proper Names of Bible and antique origin may be characterised by
national peculiarities, and expressions with nationally marked Porper
Names, coinciding with common for many languages structural-semantic
models, have international features.

Key words: the phraseological units, the Proper Name, onomastic
component, structural-semantic model.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 08.09.1999. Oi?iao 60o84/16

Iai?? ae?oe. ? 1. Ae?oe ion. Iae.-aeae.a?e. 1,0.

Oe?aae 100. Cai. 371

Aeaeaaie/ee oeaio?

Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea

79602 Euea?a, aoe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 1.

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