3

Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

Oi?nueea Na?oeaia Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 636 4-082:591-5

I?AeAEUAIIss I?IAeOEOEAIINO? EIO??A-IE?AeIEE?A

OEssOII AEEI?ENOAIIss AIAeIIAI IIOe?IIO

06.02.04-Oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Oa?nii — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

?aaiia Aieiaeeie?Ieaenaiae?iae/, Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?i?? oa ii?oieia??

Io?oe?eiee iiiiaio: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,
caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie ,Nieiaeia ?aai Aaneeueiae/ ,
?inoeooo oaa?ei-

ieoeoaa noaiiaeo ?aeii?a Oe?a?ie «Aneai?y-Iiaa» OAAI, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?ea naeia?noaa

Io?oe?eiee iiiiaio: eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

Eae?i?/aiei Aaeeia ?aai?aia , Ieeiea?anueeee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee
?inoeooo, eaoaae?a niaoe?aeueii? ciioaoi??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaeanueeee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo
I?i?noa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie, i. Iaeana

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny_26___n?/iy_____1999 ?. I____10___aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 47. 830.02. a
Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio

aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ( 325006, i.Oa?nii, aoe.?ice Ethenaiao?a,23,
aieiaiee o/aiaee

ei?ion, aoaeeoi??y 64 ).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?niinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 325006, i.Oa?nii,6,
aoe.?ice Ethenaiao?a,23, aieiaiee o/aiaee ei?ion.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee __23______a?oaeiy_______ 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Ea?aioc A.Ae.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie . Iacaaeia?eueiee noai naeia?noaa, aeeeeeaiee
ia?aao-

aeiaieie i?ioeanaie oa e?eciaeie yaeuaie noaaeoue ia?aae iaoeith ?
i?aeoeeith iiooe aoaeoeaieo caoiae?a, iai?aaeaieo ia a?aeiiaeaiiy
eieeoiueiai iiaooiueiai iioaioe?aeo aaeoc?. Aaaiaa?aeii aeiiii?/iiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iathoue noaoe aaeee? i?iieneia? eiiieaene, ui
canoiniaothoue no/anio oaoiieia?th ae?iaieoeoaa naeieie ? iathoue
aenieee ??aaiue i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?. A ?iaioao Aaaiiai? ?.I.
(1985),Nieiaeiaa ?.A. (1988), ?aaiiaa A.I. (1991), ss?aiaiei A.?. (1991)
oa ?i. iieacaii, ui oni?oia ?iaioa i?iieneiaeo naeiieiiieaen?a iiaea
aooe aeinyaiooa oeyoii onoiaiiy ?nioth/eo iaaeie?e?a, a oaeiae ?ic?iaee
oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo aoaeoeaieo cania?a a oaoiieia?th ae?iaieoeoaa
naeieie, ui a?aoiaothoue a?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino?, a?ae yeeo caeaaeeoue
aanue i?ioean a?aeoai?aiiy noaaea. Oea noino?oueny, ia?o ca ana,
noaoaai?, ?ooiai? ? aaeaioeaii? iiaaae?iee eio??a-ie?aeiee?a,noai ?
i?iaeoeoeai?noue yeeo nooo?ai aieeaa? ia aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe eiiieaeno
aai ?aa?iio.

O cayceo c aeuacaaaeaiei aeooaeueiei ? aea/aiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy
aoieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae eio??a aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia??
ae?iaieoeoaa naeieie oeyoii canoinoaaiiy iiaeo niinia?a aeoeaiiai
iioe?iio, ioe?iee ? a?aeai?o iaea?eueo aaeaioeaieo oaa?ei, ye? iathoue
aenieo aenieoaoaoe?eio oe?ii?noue oa a?aeoai?thaaeuei? yeino?.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaith oaiaoeeith. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiioaa-

eanue a?aeiia?aeii ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o OAeAO ca oaiith
2-58-OA “ ?ic-

?iaea ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo ?aaeei?a oo?eiaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy
eio??a-ie?aeiee?a”

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoei
i?aeaeuai-

iy i?iaeoeoeaiino? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy aiaeiiai
iioe?iio.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaee aeaoe a?aeiia?aeue ia oae? caaaeaiiy:

— aea/eoe iniaeeaino? noaoaai? iiaaae?iee ? nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? oa aeyaeoe
?o

aca?iicaycie o eio??a-ie?aeiee?a iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaieo ii?iae

— aecia/eoe aieea aiaeiiai iioe?iio ia ??no, ?icaeoie, ?ioa??? oa
a?aeoai-

?thaaeueio cae?ai?noue eio??a-ie?aeiee?a

— i?iaanoe ioe?ieo ? i?iaiic aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae ? i?iaeoeoeaieo
yeinoae eio??a-ie?aeiee?a i?e ??cieo oiiaao ?o ?ooiai? aeoeaiino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aia?oa a oiiaao i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia
ieai?ii?e noaioe?? i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy aieeao aiaeiiai iioe?iio ia
aeyaeaiiy oaiioeiiaeo iciae eio??a ??cieo ii??ae, ?ic?iaeai? niiniae
ioe?iee ? i?iaiico aaeaioaoe?? ? i?iaeoeoeaiino?, a oaeiae
cai?iiiiiaaia oaeineiiaeaia oaoiieia?y oo?eiaiiy oa aenieoaoaoe??
ie?aeiee?a.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe .Aeei?enoaiiy aiaeiiai iioe?iio a oiiaao
i?iieneiai? ieai?iii? noaioe?? aea? ciiao ?icaycaoe ?yae oaoiieia?/ieo
? naeaeoe?eieo caaea/ i?e ae?iuoaaii?, oo?eiaii?, ioe?ioe? oa
aenieoaoaoe?? eio??a, ui ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith ?o i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa
no?ieo aeei?enoaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? iaea?aeai? caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi i?e aeeiiaii?
iaoeiai? oaiaoeee ( caeeaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a, i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a,
aeeiiaiiy aiae?oe/ieo ?ia?o). Aaoi? i?eeiaa aaciina?aaeith o/anoue a
?ic?iaoe? noai aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o aeeiiaii?, ia?iaoe? ?
nenoaiaoecoaaii? iaea?aeaieo aeaieo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ? aoee noaaeai? ia:

-can?aeaii? eaoaae?e o?i?? oa ii?oieia?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oaa?ei oa eaoaae?? i?aai?caoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
OAeAO, Oa?nii, 1998?.

-??/ieo ca?oieo eiioa?aioe?yo c iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
ni?a?ia?oiee?a Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo,
Oa?nii, 1995-1997??.

-/aoaa?o?e i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? ii naeia?noao, Oa?niinueeee
aea?aeaa-

iee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?nii, 1998?.

Ioae?eaoe??.Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 6 ?ia?o, a yeeo
aeeea-

aeaii iniiaiee ci?no iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea-

?oueny c oaeeo ?icae?e?a: anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, iaoiaeeea
aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiaee,
i?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoie.
?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 130 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? i?noeoue 32
oaaeeoe?, 2 iaethiee, 2 oioici?iea. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 164
aeaea?ae,a o./. 21 ?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue

Aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue ia eaoaae?? o?i?? oa ii?oieia??
Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ? a aa?ioeaoo “
Ieaio?oae?a-

nueeee” AO “E?eai??aenoaeue” Aiinoieianueeiai ?aeiio Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
iaeano? ia i?ioyc? 1992-1997 ?ie?a.

Caaaeueia noaia aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaia ia iae. 1, a ?o aoaie ? ianya —
a oaae. 1.

Iaoeiai-ainiiaea?/? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia /enoiii?iaeieo
eio?ao (aaiioe?, aeth?ie, aaeeea a?ea) oa iii?nieo eio?ao (1/2Ei +1/2
Aa).

Aeey eiaeiiai aoaio aeine?aeaeaiue oaa?ei i?aeae?aee ii i?eioeeio
aiaeia?a c o?aooaaiiyi a?eo, iane, i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa o?c?ieia?/iiai
noaio.

Aiae?aeth ? oo?eiaiiy eio??a an?o i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi i?iaiaeeee
a?aeiia?aeii oaoiieia??, yea i?eeiyoa ia naeia?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao
i?iieneiaiai oeio.

?aiiioiee iieiaeiye oa eio??a-ie?aeiee?a aiaeoaaee ??aeeei ei?iii aeaa
?ace ia aeaiue.?aoe?ii aoei caaeainiaaii ii aeaoae?ciaaiei ii?iai ? , a
iniiaiiio,a?i

neeaaeaany ?c niaoe?aeueieo eiia?ei?i?a NE1-NE5.

19

Oaaeeoey 1 — Aoaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue

Aoai IaeiaioaaiiyE?euee?noueAea/a?i?
iieacieeeaoaioa?oi aie?a a?ieia?/i?

iniaeeaino?a?aeoai?thaa-

euei? yeino?a?aeaiae?aaeuei?

yeino?i yni?

yeino?

1Oa?aeoa?enooeea

noaoaai? iiaaae?iee eio??a

4

65

+

+

2Aea/aiiy aieeao

aiaeiiai iioe?iio

ia ??no, ?icaeoie

? i?iaeoeoeai?noue

eio??a

6

30

+

+

+

3Ioe?iea ? i?iaiicoaaiiy

i?iaeoeoeaieo oa

aaeaioaoe?eieo

iiaeeeainoae

eio??a ??cieo

aaiioei?a

4

65

+

+

Eio?e-ie?aeieee oo?eioaaeenue a ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo noaieao c
ea?aiceoiaaoii-

iith i?aeeiaith, a ?aiiioiee iieiaeiye — a a?oiiaeo ii 8 aie?a.

Noaoaao iiaaae?ieo eio??a a iaiaae? aeey acyooy nia?ie ia ooo/io aaa?io
aea/aee iaoiaeii a?coaeueieo ? o?iiiiao?aaeieo niinoa?aaeaiue ii A.?.
Aae?eaeai?-

io, A.I. Aaneeueia?e , A.A. Eoe?eiao (1975).

Aeey aea/aiiy aaeaioaoe?eieo yeinoae eio??a ca aeiiiiiaith
i?ia?o-iaoiaeo aecia/aee eiao?oe??io ii?iiaaiiai a?aeoeeaiiy iieaciee?a
nia?iii?iaeoeoe??.

Eiao?oe??io ii?iiaaiiai a?aeoeeaiiy iieaciee?a nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? (ia?i
ayeoeyoa, eiioeaio?aoe?y ? aeoeai?noue nia?i??a) eio??a o?enoaaee ia
15-30 aei? aaeaioaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo c ii/aoeo aiaeiiai iioe?iio ii
oi?ioe?:

I =wmetafile8? ??i????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
? ???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyy`??%?? ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????`@????`J???u y??????

I — eiao?oe??io ii?iiaaiiai a?aeoeeaiiy iieaciee?a nia?iii?iaeoeoe??
eiaeii? iniaeie

A — cia/aiiy eiaeii? aeaoe aa??aoe?eiiai ?yaea

I — na?aaeiueia?eoiaoe/ia iciaee

d — na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy

A e?ia? aecia/aee ai?no a?eo?ioeeo?a, eaeeioeeo?a ( a eaia?? Ai?y?aa),
oa aaiiaeia?io (ii Nae?),caaaeueiiai a?eea (i?eeaaeii ?IE-3)

I?e?iaeith ?acenoaioi?noue aea/aee ii oaeei iieacieeai ye aaeoa?eoeeaeia
? e?cioeeiia aeoeai?noue ne?iaaoee e?ia?, oaaioeeoa?ia aeoeai?noue ?
aaniethoiee oaaioeeoic eaeeioeeo?a.

Aea/aiiy a?aeaiae?aaeueii? ? iynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?aiiioieo eio?oe?a
i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeii AIII ii ieaini?aa? a oaa?eiieoeoa? ( INO 102-86 ?
INO 1025-86).

Aiaeiee iioe?ii ?aiiioieo eio?oe?a ? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a i?iaiaeeee a
niaoe?aeue iiio o?aiaaea?? (a.n. N?N? ?172 0641 ), oaoi?/i? oa
ciioaoi?/i? aei?iaoaaiiy yeiai aoei cae?eniaii iniaenoi aaoi?ii
aeena?oaoe?? a oiiaao ieainoaioe?? ainiiaea?noaa (oaae2).

Oaaeeoey 2 — Noaia aiaeiiai iioe?iio

Na??y aeine?ae?aA?oiaE?euee?noue aie?aOiiae oo?eiaiiy ? iioe?iio

1

?aiiioi? eio?oe?

eiio?ieueia

29

a?oiiaa, aac iioe?iio

aeine?aeia29a?oiiaa, 10 oaee.a aeaiue 5 ?ac ia oeaeaeaiue c 3-o aei 8
i?nyoe?a

2

eio?e-ie?aeieee

eiio?ieueia

10?iaeea?aeoaeueia, aacaeaoeueia aeine?aeia10?iaeea?aeoaeueia,5 oaee.
a aeaiue, 5 ?ac ia oeaeaeaiue

I?ae /an ieaaaiiy eio??a aecia/aee ?yae e?euee?nieo ? ye?nieo
oa?aeoa?enoee: oaeaee?noue, aeaaa?noue,aiioe?eiee noai, oaiia?aoo?o
o?ea, /anoioo na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue ? /anoioo aeeoaiiy.

Oaiia?aoo?o o?ea cai??yee oa?iiiao?ii OAII-1, /anoioo na?oeaaeo
nei?i/aiue — oiiaiaeineiiii,/anoioo aeeoaiiy ? eieiiioe?e — a?coaeueii
ii ?ooo a?oaeii? no?iee ? e?ioe?aie.

C iaoith aecia/aiiy aieeao aiaeiiai iioe?iio ia ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacie-

ee e?ia? i?iaiaeeee caa?e 5 aie?a c eiaeii? i?aeaeine?aeii? a?oie. I?ney
ioo?iaee ooo aea/aee ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee aioo??oi?o i?aai?a oa
i?oei?noue iynieo e?noie (ia iaoei? OII — 5).

A?aeoai?thaaeuei? yeino? eio??a aea/aee ii iaoiaeeeai i?iaaaeaiiy
ciioao-

i?/ieo aeine?ae?a( O.E.Ii/a?iy?a oa ?i.,1977).Ie?ai? iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeai? a a?aeiia?aeieo ?icae?eao aeena?oaoe??.

Aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?aoiaoaaee ca?aeii c
iaoiaeeeith aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? (aeei?enoaiiy a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?
aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ia?o, iiai? oaoi?ee, aeiaoiae?a ?
?aoe.i?iiiceoe?e ).

Aenia?eiaioaeueiee oeeo?iaee iaoa??ae ia?iaeyee iaoiaeii aa??aoe?eii?
noaoenoeee ii I.A. Ieio?inueeiio( 1969 ) c aeei?enoaiiyi AII ?
i?e?ieaeueeo-

eyoi?a IE-52.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue

Oa?aeoa?enoeea noaoaai? iiaaae?iee eio??a-ie?aeiee?a

Anoaiiaeaii, ui noaoaaa iiaaae?iea eio??a nooo?ai caeaaeeoue a?ae ?o
ii?iaee oa a?eo (oaae. 3 ).

Oaaeeoey 3 — O?eaae?noue aeaiaio?a noaoaai? iiaaae?iee eio??a

??cieo aaiioei?a oa a?eiaeo a?oi, oaeeei

Aaiioei

n

A?eia? a?oie*

Eaoaioiee ia??iae

Ia?aaeeiioey-oe?eiee ia??iae

Noaoaaee aeoNoia?iee /an

noaoaai? iiaaae?iee a iaiaae?Aaiioe? 10 iieiae?1.20± 0.21 1.12 ±
0.144.90± 0.36 7.22 26aei?ine?1.66 ± 0.600.87 ± 0.12 6.12 ± 0.58
8.65 Aeth?ie 6iieiae?0.70 ± 0.100.74 ±0.103.86± 0.30 5.30
4aei?ine? 0.75 ± 0.130.75 ± 0.073.92 ± 0.28 5.42Aaeeea a?ea
4iieiae?1.09 ±0.220.65 ± 0.093.30 ± 0.15 5.04 6aei?ine?1.69 ±
0.351.09 ± 0.174.32 ± 0.36 7.10Iii?ni? 6iieiae?1.48 ±0.181.13 ±
0.103.40 ± 0.41 6.01 4aei?ine?1.52 ± 0.161.49 ± 0.064.52 ± 0.30
6.11

*) I?ei?oea: aei iieiaeeo a?aeiineee oaa?ei, ye? iathoue a?e iaioa aeaio
?ie?a, a aei?ineeo — a?eueoa aeaio ?ie?a.

Aeai? oaaeeoe? 3 na?ae/aoue, ui oaeaeoa ca an?o a iaiaae? i???ioothoueny
? i?aeoi-

aeyoue aei /o/aea iieiae? ? aei?ine? aeth?iee, a iia?euei?oa ca an?o —
aei?ine? aaiioe?e oa aaeee? a?e? eio?e.Iaea?eueo ei?ioeee noaoaaee aeo
ia /o/ae? aoa o iieiaeeo eio??a aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee, a naiee aeiaaee-o
aei?ineeo aaiioe??a.

Anoaiiaeaii oaeiae aeinoaoiuei o?niee caycie i?ae ie?aieie aeaiaioaie
noaoaai? iiaaae?iee eio??a oa iniaeeainoyie ?o nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? :

-o?eaae?noth noaoaai? oyae ? naaeee o aeth?ie?a (r = 0 .74 ± 0.20 )

-o?eaae?noth noaoaai? oyae ? ia??iaeii ayeoeyoe?? o iii?nieo eio??a(r =
0.76 ± 0.15) -o?eaae?noth noaoaai? oyae ? ia?iii ayeoeyoa o aeth?ie?a (
r = 0.68 ± 0.25 )

-o?eaae?noth naaeee ? ia?iii ayeoeyoa o aeth?ie?a (r = 0.70 ± 0.18).

Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeacothoue ia iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaiiy aoieia?/ieo oano?a aeey ioe?iee iniaeeainoae noaoaai?
iiaaae?iee, e?eueeino? nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? eio??a oa aeioe?euei?noue ?o
a?aooaaiiy i?e oaoiieia?/iiio a?aeai??.

I?aeaeuaiiy oaiioeiiaeo iciae eio??a oeyoii canoinoaaiiy

aiaeiiai iioe?iio

C iaoith oi?aae?iiy ?ooiaith, noaoaaith oa aaeaioeaiith iiaaae?ieith ia
ieai

noaioe?? aa?ioeaoo “ Ieaio?oae?anueeee” i?iaaaeaii na??th aeine?ae?a ca
iaaaaeaiith aeua noaiith.

A ia?o?e na??? aeine?ae?a aea/aee aieea aiaeiiai iioe?iio ia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa ?ioa???i? iieacieee ?aiiioieo eio?oe?a aaeeei?
a?ei? ii?iaee c 3-o aei 8 i?ny/iiai a?eo. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 4.

Oaaeeoey 4 — I?iaeoeoeai? oa ?ioa???i? iniaeeaino? ?aiiioieo eio?oe?a

IieacieeA?oia eiio?ieueia

aeine?aeia123AEeaa iana a 3 i?n., ea 23.15 ± 0.4423.68 ±
0.49AEeaa iana a 8 i?n., ea116.4 ± 1.95 124.7 ±
2.01**Na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no, a 558 ± 31 687 ± 44* Iieaoa
ei?io, e.iae. 6.29 ± 0.15 6.12 ± 0.18Ia?aaecaa?eia iana, ea
107.48 ± 0.71 111.05 ± 1.29*Caa?eiee aeo?ae, % 66.87 ± 4.14 73.58 ±
4.66Aeiaaeeia ooeoaa, ni 96.14 ± 1.31 102.19 ± 1.24Oiaueia oieea iaae
6-7 a?oaeiei o?aaoeai,ii 27.44 ± 2.4123.40 ± 2.10Ieiua “
iyciaiai a?/ea” , ni 35.88 ± 1.0939.85 ± 1.84Iana ieinoo, ea
9.71 ± 0.3811.43 ± 0.39*Iana na?oey, ea0.31 ± 0.01 0.38 ±
0.01*I?iaeiaaeaiiy oaaeeoe? 4

123 eaaaiue0.72 ± 0.09 0.76 ± 0.07
ae?ao?aaie0.38 ± 0.06 0.45 ± 0.002*Ai?no a e?ia? :aaiiaeia?io, a/e
106.5 ± 0.32123.5 ± 0.58* a?eo?ioeeo?a,1012/e 7.10 ±
0.24 8.20 ± 0.28* eaeeioeeo?a,109/e10.42 ± 1.2511.72 ±
1.09*Oaaioeeoa?ia aeoeai?noue, %16.50 ± 2.6125.32 ± 3.04*Aaniethoiee
oaaioeeoic,oen.ie.

ee/ iee31.64 ± 3.5540.05 ± 2.96*I?ei?oea : o) ? 0.05 oo) ?
0.01 ooo) ? 0.001

C aeaieo oaaeeoe? 4 aeaeii, ui eio?oe?, ye? ?aaoey?ii ei?enooaaeenue
aiaeiei iioe?iiii, ii??aiyiii c eiio?ieueieie aiaeiaaie, a?ae??ciyeenue
a?eueo aenieeie i?iaeoeoeaieie oa ?ioa???ieie iieacieeaie. Aiie iaee
a?eueoo aeeao iano ( ia 7.1 %, ? 0.01), aia?a?th ?inoo ( ia 23.1%, ?
0.05),iano ieinoo ( ia 17.7 %, ? 0.05 ) oa e?aua ?icaeioo? i?aaie
niiaoe/ii?, a?noea?aeueii? oa ?ioaa?oth/i?

nenoaie. Aiaeiee iioe?ii oaeiae iiceoeaii aieeioa ia iieacieee
i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino? eio?oe?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui
nenoaiaoe/ia ieaaaiiy a aanaei? ?ioaa?aeueii aieeioei ia o? nenoaie
i?aai?cio oaa?ei, ye? caaacia/othoue aaeaioeai?noue ? iaoiiaeththoue
aenieee ??aaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa o?eaaea aeei?enoaiiy eio?oe?a.

Eio?oe?, ye? oo?eioaaeenue c canoinoaaiiyi aiaeiiai iioe?iio, a
ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueieie aiaeiaaie, a?ae??ciyeenue e?aueie
ainiiaea?nueei-ei?enieie iieacieeaie.Oae ?o o?eaae?noue aeei?enoaiiy,
a?aeoai?thaaeueia cae?ai?noue, ia?i ayeoeyoa, eiioeaio?aoe?y ?
aeoeai?noue nia?i??a neeaaeaee a?aeiia?aeii 18.5 ? 25.5 i?n. ( ? 0.05)
65.12 ? 79.80% (? 0.05) 265.10 ? 276.13 ie 226.19 ? 238.61 iei /ie ?
8.21 ? 8.96 aae?a ( ? 0.05).

Oaeei /eiii, aiaeiee iioe?ii i?e oo?eiaii? eio?oe?a ? aeioe?eueiei
caniaii, yeee ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith i?iaeoeoeaieo, ?ioa???ieo ?
aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoe-

ainoae ie?aeiee?a.

A ae?oa?e na??? aeine?ae?a aea/aee aieea aiaeiiai iioe?iio ia
a?aeoai?thaaeuei? cae?aiino? iniiaieo eio??a-ie?aeiee?a.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui cai?iiiiiaaiee ?aaeei o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ni?eya
i?aeaeuaiith iieaciee?a nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? oa a?aeoai?thaaeueieo
aeanoeainoae eio??a ( oaae 5 ).

Oaaeeoey 5 — ?acoeueoaoe aiaeiiai iioe?iio eio??a-ie?aeiee?a

Iieaciee A?oia

eiio?ieueiaaeine?aeiaIa?i ayeoeyoa, ie282.7 ± 4.38 288.1 ±
4.91Eiioeaio?aoe?y nia?i??a,iei / ie 307.9 ± 10.11
349.2 ± 7.97Aeoeai?noue nia?i??a, aae 6.4 ± 0.33 7.6 ±
0.28Iie?eoi iaoie, aie. 520
520Iaea?aeaii ii?inyo aei a?aeeo/aiiy, aie 9.81 ± 0.04
10.12 ± 0.03AEeaa iana ii?iny, ea 11.95 ± 0.11 12.34 ± 0.12Iana
ai?caea i?e a?aeeo-

/aii?,ea 117.88 ± 1.81 123.95 ± 2.17*o) ? 0.05

Aeai? oaaeeoe? iieacothoue, ui aiaeiee iioe?ii ni?eya iie?auaiith yeino?
nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? eio??a, ui iiceoeaii aieeioei ia aeo?ae iaea?aeaiiai
i?eieiaeo.

Oaeei /eiii, aiaeiee iioe?ii eio??a-ie?aeiee?a o?eaae?noth 5 oaeeei a
aeaiue ? aeioe?eueiei caoiaeii, ine?eueee ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith ?o
ainiiaea?nueei-ei?enieo iciae.

Ioe?iea ? i?iaiicoaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo ? aaeaioaoe?eieo yeinoae
eio??a-ie?aeiee?a i?e canoinoaaii? aiaeiiai iioe?iio

Aiaeiee iioe?ii ii nee? aiioe?eiiai ? o?ce/iiai aieeao ia i?aai?ci
naeiae nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ?ioeo ia?aoeiiaeo oaeoi??a.A oeueiio
cayceo ie aeei?enoiaoaaee eiai aeey aecia/aiiy aaeaioeaieo ?
i?iaeoeoeaieo iieaciee?a eio??a ??cieo ii??ae a ?aaeei? 5 oaeeei ia?aae
naaeeith.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui aiaeiee iioe?ii nooo?ai aieeioa
ia o?eaae?noue noaoaai? iiaaae?iee eio??a-ie?aeiee?a a iaiaae? aeey
iaea?aeaiiy nia?ie ia ooo/io aaa?io.Oae o aaiioe??a aiia nei?ioeeanue
ia74.65%, o aeth?ie?a ia 17.7 %, o aaeeeeo a?eeo ia 64.58% ? o iii?nieo
eio??a ia 37.62%.

Aa?oi cacia/eoe, ui nei?i/aiiy o?eaaeino? noaoaai? iiaaae?iee
niinoa??aa-

?oueny a eiaeiiio aeaiaio? ?? ye a iaiaae?, oae ? ia /o/ae?.

Aianie ia?aoeiiai? eiiiiiaioe a ?aae?caoe?th nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? eio??a
neeaaea? a?aeiinii ia?ia ayeoeyoa -12.40%, aeoeaiino? nia?i??a — 72.87 %
? eiioeaio?aoe?? nia?i??a-63.47%. *anoea niaaeeiai? eiiiiiaioe a
?aae?caoe?? aeuacaaaeaieo iieaciee?a neeaaea? a?aeiia?aeii 52.85 5.93
oa 0.93 % . A?e oaa?eie i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaa? ia o?eaae?noue iniiaieo
aeaiaio?a noaoaai? iiaaae?iee.

Ioaea, aiaeiee iioe?ii noeioeth? naenoaeuei? ?aoeaene oa ie?ai?
aeaiaioe noaoaai? iiaaae?iee eio??a, ui a naith /a?ao caaacia/o? oaeaeea
acyooy nia?ie ia ooo/io aaa?io ? oei naiei noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiin-

o? i?aoe? iia?aoi?a.

Ii?yae c oeei cia/iee ?ioa?an aeeeeea? ci?ia iieaciee?a
nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? i?ae aieeaii aiaeiiai iioe?iio.Ca o?noue i?nyoe?a
aaeaioaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo iii?oii c?inee iaeaea an? iieacieee
nia?iii?iaeoeoe??: ia?i ayeoeyoa o aaiioe??a ia 46.1 ie ( ? 0.05),
aeoeai?noue nia?i??a — o aaiioe??a ia 0.7 aaea ( ? 0.05),

aeth?ie?a- ia 1.3 aaea ( ? 0.05),eio??a aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee -ia 0.7
aaea (?0.05), eiioeaio?aoe?y nia?i??a -o aeth?ie?a ia 127.7 iei / ie
(? 0.001), o eio??a aaeeei? a?ei? — ia 109.2 iei / ie (? 0.01), iii?nieo
eio??a -ia 66.3 iei /ie (? 0.05).

Ioe?iea ? i?iaiicoaaiiy nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a

Aeey ae??oaiiy oeueiai ieoaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?o-iaoiaeo ia 14-e ?
30-e aei? c ii/aoeo aiaeiiai iioe?iio o eiaeiiai eio?a aecia/aee
eiao?oe??io ii?iiaa-

iiai a?aeoeeaiiy iieaciee?a nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? ( ia?i ayeoeyoa,
aeoeai?noue ? eiioeaio?aoe?y nia?i??a). Oaa?ei, ye? iaee eiao?oe??io —
0.5 oa iaioa, a?aeiineee aei iecueeiai ( I-), -0.5 + 0.5 aei —
na?aaeiueiai ( I0 ), 0.5 ? a?eueoa — aei aenieiai

( I +) aaeaioaoe?eiiai eeano.?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?eaaaeai? a
oaaeeoe? 6.

Oaaeeoey 6- Nia?iii?iaeoeoe?y eio??a-ie?aeiee?a a ??ci? no?iee
aaeaioaoe??

Ia??iae*

Iieaciee

Aaeaioaoe?eiee

eean Ii?iaeaaaiioe?aeth?ieaaeeea
a?eaiii?ni?1234567Ia?aaeaaeaioaoe?eieeIa?i ayeoeyoa, ieI-

I0

I+217

177

175168

213

189

223

235

220193

254

210Aeoea-

i?noue nia?-

i??a,aaeI-

I0

I+

6.9

6.3

5.8

6.8

6.7

6.36.7

6.7

6.86.8

6.7

6.4

I?iaeiaaeaiiy oaaeeoe? 6

1234567Ia?aaeaaeai-

oaoe?eieeEiioeai?a-oe?y nia?i?-

?a,iei/ieI-

I0

I+

354

295

273259

252

288295

306

269280

302

282

Ei?ioeino?ieiai? aaeaioaoe??

Ia?i ayeoeyoa,

ieI-

I0

I+209

224

279

184

212

232222

256

231173

243

242Aeoea- i?noue nia?i??a,

aaeI-

I0

I+6.9

7.8

7.9

7.4

6.9

7.77.0

6.9

7.57.5

7.7

7.6Eiioeaio-?aoe?y nia?i??a, iei/ieI-

I0

I+240

288

320

298

301

402258

283

351294

320

507Aeiaaino?ieiai? aaeaioaoe??Ia?i ayeoeyoa,

ieI-

I0

I+271

244

273

198

234

240258

263

240205

250

256Aeoea- i?noue nia?i??a,

aaeI-

I0

I+

7.7

7.7

7.97.9

8.1

7.97.8

7.9

8.07.9

8.0

7.7Eiioeaio- ?aoe?y nia?i??a,

iei/ieI-

I0

I+396

316

361409

395

451406

464

398428

387

522

*O?eaae?noue: ia?aaeaaeaioaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo-180 aei?a;ei?ioeino?ieiai?
aaeaioaoe?? i?ney iioe?iio-30 aei?a, aeiaaino?ieiai?-180 aei?a.

sse iieacothoue aeai? oaaeeoe? 6, eio?e an?o ii??ae eeano I- a ia??iae
ei?ioeino?ieiai? aaeaioaoe?? aiaeiiai iioe?iio a?ae?aaaoaaee, a
iniiaiiio, cieaeaiiyi ia?io ayeoeyoa ? eiioeaio?aoe?? nia?i??a, a a
ia??iae aeiaaino?ieiai? aaeaioaoe?? — aaniethoiei i?aeaeuaiiyi
iieaciee?a nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? o oaa?ei eea-n?a I-, I0 ? I+.

Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c aeyaea iiceoeaiee aca?iicaycie i?ae aaee/eiith
eiao?oe??ioo ii?iiaaiiai a?aeoeeaiiy ? iieacieeaie nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? a
??ci? ia??iaee aaeaioaoe?? (r = 0.30…0.55, ? 0.01) . Iaea?eueo
nooo?aee aoaeo ii an?i iieacieeai nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? aeinyaiooi ca
ia??iae aeiaaino?ieiai? aaeaioaoe??. Iayai?noue oeueiai caceo aea?
iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaoe ye?noue ? e?euee?noue nia?ii-

i?iaeoeoe??.Aei oiai ae, c iaoith iaea?aeaiiy ?aiiueiai i?iaiico,
oanooaaiiy ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe a aeaa aoaie : 1- ia 15-e aeaiue aeey
ioe?iee eiioeaio?aoe?? ? aeoeaiino? nia?i??a, 2-e ia 30 -e aeey ioe?iee
ia?io ayeoeyoa.

Ieanoe/i?noue ? noaa?euei?noue iieaciee?a nia?iii?iaeoeoe??

eio??a-ie?aeiee?a i?e ??cieo oiiaao oo?eiaiiy

Aeey aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae i?enoinoaaiiy aei iioe?iio aoea i?iaaaeaia
ioe?iea ieanoe/iino? ( A ) ? noaa?euei?noue (G2) iieaciee?a
nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? .

Anoaiiaeaii,ui aiaeiee iioe?ii ni?eya ci?i? aaeaioaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo
eio??a.Iaea?eueo ieanoe/ieie ii ia?io ayeoeyoa aoee aaiioe?e, ii aeoea-

iino? ? eiioeaio?aoe?? nia?i??a — aaeee? a?e? eio?e.

Aenieo noaa?euei?noue ii ia?io ayeoeyoa a ia??iae aiaeiiai iioe?iio
iieacaee aeth?iee, aaeee? a?e? ? iii?ni? eio?e, ii aeoeaiino? nia?i??a-
aeth?iee, ii eii-

oeaio?aoe?? nia?i??a — aaiioe?e ? iii?ni? eio?e.

Aiaeiee iioe?ii nooo?ai aieeioa ia oa?aeoa? ieanoe/iino? ?
noaa?eueiino?, yeee ii ??ciiio i?iyaeany a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy
aaeaioaoe?? oaa?ei.

A ia?aaeaaeaioaoe?eiee ia??iae eio?e eeano I- oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue
na?aaeiueith (1,23), a eean?a I0 ? I+ -iecueeith (1.05 ? 1.18)
ieanoe/i?noth ia?io ayeoeyoa.

A i?neyaaeaioaoe?eiee ia??iae ieanoe/i?noue ia?io ayeoeyoa ciaioeeanue o
eio??a

an?o eean?a. Aea i?i?iaeueiei ciaioaiiyi oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue eio?e eeano
I+.

Aei i?iaaaeaiiy aiaeiiai iioe?iio eio?e eeano I- aoee iecueeiieanoe/i?
(0.78), a eeano I0 ? I+ — na?aaeiueiieanoe/i? ii aeoeaiino? nia?i??a
(0.85).

Iioe?ii aieeioa ia ca?eueoaiiy ieanoe/iino? ? aeoeaiino? nia?i??a o
eio??a eeano I- oa ciaioaiiy ?? o oaa?ei eeano I0 ? I+.

Ieanoe/i?noue eiioeaio?aoe?? nia?i??a aei ii/aoeo aiaeiiai iioe?iio o
eio??a an?o aaeaioaoe?eieo eean?a aoea ieae/ana?aaeiueith.I?ney iioe?iio
aiia ca?eueoeeanue o oaa?ei eeano I- aei na?aaeiuei?, a o eio??a eeano
I+ ciaioeeanue aei iecueei?.A ia?aaeaaeaioaoe?eiee ia??iae eio?e eeano
I- oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue aenieith noaa?eue-

i?noth ia?io ayeoeyoa oa aeuana?aaeiueith noaa?euei?noth oaa?ei I0 ? I+
eean?a.

A ?acoeueoao? aiaeiiai iioe?iio a?aeaoeiny ciaioaiiy noaa?euei?no? ia?io
ayeo

eyoa o eio??a eean?a I- ? I+, aea a?aei?/aeinue i?aeaeuaiiy ?? o
oaa?ei eeano I0.

Noaa?euei?noue aeoeaiino? nia?i??a o eio??a ca ia??iae aiaeiiai iioe?iio
ia ci?ieeanue.Iaeiaioa noaa?euei?noue aoea o oaa?ei eean?a I- ? I0.

Aei ii/aoeo aiaeiiai iioe?iio eio?e an?o aaeaioaoe?eieo eean?a iaee
aenieo noaa?euei?noue eiioeaio?aoe?? nia?i??a,yea a i?ioean? aaeaioaoe??
iii?oii cieceeanue.

Oaeei /eiii, aiaeiee iioe?ii uiaei iieaciee?a nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? ?
neeueiei ia?aoeiiaei oaeoi?ii, yeee a?aeia?aaeo? oa?aeoa? ? noai
aaeaioaoe?? oaa?ei.

Aecia/aii, ui aiaeiee iioe?ii nooo?ai aieeaa? ia aaniethoi? cia/aiiy
iieaciee?a nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? aei ? i?ney iioe?iio a iaaeao ?iciiae?eo
eiaeii? c aea/a?ieo ii??ae.

O aaiioe??a iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy an?o iieaciee?a nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? aei
iioe?iio aoee oa?aeoa?i? aeey eeano I-, a i?ney iueiai- aeey eeano I+.O
aeth?ie?a aei iioe?iio iaea?eueo? cia/aiiy ia?io ayeoeyoa, aeoeaiino? ?
eiioeaio?aoe?? nia?i??a a?aeiia?aeaee eeano I0, I- ? I +, a i?ney
iioe?iio — I0.

O eio??a aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a i?ney
iioe?iio ia ci?ieeenue. O iii?nieo eio??a iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy an?o
iieaciee?a nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? i?ney iioe?iio a?aeiia?aeaee eeano I+.

Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aiaeiee iioe?ii iieacaa naaa ye
oaeoi? noaa?e?coth/iai a?aeai?o aeey eio??a aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee ?
aeth?ie ? ye oaeoi? iai?aaeaiiai a?aeai?o aeey iii?nieo eio??a ?
aaiioe??a.

Oaoiieia?y aiaeiiai iioe?iio

C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo oa aenieoaoaoe?eieo iieaciee?a
eio??a-ie?aeiee?a ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y aiaeiiai iioe?iio. Aiia aeeth/a?
i?eno??e aeey noeioeyoe?? eieiiioi?ii? aeoeaiino? oaa?ei, ?aaeeie
ieaaaiiy, niin?a ioe?iee aaeaioaoe?eieo cae?aiinoae ? niin?a
oaoiieia?/iiai a?aeai?o eio??a. Oaoiieia?y cai?iaaaeaeaia ia
ieainoaioe?? aa?ioeaoo»Ieaio?oae?anueeee»AO»E?eai??aenoaeue».

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue

Oaoiieia?y aiaeiiai iioe?iio caaacia/o? iaea?aeaiiy aenieeo ciioaoi?/ieo
?acoeueoao?a, a oaeiae aea? a oiiaao i?iieneiaiai naeia?noaa
?ano?nicaa?aaeaiue oa aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a ?ici??? 3253.4a?i. ia 1 eio?a
ia ??e.

AENIIAEE

1.Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue iniaeeainoae noaoaai?, ?ooiai? oa aaeaioeaii?
iiaaae?iee eio??a ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo a?oi a caeaaeiino? a?ae
na?aaeiaeuieo oa aaiaoe/ieo oaeoi??a,?ic?iaeai? aoaeoeai? aeaiaioe
oaoiieia?? oo?eiaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy oaa?ei, ye? i?noyoue niiniae
aiaeiiai iioe?iio, ioe?iee oa ?aiiueiai i?iaiicoaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo
yeinoae eio??a-ie?aeiee?a.

2.Anoaiiaeaii, ui aiaeiee iioe?ii nooo?ai aieeaa? ia aoieia?/i?,
niiaoe/i?, ?ioa???i? iieacieee eio??a, a oaeiae ia ?o ?
a?aeoai?thaaeuei? yeino?.

3.Aianie ia?aoeiiaiai oaeoi?o a o?eaaeino? iiooeiai? aeoeaiino?,
ia?aaeeiioeyoe?eiiai ia??iaeo ? noaoaaiai aeoo neeaaea? a?aeiia?aeii
8.30;58.52;53.30%,a aaiaoe/iiai — 23.48;13.17 ? 12.28%.sse?ni? iieacieee
nia?ie ( aeoeai?noue ? eiioeaio?aoe?y nia?i??a) ia?aaaaeii caeaaeaoue
a?ae aieeao na?aaeiaeua (72.87 ? 63.47%), a e?euee?ni? (ia?i ayeoeyoa) —
a?ae aaiioeia (52.85%).

4.Canoinoaaiiy aiaeiiai iioe?iio aea? iiaeeea?noue ioe?ithaaoe nooi?iue
i?enoinoaaiiy eio??a ??cieo ii??ae oa aaeaioaoe?eieo eean?a, aeyaeyoe
iai?eaeaoieo aei ?ai?iaeoeoe?? ? caeeoaoe aeey aeei?enoaiiy iaea?eueo
aaeaioeai? aaiioeie:

-aeyaeaia aeniea ieanoe/i?noue ia?io ayeoeyoa o eio??a ii?iaee aaiioe?,
a eiioeaio?aoe?? oa aeoeaiino? nia?i??a — o eio??a aaeeei? a?ei?
ii?iaee;

-aecia/aia aeniea noaa?euei?noue ia?io ayeoeyoa o aeth?ie?a, iii?nieo oa
eio??a aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee, eiioeaio?aoe?? nia?i??a — o aaiioe??a oa
iii?nieo eio??a, aeoeaiino? nia?i??a — o aeth?ie?a;

-anoaiiaeaii, ui aiaeiee iioe?ii i?iyaey? naaa ye oaeoi? noaa?e?coth/iai
a?aeai?o a?aeiinii aaniethoieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a nia?iii?iaeoeoe??
eio??a aaeeei? a?ei? ii?iaee oa aaiioe??a ? ye oaeoi? iai?aaeaiiai
a?aeai?o na?aae iii?nieo eio??a;

-aeyaeaii, ui ieanoe/i?noue iieaciee?a nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? eio??a
a?aeia?aaeo? ?o aaeaioeai?noue aei aiaeiiai iioe?iio.Iaea?eueoa
ieanoe/i?noue ia?io ayeoeyoa aoea aeanoeaa eio?ai eeano I+, a
aeoeai?noue ? eiioeaio?aoe?y nia?i??a- oaa?eiai eeano I -.

5.Ia iniia? aoieia?/ieo ? oaiioeiiaeo iniaeeainoae eio??a ?ic?iaeaii
iiaee niin?a ioe?iee ? a?aeai?o oaa?ei ii nooiai? ?o aaeaioeaii?
?aaeoe?? a ia??iae aeiciaaiiai o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Nooue eiai
iieyaa? a oiio, ui a ia?o? 15-30 aei?a c ii/aoeo aiaeiiai iioe?iio ii
eiaei?e oaa?ei? aecia/a?oueny ci?ia iieaciee?a ia?io ayeoeyoa,
eiioeaio?aoe?? ? aeoeaiino? nia?i??a.

Aeey ?ai?iaeoeoe?? a?aeae?athoueny eio?e, ye? iathoue eiao?oe??io
ii?iiaaiiai a?aeoeeaiiy iieaciee?a nia?iii?iaeoeoe?? a?ae — 0.5 ?
aeua.Oanooaaiiy ii ia?io ayeoeyoa ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe ia 30-e aeaiue i?ney
ii/aoeo iioe?iio, a ii aeoeaiino? ? eiioeaio?aoe?? nia?i??a — ia 15-e.

6.Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia ieai?iieo i?iieneiaeo noaioe?yo aiaeiiai iioe?iio
i?e ae?iuoaaii? ? aeei?enoaii? eio??a aea? ?ano?nicaa??aath/ee,
aeieia?/iee ? aeiiii?/iee aoaeo. *enoee i?eaooie ia iaeiiai eio?a ia ??e
noaiiaeoue 985,5 a?i. a?ae aeiaeaoeiai? e?eueeino? nia?iiaeic, 2.26
oen.a?i. a?ae oa?oeeueiino?, 7.92 — a?ae aeiiii?? aiaee.

7.C iaoith iioei?caoe?? oiia ae?iuoaaiiy, oo?eiaiiy, aenieoaoaoe??
eio??a ? a?aeai?o iaea?eueo i?enoiniaaieo aaiioei?a a oiiaao ieai?iieo
i?iieneiaeo noaioe?e ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe:

-oaoiieia?th iioe?iio aeey ?aiiioieo eio?oe?a ? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a

-niin?a ioe?iee ? a?aeai?o ca nooiaiai ?o aaeaioeaii? ?aaeoe?? a ia??iae
aeiciaa-

iiai o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo ?ia?o ii oai? aeena?oaoe??

1.?aaiia A.I., Oi?nueea N.I., Aeaoei ?.I. No/ania oaoiieia?y oo?eiaiiy e
aeei?enoaiiy eio??a // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie.-Ee?a.-1997. ? 5.-N.10.

2.Ea?aioc A.Ae., Oi?nueea N.I. I?iaiice?iaaiea ?ai?iaeoeoeaiuo e
i?iaeoeoeaiuo ea/anoa naeiae // Oaa??enueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee.Oa?nii.-1996.-Aei.1.*.1.-N.65.

3.Ea?aioc A.Ae.,Oi?nueea N.I. ?ioaineai?noue oi?ioaaiiy ?aiiioieo
naeiie // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie.-Ee?a.-1997, ? 5.-N.10.

4.Ea?aioc A.Ae.,Eiaaeaiei A.A.,Oi?nueea N.I. I?aeaeuaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo
iciae naeiiiaoie // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie.-Ee?a.-1997, ? 5.-N.9.

5.?aaiia A.I.,Oi?nueea N.I. Iniaeeaino? aia?aaoe/iiai iai?io eio??a i?e
??cieo ?aaeeiao aiaeiiai iioe?iio // Oaa??enueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee.-Oa?nii.-1998.Aei.3.-N.45.

6.Oi?nueea N.I. Aieea aiaeiiai iioe?iio ia iiaaae?ieo ?
nia?iii?iaeoeoe?th eio??a-ie?aeiee?a // Oaa??enueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee.-Oa?nii.-1998.Aei.3.-N.63.

Oi?nueea N.I. I?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? eio??a-ie?aeiee?a oeyoii
aeei?enoaiiy aiaeiiai iioe?iio.?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nue-

eeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.02.04 — Oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeo?a oaa?ei-

ieoeoaa.

Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,Oa?nii,1998 ?.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ? oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iai?aa-

eai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo yeinoae
eio??a-ie?aeiee?a. Aea/aii ?ioa???i?, aoieia?/i? oa i?iaeoeoeai?
aeanoeaino? eio??a ??cieo a?eiaeo ? ii?iaeieo a?oi, ye? oo?eioaaeenue c
canoinoaaiiyi aiaeiiai iioe?iio, cai?iiiiiaai? niiniae ioe?iee
wmetafile8? ??T?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyya???AE?? ???&?
?MathType??P????&??yyyy???????????????yyy??????aaeaioaoe?eieo
yeinoae ? oaoiieia?/iiai a?aeai?o oaa?ei ii ?o ?aaeoe?? ia o?ce/ia
iaaaioaaeaiiy, ?ic?iaeaia ? cai?iaaaeaeaia o ae?iaieoeoai oaoiieia?y
aiaeiiai iioe?iio eio??a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eio?e-ie?aeieee, noaoaaa iiaaae?iea, nia?iii?iaeoeoe?y
i?iaeoeoeai?noue, aiaeiee iioe?ii, aaeaioaoe?y, ioe?iea, a?aea??,
oaoiieia?y.

Oi?neay N.I. Iiauoaiea i?iaeoeoeaiinoe o?yeia-i?iecaiaeeoaeae iooai
eniieueciaaiey aiaeiiai iioeeiia. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaai-

iuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.04- Oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa
i?iaeoeoia aeeaioiiaiaenoaa.

Oa?niineee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Oa?nii,1998 a.

A aeenna?oaoeee eceiaeaiu yenia?eiaioaeueiua e oai?aoe/aneea enneaaeiaa-

iey, iai?aaeaiiua ia iiauoaiea i?iaeoeoeaiuo e oaoiieiae/aneeo ea/anoa
o?yeia-i?iecaiaeeoaeae. Eco/aiu eioa?ua?iua e i?iaeoeoeaiua ea/anoaa
o?yeia ?aciuo aic?anoiuo e ii?iaeiuo a?oii, niaea?aeaueony n i?eiaiaieai
aiaeiiai iioeeiia, i?aaeeiaeaiu i?eaiu ioeaiee aaeaioaoeeiiiuo ea/anoa e
niiniau oaoiieiae/aneiai ioai?a aeeaioiuo ii eo ?aaeoeee ia oece/aneoth
iaa?oceo, ?ac?aaioaia e aiaae?aia a i?iecaiaenoai oaoiieiaey aiaeiiai
iioeeiia o?yeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?yee-i?iecaiaeeoaee, iieiaia iiaaaeaiea, nia?iii?i-

aeoeoeey, i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, aiaeiue iioeeii, aaeaioaoeey, ioeaiea,
ioai?, oaoiieiaey.

Torskay S.N Increase of efficiency of the boars-manufacturers by use
water exercise-The manuscript

The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate
of agricultural sciences on a speciality 06.02.04- Technology of
products of animal industries.

The Kherson state agrarian university, Kherson,1998.

In the dissertation the experimental and theoretical researches directed
on increase of productive and technological qualities of the
boars-manufacturers are stated. Are investigated interieur and
productive qualities boars different age and breed of groups, contained
with application water exercise, the receptions of an estimation
adaptotion of qualities and ways of technological selection animal on
their reaction to physical loading are offered, is developed and the
technology water exercise boars is introduced into manufacture.

Key words: the boars-manufacturers, sexual behaviour, spermproduct,
efficiency, water exercise, adaptation, estimation, selection,
technology.

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