EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

NOAO?E*OE AAEAIOEI ?AAIIAE*

OAeE 911.3:32; 911. 3:33

IIE?OEEI-AAIA?AO?*I? ANIAEOE

ACA?IIAe?? AINIIAeA?NOA E?A?I OeAIO?AEUeII? ?A?IIE

11.00.02- aeiiii?/ia oa nioe?aeueia aaia?ao?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa

aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a -1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? e?a?iiciaanoaa ? oo?ecio aaia?ao?/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio ssoeaiei A.I., caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e e?a?iiciaanoaa ? oo?ecio
aaia?ao?/iiai

oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aie?eia A.I., caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeii? aeiiii?ee ?
i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe

Niaeue ?.A., aeioeaio eaoaae?e aaia?ao??

I?aeeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ieeiee
Aiaiey

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Aieeinueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee,

oaeoeueoao i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei, eaoaae?a e?a?iiciaanoaa, i.Eooeuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 24 “ eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 16.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.001.07 i?e Ee?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252022, Ee?a-22,
aoe.Aaneeuee?anueea,90, aaia?ao?/iee oaeoeueoao, aoae. 212.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 22 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? N.?.
?uoe

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/ania ciai?oiy iie?oeea Oe?a?ie cia/iith i??ith
caeaaeeoue a?ae noaio ? iio?aa ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?,
aaeaea, iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeiaae?caoe?? na?oiaiai
ainiiaea?noaa ? aeia?aaeaeath/ee ??no i?aeia?iaeii? oi?a?ae? o
ii??aiyii? c ?inoii ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaeia c oiia noaiiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ye naiino?eii? aea?aeaae iieyaa? a ??
aaiiie?oe/iiio naiiaecia/aii?, ae?iaeaii? eiioeaiooaeueieo canaae
ciai?oiueiiie?oe/ii? no?aoaa??, noai?aii? oiia yeiaeoaeaeoiai
iiaeieaiiy aeenoaioe?? a?ae ia’?eoa aei noa’?eoa i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei.

Iaia? noii?ao, ui iniiaiee aaeoi? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei
Oe?a?ie — ?a?iiaenueeee, ui no?aoaa?/iei caaaeaiiyi aeey iaoi? e?a?ie ?
?ioaa?aoe?y aei ?a?iiaenueeeo aeiiii?/ieo oa iie?oe/ieo no?oeoo?. Aea
?aae?? iaoi? no/aniino? ia aeicaieythoue iiee-ui ?aae?coaaoe iacaai?
caaaeaiiy.

Ia nueiaiaei? iaeiei ?c oaeoe/ieo caaaeaiue ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? Oe?a?ie ? o?nia aeiiii?/ia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai c
?a?iiaenueeeie iinonioe?ae?noe/ieie e?a?iaie. C?icoi?ei, ui Oe?a?ia ia?
/a?ac ooaa?aeaeaiiy naaa ia na?oiaeo ?eieao a?aenoithaaoe naith
iacaeaaei?noue, ia?aae on?i — aeiiii?/io. Aa?oi eeoaiue i?aaeeueii
aea?aoe iai?yiie aoiaeaeaiiy a oeae i?ino??. Aaia?ao?/ia i?eiaeaaei?noue
aei ?aeeiiai ?aa?iio, ni?euei? ?ene iie?oe/iiai oa aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
a ieioeiio, coiiaeththoue oa, ui iaeaooi? Oe?a?ie aaeeeith i??ith
iia’ycaia c e?a?iaie Oeaio?aeueii? ?a?iie, ia?o ca ana — Oe?AAO.

Oea aeieeaa? c oaeeo ia?aaeoiia:

Ii-ia?oa, iiea aca?iiae?? a cii? Oe?AAO ? ?aeeiith ae?th/ith a ?aa?ii?
ciiith a?eueii? oi?a?ae?, yea ni?ey? ci?oeiaiith ?eieiaiai ainiiaea?noaa
a e?a?iao-o/anieoeyo.

Ii-ae?oaa, aeiiii?/ia ?ioaa?aoe?y a ?aa?ii? coiiaeaia ia eeoa
ni?aiaaeaiiyi aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a e?a?i-o/anieoeue, a e aaia?ao?/iith
aeecuee?noth, ni?euei?noth ?noi?e/ii? aeie?, iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/ieie
aniaeoaie.

Ii-o?ao?, i???ioaoe?y ia ainiiaea?nuee? ca’ycee c e?a?iaie aeaiiai iiey
aca?iiae?? aea? Oe?a?i? a?eueoa iiaeeeainoae (ii??aiyii c NIAe)
iiina?aaeeiaaiiai i?e?aeiaiiy aei aeinyaiaiue na?oiaiai
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano.

Ii-/aoaa?oa, e?a?ie Oe?AAO aeinyaee cia/ii a?eueoeo oni?o?a o
?aoi?ioaaii? ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeeo eiiieaen?a oa e?aa?ae?caoe??
aioo??oiueiai ? ciai?oiueiai aeeooy, i?ae e?a?ie NIAe. Aea/aiiy ?o
aeina?aeo ? ei?eniei aeey iaoi? aea?aeaae.

Ii-i’yoa, a Oe?AAO ooai?eeanue ciia iii??iiai aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy, ui
iiaea aeiaeaoeiai ca?eueoeoe ?ii?noue ?o aioo??oiueiai ?eieo. Oe?a?i?
aa?oi ia eeoa caa?aaoe, a e ?icoe?eoe aea?aeio i?enooi?noue ia iueiio.

?aoi?ioaaiiy ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/iiai naeoi?o aea?aeaae ? iaa?ae’?iiith
neeaaeiaith ?eieiaeo ?aoi?i. Oiae ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe, ui e?a?ie ?aa?iio ?
cia/ieie iie?oe/ieie oa aeiiii?/ieie ia?oia?aie Oe?a?ie aaea iei?, a
aeaye? c ieo (Iieueua, Oai?ueia) – ua e iii?oieie ?iaanoi?aie a
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeee eiiieaen iaoi? aea?aeaae. Iaeiae, oe? noinoiee
(iniaeeai ciai?oiueioi?aiaaeuei?) /anoi ? ?icii?ioaieie ?
iacaaeainiaaieie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaciaiiy iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae
ia?oia??a ? /anoi i?eiineoue eeoa caeoee. Iioei?caoe?y
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ? aeooaeueiei ieoaiiyi aeey Oe?a?ie, oei
ia/a, c oaeei no?aoaa?/ii-aaaeeeaei ?aa?iiii ye Oeaio?aeueia ?a?iia.

Oe?AAO aa?oi ?icaeyaeaoe ye ia?ao?aeio oi?io aei aoiaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie a
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeee i?ino??, ui iaea?eueoith i??ith a?aeiia?aea?
no?aoaa?/iei caaaeaiiyi ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaae oa
caaeiaieueiy? ?? iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaai? ?ioa?ane.

I?aaenoaaeaia a ?iaio? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy iiey aca?iiae?? a cii?
Oe?AAO oa iiooeo Oe?a?iith aeanii? iie?oe/ii? oa aeiiii?/ii? i?o? a
iueiio iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia aeey aiae?co ?ioeo ?ioaa?aoe?eieo
ooai?aiue ia ??ai? aea?aeaa (*AN, AOOAI, NIAe oiui) /e ?a?i?aa?ii?a
(“Aoa”, “Ea?iaoe”, “Ieaei?e Aeoiae” oa ?i.).

Aaaeeea?noue ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/iiai eiiieaeno a oni?oiiio ?aoi?ioaaii?
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, i??i?eoaoi?noue e?a?i Oe?AAO a
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/i?e ae?yeueiino? Oe?a?ie ye?ac ? coiiaeee aea?? aeaii?
oaiaoeee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei iai?yieo iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
e?a?iiciaanoaa ? oo?ecio aaia?ao?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo, a?aeiia?aea?
iaoeiaei ieaiai eaoaae?e e?a?iiciaanoaa oa oo?ecio. Iaoa??aee ?iaioe
ocaiaeaeaii? c ie?aieie oaiaie i?ia?ai niaoe?aeueieo oa ii?iaoeaieo
eo?n?a aaia?ao?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo (“Aeiiii?/ia ? nioe?aeueia aaia?ao?y
ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i”, “Aaia?ao?y na?oiaiai ainiiaea?noaa”, “?aa?iiaeueia
na?aaeiaeua ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?”, “Iie?oe/ia aaia?ao?y” oiui).

Ia’?eo oa i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aii iiea
aca?iiae?? Oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueei? Anioe?aoe?? A?eueii? Oi?a?ae?
(Oe?AAO), aei yei? aoiaeyoue ?anioae?ea Iieueua, *anueea ?anioae?ea,
Neiaaoeueea ?anioae?ea, Oai?ueia, ?anioae?ea Neiaai?y, ?oioi?y,
?anioae?ea Aieaa??y.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/i? aniaeoe aca?iiae??
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo eiiieaen?a e?a?i ?aa?iio oa Oe?a?ie [aeea. ?en.
A].

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe. Iaoith ?iaioe ? aea/aiiy iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/ieo
aniaeo?a oi?ioaaiiy iiey aca?iiae?? a cii? Oe?AAO, ?ice?eooy niaoeeo?ee
?icaith ooo ?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a, aeyaeaiiy iiaeeeainoae aoiaeaeaiiy
Oe?a?ie a oea iiea oa iiooe oeyo?a aca?iiaea?aeiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa
iaoi? aea?aeaae c e?a?iaie ?aa?iio.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe iinoaaeai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

1) iieacaoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia’?eoo ? i?aaeiaoo aeine?aeaeaiue
iie?oe/ii? aaia?ao?? oa aaiiie?oeee a eiioaeno? aeine?aeaeaiue c
aaia?ao?? i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei;

2) aeiiiaieoe ? ocaaaeueieoe nenoaio iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/iiai aiae?co iiey aca?iiae??;

3) aecia/eoe i?noea e?a?i Oe?AAO oa Oe?a?ie ia iie?oe/i?e oa aeiiii?/i?e
ea?o? na?oo i?ioyaii inoaiiueiai noie?ooy; aeaoe ?aaeueio ea?oeio ?o
no/aniiai aaiiie?oe/iiai noaiiaeua;

4) i?iaiae?coaaoe eiie?aoio noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/io ?ioi?iaoe?th a
?ic??c? e?a?i iiey aca?iiae?? oa neioacoaaoe aeai? i?i noai ?eieiaeo
?aoi?i ? e?aa?ae?caoe?th ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? e?a?i
?aa?iio ? Oe?a?ie;

5) aeei?enoiaoth/e noeoii?noue iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iayai? aeai?
iieacaoe nooi?iue aca?iica’yceo ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo eiiieaen?a e?a?i
?aa?iio; ia iniia? eiiieaeniiai iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/iiai aiae?co
aeie?aieoe aca?iiaea?aei? eaiee ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa Oe?a?ia-Oe?AAO ?
iieacaoe iai?yiee ?o iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy ? aoiaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie a
oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueeee iie?oe/iee oa aeiiii?/iee i?ino??;

6) aeyaeoe oaiaeaioe?? a ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo eiiieaenao e?a?i ?aa?iio
? ia ?o iniia? ni?iaiicoaaoe ?icaeoie ?ioaa?aoe?? a Oe?AAO oa o/anoue a
i?e Oe?a?ie.

Iaoiaeieia?y, iaoiaee, aeei?enoai? iaoa??aee. Iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith
?iaioe ? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oai??? noni?eueii? aaia?ao?? oa iaoeia?
canaaee ?? aiae?oe/ieo, neioaoe/ieo oa iaoiaee/ieo aeenoeeie?i
(iie?oe/ia aaia?ao?y, iniiae oai??? noni?eueii? aaia?ao??, noni?eueia
aaia?ao?y ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i, iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/i? iaoiaee oiui).

I?e ?ic?iaoe? oai?aoe/ieo oa i?eeeaaeieo ieoaiue oi?ioaaiiy iiey
aca?iiae?? oa iaoiae?a eiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? i?aoe?
oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo: A.A.Aea?aa, I.A.A?oeianueeiai,
A.I.Aie?eiaa, ?.A.Ai?aaoeaae/a, A.A.Aeaia, I.N.Aei?no?yinueeiai,
Ae.Ai?ae?, O.Ae.Canoaaiiai, A.I.Eieiniaa, ?.I.Ia??aieca, O.?.Ia?anoa,
I.N.Ie?iiaiea, N.ss.Ieii?e, I.I.Iaeaia?/oea, I.Ae.I?nooia,
A.A.Iicaeiyeiaa, N.E.?oaeieoeueeiai, TH.A.Naooe?ia, I.A.Oii/??aa,
A.N.O?e?iaiea, ?.Oa?ooi?ia, ?.*aeeaia, I.?.Oaae?y, A.N.ssauey,
A.I.ssoeaiea oiui.

Iniiaiei iaoiaeieia?/iei i?aeoiaeii o ?iaio? ? nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee,
yeee ? aecia/ea eia?/io iine?aeiai?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiie?aoieo
niaoe?aeueieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy: iiaeaethaaiiy (a?aoiaiai,
iaoaiaoe/iiai (iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/iiai oa iaoaiaoe/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy),
iaoaiaoeei-ea?oia?ao?/iiai (iiaoaeiaa noaoenoe/ieo iiaa?oiiue)),
ii??aiyeueii-aaia?ao?/iiai, ea?oia?ao?/iiai, ?noi?e/iiai oiui.

I?e aeeiiaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeei?enoai? c?a?ai? aaoi?ii
aii??e/i? iaoa??aee I?i?noa?noaa noaoenoeee Oe?a?ie, I?i?noa?noaa
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a Oe?a?ie, III, ?A?? oa etha’ycii iaaeai?
Iinieuenoaaie ?anioae?ee Aieaa???, ?anioae?ee Iieueu?, ?oioi??,
Neiaaoeueei?, Oai?nueei? oa *anueei? ?anioae?e iaoa??aee noaoenoe/ii?
ca?oiino?.

Oaeei /eiii, iiaoaeiaaia iaoiaeeea, yea aaco?oueny ia canoinoaaii?
aca?iiaeiiiaithaaieo iaoiae?a, oa aeei?enoaiiy ia’?eoeaieo aeaieo
coiiaeththoue aeinoia??i?noue iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ? aeniiae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a:

— iiaeeaeaii?, aeiiiaiaii? ? eiie?aoecaoe?? oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/ieo ?
i?aeoe/ieo canaae aeine?aeaeaiiy iiiyooy “iiea aca?iiae??” a noni?euei?e
aaia?ao??;

— ioe?ioe? oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue niaoeeo?eo oi?ioaaiiy iiey
aca?iiae?? a cii? Oe?AAO;

— ocaaaeueiaii? ? aeiiiaiaii? iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiey aca?iiae??;

— eiiieaeniiio aiae?c? i?ioean?a ? oaiaeaioe?e, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a
ainiiaea?nueeeo eiiieaenao e?a?i Oe?AAO oa Oe?a?ie i?ioyaii inoaiiueiai
aeanyoee?ooy a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? iie?oe/ieo ? aeiiii?/ieo no?oeoo?
oa e?aa?ae?caoe?? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?;

— ?ice?eoo? iiceoeaieo ? iaaaoeaieo iiiaio?a i?e?aeiaiiy Oe?a?ie aei
Oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueei? Anioe?aoe?? A?eueii? Oi?a?ae?;

— iaa?oiooaaii? nenoaie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei iie?ioaiiy oiaa?ii?
no?oeoo?e aenii?oo Oe?a?ie ia iniia? ?icoe?aiiy aca?iiaea?aeiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c e?a?iaie Oe?AAO.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy
oa iaoiaee/i? i?eeiie i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny i?e i?iaaaeaii? iiae?aieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ioeo
?aa?ii?a na?oo, a eiie?aoi? ?acoeueoaoe — o i?aeoeoe? oi?aae?iiy
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/iith ae?yeuei?noth Oe?a?ie, aaeaea, oe?eeii
a?aeiia?aeathoue no?aoaa?/iei caaaeaiiyi oa
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaieoeueeei ?ioa?anai iaoi? aea?aeaae.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoaii i?e aeeiiaii?
eo?n?a «Aeiiii?/ia ? nioe?aeueia aaia?ao?y ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i»,
«?aa?iiaeueia na?aaeiaeua ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?», «Iie?oe/ia
aaia?ao?y».

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa o ?ic?iaeo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ui
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno. Noeoii?noue io?eiaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a ?
aaoi?nueeith ioe?ieith iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/ieo aniaeo?a aeieeiaiiy,
oi?ioaaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiey aeiiii?/ii? aca?iiae?? a cii?, aea
eaea oi?ioaaiiy ?ioaa?aoe?eiiai ooai?aiiy Oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueei?
Anioe?aoe?? A?eueii? Oi?a?ae?. A oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/i?e /anoei? iiaeaii
aeao?i?oe?? iiiyoue aaiiie?oeee, iiey aca?iiae?? oa ?aa?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? a noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/iiio eiioaeno?. Ia iniia?
aea/aiiy ? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?ic?iaie a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo
cai?iiiiiaaii aaoi?nueea aa/aiiy no?oeoo?e iie?oe/ii? aaia?ao?? oa ??
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c aaiiie?oeeith. C?iaeaia ni?iaa aeine?aeeoe aaia?ao?/io
nooue i?ioeano i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei. A
aiae?oeei-neioaoe/i?e /anoei? aena?oeaii oiiae oa iiaeeeaino?
?ioaa?oaaiiy Oe?a?ie a Oe?AAO oa oaeineiiaeaiiy ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo
noinoie?a c e?a?iaie Anioe?aoe??.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaeiiin?aii iaienaiith iaoeiaith
i?aoeath, a ye?e aeeeaaeaii aaoi?nueeee i?aeo?ae aei ae??oaiiy
aeooaeueiiai iaoeiaiai ? i?aeoe/iiai caaaeaiiy — iaa?oiooaaiiy
noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/ii? eiioeaioe?? oi?ioaaiiy iiey aeiiii?/ii?
aca?iiae?? (ia i?eeeaae? Oe?AAO) oa o/anoue a iueiio Oe?a?ie o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoe?iiaeueieie ?ioa?anaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? oa aeniiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue ia: I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «?aoi?ioaaiiy ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? noa?e Oe?a?ie» (Ee?a,
1995 ?.), VII c’?cae? Oe?a?inueeiai Aaia?ao?/iiai oiaa?enoaa (Ee?a, 1995
?.), iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa ani??aio?a aaia?ao?/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo EOOO (Ee?a, 1997 ?.), Eiioa?aioe?? aei 125-??//y AOO
«Aaia?ao?y Oe?a?ie: no/aniee noai ? ia?niaeoeae» (Ee?a, 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii — 5 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii — 1.55 ae?. a?e., a o./. iniaenoeo — 1.4 ae?.
a?e..

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e,
aeiaeaoe?a, ui aeicaieeei eia?/ii ?ice?eoe iaoo ? iinoaaeai? caaaeaiiy.
Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia — 142 noi??ieao oaenoo, aeeth/a? — 18
oaaeeoeue, — 25 ?enoie?a; ia? — 16 aeiaeaoe?a. Nienie aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e iae?/o? — 123 aeaea?aea.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe??,

UI AEIINssOUeNss IA CAOENO

Iniiai? aeniiaee ? ocaaaeueiaiiy i?iaaaeaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?iothoue noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/io eiioeaioe?th
noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iiey aeiiii?/ii? aca?iiae?? a cii?
Oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueei? Anioe?aoe?? A?eueii? Oi?a?ae? ? caiaeyoueny
aei oaeeo iieiaeaiue.

1. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia /anoeia.

1. A na?oiaiio ainiiaea?noa? ia no/aniiio aoai? aeiaae?caoe?? oa
?ioi?iaoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ii? ?aaiethoe?? a?aeaoaathoueny nooo?a? ci?ie: a
oiio /ene? ?inoa aca?iica’ycie ? aca?iicaeaaei?noue iaoe?iiaeueieo
aeiiii?e.

Iei? aeiaeai i?ioean a aainenoai? ia iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe aeie?aieaii, oei
ia/a a oea?ei? na?oiainiiaea?nueeeo a?aeiioaiue, ye? ca/?iathoue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?inoi?iaeo no?oeoo? ainiiaea?noaa, ciai?oith iie?oeeo,
nioe?aeuei? a?aeiineie, aeaiia?ao?th, aeiiii?eo oiui. Naia oiio iaa?oue
eiiieaenii? noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/ii? ioe?iee aca?iiae?? ainiiaea?noa
noaa?aiieo aea?aeaa aaea ia aeinoaoiuei, a iaiao?aeia ii?aeiaiiy
iaoeiaeo i?aeoiae?a aeae?eueeio iaoe. Ia’?eoeaii oeae aca?iica’ycie ?
aca?iiae?y a?aeaoaa?oueny a iaaeao iaaieo ii?aeiaiue
ooieoe?iiaeueii-ainiiaea?nueeeo oa oa?eoi??aeueieo nenoai – iieyo
aca?iiae??.

Iiea aca?iiae?? — oea aeie?aieaiee ia iniia? ni?aiaaeaiiy aaino?aoaa?e
caoe?eaaeaieo aaaio?a naaiaio ainiiaea?nueei? /e iie?oe/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, yeee aca?iiae?? c iaaiei aaiiie?oe/iei i?inoi?ii.

A?aeiinii iniiaii? ooieoe?? iiey aca?iiae?? iiaeooue aooe iie?oe/iei,
a?enueeiaeie, aeiiii?/ieie oiui oa ?ioaa?aeueieie.

Aea/aiiy oaeiai neeaaeiiai noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/iiai eiiieaeno ye iiea
aeiiii?/ii? aca?iiae?? iio?aao? ii?aeiaiiy iaoeiaeo i?aeoiae?a ?
?icaeoeo ni?eueieo eaoaai??e oa i?eioeei?a ie?aieo
noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/ieo aeenoeeie?i (aaia?ao?? na?oiaiai ainiiaea?noaa,
iie?oe/ii? aaia?ao??, aaia?ao?? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei, ?aa?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?/ii? ? nioe?aeueii? aaia?ao??), a oaeiae aaiiie?oeee oa iaoe i?i
i?aeia?iaei? aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie oiui. Iai?eeeaae, i?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ia ?nio? nooo?ai? a?aei?iiino? a iaeano?,
iaoiaeao aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?oe/ii? aaia?ao?? oa aaiiie?oeee, a eeoa a
aeoeaioao, oieon? oaaae aeine?aeieea. Oiiea a?aiue i?ae iaoeaie
coiiaeaia oei, ui iie?oe/ia aaia?ao?y ?icaeyaea? aea?aeaao c oi/ee ci?o
i?inoi?o, a aaiiie?oeea — i?ino?? c oi/ee ci?o aea?aeaae (iie?oeee).
No?oeoo?a a?o/eciyii? iie?oe/ii? aaia?ao?? i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en. 1.1.

?en. 1.1 No?oeoo?a iie?oe/ii? aaia?ao??.

2. A i?ioeanao i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei ii?o/ c ae??th
aeiiii?/ieo caeii?a i?ine?aeeiao?oueny ae?y iniiaieo
noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/ieo caeii?a (iai?eeeaae, ?aoe?iiaeueieo
oa?eoi??aeueieo ca‘yce?a, oa?eoi??aeueii? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oa
oa?eoi??aeueii? eiioeaio?aoe?? ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino?). Eiie?aoia ae?y
caeii?a i?iyaey?oueny /a?ac i?eioeeie nenoaiiino? (oe?e?niino?),
oa?eoi??aeueiino? (?aa?iiae?cio), eiiieaeniino? ? i?iii?oe?eiino? oiui
oa e?eoa??? ? iieacieee. Oai?aoe/i? eiioeaioe?? i?aeia?iaeieo
aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei (a?ae eeane/ieo A.Ni?oa oa Ae.??ea?aei aei
aeeooc?? iiaiaaaaeaiue Oaaa?no?aiaea oa ?iaanoeoe?eieo iiaeaeae
Aeaoi?ia) aeaiaeyoue i?aeia?iaeio oi?a?aeth, a c oei ? aanue i?ioean
i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, c aaia?ao?/iiai iiae?eo i?aoe?
(oi/i?oa – i?aeia?iaeiiai aaia?ao?/iiai iiae?eo i?aoe?) ye iniiaii?
eaoaai??? noni?eueii? aaia?ao??. Ii?aeiaiiy oa aca?iiaieea oai?aoe/ieo
iniia noni?eueii? aaia?ao?? oa iaoee i?i i?aeia?iaei? aeiiii?/i?
a?aeiineie aeiiiiaaa? a i?ciaii? noo? iniiaii? caeiiii??iino?
noni?eueii? aaia?ao?? – “oa?eoi??aeueii? ? eiiieaenii-i?iii?oe?eii?
i?aai?caoe?? aeeooy noni?euenoaa” [I?nooi I. Ae.].

A aeaiiio aeine?aeaeaii? ie aeoiaeeii c oiai, ui naia o?e?aei?noue
iaoeiaeo i?aeoiae?a noni?eueii? aaia?ao??, iaoe i?i i?aeia?iaei?
aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie oa aaiiie?oeee iiaea aeaoe ae/a?iio oa?aeoa?enoeeo
oi?ioaaiith ? ?icaeoeo iiey aeiiii?/ii? aca?iiae??.

3. E?euee?ni? ? ye?ni? iieacieee na?oiainiiaea?nueeeo ca‘yce?a
iieacothoue iineeaiiy aca?iica‘yceo ? aca?iicaeaaeiino? iaoe?iiaeueieo
ainiiaea?noa, ye? ? ?acoeueoaoii anana?oiueiai (i?aeia?iaeiiai) iiae?eo
i?aoe?. A ?acoeueoao? ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?caoe?? ainiiaea?nueeiai aeeooy
iaoe?iiaeuei? aeiiii?ee ana a?eueoa i?aoeththoue ia ciai?oi?e na?o ?, a
naith /a?ao, ana a?eueoa caeaaeaoue a?ae iueiai.

Oi?ioaaiiy iie?a aeiiii?/ii? aca?iiae?? ? iaa?ae’?iiith neeaaeiaith
eiiiiiaioii-no?oeoo?iiai noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/iiai i?ioeano ?aa?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?/ii? ?ioaa?aoe?? (aeea. ?en. 1.2), yea icia/a?
aca?iii?enoinoaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo ainiiaea?noa, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ieo a
?aeeiee a?aeoai?thaaeueiee i?ioean. Oea, a naith /a?ao, aeiaaa? iaaii?
oa?eoi??aeueii?, aeiiii?/ii?, no?oeoo?ii?, oaoiieia?/ii? aeecueeino?
e?a?i, ui e iiynith? ?aa?iiaeueiee oa?aeoa? ?ioaa?aoe??.

?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?/ia ?ioaa?aoe?y — oea i?ioean iinooiiaiai
ia’?aeiaiiy a ?aeeiee ainiiaea?nueeee eiiieaen iaoe?iiaeueieo
ainiiaea?noa caoe?eaaeaieo aea?aeaa, oeyoii onoiaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?
iie?oe/ieo aa?’???a, c iaoith noai?aiiy i?aeaea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie
iaeii??aeieo oiia aeey ooieoe?iioaaiiy an?o noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeueei?
ae?yeueiino? aeaii? a?oie e?a?i.

4. Iaaiee naaiaio na?oo aai ?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/iee ?aa?ii iiaea aooe
aeae?eaiee ia iniia? eiai oe?e?niino?, yeui ??ci? /anoeie aoaeo/e
iaiaeii??aeieie ii oa?aeoa?o, iathoue i?ae niaith a?eueo o?ni? iie?oe/i?
a?aeiineie, i?ae ?o a?aeiineie c ioi/aiiyi. Naia aeoeai? iie?oe/i?
noinoiee e?a?i noaee ia?aaeoiiaith noai?aiiy 21 a?oaeiy 1991 ?ieo
Oeaio?aeueii-?a?iiaenueei? Anioe?aoe?? A?eueii? Oi?a?ae? (Oe?AAO).

Neeaaeiee ae?aeaeoe/iee i?ioean ?aa?iiaeueii? ?ioaa?aoe?? a oe?e /anoei?
?a?iie a?aeaoaa?oueny a oiiaao ae?? ia’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a. Uiaei Oe?AAO,
oi ia?aeiieie ? iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/i? (aaiiie?oe/i?) /eiieee: aiey
aea?aeaa aei caeeaeaiiy, ni?euei?noue ?noi?e/ii? aeie? a ai?iouea? ca
aeaeeaaiiy ? iie?oe/io iacaeaaei?noue (ia ia?oeo aoaiao), iaiao?aei?noue
caa?aaeaiiy iaci?iiino? oa?eoi??? ? ei?aeii?a oa caaacia/aiiy
aeaaiono?ith ? aaciaee a?iiaaeyi, ni?euei?noue aeiaaioa?i?iiaeo
iie?oe/ieo i?ia?ai, iayai?noue iiae?aieo eoeueoo?ieo oa ?ae?a?eieo
?ioa?an?a, ni?eyoeeaa ?noi??y ?icaeoeo a?aeiinei, iaeiioeiia
aaiiie?oe/ia iieiaeaiiy ia ??cieo ??aiyo oiui.

Ii i??? ?icaeoeo ?ioaa?aoe?? aeoeai?oo ?ieue ii/eiathoue a?ae?a?aaaoe
aeiiii?/i? oaeoi?e (iayai?noue iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae
aca?iiaeiiiaiaiiy aeiiii?e, ??aaiue ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei,
nioe?aeueia i?e?iaea ? iaoai?ci i?aai?caoe?? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei, iiae?ai?noue no?aoaa?e aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo o iaeaooiueiio
oiui).

Oe?e?ni?noue oaeiai neeaaeiiai noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/iiai eiiieaeno ye
iiea aca?iiae?? caaacia/o? nenoaia a?aeiioaiue, eiie?aoiei ae?acii yei?
? ai?eciioaeuei? (nioe?aeuei? (?ioi?iaoe?ei?, oi?aiaaeuei?,
?iiiaaoe?ei?, aaethoi?), ae?iaie/? (a?aeoai?thaaeuei?, oaoiieia?/i?,
oi?aae?inuee?)) oa aa?oeeaeuei? (ae?iaie/i-nioe?aeuei? (o?oaeia?,
eoeueoo?ii-iiaooia?, ?iciiae?eue/?), ae?iaie/i-i?e?iaei? (?ano?ni?,
ae?iaie/i-aeieia?/i?), nioe?aeueii-i?e?iaei? (?ae?aaoe?ei?)) ca’ycee.

2. Aiae?oeei-neioaoe/ia /anoeia.

1. A cai?iiiiiaaiiio eiioeaiooaeueiiio i?aeoiae? aecia/aii, ui
oi?ioaaiiy iiey aeiiii?/ii? aca?iiae?? a cii? Oe?AAO a?aeaoaa?oueny a
ia?oo /a?ao i?ae aieeaii iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/ieo oaeoi??a.

Na?aae oaeeo ia?aaaaeathoue iiceoeai? oaeoi?e:

— ni?eyoeeaa iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/ia iieiaeaiiy ia iae?i-, iaci- oa
i?e?i-??aiyo. Acaaae? I?aeii?‘y ? iieiaeaiiy a Oeaio?aeuei?e ?a?ii? aea?
ciiao aeey iaeaaiaeaeaiiy iiaiii?aaieo eiioaeo?a ? ana?aaeei? ?aa?iio, ?
c non?aeaie (aeea ?en. 2.1);

— iiae?ai?noue aeiaaioa?i?iiaeo iie?oe/ieo oe?eae (/eainoai a IAOI, ?N);

— iiae?ai?noue aeaiie?aoe/ieo i?ioean?a ? aeaiie?aoe/ii? iie?oeee
aea?aeaa, iaiaaaiiy yeiaeoaeaeoa iiaeieaoe iaaaoeai? iane?aeee
aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i, iia’ycai? ?c caeiyo?noth ianaeaiiy oa ni?iaaie
a?aaoethaaiiy aioo??oiueiai ?eieo ?iai/i? neee;

— cia/iee ??aaiue ca’yciino? ?aa?iio (eiao?oe??io ca’yciino? 0.73 i?ioe
0.46 a ?N);

— ni?euei?noue ?noi?e/ii? aeie? oa iie?oe/ieo o?aaeeoe?e e?a?i o XX
noie?oo?, ye? coiiaeee a?aeiinio iaeii??aei?noue iie?oe/ii? ?
aeiiii?/ii? ea?oe ?aa?iio;

— i?eiaeaaei?noue aei iaei??? oeea?e?caoe?eii-eoeueoo?ii? ciie;

— ?icnoaiiaea ia?o?eii-iie?oe/ieo nee a ?aa?ii? (a iniiaiiio
i?aaioeaio?enonuee? oa oeaio?enonuee? iie?oe/i? neee ci???ioiaai? ye ia
i?inoaaiiy a Cao?aeio ?a?iio, oae ? ia ?ioaa?aoe?th ?aa?iio).

2. No?aoaa?/ia caaaeaiiy an?o e?a?i ?aa?iio ia no/aniiio aoai?:
noai?aiiy caiiai iie?oe/iiai iaoai?cio ? aeiiii?/iiai ooiaeaiaioo
noni?euenoaa ia canaaeao caaaeueiina?oiaeo oeea?e?caoe?eieo i?eioeei?a,
ia?ao?ae a?ae oioae?oa?ecio aei aeaiie?ao?? oa o?ainoi?iaoe?y
oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai ieaioaaiiy a ?eieia? a?aeiineie a a?eueoino? e?a?i
aaea iaeaea ae??oaii.

Iei? ia?a?niee iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/iee aniaeo ?ioaa?aoe?? a cii? Oe?AAO
iinooieany i?noeai noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/iiio (a ia?oo /a?ao —
ciai?oiuei-aeiii-

i?/iiio). Oeaio?aeueia i?noea a ia?ao?aeiiio i?ioean? caeiathoue
e?aa?ae?caoe?y oe?i ? ?eie?a, iiyaa iiaeo eiiiai?e ? cae?eniaiiy iiaeo
i?ia?ai. Ii/aoeiaee aoai ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei
noi?iaiaeaeoaaany iaae?iiyi ae?iaieoeoaa, aenieeie ??aiyie ?ioeyoe?? oa
aac?ia?ooy, ui iaaaoeaii iicia/eeiny ia ??ai? aeeooy ianaeaiiy ?
iio?aao? cia/ieo athaeaeaoieo aeo?ao iei?.

?en. 2.1. A?ao oeaio?aeueiino? ?a?iiaenueeeo noieeoeue (ia iniia?
?iaeaeno Aaaaeaoa: 1 ciia – a?eueoa 55; 2 ciia – 50-55; 3 ciia – 45-50;
4 ciia – 40-45; 5 ciia – 35-40; 6 ciia –iaioa 35).

3. ?aaeueia i?inoaaiiy aei aoaeoeaii ae?th/iai ?eieo a Iieueu?, *ao??,
Neiaa//ei?, Oai?uei? oa Neiaai?? iaoiiaeaia iine?aeiai?noth oa
oe?eani?yiiaai?noth o i?iaaaeaii? ?aoi?i o ii?aeiaii? c a?aeiiniith
iie?oe/iith noaa?euei?noth.

E?aa?ae?caoe?y ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? aea? a?eueoee aoaeo i?e i?aaeeueii
aea?aiiio /an? ?? i?iaaaeaiiy, ine?eueee ?nio? o?niee aca?iica‘ycie
i?ae ?icaeoeii ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? ? aeoeai?noth i?iaaaeaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?iai. Iaeiae, a e?a?iao Oe?AAO (ye ? a Oe?a?i?) ia
ii/aoeiaiio aoai? cae?eniaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i aiia noaea aeiooaiei
e?ieii, ine?eueee aeicaieyea cieceoe aino?ioo a aeiiii?oe? ? i?enei?eoe
aeinyaiaiiy iae?iaeiiii?/ii? noaa?e?caoe??.

4. A ?aa?ii? ia ?nio? ea?aeeiaeueieo a?aei?i o no?aoaa?yo
iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo (??ci? oeyoe ? iaoai?cie cae?eniaiiy
?aoi?i coiiaeaii? a iniiaiiio iicaaeiiii?/ieie oaeoi?aie), ui oaeiae ?
iiceoeaiei iiiaioii ?ioaa?aoe??.

Iine?aeiai?noue iie?oeee ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee ? e?aa?ae?caoe?y ?eie?a
aeaea iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe:

— i?eieiaiiy aeiiii?/ii? e?ece ? ??no AAI a Iieueu?, Neiaa//ei?,
Neiaai??, *ao?? ? Oai?uei?; ia?ai?ii? oni?oe a Aieaa??? oa ?oioi??;

— ciaioaiiy oaii?a ?ioeyoe?? a on?o e?a?iao;

— ia?a?iciiae?e aeaniino? ia ei?enoue i?eaaoiiai naeoi?o;

— no?oeoo?ia ia?aaoaeiaa aeiiii?ee, i?i ui na?ae/eoue ?icoe?aiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa AAI a o?aoeiiiio naeoi??.

Oaaeeoey 2.1

Ieoiia aaaa aenii?oo o AAI, 1997 ??e, %.

Aieaa??yIieue-ua?oio-i?yNeiaa //eiaNeiaa

i?yOai?-ueia*ao?yOe?a-?iaAieaa??y0.190.770.090.170.180.151.49Iieueua0.04
0.050.240.030.230.590.63?oioi?y0.190.110.030.100.450.050.37Neiaa//eia0.1
12.190.240.552.2617.381.10Neiaai?y0.070.570.110.280.620.710.16Oai?ueia0.
090.770.820.490.580.470.73*ao?y0.172.060.126.180.540.790.46Oe?a?ia0.240.
160.250.19…0.220.09

Oaaeeoey 2.2

Eiao?oe??io aca?iii? oi?a?ae?, 1997 ??e, %.

Aieaa-??yIieue-ua?oio-i?yNeiaa-//eiaNeiaai?yOai?-ueia*ao?yOe?a-?iaAieaa?
?y0.789.761.272.211.470.7016.70Iieueua1.981.327.080.943.825.9514.91?oioi
?y8.640.682.072.526.980.507.95Neiaa//eia2.117.552.565.8515.1069.1210.31N
eiaai?y1.492.151.323.624.533.111.62Oai?ueia3.034.6015.029.9510.703.2611.
74*ao?y3.397.221.3474.135.795.374.33Oe?a?ia16.891.979.427.70…5.141.23

5. Uiaei ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo eiieaen?a e?a?i ?aa?iio, oi iaea?eueoa
?ioaa?iaai?noue oa?aeoa?ia aeey ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?. Iaea?eueo
aca?iiiia’ycai? aeiiii?ee Iieueu?, *ao??, Neiaa//eie oa Oai?ueie (aeea.
?en. 2.2 oa oaae. 2.1, 2.2). Ia aca?iio oi?a?aeth oeeo e?a?i i?eiaaea?
85.5% oiaa?iiai?io iiey aca?iiae??. C 1991 ?ieo ii 1997 ??e a?aeaoeeny
iiceoeai? ci?ie o aaia?ao?/i?e ? oiaa?i?e no?oeoo?? ciai?oiuei?
oi?a?ae?. ?? ia?ai???ioaoe?y c N?N? (NIAe) ia Cao?aeio ?a?iio aeiaaa?
i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? i?iaeoeoe??. Aeey a?eueoino? e?a?i iei? aieiaiei
ia?oia?ii ? O?I (aeea. oaae. 2.3). I?aaaea, ne?ae a?aei?oeoe iacia/iee
aca?iiee iai?i ?iaanoeoe?yie, ?iiiaaoe?yie, iineoaaie, ?iai/ith neeith
oiui, oiio ui e?a?ie ci???ioiaai? ia a?aeiia?aei? ciai?oi? ?eiee e?a?i
Cao?aeii? ?a?iie oa NOA.

Neooaoe?y ?c ciai?oiuei-oi?aiaaeueiei aaeainii ? aea?aeaaiei
athaeaeaoii, ?iaanoeoe?eia caeiiiaeaanoai ni?eyee a?eueoiio caeo/aiith
?iaanoeoe?e a aeiiii?eo Oai?ueie, Iieueu? oa *ao??, aeaui a??oa —
Neiaai?? oa Neiaa//eie (aeea. ?en. 2.3). Aa?oi a?aei?oeoe ? iacia/iee
?ioi?iaoe?eiee iai?i i?ae e?a?iaie ?aa?iio oa Oe?a?iith, iaeiae
neooaoe?y ia?oey? ci?ieoeny ia e?aua (caione noiooieea “Oe?aaeeainao”,
ni?eueiee oaeaeaiae, iioe/ii-aieieiiiee ca’ycie).

?en. 2.2. O?aiae oiaa?iiioie?a a Oe?AAO, 1996 ??e.

A aeoea?caoe?? aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ano?n?a iaeia?niaeoeai?oei aeey
iineeaiiy ?ioaa?aoe?? ? ?icaeoie o?ainii?oii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, yea oaeiae
iio?aao? cia/iiai ?iaanooaaiiy. Ia?a?iciiae?e a?eueieo eioo?a i?ae
aea?aeaaaie ?aa?iio a?aeaoaaany a iniiaiiio /a?ac noai?aiiy NI ?,
caaaeath/e ia aaeeeo eiieo?aioe?th ia ?eieo caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo
?iaanoeoe?e, ia iaaoaea aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy.

6. Iaea?eueoee iioaioe?ae aeey iineeaiiy aca?iica’yce?a c e?a?iaie
?aa?iio ia? Iieueua, yea caoe?eaaeaia ia eeoa a yeiaeoaeaeoiio
i?e?aeiaii? aei ?N, aea e o anaa?/i?e ?ioaa?aoe?? iinonioe?ae?noe/iiai
i?inoi?o a Aaeo?enueei-*i?iiii?nuee?e cii? ?a?iie.

Oaaeeoey 2.3

*anoea I?ia//eie o ciai?oi?e oi?a?ae? e?a?i

iiey aeiiii?/ii? aca?iiae??, 1996 ??e.

E?a?ia% aenii?oo%
?iii?ooAieaa??y9.011.3Iieueua34.424.7?oioi?y18.417.6Neiaa//eia22.315.1Ne
iaai?y29.420.7Oai?ueia37.326.7*ao?y36.026.6Oe?a?ia2.96.6

Ni?euei?noue iinoaaeaieo ciai?oiueiiie?oe/ieo ? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo
caaaeaiue cao?oiao? e?a?ie, ni?ey? noaa?e?caoe?? aioo??oiueiai aeeooy oa
i?aeaeuaiith ?ie? ? cia/aiiy ?aa?iio ia i?aeia?iaei?e a?ai?.

?en. 2.3. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?yieo ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e a ?aa?ii?,
1989-97 ??.

7. Oe?AAO ? ? a iaeaeeae/iio iaeaooiueiio caeeoeoueny ?aeeiith ?aaeueii
ae?th/ith ciiith a?eueii? oi?a?ae? ia iinonioe?ae?noe/iiio
?a?iiaenueeiio i?inoi??, noaaoe aeiiii?/ii iiooaei?oith ? ca?eueoeaoenue
aaia?ao?/ii ca ?aooiie iiaeo /eai?a.

8. Anooi aei Oe?AAO cia/iith i??ith a?aeiia?aea?
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiei ?ioa?anai Oe?a?ie ? no?aoaa??
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Aieiaiith oiiaith anooio ? iaaoooy
iacai?ioiino? aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i ? nenoaiia ?eieiaa o?ainoi?iaoe?y.
Aeiaia??ia aaca i?ae e?a?iaie a inoaii? ?iee cia/ii ?icoe?eeanue ? ia ?
nooo?aith ia?aoeiaeith.

Ia?niaeoeae ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeaoue a?ae iie?oe/ii?
aie? e?aea??a e?a?i ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iie?oe/ieo nee o aeai?ieo i?aaiao.
Ni?eyoeeaei ? a?aenooi?noue aieeaiaeo aioeoe?a?inueeeo nee a a?eueoino?
e?a?i oa iianthaeia ia?aaaaa oeaio?enonueeeo ia?o?e, ye? aenooiathoue ca
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? ni?ai?aoe?. Ia aeaeue, a Oe?a?i? ia an?
iie?oe/i? neee caoe?eaaeai? a yeiaeoaeaeoiio i?e?aeiaii? aei Oe?AAO. A
ia?oo /a?ao — oea o? iie?oe/i? neee (EIO, INIO, NIO), ye? aaa/athoue o
oeueiio ia?aaeoiiae iiaeaeueoiai iineeaiiy aieeao ?N oa IAOI.

Aaea iei? e?a?ie Oe?AAO ? iii?oieie iie?oe/ieie, oi?aiaeie,
?iaanoeoe?eieie ia?oia?aie Oe?a?ie. Iaea?eueoiai oni?oo aeinyaea
ni?ai?aoey a iaeano? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? (ia’?ie yei? ca?eueoeeenue c
1.9 ie?ae. aeie. o 1991 ?ioe? aei 2.9 — 1997) oa ia o?ainii?o?.
Iaea?eueoeie ia?oia?aie Oe?a?ie ? Iieueua, Aieaa??y oa ?oioi?y.

Na?aae iaaeie?e?a ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?, ye? ne?ae aei?aaeoe:

— iaaeoi cia/ia a?ae’?iia naeueaei o oi?a?ae? c Iieueuath (-169,6
ie?ae.aeie. NOA a 1997 ?ioe?) oa ?ioeie e?a?iaie;

— aeii?ioaaiiy a aenii?o? ne?iaeie (cae?cii? oa ia?aaioeaai? ?oaee,
aoa?eey, ian?iiy niiyoieeo oiui);

— iaaeinoaoiy ia?ciai?noue noa’?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? c
iioaioe?eieie iiaeeeainoyie ia?oia??a.

Iaeiae, ? an? ia?niaeoeae aeey ci?ie oiaa?ii? no?oeoo?e ia ei?enoue
Oe?a?ie. Ia iniia? aiae?co no/anieo oiaa?ieo iioie?a e?a?i ?aa?iio oa
aca?iiaeiiiaiaiiy aeiiii?e (?iaeaen aeeoa?aioe?aoe??) iaea?eueo
ia?niaeoeaieie aaeocyie ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa a iaeaooiueiio ne?ae aaaaeaoe:
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy; aa?ii?iieneiaee eiiieaen (ia?a?iaea
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??); aia?aaoeea; o?i?/ia
i?iieneia?noue (cie?aia, oa?iaoeaaoeea); iiaea?i?caoe?y o?ainii?oo;
ioi?iia aeiae?eey a iaaeao ?a?i?aa?ii?a.

Aeeiai?ea ciai?oiuei-oi?aiaaeueiiai iai?ioo ? oaiaeaioe?? inoaii?o ?ie?a
aeathoue ciiao c?iaeoe aeniiaee, ui o ia?niaeoea? e?a?ie iiey
aeiiii?/ii? aca?iiae?? ciie Oe?AAO noaiooue aaaeeeaeie ia?oia?aie
Oe?a?ie.

?ioaa?aoe?y Oe?a?ie a oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueeee i?ino?? — oea iiceoeai?
?iaanoeoe?? a iaeaooi?: o?nia ni?ai?aoey Oe?a?ie ? e?a?i OeAAAO noai?th?
iiceoeai? ia?aaeoiiae, aaeaea, a ?ac? i?e?aeiaiiy ?o aei ?N aiie
aoaeooue eia?thaaoe ieoaiiy iia’ycai? c Oe?a?iith.

Ioaea, aeaia aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiiiiaa? ?ice?eooth ii
iaio?e i??? o?ueio iniiaieo caaaeaiue, ye? noiyoue ia?aae noni?eueiith
aaia?ao??th iei?:

— aiae?c iiaiai aaiiie?oe/iiai iieiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, ??
o?ainii?oii-?iciiae?eue/i? ? o?aiceoii? ooieoe?e, iiaeeeainoae
aoiaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aei nenoaie na?oiaiai ?eieo (a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo
/a?ac ?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie e?a?i Oeaio?aeueii? ?a?iie), iaa?oiooaaiiy
aenii?oii-?iii?oii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie;

— ?icoe?aiiy o iiaeo aaiiie?oe/ieo oiiaao aeine?aeaeaiue c aeiiii?/ii? ?
nioe?aeueii? aaia?ao?? ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i, eiioeaio?aoe?? oaaae ia
i?iaeaiao ?icaeoeo ?oi?o ciai?oiueioi?a?aaeueieo ca’yce?a c iaoith
aea?aeaaith;

— iineeaiiy oaaae o iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo e noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/ieo
a?aeiineiao aei aaia?ao?? … ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?,… aea/aiiy ca
aeiiiiiaith aaia?ao?/ieo cania?a eii’thieoo?e na?oiaiai ?eieo (caaaeaiiy
iiaeai? ca I.Ae.I?nooiii).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiey aca?iiae?? ? iaa?ae’?iiith neeaaeiaith noni?eueii?
aaia?ao??, a io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeathoue ciiao neii?aeeioaaoe
ciai?oiueiiie?oe/i? ? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie Oe?a?ie ca?aeii c
?? iaoe?iiaeueieie ?ioa?anaie.

Ioae?eaoe?? ii oai? aeena?oaoe??

1. I??i?eoaoi? iai?yiee aaino?aoaa?? Oe?a?ie: aecia/aiiy iaoe.// VII
c‘?cae Oe?a?inueeiai Aaia?ao?/iiai oiaa?enoaa: oace aeii. – E., 1995.-
0.2 ae?. a?e. (o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iniaenoeo – 0.1)

2. Iinonioe?ae?noe/i? ?a?iiaenuee? e?a?ie o ciai?oueii-aeiiii?/i?e
iie?oeoe? Oe?a?ie: iie?oe/i? ?aae?? ? aaino?aoaa?y.// A?niee Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. I?aeia?iaei? a?aeiineie.- 1997.- n. 49-51.- 0.25 ae?.
a?e.(o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iniaenoeo — 0.2)

3. ?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?/ia ?ioaa?aoe?y ye noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/iee
i?ioean.// A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.
Aaia?ao?y. – 1999.- Aei. 44.- n. 62-65.- 0.3 ae?. a?e.

4. No/ania iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/ia iieiaeaiiy e?a?i Oeaio?aeueii? ?a?iie oa
ia?niaeoeae o/ano? a iueiio Oe?a?ie.// Aaia?ao?y oa no/ani?noue: ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aei. 2.- E.: Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 1999.- c. 184-191 — 0.3 ae?. a?e.

5. Aaiiie?oeea: ?noi??y noaiiaeaiiy oa no/aniee noai.// Oe?a?inueeee
aaia?ao?/iee aeo?iae.- 1999.- ?3.- n.25-30 — 0.5 ae?. a?e.

Noao?e/oe A. ?. Iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/i? aniaeoe aca?iiae?? ainiiaea?noa
e?a?i Oeaio?aeueii? ?a?iie.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe
c niaoe?aeueiino? 11.00.02 – aeiiii?/ia oa nioe?aeueia aaia?ao?y,
Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ocaaaeueiai? ? io?eiaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae aea/aiiy iiey aeiiii?/ii? aca?iiae??.
Iaa?oioiaaii, ui aea/aiiy oaeiai neeaaeiiai noni?eueii-aaia?ao/iiai
eiiieaeno iio?aao? ii?aeiaiiy iaoeiaeo i?aeoiae?a ie?aieo
noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/ieo aeenoeeie?i (iie?oe/ii? aaia?ao??, aaia?ao??
i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, e?a?iiciaanoaa oiui) aaiiie?oeee oa
iaoe i?i i?aeia?iaei? aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie. Ia iniia? aiae?co
oai?aoe/ieo eiioeaioe?e aaiiie?oeee, IAA oa ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe?? ?ice?eoi ?o aaia?ao?/iee eiioaeno. Noi?ioeueiaaii
noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/io eiioeaioe?th ?icaeoeo ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy IAA o
cii? Oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueei? Anioe?aoe?? A?eueii? Oi?a?ae? ? o/anoue a
i?e Oe?a?ie. I?iaiae?ciaai? iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/i? oaeoi?e (?noi??y
iie?oe/ieo ? aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, no/ania aaiiie?oe/ia noaiiaeua,
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iie?oe/ieo nee oiui) ooai?aiiy ciie a?eueii? oi?a?ae? a
?aa?ii?. Aeyaeaii ?o aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy caeiiii??iinoae no/anii?
aaia?ao?? i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei ye iieacieea
aca?iicaeaaeiino? iaoe?iiaeueieo ainiiaea?noa e?a?i Oe?AAO oa
ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoi? ?ioaa?aoe??. Iiaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
iie?ioaiiy ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a Oe?a?ie c e?a?iaie ?aa?iio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaiiie?oe/ia noaiiaeua, aaia?ao?y i?aeia?iaeieo
aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/iee eiiieaen, iaoe?iiaeueia
ainiiaea?noai, iiea aeiiii?/ii? aca?iiae?? (IAA), iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/i?
oaeoi?e, ?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?/ia ?ioaa?aoe?y, Oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueea
Anioe?aoe?y A?eueii? Oi?a?ae? (Oe?AAO).

Noaoee/oe A.E. Iieeoeei-aaia?aoe/aneea aniaeou acaeiiaeaenoaey oicyenoa
no?ai Oeaio?aeueiie Aa?iiu.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?aoe/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 11.00.02 — yeiiiie/aneay e nioeeaeueiay
aaia?aoey, Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999.

Ooieoeeiie?iaaiea ie?iaiai oicyenoaa ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia aeiaaeecaoeee
oanii naycaii n aeaeueiaeoei oaeoaeaieai acaeiicaaeneiinoe aai iniiaiuo
noauaeoia – iaoeeiiaeueiuo oicyenoa noaa?aiiuo ainoaea?noa. A
aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa iaiauaiu e iieo/eee aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiae/aneea iniiau eco/aiey iiey yeiiiie/aneiai
acaeiiaeaenoaey. Iiea acaeiiaeaenoaey ii?aaeaeaii eae auaeaeaiiue ia
iniiaaiee iauaaeeiaiey aaino?aoaaee caeioa?aniaaiiuo aaaioia naaiaio
oicyenoaaiiie eee iieeoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, eioi?ue acaeiiaeaenoaoao
n ii?aaeaeaiiui aaiiieeoe/aneei i?ino?ainoaii. A ?aaioa aeieacaii, /oi
eco/aiea oaeiai neiaeiiai iauanoaaiii-aaia?aoe/aneiai eiiieaena eae iiea
yeiiiie/aneiai acaeiiaeaenoaey, eioi?ia eniuouaaao aeeyiea
aaia?aoe/aneeo, iieeoe/aneeo, yeiiiie/aneeo, aeaiia?aoe/aneeo e ae?oaeo
oaeoi?ia, ia aiciiaeii aac iauaaeeiaiey iao/iuo iiaeoiaeia iauanoaaiiie
aaia?aoee (a /anoiinoe iieeoe/aneie aaia?aoee, no?aiiaaaeaiey, aaia?aoee
ie?iaiai oicyenoaa), aaiiieeoeee e iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo yeiiiie/aneeo
ioiioaiee.

Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca oai?aoe/aneeo eiioeaioeee aaiiieeoeee e
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee auyaeai eo aaia?aoe/aneee
eiioaeno. Iiiyoeeii-oa?ieiieiae/aneee aiia?ao yoeo iaoe eiaao iiiai
iaueo eaoaai?ee, ii?aaeaeaiee, e?eoa?eaa e iieacaoaeae.

Iniaaiii aaaeiui aeey oi?ie?iaaiey iiey yeiiiie/aneiai acaeiiaeaenoaey
anoue iauanoaaiii-aaia?aoe/aneee i?ioeann eioaa?aoeee. ?aaeiiaeueiay
yeiiiie/aneay eioaa?aoeey – yoi i?ioeann iinoaiaiiiai iauaaeeiaiey a
aaeeiue oicyenoaaiiue eiiieaen iaoeeiiaeueiuo oicyenoa caeioa?aniaaiiuo
ainoaea?noa ioo?i ono?aiaiey yeiiiie/aneeo e iieeoe/aneeo aa?uea?ia n
oeaeueth ia?aciaaiey iaaeainoaea?noaaiiuie i?aaiaie iaeeiaeiauo oneiaee
aeey ooieoeeiie?iaaiey anao noauaeoia i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoe aeaiiie a?oiiu no?ai.

I?aaenoaaeaiiay a ?aaioa iaoiaeeea aiaeeca iiey acaeiiaeaenoaey
aace?oaony ia nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iii iiaeoiaea, eioi?ue e ii?aaeaeee
eiae/aneoth iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue eniieueciaaiey eiie?aoiuo
niaoeeaeueiuo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey: iiaeaee?iaaiey (a?aoiaiai,
iaoaiaoe/aneiai, iaoaiaoeei-ea?oia?aoe/aneiai),
n?aaieoaeueii-aaia?aoe/aneiai, ea?oia?aoe/aneiai, enoi?e/aneiai e
ae?oaeo.

A aeenna?oaoeee noi?ioee?iaaia iauanoaaiii-aaia?aoe/aneay eiioeaioeey
?acaeoey e ooieoeeiie?iaaiey iiey yeiiiie/aneiai acaeiiaeaenoaey a ciia
Oeaio?aeueii-Aa?iiaeneie Annioeeaoeee Naiaiaeiie Oi?aiaee. Iniaia
aieiaiea oaeaeaii aiaeeco iieeoeei-aaia?aoe/aneeo oaeoi?ia: enoi?ey
iieeoe/aneeo e yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee, iauiinoue aeieain?i/iuo
iieeoe/aneeo i?ia?aii, iaee/ea aaeeiuo ?aeeaeiciuo e eoeueoo?iuo
eioa?ania, niioiioaiea iieeoe/aneeo nee a ?aaeiia, aaiiieeoe/aneia
iieiaeaiea e ae?oaea. Eiaiii iieeoeei-aaia?aoe/aneee aniaeo aue
ecia/aeueiui aeey oi?ie?iaaiey OeAANO. Nae/an ii iinoaiaiii
o?ainoi?ie?oaony a yeiiiie/aneee. Aiaeec nia?aiaiiiai ninoiyiey
iaoeeiiaeueiuo oicyenoa aeae iniiaaiey naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi
no?aoaae/aneia caaeaiea ii nicaeaieth iieeoe/aneiai iaoaiecia e
yeiiiie/aneiai ooiaeaiaioa iauanoaa ia iauaie?iauo oeeaeeecaoeeiiiuo
i?eioeeiao a aieueoeinoaa no?ai ?aaeiia ?aoaii. Naiui iiuiui
yeiiiie/aneei e eioaa?aoeeiiiui iioaioeeaeii a ?aaeiia aeaaeaao Iieueoa.

A ?aaioa ?anniio?aiu aiaoiayeiiiie/aneea ioiioaiey no?ai ?aaeiia eae
?aaeueiue iieacaoaeue acaeiiaeaenoaey oicyenoa. Eeaa?aeecaoeey yoie
noa?u ecia/aeueii auea auioaeaeaiiui oaaii, iineieueeo aeaaaea
aiciiaeiinoue auno?aa aeinoe/ue iae?iyeiiiie/aneie noaaeeueiinoe.
?anniio?aii a? aeeyiea ia no?oeoo?o iaoeeiiaeueiuo oicyenoa,
iae?iyeiiiie/aneea iieacaoaee. Nicaeaiea ciiu naiaiaeiie oi?aiaee a
ia?aoth i/a?aaeue iiaeeyei ia ?acaeoea aioo?e?aaeiiaeueiie oi?aiaee
oiaa?aie. Auyaeaiu iniiaiua oaiaeaioeee aiaoiae oi?aiaee no?ai ?aaeiia
a 1991-97 aa. Iaiai eiaanoeoeeyie, eiiiaaoeeyie, iaeioi?uie aeaeaie
oneoa e ?aai/ae neeie a ?aaeiia iacia/eoaeai e i?e/eiu yoiai ?anniio?aiu
a aeaiiie ?aaioa. I?aaenoaaeaiu ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey eioaa?aoeee.
Aaeeinoaaiiay ?aaeueii aeaenoaothuay ciia naiaiaeiie oi?aiaee a
Oeaio?aeueiie Aa?iia – OeAANO – a aeeaeaeoaa a?aiy oaaee/eony
aaia?aoe/anee e yeiiiie/anee.

Iniaia ianoi a ?aaioa caieiaao aiaeec acaeiiaeaenoaey Oe?aeia-OeAANO. Ia
aucuaaao niiiaiey, /oi iai?aaeaiea no?aoaaee aiaoiayeiiiie/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe Oe?aeiu – aa?iiaeneia, /oi no?aoaae/aneei caaeaieai aeey
iaoae no?aiu anoue eioaa?aoeey a iaua- (caiaaeii-) aa?iiaeneea
yeiiiie/aneea e iieeoe/aneea no?oeoo?u. Iiyoiio oaeoe/aneia caaeaiea
naaiaeiy — yoi yeiiiie/aneia nio?oaeie/anoai n aa?iiaeneeie
iinonioeeaeenoe/aneeie no?aiaie. Yoi a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie
niioaaonoaoao iaoeeiiaeueiui eioa?anai Oe?aeiu. A ?aaioa
i?iaiaeece?iaaiu iieeoeei-aaia?aoe/aneea aniaeou eioaa?aoeee Oe?aeiu a
OeAANO e aeaiu eiie?aoiua ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii oniaa?oainoaiaaieth
aiaoiayeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe ni no?aiaie ?aaeiia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaiiieeoe/aneia iieiaeaiea, aaia?aoey iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo
yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee, aiaoiayeiiiie/aneee eiiieaen, iaoeeiiaeueiia
oicyenoai, iiea yeiiiie/aneiai acaeiiaeaenoaey (IYA),
iieeoeei-aaia?aoe/aneea oaeoi?u, ?aaeiiaeueiay yeiiiie/aneay
eioaa?aoeey, Oeaio?aeueii-Aa?iiaeneay Annioeeaoeey Naiaiaeiie Oi?aiaee
(OeAANO).

Stafiychuk V.I. Political and Geographical Aspects of the Central
European Economies Interaction.

The thesis on the scientific degree of the candidate of geographical
sciences on specialty 11.00.02 – economic and social geography, Kyiv
university named after Taras Shevchenko, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis generalizes and develops the theoretical and methodological
bases of the economic interaction field studies. It is grounded that
research of such complicated social geographic complex needs the joint
scientific approach of certain social geographical disciplines (i.e.
Political Geography, Geography of the International Economic Affairs,
Regional Geography), Geo-politics and International Economic Affairs. On
the bases of theoretical geo-politics concepts, international economic
affairs and regional economic integration analyses it is elucidated
their geographical context. It is created the social geographical
concept of the economic interaction field (EIF) development and
functioning in the zone of the Central European Free Trade Agreement and
Ukraine participation in it. There are analyzed political-geographical
factors (history of the political and economic affairs, present
geo-political state, composition of the political forces etc.) of the
Free Trade zone creation in the region. It is revealed their influence
on the natural development formation of the current geography of the
international economic relations as the indicator of the
inter-dependence of the national economies of the CEFTA countries and
the prospects of further integration. There are presented
recommendations on improvements of foreign trade affairs of Ukraine
with the countries of the region.

Key words: geo-political state, geography of international economic
affairs, foreign trade complex, national economy, economic interaction
field (EIF), political-geographical factors, economic integration,
Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA).

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