Oeiiini?eea

Euea?anueea eiia?oe?eia aeaaeai?y

AII*A? Ieueaa ?aai?aia

OAeE 642.5.024

?AA?IIAEUeIEE ?EIIE I?AOe? OI?A?AE?

A NO*ANIEO OIIAAO

(IA IAOA??AEAO CAO?AeIEO IAEANOAE OE?A?IE)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.05.

Aeiiii?ea oi?a?ae? oa iineoa

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?ee Euea?anueei? eiia?oe?eii?
aeaaeai?? Oeiiini?eee.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aeiinueea Aaeaioeia ?aai?aia

Euea?anueea eiia?oe?eia
aeaaeai?y,

eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ieoanthe ?aai ?iiaiiae/

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee
i?aei?e?inoaa

– eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio —

Iaeaia?/oe ?aai Ieoiae?eiae/

Euea?anueea eiia?oe?eia
aeaaeai?y,

eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Oiaeueieoeueeee oaoiieia?/iee Oi?aa?neoao

Iiae?eey I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee ?
iaiaaeaeiaioo

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 5 n?/iy 1999 ?ieo i 12 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E – 35.840.01 Euea?anueei?
eiia?oe?eii? aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith: 290008, i. Euea?a, aoe. Ooaai–
Aa?aiianueeiai, 10.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Euea?anueei?
eiia?oe?eii? aeaaeai?? (i. Euea?a, aoe. Ooaai–Aa?aiianueeiai, 10).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 3 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
A.?.Aeiinueea

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a
Oe?a?i? iicia/a?oueny ia an?o iai?yiao ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee. I?ioeane
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a aeiiii?/i?e noa??, aieeaathoue
ia caeiyo?noue ?iai/i? neee oa ?? iia?euei?noue. Oaeaeei
caaino?ththoueny oa aeoiaeyoue ia iaeia c i?ia?aeieo i?noeue a
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aeaaee on?o ??ai?a ieoaiiy caeiyoino?, ?icaeoeo
?eieo i?aoe? oa aac?ia?ooy.

Aeey ?ic?iaee eiiieaeno caoiae?a ii ae??oaiith oeeo i?iaeai,
caaacia/aiith noaa?e?caoe?? a?aeiinei ia ?eieo i?aoe?, ? iaiao?aeiei
c’ynoaaiiy ?aaeueii? neooaoe?? ia iueiio. O aeine?aeaeaii? ?eieo i?aoe?
ia iae?i??ai? iniaeeai aaaeeeaith ? naaiaioaoe?y iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?eieo
i?aoe? ii aaeocyo aeiiii?ee. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe iniaeeaino?
oeeo ?eie?a ? caaaeuei? oaiaeaioe?? ?o ?icaeoeo. A ia??iae aeiiii?/ieo
ia?aoai?aiue a Oe?a?i? ?, iniaeeai, a ?? cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii?,
i?aeaeuo?oueny ??aaiue aac?ia?ooy, c?inee ianooaae iaeaaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy. Iaea?eueoa iioe?aiiy iaeaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?,
ye na?ae/aoue ?acoeueoaoe iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ia? i?noea o oi?aia?e
aaeoc?. I?e iaaenie?e aeie? io?oe?eii caeiyoeo o oi?a?ae?, ii??aithth/e
c aeiiii?/ii ?icaeiooeie cao?aeieie e?a?iaie, ?acoeueoaoe aea??eiaeo
ianoaaeaiue ianaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui a?eueoa /anoeia i?nueeeo n?iae
caeiathoueny oi?aiaith ae?yeuei?noth. Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eie?a i?aoe?
oi?a?ae? ? iniaeeai aeooaeueieie.

I?aeoe/i? ieoaiiy ?aaoethaaiiy caeiyoino? oa aac?ia?ooy ae??oothoueny ia
??ai? /anoeiaeo ?eie?a. *ei iaioee ?o ianooaa, oei ?aaeuei?oa oa
aoaeoeai?oa iie?oeea. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ?eie?a i?aoe? iaiao?aeii oe?iei
canoiniaoaaoe oa?eoi??aeueio naaiaioaoe?th. Aeine?aeaeoaaoe ?aa?iiaeuei?
?eiee i?aoe? oi?a?ae?, iaiao?aeii ua e o ca’yceo ?c a?aenooi?noth aeaieo
i?i ieo, iaaeinoaoi?i a?aeia?aaeaiiyi ?o iieaciee?a o noaoenoe/i?e
ca?oiino?. I?iaaaeaiiy niaoe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? iaiao?aeiith
oiiaith ?o aea/aiiy.

I?iaeaie, ye? noinothoueny ?eie?a i?aoe? a oe?eiio, aeine?aeaeothoueny
a?o/eciyieie oa ca?oa?aeieie aeiiii?noaie. I?e iaienaii? aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoee ii?aoeueiaai? i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo aeiiii?no?a: I.
A?eiaeioeueeiai, Ae.I.Aiaei?, ?.Aiea?aeaiei, I.A.Oaeaiei, E.N.Oaa/aiei a
oaeiae i?aoe? ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a – ?.N.Ianeiai?, A.A.I?e?oi?iai?
(?in?y), N.A?th, I.Iaeeiiaea, I.Iaiueth (NOA), ss.Ei?iae (Oai?ueia),
I.THoiiae/a (Iieueua) oa ?io?.

?acii c oei, ? ?yae oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai, ye? ana ae
caeeoathoueny iaae??oaiaie ia ?eieao i?aoe? a oe?eiio ?, iniaeeai, ia
?eieao i?aoe? ie?aieo aaeocae. Iayai?noue oeeo i?iaeai ? iaoiiaeea aea??
oaie aeena?oaoe??, iaoo, caaaeaiiy, no?oeoo?o oa aieiai? iai?yie
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
noaio ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae?, ye ? ?eie?a i?aoe? ?ioeo
aaeocae aeiiii?ee, oa ?ic?iaea caoiae?a ii noaa?e?caoe?? a?aeiinei ia
ieo ? iniiaith ae??oaiiy “Iniiaieo iai?yi?a nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee ia
1997 – 2000 ?iee” aaciina?aaeiuei ia i?noeyo — a i?nueeeo, ?aeiiieo oa
iaeanieo oeaio?ao caeiyoino?. Aeeiiaiiy oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
e??i oiai, iia’ycaia ?c aeeiiaiiyi ainiaeiaia??ii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii?
oaie ? 256 / 97 aea?aeaaia ?a?no?aoe?y 0197 ? 017310, yea aeeiioaaeanue
Euea?anueeith eiia?oe?eiith aeaaeai??th oa Iieoaanueeei eiiia?aoeaiei
?inoeoooii “Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo niiaeea/i? eiiia?aoe?? Oe?a?ie a
?eieiaiio na?aaeiaeu?”, a naia, i?aeoaie “Oa?aeoa?enoeea no/aniiai noaio
niiaeea/i? eiiia?aoe?? Oe?a?ie”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ooi/iaiiy iaoiaeeee aiae?co ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a
i?aoe? oi?a?ae?, ?ic?iaea eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy yaeu, ye?
aieeaathoue ia eiai oi?ioaaiiy, aecia/aiiy iniiaieo iai?yie?a
aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio eiai ?aaoethaaiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aecia/ai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

— i?iaanoe nenoaiiee aiae?c noaio ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae?
ia i?eeeaae? o?ueio iaeanoae cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie – Euea?anueei?,
Oa?iii?euenueei? oa Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeanoae;

— aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae? ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?;

— aeaoe aiae?oe/io ioe?ieo ?nioth/ei iaoiaeieia?/iei i?aeoiaeai aei
?aaoethaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae?;

— aeine?aeeoe ?nioth/ee iaoai?ci ?o ?aaoethaaiiy;

— ?c a?aooaaiiyi no/aniiai noaio oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a
Oe?a?i?, iaa?oiooaaoe ia’?eoeaio iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?
oi?a?ae?;

— noi?ioaaoe iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aaeineiiaeaiith iaoai?cio
?aaoethaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

 ooi/iaii ci?no iiiyooy “?eiie i?aoe? oi?a?ae?”, yea a?aoiao? eiai
nooo?a? e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? aniaeoe;

 iaa?oioiaaia eiiieaenia ioe?iea nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a, ye?
aieeaathoue ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa oi?iothoue ?aa?iiaeuei? ?eiee i?aoe?
oi?a?ae? Euea?anueei?, Oa?iii?euenueei? oa Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeanoae
Oe?a?ie;

 ooi/iaii nooue iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe?
oi?a?ae?, yea aaco?oueny ia ?iciaaeoaaii? noeo?eieo oa ?aaoeueiaaieo
i?ioean?a a noa?? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy;

 cai?iiiiiaai? iia? i?aeoiaee aei iaoiaeeee aiae?co noaio ?aa?iiaeueieo
?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae?;

 ?ic?iaeaia aieaoa ianoaaeaiiy ianaeaiiy c ieoaiue i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee, iaoa??aeueiiai noaio oa caeiyoino?;

 c iaoith aeiiii?? oa ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? aeei?enoaiiy /ano, noai?aiiy
c?o/iinoae ii ?iciiiaeaiith ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co,
noai?aiiy aac aeaieo i?i noai ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? ?ic?iaeaii
iaeao i?ia?ai aeey ?ic?aooieo iieaciee?a noaio ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo
i?aoe? ia AII a na?aaeiaeu? oaaee/iiai i?ioeani?o “Noia?eaee 4”;

 ia iniia? oi?ioaaiiy aeoeaii? iie?oeee caeiyoino? aecia/ai? iniiai?
iai?yiee aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy ye
aeaiaioo iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?;

 cai?iiiiiaai?, c a?aooaaiiyi ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo, iai?yie
noaa?e?caoe?? a?aeiinei ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?eieo i?aoe? oi?a?ae?, ye?
iieyaathoue a ?ic?iaoe? eiiieaeno caoiae?a ii eiai ?aaoethaaiith ia
iaoe?iiaeueiiio ??ai? oa c a?aooaaiiyi ?aa?iiaeueii? niaoeeo?ee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Noi?iiaai? a ?iaio? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii? aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae? oa ?eieo i?aoe? a oe?eiio. Aianai?
aaoi?ii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy
?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy
ni?eyoeiooue iineaaeaiith nioe?aeueii? iai?oae o e?a?i?. A ?iaio?
?ice?eoa iaiao?aei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy
iinoaaeaieo i?iaeai.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei cae?eniaii o
Oiaeueieoeueeiio iaeaniiio oeaio?? caeiyoino? o a?aeae?e? i?ia?ai
caeiyoino? oa noaoenoeee. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaeao i?ia?ai aeey ?ic?aooieo
iieaciee?a noaio ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe? ia AII aeei?enoiao?oueny c
o?aaiy 1997 ?ieo (aeia?aeea ? 15-01 / 593).

Cai?iiiiiaaia i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeeth/a?: aeaa eiiaiaei? oaeee aeey
oi?aae?iiy ?iaioith (aeey ?ic?aooieo iieaciee?a noaio ?aa?iiaeueiiai
?eieo i?aoe?, oa eiiaiaeiee oaee aeey ?iciiiaeaiiy, oaaeeoeue ye? aoee
caa?aaeai? a “a?o?a?”, oiaoi ca iiia?aaei? ia??iaee; oaaee/i? oaeee aeey
caaaioaaeaiiy ii/aoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa ?ic?aooieo iieaciee?a (aeaiee);
oaaee/i? neoaeaia? oaeee aeey caa??aaiiy iioi/ieo caiiaiaieo aeaie?a
ii/aoeiaeo aeaieo oa caiiaiaieo ?ic?aooieiaeo aeaie?a. I?e iaiao?aeiino?
iaeao iiaea aooe aeiiiaiaiee oaaee/ieie oaeeaie aeey a?o?aiiai
caa??aaiiy an?o caiiaiaieo aeaie?a.

Aeaiee iaeao i?ia?ai iiaea aooe neeaaeiaith /anoeiith i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy ?iaioe ?aa?iiaeueieo Oeaio??a caeiyoino? ia ??cieo ??aiyo:
i?nueeiio, ?aeiiiiio, iaeaniiio. Ia iaoo aeoieo, ? aeioe?eueiith
?ic?iaea iiae?aieo iaeao?a i?ia?ai oaeiae ? aeey ?ioeo aoai?a aiae?co c
iaoith eiai aaeineiiaeaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?e
aeeiiaii? i?aeoaie “Oa?aeoa?enoeea no/aniiai noaio niiaeea/i?
eiiia?aoe?? Oe?a?ie” ainiaeiaia??ii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie ? 256 / 97
aea?aeaaia ?a?no?aoe?y 0197 ? 017310 “Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo niiaeea/i?
eiiia?aoe?? Oe?a?ie a ?eieiaiio na?aaeiaeu?” (noi?. 63-74 o
ni?aaaoi?noa?). Iniaenoi caeiaoaa/ai aeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a niiaeea/i? eiiia?aoe?? (aeia?aeea ? 392/ 03).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Aeine?aeaeaii ?nioth/ee iaoai?ci ?aaoethaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a
i?aoe? oi?a?ae?. I?iaaaeaii eiiieaeniee aiae?c noaio oa aeeiai?ee
?icaeoeo ca i’youe ?ie?a. Iaa?oioiaaia ioe?iea nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a
i?aoe?. ?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? ii aaeineiiaeaiith iaoiaeeee ?o aiae?co
oa cai?iiiiiaai? caoiaee ii noaa?e?caoe?? a?aeiinei ia ?aa?iiaeueieo
?eieao i?aoe?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeeth/ai? aei aeena?oaoe??,
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo “O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae
Oe?a?ie ? eiai ?aae?caoe?y a oiiaao ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee”
(i. Euea?a, eenoiiaae, 1997 ?.), “?aoi?ia o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? nenoaie
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie” (i. Eooeuee, o?aaaiue,1998 ?.);
i?aeaoc?anueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: “Iniaeeaino? ?eieo
i?aoe? Oe?a?ie ia no/aniiio aoai?” (i. Iieoaaa, aa?acaiue,1998 ?.), ?io.

?ic?iaeaiee aeena?oaioii iaeao i?ia?ai ii aiae?co ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a
i?aoe? oa noai?aiith aac aeaieo ia AAI ai?iaaaeaeaii o ?iaioo
Oiaeueieoeueeiai iaeaniiai oeaio?o caeiyoino?.

Ioae?eaoe??.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 9 i?aoeue
caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,3 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a (iniaenoi aaoi?a — 1,8
ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ianya
?iaioe neeaaea? 234 iaoeiiienieo noi??iee, o oiio /ene? 34 oaaeeoe?,
ui ?ici?uai? ia 37 noi??ieao, 10 ?enoie?a, ?ici?uaieo ia 7 noi??ieao, 9
aeiaeaoe?a, aeeeaaeaieo ia 34 noi??ieao. Nienie aeei?enoaieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae aeeth/a? 199 iaca, c yeeo 8 – ?iicaii? aeaea?aea ?
caeia? 16 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE.

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/athoueny iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aeaco?oueny
ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie, i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie i?aoe? ia no/aniiio aoai?,
iniaeeaino? eiai oi?ioaaiiy” aeine?aeaeothoueny oai?aoe/i? oa
iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy noo? iiiyooy “?eiie i?aoe?” oa
eiai ?io?ano?oeoo?e, naaiaiooaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe?. Aecia/athoueny i?iaeaie
caeiyoino?, ye? ia aeoieo aaoi?a ?niothoue a no/anieo oiiaao.

?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie i?aoe? oi?a?ae?, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ye ? ?eiie i?aoe?
acaaae?, ? neeaaeiith aaaaoinoi?iiiueith nenoaiith ?ooo ?iai/i? neee,
oi?ioaaiiy o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a, noeoii?noth
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, oi?i ? iaoiae?a iiaiaeaeaiiy ?
?aaoethaaiiy ?ioa?an?a i?aoe?aiee?a ? ?iaioiaeaaoe?a, iia’ycaieo c
i?aai?caoe??th, aeei?enoaiiyi ? iieaoith i?aoe? ia ?aa?iiaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoaao oa i?aai?caoe?yo oi?a?ae?.

?eiie i?aoe? oi?a?ae? neeaaea?oueny ?c aeaio aca?iiiia’ycaieo noa?:
a?aee?eoiai ? i?eoiaaiiai ?eieo i?aoe?. I?ae niaith aiie
a?ae??ciythoueny ii niiniao i?aai?caoe?? ?iai/i? neee oa oa?aeoa?o
aieeao ia aoaeoeai?noue o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? ? iaoa??aeueiee noai
i?aoethth/eo.

Aei iniiaieo iiaeaeae ?eieo i?aoe? oi?a?ae? a?aeiinyoueny: aioo??oi?e
?eiie i?aoe? ? ciai?oi?e. Aiie iathoue ??ci? nenoaie ae?iaie/eo
a?aeiinei, i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eaae??a a oaeiae ? ??ciith
i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eia iia?euei?noue ?iai/i? neee.

O iaoai?ci? ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae?, ye ? ?ioeo aaeocae,
aeae?eythoueny oae? aeaiaioe: iiieo, i?iiiceoe?y ? oe?ia (ca?ia?oia
ieaoa).

?icaeyaeathoueny oeie naaiaioaoe?? ?eieo i?aoe?: a naeoi?aeueiiio
?ic??c?, aaia?ao?/iiio, ye?niiio.

sse iniiai? no/ani? i?iaeaie caeiyoino? aeae?eaii:

— c?inoaiiy /enaeueiino? iacaeiyoeo a?iiaaeyi, ui ia?aaoaaee ia iae?eo a
neoaea? caeiyoino? ca 1992 – 1996 ?iee, oa /anoee na?aae ieo
aac?ia?oieo;

— ?nioaaiiy ia ?eieo i?aoe? i?iaeaie aeene?ei?iaoe?? iaeiaio
eiieo?aioicaeaoieo a?iiaaeyi – ae?iie, iieiae?, ?iaae?ae?a, in?a
iioeeiai a?eo;

— iiyaa ia ?eieo i?aoe? Oe?a?ie iciae cano?eiiai aac?ia?ooy;

— iia??oaiiy aeaiia?ao?/ii? neooaoe?? o e?a?i?;

— iacaaeia?eueia iaoa??aeueia noaiiaeua a?eueoino? n?iae, ?o aeioiaee ia
a?aeiia?aeathoue iaiao?aei?e aeey “i?iaeeooy” noi? aeo?ao.

Ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiii?no?a o oe?e aaeoc?,
aeae?eai? iniaeeaino? ?eieo i?aoe? ia Oe?a?i? ye? caiaeyoueny aei:

— ?nio? ? iino?eii a?aeoai?th?oueny noa?a iaeiaii? i?aoe?. Oea,
ianaiia?aae, i?aei?e?inoaa, aea i?aoe?aiee ia ia? nai??
?iaeea?aeoae?ciaaii? /anoee ( iath, aeoe?e ) aai aiia iaaeinoaoiy aeey
aeeiiaiiy iei ooieoe?e aeanieea;

— a?aeaoaa?oueny oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoie iniaenoeo naiaiae ae?iaiee?a;

— noai?ththoueny iia? noa’?eoe ?eieo i?aoe? (i?ioni?eee, i?aai?caoe??
i?aei?e?ioe?a oa ?io?);

— nai? iniaeeaino? iathoue eii’thieoo?a ?eieo i?aoe?, noai caeiyoino? ?
aac?ia?ooy (aac?ia?ooy aeieea? i?e ianiaeo aeao?oeeoao, o oiio /ene? ?
i?aoe?aiee?a ie?aieo i?ioan?e; o iiooeao aeiaeaoeiaeo ca?ia?oe?a ia
?eiie i?aoe? aeoiaeyoue i?aoeacaeaoi? iain?iia?e, nooaeaioe,
aeiiiainiiaea?ee, oeiey??; aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y, niiioea? aaaaoueio ia
iiooee ?iaioe ca ei?aeiiii);

— o?yaeii Oe?a?ie i?iaiaeeoueny iie?oeea noai?aiiy aio/eiai ?eieo
i?aoe?;

— ia oi?ioaaiiy aio/eiai ?eieo i?aoe? ni?yiiao?oueny ?
caeiiiaeaanoai i?i iieaoo i?aoe?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “Niaoeeo?ea ?icaeoeo ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?
oi?a?ae? cao?aeieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie” ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co
c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?eieo i?aoe? oi?a?ae? i?eoaiaii?
ianooii? iniaeeaino?:

— a?aenooiy aeaoaeueia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i eiai noai a ?nioth/eo oi?iao
noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino?;

— ?nio? oa?eoi??aeueiee aeenaaeain a ie?aieo iieacieeao noaio;

— ? ia?aoe?iiaeueiei ?iciiae?e caeiyoino? a na?aaeei? iaae?iaie/i?
noa?e;

— c?inoathoue ianooaae iaeaaaeueii? caeiyoino? oi?aiaith ae?yeuei?noth;

— o oi?aiaaeuei?e aaeoc? cia/ii aeua ieoiia aaaa ae?iie na?aae
i?aoe?aiee?a, i?ae o ?ioeo aaeocyo;

— c?inoa? ieoiia aaaa oi?aiaeo i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo a i?nueeeo
iinaeaiiyo;

— cia/iee aieea ia ?eiie i?aoe? oi?a?ae? ia? ci?ia oi?i aeaniino?
i?aei?e?inoa oi?a?ae?.

Aeyaeaii o?noue a?oi oaeoi??a, i?ae aieeaii yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny
oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae? (aeea.?en.1). ?o
eiiieaeniee aiae?c oa a?aooaaiiy, ?acii ?c iniaeeainoyie ?aa?iiaeueieo
?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae?, ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith aeey caaeainoaaiiy iiieoo
oa i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee, caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?eie?a.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?icaeoeo i?iiiceoe?? oa iiieoo ia ?iai/o neeo ia
?aa?iiaeueieo ?eieao i?aoe? oi?a?ae?.

Aeyaeaii, ui oi?ioaaiiy i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee ia ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eieao
i?aoe? oi?a?ae? aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaeanoae, a iniiaiiio (aeecueei 2/3),
a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie aeiiii?/iiai oaeoi?o (eiai aaee/eio oi?io?
/enaeuei?noue i?aoe?aiee?a aea?eueiaieo ?c i?aei?e?inoa oa
i?aai?caoe?e). *anoea aeioneiee?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a,
i?ioan?eieo iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caeeaae?a, iieiae?, ui cae?i/eea
caaaeueii-ina?oi? oeiee oa aeyaeea aaaeaiiy i?aoethaaoe (oiaoi
nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/iee oaeoi?) neeaaea? aeecueei 10%.

Ia iniia? ?ic?aooieo eiao?oe??io?a ?ioaineaiino? aea?eueiaiiy
i?aoe?aiee?a ii aaeocyo oa naeoi?ao aeiiii?ee, iaa?oioiaaii aeniiaie i?i
oa, ui ii Oa?iii?euenuee?e oa Oiaeueieoeuee?e iaeanoyo naia oi?a?aey
ciaoiaeeoueny ia ia?oiio i?noe? ii ?ioaineaiino? aea?eueiaiue. Ooo
ieoiia aaaa aea?eueiaieo i?aoe?aiee?a ?c oi?aiaaeueii? aaeoc? a
caaaeuei?e /enaeueiino? aea?eueiaieo ?c on?o aaeocae ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa o 2,5 ?ace ia?aaeuo? a?aeiia?aeiee iieaciee caeiyoeo. A o
Euea?anuee?e iaeano? oi?a?aey ciaoiaeeoueny ia o?aoueiio i?noe? ii
?ioaineaiino? aea?eueiaiue. Oi/a aeey ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe?
oi?a?ae? aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaeanoae i?iaeaia o?eaaeiai aac?ia?ooy ia ?
oa?aeoa?iith, /enaeuei?noue in?a, ye? caa?oathoueny o aea?aeaai? neoaeae
caeiyoino? oa io?eiothoue noaoon aac?ia?oieo, c ?ieo a ??e c?inoa?. C
1992 ii 1996 ??e /enaeuei?noue in?a, ye? ia?aaoaaee ia iae?eo a neoaea?
caeiyoino? ca?eueoeeanue a?eueo i?ae o 2,5 ?ace.

Aeineoue a?aaeath/eie ? oaiie ?inoo iaaaioaaeaiiy ia iaeia a?eueia
?iai/a i?noea. sseui ii Oe?a?i? ca i’youe inoaii?o ?ie?a iaaaioaaeaiiy
ca?eueoeeinue a 10 ?ac?a, oi ii Euea?anuee?e iae. — a 14,6 ?., a ii
Oa?iii?euenuee?e oa Oiaeueieoeuee?e a?aeiia?aeii o 6,6 oa 2,7 ?. E??i
oiai, iiieo ia ?iai/? i?noey oa ?o i?iiiceoe?y /anoi ia ni?aiaaeathoue.
?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co iaaaioaaeaiiy a ?ic??c? ie?aieo
niaoe?aeueiinoae ? ua a?eueoa iaao?oieie. Iai?eeeaae, o 1996 ?ioe?
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia iaeia a?eueia ?iai/a i?noea i?iaeaaoey iai?iaeiaieue/eo
oiaa??a ii Oiaeueieoeuee?e iaeano? neeaaeaei 48,9 /ie., ii
Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? – 102,5 /ie., a ii Euea?anuee?e – i?e
a?aenooiino? a?aeiia?aeieo ?iai/eo i?noeue, na?aae aac?ia?oieo 859 /ie.
iaee cacia/aio eaae?o?eaoe?th.

Oiio i?e yaiiio iaaeeeoeo i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee iaae iio?aaith
?niothoue ? aaeain??, ye? ia caaaeaee oaeaeei cai?uothoueny.

A oe?eiio ae ??aaiue i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy ii Oiaeueieoeuee?e oa
Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeanoyo aeuee, i?ae na?aaei?e ii e?a?i?. sseui ii
Euea?anuee?e

oa Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeanoyo c 1992 ii 1996 ??e ieoiia aaaa iiieoo ia
?iai/o neeo oi?aiaaeueii? aaeoc? a noeoiiiio iiieo? ia ?aa?iiaeueieo
?eieao ciaioeeanue a?eueo, i?ae ia o?aoeio, oi ii Oiaeueieoeuee?e –
ca?eueoeeanue iaeaea o aea?/?. C?inoa? ieoiia aaaa iio?aae a
i?aoe?aieeao i?aei?e?inoa i?eaaoii? oa eieaeoeaii? oi?i aeaniino?.

Iaaaoeaiee aieea ia caeiyo?noue iathoue ? ao?aoe ?iai/iai /ano. Ca
inoaii? i’youe ?ie?a ia? i?noea oaiaeaioe?y cia/iiai ?inoo ao?ao
?iai/iai /ano a ?ic?aooieo ia iaeiiai i?aoe?aieea. Ca inoaii? i’youe
?ie?a ii Euea?anuee?e oa Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? ao?aoe ?iai/iai /ano a
?ic?aooieo ia iaeiiai i?aoe?aieea ca?eueoeeenue a?eueoa i?ae o 7 ?ac?a,
a ii Oiaeueieoeuee?e – iaeaea o 6 ?ac?a.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co noaio iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy
c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui cia/ii ni?eyei a caaacia/aiith caaeainiaaiino?
?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae? oa iineaaeaiith iai?oae ia ieo
aaeineiiaeaiiy iieaoe i?aoe?. Aeeiai?ea ca?ia?oii? ieaoe i?aoe?aiee?a
oi?a?ae? aei na?aaeiueiai ??aiy ii aaeocyo aeiiii?ee na?ae/eoue, ui
aeaoi?iiaaia i?aeaaeocaaa aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y na?aaei?o ca?ia?oieo ieao.
Ieoiia aaaa na?aaeiuei? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe oi?aiaaeueiiai ?ia?oieea a
na?aaei?e ii aaeocyo aeiiii?ee ca i’youe ?ie?a ciaioeeanue iaeaea ia
10%.

Ca?aeii aeaieo io?oe?eii? noaoenoeee naiee iecueeee ??aaiue iieaoe
i?aoe? oi?aiaaeueieo ?ia?oiee?a ia? i?noea ia i?aei?e?inoaao i?eaaoii?
oi?ie aeaniino?, naiee aenieee – ia aea?aeaaieo. Aea, ye na?ae/aoue
aeai? i?iaaaeaiiai aieaoiiai ianoaaeaiiy ianaeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
?aa?iio, ia i?aeoeoe? ia? i?noea cai?ioia oaiaeaioe?y. Oea ua ?ac
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ?ioi?iaoe?y, yea o?eno?oueny o
ca?oiino? ? iaiiaiith oa ia caaaeaee aeinoia??iith. Ca?ia?oia ieaoa ana
a?eueoa ia?anoa? aooe aieiaiei aeaea?aeii i?eaooe?a a?eueoino? n?iae. O
?iaio? iaa?oioiaaii aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ?aoi?ioaaiiy ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ia
no/aniiio aoai? ? aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – “?aaoethaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?
oi?a?ae?” aiae?cothoueny ieoaiiy noaio iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe? oi?a?ae? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy.

Iaoai?ci ?aaoethaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe? aeeth/a?: caeiie oa
ii?iaoeai? aeoe c ieoaiue ?aaoethaaiiy caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai
?icaeoeo, aea?aeaai? i?ia?aie caeiyoino?, niaoe?ae?ciaai? i?ae?icae?ee
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? neoaeae caeiyoino? ia i?noeyo.

Aeey i?aaeeueiiai aeai?o no?aoaa?? ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? iaiao?aeii
/?oei aeae?eeoe o? i??i?eoaoe, ye? aoaeooue caeeaaeai? a nenoaio oaeeo
caoiae?a. A naia: a?aooaaiiy aaciina?aaei?o aeeoo?aeo ?ioa?an?a /eai?a
noni?euenoaa, aeiiae ni?aaaaeeeaino? i?e ?iciiae?e? ?acoeueoao?a
noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa,

i?eeoaaiiy i?i noai iaeiaio caaacia/aieo oa iaeiieo?aioicaeaoieo ia
?eieo i?aoe? in?a. A caeaaeiino? a?ae oeueiai ia? aooe aecia/aia
nioe?aeueia iai?aaeai?noue ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? oa iaoiiaeai?
i?eioeeie ? eiie?aoi? iaoiaee.

Aiae?coth/e iaoeiao e?oa?aoo?o c ieoaiue oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? a
Oe?a?i?, iiaeia aeae?eeoe aea? a?oie oaeoi??a, ye? iathoue aieea ia
?eiie i?aoe?, a ioaea ? oi?iothoue iaoai?ci eiai ?aaoethaaiiy. Oea
oaeoi?e aaciina?aaeiuei ?eieiaiai oa?aeoa?o oa niaoeeo?/i? oaeoi?e
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo a?ae ieaiiai-oeaio?ae?ciaaii? aeiiii?ee, yea iaea
i?noea ia Oe?a?i?, aei ci?oaii? aeiiii?ee ?eieiaiai oeio, ui, a ia?oo
/a?ao, iia’ycaia ?c ci?iaie a oei? caeiyoino?. I?e oeueiio iaiao?aeii
cacia/eoe, ui aiae?c ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?e/ei na?ae/eoue i?i ia?aaaao
ae?oai? a?oie.

Iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi ?inoeooo?a ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae?, ye
? ?eieo i?aoe? a oe?eiio, c oi/ee ci?o aeiiii?/ii? oai???, ?
i?i?i?caoe?y aeo?ao: /aniaeo, iaoa??aeueieo oa o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ia
iiooe i?aoe?aieeaie a?aeiia?aeieo ?iai/eo i?noeue, a ?iaioiaeaaoeyie –
a?aeiia?aeieo i?aoe?aiee?a.

Ia ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eieao i?aoe? neoaeae caeiyoino? iaaeathoue aeiiiiiao o
i?aeai?? i?noeue i?aoe? ii aeae?eueeio iai?yieao. Ii-ia?oa, i?iaiaeyoue
caoiaee ii io?eiaiith a?ae i?aei?e?inoa, i?aai?caoe?e oa ?ioeo caeeaae?a
aeaieo i?i iayai?noue a?eueieo ?iai/eo i?noeue oa aaeaioieo iinaae;
noai?ththoue ?aeei? caaaeueiii?nuee? oa iaeani? aaiee aeaieo i?i iio?aao
a ?iai/?e nee?.

Ii-ae?oaa, i?iaiaeyoue caoiaee ii iaaeaiith aeiiiiiae a iiooeao ?iaioe
aac caa?iaiiy a neoaeae caeiyoino?. C oe??th iaoith aeaeathoueny
uii?ny/ii aacaoe iaeaniiai oeaio?o caeiyoino?, atheaoai? i?i iayai?noue
a?eueieo ?iai/eo i?noeue oa aaeaioieo iinaae, ioi?ieththoueny oa
?aaoey?ii iiiaeththoueny ?ioi?iaoe?ei? noaiaee aaciina?aaeiuei a
i?ei?uaiiyo oeaio??a caeiyoino?, aei i?aei?e?inoa, aea ia? i?noea
nei?i/aiiy ooaoo i?aoe?aiee?a oa ina?oi?o caeeaae?a oaeiae aeiaiaeyoueny
aeai? i?i iio?aao a ?iai/?e nee?.

A 1996 ?ioe? ??aaiue ioiieaiiy iacaeiyoiai ianaeaiiy aeoeaieie
caoiaeaie nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo aoa iaeaeuei ii aeine?aeaeoaaiiio iaie
?aa?iio o Oiaeueieoeuee?e iaeano?. Ooo ieoiia aaaa ioiieaieo in?a ?
iaa?oue aeuith, i?ae a na?aaeiueiio ii Oe?a?i?. Iaeiae, iaiao?aeii
cacia/eoe, ui, ii??aithth/e ?c 1995 ?ieii ??aaiue iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae
a?iiaaeyiai iia??oeany. Ciaioeeanue ia o?eueee ieoiia aaaa in?a, yeeo
aoei i?aoeaaeaooiaaii /e iai?aaeaii ia i?ioan?eia iaa/aiiy, aea
ciaioeeanue aaciina?aaeiuei ?o /enaeuei?noue.

Aoaeoeaieie caoiaeaie ii ocaiaeaeaiith iiieoo oa i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i?
neee, ia iaoo aeoieo, ? i?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea, ia?ai?aeaioiaea oa
i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? eaae??a. Neoaeaaie caeiyoino? ?iaioa ii
i?ioan?ei?e i???ioaoe?? i?iaiaeeoueny ii aeaio aieiaieo iai?yieao:
?iaioa ?c aeioneieeaie oe?e oa ?c aei?ineei ianaeaiiyi. Neoaeae
caeiyoino? i?iaiaeyoue a?oiia? eiinoeueoaoe?? iieiae?, ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
eiinoeueoaoe??.

Aieiaieie i?iaeaiaie a ?aae?caoe?? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee ?:
iaaeinoaoiy ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i iaeaooith i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eio
no?oeoo?o aeiiii?ee oa i?i oa, yeei aoaea iiieo ia i?aoeth a
i?ioan?eiiio ?ic??c? o iaeaooiueiio. Oaeiae iecueeee iiieo ia i?ioan?eio
ia?ai?aeaioiaeo c? noi?iie in?a, ye? ao?aoeee ?iaioo. Aiie
niiae?aathoueny, ui ciiaeooue i?aoeaaeaoooaaoenue ca iiia?aaeiueith
niaoe?aeuei?noth. Na?eicii no?eio? ?icaeoie oeueiai iai?yieo ?iaioe
neoaea caeiyoino? ? iaiaaeaia o?iainiaa caaacia/aiiy ?o ae?yeueiino?.

A no/anieo oiiaao ana a?eueoa oaaae ii iiaeieaiith aac?ia?ooy
i?eaa?oathoue i?ia?aie ni?eyiiy ?icaeoeo naiino?eii? caeiyoino?,
iaa/aiith eiia?oe?eiei iaaeeai oa aaaeaiith iaeiai a?ciano. Oaeee iai?yi
nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee ae??oo? aaaeeeao nioe?aeueio caaea/o — oi?io?
iiaee o?oaeiaee na?oiaeyae oe?a?inueeeo ethaeae.

Neoaeae caeiyoino? ni?eythoue iaa/aiith aaaeath/eo caeiaoenue
naiino?eiith o?oaeiaith ae?yeuei?noth c iaoith io?eiaiiy ieie aieiaieo
ae?eiaeo iaaee?a (ieaioaaiiy, aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo, ieoaiue
oe?iiooai?aiiy oa ?io.). I?aeo?eiea iiaeo i?aei?e?ioe?a aeeth/a? a naaa
oaeiae iaaeaiiy eiinoeueoaoeaieo iineoa ?c oe?ieiai eiea ieoaiue.

A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei nioe?aeueii-i???ioiaaii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ?
?ic?iaea ? i?iaaaeaiiy aeoeaii? nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee, oi?ioaaiiy
aoaeoeaii ae?th/i? nenoaie nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy, yea iaae?eii
caoeuaea a on?o /eai?a noni?euenoaa a?ae aieiaieo aeae?a nioe?aeueiiai
?eceeo – oei/aniai? /e iino?eii? ao?aoe i?aoeacaeaoiino? ? aac?ia?ooy,
iauaniiai aeiaaeeo ia ae?iaieoeoa? oiui. Iaeiia?/ia ?aoi?ioaaiiy
aeiiii?ee i?e caa?aaeaii? iniia noa?i? nenoaie nioe?aeueiiai
caaacia/aiiy i?ecaaei aei iaaei??iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aea?aeaaiee
athaeaeao, aenieiai nooiaiy iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa, aeeaieeo
aeaoi?iaoe?e o nioe?aeuei?e iie?oeoe?. Ae?yeuei?noue iaoi? aea?aeaae o
oeueiio i?ioean?, ianaiia?aae, iieyaa? o anoaiiaeaii? a caeiiiaeaa/iio
ii?yaeeo aieiaieo nioe?aeueieo aa?aio?e, ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
iaoai?cio ?o caaacia/aiiy.

Oiio aeooaeueiei ieoaiiyi ? noai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? eiiieaeno
iae?iaeiiii?/ieo oiia aeey caaacia/aiiy iaoa??aeueiiai naiicaoenoo
ianaeaiiy, yeee ia?aaeaa/ea ae ?iciaaeoaaiiy caoiae?a, ui a?aeiinyoueny
aei an?o /eai?a noni?euenoaa oa ie?aieo nioe?aeueieo aa?noa ianaeaiiy.
Aei /enea ia?oeo iiaeia a?aeianoe caaacia/aiiy nenoaie aoaeoeaii?
caeiyoino?, i?aeaioiaee oa ia?ai?aeaioiaee eaae??a, i?aai?caoe??
aoaeoeaii? nenoaie oi?ioaaiiy aeioiae?a, yea aa?aiooaaea a io?eiaiiy
iaeiaeiai? iieaoe ca iaaio e?euee?noue oa ye?noue cao?a/aii? i?aoe?
iacaeaaeii a?ae noa?e ?? i?eeeaaeaiiy; ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioeano
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? aeioiae?a ia aea?aeaaiiio ??ai? oeyoii iaeeaaeaiiy
iiaeaoeaie; caaacia/aiiy aeniei? i?ioan?eii? oa nioe?aeueii?
iia?eueiino? ianaeaiiy; io?oe?eia anoaiiaeaiiy ?aaeueii? iaae?
“i?iaeeoeiaiai i?i?ioio” oa iino?eia eiio?iethaaiiy ye eiai a?ioiai?
aaee/eie, oae ? neeaaeo “eioeeo niiaeeaaiiy”, caoeno i?aa niiaeeaa/a
(noai?aiiy ia?aae? niiaeeaaoeueeiai e?aaeeoo, aea?aeaaia ni?eyiiy uiaei
ae?yeueiino? anioe?aoe?e niiaeeaa/?a, i?iaaaeaiiy aioeiiiiiieueii?
iie?oeee, oiui).

A Oe?a?i? i?iaaaeaiiy aea?aeaaith nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee, ia iaoo aeoieo,
ia? aeaa nooo?aeo iaaeie?ee. Ii-ia?oa, oea aea?aeaaia o?iainoaaiiy
nioe?aeueieo aeo?ao, ui ? iniaeeai i?iaeaiaoe/iei a oiiaao athaeaeaoiiai
aeao?oeeoo. Ii-ae?oaa, ?ieue aea?aeaae a Oe?a?i? anioe?th?oueny c
aaei?i?no?aoeaiei ao?o/aiiyi. Aea?aeaaa a iaeaaei?e i??? ua ia iiaea
ea?oaaoe aeiiii?/ieie i?ioeanaie. Iio??aii ciaiooaaoe ianooaae e ianyae
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy a aeiiii?eo a oe?eiio, ia?aoiaeeoe aei
iai?yiiai ?aaoethaaiiy nioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a. Oe? iniaeeaino?
oneeaaeiththoue ?aoi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo a Oe?a?i?.

Ia?aaeeaa? aeeaieo e?eco ? iain?eia nenoaia Oe?a?ie. Iaeia ?c aieiaieo
i?iaeai – iecueeee ??aaiue iain??: iaaeinoaoi?e ?ici?? iiaii? o?oaeiai?
iain?? ca a?eii, a oaeiae iaiaaeai? o?ueiia e /ioe?ia i?i?iaeueieie
iain?yie iaeneiaeuei? ?ici??e iain?e ia caaacia/othoue a?aeiiai aeeooy ?
a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeyoue a?ae 52 aei 93% aa?o?nii? aaee/eie iaae?
iaeicaaacia/aiino?. E??i oiai oneeaaeiththoue neooaoe?th ? i?iaeaie ?c
nai?/ani?noth aeieao iain?e.

Ae?th/a nenoaia nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo n?i’?, ae?iie, ae?oae ? iieiae? ia
caaaeaee aoaeoeaia. A?eueo?noue n?iae, iniaeeai aaaaoiae?oieo oa
iaiiaieo, iathoue iaaaeee? aeioiaee ? ia caaacia/ai? i?i?iaeueieie
caniaaie aeey i?iaeeooy. Iei? aeiiiiiaith, ia?aaeaa/aiith Caeiiii
Oe?a?ie “ I?i aea?aeaaio aeiiiiiao n?i’yi c ae?oueie”, ioiieaii aeecueei
25% iaiiaiie?oi?o ae?oae, a a?ioia? aeieaoe ia i?aeo?eieo n?i’?
iaea?aeo? eeoa o?aoeia n?iae, ye? iathoue o?ueio ? a?eueoa ae?oae a?eii
aei 16 ?ie?a. ?ici??e aeiiiiiae ? iacia/ieie.

Aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy ia Oe?a?i? a?ae
iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?eieiaeo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy
iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe c a?aooaaiiyi aeina?aeo ?ioeo e?a?i a eiiieaen?
aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo oa i?aaiaeo aa?aio?e, ye? a iaaeaaaeenue
eiaeiiio /eaio noni?euenoaa. Ana oea ni?eyoeia no?eioaaiith aac?ia?ooy
ia iae?i??ai?, iineaaeaiith iai?oae ia ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eieao i?aoe? oa
?eieao i?aoe? oi?a?ae?

cie?aia.

Ocaaaeueithth/e ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ii?, i?aeoe/ii? oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe ii aea/aiith ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe?
oi?a?ae?, c?iaeaii ianooii? aeniiaee:

1. Aeiiii?/ia e?eca, a ye?e ana ua i?iaeiaaeo? ciaoiaeeoenue Oe?a?ia c
aeeaiei aeao?oeeoiei oiaa?iei ?eieii, c?oeiiaaieie ainiiaea?nueeeie
ca’yceaie, ianoaoeii iaoa??aeueieo ? o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, no??ieei
iaae?iiyi ??aiy aeeooy iniiaii? /anoeie ianaeaiiy aeeeeea?
iaiao?aei?noue neiioeaio?oaaoe oaaao ia iiaeo aeey aea?aeaae i?iaeaiao.
Iaei??th ?c iniiaieo i?iaeai yaey?oueny noai?aiiy ?eieo i?aoe?,
i?iaaaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeii? iie?oeee uiaei caoenoo ianaeaiiy a?ae
aac?ia?ooy. Ca?aene — iiooe iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei aaaaoueio oai?aoe/ieo
? i?aeoe/ieo ae??oaiue aeaii? i?iaeaie.

2. Oaeoi?aie aeanoaa?e?caoe?? ia ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eieao i?aoe? a oe?eiio
caeeoathoueny: niaae ae?iaieoeoaa, aeao?oeeo athaeaeaoo, iecueeee
aeeoo?aee ??aaiue ia?aaaaeii? /anoeie ianaeaiiy, c?inoaiiy aac?ia?ooy (a
oiio /ene? i?eoiaaiiai), iai?oaeaia aeaiia?ao?/ia neooaoe?y.
Iineeththoue iai?oaeai?noue o noni?euenoa? ? c?inoath/? oaiie iaeiiaiai
?icoa?oaaiiy.

3. I?iiiceoe?y ?iai/i? neee ia ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eieao i?aoe? oi?a?ae?
aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaeanoae, a iniiaiiio, oi?io?oueny ca ?aooiie
i?aoe?aiee?a aea?eueiaieo ?c i?aei?e?inoa oa i?aai?caoe?e.

4. C iiaeyaeo i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a ? ia?aoe?iiaeueiei ?iciiae?e
cae-iyoeo ana?aaeei? iaae?iaie/i? noa?e. Ii Oa?iii?euenuee?e oa
Oiaeueieoeuee?e iaeanoyo, ye ? a oe?eiio ii Oe?a?i?, ieoiia aaaa
caeiyoeo o oi?a?ae? ia? ca-aaeueio oaiaeaioe?th aei nei?i/aiiy. Eeoa ii
Euea?anuee?e iaeano? ? aeayeee ??no.

5. Aieiaiith iniaeea?noth “i?iiiceoe??” aeey ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe?
? oa, ui aei ?? neeaaeo i?e iaaieo oiiaao aoiaeyoue ? iniae, ye? ia
iathoue i?aeaioiaee aeey ?iaioe aaciina?aaeiuei a oi?aiaaeuei?e aaeoc?,
aea, a?aoiaoth/e ??ci? i?e/eie, iiaeooue a i?e i?aoethaaoe. A?aeiia?aeii
? iniae, ye? ?ai?oa i?aoethaaee a oi?aiaaeuei?e aaeoc?, aeoiaey/e ia
?eiie i?aoe?, neeaaeathoue i?iiiceoe?th ?iai/i? neee aeey ?ioeo aaeocae.
Oiio, aeae?eaiiy i?iiiceoe?? oa iiieoo ?iai/i? neee ia ?aa?iiaeueieo
?eieao i?aoe? oi?a?ae? a no/anieo oiiaa (a?aoiaoth/e ?nioth/? oi?ie
ca?oiino?) a cia/i?e i??? ? oiiaiei.

6. Iathoue i?noea ci?ie caeiyoino? i?aoe?aiee?a ia oi?aiaaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoaao ca oi?iaie aeaniino?. Ieoiia aaaa i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo
ia i?aei?e?inoaao niiaeea/i? eiiia?aoe??, ciaioeeanue iaeaea ia o?aoeio,
oa c?inea – ia iaeeo ? ni?eueieo.

7. O ca’yceo ?c noai?aiiyi a inoaii? ?iee cia/ii? /enaeueiino? iaeeo
oi?aiaeo i?aei?e?inoa o i?noao, c?inoa? /anoea oi?aiaeo i?aoe?aiee?a,
caeiyoeo a i?nueeeo iinaeaiiyo.

8. Ca inoaii?o i’youe ?ie?a iaee i?noea aenie? oaiie ?inoo iaaaioaaeaiiy
ia iaeia a?eueia ?iai/a i?noea. I?e oeueiio ?niothoue ? aaeain??, ye? ia
caaaeaee oaeaeei cai?uothoueny. Oea iia’ycaii ?c ?ica?aeiinoyie o
ye?ni?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? iiieoo ia ?iai/? i?noey oa ?o i?iiiceoe??th, a
oaeiae ?c iecueeei ??aiai ca?ia?oii? ieaoe.

9. Iaoai?ci ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? iiaeia ?icae?eeoe ia aea? /anoeie:
?aaoeueiaaio oa noeo?eio. Nueiaiaei? aeae?eeoe iaoai?ci ?aaoethaaiiy
?eieo i?aoe? ie?aii oi?a?ae? ? i?iaeaiaoe/iei. Ia ?nio? neoaea, ye? a
caeiaeenue aaciina?aaeiuei ?nioth/eie i?iaeaiaie a ie?aieo aaeocyo
aeiiii?ee. E??i oiai, cia/ia /enaeuei?noue iieaciee?a io?oe?eii?
noaoenoeee, ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei ?eieo i?aoe? oi?a?ae?, ia’?aeiothoue
aeai? a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy.

10. I?aeaeuaiiy nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo anueiai i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy
ia?o ca ana ia? aooe iia’ycaia c oi?ioaaiiyi aoaeoeaii? nenoaie
caeiyoino?, ? o?eueee ia oe?e iniia? – c ?inoii a?ioiaeo aeioiae?a oa
?ioeie ia?a?aoiaaieie caoiaeaie.

11. Iniiaith iain?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ia? caeeoaoenue ae?th/a nenoaia c
iinooiiaith ?? o?ainoi?iaoe??th aei iei?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo oiia. Aeey
ii/aoeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iain?eiiai no?aooaaiiy aeioe?eueiei aoei a o
nenoaio iaeiie/aiiy ni?yiiaoaaoe oie iaeei a?aenioie ca?ia?oii? ieaoe,
yeee niea/o? eiaeai i?aoethth/ee o iao?e aea?aeaa?. E??i oiai, ?
aeioe?eueiei ai?iaaaeeoe iain?eia no?aooaaiiy ia i?eioeei? iaeiie/aiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo no?aoiaeo aiane?a, ui aeanoue ciiao iaeaooiueiio
iieie?iith iain?iia??a caaacia/eoe nia? cia/ii aeuee ??aaiue iain?e.

Aacoth/enue ia ?acoeueoaoao aiae?co ?nioth/i? nenoaie nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy oa iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe?
oi?a?ae? a oe?eiio, a oaeiae, aeei?enoiaoth/e ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy
ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo, aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaai? iniiai? iai?yie ?o
aaeineiiaeaiiy:

1) neoaeaai caeiyoino? iio??aii i?iaiaeeoe niaoe?aeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ai?iaaaeeoe oi?ie noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino?, ye? aeeth/aee a aeaoaeueio
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i o?oaeia? ?ano?ne ?aa?ii?a, oaeoe/io ? i?iaiicio iio?aao
i?aei?e?inoa o i?aoe?aieeao oa ?ici??e i?iiiceoe?? i?aoe?;

2) ni?eyoe noai?aiith neoaea caeiyoino? ia eiia?oe?eieo canaaeao;

3) i?e ?ic?iaoe? ?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai caeiyoino? a oeaio?ao caeiyoino?
a?aoiaoaaoe niaoeeo?eo ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a;

4) ?ic?iaeyoe oe?eueia? i?ia?aie caeiyoino? aeey ie?aieo eaoaai??e
ianaeaiiy;

5) ni?eyoe ?ic?iaoe? ??cieo aeae?a no?aooaaiue: nioe?aeueiiai,
iain?eiiai, ii oai?ia?, a?ae iauaniiai aeiaaeeo;

6) noai?eoe aio/eo nenoaio nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo iaeiaio
eiieo?aioicaeaoieo a?iiaaeyi ia ?eieo i?aoe?: ae?iie, iieiae?,
?iaae?ae?a;

7) ?ic?iaeoe oiiae oa ni?eyoe ai?iaaaeaeaiith nenoaie iaaeaiiy iieiaeei
ethaeyi, ye? aaaeathoue a/eoenue, oe?eueiaiai e?aaeeoo ia iaa/aiiy;

8) oi?ioaaoe aoaeoeaio nenoaio caeiyoino?, yea ia?aaeaa/aea a ia o?eueee
aenieo iieaoo ca a?eueo eaae?o?eiaaio i?aoeth, aea e aenieo
oa?eoi??aeueio oa i?ioan?eio iia?euei?noue i?aoe?aiee?a, i?e oeueiio
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca nai? nioe?aeueia caaacia/aiiy ia?aiineoueny ia
naieo i?aoe?aiee?a;

9) ni?eyoe ?icaeoeo ae??aiiai oa na?aaeiueiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa,
naiino?eii? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, c oe??th iaoith ai?iaaaeeoe nenoaio
i?euea i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?;

10)iineeeoe ?iaioo ii noai?aiith iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue oa i?aai?caoe??
a?iiaaenueeeo ?ia?o.

Aeey o?iainoaaiiy caoiae?a aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiooe oiiaeo

ni?eyiiy caeiyoino?, ye? ia nueiaiaei?
aeei?enoiaothoueny ia iiai?noth.

?icaeyioo? a aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? ieoaiiy ia ae/a?iothoue an?
i?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe?
oi?a?ae?. Aea aeeeaaeai? a i?e iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee oa i?iiiceoe??, ia
iao iiaeyae, a eiiieaen? c ?ioeie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie caoiaeaie
ni?eyoeiooue noaa?e?caoe?? a?aeiinei oa iineaaeaiith iai?oae ia ?eieao
i?aoe?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1.Aii/a? I.?. ?icaeoie i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee ia ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eieao
i?aoe? oi?a?ae? cao?aeieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie // Nioe?aeueii — aeiiii?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae: Ui??/iee iaoe.i?. Aeione ?V. –
Euea?a: ??Ae IAIO,1998. – n. 164-172.

2.Aii/a? I.?. ?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie i?aoe? oi?a?ae? Euea?aueie / Oi?a?aey,
eiia?oe?y, i?aei?e?iieoeoai: Ca.iaoe.i?. EEA.- Euea?a: Eiiiina?oa,
1998.- n. 39-40.0

3.Aeiinueea A.?., Aii/a? I.?. Iniiai? iai?yie nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo
ianaeaiiy ia ?eieo i?aoe? (c i?iaoeueeiai aeina?aeo) / ?ioaa?aoe?y
aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a niiaeea/i? eiiia?aoe?? a iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaai?
?ioa?ane Oe?a?ie: // Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? 1-3
aeiaoiy 1997 ?. — Euea?a: EEA, 1997.- n. 15-18. (Iniaenoi: ocaaaeueiaii
aeina?ae I?ia//eie ii caaacia/aiith ie?aieo iai?yie?a nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy).

4.Aeiinueea A.?., Aii/a? I.?. ?eiie i?aoe? oi?a?ae? cao?aeieo iaeanoae
Oe?a?ie // A?niee Euea?anueei? eiia?oe?eii? aeaaeai??. Oii 2.*anoeia
ia?oa. — Euea?a: Eiiiina?oa, 1998. – n. 111-119. (Iniaenoi: aeaia
oa?aeoa?enoeea iniaeeainoyi ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae?
cao?aeieo iaeanoae

Oe?a?ie).

5.Aii/a? I.?. Iaoa??aeueia noeioethaaiiy i?aoe? oa caeiyo?noue ianaeaiiy
Oe?a?ie / ?aoi?ia o?iainiai – e?aaeeoii? nenoaie ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — Eooeuee: Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao, 1998. – n. 340-343.

6.Aeiinueea A.?., Aii/a? I.?. ?eiie i?aoe? a no/anieo oiiaao / No/ani?
i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo ?eieo, na?oeo?eaoe?? oa eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
oiaa??a oa iineoa // Iaoa??aee iaoeiai – i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. —
Euea?a: EEA, 1996.- n. 111-112. (Iniaenoi: noi?ioeueiaai? no/ani?
i?iaeaie caeiyoino?).

7.Aii/a? I.?. I?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? a no/anieo oiiaao /
I?iaeaie o?iainoaaiiy ? e?aaeeooaaiiy o niiaeea/?e eiiia?aoe?? //
Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. — Euea?a: EEA,1996.-
n. 58-62.

8.Aii/a? I.?. I?iaeaie caeiyoino? ia ?eieo i?aoe? // Ca?oia iaoeiaa
eiioa?aioe?y i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ? ani??aio?a
aeaaeai?? ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue o 1996 ?ioe?. — Euea?a: EEA,
1997.- n.27-28.

9.Aii/a? I.?. Iiieo ia ?iai/o neeo – iaeei ?c aeaiaio?a ?aa?iiaeueieo
?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae? Euea?anueei? oa Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeanoae Oe?a?ie
/ Iniaeeaino? ?eieo i?aoe? Oe?a?ie ia no/aniiio aoai? // Iaoa??aee
iaoeiai – i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? 26-28 aa?aciy 1998 ?ieo. — Iieoaaa:
IE?, 1998.- n. 25-31.

Aii/a? I.?. “?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie i?aoe? oi?a?ae? a no/anieo oiiaao“ (ia
iaoa??aeao cao?aeieo iaeanoae Oe?a?ie). – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.07.05.- Aeiiii?ea oi?a?ae? oa iineoa. Euea?anueea
eiia?oe?eia aeaaeai?y. Oeiiini?eea. Euea?a, 1998.

Caoeua?oueny ?oeiien eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe??, yea aeine?aeaeo?
oai?aoe/i?, i?aeoe/i? oa i?aai?caoe?ei? ieoaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiy aea/aiiy
?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? oi?a?ae? oa oeyoe noaa?e?caoe?? a?aeiinei ia
ieo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aa?iiaeueiee ?eiie i?aoe? oi?a?ae?, i?iiiceoe?y, iiieo,
o?oaeia? ?ano?ne, i?aoe?aieee, iacaeiyo? a?iiaaeyie, aac?ia?oi?,
iaoa??aeueia noeioethaaiiy, iaoai?ci ?aaoethaaiiy.

Aii/a? I.E. “?aaeiiaeueiue ?uiie o?oaea oi?aiaee a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo”
(ia iaoa?eaeao caiaaeiuo iaeanoae Oe?aeiu).- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.05.- Yeiiiieea oi?aiaee e oneoa.
Eueaianeay eiiia?/aneay aeaaeaiey. Oeiiinithc. Eueaia, 1998.

Caueuaaony ?oeiienue eaiaeeaeaoneie aeenna?oaoeee, eioi?ay enneaaeoao
oai?aoe/aneea, i?aeoe/aneea e i?aaiecaoeeiiiua aii?inu niaa?oainoaiaaiey
eco/aiey ?aaeiiaeueiuo ?uieia o?oaea oi?aiaee e iooe noaaeeecaoeee
ioiioaiee ia ieo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aaeiiaeueiue ?uiie o?oaea, i?aaeeiaeaiea, ni?in,
o?oaeiaua ?ano?nu, ?aaioieee, iacaiyoua a?aaeaeaia, aac?aaioiua,
iaoa?eaeueiia noeioee?iaaiea, iaoaieci ?aaoee?iaaiey.

Gonthar I.I. » The Regional market of trade labor in modern conditions »
(on materials of western areas of the Ukraine).- The manuscript.

The dissertation on receiving of a scientific grade of the candidate of
economic sciences on specialty 08.07.05.- Economy of trade and services.
Lviv commercial academy. Ukrkoopsoyuz Lviv, 1998.

The manuscript of the candidate dissertation is introduced, which
investigates theoretical, practical and organizational questions of
perfection of study of the regional markets of trade labor and the ways
of stabilization of the relations on them.

Key words: the regional market of labor, offer, demand, labor resources,
workers, vacant citizens, unemployed, material stimulation, gear of
regulation.

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