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?INOEOOO O?IEIA?? OA IAO?IEIA?? AII
OE?A?IE

I?A*EIANUeEEE Aaeaioei
Aaeaioeiiae/

OAeE 616.617 -089

IIEACAIIss AeI ?IOANOEIAEUeII? IEANOEEE NA*IAIAeO

OA ?? INIAEEAINO?

14.01.06 – o?ieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie

iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Noaoianueeee Aaeoa?ae
Ieaenaiae?iae/, ?inoeooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eaiiyi ieanoe/ii? oa a?aeiiaethaaeueii? o?ieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Na?iye Iao?i Noaiaiiae/, Aeiiaoeueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith o?ieia??

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaiai?i Aieiaeeie? ?icoiieeiae/,
Eoaainueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith
o?ieia?? oa iieieia??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Aei?i?iiao?ianueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, eaoaae?a
o?ieia??, IIC Oe?a?ie, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 18 ” o?aaiy 1999?. i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.615.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 254053, Ee?a, aoe.
TH.Eioethaeinueeiai, 9A.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo o?ieia??
oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 15 ” ethoiai 1998?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe________________________Aieei I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?aeiino?oeoeaia oi?o?aiy na/iaea?aeieo oeyo?a
– iaeia c iaeaeooaeueiioeo i?iaeai a o?ieiai?. Ao?aoa aaeaeaaoii?
ooieoei? na/iaiaeo aaeueie na?eiciee iaoieiai/iee noai, ui /anoi
aecia/a? aaconiioiinoue eiina?aaoeaieo i iia?aoeaieo iaoiaeia
eieoaaiiy. Ca inoaiii aeanyoe?i//y caaaeyee iiaei oniioai, aeinyaiooei o
aea/aiii ii?iaeueii? oa iaoaeiai/ii? oiciieiai? ie?ie i aa?oiio
na/iaeaiaeieo oeyoia c?inea eieueeinoue iaoiaeia i?ioacoaaiiy
na/iaiaeo, aea neiae eiinoaooaaoe, ui aeeaieiai aiaeico ?o aoaeoeaiinoi
a eioa?aoo?i ia i?iaaaeaii.

Caiiio na/iaiaeo aiae?iceii oiieiai eeoa/ieea aia?oa aeeiiaa Shomaker a
1906 ?ioei. A iiaeaeueoi 50 ?ieia c’yaeyeenue iiiaeeiiei
ioaeieaoei? a eioa?aoo?i ( R. Nissen, 1940; F.J. Rack, F.A. Simone,
1954; W.C. Baum, 1954). ? o?eueee oeiea W.E.Goodvin aeaoaeueii
?ic?iaeea oaoiieo iioanoeiaeueii? ieanoeee i oei naiei ?icoe?eea
iieacaiiy, ui aei ?? cai?iaaaeaeaiiy (W.E.Goodvin, 1959; W.E.Goodvin,
1961). I?ioa, ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui c eiaeiei aeanyoe??//yi iieacaiiy
iino?eii ci?iththoueny. Oae, ia i?ioyc? inoaii?o 15 ?ie?a, ia
iioae?eiaaii ?ia?o ii aeeiiaiith eeoeiai? ieanoeee c i?eaiaeo
na/ieai’yii? oai?iae. Aea oae? caoai?thaaiiy, ye ooaa?eoeueic,
a?eueaa?oeeic oa o?aaiaoe/ia iioeiaeaeaiiy na/iaiaeo yaeythoueny iaeiei
c iieacaiue aei i?ioacoaaiiy o?aoa?o ( A.N. Ea?iaiei, 1989; E.N.
Eaiuoai, 1995; A.A. Shokeir, 1991; E.D. Yeboah, 1993; R.Aboutaieb,
S.Bennani 1996).

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oei?? iaoe aeei?enoiaoaaee naii ?icii oeaieie – aiae
noaeei, oaeiii?aeo o?oa, aiaiaeeena, oei?e, aei neea, IOOA oa iioeo
neioaoe/ieo iaoa??aeia( J.F. Glenn, 1983; E.S. Sabanegh, 1996). Iaeiae
oei ni?iae ia aeaee iaeaaeiiai ee?i?/iiai aoaeoo.

A naith /a?ao, oiieee eeoa/iee ca nai?ie aiaoiii-ooieoe?iiaeueieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie yaey?oueny iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiei iaoa??aeii aeey
?aeiino?oeoe?? na/iaea?aeiiai o?aeoo, cie?aia na/iaiaeo (D.E. Bejany,
1991; A.A. Shokeir, 1995). An?i a?aeiia aeei?enoaiy eeoaiai? eeoee aeey
cai?uaiy na/iaiai i?oo?a, na/iaiaeo aai oiai /e ?ioiai aeaeo
aea?eaaoe?? na/?. Aea ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui oe? iia?aoe?? c-ca nai??
neeaaeiino? ciaeoee iaeaaeia i?noea o?eueee a ie?aieo o?ieia?/ieo
oeaio?ao. Iaoii?noue eeiiiea ieanoe/ii? oa aiaeiiaethaaeueii? o?ieiai?
?inoeoooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie ia i?ioyci inoaiiio 20
?ieia aeei?enoiao? iioanoeiaeueio ieanoeeo na/iaiaeo, ui aeicaieeei
iaeiie/eoe iaeei c iaeaieueoeo eeiii/ieo iaoa?iaeia a Aa?ii?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia ye o?aaiaio eiiieaenii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie,
caoaa?aeaeaii? IIC Oe?a?ie, iiia? ?a?no?aoe?? 0186.0060583.

Iaoa aeineiaeaeaiiy. I?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue i?ioacoaaiiy na/iaiaeo
oeyoii aaeineiiaeaiiy iieacaiue oa iia?aoeaii? oaoi?ee cai?uaiiy eiai
eeoaiaith eeoeith.

Caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe eeiiiei-aiaoiii-ooieoeiiiaeueii iniaeeainoi na/iaeaiaeii?
nenoaie o oai?eo aei – oa iiney iioanoeiaeueii? ieanoeee na/iaiaeo.

2. Iioei?coaaoe iieacaiiy oa i?ioeiieacaiiy aei eeoeiai? ieanoeee
na/iaiaeo.

3.?ic?iaeoe aeiiae aei oi?o?ai/ii? oaoiiee caiiuaiiy na/iaiaeo
aiae?iceii oiiei? eeoee.

4. Anoaiiaeoe oneeaaeiaiiy eeoeiai? ieanoeee na/iaiaeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

?ic?iaeai? iieacaiiy aei ?ioanoeiaeueii? ieanoeee na/iaiaeo i?e eiai
o?aaiaoe/iiio iioeiaeaeaii?, iaaao?aoa??, a?ae?iiao?ic? oa
?ao?iia?eoiiaaeueiiio o?a?ic?, ye? a?oioothoueny ia ooieoe?iiaeueiiio
noai? ie?ee oa iacai?ioi?o ci?iao na/iaiaeo.

?ic?iaeaii i?eioeeiiai iiaee niin?a eeoeiai-na/ii?oo?iaiai aianoiiico,
yeee ia?aaeaa/a? noai?aiiy aioe?aoetheniiai iaoai?cio oeyoii aeai?ioo oa
oi?ioaaiiy 2-o eaiae?a a oa?i?iaeuei?e /anoei? eeoeiaiai o?ainieaioaoo.

Aea/ai? ee?i?ei-aiaoiii-ooieoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? ie?ee,
na/iaea?aeii? nenoaie oa eeoeiaiai o?ainieaioaoo i?ney ?ioanoeiaeueii?
ieanoeee na/iaiaeo.

Anoaiiaeai? oneeaaeiaiiy eeoeiai? ieanoeee na/iaiaeo oa cai?iiiiiaai?
oeyoe ?o ei?aeoe??.

Ia cia/iiio ee?i?/iiio iaoa??ae? aeinoia??ii aecia/aia oa aeiaaaeaia
aoaeoeai?noue ?ioanoeiaeueii? ieanoeee na/iaiaeo – iieacaii, ui
cai?uaiiy eiai eeoaiaith eeoeith ? aeueoa?iaoeaith iao?aeoii??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Iaa?oioiaaii aeeiiaiiy iaea?eueo ?aiiueiai iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy.

?ic?iaeai? aeiiae, ui aei o??o?a?/ii? oaoiiee caiiuaiiy na/iaiaeo
aiae?iceii oiiei? eeoee.

Iaa?oioiaaii noai?aiiy aioe?aoetheniiai iaoai?cio i?e oi?ioaaii?
na/ia?aeii-eeoeiaiai oa eeoeiai-na/ii?oo?iaiai aianoiiico.

?ic?iaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y na/ii?oo?iai-eeoeiaiai ?aoetheno.

?ic?iaeaii e?eoa??? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?ioanoeiaeueii? ieanoeee
na/iaiaeo.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii aecia/aiith iieacaiue oa iniaeeaino?
?ioanoeiaeueii? ieanoeee na/iaiaeo aeei?enoiaothoueny a
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeuee?e ? e?eoaaeuei?e ?iaio? ?inoeoooo o?ieia?? oa
iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?aeay aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe cai?iiiiiaaia
iaoeiaei ea??aieeii. Caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeeoue ae??oaiiy caaea/ aaeaeaaoii
iao? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe oa iaoiaeieia?/ii? iniiae ?? aeeiiaiiy.
Aeena?oaio iniaenoi aecia/ea iieacaiiy ? i?ioeiieacaiiy oa iniaeeaino?
eeoeiai? ieanoeee na/iaiaeo, a oaeiae aeaa ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino?
?ioanoeiaeueii? ieanoeee, anoaiiaea ?? oneeaaeiaiy. Ni?eueii c
ea??aieeii ?ic?iaeaii oa io?eiaii iaoaio ia aeiao?ae: niin?a noai?aiiy
eeoeiai-na/ii?oo?iaiai aianoiiico oa, i?iaaaeaii oi?ioethaaiiy iaoeiaeo
iieiaeaiue ? aeniiae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia ?? eiia?an? o?ieia?a Eacaonoaio (Aeia-Aoe,1995); ?
i?aeia?iaeiiio c’?cae? iieiaeeo a/aieo (Oa?iii?eue,
1997);iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? o?ieia?a Ee?anueei? iaeano? (Ee?a,
1998); iaoeiaiio can?aeaii? ?inoeoooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia?? AII Oe?a?ie
(Ee?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, c
yeeo 3 – a iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo o aeaeyae? aeo?iaeueieo noaoae, a
oaeiae io?eiaii iaoaio ia aeiao?ae: niin?a noai?aiiy
eeoeiai-na/ii?oo?iaiai aianoiiico ? 24871A.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 4 ?icae?e?a
(iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e ii oai? e 3 ?icae?ee ?c ?acoeueoaoaie iniaenoeo
aeine?aeaeaiue), caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e,
nieneo e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoe?a. Aeena?oaoe?th aeeeaaeaii ia 170
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaii 27 oaaeeoeyie e 69
iaethieaie. A?ae?ia?ao?y i?noeoue 275 aeei?enoaieo iaoeiaeo aeaea?ae (
105 a?o/eciyieo, o oiio /ene? e?a?i NIAe, oa 170 ?iicaiieo aaoi??a) ?
caeia? 22 noi??iee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Ee?i?/iee iaoa?iae ? iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiue. A iniiao aeena?oaoei?
iieeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe eiiieaeniiai ianoaaeaiiy 93 oai?eo, eio?ei aoea
aeeiiaia eeoeiaa ieanoeea na/iaiaeo. Ani aiie aoee i?iiia?iaaii a
eeiiioe? ieanoe/ii? oa aiaeiiaethaaeueii? o?ieiai?, iinoeoooo
o?ieiai? oa iao?ieiai? AII Oe?a?ie a ia?iiae c 1971 ii 1997 ?ie.

C caaaeueii? eieueeinoi oai?eo /ieiaieia aoei 40 (43%), aeiiie –
53(57%). Oai?i aoee ca aieii aiae 5 aei 58 ?ieia oa na?aaeiie
aie aiaeiiaiaeii 30,5+/-1,3 ?ieia. Aiaeic aeaieo iieaa, ui aieueoinoue
(90%) neeaee iaoei?ioe aieii aiae 10 aei 50 ?ieia.

I?aaeiaoii aea/aiiy aoee oai?i, a eio?eo iaea iinoea iaeii- (50) oa
aeainoi?iiiy (33) iaoieiaiy, a oaeiae iaoieiaiy na/iaiaeo ?aeeii? ie?ee
(10).

Eiio?ieueia ianoaaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii o 75(80,6%) iaoe??io?a, a no?iee
a?ae 6 i?nyoe?a aei 16 ?ie?a. A?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe i?inoaaeai? i?ney
??cieo aeae?a cai?uaiiy na/iaiaeo eeoeiaei o?ainieaioaoii. A 44(58,7%)
aeiaaeeao aiae?c aoa i?iaaaeaiee o iaoe??io?a i?ney iaiiaiiai cai?uaiiy
na/iaiaeo ? a 31(41,3%) – i?ney oioaeueiiai.

Iniaeeainoi eeiii/iiai ia?aaiao caoai?thaaiue o oai?eo, yeei
ieaioaaeanue, /e aoea aeeiiaia iioanoeiaeueia ieanoeea na/iaiaeo,
iio?aaoaaee ciaoeiaeueiiai eeiiiei-eaai?aoi?iiai,
?aioaai-?aaeiieiai/iiai, ooieoeiiiaeueiiai oa iaoi-ii?oieiai/iiai
iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy. Aeiaaiinoe/ii iaoiaee, ui aoee canoiniaaii i?e
ianoaaeaiii oei?? eaoaai?i? oai?eo ia?aneiaeoaaee neiaeoth/i oeie?:

?iciiciaaaiiy iniiaiiai caoai?thaaiiy oa ooi/iaiiy iniaeeainoae
ii?ooaiiy o?iaeeiaiiee;

ioeiiea ooieoei? ie?ie;

oa?aeoa?enoeea aiaoiii-ooieoeiiiaeueieo ciii aa?oiio na/iaeaiaeieo
oeyoia i?ney eeoeiai? ieanoeee na/iaiaeo.

?acoeueoaoe eeiii/ieo ianoaaeaiue aoee noaoenoe/ii ia?iaeaii. Aeey
oei?? oeiei oa noaiaea?oecaoei? yeinieo iieacieeia aoea ?ic?iaeaia
oi?iaeiciaaia inoi?iy oai?iae, eio?a neeaaeaeanue c 15 ?icieo
aiaeaeieia.

Eiaeai ?icaeie aeeth/a? a naaa ?yae iieacieeia, yei a noii neeaee 250.
Neiae aiaeiioeoe, ui inoi?iy oai?iae ia?aaeaa/aea ?a?no?aoeith aeaieo
i?e iiaoi?iiio iinooieaii a eeiiieo.

Aanue ia’?i iaoa?iaeo aoa aianaiee a ia?niiaeueiee eiiithoa? oeio IBM
PC/XT 486 oi?ie “Samsung”. Aeey ia?iaee iaoa?iaeo aoea aeei?enoaia
aiaeienueea i?ia?aia CSS, ui ia?aaeaa/a? iaeiie/aiiy aace aeaieo,
noaoenoe/iee aiaeic c oeeo?iaith oa a?aoi/iith ia?iaeith.

?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aiaeic eeiii/iiai iaoa?iaeo aeicaieea aeaeieeoe 4 a?oie oai?eo a
caeaaeiinoi aiae caoai?thaaiiy (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

?iciiaeie oai?eo a caeaaeiinoi aiae
caoai?thaaiiy

Caoai?thaaiiy Eieueeinoue oai?eo A?aenioie

Iaaao?aoa? 65 69,9+/-5

O?aaia na/iaiaeo 18 19,3+/-4

?ao?iia?eoiiaaeueiee oia?ic 4 4,3+/-2

Aiae?iiao?ic 6 6,5+/-2

Anueiai 93 100%

sse aeaeii c oaaeeoei, iaeaieueoo eeiii/io a?oio neeaaeaee oai?i ia
iaaao?aoa? 65(69,9+/-5%), yeee iiae?eyany ia iano?oeoeaiee 49(52,7%) oa
?aoethenoth/ee 16(17,2%).

O?aaia na/iaiaeo aeiaaiinoiaaia o 18(19,3%) oai?eo oa
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue iayaiinoth na/iai? ii?eoe? na/iaiaeo oa ie?ee, ui
aeieeea a ?acoeueoaoi ciaiioiuei? o?aaie o 3, aai ae iia?aoeaiiai
ao?o/aiiy o 15 iaoei?ioia. Iaea?eueo /anoeie aoee na/ia?aeii-oe??i?
91,7% ii?eoe?.

Iayaiinoue ?ao?iia?eoiiaaeueiiai oia?ico iineyiia?aoeieiiai aaiaco iaea
iinoea o 2 oai?eo, oa ua o 2 iiney i?iiaiaai? oa?aii?.

I?e/eiith ?icaeoeo ?aoeeaeeaiiai aiae?iiao?ico noaea no?eeoo?a INN,
ia?eiaeueaeeaeueii oa ia?eo?aoa?aeueii c?iuaiiy iiney ieanoeee INN
oa ooai?aiiy a iineyiia?aoeieiiio ia?iiaei na/iai? ii?eoei 16,7%;
aoi?eiiiai aiae?iiao?ico noaa ?ao?iia?eoiiaaeueiee oia?ic 50,0%, oa
no?eeoo?a INN, ia?eiaeueaeeaeueii i ia?eo?aoa?aeueii c?iuaiiy 33,3%. O
an?o 6 oai?eo iaa i?noea a?ae?iiao?ic ??? noaae??, ui oa?aeoa?ecoaaany
ae?aaeaiei cieaeaiiyi ooieoe?? ie?ee, iayai?noth aoi?eiii-o?ii?/iiai
i??eiiao?eoo.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui o 50,5+/-5% oai?eo iia?aoeaii ao?o/aiiy ia
na/iaeaiaeieo oeyoao ia aeaee aoaeoo, i?e/iio a 42,6% aeiaaee?a aoee
aeeiiai? ieanoe/ii iia?aoei?, ye? iiai?oeee aiaoiii-ooieoeiiiaeueii
ciiie oa i?ecaaee aei iaio?aeiino? aeeiiaiiy iioanoeiaeueii? ieanoeee
na/iaiaeo.

ssaeua o?iii/ii? ie?eiai? iaaeinoaoiinoi a iniiaiiio iaee iinoea i?e
aeainoi?iiiie iaoieiai? 31,2% aai iaoieiai? na/iaiaeo ?aeeii? ie?ee
10,8%. I?e/iio eaoaioia noaaeiy aeyaeaia o 33, eiiiainiaaia – o 12,
iioa?iiooth/a – 5 oai?eo. ?icaeoie ie?eiai? iaaeinoaoiinoi iiynith?oueny
eiii?anieiei iioeiaeaeaiiyi ia?aioiie aianeiaeie o?iii/iiai noaco na/i
oa iayai?noth aoi?eiii-o?ii?/iiai i??eiiao?eoo.

Aeei?enoaiiy ?aae?iioee?aeii? ?aiia?ao?? oa aeeiai?/ii?
iao?inoeeioea?ao?? aeicaieeei o 53(57%) oai?eo io?eiaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th
i?i nae?aoi?ii-aene?aoi?io ooieoe?th eiaeii? ie?ee ie?aii oa i?i
o?iaeeiai?eo aa?oi?o na/iaea?aeieo oeyo?a. EO eieeaaeanue a oe?ieeo
iaaeao: a?ae 14,4 ie/oa aei 64,1 ie/oa oa oea aeaei iiaeeea?noue
ioe?ieoe ? aeae?eeoe o?e a?oie ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ie?ee ia noi?ii?
caoai?thaaiiy:

1 a?oia (7 ie?ie) – ooieoe?y ie?ee caa?aaeaia, EO neeaea
45,0+\-0,9 ie/oa, aeinoia??ii? ??cieoe? oeueiai iieacieea ?c caei?iaith
ie?eith ia aoei (?>0,05);

2 a?oia (19 ie?ie) – ooieoe?y ie?ee cieaeaia, EO aei??aithaaea
35,5+/-5,1ie/oa, oeae iieaciee aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciyany a?ae
iiia?aaeiuei? a?oie (P 20 ie/oa);

ao?aoa o?ainii?oii? ooieoe?? na/iaiaeo, aiane?aeie iacai?ioi?o ci?i a
eiai no?ioe?;

a?aenooi?noue ieanoe/ieo iia?aoe?e, aeicaieyth/eo a?aeiiaeoe ianaae na/?
ca aeiiiiiaith oeaiei na/iaea?aeii? nenoaie.

Aeoiaey/e ?c ciaiue o?c?ieia?? oa iaoio?c?ieia?? OEO oa na/iaea?aeii?
nenoaie, cai?uaiiy na/iaiaeo a?ae??ceii oiiei? eeoee ia aeei?enoiaoaaee
i?e:

eeoai/eia?e oieueo?aoei? 2ni).

O?aaiaoe/ia iioeiaeaeaiiy na/iaiaeo i?ioyaei?noth iiiaae 8ni ?
iieacaiiyi aei eiai cai?uaiiy eeoeith.

?aoeeaeeaia caoaeaiiy INN ? /anoeie na/iaiaeo, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
i?ioyaei?noth oa iacai?ioi?noth ci?i i?e a?ae?iiao?ic? ?
?ao?iia??oiiaaeueiiio o?a?ic? yaey?oueny iieacaiiyi aei ?ioanoeiaeueii?
ieanoeee na/iaiaeo.

Eeoeiai-na/ii?oo?iaee aianoiiic iiaeiai ia?aaeaa/aoe oi?ioaaiiy
aioe?aoetheniiai iaoai?cio oeyoii noai?aiiy iaiaeaoe c ?io?a?eaaeueiei
oaii.

Eeoeiaa ieanoeea na/iaiaeo oneeaaeith?oueny: caaino?aiiyi o?ii?/iiai
i??eiiao?eoo (40,9+/-5%), na/ii?oo?iai-eeoeiaei ?aoethenii (36,0+/-6%),
no?eeoo?ith na/ia?aeii-eeoeiaiai (4,3+/-2%) oa eeoeiai-na/ii?oo?iaiai
(1,3+/-1%) aianoiiico.

Iioanoeiaeueia ieanoeea i?e ao?ao? aaaeoaoi?ii? ooieoe?? na/iaiaeo
aiane?aeie iacai?ioi?o ci?i a eiai no?ioe? o 86,7+/-4% oai?eo aea?
iiaeeeainoue aiaeiiaeoe o?iaeeiaiieo oa caa?aaoe ooieoeiiioth/o
ie?eo.

I?AEOE*II ?AEIIAIAeAOeI?

Aiaoiii-ooieoeiiiaeueii ciiie a na/iaeaiaeieo oeyoao oa ie?eao i?e
iaoieiai? na/iaiaeo iaiaoiaeii aea/aoe ca aeiiiiiaith
?aioaai-?aaeiiioeeiaeieo iaoiaeia, yei ia?aaeaa/athoue aeiaaiinoeeo
caoai?thaaiiy i aeicaieythoue eiio?iethaaoe ooieoeith ie?ee oa
aiaeiiaeaiiy o?iaeeiaiiee a iineyiia?aoeieiiio ia?iiaei.

?acoeueoaoe eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy aa?oiio na/iaeaiaeieo oeyoia, a
?icii no?iee caoai?thaaiiy, ia ?icieo noaaeiyo iaaao?aoa?o /e oi
aiae?iiao?ico, i?e o?aai? na/iaiaeo /e oi ?ao?iia?eoiiaaeueiiio o?a?ic?,
naiae/aoue i?i iaiaoiaeiinoue aeeiiaiiy iaeaieueo ?aiiueiai iia?aoeaiiai
ao?o/aiiy.

Caiiuaiiy iaeiiai aai iaio na/iaiaeia iiaeiii aeeiioaaoenue ca
aeiiiiiaith ?aeeiiai eeoeiaiai o?ainieaioaoo, ?iciiuaiiiai
iciia?enoaeueoe/ii a /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii, a i?e aeaia?/i?e oioaeuei?e
ieanoeoe? aeiaeaoeiai aeei?enoiaoth/e A?aoi?anueeee aianoiiic.

Oi?ioaaiiy na/ia?aeii-eeoeiaiai aianoiiico ia?aaeaa/a? noai?aiiy
aioe?aoetheniiai iaoaiicio ii oeio “eiiaoeue a eiiaoeue” aai “eiiaoeue
a aie”; iiaeaethaaiiy eeoeiai-na/iiioo?iaiai aianoiiico iio?aao?
aeeiiaiiy iio?aieaaeueii? ieanoeee ii iaoiaeeoei eeiiiee.

Aiae?c i?neyiia?aoe?eieo o?ao?ioeenoia?ai aeicaieea aeae?eeoe 3 noaae??
na/ii?oo?iai-eeoeiaiai ?aoetheno: ?no – eiio?anoia ?a/iaeia aeiiaith?
/anoeio aai ae aanue a?oeo?oe?eiee na/ia?ae, ia’?i *IN a?aeiia?aea?
aeiiia?aoe?eiiio; ??no – eiio?anoia ?a/iaeia aeiiaith? aanue eeoeiaee
o?ainieaioao oa /anoeio na/iaiaeo, ia’?i *IN caeeoeany ia
aeiiia?aoe?eiiio ??ai? aai ae aeaui ca?eueoeany; ???no – eiio?anoia
?a/iaeia aeiiaith? aanue a?oeo?oe?eiee na/ia?ae oa /anoeiai /e iiai?noth
ie?eiao ieneo, ia’?i *IN ca?eueoeany, a ooieoe?y ie?ee iia??oeeanue.

E?eoa?iyie ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi iioanoeiaeueii? ieanoeee na/iaiaeo
yaeythoueny: nea?ae, aiaoiii-ooieoeiiiaeueiee noai a?oeoioeieiiai
na/iaiaeo oa ie?ee ia noi?iii iia?aoei?, iayaiinoue
na/iiioo?iai-eeoeiaiai ?aoetheno oa ii?eiiao?eoo, i?e/iio iaia’yceiaith
oiiaith iiceoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo ? caa?aaeaiiy ooieoei? ie?ee oa
aiaeiiaeaiiy o?iaeeiaiiee.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

I?a/eianeee A.A. Ineiaeiaiey eioanoeiaeueiie ieanoeee ii/aoi/ieea // 1
I?aeia?iaeiee iaaee/iee eiia?an iieiaeeo a/aieo. Oace aeiiia?aeae. –
Oa?iii?eue.- 1997.- N.197.

Iaoaio ia aeiao?ae 24871A. Niin?a noai?aiiy eeoeiai-na/ii?oo?iaiai
aianoiiico // Oe?a?ia. – Ca’yaeaii 26.12.97; Iioae. 06.10.98.

Noaoianeee Y.A., I?a/eianeee A.A. Eeoa/iay ieanoeea ii/aoi/ieea //
Iaoa?eaeu ?? eiia?anna o?ieiaia Eacaonoaia. – Aeia-Aou.- 1995. –
N.112-113.

Noaoianeee Y.A., I?a/eianeee A.A., Aeiaa A.E. Iia?aoeaiia ea/aiea
i?oioiie/aneiai o?aoa?ioeaea // Ee?i?/ia o??o?a?y. – 1996.-? 7.- N.8-11.

Noaoianeee Y.A., I?a/eianeee A.A., Eioia A.A., Aeiaa A.E. Iieacaiey e
i?eiaiaieth eioanoeiaeueiie ieanoeee ii/aoi/ieea // Ee?i?/ia o??o?a?y. –
1997. -? 11-12.- N. 59-60.

Noaoianeee Y.A., I?a/eianeee A.A., Aeiaa A.E. I?ioeeaeoeea, aeeaaiinoeea
e ea/aiea iia?aaeaeaiee ii/aoi/ieea i?e iieiaeiaeieiae/aneeo iia?aoeeyo
// I Nuacae iieieiaia no?ai NIA. Iaoa?eaeu nuacaea. – Iineaa.-1996.-
N.472.

Noaoianeee Y.A., Aeiaa A.E., I?a/eianeee A.A., Eioia A.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea
ii/aoi/ieea i?e o?aoa?ioeenoiiainoiiee // Ee?i?/ia o??o?a?y.- 1998.- ?
6.- N. 12-14.

I?a/eianueeee A.A. Iieacaiiy aei ?ioanoeiaeueii? ieanoeee na/iaiaeo oa
?? iniaeeaino?.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.06. – o?ieia?y.- ?inoeooo o?ieia?? oa iao?ieia??
AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioacoaaiiy
na/iaiaeo eeoaiaith eeoeith.

O ?iaio? aea/aii eeiiiei-aiaoiii-ooieoeiiiaeueii iniaeeainoi
na/iaeaiaeii? nenoaie o oai?eo aei – oa iiney iioanoeiaeueii? ieanoeee
na/iaiaeo. Iioei?ciaai? iieacaiiy oa i?ioeiieacaiiy aei eeoeiai?
ieanoeee na/iaiaeo. ?ic?iaeai? aeiiae aei oi?o?ai/ii? oaoiiee caiiuaiiy
na/iaiaeo aiae?iceii oiiei? eeoee. Anoaiiaeai? oneeaaeiaiiy eeoeiai?
ieanoeee na/iaiaeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: na/ia?ae, eeoaiaa eeoea, eeoeiaa ieanoeea.

I?a/eianeee A.A. Iieacaiey e eioanoeiaeueiie ieanoeea ii/aoi/ieea e aa
iniaaiiinoe. – ?oeiienue.

Aeena?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.06. – o?ieiaey.- Einoeooo o?ieiaee e iao?ieiaee
AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeena?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe i?ioace?iaaiey
ii/aoi/ieea iiaeacaeioiie eeoeie.

A ?aaioa eco/aiu eeeieei-aiaoiii-ooieoeeiiaeueiua iniaaiiinoe
ii/aauaiaeyuae nenoaiu o aieueiuo aei – e iinea eioanoeiaeueiie ieanoeee
ii/aoi/ieea. Iioeiece?iaaiu iieacaiey e i?ioeaiiieacaiey e
eioanoeiaeueiie ieanoeea ii/aoi/ieea. ?ac?aaioaiu o?aaiaaiey e
oe?o?ae/aneie oaoieea caiauaiey ii/aoi/ieea io?aceii oiieiai eeoa/ieea.
Onoaiiaeaiu ineiaeiaiey eeoa/iie ieanoeee ii/aoi/ieea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ii/aoi/iee, iiaeacaeioiay eeoea, eeoa/iay ieanoeea.

Mrachkovsky V.V. Depositions on intestinal ureteral replacement and
their distinctives. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s of medical sciences degree in speciality
14.01.06 – urology.- Institute of Urology and Nephrology of AMS Ukraine,
Kiev, 1998.

The thesis is aimed in studying of effectiveness of ureter substitution
by ileum. In this study the clinical-anatomy-functional distinctives of
urinary system before- and after intestinal ureteral transplantation.
Depositions and cautions for ureter intestinal plastics were optimized.
The requirements for surgical technics replacement of ureteral by
segment of terminal ileum were elaborated. The complications of the
intestinal ureteral plastics were defined.

Key words: ureter, ileum, intestinal replacement.

___________________________________________

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 7.12.98?. Oi?iao 60o90/16.

Oi.ae?oe.a?e.1,0Iae.aeae.a?e.0,8.

Iaeeaae 300. Cai.33

___________________________________________

A?aeae?e iia?aoeaii? iie?a?ao??

Oeaio?o I?aeia?iaeii? ina?oe

227 – 12 – 75, 227 – 37 – 86

PAGE 3

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