Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

OAeE 80.01 + 371.3

A?e?othe Ea?ena Aiaoie??aia

Iiaoeea ci?noo e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.01.06 – oai??y e?oa?aoo?e

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aieeinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Ean?
Oe?a?iee I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e AI AO
Oe?a?ie OAeAEIA A?eoi? Eaca?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith oai???
e?oa?aoo?e Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.Ean? Oe?a?iee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e AI
AO Oe?a?ie *E?EIA Ieaenaiae? Naiaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith
ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e AEeoiie?nueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo ?i.?aaia O?aiea

Eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio IACA?AOeUe A?oae?e Ieeieaeiae/,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e neia”yinueei? o?eieia?? ??aiainueeiai ?inoeoooo
neia”yiiciaanoaa Ee?anueeiai neia”yinueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – eaoaae?a oai??? e?oa?aoo?e oa ii??aiyeueiiai
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? A.Aiaothea, i.Oa?iii?eue.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 15 ethoiai 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E. 08.051.13 o Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? (320025, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?.Aaaa??ia, 72,
ei?i.1).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe.Eicaeiaa, 8).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 15 n?/iy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ie?eiee I.I.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?? iaoiiaeaia ia?aaeon?i noaiii, o yeiio
iieieeenue a no/aniiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c iiaoe/iei
aniaeoii, ui caeaaia iii?io?oueny “ci?no e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiueiai
oai?o”. Ia ia?oee iiaeyae caea?oueny, ui ana o oeueiio ieoaii? aeaaii
ia? aooe c’yniaaii, aaeaea ia?oa, ui oe?eaaeoue ? ui aea/athoue, oea
eiai ci?no ? oi?ia. ? ae?enii, ??cieo aniaeo?a “ci?noo oai?o” oae /e
?iaeoa oi?eaeeny i?ioyaii OO-ai no. an? aeine?aeieee-o?eieiae. Na?aae
ieo — a?aeii? e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?-oai?aoeee I. I. Aanaeianueeee, A. I.
AEe?ioinueeee, I. Ai?ueeee, A. A. Eoia/a?nueeee, A. O. Ia?aaa?c?a, E. ?.
Oeiioa?a, A. I. Iini?eia, I. ?. A?eaoeueeee, E. A. Uai?eiaa, A. E.
Aa?aiiae/, A. A. Aaineia, ?. ?. A?iia?aaeia, I. E. Aieeinueeee, I. ?.
?aaye?i, O. I. Aieiaai/aiei, I. I. Aoey?a, I. N. Eaaai, I. I. Aaiaeo?a,
E. I. Oe?eaae/, I. A. *e/a??i, I. A. Iae??anueeee, A. I. Eanei, I. N.
Ioeeiaoeue, I. I. Nieieia, oiui. Cia/iee aianie c?iaeee oe?a?inueee
oai?aoeee inoaii?o ?ie?a.

I?ae oei c /anii noaei iii?oii, ui aeniiaee, ye? iaa?iiaaeaeoaaeeny a
oai??? e?oa?aoo?e uiaei oeueiai i?aaeiaoo, ? ??cieie e noia?a/eeaeie.
Aiie e aein? ??ci? ? uiaei caaaeueiiai aecia/aiiy “ci?noo oai?o”, ?
uiaei eiai neeaaeiaeo — ?o e?eueeino? e iii?iaoe?e, ? noiniaii
eiiiiceoe?eieo iayaiinoae ? iiaeeeainoae i?iyao ci?noo a oiio /e ?ioiio
oai??. Iaei? aeine?aeieee aaaaeathoue, ui neeaaeiaeo ci?noo — aea?, ?io?
— o?e, /ioe?e, i’youe oiui. Na?aae neeaaeiaeo aeciathoue “oaio ?
?aeath”, “oaio, i?iaeaio oa ?aeath”, “oaio, oaaoeo, oa?aeoa?e, iaoin,
?aeath”, “cia?aaeaia ? aeneiaeaia”, “aeeoo?aee iaoa??ae, oaio, ?aeath,
nthaeao” ? o. ae. ? e i?ea?/ieee (na?aae e?eoee?a, ioae?oeeno?a,
a/eoae?a-iaoiaeeno?a) oiai, uia acaaae? a?aeiiaeoeny a?ae, ye ?i
caea?oueny, “oeiey?nueeiai”, i?ei?oeaiiai iiiyooy “?aeay” aai “oaia”.

Ca?nii, ui oe? ?ica?aeiino? iiaeyae?a ia “ci?no oai?o” i?noyoueny a
on?o iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao, aeo?iaeao, iiiia?ao?yo, noaooyo, a on?o
i?ae?o/ieeao c oai???, ?noi??? e?oa?aoo?e, a on?o “Neiaieeao
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo oa?i?i?a”, “Oa?i?iieia?/ieo neiaieeao”,
“Aeia?aeieeao”, “Iai’yoeao”, “Iiaoe/ieo neiaieeao”, “Aioeeeeiiaae?yo”.
C?icoi?ei, ui oaea iaaecia/ai?noue na?eicii iicia/a?oueny ia yeino?
aoaeue-yeeo e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue, oi?eathoueny aiie ?noi???,
oai??? e?oa?aoo?e /e e?oa?aoo?ii? e?eoeee.

I?e/eie oaeiai noaio oe?iei aeine?aeaeoaaeenue no/anieie oe?a?inueeeie
oai?aoeeaie (I. ?. Aeoaeiith, I. I. Eiiiiaieii, E. A. E?aniiaith, I. N.
*e?eiaei, A. E. Oaeaeiaei, I. A. Aaee/ai oiui). Aeyaeaii, ui oe? i?e/eie
i?noyoueny ia eeoa o iaaeao iaoee oai??? e?oa?aoo?e. An? iicia/ai?
oai?aoe/i? iiaeyaee ia “ci?no oai?o” iae/ano?oa ?aoaeueii aeiaaaeai?
oaeoaie c e?oa?aoo?e. Ioaea, i?e/eie ooo ia?o ca ana aeiaaeuei?,
caaaeueiiiaoeia?. Aiie oi?eathoueny iniaeeainoae ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo
iaoee acaaae?, ??ai?a ?? iaoiaeieia?? o OO-io no., aiie iiyniththoueny
iayai?noth ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo a ?icaeoeo iaoe a?ae cae/aeiiai,
/anoeiai-nenoaiiiai, aei iiaiai, oe?e?nii-nenoaiiiai ??aiy.
Caeiiii??iinoyie oeueiai ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo ? aeeeoo?oueny
a?aoo?-?aoo iaiao?aei?noue oe?e?nii? nenoaiaoecaoe?? ??cieo iiaeyae?a ia
oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy, ia i?iaeaie, iia’ycai? c eaoaai???th “ci?no
e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o”.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aiee iai?yi
aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaoiaeeoueny o iaaeao no/aniiai ?icaeoeo aoc?anueei?
iaoee a Oe?a?i?, a?aeiia?aea? iio?aaai iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?ia?ai, ieai?a oa ci?noo aoc?anueeeo aeenoeeie?i c e?oa?aoo?e- “Anooio
aei e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa”, “Oai??? e?oa?aoo?e”, “?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e”, “?noi??? ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e”, “Iniia iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue”, “Iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy e?oa?aoo?e a oeie?” oiui. Ia?aia
oaia aeena?oaoe?? a?aeiia?aea? iaoeiaei ieaiai eaoaae?e oai???
e?oa?aoo?e Aieeinueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee, iia’ycaia
c aaaaoueia iaoeiaeie oaiaie a aaeoc? aea/aiiy iiaoeee oai?o e oai?/ino?
ienueiaiieea. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
iiaeaeueoiio aeine?aeaeaii? ?ioeo oai, cie?aia oeo, ui noinothoueny
“oi?ie e?oa?aoo?iiai oai?o”, ?? neeaaeiaeo.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ia?ane?aeo? iaoo
ia aac? oe?e?nii-nenoaiiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeoe iaeaeeao? aecia/aiiy
iiiyoue “ci?no oai?o”, “neeaaeia? ci?noo oai?o”, “eiiiiceoe?ei?
iiaeeeaino? i?iyao ci?noo oai?o” ye i?aenoaao aeey /?oe?oiai e
i?aeoe/i?oiai aiae?co eiie?aoii-?noi?e/ieo oai??a oe?a?inueei? oa
ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Caaaeaiiyie aeena?oaoe?? ? aeyaeaiiy aeaio i?ioeeaaeieo e
aca?iiiia’ycaieo aniaeo?a “ci?noo oai?o”, e?eoe/iee ?icaeyae ?noi???
?icaeoeo o OO-io no. iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue iiiyooy “ci?no” ia aeaio
eiai ??aiyo, aeie?aieaiiy iaeaeeaoeo iiaeyae?a ia ia?ai? ieoaiiy,
ona?aeiieaiiy oe?e?nii? ea?oeie neeaaeiaeo ci?noo oai?o, ?o
aca?iica’yce?a i?ae niaith, aeyaeaiiy oeiieia?? eiiiiceoe?eieo aa??aio?a
i?iyao ca’yce?a neeaaeiaeo ci?noo o eiie?aoieo e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaei?o
oai?ao.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue i?aoe? a?aeiieo
e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?a-oai?aoee?a i?i nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae a oai??? oa ?noi???
e?oa?aoo?e. Aeei?enoai? ?noi?e/iee, ii??aiyeueii-oeiieia?/iee iaoiaee,
iaoiae nenoaiii-oe?e?niiai aiae?co ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o, eiai neeaaeiaeo,
iaoiae oe?e?nii-nenoaiiiai i?ciaiiy, aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aeoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— oia?oa ?icaeyiooi ?noi??th aea/aiiy o OO-io no. eaoaai??e “ci?no
oai?o”, “aoaeiaa ci?noo oai?o”, aeyaeaii iaeaeeao? aeinyaiaiiy iaoee a
oeueiio a?aeiioaii?, iaeii/anii ?icaeyioo? neaae? i?noey;

— aeiaaaeaii, ui “ci?no oai?o” ia’?eoeaii ia? aeaa aniaeoe: “ciai?oi?e,
aeeoo?ai-oaeoe/iee ci?no” ? “aioo??oi?e, iiaoe/iee ci?no”, ye? aei
oeueiai ia ?ic??ciyeeny ? oiio ci?ooaaeeny, ui caaaaeaei e caaaaea?
/?oeiio ?icoi?iith ci?noo aeine?aeaeoaaieo oai??a; iaaaaeaii nooo?a?
aecia/aiiy oeeo ??ai?a ci?noo oai?o;

— aeyaeaii e e?eoe/ii ?icaeyiooi 14 a?aeiaeaeaieo o iaooe? neeaaeiaeo
“iiaoe/iiai ci?noo oai?o”, aeiaaaeaii, ui eeoa /ioe?e c ieo ae?enii
oe?e?nii iiyniththoue “iiaoe/iee ci?no” ia eiai ae?oaiio nooiai?
aoaeiae: aea? neeaaeia?- c aieo noaoeee iiaoe/iiai ci?noo (“oaeoe/iee
iaoa??ae” ? “oaiaoeea”), ? aea?- c aieo aeeiai?ee ci?noo (“i?iaeaiaoeea”
e “?aeaei?noue”). ?io? neeaaeia?, ui iaaiaeyoueny iaoeiaoeyie, aai
aoiaeyoue o /ioe?e iacaaieo, aai noinothoueny ia ci?noo, a oi?ie oai?o,
aai aecia/athoue “aioo??oi?e ci?no” ia ?ioiio (ia?oiio) eiai “iiaa?n?”.
Eiaeia c 4-o aeie?aieaieo neeaaeiaeo iienaia aeaui aeeaoa;

— aia?oa iaaiaeeoueny ea?oeia nthaeaoii-eiiiiceoe?eiiai ioi?ieaiiy
aioo??oi?o neeaaeiaeo ci?noo o eiie?aoieo oai?ao — c iiaiei ?icai?oaiiyi
nthaeaoo ? c iaiiaiei ?icai?oaiiyi nthaeaoo; a iaeieo aeiaaeeao o ci?no?
ia?ii a iayaiino? eeoa yeonue iaeio aioo??oith neeaaeiao, a ?ioeo —
ye?nue aea?, o?e, ua a ?ioeo — an? /ioe?e neeaaeia?, aea a ??cieo
eiiiiceoe?eieo aa??aioao; aena?oeaiee ca’ycie aioo??oi?o neeaaeiaeo
ci?noo ?c a?aeiieie a iaooe? aoaiaie ?icaeoeo nthaeaoo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? ia oaeoeueoao? neia’yinueei? o?eieia?? Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee, ia oaeoeueoao? ?iicaiii? o?eieia??
oeueiai ae aoco. Iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ia o?eieia?/ieo oaeoeueoaoao
?ioeo aoc?a Oe?a?ie, o caaaeueiiina?oi?o oeieao, a?iiac?yo, e?oeayo oiui
i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?n?a “?noi??y oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e”, “?noi??y
ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e”, i?e aea/aii? oai??? e?oa?aoo?e. Iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? o iiaeaeueoeo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo c i?iaeai iaoiaeeee
aiae?co e?oa?aoo?iiai oai?o, i?iaeai nthaeaoo, aeai?o, aeai?iaeo
??ciiaeae?a ? aaciina?aaeiuei c i?iaeai ci?noo e?oa?aoo?ieo oai??a,
neeaaeiaeo ci?noo ? oi?ie oai??a, nthaeaoii-eiiiiceoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae
i?iyao ci?noo ? oi?ie a eiie?aoieo oai?ao na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?y oa icia/ai? ioae?eaoe?? ?
iniaenoei aianeii caeiaoaa/a o ae??oaiiy i?iaeai aeaio ??ciiaeae?a
ci?noo, neeaaeiaeo ciai?oiueiai ? aioo??oiueiai ci?noo oai?o,
nthaeaoii-eiiiiceoe?eiiai ioi?ieaiiy aioo??oi?o neeaaeiaeo ci?noo oa ?o
ca’yce?a ?c a?aeiieie a iaooe? aoaiaie ?icaeoeo nthaeaoo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?eethaeiaii ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo o Aieeinueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee (ea?oaiue 1996, ea?oaiue
1997, ea?oaiue 1998), ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“Noni?euenoaiciaa/? iaoee oa a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe??” (Eooeuee, o?aaaiue
1997), ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao i?e eaoaae?? oai??? e?oa?aoo?e, eaoaae??
?noi??? ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e AAeO ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee, ia i?iaeaiieo
can?aeaiiyo o Aieeinueeiio Aeaaeai?/iiio Aeii? (1996, 1997, 1998).
?iaioa iaaiai?aia ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei caoenoo ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
oai??? e?oa?aoo?e AAeO ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee.

Ioae?eaoe??: iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o 5 iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo, o o. /. a 4 noaooyo o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue oa
a?ioo?? — iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio aeaeaii? (30 n.).

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (186 iniiaieo
iaeiaioaaiue ia 12 noi??ieao). Ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 173 noi??iee
iniiaiiai oaenoo.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, ?? ca’ycie
c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie oa ?ioeie oaiaie e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aecia/athoueny i?aaeiao, ia’?eo, iaoa ? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeena?oaoe??, iaoeiaa iiaecia
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ?o i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a, ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??, iaaeathoueny
a?aeiiino? i?i ioae?eaoe?? oa no?oeoo?o ?iaioe.

Ia?oee ?icae?e — “Ci?no oai?o ye i?iaeaia. Aecia/aiiy ci?noo c aieo
ciai?oi?o ca’yce?a” — neeaaea?oueny c 6 i?ae?icae?e?a ? aeniiae?a aei
?icae?eo.

1. 1. Aeaa i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy “ci?noo oai?o”. Aeinyaiaiiy oai???
e?oa?aoo?e OO no. ? i?eioeeie oe?e?nii-nenoaiiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
na?ae/aoue, ui aoaeue-yeee ia’?eo caaaeaee ? iaeii/anii oe?eei ?
/anoeith (?ioiai, oe?oiai ia’?eoo), iaeii/anii ia? ciai?oi? ? aioo??oi?
ca’ycee. Ia oe?e i?aenoaa? c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i ?nioaaiiy aeaio
iiaeeeaeo i?aeoiae?a aei aecia/aiiy “ci?noo oai?o”: 1) ciai?oiueiai
i?aeoiaeo, aea iane?aeeii noa? aecia/aiiy “ciai?oiueiai,
aeeoo?ai-oaeoe/iiai ci?noo” ia iniia? eiai ciai?oi?o ca’yce?a c
ae?eni?noth, ? 2) aioo??oiueiai i?aeoiaeo c aecia/aiiyi “aioo??oiueiai,
iiaoe/iiai ci?noo” ia iniia? ca’yce?a eiai aioo??oi?o neeaaeiaeo ia
aeaio nooiaiyo.

1.2. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?noo oai?o cciai? o 30-40-o ??. OO noie?ooy.
Eaeaoueny i?i oa, ui naia oeae ia??iae ?icaeoeo oai??? e?oa?aoo?e OO no.
aa?a?aa o naaa ? aeaui ?icaeioa ieioe? (O?O no.) iiaeyaee e eiioeaioe??.
Aeinyaiooa yne?aai a?aeaeeiny o i?aoeyo iaea?eueo io?oe?eii a?aeiieo
a/aieo oiai /ano — o E. ?. Oeiioa?aa (Noeo e i?ica. — I.: O/iaaeaec,
1938) ? A. I. Iini?eiaa (Oai?ey eeoa?aoo?u. — I.: O/iaaeaec, 1940).
Iaeiae aeaoaeueiee aiae?c ?o aeinyaiaiue na?ae/eoue, ui ia oeae /an
“ciai?oi?e ci?no oai?o” oae ? ia aoa aecia/aiee iaeaaeiei /eiii. A?eueoa
oiai, a?i ua ia aoa iaa?oue ona?aeiieaiee ? a?aeie?aieaiee. Oaaao
i?eaa?oaee a oie /an iiee eeoa iiiyooy “ci?no oai?o”, “ci?no
e?oa?aoo?e”. Aea e ?o aecia/aiiy iaa?ioeeny iaiii?/aiith i?aei?iith —
cai?noue ci?noo oai?o aecia/aany ia’?eo oai?o, ?acii c oei ia’?eo
ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e ? ienoaoeoaa.

1.3. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?noo oai?o cciai? o 50-70-o ??. OO noie?ooy. A
oeae ia??iae aeeoea c ae?oeo aaeeea e?euee?noue e?oa?aoo?ii-oai?aoe/ieo
i?aoeue. Eiaeio c ieo ?icaeyiooe ie?aii iiaeeeaino? iaia?, oiio oaaao
neiioeaio?iaaii eeoa ia i?aoeyo, ye? aaaiii aieeioee ia iiaeaeueoa
?icoi?iiy “ci?noo oai?o”, eiai ?iciaaeoaaiiy ia “ciai?oi?e” ?
“aioo??oi?e”, ia ?icoi?iiy neeaaeiaeo “ci?noo” c aieo ciai?oi?o
ca’yce?a. ?icaeyiooi iiceoe?? E. ?. Oeiioa?aa, A. I. Iini?eiaa, O.
Eaeioeia, A. A. *e/a??ia, A. A. Aaineiaa, E. A. Uai?eiai?, ?. ?.
A?iia?aaeiaa, I. ?. ?aaye?ia oiui. C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui, e??i ie?aieo
aeinyaiaiue, ooo ia?ii cia/io oa?i?iieia?/io ieooaieio uiaei an?o
iiiyoue, ye? ie?aneththoue “ciai?oi?e ci?no oai?o”. I?e/eia — a
iayaiino? cia/ieo oa?i?iieia?/ieo nia?a/aiue a?aeiinii on?o i?iaeai
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa (i?aoe? A. I. Iini?eiaa, I. N. Aooi?ia, I. I.
A??eiaa, O. I. A?eue/eeiaa, A. I. Aoeianueeiai, E. ?. Oeiioa?aa oiui,
i?aoeue o?einio?a-iaoiaeieia?a). Aeniiaeii ? oa, ui /a?ac aaeeeo
ieooaieio o oa?i?iao naia a oeae /an aoee caeeaaeai? aeaye? iniiae aeey
/?oe?oiai a?aeie?aieaiiy “ciai?oiueiai ci?noo oai?o” oa eiai aeanieo
/eiiee?a.

1.4. Aecia/aiiy ci?noo oai?o cciai? o i?aoeyo I. E. Aieeinueeiai (1967
?.) ? E. A. THaeeaae/a (1970 ?.). O i?ae?icae?e? eaeaoueny i?i iiceoe??
a/aieo, ye? iae/?oe?oa aecia/eee o oeae ia??iae nooo?a? iciaee
“ciai?oiueiai ci?noo oai?o” c eiai aeanieie neeaaeiaeie. Oea iiceoe?? I.
E. Aieeinueeiai (Iniiae oai??? e?oa?aoo?e. Anooi aei e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa.
— E.: ?aaeyinueea oeiea, 1967. — N. 65-71) ? E. A. THaeeaae/a (?icae?e
“Aaeeinoai niaea?aeaiey e oi?iu a ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eeoa?aoo?a” o ca.:
Oai?ey eeoa?aoo?u a nayce n i?iaeaiaie ynoaoeee. — I.: Aunoay oeiea,
1970. — N. 92-104). Nie?ath/enue ia iiaeyaee aeayeeo iiia?aaeiee?a (O.
I. Aieiaai/aiea, A. E. Aa?aiiae/a), aiie ae?eoee aeniiaeo, ui aei
?icoi?iiy “ciai?oiueiai ci?noo oai?o” iathoue i?yia a?aeiioaiiy
“cia?aaeaia a iueiio”, “ae?aaeaia” ? “a?aeia?aaeaia” (a ia “cia?aaeaiiy”
/e “a?aeia?aaeaiiy”), “ea?oeia ae?eniino?” (I. E. Aieeinueeee), a ia
eeoa “ea?oeia ethaenueeiai aeeooy” (A. I. Iini?eia, E. ?. Oeiioa?a
oiui), a oaeiae “iaaia… noaaeaiiy… aaoi?a”, “eiai aa/aiiy”.
C?icoi?oe “ciai?oi?e ci?no” a?eueo noenei (oi/a e ia iiai?noth)
aeiiiiaaa? oaeiae aecia/aiiy A. E. THaeeaae/a: “Ci?noii oai?o (cciai? —
E. A.) yaey?oueny ooaeiaeiuei a?aeia?aaeaia ae?eni?noue. Aiia iinoa? o
eiie?aoieo ea?oeiao ethaenueeiai aeeooy. Oe? ea?oeie a?aeae?athoueny,
a?oiothoueny ? ona?aeiieththoueny ienueiaiieeii oae, ui a ieo i?iaeyaea?
aaoi?nueea aa/aiiy na?oo, eiai oaiaeaioe?y” (n. 94). ? oi/a “ci?no” —
oea ia “a?aeia?aaeaia ae?eni?noue” (ae?eni?noue oae ? caeeoa?oueny iica
oai?ii), a “ea?oeia” ia eeoa “eiie?aoia” ? ia eeoa “ethaenueeiai
aeeooy”, i?ae oei ? a oeueiio aecia/aii?, e o Aieeinueeiai iicia/aii
iaeaea ana, ui iio??aii aeey nenoaiaoeceoe?? neeaaeiaeo ?
oe?e?nii-nenoaiiiai ?icoi?iiy “ciai?oiueiai ci?noo oai?o”, aeey noeneiai
aecia/aiiy noo? ci?noo oai?o cciai?.

1.5. Aecia/aiiy ciai?oiueiai ci?noo oai?o o 70-90-o ??. OO noie?ooy.
Ooo cacia/aii e iieacaii, ui iaaeae? a oai??? e?oa?aoo?e aoee ni?iae
i?aeo?eiaoe aeaye? iieiaeaiiy c inieneaiiai I. E. Aieeinueeei ? E. A.
THaeeaae/ai. Aea acaaae? i?aeo?eiie aoei iaei, a?aeiaeaeaia iinooiiai
caaoaeeinue. I?eeeaaee c /eneaiieo “Neiaiee?a” oiai /ano, c
i?ae?o/iee?a, iiiia?ao?e, noaoae na?ae/aoue, ui nii/aoeo aecia/aiiy
“ci?noo oai?o cciai?” caeeoaeiny o iaaeao o?aaeeoe?eii iiaa?oiaaiai
inieneaiiy (ia nyaath/e ??aiy I. E. Aieeinueeiai ? E. A. THaeeaae/a), a
aeeae/a aei iaoeo /an?a noaaaei ana aoae/a ? oi?iaeuei?oa, iiee ia
cieeei iaeaea cian?i /a?ac i?aei?io eiai iiaa?oiaaeie, aocueeeie,
aeineoue ??cieie e noia?a/eeaeie aecia/aiiyie “aioo??oiueiai, iiaoe/iiai
ci?noo oai?o”. sse oaeoe i?inoaaeothoueny aeneiaeaiiy a oai?aoe/ieo
i?aoeyo 1975, 1976, 1977, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1995,
1997, 1998-ai ?ie?a. Iane?aeeii ni?iuaiiy e iiaa?oiaino? aeaeyaea?,
cie?aia, oaea aecia/aiiy: “Ci?no — oea ana oa, ui iiaeia ni?eeiyoe; aai
ni?eeiyoe e inieneeoe; aai ni?eeiyoe, inieneeoe e ioe?ieoe; aai
ni?eeiyoe, inieneeoe, ioe?ieoe ? a?aeia?aceoe” (1997). Aiii aeoaea
caaaeueia, ai ? oi?io oai?o, ? eiioe?eo, ? nthaeao, ? oaio, ?aeath oiui
oaeiae iiaeia “ni?eeiyoe, inieneeoe, ioe?ieoe ? a?aeia?aceoe”. Aene?a
“ana oa” — oaeiae caiaaeoi caaaeueiee.

1.6. Aecia/aiiy ciai?oiueiai ci?noo oai?o ia oe?e?nii-nenoaiiiio ??ai?
? i?aeoe/i? iane?aeee oaeiai aecia/aiiy. I?ae?icae?e ii/eia?oueny c
aeniiae?a, ui ?noi??y aeine?aeaeaiiy o OO no. eaoaai??? “ciai?oi?e ci?no
oai?o” na?ae/eoue, ui aei e?oa?aoo?ii-oai?aoe/ieo eaoaai??e ? iiiyoue ia
aaaeaii i?aeoiaeeoe c iiceoe?e noa’?eoeaiiai, /anoeiai-nenoaiiiai
i?aeoiaeo. Aiie iathoue nai? ia’?eoeai? caeiiii??iino?, aca?iica’ycee,
aioo??oi? ? ciai?oi?, naith ia’?eoeaio oe?e?nio nenoaii?noue. Oiio e
aeiaaathoue aiaeia?/iiai, oe?e?nii-nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo ?
oe?e?nii-nenoaiiiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeae? o i?ae?icae?e?,
nie?ath/enue ia aiiaaei? aecia/aiiy e iiaeyaee (I. E. Aieeinueeiai 1967
?., E. A. THaeeaae/a 1970 ?.), ia aeaye? ?io?, c aiiaaeieo, iiiaioe,
i?iaeiaaeaii aiae?c ? nenoaiaoecaoe?th neeaaeiaeo eaoaai??? “ciai?oi?e
ci?no oai?o”. Aei ?icaeyaeo caeo/aii aaaeeeaa (oe?e?nii-nenoaiia)
aecia/aiiy eaoaai??? “ia?ac”, yea aia?oa c’yaeeiny o E. ?. Oeiioa?aa a
1959 ?. ? oe?iei a?aeiia nueiaiaei?: “Ia?ac — oea eiie?aoia ? a oie aea
/an ocaaaeueiaia ea?oeia (aea ia “ethaenueeiai aeeooy”, ye a?i ieoa, a
oe?oa, “ae?eniino?” — E. A.), noai?aia ca aeiiiiiaith aeieneo ? oaea, ui
ia? anoaoe/ia cia/aiiy” (Oai?ey eeoa?aoo?u. — I.: O/iaaeaec, 1959. — N.
53). Oea aecia/aiiy noino?oueny naia ciai?oiueiai aeaeyaeo “ia?aco”, a
“oa??” — oea oaae “ia?ac ae?eniino?”. Oiio aiii ? iieeaaeaia a iniiao
aecia/aiiy “ciai?oiueiai ci?noo oai?o” (c eiai ciai?oiueith oi?iith).
*a?ac aeiaaaeaiiy i?iiiio?oueny: “Ciai?oi?e ci?no oai?o” — oea
cao?eniaaia oaenoii a eiai aeanieo ia?acao ?aei?noue aeaio iaeii/anii
eiie?aoieo e ocaaaeueiaieo /eiiee?a c ?o anoaoe/iei cia/aiiyi: ea?oeie
iaaii? noi?iie aai noi??i ae?eniino? oa ??, ea?oeie, aaoi?nueeiai
aa/aiiy. sseui noenei, ci?no oai?o cciai? — oea ?aei?noue ea?oeie
ae?eniino? oa ?? aaoi?nueeiai aa/aiiy, yea ia? anoaoe/ia cia/aiiy. I?ae
“ia?acii oai?o” ? “oai?ii ye ia?acii” ??cieoey o ianooaaao ? ooieoe?yo,
i?aeii?yaeeiaaiino? /e naiino?eiino?. O eiie?aoieo oai?ao ciai?oi?e
ci?no aenooia? a ??cieo oi?iao — aai /a?ac cia?aaeaiiy, o oi?i? ea?oeie,
ui i?noeoue aaoi?nueea aa/aiiy (a aiin?, ae?ai?), aai /a?ac ae?aaeaiiy,
o oi?i? aaoi?nueeiai aa/aiiy ea?oeie ae?eniino?, o oi?i? aeoiie,
iiaeyae?a, ia?aaeeaaiue, ?ioeo i?iya?a aaoi?nueeiai aa/aiiy ae?eniino?
(a e??eoe?). E??i oiai, o oai?ao (aoaeue-yeiai ?iaeo) ciai?oi?e ci?no
aoaa? “iiaa?iaiei” aei ian aai “eiie?aoeeith”, a ye?e oiaa?oueny
“ocaaaeueiaiiy” (?aea? ooo caoiaai?), aai “ocaaaeueiaiiyi”, ca yeei
oiaa?oueny “eiie?aoeea” (?aea? ooo eaaeaoue ia iiaa?oi?).

Ae?oaee ?icae?e — “Ci?no oai?o ye ?aei?noue aioo??oi?o iiaoe/ieo
neeaaeiaeo” — oaeiae i?noeoue 6 i?ae?icae?e?a ? aeniiaee aei ?icae?eo.

2. 1. Aeaa iiaeeeaeo oeyoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?eioeeie oiiaiiai
a?aeie?aieaiiy. Canoiniaaiee aeua o?iiieia?/iee ?icaeyae aecia/aiue ?
i??eoaaiue oaia?, o aeaiiio aeiaaeeo, ia aea? yne?aai? ea?oeie e
aiiaaeiiai iiiaioo a ?icaeoeia? iiaeyae?a iaoeiaoe?a-iiia?aaeiee?a ia
“aioo??oi?e ci?no oai?o”. I?e/eia — a iaooe? o aeaiiio ?ac? oaeiai
aiiaath ia aoei. ? cian?i ?ioa ea?oeia — ? iaeii/ania ?nioaaiiy ia
i?ioyc? anueiai ?icaeoeo oai??? e?oa?aoo?e OO no. ??cieo iiaeyae?a ia
aioo??oi?e ci?no oa eiai neeaaeia?. ??ci? oi/ee ci?o aanue /an
ni?a?niothoue, noia?a/ie iaeaea iaia?, e?eoe/iiai ?icaeyaeo oaeiae.
Iaeii/anii aeaeii, ui an? iiaeyaee aai aocuee?, /anoeia?, aai i?noyoue
aeaiaioe, ye? noinothoueny iani?aaae? ia ci?noo, a oi?ie aai acaaae?
ciai?oiuei? noa?e oai?o. Oiio aea?aii ?ioee — eia?/ii-iine?aeiaiee oeyo
?icaeyaeo, aea o?iiieia?y — i?aeii?yaeeiaaiee can?a, a aieiaia oaaaa
caa?iaia ia e?eoe/iee aiae?c oeiiaeo, iieaciaeo iiaeyae?a, ye?
iaeii/anii ciaoiaeyoueny o iaoeiaiio ia?ao ? nueiaiaei?. Na?aae ?ioeo
i?eioeei?a aeine?aeaeaiiy — oiiaia a?aeie?aieaiiy neeaaeiaeo
“aioo??oiueiai ci?noo” a?ae neeaaeiaeo “oi?ie oai?o”. Iaa?oioiaaii, ui
oiiai?noue ?icaeyaeo i?ye ia ii?ooo? ae?enieo aca?iica’yce?a ci?noo ?
oi?ie, ?o /eiiee?a. Aiia, iaaiaee, ana oea a?aoiao?, aea a oie aea /an
a?aenoi?iith?, a?aeaiaeeoue ia ae?oaee ieai oa, ui aaciina?aaeiuei
“aioo??oiueiai ci?noo” ia noino?oueny. Iniiaith aeey oeeo i?ciaaaeueieo
ae?e noa? a?aooaaiiy aa?iii?eiino? ca’yce?a iaaieo neeaaeiaeo naia
“aioo??oiueiai ci?noo” ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ioi? aa?iii?? — ca’yceo iaaieo
neeaaeiaeo “aioo??oiuei? oi?ie oai?o”, a?aeiii? aaea nenoaie
“ia?aci?noue — eiioe?eoi?noue — nthaeao- aeai?” c on?ia i?aeeaaeeie
/eiieeaie, ye? oeth nenoaio iiyniththoue (oa?aeoa?e, ianoaaeie, ia?ace,
nenoaia ia?ac?a oiui). Oae? iaoiaee/i? caniae, ye na?ae/aoue iiaeaeueo?
oaeoe, aeyaeythoueny ie?aeieie o ii?aeiaii? c ?ioeie i?eioeeiaie
oe?e?nii-nenoaiiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

2.2. ??ciiiai?oi?noue oyaeaiue i?i neeaaeia? aioo??oiueiai ci?noo
oai?o. I?ae?icae?e na?ae/eoue, ui “aioo??oi?e ci?no oai?o” (ci?no c aieo
eiai aioo??oi?o ca’yce?a) aecia/athoue a oai??? e?oa?aoo?e OO no. /a?ac
ia?ae?e oaeeo neeaaeiaeo:

1. AEeoo?aee iaoa??ae, oaia, ?aeay. Oeueiai iiaeyaeo aeio?eioaaany E.
?. Oeiioa?a o 1938 ?ioe?. Ia?ae?e iaiiaiee, ia?aao?eaiiy ia?a?aaia.

2. AEeoo?aee iaoa??ae, oaia, ?aeay, nthaeao. Oea iiaeyae E. ?.
Oeiioa?aa 1959-1976 ?ie?a oa eiai iaeiiaeoioe?a. Iaeiae nthaeao ia ?
“iaei??th c noi??i aaciina?aaeiueiai ci?noo oai?o”, a?i ia
“ia?iaeaeo?oueny” i? c iaei??? neeaaeiai? ci?noo, a?i, iaaiaee,
oiniaeth? oi?io ca’yce?a on?o neeaaeiaeo ci?noo, a aaciina?aaeiuei ?
oi?iith ?icaeoeo eiioe?eoiino? oai?o, ye a?aeiii a oai??? e?oa?aoo?e
inoaii?o ?ie?a.

3. Oaia, i?iaeaia, ?aeaeii-aiioe?eia ioe?iea. Oea iiaeyae A. I.
Iini?eiaa 1940 ?ieo. Na?aae neeaaeiaeo iaia? “?aea? oai?o”, ine?eueee
?aeay ni?eeiaeany ye neiii?i “ci?noo oai?o”. Uiaei aiioe?eii? ioe?iee —
aiia oa?aeoa?eco? ciai?oith noa?o oai?o, a ia aioo??oith noi?iio ci?noo,
iiynith? a?aeiioaiiy “aaoi? — ci?no”, a ia “neeaaeia? ci?noo”.

4. Nioe?aeuei? oa?aeoa?e (oaiaoeea), ?aeaeia inieneaiiy (i?iaeaiaoeea),
aiioe?eia ioe?iea (iaoin). Oea iiceoe?y A. I. Iini?eiaa 1988 ?ieo.
“?aea?” na?aae neeaaeiaeo ciiao iaia?, oiio ui, ia aeoieo aeine?aeieea,
“?aeay e?oa?aoo?iiai oai?o — ?aei?noue an?o noi??i eiai ci?noo”
(Aaaaeaiea a eeoa?aoo?iaaaeaiea. Iiae ?aae. A. I. Iiniaeiaa. — I.:
I?inaauaiea, 1988. — N. 102-103). Iaeiae oaea ooi/iaiiy (“an?o noi??i
ci?noo” — aac ?aea?) aeeeaea? ?aeath ca iaae? ci?noo oai?o, a oie /an,
ye ?aeay — aeanoea?noue ci?noo, oiaoi eiai aioo??oiy iciaea-neeaaeiaa.
Oiae ?aeay — oaeiae noi?iia ci?noo ? ia? aooe ia?ae?/aia na?aae eiai
neeaaeiaeo, a “?aei?noue an?o noi??i ci?noo” (ye oe?eiai) — oea ?
“aioo??oi?e ci?no”. Aei ?ioeo iaaei?a/iinoae a icia/ai?e iiceoe??
a?aeiineoueny caaaeaiiy oaiaoeee aei nioe?aeueieo oa?aeoa??a (oaiaoeea —
aniaeo ci?noo, oa?aeoa?e — aniaeo oi?ie, oi/i?oa — ??ciiaeae ia?aco, a
oa?aeoa?e o na?oia?e e?oa?aoo?? aoaathoue ia eeoa nioe?aeueieie, ye ?
oaiaoeea; eiee ae aaaaeaoe, ui oaiaoeea iia’ycaia eeoa c nioe?aeueieie
oa?aeoa?aie, aeeaea, ui o oai?ao, aea iaia? nioe?aeueieo oa?aeoa??a,
iaia? oaiaoeee (a iaecaaei?e e??eoe?, o a??oao i?i eioaiiy), /iai aooe
oaae ia iiaea). A oie aea /an “?aeaeia ioe?iea (iaoin)” — oea aniaeo ia
aioo??oiueiai ci?noo, a oi?ie ciai?oiueiai, oaeoe/iiai ci?noo, ai
iiynith? noaaeaiiy aaoi?a aei a?aeia?aaeaieo iei oaeo?a ae?eniino?.

5. Oaia, ?aeay. I?eoeeueiee?a oe??? oi/ee ci?o ? aaaaoi ia i?ioyc?
anueiai OO noie?ooy — cie?aia, A. E. Aa?aiiae/ (1961, 1975), A. A. Oeoia
(1967), I. E. Aieeinueeee (1967), A. I. Eanei ? I. N. Ioeeiaoeue (1971,
1985) oiui. Aea eiee aaaaeaoe, ui eeoa oaia e ?aeay ? neeaaeiaeie ci?noo
oai?o, c iiey ci?o aeiaaea?, iai?eeeaae, i?iaeaiaoeea, yeo ?io?
aeine?aeieee ni?aaaaeeeai aaaaeathoue oaae neeaaeiaith ci?noo. A e??i
oiai, iaa?aeiiith caeeoa?oueny aaciina?aaeiy iniiaa oaie, i?iaeaie,
?aea? o ci?no?: ci?no oai?o, ye na?ae/aoue oaeoe, ia iae?aco
?aae?co?oueny a oai?, aiia ia /iionue aaco?oueny, c /iainue aeieea? o
ci?no? oai?o. Oey iiceoe?y, oaeei /eiii, oaae aocueea.

6. Oaia, i?iaeaia, ?aeay. Oea iiaeyae N. A. Eaea/iai? oa E. ?.
Oeiioa?aa (1974), A. ss. Iaae?eueea (1994), A. ?. Eocueiaiea (1997), A.
Oea/aiea (1998) oa ?i. Iaeiae, ye aaea cacia/aeiny, o?ueio neeaaeiaeo
ci?noo yaii caiaei, ai iaia? ua ?o iniiae o ci?no?. Ci?no oai?o ia
iae?aco a?aee?eaa? naith oaio, ia ana o oai?? noa? oaiith iiaeaeueoi?
oaaae aaoi?a.

7. I?iaeaia, ?aeay. Oaea oi/ea ci?o oaeiae ? aocueeith. ??
aeio?eio?oueny, cie?aia, E. A. THaeeaae/ (1970). Oi/a ni?aaaaeeeai
na?aae neeaaeiaeo caaaeaia i?iaeaia, aei ci?noo ni?aaaaeeeai a?aeianaia
?aeay, iaeiae c? neeaaeiaeo aeiaea oaia (oaiaoeea), yeo ?io?
aeine?aeieee aei?a/ii aaaaeathoue oaeiae neeaaeiaith ci?noo.

8. Oaia, ?aeay, ia?ace, nenoaia ia?ac?a. Oaeei ? iiaeyae O. I.
Aieiaai/aiea (Aaaaeaiea a eeoa?aoo?iaaaeaiea. — I.: Aunoay oeiea, 1964)
oa ?i. Iaeiae o oaeiio ia?a?aooieo oaeiae ? iaaa?acaee: ia?ace —
neeaaeia? ia ci?noo, a oi?ie,ine?eueee naia aiie ia?o ca ana oi?iothoue
ci?no (aiie ? ii/aoeiaith neeaaeiaith nenoaie “ia?ac — eiioe?eo —
nthaeao- aeai?”). O naith /a?ao “nenoaia ia?ac?a” — oea ??ciiaeae oi?ie,
ca’yceo ia?ac?a o iaaeao oi?ie oai?o, ia a?aei?io a?ae “no?oeoo?e
ia?ac?a” — ae?oaiai ??ciiaeaeo ?o ca’yceo.

9. Oaia, ?aeay, nthaeao, ia?ace. Iiaeyae iaeaaeeoue I. ?. ?aaye?io
(1972). O iueiio ca?ac aaea ia aaaeei iiaa/eoe caea? eiiiiiaioe, ui
noinothoueny ia ci?noo, a oi?ie oai?o. Oea — “nthaeao” ? “ia?ace”,
i?noea yeeo o aioo??oi?o ca’yceao oai?o aaea aecia/aia aeua.

10. “?iciaaeoaaiiy ci?noo e oi?ie oa?oue o nia? iaaaciaeo ?o a?ae?eao,
?o iaoai?/iiai ?icae?eo… ?icoi?iiy oi?ie ye ci?noiaii?, a ci?noo ye
noi?iiaaiiai — iaeneeaaei?oa caaea/a” (Neiaa?ue eeoa?aoo?iaaae/aneeo
oa?ieiia. ?aae.-nino. E. E. Oeiioaaa e N. A. Oo?aaa. — I.: I?inaauaiea,
1974. — N. 363). Oae? aeac?aee ia neeaaei?noue ieoaiiy, aeayea
?icaoaeai?noue c i?eaiaeo oeueiai ieoaiiy cono??/athoueny iino?eii, ?
aei 70-o ??., ? i?ney, ye iieacaii o i?ae?icae?e?. I?e/eiith oaei?
?icaoaeaiino? ? iaiii?oiee aeey a/aieo oiai /ano ?o /anoeiai-nenoaiiee
i?aeo?ae o aeine?aeaeaii?. Oeae i?aeo?ae aaea ia aeaooiaoaaa, aea ?ioee
oiae? eeoa ia?iaeaeoaaany.

11. Iiae??, oaia, ioe?iea (?aeay), anoaoe/ia inai?iiy. Iiaeyae
i?noeoueny a “Oai??? e?oa?aoo?e” (E.: Aeua oeiea, 1975). C i?eaiaeo
“anoaoe/iiai inai?iiy” o i?ae?icae?e? aeaco?oueny, ui aniaeo oeae oaae
iaeaaeeoue ia aei neeaaeiaeo ci?noo, a aei ciai?oiuei? noa?e oai?o,
iiynith? a?aeiioaiiy “aaoi?- ci?no”. Ui ae aei neeaaeiai? “iiae?y”,
caaaeea i?i ia? aaaeeeaa, oi/a iiiyooy ia ??aiicia/ia ?ioei, aiii a?eueo
aocueea. Aiii, ?acii c ?ioeie, neeaaea?, ye /anoi ieoooue, ieano
“ooaeiaeiueiai iaoa??aeo” o ci?no?, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ? eiie?aoi?
oai?e, a “ooaeiaei?e iaoa??ae” — oea a?aeia?aaeaiiy “aeeoo?aiai
iaoa??aeo”, yeee caaaeaee y cciai? ye iniiaa aoaeue-yeiai oai?o. ?acii c
“iiae?yie”, ye? a oai??? e?oa?aoo?e ia?aaaaeii ?icoi?thoue ye “ciai?oi?
iiae??”, aei ooaeiaeiueiai iaoa??aeo iaeaaeaoue, ye a?aeiii, ?
“aioo??oi? iiae??” — ii/oooy, ia?aaeeaaiiy, aeoiee, aioo??oi?e noai
oiui. Ioaea, ooo aaaeeeaei ? iaaaaeoaaiiy, ui a ci?no? oai?o ye
neeaaeiaa ? ua “ooaeiaei?e iaoa??ae”, oi/a a oeueiio iiaeyae? a?i
i?aaenoaaeaiee aocueei, a uiaei “oaie” oa “?aea?” a?i ? a?eueo
ocaaaeueiaiei iiiyooyi, cia/eoue iaeaaeeoue ia aei ??aiy “oaia — ?aeay”,
oiaoi ae?oaiai nooiaiy neeaaeiaeo ci?noo, aea ?o ia’?eoeaii ? /ioe?e, a
aei ia?oiai, aea ?o ? eeoa aea? ca?aeii caeii?a nooiaiaai? aoaeiae
ia’?eoo ye oe?eiai.

12. Oaia, eiioe?eo, ?aeay. Iiaeyae I. I. Aoey?aa (1977) oa ?i. Ooo
ciiao aa/eii /eiiee (eiioe?eo), yeee noino?oueny ia “aioo??oiueiai
ci?noo oai?o”, a eiai “aioo??oiuei? oi?ie”, i?i ui aaea eoeiny aeua. ?
ciiao c ae?enieo neeaaeiaeo aioo??oiueiai ci?noo caeeoa?oueny eeoa aea?
— c /ioe?ueio ia ae?oaiio nooiai? aoaeiae. O?aoy (“i?iaeaia”)
iaiaeii?aciai aoea i?enooiy a ?ioeo iiaeyaeao, /aoaa?oa aoaea aeyaeaia o
iiaeaeueoiio aeine?aeaeaii?.

13. AEeoo?aee iaoa??ae, oaia, i?iaeaia, ?aeay. Oaeee iiaeyae iii?/aiee
o i?aoe? E. A. Uai?eiai? (Aaaaeaiea a eeoa?aoo?iaaaeaiea. —
I.:O/iaaeaec, 1956), a “E?oa?aoo?iciaa/iio neiaieeo-aeia?aeieeo” ca
?aae. ?. O. A?ii’yea, TH. ?. Eiaae?aa, A. ?. Oa?aiea (E.: Aeaaeai?y,
1997). A?i aeeae/a aei ae?enii ?nioth/i? ea?oeie. Ooo caaaaea? eeoa
neeaaeiaa “aeeoo?aee iaoa??ae”, ine?eueee aiia iaeaaeeoue ciiao aei
ciai?oiuei? noa?e oai?o. Aea a oie aea /an ieiio?aeue caaaeo?oueny
“ooaeiaei?e iaoa??ae” (? ia eeoa ooo) c oae caaiei eiai “aaoi?nueeei
inieneaiiyi”, ui ? aeineoue aeo/iei iiiyooyi.

O i?aenoieo i?ae?icae?eo caoaaaeaii, ui 13 iniiaieo oi/ie ci?o (ia?ae?e
iiaeia e i?iaeiaaeoaaoe) aaea aeaee ye iaea?eueo ?aaeueieo 5 (c oanoe)
neeaaeiaeo ci?noo oai?o cna?aaeeie: “?aeath”, “i?iaeaio”, “oaio”,
aaoi?nueea “inieneaiiy” ? “oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae”, yeee neeaaea? iniiao
aioo??oiueiai ci?noo oai?o. Inoaii? aeaa c ieo — caaaeuei?o?, i?ae o?e
ia?oeo, eiie?aoi?oeo. Oea aeaco?, ui ia?ii ni?aao c /eiieeaie aeaio
??cieo nooiai?a aoaeiae aioo??oiueiai ci?noo oai?o.

A?ae?a?ai? iiiyooy (?acii c oei, yeiai ia aenoa/a?) aeae?
ia?aa??ythoueny ia aca?iica’ycie ? “ia?aao?eaiiy” ca?aeii aeaio nooiai?a
aoaeiae “aioo??oiueiai ci?noo oai?o”.

2.3. I?iaeaia e?eueeino? ? eeaneo?eaoe?? aioo??oi?o neeaaeiaeo ci?noo
oai?o. Ciaoe, ne?eueee aioo??oi?o iiaoe/ieo neeaaeiaeo iae?/o?oueny o
ci?no? oai?o iacaeaaeii a?ae iaoiai aaaeaiiy, oiaoi ia’?eoeaii, —
aaaeeeaa ni?aaa. Oea aiineoue ii?yaeie, iaaea? /?oeino? aiae?cia?
aoaeue-yeiai oai?o, ?iaeoue aiae?c iiaei ca ye?noth —
oe?e?nii-nenoaiiei.

I?eioeeie oe?e?nii-nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo iieacothoue, ui eiaeiee ia’?eo
iiaeeeai aeine?aeaeoaaoe eeoa i?aaeiaoii, a oaeiae iinooiaiaai,
iiae?eyth/e oiiaii eiai i?aaeiao eiaeiee ?ac ia aea? i?ioeeaaeiino? a
iaaeao ia?aiiai a?aeiioaiiy (A. E. Oaeaeia, A. N. Coaiae/.
Oe?e?nii-nenoaiiee iaoiae i?ciaiiy, aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aeoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino?. — Eooeuee: AAAe, 1996. — N. 39-40). Ioaea, ia 1-io nooiai?
caaaeaee ia?ii eeoa aeaa aniaeoe, aeaa neeaaeiaeo-/eiieee. sseui
iiaeoueny i?i 2-e nooi?iue oiiaiiai iiae?eo, oe?e?nii ooo ? eeoa /ioe?e
neeaaeiaeo-/eiieee. Ia aeaio nooiaiyo caaaeaee ia?ii eeoa 6 neeaaeiaeo:
/ioe?e c ieo a?eueo eiie?aoi?, aiie i?aeii?yaeeiaai? ?ioei aeaii
iniiaiei, a?eueo caaaeueiei, ?o iiyniththoue. Aea? iniiai? neeaaeia? o
naith /a?ao caiaeyoueny aei iaeiiai oe?e?niiai i?aaeiaoo ia’?eoa.

O i?ae?icae?e? oai?aoe/ii aeiaiaeeoueny, ui aeaiia neeaaeiaeie ia 1-io
nooiai? aoaeiae “aioo??oiueiai ci?noo oai?o” ia iiaeooue aooe “oaia” ?
“?aeay”. Ii-ia?oa, aiie a?eueo eiie?aoi? iiiyooy, i?ae “ooaeiaei?e
(ia?acii-oaeoe/iee) iaoa??ae” oa eiai “aaoi?nueea inieneaiiy”.
Ii-ae?oaa, i?ae “oaiith” e “?aea?th” o aaeeeeo oai?ao iaia? u?eueiiai
ca’yceo, “oaia” ia?aao?eth?oueny a “?aeath” /a?ac ae??oaiiy, /a?ac
“i?iaeaio” o ?icaeoeo. Ii-o?ao?, “ooaeiaei?e iaoa??ae” ? eiai
“aaoi?nueea inieneaiiy” ye?ac ? iiyniththoue, ye aeaeyaeathoue
cna?aaeeie aeaa ciai?oi?o aniaeoe ci?noo oai?o (i?aaeiaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia?oiai ?icae?eo): ci?no ye “ea?oeia ae?eniino?” cna?aaeeie — oea
“ooaeiaei?e iaoa??ae” oai?o, ua aeeaoa — eiai ia?acii-oaeoe/ia noi?iia,
a “aaoi?nueea aa/aiiy” cna?aaeeie ? eiie?aoi?oa — oea “aaoi?nueea
inieneaiiy” ooaeiaeiueiai iaoa??aeo, ia?acii-oaeoe/ii? noi?iie oai?o.
Oaeei /eiii, “ci?no cna?aaeeie” ia 1-io nooiai? eiai aoaeiae — oea
?aei?noue “ooaeiaeiueiai iaoa??aeo” ? eiai “aaoi?nueeiai inieneaiiy”. A
iaeieo oai?ao ia?o ca ana aa/eii ooaeiaei?e, ia?acii-oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae
(cie?aia, “Naaeie aeoiaaee eiei oaoe…” O. A. Oaa/aiei aai “Iaeiaaeaeu
a nooaeaioth ceiithth ii?o ss ec eano auoae…” I. I. I?e?aniaa), a
yeiio oiaa?oueny eiai aaoi?nueea inieneaiiy c ?aea?th oai?o. A ?ioeo
oai?ao (cie?aia, “sse oi?o, oi iioiaaeoa…” Oaa/aiea aai “Oiueay ii?a,
i/ae i/a?iaaiuea” Iooe?ia) — ianaiia?aae aa/eii “aaoi?nueea inieneaiiy”,
a yeiio oiaa?oueny, ye iniiaa eiai, ia?acii-oaeoe/iee “ooaeiaei?e
iaoa??ae”: ethaia aei Oe?a?ie o Oaa/aiea, in?iue o Iooe?ia.

Aeae? oaeiae oai?aoe/ii aeiaaaeaii, ui oe? aea? iniiai? neeaaeia?
aioo??oiueiai ci?noo eiie?aoi?oa iiyniththoueny /ioe?ia ?ioeie. “Oaia” o
oai?ao cacae/ae ae??ciy?oueny ia yeiionue “oii?”, “oiiiaiio iaoa??ae?”
(oea ? ? /eiiee, yeiai aanue /an ia aenoa/aei). Ioaea, “ooaeiaei?e
iaoa??ae” — oea ?aei?noue “oiiiaiai iaoa??aeo” ? “oaie”. O naith /a?ao
“aaoi?nueea inieneaiiy” (ia?aciiai iaoa??aeo) — oea ?aei?noue “i?iaeaie”
(i?ioeano inieneaiiy) ? “?aea?” (iane?aeeo inieneaiiy). Oaeei /eiii, ia
2-io nooiai? aoaeiae “aioo??oi?e ci?no” — oea ?aei?noue /ioe?ueio
neeaaeiaeo: “oiiiaiai iaoa??aeo — oaiaoeee — i?iaeaiaoeee — ?aeaeiino?”.

Ianooii? aeaa i?ae?icae?ee i?noyoue i?aeoe/i? aeieace, c aeiaeaoeiaeie
oai?aoe/ieie, naia oaeiai ca’yceo i?ae /ioe?ia aioo??oi?ie neeaaeiaeie
ci?noo oai?o ia 2-io nooiai? aoaeiae, c aeei?enoaiiyi aeaoaeueiiai
aiae?co eiie?aoieo e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaei?o oai??a.

2.4. Neeaaeia? noaoeee aioo??oiueiai ci?noo. “Oiiiaee iaoa??ae” ?
“oaiaoeea” (oaia). Ia i?eeeaae? aiae?co a??o?a, iiai Oaa/aiea “I?e/eiia”
? “Iao?onue”, eiiaae?? Aiaiey “?aa?ci?”, iiia?aeaiiy Eoi??ia “Eaaaiaea”
iieacai? ??ci? oeie i?iyao ? ooieoe?? “oiiiaiai iaoa??aeo” o oai??, oa,
ui “oaia” — oea noi?iia “oiiiaiai iaoa??aeo”, ia?aia aaoi?ii aeey
niaoe?aeueiiai inieneaiiy, ui oe? aea? neeaaeia? noinothoueny “noaoeee
aioo??oiueiai ci?noo”, eiai noaoe/ii? noi?iie ia a?aei?io a?ae
aeeiai?/ii?.

2.5. Neeaaeia? aeeiai?ee aioo??oiueiai ci?noo oai?o: “i?iaeaia”
(i?iaeaiaoeea) oa “?aeay” (?aeaei?noue). Ia i?eeeaaeao aiae?co
“Eaaaiaee” Eoi??ia, ?iiaio E. I. Oienoiai “Aine?an?iiy”, a??o?a
Oaa/aiea, iiia?aeaiiy Ea?oee-Iniia’yiaiea “Eice?-ae?aea”, ?ioeo oai??a
aaeeeeo oa iaeeo aeai??a iieacaii, ui iaia? i?aenoaa ioioiaeithaaoe ia
eeoa “ooaeiaei?e iaoa??ae” ? “oaio”, ia eeoa “oiiiaee iaoa??ae” ?
“oaiaoe/iee iaoa??ae”, aea e “oaio” c “i?iaeaiith”, a “i?iaeaio” c
“?aea?th”. Iieacaii, ye “oaia” iaa?oa?oueny “i?iaeaiith”, ui “i?iaeaia”
— oea ieoaiiy, iai?yiie ? o?ae inieneaiiy oaie, ui o?ae inieneaiiy iiaea
aooe aeaio oei?a — “e?aieiaei”, oiaoi iaeii?aciaei, ? o oi?i? i?ioeano,
ui “?aeay” — oea iane?aeie i?iaeaiiiai inieneaiiy, oiaoi ae??oaiiy oaie.

2.6. Nenoaia eiie?aoieo aecia/aiue aioo??oiueiai ci?noo oa ia?niaeoeae
eiai eiiiiceoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ooo ?c caeo/aiiyi i?eeeaae?a
c?iaeaii aeniiaee, ui ia iaio nooiaiyo aoaeiae aioo??oi?e ci?no
eiie?aoii i?iyaey?oueny o oai?ao ii-??ciiio. Ia 1-io nooiai? aecia/aiiy
aioo??oiueiai ci?noo caiaeeoueny aei oiai, ui a iaeieo aeiaaeeao oea
“ooaeiaei?e iaoa??ae a eiai aaoi?nueeiio inieneaii?”, a ?ioeo — oea
“aaoi?nueea inieneaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai iaoa??aeo”. Oiaoi i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
ua ?ac (i?aeoe/ii), ui “aioo??oi?e ci?no” ca aeaeaie ?iciiae?ey?oueny
oiiaii, a i?aeoe/ii a?i “iiaa?oa?oueny” ia?aae /eoa/ai aai iaeiei aieii,
aai ?ioei, ? oea o?aaa a?aoiaoaaoe i?e inieneaii? cania?a ao?eaiiy
aaoi?ii ?aeae, i?iaeai, oai, oiiiaiai iaoa??aeo o oai??. Ia 2-io nooiai?
eiaeia c /ioe?ueio neeaaeiaeo i?aeoe/ii aoaa? aai ?icai?iooith, aai
noeneith, aai yaii aeaeeiith, aai i?eoiaaiith. ?iaeoueny i?eiouaiiy, ui
i?eoiaaieie o aioo??oiueiio ci?no? iiaeooue aooe aai iaeia, aai aea?,
aai o?e neeaaeiaeo. ? iaaiaee — a?coaeueii o oai?ao ci?no iiaea
neeaaeaoeny aai c on?o /ioe?ueio, aai c yeeoinue o?ueio, aai c yeeoinue
aeaio, aai iaa?oue c iaeii? neeaaeiai?. Ana oea aeaee, nai???aei?noue
i?iyao ci?noo, yeee ii-??ciiio “iiaa?oa?oueny” ia?aae iaie a eiie?aoieo
e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaei?o oai?ao.

O?ao?e ?icae?e — “Nthaeaoii-eiiiiceoe?eia ioi?ieaiiy neeaaeiaeo ci?noo”
— neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a ? aeniiae?a.

3.1. Ioi?ieaiiy neeaaeiaeo ci?noo a nthaeao? oai?o c aieo eiai
?icaeoeo. Eaeaoueny i?i aaaeeea?noue ona?aeiieaiiy
nthaeaoii-eiiiiceoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae i?iyao /ioe?ueio neeaaeiaeo o
e?oa?aoo?ieo oai?ao — aeey /?oe?oiai ? ye?ni?oiai ?icoi?iiy nthaeaoo,
eiioe?eoo, nenoaie ia?ac?a, oaiaoe/iiai ni?yioaaiiy oai?o, eiai
i?iaeaiaoeee oa ?aeaeiino? c aieiaiith ?aea?th oa anoaoe/iei cia/aiiyi
oai?o. Iieacaii, ui ??ci? i?iyae aioo??oiueiai ci?noo — yne?aaa
na?ae/aiiy oiai, ui, cie?aia, nthaeao c eiai aoaeiaith aeanoeaee ia
“ie?aiei ooaeiaei?i oai?ai”, ia “a?eueoino? oai??a”, ye ieoooue /eiaei
aeine?aeiee?a, a an?i aac aeiyoeo e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaei?i oai?ai. A?i
eeoa i?iyaey?oueny o eiaeiiio oai?? ii-??ciiio. Oeth ??ciiiai?oi?noue
iiaeia caanoe aei aeaio oeiieia?/ieo i?iya?a — 1) iiaiiai i?iyao
neeaaeiaeo ci?noo e nthaeaoo, ? 2) iaiiaiiai i?iyao neeaaeiaeo ci?noo e
nthaeaoo. O ianooiieo aeaio i?ae?icae?eao oey oeiieia?y ?icaeyaea?oueny
aeaoaeueii c oaaaith aei ni?aa?aeianaiiy neeaaeiaeo aioo??oiueiai ci?noo
c? neeaaeiaeie nthaeaoo.

3.2. Ioi?ieaiiy neeaaeiaeo ci?noo o oai?ao c iiaiei ?icai?oaiiyi
nthaeaoo. A i?ae?icae?e? nii/aoeo eaeaoueny i?i a?aeiia?aei?noue
neeaaeiaeo aioo??oiueiai ci?noo neeaaeiaei ?icaeoeo nthaeaoo o oai??,
iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui ci?noiaeo neeaaeiaeo ? /ioe?e, a neeaaeiaeo
?icaeoeo nthaeaoo cae/aeii ia?aoiaothoue i’youe. Ni?aaa a oiio, ui
“eoeuei?iaoe?y” ?aaeueii ? neeaaeiaith “?icaeoeo ae??”, iieacieeii aeui?
iai?oae oe??? neeaaeiai?, oiio neeaaeia? ?icaeoeo nthaeaoo iani?aaae?
aeaeyaeathoue o?ioe ?iaeoa: “aeniiceoe?y — caa’ycea — ?icaeoie ae?? (c
eoeuei?iaoe??th) — ?ica’ycea”. O i?ae?icae?e? aeae? i?ine?aeeiao?oueny
aca?iica’ycie oe??? nenoaie neeaaeiaeo ?c nenoaiith neeaaeiaeo
aioo??oiueiai ci?noo oai?o. Aca?iica’ycie ?ethno?o?oueny i?eeeaaeaie
aiae?co ??cieo ca aeai?aie oai??a, i?e/iio oeo, aiae?c yeeo
cono??/a?oueny eeoa o noene?e oi?i?, aac caa?iaiiy aei ?icaeyaeo aoai?a
?icaeoeo nthaeaoo ? oei a?eueoa aei aoai?a ?icaeoeo ci?noo. Iaeei c
i?eeeaae?a — aiae?c a??oiaiai oai?o, iiaie Oaa/aiea “Iao?onue”, aea a
nthaeao? ia?ii aea? nthaeaoi? e?i??, ye? ?icai?oathoueny iiai?noth,
ia?aie?oath/enue i?ae niaith ? iieacoth/e ??cio aeaoaeuei?noue i?iyao
eiaeiiai c 4-o aoai?a nthaeaoo ? eiaeiiai c 4-o aoai?a aioo??oiueiai
ci?noo. Aiaeii/an aaaeaoueny iiaa i?i ??cia ioi?ieaiiy neeaaeiaeo,
caaaeothoueny e ?io? oai?e. Ae?oaee c i?eeeaae?a — aiae?c i?iciaiai
oai?o, iaeiai aeai?o c iaeei nthaeaoii, iiia?aeaiiy A. Noaoaieea “A
ei?/i?”, aea nthaeao neeaaea?oueny c iaei??? nthaeaoii? e?i??, aoaie
?icaeoeo yei? ?icai?oathoueny oaeiae iinooiiai ? a o?e iine?aeiaiino?,
aei yei? an? caeaaia caeeee. Aiae?c oaeiae i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
ni?aaaaeeea?noue ii?aeiaiiy ? ii??aiyiiy neeaaeiaeo ?icaeoeo ci?noo e
nthaeaoo (ye iieacieea oi?ie oai?o), iieaco?, ye naia ii-??ciiio
ii?aeiaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny. Ooo oaeiae aeaeii, ui “oiiiaee iaoa??ae”
ioi?iey?oueny a “aeniiceoe??”, aea ooieoe?y eiai oeei ia iaiaaeo?oueny,
ui “oaia” — oea ci?no “caa’ycee”, a “caa’ycea” — oi?ia ao?eaiiy “oaie”,
ui “i?iaeaia” — oea ii/aoie “?icaeoeo ae??” ? i?ioean ?? ?icai?oaiiy,
eiee i?iaeaia oyaiaoueny, ui “eoeuei?iaoe?y” — oaae oi?ia i?iyao
“i?iaeaie” ye i?ioeano, ui “?ica’ycea” a nthaeao? ?iiae? inoaoi/ii
i?aee?aneth? “?aeath” (ye “A ei?/i?”), a a ?ioeo aeiaaeeao iaa?oue
i?noeoue a nia? ?aeath, ioi?iey? ?? naia, ui iae/ano?oa aoaa? a aaeeao
(i?eeeaae — aiae?c aaeee A. Neiai?iaee “*eae oa ueaeee”). A acaaae?
?aeay, ye a?aeiii, i?iieco? niaith eiaeiee ia?ac oai?o, oae naii eiaeiee
aoai ?icaeoeo ci?noo e nthaeaoo iia’ycaiee c eiaeiei ?ioei. Inoaii? aea?
ciiao eiaeiiio c aoai?a iaa?oue aeeiioaaoe ?ieue ?ioiai aoaio i?e eiai
a?aenooiino? (i?eoiaaiino?) o oai??. Niaoe?aeueii oae?e iniaeeaino? ?o
aca?iica’yceo i?enay/aiee inoaii?e i?ae?icae?e aeena?oaoe??.

3.3. Ioi?ieaiiy neeaaeiaeo ci?noo oai?o c iaiiaiei ?icai?oaiiyi
nthaeaoo. Aiae?c oai??a, caeo/aieo aei oeueiai i?ae?icae?eo, na?ae/eoue,
ui iaa?oue oai, aea ia?ii i?eoiaaieie oie /e ?ioee aai o? /e ?io? aoaie
?icaeoeo ci?noo e nthaeaoo, o oai?ao ana iaeii ? ? ci?no, ? nthaeao. Any
ni?aaa o aeyaeaii? ?o niaoeeo?ee, oiio ui oie aoai aai o? aoaie (aeaa,
o?e), ui aeaeei?, aeeiiothoue ooieoe?th a?aenooi?o ? ana iaeii ?iaeyoue
ooaeiaei?e oa?? iiaiioe?iiei, oe?e?niei yaeuai. Oaea i??eoaaiiy
aeiiiiaaa? e?aua ona?aeiiethaaoe ? iiaoeeo oai?o, ? a?aoo?-?aoo eiai
?aeaeio noi?iio e aieiaio ?aeath. Ana oea aeiaaaeaii o i?ae?icae?e? ia
i?eeeaaeao aiae?co ??cieo ca nei?i/aiith aoaeiaith ci?noo e nthaeaoo
oai??a. Na?aae ieo — aiae?c iia?no? Aiaiey “Oa?an Aoeueaa”, aea o
aaeeeiio nthaeao? iaia? ?ica’ycee, a eoeuei?iaoe?y inoaoi/ii
aeiiaeueiao? aieiaio ?aeath oai?o. Oea e aiae?c eiiaae?? Aiaiey
“?aa?ci?”, aea oaeiae o aaeeeiio nthaeao? iaia? ?ica’ycee aieiaii?
nthaeaoii? e?i??, aea aieiaio ?aeath i?iyniththoue ?io? aoaie ?
iaea?eueoa eoeuei?iaoe?y. Aei aiae?co caeo/ai? oai?e, aea nthaeao ?
ci?no iaiaaeai? eeoa iaeiei aoaiii, aei oiai ae ??ciei (i?ene?a’y,
i?eeacee ia?iae?a na?oo, a??o o i?ic? Oo?aai?aa “E…” oiui), aai aeaiia
??cieie aoaiaie (a??o o i?ic? Oo?aai?aa “O?aca”, i?ene?a’y, i?eeacee).
Oe?eaaith ? iiaaea A. Noaoaieea “Neiy eieaea/ea”, i?i iiaoeeo yei?
nia?a/athoueny ? aea ? eeoa iaeei aeaiaio ci?noo — aeaoaeueii
i?aaenoaaeaia “?aeay”, ui ioi?ieaia ye “?ica’ycea”, ca oiaeith yei?
noenei iicia/ai? ?io? aoaie ?icaeoeo nthaeaoo ? ci?noo. Nai???aei?noue
?icai?oaiiy ci?noo ? nthaeaoo iieaco? aiae?c iiaaee Iaoaeee Iieoaaee
“Cono??/”. A iia?noue *aoiaa “Noai”, aeyaey?oueny, na?ae/eoue, ui a
nthaeao? ? ia eeoa iaeei aoai (aeniiceoe?y), ye /anoi ieoooue, ? ia eeoa
iaeei aoai ci?noo (oiiiaee iaoa??ae), aea ? e caa’ycea a inoaiiueiio
?a/aii? iia?no?, yea ioi?iey? inoaoi/ii aieiaio ?aeath oai?o.

Acaaae? aeyaeai? iaie aoaie ?icaeoeo aioo??oiueiai ci?noo aeicaieythoue
oi/i?oa noaeeoe i?i iiaoeeo oai??a, iaa?oue oeo, c i?eaiaeo iiaoeee yeeo
aeine?aeieee aein? aeneiaeththoue ??ci? aeoiee. Oea iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? aeaiiino?o?oueny oaeiae ia i?eeeaae? aiae?co iiaie Oaa/aiea
“Nii”. Aeine?aeieee ieoooue, ui ooo “iaia? o?aaeeoe?eieo aeaiaio?a
nthaeaoo” (cia/eoue ? ci?noo?). Iaeiae aeaoaeueiee aiae?c ?icaeoeo
ci?noo e nthaeaoo iieaco?, ui a iiai? ? an? aoaie ?icaeoeo nthaeaoo.
Aiie eeoa nai???aeii eiiiiceoe?eii i?aaenoaaeai? aaoi?ii ? nai???aeii
ioi?ieai?. Aieiaia ?aeay, cie?aia, ioi?ieaia aaoi?ii o aeaeyae?
“aeniiceoe??” ia ii/aoeo oai?o ? iiaeaia ye i??eoaaiiy i’yiiai e??e/iiai
aa?iy. Aeae? aiia ao?eaia aaea eiie?aoi?oa a ?ioeo aoaiao ?icaeoeo
ci?noo e nthaeaoo. Aiii e c?icoi?ei: aaeaea oea ooaeiaei?e oa??
aai?aeueiiai Oaa/aiea, iaienaiee o o? /ane, eiee ienaoe i?aaaeo aoei
aeoaea iaaacia/ii.

Acaaae? ae eiiiiceoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? ioi?ieaiiy ci?noo e nthaeaoo a ?o
?icaeoeo, “e?aieiaiio” /e i?ioeanoaeueiiio, aaciaaeii ??ciiiai?oi? o
oai?ao na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiththoueny ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iane?aeee
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue noaoe a i?eaiae? i?e iiaeaeueoiio aea/aii?
ia?aieo ieoaiue, an?o ?ioeo iiaoe/ieo noi??i e?oa?aoo?iiai oai?o —
ia?aco, eiioe?eoo, ?iaeo, iaoiaeo, aeaeo, nthaeaoo, aeai?o, noeeth oiui.
Ana oea — ca?aaee iie?auaiiy yeino? no/anii? a?o/eciyii? oai???
e?oa?aoo?e, e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa, ca?aaee aeeaoiai canai?iiy iaae/a?iieo
aaaaonoa oe?a?inueei? ? ca?oa?aeii?, acaaae? na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaii o oaeeo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Neeaaeia? ci?noo oai?o a oai??? e?oa?aoo?e 50-90-o ??. OO no. //
Iaoeiaee a?niee AAeO. O?eieia?y-98. — Eooeuee: AAeO, 1998. — N.

2. Aecia/aiiy “ciai?oiueiai” ci?noo oai?o // ?ioi?iaoe?eiee a?niee
Aeaaeai?? iaoe aeui? oeiee Oe?a?ie. — Aeiaeaoie aei aeioneo ?18. — E.:
Oeaio? a?eueii? i?ane, 1998. — N. 26-30.

3. AEai? ? ci?no e?oa?aoo?iiai oai?o ye i?iaeaie. Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia
aeaeaiiy. — Eooeuee: AAAe, 1998. — 30 n.

4. “Ci?no oai?o” ? “neeaaeia? ci?noo” a oai??? e?oa?aoo?e 30-40-o ??.
OO no. // Noni?euenoaiciaa/? iaoee oa a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe??. — Ei. 1. —
Eooeuee: Iaae?a, 1997. — N. 77-82.

5. Ci?no oai?o ye e?oa?aoo?ii-oai?aoe/ia i?iaeaia // Iaoa??aee 41-?
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??… Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean?
Oe?a?iee. — *anoeia 1. — Eooeuee: AAeO, 1995. — N. 69.

Aiioaoe?y.

A?e?othe E. A. Iiaoeea ci?noo e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10. 01. 06 — oai??y e?oa?aoo?e. —
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? ia aac? oe?e?nii-nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo oai?aoe/ii ?
i?aeoe/ii aeine?aeaeothoueny i?iaeaie iiaoeee ci?noo
e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o. I?inoaaeo?oueny ?noi??y aea/aiiy
ieoaiue iiaoeee ci?noo a oai??? e?oa?aoo?e OO noie?ooy. I?iiiiothoueny
a?eueo /?oe?, oe?e?nii-nenoaii? aecia/aiiy aeaio aniaeo?a “ci?noo”:
“ciai?oiueiai” ? “aioo??oiueiai”. Aeaoaeueii aeine?aeaeo?oueny
“aioo??oi?e (iiaoe/iee)” ci?no oai?o ye, ii-ia?oa, ?aei?noue aeaio
neeaaeiaeo (“ooaeiaeiueiai iaoa??aeo” oa eiai “aaoi?nueeiai inieneaiiy”)
?, ii-ae?oaa, ye nenoaia /ioe?ueio neeaaeiaeo (oiiiaiai iaoa??aeo —
oaiaoeee — i?iaeaiaoeee — ?aeaeiino?). Ia iniia? aiae?co
e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaei?o oai??a oe?a?inueei? oa ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e O?O
no. aeyaeythoueny ??ci? oeie eiiiiceoe?eiiai ioi?ieaiiy neeaaeiaeo
“aioo??oiueiai (iiaoe/iiai)” ci?noo o ni?anoaaeaii? ? ca’yceao c aoaiaie
iiaiiai ? iaiiaiiai ?icai?oaiiy nthaeaoo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ci?no oai?o, ciai?oi?e ci?no, aioo??oi?e ci?no, oiiiaee
iaoa??ae, oaiaoeea, i?iaeaiaoeea, ?aeaei?noue, ?icaeoie nthaeaoo.

Aiiioaoeey

Aeeeothe E. A. Iiyoeea niaea?aeaiey eeoa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai
i?iecaaaeaiey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10. 01. 06 — oai?ey eeoa?aoo?u. —
Aeiai?iiao?ianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

Aeena?oaoeey ninoieo ec anooieaiey, o?ao ?acaeaeia, auaiaeia e nienea
eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea ia iniiaa aiaeeca oai?ee eeoa?aoo?u OO a. e
i?eioeeiia oeaeinoii-nenoaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey naeaeai auaiae i aeaoo
aiciiaeiuo iiaeoiaeao e ii?aaeaeaieth “niaea?aeaiey i?iecaaaeaiey”: 1)
aiaoiai iiaeoiaea, aaea ?acoeueoaoii noaiiaeony ii?aaeaeaiea “aiaoiaai”
niaea?aeaiey, ia iniiaa aai naycae n aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth, e 2)
aioo?aiiai iiaeoiaea n ii?aaeaeaieai niaea?aeaiey ia iniiaa naycae aai
aioo?aiieo ninoaaiuo /anoae.

Aiaeec enoi?ee eco/aiey a OO a. “aiaoiaai” niaea?aeaiey iieacae, /oi
aeeaea anaai e nouiinoiiio oeaeinoii-nenoaiiiio ii?aaeaeaieth iiaeioee
I. E. Aieuineee (1967) e E. A. THaeeaae/ (1970). A 90-a aa. caiaoiu
cia/eoaeueiua ionooieaiey a noi?iio /?acia?iie iaiauaiiinoe e
iiaa?oiinoiinoe.

N iii?ie ia aiiaaeiua aeinoeaeaiey i?aaeeaaaaony ii?aaeaeaiea
“aiaoiaai” niaea?aeaiey eae aaeeinoaa aeaoo iaeiia?aiaiii eiie?aoiuo e
iaiauaiiuo ninoaaeythueo: “ea?oeiu ii?aaeaeaiiie noi?iiu
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe” e aa, ea?oeiu, “aaoi?neiai aeaeaiey”. Auyaeaiu oi?iu
i?iyaeaiey “aiaoiaai” niaea?aeaiey — a yiina e ae?aia eiaai
“ii?aaeaeaiioth ea?oeio aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, eioi?ay niaea?aeeo aa
aaoi?neia aeaeaiea”, a ee?eea — “aaoi?neia aeaeaiea ii?aaeaeaiiie
ea?oeiu aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe”.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea oai?aoe/anee e i?aeoe/anee aeieacuaaaony, /oi
“aioo?aiiaa” niaea?aeaiea i?iecaaaeaiey — yoi eiie?aoecaoeey e
aeaoaeecaoeey “aiaoiaai” niaea?aeaiey. “Aioo?aiiaa” niaea?aeaiea
?anniao?eaaaony ia 2-o nooiaiyo aai no?iaiey.

Ia ia?aie nooiaie no?iaiey “aioo?aiiei” niaea?aeaieai i?aaeeaaaaony
n/eoaoue aaeeinoai aeaoo ninoaaiuo: “ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai
(ia?acii-oaeoe/aneiai) iaoa?eaea” e aai “aaoi?neiai iniuneaiey”. Anoue
aeaa iniiaieo aeaea “aioo?aiiaai” niaea?aeaiey a eiie?aoiuo
i?iecaaaeaieyo: 1) “ooaeiaeanoaaiiue iaoa?eae a aai aaoi?neii
iniuneaiee” (a yiina e ae?aia) e 2) “aaoi?neia iniuneaiea
ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai iaoa?eaea” (a ee?eea). Yoe aeaeu iieacuaatho, eae
eiaiii a eiie?aoiuo i?iecaaaeaieyo “aioo?aiiaa” niaea?aeaiea
“iiai?a/eaaaony” ia?aae /eoaoaeai oi iaeiie noi?iiie, oi ae?oaie.

Ioiineoaeueii 2-e nooiaie “aioo?aiiaai” niaea?aeaiey aeaoaeueii
i?aaenoaaeaiu acaeyaeu a oai?ee eeoa?aoo?u OO a. ia eiee/anoai
aioo?aiieo ninoaaeythueo e eo iiieiaoeee. Iacaaiu e e?eoe/anee
?anniio?aiu 13 iiceoeee, a eioi?uo eiatho ianoi, e?iia iiaoi?ythueony,
14 ?aciuo ninoaaiuo niaea?aeaiey, na?oie?iaaiua a nenoaiu ii 2, 3, 4, 5,
6 ninoaaiuo /anoae: oaia, i?iaeaia, eaeay, nthaeao, ia?acu, nenoaia
ia?acia, eiioeeeo, aeeciaiiue eiioeeeo, ooaeiaeanoaaiiue iaoa?eae,
oa?aeoa?u e o. ae. O/eouaay, /oi niaeanii oeaeinoii-nenoaiiiai no?iaiey
ia 2-e nooiaie anoue oieueei /aou?a ninoaaeythueo, iie e auyaeaiu
(inoaeueiua eee eanathony ae?oaeo nooiaiae, eee ioiinyony e aiaoiei
noa?ai nayce “aioo?aiiaai” niaea?aeaiey). A ?acoeueoaoa ia 2-e nooiaie
no?iaiey “aioo?aiiaa” niaea?aeaiea — yoi aaeeinoai 4-o ninoaaeythueo:
“oiiiaiai iaoa?eaea — oaiaoeee (oaiu) — i?iaeaiaoeee (i?iaeaiu) —
eaeaeiinoe (eaeae)”. Auaeaeaaaony i?aaeiieiaeaiea, /oi aeaeu i?iyaeaiey
yoeo ninoaaeythueo oaeoe/anee e eiiiiceoeeiiii aanueia ?acee/iu a
caaeneiinoe io iayaiinoe eee ne?uoiinoe oao eee eiuo ec /aou?ao
ninoaaeythueo, eo iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe a i?iecaaaeaiee.

A o?aoueai ?acaeaea i?aeoe/anee, ia iniiaa aiaeeca i?iecaaaeaiee
oe?aeineie e ?onneie eeoa?aoo?u O?O a., iieacaii, /oi auyaeaiiua ia 2-e
nooiaie ninoaaiua /anoe “aioo?aiiaai” niaea?aeaiey aeaenoaeoaeueii
iaoiaeyony a eiie?aoiuo i?iecaaaeaieyo ai acaeiinayce e ioi?ieaiiii
aeaea. A /anoiinoe, iie naycaiu n ninoaaeythueie yoaiaie ?acaeoey
nthaeaoa. Oiiiaue iaoa?eae iau/ii i?aaenoaaeai a aeaea yeniiceoeee,
oaiaoeea ii?aaeaeyaony /a?ac caayceo. I?iaeaiaoeea eaaeeo a iniiaa
?acaeoey aeaenoaey e eoeueieiaoeee, a eaeae ieii/aoaeueii ioi?ieythony
iau/ii a ?acaycea. E?iia oiai, ninoaaiua “aioo?aiiaai” niaea?aeaiey
acaeiiaeiiieiytho ae?oa ae?oaa, iiyoiio i?e nie?auaiee aaoi?ii ?acaeoey
niaea?aeaiey e nthaeaoa a i?iecaaaeaieyo iaeuo aeai?ia eee aieueoeo
aeai?ia n iaiieiuie nthaeaoaie i?enoonoaothuea ninoaaiua niaea?aeaiey (e
yoaiu ?acaeoey nthaeaoa) auiieiytho ooieoeee ionoonoaothueo, ne?uouo.

Nthaeaoii-eiiiiceoeeiiiia ioi?ieaiea ninoaaiuo /anoae “aioo?aiiaai”
niaea?aeaiey auaaao a ?acoeueoaoa aeiaieueii ?aciiia?aciui, /oi
iieacuaatho aiaeecu eiie?aoiuo i?iecaaaeaiee. Niaea?aeaiea e nthaeao
ano?a/athony e a oi?ia iaee/ey anao ninoaaiuo niaea?aeaiey e anao yoaiia
?acaeoey nthaeaoa, e a oi?ia acaeiiaeaenoaey o?ao /anoae, aeaoo /anoae,
aeaaea eaeie-eeai iaeiie. Auyaeaiiua ?aciiaeaeiinoe iicaieytho /ao/a
aiaeece?iaaoue niaea?aeaiea e nthaeao i?iecaaaeaiee, aeaaea oao, i
iiyoeea eioi?uo enneaaeiaaoaee auneacuaatho naiua ?aciua iiaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: niaea?aeaiea i?iecaaaeaiey, aiaoiaa niaea?aeaiea,
aioo?aiiaa niaea?aeaiea, oiiiaue iaoa?eae, oaiaoeea, i?iaeaiaoeea,
eaeaeiinoue, ?acaeoea nthaeaoa, oeiieiaey niaea?aeaiey.

Annotation

Bilityuk L. A. — Poetics of the contents of literaty and are work. On
the rights of manuscript.

Dissertation presented to acguire candidate degree in philological
sciencis in speciality 10. 01. 06. — a theory of literature. —
Dnipropetrovsk, State University, Dnipropetrovsk, 1998.

In this thesis, the problems of poetics of the contents of literary and
are work are practically and theoretically investigated on the base of
the integral and systematical approach. The history of studing questions
(problems) of poetics of the contents in the theory of literature of the
OO-th century and preposed more acculate, integral and systematical
definition of the external and internal aspects of the contents.
External (poetic) contents of work are investigated in details. Firstly,
this is the total combination of two contents (artistic material) and
its (author’s comprehension) and secondly, the system of the fourth
components (backgraund material — theme — problem — ideological
principles). Different types of compositional registration of components
(internal (poetic) contents in the collation and relationships wiht the
stoges of full and not full development of the topic appear on the base
of analysis the literary — artistic works of the Ukrainian and Russian
literature of the O?O-th century.

Key words: contents of work, internal and external contents, backgraund
material, themes, problems, ideological principles, the development of
topic.

Похожие записи