Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao oe?a?ie

«Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo»

Iia?eia Ieaen?e Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 612.93.036

I?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? eaioethaiaeo

a?ae??cieo iee

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.03.01- I?ioeane iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee,

aa?noaoe oa ?ino?oiaioe.

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie «Ee?anueeee
Iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo».

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Caneoaeaiee ae?y/
iaoee Oe?a?ie ?aanueea Iaoae?y Na?a??aia

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, ?oaeaeia Einoyioei
Ieeieaeiae/ i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeeiai?ee oa i?oeiino? iaoei
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie «Ee?anueeee
iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo»

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Inoao`?a A.I. aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
oaoiieia?e i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
Oe?a?ie «Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo»

Caeiaa A.I. eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaoaei??caeuei?
aa?noaoe oa ?ino?oiaioe Noinueeiai Aea?aeaaiiai Oi?aa?neoaoo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a IAI Oe?a?ie ?i.
Aaeoey a?aeae?e ia?iaee ??caiiyi, oa ieanoe/iei aeaoi?ioaaiiyi.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «29» 06 1999?. i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.002.11 o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? Oe?a?ie «Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo» ca aae?anith:
256056, Ee?a-056, i?.Ia?aiiae, 37, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion ?1, aoaeeoi??y
214.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie «Ee?anueeee
iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo» ca aae?anith: 256056, Ee?a, i?iniaeo Ia?aiiae,
37.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «_25__» o?aaiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe i?ioani? __________________________ TH.A.
Iao?aeia Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeiei c aeae?a aenieii?iaeoeoeaiiai ?ino?oiaioo ?
eaioethaiaee ??caeueiee ?ino?oiaio. Aeniea i?iaeoeoeai?noue oeueiai
?ino?oiaioo caaacia/o?oueny iiaeeea?noth canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aneaieo noai
c??coaaiiy i?eioneo; noai?aiiyi oiia a?eueo aoaeoeaiiai ??caiiy, oa
iiaea/? ianoeeueii — ioieiaeaeoaaeueii? ??aeeie a ciio ??caiiy;
iaeii/aniith ?iaioith aaaaoueio ??caeueieo aeaiaio?a, ea?oaaiiyi
o?a?eoi???th ?ooo ??caeueieo aeaiaio?a a i?ioean? ia?iaee, iiaeeea?noth
oaeaeei? ci?ie ciioaieo aeaiaio?a. Canoinoaaiiy a iaoaeiia?iai?e
i?iieneiaino? eaioethaiaiai ?ino?oiaioo iaiaaeaia, ui iiynith?oueny
i?aeoe/ii eiai iaaea/ai?noth.

Iaea?eueo oe?iea canoinoaaiiy eaioethaiaee ?ino?oiaio ciaeoia a
e?niia?a?iai?e i?iieneiaino? (ieeeia? eaioethae), yeeie iaeaaeiai? aaici
oa aeaeo?iieee.

Ca aeei?enoaiiyi ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo a ??caeueieo aeaiaioao
ieee i?ae?icae?eythoueny ia aeaa oeie, ??caeuei? aeaiaioe yeeo
aeaioiaeai? c ?ino?oiaioaeueieo ooaiiiaeo noaeae oa ieee c ??caeueieie
aeaiaioaie, a?iiaaieie ii ia?aaei?e iiaa?oi? oaa?aeei nieaaii.

Eiaeiiio c ieo i?eoaiaii? nai? iaaeie?ee, ye? cia/ii cieaeothoue ?o
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue.

A ia?oiio c aeiaaee?a eaioethaia? ieee iathoue e?ae iecueeo no?ee?noue
i?e ia?iaoe? aea?aaeie oaa?aeeo ii??ae, aaeee? aeo?aoe ia caoi/eo e
i?eaeaaiiy ?ino?oiaioo, /ano? coieiee, coiiaeai? oaeaeeei ciiooaaiiyi
?ino?oiaioo ? ye iane?aeie, aenieo nia?aa?o?noue caaioiaeaii?
aea?aaeie.

Ieee c ??caeueieie aeaiaioaie, a?iiaaieie ii ia?aaei?e iiaa?oi?
oaa?aeei nieaaii (iaiayieie ieanoeiaie) iathoue aenieo aa?o?noue,
iio?aaothoue niaoe?aeueia iaeaaeiaiiy aeey caoi/ee, a aieiaia, ye
iieaco? aeina?ae ?o aenieoaoaoe??, aee?eooaaiiy oaa?aeinieaaieo ieanoei.

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? eaioethaiaeo iee cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa
eiino?oeoe?y ??caeueiiai ?ino?oiaioa, a naia oaiaaioe?eii a?iiaaiiai
oaa?aeei nieaaii, oiaoi acaeiaae caaeiuei? iiaa?oi? i?eiayia oiiea
oaniiia ieanoeiea. I?ioa, ?ici??e oe??? oaniiii? ieanoeie ia aecia/ai?,
a?aenooi? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaiiao??? oaei? eiino?oeoe?? coaa
eaioethaiai? ieee, ia aeine?aeaeai? e ia ?ica’ycai? ?io? ieoaiiy
eiino?othaaiiy oa aenieoaoaoe?? iee iiai? eiino?oeoe??.

A?aoiaoth/e cacia/aia, i?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? eaioethaiaeo iee ?
aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith, ae??oaiiy yei? ia? aaeeea oai?aoe/ia e
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

?iaioa a?aeiia?aea? iaoeiaiio iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue, eaoaae?e
?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
Oe?a?ie «EI?», ye? i?iaiaeeeenue ia caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy
aea?aeathoaeaoii? oaie ?2823 ca?aeii ieaio I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,
oa oaie ca ieaiaie I?iiaoee (aea?aeaaiee i?iaeo ?04.02.04572, aeiaia??
?2.1554-97).

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? a i?aeaeuaii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? eaioethaiaiai
a?ae??ciiai ?ino?oiaioo ca ?aooiie oaiaaioe?eiiai a?ioaaiiy coa?a ieee
oaa?aeei nieaaii aac nooo?aiai i?aeaeuaiiy aa?oino? ?ino?oiaioo.

Iniiai? caaea/? ?iaioe:

— aiae?c ?nioth/eo eiino?oeoe?e eaioethaiaiai ?ino?oiaioo oa
iaa?oiooaaiiy aeai?o aaciaiai ?ino?oiaioo aeey iiaeaeueoeo
aeine?aeaeaiue e oaeineiiaeaiiy;

— aiae?c e?iaiaoeee eaioethaiaeo iee oa caaaioaaeaiiy ??caeueieo e?iiie;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee oa i?ia?ai ?ic?aooie?a ia IAII aecia/aiiy aaee/ei
c??coaaiiy i?eioneo;

— ?ic?iaea ocaaaeueiaii? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a;

— aiae?c aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ??caeueieo aeaiaio?a eaioethaiai?
ieee;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo i?oeiino? coao ieee c canoinoaaiiyi
iaoiaeo e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a;

— aecia/aiiy aeioe?eueii? oiaueie oaa?aeinieaaii? ieanoeie aeey
oaiaaioe?eiiai a?ioaaiiy coaa ieee;

— aecia/aiiy aeioe?eueieo niinia?a caoi/ee coa?a eaioethaiaeo iee;

— ?ic?iaea ?iai/eo e?aneaiue ??caeueieo aeaiaio?a eaioethaiai? ieee oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii caoi/oe? e aenieoaoaoe??.

Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue. Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee iiaaaeai? ia
iniia? aeei?enoaiiy no/aniiai iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo, iaoiaeo e?ioeaaeo
aeaiaio?a i?e ?ic?aooieo i?oeiino? coao ieee oa oiaueie oaa?aeinieaaii?
ieanoeie aeey eiai a?ioaaiiy, iniiaieo iieiaeaiue oai??? i?iaeooaaiiy
??caeueieo ?ino?oiaio?a, oai??? a??ia?aeiino?, oa iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue c
aeei?enoaiiyi no/anii? eiio?ieueii-aei??thaaeueii? aia?aoo?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia:

— ?icaeiooee iai?yiie a i?iaeooaaii? eaioethaiaeo ?ino?oiaio?a, yeee
iieyaa? a canoinoaaii? oai?aoe/iiai aecia/aiiy i?oeiino? ia`?iii —
aeaoi?iiaaiiai coaa ?ino?oiaioo oiauei ?o a?ioth/eo ieanoei, a oaeiae a
i?ecia/aii? aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a coao;

— ?ic?iaeaia ocaaaeueiaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oa aiae?co aaiiao?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a eaciaiai ?ino?oiaioo;

— aia?oa c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a cai?iiiiiaaia oa
?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo ia i?oei?noue ia`?iii — aeaoi?iiaaiiai
coaa eaioethaiai? ieee;

— aeey aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiino?oeoe?e coa?a ieee anoaiiaeai? caeaaeiino?
ci?ie coneeue ??caiiy a ??ci? iiiaioe ?iaioe ieee.

Ia caoeno aeiineoueny:

— iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy e?iaiaoeee eaioethaiai? ieee;

— iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy c??coaaiiy i?eioneo ??caeueieie
aeaiaioaie ieee;

— iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ??caeueieo aeaiaio?a
?ino?oiaioo;

— iia? aeaee caoi/ie ??caeueieo aeaiaio?a ieee oa cia/aiiy ?o
aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a;

— ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a ii aecia/aiith oiauei oaniiieo iaeeaaeie aeey
a?ioaaiiy ieie ieee ii caaei?e iiaa?oi? e noai?aiiy ia ?o iniia?
eiino?oeoe?? ieee.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— noai?aii? e aeaioiaeai? eaioethaia? a?ae??ci? ieee aeey ia?iaee
aea?aaeie i?aeaeuaii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, yea io?eiaia ca ?aooiie iiaeo
aeae?a caoi/ee oa a?ioaaiiy caaeiuei? iiaa?oi? coa?a ieee ieanoeiaie c?
nieaao AE8 oiaueiith 0.2-0.25 ii.

— ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie oa i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo e aiae?co aaiiao?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a a aoaeue-ye?e oi/oe? ??caeueii? e?iiee ?ino?oiaioo,
?ic?aooieo aaee/ei i?eioneo, a oaeiae oiauei ieanoei aeey a?ioaaiiy
coa?a;

— ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii caoi/oe? iiaeo eiino?oeoe?e eaioethaiaeo
iee.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?iaioe ?ic?iaeai?
?iai/? e?aneaiiy eaioethaiai? ieee OeI-10.26, ??caeuei? aeaiaioe
yei? oaiaaioe?eii a?iiaai? oaa?aeei nieaaii AE8 c caoi/eith ii aeaii
ieiueiai oa ?aae?oniith. Aeaioiaeaia aeine?aeia ia?o?y oaeeo iee.
I?iaaaeai? i?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy, ye? i?aeoaa?aeaeai? aeoaie
aei?iaoaaiue. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aei?iaoaaiue i?e aaeoe? e?no a
caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia ?iaioe oa ii?iaee aea?aaeie iiaa eiino?oeoe?y
ieee aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe no?ee?noue iee a ii??aiyii? c? noaiaea?oieie
ieeaie a?ae 10 aei 50 ?ac?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Naiino?eia ?ic?iaea iaoiaeee, aeai?eoi?a
oa i?ia?ai cacia/aieo a ?iaio?. Naiino?eii aeeiiai? an? ?ic?aooiee oa
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? i?iaaaeai? ia eaoaae??
?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa IOOO «EI?». Ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?ic?aooie?a cae?eniai? ni?eueii c ae.o.i., i?io.
?aanueeith I.N. oa ae.o.i. ?oaeaeiaei E.I.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai — oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«Aenieiaoaeoeai? oaoiieia?? a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?»(i. Aeoooa, 1996?) ia
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo iaoai?ei — iaoeiiaoae?aiiai
oaeoeueoaoo IOOO «EI?» ( i.Ee?a, 1997); ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai —
oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? i?enay/ai?e 100 — ??//th iaoai?ei —
iaoeiiaoae?aiiai oa 50 — ??//th caa?thaaeueiiai oaeoeueoao?a
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai Oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie «EI?», naeoe?y “Eaciaee
??caeueiee ?ino?oiaio oa i?ioeane ??caiiy” (i. Ee?a, 1998).

?iaioa aeiiia?aeaeanue ? io?eiaea iiceoeaiee a?aeaoe ia ?icoe?aiiio
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e «?ino?oiaioaeueia ae?iaieoeoai IOOO «EI?» (i. Ee?a,
aa?acaiue 1999?)

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 7
i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i`yoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae,
aeiaeaoe?a ii eiaei?e aeaa?. ?iaioa i?noeoue 158 noi??iie, a oiio
/ene? 34 ?enoie?a, 6 oaaeeoeue ? aeiaeaoe?a. Nienie aeei?enoaieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 105 iaeiaioaaiue.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, iaoa ?iaioe oa
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue aeey aeinyaiaiiy noi?ioeueiaaii? iaoe iaoeiaa
iiaecia, a oaeiae iieiaeaiiy ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii ei?ioeee aiae?c iioae?eiaaieo ca inoaii?
?iee a?o/eciyi? oa ca?oa?aei? ??oaiiy (o oiio /ene? iaoaio?a oa
aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa) ii oaeineiiaeaiith eiino?oeoe?? eaioethaiaiai
?ino?oiaioo. Oiiaii aanue eaioethaiaee ?ino?oiaio aoei ?iciiae?eaii ia
o?e iniiai? a?oie:

— ?ino?oiaio i?aoethth/ee ca iaoiaeii iaeaoo;

— i?ioyaeiee ?ino?oiaio;

— ?ino?oiaio, yeee aeei?enoa?oueny ia a?ae??cieo iia?aoe?yo.

Aeey iiaeaeueoiai aeei?enoaiiy ca aaciaee aoa ia?aiee iaea?eueo
iioe?aiee ?ino?oiaio — eaioethaia? a?ae??ci? ieee. Na?aae iai?yie?a
oaeineiiaeaiiy aaciaiai ?ino?oiaioo iiaeeeai aeae?eeoe aeae?eueea
iniiaieo:

— canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aneaieo noai c??coaaiiy i?eioneo;

— ciaioaiiy oiaueie i?iieeo ca ?aooiie ci?ie eiino?oeoe??;

— aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo noai caoi/ie aeey iie?ioaiiy oiia i?aoe? coa?a
?ino?oiaioo;

— aeei?enoaiiy iie?eoue caaei?o iiaa?oiiue ??caeueieo coa?a iee;

— canoinoaaiiy iiaeo iaoa??ae?a c i?aeaeuaieie iieacieeaie
ciinino?eeino?.

A no/aniiio ae?iaieoeoa? eaioethaiaeo iee ca inoaii? ?iee ana a?eueoa
aeei?enoaiiy ciaoiaeeoue oaa?aeee nieaa. Ia?o? ?ic?iaee iee c oaa?aeei
nieaaii iaeaaeaoue i?iaoeueeee o??i? Stihl, yea c 1990 ?ieo iinoa/a?
?eiie eaioethaiaeie a?ae??cieie ieeaie Rapid Duro. Ia ia?aaei?e iiaa?oi?
coao oe??? ieee, i?eiayia ieanoeia oaa?aeiai nieaao. Ae?iaiee oeueiai
?ino?oiaioo ?aeiiaiaeo? aeei?enoiaoaaoe eiai a iniaeeai aaaeeeo oiiaao.
N cia/iei i?aeaeuaiiyi i?aoeacaeaoiino? oaeiai ?ino?oiaioo ne?ae
a?aei?oeoe ?yae eiai iaaeie?e?a. Ianaiia?aae, oa ui oaei? eiino?oeoe??
oaa?aeinieaaiee coa ia iiaea i?aoethaaoe i?e oaea?ao. Ii-ae?oaa
aeao?oeeoiee oaa?aeee nieaa aeei?enoiao?oueny ia aoaeoeaii, a?eueoa
eiai /anoeia aeaeaey?oueny i?ae /an caoi/ee. Aieiaiith i?e/eiith
no?eiaiiy ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oeueiai ?ino?oiaioo a iao?e e?a?i? ? eiai
aeniea oe?ia.

Ia eaoaae?? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa IOOO «EI?» aoei
cai?iiiiiaaii a?ioaaoe caaei? iiaa?oi? ??caeueiiai coaa eaioethaiaee
ieee oiieith ieanoeieith c oaa?aeiai nieaao. I?e oeueiio iianoaei ?yae
ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c aecia/aiiyi oiaueie oaa?aeinieaaii? ieanoeie, c
aeai?ii oi?ie caoiee iiai? eiino?oeoe?? coaa oa eiai aaiiao???.

Oiio aoei aeae?eaii ?yae i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a, ca yeeie aaeenue
iiaeaeueo? aeine?aeaeaiiy, a naia iaiao?aeii aoei:

— aeine?aeeoe e?iaiaoeeo eaioethaiai? ieee oa aecia/eoe ae?eyiee
??caeueii? e?iiee, ye? iathoue iaea?eueoa iaaaioaaeaiiy;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e ?ino?oiaioo i?e noaiaea?oieo
aa??aioao caoi/ee, oa cai?iiiioaaoe a?eueo aoaeoeai? ia?aiao?e caoi/ee;

— ia iniia? aiae?co iai?oaeaii — aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio coaa eaioethaiai?
ieee a?iiaaiiai oaa?aeei nieaaii ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
aeaioiaeaiith oaa?aeinieaaieo ieanoei;

— i?aeoe/ii i?aeoaa?aeeoe aeioe?euei?noue ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo ia?aiao??a
coaa eaioethaiai? ieee.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aea/aia e?iaiaoeea eaioethaiai? ieee oa aecia/aii?
aaee/eie i?eioneo, yeee ci?ia?oueny eiaeiith ??caeueii? e?iieith oeueiai
?ino?oiaioo.

Iniaeea?noue ?iaioe eaioethaiai? ieee iieyaa? a oiio, ui aieiaiee ?oo
coaa ieee yaey? niaith ?oo ii caieioo?e o?a?eoi???, yea aecia/a?oueny
oi?iith oa ?ici??aie oeie ieee, a iiaea/a cae?enith?oueny a?o/io. I?e
?ic?aooieao aoei cai?iiiiiaaii ?iciiae?eeoe oeio ieee ia ?aae?oni?
ae?eyiee, ye? a i?noeyo niieo/aiiy iathoue ni?eueio aeioe/io. Caeii
aieiaiiai ?ooo ??caiiy aecia/aany ia?aiao?e/iith oi?ioeith, yea
ia’?aeioaaea a nia? caeiie ?ooo aeey eiaeii? ?aae?onii? ae?eyiee. Ca
oiiao oiai, ui eaioetha ia ?ic??aaoueny, a?aeanue iaci?ii?noue
aaniethoiiai cia/aiiy aaeoi?o oaeaeeino? ?ooo eaiee eaioethaa. Io?eiaiee
caeii ?ooo eaioethaa aeaaaa iiaeeea?noue aecia/aoe eii?aeeiaoe ??aeo/i?
eaiee a ethaee iiiaio /ano ca iaaaaeaieie caeaaeiinoyie:

aea:

— gx(t), gy(t), gz(t) — ooieoe?? aecia/aiiy eii?aeeiao x,y,z ??caeueii?
eaiee a caeaaeiino? a?ae /ano;

— l(t), (li- aeiaaeeia i?ieaeaiiai oeyoo ii ia?eiao?o oeie, ii ye?e
?ooa?oueny ??caeueia ae?eyiea ca /an t oa ii/aoeiaa eii?aeeiaoa
??caeueii? eaiee ia oei? ieee;

— r, R, H, (- ia?aiao?e, ui aecia/athoue ?ici??e oa eiino?oeoe?th oeie;

— j(l(t)+(li))- ooieoe?y aecia/aiiy eooa, ca yeei aecia/athoueny
eii?aeeiaoe ??caeueii? eaiee ia /ioe?ueio ?aae?onieo ae?eyieao, ui
iienothoue oeio ieee;

— l12,L( — aeiaaeeia aeoae ia?oi? ??caeueii? ae?eyiee oa caaaeueia
aeiaaeeia ia?eiao?o oeie ieee;

— l23, l23,- iaeiie/ai? aeiaaeeie ia?oi?, ae?oai? oa ia?oi?, ae?oai?,
o?aouei? ae?eyiie oeie.

Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui aoaeue — yeee ?oo iiaeeeai ?iceeanoe ia i?ino?
neeaaeia?, oi i?e iien? ?ooo ?o/ii? iiaea/? ?icaeyaeaeenue eiia?iaoe?? c
i?inoeo neeaaeiaeo — i?yiie?i?eiiai oa iaa?oaeueiiai ?oo?a. Oiae?
caeii ?ooo c a?aooaaiiyi iiaea/? caieoaoueny ye:

(2)

aea:

— Xq,Yq,Zq — eii?aeeiaoe ??caeueii? eaiee eaioethaiai? ieee c
a?aooaaiiyi aieiaiiai oa ?ooo iiaea/?;

— gx(t), gy(t), gz(t) — ooieoe?? aecia/aiiy eii?aeeiao x,y,z ??caeueii?
eaiee a caeaaeiino? a?ae /ano aeey aieiaiiai ?ooo;

— (X, (Y,0 — eii?aeeiaoe oeaio?o iaa?oaiiy ?o/ii? iiaea/? ii eieo;

— Q(t)- caeii, ui iieno? ci?io eooo iaa?oaiiy aeey iiaea/? ii eieo
(o?eueee a iaei?e ieiuei?);

— Sx(t), Sy(t), Sz(t) — caeii, ui iieno? i?yiie?i?eio ?o/io iiaea/o.

Ca eii?aeeiaoaie oi/ie ?ooo ??caeueieo eaiie aoaeoaaeenue o?a?eoi??? ?o
?ooo a iiacaeiaaeiueiio ia?a??c?. Aeae? iae?aeanue ae?eyiea c
iaeneiaeueiith aeeaeiith ??caiiy. Ia oe?e ae?eyioe? aoaeoaaany
iiia?a/iee ia?a??c, ieiueia yeiai aoea ia?iaiaeeeoey?ia aaeoi?o
oaeaeeino? ??caiiy. Ia ia?a??c i?iaeooaaeenue i?io?e? ??caeueieo e?iiie
a iai?yieo o?a?eoi??e ?ooo ae?eyiie eaioethaa. Oaeei /eiii
aecia/aeanue ae?eyiea ??caeueii? e?iiee, yea ia? iaeneiaeueia
iaaaioaaeaiiy, a iiiaio /ano, eiee aiia c??ca? iaeneiaeueiee i?eione. A
oe?eiio aiae?coaaeenue ia’?ii? oa?e ia?iaethaaiiai iaoa??aeo, ye?
ci?iaeenue eiie?aoieie ??caeueieie e?iieaie.

Iiacaeiaaei?e ia?a??c oa ne?ae iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co. I?iaeoe??
??caeueieo e?iiie ia iiia?a/iee ia?a??c.

?en. 1. I?eeeaae a?ao?/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano ??caiiy ia IAII.

C i?iaaaeaieo ?ic?aooie?a aeo?ea?, ui e?oaiaa iiaea/a iaea?eueo
ni?eyoeeaa aeey eaioethaiaiai ?ino?oiaioo, oae ye coa ieee a??co?oueny
i?e i?i?iaeuei?e aeeaei? ??caiiy (?en. 1.). Iaea?eueo iaaaioaaeaiei ?
?aae?onia ae?eyiea ??caeueii? e?iiee. Oaeiae aoea aecia/aia ae?eyiea
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ia?aaei?e iiaa?oi? coao, yea a?aoiaoaaoeny i?e
iiaeaeueoeo ?ic?aooieao ia i?oei?noue.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aoei i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a aeey
noaiaea?oieo oa aeey cai?iiiiiaaieo oei?a caoi/ie.

Ia?oei aoaiii oeueiai ?icae?eo aoei noai?aiiy iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy
aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a aeey aoaeue — yeiai eaciaiai ?ino?oiaioo. Ca
ii/aoeia? aeai? a?aeenue aaeoi? oaeaeeino? ??caiiy (V, aaeoi?e aeioe/i?
aei ia?aaeiuei? (I, caaeiuei? (C iiaa?oiiue oa aei ??caeueii? e?iiee (E
a oi/oe? ?ino?oiaioo, ui i?aeeyaa? aeine?aeaeaiith. C aeei?enoaiiyi
aaeoi?ii? aeaaa?e ciaoiaeeeenue aaeoi?e, eooe i?ae yeeie a?aeiia?aeaee
aaiiao?e/iei ia?aiao?ai, ui iio??aii aoei a?aeooeaoe. Iaoiaeeea
aeicaieye? aecia/aoe eooe a ?ino?oiaioaeuei?e, noaoe/i?e oa e?iaiaoe/i?e
nenoaiao eii?aeeiao aeey aoaeue-yeiai eaciaiai ?ino?oiaioo.

Aieiaiith i?iaeaiith aoei aecia/aiiy aeioe/ieo aaeoi??a. Oiio aeey
eiie?aoiiai coao eaioethaiai? a?ae??cii? ieee noai?thaaeanue
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, yea iienoaaea coa ieee. Iiaeaeue coaa ieee
oyaeyea niaith iiiaeeio oi/ie ?icoaoiaaieo ia ??caeuei?e e?iioe?, ia
ia?aaei?o oa caaei?o iiaa?oiyo coaa ieee. Ni?iuaii, aeioe/i? aaeoi?e
aecia/aeenue ye aaeoi?e iiaoaeiaai? ia aeaio oi/eao. Aeey ??cieo oei?a
caoi/ie aoee aecia/ai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? coaa ieee, aea aieiaiei /eiii
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee i?iaaaeai? aeey ?aae?onii? caoi/ee, caoi/ee ii
iieiuai? oa aeey caoi/ee o??ie Stihl.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a caoi/ee ia?aae?aeenue an?
iiaeeea? eiia?iaoe??, c yeeo aeae?aeenue o?, ye? a?aeiia?aeaee
ae?aiaciio aeiionoeieo aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a. Aeey eooa iaoeeo e?iiee
ae?aiacii aoa (=15…60(, aeey ia?aaeiueiai eooa — (=15…35(, aeey
caaeiueiai eooa — (=3…7(.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co aoei aecia/aii, ui iaeaoaeoeai?oith caoi/eith,
c ?icaeyiooeo caoi/ie, ? ?aae?onia caoi/ea. Oaeiae aoei aecia/aii
aeioe?eueiee ae?aiacii ae?aiao??a caoi/iiai ?ino?oiaioo 3.5…5.5 ii.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe cae?enithaaany aea?? iioeiaeueii? oiaueie
a?ioth/i? oaa?aeinieaaii? ??caeueiiai coaa eaioethaiai? a?ae??cii? ieee.

Aeey aiae?co i?oaeiiai iai?oaeaiiai aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio o?ea aoa
aeei?enoaiee iaoiae e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a. ??caeueiee coa yaeya niaith
o?ei, yea neeaaeaeinue c o?ueio ??cieo iaoa??ae?a:

— iaoa??ae oa?o oaa?aeiai ni?aao a?oie AE;

— iaoa??ae oa?o i?eiith — E63;

— iaoa??ae coaa aei eiai a?ioaaiiy — noaeue 7OII.

Ia aecia/ai?e ae?eyioe? ia?aaeiuei? iiaa?oi? coaa ?icoaoiaoaaeenue
iaaaioaaeaiiy (oene). I?eeeaaeaany oene a ii?iaeueiiio iai?yieo aei
ia?aaeiuei? iiaa?oi? oa oene a iai?yieo noiaeo no?oaeee.

?en. 2. Aeie — noaia iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a.

Coa ?iciiae?eyany ia ia’?ii? e?ioeaa? aeaiaioe ia?oiai ?iaeo( eiaeiee
aeaiaio neeaaeaany c 8 oi/ie). Aeey ioe?iee iioeaee ?ic?aooie?a a
caeaaeiino? a?ae u?eueiino? aeaiaio?a ia ia?oeo aoaiao aiae?co a?aeinue
o?e u?eueiino? aeaiaio?a — 2000, 8000, 20000 e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a.
Iioeaea i?e ?ic?aooieao ia ia?aaeuoaaea 5-7%. A iiaeaeueoiio a?aeanue
na?aaeiy u?euei?noue e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a — 8000.

Aeey aiae?co i?oeiino? iae?aeenue eiie?aoiee e?eoa??e aeey eiaeiiai oeio
iaoa??aeo. Oae aeey oaa?aeeo nieaa?a canoiniaoaaany e?eoa??e Iena?aiei —
Eaa?aeaaa, yeee aoa ooi/iaiee A.I. Inoao`?aei:

-aeey nieaa?a a?oie WC-TiC-C0 i?e oaiia?aoo?? aei 700 N(

((=0,18(i+0,82(1*0,7 1-((1+(2+(3)/(i <=[(?ano] (3) - aeey nieaa?a a?oie WC-Co ? WC-Tic-TaC-Co i?e oaiia?aoo?? aei 600 N( (ia ?enoieo 2 iicia/ea VK) ((=0,24(i+0,76(1*0,8 1-((1+(2+(3)/(i <=[(?ano] (4) Aeey iaiaeee, ui yaey? niaith ieanoe/iee iaoa??ae aeey aeine?ae?a canoinoaaany e?eoa??e iaeneiaeueieo ieoaaae?e/ieo aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue( (ia ?enoieo 2 iicia/ea Mises): ((=(i=0,5(((x-(y)2+((y-(z)2+((z-(x)2+ +6((xy2+(yz2+(zx2))1/2<=[(?ano] Aeey iaoa??aeo coaa noaeue 7OII ? aeey iaoa??aeo i?eiith canoiniaoaaany e?eoa??e Iena?aiei - Eaa?aeaaa aeey iaeii??aeieo iaoa??ae?a, ui iathoue ??ciee ii?? ?icoyaoaaiith oa noeneaiith (ia ?enoieo 2 iicia/ea Smax): ((=((i +(1-()*(1<=[(?ano] (6) Aeey aeai?o iioeiaeueii? oiaueie oa?o oaa?aeiai nieaao aoee c?iaeai? ?ic?aooiee i?oaeiiai iai?oaeaiiai aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio coaa ieee i?e oiaueiao oaa?aeiai nieaao a ae?aiacii? 0.4-0.05 ii. C i?iaaaeaieo ?ic?aooie?a aeo?ea?, ui iioeiaeueiith oiaueiith oaa?aeiai nieaao AE8 -AE12 ? 0.2-0.25 ii. Oaeiae aoee i?iaaaeaii? ?ic?aooiee i?oaeiiai iai?oaeaiiai aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio eiino?oeoe?? Rapid Duro, iiiie?oiiai oaa?aeinieaaiiai coao. Aea?aaeaioi? iai?oaeaiiy ia ia?aaei?e iiaa?oi? aeyaeeenue ia 150-250% a?eueoa i?ae o coaa oaiaaioe?eii a?iiaaiiai oaa?aeei nieaaii. A i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe iiaeai? ?acoeueoao? aei?iaoaaiue cai?iiiiiaaieo eiino?oeoe?e ??caeueieo coa?a eaioethaiai? ieee. Aei?iaoaaiiy cae?enithaaeenue a o?ueio iai?yieao. Ii-ia?oa aeine?aeaeoaaeanue no?ee?noue coa?a i?e ??cieo oeiao caoi/ie aac canoinoaaiiy oa c canoinoaaiiyi a?ioaaiiy oaa?aeei nieaaii. Ii-ae?oaa aeine?aeaeoaaany oa?aeoa? ci?ie neee ??caiiy ca ia??iae iaeiiai ??co coaa a caeaaeiino? a?ae ??cieo oei?a caoi/ie. Ii-o?aoa aeine?aeaeoaaeanue ci?ia aaniethoieo cia/aiue neee ??caiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae ciino ?ino?oiaioo i?e ??cieo oeiao caoi/ie. ?en.3. Iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy aea?aaeaioieo iai?oaeaiue ia ia?aaei?e iiaa?oi? i?e ii?iaeueiiio oeneo 30 Iia. a. Oaiaaioe?eia a?ioaaiiy AE8 ?ic?iaeaia eiino?oeoe?y a. A?ioaaiiy AE8 ii ia?aaei?e iiaa?oi? (eiino?oeoe?y Rapid Duro, o??ie Stihl). ?en.4. Iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy aea?aaeaioieo iai?oaeaiue, i?e ii?iaeueiiio oeneo 30 Iia. Ca e?eoa??e ciino aoea aea?aia aaee/eia ciino ii caaei?e iiaa?oi? - hc. Aei?iaoaaiiy iieacaee, ui iaea?eueo iaaeineiiaeith ? caoi/ea ii ieiuei?. I?ney 1 aiaeeie ?iaioe i?e ??coe? aeoaa ciin ii caaei?e iiaa?oi? neeaaeaa hc=1.2-2 ii., a oie /an i?e cai?iiiiiaai?e ?aae?oni?e caoi/oe? hc=0,2..0.4 ii. Neeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeenue ia aenia?eiaioaeueiiio eiiieaen? aeey aei??yiiy nee ??caiiy, yeee aoa ?ic?iaeaiee ia eaoaae?? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Eiiieaen neeaaeaany c oi?aa?naeueii? aieiaee OAeI-100, oeeo?iaiai aiaeiaiaiai ia?aoai?thaa/a (AOeI), oa noaiaea?oiiai eiii`thoa?a ia aac? AMD K5-133. A aieiaeo OAeI-100, e??ieany a?onie nooiai aeoaa. A?onie ??caany aeeneiaith ieeith, aea a yeino? ??aeo/iai aeaiaioo aeei?enoiaoaaany coa eaioethaiai? ieee. Aiaeiaiaee neaiae iinooiaa c aieiaee ia AOeI a iio?i ia ia?aeaeueiee ii?o eiii`thoa?a. Aeei?enoiaoaaeenue 2 /anoioe i?eeiio aeaieo - 1000 Aoe, oa 9000 Aoe. Aeaii? caienoaaeenue a oaee, a iio?i cae?enithaaeanue ?o ia?a?iaea ca aeiiiiiaith iaeaoa i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai. Iaee?au? ?acoeueoaoe iieacaee cai?iiiiiaai? caoi/ee ii aeaii ieiueiai oa ?aae?onia. Oe? caoi/ee caaacia/othoue cieaeaiiy aaniethoieo cia/aiue nee ??caiiy o ii??aiyii? c noaiaea?oieie caoi/eaie aei 50%. E??i oiai niinoa??aaany cia/ii iaioee oaea? i?ae /an a??caiiy coaa a caaioiaeo. Aeniiaee 1. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee iaoiae i?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? eaioethaiaeo a?ae??cieo iee - oaiaaioe?eia a?ioaaiiy caaei?o iiaa?oiiue oiieeie ieanoeiaie oaa?aeiai nieaao. 2. Aiae?oe/ii aecia/aii caeii ?ooo ??caeueii? eaiee eaioethaiai? ieee c a?aooaaiiyi iiaea/? oa ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aaee/eie ciyooy i?eioneo a iicaeiaaeiueiio oa iiia?a/iiio ia?a??c? aeey eaioethaiaiai ?ino?oiaioo. 3. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a aeey eaciaiai ?ino?oiaioo a ?ino?oiaioaeuei?e, noaoe/i?e oa e?iaiaoe/i?e nenoaiao eii?aeeiao. 4. ?ic?iaeai aeai?eoi aeene?eoecaoe?? coaa eaioethaiaiai ?ino?oiaioa ia e?ioeaa? ia’?ii? aeaiaioe. 5. Aecia/aii oa?aeoa? ci?ie oa cia/aiiy aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a coaa eaioethaiai? ieee i?e noaiaea?oieo caoi/eao oa cai?iiiiiaai? iia? oeie caoi/ie, ye? aeicaieythoue cia/ii i?aeaeueoe no?ee?noue ?ino?oiaioo oa ciaioeoe neee ??caiiy a ii??aiyii? c noaiaea?oieie caoi/eaie. 6. Aia?oa aoea ?ica’ycaia ia’?iia caaea/a i?oaeiiai iai?oaeaiiai aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio coaa eaioethaiai? ieee oaiaaioe?eii a?iiaaiiai oaa?aeei nieaaii iaoiaeii e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a. ?ic?aooieaie aecia/aii iioeiaeueio oiaueio oaa?aeinieaaii? ieanoeiee 0.2-0.25ii. 7. Noai?aii iaeao i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai, yeee iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny naiino?eii, aai a yeino? iaei??? c i?aenenoai NAI? ??caeueiiai ?ino?oiaioo. 8. I?iaaaeaia ii?iaoaaiiy iiaeo eiino?oeoe?e eaioethaiaeo iee iieacaei, ui oaiaaioe?eia a?ioaaiiy oaa?aeei nieaaii aeaei ciiao i?aeaeueoe no?ee?noue ?ino?oiaioo a 10-15 ?ac, a oaeiae i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ino?oiaioo ia 200-300% o ii??aiyii? c noaiaea?oiei ?ino?oiaioii. Ioae?eaoe?? ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? 1. ?aaneay I.N., ?oaeaeia E.I., Iiaeeia A.I. Oeaiiua ieeu n a?ie?iaaiiuie oaa?aeui nieaaii coaueyie// ecae. IOOO “EIE”, iieea?ao. oae., Iaoeeiiaeueiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao Oe?aeiu «Eeaaneee iieeoaoie/aneee einoeooo»,Eeaa. 1999 - 50n. 2. Iiaeeia. A.I. ?an/ao aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia ?aaeouaai eeeia ia YAI.// Aanoiee Iaoeeiiaeueiiai oaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa Oe?aeiu «Eeaaneee iieeoaoie/aneee Einoeooo» ?32, 1997 - N. 162-167. 3. ?.I. ?iaeei, A.I. Iiaeeia Aeeyiea eiino?oeoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia coaa io?aciie oeaiiie ieeu ia neeu ?acaiey .// Aanoiee Iaoeeiiaeueiiai oaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa Oe?aeiu «Eeaaneee iieeoaoie/aneee einoeooo» ?36, 1999 - N. 268-271. 4. Iiaeeia A.I. Noaia ?acaiey ?aaeoueie yeaiaioaie oeaiiiai eino?oiaioa.// Aanoiee Iaoeeiiaeueiiai oaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa Oe?aeiu «Eeaaneee iieeoaoie/aneee einoeooo» ?32, 1997 - N. 249-252. 5. ?aaneay I.N., ?oaeaeia E.I., Iiaeeia A.I. ?an/ao iauaiiiai iai?yaeaiii aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey ?aaeouaai coaa io?aciie oeaiiie ieeu, a?ie?iaaiiiai oaa?aeui nieaaii.// IOOO «EIE». «I?ia?aneaia oaoi?ea ? oaoiieia?y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy ? caa?thaaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa»,O.1., IOOO «EI?» 1998 N.369-376. 6. «Noaiu n?acaiey i?eionea e oi?iu i?ioeey coaa io?aciuo iee». / ?aaneay I.N., ?iaeei ?.I,, Naiaiia A.A,, Iiaeeia A.I,/ Iieeoaoie/aneee. Ei-o. - Eeaa 1995-11 i.i.n. : ee. -Aeaeeia?.: iac -a. ?on.- Aeai. A AIOA Oe?aeiu. ? 1696 - OE.95. Aiioaoe?y Iia?eia I.I. I?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? eaioethaiaeo a?ae??cieo iee. -?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.03.01 - I?ioeane iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee, aa?noaoe oa ?ino?oiaioe. - Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie «Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo», Ee?a 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi i?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? eaioethaiaeo a?ae??cieo iee ca ?aooiie oaiaaioe?eiiai a?ioaaiiy oaa?aeei nieaaii coaa ieee oa aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo oei?a caoi/ie. Cai?iiiiiaaii ?yae iaoiaeee aecia/aia e?iaiaoeee, caaaioaaeaiiy ??caeueieo e?iiie, ci?ie aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a acaeiaae ??caeueii? e?iiee ?ino?oiaioo. ?ica’ycaia ia’?iia caaea/a i?oaeiiai iai?oaeaiiai aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio coaa a?iiaaiiai oaa?aeei nieaaii iaoiaeii e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a. Aecia/aia iioeiaeueii? oiaueia ieanoeie aeey oaiaaioe?eiiai a?ioaaiiy coa?a eaioethaiai? a?ae??cii? ieee. Aeey ??cieo oei?a caoi/ie aecia/aii oa?aeoa? ci?ie nee ??caiiy. Ca?aeii c i?iieneiaeie aei?iaoaaiiyie, cai?iiiiiaai? oaeineiiaeaii? eiino?oeoe?? ??caeueiiai coaa ?ino?oiaioa, aeaee iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe no?ee?noue ?ino?oiaioo a 10...50 ?ac?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia ?iaioe oa ciaioeoe neee ??caiiy aei 50%. Eeth/ia? neiaa: oaiaaioe?eia a?ioaaiiy, caoi/ea, i?oei?noue ?ino?oiaioo, eaioethaia? ieee. Aiiioaoeey Iiaeeia A.I. Iiauoaiea ?aaioiniiniaiinoe oeaiiuo io?aciuou iee. -?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.03.01 I?ioeannu iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioee, noaiee e eino?oiaiou. - Iaoeeiiaeueiue oaoie/aneee Oieaa?neoao Oe?aeiu "Eeaaneee iieeoaoie/aneee einoeooo". Eeaa 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?aoaieth caaea/e iiauoaiey ?aaioiniiniaiinoe oeaiiuo io?aciuo iee, oe?iei eniieuecoaiuo a eaniia?aaaouaathuae i?iiuoeaiiinoe. Enneaaeiaaia e ?ac?aaioaia iiaay eiioeaioeey oeaiiie io?aciie ieeu, ioee/eoaeueiie iniaaiiinoueth eioi?ie yaeyaony a?ie?iaaiea aa ?aaeouae /anoe ieanoeiaie oaa?aeiai nieaaa aaeieue caaeiae iiaa?oiinoe. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeee e ?aoaiu caaea/e aiaeeca eeiaiaoeee, aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia ?aaeouae /anoe a ?acee/iuo nenoaiao eii?aeeiao, ?acoeueoaou eioi?uo iiaoo eniieueciaaoueny i?e i?iaeoe?iaaiee ?aciiia?aciuo eino?oiaioia. Iaoiaeii eiia/iuo yeaiaioia ?aoaia iauaiiay caaea/a iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey coaa ieeu a?ie?iaaiiiai ii caaeiae iiaa?oiinoe oaa?aeinieaaiie ieanoeiie. Yoi iicaieeei ?an/aoiui iaoiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue oieueio oaa?aeinieaaiie ieanoeiee ?aaioth 0.2-0.25 ii. ?an/aou oi?oai -aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey caaiueaa i?ia?anneaiuo eiino?oeoeee iee (Rapid Duro) iieacaee , /oi yeaeaaeaioiua iai?yaeaiey o ieo ia 150-200% aieueoa ii n?aaiaieth n ?ac?aaioaiiuie ieeaie. ?ac?aaioaiu iiaua niiniau caoi/ee iee, eioi?ua iaania/eaatho oeo/oaiey oa?aeoa?a eciaiaiey aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia aaeieue ?aaeouae e?iiee eino?oiaioa. Noieeinoiua eniuoaiey iieacaee, /oi i?aaeeiaeaiiua niiniau caoi/ee iee iaania/eaatho iiauoaiea noieeinoe eino?oiaioa ia 30-50% ii n?aaiaieth n i?eiaiyaiui a ianoiyuaa a?aiy noaiaea?oiuie niiniaaie caoi/eaie iee. N?aaieoaeueiua neeiaua eniuoaiey iiaeoaa?aeeee i?aeiouanoaa ?ac?aaioaiiuo eiino?oeoeee iee. I?aaeeiaeaiiua iiaua niiniau caoi/ee iee ii aeaoi ieineinoyi e ii oeeeeiae?e/aneie iiaa?oiinoe iaania/eaatho nieaeaiea aaee/ei nee ?acaiey ia 10-50% ii n?aaiaieth ni noaiaea?oiuie niiniaaie caoi/ee. A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey ?ac?aaioaiu eiino?oeoeee aioa n coaueyie oaiaaioeeaeueii-a?ie?iaaiiuie ieanoeiaie oaa?aeiai nieaaa oieueiie 0.2-0.25 ii, io?aaioaia oaoiieiaey ecaioiaeaiey e iaiaeee ieanoeiaie oaa?aeiai nieaaa aaeieue caaeiae iiaa?oiinoe coaueaa oeaiiuo ou. Eaai?aoi?iua eniuoaiey iiauo eiino?oeoeee oeaiiuo iee, coauey eioi?uo oaiaaioeeaeueii oaa?aeui nieaaii AE8, caoi/iua ii i?aaeeiaeaiiui niiniaai iieacaee iiauoaiea noieeinoe a 10-15 ?ac ii n?aaiaieth ni noaiaea?oiui eino?oiaioii. I?iaaaeaiu i?iiuoeaiiua eniuoaiey ia?oee ?ac?aaioaiiuo eiino?oeoeee iee iiaeoaa?aeeee ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee. I?e aaeea eana, a caaeneiinoe io oneiaee ?aaiou e ii?iaeu ae?aaaneiu, iiaay eiino?oeoeey iicaieeea iiauneoue noieeinoue a 10-50 ?ac ii n?aaiaieth ni noaiaea?oiuie i?eiaiyaiuie ieeaie, /oi iiauoaao aeoaie eniuoaiee a ?aaeueiuo oneiaeyo. Eeth/aaua neiaa: oaiaaioeeaeueiia a?ie?iaaiea, caoi/ea, i?i/iinoue eino?oiaioa, oeaiiua ieeu. Summary Novikov A. The improvement of a chain cutting off saws workability.- a Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate degree by speciality 05.03.01 - Processes of mechanical treatment, machines and tools.- National technical university of Ukraine «Kiev polytechnic institute», Kyiv,1999. The dissertation is devoted to questions of the improvement of a chain cutting off saws workability at the except of hard alloy armouring of a cutting teeth back surfaces and a new type of sharpening usage. It has been offered a number of research methods to investigate of a kinematics and a cutting tool geometry. It has been solved the volume task of a cutting teeth elastic tense deformed state by a final element method. It was taken the improved constructions of chain saw cutting teeth, that was allowed to enlarge of a cutting base tool life time more then at ten times. Key words: tangential armouring, sharpening, cutting tool strength, chain saws. PAGE PAGE 1 (1) ia ia?o?e ae?eyioe? oeie l(t)+ (li <=l12 xi=(L-r)+(r+()*cos(j(l(t)+(li)); yi=(r+()*sin(j(l(t)+(li)); zi=0 ia ae?oa?e ae?eyioe? oeie l12<=l(t)+ (li < l23 xi=(R+()*cos(j(l(t)+(li)); yi=(H-R)+(R+()*sin(j(l(t)+(li)); zi=0 ia o?ao?e ae?eyioe? oeie l23<=l(t)+(li < l34 xi=(r-L)+(r+()*cos(j(l(t)+(li)); yi=(r+()*sin(j(l(t)+(li)); zi=0 ia /aoaa?o?e ae?eyioe? oeie l34<=l(t)+(li < L( xi=(R+()*cos(j(l(t)+ (li)); yi=(R-H)+(R+()*sin(j(l(t)+ (li)); zi=0. (5) I, C, K, V, S a n, g n a n=90° - ?(X n, Cn) X n= K* Npv Cn= K* Nc g n= ?(WN, In)- 90° In= K* NI WN= N?i *K ii?iaeueiiio ia?a??c? j =?(N?t, Y) Y= Nps* Npv at=90° - ?(Xt, Ct) Xt= N?t* Npv Ct = N?t* Nc g t = ?(Npv, It)- 90° It = N?t* NI l = 90° - ?(Npv,K) N?t = Npv*Ipi N?i = K + Npv Nc= C + E Nps= S +V Npv=V+S NI=I +E oae i? aeaanoe ia/eneaiiy a I?iaanoe , , , t t a g j l Aeaanoe Aaanoe e?iaoeue Ii/aoie

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