2

Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie

Aea?ea/ AEaiia Aeaaeeneaa?aia

OAeE — 323.21

Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ye ?ioaa?aeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
? ?icaoaeiae aea?aeaae

niaoe?aeuei?noue: 23.00.02 — iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe ? i?ioeane

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? o?einio?? ? iie?oieia?? Oi?aa?neoaoo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iie?oe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aioianueea
Aaeaioeia Aiae???aia, ia?iaeiee aeaiooao Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Anoaoiaa Eaoa?eia
A?eoi??aia,

Oa?e?anueeee aoiai?oa?iee ?inoeooo
«Oe?a?inueea ia?iaeia aeaaeai?y»

eaiaeeaeao iie?oe/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
Oaiiaaeaiei Ia?eia

Aieiaeeie??aia, eaoaae?a o?einio?? ?
iie?oieia?? Oi?aa?neoaoo

aioo??oi?o ni?aa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 5 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 12-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.700.01 a Oi?aa?neoao? aioo??oi?o
ni?aa ca aae?anith: 310080, i.Oa?e?a, i?.50-??//y N?N?, 27.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oi?aa?neoaoo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa ca aae?anith: 310080, i.Oa?e?a, i?.50-??//y N?N?, 27.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 2 ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aioe A.ss.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?iaeaia aeaii? iaoeiai? ?iaioe
“Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ye ?ioaa?aeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
? ?icaoaeiae aea?aeaae” iaoiiaeaia nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieie i?ioeanaie a
Oe?a?i? ia noaae?? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ci?i ? iiooeo iiaeo
iie?oe/ieo i???ioe??a, ianoaa?euei?noth no?oeoo? iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e ?
ia’?aeiaiue, eiee a?aeaoaathoueny aeineoue ??ce? eieeaaiiy a iie?oe/i?e
aeoeaiino? a?iiaaeyi. Aa?oi cacia/eoe, ui i?ioean iiiaeaiiy iie?oe/ii?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ia?iae?a eaea iino?eii, oiio ?nio? ia’?eoeaia
caeiiii??i?noue o a?aeiia?aei?e ci?i? iaoiaeieia?? iie?oe/ii? iaoee:
oeio aeaaee, iaoai?ci?a aea?aeaaioai?aiiy, ?aeaieia?/ieo oe?iiinoae ?
neiaie?a. Aea oe? ci?ie caaaeaee caa??aathoue a nia? iaai?
iaoe?iiaeuei? o?aaeeoe??, oe?eueia? onoaiiaee, ye? iaa?oue a ?aeeiiio
/aniaiio ia??iae? ? eiie?aoi?e aea?aeaa? iiaeooue aeaaaoe ??ci?
iane?aeee iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Oe? i?ioeane iia’ycai? c iiiyooyi
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, yea ? ?noi?e/ii aeaoa?i?iiaaiith eaoaai???th, ui
cacia? iino?eieo ci?i, iia’ycaieo c iie?oe/iei ?icaeoeii eiie?aoiiai
nioe?oio.

Aea/aiiy nioe?aeueii-aeooiaii? aaiace iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e aea?
iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe iniiae a?iiaaeyinueei? aeoeaiino?, ??
?noi?eei-iaoe?iiaeuei? oe?iiino?, ye? i?iyaeythoueny a
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i?e ae?yeueiino? ia?iaeo, oi?ioaaii? ? ?icaeoeo
a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa, iaeiie/aii? aeina?aeo iie?oe/ii?
ai?ioueae, noai?aii? iaoe?iiaeueieo neiaie?a.

Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a o?nii ii?aeiaia c iie?oe/iei i?ioeanii. Oe?
eaoaai??? ciaoiaeyoueny o aca?iiiaoiiaeai?e ?aeiino?. Oiio aaaeeeai
i?ine?aeeoaaoe caeiiii??iino? aoiaeaeaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a
iie?oe/iee i?ioean ia aoai? oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaoaeiae aea?aeaae. ?noi??y
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo iia’ycaia c iino?eiith ai?ioueaith ca
iaoe?iiaeueio iacaeaaei?noue, i?i ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeina?ae
oe?a?inueei? eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae XVII noie?ooy, yeee ia? eia?/io
caaa?oai?noue an??? nenoaie oi?ioaaiiy, ?icaoaeiae, ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?
?oeiaoe?? aea?aeaaieo no?oeoo?, — oiio, ia iaoo aeoieo, naia ia oeueiio
aeina?ae? aeioe?eueii aea/aoe iniiai? caeiiii??iino? aoiaeaeaiiy
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a iie?oe/iee i?ioean, eiai ?icaeoie ? i?e/eie, ui
niiioeathoue aei eiai iineaaeaiiy.

A?eueo aeeaieiai aea/aiiy ?noi?e/iiai aeina?aeo iaoe?? aeiaaa?
no/ania iie?oe/ia neooaoe?y a aea?aeaa?. Ie ia?ii a??o? noa?oia? oiiae
aeey ?icaeoeo, i?ae, iai?eeeaae, No?aeia ?a?iia (caoaeaia nioe?aeueia
aaca aeaiie?aoe/ieo ?eieiaeo ci?i, i?aeaeuaia iaaeia??a aei aeaaee,
ia?aeiiai?noue o iaaei??ieo ianooaaao iao??, a?ae/oaeaiiy a?iiaaeyi ye
ni?aa?o/eciee?a; aaeueiii eeoathoueny nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i?
noa?aioeie oyae i?i noni?euenoai iaeaooiueiai).

Nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. Iaiao?aei?noue a?oioiaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iiaieeao iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ? iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano
iaoiiaeth?oueny noaiii aea/aiiy aeaieo eaoaai??e o iie?oieia?/i?e
e?oa?aoo??. Aa?oi a?aecia/eoe, ui aeeaiea ?ice?eooy aoaeue-yeiai
oaiiiaio iie?oeee ia?aaeaa/a? aeine?aeaeaiiy eiai a ?noi?e/iiio aniaeo?,
ui aea? iiaeeea?noue ia eeoa i?ine?aeeoaaoe caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo, a e
ia?aaeaa/eoe iaai? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeine?aeaeoaaieo eaoaai??e o
iaeaooiueiio. Oiio ne?ae aeae?eeoe aea? iniiai? ia?aaeeaie o aea/aii?
iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano ? iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e.

Ia?oa ia?aaeeaia ia?aaeaa/a? aiae?c ?icaeyaeo eaoaai??e iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e ? i?ioeano ?icaoaeiae aea?aeaae a no/ani?e iie?oieia??.

Nooue iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? aeine?aeaeo?oueny a
iniiaiiio c iiceoe?? eiai no?oeoo?e ? iaa?oiooaaiiy aeoea?caoe?? o??? /e
?ioi? neeaaeiai? /anoeie aeaiiai i?ioeano: Aeaieaeia A.?., Oaaeina?a
A.A. (Iniiau iieeoieiaee. — M.: Aunoay oeiea, 1995. — 271 n.), Aaaeae??a
E.N. (Iieeoe/aneay iaoea. — I.: Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua ioiioaiey, 1995. — 400
n.), Aaeia A.A. (Iieeoieiaey . — I.: *a?i, 1996. — 304 n.), ?yaia N.A.
(Aea?aeaaia aeaaea: i?iaeaie aaoi?eoaoo e eaa?oeiiino?: iiiia?ao?y /
Iaoe?iiaeueiee ?inoeooo no?aoaa?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. — E., 1996. — 117
n.).

Iiiyooy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e noaei oe?iei aeine?aeaeoaaoenue o ae?oa?e
iieiaei? OO-ai noie?ooy. Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a aecia/a?oueny ye
caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueia, caaaeueiiaea?aeaaia oe?ii?noue o Aeiiiaea A.A.,
Aa?ae N. (A?aaeaeaineay eoeueoo?a e noaaeeueiinoue aeaiie?aoee //
Iieeoe/aneea enneaaeiaaiey. — 1992. — ?4. — n. 122-134), Ayo?a ?.
(Nioeeieiaey iieeoe/aneeo ioiioaiee. — I.: Iieeoecaeao. — 1979. — 476
n.), Aeaieaia AE.-I. (Iieeoe/aneay iaoea. — I.: Aunoay oeiea, 1993. —
257 n.), Ao?aeue? I. (Nioeeieiaey iieeoeee. — I.: Socio-Logos, 1993. —
336 n.).

O no/ani?e iie?oieia?? Oe?a?ie i?aee?aneth?oueny iaoe?iiaeueiee aniaeo
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e: ?oaeaeaae/ I.I. (Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a Oe?a?ie:
?oeiaoe?y oa oeyoe a?ae?iaeaeaiiy // ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae. — 1995. — ?
1. — n.15-20, Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? // Iaiae??aaoeue.
— 1995. — ? 1. — n. 69-80), Ieoaeue/aiei I.?. (Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a:
nooi?noue iiiyooy, no?oeoo?a yaeua // O?einionueea aeoiea. — 1987. — ?
3. — n. 88-93).

O iaaeao ae?oai? ia?aaeeaie aeine?aeieee eiioeaio?othoue oaaao ia
iniaeeainoyo iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano ? ?icaeoeo iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a
?noi?e/iiio eiioaeno?. Ooo aeioe?eueii a?aoiaoaaoe ??ci? i?aeoiaee
a/aieo aei iie?oe/ii? ioe?iee ?noi?e/ieo i?ioean?a. Iiaeia aeae?eeoe
oae? iai?yiee aeine?aeaeoaaii? e?oa?aoo?e ii ?noi??? ?icaeoeo
iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano ?icaoaeiae aea?aeaae.

1. Aeaea?aeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oea “Aeou, ioiinyueany eu enoi?ee
thaeiie e caiaaeiie ?innee” (nia?aiiua e ecaeaiiua a?oaieiae/aneie
eiienneae. — Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a. — 1872. — o.7. — 364 n., 1875. — o.8. —
400 n.), Aaee/ei N. (E?oiien. — E.: Aei?i?i, 1991. — 642 n.), E?oiien
Naiiaeaeoey (Aeae. I?aeaiooaaa ss.?. Aece?a / ?aae. Eii?n?y A.Ae. Neeaa
oa ?i. — E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1971. — 270 n.), Aeieoiaioe Aiaaeaia
Oiaeueieoeueeiai (oii?. ?. E?ei’yeaae/, ?. Aooe/. — E.: aeae-ai AI.
O?N?, 1961. — 739 n.).

2. ?noi??ia?ao?/ia e?oa?aoo?a, noai?aiiy yei? a?aeaoaaeiny a ??cieo
oiiaao nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa. Oea no/aniee
iie?oe/iee aiae?c oe?a?inueei? ?noi???: ?noi??y Oe?a?ie: Iiaa aa/aiiy (O
2 o. / ?aae. A.A. Niie?e. — E.: Oe?a?ia, 1995, — o.1. — 350 n.),
Iaeueiee E.A. (Ai?ioueaa ca oe?a?inueeo aea?aeaai?noue. — E.: Ina?oa,
1995. — 192 n.), Niieyea A.I. (Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia aeoiea oa iie?oeea
a Oe?a?i? XVII — ii/. XVIII no. — E.: oia. “Caae?oaa”, 1996 ?. — 151 n.
oa ?i.; i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo a/aieo, ui ai?ieeny ca iacaeaaei?noue
Oe?a?ie: A?ooaanueeee I.N., Eeieinueeee A., Aeiioeia Ae.; aeine?aeaeaiiy
?noi?ee?a ae?anii?e: ?na?a I. (I?e/eie oiaaeeo oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae a
eiyc?anuee? ? eicaoeuee? /ane. — ?ei. 1975. — 380 n.), Ieeiiaaoeueeee ?.
(?noi??y oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. — Ithioai: Caa?aaa, 1953. — 493 n.),
Iaeiaeei I. (Oiaeueie//eia ? oe?a?inueea aea?aeaai?noue. — Iueth-Ei?e:
I?aai?caoe?y iai?iie /ioe?ueio naia?ae Oe?a?ie, 1954. — 24 n.).

Oaeee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e aea? iiaeeea?noue aeeeth/eoe oia?aaeaeai?noue o
iie?oe/i?e ioe?ioe? ?noi?e/ieo iiae?e ? aecia/eoe iniaeeaino?
iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano ? eoeueoo?e, ye? iiaeia o?ainoi?ioaaoe a iao?eoeth
no/aniiai iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae.

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui ieoaiiy noo? ? ?icaeoeo iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano ?
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e aeineoue oe?iei aena?oeththoueny o iaoeia?e
e?oa?aoo??, a aeaiiio aeine?aeaeaii? c?iaeaia ni?iaa ?icaeyiooe
iie?oe/io eoeueoo?o a eiioaeno? aea?aeaaioai?/iai i?ioeano, iieacaoe
eiai caeaaei?noue a?ae ??aiy ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e. Oaeee i?aeo?ae
iaaeinoaoiuei ?ice?eoee a no/ani?e iie?oieia?/i?e e?oa?aoo??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aea? “Ieaio i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?
aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ia?o ia 1998 ??e” Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o
ni?aa, cie?aia ioieoo uiaei ?ic?iaee eo?no “Iie?oieia?y”.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? aecia/a?oueny aaaeeea?noth ia?aii? oaie,
iinoaiiaeith oa aiae?cii iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaieo ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c
aecia/aiiyi noo? oa i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a eiioaeno?
aea?aeaaioai?/iai i?ioeano. Iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? eiie?aoeciaaia /a?ac
ieceo iieiaeaiue ? aeniiae?a:

 a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae a
Oe?a?i? XVII noie?ooy aecia/aii, ui iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ? ?ioaa?aeueiith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano, yea i?iyaey?oueny a noeoiiino?
??cieo iciae (?noi?e/ii iaoiiaeaii? nioe?aeueii? aeoeaiino? ian, ??aiy
na?aeiiino?, ?icaeoeo iie?oe/ii? no?oeoo?e noni?euenoaa), iie?oe/iee
i?ioean a naith /a?ao aenooia? iao?eoeath ?? oi?ioaaiiy;

 ia iniia? aiae?co ??ciiiai?oieo eiioeaioe?e iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e,
ae?iaeaieo no/aniith iie?oe/iith aeoieith, aecia/aia eiioeaiooaeueia
iniiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, ui
iieyaa? a nenoaii?e ?aeiino? ?noi?eei-iaoe?iiaeueii? ? eoeueoo?ii?
o?aaeeoe??, ye? oa?a?aee iniaeeaino? eoeueoo? Caoiaeo ? Noiaeo oa
nooiai? ?o caa?aaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo a no/anieo oiiaao;

 iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ?icaeyaea?oueny ye noeoii?noue oeiiaeo aeey aeaii?
nioe?aeueii? a?oie /e noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio iie?oe/ieo ciaiue,
oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, ianoaiia, oi?iue, iaae/ie iie?oe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? ? iiaaae?iee, ui iie?a?oueny ia ?noi?e/iee aeina?ae, ia?
iaoe?iiaeuei? ? ?ae?a?ei? iniaeeaino? ? i?iyaey?oueny /a?ac iie?oe/iee
i?ioean, yeee iaeii/anii ? ieiueiith ?? oai?aiiy;

 aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo ia?aiao??a oeiieia?? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, aiae?c
aieeao ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy, oeyo?a ?? oi?ioaaiiy aeaei ciiao
iaa?oiooaaoe, ui iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, noi?iiaaia a
XVII noie?oo? ye ia?a?iaeueia, iaoe?iiaeueii-eiioan?eia eoeueoo?a
eiii?ii?niiai oeio c aeaiaioaie aeaiie?aoecio ia iniia? iiia?o?/ii?
ni?yiiaaiino? ia aeaaeo, i?iyaey?oueny ? o?ainoi?io?oueny c on??th
noeoii?noth aeacaieo iciae a no/aniiio iie?oe/iiio i?ioean?;

 iniaeeaino? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e Oe?a?ie XVII noie?ooy aeaee
iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe aeoiee iniiaieo i?ia?aneaieo oaiaeaioe?e
no/aniiai iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano (oyae?iiy aei aeaiie?aoecio, i?aaiaiiy
aei aie? ? iacaeaaeiino? ye eaeoiioea?a ??cieo ca oe?eyie iie?oe/ieo
nee) ? oaiaeaioe?e, ye? aaeueiothoue iie?oe/iee i?ioean (ia??oo/?noue a
aea?aeaaioai?/eo ae?yo, aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?iao, iie?oe/ia
ianoaa?euei?noue);

 caaaeyee ?ice?eooth oeyo?a oi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a XVII
noie?oo? (?noi?eei-iaoe?iiaeuei? o?aaeeoe?? a oi?aae?ii? a?iiaaeith ?
aea?aeaaith, neeaaei? aea?aeaaioai?/? i?ioeane a Oe?a?i?, eiioan?eia
ai?ioueaa) aaeaeiny aecia/eoe, ui oe? oeyoe caa?aaee iaoiaeieia?/ia
cia/aiiy aeey no/anieo iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aea/aiiy
eaoaai??? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ye ?ioaa?aeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioeano
oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaoaeiae aea?aeaae ia iaoa??aeao ai?ioueae oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo ca noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae a XVII noie?oo?.

Aaoi? noaaeoue oae? oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i? caaaeaiiy:

 aecia/eoe iniiai? nieneia? iai?yiee aeao?i?oe?? iiiyoue iie?oe/iee
i?ioean ? iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a, iniaeeaino? ?noi?e/ii? oei?caoe??
eoeueoo?e ? ?? oei?caoe?? ca nooiaiai iie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino?, aeeaeiith
iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a, ae?iaeaieo no/aniith iie?oieia?/iith aeoieith;

 ia iniia? aea/aiiy ia?oiaeaea?ae ? aiae?co ?noi??ia?ao?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e
aecia/eoe iniiai? iai?yiee aieeao eoeueoo? ciai?oiueiai ioi/aiiy ?
iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a o aea?aeaaao ??cieo ??ai?a ?icaeoeo ia oi?ioaaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e;

 aiae?coth/e iie?oe/i? i?ioeane a Oe?a?i? XVII co., ni?anoaaeyth/e
ia??iae iiaii? caeaaeiino? ? i?ioaeoi?aoo c aieo ?a/? Iiniieeoi? oa
iacaeaaeii? aaoueiainueei? aea?aeaae aecia/eoe oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e;

 aeae?eeoe oa?aeoa?i? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i?, aeiiii?/i?, iie?oe/i?,
aeooiai? aeaoa?i?iaioe, ui aecia/athoue iniaeea?noue iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e ? ?? caeaaei?noue a?ae iai?yieo iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano;

 iieacaoe ca’ycie ?icaeoeo iie?oe/ieo noaeoeueoo? c? ci?iaie a
iie?oe/i?e no?oeoo?? noni?euenoaa;

 aeiaanoe, ui ?acoeueoaoeai?noue iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a i?yii caeaaeeoue
a?ae ??aiy ?icaeoeo iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e;

 iieacaoe cia/aiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e aeey ?icaeoeo nenoaie
iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano no/anii? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae.

I?aaeiaoii aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo ye ?ioaa?aeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaoaeiae
aea?aeaae.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoiaee, ui
ae?iaeai? a oiae? ?icaeoeo na?oiai? o?einionueei? aeoiee: ae?aeaeoe/i?
i?eioeeie ? iaoiaee aiae?co yaeu nioe?aeueii? ae?eniino?, aca?iica’yceo
caaaeueiiai, iniaeeaiai ? niaoeeo?/iiai, ?aeiino? eia?/iiai ?
?noi?e/iiai, nenoaiiee oa ii??aiyeueiee iaoiaee.

Iaiao?aei?noue oe?e?niiai aena?oeaiiy oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaa?
caeo/aiiy ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iieiaeaiue c o?einio??, nioe?ieia??.
Iniaeea?noue iaoiaeieia?/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aeine?aeaeaiiy iino?eii ?aea a ii?aeiaii? iniiaieo iaoiae?a iie?oieia??
? ?noi???, aeei?enoaii? eiie?aoii-?noi?e/iiai iaoiaeo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe
aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee ii?eethaeiai? aaoi?ii o aeiiia?aeyo ia
ianooiieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo: i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? iaaeaaia?/i? oaoiieia?? c i?iaeai aoiai?caoe?? oa
aeaiie?aoecaoe?? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a ina?oi?o caeeaaeao”,
27-28 n?/iy 1998 ?ieo (i. *a?eane); V Oa?e?anueeeo I?aeia?iaeieo
Neiai?iaeei?anueeeo /eoaiiyo “I?iaeaia ?aoe?iiaeueiino? iai?ee?ioe? OO
noie?ooy”, 29-30 aa?aniy 1998 ?ieo (i. Oa?e?a), iieiaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a oiae? aeeeaaeaiiy eo?no
“Iie?oieia?y”.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeaia aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a, caeeth/aiiy oa nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e (260 iaeiaioaaiue). Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 178 noi??iie.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noai ? ??aaiue iaoeiai?
?ic?iaee i?iaeaie, iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia
?iaioe, oai?aoe/ia ? iaoiaeieia?/ia ?? iniiaa oa oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oaeoi?e noaiiaeaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e”
?ice?eaathoueny iniaeeaino? ? oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, ?o
caeaaei?noue a?ae iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a ??cieo ?noi?e/ieo ? nioe?aeueieo
??ai?a ?icaeoeo, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue iiaa/eoe noaio ae?e
caeiiii??iinoae, ye? iiaeooue i?ine?aeeiaoaaoeny o iaaiiio oei?
aeeneo?no. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?eathoueny ??ciiiai?oieo iieiaeaiue
noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iie?oe/ii? no?oeoo?e ye ii ai?eciioae? iaaii?
aiioe oae ? ii aa?oeeae? ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo, ui ?iaeoue aeioe?eueiei
ia?aianaiiy iniaeeainoae aeine?aeaeoaaii? aiioe a ieiueio no/aniino?,
aea aaea ye ?noi?e/io aa?oeeaeue.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.1. “Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ye /eiiee
caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e” ?ice?eaa?oueny nooi?noia
oa?aeoa?enoeea iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano ? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, ?o
aca?iiiaoiiaeai?noue. Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ia ? noa?ith iaoa??aeueiith ?
ia iaiaaeo?oueny eeoa aeooiaieie, eoeueoo?ieie oe?iiinoyie. Oea
iniaeeaee oei eoeueoo?e, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? i??o nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo
noni?euenoaa, noai?a, iniaenoino?, ye noa’?eo?a oai?aiiy noni?eueieo
a?aeiinei.

Iniiaiei oeyoii ?aae?caoe?? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ? iie?oe/iee i?ioean.
Niaoeeo?ea ?o aca?iiae?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui c iaeiiai aieo /a?ac
iie?oe/iee i?ioean i?iyaey?oueny iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a, noa? aeinooiiith
aeey ni?eeiaiiy, c ?ioiai — ? nai iie?oe/iee i?ioean ? oai?oeai
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e.

Oae ye iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ? /anoeiith eoeueoo?e acaaae?, ui o?nii
iia’ycaia ? ia?aie?oa?oueny c ?ioeie oeiaie eoeueoo?e, oi ?aaeueii
a?aenooiy noni?eueia eaoaai??y, yea aoea a iia’ycaia ? a?aeia?aaeaea
eeoa ??aaiue ?icaeoeo iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e. Oiio iaea?eueo aeioe?eueii
?icaeyaeaoe iiiyooy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e /a?ac nenoaio iie?oe/ieo
i?ioean?a, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue eiie?aoecoaaoe aeine?aeaeoaaio
eaoaai??th ? ciaeoe nooi iie?oe/ia a on?o noa?ao eoeueoo?e.

A iie?oieia?? iiaeia aeae?eeoe ?yae i?aeoiae?a aei iiiyooy iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e, ye? o?nii iia’ycai? c oa?aeoa?enoeeith ??cieo noi??i
iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano:

 iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a — iniaeeaee oei i???ioaoe?? ia iie?oe/io ae?th, ui
a?aeia?aaea? niaoeeo?eo eiaeii? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie;

 iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a — niaoeeo?/iee, noa’?eoeaiee ?aeo?n iie?oeee;

 ni?eeiaiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino? iie?oe/ieo ae?e, ye ?aaeueii?, ao?eaii? a
iaoa??aeueiiio na?o?, a?aeaeca?eaeaii? noo? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e;

 aeae?eaiiy a aeine?aeaeoaai?e eaoaai??? i??i?eoaoiiai ?noi?e/iiai
aniaeoo;

 caaino?aiiy oaaae ia eeaniai-noaiiaiio caaa?aeaii?.

Aaaaoia?aii?noue iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e aeaea iiaeeea?noue aeey noai?aiiy
nenoaie ?? oei?a, yea ia?aaeaa/a? a?aooaaiiy ??aiy aeaiie?aoecio, oi?ie
oi?aae?iiy, ??aiy iie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino?, ?noi?e/iee aniaeo ?
aaiiie?oe/ia ?ici?uaiiy iin?y iaaii? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.2. “Aieea aaiiie?oe/iiai noaiiaeua oa ciai?oi?o
iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a ia oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e”
a?aecia/a?oueny, ui oeae aieea ia iie?oe/i? i?ioeane a oe?a?inuee?e
aea?aeaa? eaea ii aeaii iniiaiei iai?yieai:

 i?aeiaoe?iiaeuei? ? i?aeaea?aeaai? oaiaeaioe?? eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo,
iie?oe/i? i?ioenoiyiiy a?oi aea?aeaa, ui aeeeeeai? ?ae?a?eieie iioeaaie
/e nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iith ai?ioueaith ? iaoiiaeai? iniaeeainoyie
?noi?e/ii? aiioe;

 iie?oe/i? i?ioeane ie?aieo aea?aeaa, ye? aeiiii?/ii oa aaia?ao?/ii
iia’ycai? c Oe?a?iith /e aoee ia’?aeiaii? c iath a ?aeeio aea?aeaao,
iie?oe/iee aeie.

??ciiiai?oieie aoee ca nai?i eoeueoo?iei, aeiiii?/iei, iie?oe/iei
?icaeoeii e?a?ie, ye? i?ioyaii a?e?a, a caeaaeiino? a?ae ??aiy nai??
iie?oe/ii? ? a?enueeiai? neee, ao?o/aeenue o aioo??oi? aeeooy
oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? ? iaa?oue i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaee ?? nai?e aea?aeaai?e
aeaae? /e aaciina?aaeiuei aeeth/aee a neeaae nai?? aea?aeaae ye
oa?eoi??aeueia oi?ioaaiiy. Oea ni?e/eiyei aei no?ieaoino? aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo, iie?oe/ii? ianoaa?eueiino? a Oe?a?i?, iiaeeaethaaei
nioe?aeueia aiiaeaiiy ia?iaeo. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui iiae?aiee noai
Oe?a?ia ia?aaeeaaea iino?eii aae aei io?eiaiiy iacaeaaeiino? ia
no/aniiio aoai?.

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.3. “Aaiaca iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a i?ioean? ai?ioueae
ca oe?a?inueeo aea?aeaai?noue” i?inoaaeothoueny oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e. ?noi?eei-iaoe?iiaeuei? o?aaeeoe?? a oi?aae?ii?
a?iiaaeith oa aea?aeaaith nyaathoue nai?ie ei?aiyie a aiioo Ee?anueei?
?on?, yea aeaea iaoe?iiaeueii iaoiiaeaio iniiao aeey ?icaeoeo iie?oe/ii?
na?aeiiino? ian: eieaa?aeuei?noue a oi?aae?ii? a?iiaaeith, aeaiie?aoe/i?
canaaee aea?aeaaii? ae?yeueiino?. Oi?ioaaeeny iaoe?iiaeuei? aeaiaioe
iie?oe/ieo ?inoeoooe?e: c?acee cae/a?aiai i?aaa ? ia?o? aea?aeaai?
aeiaiai?e ? caeiie. Oe? iniaeeaino? noaee iniiaith iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e
ia?oi? oe?a?inueei? eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae na?aaeeie XVII noie?ooy.
Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui ia i?ioyc? noie?oue Oe?a?ia ciaoiaeeeany a
aeiiii?/i?e ? iie?oe/i?e caeaaeiino? a?ae iiiaiei-oaoa?, Eeoae, Iieueu?,
oe? aeaiaioe caa?aaeeny. Oea iiynith?oueny ?yaeii i?e/ei:

— aea?aeaae-caaieiaieee, ye i?aaeei, ia ao?o/aeeny a nenoaio i?noeaaiai
oi?aae?iiy naeaie ? i?noaie, iaiaaeoaaeeny cae?aiiyi iiaeaoe?a;

— ?a?iiaenuee? oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? i?aae?iiy ca aeaiaioaie aeaiie?aoecio
aoee aeecueeeie aei o?aaeeoe?eieo ?onueeeo oi?i;

— aeey oe?a?inueei? iaioaeueiino? oa?aeoa?ia i?aaiaiiy aei caa?aaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueieo o?aaeeoe?e ? iniaeeainoae a i?aai?caoe?? niiniao aeeooy ?
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? XVII noie?ooy ? aoaiii neeaaeieo
aea?aeaaioai?/eo i?ioean?a ? oeyoii oi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e
oe?a?inueei? iaoe??. I?eioeei eieaeoea?cio, nioe?aeueii? ??aiino?,
aeaiie?aoecio i?aai?a aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy, ?aeay
iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueii? ai?ioueae noaee iniiaith iie?oe/ii?
na?aeiiino? ? iie?oe/ieo onoaiia oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae na?aaeeie XVII
noie?ooy. A oeae ia??iae ?icaeaathoueny iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe?? (i?aaie
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy — ?aaee, i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy), nenoaia
caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a (oi?aa?naee), ooaa?aeaeo?oueny i?aeia?iaeiee
aaoi?eoao oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, ci?oeith?oueny ? ?icaeaa?oueny
iaoe?iiaeueia ?aeay.

?ae?a?eia ai?ioueaa i?ae i?aaineaaiith ? eaoieeoeueeith oea?eaith,
caaino?aia a?aei-eaoieeoeueeith oi??th, oaeiae oi?io? iie?oe/iee
na?oiaeyae iaoe?? ? iai?aaeai?noue iie?oe/ieo iioea?a. Aiae?c
?ae?a?eiiai i?ioenoiyiiy a Oe?a?i? aea? i?aenoaae c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui
iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo oi?io?oueny c eiioan?eiith
iai?aaeai?noth, i?aeeii ?ae?a?eii? aeooiaiino? ? ina?/aiino? ni?ey?
?inoo iie?oe/ii-aeoeaiiai i?ioa?eo na?aae ianaeaiiy. Oey eiioan?ei?noue
iano?eueee a?inea a oe?a?inueeo iaioaeuei?noue, ui ? a no/anieo oiiaao ?
iaei??th ?c noi??i iie?oe/iiai iaee//y iaoe??.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a o eiioaeno? oe?ii?nieo
eiiiiiaio?a iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a” ?ice?eaa?oueny nooue, iniaeeaino?
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e /a?ac nenoaio aca?iica’yceo c iie?oe/iei i?ioeanii.
Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a — oea iniaeeaee iiaeon, niaoeeo?/iee ?aeo?n
iie?oe/iiai aeeooy, oa?aeoa?enoeea iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano, ?ice?eoe yeee
iiaeia eeoa aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aceaoe ?iaeia? ?ene oeueiai eiea yaeu,
oiio oae aaaeeeai aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo a ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy aeania iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaioae?oaoo.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.1. “Iniaeeaino? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ? ??
aeaoa?i?iaioe” aeine?aeaeo?oueny ye i?ae aieeaii o?eaaeeo
aea?aeaaioai?/eo i?ioean?a, ia?aieaoaiiy ??cieo eoeueoo? oi?iothoueny
niaoeeo?/i? ?ene iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e iaoe??.

Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a iaaiiai ?noi?e/iiai nioe?oio ia iiaea aooe
iaeii??aeiith, oae ye naia noni?euenoai ia? ??ci? nioe?aeuei? eeane, ui
a?ae??ciythoueny ye ca nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie ia?aiao?aie, oae ? ca
iie?oe/ieie oe?eyie, aea caaaeaee aee?enoae?ciaothoueny oae? iniaeeaino?
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, ui aecia/athoue iaee//y oe?ei? iaoe?? ia iaaiiio
aoai? ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo. Aiae?c iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?,
c?iaeaiee o ia?oiio ?icae?e?, aea? i?aenoaao aecia/eoe oae? iniaeeaino?
iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e:

 Iaoe?iiaeueia ?aeay a?eueii? eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae, ye iie?oe/ia
onoaiiaea o aecaieuei?e ai?iouea? ? o oi?ioaaii?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ono?ith aea?aeaae.

 Aeaiie?aoe/ia iai?aaeai?noue aea?aeaaioai?/eo ae?e, ui i?iyaeeeny
/a?ac ii?aeiaiiy i?aaiaeo onoaiiaie ? iaaeinoaoith ?aaeaiaioiaai?noue
caeiio.

 Eiioan?eia iai?aaeai?noue iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, ui i?iyaeeany a ceeoo?
iaoe?iiaeueii? ? ?ae?a?eii? ai?ioueae.

 Ii?aeiaiiy aeayeeo aaoi?eoa?ieo iaoiae?a Noiaeo c iie?oe/ieie
iaoiaeaie ?a?iiaenueei? oeea?e?caoe??.

 Ca?iaeaeaiiy iciae iie?oe/iiai eiii?ii?no, ui ni?e/eiea aei ?icaeoeo
ineoieia?? caeaaeiino?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiae oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? XVII noie?ooy aeiiiiaaa?
aecia/eoe iniiai? iai?yiee oi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a no/anieo
oiiaao ? caeiiii??iino? ?o i?iyao a iie?oe/iiio i?ioean?.

Ethaeeia noa? na?aeiiith a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiai, iane?eueee aiia
caeaoia i?ciaoe iie?oe/iee aniaeo aeaaee. A i?e oi?iothoueny a?ae/oooy,
ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ?nioth/iio oaiiiaio aeaaee. sseui aiia i?aeaeaaeia
oe?aio, oioae?oa?i?e nenoai?, oi oea oi?io? nii/aoeo iiei?o ? a?ae/oooy
aacaeo?aeiino?, a iio?i caeaoi?noue ci?ieoe aeaio oi?io aeeooy, yea
ia?aoai?thaaea ?? ia iaiii?oio iano, eiioi?iiaaio aei ae?eniino?. Noai
iie?oe/ii? aiao?? ia iiaea aooe iino?eiei. I?ieaeooue ?iee,
aeanyoee?ooy, a?ee (aeey ?noi??? oea ? ia oae aaaaoi) ? iniaeno?noue
noaia caeaoiith i?ioenoiyoe ianeeuenoao iaae iniaith, oey caeaoi?noue
iineeth?oueny iceiaeai?noth, aei?noie?noth, ui ii?iaeaeo? iiaeaaeyth/a
aeaaea. Oaea ae?aeaeoeea iaoe?iiaeueii? ai?ioueae ca naiino?ei?noue XVII
noie?ooy, aiioe ?aaiethoe?e 17-19 ?ie?a OO noie?ooy a Oe?a?i? ? ia
no/aniiio aoai?. Oi/a iceiaeai?noue, aei?noie?noue ? iaae?athoue eiaeai
?ac ?ioo ie?aneo, ui a?aeiia?aea? ??aith oeea?e?caoe??.

sseui iniaeno?noue aai iaaia nioe?aeueia ia’?aeiaiiy ethaeae
noeeathoueny c aeaiie?aoe/iith aeaaeith ia canaaeao ni?aaaaeeeaino?, oi
ii?iaeaeo?oueny eiiieaen aoiaiieo i?eioeei?a ni?eueii?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, aea aiie oaeiae ciaoiaeyoueny a iiai?e caeaaeiino?
a?ae caaaeueiiai ??aiy oeea?e?caoe??.

Iino?eia c?oeiaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? ni?eueiioe c ??cieie ye?nieie oeiaie
noni?eueiiai aeeooy (oeea?e?caoe?y Caoiaeo ? Noiaeo) aaaeooue aei
ci?ooaaiiy ye iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a, oae ? iie?oe/ieo eoeueoo? iaoe??.
I??i?eoaoieie noathoue ?ene o??? oeea?e?caoe??, yea ia iaaiiio aoai? ia?
a?eueoee aieea. Oe?a?inueea aea?aeaai?noue a XVII noie?oo? ciaoiaeeeany
a iie?oe/iiio iie? iino?eiiai ia?aoyaoaaiiy aea?aeaaii? aeaaee ia a?e
a?eueo oeea?e?ciaaiiai Caoiaeo (i?aaenoaaeaiiai Iieueuath), oi ia a?e
a?eueo aaniethoeciaaiiai Noiaeo (?in?y, Iniainueea ?iia??y). Oey
oaiaeaioe?y caa??aa?oueny ? nueiaiaei?. Ci?ieeany oeea?e?caoe?y,
iie?oe/ia iai?aaeai?noue, aea caeeoeeeny eeth/ia? i??i?eoaoe
(aeaiie?aoeci ? oeaio?ae?ci). A?aeiia?aeii iio??aai iiooe iie?oe/iiai
iaee//y iaoe??, uia ciiao ia iieieoeny a noa?? iie?oeee iino?eieo
eiii?ii?n?a ? eiioi?i?cio, yeee ia aeiaaee /an cae??ieany a oe?a?inuee?e
iaoe?? ye iciaea iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e. Aeey Oe?a?ie ? oa?aeoa?iei noai
iino?eiiai iaiaa?oaaiiy. Iayai?noue a iie?oe/i?e eoeueoo??
ia?a?iaeueiiai neeaaeo ni?e/eieei aei oi?ioaaiiy nai???aeii? a?iiey?ii?
iiaeae?, yea ii?aeio? eeoea?nueei-eicaoeueeee oa ianeaii-niiaeyaeaeueiee
oeie noaaeaiiy aei aeiae?eey. O iie?oe/ieo i?ioeanao oe? oeie
iaioae?oaoo aeyaeythoueny, c iaeiiai aieo, o aoioa?noa?, aa?i?/i?e
ai?iouea? ca iaoe?iiaeuei? oe?iiino? oa aea?aeaaio naiino?ei?noue
Oe?a?ie, a c ae?oaiai aieo — a aaioeaio?eci?, aaeaeoaeino? aei aeie?
aeaniiai ia?iaeo ? aeanii? aea?aeaae.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.2. “Iie?oe/i? noaeoeueoo?e: nooue, oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy ?
aieeao” a?aecia/a?oueny, ui iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a a noni?euenoa? ia iiaea
aooe iaeii??aeiith, oae ye ethaenueea ni?eueiioa ia? ??ciiiai?oio
eeaniao ? noaiiao no?oeoo?o, a eiaeai nioe?aeueiee noai ia eeoa
aeae?ey?oueny ??cieie aeiiii?/ieie iciaeaie, a e ??aiai iie?oe/ii?
na?aeiiino? ? aeoeaiino?, iie?oe/ieie oe?eyie.

Iie?oe/ia noaeoeueoo?a eicaoeoaa ia? ye i?ia?aneai? aeaiaioe, oae ?
?ene, ui ni?eyee caiaiaaeo oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?:

 ii?aeiaiiy ?ae?a?eii? ? iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?, yea ni?eyei ?inoo
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca aeieth oe?a?inueei? iaoe??;

 oi?ioaaiiy iaaieo iciae aea?aeaaii-i?aaiai? eoeueoo?e iieuenueeiai
oeio c aeaiaioaie eieaa?aeueiino? a oi?aae?ii? ? oeaio?ae?caoe??th
aeaaee a ?oeao iaei??? iniae;

 iaai?iiy iiaiaeaeoaaoe aea?aeaai? ?ioa?ane c? nai?ie noaiiaeie
?ioa?anaie, noeeuei?noue ca?aaee aeanieo ia?oiinoae ooeaoe i?aeo?eieo
ciai?;

 i?iya ?iaeea?aeoae?cio, oyae?iiy aei iaaaeeeeo ni?eueiinoae, ui
aeeeeiny a iie?oe/io ?icae?iaeai?noue;

 ?icaeoie i?i?e??? — caeaoiino? i?enoinoaaoeny aei /oaeeo ii?yaee?a, ui
ni?e/eiy? aei i?ioea?oaiiy eiioi?i?cio, ?aanueei? ineoieia??;

 i?iya aaoi?eoa?ii? oaiaeaioe?? o oiio, ui aeineoue /anoi caaaeueia
ia’?aeiaiiy /e o?aeoe?ei?noue eicaoeueei? noa?oeie ii?yae c? ni?eueieie
iie?oe/ieie ?ioa?anaie aecia/a?oueny aaoi?eoaoii e?aea?a
(Oiaeueieoeueeee A., Aeaianueeee ?., Iacaia ?.).

Oey iie?oe/ia noaeoeueoo?oa eicaoeoaa — iaoe?iiaeueii-eiioan?eia,
aaoi?eoa?ia, noeeueia aei eiii?ii?n?a ? eoeueoeaaoe?? aeanieo ?ioa?an?a,
— i?iyaey?oueny ye iaoe?iiaeueia o?aaeeoe?y a no/anieo oiiaao.

??ciiiai?oi?noue, aca?iia?aeiineie ? ??aaiue ?icaeoeo iie?oe/ieo
noaeoeueoo? aieeaathoue ia iie?oe/i? i?ioeane a aea?aeaa?:

 iayai?noue ??cieo ca aeiiii?/iei noaiii ? iie?oe/ieie oe?eyie
nioe?aeueieo a?oi ni?e/eiy? aei caaino?aiiy ??cieo oi?i ai?ioueae o
na?aaeei? aea?aeaae ? aei oiia?eueiaiiy aea?aeaaioai?/eo i?ioean?a;

 iecueeee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e iaea?eueo ianiaiai
eeano oiia?eueith? iie?oe/i? i?ioeane, ni?e/eiy? aei aeieeiaiiy
i?ioenoiyiiy iie?oe/ieo e?aea??a o ai?iouea? ca aocueeiiniaeno?
?ioa?ane, cieaeo? i?ioan?eiee ??aaiue iie?oe/ii? ae?oe iaoe??;

 ?icaeoie aeoea?nonueei? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e i?enei?th? iie?oe/i?
i?ioeane ? ni?ey? noaa?eueiino? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie.

An? oe? aeniiaee aeooaeuei? aeey no/aniiai ia??iaeo ?icaoaeiae
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, oae ye niinoa??aa?oueny noaiiaa no?ieao?noue,
iiyaa iiaeo nioe?aeueieo a?oi, iaeiiaa ?icoa?oaaiiy a?iiaaeyi.

I?ae?icae?e 2.3. “Aca?iica’ycie ? aca?iiaieea iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e oa
aea?aeaaioai?/eo ? iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a” i?noeoue ocaaaeueiaiiy iniiaieo
oaiaeaioe?e iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?aeia?aaeathoueny ?noi?e/i?
o?aaeeoe??, iniaeeaino? aieeao ciai?oi?o iie?oe/ieo nenoai, ??cieo
iie?oe/ieo noaeoeueoo? iaoe?? ia ae??a?noue ? ?acoeueoaoeai?noue
iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano.

Nai iie?oe/iee i?ioean neeaaea?oueny c aeaio iniiaieo iai?yie?a:

 oi?ioaaiiy iniia aea?aeaaiino?, ui ae?aaea?oueny a eiinoeoothaaii?,
ooai?aii? aea?aeaaieo ? i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aeaaee, noaa?e?caoe??
ae?yeueiino? iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e ? a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e;

— i?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy ? eiio?ieth a on?o noa?ao aeeooy aea?aeaae:
ciai?oiy, aeiiii?/ia, nioe?aeueia, eoeueoo?ia iie?oeea.

Ia aoai? oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a aeaaee ? noai?aiiy caeiiiaeaa/i?
nenoaie iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a caaacia/o? iine?aeiai?noue i?aaiai?
ae?yeueiino?, i?aaiaiiy aei nioe?aeueii? ??aiino?, caa?aaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae. A i?aai?caoe?? iie?oe/iiai aeeooy ??aaiue
eoeueoo?e a?aeia?aaea?oueny a ciai?oi?e iie?oeoe? aea?aeaae, a ??
a?aeiineiao c aea?aeaaaie ??ciiai ??aiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo, a ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ae?e iie?oe/iiai e?aea?a, iie?oe/i?e
na?aeiiino? a?iiaaeyi, iaiiaiaii? aeooiaii? noa?e aeeooy a aea?aeaa?
iaoe?iiaeueiith ?aea?th ? iaoe?iiaeueieie o?aaeeoe?yie.

Aca?iicaeaaei?noue iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ? iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? no/aniee ia??iae a oe?a?inuee?e aea?aeaa?, eiee
iaaeineiiae?noue iie?oe/ieo no?oeoo? ? iecueeee ??aaiue iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e a?aeiinyoueny aei a?oie iniiaieo i?e/ei, ui caaaaeathoue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo e?a?ie.

A caeeth/aii? a?aecia/a?oueny, ui iie?oe/iee i?ioean a Oe?a?i?
ciaoiaeeoueny ia noaae?? oi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/ii? no?oeoo?e noni?euenoaa ?
aecia/aiiy oeyo?a ?icaeoeo iniiaieo noa? iie?oe/iiai aeeooy. Iac??e?noue
oeeo i?ioean?a aea? iiaeeea?noue eeoa i?ine?aeeoaaoe iniiai? oaiaeaioe??
noaiiaeaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e iaoe??. ?? ?icaeoie iino?eii
ii?oooaaany o ca’yceo c ??cieie nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieie iio?yn?iiyie.
Aaaaoi ui c iaoi? a?o/eciyii? a?iiaaeyinueei? eoeueoo?e aoei caaoaeaia,
aaaaoi ui c? na?oiaiai iie?oe/iiai aeina?aeo ia aoei acyoi ia ica?i?iiy.
I?ine?aeeiao?oueny e?eueea ia’?eoeaieo aeaoa?i?iaio, ui oneeaaeiththoue
iie?oe/i? i?ioeane a Oe?a?i? ? a?eueo iiaia aeei?enoaiiy ?noi?e/iiai
aeina?aeo iie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino? ian.

Ii-ia?oa, a?ae aiioe Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai aei i?iaieioaiiy
iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie a 1991 ?ioe? i?ieoei a?eueoa o?ueio noie?oue.
I?ioyaii a?e?a iaoe?y ?icaeaaeanue, ia iath/e nai?? aea?aeaae,
ia?aaoaath/e a aeiiii?/i?e ? iie?oe/i?e caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ioeo e?a?i.

Ii-ae?oaa, ?icaeoie iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e caeaaeeoue a?ae iayaiino? ?
ae??aino? iie?oe/ieo ?inoeoooe?e, caeiiiaeaa/i? iniiae. A?ae /an?a
Oe?a?inueei? eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae aei no/aniiai ia??iaeo Oe?a?ia ia
iaea iaoe?iiaeueii iaoiiaeaii? i?aaiai? aace, ia??iae ?nioaaiiy
iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e ? i?aai?caoe?e iaiaaeoaaany e?eueeiia ?ieaie aai
aeanyoee?ooyie.

Ii-o?ao?, no/ania aiioa oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieei oaiiii nioe?aeueieo
ci?i ? ?icaeoeo. Oaeaee?noue ci?ie iie?oe/ii? neooaoe?? a Oe?a?i?
oneeaaeith? ieaiii??i?noue aea?aeaaioai?aiiy. ?aioia?noue aaaea aei
oaioe/iino? iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano.

Ii-/aoaa?oa, iie?oe/ia ae?yeuei?noue nueiaiaei? ia?aoai?th?oueny a
nai???aeio nenoaio i?iaeoeoth/iai ae?iaieoeoaa, eiee ? eiie?aoiee oiaa?,
eiioeaio?aoe?y noa? ae?yeueiino?, ai?ioueaa ca ?eiie aieeao.

A oea icia/a?, ui iie?oe/ia ae?yeuei?noue ia caoeuaia a?ae ni?ia
niaeoeyoe?? iath, aeia?eueiiai oeoia/aiiy oaeo?a a eii’thieoo?ii
aea?aeiiio aena?oeaii?.

Oa an? oe? oaeoi?e ia caia?a/othoue iaiao?aeiino? ?noi?e/iiai aeina?aeo,
aiie eeoa iaoiiaeththoue iiooe ?aoe?iiaeueieo oeyo?a aeei?enoaiiy
iie?oe/iiai iaaeaaiiy iaoe??.

A?aeiia?aeii iniaeeaino? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? XVII
noie?ooy ? aeoieaie ? iiaeooue ni?eyoe oi?ioaaiith oaeeo ?en iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iaoe??.

1. Iaoe?iiaeueia ai?ae?noue, yea aaco?oueny ia ?noi?e/i?e caeaoiino?
iaoe?? noai?eoe aea?aeaao, ui ca oi?iith i?aae?iiy ? nioe?aeueiei
noaoonii iniiaii? iane ianaeaiiy, eicae?a, aeia?aaeeea o XVII noie?oo?
?a?iiaenuee? aea?aeaae, aea i?eioeeie aeaiie?ao??, nioe?aeueii?
ni?aaaaeeeaino? noathoue a oeaio?? oaaae eeoa a oiae? ao?aeoacieo
?aaiethoe?e XVII? noie?ooy.

2. Aea?aeaaioai?/a aeoeai?noue, ca?eueoaiiy yei? iiaeeeaa ? caaaeyee
ona?aeiieaiith ?noi?e/ieo o?aaeeoe?e o/ano? an??? a?iiaaee a oi?aae?ii?,
?ie? an?o /eai?a iaoe?iiaeueii? ni?eueiino? o aeai?? /e a?aeeo/aii? a?ae
aeaaee ea??aiee?a aea?aeaae: eiyc?a, aaoueiai?a, ioaiai?a.

3. Iiaeieaiiy eiiieaeno i?i?e???, yeee oi?io?oueny o iaoe?? aiiaeiaae
anueiai ?? ?nioaaiiy, ia aiae?c? iaaaoeaiiai aeina?aeo iaoe?iiaeueii?
?noi??? ? iie?oeee iino?eieo eiii?ii?n?a, nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo
iinooiie ? iane?aeoaaiiy iie?oeee ?ioeo aea?aeaa, iiooeo i?ioaeoi?aoo
neeuei?oiai non?aea. Iiaa ia eaea i?i i?eioeeie ie?ii? aeeieiiao?? ?
eiinainono, ye? eaaeaoue o iniia? ciai?oiuei-iie?oe/ieo a?aeiinei
oeea?e?ciaaiiai na?oo, — a eeoa i?i iaaeiioe?ieo iie?oe/ii? neee aeanii?
iaoe??. Cieaeaiiy ??aiy iie?oe/ii? aaeaeoaeino?, yea caaacia/o?oueny ia
eeoa /a?ac ona?aeiieaiiy iaiao?aeiino? iie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino?, a e /a?ac
???aoe?iiaeueia, eiee o ?iaeea?aea ia ??ai? i?aena?aeiiino? oi?iothoueny
ineoieia?/i? iineeee aei iie?oe/ii? ae??. Aei oeueiai niiioeathoue ??ci?
niiniae i?iiaaaiaee iie?oe/iiai aeina?aeo iaoe??.

4. A?ae?iaeaeaiiy ii/oooy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? naiiaooiino? ia i?ioeaaao
i?eioeeio “aaeioeea” ?aeeiiai nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iiai iaoai?cio. ?noi??y
oe?a?inueeiai eicaoeoaa c?oeaia ?c ia?ac?a aa?i?/ieo ia?niiae?e. Eiaeia
caaithaaiiy o i?ioean? iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueii? ai?ioueae,
aoae?aieoeoaa aea?aeaae, ?icaeoeo aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e iaoe?? iia’ycaia c
eiie?aoieie ?iaiaie: Iaeeaaeei N. i?aeiya naeyi ia ai?ioueao c
iieuenueeeie iaiaie, Oiaeueieoeueeee A., noai?ea aea?aeaao, N??ei ?.
ai?iany ca i?aaa ?yaeiaeo eicae?a, iaa?oue oa?aeoa?enoeea A?enueea
Caii??cueeiai caaaeaee oiniaethaaeany a eiie?aoiiio ia?ac? eicaea-aa?iy.

Iaaiee ??aaiue iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a?aeia?aaea?oueny a iiaaae?ioe?
?yaeiaeo /eai?a noni?euenoaa, aea e?aea? ia eeoa ? iin??i oe?eueiaeo
onoaiiaie ? niiioeath/eo iaoiae?a aei ae??, a ?acii c oei
a?aeaeca?eaeth? iniiai? iai?yiee iie?oe/ieo ae?e eean?a, nioe?aeueieo
noai?a, i?ioan?eieo a?oi oiui. ?noi?e/ii noi?ioaaeiny ?yae iciae,
oa?aeoa?ieo aeey oe?a?inueeiai e?aea?a:

 aeey oe?a?inueei? iaioaeueiino? aeanoeaee eoeueo i?aeoe/iiai,
neeueiiai ainiiaea?y, oacy?ia caie?, caeaoiiai aeaniith i?aoeath
i?eiiiaeoaaoe nai? ia?oiino?;

 a?eia? o?aaeeoe?? eicaoeueeiai niiniao aeeooy: e?oaiai? ii?oee,
e?iaiiai a?aoaiiy ai?i?a, caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? onoaiiaee “I?e aaoueiai —
iai, ai?i, caoeniee, i?aaaeiethaaoeue, oiaa?eo” aeecuee? oe?a?inuee?e
ethaeiino? ? nueiaiaei?, oiio a?eueoee ?ioa?an aeeeeea? iie?oee
aiaaiaiee a nai?o neeao, aieueiaee, aeo?eaaeee, iacaeaaeiee i?ae
iie?oee, noeeueiee aei eiii?ii?no ? eiyeueiino?;

 oe?a?inueea iaoe?y ia? iaaia ?noi?e/ia iaaeaaiiy iie?oe/ii? aie? ian:
caeaoiino? ?yaeiaeo /eai?a noni?euenoaa, cao?ooaaaoenue ? ia
i?aeei?eaoenue aeaae?, ci?ieoe iie?oeeo ea??aieea aea?aeaae;

 caoaiith aeey oe?a?inueeeo e?aea??a noaea ineoieia?y “oae?eueiiai
eiycy”, eiee ?ioa?ane aaoueiaia /e iieeiaieea iaiaaeoaaeeny noaiii nai?o
ia?oiinoae.

Ia no/aniiio aoai? aea?aeaaioai?aiiy aei oiia?eueiaiiy i?ioeano
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue aaaea iaiaaeaiiy iie?oee?a
i?iaeaiaie eiie?aoiiai ?aa?iio, i?aei?e?inoa, a?oie aeai?oe?a.

Ioaea, aiae?c ?noi?e/iiai iie?oe/iiai aeina?aeo, ioe?iea
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo caaithaaiue iaoiai ia?iaeo ia ??cieo aoaiao
naiai noaiiaeaiiy aea? iiaeeea?noue a?aeie?aieoe iieiaeaiiy, oe?eueia?
onoaiiaee, iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eeiie, ye? neeaaeathoue iniiao no/aniiai
i?ioeano iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo iaoe??.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue

1. Aeaiie?aoeci a Oe?a?inuee?e aea?aeaa? XVII noie?ooy ? i?e/eie eiai
caiaiaaeo // Neiaiaeaiueia. — 1998. — ? 7. — n. 140-147.

2. I?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane o ia??iae ?icaoaeiae oe?a?inueei? eicaoeueei?
aea?aeaae // I?iaeaie i?a?aoe??. — 1998. ? 2. — n. 17-21.

3. Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino? ??
oi?ioaaiiy o iieiae? // Iia? iaaeaaia?/i? oaoiieia?? c i?iaeaie
aoiai?caoe?? oa aeaiie?aoecaoe?? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a
ina?oi?o caeeaaeao. Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe??. *a?eane, 1998. — n. 134-135.

4. Iie?oe/iee e?aea? o ?ao?iniaeoea? // A?/a. — 1999. — ?1. — n. 15-18.
5..?aoe?iiaeueia ? ???aoe?iiaeueia a iie?oe/ieo iiaeyaeao ?. Neiai?iaee
// i?iaeaia ?aoe?iiaeueiino? iai?ee?ioe? OO noie?ooy. Aeiaeaoie aei
A?nieea Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa. Oa?e?a, 1998. — n.36-38.

6.Nioe?aeueia coiiaeai?noue ? ?noi?e/i? iniaeeaino? noaeoeueoo?e
oe?a?inueeiai eicaoeoaa // A?niee *a?eanueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo / na??y
Nioe?aeueii-aoiai?oa?i? iaoee. — Aei. 6, *a?eane, 1998. — n. 41-47.

Aiioaoe?ss

Aea?ea/ AE. A. Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a ye ?ioaa?aeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea
i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaoaeiae aea?aeaae. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 23.00.02 — iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe ? i?ioeane. —
Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa; Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeooaeuei?e i?iaeai? noaiiaeaiiy iie?oe/iiai
i?ioeano a oiae? oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaoaeiae aea?aeaae, eiai
aca?iiiaoiiaeaiiai ca’yceo c iie?oe/iith eoeueoo?ith ye ?ioaa?aeueiith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith oeueiai i?ioeano. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a
aecia/a? ??aaiue ?ic?iaee ? iaa?oioiaaiino? aea?aeaaioai?/eo oe?eae,
aieeaa? ia caeo/aiiy a?iiaaeyi aea?aeaae aei iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano,
caaacia/o? ?icaeoie iie?oe/ii? na?aeiiino? ? ?? nioe?aeueio
iai?aaeai?noue, i?enei?th? i?ioean aoiaeaeaiiy iaaii? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie
a oaco caaa?oaiiy aea?aeaaii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy, caeaoii? caaacia/eoe
noaa?euei?noue on?o noa? iie?oe/iiai aeeooy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
caeiiii??iinoae oi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e, noaa?e?caoe??
iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a cae?eniaii ia iaoa??aeao ai?ioueae oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo ca noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae XVII noie?ooy. Oeae
ia??iae a ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae ia? eia?/io caaa?oai?noue a
nenoai? oi?ioaaiiy, ?icaoaeiae, ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ?oeiaoe?? aea?aeaaieo
no?oeoo? ? aea? iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe o?aaeeoe?ei? iciaee
iie?oeei-eoeueoo?iiai i?ioeano: iaoe?iiaeueia ai?ae?noue ?
aea?aeaaioai?/a aeoeai?noue, aeaiie?aoe/ia iai?aaeai?noue
aea?aeaaieoeueei? iie?oeee, eiioan?ei?noue iie?oe/ieo ae?e, iciaee
iie?oe/iiai eiii?ii?no ? noeeyiiy aei aaoi?eoa?ieo iaoiae?a a
oi?aae?ii?. A aeena?oaoe?? oaeiae ?ice?eo? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo
no/aniiai eoeueoo?ii-iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano, ye? iaiao?aeii a?aooaaoe i?e
?ic?iaoe? iia?oiuei? no?aoaa?? aea?aeaaioai?aiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iie?oe/iee i?ioean, iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a,
ia?a?iaeuei?noue, eiioan?ei?noue, aeaiie?aoeci.

Aea?ea/ AE.A. Iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a eae eioaa?aeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea
i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey ainoaea?noaa. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iieeoe/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 23.00.02 — iieeoe/aneea einoeooou e i?ioeannu. —
Oieaa?neoao aioo?aiieo aeae; Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aeooaeueiie i?iaeaia noaiiaeaiey iieeoe/aneiai
i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey ainoaea?noaa, aai acaeiinayce n
iieeoe/aneie eoeueoo?ie eae eioaa?aeueiie oa?aeoa?enoeeie yoiai
i?ioeanna. ?aaioa ninoieo ec aeaoo ?acaeaeia, a ia?aii ec ieo “Oaeoi?u
noaiiaeaiey iieeoe/aneie eoeueoo?u” ?ane?uaathony iniaaiiinoe e iooe
oi?ie?iaaiey iieeoe/aneie eoeueoo?u, eo caaeneiinoue io iieeoe/aneeo
i?ioeannia ?aciuo enoi?e/aneeo e nioeeaeueiuo o?iaiae ?acaeoey.
Enneaaeiaaiea caeiiiia?iinoae oi?ie?iaaiey iieeoe/aneie eoeueoo?u,
noaaeeecaoeee iieeoe/aneee i?ioeannia inouanoaeaii ia iaoa?eaeao ai?ueau
oe?aeineiai ia?iaea ca nicaeaiea iaoeeiiaeueiiai ainoaea?noaa a XVII
aaea. Yoio ia?eiae a enoi?ee oe?aeineiai ainoaea?noaa eiaao eiae/aneoth
caaa?oaiiinoue a nenoaia oi?ie?iaaiey, ooieoeeiie?iaaiey e ?aniaaea
ainoaea?noaaiiuo no?oeoo?, /oi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue aeey iaiauaiee
iniaaiiinoae ?acaeoey nia?aiaiiiai iieeoe/aneiai i?ioeanna a Oe?aeia.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ia yoaia oi?ie?iaaiey ainoaea?noaa iieeoe/aneay
eoeueoo?a iaoiaeeony iiae aeeyieai aieaa noaaeeueiuo ainoaea?noaaiiuo
nenoai e aiaoieo eoeueoo?. Oe?aeineay iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a
ia?aeiaeueia, ii yoiio a iae ni/aoathony yeaiaiou caiaaeiiai
aeaiie?aoecia e ainoi/iiai oeaio?aeecia. Oe?aeineay iaoeey eiaao naie
niaoeeoe/aneee iiuo nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneeo ioiioaiee, eioi?ue naycai n
aeayoaeueiinoueth caii?iaeneiai eaca/anoaa e no?ieoaeuenoaii oe?aeineiai
ainoaea?noaa XVII aaea — yoi aeinoaoi/ii aunieee o?iaaiue eieeaeoeaecia
e aoiaiecaoeee a iauanoaa. A oa/aiee aaeia ii ia aue oo?a/ai, a ninoaaee
iniiao oe?aeineie iaioaeueiinoe.

Enneaaeiaaiea enoi?e/aneeo ei?iae eoeueoo?ii-iieeoe/aneiai i?ioeanna
niinianoaoao oi?ie?iaaieth iaoeeiiaeueiie ai?aeinoe e ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca
noaeueao ?iaeeiu o a?aaeaeai Oe?aeiu.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea “Iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a a eiioaenoa oeaiiinoiuo
eiiiiiaioia iieeoe/aneeo i?ioeannia” ?ane?uaaaony nouiinoue, iniaaiiinoe
iieeoe/aneie eoeueoo?u /a?ac nenoaio acaeiinayce n iieeoe/aneei
i?ioeannii, aai ?acoeueoaoeaiinoue. Ii?aaeaeaiu o?aaeeoeeiiiua i?eciaee
eoeueoo?ii-iieeoe/aneiai i?ioeanna: iaoeeiiaeueiay ai?aeinoue e
aeoeaiinoue a?aaeaeai a ainoaea?noaaiiii no?ieoaeuenoaa,
aeaiie?aoe/aneay iai?aaeaiiinoue ainoaea?noaaiiie iieeoeee,
eiioanneiiiinoue iieeoe/aneeo aeaenoaee, i?eciaee iieeoe/aneiai
eiii?iiena e i?iyaeaiea aaoi?eoa?iuo iaoiaeia oi?aaeaiey.

Iieeoe/aneee i?ioeann ?anniao?eaaaony a aeaoo iniiaiuo iai?aaeaieyo:

 oi?ie?iaaiea iniia ainoaea?noaaiiinoe;

 i?aaiecaoeey oi?aaeaiey e eiio?iey ai anao noa?ao iieeoe/aneie aeecie
ainoaea?noaa.

Ia yoaia oi?ie?iaaiey ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia aeanoe e nicaeaiey
caeiiiaeaoaeueiie nenoaiu iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a iaania/eaaao
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue i?aaiaie aeayoaeueiinoe, no?aieaiea e
nioeeaeueiiio ?aaainoao, nio?aiaiea iaoeeiiaeueiuo iniaaiiinoae.

A i?aaiecaoeee iieeoe/aneie aeecie o?iaaiue eoeueoo?u io?aaeaaony ai
aiaoiae iieeoeea ainoaea?noaa, ioiioaiee e iaio ainoaea?noa ?aciiai
o?iaiy nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey, a ?acoeueoaoeaiinoe
aeaenoaee iieeoe/aneiai eeaea?a, iaee/ee iieeoe/aneiai niciaiey o
?yaeiauo a?aaeaeai.

A caeeth/eoaeueiie /anoe ?aaiou iieacaiu iniaaiiinoe nia?aiaiiiai
iieeoe/aneiai i?ioeanna, ?ane?uou aeaoa?ieiaiou, eioi?ua oneiaeiytho
iaania/aiea noaaeeueiinoe yoiai i?ioeanna. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iieeoe/aneay
eoeueoo?a ii?aaeaeyao o?iaaiue ?ac?aaioee iainiiaaiiinoe oeaeae
ainoaea?noaaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa, aeeyao ia i?eaea/aiea a?aaeaeai
ainoaea?noaa e o/anoeth a iieeoe/aneii i?ioeanna, iaania/eaaao ?acaeoea
iieeoe/aneiai niciaiey e aai nioeeaeueioth iai?aaeaiiinoue, onei?yao
i?ioeann aoiaeaeaiey ii?aaeaeaiiie iieeoe/aneie nenoaiu a oaco
caaa?oaiiie ainoaea?noaaiiie no?oeoo?u oi?aaeaiey, niiniaiie iaania/eoue
noaaeeueiinoue anao noa? iieeoe/aneie aeecie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iieeoe/aneee i?ioeann, iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a,
ia?aeiaeueiinoue, eiioanneiiiinoue, aeaiie?aoeci.

Derkach Zh. V. Political culture as the integral description of the
process of forming and development of the state — Manuscript.

Thesis for Phd 23.00.02 — political institutes and processes. University
of Internal Affairs, Kharkiv, 1999.

The paper is developed to the actual problem of forming the political
process during the formation and state development, its
mutual-determined links with the political culture as the integral
description of this process. It is settled the political culture defines
the level of the elaboration: the motivation of the state creative aims,
influences on the involving of the citizens into the political process,
ensures the development of the political consiousness and its social
direction, accelerates the process of entry of a certain political
system into the phase of completed system of state government, capable
to provide stability of all spheres of political life. The
investigations of laws of formation of political culture and the
investigations of stabilization of political processes have been
realized through the materials of the Ukrainian people struggle for
foundation of the national state in the XVII th century. In the history
of the Ukrainian state this period is logically completed in the system
of foundation, development, functioning and destruction of state
structure and gives the opportunity to find out traditional features of
political and cultural process: national pride, state creative,
activity, democratic direction of state policy, confession of political
actions, features of political compromise and disposition to
authoritarian methods of government. The specific features of the
development of modern cultural and political process are described in
the paper. These features must be taken into consideration in the
process of working up of modern stragedy of state creation.

Key words: concept of political culture, of political process,
marginality, confession preference, democracy.

Похожие записи