EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

EOIAeA?AAE* Ieaia A?eoi??aia

OAeE 17.02

IIEAssIIss A AeOOIAII-II?AEUeIIIO AOOO?

ETHAeEIE

niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.07 — aoeea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ia
eaoaae?? aoeee, anoaoeee ? eoeueoo?ieia?? o?einionueeiai oaeoeueoaoo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee —

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe —

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa —

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio AAIE?IA Oaoyia Aai?a??aia;
Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, aeioeaio eaoaae?e aoeee,
anoaoeee ? eoeueoo?ieia??

aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? EA??IIIAA A?eoi??y Einoyioei?aia;
Iaoe?iiaeueia Aeaaeai?y aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie (I?eea?iaonueea o?e?y),
i?ioani? eaoaae?e o?einio??

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio EENAEUeIA Na?a?e Ieaaiae/;
Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie “Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee
?inoeooo”, aeioeaio eaoaae?e o?einio??

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee e?iaa?noe/iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a o?einio??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ ” 1999 ?. i aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.001.28 i?e Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252001, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (i. Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ ” __________ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?aeeciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
EO*A?THE Ae.TH.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?? iia’ycaia c ?? i???ioaoe??th ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?cio ae?? oaiiiaia “iieayiiy” oeyoii naiiaecia/aiiy
oa naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy iniaenoino?. *ei aino??o? i?iaeaie iinoathoue
ia?aae iaie, /ei iaiaai?o? ia?niaeoeae ia iaeaooi? — oei iaa?aeai?ioi?oa
i?aaiaiiy no/anii? ethaeeie ciaeoe oa, ca?aaee /iai aa?oi aoei a aeeoe.

? oe?ea iecea iioa?iieo, caoiaaieo aioo??oiuei /eiiee?a ethaenueei?
ii?aeueiino?, ye? aaaeei ocaiaeaeothoueny c ao/iei ii?eethaeiaiiyi,
na?aae yeeo ne?ae cacia/eoe naia: nia?noue, ni?ii, ?iceayiiy, iieayiiy.
? ana ae aiae?coaaoe, oaa?aci inienethaaoe, iaaiai?thaaoe i?e?iaeo oeeo
yaeu ie ioneii, yeui i?aaiaii neeanoe iaaia oyaeaiiy i?i na?e aioo??oi?e
na?o.

A?o/eciyia aoeea, ye ? o?einio?y caaaeii, ia?aaoaa? nueiaiaei? a
neooaoe??, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaiith ia?ai???ioaoe??th o aecia/aii?
canaaeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeo?aeieo i?eioeei?a ? eaiii?a iiaoaeiae aeanii?
oai?aoe/ii? nenoaie. O ca’yceo c oeei iniaeeai? oaaae iio?aaothoue
aoeei-aecenoaioe?ei? oaiiiaie, ye? aeiaaee /an ?icaeyaeaeeny o?eueee ye
?ae?a?ei? eaoaai???.

Caaaeueiee ci?no “iieayiiy” aaciina?aaeiuei a?aeiiee eiaeiiio.
“Iieayiiy” ia ? aeeeth/ii o?enoeyinueeith aeia?i/ani?noth: canaaee eiai
ciaoiaeyoueny o aeeaeiao caaaeueiiethaenueei? ii?aeueii? na?aeiiino? oa
ii/oooy.

Caa?iaiiy no/anieo o?einio?a aei eaoaai??e “nia?noue”, “?iceayiiy”,
“iieayiiy” ? o.i. aeaco? ia oa, ui o?einio?y iaaeeaea?oueny aei
?ica’ycaiiy iaeaieth/?oeo ieoaiue, oa iaei??? c iniaeeaeo caaea/ XX
noie?ooy — iiyniaiiy ???aoe?iiaeueiiai.

Ana a?eueoa iaoeiaoe? a?aeoiaeyoue a?ae iaeiicia/iino? o o?aeoiaoe?
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aoeei-aecenoaioe?eieo i?iaeai ethaenueeiai aoooy.
“Iieayiiy” ae aeiaaee /an caeeoaeiny iica oaaaith aeine?aeiee?a, naia
oea coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue o?einionueei-aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oeueiai
oaiiiaia.

Noai iaoeiaiai ?ic?iaeaiiy i?iaeaie.

Oaia “iieayiiy” ia? aeine?aeieoeueeo o?aaeeoe?th. Aiia ciaeoea
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ia o?eueee a o?einionueei-aoe/i?e aeoioe?, aea ? a
?ae?a?eii-oaieia?/i?e.

A ?noi??? aoeee “?iceayiiy”, “iieayiiy” ?icaeyaeathoueny e??cue i?ecio
ii?aeueii? naiina?aeiiino?: inieneaiiy, eiio?iethaaiiy oa e?eoe/iee
ia?aaeyae ii?aeueieo ianoaiia ethaenueei? noa’?eoeaiino?. A aaaaoueio
eoeueoo?ao Noiaeo oeae oaiiiai ?aaeaiaioo?oueny oa i?ea’ycaiee aei
?eooaeo. A aioe/iino? ?aeay “?iceayiiy” ia ? oeaio?aeueiith, aea iinoa?
ye i?aaiaiiy naiiaiae?co, a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, caa?iaiiy aei nai??
iniaenoino? (Ia?e Aa?ae?e “Iaiaeeioe? c niaith. ?icaeoie.”).

Ieneeoae? na?aaeiueia?/ii? o?enoeyinueei? eoeueoo?e aaeeeo oaaao
i?eae?eyee oaiiiaio “iieayiiy”, ine?eueee ?aeay iieayiiy ? i?ia?aeiith
aeey o?enoeyinueei? aoeee. Niia?aeaeueiee aeai? e?oa?aoo?iee oa
o?einionueeee aeieea? naia a oeae /an (“Niia?aeue” Aa?ae?y Aaaonoeia,
oai?e Oa?ooe?aia, Oiie Aeaeiuenueeiai, I?eaaia).

?ae?a?eii — oaieia?/i? ?icaeoie ia oaio “iieayiiy” iaee ?ic?iaeo a
oai?ao iooe?a ye eaoieeoeueei? oea?eae (ii/eiath/e c Aa?ae?y Aaaonoeia
oa Oiie Aeaeiuenueeiai), oae ? i?aaineaaii? oea?eae (aeaaiuei?, i?ci?o
/an?a oa no/anii?). Iniaeeai a?oioiaii i?aaenoaaeaia oaia “iieayiiy”a
eiec? Ieeiaeeia Nayoiai?oey “Iaaeaeeia a?aiue”, a eenoao ?ieneiia
Oaioaia Caoai?ieea, a eieaao ?ieneiia ?aiao?y A?yi/aieiiaa (a inoaii?o
neiioeaio?iaaii a/aiiy an?o iooe?a i?aaineaaii? oea?eae). A oaeiae a
oai?ao I.Eiaaeueieoeueeiai “Niia?aeue ia?aae aeoo?aieeii”, oa I.Caiyo?ia
“Iieayiiy oa eiai cia/aiiy aeey ii?aeueiiai aeeooy o?enoeyieia”.

A aiioo A?ae?iaeaeaiiy oa Iiaiai /ano “?iceayiiy” oa “iieayiiy”
?icaeyaeathoueny ye naiiaiae?c, naiiniinoa?aaeaiiy oa ni?iae
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy ( “Ni?iae” Iiioaiy).

?aeay ?iceayiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny oa iia’yco?oueny c ?aea?th
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? o oai?/ino? ?.Eaioa, A.Aaaaey, E.Oae??aaoa.

Iio?aao a ?ic?iaoe? oaiiiaia “iieayiiy” a?ae/oaaee ye i?aaenoaaieee
eeane/ii? oe?a?inueei? o?einionueei-aoe/ii? aeoiee — A.Neiai?iaea oa
I.TH?eaae/, oae ? ?in?enuee? ieneeoae? O?O-OO noie?oue — I.Aa?aey?a,
A.Nieiaeia, N.O?aie, A.Oaaeioia. A i?aoe? “I?i iaoe?iiaeueia iieayiiy”
A.Oaaeioia cacia/a? iaiao?aei?noue iieayiiy anueiai ?in?enueeiai
ia?iaeo.

Ineoieia?/i? aniaeoe cacia/aieo oaiiiai?a aeine?aeaeoaaee A.O?iii,
?.Anaaeaeie?, i?aaenoaaieee aaooaeueoineoieia??. Inoaii? ?ioa?i?aoothoue
oaiiiai “iieayiiy” ye “?aioiaa noiieaiiy neooaoe?? a oe?eiio,
ii-iiaiio”, aai “?inaeo”.

Niia?aeaeueiei aeai?ii oa cacia/aiith i?iaeaiaoeeith a?ae??ciythoueny
?iaioe o?aioeocueeiai iaioii?cio, cie?aia I.Aaa??aey. Oaia “iieayiiy” o
OO noie?oo? ?ice?eaa?oueny ia eeoa a oai?aoe/i?e aeoioe?, aiia
ciaoiaeeoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy ? a ooaeiaei?e oai?/ino?: iiac??, i?ic?,
e?iiienoaoeoa? (C.I??e?ia, *.Aeoiaoia, O.-E.Ai?oan, Oaoec, O.Aaoeaaeca
oa ?i.).

A ?aaeyinuee?e o?einionueei-aoe/i?e e?oa?aoo?? a?oioiaii? ?ic?iaee
oaiiiaia “iieayiiy” ia a?aeaoeinue. Iaa?oue o?einionueeee oa aoe/iee
neiaiee oieeaa o?aeooaaiiy oeueiai iiiyooy. I?ia?aeieie /eiieeaie
ii?aeueii? naiina?aeiiino? ethaeeie ?icaeyaeaeeny o?eueee oae? ye
nia?noue oa ni?ii ( C.A.Aa?aaoe?ia, TH.I.Aeaaeaeia, I.A.Ae?iaieoeueeee,
A.A.I?eon ).

?icaeyae aoe/ieo oa ineoieia?/ieo aniaeo?a i?iaeaie ?iceayiiy oa
iieayiiy ciaeoee ao?eaiiy o iia?oi?e oe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??.
Oaiiiaie “iieayiiy” oa “?iceayiiy” ?icaeyaea? a nai?o i?aoeyo
A.A.Iaeaoia. I?aoe? oe?eiai oa?aao oe?a?inueeeo o?einio?a noiniaii
aeine?aeieoeueei? i?ia?aie noaiiaeyoue cia/iee ?ioa?an (I.A.Iiiiae/,
?.E.Aeno?eoeueeee, A.A.Oaaa/eianueeee, I.A.Oai?oia ).

Iaoiaeieia?/ii ie?aeieie aeey aeena?oaioa aoee ?iaioe no/anieo
oe?a?inueeeo aoee?a O.A.Aaie?ii?, I.?.Eaaeoeueei?, I.A.Oeiea?aiei,
A.A.?oeiaiei, I.I.E?i/oe, A.I.??iieaiei, O.I.Aea?aa’yiei, I.?.Oi?oiai?,
A.E.Ea??iiiai?.

Aa?enoe/ii cia/ouei ? aecenoaioe?eiee aiae?c oe?a?inueei?
iaioaeueiino?, cae?eniaiee A.E.Ae/ei, ?.A.Ae/ei.

Oe??th ?iaioith a?aeiiaeth?oueny o?aaeeoe?y iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iiai
?icaeyaeo aeaiiai iiiyooy, yea aoea aeinoaoiuei aieeaiaith a aoe/i?e
aeoioe? Oe?a?ie ae?oai? iieiaeie O?O — ii/aoeo OO no. oa caaoaeaia a
iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo. I?ney onoiaiiy ?aeaieia?/ieo aeiaiao?a iinoa?
iiaeeea?noue ona?aeiieaiiy oa ?icaeoeo iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
oaiiiaia, iani?aaaaeeeai a?aeianaiiai eeoa aei eaiee ?ae?a?eieo iiiyoue.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oaiiiai “iieayiiy” a aeooiaii-ii?aeueiiio
aooo? ethaeeie.

I?aaeiaoii aenooiathoue aoeei-aecenoaioe?ei? oa aoeei-ineoieia?/i?
aniaeoe i?iaeaie iieayiiy, iaoai?ci ae?? oaiiiaia.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?e?iaee oaiiiaia “iieayiiy” a eiioaeno? no/anii? o?einio?? ethaeeie,
iaa?oiooaaiiy, a ?aeo?n? “naiiaecia/aiiy” oa “naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy”
iniaenoino?, oiiae ?aae?caoe?? oaiiiaia oa iaoai?cio eiai ae??.
A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai aecia/athoueny oae? aeine?aeieoeuee? caaaeaiiy:

— aeine?aeaeaiiy aeieeiaiiy iieooieo ia?yae?a a ?ae?a?yo na?oo oa
?icaeyae i?iaeaie ii?aeueiiai cea a eiioaeno? ?noi??? eoeueoo?e;

— cae?eniaiiy aiae?co iiiyoue “?iceayiiy” oa “iieayiiy”, iaa?oiooaaiiy
naino, i?e?iaee ? iaoai?ci?a ?o ae?? a aeooiaii-ii?aeueiiio aooo?
ethaeeie c iaoith iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee oe??? i?iaeaie no/aniith aoe/iith
iaoeith;

— ?icaeyae noaiiaeaiiy ?aea? “iieayiiy” a i?oieia?/ieo, ?ae?a?eieo,
o?einionueei-aoe/ieo oa ineoieia?/ieo eiioeaioe?yo ye iaaaeueii? iio?aae
a “i/euaii?”, “noiaeaeaii?”, ia?aoo?, a “naiiaaeineiiaeaii?” iniaenoino?
e ?ice?eooy ?? naino a eiioaeno? ii?aeuei?niiai aeeooy ethaeeie;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy aoeei-ineoieia?/ieo aniaeo?a oaiiiaia “iieayiiy”
e??cue i?ecio no/anii? ineoieia??, eiai i?iyao a iniaenoiio aeeoo? oa
?noi?e/i?e i?aeoeoe?;

— ia iniia? aiae?co ie?aieo iieiaeaiue o?einionueeeo i?aoeue A.Ia?naey,
I.Ia?ei-Iiio? cae?eniaiiy aoeei-o?einionueeiai aiae?co oaiiiaia
“iieayiiy”, ?ice?eaath/e iniaeeaino? iaa?oiooaaiiy ii?aeueieo iiiyoue;

— aeei?enoiaoth/e caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? i?aeaaeeie iioieia?/iiai
inyaiaiiy ieneaiiy, iiae e ienoaoeoaa a ?aaeueiiio ethaenueeiio
na?oia?aeiioaii?, a aeea?e ae?eniino? nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai na?oo, oe?eino?
/ooo?ai-?icoi?th/iai aeina?aeo, c’ynoaaiiy ii?aeueii-aeoiaiiai cia/aiiy
ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino? a iieooieo iaaa?iaiiyo ethaenoaa;

— cae?eniaiiy aiae?co “niia?ae?” ye iniaeeaiai aeai?o e?oa?aoo?ii? oa
o?einionueei-oaieia?/ii? oai?/ino?.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? aenooia?
aecenoaioe?eia oa oaiiiaiieia?/ia o?aaeeoe?y o o?einio?? oa ineoieia??.
Aeena?oaio ?icaeyaea? iieayiiy ye aoeei-aecenoaioe?eio i?iaeaio, yea ia
a?aei?io a?ae i?inoi aoe/ii?, ? a?aie/ii-aoe/iith, oiio iio?aao? iaaiiai
i?aeoiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaioii?noe/ia o?aaeeoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
niia?aeaeueiee aeai? o?einionueeeo ?icaeoi?a A.Ia?naey ? i?aea?oioyi
aecenoaioe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiiiaia “iieayiiy” aeena?oaioii. Aiii
oaeiae aaco?oueny ia “aio?iiieia?? oaeie” TH?eaae/a oa ?ae?a?ei?e aoeoe?
I.Aa?aey?aa, I.Einueeiai, I.Oei?ainueeiai, A.Nieiaeiaa, N.Aoeaaeiaa.

Ni?iae iiynieoe ?ae?a?eia oa o?einionueea, iaeii/anii, iiiyooy iio?aao?
caeo/aiiy iia?oi?o iaoiae?a o?einio??, a naia, — aecenoaioe?eii?
oaiiiaiieia??. Oaeei /eiii, iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy
aenooieee ?iaioe Ii?ena Ia?ei — Iiio?.

Aeena?oaioii ?icaeyaea?oueny oa iioeao?oueny ?aae?caoe?y oaiiiaia
“iieayiiy” a ?aeo?n? ?aea? “i?eeiyooy a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?” ye iiiaioo
aoiaeaeaiiy “a iiao noa?o aa/aiiy ?a/ae”, a oaeiae iiaeeeaino? ae?aeiao,
ye iiiaioo noaiiaeaiiy eiioi?eaoeaiiai i?inoi?o ia oeyoo naiiaecia/aiiy
oa naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy. I?aea?oioyi oaeiai i?aeoiaeo ? aeinyaiaiiy
I.Aoaa?a, I.Aaoo?ia, ?.Anaaeaeie?, O.Ia?eca.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, iniiai? aeaiaioe yei?
a?aeiia?aeathoue iinoaaeaiei caaaeaiiyi, iieyaa? a aeine?aeaeaii?
oaiiiaia “iieayiiy” ye aoeei-o?einionueei? i?iaeaie. C ia?aa?aii oaeiai
aiae?co iia’ycaia oi?ioethaaiiy oa ooi/iaiiy ??oaiue, ye? aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno ye iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee, ui iathoue iaoeiao iiaecio:

— ?ice?eoi iinooiiaa oneeaaeiaiiy ia?yaeiaeo “i/euaiue”, oe?e? yeeo
o?ainoi?ioaaeeny a?ae o?ce/ii-iaaaeueieo iio?aa aei neiaie?/ieo oa
ii?aeuei?nieo. A ??cieo eoeueoo?ieo o?aaeeoe?yo ? iiaao niieooa
ao?ethaaea aanue niaeo? ae?yeueieo coneeue ethaeeie, ni?yiiaaieo ia
i?ioenoiyiiy ceo;

— caaaeueiith iniiaith aeieeiaiiy a eoeueoo?? i?aeoee “i/euaiiy”,
“iieayiiy” yaey?oueny c?inoath/a ona?aeiieaiiy cea ye ?acoeueoaoo
ethaenueei? aeoeaiino?, iinooiiaa ?ic??ciaiiy niaoeeo?ee ii?aeuei?niiai
cea;

— a oiae? aiae?co iiiyoue “?iceayiiy” oa “iieayiiy” cae?eniaii ?o
?icaaaeaiiy oeyoii aeyaeaiiy nieneiaeo oa ci?noiaieo ?ica?aeiinoae.
“Iieayiiy” ia’?aeio? a nia? ?ioo?oeai?, ???aoe?iiaeuei?, aaciina?aaei?
iioieia?/i? iniiae na?oini?eeiyooy, oe?ii?nii-?aoe?iiaeuei? canaaee oa
oe?eani?yiiaaio ci?io no?aoaa?? iiaaae?iee, oiae? ye “?iceayiiy” yaey?
niaith /ooo?ao oi?io ioe?ii/ii? ae?yeueiino?;

— iieayiiy ae?aaea? i?eioeeiiao a?aee?eo?noue iniaeno?niiai aoooy
ethaeeie, iio?aao a naiiaaeineiiaeaii?, aaaeaii? “ceaoo”, “a?aee?eooy”,
“inyaiaiiy ?noeie”, “aeoiaeo ca iaae? naaa”;

— iieayiiy ? iiaooi?i aeooiaii-oai?/ei aeoii, ui aaaea aei
ea?aeeiaeueiiai ia?aoai?aiiy aioo??oiueiai na?oo ethaeeie oeyoii
c?inoaiiy a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? oa noiaeaeaiiy e??cue “o?aaaae?th” oa
“iaae?th” aei “naiaiaee”;

— c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui “niia?aeue” ? iniaeeaei aeai?ii
aoeei-o?einionueei? oai?/ino?, yea yaey? niaith iaea?eueo aeineiiaeo
oi?io naiii?ciaiiy a iaaeao “aeeoo?aiai oeyoo” ethaeeie ca oiia ci?ie
na?oiaeyaeieo ia?aaeeai. Aeyaeaii nai???aei?noue aeoiaiiai cia/aiiy
“niia?ae?” oa “iieayiiy” a oai?ao ienoaoeoaa.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a
oiio, ui iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? ni?eyoeiooue iiaeeaeaiith
?icoi?iiy neeaaeieo oa iaiaeiicia/ieo aeooiaieo i?ioean?a o no/aniiio
oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?, a oaeiae a oiio, ui eiai iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
oa ?acoeueoaoe, iai?aoeueiaai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee iiaeooue noaoe a
iaaiae? aeey iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee oe??? i?iaeaiaoeee, noaiooue ei?enieie
ia eeoa o?einioai, a e nioe?ieiaai oa ineoieiaai.

Ie??i oiai, iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee ?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaeeny i?e /eoaii?
eaeoe?e oa i?iaaaeaii? nai?ia??a c o?einio?? oa aoeee a Ee?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e oa ienoaoeoa oa Ee?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. Ia ?o iniia? oaeiae iiaea aooe
noai?aiee ie?aiee niaoeeo?n.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee
aeena?oaoe?? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo nai?ia?ao aeey
ani??aio?a o?einionueeiai oaeoeueoaoo, can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e aoeee,
anoaoeee ? eoeueoo?ieia?? Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, “Aeiyo iaoee “ (Ee?a — 1997,1998) o?einionueeiai oaeoeueoaoo,
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeeiai?ea oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e ia
ceai? oeny/ie?oue” ( 29-31 aeiaoiy Ee?a, 1998), I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? c iaaiaee 50-??//y i?eeiyooy Caaaeueii? Aeaeea?aoe?? i?aa
ethaeeie ( 10-11 a?oaeiy, Ee?a, 1998).

Iecea iieiaeaiue i?iiiiiaaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaia o ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo noaoae.

No?oeoo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny iaoith e caaaeaiiyie
aeine?aeaeaiiy, eia?eith ?icai?oaiiy iaoeiaiai iaoa??aeo, iaoiaeieia??th
eiai no?oeoo?oaaiiy. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a (7
ia?aa?ao?a), aeniiae?a oa nieneo e?oa?aoo?e.

?icae?ee aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeathoue eia?eo ?icaeyaeo oaie a
eiioeaiooaeueieo i?iaeaiieo iai?yiao. Ia?oee ?icae?e “Aeieeiaiiy oa
noaiiaeaiiy oaiiiaia “iieayiiy” a eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiio eiioaeno?”
i?enay/aiee aiae?co i?iaeaie ii?aeueiiai cea a eiioaeno? ?noi???
eoeueoo?e oa aeieeiaiith iieooieo ia?yae?a a ?ae?a?yo na?oo,
oi?ioeth?oueny eiioeaiooaeueia aecia/aiiy iaiao?aeiino? ?eooaeueiiai
i/euaiiy a i?oieia?/i?e oa ?ae?a?ei?e no?oeoo?? na?oini?eeiyooy. A
ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aoeei-ineoieia?/iee aiae?c iiiyooy iieayiiy” ii?yae c
aiae?cii oa ineoieia?/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith oaiiiaia a no?oeoo??
iniaenoino?, “iieayiiy” ?icaeyaea?oueny a nenoai? aoe/ieo iiiyoue,
cae?enith?oueny eiai aoeei-o?einionueeee aiae?c. O?ao?e ?icae?e
“Ii?aeueii-aeoiaia cia/aiiy ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino? a iieooieo
iaaa?iaiiyo ethaenoaa” i?enay/aiee oai? “?iceayiiy” oa “iieayiiy” a
ienoaoeoa?, “niia?ae?” ye iniaeeaiio aeai?o e?oa?aoo?ii? oai?/ino?.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ANOOI? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny nooi?iue ?? iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino?, aecia/athoueny
iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeaco?oueny iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa
?iaioe, oi?ioeththoueny ?? iiaecia oa iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno. A oaeiae oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “AEIEEIAIIss OA NOAIIAEAIIss OAIIIAIA “IIEAssIIss” A
EOEUeOO?II-?NOI?E*IIIO EIIOAENO?” ?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaia ii?aeueiiai
cea a eiioaeno? ?noi??? eoeueoo?e oa aeieeiaiiy iieooieo ia?yae?a a
?ae?a?yo na?oo, oi?ioeth?oueny eiioeaiooaeueia aecia/aiiy iaiao?aeiino?
?eooaeueiiai i/euaiiy a i?oieia?/i?e oa ?ae?a?ei?e no?oeoo??
na?oini?eeiyooy.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? “I?iaeaia ii?aeueiiai cea a eiioaeno? ?noi???
eoeueoo?e” aeena?oaio, ?icaeyaeath/e iiiyooy ?iceayiiy, iieayiiy, ye?
yaeythoue niaith coiiaeai? ?iaioith nia?no? aeoe aeeaieiai ia?aaeyaeo
iniaeno?noth canaae aeanii? iiaaae?iee ? na?aeiiino? c iaiao?aei?noth
caa?oa?oueny aei i?iaeaie ii?aeueiiai cea, oeaieo iaoee?a, ii?ieo.
Ca?nii, “Caaaeueia ?noi??y aac/anoy”, yeo caaeoiaa neeanoe
a?aaioeinueeee ienueiaiiee O.E.Ai?oan, ia iaio aaaeeeaa aeey
naiii?ciaiiy ethaenoaa, i?ae ?noi??y aeia?i/aniino?.

Iiiyooy ?iceayiiy, i/euaiiy aeiaaathoue, iaaiei /eiii, iiaeeeaino?
i/euaiiy a?ae “/iainue”, ui caa?oaeith? o?ei, aai ae na?aeii?noue
ethaeeie. Iioiio, aeena?oaio ?icaeyaea? iioiaeaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie iiiyoue
ii?aeueiiai cea a eoeueoo??, oiaoi a iianyeaeaii?e na?aeiiino?,
i?oieia??, aoeoe?.

??ci? niiniae a?aeiioaiiy ethaeeie aei na?oo aena?oeththoue ??ci? a?ai?
cea. A aiioe?eii /ooeeaiio a?aeiioaii? cei aenooia? ye iai?e?iia, ui
aeeeeea? a?ae?aco, no?aaeaeaiiy aai aeao — ??ci? aeaee ineo?/iiai
aeeneiioi?oo. A ooee?oa?iiio a?aeiioaii? aiii iaaoaa? ae?aco oeiaee,
oiaoi oiai, ui ia?aoeiaeaeo? oe?eani?yiiaai?e ae?yeueiino? ii
caaeiaieaiith iaoa??aeueieo iio?aa. C anoaoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o aiii
aeeeaa?oueny a oi?io iioai?iiai. A eiei aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?aeueiiai cea
iiiaaea?, oaeei /eiii, a?aeia?aaeaiiy noia?a/eeaiai ?nioaaiiy ethaeeie a
eoeueoo??, ? ianaiia?aae a ii?ae?.

Oe?eeii c?icoi?ei, ui “ii/aoee” e “aeaaea” — oi ? aeooiaii-aieueiaa
ia/aei a ethaeei?, aiii e iana a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca an? ??ciiaeaee
ii?aeueiiai cea.

Caa?oath/enue aei ia?aae?noi??? ethaenoaa, aeena?oaio iaiaaa?oueny
i?ine?aeeoaaoe ia?a?ni? i?aae oa ?noi?e/io aaiaaeia?th cea, ii?ie?a.

Eoeueoo?a, ae?iaeaoe iiiyooy ii?aeueiiai aeia?a oa cea, caeiaoea
noeeuei?noue aeeaeoeny e??cue i?ecio yeiainue iaeiiai c ieo ia oe?e?
?noi?e/i? aiioe, aaaaeaoe aai oa, aai ?ioa aeo?aeiei noaiii ethaenueeiai
?iaeo. Iani?aaae?, ii?aeueia cei ia ni?aiaaea? oe?eeii i? c oaa?eiiith
niaaeei?ii?noth ethaeeie, i? c ?acoeueoaoii a?aeoiaeo a?ae i?e?iaee.
Ethaee aiaaeathoue a aii?aeuei?noue ia o?eueee oiio, ui caa??aathoue a
nia? caiaaeoi aaaaoi “oaa?eiiiai”, ? ia o?eueee /a?ac oa, ui caiaaeoi
a?aeaeaeythoueny a?ae i?e?iaee. ? oa ? ?ioa i?e/eie /anoi ae?thoue
?acii. Caaaeyee eoeueoo?? ethaee noathoue a?eueo naiino?eieie a
a?aeiioaiiyo aei i?e?iaee oa iaeei aei iaeiiai. Aiie ciaoiaeyoue
cae?ai?noue na?aeiii iiaioaaoe ciai?oi?i oa aioo??oi?i na?oii,
ao?o/aoeny a o?ae i?ioean?a, ?ai?o ?aaoeueiaaieo naiith i?e?iaeith, aea
nai?i aieeaii ii?ooothoue oie aaeain i?ioeeaaeiinoae, yeee i?aeo?eio?
i?e?iaea.

Noiaeaeaiiy eoeueoo?e ii no?eiaiith ai?iaeia/? oa ianeeuenoaa
aeena?oaio i?inoaaeo? ia i?eeeaae? eai?aae?cio.

?icaeyaeath/e e?aei? aeiaaeee ethaenueei? aa?aneaiino? oa ?icaeoie a
eoeueoo?? ii?aeueieo ii?i, ui no?eiothoue, aeo?niythoue oa caai?iiythoue
?? i?iya, aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo i?i caeaoi?noue ethaeeie
ona?aeiiethaaoe aaiaai?noue aeayeeo a/eie?a, iaa?oue yeui aiie oaa?aei
neeaeeny a noni?euenoa? ? iaee a?oioiaia iiyniaiiy. Aeciaiiy nai??
i?iaeie, naiai iiaaiiai a/eieo iaaea? iiaeeeaino? aeey ?icaeoeo oa
oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueiino? acaaae?.

Aeena?oaio cacia/a?, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?iaee i?iyao a ethaeei?
iiiaio?a noiaeaeaiiy ii oeyoo ii?aeueiino? aaeeea cia/aiiy ia?
???aoe?iiaeueia a ethaenuee?e i?e?iae?. Ii?aeuei? ii?ie ia aeathoue
aeinoaoi?o a?aeiiinoae i?i ii?aeuei?nio na?aeii?noue. Ii?ie, ye
aiai?eoue I.Oaea?, ii noo? ia iniiai? oaeoe ii?aeuei?niiai aeeooy,
aeeaoa ii?ie eaaeaoue oe?iiino?, caaeey cae?eniaiiy yeeo ae?iaeythoueny
ii?ie.

Ae?eni?noue aeia?a, c iaeiiai aieo, iia’ycaia eeoa c iniaeeaith aieath,
aea c ?ioiai — ia? a nia? iiiaio aaniethoiiai, ui ia ? iaoai?/iei
aiaeiaii aaniethoiiai ii/aoeo ethaeeie a i?aeoeoe? ? a ?ioeo
i?aai?/ii-eiie?aoieo oe?eyo aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, oiio ui aeeth/a? iiiaio
oi?aa?naeueii-?noi?e/iiai ii?yaeeo.

A i?ioean? ?icaeoeo ii?aeueii-oai?/iai iioaioe?aeo aioo??oiueiai na?oo
ethaeeie nia?noue noa? ?? iaea?eueo aaaaoith oi?iith, yeui ethaeeia
caeaoia aei iino?eii? aioo??oiuei? ?iaioe, aei naiiiiiaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? “Aeieeiaiiy iieooieo ia?yae?a a ?ae?a?yo na?oo”
aeena?oaio ?icaeyaea? i/euaiiy, ye? aoee iniaeeai i?eoaiaii?
ia?neaenuee?e ?ae?a??, cia/ia i?noea ?i a?aeaiaeeeinue ? a noa?icaa?oi?e
?oaeaenuee?e oaie?ao??. Oaeiae aeiaiaeeoueny a ?iaio?, ui iieayiiy
yce/iee?a ia? oa?aeoa? oi?iaeueiee aai ia?yaeiaee. sseui ie caa?iaii
oaaao ia iieooio i?aeoeeo yce/iee?a, oi iii?oeii, a ia?oo /a?ao,
aaaaonoai oa ??ciiiai?oi?noue i/euoaaeueieo oa caaeia?thaaeueieo
cania?a: aea?oae, iaieaaiiy, i/euaiiy, iieeoae, niia?ae? oa ai?o?i??.
Iaeaea eiaeiee c oeeo iieooieo cania?a, a naith /a?ao, ia? aeae?eueea
?iae?a oa aeae?a, ? aeaye? c ieo c aieo naiai ia?yaeo a?ae??ciythoueny
iaeiia??iith neeaaei?noth. A oeueiio a?aeiioaii? caneoaiaothoue
iniaeeai? oaaae ia?yaee i/euaiiy oa ai?o?i??.

Ia iiaeia neacaoe, ui o eiaeiiai yce/ieea iieayiiy iaei cacia/aiee
oa?aeoa?. A yce/ieoeoa? cono??/athoueny ?iiae? i?eeeaaee ? oaeiai
iieayiiy, yea aeoiaeeoue c aeeaei aeoo? ethaeeie, ui ?iceath?oueny, ? ia
iathoue oi?iae?cio. Caaaea?ii iieayiiy Ieiaaeoyi i?e i?i?ioe? ?ii?. Aea
oae? i?eeeaaee a yce/ieoeoa? noaiiaeyoue aeeeth/ia yaeua.

Aeena?oaio coieiy?oueny ia ?icaeyae? nieneo iieayiiy a o?enoeyinoa?,
i?e/ei, /iio ia?aaaaeieie /anaie iieayiiy a aeeoo? oe?eeo ia?iae?a oa
ie?aieo ethaeae aoaathoue /anaie eeoa, iauanoue oa ai?y.

Iieayiiy ia? aaciina?aaei? a?aeiioaiiy aei aeooiaii-ii?aeueiiai
iano?ith ethaeeie. Oeae iano??e ? iaoiiaeth? niaith iiaeeea?noue aai
iaiiaeeea?noue iieayiiy.

Iaiiaeeeai ia aeciaoe aeaaioai?iiai ineoieia?/iiai oa ii?aeueiiai
cia/aiiy ca niia?aeaeth, yea ? aa?aae?caoe??th aeoiie, ia?aaeeaaiue, ui
ia ciaoiaeyoue oii?yaeeoaaiiy, a iiaeeeai e iaeaaeiiai inieneaiiy o
na?aeiiino? ethaeeie. A?aee?eoa aeciaiiy ia?aae ?ioith ethaeeiith
iieaaoo? aeooo. Oea ? ineoieia?/ia iio?aaa ethaeeie, nia?noue yei?
iaoyaeaia.

Aeoaea oe?eaaei ? iieaciaei, uiaei aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie, ? oaea
yaeua a i?aaineaai?e eoeueoo??, ye “noa?/anoai”. Aaoi? cacia/a?, ui
iiae?aia yaeua aoei i?eoaiaiia nooi i?aaineaai?e ?ae?a??. Aeena?oaio
aeiaiaeeoue, ui aoiieoeueoo?a naia ia a ciic? caaeiaieueieoe iio?aae
o?ainoeaiaeaioiiai a aooo? ethaeeie (naino aeeooy) yea ia ae/a?io?oueny
caiiei ?nioaaiiyi. A??a a iiiaaeci?no — ye a iaoao?ce/i?e eiioeaioe??,
oae ? a ?ae?a?eiiio niene? i?iaaae?iiy — ia? aaeeea ineoioa?aiaaoe/ia oa
ineoieiaia?a??i?/ia cia/aiiy.

Aaoi? cacia/a? oa iieaco? ?ica?aei?noue iiiyoue “i/euaiiy”, “iieaaiiy”
oa “?iceayiiy”, “iieayiiy”. ? oa, ui nai? ii nia? “i/euaiiy” oa
“iieaaiiy” caeeoeeeny a ?ae?a?eieo oa ia?iaeieo ia?yaeao. Aeena?oaio
aeiaiaeeoue, ui ?i?oe?aoe?? ? yae?ii ethaenueeiai ?nioaaiiy.
Ia?aaeeaath/e e?ece, i?iaaee, iaae?iiy, ethaeeia ia?aaeeaa? eaoano?ioo,
a iio?i — naiia?ae?iaeaeaiiy, “nia?oue oa a?ae?iaeaeaiiy”.

sse i?aenoiie, aaoi? cacia/a?, ui oaiiiaie “?iceayiiy” oa “iieayiiy”
ne?ae ?ic??ciyoe i?ae niaith, a oaeiae ?o a?aei?ii?noue a?ae ia?yae?a
i/euaiiy, ui nii/aoeo iaee nooi i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, a iio?i ?
neiaie?/ia. Aeie?aieaoenue, ia oeyoo ii?aeuei?niiai ?icaeoeo ethaenoaa,
aiie iaaoee nooi ii?aeueiiai cia/aiiy, ia a?aei?io a?ae “i/euaiue”, ye?
caa?aaee naith neiaie?/io ?ieue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “AOEEI — INEOIEIA?*IEE AIAE?C IIIssOOss
“IIEAssIIss” ii?yae c ineoieia?/iei aiae?cii oa oa?aeoa?enoeeith
oaiiiaia a no?oeoo?? iniaenoino?, iieayiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny a nenoai?
aoe/ieo iiiyoue, a?aeaoaa?oueny eiai aoeei-o?einionueeee aiae?c.

Ia?oee ia?aa?ao “Aoeei — o?einionueeee aiae?c oaiiiaia iieayiiy”
i?enay/aiee ye aeieeiaiith oa?i?i?a, ui icia/athoue “iieayiiy” a ??cieo
iiaao, oae ? o?einionueeiio aiae?co aiioe?eieo, aieueiaeo,
?ioaeaeooaeueieo aniaeo?a oaiiiaia. Aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue, ui ae?enia,
ni?aaaei? iieayiiy ia iia’yco?oueny c iaiaaaiiyie naiiaei?aaaeaiiy /e
caniiei?iiy ia?aiai? nenoaie /e nia?no?. Oea iieayiiy ia?aae iaee//yi
nia?o?. Iieayiiy, ui ?icoi??oueny ye aeciaiiy, ona?aeiieaiiy oa
i?eeiyooy a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca an? nei?i? a aeeoo? a/eiee. Iiiaio aea
i?eeiyooy a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? iani?aaae? ? ? nae?aeueiei iiiaioii
aoiaeaeaiiy a iiao noa?o aa/aiiy ?a/ae, “oa?inoaii” aai “i?ic??iiyi”.
AEaaa aeineiiaeino?, ia?a?iaeaiiy nai?? iaoo?e, aeinyaiaiiy
aeiaa?oaiino? – i?e?iaeii i?enooi? ethaenuee?e iniaenoino?. Ia oeueiio
oeyoo /a?ac naii?aoeaen?th ethaeeia ciaoiaeeoue a?aeiia?ae? ia iniiai?
aooo?a? caieoaiiy, iia’ycai? ?c nainii aeeooy, iieeeeaiino?, neoae?iiy,
naiaiaee. Aacoiiaii, ia oeueiio oeyoo ethaeeia ia caaeiaieueiy?oueny
nooi ?aaeueiei aeina?aeii iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy. Aeniiaee, i???,
iaaa?iaiiy, a?aee?eooy caioi/othoue aei inieneaiiy ?aae?e ia o?eueee
/a?ac aeina?ae, a e /a?ac “i?ic??iiy”, “iaee?iaaiiy”, “oa?iieoeth”, ia
o?eueee oiai, ui i?cia?oueny, a e a?ae/oaaiiai.

Aio?iiieia?y TH?eaae/a, aeoiaey/e c ae?aaiuei? i?noeee, iicia/a? a
i?aaineaaiiio aiaine?a?? ? ?ae?a?ei?e o?einio?? oeyoe – aio?iiieia??
oa?iieoe?. TH?eaae/ aeoiaeeoue c aeciaiiy a ethaeei? “aeiineo?/ii?”,
“caaeooaaii?” aeeaeie.

Ia noaaey/e a eoo i?iaeaie ?? i?eiaeaaei?noue nooi o?enoeyinuee?e,
aiaineianuee?e iniia?, aaoi? caa?oa? oaaao ia aeoiee ? oi?ioaaiiy
niia?aeaeueieo iioea?a oa iieayiiy a o?einionueei-oaieia?/ieo ?icaeoiao.

Ia?aoiaey/e aei aiae?co e?iaa?noe/iiai aeina?aeo, aeena?oaio nie?a?oueny
ia iiaeyaee Ia?ei-Iiio?, yeee a ia?oo /a?ao iaiaaa?oueny aeyaeoe eiai
ae?enii o?einionuee? caaaeaiiy. A naia, yeei /eiii aeieea? e?iaa?noe/ia
iiaaae?iea, yeee nain ia? oeae aeina?ae aeey noaiiaeaiiy ethaenueeiai
noa’?eoa. Inue /iio oae aaaeeea? aoaathoue i?e aiae?c? nai?? iiaaae?iee
oa aeeooy niia?aeaeuei? iaaa?iaiiy. *a?ac aeo iiaeaiiy (a naia, /a?ac
niia?aeue) — ethaeeia ?ice?eaa? nai? noa’?eoeaia aoooy a eiai
iaeooiaeaiaioaeuei?oiio, ii?aeuei?niiio aniaeo? ia oeyoo
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy. A e?oa?aoo?ieo niia?aeyo ieooe? iacaaaeaee, oae ae
iiaeoe, aie?oathoue nai? ?iaeea?aeoaeueia aeeooy, naiee eiai i?ioean
noiaeaeaiiy ii?aeuei?nieie noiaeaie, a ?noi??th ethaenoaa, ui, oaeei
/eiii, ii?aeio? aoooy iieooiiai c oei, ooi eiai niia?aeue ni?eeia?.

Aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue, ui i?e?iaeiith a nooi a?ieia?/iiio, ineoieia?/iiio
oa iaoao?ce/iiio niene?, iiaeia aeciaoe iio?aao ethaeeie aei
a?aeiiaeaiiy. Oaeiae, ye ? ee?oeie o?ea ethaeeie i?ioyaii aeeooy, c
iaaiith oeeee?/i?noth iiai?noth iiiaeththoueny, iio?aao? iiiaeaiiy ?
ia?aiaa nenoaia, a iaei??th c oa?aeoa?i?oeo ?? ?en — ? aio/e?noue.
Oiae? iiaeia cacia/eoe, ui ? a iaoao?ce/iiio ieai? ethaeeia ia? iino?eio
iio?aao a iiiaeaii?. Iieooi? i?aeoeee, ca?nii, iaee ? iathoue
ineoieia?/ia cia/aiiy, caaacia/oth/e oae /e ?iaeoa ineoieia?/iee eiioi?o
ethaeei?, yea ?iceath?oueny. No?aaeaeaiiy, ye? ia?aaeeaa? ethaeeia,
aeeeeeathoue ea?aeeiaeueii-ia?aoai?thth/a aeooiaia iai?oaeaiiy. Aiii ia
aiioe?eiiio ??ai? aeiiiiaaa? ethaeei? ona?aeiieoe oa, ui ia iiaeiii
?nioaaoe.

A o?niiio ca’yceo c on?ia aeaeaie aen?ieia?/iiai aeina?aeo noi?oue
aeina?ae ii?aeuei?niee, ui a?aee?eaa? aeiiae aaniethoiiai ?aeaaeo
aeineiiaeino? oa aeeth/a? a naaa aiein nia?no?. Iayai?noue a ethaeei?
iino?eii? iaaaeiaieaiino? niaith, iiooeo aeoiaeo aei oiai, ui aiia ia
iiaea iaa?oue /?oei aecia/eoe, iio?aaa ?iceayoeny iaa?oue oiae?, eiee ia
nei?ii iiaaieo i?inooie?a, /e iaa?oue iiiene?a, — (ye ienaa na. Na?aoei
Na?ianueeee), ana ae aeaco? ia aeeaeiio iio?aao ethaenueeiai ?noaa aei
“i/euaiiy”, “i?ic??iiy”, “aeoiaeo”, “ceaoo” ? o.ae. Ui ia?aoo? iiaeia
iacaaoe neiaii, a ci?no yeiai aeeth/a?oueny oe?ea iaoea ii?aeueieo
niene?a — “iieayiiy”.

?iaey/e aeniiaie, aeena?oaio cacia/a?, ui i?ieoiaoe aaaaoia?eiao
?noi??th ?icaeoeo, cae??ieaoenue a ??cieo iiaao, oa?i?i “iieayiiy”
ae?enii aeei?enoiao?oueny aeaui a ??cieo aniaeoao. *anoi, iaa?oue a
neiaieeo, iiiyooy “iieayiiy” aeei?enoiao?oueny neiii?iii neiaa
“?iceayiiy”. “Iieayiiyi” iaceaathoue ?ae?a?eiee iieooiee ia?yae
niia?ae?. “Iieayiiyi” aea iiaeia iacaaoe ? ia o?eueee ia?yae, /e aeo
?iceayiiy, ui aeeiiaiee, aae aei “inoaiiuei? e?aiee”, aea e iaoao?ce/iee
aeo aoiaeaeaiiy ethaeeie a iiao noa?o “?ioaeaeooaeueiiai aa/aiiy”, — ca
neiaaie Oaea?a, aai “oe?e?niee aeo?aeiee aeaiaio ni?eeiyooy, ui aaaea
aei a?aee?eooy na?oo ”,- ca neiaaie Ia?ei-Iiio?.

A ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? “Iieayiiy a no?oeoo?? iniaenoino? (ineoieia?/ia
oa?aeoa?enoeea oaiiiaia “iieayiiy”) aaoi? iaiaaa?oueny a?aeiia?noe ia
oaea caieoaiiy: ”*e iiaeeeai cae?enieoe aa?iii?/io aioo??oith
?ioaa?aoe?th?”. ?ica’ycaaoe oeth i?iaeaio, ethaeeia iiaea aee?eoaaoenue
a?ae a?ae/ath, ciaeoe nain aeeooy, ia?aoo? iiaeieaoe iaa?ice. Aeeaiea
i?ciaiiy nai?? iniaenoino? oa ia?aaoaeiaa iaaeiei iiaiai oeaio?o —
caaaeaiiy neeaaeia, aea ia aaciaae?eia.

Aacoiiaiith ? iiaeeeai ?aeeiith ia?aaaaith ethaeeie ? aio/e?noue ??
ia?aiai? nenoaie. Cae?enieoe aa?iii?eio aioo??oith ?ioaa?aoe?th oa
anoaiiaeoe i?aaeeuei? a?aeiineie c ?ioeie ethaeeia ciiaea ca oiia
aeeaieiai i?ciaiiy nai?? iniaenoino? (aeine?aeaeaiiy na?aeiiino? oa
i?aena?aeiiino?), cae?eniaiiy eiio?ieth iaae ??cieie aeaiaioaie
iniaenoino? (oe? ooieoe?? /anoeiai cae?enith? nia?noue oa ni?ii),
aeyaeaiiy iiaiai, ?noeiiiai oeaio?o naiai ?noaa oa ia?aaoaeiaa
iniaenoino? iaae?oae oeueiai iiaiai oeaio?o. Ooieoe?? oaeeo oaiiiai?a,
ye “?iceayiiy” oa “iieayiiy” iieyaathoue naia a cae?eniaii? oe???
caaea/?.

?icaeyaeath/e iiaeyaee aaooaeueoineoieia??, aaoi? a?aecia/a?
nai???aei?noue aaooaeueoi?aeoiaeo , yeee iieyaa? a oiio, ui oaeoe,
ni?eeiyooy, iiaaae?iea oa oaiiiaie iaaoaathoue nai?? niaoeeo?ee oa
iaaiiai cia/aiiy caaaeyee nai?e niaoeeo?/i?e i?aai?caoe??. Eiioaeo c
na?aaeiaeuai oa caeeoaiiy eiai, i?eeiyooy oa a?aeeeaeaiiy — iaea?eueo
aaaeeea? ooieoe?? oe?e?nii? iniaenoino?. Oea iiceoeaiee oa iaaaoeaiee
aniaeoe ineoieia?/ieo i?ioean?a iaoiai aeeooy. sseui oey cae?ai?noue
ii/eia? iiaaii ooieoe?iioaaoe, ?iaeea?ae ia ni?iiiaeiee aanoe naaa
iaeaaeiei /eiii, ? eiai aaaaeathoue iaa?ioeeii. I?e ii?iaeueiiio
ooieoe?iioaaii? cae?aiino? aei ?ic??ciaiiy ?? neeaaeiaeo — i?eeiyooy ?
a?aeeeaeaiiy, eiioaeo oa caeeoaiiy — iino?eii i?enooi? oa ae?thoue.
Iiaeeeai oaeei /eiii iiaeia iiynieoe ii?aeueiee oaiiiai “?iceayiiy”.
Ethaee cae?ai? aeeaiei ia?aioe?ithaaoe nai? ieioea, neeaeaoe aaaaoi c
iaeiie/aiiai, ye aaeano, ci?ithaaoeny iano?eueee, ui noaaaoe ii noo?
iai?e/aoieie aei nai?? oeaii? /e iaa?oue cei/eiii? /anoeie ieioeiai
aeeooy. Nia?noue — oea iaoa ?a-aeoe?y ia naieo naaa. Aai, ye iieno?oueny
aiia a aaooaeueoineoieia?? — neea ?aaeoeaiiai ai?ao, iai?aaeaiiai ia
naieo naaa. Caaaeyee ?iceayiith ethaeeia iiaea aioo??oiuei ?ic’?aeiaoeny
?c c?iaeaiith iath ae??th. Ia?aaeeaath/e oea ?iceayiiy iiaeia iiaa?iooe
c?iaeaia, aea a noa?? aeooiai?e, ii?aeuei?e. Aeey oiai, uia,
aeneiaethth/enue iiaith aaooaeueoineoieia??, — caaa?oeoe iiceoeaiee
aaooaeueo. Oaeei /eiii, ?iceayiiy neoaeeoue aeey oiai, uia “aei?aaeoe”
ieioea, ?ica’ycoth/e i?iaeaio, yeo i?ye? aano?aaoaaiiy oa ia?eioeee
?ica’ycaoe ia a ciic?. A neooaoe?? eiioe?eoo iio?aa ?iaeea?ae iiaeiai
aooe caeaoiei aei i?eeiyooy yniiai ? /?oeiai ??oaiiy. Eiee a?i i?eeiya
oaea ??oaiiy, a?i aai a “eiioaeo?”, aai eiai “caeeoa?”. Aea yeui a?i ia
caeaoiee aei ?ic??ciaiiy oa ia iiaea i?eeiyoe ??oaiiy, a?i ia iiaea
iiaiioe?iii caeeoaoeny a “eiioaeo?”, oa iiaiioe?iii “caeeoeoe”, ? oea
iaaaoeaii ae?? ye ia iueiai, oae ? ia ioi/oth/eo.

A aaooaeueoineoieia??, cacia/a? aeena?oaio, iiiyooy iieayiiy iiaeia
ii??aiyoe c iiiyooyi “?inaeoo” — ?aioiaiai, ui ia aeoiaeeoue c ieioeiai
aeina?aeo, ?icoi?iiy nooo?aeo a?aeiinei oa no?oeoo?e neooaoe?? a
oe?eiio, ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai aeinyaa?oueny inieneaia ??oaiiy i?iaeaie.

A o?aoueiio ia?aa?ao? “Oaiiiai “iieayiiy” a nenoai? iiiyoue”
aeena?oaio, iienoth/e oaiiiai “iieayiiy” a nenoai? ii?aeueieo iiiyoue,
i?eoiaeeoue aei nai???aeii? noaie, aai iaa?oue eiea, yea caieea?oueny:
“naiaiaea” — “o?aaaae?y” — “eiioe?eo” — “iaae?y” — “iieayiiy” —
“niieooa” — “Naiaiaea”.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “II?AEUeII — AEOIAIA CIA*AIIss OOAeIAEIUeI?
OAI?*INO? A IIEOOIEO IAAA?IAIIssO ETHAeNOAA” ?icaeyaea?oueny oaia
“?iceayiiy” oa “iieayiiy” a ienoaoeoa?, a oaeiae i?eae?ey?oueny oaaaa
iniaeeaiio e?oa?aoo?iiio aeai?o — niia?ae?.

Ia?oee ia?aa?ao “Niia?aeue” — ye iniaeeaee aeai? e?oa?aoo?ii?
oai?/ino?” aaoi? ii/eia? c iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui iio?aaa niia?aeaoeny,
a?aee?eoe aeooo eiionue ?ioiio, ue?ina?aeii i?eciaoeny o o?i, ui
o?eaiaeeoue ian oa io/eoue ?, ye aiai?eoueny, caeeoa?oueny ia iao?e
nia?no?, ui ie oio?ee a i?eoiaaoe, aea a?eueoa ia a ciic? iineoe a
nia?, iaiaeeioe?, — oea cae/aeia, e i?e?iaeia iio?aaa ethaeeie ye
?noioe ii?aeueii? oa nioe?aeueii?. Eeane/iei c?aceii e?oa?aoo?ii?
niia?ae?, ui iieeaa ii/aoie “niia?ae?” ye iniaeeaiai aeai?o (a oeueiio
aeai?? aoaeooue ienaoe iio?i ? ?onni, ? Oienoie), noaea “Niia?aeue”
Aaaonoeia, iaeiiai c “iooe?a” cao?aeii? o?enoeyinueei? oea?eae,
aecia/iiai ?? oaieiaa, o?einioa oa ii?ae?noa. Aeae? ?icaeyaea?oueny
“Niia?aeue” Oienoiai, cacia/a?oueny, ui aeo?aeieie ia?aaeiineeeaie aei
iaienaiiy “Niia?ae?” ?oeio?oueny noaeee iiaeyae, ia/aaoi ethaeeia
caieneth?oueny iaae a?/ieie ieoaiiyie eeoa i?ae aieeaii o?oaeiiu?a oa
iaaa?acae.

A ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? “Oaia “?iceayiiy”, “iieayiiy” a ienoaoeoa?” aaoi?
aeiaiaeeoue, ui i?ae?aniei iaoa??aeii aeey i?aee?aneaiiy aeniiae?a
aecenoaioe?eii? oaiiiaiieia?? ? ienoaoeoai.

E?oa?aoo?a aeineoue ia?aeiieeai aeiaiaeeoue, ui iiaa oeaooiaaia
iacae/aeiei /eiii, ui aiia aea? iai a?eueoa, i?ae a i?e caeeaaeaii. Eiee
ethaeeia neooa? aai /eoa?, neiaa ia iaia’yceiai noinothoueny cia/aiiy,
yea aiii aaea iaei – aiie iathoue oi?eaeueio caeaoi?noue aeaiaeeoe oiai,
ooi ni?eeia? ?o ca iaae? eiai aeoiie, ?iaeyoue a eiai a?aeie?aieaiiio
na?o? ioai?e, e??cue ye? i?iieeathoue aeoiee ”?ioiai”. A oeueiio
ia?aa?ao? aeena?oaio caa?oa?oueny aei e?oa?aoo?ieo oai??a, a yeeo oei,
/e ?ioei /eiii ?aea iiaa i?i ?iceayiiy oa iieayiiy. Iai?eeeaae,
aiae?enueeee ienueiaiiee E.N.Eueth?n a eiec? “Ethaia. No?aaeaeaiiy.
Iaae?y” noaaeoue caieoaiiy: “Ooi ? ni?aaaei?e iieooiee”?, ia yea
ciaoiaeeoue a?aeiia?ae?, aeiaiaeeoue ?o i??eoaaiiyi oa ca aeiiiiiaith
iiae i?eo/.

Niia?aeaeuei? iioeae, aaaeaiiy “a?yooaaoe na?o a?ae “na?oo oeueiai” c
eiai iioai?i?noth oa ceii” aeanoea? an?i aeaeai ienoaoeoaa, ye?
a?aeoai?ththoue ?o ia o?eueee ci?noii, a e oi?iith, ooaeiaei?ie caniaaie
oa nai?th niaoeeo?eith. E?iiienoaoeoai ia? ciiao noai?thaaoe
iiae?ai?noue ?aaeueiino?, e?oa?aoo?a ni?ey? ?icaeoiai oa i??eoaaiiyi
iaiaeeioe? c niaith, oaao?aeueia ae?enoai caoiieth? i?noe/iei /eiii
aeyaea/a ? aea? ?aaeueio iiaeeea?noue ue?i?, oi/ ? iaoiiaeaii? oaenoii,
niia?ae? aeoi?a ia?aae aeyaea/ai.

?aeay iieayiiy ia?aaeaa/a? naiaiaeo aie?, caeaoii? coieieoe ?ia?oe?th
oeaieo iaae/ie ethaeeie ? iaaeaoe cai?ioiiai oiaeo i?e/eiii-iane?aeeia?e
aeaoa?i?iaoe??, ui aaaea aei cea. E?oa?aoo?ia cia?aaeaiiy oaeiai
cai?ioiiai oiaeo – iia?noue E.Oienoiai “Oaeueoeaee eoiii”, aea iaeia
oeaia ni?aaa ii?iaeaeo? ?ioo, iiee aeo iieayiiy ia a?aee?eaa? oaeee aea
eaioethaeie aeia?eo ni?aa. E.Oienoie caia?a/o? ioe?iee, ui i?eeiyo? a
noni?euenoa?, ? ?aeeiei ?aaoeyoi?ii ethaenueei? iiaaae?iee aaaaea?
nia?noue. Aeiei?e nia?no? ia i?eaiaeyoue aei ?iceayiiy a oeo aeiaaeeao,
eiee ethaeeia ia iiaea ceaiaoe nai? ai?aeiu?, aeanoea?noue, ieoao?noue
oiui. A ooaeiaei?e e?oa?aoo?? oey aeooaaia ioea cia?aaeaia
Aeinoi?anueeei ia o?eueee a “Cei/ei? oa iiea?aii?”, aea e a aeie?
Noaa?ia?ia a “A?nao”, a oaeiae Nia?aeyeiaa a “A?aoao Ea?aiaciaeo”:
iaeaeaa aiie ia ciaoiaeyoue aeoiaeo, cae?i/oth/e naiiaoanoaii. C
aaeeeith neeith cia?aaeai? ioee nia?no? aac ?iceayiiy Aaeueoa?ii Neiooii
a “Aeaaiai” a iien? nia?o? aa?iia O?ii aea Aaoa.

Nia?noue caeeeea? aei ?iceayiiy, i/euaiiy. “I?eiio, e??i ethaeeie, ia
aeaii ?iceathaaoenue”, — ieoa *.Aeoiaoia a ?iiai? “Ieaoa”. A?eoi?o Athai
a ?iiai? “Ciaaeieai?” aaeaeiny aeaoe ia?aeiieeaa cia?aaeaiiy ?iceayiiy,
yea a?ae?iaeaeo? aeooo.

Oaia “iieayiiy”, “niia?ae?”, ”?iceayiiy”, aaaeaiiy io?eiaoe niie?e,
i/enoeoe aeooo — ?iciianthaeaeaia ? oe?iei i?aaenoaaeaia a e?oa?aoo??.
A e??eoe? Iooe?ia, Ea?iiioiaa.

Neiaieii iieayiiy, iiaa?iaiiy, a a?ae?ei?e ?noi???, ? aaea caaaeoaaia
i?eo/a i?i aeoaeiiai neia. O iiaoane C?ia?aee I??e?ii? ? /oaeiaee a??o
“Aeoaeiee nei”, ui a?aeia?aaea? aanue nain oeueiai oe?ieiai iiiyooy.

Niia?aeue, ?iceayiiy iiaeooue aooe e ia ni?aaaei?ie e ue?eie, a
aeaaaeaieie, ye niia?aeue Na?e Aoae?ao o a?aeiiiio ?iiai? Oaoeca “AE?iea
o?aioeocueeiai eaeoaiaioa”. Aea iaa?oue oaea niia?aeue aea? ciiao
c?icoi?oe aaaeeea?noue no?aaeaeaiue a aeeoo? ethaeeie, ye? ?iaeyoue
“aeeaith” ?? iniaenoo ?noi??th, iaiiaiththoue ?? ci?noii. O?euei
O.Aaoeaaeca “Iieayiiy” – iaaao, ui caeeeea? aei caaaeueiiai iieayiiy,
aei a?iiaaenueei? nia?no?. O?euei Aaoeaaeca – ni?aaaei?e o?einionueeee
oa??. Neeaaeiee, oiio ui aiai?eoue c iaie iiaith iaoaoi? ? neiaie?a,
ci?oo? a nia? ?aaeueia e aeaaaeaia, a?aeaaaeii ia?ai?oo? aiioe,
einothie, noee?.

Aai?a?e Oaaeioia a nai?e i?aoe? “I?i iaoe?iiaeueia iieayiiy” caeeeea?
aei iieayiiy o?enoeyinueeo ?in?th, aiai?y/e, ye i?i iniaenoa, oae ? i?i
iaoe?iiaeueia iieayiiy. Aei ?a/?, iiae?ai? caeeeee caeaaia eoiaee, a
caa?iaiiyo aei ?in?enueeiai ia?iaeo (?in?enueea ?ae?a?eia o?einio?y);
aei oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo – I.Oaeeueiaee oai?ii “Naiaoi??eia ciia”
c?iaea ni?iao caeeeeo aei iaoe?iiaeueiiai iieayiiy. Aea, ia aeaeue, oea
caeeoeeiny eeoa a caeeeeao. ? a no/ani?e eoeueoo?? oyaeaiiy i?i
?iceayiiy ? iieayiiy i?ye ia aeaeyaeathoue aiao?ii?ciii.

O AENIIAEAO aeena?oaoe?? iiaeaii caaaeueiee i?aenoiie ?iaioe oa
ie?aneththoueny ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie.
Cie?aia i?aee?aneth?oueny:

Ii-ia?oa, canaaee oaeeo oaiiiai?a, ye ?iceayiiy oa iieayiiy
ciaoiaeyoueny a aeeaeiao caaaeueiiethaenueei? ii?aeueii? na?aeiiino? oa
ii/oooy. ?icaeaaeeny aiie a oiae? ?noi??? c ia?yae?a i/euaiiy, ui
nii/aoeo iaee nooi i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, a iio?i ? neiaie?/ia.
Aeie?aieaoenue, ia oeyoo ii?aeuei?niiai ?icaeoeo ethaenoaa, aiie iaaoee
nooi ii?aeueiiai cia/aiiy, ia a?aei?io a?ae “i/euaiue”, ye? caa?aaee
naith neiaie?/io ?ieue.

Ii-ae?oaa, oaiiiai iieayiiy ia? a?aeiioaiiy ye aei i?o?/iiai
na?oini?eeiyooy, oae ? aei ineoieia?/ieo oiia ?nioaaiiy ethaeeie. sseui
i?o?/ia na?oini?eeiyooy ia?aaeaa/a? iai?aaeai?noue ?icaeoeo ?noi??? oa
oeeee?/i?noue i?e?iaeieo i?ioean?a, oi ineoieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae
?nioaaiiy ethaeeie ia?aaeaa/athoue ?icaeoie (iai?aaeai?noue ia
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy) oa aeaeeaaiiy (iiiaeaiiy i?aai?cio). Aa/eii a oeeo
aeaio i?aeoiaeao iaeiaeiao oaiaeaioe?th ?nioaaiiy ethaeeie: ?icaeoie
(iai?aaeai?noue) oa iiiaeaiiy (oeeee?/i?noue).

sseui ethaeeia ineoiaeae?/ii i?iaeeaa? nai? aeeooy, oiaoi ia ?icae?ey?
o?ei oa ineo?eo(aeooo), aiia ciaoiaeeoueny “nai?i o?eii” a “o?e? na?oo”,
ni?iiiaeia aei ii?aeuei?niiai iiiaeaiiy oeyoii iieooii? i?aeoeee, ca
aeiiiiiaith /ooo?aino? oa ?icoio (“ni?eeiyooy neooaoe?? a oe?eiio”).

Ii-o?ao?, ne?ae ?ic??ciyoe oae? iiiyooy, ye ?iceayiiy oa iieayiiy.
?iceayiiy ia? a?aeo?iie aiioe?eiiai a?ae/oooy oa ia?aaeeaaiiy uiaei
naiai aii??e/iiai oa?aeoa?o, iieayiiy ae ia? iaoao?ce/iee oa?aeoa? oa
?inaeoiao i?e?iaeo.

Ii-/aoaa?oa, a niia?aeaeueieo, iieooieo iaaa?iaiiyo ethaenoaa
caa??aa?oueny e?iaa?noe/iee oa ii?aeuei?niee aeina?ae ethaenoaa, ui ia?
aeoiaia cia/aiiy aeey ianooiieo iieie?iue. Oai?/?noue ieooe?a, ye?
e??cue neiai i?i iieayiiy ?ice?eaathoue na?e oai?/ee iioaioe?ae oa
noai?ththoue nai???aeiee ineoiaiae?oe/iee iano??e, aea aieiaiei
i?eioeeiii ? “aaeeaaiiy” aai “iaiae?oaaiiy ii aeooao”, — aeiiiiaaa?
eiaei?e iniaenoino? a?aei?aaeoenue a oae? “iaiae?e” ii nai?e aeoo?.

Ii-i’yoa, aeine?aeaeaiiy no/anii? ineoieia?? aeathoue ciiao ?o
aeei?enoaiiy a i?aeoe/iiio aeeoo? oa o?einionueeeo ?icaeoiao uiaei
aoe/ii? naii?aae?caoe?? ethaeeie. Ocaaaeueithth/e aeine?aeaeaiiy
no/anii? ineoieia?? oa o?einio??, i?eoiaeeii aei aeniiaeo i?i
iiaeeea?noue iayaiino? a ethaeei? ii/oooy “iacaaeiaieaiino?”, “iio?aae a
noiaeaeaii?” oa “a?aee?eoo?”, ia?aoo? a “naiiaaeineiiaeaii?”.

Iieayiiy ae ye oaiiiai aeooiaii-ii?aeueiiai aoooy ethaeeie ? iaoai?ciii
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue aeoiaeo ia ye?nii-iiaee ??aaiue
iniaenoino?, ii?aeioth/e eoeueoo?ii-ii?aeueia aeeooy oa iiina?aaeeiaaiee
aeooiaiee naii?icaeoie.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Eoiaea?aae/ I.A. Nia?noue, ?iceayiiy, iieayiiy a aeooiaiiio aooo?
ethaeeie.// Aeooaeuei? o?einionuee? oa eoeueoo?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie
no/aniino?. — Ee?a, Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee e?iaa?noe/iee oi?aa?neoao,
1998. — N. 152-157.

2. Eoiaea?aae/ I.A. Iieayiiy a aeooiaii-ii?aeueiiio aooo? ethaeeie. //
“Aei? iaoee — 1998” o?einionueeiai oaeoeueoaoo. Iaoeia? noaoo?
ani??aio?a, aeieoi?aio?a, aeeeaaea/?a. — Ee?a, Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao,
1998. — N. 126-132

3. Eoiaea?aae/ I.A. Niia?aeue, ?iceayiiy, iieayiiy (Aoeei-anoaoe/iee
aiae?c). // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?noi???, oai??? oa i?aeoeee ooaeiaeiuei?
eoeueoo?e. — Ee?a, Aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y ea??aieo eaae??a eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa, 1998. — N. 15-26.

4. Eoiaea?aae/ I.A. Cia/aiiy ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino?, iieooieo iaaa?iaiue
o a?eueiiio aeooiaiiio naiiaecia/aii? ethaeeie. // “Aeeiai?ea
oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e ia ceai? oeny/ie?oue”. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.
— Ee?a, 1998. — N. 54-61.

Eoiaea?aae/ I. A. Iieayiiy a aeooiaii-ii?aeueiiio aooo? ethaeeie. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.07 — aoeea. — Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith oaiiiaia “iieayiiy” a
aeooiaii-ii?aeueiiio aooo? ethaeeie. ?icaeyaea?oueny aeieeiaiiy oa
noaiiaeaiiy oaiiiaia a eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiio eiioaeno?, oi?ioeth?oueny
eiioeaiooaeueia aecia/aiiy eiai a i?oieia?/i?e oa ?ae?a?ei?e no?oeoo??
na?oini?eeiyooy. Ii?yae c aiae?cii oa aoeei-ineoieia?/iith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith a no?oeoo?? iniaenoino?, “iieayiiy” ?icaeyaea?oueny a
nenoai? aoe/ieo iiiyoue, cae?enith?oueny eiai aoeei-o?einionueeee
aiae?c.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iieayiiy, ?iceayiiy, niieooa, aeooiaii-ii?aeueia aoooy,
aoeei-ineoieia?/iee aiae?c, iniaeno?noue, naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy.

Kunderevich E.V. The Penitence in spiritually-moral existence of the
person -Manuscript.

Thesis for the Candidate of Sciens Degree (Philosophy) by spesiality —
09.00.07 — ethics. Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv, 1999.

The Thesis is devoted to research phenomenon of the penitence in
spiritually-moral existence of the person. Occurrence and coming-to-be
him in mythological and religious structure of perception of the world
is considered. Alongside with the analysis and ethics-psychological by
the characteristic of a phenomenon in a structure of the person the
penitence is considered in a system of ethics of concepts, is executed
him ethics-psychological the analysis.

Key words: penitence, repentance, expiation, spiritually-moral
existence, person, self-perfection.

Eoiaea?aae/ A.A. Iieayiea a aeooiaii-i?aanoaaiiii auoee /aeiaaea. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.07-yoeea. — Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana
Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth oaiiiaia “iieayiea” a
aeooiaii-i?aanoaaiiii auoee /aeiaaea. ?anniao?eaaaony aicieeiiaaiea e
noaiiaeaiea aai a ieoieiae/aneie e ?aeeaeiciie no?oeoo?a ie?iaini?eyoey.
Ia?yaeo n aiaeecii e yoeei-ineoieiae/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeeie oaiiiaia a
no?oeoo?a ee/iinoe, “iieayiea” ?anniao?eaaaony a nenoaia yoe/aneeo
iiiyoee, inouanoaeyaony aai yoeei-oeeinioneee aiaeec.

A oiaea enneaaeiaaiey aaoi? i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeo, /oi iniiau oaeeo
oaiiiaiia, eae ?aneayiea e iieayiea iaoiaeyony a aeoaeiao
iaua/aeiaa/aneiai i?aanoaaiiiai niciaiey e /oanoaa. ?acaeaaeenue iie a
oiaea enoi?ee io ia?yaeia i/euaiey, eioi?ua ia?aiia/aeueii eiaee /enoi
i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea, a iioii e neiaiee/aneia. Ioiaaeaaaaoenue, a oiaea
i?aanoaaiiiai ?acaeoey /aeiaa/anoaa, iie i?eia?aee /enoi i?aanoaaiiia
cia/aiea, a ioee/ea io “i/euaiee”, eioi?ua nio?aieee naia neiaiee/aneia
cia/aiea.

Oaiiiai iieayiey eiaao ioiioaiea eae e ieoieiae/aneiio ie?iaini?eyoeth,
oae e e ineoieiae/aneei oneiaeyi nouanoaiaaiey /aeiaaea. Anee ieoe/aneia
ie?iaini?eyoea i?aaeoniao?eaaao iai?aaeaiiinoue ?acaeoey enoi?ee e
oeeeee/iinoue i?e?iaeiuo i?ioeannia, oi ineoieiae/aneea i?aaeiinueee
nouanoaiaaiey /aeiaaea i?aaeoniao?eaatho ?acaeoea (iai?aaeaiiinoue ia
naiiniaa?oainoaiaaiea) e auaeeaaiea (iaiiaeaiea i?aaiecia). Aeaeei a
yoeo aeaoo iiaeoiaeao iaeeiaeiaoth oaiaeaioeeth nouanoaiaaiey /aeiaaea:
?acaeoea (iai?aaeaiiinoue) e iaiiaeaiea (oeeeee/iinoue).

Anee /aeiaae ineoiaeaee/anee i?iaeeaaao aeeciue, oi anoue ia ?acaeaeyao
oaei e ineoeeo (aeooo), ii iaoiaeeony “naiei oaeii” a “oaea ie?a”,
niiniaai e i?aanoaaiiiio iaiiaeaieth iooai iieayiiie i?aeoeee, n
iiiiuueth /oanoaaiiinoe e ?acoia (“aini?eyoey neooaoeee a oeaeii”).

A aeenna?oaoeee oaeaea ?aciaaeaauaathony oaeea iiiyoey eae ?aneayiea e
iieayiea. ?aneayiea eiaao iooaiie yiioeeiiaeueiiai /oanoaa e
ia?aaeeaaiey ioiineoaeueii naiaai yiie?e/aneiai oa?aeoa?a, iieayiea aea
eiaao iaoaoece/aneee oa?aeoa? e einaeoioth i?e?iaeo.

A ?aaioa oaeaea aeaeaaony auaiae i oii, /oi a eniiaaaeaeueiuo,
iieayiiuo ia?auaieyo /aeiaa/anoaa nio?aiyaony eeiaaenoe/aneee e
i?aanoaaiiue iiuo /aeiaa/anoaa, /oi eiaao ainieoaoaeueiia cia/aiea aeey
neaaeothueo iieieaiee. Oai?/anoai ooaeiaeieeia, eioi?ua /a?ac neiai i
iieayiee ?ane?uaatho naie oai?/aneee iioaioeeae, nicaeatho naiaia?aciia
ineoiaiaeeoe/aneia iano?iaiea, aaea aeaaiui aunooiaao i?eioeei
“aaeeaaiey” eee “iooaoanoaey ii aeooai”. Yoi iiiiaaao eaaeaeie ee/iinoe
ioi?aaeoueny a oaeia aea “iooaoanoaea” ii naiae aeooa.

E iaeiiaoe, aeinoeaeaiey nia?aiaiiie ineoieiaee aeatho aiciiaeiinoue eo
eniieueciaaiey a i?aeoe/aneie aeecie e oeeinioneeo ?aciuoeaieyo
ioiineoaeueii yoe/aneie naii?aaeecaoeee /aeiaaea. Iaiauay aeinoeaeaiey
nia?aiaiiie ineoieiaee e oeeinioee, aaoi? i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeo i iaee/ee
a /aeiaaea /oanoaa “iaaeiaieuenoaa niaie”, “iio?aaiinoe a ainoiaeaeaiee”
e “ioe?uoee”, iaeiiaoe a naiiniaa?oainoaiaaiee. Iieayiea aea eae oaiiiai
aeooiaii-i?aanoaaiiiai auoey /aeiaaea e anoue oaeei iaoaieciii
naiini-aa?oainoaiaaiey, aeathuei aiciiaeiinoue auoiaea ia
ea/anoaaiii-iiaue o?iaaiue ee/iinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iieayiea, ?aneayiea, eneoieaiea ,
aeooiaii-i?aanoaaiiia auoea, yoeei-ineoieiae/aneee aiaeec, ee/iinoue,
naiiniaa?oainoaiaaiea.

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