19

?inoeooo oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?. E?ei’yeaae/a

IAI Oe?a?ie

OAeE 930.9 (477.82): 943.8. 081

E?AIA? TH??E A?EOI?IAE*

IIE?OEEA AeA?AEAAII? ANEI?EssOe??

IA AIEEI? (1928 — 1938 ?IEE)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 07.00.02 — Anana?oiy ?noi??y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy

iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeeoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? ca?oiaeo oeea?e?caoe?e Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — Ea?e?ia Ienaia Ieeiea?aia, eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo
iaoe, aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?noi??? na?oiaeo oeea?e?caoe?e Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — CAOE?EUeIssE Eaii?ae Iiaianiae/, aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?noi??? neia’yinueeeo e?a?i
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea

E?AN?ANUeEEE I?ano sseoaiae/, eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iie?oieia??, nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee oa i?aaa
Oe?a?inueei? aeaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie,
Euea?anueea o?e?y

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueiee Oi?aa?neoao “Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea
Aeaaeai?y” (eaoaae?a ?noi???) (i. Ee?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny ……………………. 1998 ?ieo i 15.30. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.35.222.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i.?.E?ei’yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie oa ?inoeooo?
ia?iaeiciaanoaa IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 290026, i.Euea?a,
aoe.Eicaeueieoeueea, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
oe?a?iiciaanoaa IAI Oe?a?ie .

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee …………

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe O.?.Noaae?e

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia no/aniiio aoai? noaiiaeaiiy a?aeiinei
no?aoaa?/iiai ia?oia?noaa i?ae Oe?a?iith ? Iieueuath iaaiith
ia?aoeiaeith caeeoa?oueny iaaeinoaoiuei aeine?aeaeaia ?noi??y
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai ni?aaeeooy o 20-30-? ?iee iei?oiueiai noie?ooy.
Oeae ia??iae iaiiaiaiee iaiaeiicia/ieie, noia?a/eeaeie ? neeaaeieie
noi??ieaie o aca?ieiao i?ae aeaiia ia?iaeaie.

O eiiieaen? i?iaeai oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei i?aeai?iiiai
ia??iaeo aaaeeeaei ? aea/aiiy iie?oeee Ae?oai? ?a/? Iiniieeoi? uiaei
oe?a?ioe?a, ui i?iaeeaaee ia ?? oa?aiao. Iie?oeea oae caaiiai
«aieeinueeiai ?aa?iiae?cio», yeo c e?ioey 20-o ?ie?a i?iaiaeea
iieuenueeee o?yae, aoea iaei??th ?c ni?ia ae??oaiiy oe?a?inueeiai
ieoaiiy a Iieueu?. Iaeiae na?aae ?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue inoaii?o
?ie?a iaei ioae?eaoe?e, ui ?ice?eaathoue ni?iao ii?icoi?iiy iieye?a ?
oe?a?ioe?a, iiooee oeyo?a ni?ai?aoe? iaio ia?iae?a. Oea coiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoith
iiaeeaeaiiai aiae?co iniiaieo iai?yie?a oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai
ni?aaeeooy o i?aeai?iiee ia??iae, iaoiae?a ? oi?i ?aae?caoe??
«aieeinueeiai aenia?eiaioo» ai?aiaee A.THcaanueeiai. Caaaeaiiy
aeooae?co?oueny iio?aaith o noai?aiiy oe?e?nii? ea?oeie iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy ia Aieei? o 20-30-? ?iee iei?oiueiai noie?ooy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie coiiaeaia ua e oei, ui aea/aiiy ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
cacia/aieo i?iaeai aeanoue ciiao aeeaoa c?icoi?oe nooue oeo ae?aiaoe/ieo
iiae?e a ?noi??? iaio ia?iae?a, ui iaee i?noea a ia??iae Ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie ia Aieei? oa a ia?o? iiai?ii? ?iee.

Oaeei /eiii, noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia aeooaeuei?noue oa ia?ic?iaeai?noue
i?iaeaie a ?noi??ia?ao?? coiiaeee aea?? oaie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
neeaaeiaith aea?aeathaeaeaoii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe «Oe?a?inueei
— iieuenuee? a?aeiineie ia Aieei? 20-40-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy», ui
i?iaiaeeoueny Aieeinueeei aea?aeaaiei oi?aa?neoaoii ?iai? Ean?
Oe?a?iee. ?iaioa aoiaeeoue aei ieaiiai? aini?ic?aooieiai? oaie
?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo AAeO «Ieioea ? no/ania Aieei?» ? aei oaiaoeee
aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e ?noi??? na?oiaeo oeea?e?caoe?e AAeO «Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie ?noi??? ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i».

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aii aea?aeaaio iie?oeeo
Ae?oai? ?a/? Iiniieeoi? ia Aieei? o i?aeai?iiee ia??iae. Aiae?cothoueny
eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee iieuenueeeo iie?oe/ieo nee aei ae??oaiiy
oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy oa ?o i?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y. Cia/io oaaao
i?eae?eaii aena?oeaiith noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo a?aeiinei ia Aieei? o
20-30-? ?iee.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ia?aia aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe??, yea
?aae?ciaoaaeanue aieeinueeei ai?aiaeith A.THcaanueeei.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee coiiaeai? oaiaoeeith, oiio ioiieththoue ia??iae
1928-1938 ?ie?a, oiaoi ?iee ?aae?caoe?? «aieeinueei? iie?oeee».

Aaia?ao?/i? iaae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue oa?eoi??th Aieeinueeiai
ai?aiaenoaa: no/ani? Aieeinueea (ie??i Eai?iue-Eaoe?nueeiai ?
Ethaao?anueeiai ?aeii?a), ??aiainueea, /anoeia Oa?iii?euenueei?
iaeanoae.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaathoue o aena?oeaii? iniiaieo
oai?aoe/ieo canaae iie?oeee aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe?? Iieueu? oa aoai?a
?? i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? ia Aieei?. Aiaeii/an c?iaeaia ni?iaa
i?iaiae?coaaoe ? aeaoe ioe?ieo noni?eueii-iie?oe/i?e, aeiiii?/i?e,
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ? ?ae?a?ei?e ae?yeueiino? ai?aiaenueei?
aaei?i?no?aoe??, i/iethaaii? A.THcaanueeei. O eiioaeno? caaaeueii? iaoe
a aeena?oaoe?? noaaeyoueny caaea/? aeine?aeeoe:

1. Eiioeaioe??, oe?e? oa iaoiaee ae?yeueiino? i?ia?aeieo iieuenueeeo
iie?oe/ieo nee uiaei ae??oaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy.

2. Iiaeyaee A.THcaanueeiai ia i?iaeaio oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai
ii?icoi?iiy o Aieeinueeiio ai?aiaenoa?, i?aai?caoe?ei? canaaee oa
iai?yiee iie?oeee aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe??.

3. Iniiai? oi?ie oa iaoiaee ?aae?caoe?? «aieeinueeiai aenia?eiaioo».

4. A?aeiineie i?ae ai?aiaenueeith aaei?i?no?aoe??th oa iie?oe/ieie
ia?o?yie ? ia’?aeiaiiyie ia a?oio? ?aae?caoe?? iie?oeee aea?aeaaii?
anei?eyoe??.

5. Aeeiai?eo oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiinei ia
Aieei? o 20-30-? ?iee, i?e/eie ?o ei?eaoaaiiy oa iane?aeee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny
oei, ui aia?oa o no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? c?iaeaia ni?iaa
eiiieaeniiai aiae?co iniiaieo aniaeo?a o?yaeiai? iie?oeee «naiaoe??» ia
Aieei? o i?aeai?iiee ia??iae. Ia i?aenoaa? iaeia?aeiieo ?
iaaeei?enoiaoaaieo a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a oa iioae?eiaaieo aeaea?ae
aena?oeththoueny oi?ie oa iaoiaee ?aae?caoe?? iie?oeee aea?aeaaii?
anei?eyoe??, oa ?? iane?aeee. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ice?eaa?
aieea iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e ia oeyoe ae??oaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy a
Ae?oa?e ?a/? Iiniieeo?e. Oia?oa aena?oeth?oueny ?ieue iie?oe/ii?
eiioeaioe?? A.THcaanueeiai o oi?ioaaii? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee a aaeoc?
i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiinei. O aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eoi i?e/eie, ui
aieeaaee ia aaiethoe?th oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai ni?aaeeooy oi?iaeiaae
30-o ?ie?a ? ni?eyee ?aaeeeae?caoe?? iie?oe/ii? aeoiee i?noeaai?
oe?a?inueei? ? iieuenueei? ethaeiino?. I?inoaaeaii oi?ie
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa aeayeeo oe?a?inueeeo iie?oe/ieo nee c aea?aeaaieie
no?oeoo?aie Iieueu?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? oa c?a?aiee oaeoieia?/iee iaoa??ae iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? aeey aea/aiiy noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo ?oo?a oa
i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiinei o 20-30-? ?iee, i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie oa Iieueu?. Iaoa??aee oa
aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue aea?aeaaieie
no?oeoo?aie i?e aecia/aii? eiioeaioe?e ? iaoiae?a iaoe?iiaeueii?
iie?oeee, a oaeiae a/aieie-?noi?eeaie aeey noai?aiiy oe?e?nii? ea?oeie
a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy ia Aieei? o i?aeai?iiee ia??iae oa o
iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? (cie?aia i?e aea/aii? eo?n?a iia?oiuei?
?noi??? Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu?, ?ic?iaoe? niaoeeo?n?a c i?iaeai iie?oe/ii?
?noi??? e?ath 20-30-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy).

Iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei ?icaeyaeo iinoaaeaii? i?iaeaie aaco?oueny
ia ii?aeiaii? eiie?aoii-?noi?e/iiai oa iie?oieia?/iiai aiae?co. Aaoi?
aeei?enoiao? i?eioeeie ia’?eoea?cio oa ?noi?ecio, iaoiaee ?ao?iniaeoe??,
ocaaaeueiaiiy ? neioaco iaeiioeiieo oaeo?a. Aeena?oaio caa?oaany oaeiae
aei ii??aiyeueiiai iaoiaeo aiae?co.

Iaeyae iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e c aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie cae?eniaiee ca
o?iiieia?/iei oa no?oeoo?ii-oaiaoe/iei i?eioeeiaie ?noi??ia?ao??.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? iiaoaeiaaia ca o?iiieia?/ii-i?iaeaiiei
i?eioeeiii. ?iaioa ianyaii 180 noi??iie neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
iniiaii? /anoeie, yea i?noeoue /ioe?e ?icae?ee, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e (269 iaeiaioaaiue ianyaii 19
noi??iie), aeiaeaoeo (8 noi??iie).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeaia ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
?noi??? na?oiaeo oeea?e?caoe?e Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee, aenooiao aaoi?a ia ui??/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ? nooaeaio?a AAeO, a
iioae?eiaaieo noaooyo oa aenooiao ia i?aeia?iaeieo ? oe?a?inueeeo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo: I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y nooaeaio?a-?noi?ee?a
(A?eueithn, 1993), «Aaeeea Aieeiue: ieioea ? no/ania» (AEeoiie?, 1993),
I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y i?enay/aia 150-??//th Ee?anueei?
a?oaia?ao?/ii? eii?n?? (Ee?a-Naaei?a, 1993), «To?samo?ae, odmienno?ae i
tolerancja a kultura pokoju» (Ethae?i,1995) , «Oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee?
a?aeiineie o Aaee/ei? a OO noie?oo?» (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1996),
«Iaoe?iiaeuei? oa aoiinioe?aeuei? i?ioeane a Oe?a?i?» (*a?i?aoe?,1997),
«Polacy i ko?ciol rzymokatolicki na Wo?yniu w latach 1918-1997 »
(Ethae?i, 1997), «Ieioea ? no/ania Aieei?: Ieaenaiae? Oeeieaeianueeee ?
Aieeiue» ( Eooeuee, 1998 ).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o naie noaooyo
(iioae?eiaaieo o /ioe?ueio ca??ieeao noaoae oa o?ueio iaoa??aeao
eiioa?aioe?e), o?ueio oacao (ai?uaieo o iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e).

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeINE?AeAEAIIss

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/aii iaoo oa caaaeaiiy
?iaioe, o?iiieia?/i? iaae?, aeacaii ia iaoeiao iiaecio aeena?oaoe??,
aecia/aii ca’ycie oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ?c ieaiaie aeine?aeieoeueei?
?iaioe ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo AAeO ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “?noi??ia?ao?y i?iaeaie. Aeaea?aeueia aaca
aeine?aeaeaiiy” c?iaeaii iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie
oa ioa?aeoa?eciaaii aeaea?aeueio aaco aeena?oaoe??.
Oe?a?inueei-iieuenueea ni?aaeeooy ia Aieei? o 20-30-? ?iee OO noie?ooy
iaeaaeeoue aei iaeiaeine?aeaeaieo i?iaeai ?noi?e/ii? iaoee. A?aenooi?
niaoe?aeuei? ?iaioe i?i neeaaei? ? noia?a/eea? aca?ieie aeaio ia?iae?a.

?noi??ia?ao?th i?iaeaie iiae?eaii ca o?iiieia?/iei i?eioeeiii:
i?aeai?iiiai ia??iaeo (1918-1939), oe?a?inueea ?aaeyinueea, no/ania
a?o/eciyia oa iieuenueea ?noi??ia?ao?y.

O ?iaioao i?aeai?iiiai ia??iaeo oaaaa eiioeaio?oaaeany eeoa ia ie?aieo
aniaeoao i?iaeaie. Oe?a?inuee? iie?oeee (I.Eiceinueeee, N.Oiiao?anueeee,
?.?oaeieoeueeee-Eaae?ei) iaa?oioiaoaaee iaiao?aei?noue ?ica’ycaiiy
i?iaeaie iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei a Iieueu? ia iniia? i?eioeeio
naiiaecia/aiiy iaoe?e [1]. Aeayeeo aniaeo?a o?yaeiai? iie?oeee Iieueu? a
oe?a?inueeiio ieoaii? oi?eaeenue oiai/ani? iieuenuee? iie?oieiae ?
ioae?oeenoe, iaeiae i?e iaienaii? nai?o i?aoeue aiie ea?oaaeenue,
aieiaiei /eiii, iie?oeei-?aeaieia?/ieie i??eoaaiiyie. ?oi? ?iaioe /anoi
ia iaee oa?aeoa?o iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue [2].

O i?neyai?iiee ia??iae ?aaeyinuee? ?noi?eee i?enooieee aei aea/aiiy
iia?oiuei? ?noi??? e?ath. Iicaye ieoaiiy i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo noinoie?a
?icaeyaeaeenue aeeeth/ii o eiioaeno? «ai?ioueae cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo
o?oaeyueo ca aic’?aeiaiiy c ?aaeyinueeith Oe?a?iith» ? noai?aiiy
?aaiethoe?eii-aeaiie?aoe/iiai aeieo i?ioe i?aaey/eo ?aaeei?a, oi aiii
ciaeoei niioai?aia a?aeia?aaeaiiy. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoeiaoe?a
aoee, aieiaiei /eiii, i?iaeaie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ?noi??? Aieei?,
?aaiethoe?eiiai ?ooo ia oeeo caiyo [3].

1. Eiceinueeee I.Oaia??oi?e noai aoaeiae Oe?a?inueei? Aea?aeaae ?
caaea/? cao?aeii-oe?a?inueeeo caiaeue. — AEaiaaa,1924; Oiiao?anueeee N.
Aeanyoue e?o oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy a Iieueu?. — Euea?a, 1929;
Rudnicki-Kedryn I. Ewolucja stosunkow polsko-ukrai?skich // Biuletyn
polsko-ukrainski. — 1936. — ?25-27.

2. Uzdowski M. Kresy wschodnie a polska polityka panstwowa //
Droga.-1923.-?1-2.-S.20-23; Stpiczynski W. Pod znakiem realizacji praw
mnieszo?ci narodowych // G?os prawdy. — 1924.- ?44.- — S.438-440;
Dunin-Borkowski P.Wytyczne programu zblizenia polsko-ukrainskiego. //
Biuletyn polsko-ukrainski — 1931.- ?9.- S.392-395; Felinski M. Ukraincy
w izbach Ustawodawczych Polski odrodzonej // Sprawy
Narodowo?ciowe.-1931.- ?6.-S.566-600.

3. Aanthoa ?.E. ?ia?oie/i-naeyinueeee nithc o ia?iaeiiio o?iio?
Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie (1935-1939??.) // Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee aeo?iae
(aeae? O?AE). — 1986. — ?9. — N.83-93; Eiaaeue/ae A.?. Aeiiii?/iee
?icaeoie cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo caiaeue. — Ee?a,1988; Oeeaei I.
?aaiethoe?eii-aecaieueia ai?ioueaa o?oaeyueo Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie ca
aic’?aeiaiiy c O?N?. — Euea?a, 1963; Caaieioiee ?. Ianei?aia Aieeiue.
Ia?en c ?noi??? ?aaiethoe?eiiai ?ooo ia Aieei? 1917-1939. — Euea?a,
1964; Ienaithe ?.I. Ia?ene ?noi??? Aieei?. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee
?icaeoie, ?aaiethoe?eiee oa iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiee ?oo o?oaeyueo
(1861-1939 ??.). — Euea?a, 1970;

Aaaiiee aianie o aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiinei ia
no?aeieo oa?aiao ?a/? Iiniieeoi?, iieuenueei? o?yaeiai? iie?oeee uiaei
oe?a?inueei? iaioeie c?iaeee euea?anuee? a/ai? TH.Neeaea oa N Iaea?/oe
[4] TH.Neeaea i?iaiae?coaaa i?aeoiaee iniiaieo iieuenueeeo iie?oe/ieo
nee aei ae??oaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy a Iieueu?. Iniaeeao oaaao aaoi?
caa?ioa ia oaeoi?e (aioo??oi? oa ciai?oi?), ui ni?e/eieee ci?io
iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee iieuenueeiai o?yaeo i?ney i?eoiaeo aei aeaaee o
1926 ?ioe? “naiaoe?eiiai” oaai?o. Iaeiae caoaaaeeii, ui oa?eoi??aeuei?
?aiee ?iaioe TH.Neeaee ioiieththoue, aieiaiei /eiii, oa?eoi??th No?aeii?
Aaee/eie.

N.Iaea?/oe aeine?aeea aieea aeiiii?/ieo ? iie?oe/ieo oaeoi??a ia
aeeiai?eo aoiinioe?aeueiiai neeaaeo ianaeaiiy e?ath o 20-30-? ?iee.
Ao?i, aaoi? cina?aaeeany ia?aaeon?i ia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo aniaeoao
o?yaeiai? iie?oeee Iieueu? uiaei no?aeieo ai?aiaenoa.

?c iaaoooyi Oe?a?iith aea?aeaaii? iacaeaaeiino? ?noi?e/ia iaoea
iinooiiai ca?eueiy?oueny a?ae ?aeaieia?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Cia/ii
?icoe?eeiny eiei i?iaeai, ye? aeiiaaeaaia aaaaeaeenue cae?eoeie o
a?o/eciyi?e ?noi??ia?ao??.

Iie?oeea “iaoeeo?eaoe??” 1930 ?ieo noaea ia’?eoii a?oioiaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiiiai euea?anueeiai a/aiiai I.Oaaaoeyea [5].
Caoaaaeeii, ui iaoeeo?eaoe?eia eaiiai?y (oi/a ? iaioa ca ianooaaaie)
iaea i?noea ia o?eueee o aaeeoeueeeo ai?aiaenoaao, a e ia Aieei?, i?ioa
oey i?iaeaia iiee ui ia ciaeoea iaeaaeiiai aena?oeaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e
?noi??ia?ao??.

Ae?yeuei?noue iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie i?aeai?iii? aeiae oa
?o ni?iae eiinie?aeoaaoeny ia /an naeiiaeo aeai?/eo eaiiai?e 20-30-o
?ie?a aena?oeea o nai?o i?aoeyo I. Caeoeaa [6]. Ni?iae ii?iae?coaaoe
a?aeiineie i?ae iieyeaie ? oe?a?ioeyie o 20-30-o ?ieao aeine?aeaeoaaa
E. Caoe?eueiye [7]. Ia aeoieo ?noi?eea, iieuenueei- oe?a?inueea
“ii?iae?caoe?eia” oaiaea 1935 ?ieo ni?eyea aeayeiio iie?ioaiith
eoeueoo?iiai ? aeiiii?/iiai noaiiaeua oe?a?ioe?a a Iieueu?, iaeiae ia
i?eaaea aei ae??oaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy a Ae?oa?e ?a/? Iiniieeo?e.

4. Neeaea TH.TH. Cao?aeia Oe?a?ia a ?aaeoe?ei?e iie?oeoe? iieuenueei? oa
oe?a?inueei? ao?aeoac?? ( 1920-1939 ). — E., Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1985;
Iaea?/oe N.A. Yoiinioeeaeueiia ?acaeoea e iaoeeiiaeueiea ioiioaiey ia
caiaaeiioe?aeineeo caieyo a ia?eiae eiia?eaeecia. — Eueaia, “Aeua oeiea”
1983.

5. Oaaaoeye I.I. Noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia neooaoe?y o Cao?aei?e Oe?a?i? ia
ii/aoeo 30-o ?ie?a OO noie?ooy // Caienee IOO.- Euea?a. — 1991. —
O.NNOOI.-N.111-140.; eiai ae. «Iaoeeo?eaoe?y»: iieuenueea ?ai?aneaia
aeoe?y o Aaee/ei? 1930 ?. ? oe?a?inueea noni?euei?noue. — Euea?a, 1993.

6. Caeoeaa I.TH. I?aaenoaaieee oe?a?inueeeo iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e Cao?aeii?
Oe?a?ie a ia?eaiaio? Iieueu? (1922-1939) // O?AE. — 1993. — ? 1. —
N.72-84; eiai ae. Iie?oe/i? ia?o?? Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie o ia?eaiaionueeeo
aeai?ao 1928 ?. // Oe?a?ia: eoeueoo?ia niaaeueia, iaoe?iiaeueia
na?aeii?noue, aea?aeaai?noue. Aeione 2. — Euea?a. — 1995. — N.172-187.

7. Caoe?eueiye E.I. Ni?iae oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai ii?icoi?iiy a
i?aeai?ii?e Iieueu?: niiae?aaiiy ? ?aae?? // Oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee?
a?aeiineie a Aaee/ei? o OO no. Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? (21-22 eenoiiaaea 1996 ?.). —
?aaii-O?aie?anuee. — 1997. — N.156-160.

Aena?oeaiith oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy o i?aeai?ii?e Iieueu? oaeiae
i?eae?eeee oaaao ?noi?eee oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e — O.Aoi/ae,
I.Noaoaeueiee, ?.Ianoa?iae, A.Naiaithe [8]. Aiie iaaieiooaaee ia?aaaaeii
ia aioeoe?a?inuee?e ni?yiiaaiino? iie?oeee Ae?oai? ?a/? Iiniieeoi?.

Aaaiiee aianie o aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie c?iaeee iieuenuee? ?noi?eee.
Ioe?iee oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo aca?iei 20-30-o ?ie?a
ia oe? caaaeueiiiieuenueei? ?noi??? oeueiai ia??iaeo i?noyoueny o
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?aoeyo A.Oieiianueeiai [9]. Aeine?aeiee ?icaeyaea?
ae?yeuei?noue aieeinueeiai ai?aiaee ye ni?iao ?aae?caoe?? a iiaeo
?noi?e/ieo oiiaao oaaea?ae?nonueei? eiioeaioe?? i?enoae/ee?a.
Oiaeaoeueeee ?., aiae?coth/e iaoe?iiaeueio iie?oeeo «naiaoe?eieo
o?yae?a» iaaieinea ia oiio, ui «aieeinueea i?ia?aia» A.THcaanueeiai aoea
?acoeueoaoii iiooe?a oeyo?a ?ica’ycaiiy oe?a?inueei? i?iaeaie a Iieueu?
[10]. Iaiaaeeinueea-Oo?ae I. aeine?aeaeo? oe?a?inueea ieoaiiy a
iie?oe/iiio, nioe?aeueiiio oa ?ae?a?eiiio aniaeoao [11]. ?aai?oee?e I. ?
Iaoa?naa?a N. aea/aee ia?aaaaeii oe?eueieoeoai iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei o
i?aeai?ii?e Iieueu? [12]. Iaaeie?eii ?oi?o i?aoeue ? oa, ui aaoi?e /anoi
iaiaaeothoueny eiinoaoaoe??th oaeo?a, ia aaeath/enue aei aeeaoiai
aiae?co ina?oiuei? iie?oeee.

Ie?ai? aniaeoe iie?oeee iieuenueeeo o?yae?a uiaei oe?a?inueeiai
ianaeaiiy Aieei? o 1920-1930-o ?ieao aena?oeththoueny o i?aoeyo
A.Iaiaeaeaoeueeiai ? ss.Eain?ea [13]. O iiiia?ao?? A.Iaiaeaeaoeueeiai
i?noeoueny aiae?c nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ? iie?oe/iiai noaiiaeua

8. Aoi/ae O. Oe?a?ia: ia?oa iieiaeia OO noie?ooy. — E., 1993; eiai ae.
Ukraine and Poland in dokuments. 1918-1922 / Ed.by T. Hunchak./ — New
York, Paris, Sydney, Toronto, 1983; Noaoaeueiee I.Oe?a?ia. ?noi??y. —
E., 1991; Ianoa?iae ?. Ia?en ?noi??? Oieiueie ? I?aeeyooy. — A?ii?iaa —
Oi?iioi, 1989; Naiaithe A. Ia oaio oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei.
E?eoe/i? caoaaaeaiiy. — I?iiaaiie?n. I?iiianioa. NOA, 1996.

9. Chojnowski A. Koncepcje polityki narodowo?ciowej rz?dow polskich w
latach 1921-1939. — Wroc?aw; Warszawa; Krakow; Gdansk, 1979; eiai ae.
Mniejszo?ci narodowe w polityce rz?dow polskich w latach 1921-1926 //
Przegl?d Historyczny (dalej P.H.). — 1976. — ? 4. — S.593-615; eiai ae.
Pilsudczycy u wladzy. Dzieje Bezpartyjnego Bloku Wspo?pracy z Rz?dem. —
Wroc?aw, 1986.

10. Torzecki R. Kwestia ukrainska w Polsce w latach 1923-1929. —
Krakow, 1989; eiai ae. Z problematyki stosunkow polsko-ukrainskich //
Dzieje Najnowsze (dalej D.N.). — 1985. — ? 2. — S.150-170

11. Papierzynska-Turek M. Sprawa ukrainska w Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej
1922-1926.-Krakow, 1979; ?? ae. Miedzy tradycj? a rzeczywistoci?:
panstwo wobec prawoslawia: 1918-1939. — Warszawa, 1989; ?? ae. Religia
i ko?ciol w ukrainskiej my?li politycznej w Polsce w latach 1918-1939 //
Polska-polacy-mniejszo?ci narodowe. — Wroclaw, Warszawa, Krakow, 1992. —
S.329-341.

12. Mauersberg S. Szkolnictwo dla mniejszo?ci narodowych w
Polsce w latach 1918-1939. — Wroc?aw, 1968; Iwanicki M. O?wiata i
szkolnictwo ukrainskie w Polsce w latach 1918-1939. — Siedlce, 1975.

. 13. Medrzecki W. Wojewodztwo Wo?ynskie. 1921-1939. Elementy
przemian cywilizacyjnych, spo?ecznych i politycznych. — Wroc?aw,
Warszawa, Krakow, Gdansk, Fodz, 1988; Kesik J.Zaufany Komendanta.
Biografia polityczna Jana Henrika Jozewskiego 1892-1981. — Wroc?aw,
1995.

ai?aiaenoaa o i?aeai?iiee ia??iae, iaeiae aaoi? aeaui ia?aioe?ith?
?acoeueoaoe ?aae?caoe?? “aieeinueei? i?ia?aie”.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ss. Eain?ea ? iie?oe/iith a?ia?ao??th A. THcaanueeiai.
?iiiio? i?aaiaiiy aaoi?a ia’?eoeaii ? aeaaaeaii aena?oeeoe iniiai?
iai?yiee ae?yeueiino? ai?aiaenueei? aaei?i?no?aoe?? ii ?aae?caoe??
i?ia?aie aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe?? ia Aieei?. Iaeiae ss.Eain?e ia?eoia
oaaaith aeaye? i?iaeaie.

E??i i?io?yaeiaiai AOI, aaoi?ii neaai iieacaii i?noea oe?a?inueeeo
ia?o?e (cie?aia OIAeI, ON?I, Naeue?ia) o noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo?
Aieei?. Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e eiioan?eio iie?oeeo ai?aiaee, eiai caoiaee
ni?yiiaai? ia oe?a?i?caoe?th i?aaineaaii? oea?eae ia Aieei?, ss.Eain?e
iaioa oaaae aeoeaioo? ia ?ie? a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? oea?eae a i?aeianaii?
iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino? i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy, iiceoe?? A.THcaanueeiai
uiaei oae caaii? “iaioi??”. Oaeiae aeine?aeiee ia?eoia oaaaith ieoaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ai?aiaenueei? aaei?i?no?aoe?? ye
iaa?ae’?iii? /anoeie ?ioaa?aoe?eii? i?ia?aie iieuenueeiai o?yaeo.

Ioaea iaeyae iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie aea?
i?aenoaae aeey oaeeo aeniiae?a: na?aae ?ia?o a?o/eciyieo ?noi?ee?a,
i?enay/aieo ieoaiiyi i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiinei o Ae?oa?e ?a/?
Iiniieeo?e iaei ioae?eaoe?e, a yeeo ?ice?eaathoueny i?iaeaie
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeiai ni?aaeeooy ia Aieei? o i?aeai?iiee ia??iae; i?e
caaaeuei?e ioe?ioe? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? neooaoe?? ia no?aeieo oa?aiao
Iieueu? o 20-30-? ?iee OO no. aaaeeeai ? o?aooaaoe ia eeoa
eiio?iioaoe?ei?, a e oaiaeia? aniaeoe o a?aeiineiao i?ae iieyeaie ?
oe?a?ioeyie; a?oioiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iio?aao? ieoaiiy i?i noo?
iie?oeee “naiaoe?eieo” o?yae?a uiaei oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy Aieei?
iai?ee?ioe? 1920-1930-o ?ie?a.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee ianaiia?aae iaiioae?eiaai?
aeieoiaioe Oeaio?aeueiiai ?noi?e/iiai a?o?ao Oe?a?ie o Eueaia?,
aea?aeaaieo a?o?a?a Aieeinueei? oa ??aiainueei? iaeanoae, A?o?ao iiaeo
aeo?a o Aa?oaa?, Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao a Ethae?i?, A?aeae?eo ?oeiien?a
a?ae?ioaee Aa?oaanueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. On? aeieoiaioaeuei? iaoa??aee
iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia o?e iniiai? a?oie: 1) th?eaee/i?; 2) noaoenoe/i?; 3)
ia?aoeai?.

Na?aae aeieoiaio?a th?eaee/iiai oa?aeoa?o aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy iathoue
eiinoeoooe?? Iieuenueei? aea?aeaae 1921 oa 1935 ?ie?a. Aiie aecia/athoue
iniiai? canaaee iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee Ae?oai? ?a/? Iiniieeoi?,
o?enothoue iaeaaaeeea?o? i?aaa oa iaia’ycee a?iiaaeyi, a oiio /ene?
oeo, ye? i?aaenoaaeyee iaoe?iiaeuei? iaioeie. Aei oe??? ae a?oie
aeaea?ae a?aeiineii caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe Iieuenueei? ?anioae?ee, ai?uai? o
“Dzienniku Ustaw Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej”.

Ie??i io?oe?eii? aeieoiaioaoe?? oeaio?aeueieo i?aai?a aea?aeaaii?
aeaaee, aei ?iaioe caeo/ai? iaoa??aee ai?aiaenueei? aaei?i?no?aoe??,
iaeiae aiie caa?aaeeny ia iiai?noth.

Cia/iee eiiieaen aeaea?ae neeaaeathoue aeieoiaioe ia?o?e oa
a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e. ?acii c ioae?oeenoe/ieie aeaeaiiyie
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo oa oai?aoe/ieie i?aoeyie oiai/anieo ia?o?eieo
?aeaieia?a aiie aeathoue ciiao aeynieoe iiceoe?? iniiaieo iieuenueeeo
iie?oe/ieo nee uiaei oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy.

C aaeeeiai ianyao noaoenoe/ieo aeieoiaio?a iniaeeai oe?iieie ? iaoa??aee
caaaeueiiiieuenueeeo ia?aien?a ianaeaiiy 1921 oa 1931 ?ie?a. Aiie
i?noyoue a?aeiiino? ia eeoa i?i e?euee?niee neeaae iaoeaioe?a
ai?aiaenoaa, a e no?oeoo?o caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, eiai ina?oi?e ?
iaeiiaee oeaic, eiioan?eio ? iaoe?iiaeueio i?eiaeaaei?noue iieooaaieo.
Iaeiae on? noaoenoe/i? iaoa??aee (io?oe?eiiai ? iaio?oe?eiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy) iio?aaothoue e?eoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?o aeei?enoaiiy.

Aaaeeeaeie ia?aoeaieie aeaea?aeaie aoee niiaaaee A.THcaanueeiai. Iii?e
aaaaoee oaeoieia?/iee iaoa??ae aeey ieo oa?aeoa?ia iaaia
oaiaeaioe?ei?noue ? iaaei??ia eaoaai?e/i?noue.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aieo o aeena?oaoe?? i?iaeai oe?iei aoee
aeei?enoai? oe?a?inuee?, iieuenuee? oa ?aaeyinuee? ia??iaee/i? aeaeaiiy.
?o aiae?c aeaa ciiao i?inoaaeeoe ci?ie o iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? ia Aieei?
20-30-o ?ie?a oa noaaeaiiy i?aaenoaaiee?a ie?aieo noni?eueieo a?oi aei
iiae?e i?noeaaiai ? caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai ??ai?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iniiai? canaaee iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee
naiaoe?eiiai o?yaeo” aena?oeththoueny i?aeoiaee iniiaieo iieuenueeeo
iie?oe/ieo nee aei ae??oaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy. I?aee?aneth?oueny,
ui a?ae iaoiaeo eiai ?ica’ycaiiy caeaaeaea iiaeaeueoa aeiey naii?
Iieuenueei? aea?aeaae oa caa?aaeaiiy ?? oa?eoi??aeueii? oe?e?niino?. C
iaeyaeo ia aioo??oiuei — ? ciai?oiueiiie?oe/i? /eiieee oe?a?inueea
ieoaiiy iaaoaaei iniaeeai? aino?ioe ? caeiaei /?eueia i?noea a
?aeaieia?? an?o iieuenueeeo iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e oa i?aai?caoe?e 20-30-o
??. OO noie?ooy.

Aeena?oaio caa?oa? oaaao ia oa, ui o ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy Ae?oai? ?a/?
Iiniieeoi? o iieuenuee?e ia?o?eii-iie?oe/i?e nenoai? aee?enoae?coaaeiny
aea? iniiai? oai??? oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo a?aeiinei. Eiioeaioe?y
iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee, noi?ioeueiaaia ia?iaeiaeie aeaiie?aoaie,
ia?aaeaa/aea, ui an? iaiieuenuee? iaoe??, a oiio /ene? oe?a?ioe?,
iiaeii? aooe i?aeii?yaeeiaai? iie?oe/i?e, eoeueoo?i?e ? aeiiii?/i?e
aeii?iaoe?? iieye?a. Oaca i?i oa, ui oe?a?ioe? ? eeoa aoi?/iith ianith,
iani?iiiaeiith ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe naaa c i?eiaeaaei?noth aei iaaii? iaoe??,
noaea ooiaeaiaioii oai??? iaoe?iiaeueii? anei?eyoe??.

O ?icae?e? i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui i?aeoe/ia ni?iaa ?aae?caoe??
aiaeaoeueei? eiioeaioe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee ia Aieei? caciaea
iaaaea/?. Iai?eycia noaaeaiiy i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy aei iieye?a ?
iieuenueei? aea?aeaaiino? aoei iii?oiith ia?aoeiaeith ia oeyoo
?aae?caoe?? iaoe, yeo noaaea o?yae uiaei Aieei? — iiaii? ?ioaa?aoe??
oe??? oa?eoi??? aei neeaaeo ?a/? Iiniieeoi?.

Ia a?oio? caaaeueiiai iaaaeiaieaiiy ia Aieei? iinooiiai ae?inoaa
neeueiee oe?a?inueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee ?oo, yeee iinea /?oei ae?aaeaiee
aioeiieuenueeee oa?aeoa?. I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui o iie?oe/iiio niaeo??
e?ath aeii?ioth/? iiceoe?? caeiaee ia?o?? e?aiai ni?yioaaiiy, ui noiyee
ia ?aaeyiio?euenuee?e ieaooi?i?. Aeena?oaioii i?inoaaeaii o/anoue
oe?a?inueeeo iie?oe/ieo nee o ia?eaiaionueeeo aeai?ao 1922 ? 1928 ?ie?a
? aeai?ao aei i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy 1927 ?ieo. Aaoi?ii
aeiaaaeaii, ui iai?ee?ioe? 20-o ?ie?a oe?a?inueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee ?oo ia
Aieei? noaa oaeoi?ii, yeee iii?oii aieeaaa ia oeeaae iie?oe/ieo,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ? i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo aca?iei ia oa?ai?
ai?aiaenoaa. Aei oiai ae ia?ica’ycai?noue a?eueoino?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo, ina?oi?o, ?ae?a?eieo i?iaeai i?noeaaiai
ianaeaiiy aeiaaaei a?ae iieuenueei? aeaaee cae?eniaiiy ??oo/eo e?ie?a o
iai?yieo «naiaoe??» iaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiinei ia oa?ai? Aieeinueeiai
ai?aiaenoaa. ?iaeoa Aieeiue iiaea ia?aoai?eoenue ia ?aa?ii, aea
iieuenueei-oe?a?inuee? aiaoaaii?cie noaee a aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii
aeanoaa?e?caoe?? neooaoe?? ia no?aeieo oa?aiao ?a/? Iiniieeoi?.

I?ney o?aaiaaiai ia?aai?ioo 1926 ?ieo oaa?? “naiaoe??” ia /ie? c
TH.I?enoaenueeei iaieinea i?i ci?io iie?oeee uiaei iaoe?iiaeueieo
iaioei. Aaoi? aeaco?, ui aieiaiei ?aeaieia?/iei i?aea?oioyi “iiai?
eiioeaioe??” iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee noaea oae caaia oaaea?ae?nonueea
i?ia?aia i?enoae/ee?a, a?aeiia oaeiae i?ae iacaith aeieo?eie
iieuenueeiai i?iiaoa?cio. I?iiaoa?ci aoa neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
caei?aeiiii? iie?oeee “aaeueaaaea?nueeiai oaai?o” ? iia’ycoaaany,
aieiaiei /eiii, ?c no?aeiei ieoaiiyi ?a/? Iiniieeoi? o i?aeai?iiee
ia??iae. Oe?a?inuee?e i?iaeai? i?enoae/eee a?aeaiaeeee /?eueia i?noea a
?aae?caoe?? oaaea?ae?nonueei? i?ia?aie. Iacaeaaeio Oe?a?io aiie
?icaeyaeaee ye aaaeeeaee oaeoi? noaa?e?caoe?? ? ??aiiaaae nee o
Oeaio?aeueii-No?aei?e ?a?ii?.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e i?aeoiaee “naiaoe??” aei ae??oaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai
ieoaiiy, aeena?oaio i?aee?aneth?, ui i?iaeaia iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei aoea
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith i?enoae/ee?anueei? eiioeaioe?? aea?aeaaii?
eiinie?aeaoe??. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ia?iaeiai? aeaiie?ao??, yea ?aeeiei
noaa?aiii aeaaee aeciaaaea iieuenueeee ia?iae, i?eoeeueieee
TH.I?enoaenueeiai aeii?ioth/o ?ieue a?aeaiaeeee aea?aeaa?. ?ioa?ane
aea?aeaae oa ia?iaeo aeciaaaeenue oioiaeieie. Aeoiaey/e c oeeo canaae,
ae??oaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? i?iaeaie iia’ycoaaeinue c i?eioeeiaie aca?iii?
oiea?aioiino? oa ni?a?nioaaiiy ia?iae?a. Ia i?aeoeoe? oea icia/aei
aeoea?caoe?th ??cieo noa? aeeooy iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei ?a/? Iiniieeoi?,
?aa?iiae?caoe?th iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee, a?aeiiao a?ae i?eioniai?
anei?eyoe?? ca oiiae aeciaiiy ?aea? neeueii? aea?aeaae. Ioaea,
ea?aeeiaeueiith iaoith iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee Iieueu? i?enoae/eee
i?iaieiooaaee noaa?e?caoe?th ? ci?oeiaiiy iieuenueei? aea?aeaaiino?. ??
iiaeia aoei aeinyaoe oeyoii caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa oa ?ioa?an?a ia eeoa
iai?aii? iaoe??, a e iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei, a oiio /ene? oe?a?ioe?a.
Oaeee iai?yi iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee io?eiaa iacao aea?aeaaii?
anei?eyoe??.

Oiniaeaiiyi iiaiai i?aeoiaeo o?yaeo aei i?iaeaie i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo
a?aeiinei caaaeii ? aei oe?a?inueei? ieoaiiy, cie?aia, noaei
caoaa?aeaeaiiy ia iinaaeo aieeinueeiai ai?aiaee A.THcaanueeiai.
Cacia/a?oueny, ui ae?yeuei?noue eiai iiia?aaeiee?a ia oe?e iinaae?
iieacaea aacia?niaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaiiy uiaei oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy
iie?oeee i?eioniai? anei?eyoe??, yea noai?thaaea i?aea?oioy aeey oe?iei?
aioeiieuenueei? iiiceoe??. I?aaenoaaeaia o 1929 ?ioe? A.THcaanueeei oae
caaia “aieeinueea i?ia?aia” iai?oeea iniiai? iai?yiee aea?aeaaii?
iie?oeee Iieueu? ia Aieei?. ?? aieiaiith iaoith i?iaieiooaaeanue
yeiaeaeeaoa ?ioaa?aoe?y ai?aiaenoaa aei neeaaeo ?a/? Iiniieeoi? ia
a?oio? oe?a?inueei-iieuenueei? ni?ai?aoe?.

O oiae? aiae?co iie?oe/ii? eiioeaioe?? ai?aiaee aeoeaioiaaii oaaao ia
aeaio aniaeoao — i?aeia?iaeiiio ? aioo??oiueiio. Ciai?oiueiiie?oe/iee
aniaeo i?ia?aie

A. THcaanueeiai iinea a?aeaeoie oaaea?ae?nonueei-i?iiaoa?nonueei?
?aeaieia?? «naiaoe?eiiai oaai?o», yea iaa’ycoaaea aei ?noi?e/ieo
o?aaeeoe?e Ia?oi? ?a/? Iiniieeoi?, a oaeiae aei iieuenueei-oe?a?inueei?
ni?ai?aoe? a ?aieao nithco «I?enoaenueeee-Iaoeth?a» 1920 ?ieo.
«?aeaieia?y 1920 ?ieo» iaea noaoe nai???aeiei oai?aoe/iei ooiaeaiaioii
«aieeinueei? iie?oeee» ai?aiaee A.THcaanueeiai.

Aioo??oiueiiie?oe/iee aniaeo «aieeinueei? i?ia?aie» aoa aaciina?aaeiuei
iia’ycaiee c ?aae?caoe??th iie?oeee aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe??, ae?iaeaiiyi
canaae iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai caeeaeaiiy ia Aieei?. Nooue
«aieeinueeiai aenia?eiaioo» iieyaaea a oiio, uia ae?iaeoe a oe?a?ioe?a
ii/oooy i?eiaeaaeiino? aei Iieuenueei? aea?aeaae, aeoiaaoe eiyeueieo
a?iiaaeyi ?a/? Iiniieeoi? oeyoii ?o iie?oe/ii? anei?eyoe??.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “?aae?caoe?y i?ia?aie aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe??”
i?iaiae?ciaaii iniiai? oi?ie ? iaoiaee ?aae?caoe?? “aieeinueei?
i?ia?aie”. Cacia/a?oueny, ui ia ia?oiio aoai? nai?? ae?yeueiino?
aaei?i?no?aoeaiee aia?ao, ea?iaaiee A.THcaanueeei, on? coneeey ni?yioaaa
ia e?ea?aeaoe?th oeo oe?a?inueeeo i?aai?caoe?e, oeaio?aeuei? ina?aaeee
yeeo ia?aaoaaee a Aaee/ei?. Oe?a?inueeee aaeeoeueeee ?oo, yeee iaa
iacaeaaeieoeueea ni?yioaaiiy ai?aiaea aaaaeaa iaea?eueoith iaaaciaeith
iie?oeoe? “iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai caeeaeaiiy” ia Aieei?.
Ia?ane?aeoaaiue caciaee eoeueoo?ii-ina?oieoeueea oiaa?enoai “I?ina?oa”,
ia?o?? OIAeI, ON?I, Naeue?ia. A ?iaio? iieacaii, ui e?ea?aeaoe?y
aaei?i?no?aoe??th A.THcaanueeiai iai?eoeeueieo uiaei Iieueu?
oe?a?inueeeo oa?oioaaiue ia oa?ai? ai?aiaenoaa, a?aeaoaaeanue, aieiaiei
/eiii, ca aeiiiiiaith oeo iaiaaeaiue, ye? aeieeaaee c eiioeaioe?? oae
caaiiai “nieaeuenueeiai ei?aeiio”, nooue yeiai iieyaaea ia
a?aeiaaeoaaii? Aieei? a?ae iie?oe/ieo aieea?a “aaeeoeueeiai oe?a?i?cio”.
I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui iie?oe/iiio nain? ?nioaaiiy “nieaeuenueeiai
ei?aeiio” coiiaethaaeinue iie?oeeith ?aa?iiae?cio, yeo i?iaiaeeee
naiaoe?ei? o?yaee uiaei oe?a?ioe?a o Iieueu?.

?ai?an?? iieuenueei? aaei?i?no?aoe?? ii/aoeo 30-o ?ie?a uiaei
oe?a?inueeeo iiiceoe?eieo ia?o?e cia/ii iineaaeee ?oi? iiceoe?? ia
ia?eaiaionueeeo aeai?ao 1930 ?ieo. Iiaio ia?aiiao ia ieo caeiaoea
?aa?iiaeueia a?oia Aacia?o?eiiai aeieo ni?ai?aoe? c o?yaeii, aei yei?
oa?eoee i?aaenoaaieee on?o i?inaiaoe?eieo i?aai?caoe?e ? ia?o?e, a oiio
/ene? e o?, ui i?aaenoaaeyee iaoe?iiaeuei? iaioeie. Aei i?io?yaeiaiai
aeieo oa?eoea a?oia oe?a?inueeeo ae?y/?a-i?aaenoaaiee?a oaia??anueei?
ai?a?aoe?? ia Aieei?, yea ei?enooaaeanue i?aeo?eieith ai?aiaee
A.THcaanueeiai.

Aaaeeeaei aoaiii a ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aie aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe?? ia
Aieei? aoea iiyaa o 1931 ?ioe? Aieeinueeiai oe?a?inueeiai ia’?aeiaiiy
(AOI) — iiai? oe?a?inueei? iie?oe/ii? i?aai?caoe?? i?iiieuenueei?
i???ioaoe??. Ca caaeoiii ai?aiaee, oey ia?o?y iaea ia’?aeiaoe iaaeiei
naaa i?aaenoaaiee?a on?o oaiaeianueeeo nee Aieei? ? ae?yoe i?ae ii?eith
i?noeaai? aaei?i?no?aoe??, ?aae?coth/e aeanio iie?oe/io eiioeaioe?th.
Caniiaaia c ?i?oe?aoeae ? ca o?iainiai? i?aeo?eiee ai?aiaenueei?
aaei?i?no?aoe?? AOI cayaeei i?i naith iiaio eiyeuei?noue aei
iieuenueei? aea?aeaaiino? ? aioiai?noue ?aae?ciaoaaoe aanea
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueei? ni?ai?aoe? ia Aieei?.

Aiae?coth/e oi?ie ? iaoiaee ae?yeueiino? AOI na?aae i?noeaaiai
ianaeaiiy, aaoi? i?aee?aneth?, ui aieiaia caaaeaiiy ia?o?? A.THcaanueeee
aaa/aa o noai?aii? aia?aoo, yeee ae aeaa iiaeeea?noue iieuenuee?e
aaei?i?no?aoe?? iiaioaaoe iano?iyie oe?ieeo aa?noa oe?a?inueeiai
naeyinoaa. Cae?enieoe oea ia?aaeaa/aeinue ca aeiiiiiaith a?iiaaenueeeo
i?aai?caoe?e, ye? aoee a ca’ycai? c AOI ? noiyee ia ieaooi?i?
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa. Na?aae i?aai?caoe?e oaeiai
oeio iaeaaaeeea?oa i?noea a?aeaiaeeeinue oae caaiei “I?ina?oyinueeei
Oaoai”, “??aeiei oaoai”, “Naeyinueeei oi?ai AOI”.

Aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii noaa?e?caoe?? neooaoe?? o ai?aiaenoa? A. THcaanueeee
aaaaeaa ni?ai?aoeth iieye?a ? oe?a?ioe?a a i?aaiao ai?aiaenueeiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy. Aiae?coth/e o/anoue iieuenueeeo ? oe?a?inueeeo
i?aaenoaaiee?a a i?noeaaeo i?aaiao aeaaee (ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeai??a 1927
? 1934 ?ie?a) aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue ui oe?a?ioe? ia caeiyee aaeeei?
e?eueeino? i?noeue a iia?oiaeo naeieeao, ai?iieo ? i?nueeeo ?aaeao.
Iaaiaee, i?ioyaii 30-o ??. ?oi? i?aaenoaaieoeoai a i?aaiao
naiia?yaeoaaiiy on?o ??ai?a iii?oii ciaiooaaeinue.

sse iaeei c iaoiae?a ?aae?caoe?? “aieeinueei? i?ia?aie” aeena?oaio
iieaco? ae?yeuei?noue ai?aiaenueei? aaei?i?no?aoe?? o ni?aa?
?ai?aai?caoe?? eiiia?aoeaiiai ?ooo ia Aieei?. I?iiiiiaaia ai?aiaeith
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueea caeeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aei ?ica’ycaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaieie caoiaeaie oe?a?inueei? i?iaeaie ia Aieei? ye
i?iaeaie ?aa?iiaeueii?. Aeey oeueiai, ia eiai aeoieo, aeinoaoiuei aoei
a?aeiaaeoaaoe Aieeiue a?ae aieea?a “aa?aneaiiai aaeeoeueeiai
iaoe?iiae?cio”, oiniaeaiiyi yeiai ai?aiaea aaaaeaa, cie?aia, eiiia?aoeae
?aa?c?eiiai nithco oe?a?inueeeo eiiia?aoea?a o Eueaia? (?NOE). Aeey
?aae?caoe?? canaae ci?oaii? iieuenueei-oe?a?inueei? eiiia?aoe??
iai?ee?ioe? 1933 ?ieo c ?i?oe?aoeae i?noeaai? aeaaee c’yaeeenue ia?o?
ina?aaeee eiiia?aoeaii? ni?eee “Ao?o”. I?ioean noaiiaeaiiy eiiia?aoeaieo
i?aei?e?inoa “Ao?oo” i?ioiaeea ia?aeaeueii c e?ea?aeaoe??th inoaii?o
eiiia?aoea?a ?NOE ia Aieei?.

Iaeiei c aieiaieo caaaeaiue aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee ia Aieei? ai?aiaea
aaaaeaa ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie iaoe?iiaeueiiai oe?a?inueeiai
oe?eueieoeoaa, iaae??oai?noue yei? aaei aei caaino?aiiy
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai aioaaii?cio. I?ioa aei oe?a?inueeiai
oe?eueieoeoaa A.THcaanueeee noaaeany oia?aaeaeaii. ?aae?coth/e i?ia?aio
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai caeeaeaiiy, a?i a?aeaeaaaa ia?aaaao iieuenueeei
oeieai c iaia’yceiaei i?aaeiaoii oe?a?inueei? iiae. Iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ??.
oaeee oei oe?e aoa aeii?ioth/ei o no?oeoo?? aieeinueeiai ii/aoeiaiai
oe?eueieoeoaa. Oea cia/iith i??ith caoeiaeeei ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei?
ina?oe ia Aieei?.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e eiioan?eio iie?oeeo ai?aiaenueei? aaei?i?no?aoe??, aaoi?
aeiaiaeeoue, ui ?? aieiaia iaoa iieyaaea a oiio, aae ia?aoai?eoe
i?aaineaaio oea?eao ia Aieei? o ae??aee /eiiee aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe??
i?noeaaiai oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy. Iaeiae iaiaaaiiy o?yaeo
i?aeii?yaeeoaaoe i?aaineaaio oea?eao iie?oe/iei ?ioa?anai aea?aeaae aaei
aei caaino?aiiy eiai noinoie?a c i?aaineaaieie ???a?oaie. Inoaii?, aae
ci?oeieoe naith iacaeaaeio iiceoe?th uiaei o?yaeo, ?iaeee iaai? iinooiee
ia ei?enoue oe?a?i?caoe?? i?aaineaaii? oea?eae, iaiaaath/enue i?e
oeueiio ao?eiaoe ?in?enueeee oa?aeoa? i?aaineaa’y. Oea noaaaei i?e/eiith
aeieeiaiiy /enaeueieo i?aeeiioan?eieo eiioe?eo?a ia oa?ai? ai?aiaenoaa,
caaino?aiiy aca?iei ?ieneiiaoo c i?aaineaaieie a??oth/eie, ia?aoai?aiiy
oea?eae a ?ino?oiaio iie?oe/ii? ai?ioueae oa iineeaiiy naeoaionoaa.

Inoioiei aeaiaioii oaeoeee ai?aiaee o ?aaeicaoei? «aieeinueei? i?ia?aie»
aoei aeiiiii/ia iiaeianaiiy ai?aiaenoaa, aac yeiai iioaa?aoeiy Aieeii
aei neeaaeo ?a/i Iiniieeoi? noaaaea iaiiaeeeaith. Ia ia?aeiiaiiy
ai?aiaee, eeoa ?ino aoaeoeaiinoi nieuenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa,
iaoa?iaeueiiai aeia?iaooo ianaeaiiy iiaei i?eaanoe aei iineaaeaiiy
nioe?aeueieo eiioeieoia i iiaeiaoeiiiaeueieo aioaaiiiciia ia Aieeii.
Ae?ioaeueio ?ieue i?e oeueiio aii aiaeaiaeea aea?aeaai, yea iiaeiia aoea
caieueoeoe nai? iiaanoeoei? a aeiiii?eo ai?aiaenoaa. Aaoi?ii
aiae?cothoueny iniiai? iai?yiee nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee
ai?aiaenueei? aaei?i?no?aoe??.

Ie?aia i?noea o ?icae?e? a?aeaiaeeoueny aiae?co iiceoe?? ai?aiaee uiaei
iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei, eio?? i?iaeeaaee ia oa?ai? Aieei? o i?aeai?aiiee
ia??iae (?a?a?, i?ioe?,/aoe, ?in?yie). Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?e oeueiio
aeoeaioo?oueny ia oiio, ui o nai?e ioe?ioe? A.THcaanueeee aeoiaeea
ia?aaeian?i c oiai, /e a?aeiia?aeaee ?ioa?ane o??? /e ?ioi?
iaoe?iiaeueii? a?oie oe?eyi eiai iie?oe/ii? eiioeaioe??.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “E?eca “aieeinueeiai aenia?eiaioo” (1935-1938)”
i?aee?aneaii, ui o 1935-1939 ?ieao o iaoe?iiaeuei?e iie?oeoe? “naiaoe??”
a?aeaoany ??ceee iiai?io ai?aai. Aei oeueiai ni?e/eieeiny, aieiaiei
/eiii, ci?ia noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? neooaoe?? a e?a?i? i?ney nia?o?
TH.I?enoaenueeiai o 1935 ?. C?inoaiiy ?ie? a?enueeiaeo o
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? aea?aeaae coiiaeei ?aaeeeae?caoe?th
i?ia?ai aaaaoueio i?aai?caoe?e i?enoae/ee?a. I?iiaaaiaea ieie iiaeo oi?i
iieuenueeiai oioae?oa?ecio ni?e/eieea iiioey?ecaoe?th a Iieueu? ?aeae
iieuenueeiai iaoe?iiae?cio, aeecueeeo aei oeo, ui ?o i?iaieiooaaea ia
ii/aoeo 20-o ??. ia?iaeiaa aeaiie?ao?y.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e i?e/eie e?ece “aieeinueei? iie?oeee” aeena?oaio caa?oa?
oaaao ia aaiethoe?th caaaeueii?a?iiaenueei? neooaoe?? o 30-o? ?iee.
Noaiiaeua Iieueu? ia i?aeia?iaei?e a?ai? cia/ii iia??oeeiny.

Ca oeeo oiia oie eo?n iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee, yeee i?iaiaeea ai?aiaea
a ia?o? ?iee naiai i?aae?iiy, a?ae na?aaeeie 30-o ??. ii/aa iao?aieyoe
ia ui?ac a?eueoo e?eoeeo, ye c aieo iieye?a, oae ? c aieo oe?a?ioe?a.

Aaoi? iaaieioo? ia oiio, ui oiae? ae a oe?a?inueeiio iie?oe/iiio aeeoo?
Aieei? a?aeaoaathoueny iii?oi? ci?ie. E?ea?aeaoe?y ai?aiaeith
A.THcaanueeei a?eueoino? eaaaeueieo iacaeaaeieoeueeeo oe?a?inueeeo
i?aai?caoe?e ia ei?enoue oe?a?inueeiai ?ooo iieiiio?euenueeiai
oa?aeoa?o, ?ai?acaioiaaiiai AOI, ia aeaaaea i/?eoaaieo ?acoeueoao?a.
“Nieaeuenueeee ei?aeii” ni?eya ?aaeeeae?caoe?? oe?a?inueeiai iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy ia Aieei? ? ciaiooaaa aieeae oeo iie?oe/ieo nee, ye?
ni?ai?aoethaaee c iieuenueeith aaei?i?no?aoe??th. Na?ae/aiiyi oeueiai
noaei ci?oeiaiiy ia oa?ai? ai?aiaenoaa iiceoe?e iaeaaaeueiiai
oe?a?inueeiai eiioi?noe/iiai ? iaoe?iiae?noe/iiai ?oo?a.

sse iaeio c aieiaieo i?e/ei iaaaeaei? ni?iae ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aie
aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe?? aeena?oaio aeae?ey? iaaaoeaio iiceoe?th
i?noeaaeo iieye?a aei “aieeinueei? iie?oeee”. Eiinie?aeaoe?y iieiaei?
aaia?aoe?? aieeinueeeo oe?a?ioe?a ia canaaeao ?aeaieia?? ?ioaa?aeueiiai
iaoe?iiae?cio ci?oeithaaea na?aae iieye?a ii/oooy no?aoo ia?aae
caa?icith “oe?a?inueei? aeniain??”, a a i?aenoieo ni?eyea ?inoo
iieuenueeiai iaoe?iiae?cio. Naia oiio ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue
iieuenueeiai ianaeaiiy ai?aiaenoaa aoea iaeaooiaaia ai?iaea aei
aoaeue-yeeo ii/eiaiue ai?aiaee uiaei iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai
caeeaeaiiy.

O ?icae?e? aeaco?oueny, ui iaeiei c aaaeeeaeo aniaeo?a iie?oe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? A.THcaanueeiai a ia??iae 1935-1938 ??. aoee eiai aca?ieie c
aeuei a?enueeiaei ea??aieoeoaii. O na?aaeei? 30-o ??. o ca’yceo ?c
c?inoaiiyi ai?ii? caa?ice a ?a?ii? iieuenuee? a?enueeia? caeeeeaee
o?yae aei i?iaaaeaiiy aei?noe?oiai eo?no uiaei iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei. A
oeae /an naia i?i?noa?noao a?enueeiaeo ni?aa aoee i?aeii?yaeeiaai?
ni?aae, iia’ycai? c i?iaeaiaie iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee.

Aeena?oaio a?aecia/a?, ui o 1937-1938 ?ieao iieuenueeee o?yae,
?aae?ciaoth/e i?ia?aio ci?oeiaiiy iieuenueei? i?enooiino? ia no?aeieo
oa?aiao ?a/? Iiniieeoi?, i?enooiea aei a?aee?eoi? i?eioniai? anei?eyoe??
oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy. Naia a oeae /an ia Aieei? ca aeoeaii?
i?aeo?eiee a?i?? oe?iei ?icai?oaany oae caaiee ?aa?iaeeeaoe?eiee ?oo, ui
noi?iaiaeaeoaaany ianeeueieoeueeei ia?aaaaeaiiyi i?aaineaaieo ia
eaoieeoeueeee ia?yae ? ?oeioaaiiyi i?aaineaaieo oea?eia. C aieo
a?enueeiaeo cao/aee aieine i?i iaiao?aei?noue ci?ie eo?no aea?aeaaii?
iie?oeee ia Aieei?. Caaino?aiiy a?aeiinei ai?aiaee A.THcaanueeiai c
aeuei a?enueeiaei ea??aieoeoaii noaei iaei??th c i?e/ei eiai a?aenoaaee
o ea?oi? 1938 ?ieo.

C ?i?oe?aoeae iiaiai aieeinueeiai ai?aiaee I.Aaoea-Iiaaea aoea
?ic?iaeaia ? o ethoiio 1939 ?. caoaa?aeaeaia i?i?noa?noaii aioo??oi?o
ni?aa Iieueu? “I?ia?aia aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee Iieueu? ia Aieei?”, aieiaia
caaaeaiiy yei? iieyaaei ia “i?enei?aii? i?ioeano iieii?caoe??
ai?aiaenoaa”. I?aee?aneaii, ui i?ia?aia ci?oeiaiiy iieuenueei?
i?enooiino? ia Aieei?, aei ?aae?caoe?? yei? i?enooieea iiaa aieeinueea
aaei?i?no?aoe?y, noaea eia?/iei caaa?oaiiyi aaiethoe?? iiaeyae?a oaai?o
i?enoae/ee?a ia oe?a?inueeo i?iaeaio: a?ae ia?aae?ciaaii?
oaaea?ae?nonueei? eiioeaioe?? aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe?? aei
?iei?ii?aoeaiiai ieaio iaoe?iiae-aeaiie?ao?a. Onoiaiiy A.THcaanueeiai c
iinaaee aieeinueeiai ai?aiaee inoaoi/ii cana?ae/eei e?iaoeue
e?aa?aeueiiai eo?no a iaoe?iiaeuei?e iie?oeoe? “naiaoe??”.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeeeaaeaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. O iieuenuee?e ia?o?eii-iie?oe/i?e nenoai? aeae?eyeiny aeaa iniiai?
oaai?e c i?eioeeiiai a?aei?iieie eiioeaioe?yie ?ica’ycaiiy oe?a?inueeiai
ieoaiiy. I?aai?aaeeeaeuei? neee, caia?a/oth/e ia?niaeoeae oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaiino?, aenoaaee ?iei?ii?aoe?eio i?ia?aio ? aeiiaaaeeny
i?iaaaeaiiy iie?oeee iaoe?iiaeueii? anei?eyoe?? oe?a?inueei? iaioeie.
Naiaoe?eiee oaa?? ia /ie? c TH.I?enoaenueeei i?ney i?eoiaeo o 1926 ?ioe?
aei aeaaee, aenoioa i?ia?aio aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe?? oe?a?ioe?a, c
iaoith iiceoeaiiai ni?eeiyooy ieie iieuenueei? aea?aeaaiino?.

2. Iie?oeea aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe??, yeo i?ioyaii aeanyoe ?ie?a
?aae?ciaoaaa ia Aieei? ai?aiaea A.THcaanueeee, aoea iaei??th ?c ni?ia
ae??oaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy a Ae?oa?e ?a/? Iiniieeo?e. Aieiaiith
iaoith oe??? iie?oeee i?iaieiooaaeanue yeiaeo?ni?oa ?ioaa?aoe?y
ai?aiaenoaa aei neeaaeo ?a/? Iiniieeoi?. Nooue “aieeinueeiai
aenia?eiaioo” iieyaaea a oiio, uia ae?iaeoe a oe?a?ioe?a ii/oooy
i?eiaeaaeiino? aei Iieuenueei? aea?aeaae oeyoii ?o iie?oe/ii?
ani?eyoe??. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ia?aaeaa/aeiny ?aae?coaaoe
oe?eee ?yae caoiae?a, ui iaei i?eaanoe aei ci?ie oa?aeoa?o
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeeo a?aeiinei ia Aieei?. ?o noooth iiaeiia aoea
noaoe ni?ai?aoey i?aaenoaaiee?a iaio ia?iae?a o iie?oe/iiio,
aeiiii?/iiio ? eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiueiio aeeoo?.

3. Iie?oeea “aieeinueeiai ?aa?iiae?cio” ia?aaeaa/aea e?ea?aeaoe?th ia
oa?ai? ai?aiaenoaa (ca aeiiiiiaith iaiaaeaiue, ui aeieeaaee c aeieo?eie
“nieaeuenueeiai ei?aeiio”) on?o iacaeaaeieoeueeeo oe?a?inueeeo
i?aai?caoe?e, ye i?aaiai oae ? e?aiai ni?yioaaiiy ? noai?aiiy cai?noue
ieo i?io?yaeiaiai iie?oe/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy, ui iaei ao?ethaaoe a aeeooy
aanea iieuenueei-oe?a?inueei? ni?ai?aoe?. Oe??th ?aa?iiaeueiith
i?iiieuenueeith ia?o??th noaei AOI. I?ioa, iaaeeaey/enue ia c?inoaiiy
oaiaeianueeeo iano?i?a a na?aaeiaeu? aieeinueeeo oe?a?ioe?a, ia?o?y ia
caeiaoea oe?iei? nioe?aeueii? aace ia Aieei?. Na?ae/aiiyi oeueiai aoei
oa, ui i?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy ai?aiaenoaa
a?aeaeaaaei ia?aaaao ?ioei iie?oe/iei ia?o?yi aai ae caeeoaeany
aiie?oe/iith.

4. Aaaeeeao ?ieue o i?ioean? aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe?? oe?a?inueeiai
ianaeaiiy ai?aiaenueea aaei?i?no?aoe?y a?aeaiaeeea ci?oaiei ca
iaoe?iiaeueiei neeaaeii i?aai?caoe?yi. Ca caaeoiii ai?aiaee, oe?
i?aai?caoe?? iaee ioiieoe aanue niaeo? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy
ai?aiaenoaa, ii/eiath/e a?ae oa?eoi??aeueiiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy,
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e, n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa,
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeeo eiiia?aoea?a ? cae?i/oth/e ?aa?iiaeueiith
ia?eaiaionueeith a?oiith Aacia?o?eiiai Aeieo ni?ai?aoe? c o?yaeii.
?aaeueia iie?oe/ia aaaa oeeo i?aai?caoe?e aoea iacia/iith.

5. ?aaeeeae?caoe?y oe?a?inueeiai iie?oe/iiai aeeooy ia Aieei? o ae?oa?e
iieiaei? 30-o ?ie?a ciaioeea aieeae oeo iie?oe/ieo nee, ye?
ni?ai?aoethaaee c iieuenueeith aaei?i?no?aoe??th. Na?ae/aiiyi oeueiai
noaei ci?oeiaiiy ia oa?ai? ai?aiaenoaa iiceoe?e iaeaaaeueieo ia?o?e IOI
? EICO.

6. A?aeaa?oi aioeoe?a?inueea iie?oeea iieuenueeiai ea??aieoeoaa,
caii/aoeiaaia o ae?oa?e iieiaei? 30-o ?ie?a, ia?ae?anethaaea ?aeath
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai caeeaeaiiy. Oea iiaeeaethaaei e?eco
“aieeinueeiai aenia?eiaioo”. A?aenoaaea ai?aiaee A.THcaanueeiai o ea?oi?
1938 ?. cana?ae/eea i?i inoaoi/iee a?aeo?ae a?ae iie?oeee aea?aeaaii?
anei?eyoe??. Eo?n ia iiaeaeueoo eiio?iioaoe?th o i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo
a?aeiineiao noa? aeii?ioth/ei a o?yaeia?e iie?oeoe? Ae?oai? ?a/?
Iiniieeoi?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii a ianooiieo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Oi?ioaaiiy canaae iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee i?enoae/ee?a uiaei
oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy (1923-1927 ??.) // Iaoeiaee a?niee AAeO. Aeione 3.
Na??y: ?noi??y. Aeione 1. — Eooeuee. — 1996. — N.25-33.

2. “Nieaeuenueeee ei?aeii” o eiioaeno? iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeeo a?aeiinei
o i?aeai?iiee ia??iae // “Oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? a?aeiineie a Aaee/ei? o
OO no.” Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? (21-22
eenoiiaaea 1996 ?.) — ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. — 1997. — N.259-262.

3. Oe?a?inueea ii/aoeiaa oe?eueieoeoai ia Aieei? o 1921-1926 ?ieao //
Iaoeiaee a?niee AAeO. Na??y: ?noi??y. Aeione 3. — Eooeuee. — 1997. —
N.43-47.

4. Oe?a?inuee? oaiaeianuee? ia?o?? a iie?oeoe? aieeinueeiai ai?aiaee
A.THcaanueeiai // Iaoe?iiaeuei? oa aoiinioe?aeuei? i?ioeane a Oe?a?i?.
Iaoa??aee. — *a?i?aoe?. — 1997. — N.30-34.

5. ?aae?caoe?y caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie o Aieeinueeiio ai?aiaenoa?
aaei?i?no?aoe??th A.THcaonueeiai (1928-1938) // “Ieioea ? no/ania
Aieei?: Ieaenaiae? Oeeieaeianueeee ? e?ae”. Iaoa??aee ?O
iaoeiai-e?a?ciaa/i? i?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? 20-23 n?/iy 1998 ?ieo. —
Eooeuee. — 1998. — N.253-256.

6. I?iaeaia iaioi?? ia Aieei? o i?aeai?iiee ia??iae // Iaoeiaee a?niee
AAeO. Na??y: ?noi?e/i? iaoee. Aeione 1. — Eooeuee. — 1998. — N.68-73.

7. Iaaeaei?i?yinueea ai?a?aoe?y ia Aieei? oa ?? ?ieue o ?aae?caoe??
“aieeinueei? i?ia?aie” A.THcaanueeiai // Ca??iee iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo
iaoa??ae?a ? iaoeiaeo noaoae ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo. Aeione 3. —
Eooeuee. — 1998. — N.8-11.

AIIOAOe?ss

E?aia? TH.A. Iie?oeea aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe?? ia Aieei? (1928-1938
?iee).

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy ioeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.02 — Anana?oiy ?noi??y. — ?inoeooo
oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?.E?ei’yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie, Euea?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith oai?aoe/ieo canaae iie?oeee
aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe?? Ae?oai? ?a/? Iiniieeoi? oa iniiaieo aoai?a ??
i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? ia Aieei? o 1928-1938 ??.

O ?iaio? aena?oeth?oueny ae?yeuei?noue ai?aiaenueei? aaei?i?no?aoe??,
i/iethaaii? A.THcaanueeei, o noni?eueii-iie?oe/i?e, aeiiii?/i?e,
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?e ? ?ae?a?ei?e noa?ao c iaoith ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aie
iieuenueei-oe?a?inueeiai ii?icoi?iiy. Iniaeeaa oaaaa cina?aaeaeaia ia
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? iniiaieo oi?i oa iaoiae?a ?aae?caoe?? «aieeinueeiai
aenia?eiaioo», aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae ai?aiaenueeith aaei?i?no?aoe??th oa
iie?oe/ieie ia?o?yie ? ia’?aeiaiiyie, ui ae?yee ia Aieei? o i?aeai?iiee
/an. I?iaiae?ciaaii iane?aeee iie?oeee aea?aeaaii? anei?eyoe?? ia ?ica?e
oe?a?inueei-iieuenueeeo i?aeiaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiinei a ?aa?ii?
oi?iaeiaae 20-30-o ?ie?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oe?a?inueei-iieuenuee? a?aeiineie, Aieeiue, oe?a?inueea
ieoaiiy, aea?aeaaia anei?eyoe?y, “aieeinueea iie?oeea”.

AIIOAOeEss

E?aia? TH.A. Iieeoeea ainoaea?noaaiiie anneieeyoeee ia Aieuie (1928-1938
aiaea).

Aeena?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.02 — Anaie?iay enoi?ey. — Einoeooo
oe?aeiiaaaeaiey ei. E.E?eiyeaae/a, IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth oai?aoe/aneeo iniia iieeoeee
ainoaea?noaaiiie anneieeyoeee Aoi?ie ?a/e Iiniieeoie, a oaeaea yoaiia aa
i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee ia Aieuie a 1928-1938 aiaeao.

A ?aaioa enneaaeoaony aeayoaeueiinoue aiaaiaeneie aaeieieno?aoeee,
aicaeaaeyaiie A.THcaaneei a iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneie, yeiiiie/aneie,
eoeueoo?ii-ia?aciaaoaeueiie e ?aeeaeiciie noa?ao a oeaeyo ?aaeecaoeee
i?ia?aiiu iieuenei-oe?aeineiai nio?oaeie/anoaa. Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeaii
oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaiuo oi?i e iaoiaeia ?aaeecaoeee “aieuineiai
yenia?eiaioa”, acaeiiioiioaiee iaaeaeo aiaaiaeneie aaeieieno?aoeeae e
iieeoe/aneeie ia?oeyie e iauaaeeiaieyie, nouanoaiaaaoeo ia Aieuie a
iaaeaeoaiaiiue ia?eiae. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu iineaaenoaey iieeoeee
ainoaea?noaaiiie anneieeyoeee ia ?acaeoea oe?aeinei-iieueneeo
iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiuo acaeiiioiioaiee a ?aaeiia ia i?ioyaeaiee 20-30-o
aiaeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oe?aeinei-iieueneea ioiioaiey, Aieuiue, oe?aeineee
aii?in, ainoaea?noaaiiay anneieeyoeey, “aieuineay iieeoeea”.

ANNOTATION

Kramar Y.V. Policy of state assimilation in Volyn region (1928-1938).- A
manuscript.

Thesis for the attainment of the Candidat Nauk scientific degree in
historical sciences.

The specialty 07.00.02 — Universal history. — Institute of Ukrainian
studies of the National Academy of Sciences, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to the investigation of the theoretical
foundation of the policy of state assimilation of Polish State and the
main stages of its practical fulfilment in Volyn in the years of
1928-1938.

The thesis throws light on the activity of the administration, governed
by H.Yousevskiy in the spheres of social policy, economics, culture,
education and religion for the purpose of the realization of the
polish-ukrainian understanding programme. The main emphasis of the
research is laid on the analysis of the cardinal forms and methods of
the “volyn experiment”, as well as the interaction between the
governor’s administration and political parties and association having
functioned in Volyn during the period between wars. The dissertation
investigates the results of the state assimilation policy in the light
of ukrainian-polish relations in the region in the years of 20-30-th.

Key words: Ukrainian-Polish relation, Volyn (region), ukrainian problem,
state assimilation, “volyn policy”.

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