IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO ?AA?IIAEUeIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aioioiaa ??eia Ieoaee?aia

OAeE 331.5.024.5 (447.85)

I?AeAEUAIIss AOAEOEAIINO? AEEI?ENOAIIss

O?OAeIAIAI IIOAIOe?AEO

(?aa?iiaeuei? aniaeoe)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.09.01 – Aeaiia?ao?y, aeiiii?ea i?aoe?,

nioe?aeueia aeiiii?ea ? iie?oeea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a – 2000

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o *a?i?aaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
TH.Oaaeueeiae/a

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

?aaeieeiaiei Aaea??e Ee?eeiae/

*a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao ?i.

TH.Oaaeueeiae/a, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I?eeiaaea Aaneeue Iao?iae/,

Oaeai?iaenueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio

Nai?a ?iiai Aiae??eiae/,

Euea?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee
oi?aa?neoao ?i.

?.O?aiea, aeioeaio eaoaae?e

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie

IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ?aa?iiaeueieo
i?iaeai

caeiyoino? oa ?eieo i?aoe?

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny « 25 » ethoiai 2000 ?. i 14 aiae.
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.154.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe a ?inoeooo?
?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 79026, i. Euea?a,
aoe. Eicaeueieoeueea, 4

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 79026, i. Euea?a,
aoe. Eicaeueieoeueea, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee « 24 » n?/iy 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
AEiaoaiaoeueeee A.?.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie No/aniee aoai ?aoi?ioaaiiy oa iiiaeaiiy
oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa c eiai iaiine?aeiaieie oa ia??oo/eie e?ieaie
aoiaeaeaiiy a ?eieiaa na?aaeiaeua oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iae?iaeiiii?/iith
e?ecith, niaaeii ae?iaieoeoaa, io?oe?eiei oa i?eoiaaiei aac?ia?ooyi,
cia/iei iia??oaiiyi ??aiy aeeooy ianaeaiiy aea?aeaae oa ?? ie?aieo
?aa?ii?a. E?eciaa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y a e?a?i?
ea?aeeiaeueii ci?ith? oiiae a?aeoai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ethaeeie. Oea
i?iyaey?oueny a iia??oaii? iaaeeei-aeaiia?ao?/ieo ia?aiao??a o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo, aeoea?caoe?? i?ioean?a o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe??, aaciiai?ioi?e
ao?ao? ina?oiueiai oa i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eiiai, iioeaaoe?eiai
iioaioe?ae?a, o oe?ieiio ?iciianthaeaeaii? ia?a?iae?caoe?y ianaeaiiy. A
oeeo oiiaao iinoaiiaea oa ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo iio?aao? aeeaieeo ci?i o oi?iao ?
iaoiaeao oi?aae?iiy oa aeei?enoaiiy iei ia aea?aeaaiiio oa
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo.

??ci? aniaeoe aeine?aeaeoaaieo ieoaiue oe?iei a?aeia?aaeai? a i?aoeyo
a?o/eciyieo o/aieo: Ae.Aiaei?, N.Aaiaeo?e, I.Aoaooeueeiai, I.Aeanthea,
I.Aeie?oiueiai, N.Ceoiea, TH.E?aniiaa, N.Eii/aea, A.E?aaiiai?,
?.Eoe?iiaa, N.Aiaeaie/a, A.I?eeiaaee, A.Ii?e??iea, N.Iena?aiei,
N.Ie?iaeeiaa, I.I?othee/a, I.O?oiai?, I.?iiaithea, I.Oii?e, A.Noaoaiei,
I.Oaeaiei, E.Oaiioueei, E.sseoae oa ?ioeo. Eiioeaioe?y aeei?enoaiiy
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo a Oe?a?i? a iaai?e i??? ie?aneaia caeiiiaeaa/eie
aeoaie, iaa?oioiaaia a iecoe? oeac?a I?aceaeaioa, cie?aia, «I?i iniiai?
iai?yie ?icaeoeo o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo a Oe?a?i? ia ia??iae aei 2010
?ieo».

Iaeiae ia ??ai? ?aa?iio nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo iio?aaothoue
eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniaeeai oea aeooaeueii aeey *a?i?aaoeueei?
iaeano?, aea ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo i?iyaeythoueny /a?ac i?ecio neeaaeii? aca?iiae??
nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/ieo, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo, aoi?/ieo,
i?e?iaeieo, ?noi?e/ieo oa ?ioeo oiia.

A oiiaao iiaeeaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? e?ece ?aaeueiei oeyoii
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio ia?
noaoe caaeainiaaia ooieoe?iioaaiiy eiai ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno c
o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/iiai, aeiiii?/iiai,
i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai, iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai, ae?iaie/iai, aeieia?/iiai
iioaioe?ae?a.

Aeooaeuei?noue ? iaoeiaa cia/ou?noue eiiieaeno i?iaeai coiiaeee aea??
oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aecia/eee i?aaeiao ? ia’?eo, iaoo ?
eiie?aoi? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y ia?
aaciina?aaeiuei ca’ycie c i?ia?aiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
*a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo a eiioaeno? aeei?enoaiiy
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo iaeano? oa cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie. Cie?aia,
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “I?iaeaie ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo” (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 01910034076).

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a
eiiieaeniiio aeine?aeaeaii? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo aniaeo?a
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano? a oiiaao
?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue ? ?ic?iaoe? ia oe?e iniia? oai?aoe/ieo ?
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eiai
aeei?enoaiiy.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe coiiaeei iinoaiiaeo ? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

ocaaaeueieoe oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei iiiyooy o?oaeiaee
iioaioe?ae;

iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue iiaoaeiae ?aaeueiiai aaeaino o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?;

aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? ianaeaiiy *a?i?aaoeueei?
iaeano?;

aecia/eoe aieea caeiyoino? ia aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo
*a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano?;

?ice?eoe ?ieue iieaoe i?aoe? a aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaii? o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo;

ocaaaeueieoe ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie iieaoe i?aoe? ?
nioe?aeueiiai ia?oia?noaa;

iaa?oiooaaoe iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy aeei?enoaiiyi o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio.

I?aaeiao aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy – nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
aniaeoe aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio, eiai nioe?aeueia oa
aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano?.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith
iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy no/anii?
aeiiii?/ii? oai??? uiaei aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo, caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy oa eieo i?aoe?, iaeao caeiiiaeaa/eo ?
ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a Oe?a?ie, ui ?aaoeththoue nioe?aeueii-o?oaeia?
a?aeiineie.

?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aeena?oaoe?? ? i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo
a/aieo c i?iaeai aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, noaoenoe/i? aeai?
I?i?noa?noaa noaoenoeee oa i?aoe?, ca?oia aeieoiaioaoe?y *a?i?aaoeueeiai
iaeaniiai oeaio?o caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, ia?aeii? aeieoiaioe aaeocaaeo
oi?aae?iue iaeanii? aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe??, iaoa??aee aeanieo
nioe?ieia?/ieo iieooaaiue.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? iaoiaee iaoeiai? aano?aeoe??,
no?oeoo?ii-eia?/iiai oa nenoaiiiai aiae?co, ?iaeoeoe?? oa aeaaeoeoe??,
aenia?oieo ioe?iie, noaoenoe/ieo a?oioaaiue, aaeainiaee iaoiae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

ocaaaeueiaii oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei iiiyooy «o?oaeiaee
iioaioe?ae», ye? aacothoueny ia a?aooaaii? eiai aaaaoianiaeoiiai
oa?aeoa?o, ui aeicaiey? c iiaeo iiceoe?e i?ae?eoe aei aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? eiai aeei?enoaiiy, a?aoiaoth/e iiaeeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? e?ece a aea?aeaa?;

iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo ?aa?iiaeueiiai
oi?aae?iiy oa?eoi??aeueieo aaeain?a ?iai/eo i?noeue, aaeain?a ?ooo
ianaeaiiy ? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, ?ic?aooieiaeo aaeain?a ?eieo i?aoe?,
eiie?aoi? ?ic?aooiee yeeo aeicaieythoue ?ice?eoe aeoioeueiaai? a ??cieo
aeaeao ae?yeueiino? ?aca?ae aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio;

eiie?aoeciaaii iniaeeaino? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? ianaeaiiy *a?i?aaoeueei?
iaeano?, yea a no/anieo oiiaao ? aeueoa?iaoeaiei oeyoii iiooeo
ethaeeiith e?aueo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia a?aeoai?aiiy aeaniiai
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo;

c’yniaaii iniaeeaino? caeiyoino? oa ?eieo i?aoe? Aoeiaeie oa ?o aieea ia
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo;

iieacaii ?ieue iieaoe i?aoe? a aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaii? o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo oa ?ice?eoi aeiiii?/ii ?oei?aiee oa?aeoa? c?inoath/eo
ianya?a iaaeiea/aii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe;

aaeaioiaaii aei oe?a?inueeeo oiia ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae i?aai?caoe??
nenoaie iieaoe i?aoe? ? nioe?aeueiiai ia?oia?noaa;

?ice?eoa ?ieue ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ii? aace ye iniiae iiaeae?
oi?aae?iiy aeei?enoaiiyi o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui eiie?aoi? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo
*a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano? iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
aiaeia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a ?ioeo ?aa?iiao e?a?ie a ?ic??c?
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a, aaeocae, ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa. I?iiiceoe??
i?eeeaaeiiai oa?aeoa?o iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny oi?aae?iiyie
aeiiii?ee, ?ioeie aaeocaaeie oi?aae?iiyie aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?e
iaeaniiai ? ?aeiiiiai ??ai?a, oeaio?aie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy a i?ioean?
?ic?iaee caoiae?a iie?auaiiy aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo,
ciaioaiiy ianya?a io?oe?eiiai oa i?eoiaaiiai aac?ia?ooy. Ie?ai?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e
/eoaii? eo?no “Oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie”, i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
nooaeaioaie eo?niaeo oa aeeieiiieo ?ia?o ia aeiiii?/iiio oaeoeueoao?
*a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH??y Oaaeueeiae/a, i?e
?ic?iaoe? i?ia?aie ia?aieno ianaeaiiy a 2001 ?ioe?, i?e neeaaeaii?
aaeaino o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a oa ?iai/i? neee a ?ic??c? ?aeii?a ? aaeocae
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ia 2000 ??e ? a?eueo a?aeaeaeaio ia?niaeoeao, o
i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? oi?aae?iiy i?aoe? oa caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy
*a?i?aaoeueei? iaeanii? aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoe?? (eeno ? 01-06/284
a?ae 30.09.99.).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaeiiin?aii
aeeiiaiith iaoeiaith i?aoeath, a ye?e aeeeaaeaii aaoi?nueeee i?aeo?ae
aei ae??oaiiy iaoeiaiai caaaeaiiy – aeine?aeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo aniaeo?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio. ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeeaaeai? o ainueie iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, c yeeo n?i iaeaaeeoue iniaenoi
aaoi?o. C iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?e, ui aeaeai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?, aeei?enoai?
eeoa o? iieiaeaiiy, ye? ? ?acoeueoaoii iniaenoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeena?oaioa. Eiie?aoiee aianie aaoi?a a oe? i?aoe? aeacaiee a
aaoi?aoa?ao? a ia?ae?eo iniiaieo ioae?eaoe?e ii oai? aeena?oaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo: “A?eueia aeiiii?/ia ciia – ye oi?ia ?aa?iiaeueiiai
?icaeoeo (*a?i?aoe?, 1994); “?iaanoeoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue a Oe?a?i?:
i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oa ?aaoethaaiiy” (*a?i?aoe?, 1997); “?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y
aeiiii?ee oa ?iaanoeoe?? a Oe?a?i?” (*a?i?aoe?, 1998); “?aa?iiaeueia
iie?oeea Oe?a?ie: iaoeia? iniiae, iaoiaee, iaoai?cie” (Euea?a, 1998);
“No/ania ?iiiaaoe?eii-i?iieneiaa iie?oeea Oe?a?ie: ?iaanoeoe?ei?
i??i?eoaoe oa ?io?ano?oeoo?a” (*a?i?aoe?, 1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii o 8 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo (caaaeueiee ianya 2,42 ae.a., c ieo 2,27 ae.a. iaeaaeeoue
iniaenoi aaoi?o.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, 3 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, aeiaeaoe?a, 30 oaaeeoeue, 9 ?enoie?a.
Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue a nia? 150 iiceoe?e. Caaaeueiee
ianya ?iaioe – … noi??iie eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? ?ice?eoi aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaa?oioiaaii iaoeiao iiaecio, aeae?eaii iniaenoee aianie
aeena?oaioa a ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ?o i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – «Oai?aoe/i? oa i?eeeaaei? iniiae aiae?co
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo a ?aa?ii?» – ?ice?eoi
oai?aoe/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy eaoaai??aeueiiai aia?aoo o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo, iiaeaii iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy aaeainiaeo ?ic?aooie?a
ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio, aecia/aii
iniaeeaino? i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a a *a?i?aaoeuee?e iaeano? a eiioaeno?
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo.

?ao?iniaeoeaiee aiae?c iaoeiaeo i?aeoiae?a oe?a?inueeeo iaoeiaoe?a aei
aecia/aiiy iiiyooy «o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae» aeicaieea aeena?oaioo
c’ynoaaoe eiai eiiieaeniee oa?aeoa?, neeaaeio no?oeoo?o, iio?aao
a?aeie?aieaiiy ??cieo eiai ye?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Aiae?coth/e
o?oaei?ano?niee, aeaiia?ao?/iee, iie?oaeiiii?/iee i?aeoiaee, aeena?oaio
iaaieioo? ia iaiao?aeiino? oe?oiai ?icoi?iiy oa o?aeooaaiiy o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo. Oiio iiiyo?eiee «eiioo?» o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo aoa
?icoe?aiee ca ?aooiie aeeth/aiiy aeiiii?/ieo, ina?oi?o,
nioe?aeueii-iioeaaoe?eieo, iaaee/ieo, ineoieia?/ieo, aoiieoeueoo?ieo
neeaaeiaeo. I?e ?icaeyae? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ? caeiyoino?
ooiaeaiaioaeueia cia/aiiy iathoue aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoeiaoe?a ?inoeoooo
?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Euea?a), ui noinothoueny
a?aooaaiiy aaiethoe?eii-aaiaoe/ii? ia?aaeeaie, aeiaiiieia?/ieo aniaeo?a
eiai ?icaeoeo. Aacoiiaii, nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei aeine?aeaeaiiy
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo aeiaaa? iaaii? noai?aeeiiaaii? aii?yaeeiaaiino?
cacia/aieo ia?aiao??a. Iaei? c ieo (iai?., nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/i?)
ia’?eoeaii iathoue oe?ieee ae?aiacii ci?i, oiae? ye cia/aiiy ?ioeo
(i?ioan?eii-ina?oi?, iioeaaoe?ei?, caei?ia’y) caeeoa?oueny aeiyoeiai
noaa?eueiei. Aei inoaii?o iaeaaeeoue aeiaiiieia?/ia eiiiiiaioa
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, ?ieue yei? a no/anieo oiiaao iia??oaiiy
aeieia?/ii? neooaoe??, ca?eueoaiiy oaoiiaaiiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
i?e?iaeo oa ethaeeio aaaeei ia?aioe?ieoe. Oaeee aaaaoianiaeoiee ?icaeyae
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo aeicaiey? i?ae iiaei eooii ci?o i?ae?eoe aei
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eiai aeei?enoaiiy, a?aoiaoth/e iiaeeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? e?ece a aea?aeaa?.

O no/anieo oiiaao iniiai? iae?iaeiiii?/i? iieacieee ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie
iiaeia ?ioa?i?aooaaoe ye ?iaeeeaoi?e ??aiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Iniiai? iae?iaeiiii?/i? iieacieee aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie

ca 1992 – 1998 ?iee

Iieacieee 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998

Ci?ia ?aaeueiiai AAI aei iiia?aaeiueiai ?ieo, % -9,9 -14,2 -22,9 -12,2
-10,0 -3,0 -1,7

Ci?ia caeiyoino? aei iiia?aaeiueiai ?ieo, % -2,5 -2,9 -5,0 -0,3 -0,1
-2,7

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ui??/ieo oaii?a ci?i AAI ? caeiyoino? 4,0 4,9 4,6 39,3
100,0 1,1

Na?aaeiy ca?ia?oia ieaoa a oe?eiio (aac eieaini?a), a?i. / i?n. 0,07
1,7 15,32 80,58 137,81 156,2 167,46

Ci?ia ?aaeueii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, 1990 ?. = 100 % 83,6 36,8 33,5 36,9
35,0 34,2 33,2

*anoea aa?oino? i?aoe? o AAI, % 43 40 48 48 50 53 49

*anoea ca?ia?oii? ieaoe a caaaeueieo aeioiaeao, % 67,9 53,6 60,2 63,3
61,2 53,1 46,2

Noeoiia caai?aiaai?noue ?c ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, % aei AAI — — 0,3 1,1 5,2
5,5 6,6

Oae, niaaeia aeeiai?ea nei?i/aiiy ianyao ?aaeueiiai aaeiaiai
aioo??oiueiai i?iaeoeoo ia 1% aaaea aei iaaaeaeaaoiiai nei?i/aiiy
caeiyoino? oa na?ae/eoue i?i nooo?a? ao?aoe i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? a
aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie. Oaiaeaioe?y nei?i/aiiy /anoee aa?oino? i?aoe? o AAI,
nei?i/aiiy ieoiii? aaae ca?ia?oii? ieaoe o caaaeueieo aeioiaeao
i?aoethth/eo, c?inoaiiy /anoee noeoiii? caai?aiaaiino? ?c ca?ia?oii?
ieaoe o AAI aeacothoue ia aaciiai?ioio ao?aoo ina?oiueiai oa i?ioan?eii
eaae?o?eaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo /a?ac ciaioaiiy caeiyoino?, ia?iuaiiy
ianya?a i?eoiaaiiai aac?ia?ooy, ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaiiiaio
ia?a?iae?caoe?? oiui.

Iaaaoeai? iane?aeee aeey a?aeoai?aiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo
*a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano? ia? iia??oaiiy i?e?iaeii-a?ieia?/ii? eiiiiiaioe
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo. Ii/eiath/e c 1995 ?ieo, a?aeaoaa?oueny
nei?i/aiiy /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy iaeano? caaaeii, ye a n?euenuee?e
i?noeaaino?, oae ? a i?nueeeo iinaeaiiyo. A?aecia/aii ciaioaiiy
i?e?iaeiiai i?e?inoo a oe?eiio ii iaeano? c ia?aaaaeiei eiai nei?i/aiiyi
a n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?. Iii?oiith a iaeano? ? oaiaeaioe?y c?inoaiiy
eiao?oe??ioa aeaiia?ao?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy
iai?aoeacaeaoieie. Oeth iniaeea?noue iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe aeaaeiei
no?oeoo?ai i?e ?iciiae?e? o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a aeey nai?/aniiai iiaaoaiiy
caai?aiaaiino? ii aeieao? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, iain?e oa ?ioeo aeae?a
nioe?aeueii? aeiiiiiae.

I?eeiaoiith iciaeith o a?aeoai?aii? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo
*a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano? ? iia??oaiiy eiai caei?ia’y. Ca ia??iae c 1985 ii
1996 ?. caoai?thaai?noue ianaeaiiy ia aeoeaiee ooaa?eoeueic, ceiye?ni?
ooai?aiiy ca?eueoeeanue a?aeiia?aeii ia 15,3% oa 15,7%. C ae?aaiicii
caoai?thaaiiy ia neo?e?n, ui anoaiiaeaiee aia?oa, e?euee?noue aeiaaee?a
caoai?thaaiue c?inea ca 1985–1996 ??. a 25,4 ?ace, ca 1985–1998 ??.
?ic?ea aeaui ciaioeany ? noaiiaea 11,4 ?ace. I?e/eie ??ceiai i?aeaeuaiiy
caoai?thaaiino? i?noyoue nai? aeoiee a iia??oaii?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? a aea?aeaa?, nioe?aeuei?e
no?aoeo?eaoe?? noni?euenoaa, coaiae?ii? oa i?aeaeuai?e i?a?aoe?ei?e
?ooeeaino? ianaeaiiy oeueiai ?aa?iio. Aeey iiia?aaeaeaiiy oa
i?ecoieiaiiy ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiue a iaeano?
iniaeeao oaaao iaiao?aeii caa?iooe ia iineeaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno
nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo, i?ioeai?aeai?ieia?/ieo oa i?aai?caoe?eieo
caoiae?a, ?ic?iaeo oa caoaa?aeaeaiiy nai?oa?ii-ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa a Oe?a?i?.

Niaoeeo?eo a?aeoai?aiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, a ioaea, ? ??aaiue
aoaeoeaiino? eiai aeei?enoaiiy iiaeia ioe?ieoe ia iniia? aaeain?a
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, neeaaeaieo a ?ic??c? eiie?aoiiai ?aa?iio, ?aeiio,
ie?aieo ianaeaieo ioieo?a. Aiae?c iayaiino? oa ye?niiai neeaaeo
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a eiaeii? oa?eoi???, a?aooaaiiy ??aiy caeiyoino? e
iia?eueiino? i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith
iaa?oiooaaiiy iai?yi?a ?icaeoeo eiioeaio?aoe?? ? niaoe?ae?caoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa, iiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa, noai?aiiy iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue ia
ooieoe?iioth/eo noa’?eoao ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ?icaeoeo iaeiai oa
na?aaeiueiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa, naiicaeiyoino? oiui. Aeena?oaio iaaieioo?
ia iaiao?aeiino? ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee iiaoaeiae ?aaeueiiai aaeaino
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, ine?eueee aeai? ?nioth/eo aaeainiaeo ?ic?aooie?a
i?i ?iciiae?e o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ia a?aeia?aaeathoue ?o ae?enieo
i?iii?oe?e, ??aiy oa no?oeoo?e ?aaeueii? caeiyoino? a on?o noa?ao
aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Cai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?aeoeee ?ic?iaee aaeain?a
?iai/eo i?noeue, aaeain?a ?ooo ianaeaiiy ? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, aaeain?a
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a ?ic??c? ieciaeo oa?eoi??aeueieo iaeeieoeue, ye? a
iaeaaeiei /eiii a?aoiaoaaee niaoeeo?eo ?icaeoeo eiie?aoii? oa?eoi???,
aeicaieeoue ?ice?eoe aeoioeueiaai? a aaeocyo niaoe?ae?caoe?? ?aa?iio
?aca?ae iaaeiaeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo.

A i?ioean? ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue c?inoa? ?ieue i?a?aoe?? a oi?ioaaii? oa
aeei?enoaii? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio, iineeth?oueny aeiiii?/ia oa
nioe?aeueia ?? ooieoe??. A ia??iae e?ioey 80-o – ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a
o?oaeiaa iayoieeiaa i?a?aoe?y n?euenueeeo aeeoae?a a iaeaniee oeaio?
neoaoaaea iaeiei ?c oeyo?a caaacia/aiiy iio?aae ainiiaea?nueeiai
eiiieaeno i?noa o aenieieaae?o?eiaai?e ?iai/?e nee?. Ia ie?aieo
i?aei?e?inoaao /anoea iayoieeiaeo i?a?aio?a o caaaeuei?e e?eueeino?
i?aoe?aiee?a nyaaea 20–40%. Uiaeaiii a i. *a?i?aoe? i?e?aeaeaeaee ia
?iaioo 7–9 oen. in?a c Iiainaeeoeueeiai, E?oeiainueeiai,
Noi?iaeeiaoeueeiai ?aeii?a, a?eueoa 11 oen. in?a c Aeeaioeueeiai ?aeiio.
Iaio iiooaeieie oeaio?aie i?eoyaaiiy iayoieeiaeo i?a?aio?a aenooiaee
iae? i?noa ? naeeua i?nueeiai oeio, e?euee?noue in?a, ui aei?aeaeaeaee,
eieeaaeanue a?ae 0,9 aei 3,5 oen. in?a.

Aeiaaio?eaae? i?ioeane iayoieeiai? i?a?aoe?? a iiia?aaei? aeanyoee?ooy
i?eaaee aei ?ioaineaiiai a?aeoieo ianaeaiiy c n?euenueei? i?noeaaino?,
/enaeuei?noue yeeo ciaioeeanue a?eueoa ye ia 29 oen. in?a. I?ioa c
ae?oai? iieiaeie 80-o ? ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a /enaeuei?noue iayoieeiaeo
i?a?aio?a caciaea iaaiiai nei?i/aiiy.

A oiiaao nei?i/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa a ?aa?ii?, ?icoe?aiiy ianya?a
i?eoiaaiiai aac?ia?ooy, iecueeiai aeeoo?aiai ??aiy aaaaoueio aeeoae?a
Aoeiaeie iaaoea oe?ieiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy naciiia o?oaeiaa i?a?aoe?y ca
ei?aeii. I?i iaaeeaeaio aei ?aaeueiino? ?ioaineai?noue oeeo i?ioean?a
na?ae/aoue aeai? i?i e?euee?noue ia?an?/aiue ei?aeiio a *a?i?aaoeuee?e
iaeano?. A 1990 ?., 1996 ?., 1997 ?. oe? ianyae noaiiaeee a?aeiia?aeii
52,1, 28,0, 27,2 oen. in?a. Ca aeaeaie ae?yeueiino? 42,5 % aeeoae?a
*a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano?, eio?? i?aoethaaee ca ei?aeiiii, aoee caeiyo? ia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?iaioao, 37,0% aeeiioaaee aoae?aaeuei? ?iaioe,
??ci? ?iaioe – 12,7%, ?iaioa aaooiaei iaoiaeii – 6,6%, ?iaioa a
iaaee/ieo caeeaaeao ? ia e?nicaaioiaeao – 1,2% i?a?aio?a. Aeena?oaio
aaaaea?, ui ii?yae c ?aae?caoe??th nioe?aeueii? ooieoe?? i?a?aoe??, yea
iieyaa? a caaacia/aii? oiia aeey a?aeoai?aiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo,
iciaeiieaii? c iiaeie iaoiaeaie i?aai?caoe?? oa eoeueoo?ith i?aoe?,
naciiia o?oaeiaa i?a?aoe?y ia? ianooii? iaaaoeai? noi?iie:

/anoeiai ?oeiothoueny i?ioan?ei? ? eaae?o?eaoe?ei? yeino? o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo;

iayoieeia? i?a?aioe, ye? i?aoeththoue ca ei?aeiiii, ia niea/othoue
iiaeaoee ca i?noeai i?iaeeaaiiy. O oie aea /an aiie ? /eaie ?o n?iae
ei?enoothoueny iineoaaie nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, yea ooieoe?iio? ca
?aooiie iiaeaoeiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue;

o ?acoeueoao? ae?caeo ca ei?aeii 80% iieiae? c?inoa? iaaaioaaeaiiy
iai?aoethth/eo ia iaeiiai i?aoethth/iai, ui a iaai?e i??? ni?e/eiy?
ciaioaiith ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa, iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei athaeaeaoo ? ye
iane?aeie, iaaeieaoa iain?e oiui.

?aae?caoe?y o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo i?a?aio?a cae?enith?oueny a
iaaecia/aiiio i?aaiaiio iie?, i?e a?aenooiino? i?aeaea?aeaaieo oaiae,
ye? ca?aeii c /eiiei caeiiiaeaanoaii iiaeii? caoeuaoe ?ioa?ane oei/aniai
i?aoethth/eo ca ei?aeiiii. Iane?aeeii oeueiai ? ??aaiue iieaoe
oe?a?inueeeo i?a?aio?a, ieae/ee a?ae i?noeaaeo i?aoe?aiee?a o 5 ?
a?eueoa ?ac?a, o e?eueea ?ac?a a?ae iieaoe i?aaenoaaiee?a ?ioeo e?a?i,
ye? caoeuai? a?aeiia?aeieie i?aeaea?aeaaieie oaiaeaie;

i?e /ano?e o?eaae?e a?aenooiino? iaeiiai c aaouee?a a n?i’yo ae?oe ia
io?eiothoue iaeaaeiiai aeoiaaiiy, ?iciaaeathoueny oethae.

Noaoenoe/i? aeai?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue i?a?aoe?eia naeueaei ianaeaiiy
iaeano?, iieacothoue, ui nueiaiaei? i?a?aoe?y ? aeueoa?iaoeaiei oeyoii
iiooeo e?aueo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia (?en.1). Eiiieaenio ioe?ieo
oeueiai i?ioeano iiaeia io?eiaoe ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a iaeaooiueiai
Ia?aieno ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie (2001 ??e). Nueiaiaei? ae aenia?oio ioe?ieo
no?oeoo?e, iai?yi?a, i?a?aoe?eieo iano?i?a, iane?aee?a i?a?aoe?eieo
i?ioean?a ianaeaiiy iaeano? iiaeii? i?iaiaeeoe ?aa?iiaeuei? i?aaie
aeaaee.

Oiiai? iicia/aiiy: 1 – ii iaeano? caaaeii; 2 – i. *a?i?aoe?;

3 – Aeaeieoeueeee; 4 – Aa?oea?anueeee; 5 – Aeeaioeueeee; 6 –
Canoaai?anueeee;

7 – Eaeueiaiaoeueeee; 8 – E?oeiainueeee; 9 – Iiainaeeoeueeee; 10 –
Iooeeuenueeee; 11 – Niee?yinueeee; 12 – Noi?iaeeiaoeueeee; 13 –
Oioeinueeee ?aeiie.

?en. 1. I?a?aoe?eia naeueaei ianaeaiiy *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano? a ?ic??c?
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Aiae?c aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo a
ia??iae o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie» ?icaeyaea?oueny aieea
caeiyoino? ia aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo *a?i?aaoeueei?
iaeano?, i?iaiae?ciaaia aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?aoe? a
aaeocyo aeiiii?ee iaeano?, a ?ic??c? ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa, iieacaia
?ieue i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie iieaoe i?aoe? a aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaii?
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo.

*enaeuei?noue o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a iaeano? ? i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy o
i?aoeacaeaoiiio a?oe? a 1995–1997 ??. noaa?e?coaaeanue. E?euee?noue
caeiyoeo a on?o noa?ao aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ciaioeeanue ca oeae
ia??iae ia 14,0%.Iiaiee ?eiie i?aoe? c??n c 39,8 aei 93,7 oen. in?a. C
ieo o neoaeao caeiyoino? caa?ioeiny a 1996 ?. eeoa 13,6%, o 1997 –
20,9%, ui na?ae/eoue i?i a?aenooi?noue o aeaii? ?inoeoooe?? ?aaeueieo
iiaeeeainoae ae??aiai aieeao ia iie?auaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
noaiiaeua oe??? eaoaai??? ianaeaiiy.

Iiceoe?y aee?aeoi?aoo i?aei?e?inoa uiaei oo?eiaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a o noai?
aeiooaii? iaiiaii? caeiyoino?, yea /anoeiai aeaooiaoaaei e naieo
i?aoe?aiee?a ca oiia ia/?oei? i?aaiai? nenoaie ?o ia?aaeaiaioiaaii?
ae?yeueiino?, iaea nai?i iane?aeeii ao?aoo oinoi? /anoeie iaeneiaeueii
iiaeeeaiai oiiaeo ?iai/iai /ano iaeiiai i?aoe?aieea. Iieaciai, ui a on?o
iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo aaeocyo ?icaea?aeaaeaiiai naeoi?o iaeano?
eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/iai /ano iaioee, i?ae ia aea?aeaaieo
i?aei?e?inoaao: 49% i?ioe 80% (noaiii ca ? i?a??//y 1998 ?.).

A oiiaao caaaeueiiai iia??oaiiy o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa
iaaeinoaoi? o?iainoaaiiy i?ia?ai caeiyoino? iaei nai?i iane?aeeii
ciaioaiiy /anoee caoiae?a aeoeaii? iie?oeee caeiyoino?. A 1996 ?. oeeie
caoiaeaie aoei ioiieaii 22% iacaeiyoiai ianaeaiiy, yea ia?aaoaaei ia
iae?eo a neoaea? caeiyoino?, a 1997 ?. – o?eueee 15%. Ia eaioo,
ia?aaeaa/aio Caeiiii Oe?a?ie «I?i caeiyo?noue ianaeaiiy», aoei
i?aoeaaeaooiaaii eeoa 9% iacaeiyoiai ianaeaiiy. Oeth neooaoe?th
caaino?th? ia?aoe?iiaeueiee oa?aeoa? ?iciiae?eo eioo?a aea?aeaaiiai
oiiaeo caeiyoino? iaeano?. C ?ic?aooieo ia iaeiiai ca?a?no?iaaiiai
aac?ia?oiiai aeo?aoe ia caaacia/aiiy i?ae?icae?e?a oeaio??a caeiyoino?
neoaeaiaeie i?ei?uaiiyie neeaee 66,3 a?i., oiae? ye noia aeiiiiiae ii
aac?ia?ooth – eeoa 43,8%. Aeena?oaio iaaieioo? ia iaiao?aeiino?
o?iainoaaiiy oaeeo noaoae aeo?ao eioo?a aea?aeaaiiai oiiaeo caeiyoino?
iaeano? ye iaaeaiiy aaci?ioeaioii? iiceee aac?ia?oiei aeey caiyooy
i?aei?e?iieoeueeith ae?yeuei?noth, noai?aiiy ?iai/eo i?noeue iiiaae
anoaiiaeaio eaioo, ia i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ii
i?iaiicoaaiith iaiao?aeieo ianya?a ina?oiuei-i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a
?aa?ii?, i?aai?caoe?y, eii?aeeiaoe?y oa aaaeaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c i?iaeai caeiyoino?, noai?aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeia?aeeiai? nenoaie. Aeioe?eueii ia aea?aeaaiiio oa
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo noai?eoe eiiieaenio i?ia?aio oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie
?ano?naie, aea a /?oei i?ine?aeeiaoaaany ca’ycie iaia’yce?a ?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ?inoeoooe?eieo eaiie aea?aeaaii? aeaaee ?
aaciina?aaeiuei i?aei?e?inoa ii caaacia/aiith aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?aoe?
aeine?aeaeaii ia iniia? iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? a oe?eiio ii
iaeano?, a aaeocyo aeiiii?ee, a ?ic??c? ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa.
A?aecia/a?oueny, ui io?oe?ei? aeaea?aea noaoenoeee ia iiaeathoue
iaeaaeiiai aena?oeaiiy ?aaeueii? aeeiai?ee iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aoe?. I?ioa niaaeia aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? (?en.2) i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui aieiaiei oaeoi?ii,
eio?ee aieeioa ia cieaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? ? nioe?aeueii? aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo aoea ?i?oaoe?y iie?ioaiiy oiia
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

?en. 2. Aeeiai?ea ?iaeaeno i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano? oa Oe?a?ie ca 1990–1997 ??., %.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ae?yeueiino? eieaeoeaieo ? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa iaeano? cana?ae/o? oi?iaeueiee, iaaea?aeaaiee i?aeo?ae
i?aai?a aeaaee aei i?aai?caoe?? i?iaaaeaiiy oa eiio?ieth ca i?ioeanaie
?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? ia nae?. Caaaeii i?iaiicoaaoe eiie?aoi?
oeyoe

i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ia i?aei?e?inoaao ??cieo aaeocae
aeiiii?ee iiaeeeai i?e noaa?eueiino? i?aaiai?, aeiiii?/ii?, o?iainiai?
oa iie?oe/ii? neooaoe?? a aea?aeaa?.

A no/aniee e?eciaeo oiiaao aiane?aeie ?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a, o?eaaeiai
aeiiii?/iiai niaaeo, cia/ieo iaaeieao ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, ciaioaiiy ??aiy
caeiyoino? ca?ia?oia ieaoa ia?anoaea aeeiioaaoe aeanoea? ?e ooieoe?? –
a?aeoai?thaaeueio, ?aaoethth/o, noeioethth/o. A aeiiii?/ii ?icaeiooeo
e?a?iao aeeiiaiiy ca?ia?oiith ieaoith cacia/aieo ooieoe?e aeiaaa?, uia
/anoea ca?ia?oii? ieaoe o iiainoai?ai?e aa?oino? neeaaeaea ia iaioa ??
aea? o?aoeie. A aaeocyo aeiiii?ee *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano? ?? ieoiia aaaa
a no?oeoo?? aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe??, ?ia?o, iineoa a 1996?.
neeaea 17,7%, a 1997?. – 18,3%. Nooo?aith ia?aoeiaeith aeey aeeiiaiiy
ca?ia?oiith ieaoith i?eoaiaiieo ?e ooieoe?e ? c?inoath/? ianyae
iaaeiea/aii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, /anoea noeoiii? aaee/eie yei? o AAI a
1997?. neeaea 5,5% (?en.1). Noaiii ia 1.09.1998 ?. a *a?i?aaoeuee?e
iaeano? caai?aiaai?noue ii ca?ia?oi?e ieao? iaee 1988 i?aei?e?inoa 52,1%
a?ae an??? noie ia?aoiaaii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe),?? aaee/eia neeaea 85,9
iei. a?i. c ia?aaaaeaiiyi noie ai?ao o ae?iaie/?e noa?? (63,1%).
Aeena?oaio ?iaeoue aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue iineeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
aieeao ia aecia/aiiy ? ?aae?caoe?th iie?oeee ca?ia?oii? ieaoe,
aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie ?? aeiaia??iiai ?aaoethaaiiy. Aac oeueiai
neooaoe?y a noa?? iieaoe i?aoe? aoaea caeeoaoenue e?eoe/iith,
iaa?aaoeueiaaiith, a ?nioth/ee ?ici?? aeioiae?a i?aoethth/eo ? iaaeae?
ia ni?eyoeia aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaiith o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Aaeineiiaeaiiy aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo
?aa?iio a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua» ocaaaeueiaii
ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae ?aaoethaaiiy nenoai iieaoe i?aoe? oa nioe?aeueiiai
ia?oia?noaa, aecia/aii i?aeoiaee aei iaiaaeaiiy ?inoo ??aiy aac?ia?ooy a
?aa?ii?, ie?aneaii iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy ?icaeoeo oa
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio.

Ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae ?aaoethaaiiy nenoai iieaoe i?aoe? oa nioe?aeueiiai
ia?oia?noaa aeioe?eueii a?aoiaoaaoe a oe?a?inuee?e i?aeoeoe? aeey iiooeo
neiaoey?ieo oi/ie aeinyaiaiiy ??aiiaaae a noa?? caeiyoino?, i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo,
ia?aoiaeo aei aio/ei? nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe. Nueiaiaei?
a a?eueoino? aeiiii?/ii ?icaeiooeo e?a?i noai?ai? ia?aaeoiiae aeey
aeinyaiaiiy ??aiiaaaeiiai ??aiy ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ca ?aooiie
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aio/ei? nenoaie ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, yea ia?aaeaa/a? ??
ci?io a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeeiai?ee aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a,
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, ?ioeyoe?? oiui.

A iniia? aio/eeo nenoai ca?ia?oii? ieaoe iieeaaeaii caeaaei?noue
ca?ia?oeo a?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo yeinoae ? caneoa i?aoe?aiee?a oa
?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa. A NOA 75% eiiiai?e
canoiniaothoue nenoaio ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe. O O?aioe??
?iaeea?aeoaeueio iaaeaaaeo aei ca?ieaoe iaea?aeoaaei 49% iaeiaieo
i?aoe?aiee?a. Oe?ieiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iaaoea nenoaia «nie?aea?ii?»
aai aaae?oa?ii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe. Iniiaieie ia?aaaaaie oaei? nenoaie a
Oaaoe?? ? iino?eia c?inoaiiy aeeoo?aiai ??aiy i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy
a caeaaeiino? a?ae ??aiy aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo aaeocae ? i?aei?e?inoa,
a?aenooi?noue nioe?aeueieo eiioe?eo?a, i?i?i?caoe?y ieeiiino? eaae??a,
noai?aiiy iiaeeeainoae i?aai?/iiai ii?aeiaiiy i?aei?e?iieoeoaa c
iniiaiith ae?yeuei?noth i?aoe?aiee?a oiui.

A iniiao yiiinueei? nenoaie ca?ia?oii? ieaoe iieeaaeaia «iiaeeoo?aa
ca?ieaoa», ca?aeii yei? noeioeth?oueny ia no?eueee i?aoey, ne?eueee
aaciina?aaeiuei ?ia?oiee, ia i?inoi eiai o?oaeiaa ooieoe?y, a aanue
oai?/ee iioaioe?ae ?iaeea?aeooia. A i?aeoeoe? iaoa??aeueiiai
noeioethaaiiy a?eueo?noue yiiinueeeo eiiiai?e ii?aeiothoue aeaiaioe
o?aaeeoe?eii? (iia?eiai?) ? iiai? (o?oaeiai?) oa?eo?eaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a.
Oea aeicaiey? oieeiooe aaoiiaoe/iiai c?inoaiiy ca?ia?oeo a caeaaeiino?
a?ae ia?aaoaaiiy ethaeeie a neeaae? o??ie aac a?aooaaiiy e?ioeaaiai
?acoeueoaoo. Aenie?e aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo
yiiinueeeo o??i ni?eythoue aeieaoe aiion?a (aei /aoaa?oeie ??/ii?
aeiaai?iaee i?aoe?aiee?a), iaeii?aciai? aeo?aeii? aeiiiiiae (iain?? a?ae
i?aei?e?inoaa) oiui.

Noeioee, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny a NOA, iiae?eythoueny ia: noeioee, eio??
i?aeo?eiothoue i?anoeae o??ie, caaacia/othoue i?aea?? oa cae??ieaiiy
eaae?o?eiaaieo eaae??a; noeioee, ui ni?eythoue i?aeaeuaiith
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? oa yeino? i?iaeoeoe??, caaacia/othoue aenieee
??aaiue a?aeaea/? i?aoe?. Aei inoaii?o iaeaaeeoue aieiae?iiy /anoeiith
aeoe?e eiiiai?e, aaeeea a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue i?aeoaa?aeaeaia
a?aeiia?aeiith iinaaeith, a?ioia? aeiaai?iaee, i?aeaeuaiiy ca?ia?oii?
ieaoe ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?aoe? oiui.

Ioaea, iniiai? eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy ca?oa?aeieo nenoai ca?ia?oii?
ieaoe aeioe?eueii aaeaiooaaoe aei oe?a?inueeeo oiia i?e noai?aii?
iaoai?cio noeioethaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaii? i?aoe?, i?aei?e?iieoeueei? oa
ae?eiai? aeoeaiino?.

A oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee aea?aeaaia iie?oeea ?icaeoeo o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo iiaeiia aooe ni?yiiaaia ia caiia?aaiiy ianiaiai aac?ia?ooy.
Aeena?oaio aaaaea?, ui a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee iie?auaiiy
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, ciaioaiiy ianooaa?a aac?ia?ooy
iiaea aooe aeinyaiooi ca ?aooiie iiaoaiii? ?aae?caoe?? ianooiieo
i?eioeei?a:

i?iaiicoaaiiy i?ioeano aea?eueiaiiy ?iai/i? neee;

aca?iiocaiaeaeaiiy i?ioeano aea?eueiaiiy c oi?ioaaiiyi ? ?icaeoeii
iino?eii ae?th/i? nenoaie ia?aeaae?o?eaoe?? oa ia?aiaa/aiiy eaae??a;

aeiiii?/ia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue i?aoeaaeaaoey ca aea?eueiaiiy ?
ia?aeaae?o?eaoe?th eaae??a;

noai?aiiy oiia aeey a?eueiiai aeai?o i?aoe?aieeaie oeyo?a ? iai?yi?a
?aae?caoe?? aeaniiai o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, ?icaeoeo ??ciiiai?oieo
oi?i naiicaeiyoino? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?aei?e?iieoeoaa;

cae?eniaiiy eiio?ieth ca i?ioeanii aea?eueiaiiy a ?aieao nioe?aeueiiai
ia?oia?noaa.

?aae?caoe?y cacia/aieo i?eioeei?a iio?aao? a?aeiia?aeiiai caeiiiaeaa/iai
caaacia/aiiy, ia?o ca ana i?eeiyooy iiaeo caeii?a «I?i eacaii?
i?aei?e?inoaa», «I?i no?oeoo?io ia?aaoaeiao aeiiii?ee», «I?i oi?aae?iiy
aea?aeaaiith aeani?noth» oiui.

Aeena?oaio iaaieioo? ia iaiao?aeiino? iineeaiiy ea?iaaiino? i?ioeanaie
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano?. Ia?aoiaeo
aei oi?aae?iiy oeeie i?ioeanaie a oiiaao iiaeeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? e?ece ia?aoeiaeaea?: iaaeinoaoi? ona?aeiieaiiy
aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie aeaaee aeioe?eueiino? oaei? ?iaioe, a oaeiae
a?aenooi?noue iaeaaeii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace. Ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? ia
?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue oi?aae?iiy ?icaeoeii o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, aii?oia
iiceoe?y i?ioan?eieo ni?eie, ia?o?e, ?ioeo a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e
ia ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith oaeiai oeio nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ia?oia?noaa,
yeee ae ni?eya nioe?aeueiiio caoenoo ianaeaiiy ? caaacia/oaaa ae
a?aeiiniee aaeain ?ioa?an?a an?o o/aniee?a o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano.

Aaaeeeaa ?ieue a?aeaiaeeoueny noai?aiith ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ii? aace,
yea iiaeiia neoaeeoe iniiaith iii?oi?eiao o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo,
i?noeoe aeai? i?i e?euee?ni? oa ye?ni? ia?aiao?e o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo
a ?ic??c? ianaeaieo ioieo?a, aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a, aaeocae,
i?aei?e?inoa. ?ioi?iaoe?y uiaei ?icaeoeo o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo iiaeiia
aooe i?aaenoaaeaia a ?ic??c? ianooiieo iiaeoe?a: aeaiiaeiiii?/ia
no?oeoo?a, noaoaai-a?eiaa oa?aeoa?enoeea, noai caei?ia’y,
ina?oiuei-i?ioan?eia no?oeoo?a, eiieo?aioia caeaoi?noue ?iai/i? neee,
i?ioan?eii-eaae?o?eaoe?eiee ??aaiue, iia?euei?noue o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo, ??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy, iioeaaoe?y i?aoe?, caeiyo?noue, ?eiie
i?aoe?, nioe?aeueiee caoeno. Aeena?oaio aaaaea?, ui noai?aiiy oaei?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ii? aace iiaeeeaa a ?acoeueoao? ni?eueii?,
oe?eani?yiiaaii? oa ocaiaeaeaii? ae?yeueiino? a?aeiia?aeieo no?oeoo?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaee, i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, i?ioni?eie,
iaoeiaoe?a.

Aeniiaee

Iiiyo?eiee «eiioo?» o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo aeeth/a? aeiiii?/i?, ina?oi?,
nioe?aeueii-iioeaaoe?ei?, iaaee/i?, ineoieia?/i?, aoiieoeueoo?i?
neeaaeia?. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ? caeiyoino?
ooiaeaiaioaeueia cia/aiiy iathoue iieiaeaiiy uiaei a?aooaaiiy
aaiethoe?eii-aaiaoe/ii? ia?aaeeaie, aeiaiiieia?/ieo aniaeo?a ?icaeoeo
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo. Oaeee aaaaoianiaeoiee ?icaeyae o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo aeicaiey? i?ae iiaei eooii ci?o i?ae?eoe aei aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? eiai aeei?enoaiiy, a?aoiaoth/e iiaeeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? e?ece a aea?aeaa?.

O no/anieo oiiaao iniiai? iae?iaeiiii?/i? iieacieee ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie
iiaeia ?ioa?i?aooaaoe ye ?iaeeeaoi?e ??aiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo. Iaaaoeai? iane?aeee aeey a?aeoai?aiiy o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano? ia? iia??oaiiy i?e?iaeii-a?ieia?/ii?
eiiiiiaioe o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo. I?eeiaoiith iciaeith o a?aeoai?aii?
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano? ? iia??oaiiy eiai
caei?ia’y. Aeey iiia?aaeaeaiiy oa i?ecoieiaiiy ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiue a iaeano? iniaeeao oaaao iaiao?aeii caa?iooe
ia iineeaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo,
i?ioeai?aeai?ieia?/ieo oa i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a, ?ic?iaeo oa
caoaa?aeaeaiiy nai?oa?ii-ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai caeiiiaeaanoaa a Oe?a?i?.

Ia ??ai? ?aa?iio iaiao?aeii i?enooieoe aei ?ic?iaee aaeain?a ?iai/eo
i?noeue, aaeain?a ?ooo ianaeaiiy ? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, aaeain?a
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o ?ic??c? ieciaeo oa?eoi??aeueieo iaeeieoeue.
Ine?eueee oe? aaeaine a?aeiia?aeiei /eiii a?aoiaothoue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo eiie?aoii? oa?eoi???, oi ia
?o iniia? iiaeia aoei a ?ice?eoe aeoioeueiaai? a aaeocyo niaoe?ae?caoe??
?aa?iio ?aca?ae iaaeiaeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo.

O i?ioean? ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue c?inoa? ?ieue i?a?aoe?? a oi?ioaaii? oa
aeei?enoaii? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio, iineeth?oueny aeiiii?/ia oa
nioe?aeueia ?? ooieoe??. Aenia?oio ioe?ieo no?oeoo?e, iai?yi?a,
i?a?aoe?eieo iano?i?a, iane?aee?a i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a ianaeaiiy
iaeano? iiaeii? i?iaiaeeoe ?aa?iiaeuei? i?aaie aeaaee. Eiiieaenio
ioe?ieo oeueiai i?ioeano aecia/aoue ?acoeueoaoe iaeaooiueiai Ia?aieno
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie (2001 ??e).

A oiiaao caaaeueiiai iia??oaiiy o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa
iaaeinoaoi? o?iainoaaiiy i?ia?ai caeiyoino? iaei nai?i iane?aeeii
ciaioaiiy /anoee caoiae?a aeoeaii? iie?oeee caeiyoino?, ui iaoiiaeaii a
cia/i?e i??? ia?aoe?iiaeueiei oa?aeoa?ii ?iciiae?eo eioo?a aea?aeaaiiai
oiiaeo caeiyoino? iaeano?. Aeioe?eueii caa?iooe oaaao ia o?iainiaa
caaacia/aiiy oaeeo noaoae aeo?ao eioo?a aea?aeaaiiai oiiaeo caeiyoino?
iaeano? ye iaaeaiiy aaci?ioeaioii? iiceee aac?ia?oiei aeey caiyooy
i?aei?e?iieoeueeith ae?yeuei?noth, noai?aiiy ?iai/eo i?noeue iiiaae
anoaiiaeaio eaioo, i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ii
i?iaiicoaaiith iaiao?aeieo ianya?a ina?oiuei-i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a
?aa?ii?, i?aai?caoe?th, eii?aeeiaoe?th oa aaaeaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c i?iaeai caeiyoino?, noai?aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeia?aeeiai? nenoaie.

O no/anieo e?eciaeo oiiaao aiane?aeie ?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a, o?eaaeiai
aeiiii?/iiai niaaeo, cia/ieo iaaeieao ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, ciaioaiiy ??aiy
caeiyoino? ca?ia?oia ieaoa ia?anoaea aeeiioaaoe aeanoea? ?e ooieoe?? –
a?aeoai?thaaeueio, ?aaoethth/o, noeioethth/o. Aeey oiai, uia ?nioth/ee
?ici?? aeioiae?a i?aoethth/eo ni?eya aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaiith
o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, iaiao?aeia iineeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai aieeao ia
aecia/aiiy ? ?aae?caoe?th iie?oeee ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, aaeineiiaeaiiy
nenoaie ?? aeiaia??iiai ?aaoethaaiiy.

Ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae ?aaoethaaiiy nenoai iieaoe i?aoe? oa nioe?aeueiiai
ia?oia?noaa aeioe?eueii a?aoiaoaaoe a oe?a?inuee?e i?aeoeoe? aeey iiooeo
neiaoey?ieo oi/ie aeinyaiaiiy ??aiiaaae a noa?? caeiyoino?, i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo,
ia?aoiaeo aei aio/ei? nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe. Iniiai?
eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy ca?oa?aeieo nenoai ca?ia?oii? ieaoe
aeioe?eueii aaeaiooaaoe aei oe?a?inueeeo oiia i?e noai?aii? iaoai?cio
noeioethaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaii? i?aoe?, i?aei?e?iieoeueei? oa ae?eiai?
aeoeaiino?.

Caaino?aiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? e?ece a aea?aeaa? iio?aao? iineeaiiy
ea?iaaiino? i?ioeanaie aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo
*a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano?. Aaaeeeaa ?ieue a?aeaiaeeoueny noai?aiith
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ii? aace, yea iiaeiia neoaeeoe iniiaith
iii?oi?eiao o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, i?noeoe aeai? i?i e?euee?ni? oa
ye?ni? ia?aiao?e o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo a ?ic??c? ianaeaieo ioieo?a,
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a, aaeocae, i?aei?e?inoa.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

Aioioiaa ?.I. Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? a Oe?a?i? // Iaoeiaee
a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Aei. 10. Aeiiii?ea. – *a?i?aoe?:
*AeO, 1997. – N. 96-100. (0,3 ae.a.).

Aioioiaa ?.I. Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?
o noa?? ni?eyiiy caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy // Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Aei. 26. Aeiiii?ea. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1998. – N. 54-60.
(0,44 ae.a.).

Aioioiaa ?.I. Cia/aiiy aaeaino o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?e aeai?? no?aoaa??
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aeiiii?ee oa i??i?eoao?a ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano a
?aa?ii? // Iaoeiaee a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Aei. 44.
Aeiiii?ea. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1999. – N. 106-113. (0,5 ae.a.).

Aioioiaa ?.I. Aei ieoaiue ae??oaiiy aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a a ?aa?ii? // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ca iaoa??aeaie
aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «?aa?iiaeueia
iie?oeea Oe?a?ie: iaoeia? iniiae, iaoiaee, iaoai?cie». *anoeia 2. –
Euea?a, 1998. – N. 263-267. (0,3 ae.a.).

Enueiiaec N.A., Aioioiaa ?.I. Aeaye? aniaeoe oi?i ?aa?iiaeueiiai
?icaeoeo a Oe?a?i? // Oace aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?. eiio. «A?eueia
aeiiii?/ia ciia – ye oi?ia ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo». *anoeia 1. –
*a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1994. – N. 46-49. – Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a:
iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue oi?i ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo. (0,1
ae.a.).

Aioioiaa ?.I. ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aeiiii?ee oa ?iaanoeoe?eia iie?oeea a
Oe?a?i? // Iaoeia? aeiiia?ae? i?aeia?. eiio. «?iaanoeoe?eia
ae?yeuei?noue a Oe?a?i?: i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oa ?aaoethaaiiy». *anoeia 1.
– *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1997. – N. 213-215. (0,2 ae.a.).

Aioioiaa ?.I. Aniaeoe noo? ? aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo // Iaoeia? aeiiia?ae? i?aeia?. eiio. «?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y
aeiiii?ee oa ?iaanoeoe?? a Oe?a?i?». – *anoeia 3. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO,
1998. – N. 142-143. (0,13 ae.a.).

Aioioiaa ?.I. Eiioeaiooaeuei? ?ene iiaeeeainoae iaiaaeaiiy ?inoo ?
?aaoethaaiiy aac?ia?ooy // Iaoeia? aeiiia?ae? i?aeia?. eiio. «No/ania
?iiiaaoe?eii-i?iieneiaa iie?oeea Oe?a?ie: ?iaanoeoe?ei? i??i?eoaoe oa
?io?ano?oeoo?a». *anoeia 2. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1999. – N. 23-27. (0,3
ae.a.).

Aioioiaa ?.I. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio (?aa?iiaeuei? aniaeoe). – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.09.01 – Aeaiia?ao?y, aeiiii?ea i?aoe?,
nioe?aeueia aeiiii?ea ? iie?oeea. – ?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie, Euea?a, 2000.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ice?eooth nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo aniaeo?a
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio.
Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue iiaoaeiae ?aaeueiiai aaeaino o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?. Aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? o?oaeiai?
i?a?aoe?? ianaeaiiy *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano?. Aecia/aii aieea caeiyoino?
ia aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano?. ?ice?eoi
?ieue iieaoe i?aoe? a aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaii? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo.
Ocaaaeueiaii ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie iieaoe i?aoe? oa
nioe?aeueiiai ia?oia?noaa. Iaa?oioiaai? iai?yie i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ?aa?iio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae, aeei?enoaiiy, aoaeoeai?noue, ?eiie
i?aoe?, i?a?aoe?y, oi?aae?iiy.

Aioioiaa E.I. Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey o?oaeiaiai
iioaioeeaea ?aaeiia (?aaeiiaeueiua aniaeou). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.09.01 – Aeaiia?aoey, yeiiiieea o?oaea,
nioeeaeueiay yeiiiieea e iieeoeea. – Einoeooo ?aaeiiaeueiuo
enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu, Eueaia, 2000.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ane?uoeth nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo aniaeoia
iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea ?aaeiia.

Iaiauaiu oai?aoe/aneea iiaeoiaeu e ii?aaeaeaieth iiiyoey «o?oaeiaie
iioaioeeae». Iiiyoeeiue «eiioo?» o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea aeeth/aao
yeiiiie/aneea, ia?aciaaoaeueiua, nioeeaeueii-iioeaaoeeiiiua,
iaaeeei-aeaiia?aoe/aneea, yoiieoeueoo?iua ninoaaeythuea. Oaeie iiaeoiae
iicaieyao ii-iiaiio enneaaeiaaoue yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey
o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea n o/aoii oaeoaeaiey nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai
e?ecena a ainoaea?noaa.

Iiaeai oaeoaeaiiue aiaeec ninoiyiey e iniaaiiinoae oi?ie?iaaiey
o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea ?aaeiia. Ii?aaeaeaiu niaoeeoe/aneea /a?ou
o?oaeiaie iea?aoeee ianaeaiey *a?iiaeoeeie iaeanoe. I?aaeeiaeaiu
iiaeoiaeu e iino?iaieth ?aaeueiiai aaeaina ?an/aoia o?oaeiauo a
oa??eoi?eaeueiii ?ac?aca.

Cia/eoaeueiia aieiaiea oaeaeaii ioeaiea nia?aiaiiiai ninoiyiey caiyoinoe
ianaeaiey, ?uiea o?oaea, o?iaiy e i?aaiecaoeee iieaou o?oaea a
*a?iiaeoeeie iaeanoe. Naeaeai auaiae i iaiaoiaeeiinoe oneeaiey
ainoaea?noaaiiiai aeeyiey ia ii?aaeaeaiea e ?aaeecaoeeth
ainoaea?noaaiiie iieeoeee ca?aaioiie ieaou, niaa?oainoaiaaiea nenoaiu,
aa aeiaiai?iiai ?aaoee?iaaiey. I?aaeeiaeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
niaa?oainoaiaaieth ?ani?aaeaeaiey oeiainiauo n?aaenoa iaeanoiiai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oeaio?a caiyoinoe.

?anniio?aiu aii?inu ca?oaaaeiiai iiuoa a nenoaia iieaou o?oaea e
nioeeaeueiiai ia?oia?noaa, ?aaoee?iaaiey aac?aaioeoeu, oi?aaeaiea
?acaeoeai e yooaeoeaiinoueth eniieueciaaiey o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea
?aaeiia.

Ia iniiaaiee aeaoaeueiiai aiaeeca eniieueciaaiey o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea
*a?iiaeoeeie iaeanoe, iniaaiiinoae iea?aoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia e caiyoinoe
ianaeaiey, oaeoe/aneiai o?iaiy nioeeaeueiie e yeiiiie/aneie
yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea, a aeenna?oaoeee
iainiiaaiu iai?aaeaiey iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe aai eniieueciaaiey,
iieacaia ?ieue eioi?iaoeeiiii-aiaeeoe/aneiai aeiea, ia iniiaa eioi?iai
aeieaeai inouanoaeyoueny iiieoi?eia o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea,
iaeaieeaaoueny aeaiiua i eiee/anoaaiiuo e ea/anoaaiiuo ia?aiao?ao
o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea a ?ac?aca ianaeaiiuo ioieoia, aaeieieno?aoeaiuo
?aeiiia, io?aneae, i?aaei?eyoee.

I?iaaaeaiiia aaoi?ii enneaaeiaaiea aeaei aiciiaeiinoue noi?ioee?iaaoue
i?aaeeiaeaiey ii ono?aiaieth oceeo iano a ?aaioa eniieieoaeueiie e
caeiiiaeaoaeueiie aeanoe, oicyenoaaiiuo i?aaiia *a?iiaeoeeie iaeanoe.

I?aeoe/aneay cia/eiinoue iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia ninoieo a aiciiaeiii
i?eiaiaiee oai?aoe/aneeo ?ac?aaioie, iaoiaee/aneeo iiaeoiaeia e
eiie?aoiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee aeey i?iaaaeaiey aiaeiae/iuo enneaaeiaaiee a
ae?oaeo ?aaeiiao Oe?aeiu a ?ac?aca aaeieieno?aoeaiuo ?aeiiia, io?aneae e
ioaeaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?oaeiaie iioaioeeae, eniieueciaaiea, yooaeoeaiinoue,
?uiie o?oaea, iea?aoeey, oi?aaeaiea.

Antokhova I.M. Increasing the efficiency of the use of the labour
potential (regional aspects). – Manuscript.

Thesis for the degree of Candidate of Economic Sciences, speciality
08.09.01 – Demography, economics of labour activity, social economics
and policy. – Institute of Regional Studies of the Ukrainian Academy of
Sciences, Lviv, 2000.

Social-economic aspects of increasing the efficiency of the use of the
regional labour potential are motivated. Necessity of creating of real
balance of the regional labour resources is confirmed. The peculiarities
of labour migration of the population of Chernivtsi region are revealed.
The influence of employment on the use of the Chernivtsi region labour
potential is defined. The role of labour payment in effetual use of
labour potential is revealed. The foreign experiense of organizing of
labour payment system and social partnership is generalized. The ways of
increasing the efficiency of the use of the regional labour potential
are motivated.

Keywords: labour potential use, efficiency, labour market, migration,
management.

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