IAeANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA TH?EAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

AAAe?EIAA Iaoaey Ieeei?aia

OAeE 323. 21 (477)

IIE?OE*IA NIOe?AE?CAOe?ss INIAENOINO? A IA??IAe AeAIIE?AOECAOe??
OE?A?INUeEIAI NONI?EUeNOAA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 23.00.02 — Iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe oa i?ioeane

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
iie?oe/ieo iaoe.

Iaeana – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iie?oieia?? ?inoeoooo nioe?aeueieo iaoe
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa. I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

I?aeiacei ?aaai A?oaiiae/.

?inoeooo nioe?aeueieo iaoe Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa, eaoaae?a iie?oieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iie?oe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaoie?ia Na?oeaia Ieoaee?aia.

I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai /i. Iaeana/,
eaoaae?a iie?oe/ieo iaoe

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio

E?eaoeiaa Aaeaioeia Ieoaee?aia.

Iaeanueeee o?e?ae Oe?a?inueei?
Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy

i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie,
canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai? ?iaioe

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee o?e?ae Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai??
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a i?aaa oa
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny: 26 na?iiy 1999 ?ieo i 10. 00 ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 41.086.02 a Iaeanuee?e
aea?aeaai?e th?eaee/i?e aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith: 270009, i. Iaeana,
aoe. I?iia?nueea, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a Iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? /i. Iaeana, aoe.
I?iia?nueea, 2.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 29 /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.A.Aeoae/aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. sse ?ia?oi?noue, oae ? iinooi a
i?ioean? aeaiie?aoecaoe?? no/anii? Oe?a?ie aaaaoi a /iio
aeaoa?i?iiaai? oa?aeoa?ii oa oaiiaie iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??
??cieo aa?noa ? nioe?aeueieo a?oi ianaeaiiy.

C iaaoooyi Oe?a?iith noaoono iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae nooo?ai ci?ieeenue
ni?yiiaai?noue, no?oeoo?a ? iaoai?cie caeo/aiiy aei iie?oe/iiai
i?ioeano noa‘?eo?a nioe?aeueii? ae?yeueiino? ye ia a?oiiaiio, oae ? ia
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio ??aiyo.

A oiiaao noaa?ai?caoe?? noaee aeiei??iii ?ioeie iiaeeeaino? aea?aeaae ?
a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa ea?oaaiiy o?ainoi?iaoe?eieie,
aen?ieia?/ieie ? eiioi?eaoeaieie aeii?iaioaie i?ioeano caeo/aiiy
iniaenoino? aei ?iia?aoea?a, ii?i oa niaoeeo?ee aeania iie?oe/iiai
aeeooy.

Iaea?eueo aeooaeueiei a iino?aaeyinueeeo oiiaao, ia iaoo aeoieo, ?
?ic?iaea iaoai?ci?a ? oaoiieia?? i?ioeano iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??
iniaenoino?. Aac ?oiueiai ia?ainieneaiiy, ia?aioe?iee iaiiaeeeai
?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia aoaeue-yeee iie?oe/iee oni?o a oe?e aaeoc?.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? iaoiiaeaia,
ii-ia?oa, c?inoaiiyi aeeiai?cio iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano a no/ani?e ?a?ii?
?, a?aeiia?aeii, a Oe?a?i?; ii-ae?oaa, neeaaei?noth aea?aeaaioai?/eo
i?ioean?a, ui iinoaee nueiaiaei? ia?aae noaa?aiiith e?a?iith;
ii-o?ao?, niaoeeo?eith i?ioeano iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? ia
aea?aeaaiiio, ?aa?iiaeueiiio ? i?noeaaiio ??aiyo; ii-/aoaa?oa,
iaiaeiicia/i?noth ia?aa?ao oeueiai i?ioeano na?aae ??cieo
nioe?aeueieo, i?ioan?iiaeueieo ? a?eiaeo a?oi ianaeaiiy ia aoai?
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo.

Iie?oe/ia nioe?ae?caoe?y noni?euenoaa ? iniaenoino? — oea
ia‘?eoeaiee nioe?aeueiee i?ioean. A?i iaieio/a a?aeia?aaea?
ooaa?aeaeaiiy i?eioeei?a iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, aoiai?cio,
i?eioeei?a aeaiie?aoecaoe?? noni?euenoaa, ui ni?eythoue c?inoaiith
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ii? ?ie? iniae. Eiai no/aniee oa?aeoa?
iaoiiaeaiee ?noi?e/ieie ?aae?yie, eiiieaenii aeiiii?/ieo,
nioe?aeueieo, iie?oe/ieo, eoeueoo?ieo, aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaeo, ii?aeueieo
ci?i.

I?ioeane, ui i?eoaiaii? oiiaai ia?ao?aeiiai /ano, na?eicii iiaeeo?eoaaee
aeeaeii? aca?iia?aeiineie ethaeeie c aea?aeaaith, aeaaeith,
iie?oeeith ? i?ecaaee aei cia/ii? e?ece iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??.

Niinoa??aathoueny aea? ciai? aca?iii?ioeeaaei? oaiaeaioe??, a ai?iouea?
yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioean aaeaioaoe?? iniaenoino? aei iie?oeee.
C iaeiiai aieo, c iaeyaeo ia aeeeee /ano, ?nio? iaaaeueia noni?eueia
iio?aaa a iie?oe/iiio ?icaeoeo iniae: aaeaea eaeaoueny i?i oai?aiiy
iiaiai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa iie?oe/iiai aoooy, i?i iio?aao
iiiaeaiiy an?o aea?aeaaieoeueeeo oa a?iiaaenueeeo ?inoeoooe?e. C
?ioiai aieo, aea? naaa ciaoe aaeueioth/a oaiaeaioe?y: neeaaei?noue,
noia?a/eea?noue (a cia/iith i??ith ? aaeueioaaiiy)
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo ci?i ?, ia?o ca ana, nioe?aeueia iaaiaaiai?noue
a?eueoino? a?iiaaeyi aeeeaathoueny a ??ciiiai?oi? oi?ie
a?ae/oaeaiiy ethaeeie a?ae aea?aeaae, ?? ?inoeooo?a, a?ae iie?oe/ieo
ia?o?e, acaaae? a?ae i?eeiyooy iie?oe/ieo ??oaiue.

Ca oaeeo oiia i?iaeaia caeo/aiiy ethaeeie aei iie?oe/iiai aeeooy
o?eueee ca?ac ? ii/eia? iaaoaaoe ?en ni?aaaeiuei?, a ia o?eoeaii?
iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??. Aac aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae oeueiai
i?ioeano i?aeoeea aeoiaaiiy a?iiaaeyieia ia iiaea aooe ai?
noaa?eueiith, ai? aoaeoeaiith. Naia oaea ona?aeiieaiiy aeooaeueiino?
i?iaeaie nioe?ae?caoe?? iniae a noa?? iie?oeee iaoiiaeei aea?? oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iie?oe/ia nioe?ae?caoe?y ye
ia‘?eoii-noa‘?eoiee i?ioean iie?oe/iiai noaiiaeaiiy iniae ia ??cieo
aoaiao ?? a?iiaaeyinueei? aaiethoe??.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. A na?e /an ?icai?iooa
ia??oiooaaiiy oai??? iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? c?iaeaii a?aeiieie
a/aieie-aeine?aeieeaie A.Oa?aeii oa O.A?aeae?ianii. I?ci?oa oeth
i?iaeaio aeoeaii aeine?aeaeoaaee Ae.?noii, E.Eiai, ?.E?ioii,
A.Ia?eoca, E.A??enii oa ?io?. Cie?aia, ca?aeii c oai???th
iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??, ui aoea ?ic?iaeaia a?oiith /eeacueeeo
a/aieo i?ae ea??aieoeoaii Ae.?noiia, nooi?noue ?? iieyaa? o
i?aeaioiaoe? ethaeeie aei o??? nioe?aeueii? ?ie?, eio?o ?e
iaiao?aeii cae?enieoe o noa?? iie?oeee. A/ai? E.Eiai, ?.E?ioii,
O.Ia?niin, ui i?aeo?eioaaee oeth oai??th, aeoeaiooaaee oaaao ia
aca?iiae?? ethaeeie c iie?oe/iith nenoaiith oa ?? ?inoeoooaie.

C na?aaeeie 80-o ?ie?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai iie?oe/ii?
nioe?ae?caoe?? a ca‘yceo c i?enei?aieie oaiiaie noni?eueiiai
i?ioeano, iiaeie oi?iaie ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa cia/ii c?inei. Oeyo
iie?a a ?onei iiooe?a a/aieie iao?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a, iaoai?ci?a oa oiia iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??.
Na?aae ?ioiai, aeeaieiio iaoeiaiio aea/aiith i?aeaeathoueny
aioo??oiueiiniaeno?ni?, ineoieia?/i? iaoai?cie oi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/ii?
na?aeiiino? oa iiaaae?iee ethaeeie.

Iaaiee aianie a ?ic?iaeo i?iaeai iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? aoa
c?iaeaiee ? a/aieie ?aaeyinueei? aeiae A.A.Aiae???aei,
A.A.Aiae???ieiaith, N.I.?eii?eiaith, A.O.E?nianueeei oa ?i. Aiae?aaa
A.A. I ineoieiae/aneeo yooaeoao nioeeaeecaoeee /aeiaaea e iauanoaa.
I?iaeaiu nioeeaeecaoeee. O/ai. cai. Eaieia?aaeneiai oi-oa. — Aui. 9. —
1971; Aiae?aaieiaa I.A. I?iaeaiu nioeeaeecaoeee ee/iinoe //
Nioeeaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey. — I.: Iaoea. — Aui. 3. — 1970; Eeiiieeiaa
N.I., Eenianeee A.O. Iieiaeaaeue i naaa, i naieo naa?noieeao. — E.:
Eaiecaeao, 1969. Iaeiae aaaeeeaee oyaa? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie,
?aeaieia?/ii? caaiaaaeiaaiino?, eeaniaiai i?aeoiaeo cia/ii caoaeoaaa
iiaeeeaino? a?eueiiai iaoeiaiai iiooeo. Ii/aoie aeaiie?aoe/ieo ci?i
cia/ii iiaeaaaea iaoeiao aeoieo. C‘yaeythoueny ?iaioe c i?iaeai
iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue cia/ii oe?oa
caaaeueiioeea?e?caoe?eia aa/aiiy i?iaeaie. Cia/iee ?ioa?an
aeeeeea? ?iaioa ?aaeyinueeeo a/aieo ?.A.Aanooaeaai?-Eaaee, ? cie?aia
oe?a?inueeeo — N.?.Aeieo???ai?, A.A.Iineaeaiea, ?.A. Oanoiiae oa ?ioeo.
Aanooaeaa-Eaaea E.A. Iieiaeinoue e c?aeinoue. — I., 1989;
Aeieo?eaaa N.E. Nioeeaeueiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue iiae?anoathuaai
iieieaiey eae oaeoi? iauanoaaiiiai i?ia?anna. — E., 1988; Iineaeaiei
A.A. Nioeeaeecaoeey ee/iinoe. — E., 1989; Oanoiiae A.A. Ee/iinoue e
iieeoeea. — I., 1989 oa ?i.

C ?iciaaeii eiioi?noe/ii? nenoaie, ooai?aiiyi iacaeaaeieo aea?aeaa ia
ii?yaeie aeaiiee iinoaea iaiao?aei?noue cia/iiai ia?aaeyaeo
oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue i?iaeaie ia?aaeoiia oa oeyo?a ?? i?aeoe/ii?
?aae?caoe??. Caaaeaiiy iieyaa? o aea/aii? iiaiai niaeo?o
noni?eueieo oiia ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo oa a?iiaaeyinueeeo
?inoeooo?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia iie?oecaoe?th iniae, ?? iie?oe/io
c??e?noue oa a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue a?aeiia?aeii aei iiaiooai?aii?
aea?aeaaiino?.

I?ioyaii iao?eaaeiai /ano oe?a?inueeith iie?oieia?/iith aeoieith
c?iaeaii /eiaei a iai?yieo ia?ainieneaiiy ?ie? oa caaaeaiiy
iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??. C‘yaeeany oe?ea iecea i?aoeue, ui
aena?oeththoue i?iaeaie nioe?ae?caoe?? a iiaiio iie?oeei-i?aaiaiio oa
aoiieoeueoo?iiio na?aaeiaeu?, a?iiaaeyinueei? ia?ai???ioaoe??
iniaenoino?. Na?aae ieo ne?ae iacaaoe i?aoe? A.I.Aiae?ouaiea,
A.I.Aaaeea, A.N. E?niaiai, N.Iaeaaaa, A.Iaaeoi/?y, TH.I.Iaoaiiaa,
I.?oaeaeaae/a, N.A.?yaiaa, I.A.Na?a??iea, I.Noaai?y, A.I.*a?aaeie/aiea
oa ?ioeo. Aiae?ouaiei A.I., Ai?ea/ I.E. Nioeeieiaey: iaoea ia iauanoaa.
— Oa?ueeia, 1996; Aaaee A.I. Iaoa iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a // Iie?oieia?/i?
/eoaiiy. — 1992. — ?1; Aaaee A.I., Aieiaaoee I.O., ?aaeaei A.A.
Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a no/anii? iieiae?. — E., 1996; E?niaee A.N.
Iiiyooy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e: iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee inieneaiiy. —
E., 1996; Iaeaaa N., Iaaeoi/ee A. Iieeoe/aneay nioeeaeecaoeey a
iinoniaaoneie Oe?aeia // Iie?oe/ia aeoiea. — 1997. — ?1; Iaoaiia
TH.I. Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a iinooioae?oa?ii? aeiae // Iie?oieia?/i?
/eoaiiy. — 1992. — ?2; ?oaeaeaae/ I. Iaioaeuei?noue ? iie?oe/ia
eoeueoo?a oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? // ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae. — 1995. — ?10;
?oaeaeaae/ I. Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a Oe?a?ie: ?oeiaoe?y oa oeyoe
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy // ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae. — 1995. — ?1; ?yaia N.A.
Iie?oieia?/ia oai??y aea?aeaae. — E., 1996; Na?a?aiei I.A. Ianniaia
iieeoe/aneia niciaiea: i?iaeaiu oi?ie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey. — E., 1991;
Noaai?e I. Oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? ianaeaiiy a iinooioae?oa?io aeiao
// A?/a. — 1994. — ?7; *a?aaeie/aiei A.I. Iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a:
oai?ey e iaoiaeeea oi?ie?iaaiey. Eeaa- Iaeanna, 1993. Aaaeooueny
/eneaii? nioe?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio a?iiaaenueei?
iie?oe/ii? aeoiee, ni?eeiyooy ??cieie nioe?aeueieie aa?noaaie oa
aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieie ni?eueiioaie iiaiooai?aii? aea?aeaaiino?, noaio ?o
nioe?aeueiiai, iie?oe/iiai oa aeooiaiiai naiiii/oooy. Aieiaaoa A.E.,
Iaieia I.A., Iaoiiia TH.I. Iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu.
?acoeueoaou nioeeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee. — E., 1993; Iaaiaeaiei
A.N. Nioe?aeueia iai?oaeai?noue ? eiioe?eoe a oe?a?inueeiio
noni?euenoa?. — E., 1994; Na?iei TH. Aei ?aeiino? ?icia?oiinoae
Nioe?ieoeueoo?i? i???ioaoe?? aoiin?a // Iie?oeea ? /an. — 1995. — ?1
oa ?i.

Aeoeaii oa ie?aeii ?ic?iaeythoueny i?iaeaie iie?oe/ii?
nioe?ae?caoe?? a/aieie ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??, ?ioeo e?a?i NIAe.
Ne?ae iacaaoe oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee I.A.Ai?iae?ia, A.A.Aeeeeaainueeiai,
I.N.Eiia?iaa, E.A.Oii/?y, N.N.O?ieiaa oa ?ioeo. Ai?iaeei E.A.
Ee/iinoue eae noauaeo iieeoeee: nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneea aniaeou.
— I., 1991; Aeeeeaaineee A.A. Nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneay ineoieiaey.-
I., 1996:;Eiia?ia A.N. Aaaaeaiea a nioeeieiaeth // Nioeeaeecaoeey
ee/iinoe. Ee/iinoue a iauanoaa. — I., 1994; Oii/ee E.A. I?iaeaiu
oi?ie?iaaiey iieeoe/aneie c?aeinoe nooaeaioia. — I., 1991; O?ieia
N.N. Nioeeieiaey // Nioeeaeecaoeey ee/iinoe. — I., 1994. ? oi/a
aeina?ae iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? oa oiia ?? cae?eniaiiy cia/ii
??cieoueny a eiaei?e iiaiooai?ai?e e?a?i?, iiaecia i?aeoiae?a ia?
aeaui ni?eueia. Naia oiio aea/aiiy oeueiai aeina?aeo iaaoaa? oe?eeii
aecia/aiiai cia/aiiy ? aeey ?icoi?iiy iie?oe/ieo oa aeooiaieo
i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?.

?acii c oei ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai caeo/aiiy
iniaenoino? aei iie?oeee a oe?a?inuee?e iie?oieia?? ua ia
iiai?noth noi?ioaaeinue a ie?aiee iaoeiaee iai?yi. A?eueo?noue
i?aoeue uiaei oe??? i?iaeaie ?icaeyaeathoue iie?oe/io
nioe?ae?caoe?th ia ye ie?aiee i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, a eeoa
iaiaaeothoueny ?icaeyaeii ?? a caaaeueiiio eiioaeno?
nioe?ae?caoe??. Niaoe?aeueieo i?aoeue c iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? —
oe??? eeth/iai? aeey aoae?aieoeoaa aea?aeaaiino? i?iaeaie — iaei.

Cie?aia, aeiaaa? iineeaii? oaaae oaeee aniaeo a?iiaaeyinueeiai
noaiiaeaiiy iniae ye ?? iie?oe/ia c??e?noue, iie?oe/ia aeoeai?noue oa
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, ui, aeania, ? iaea?eueo iieaciaeie e?eoa??yie oa
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie nioe?ae?caoe?? iniae. Iaei aea/aieie caeeoathoueny ?
oae? aaea a?eueo eiie?aoi? ieoaiiy, ye iniaeeaino? iie?oe/ii?
nioe?ae?caoe?? ethaeae na?aaeiueiai ? iniaeeai iioeeiai a?eo. Ana
oea na?ae/eoue i?i neeaaei?noue ae??oaiiy iaoeiaeo caaaeaiue, i?i o?
nooo?a? ia?aoeiae?, ui aeieeathoue ia?aae aeine?aeieeaie ia oeyoo ??
eiiieaeniiai, ?ioaa?aeueiiai ona?aeiieaiiy. ? oea i?e oiio, ui a?ae
inoaiiuei? ianoaaeie aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue oni?o o ?icaeoeo ye
oai???, oae ? i?aeoe/iiai i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano caeo/aiiy
iniaenoino? aei iie?oe/ieo ciinei. Naia oe? ianoaaeie ia?aeiiothoue
ian a iaiao?aeiino? iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy ? iiaeeaeaiiy ?icaeyaeo
i?iaeai iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??.

Ca‘ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. Aeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoeiai? oaiaoeee eaoaae?e iie?oieia??
?inoeoooo nioe?aeueieo iaoe Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo,
i?enay/aii? i?iaeaiai aeaiie?aoecaoe?? oa aoiiiie?oe/iiai aeeooy a
ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeoiaey/e c iio?aae iie?oe/ii?
oai??? oa i?aeoeee, aenoaathoueny oae? iniiai? oe?e? iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1) Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?ioeano iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? iniae ?
?ieue a?aeiia?aeieo ?inoeooo?a nioe?ae?caoe?? ye acaaae?, oae
cie?aia a no/aniiio oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?.

2) Aecia/aiiy ??ai?a oi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/ii? c??eino? oa
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? iniae a i?ioean? nioe?ae?caoe??.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/a?oueny
caaacia/eoe ae??oaiiyi oaeeo caaaeaiue:

— ia i?aenoaa? eeane/ieo oai??e nioe?ae?caoe??, ineoiaiae?co
i?iaiae?coaaoe iie?oe/io nioe?ae?caoe?th ye eiiiiiaio nioe?ae?caoe??,
yeee ciaoiaeeoue nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ??cieo noa?ao iie?oe/ii?
i?aeoeee;

— c‘ynoaaoe nooi?noue, no?oeoo?o, aecia/eoe iiiyooy ? ooieoe??
iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??;

— aeine?aeeoe niaoeeo?eo oaeoi??a iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? iniae a
i?ioean? aeaiie?aoecaoe?? no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa;

— aecia/eoe a?eia?, i?ioan?ei?, ?aa?iiaeuei? oa ?io? iniaeeaino?
i?ioeano;

— aianoe ?yae i?iiiceoe?e ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei iiaeaeueoi?
?ic?iaee i?iaeaie, oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??
oa ?aae?caoe?? ?o ia i?aeoeoe?.

Oai?aoe/iith aacith aeena?oaoe?? ? caaaeueiioeea?e?caoe?eia
eiioeaioe?y iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??. A aeena?oaoe?? oe?iei
aeei?enoai? i?aoe? ca?oa?aeieo oa a?o/eciyieo aeine?aeiee?a:
o?einio?a, iie?oieia?a, nioe?ieia?a, ineoieia?a; iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?enay/ai? i?iaeai? aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa ? i?noey a oeueiio
i?ioean? iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? ? iaoiaee nenoaiiiai,
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai, eiie?aoii-?noi?e/iiai oa nioe?ieia?/iiai
aiae?co, caaaeueiioeea?e?caoe?eia aa/aiiy i?iaeai nioe?ae?caoe??
iniae. Oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoueny oaeiae ineoieia?/i? iaoiaee
aiae?co iiaaae?iee ye ie?aii acyoi? iniae, oae ? nioe?aeueieo
a?oi.

Aeaea?aeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. A oai?aoe/iiio ieai? i?e
?aae?caoe?? iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aaoi? a?aeooiaooaaany a?ae
eiioeaioe?e, iiaeyae?a oa iai?aoethaaiue i?aaenoaaiee?a na?oiaeo
eeane/ieo oe?e c i?iaeai iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??. Oe?iei aeei?enoaia
a?o/eciyia ?noi?eei-iie?oieia?/ia oa no/ania iie?oieia?/ia,
o?einionueea, nioe?ieia?/ia e?oa?aoo?a, iaoeia? iaaeaaiiy
i?aaenoaaiee?a ?ioeo aaeocae ciaiue, iiaeyaee i?aaenoaaiee?a aeaaee,
iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a oa ?aeaieia?a.

A i?aeoe/iiio ieai? aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee
caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe, i?ia?aie, ui aecia/athoue ?icaeoie iniae oa
a?iiaaeyieia ia canaaeao caeo/aiiy ?? aei iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano.
Aeei?enoai? io?oe?ei? aeieoiaioe: Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie, caeiie: i?i
ia‘?aeiaiiy a?iiaaeyi, i?i n?i‘th, a?iiaaeyinoai, ina?oo, eoeueoo?o,
caniae ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??, ?io? aeieoiaioe /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa
Oe?a?ie.

Aiae?coth/e oiiae oa eiie?aoi? oaeoi?e iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??
a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?, aaoi? aeei?enoiao? io?oe?ei?
noaoenoe/i? aeai?, ?acoeueoaoe nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoa??aee
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e, a?o/eciyio oa ca?oa?aeio ia??iaeeeo oiui.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iiaecia iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a iaoiiaeaia ye iao?aaeeoe?eiei i?aeoiaeii aei aiae?co
i?iaeaie a oe?eiio, oae ? ci?noii eiie?aoieo oai?aoe/ieo
iieiaeaiue, noi?ioeueiaaieo o i?e:

— aeine?aeaeaii oaiiiai iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? ye ia‘?eoeaiee
i?ioean caeo/aiiy iniae aei iie?oe/iiai aeeooy noni?euenoaa ia
an?o ??aiyo oa aoaiao ?? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?;

— anoaiiaeaii, ui aieiaieie aaia?oth/eie oaeoi?aie iaoai?cio
nioe?ae?caoe?? aenooiathoue ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? oa a?oiia? noa‘?eoe
i?ioeano, aea?aeaai? oa a?iiaaenuee? ?inoeoooe;

— cae?eniaia ni?iaa inieneaiiy iiaiai ci?noo i?ioeano iie?oe/ii?
nioe?ae?caoe?? a oiiaao noaa?aiii? aea?aeaaiino?, iaoai?cio iiiaeaiiy
ii?i, i?aaee, ?iia?aoea?a aca?iii? aaeaioaoe?? iniae oa iie?oe/ii?
nenoaie, i?iaiae?ciaaii iia? oiiae oi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/iiai
na?oiaeyaeo, iie?oe/ii? na?aeiiino? oa iiaaae?iee;

— /a?ac aiae?c nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ye? iniaa
iaaoaa? a i?ioean? nioe?ae?caoe??, aeyaeai? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ??
iie?oe/ii? c??eino? oa a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?;

— ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa, yea
a?aeaoaa?oueny ia‘?eoeaii, aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? aoiaeaeaiiy iniae a
nenoaio no/anieo iie?oe/ieo ciinei;

— ia??oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue aea/aiiy i?ioeano iie?oe/ii?
nioe?ae?caoe?? a iaaeao niaoe?aeueii? iaoeiai? aeenoeeie?ie, yea a
eiiieaenii caeiaeanue oeeie i?iaeaiaie.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeniiaee
aeena?oaoe??, c?iaeai? a i?e ocaaaeueiaiiy ? iaaiith oai?aoe/iith
aacith uiaei iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy i?iaeai i?ioeano iie?oe/ii?
nioe?ae?caoe?? iniae ? ?ic?iaee i?aeoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a ?? ?aae?caoe?? a
aea?aeaaieo oa a?iiaaenueeeo ?inoeoooao oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? iie?oieiaaie,
aea?aeaaieie neoaeaiaoeyie, nioe?ieiaaie, ineoieiaaie, ?ioeie
iaoeiaoeyie, ye? aea/athoue i?iaeaie nioe?ae?caoe?? iniae.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe oaeiae iiaeooue aooe ei?enieie i?e
?ic?iaoe? niaoeeo?n?a c iie?oieia??, iiiaeaii? caaaeueieo eo?n?a c
oe??? aeenoeeie?ie o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao, eieaaeaeao, a?iiac?yo.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? aeniiaee oa oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeenue ia iaoeiai-ca?oieo
eiioa?aioe?yo oa iaoiaee/ieo nai?ia?ao aeeeaaea/?a eaoaae?e iie?oieia??
?inoeoooo nioe?aeueieo iaoe Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
?.?.Ia/ieeiaa a 1994-1997 ??., ia ani??aionueeeo iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao.
Nooo?a? aniaeoe aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eo? o aenooiao ia ?aa?iiaeuei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «No/ania aoiieoeueoo?ia oa
aoiiiie?oe/ia neooaoe?y ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie ? aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy» a Iaeanueeiio o?e?ae? Oe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai??
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie ( Iaeana, a?oaeaiue
1996 ?.), ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«Eiioeaioe?y aoiai?cio a noaiiaeaii? oa ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii?
i?ioan?eii? ina?oe», ui i?iaiaeeeanue I?i?noa?noaii ina?oe,
Aeaaeai??th iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie, Aeaaeai??th oi?aae?iiy i?e
I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie, Iaeanueeei aea?aeaaiei oi?aa?neoaoii ?i.
?.?.Ia/ieeiaa (Iaeana, aeiaoaiue 1997 ?.). Iaea?eueo aaaeeea?
i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee nai? aena?oeaiiy a iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo aeena?oaioa, a na??? noaoae a ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiiyo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e.
Caaaeueiee ianya — 159 n., c ieo 12 n. — nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
? e?oa?aoo?e (140 iaeiaioaaiue).

INIIAI?E CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O Anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oa iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ia?aii?
oaie, aena?oeth?oueny nooi?iue ?? ?ic?iaeaiino?, aecia/a?oueny iaoa
oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeae?ey?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia iieiaeaiue,
ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, ie?aneth?oueny oai?aoe/ia iniiaa oa
aeaea?aeueia aaca aeena?oaoe??, ?? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Iie?oe/ia nioe?ae?caoe?y: nooi?noue, no?oeoo?a,
ooieoe??» aiae?co?oueny nioe?ae?caoe?y iniaenoino? ye iniiaiee
iaoai?ci aeeth/aiiy ?? a iie?oe/ia na?aaeiaeua. Aaoi? iie?a?oueny
i?e oeueiio ia aeinyaiaiiy na?oiai? oa a?o/eciyii? aeoiee o oe?e
aaeoc?, a oaeiae ia ?aaeueio iie?oe/io i?aeoeeo.

Aecia/athoueny iiiyooy «nioe?ae?caoe?y», «aeoiaaiiy», «iie?oe/ia
nioe?ae?caoe?y». Aeyaey?oueny caaaeueia ? iniaenoa a ieo.
Iieaco?oueny niaoeeo?ea, aiae?co?oueny nooi?noue ? no/aniee noai oai???
i?ioeano iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?, ia??oioiaaii ??
no?oeoo?o oa ooieoe??.

I?aee?aneth?oueny, cie?aia, ui ?iciaaeoaaiiy iniiaieo oi?i o/ano?
iniae a iie?oe/iiio i?ioean?, ??ci? aa??aioe oa oeiieia?? iathoue
aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey eiie?aoiiai aiae?co iniaeeainoae i?ioeano
iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? a o?e /e ?io?e e?a?i?. A aeaiiio aeiaaeeo
— aeey ?icoi?iiy i?ioean?a iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? a oiiaao
aoae?aieoeoaa oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?.

Iie?oe/ia nioe?ae?caoe?y ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio ??ai? — oea, ii noo?,
i?ioean ia?aoai?aiiy ?iaeea?aea ia ethaenueeo iniaeno?noue, ye?e
i?eoaiaii? ye iniaeea? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ineoieia?/i? ?ene, oae ?
iaa?? nioe?aeueieo ciaiue ? iaae/ie, ye? aeicaieythoue ?e
iiaiioe?iii a?aoe o/anoue o noni?eueiiio aeeoo?.

Aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui nooi?noue iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? iniae
iieyaa?, ia?o ca ana, a i?ioean? aieeao ia iniao nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo
oiia, ca yeeo cae?enith?oueny ia?aaea/a ii?i, i?eioeei?a, oe?iiinoae,
iie?oe/ieo i???ioaoe?e, a ii-ae?oaa, ni?eeiyooy iath ia
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiio ??ai? oeueiai aieeao c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy
iiaeae? iie?oe/iiai na?oiaeyaeo, iie?oe/ii? na?aeiiino? ? iiaaae?iee.

Cacia/a?oueny, ui no?oeoo?a i?ioeano iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??
i?noeoue oae? iniiai? eiiiiiaioe:

— canai?iiy a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iiai aeina?aeo, ii?i iie?oe/iiai aeeooy,
iaeiie/aiiai iiia?aaei?ie iieie?iiyie, a oaeiae oai?aoe/ieo
iie?oe/ieo ciaiue;

— ia?aoai?aiiy ciaiue i?i noni?euenoai, iie?oeeo aea?aeaae ia noae?
iie?oe/i? ia?aeiiaiiy;

— iaaoooy caeaoiino? a?aenoithaaoe aeani? iie?oe/i? iiaeyaee;

— iaaoooy iaiao?aeieo iaae/ie a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino?,
canai?iiy iniiaieo ?o i?eioeei?a ? ii?i;

— iaaeaiiy i?aaeiaoiino? iie?oe/iei ciaiiyi oa iiaeyaeai.

C aaaaoiiai?oieo ooieoe?e i?ioeano iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? aaoi?
aecia? ? aiae?co? /ioe?e iniiai?: ?ioi?iaoe?eio, oe?ii?nio,
ii?iaoeaio ? ae?yeueio.

?icae?e caaa?oo?oueny aeniiaeaie i?i nooi?noue, no?oeoo?o, ooieoe??
iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino? ye noa‘?eoii- ia‘?eoiiai
yaeua. Iaeii/anii aeaco?oueny ia oa, ui eiioeaioe?y iie?oe/ii?
nioe?ae?caoe?? a iaoeo eiie?aoieo oiiaao ua ia iaaoea
a?aeiia?aeiiai noaoono, ui iia? oai?aoe/i? iiaeae?, caeaoi?
caaeiaieueieoe ian a iiyniaii? iaoai?ci?a aoiaeaeaiiy iniae a
i?ino?? iie?oe/ieo a?aeiinei a ia??iae o?ainoi?iaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa, ua ciaoiaeyoueny a noaae?? noaiiaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Iniiai? oaeoi?e iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? ? ?o
i?iya a Oe?a?i?» inoaii? ?icaeyaeathoueny aaoi?ii o ?o iiae?e? ia
iie?oe/i? ? iaiie?oe/i?.

sse iie?oe/i? oaeoi?e nioe?ae?caoe?? a ?iaio? i?iaiae?ciaai?: oei ?
oa?aeoa? aea?aeaaii? ?icaoaeiae, iie?oe/iee ?aaeei, ?inoeooo aeaaee,
iie?oe/i? ia?o??, noni?eueii-iie?oe/i? i?aai?caoe??, iie?oe/ia
eoeueoo?a.

Aei iaiie?oe/ieo a?aeianai? oae? oaeoi?e nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?
ye n?i‘y, a?oia ?iaaniee?a, nenoaia ina?oe ? aeoiaaiiy, caniae ianiai?
?ioi?iaoe??, o?oaeiaee eieaeoea oa ?io?.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co iie?oe/ieo oaeoi??a aaoi? cacia/a?, ui aea?aeaaa ?
iniiaiei iie?oe/iei ?inoeoooii a i?ioean? iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??
iniae, yeee i?aai?co?, ni?yiiao? ?? nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/io
ae?yeuei?noue ? aecia/a? noaaeaiiy aei iie?oeee.

Iieacaii niaoeeo?eo no/aniiai aoaio aea?aeaaioai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? oa
iai?yiee aieeao aea?aeaaioai?/eo i?ioean?a ia iie?oe/io
nioe?ae?caoe?th iniae. I?aee?aneth?oueny cie?aia, ui iiaa eaea ia i?i
aeoiaaiiy oa aaeaioaoe?th ethaeeie, eio?a anooia? a iie?oe/ia aeeooy a
oiiaao noaa?eueiiai noni?euenoaa, a i?i nioe?aeueia oa iie?oe/ia
oi?ioaaiiy iniae iaeii/anii c? noaiiaeaiiyi iiaeo noni?eueieo
a?aeiinei.

Ae??oaiiy i?iaeai iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? iniae a Oe?a?i?, iaaieioo?
aaoi?, iaiiae?eueii iia‘ycaia c ae??oaiiyi caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo
caaaeaiue ia?aaoaeiae noni?euenoaa ia canaaeao aeaiie?aoecio.
Iaeaaaeeea?o? ia?aaeoiiae oni?oii? ?aae?caoe?? a Oe?a?i? caaaeaiue
iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??, ia iao iiaeyae, ionyoue aeeth/aoe:
iiaeeaeaiiy aeaiie?aoe/iiai i?ioeano, noai?aiiy iniia i?aaiai?
aea?aeaae oa a?iiaaenueeiai noni?euenoaa, aeeiai?/iee aeiiii?/iee oa
nioe?aeueiee ?icaeoie, anoaiiaeaiiy ??aiiaaae nee ? aeinyaiaiiy
ii?yaeeo a noni?euenoa?, ia‘?aeiaiiy ia?iaeo iaaeiei
aea?aeaaieoeueei? ?aea?.

A oiiaao, ui neeaeeny, eiee iaaeinoaoiuei ?icaeiooa aeiiii?/ia,
nioe?aeueia oa aeooiaia noa?a ? ia?ao?ae aei iiai? nenoaie
ii/eia?oueny a iniiaiiio c ia?aaoaeiae iie?oe/ieo ?inoeooo?a,
aea?aeaaa, ii noo? ni?aae, ? ?aeeiith neeith, ia yeo iieeaaea?oueny
caaaeaiiy aeiei??iieo ci?i a on?o noa?ao aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
noni?euenoaa oa cae?eniaiiy i?ioeano iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??
iniae. Ia aeaeue, aeaiie?aoe/i? caaithaaiiy iinyoue iiee ua iac??eee
oa?aeoa?, a oiio ?o nioe?ae?coth/ee aieea ia ?iaeea?aea aeineoue
iaiaaeaiee. Naiioe?ii?noue iniae, ?? aieiaia i?noea a ???a?o??
a?aeiinei cia/iith i??ith o?eueee i?iaieioo?oueny. Niiae?aaiiy oa
iaae?? ethaeae ia aei?aaaeaeenue, a ca?aene — oaea ?ica?aei?noue
aeoiie, a ioaea, ? iayai?noue ??ciiai oeio iie?oe/ii? o/ano?.

A?aecia/aii oaeiae, ui a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/i? i?aai?caoe?? —
iie?oe/i? ia?o??, iie?oe/i? ia‘?aeiaiiy, ?ooe oa ?io? ye caniae
iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??, ae?th/e a iaaeao caeiio ? ii?yaeeo,
ni?eythoue iie?oe/i?e aeoeaiino? noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio oa iniae
cie?aia, ae?iaeythoue iaai? ii?ie oa i?eioeeie iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e,
iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino?, iie?oe/iiai na?oiaeyaeo.

A ?iaio? iieacaiee iaoai?ci o/ano? o aeai?ao, nioe?ae?caoe?? iniae
/a?ac i?aeo?eieo ae?yeueiino? iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e oa ?oo?a. Iniaeeaa
oaaaa i?eae?eaia aeoiaaiith iie?oe/ii? ae?oe.

Aeaco?oueny oaeiae, ui iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a — /e ia iaeei c iaea?eueo
aaaeeeaeo aeaiaio?a iie?oe/iiai aeeooy noni?euenoaa. ??ai? ??
?icaeoeo na?ae/aoue i?i ye?noue naii? nenoaie. Cacia/a?oueny, ui
iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a, a?aeia?aaeath/e iie?oe/io oa th?eaee/io
eiiiaoaioi?noue a?iiaaeyi, a?iiaaenueeeo oa iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a, ?o
iie?oe/io iiaaae?ieo, ia? cia/iee aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iie?oe/ieo ? aea?aeaaieo ?inoeooo?a, iaaea?
cia/ouino? iie?oe/iei i?ioeanai ? aecia/a? i?noea iniae a ieo.

Aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue, ui iaiie?oe/i? oaeoi?e nioe?ae?caoe?? iniae i?e
aoiaeaeaii? ?? a iie?oe/i? ciineie — n?i‘y, onoaiiae ina?oe, caniae
ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??, o?oaeia? eieaeoeae ? ia iaio aieeaiaeie a
i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/iiai na?oiaeyaeo iniae, ?? iie?oe/ii?
iiaaae?iee, a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ? na?aeiiino?. Iniaeeai aeaoaeueii
iieaco?oueny ?ieue n?i‘? oa cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??.
I?aee?aneth?oueny aeoiea i?i oa, ui a oiiaao, eiee a noni?euenoa?
niinoa??aathoueny aeineoue ae?aaeai? eiioe?eoe ia
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iiio oa aoiiiaoe?iiaeueiiio ??oio?, ia ??oio?
c?oeiaiiy ia?o?eieo ieaooi?i oa ia?o?eieo ?ioa?an?a, — ca oeeo
oiia ?icaeoie aeaiie?aoe/ii i?aai?ciaaieo cania?a ianiai?
?ioi?iaoe?? ionea ae noaoe iaei??th c iniiaieo aa?aio?e
noaa?eueiino? noni?euenoaa. Iaeiae i?i iacaeaaeiee noaoon cania?a
ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? aiai?eoe ua caiaaeoi ?aii.

Ia caaa?oaiiy ae?oaiai ?icae?eo noi?ioeueiaaii ocaaaeueithth/?
aeniiaee i?i i?noea oa ?ieue ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a iie?oe/ii?
nioe?ae?caoe?? a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo oa iinooiiaiai
aec??aaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ieo ?en oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Iie?oe/ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ye e?eoa??e
nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?» cacia/aii, ui iie?oe/ia
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue — oea iaa?ae‘?iiee aeaiaio iie?oe/ii? c??eino?
iniae. Aiia ? iniiaiei iieacieeii iie?oe/ii? c??eino?.

Aiae?c na?ae/eoue, ui iie?oe/ia c??e?noue ? a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ?
iaea?eueo aaaiieie i?iaeoeoaie iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? ethaeeie.
Aiie ia aeieeathoue ia ionoiio i?noe?, a ? ?acoeueoaoii
oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oi?ioaaiiy noni?euenoaii iniae. Noni?euenoai
aecia/a? iaai? «ia?aiao?e» ? «caaea?» ni?yiiaai?noue o oi?ioaaii?
iie?oe/ii? na?aeiiino? ? iiaaae?iee iniae. Iie?oe/ia c??e?noue
oi?io?oueny o ethaeeie naia a i?ioean? eiie?aoii? ae?yeueiino? a
iaaeao aea?aeaaieo ? iie?oe/ieo ?inoeooo?a noni?euenoaa.

Iie?oe/ia c??e?noue — oea aeeaiea ?icoi?iiy i?e?iaee aeaaee oa
oi?aae?iiy, ?oi?o i?eioeei?a, ii?i oa caeii?a, ui eaaeaoue ia ??oio?
nioe?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy noni?euenoaii, eiai iie?oe/ii?
i?aai?caoe??. Iie?oe/ia c??e?noue — oea ona?aeiieaiiy nai?o i?aa ?
iaia‘yce?a, i?eoaiaiieo noni?euenoao iie?oe/ieo oe?iiinoae ?
aeaiie?aoe/ieo ii?i. Aeinyaiaiiy iie?oe/ii? c??eino? ia ? iaaiei
e?ioeaaei ?acoeueoaoii, a eeoa nooiaiai, i??ith iie?oe/ii?
i?aeaioiaee ethaeeie.

Aaoi? i?aee?aneth?, ui iie?oe/ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue — iaeia c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo neeaaeiaeo i?ioeano iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? iniae,
? ? oei nioe?aeueiei iineeaiiyi, yea iana iniaa ia?aae niaith,
ia?aae caaaeii noni?euenoaa, iaoe??th, nioe?aeueiith a?oiith oiui.
Aiia ? nooo?aei eiiiiiaioii na?oiaeyaeo ?iaeea?aea ye noa‘?eoa
iie?oeee. A oea aeicaiey? aiae?coaaoe eiie?aoi? oi?ie ? caniae
oi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, eiie?aoi? noa?e ??
i?iyao ia aea?aeaaiiio ??ai? ? ia ??i? a?iiaaeyinueeiai
noni?euenoaa.

A ?icae?e? cacia/a?oueny, ui a ca‘yceo c? ci?iaie ia aaiiie?oe/iiio
i?inoi??, aeieeiaiiyi iiaeo iacaeaaeieo aea?aeaa, oi?ioaaiiyi
iaoe?iiaeueieo o?yae?a cae?enieeanue ia?aioe?iea oe?iiinoae. Ca oeeo
oiia iie?oe/ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue iaaoea iiaiai oa?aeoa?o. I?ioean
iie?oe/iiai oa nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo iai?aaeaii ia noai?aiiy
a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa oa iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaaiino?. A
aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ? iiaeeaeaiiy a
??cieo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie aoi?/ieo i?ioean?a a nioe?aeueieo a?oiao
? iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a a ??cieo aoi?/ieo ni?eueiioao aeeeeeaee aei
aeeooy c?inoaiiy cia/aiiy iie?oe/ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?.

Cacia/a?oueny, ui ci?no ? ??aaiue iie?oe/ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? o
??cieo ?iaeea?ae?a ia iaeiaeiaee, aiie caeaaeaoue a?ae nooiaith
aeeth/aiiy iniae aei nenoaie nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo ciinei, a
iie?oe/io nenoaio acaaae?, a oaeiae a?ae aioo??oiueiai na?oo iniae.
Nooi?iue ? i??a iie?oe/ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ?iaeea?aea
aecia/a?oueny noa‘?eoeaieie oaeoi?aie iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano. Aiie
iiaeooue a?aeiia?aeaoe iie?oe/iei aeiiaai ia‘?eoeaii? neooaoe?? aai
ae i?ioenoiyoe ?e. *ei aeua oaea iaia‘yceia?noue, oei aeua
iie?oe/ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue iniaenoino?.

A Aeniiaeao aeena?oaoe?? i?aeaiaeyoueny i?aenoiee i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeneiaeththoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oeyo?a
iie?ioaiiy i?ioeano iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino? a no/ani?e
Oe?a?i?.

AENIIAEE

Iie?oe/ia nioe?ae?caoe?y ? eiie?aoii-?noi?e/iei i?ioeanii, ui
iaoiiaeaia ?icaeoeii eiie?aoiiai noni?euenoaa.

Iie?oe/ia nioe?ae?caoe?y oa?aeoa?eco?oueny noeoii?noth i?ioean?a
noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino?, i?eeiyooy ? aeeiiaiiy iath iie?oe/ieo
?ieae ? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?.

Iie?oe/ia nenoaia, ui oi?io?oueny a no/ani?e Oe?a?i?, iiaea noaoe
noaa?eueiith oa aoaeoeaiith, eiee aoaea ae??oaii ?yae i?iaeai,
oeaio?aeueiith eaieith yeeo ? i?aai?caoe?y noni?eueiiai aeeooy ?
aeaaee ia aeaiie?aoe/ieo canaaeao, caoeno i?aa eiaeii? ethaeeie, ??
aeiiii?/ii? naiaiaee. Oea a?aee?e? oeyo aei noai?aiiy aea?aeaae, aea
iaio? caeii. Oea ci?ieoue aeia??‘y ia?iaeo aei aeaaee oa iaaeanoue
?e ia?iaeii? i?aeo?eiee. Oea aeanoue iiaooi?e iiooiao iiceoeaiei
i?ioeanai a iie?oe/i?e nioe?ae?caoe??.

I?ioean iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? i?io?ea? aeineoue ia??aiii??ii ye
a nioe?aeueiiio, oae ? a ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?ic??c?. ??ci? aa?noae
noni?euenoaa iie?oecothoueny aeaeaei a iaiaeiaeia?e i???. A?eueoa
oiai, ye ia iao iiaeyae, ?ic?ea a i??? oa ??ai? iie?oecaoe??
na?aae ieo iaa?oue ca?eueoothoueny. Ana oea aeiaaa? iineeaii?
oaaae ye aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a, oae ? a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e.

Na?aae i?iaeai iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? ia ia?oee ieai aenoaathoueny
i?iaeaie ci?oeiaiiy aea?aeaaiino?, c?inoaiiy aeia??‘y aei oe???
aea?aeaaiino? c aieo eiaeiiai a?iiaaeyieia, ona?aeiieaiiy iei naiai
i?noey oa ?ie? a no/anieo i?ioeanao noni?eueiiai iiiaeaiiy.

Iniaeea?noth i?ioeano iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? iniae a ia??iae
aeaiie?aoecaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa ? oaeiae ia?inoaiiy
aeenooieoe?e a ca‘yceo c i?enei?aiiyi oaoiieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?
aeiaae?caoe??th aaaaoueio nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a. Oe? oaeoi?e
na?eicii iiaeeo?eoaaee aeeaeii? aca?iia?aeiineie ethaeeie c
aea?aeaaith, aeaaeith, iie?oeeith ? i?ecaaee aei e?ece i?ioeano
aeeth/aiiy iniae a iie?oe/iee iaoai?ci.

Neeaaei?noue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oa iie?oe/ieo oiia, ui i?eoaiaii?
noaiiaeaiith oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?, ?? o?ainoi?iaoe?? a
aeaiie?aoe/ia noni?euenoai — aieiaia i?e/eia nueiaiaeaiieo
o?oaeiiu?a o cae?eniaii? i?ioeano caeo/aiiy ?iaeea?aea aei
iie?oeee. A oea aeeeeea? iaiao?aei?noue aeneiaeoe aeaye?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Iie?oeea aea?aeaae, ?? nioe?aeueieo no?oeoo? ?, a ia?oo /a?ao,
iie?oe/ieo ?inoeooo?a iiaeiia aacoaaoeny ia i?eioeei?: ethaeeia,
iniaa, a?iiaaeyiei — aieiaiee ia‘?eo iie?oeee ? aeoeaiee ?? noa‘?eo.

A iie?oe/i?e iaooe? i?iaeaie iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? ne?ae
aeae?eeoe a ie?aio aaeocue aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iio?aaothoue a?eueo ??oioiaiiai aea/aiiy ia?o ca ana o? i?iaeaie
iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??, eio?? iia‘ycai? c oiiaaie, ui ci?ieeeny, ?
iai?aaeai? ia ?ioaa?oaaiiy iniae o iiaa noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia
na?aaeiaeua — a na?aaeiaeua iiainoai?aii? aea?aeaaiino?.

Iniaeeai? oaaae aeiaaa? oi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/ieo i???ioaoe?e iniae a
a?aeiioaii? aei iaoe?iiaeueieo aea?aeaaieo ?inoeooo?a, aei ia?o?e oa
?oo?a aea?aeaaieoeueeiai ni?yioaaiiy, ine?eueee naia oae? i???ioaoe??
a ae??oaeuei?e i??? aecia/athoue oa?aeoa? i?aeoe/ii? iiaaae?iee ?
noaa?euei?noue aea?aeaae.

Aeey no/aniiai aoaio iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? c eiai noia?a/eea?noth
?aeae oa iie?oe/ieo oa/?e ieoaiiy ia?oi/a?aiai? aaae — ia yeeo
canaaeao aoaea cae?enithaaoeny oeae i?ioean: iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei,
ye ia iao iiaeyae, aoei a a??aiiaaaeaia ii?aeiaiiy nioe?aeueii?,
aeaiie?aoe/ii? oa iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea?.

Ine?eueee ?yae oaeoi??a iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? nueiaiaei? cia/iith
i??ith ae?thoue noeo?eii, oi ?icoiiee ? aeaaaeaiee eiio?ieue c aieo
aea?aeaae a oeueiio iai?yieo aoa ae ia caeaee. Iniaeeai oea
noino?oueny noa?e ?ioi?iaoe?? oa ni?yiiaaiino? cania?a ?ioi?iaoe??
ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

Ne?ae oaeiae aeciaoe aeioe?eueiei o aeeeaaeaii? iie?oieia??,
nioe?ieia??, iniia aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy aea/aiiy i?iaeai
iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? ? iiaeeaeaii? ?o ?ic?iaee o a?aeiia?aeieo
?icae?eao iaa/aeueii? i?ia?aie.

A nioe?aeueieo ?inoeoooao aeoiaaiiy ? eoeueoo?e, a iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao
ne?ae caaacia/eoe i?ioean anaa?/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino? ?,
cie?aia, iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe?? oe?eani?yiiaaieie coneeeyie
i?ioan?eieo eaae??a.

Iaiao?aeii iineeeoe oaaao aei niaoeeo?ee nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?
i?e i?aeaioiaoe? iie?oieia?a, nioe?ieia?a, th?eno?a, i?aoe?aiee?a
aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoe??, nioe?aeueieo neoaea, neoaea aaciaee,
a?enueeiaeo, iaaeaaia?/ieo ? aeeieiiaoe/ieo eaae??a.

Ne?ae a?aeiiaeoe ?inoeoooe iie?oe/ieo ciaiue, ye? a iaee ca iaoo
iie?oe/io i?ina?oo, a oaeiae ?inoeoooe iao??ioe/iiai aeoiaaiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Aaae?eiaa I.I. Aei ieoaiiy i?i i?ioean iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??
iniaenoino? o ia??iae aeaiie?aoe/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?thaaiue
a Oe?a?i? // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iie?oeee. — Aei. 1-2. — Iaeana, 1997. —
N.78-79. (?in. iiaith).

2. Aaae?eiaa I.I., Iin?e/oe O.?. Aeaye? aniaeoe iaa/aiiy ae?oae
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a caeeaaeao naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiiai icaei?iaeaiiy
(iie?oieia?/ii-nioe?ieia?/iee aniaeo) // Iaoa oeiea. — Iaeana, 1998. —
?3. — N.4-6.

3. Aaae?eiaa I.I. Niaoeeo?ea iie?oe/ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? aea?aeaaieo
neoaeaiaoe?a a iinonioe?ae?noe/i?e Oe?a?i? (o?einionueei-iie?oieia?/iee
aniaeo) // Aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie oa iie?oe/ieie i?ioeanaie a ?aa?ii? (ia
i?eeeaae? i?aaeiy Oe?a?ie). Ca. – Iaeana: IOeIOA?, 1998. — N.320-325.

4. Eiaaeue/oe A.I., Aaae?eiaa I.I. Aeinyaiaiiy ceaaiaee a
oe?a?inueeiio i?aaineaa‘? ye /eiiee oni?oiiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy oa
nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino? // Iaoa??aee ?aa?iiaeueii?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «No/ania aoiieoeueoo?ia oa
aoiiiie?oe/ia neooaoe?y ia I?aaei? Oe?a?ie ? aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy». — *.2. – Iaeana, 1996. — N.145-156.

5. Aaae?eiaa I.I. Iie?oe/ia nioe?ae?caoe?y ? aea?aeaaia iieiae?aeia
iie?oeea a Oe?a?i? // A?niee Iaeanueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa. —
1998. — ?3. – N.143-147.

6. Aaae?eiaa I.I. ?aoi?ioaaiiy ina?oe, ye oaeoi? iie?oe/ii?
nioe?ae?caoe?? iieiae? //Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iie?oeee. Aei. 5. —
Iaeana, 1999. – N.279-283.

7. Aaae?eiaa I.I. Iie?oe/ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ye e?eoa??e iie?oe/ii?
nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?. — Iaeana: Ano?ii?eio, 1999. – 24 n.

8. Aaaeeeiaa I.O. Iniiaiua oaeoi?u iieeoe/aneie nioeeaeecaoeee ee/iinoe
e eo i?iyaeaiey a Oe?aeia. — Iaeanna: Ano?ii?eio, 1999. — 36 n.

Aaae?eiaa I.I. Iie?oe/ia nioe?ae?caoe?y iniaenoino? a ia??iae
aeaiie?aoecaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 23.00.02 — iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe oa i?ioeane. —
Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y, Iaeana, 1999.

Nie?ath/enue ia aeinyaiaiiy a/aieo ieioeeo ?ie?a oa no/anieo, cie?aia
oe?a?inueeeo, a aeine?aeaeaii? i?ioeano iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??
iniaenoino? aeena?oaio iaa?oiooaaa iiaee ci?no i?iaeai aeaiiai
i?ioeano a oiiaao no/anii? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae. Ia i?aenoaa?
aiae?co no/aniiai noaio aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa a Oe?a?i?
aeaiiino?o?oueny nooi?iue aieeao ia i?ioean aoiaeaeaiiy iniaenoino?
a iie?oeeo iie?oe/ieo oa iaiie?oe/ieo oaeoi??a nioe?ae?caoe??.
Iieacaii, ui na?aae ?yaeo e?eoa???a iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??
iniaenoino? aieiaiei, iaea?eueo cia/ouei a no/aniiio oe?a?inueeiio
noni?euenoa? ? e?eoa??e iie?oe/ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?. Iieacai?
iniiai? o?oaeiiu? no/aniiai aoaio aoiaeaeaiiy iniaenoino? o
iie?oe/i? a?aeiineie, aeneiaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?o iiaeieaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iie?oe/ia nioe?ae?caoe?y, iie?oecaoe?y, no?oeoo?a
iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??, oaeoi?e oa ooieoe?? iie?oe/ii?
nioe?ae?caoe??, e?eoa??? iie?oe/ii? nioe?ae?caoe??, iie?oe/ia
iiaaae?iea.

Aaaeeeiaa I.O. Iieeoe/aneay nioeeaeecaoeey ee/iinoe a oiaea
aeaiie?aoecaoeee oe?aeineiai iauanoaa. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iieeoe/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 23.00.02 — iieeoe/aneea einoeooou e
i?ioeannu. — Iaeanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay th?eaee/aneay aeaaeaiey,
Iaeanna, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?anniio?aieth i?ioeanna iieeoe/aneie
nioeeaeecaoeee, aai iniiaiuo oaeoi?ia e e?eoa?eaa e eo i?iyaeaieth
a nia?aiaiiie Oe?aeia.

Iie?aynue ia aeinoeaeaiey o/aiuo i?ioeuo eao e nia?aiaiiuo, a /anoiinoe
oe?aeineeo, a enneaaeiaaiee i?ioeanna iieeoe/aneie nioeeaeecaoeee
ee/iinoe, aeenna?oaio iniuneee iiaia niaea?aeaiea i?iaeai aeaiiiai
i?ioeanna a oneiaeyo nia?aiaiiiai oe?aeineiai ainoaea?noaa. Yoi
eneeth/eoaeueii aaaeii, iineieueeo a nia?aiaiiie oe?aeineie iieeoieiaee
eco/aiea i?iaeai aeeth/aiey ee/iinoe a iieeoeeo aua ia iieiinoueth
noi?ie?iaaeinue a ioaeaeueiia iao/iia iai?aaeaiea, e iiiaea ec ieo
inoathony ca i?aaeaeaie iao/iuo eioa?ania enneaaeiaaoaeae.

A aeenna?oaoeee iaoae io?aaeaiea, i?aaeaea anaai, eiiieaen aii?inia,
naycaiiuo n aicieeiiaaieai e ?acaeoeai oai?ee iieeoe/aneie
nioeeaeecaoeee ia nouea oaeeo iaoe eae oeeinioey, nioeeieiaey,
iieeoieiaey, ineoieiaey, iaaeaaiaeea. Cia/eoaeueiia aieiaiea
oaeaeyaony aiaeeco iiiyoeeiiai aiia?aoa, eioi?ue eniieuecoaony o/aiuie
a enneaaeoaiie i?iaeaia. A /anoiinoe ioneaaeeaaaony nouiinoue oaeeo
iiiyoee, eae “nioeeaeecaoeey”, “ainieoaiea”, “iieeoe/aneia niciaiea”,
“iieeoe/aneia iiaaaeaiea”, “aaeaioaoeey”. I?e yoii aeenna?oaio eceaaaao
naia aaoi?neia iiieiaiea nouiinoe iieeoe/aneie nioeeaeecaoeee eae
eiiiiiaioa iauae nioeeaeecaoeee, ii?aaeaeyao no?oeoo?o i?ioeanna e aai
ooieoeee. Iniuneeaaao iaoaieci iaiiaeaiey ii?i, i?aaee, eiia?aoeaia,
acaeiiie aaeaioaoeee ee/iinoe e iieeoe/aneie nenoaiu, aiaeece?oao iiaua
oneiaey oi?ie?iaaiey iieeoe/aneiai ie?iaicc?aiey, iieeoe/aneiai
niciaiey e iiaaaeaiey.

Aeaeaa a aeenna?oaoeee ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca nia?aiaiiiai yoaia
ainoaea?noaaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa a Oe?aeia iieacuaaaony noaiaiue
aicaeaenoaey ia i?ioeann aoiaeaeaiey ee/iinoe a iieeoeeo iieeoe/aneeo
e iaiieeoe/aneeo oaeoi?ia nioeeaeecaoeee.

A ea/anoaa oaeoi?ia iieeoe/aneie nioeeaeecaoeee a nia?aiaiiie Oe?aeia a
aeenna?oaoeee auaeaeythony e aiaeece?othony: ainoaea?noai,
a?aaeaeaineia iauanoai, iieeoe/aneea ia?oee, iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneea
i?aaiecaoeee, iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a; nioeeaeueiua einoeooou e
i?aaiecaoeee, n?aaenoaa ianniaie eioi?iaoeee.

Aeenna?oaio iiae/a?eeaaao, /oi a nia?aiaiiie Oe?aeia oaeoi?u
iieeoe/aneie nioeeaeecaoeee ee/iinoe i?iyaeythony eae i?e/eiu e
aeaeaeouea neeu aeaiiiai i?ioeanna. Iie ii?aaeaeytho aai oa?aeoa?,
/a?ou e ?acoeueoaou eciaiaiee e i?aia?aciaaiee. Iie aunooiatho a oi aea
a?aiy eae oneiaey, ninoaaeythuea oo n?aaeo, a eioi?ie i?ioaeaao
i?ioeann nioeeaeecaoeee.

Ionoaeaaaony iiceoeey, /oi eciaiaiey, aucuaaaiua i?e/eiaie,
i?ienoiaeyueie a i?ioeanna aeeth/aiey ee/iinoe a iieeoeeo,
anoanoaaiii, i?eaiaeyo e ii?aaeaeaiiui neaaenoaeyi a iieeoe/aneii
iioaioeeaea ee/iinoe, iniuneaiea yoeo i?e/ei iicaieyao naeaeaoue
i?aaeneacoaiuie ?acoeueoaou nioeeaeecaoeee.

Nouanoaaiiia ianoi a aeenna?oaoeee caieiaao auyaeaiea oaiaeaioeee
?acaeoey iieeoe/aneie c?aeinoe e ioaaonoaaiiinoe ee/iinoe, eioi?ua iia
i?eia?aoaao a i?ioeanna nioeeaeecaoeee. N?aaee ?yaea e?eoa?eaa
iieeoe/aneie nioeeaeecaoeee ee/iinoe, n/eoaao aaoi?, aeaaiui,
iaeaieaa cia/eiui a nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii iauanoaa yaeyaony e?eoa?ee
iieeoe/aneie ioaaonoaaiiinoe. A enneaaeiaaiee aeaaony /aoeia
i?aaenoaaeaiea eiiiiiaioia no?oeoo?u iieeoe/aneie ioaaonoaaiiinoe,
iniuneaiea aa eiaeee e iiieiaiea ooieoeee, eioi?ua iia ?aaeecoao a
?acee/iuo iieeoe/aneeo i?ioeannao.

Aeenna?oaoeey niaea?aeeo e?eoe/aneee iaci? eeoa?aoo?u ii i?iaeaia, a
oaeaea aiaeec nioeeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee, enoi/ieeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iieeoe/aneay nioeeaeecaoeey, iieeoecaoeey, no?oeoo?a
iieeoe/aneie nioeeaeecaoeee, oaeoi?u e ooieoeee iieeoe/aneie
nioeeaeecaoeee, e?eoa?ee iieeoe/aneie nioeeaeecaoeee, iieeoe/aneia
iiaaaeaiea.

Gedikova, N.F. Political socialization of an individual in the course of
the democratization of the Ukrainian society. –Manuscript.

Dissertation for getting Degree of the Candidate of Political
Science, specialty 23.00.02 — political institutes & processes. The
Odessa state juridical academy, Odessa, 1999.

The candidate for a degree has interpreted a new matter of the problems
in the process of a person’s political socialization under conditions of
the modern ukrainian state basing herself upon the past and present
achievements especially of the ukrainian scientists in the research of
this process. The degree of the influence of the political and
unpolitical factors of socialization upon the process of the entry of a
person into politics on the grounds of the analysis of the present stage
of the state construction in Ukraine has been disclosed. It has been
shown that the criterion of the political responsibility is the main and
the most significant one among a number of the criteria of the political
socialization of a person in the modern Ukrainian society. The main
difficulties of the contemporary stage of the individual’s entrance into
the political relations have been shown in the work, and the
recommendations for their overcoming have been given.

Key words: political socialization, politicization, structure of
political socialization, factors and functions of political
socialization, criterion’s of political socialization, political
behavior.

Aoiaaa ionaoiay. Oe?aae 100 yec.

Ioia/aoaii aanieaoii IIO «Aeueei? – NAEO»

Oa?ooeii, oe. E?aniay, 136.

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