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Підвищення відгодівельних і м’ясних якостей бичків червоної степової породи з використанням параметрів інтенсивності росту: Автореф. дис… канд. с.-г

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OA?NIINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OAAeAEEAeAAEAeIA IEAENAIAe? ?EE?*

OAeE 636.2.-083.37

I?AeAEUAIIss A?AeAIAe?AAEUeIEO ? I’ssNIEO ssEINOAE

AE*E?A *A?AIII? NOAIIAI? II?IAeE C AEEI?ENOAIIssI

IA?AIAO??A ?IOAINEAIINO? ?INOO

06.02.01. – ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oa?nii – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aia/aiei Ai?en Iiaeyiiae/,

Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aiae?ae? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nue-

eeo oaa?ei

Io?oe?eiee iiiiaio : aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

Eiiiiaiei Iaae?y Aieiaeeie??aia,

?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa noaiiaeo ?aeii?a

?i. I.O.?aaiiaa “Aneai?y Iiaa” OAAI,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii neioa?noaa

Io?oe?eiee iiiiaio : eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ie?iiia A?eoi? Aaa?eeiae/,

Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e niaoe?aeueii? ciioaoi??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa : Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee

?inoeooo I?i?noa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie,i.Iaeana

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 26 ” n?/iy 1999 ?.

i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 47.830.02

a Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?

(Oa?nii – 6, aoe. ?.Ethenaiao?a, 23, aoaeeoi??y 64 )

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?niinueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 325006, i.Oa?nii-6,

aoe. ?.Ethenaiao?a, 23

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, aeioeaio
Ea?aioc A.Ae.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aaeoc? neioa?noaa ?
ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie a no/anieo oiiaao aaco?oueny ia
o?eueee ia aeiaeaoeiaeo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiyo, ai?iaaaeaeaii? iiaeo
oaoiieia?e, aea ? ia aeei?enoaii? iaeiia?oeo iaoiae?a ?icaaaeaiiy oa
naeaeoe??.

O ca’yceo c oeei aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? ?ic?iaea e?eoa???a
ocaaaeueiaii? ioe?iee i?e eiiieaeooaaii? a?oi iieiaeiyea aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae aeey a?aeaiae?ae? ca eiiieaenii i??ieo iciae. Ca?aeii
oai?aoe/ieo iniia iaoiaeo noaa?e?coth/iai aeiai?o a oaa?eiieoeoa?
(AEeaioianueeee E.A.,1984; Eieaniee I.I.,1985) aeae?eaiiy a iaaeao
ii?iaee ae/e?a iiaeaeueiiai eeano, i?ion ? iethn-aa??aio?a aeicaiey?
iaoe iniaei c ??ciei ??aiai i?enoiniaaiino? aei eiie?aoieo oiia aiae?ae?
oa oo?eiaiiy.

No/aniith ? ?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ?aiiueiai i?iaiicoaaiiy i?iaeoe-oeaiino? c
aeei?enoaiiyi ia?aiao??a a?iiao?e/ii? ia?iaee iieaciee?a ?inoo, ?icaeoeo
? i?iaeoeoeaieo iciae. Oea aeicaieeoue a?ae?a?aoe oaa?ei ca aeeaith
ianith i?e ia?iaeaeaii? ? i?e aeei?enoaii? iieaciee?a ?ioaineaiino?
oi?ioaaiiy iaoe ?ioaa?aeueio ioe?ieo oaiioeio iniaei a iaaeao
iiioeyoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaith oaiaoeeith. Aeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
neea-aeiaith /anoeiith ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o eaoaae?e
?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei Oa?niinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (? aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe?? 0195U028318):
“?ic?iaea aaiaoe/ieo iniia naeaeoe?? oaa?ei c aeei?enoaiiyi
no/anieo aeinyaiaiue iiioeyoe?eii? ? aeieia?/ii? aaiaoeee”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aea/aiiy
a?aeaiae?aaeueieo ? i’ynieo iniaeeainoae ae/e?a /a?aiii? noaiiai?
ii?iaee ??cieo a?oi ?iciiae?eo ca iieacieeaie aeeai? iane i?e
ia?iaeaeaii?, aea/aiiy ?ioaineaiino? oi?ioaaiiy ae/e?a ??cieo eean?a
?iciiae?eo ca i??ieie iciaeaie ? aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a aeey ?aiiueiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?.Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oae?
caaaeaiiy:

– aea/eoe aeeiai?eo aeeai? iane ae/e?a ??cieo a?oi ?iciiae?eo ca aeeaith
ianith i?e ia?iaeaeaii?;

– aeine?aeeoe ??no, ?icaeoie, aenoa?’??i? iniaeeaino? ? iieacieee
a?aeaiae?aaeueieo yeinoae ae/e?a;

– aecia/eoe i’ynio i?iaeoeoeai?noue, iieacieee ii?oieia?/iiai oa
o?-i?/iiai neeaaeo i’yna ? e?ia? ae/e?a ??cieo a?oi ?iciiae?eo;
anoaiiaeoe ca’ycie i?ae iieacieeaie aeeai? iane ? ?ioaineaiino?
oi?ioaaiiy aeey ?iciiae?eo ae/e?a aei iiaeaeueiiai eeano, i?ion ?
iethn-aa??aio?a;

– aecia/eoe iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e i??ieo iciae ae/e?a aeey
i?ia-iicoaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? a ?aiiueiio a?oe? c aeei?enoaiiyi
iieaciee?a ?ioaineaiino? oi?ioaaiiy ? iai?oaeaiino? ?inoo;

– aecia/eoe o?eaae?noue a?aeaiae?ae? oa aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue
ae?i-uoaaiiy ia i’yni ae/e?a c ??ciith ?ioaineai?noth oi?ioaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aia?oa a oiiaao I?aaeiy Oe?a?ie aea/ai?
a?aeai-ae?aaeuei? iniaeeaino? ? i’ynia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ae/e?a /a?aiii?
noaiiai? ii-?iaee ??cieo a?oi ?iciiae?eo ca i??ieie iciaeaie.

I?iaaaeaia ii??aiyeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae ae/e?a ?
anoaiiaeai? a?aeiia?aei? eeane ca ?ioaineai?noth oi?ioaaiiy (I-,I0,I+),
ui aeicaieeei aecia/eoe iioeiaeueiee a?eiaee ia??iae aeey ?aiiueiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaa?ei, a oaeiae iniiai? ?aiae ca
aeeaith ianith i?e ia?iaeaeaii? aeey eiiieaeooaaiiy iaeii??aeieo
??aiiaaaiaeo a?oi aeey a?aeaiae?ae?.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe. A?aea?? oaa?ei ca i??ieie iciaeaie c
iiaeaeueoei ?iciiae?eii o a?aeiia?aei? a?oie i?e aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?e
aiae?ae? ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith ?o i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. Aeei?enoaiiy
iieaciee?a ioe?iee ae/e?a ca ?ioaineai?noth oi?ioaaiiy ? iai?oaeai?noth
?inoo aeicaiey? o ii/aoeiaee iinoaia??iiaeueiee ia??iae i?iaiicoaaoe
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? aeeao iano iai?ee?ioe? a?aeaiae?ae? (24 i?n.).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iiaiee ianya aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, cae?aiiy, ia?iaea ? aiae?c ia?aeiieo aeaieo oa
oi?ioethaaiiy iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeeiiai? iniaenoi aaoi?ii i?e
iaoiaee/iiio ni?eyii? iaoeiaiai ea??aieea.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee oa ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? noaaeai? ia:

-iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? I?aaeaiiiai IOe IAI Oe?a?ie- (Oa?nii,
1994) ;

-iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? cii?iaeaia?iiai oaeoeueoaoo
Oa?niinueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo (Oa?nii, 1998);

-ni?eueiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae? ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?? n.-.a. oaa?ei,
aiae?ae? n.-a. oaa?ei, niaoe?aeueii? ciioaoi??, o?i?? oa ii?oieia??
n.-a. oaa?ei Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(Oa?nii,1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 5 noaoae.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 160 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 58 oaaeeoeyie, 5 ?enoieaie. Aiia
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue,
?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, i?iiiceoe?e
ae?iaieoeoao, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee aeeth/a? 155
aeaea?ae, 16 aeiaeaoe?a.

IAOA??AE OA IAOIAeEEA AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii oai? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe i?iaaaeai? a ENI “Ci?y”
A?eica?nueeiai ?aeiio Oa?niinueei? iaeano? a 1993-1996 ?ieao. Ia’?eoii
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee ae/ee /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aeine?aeo aea/aeenue iieacieee ?inoo, ?icaeoeo,
i?iaeoeoeai? yeino? ae/e?a a ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee, aeey /iai aoee
noi?iiaai? o?e a?oie oaa?ei ca iciaeith aeeai? iane i?e ia?iaeaeaii?
(oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1 – Noaia aeine?aeo

Aoai aeine?aeaeaiueA?oia, eean ?iciiae?eoE?euee?noue, aie?aAEeaa iana
i?e ia?iae-aeai?,ea1. Aea/aiiy aieeao noaa?e?coth/iai aeiai?o ia
iieacieee ?inoo, ?icaeo-eo ? i?iaeoeoeai? yeino? ae/e?a ??cieo a?oi
?iciiae?eo ca aeeaith ianith i?e ia?iaeaeaii? ?

??

???15

15

15

20-25

26-30

31-35

2. Aea/aiiy ?ioaineaiino? oi?io-aaiiy ae/e?a ??cieo eean?a ?iciiae?-eo
ca i??ieie iciaeaie oa aecia-/aiiy ia?aiao??a aeey ?aiiueiai
i?iaiicoaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?I+

I0

I-15

15

1520-25

26-30

31-35

Oeiia? ?aoe?iie i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi ae/e?a iaee iaeiaeiaee iaa??
ei?i?a, aaeainoaaeenue ca?aeii aeaoae?ciaaieo ii?i (Iicae??i I.O.,1991).
Iiaeeai?noue ei?i?a aecia/aeanue ca oaeoe/ieie aeaieie o?i?/iiai
neeaaeo.

Eiio?ieue ca ?inoii ? ?icaeoeii iieiaeiyea i?iaiaeeee oeyoii
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai caaaeoaaiiy i?e ia?iaeaeaii?, o a?oe?
1,2,3,4,5,6,9,12,18,24 i?nyoe?a. Aenoa?’??i? iniaeeaino? aea/aeenue
i?ney acyooy i?ii???a i?e ia?iaeaeaii? ? o a?oe? 3,6,12,18,24 i?nyoe?a c
iiaeaeueoei ?ic?aooieii ?iaeaen?a aoaeiae o?ea.Ii?oieia?/i? oa
a?io?i?/i? iieacieee e?ia? aea/aee o a?oe? 6 oa 24 i?nyoe?a.

Aeey aecia/aiiy caa?eieo yeinoae ? i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? aoa
i?iaaaeaiee eiio?ieueiee caa?e ae/e?a o a?oe? 24 i?nyoe?a ii o?e aieiae
c a?oie. Ii?oieia?/iee neeaae ooo aea/aee iaoiaeii iaaaethaaiiy e?aeo
iai?aooo, ?icae?eyth/e ?o ia aiaoii?/i? a?ae?oae c iiaeaeueoei
aeae?eaiiyi i’yeio? oa e?noie.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? aeine?aeo aea/aee ?ioaineai?noue oi?ioaaiiy
i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a ca iieacieeaie aeeai? iane a ??ci? a?eia?
ia??iaee, ia i?aenoaa? yeeo aoee ?ic?aoiaai? ?iaeaene ?ioaineaiino?
oi?ioaaiiy :

wmetafile8? ??A???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
A`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy ??q?????&??MathType???
???u?????????”????-?????`???`g???`th
???`y???u?th??????

wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
@????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyyA??ae?????&??MathType??`????u
y??????Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooie?a anoaiiaeee o?e eeane: oaa?ei a
iaaeao wmetafile8? ??u????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
`a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy ???????&??MathType??P?
???u?????????”[email protected]????W?r???u?th??????A aeine?ae?
oaeiae aea/aee aia?a?th ?inoo ae/e?a, oiaoi ??aaiue na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo
i?e?ino?a a noi?aei? a?eia? ia??iaee. Iai?oaeai?noue ?inoo iieiaeiyea
aecia/aee ca oi?ioeith A.I.Eiaaeaiea (1996) :

wmetafile8? ??i????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????a
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya??™?????&??MathType??A?
???u?????????”????-??????/????L???u?th??????

AI – a?aeiiniee i?e??no aeeai? iane; NI – na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no
aeeai? iane, ea; wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
Aa???&??yyyy?????AyyyAEyyy ??†?????&?
?MathType??0????u?th??????Iaoiaeii aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co aea/aeanue
aaee/eia ? nooo?a?noue ?iciiae?eo oaa?ei a a?oie ? eeane ca i??ieie
iciaeaie i?iaeoeoeaiino? o a?aeiia?aei? a?eia? ia??iaee.

C iaoith aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a ca i??ieie iciaeaie aeey
i?iaiicoaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? a ?aiiueiio a?oe? aoea aecia/aia
ei?a-eyoe?eia caeaaei?noue i?ae iieacieeaie ?ioaineaiino? oi?ioaaiiy ?
iai?o-aeai?noth ?inoo c iieacieeaie aeeai? iane o a?aeiia?aei? a?eia?
ia??iaee.

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy ae/e?a ??cieo a?oi ?iciiae?eo
?ic?aoiaaia ca aa?o?noth aeiaeaoeiai io?eiaiiai i?e?inoo aeeai? iane ca
ni?anoaaieie oe?iaie 1996 ?ieo.

An? noaoenoe/i? iaoa??aee ia?iaeai? iaoiaeii a?iiao?e/iiai aiae?co ia
i?e?ieaeueeoeyoi?ao IE-61, IE-62 oa IE-51 c aeei?enoaiiyi aeai?eoi?a,
cai?iiiiiaaieo I.I.Ieioeinueeei (1969,1975).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

I?iaeoeoeai? yeino? ae/e?a ??cieo a?oi ?iciiae?eo

I?iaeoeoeai?noue ae/e?a ??cieo a?oi ?iciiae?eo ca iieacieeaie aeeai?
iane i?e ia?iaeaeaii? aea/aeanue ia oii? iii??ii? iiaiioe?iii? aiae?ae?
c caieaiiaaieie na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeie i?e?inoaie 600-700 a a ia??iae
ae?iuoaaiiy oa 700-800 a a ia??iae aei?iuoaaiiy ? a?aeaiae?ae?.

Ae/e?a i?e oi?ioaaii? a?oi a?aeae?aee ca iieacieeaie aeeai? iane i?e
ia?iaeaeaii? c oei, uia ??cieoey a iaaeao eiaeii? a?oie ia ia?aaeuoaaea
15-17% (Aeyeia N.I., 1986). Oaeoe/ii aeeaa iana oaa?ei o i?aeaeine?aeieo
a?oiao noaiiaeea, ea: ?-24,1; ??-27,7; ???-33,0, a ?ica?aei?noue
aei??aithaaea, %: 8,6; 15,3; 12,9 a?aeiia?aeii.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a?ae ia?iaeaeaiiy aei 24-i?ny/iiai a?eo oaa?eie
a?ae??ciyeenue ca aeeaith ianith, i?iaeoeoeai?noth ? aenoa?’??ieie
iieac-ieeaie, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iayai?noue aioo??oiueiii??aeieo
aaiioei?/ieo a?aei?iiinoae (oaae.2).

Oaaeeoey 2 – Aeeiai?ea aeeai? iane i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a

A?e,A?oia ?iciiae?eoi?n.??????i?e ia?iaeae.

3

6

9

12

18

2424,13±0,22

66,53±1,14

126,87±0,45

181,00±1,08

241,13±2,83

369,80±2,34

490,53±2,5327,73±0,36

75,60±0,99

137,27±0,43

192,87±1,08

257,47±1,74

396,73±2,36

534,40±2,7633,07±0,32

80,40±0,75

146,33±0,93

204,00±0,77

271,33±1,32

418,67±1,97

571,07±2,01

Iaeaeuo aeeao iano ca aeine?aeiee ia??iae io?eiaii o aaeeeeo i?e
ia?iaeaeaii? ae/e?a (??? a?oia) – 571 ea, ui a?eueoa, i?ae o na?aaei?o
(?? a?oia) ? i?eeeo (? a?oia) iaeiie?oe?a ia 37 ? 81 ea, aai ia 6,5 ?
14,1%.?acoeueoaoe ia?iaee noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo i?iaeoeoeaiino? na?ae/aoue
i?i a?eueo aenie? i?e?inoe aaeeeeo ae/e?a, noaa?euei?noue ?inoo ?
?icaeoeo na?aaei?o oaa?ei ? nei?inoeae?noue i?eeiai ca ianith iieiaeiyea
(oaae.3).

Oaaeeoey 3 – Aeeiai?ea i?e?ino?a aeeai? iane ae/e?a

A?oia ae/e?aA?e,??????i?n.na?aae-iuei-aeia., a

aanietho-iee, eana?aae-iuei-aeia., aaanietho-iee, eana?aae- iuei-

aeia., a

aanietho-

iee , ea1

3

6

12

18

24

0-6

6-24

0-24362

526

670

635

715

671

571

664

63910,87±0,31

31,53±0,67

60,34±0,69

114,26±1,64

128,70±1,77

120,70±2,25

102,74±1,39

363,60±1,81

466,40±2,46485

556

685

668

774

765

609

725

69414,54±0,46

33,33±0,68

61,67±0,63

120,20±1,39

139,30±1,91

137,70±2,39

109,54±1,09

397,20±2,03

506,67±2,58422

579

733

694

819

847

629

775

737 12,66±0,33

34,67±0,54

65,93±0,84

125,00±1,13

147,30±1,48

152,40±1,73

113,26±1,21

424,80±1,76

538,00±2,12Aenie? i?e?inoe i?aeaeine?aei? ae/ee iaee o 18- (? a?oia –
715 a, ?? – 774 a) oa 24-i?ny/iiio a?oe? (??? – 847 a). A inoaii?e
ia??iae a?aeaiae?ae? (18-24 i?n.) o oaa?ei c aenieith ? na?aaeiueith
?ioaineai?noth oi?ioaaiiy ciece-eenue na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i aeinyaiaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai ??aiy o?c?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo.
A oe?eiio ca aeine?aeiee ia??iae ??cieoey a i?e-?inoao i?ae e?aei?ie
a?oiaie neeaea 13,3%.

Aeey iaea?aeaiiy ca ia??iae aeine?aeo oaeoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia eiaeiiai ae/ea a na?aaeiueiio aoei aeo?a/aii 4325,0
ei?i.iae. ii ? a?oi?, 4459,1 ei?i.iae. – ii ?? a?oi? ? 4597,7 ei?i.iae.
– ii ??? a?oi?. A?aoiaoth/e iieacieee i?iaeoeoeaiino?, ye? caeaaeaee
a?ae ?iaee-a?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo oaa?ei, aeo?aoe ei?i?a ia
? ea i?e-?inoo ca ia??iae aeine?aeo noaiiaeee 9,28; 8,81; 8,55 ei?i.iae.
a?aeiia?aeii.

Na?aaei? aeo?aoe ei?i?a ia ? ea i?e?inoo a iaaeao eiaeii? a?oie a ie?ai?
a?eia? ia??iaee i?aaenoaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 4.

Oaaeeoey 4 – Aeo?aoe ei?i?a ia 1 ea i?e?inoo, ei?i.iae.

A?e,A?oia ae/e?ai?n.??????6

9

12

18

244,88

8,48

9,27

10,33

12,184,95

8,64

8,85

9,78

10,964,99

8,71

8,70

9,40

10,16Aea/aiiy ii??aiyeueii? /anoee aieeao (wmetafile8?
?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
[email protected]???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy ??/?????&?
?MathType??P????u y??????

Oaaeeoey 5 – Aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c i?ieeaino? aeeai? iane ae/e?a

Aeaea?aeiA?eiaee ia??iaei?ieeaino?0-21-32-46-99-1212-1818-24Aeiey aieeao
(wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????????????
@a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy ??/?????&??MathType??P????u
y??????Niaaeeiaa

Caaaeueia88

12

10081

19

10071

29

10087

13

10081

19

10085

15

10093

7

100Ca iieacieeaie ioe?iee aeeai? iane /anoea aieeao eean?a ?iciiae?eaiiy
aoea aenieith ? o?eueee a a?oe? 2-4 i?nyoe? neeaea 71%, ui ieae/a, i?ae
a ?io? a?eia? ia??iaee. Iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui ia a?aeiioaiiy oeeo iciae
aieeioee o?c?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino?, iia’ycai? c ??aiai ?icaeoeo nenoaie
o?aaeaiiy oaa?ei.

Ioe?iea e?i?eiiai ?inoo ae/e?a

Aeey ioe?iee ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo oaa?ei aeei?enoai? ?o i?ii??e o
a?aeiia?aei? a?eia? ia??iaee, ye? aeicaieeee i?inoaaeeoe oi?ioaaiiy
aoaeiae o?ea.Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?iii?oe?? o?ea c a?eii caciaee cia/ieo
ci?i. Aiie iieacaee caaaeueiee ?icaeoie i?aai?cio, yeee o?nii iia’ycaiee
c i?iaeoeoeai?noth oaa?ei ??cieo a?oi ?iciiae?eaiiy. Ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi
i?ii???a aecia/ai? ?iaeaene aoaeiae o?ea (oaae. 6).

Oaaeeoey 6 – ?iaeaene aoaeiae o?ea ae/e?a o a?oe? 3 ? 24 i?nyoe?a

?iaeaen aoaeiaeA?oia ae/e?ao?ea??????Aeiaaiiiaino?

?icoyaiooino?

A?oaeiee

Caeoino?

Einoenoino?

Ianeaiino?

I’yniino?58,5

114,6

60,3

103,2

14,0

118,3

73,152,3

118,6

65,0

111,1

14,7

131,8

78,357,0

117,4

62,3

101,9

14,6

119,8

73,352,2

119,1

67,7

110,5

14,7

132,1

80,155,0

119,1

62,5

102,8

14,0

122,5

75,850,7

120,7

71,7

110,7

15,1

134,5

82,5O iieiaeiyea ??? a?oie o aeai??/iiio a?oe? a?aeiinii aeniea cia/aiiy
?iaeaen?a ianeaiino? ? i’yniino? ? aiie a?eueo?, i?ae aiaeia?/i?
iieacieee oaa?ei ? ? ?? a?oie. Aea ca ?iaeaenaie aeiaaiiiaino? ?
caeoino? aaeee? ae/ee iinooiaeeny iaeiie?oeai ?ioeo a?oi, ui oa?aeoa?ii
aeey iia?eueii nei?inoeaei? ooaeiae, yea ia cae?i/eea ??no ? i?iaeiaaeo?
eiai i?ney aeinyaiaiiy iaaiiai a?eo, aecia/aiiai o?eaae?noth aeine?aeo.

?acoeueoaoe eiio?ieueiiai caaith

I?iaaaeaiee ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeith eiio?ieueiee caa?e iieacaa, ui iana
ooo i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a aoea a iaaeao 256 – 310 ea. Ca oeei
iieacieeii oaa?eie ??? a?oie ia?aaaaeaee iaeiie?oe?a ? ? ?? a?oie
a?aeiia?aeii ia 53,5 oa 28,9 ea (oaae.7).

Oaaeeoey 7 – Iieacieee caaith i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a

IieacieeA?oia ae/e?a??????Ia?aaecaa?eia aeeaa iana, ea

Iana ia?ii? ooo?,ea

Aeo?ae i’yna a ooo?,%

Iana na?aaeiaiaiai aee?o,ea

Caa?eia iana, ea

Caa?eiee aeo?ae, %469,3±2,33

256,8±2,16

54,7±0,19

11,7±0,18

268,6±2,33

57,2±0,22501,0±4,04

281,4±2,62

56,2±0,14

13,1±0,15

294,5±2,75

58,8±0,16573,0±2,08

310,3±1,99

57,8±0,15

14,4±0,23

324,7±2,24

60,5±0,24Ca aeoiaeii i’yna a ooo? a?eueo nei?inoeae? ae/ee ? ? ??
a?oie iinooiaeeny iieiaeiyeo ??? a?oie a?aeiia?aeii ia 3,1 ? 1,6%.
Caa?eiee aeo?ae o ? a?oi? noaiiaea 57,2%, ?? – 58,8 % ? ??? – 60,5%.
Ioaea, ca iaaaaeaieie aeaieie oaa?eie, ye? iia?eueii oi?ioaaeenue ? iaee
a?eueoo iano o?ea i?e ia?iaeaeaii? oa a e?ioe? aeine?aeo, ia?aaaaeaee
nai?o ?iaaniee?a c iaioith ianith, aea c aenieith (? a?oia) ?
na?aaeiueith (?? a?oia) ?ioaineai?noth oi?ioaaiiy.Aeo?ae i’yeio? aoa ia
??ai? 77,0 – 77,9%, aai 195,9; 216,2 ? 240,2 ea a?aeiia?aeii ii a?oiao
(oaae.8).

Oaaeeoey 8 – Ni?oiaee neeaae i’yeio? ooo i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a

IieacieeA?oia ae/e?a??????Anueiai i’yeioii? oeaieie,ea

I?noeoueny a ooo? i’yeio?,%:

a o./. aeuiai ni?oo

? ni?oo

?? ni?oo195,9±1,36

77,0±1,74

31,5

40,2

28,3216,2±2,06

77,6±1,94

31,8

37,6

30,6240,2±1,47

77,9±1,69

32,1

34,8

33,1Nei?inoeae? ae/ee ? a?oie aeinyaee caa?eii? eiiaeeoe?? ia a?eueo
?aiiueiio aoai? naiai ?icaeoeo, i?ae i?ciueinoeae?, i?i ui na?ae/aoue
iieacieee ni?oiaiai aeoiaeo i’yeio?. Oaea i?eiouaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
aeaieie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo na?aaeiuei? i?iae i’yna. A o?e? nei?inoeaeeo
ae/e?a, ye? iaee iaioo aeeao iano o aei?ineiio a?oe?, a i?ioean?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo ?ai?oa ii/aa a?aeeeaaeaoeny aee?, i?ae o
i?ciueinoeaeeo oaa?ei. A na?aaei?e i?ia? i’yna ae/e?a ? a?oie eiai ai?no
aoa aeuee ia 4,3 ? 7,3 % a ii??aiyii? c iieacieeaie iaeiie?oe?a ?? ? ???
a?oie.

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaee aeioe?euei?noue
aeae?eaiiy a iiioeyoe?? ae/e?a /a?aiii? noaiiai? ii?iaee oeiieia?/ieo
a?oi ca aeeaith ianith i?e ia?iaeaeaii?.

I?iaiicoaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ae/e?a a ?aiiueiio a?oe?

Aea/aiiy caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae a?eiaeo ci?i aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae
? iniiaith i?iaiicoaaiiy ?? aeeai? iane ia aaiaoe/iiio ??ai?. Aeey
oeueiai aeei?enoiaothoue iaoiae ?aiaiai? ioe?iee oaa?ei, i?e yeiio
aaee/eie, ye? aacia?a?aii aa??ththoue, ia’?aeiai? a iaaaeeea /enei a?oi,
a na?aae ??cieo a?eiaeo aa??aio?a aeeai? iane iniaeeaee ?ioa?an
i?aae-noaaeythoue ii/aoeiaa iana iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai ? iana, yeith
caaa?oo?oueny ??no oaa?eie. Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
?icaeoeo aoee anoaiiaeai? aeiaeaoeia? ?aiae ca a?eiaeie a?oiaie, a
aecia/aiiy ??cieoe? o a?aeiini?e oaeaeeino? ?inoo ae/e?a i?iaiaeeee a
noi?aei? ia??iaee ?inoo: 0-1-2, 1-2-3, 2-3-4, 3-4-5, 4-5-6, 12-18-24
i?nyoe?.

?ic?aooiee ?iaeaen?a ?ioaineaiino? oi?ioaaiiy iieacaee, ui iaeneiaeueia
?o cia/aiiy iaee ae/ee ? a?oie c aeeaith ianith a e?ioe? ia??iaeo
a?aeaiae?ae? 493,0 ea, ye? neeaaeaee eean iethn-aa??aio (I+). Aei
i?ioeeaaeiiai eeano – i?ion-aa??aio (I+) – a?aeianee iniaei c
i?i?iaeueiith aaee/eiith ?iaeaen?a, ye? a?ae??ciyeenue a?ae nai?o
iaeiie?oe?a a?eueoith ceiiiith ianith – 570,1 ea. Ae/ee c na?aaeiueith
aeeaith ianith noaiiaeee iiaeaeueiee eean (I0) c aeeaith ianith o
24-i?ny/iiio a?oe? 538,0 ea (oaae.9).

Oaaeeoey 9 – Iieacieee na?aaeiuei? aeeai? iane ae/e?a ??cieo eean?a
?iciiae?eo ca ?ioaineai?noth oi?ioaaiiy

A?eiaeeEean ?iciiae?eoia??iae,I-I0I+i?n.iwmetafile8?
??TH???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyy ??I?????&?
?MathType??0?
???u?????????”[email protected]????Z?r???Z?e???Z?–???u?
th??????1-2-3

2-3-4

3-4-5

4-5-6

12-18-2413

14

9

11

10

11 54,09±1,23a

80,50±2,42a

84,67±0,67a

115,18±1,80

148,00±1,03a

570,09±2,75a18

20

23

26

24

20 57,06±1,12aa

74,05±1,27a

93,13±1,17a

113,50±1,34

133,58±1,28a

538,05±5,59a14

11

13

8

11

14 57,79±0,48a

66,91±2,77n

97,54±1,52a

115,38±2,89

133,73±2,15a

493,00±3,35n

I?e aecia/aii? iioeiaeueiiai a?eiaiai ia??iaeo ? aeeai? iane aeey
i?iaiicoaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? aoa i?iaaaeaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ca
eeanaie ?iciiae?eo c ?ioaineai?no? oi?ioaaiiy, yeee aeyaea aeinoia??io
?ica?aei?noue o aeea?e ian? ae/e?a o a?eia? ia??iaee 1-2-3 i?nyoe?
(aeeaa iana 80,50; 74,05 ? 66,91 ea, ?? ??¤???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1????????????? ``???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy ???????&??MathType??P? ???u?????????"[email protected]????W????u?th??????Ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue a ia??iaee 1-2-3 ? 12-18-24 i?nyoe? aeyaeeanue iaaaoeaiith. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i cai?ioith caeaaei?noue ?ioaineaiino? oi?-ioaaiiy ? i??ieo iciae, oiaoi, /ei oaeaeoa ?inoa oaa?eia a iieiaeiio a?oe?, oei ?ai?oa ianooia? aaeueioaaiiy ?inoo. I?e iia?eueiiio ?ino? ia??iae aeoeaii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? o?eaa? aeiaoa. Aeai? oaaeeoe? 11 na?ae/aoue i?i /anoeo aieeao aaiioeiiai? i?ieeaino? oa oiia ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia ii?aeiaiiy “aeeaa iana o ?ioaineai?noue oi?ioaaiiy”. Oaaeeoey 11 – Aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c i?ieeaino? na?aaeiuei? aeeai? iane ae/e?a Aeaea?aeiA?eiaee ia??iae, i?n.i?ieeaino?0-1-21-2-32-3-43-4-54-5-612-18-24Oaeoi??aeueia0,140,610,45 0,020,520,72Niaaeeiaa0,860,390,550,980,480,28Caaaeueia1,001,001,001,001, 001,00 Oaeei /eiii, aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c i?ieeaino? aeeai? iane i?aeoaa?aeea nooo?aee aieea aaiioeiieo oaeoi??a ia oi?ioaaiiy aeeai? iane o a?eiaee ia??iae 1-2-3 i?nyoe? (wmetafile8? ?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1????????????? @a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy ??/?????&??MathType??P????u y??????I?e aecia/aii? iaea?eueo a??ia?aeieo ia?aiao??a aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy a ?aiiueiio a?oe? i?iaeoeoeaiino? aoea i?iaiae?ciaaia i?ieea?noue aeeai? iane ae/e?a o 24-i?ny/iiio a?oe? ca eeanaie ? a?eiaeie ia??iaeai c aeei?en-oaiiyi ?iaeaen?a ?ioaineaiino? oi?ioaaiiy (oaae. 12). Oaaeeoey 12 – Iieacieee i?ieeaino? ceiiii? aeeai? iane ae/e?a ??cieo eean?a ?iciiae?eo ca ?ioaineai?noth oi?ioaaiiy A?eiaeeEean ?iciiae?eoia??iae,I-I0I+i?n.iwmetafile8? ??TH???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyy ??I?????&? ?MathType??0? ???u?????????"[email protected]????Z?r???Z?e???Z?–???u? th??????1-2-3 2-3-4 3-4-5 4-5-6 12-18-2413 14 9 11 10 11514,31±11,17a 564,14± 4,59a 488,89± 3,29a 539,18±10,16 571,60± 3,02a 570,09± 2,75a18 20 23 26 24 20540,17±9,03aa 532,55±6,14a 535,96±6,06aa 527,04±6,42 520,79±5,79a 538,05±5,59a14 11 13 8 11 14537,93± 3,67a 490,09± 2,48n 554,85± 7,75a 538,25±15,21 520,45± 9,98a 493,43± 3,52n Ca i?aenoieaie ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co anoaiiaeaia aeinoia??ia ?ica?aei?noue c aeeai? iane ae/e?a o a?eia? ia??iaee 1-2-3 ? 12-18-24 i?nyoe?, yea a eean? I- noaiiaeea 564,14 oa 570,09 ea, a iiaeaeueiiio eean? – 532,55 oa 538,05 ea, a eean? I+ - 490,09 oa 493,43 ea a?aeiia?aeii. Aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a ei?aeyoe?? aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe nooi?iue ? iai?yiie i?yiie?i?eieo ca’yce?a (oaae.13). Oaaeeoey 13 – Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c i?ieeaino? ceiiii? aeeai? iane ae/e?a IieacieeA?eiaee ia??iae, i?n.0-1-21-2-32-3-43-4-54-5-612-18-24r0,49-0,590,810,33-0,19-0,67mx1,961 ,961,961,961,961,96wmetafile8? ??¤???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1????????????? ``???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy ???????&??MathType??P? ???u?????????"[email protected]????W????u?th??????A ia??iaee 1-2-3 ? 12-18-24 i?nyoe? ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue aeyaeeanue iaaaoeaiith (r = 0,59 oa –0,67) ? na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui iaeiaioiio cia-/aiith iaei??? iciaee a?aeiia?aea? iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy ?ioi? (aeeaa iana o ?ioaineai?noue oi?ioaaiiy). Aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c c aecia/aiiy i?ieeaino? ceiiii? aeeai? iane ae/e?a o 24-i?ny/iiio a?oe? i?aeoaa?aeea iayai?noue ca’yceo i?ae i??ieie iciaeaie o ia??iaee 1-2-3 oa 12-18-24 i?nyoe? (oaae.14). Oaaeeoey 14 – Aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c i?ieeaino? ceiiii? aeeai? iane ae/e?a Aeaea?aeiA?eiaee ia??iae, i?n.i?ieeaino?0-1-21-2-32-3-43-4-54-5-612-18-24Oaeoi??aeueia0,280,710,56 0,220,500,77Niaaeeiaa0,720,290,440,780,500,23Caaaeueia1,001,001,001,001, 001,00 Iaaaaeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui a ia??iaee 1-2-3 oa 12-18-24 i?nyoe? oaeoi-??aeueia aeenia?n?y aoea iaeaeuith ? aei??aithaaea wmetafile8? ?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? [email protected]???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy ??/?????&? ?MathType??P????u y??????Aiaeia?/i? ?acoeueoaoe aoee io?eiai? i?e aeei?enoaii? eiao?oe??io?a iai?oaeaiino? ?inoo ae/e?a. Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c aeia?a aeinoia??io ?ica?aei?noue a aeea?e ian? o a?eiaee ia??iae 1-2-3 i?nyoe? ye ca iieacieeaie na?aaeiuei? (aeeaa iana, ea: 79,67; 74,81 ? 66,91; ?

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