16__

Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e

NOIssIIAA Ieueaa A?eoi??aia

OAeE 621.691:532.501.32

I?AeAEUAIIss AOAEOEAIINO?IIAAII?IIOEUeNIIAI O?AINII?OOIAI’THOII?ANUeEEO
??AeEI

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.18.12 – I?ioeane oa aia?aoe oa?/iaeo ae?iaieoeoa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aieeaeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
Ieoaeeee A?e-oi? Aeieo?iae/, Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e Ioi?iie i?aoe? oa iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eoe?i/aiei 
A?oa-e?e ?iiaiiae/, Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo
oaoiieia?e, i?ioani? eaoaae?e I?ioean?a ? aia?ao?a oa?/iaeo
ae?iaieoeoaeaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, Ai?ae??iei Ieaenaiae? Iaa-eiae/,
I?io?ainii?o Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee niaoe?ae?no

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaaOe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo oeoe?iai?
i?iieneiaino? I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a)

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 17 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 1400 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.058.02 Oe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e ca aae?anith: i. Ee?a,
aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 68, ei?ion A, aoae. 311.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e ca aae?anith: i. Ee?a,
aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 68.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “12 ” ethoiai 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
___________ Caa’yeia A.E.

I?AeAEUAIIss AOAEOEAIINO? IIAAII?IIOEUeNIIAIO?AINII?OO IAI’THOII?ANUeEEO
??AeEI

Ca?eueoaiiy aeioneo oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a aeniei? yeino?, aaoiiaoecaoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa iio?aao? oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy ianin?a. Iaei??th c aieiaieo
caaea/, ui noaaeyoueny ia?aae ??cieie aaeocyie oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?, ?
i?aaeeueiee aea?? ianiniiai iaeaaeiaiiy o caeaaeiino? a?ae aeanoeainoae
i?iaeoeoo, ui ia?aea/o?oueny oa iniaeeainoae oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano

Ca?ac niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?e
iiaaiia?ae?io?ainii?oo ?aieia?/ii-neeaaeieo ?a/iaei. Ia?aaaaa iiaeo
niinia?a e?e?oueny o cia/iiio ciaioaii? aia?aiaeo?ao, a?aenooiino?
?ooiieo /anoei o o?ainii?oieo caniaao.

Iaeiae, oe?ieiio aeei?enoaiith nenoai iiaaiaoe/iiai o?ainii?ooaaiiy
ia?aoeiaeaea? a?aenooi?noue aeinoaoiuei iaa?oioiaaieo oa ia?aa??aieo
iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo aeaieo nenoai.

Neeaaeiino? o?ainii?ooaaiiy iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei o?nii iia’ycaia c
i?iaeaiaie ?aieia??. Aea/aiiy aieeao oaeeo oaeoi??a, ye aeenia?ni?noue,
eiioeaio?aoe?y, oaiia?aoo?a aeicaiey? caiia?aoe oaeei iaaaaeaiei yaeuai,
ye naaeeiaioaoe?y, aa?aaaoe?y oa aeeeaoain?y.

I?iaeaia o?ainii?ooaaiiy iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei ia ??cieo
i?aei?e?inoaao Oe?a?ie ae??oo?oueny ?c caeo/aiiyi ianiniiai iaeaaeiaiiy
?iii?oiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaeiae, iio?aaa o oeeo ianinao aaeeea ? ia iiaea aooe ?ica’ycaia o?eueee
ca ?aooiie ?iii?oieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue, aei oiai ae noaaeoue aaeocue a
caeaaei?noue a?ae caei?aeiiiiai ae?iaieea. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c? noaiii
aaeoc? ianiniaoaeoaaiiy o /ene? iniiaieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa ia?aaeaa/a?oueny Aea?aeaaiith i?ia?aiith ?icaeoeo, ia
ia??iae aei 2000 ?ieo, i?aee?aneaia ca?eueoaiiy aeioneo
?ano?nicaa??aath/eo iaoei oa cieaeaiiy ianya?a aeei?enoaiiy ?iii?oiiai.

O ca’yceo c oeei aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo iiaeo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue,
aei yeeo a?aeiinyoueny iiaaii?iioeueni? nenoaie, ui aeicaieythoue
cieceoe aia?aiaeo?aoe oa ca?eueoeoe /an aenieoaoaoe?? iaeaaeiaiiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A aeai?e ?iaio? iniaeeaa oaaaa ni?yiiaaia ia
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? o?ainii?ooaaiiy iai’thoii?anueeeo nenoai a
oa?/iaeo ae?iaieoeoaao. I?ae /an ia?aea/oaaiiy aenieia’yceeo,
eiioeaio?iaaieo, aa?aneaieo ??aeei cia/ii ciaioo?oueny aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy a?ae?io?ainii?oo caaaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy, ui iia’ycaii c
aenieith aa?aceai?noth ia?aea/oaaieo ??aeei, o iane?aeie /iai ??cei
ciaioo?oueny ?ano?n aeei?enoaiiy aeaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy c iaoith cieaeaiiy
aia?aiaeo?ao.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co oai?aoe/ieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae iiaeia c?iaeoe
aeniiaie, ui iiee-ui ia noai?aii aeinoaoiuei oi/ii? oai??? ?ooo
?aieia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua aeey ianoaoe?iia?iiai i?ioeano. Oey ianoaaeia
ciooo? aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a ei?enooaaoeny aii??e/ieie caeaaeiinoyie.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? ?iaioe iaoiiaeaia, c iaeiiai aieo,
aeai?ii ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, c ?ioiai – aaaeeeaei iaoeiaei cia/aiiyi
ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c aea/aiiyi ?aieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae nenoai i?e
eiino?othaaii? iiaaii?iioeueniiai o?ainii?oo aeey iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano.
Cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a noaiiaeoue oe?ii?noue aeey o?ainii?ooaaiiy
oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a, ye? iathoue iai’thoii?anuee? aeanoeaino? o ??cieo
aaeocyo oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?: oeoe?ia?e, e?ioiaeueii-iaoi/i?e,
eiiaeeoa?nuee?e, eiina?ai?e oa iai/anooeeuei?e.

C o?aooaaiiyi aeuacaaaeaiiai, a aeai?e ?iaio? caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia
ieoaiiy caeaaeiino? a’yceino? a?ae oiia o?ainii?ooaaiiy. Iniiai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii ca?aeii i?ia?aie I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie
a?ae 19.07.94 oa iinoaiiaith ?0194 00655 Aea?aeeii?oaoo ii iaooe? oa
oaoi?oe? a?ae 22.12.93. ?iaioa aeeiioaaeany ca?aeii aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie
AeEIO “?ic?iaea aia?ao?a aeey ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy”, oaia 03.1200/073-93.

Iaoa ?iaioe. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? o?ainii?ooaaiiy neeaaeiiai
na?aaeiaeua i?e ?iioeuenieo ?aaeeiao ?ooo, oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo
aia?ao?a iiaaii?iioeuenii? ae?? oa iioe?aiiy iaeano? ?o canoinoaaiiy,
cie?aia aeey oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?, a oaeiae ?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey ?ic?aooieo iiaaii?iioeueniiai ianino.

Ca?aeii c iaoith ?iaioe ae??ooaaeeny eiie?aoi? caaea/?.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue:

— ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? iiaaii?iioeueniiai o?ainii?ooaaiiy
??aeei;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee na?aaeiaeua, ui
ia?aea/othoue;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iai/eo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaaii?iioeueniiai ianino i?e
?iaio? ia iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeeiao oa iioei?caoe?y i?ioeano
ia?aea/oaaiiy ??aeei;

— iaea?aeaiiy e?eoa??aeueiiai ??aiyiiy, ui iieno? i?iaeoeoeai?noue
iiaaii?iioeueniiai ianino (I?I) a ?iioeueniiio ?aaeei? ?iaioe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaia eiiieaenia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaioe I?I i?e ia?aea/oaaii? iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei.
Aeine?aeaeaii aieea ??cieo oaeoi??a ia a’yce?noue ??aeei a oe?eiio, oa
iieacaia iiaeeea?noue iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano o?ainii?ooaaiiy i?e
?iioeueniiio ?aaeei? ?iaioe ianina, o ie?aiiio aeiaaeeo.

?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue I?I, ia i?aenoaa? yei? noaei iiaeeeaei
i?iaiae?coaaoe aieea ia?aiao??a ioeuenaoe?? ia a?ae?iaeeiai?/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeine?aeaeoaaii? aaoa?iaaiii? nenoaie, a oaeiae aieea
/anoioe ioeuenaoe?? ia ii?? ioeuenoth/iai no?oieiiiai eaiaea.

Ia’?eoe ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny c
iiaaii?iioeueniei ianinii ia ??cieo iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeeiao,
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ??ci? iiaeeo?eaoe?? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ianino,
iae?aeeny iioeiaeuei? ?ici??e eiino?oeoe??.

Caaaeaiiy, ui iinoaaeai? a ?iaio?, ae??ooaaeeny oai?aoe/ieie oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieie iaoiaeaie.

Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic/eie: aiaea-ai?ioii, aiaea niaea (NaHCO3),
aiaea-e?ioiaeue (C6H10O5), ?ic/ei aeaeaoeio (N=18-25%).

?aieia?/i? aeanoeaino? ia?aea/oaaiiai na?aaeiaeua aeine?aeaeoaaee ia
?ioaoe?eiiio a?neic?iao?? “Reotest-2” (I?ia//eia). Aeey ia?iaee
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeei?enoiaoaaeany oi?ioea Aeioa?o?-E??aa?a,
yea iieno? caeaaei?noue a’yceino? noniaic?? a?ae ?? eiioeaio?aoe??.

Ioe?ieo o?c?ei-iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei
aeeiioaaee ca?aeii c ii?iaoeaieie aeieoiaioaie.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a ii?aoeueiaai? ca?aeii c iaoiaeaie no/anii?
iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee c aeei?enoaiiyi IBM-noi?niiai ia?niiaeueiiai
eiii’thoa?o eeano PC/AT-286 ? noaoenoe/ii? ae?aeiaiai? nenoaie
“Noaae?y”, aa?n?? 4.10.

Aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeinyaa?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi
ia?aa??aieo i?eeaae?a ? iaoiae?a no/anii? iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee aeey
ii?aoethaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?o
iaae?eiei ocaiaeaeaiiyi c i?aeoe/ieie ?acoeueoaoaie.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a
caiaeeoueny aei oiai, ui i?e o?ainii?ooaaii? iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei
iiaaii?iioeueniei niiniaii ciaioo?oueny ii?? ??aeei a no?oieiiio eaiae?,
aeeeth/athoueny iaaaoeai? i?ioeane naaeeiaioaoe??, aa?aaaoe?? oa
ae?eaoain??. Aeei?enoaiiy iiaaii?iioeueniiai o?ainii?oo a oa?/ia?e
i?iieneiaino? ni?ey? ciaioaiith aia?aiaeo?ao, ca?eueoaiith ia’?i?a
ae?iaieoeoaa oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai I?I
ni?ey? ciaioaiith ianyao iaeaaeiaiiy, ui ?iii?oo?oueny ?c-ca ei?aeiio.

Iiaaii?iioeueniee niin?a oa ?ic?iaeaia ia eiai i?aenoaa? eiino?oeoe?y
ianino ai?iaaaeaeai? ia Oa?niinueeiio caaiae? “I?ea?e”. Ia iniia?
aeine?aeieo c?ace?a I?I ??cii? iiaeeo?eaoe?? aeaioiaeaii 50 oo. ianin?a,
a a iiaeaeueoiio ia?aaeaa/aii na??eia ?o ae?iaieoeoai. Iiceoeaiee aoaeo
a?ae oeueiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ae??oaii? aaaeeeaeo aeieia?/ieo oa
aia?aaoe/ieo i?iaeai i?e o?ainii?o? iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a caiaeeoueny aei
iinoaiiaee oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoe ? caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy, o e?eoe/iiio
aea/aii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?, iaoaioii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa ae?iaie/iai
aeina?aeo c ieoaiue o?ainii?ooaaiiy ?aieia?/ii-neeaaeieo ??aeei, a
oaeineiiaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, i?iaaaeaii?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa aiae?co io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a,
oaeineiiaeaii? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ?ic?iaee I?I.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny:

— ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee i?ia?an a
ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie”, Oa?nii, 1995 ??e.

— ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?ia?aneai?
oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa no/ani?noue”, Naaanoiiieue, 1997 ??e.

Ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeeeaaeai? a 10 ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao, c yeeo a iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo – 4, a
ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue – 3, o oacao aeiiia?aeae – 2, io?eiaii
iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ia aeaea/o iaoaioa ?97010196 a?ae 20.01.97.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
5 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoea.

Iniiaia /anoeia aeena?oaoe?? i?noeoue 112 noi??iie ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo,
20 oaaeeoeue, 22 ?enoie?a, 119 iaca a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo iineeaiue.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa caaea/?
oa iniiai? iai?yiee ?iaioe, aeacai? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
noi?ioeueiaaia iaoeiaa iiaecia oa iieacaia i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe.

A e?oa?aoo?iiio iaeyae? iiaeaiee e?eoe/iee aiae?c ?ia?o ii aea/aiith
a?ae?iaeeiai?ee aeaioacieo iioie?a oa ?iciiae?eaiith oaeaeeinoae oa
eiioeaio?aoe?e ii ia?a??co iioiea. ?icaeyioo? ?aieia?/i? iiaeae?
iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei, ?o iniaeeaino? ?ooo a o?oaao ? aia?aoao.
I?eaaaeai? oeie ?aieia?/ieo ??aiyiue ia iniia? oai???, ui iienothoue
aiiiaeueii a’yce? aeanoeaino?, ?o ia?aaaae oa iaaeie?ee.

Ia iniia? e?eoe/iiai aiae?co a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo ?ia?o,
i?enay/aieo aea/aiith o?ainii?ooaaiiy iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei, a
oaeiae, c o?aooaaiiyi aia?aaoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy iaeaaeiaiiy c?iaeaii
aeniiaie i?i oa, ui iaea?eueo aeioe?eueia ??oaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie
o?ainii?ooaaiiy oaeeo ??aeei iiaeia aeinyaoe i?e i?aai?caoe?? ia
a?o/eciyieo i?aei?e?inoaao ae?iaieoeoaa I?I.

O anooi? noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiiy ioeuenaoe?eii?
aia?aoo?e c o?aooaaiiyi ianoaoe?iia?iiai ?aaeeio oa/?? iai’thoii?anueeeo
??aeei.

A iaoiaee/i?e /anoei? i?eaiaeyoueny iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aieia?/ieo
aeanoeainoae ??aeei, aei??thaaiiy ?iioeuenieo aeo?ao aaco oa ?iai/eo
oa?aeoa?enoee I?I.

Iniiaia ?iaioa aeeiiaia c ?ic/eiaie: ai?ioii-aiaea, niaea-aiaea,
e?ioiaeue-aiaea, aeaeaoei-aiaea oa c aiiiaaiieie ?o noniaic?yie.

A aenia?eiaioaeuei?e /anoei? i?eaaaeai? ? iaa?oioiaai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?iaeaia oai?aoe/ia iiaeaeue ?ooo aiaeyiiai ii?oiy.

O aeiaeaoeo i?eaaaeaii iaoa??ae c iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

IAOAIAOE*IA IIAeAEUe IIAAII?IIOEUeNIIAI IANINA

I?ae /an ?ooo aiaeyiiai ii?oiy acaeiaae eaiaeo aiaeiaiaeo eiio
iaiao?aeii aeieaoe eiaiaee ii?? iia?o?y oa aieiaee ii?? oa?oy ia no?iee
eaiaeo, a oaeiae ?ia?oe?eiee aieea aiane?aeie aeeiiaii? ?iaioe ii
noai?aiith ?ic??aeaeaiiy ca ii?oiai. Ia i?aenoaa? oeeo i??eoaaiue aoea
cai?iiiiiaaia i?oaeeiia iiaeaeue I?I.

Caeii ci?ie i?oaeiino? “i?oaeeie”, a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo, iiaeiai
caeaaeaoe a?ae oaeeo oaeoi??a:

1) a?ae neaaaeiino?, oiaoi a?ae a?aeiioaiiy ia??iaeo iiaoi?aiiy
?iioeueno aei eiai aoaeoeaii? o?eaaeino?;

2) a?ae a?aeiinii? aeiaaeeie aiaeyiiai ii?oiy.

?icaeyiaii iiiaeeiieee aeiaaeie, eiee iana “i?oaeeie” neeaaea m. ?oo
oaei? “i?oaeeie”, yeui ?? i?oaei?noue k(x) i?eaeecii iiaeia iienaoe
aaeainiaei ??aiyiiyi ?iioeuen?a:
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,

aea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 – ?iioeuen neee, ui ae?? ia aeaiaio
aiaeyiiai ii?oiy;

k(x)dxd – ?iioeuen i?oaeiino? noeniooiai aaco;

Pdd – ?iioeuen neee a?ae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo aai ?iioeueniee oene, ui
ia?aaea?oueny aeaiaioo aiaeyiiai ii?oiy.

Aeey e?ioeaaeo ?ici???a aiaeyiiai ii?oiy ??aiyiiy ?ooo i?eeia? aeaeyae:
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.

aea – aonoeia;

V – ia’?i aiaeyiiai ii?oiy;

k(x) – i?oaei?noue “i?oaeeie”.

I?e ni?eueiiio ?on? o aiaeiaiae? e?eueeio aiaeyieo ii?oi?a iaieio/ee ?o
aca?iiee aieea, oiaoi aoaea iaoe i?noea ia?a?iciiae?e ?iioeuen?a neee. O
oeueiio aeiaaeeo, aeoiaey/e ?c i?eioeeio noia?iiceoe??, noia?io
ci?iii-oeeee?/io neeo iiaeaii o aeaeyae? i?yiieooieo ?iioeuen?a, ui
iiaoi?ththoueny c /anoioith :
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Oiae?, ?iceeaaoe ci?iii-oeeee?/io neeo P() a ?yae Oo?’?, io?eia?ii:
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.

aea P0 – aa?oeeaeueiee neeaaeiee neee.

?ioeie aaaeeeaeie ?ic?aooieiaeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iiaaii?iioeuenieo
nenoai ?: /an ?icaiio aiaeyiiai ii?oiy o aiaeiaiae? ?c noaio niieith aei
??aiii??iiai ?ooo, aeiaaeeia oeyoo ?ica?aaiiy.

I?eionoeii, ui aieea noeniooiai aaco ia aiaeyiee ii?oaiue aecia/a?oueny
aeeeth/ii ci?iiith neeith, ni?yiiaaiith ii in? ii?oiy. E??i oeueiai, ia
iueiai aoaea ae?yoe neea oyae?iiy oa neoa oa?oy. ?ioaa?oth/e ??aiyiiy
?ooo aiaeyiiai ii?oiy i?e a?aie/ieo oiiaao =0, =0 oa =? oa =?,
iaea?aeeii /an ?icaiio aiaeyiiai ii?oiy o aiaeiaiae? ?c noaio niieith
aei ??aiii??iiai ?ooo:
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.

aea – oaeaee?noue ?ooo ii?oiy;

o? – oaeaee?noue c?oooaaiiy ii?oiy (?c noaio niieith aei ii/aoeo ?ooo);

? – oaeaee?noue ?icaiio ii?oiy aei ??aiii??iiai ?ooo.

A naith /a?ao, oeyo, yeee i?ieoia aiaeyiee ii?oaiue ca /an ? a
caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? aecia/a?oueny ?ioaa?aeii:
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.

?ioaa?oth/e eiai o iaaeao L=0, =0 oa L=L?, =?, iaea?aeeii aeiaaeeio
oeyoo ?icaiio aiaeyiiai ii?oiy (iaiao?aeio aeiaaeeio aiaeiaiaeo):
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.

Aeey i?ioi/ieo aia?ao?a /an ia?aaoaaiiy a ieo ie?aieo aeaiaio?a iioieo
(iai?eeeaae, aiaeyiiai ii?oiy, aeooiaoiaiiai noeneei iia?o?yi) ? a
caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo aacia?a?aiith aeiaaeeiaith aaee/eiith.
Ei?enooth/enue ?ioaa?aeueiith aaee/eiith ooieoe?? ?iciiae?eo /ano
ia?aaoaaiiy, na?aaei?e /an ia?aaoaaiiy o aiaeiaiae? aiaeyiiai ii?oiy
iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye iaoaiaoe/ia i/?eoaaiiy aacia?a?aii? aaee/eie:
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.

?ioaa?aeueia ooieoe?y ?iciiae?eo F() aeey I?I ?aeaaeueiiai aeo?niaiiy –
oea ?ic?eaia ooieoe?y, yea ia? o?eueee aeaa cia/aiiy: 0 aai 1. Iio?aeia
?ic?eaii? ooieoe?? ? iniaeeaith ooieoe??th (aeaeueoa-ooieoe?y Ae??aea),
cia/aiiy yei? aei??aith? ioeth i?e on?o cia/aiiyo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 oa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. E??i oeueiai, ooieoe?y iiaeiia caaeia?eueiyoe oiia?:
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.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue aaeaeaaoia ?acoeueoaoai aeine?aeaeaiue, ye?
i?aeoaa?aeeee, ui ooieoe?y Ae??aea iieno? ieoo?aee ?iioeuen iane?i/aiii
aaeeei? aiie?ooaee. Ca?aeii iiaeae? ?iioeuen aaaaea?oueny ?nioth/ei i?e
cia/aiiyo a?aoiaioo, yeee aei??aith? ioeth.

AeINE?AeAEAIIss ?AIEIA?*IEO OA?AEOA?ENOEE IAI’THOII?ANUeEEO NENOAI

Aiiiae?y a’yceino? ? ae?eniith aecia/aeueiith iciaeith iai’thoii?anueeeo
??aeei. ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue aeanoeainoae ie?aieo a?oi ??aeei
i?iyaey?oueny a oiio, ui aiie a?ae??ciythoueny ia o?eueee ca aaee/eiith
a’yceino?, aea e ca nooiaiai a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae i’thoii?anueei? iiaaae?iee
i?e ??ci?e eiioeaio?aoe??, oaeaeeino? ?oeioaaiiy oa oaiia?aoo??. Ca?aeii
c oeei, o oeueiio ?icae?e? aeey ioe?iee i?eaeaoiino? iiaaii?iioeueniiai
niiniao o?ainii?ooaaiiy iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei c?iaeaia ioe?iea
nooiaith a?aeoeeaiiy nenoai aiaea-ai?ioii, aiaea-niaea (NaHCO3),
aiaea-e?ioiaeue.

C oe??th iaoith ca aeiiiiiaith ?ioaoe?eiiai a?neic?iao?a “Reotest-2”
io?eiai? ?aieia?/i? e?ea? o aeaeyae? caeaaeiinoae a’yceino? a?ae
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia?aiao??a. C aiae?co e?eaeo a’yceino? a?ae
eiioeaio?aoe?? ne?aeo?, ui c? ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? aieeaathoue
aeenia?ni?noue oa ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? aeanoeaino? /anoie. I?e iae?e
eiioeaio?aoe?? (aeey niaee aei 25%; aeey ?ic/eio ai?ioii-aiaea – iaioa
14%) niinoa??aa?oueny i?yiie?i?eia ii/aoeiaa ae?eyiea (oaaae?anueeee
?aaeei oa/??), a aaea i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? a?eueoa 25% a?aeaoaa?oueny
??cea ca?eueoaiiy a’yceino? o ?ic/ei?a niaee. Aeey niaeiaeo ?ic/ei?a
aeyaeaia ciia a?aie/ieo eiioeaio?aoe?e (N=34%), caeaaei?noue (N)
aneiioioe/ii iaaeeaeo?oueny aei aa?oeeae?, aeey yeeo , oiaoi a?ae?inoi?o
ca o?ce/ieie aeanoeainoyie iaaeeaeo?oueny aei oaa?aeiai o?ea.

?en. 1. Caeaaei?noue a’yceino? a?ae eiioeaio?aoe??

1 – ?ic/ei aiaea- ai?ioii; 2 – niaeiaee ?ic/ei.

Aeey ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeei?enoaia oi?ioea
Aeioa?o?-E??aa?a:
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Nm – iaeneiaeueia eiioeaio?aoe?y, i?e ye?e .

I?e/eie ??ciiai aieeao oaiia?aoo?e ia a’yce?noue iaoiiaeai? aca?iiae??th
nee c/aieaiiy i?ae iieaeoeaie. Oae, c i?aeaeuaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e
a’yce?noue oeenio?iiieo oa ?aiiaeoaioieo ??aeei ciaioo?oueny oiio, ui
ca?eueoo?oueny e?iaoe/ia aia?a?y ? ca?eueoothoueny na?aaei? a?aenoai?
i?ae iae?iiieaeoeaie, ui iieaaoo? iiaeieaiiy nee i?aeiieaeoey?ii?
aca?iiae??.

C aiae?co e?eaeo a’yceino? a?ae oaeaeeino? cnoao ne?aeo?, ui
caeaaei?noue ia ? e?i?eiith. Oae, aeey oeenio?iiieo ??aeei (1) oa/?y
c?inoa? ii i??? ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? cnoao, aeey ?aiiaeoaioieo (4)
oa/?y ciaioo?oueny c? ca?eueoaiiyi oaeaeeino? cnoao, aea ia ia?aaeuo?
aeayeiai cia/aiiy, a i?e oaeaeeino? cnoao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=40 n-1
oa/?y ca?eueoo?oueny.

A iaeano? iaeeo oaeaeeinoae cnoao a?ae 3 aei 10 n–1 niinoa??aa?oueny
i?yiie?i?eia ii/aoeiaa ae?eyiea aeey (1) oa (3) – oaaae?anueeee ?aaeei
oa/??.

I?e ca?eueoaii? oaeaeeino? cnoao no?oeoo?i? ca’ycee ia anoeaathoue
a?aeiiaeoeny ? oa/?y a?aeaoaa?oueny a ?aaeei? c ii?ooaiith no?oeoo?ith.

?en. 2. Caeaaei?noue oaeo/ino? a?ae oaeaeeino? cnoao

1 – niaeiaee ?ic/ei (N=22%); 2 – ?ic/ei aiaea-e?ioiaeue (N=35%);3 –
?ic/ei aiaea-ai?ioii (N=40%); 4 – ?ic/ei aeaeaoeio (N=18%).

Oaeei /eiii, ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
ioe?iai? aiiiaeueii-a’yce? aeanoeaino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?ic/ei?a,
aeyaeaii aieea eiioeaio?aoe??, oaiia?aoo?e oa oaeaeeino? c?ooaiiy ia
a’yce?noue nenoaie a oe?eiio.

AeINE?AeAEAIIss ?IAI*EO OA?AEOA?ENOEE IIAAII?IIOEUeNIIAI IANINO

A aeaiiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeaii noaio eiino?oeoe?? I?I oa aeine?aeaeaii
eiai ?iai/? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeeiao (niaeiaee
?ic/ei, aiaea-ai?ioii, ?ic/ei e?ioiaeth).

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeyaeaii caeaaei?noue
ioeuenoth/iai ?aaeeio ?iaioe ianino a?ae “i?oaeiino?” i?oaeeie, oiio
aoei aeeiiaii oa?oaaiiy i?oaeei. Aiae?coth/e aieea “i?oaeiino?” i?oaeeie
ia iiaea/o ianina, anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? iioeiaeueii?
“i?oaeiino?” i?oaeeie ia aeinyaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy iiaea/?.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aieeao ia’?io iiaaiieaia?e ia iiaea/o ianina
anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aaeeeiio ?iai/iio ia’?i? iiaaiieaia?e caaeaiee ia’?i
noeneiai iia?o?y iiai?noth ia aeoiaeeoue, a ca?eueoaiiy ia??iaeo
ioeuenaoe?? iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ?oo ii?oiy ??aeeie. A naith /a?ao, c?
cieaeaiiyi ia’?io iiaaiieaia?e ca?eueoo?oueny /anoioa ioeuenaoe??, ui
i?ecaiaeeoue aei caoeeiaiiy ianino ? eiai iaei? iiaea/?.

C ?en. 3 aeaeii, ui iacaaaeath/e ia ?aieia?/i? iniaeeaino? oeeo ??aeei,
?iai/? oa?aeoa?enoeee ci?iththoueny ianooo?ai.

?en. 3. ?iai/? oa?aeoa?enoeee I?I i?e ?iaio? ia ??cieo ??aeeiao.

1. ?ic/ei ai?ioii-aiaea (N=40%); 2. ?ic/ei e?ioiaeth (N=35%);

3. Niaeiaee ?ic/ei (N=22%); 4. ?ic/ei aeaeaoeio (N=18%).

Ca?aeii c io?eiaieie ?acoeueoaoaie o iiaeaeueoiio aoei i?iaaaeaii
e?eoa??aeueiee aiae?c c iaoith io?eiaiiy ocaaaeueiaii? caeaaeiino?
iiaea/? I?I a?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieo oaeoi??a.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? aeicaieeee io?eiaoe ocaaaeueithth/a ??aiyiiy
iiae?aiino?:
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.

Q=f(P, i, , , , d),

aea P – ??ci?noue oeneo;

i – oaeaee?noue ii?oiy;

– /an caiiaiaiiy iiaaiieaia?e, yeee ? ooieoe??th a?ae /anoioe
ioeuenaoe?e N oa i?oaeiino? i?oaeeie k(x);

– a’yce?noue ??aeeie;

– aonoeia ??aeeie;

d – ae?aiao? aiaeii?iaiaea;
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 – iiaeeo?eiaaiee e?eoa??e
?eea?a;
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 – iiaeeo?eiaaiee e?eoa??e ?aeiieueaena;
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 – iiaeeo?eiaaiee
e?eoa??e No?ooaey;

N – /anoioa ioeuenaoe??;

n – aeiaaeeia ii?oiy.

A aeaiiio ?icae?e? oaeiae aeine?aeaeaii a?ae?aae?/iee ii?? na?aaeiaeua,
ui ia?aea/o?oueny, a?ae neaaaeiino?. Aiae?c io?eiaieo e?eaeo iieacaa, ui
i?e ?iioeueniiio ?aaeei? o?ainii?ooaaiiy ?ic/ei?a niaee, ai?ioia,
e?ioiaeth, cia/ii cieaeo?oueny ii?? aeaieo na?aaeiaeu.

IOe?IEA AOAEOEAIINO? IIAAII?IIOEUeNIIAI IANINO

Aoaeoeai?noue o?ainii?ooaaiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae eiino?oeoe?? i?eno?ith oa
a?ae caaaeueii? aeo?aoe aia?a??. Iiooaei?noue, ui niiaeeaa?oueny
aeaeaoiii Naea, aei??aith? a?aeiioaiith iiooaeiino?, cao?a/aii? ia
noeneaiiy aaco Nno, aei eiao?oe??ioo ei?enii? ae?? (EEAe) ianino e:
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.

Iiooaei?noue, ui aeo?a/a?oueny ia noeniaiiy I ea aaco aeey eiio?ieueiiai
i?ioeano aecia/a?ii ca aeiiiiiaith ??aiyiiy:

picscalex1000100090000031f010000030015000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02a004c0081200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffa3ffffff80080000430400000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000e00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d01000005000000140
270020d050500000013027002800815000000fb0240fe000000000000900100000000040
2001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000034040000002d01010009000000320a3f0
4f504040000003130303008000000320ab401d205010000004c0008000000320ae002470
0010000004e0015000000fb0200ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d65732
04e657720526f6d616e000034040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a240
2060701000000300015000000fb0200ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6
573204e657720526f6d616e00cc34040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320
a5003b30102000000f1e610000000fb0240fe00000000000090010000000200020010537
96d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320ae00296030100000
03d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02100007000000000
0bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010200030
00000000000000001000000000000, [eAo],
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,

aea P1=Paoi=101325 Ia;

?2 – ca aeine?aeii, Ia;

V1 – ia’?iia aeo?aoa aaco, i3/n;

m – iieaciee iie?o?iie ?icoe?aiiy aaco. m=1,4 (oiio ui oaieiiai?i ia
anoeaa? aeinyaoe cia/aiue, ye? o?aaa a?aoiaoaaoe o ?iaeaia?ieo oai??yo,
oiio cia/aiiyie oaieiiai?io ciaaaaea?ii).

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeey ??cieo ia’?i?a
iiaaiieaia? ii?aoeueiaai? ca?aeii c iaoiaeaie no/anii? iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee ?c caeo/aiiyi AII.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo iieacothoue, ui aeo?aoa iia?o?y aeey ??cii?
?ioaineaiino? ci?ith?oueny a?ae 2 aei 10 i3/aiae. Ia i?aenoaa?
ii?aoeueiaaieo aeine?aeieo aeaieo iiaoaeiaaii caeaaeiino? Q, N, (?en.
4). Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue ciaeoe ae?aiacii iioeiaeueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy I?I.

?en. 4. Caeaaei?noue iaii?o, iiooaeiino?, EEAe a?ae iiaea/? I?I

1 – iai??; 2 – iiooaei?noue; 3 – EEAe.

IAOIAeEEA ?IC?AOOIEO IIAAII?IIOEUeNIIAI IANINO

1. Aecia/aiiy iiaea/? ianina.

I?e caaeai?e iiaea/? (oai?aoe/i?e) ae?enia aecia/eoueny ca oi?ioeith:

Qae=Qov

aea Qo – oai?aoe/ia iiaea/a ianino, i3/n;

v – ia’?iiee EEAe ii?oiaaeo ianin?a (v=0,8-0,85).

A naith /a?ao Qae i?e ?iioeueniiio ?aaeei? ?iaioe ciaoiaeeoueny ye:
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, i3/n

aea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 – ?iioeuenia iiaea/a (ca
iaeei oeeee), i/n;

N – /anoioa ioeuenaoe?? a naeoiaeo.

?iioeuenia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ciaoiaeeoueny ca a?aeiiith oi?ioeith:
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, i3/n

aea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 – oai?aoe/ia oaeaee?noue ia?aea/oaaiiai
na?aaeiaeua, i/n;

F – ieiua aeeaiai ia?a??co o?oaii?iaiaeo, i2.

Oaeaee?noue ia?aea/oaaiiai na?aaeiaeua ciaoiaeeii ca oi?ioeith:
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,
i/n

aea ? – ao?aoa oeneo ia iiaeieaiiy i?noeaaiai iii?o, Ia;

ae – aonoeia ??aeeie, ea/i3;

– eiao?oe??io i?noeaaiai iii?o.

2. Aecia/aiiy /anoioe ioeuenaoe??.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? caeaaeiino? /anoioe ioeuenaoe?? a?ae oa?aeoa?enoee
i?oaeieo aeaiaio?a ianino (i?oaeeie oa ae?ao?aaie) aoea aeyaeaia
caeaaei?noue Q=f(k(x)) oa io?eiaii eiao?oe??io , yeee a caaaeueiiio
aeiaaeeo a?aoiao? i?oaei?noue i?oaeeie (?aeiiaiaeo?ii =0,2…0,25).

*anoioa ioeuenaoe?? aecia/a?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith /enea No?ooaey:
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3. Aecia/aiiy ?iai/iai ia’?io iiaaiieaia?e.

Aeo?aoa aaco ia ia?aea/oaaiiy ??aeeie:

Qa=knQae,

aea Qa – aeo?aoa aaco, i3/n;

Qae – ae?enia iiaea/a ianino, i3/c;

kn – eiao?oe??io, yeee a?aoiao? caeaaei?noue aeo?aoe aaco a?ae ia’?io
iiaaiieaia?e (i?eeia?ii kn=1,4-1,5).

*an caiiaiaiiy iiaaiieaia?e:

picscalex100010009000003d4000000030015000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c028004c0041200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffb1ffffff80040000310400000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000e00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d01000005000000140
25002e0020500000013025002620415000000fb0240fe000000000000900100000000040
2001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000062040000002d01010008000000320a1e0
40703010000004e0008000000320aa601310301000000310010000000fb0240fe0000000
000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010
008000000320ac0026d01010000003d0008000000320ac00239000100000074000a00000
026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000c
c0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000000
000000000000000000000, n.

aea N – /anoioa ioeuenaoe??, n-1.

?iai/ee ia’?i iiaaiieaia?e:

Vii=Qa,

aea Qa – ia’?iia iiaea/a aaco, i3/n.

4. Aea?? oa?aeoa?enoee i?oaeei.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy caaeaii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe aaee/eio
ieiu? oeaioe?a, yeui a?aeiiee ?iai/ee ia’?i iiaaiieaia?e. Caaeath/enue
aenioith iiaaiieaia?e h, aeoiaey/e c eiino?oeoeaieo i??eoaaiue
aecia/a?ii:
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.

I?aeaa?aii iaiao?aeiee oene aeey noai?aiiy iaiao?aeiiai coneeey Fmin oa
Fmax, eio?a noenea? i?oaeeio:

Fi=PiS.

Ca io?eiaiei coneeeyi (Fi) i?aeae?a?ii i?oaeeio iaiao?aeii? i?oaeiino? c
aeei?enoaiiyi aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ii oa?oaaiith i?oaeeie.

5. Aecia/aiiy ae?aiao??a i?aea?aeieo oa a?aea?aeieo o?oaii?iaiae?a.

C ?nioth/eo iaoiaeee iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei iaoiaeii aecia/aiiy ae?aiao??a
o?oaii?iaiae?a ?:
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,

aea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 – ia’?iia aeo?aoa aaco
(??aeeie), i3/n;
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 – oaeaee?noue aaco (??aeeie), i/n.

Ia i?aenoaa? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a anoaiiaeai? ?aeiiaiaeiaai?
iaae? ci?ie oaeaeeinoae (aac?a, ??aeei) a o?oaii?iaiaeao: aeey
iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei – 1…3 i/n; aeey aac?a – 15…25 i/n.

6. A?ae?aae?/i? iii?e.

Aaaeeea?noue aecia/aiiy ao?aoe iaii?o hn aai ao?aoe oeneo ?n iia’ycaia c
iaiao?aei?noth ?ic?aooieo ao?ao aia?a??, ye? iaiao?aeii eiiiainoaaoe
aeey oeeo ao?ao oa ia?ai?uaiiy ??aeeie.

Caaaeueiia?aeiii, ui aaee/eia hn ia caeaaeeoue a?ae ?iaeo ??aeeie ?
aecia/a?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith ??aiyiiy:
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.

A aaee/eia ao?aoe oeneo ?i caeaaeeoue a?ae ?? aonoeie:
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.

A aeai?e ?iaio? aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e oo?aoeaioi?i ?on? aeey
aecia/aiiy iiaeeeai aeei?enoiaoaaoe ??aiyiiy:

=aRe-b,

aea a oa b – eiao?oe??ioe, iaea?aeai? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeey ??cieo
na?aaeiaeu, aiie ? ooieoe?yie iieacieea m e ??aiyii? Inaaeueaea aea
A?ey. I?e m=1 cia/aiiy aeaieo eiao?oe??io?a ni?aiaaeathoue ?c cia/aiiyie
aeey i’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei (oi?ioea Aeac?ona).

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

1. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
aoaeoeai?noue o?ainii?ooaaiiy iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei iiaaii?iioeueniei
ianinii (I?I), oiio ui oeae niin?a aeaooiaacia/iee ? aeieia?/ii /enoee.

2. O ?acoeueoao? ?aieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aea/oaaieo na?aaeiaeu
aeyaeaii aieea eiioeaio?aoe??, oaiia?aoo?e oa oaeaeeino? c?ooaiiy ia
a’yce?noue nenoaie a oe?eiio; aeyaeai? e?eoe/i? cia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?e
aeey ?ic/ei?a niaee (N=34%), aeey ?ic/eio ai?ioii-aiaea (N=25%), i?e
ia?aaeuaii? yeeo a’yce?noue ?ic/ei?a ??cei ca?eueoo?oueny. C aiae?co
e?eaeo cia/aiue a’yceino? aeaeii, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe??
nooo?ai aieeaathoue aeenia?ni?noue oa ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? aeanoeaino?
/anoeiie. Iaea?aeai? e?ea? caeaaeiino? a’yceino? i?e ??cieo oaiia?aoo?ao
aeia?a ocaiaeaeothoueny c oai???th iiaaae?iee oeenio?iiieo, ae?eaoaioieo
oa ?aiiaeoaioieo ??aeei.

3. Iiaaii?iioeuenia o?ainii?ooaaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie
ei?ioei/aniiai aieeao ?iioeueno, ui aeicaiey? ia i?aeaeuoaaoe
oaiia?aoo?o nenoaie, ui caaacia/o? aeiiii?th aia?ai?ano?n?a oa i?aeaeuo?
oaoiieia?/i?noue i?ioeano. Caaaeyee ?iioeueniiio ?aaeeio ?iaioe I?I
ciaioo?oueny ii?? ??aeeie, ui ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith no?ieo neoaeae
o?oaii?iaiaeo.

4. Iaea?aeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, ui iieno? ?oo aiaeyiiai ii?oiy
(i?oaeeiia iiaeaeue iiaaii?iioeueniiai ianina).

5. Aecia/ai? /an oa aeiaaeeia ?icaiio aiaeyiiai ii?oiy, a oaeiae aea/aia
ooieoe?y ?iciiae?eo /ano ia?aaoaaiiy aiaeyiiai ii?oiy o aiaeiaiae?.

6. Iiaeai? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aei??thaaiith ?iioeuenii?
aeo?aoe aaco; io?eiai? a?ae?iiaoai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee (“iiaea/a-iai??”)
aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe ye ia’?iio, oae ? ianiao aeo?aoo aaco, yei?
iio?aao? ia?aea/oaaiiy ??aeeie.

7. Aeyaeaii caeaaei?noue iiaea/? ianino a?ae i?oaeiino? i?oaeeie,
/anoioe ioeuenaoe?? oa ia’?io iiaaiieaia?e. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e iaaieo
aaeeeeo ?iai/eo ia’?iao iiaaiieaia?e ia aeinyaa?oueny iioeiaeueia
iiaea/a ianina oiio, ui ca ei?ioei/anio o?eaae?noue ?iioeuena (ii?yaeeo
0,15…0,25 n) caaeaiee ia’?i noeneiai iia?o?y iiai?noth ia aeoiaeeoue c
iiaaiieaia?e, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy ia??iaeo ioeuenaoe?? oa
iaaaoeaii a?aeia?aaea?oueny ia ?on? ii?oiy ??aeeie o aiaeiaiae? I?I.

8. Io?eiaii aac?ici??ia ai?ieneioth/a ??aiyiiy, ui aecia/a? caeaaei?noue
iiaea/? I?I a?ae iniiaieo oaeoi??a (ia?aiaae oeneo, neaaaei?noue,
i?oaei?noue i?oaeeie, oaeaee?noue ii?oiy, a’yce?noue ??aeeie oa ??
aonoeia).

9. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo I?I, iaea?aeaii eiao?oe??io, yeee
a?aoiao? i?oaei?noue i?oaeeie, a oaeiae aii??e/ia caeaaei?noue aeey
aecia/aiiy /anoioe ioeuenaoe??.

10. A ?acoeueoao? ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? iioei?caoe?? io?eiai? iioeiaeuei?
eiino?oeoeai? ?ici??e I?I aeey caaeaii? iiaea/?. Iai?eeeaae, i?e iiaea/?
ianina 10 i3/aiae ?aeiiaiaeothoueny:

ia’?i iiaaiieaia?e 0,002 i3;

i?oaei?noue i?oaeeie 0,09 ii/ea;

ae?aiao? cai?ioiueiai eeaiaio 0,025 i.

Iioeiaeueiee ?aaeei ?iaioe:

?iai/ee oene o iiaaiieaia?? 0,25 IIa;

/anoioa ioeuenaoe?? 0,9 n.

?AEIIAIAeAOe??

?ic?iaeaia eiino?oeoe?y ianina aeicaiey? o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii?
ci?ithaaoe oa?aeoa?enoeee ii neaaaeiino?, aeicaiey? ciaioeoe aeo?aoo
iia?o?y a 2-3 ?ace o ii??aiyii? c? no?oieiieie ianinaie.

?aeiiaiaeiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo I?I aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? iieacieee ??cieo oei?a ?o eiino?oeoe??.

Iaeanoue aeei?enoaiiy I?I:

 oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue;

 a oaoiieia?? i/enoee no?/ieo ? caa?oaeiaieo aiae a?ae i?aai?/ieo
niieoe.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??IIOAE?EIAAIEE A ?IAIOAO

1. Noiyiiaa I.A., Ieoaeeee A.Ae., Naiioaaeia A.N., Iyoae I.A.
Iiaaiieiioeueniue niinia o?ainii?oe?iaaiey iaiuethoiiianeeo aeeaeeinoae
// Eeaa. Yeioaoiieiaee e ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea. – 1997. – ?3. – n. 71-72.

2. Noiyiiaa I.A., Ieoaeeee A.Ae., Naiioaaeia A.N., Iyoae I.A.
Enneaaeiaaiea ?aieiae/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee iaiuethoiiianeeo nenoai //
Oa?nii. Aanoiee OAOO. – 1997. – ?1. – n. 176-178.

3. Naiioaaeia A.N., Iyoae I.A. Ieoaeeee A.Ae., Noiyiiaa I.A.,
Iaoiaee/aneea iniaaiiinoe ecia?aiey eiioeueniiai ?anoiaea aaca //
Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu oaoieee e oaoiieiaee oaenoeeueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe:
Na. iao/iuo o?oaeia. – Oa?nii. – 1997. – n. 103-106.

4. Ieoaeeee A.Ae., Noiyiiaa I.A., Iyoae I.A., Naiioaaeia A.N.
Eiino?oeoeaiua iniaaiiinoe iiaaiieiioeueniiai ianina // Aeooaeueiua
i?iaeaiu oaoieee e oaoiieiaee oaenoeeueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe: Na. iao/iuo
o?oaeia. – Oa?nii. – 1997. – n. 107-109.

5. Iyoae I.A., Noiyiiaa I.A., Ieoaeeee A.Ae., Naiioaaeia A.N.,
Aeooia A.I. Iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey oaoieee iiaaiieiioeueniuo
ianinia // Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu oaoieee e oaoiieiaee oaenoeeueiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe: Na. iao/iuo o?oaeia. – Oa?nii. – 1997.– n. 110-111.

6. Ieoaeeee A.Ae., Noiyiiaa I.A., Naiioaaeia A.N. Iaoaiaoe/aneay
iiaeaeue iiaaiieiioeueniiai ianina // Oa?nii. Aaoiiaoeea.
Aaoiiaoecaoeey. Yeaeo?ioaoie/aneea eiiieaenu e nenoaiu. – 1998. – ?1. –
n. 5-11.

7. Cayaea ia iaoaio ? 97010196 io 20.01.97. Iiaaiieiioeueniue niinia
o?ainii?oe?iaaiey iaiuethoiiianeeo nenoai // Noiyiiaa I.A., Ieoaeeee
A.Ae., Iyoae I.A., Naiioaaeia A.N., Eo?eeei A.A.

8. Noiyiiaa I.A., Ieoaeeee A.Ae., Iyoae I.A., Naiioaaeia A.N.
Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe o?ainii?oe?iaaiey aunieieiioeaio?e?iaaiiuo
aeenia?niuo nenoai // Aeni?an-iiaeie. – Ee?a, 1997. – ?9-10. – n. 31.

9. Noiyiiaa I.A., Ieoaeeee A.Ae., Naiioaaeia A.N. Iyoae I.A., ?ac?aaioea
e nicaeaiea iiaaiieiioeueniie oaoieee e oaoiieiaee // Oa?nii OAOO.
Oacenu aeieeaaeia iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Iao/ii-oaoie/aneee
i?ia?ann a ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae ?acaeoey Oe?aeiu”. – 1995.

10. Ieoaeeee A.Ae., Naiioaaeia A.N., Noiyiiaa I.A., Iyoae I.A.
Aeooia A.I. Ia?niaeoeaiinoue niaa?oainoaiaaiey iiaaiieiioeueniuo ianinia
a iaoeiino?iaiee // Na. o?oaeia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie
eiioa?aioeee “I?ia?anneaiua oaoiieiaee iaoeiino?iaiey e nia?aiaiiinoue”
/ Naaanoiiieue. – 1997. – n. 173.

AIIOAOe?ss

Noiyiiaa I.A. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iiaaii?iioeueniiai o?ainii?oo
iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ii
niaoe?aeueiino? 05.18.12 – I?ioeane oa aia?aoe oa?/iaeo ae?iaieoeoa. –
Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? i?eaiaeyoueny aeai? i?i iniaeeaino? o?ainii?ooaaiiy
iai’thoii?anueeeo ??aeei oa cai?iiiiiaaia eiino?oeoe?y
iiaaii?iioeueniiai ianina aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? o?ainii?oo oaeeo
??aeei ia i?eeeaae? aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a ai?ioia, e?ioiaeth, niaee. Io?eiai?
?aieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee oaeeo nenoai. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo
iiaaii?iioeueniiai ianina.

Io?eiaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iiaaii?iioeueniiai oeeeeo ianina, yea aea?
iiaeeea?noue i?iaiae?coaaoe aieea ia?aiao??a ioeuenaoe?? ia
a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iai’thoii?anueei? ??aeeie.

Iiaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaiith iane?aee?a
aeine?aeaeaiue a oa?/iaeo oa o?i?/ieo ae?iaieoeoaao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iai’thoii?anueea ??aeeia, iiaaii?iioeueniee ianin,
?aieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

SUMMARY

Stoyanova O.V. The rise of efficiency pneumo-impulse transport of
non-Newton fluids. – Manuscript.

Dissertation for candidate of technical science of the profession
05.18.12 – Processes and apparatuses food industry. – the Ukrainian
State University of Food Technologies, Kiev, 1999.

The thesis covers the information about the peculiarities of
transportation of non-Newton fluids. The thesis also offers the
construction of pneumo-impulse pump for increasing of efficiency
transport non-Newton fluids (aqueous solution flour, starch, soda).

The reological characteristics of aided systems are obtained. A methods
of calculation of pneumo-impulse pump has been worked.

A mathematics model of pneumo-impulse transport is proposed, which let
possibility to analyze influence of parameters pulsation on hydrodynamic
characteristics of heterogeneous system. The practical recommendation
for effective using of results aids in food and chemical industry are
given.

Keywords: non-Newton fluids, pneumo-impulse pump, reological
characteristics.

AIIIOAOeEss

Noiyiiaa I.A. Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe iiaaiieiioeueniiai o?ainii?oa
iaiuethoiiianeeo aeeaeeinoae. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.18.12 – I?ioeannu e aiia?aou ieuaauo i?iecaiaenoa.
– Oe?aeineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao ieuaauo oaoiieiaee, Eeaa,
1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?eaiaeyony naaaeaiey ia iniaaiiinoyo o?ainii?oe?iaaiey
iaiuethoiiianeeo aeeaeeinoae e i?aaeeiaeaia eiino?oeoeey
iiaaiieiioeueniiai ianina aeey iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe o?ainii?oe?iaaiey
oaeeo aeeaeeinoae ia i?eia?a aiaeiuo ?anoai?ia ioee, e?aoiaea, niaeu.
I?iaaaeaiu ?aieiae/aneea enneaaeiaaiey ia?aea/eaaaiuo aeeaeeinoae ia
no?oeoo?iii aeneiceiao?a ?ioaoeeiiiiai oeia “Reotest –2” (Aa?iaiey). Ia
iniiaaiee ?aieiae/aneeo ecia?aiee ii?aaeaeaiu neaaeothuea
oa?aeoa?enoeee: oa?aeoa? ayceiai oa/aiey, caaeneiinoue ayceinoe io
nei?inoe naeaeaa, caaeneiinoue ayceinoe io eiioeaio?aoeee e oaiia?aoo?u.
Enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea ?acee/iuo oaeoi?ia ia ayceinoue nenoaiu a oeaeii.
Iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue iioeiecaoeee i?ioeanna o?ainii?oe?iaaiey i?e
eiioeueniii ?aaeeia ?aaiou.

Iieo/aia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iiaaiieiioeueniiai o?ainii?oa, eioi?ay
aeaao aiciiaeiinoue i?iaiaeece?iaaoue aeeyiea ia?aiao?ia ioeuenaoeee ia
aeae?iaeeiaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee aaoa?iaaiiie nenoaiu. Iieo/aii
?aoaiea o?aaiaiey ?aaiiaaney eiioeuenia, ii?aaeaeaiu a?aiy e aeeeia
?acaiia aiaeyiiai ii?oiy, eco/aia eioaa?aeueiay ooieoeey ?ani?aaeaeaiey
a?aiaie i?aauaaiey aiaeyiiai ii?oiy a aiaeiaiaea iiaaiieiioeueniiai
ianina.

Auyaeaia caaeneiinoue i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe ianina io aeanoeinoe
i?oaeeiu, /anoiou ioeuenaoeee e iauaia iiaaiieaia?u.

Aeaiu i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ecia?aieth eiioeueniiai ?anoiaea
aaca, iieo/aiiua aeae?iiaoaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee iicaieytho
ii?aaeaeeoue iauaiiue e ianniaue ?anoiae aaca, o?aaoaiue ia
ia?aea/eaaiea aeeaeeinoe.

Iieo/aii e?eoa?eaeueiia o?aaiaiea, ii?aaeaeythuea caaeneiinoue
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe iiaaiieiioeueniiai ianina io iniiaiuo oaeoi?ia:
?aciinoue aeaaeaiey, neaaaeiinoue, aeanoeinoue i?oaeeiu, nei?inoue
ii?oiy, ayceinoue aeeaeeinoe, ieioiinoue aeeaeeinoe.

I?iecaaaeaia ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe iiaaiieiioeueniiai ianina.
?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee ia?aaioaiu a niioaaonoaee n
iaoiaeaie nia?aiaiiie iaoaiaoe/aneie noaoenoeee. Ec i?iaaaeaiiuo
yenia?eiaioia naeaeai auaiae i auai?a iioeiaeueiiai ?acia?a
iiaaiieaia?u.

?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa iiaaiieiioeueniiai ianina. Ii?aaeaeyeinue
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue ianina, /anoioa ioeuenaoeee, ?aai/ee iauai
iiaaiieaia?u, oa?aeoa?enoeee i?oaeeiu, aeeaiao?u iiaeaiaeyueo e
ioaiaeyueo o?oaii?iaiaeia, aeae?aaee/aneea nii?ioeaeaiey. I?eaaaeai
i?eia? ?an/aoa iiaaiieiioeueniiai ianina.

I?iaaaeaia iioeiecaoeey i?ioeanna o?ainii?oe?iaaiey iaiuethoiiianeeo
aeeaeeinoae iiaaiieiioeueniui ianinii. Ieaie?iaaiea yenia?eiaioa i?e
iienea iioeiaeueiuo oneiaee i?iaiaeeeinue a aeaoo iai?aaeaieyo: a auai?a
eiino?oeoeaiuo ?acia?ia iiaaiieiioeueniiai ianina e iioeiaeueiuo
?aaeeiia aai ?aaiou. Iinea ii?aaeaeaiey aaeaeaaoiinoe iiaeaee iieo/aii
iaaeyaeiia i?aaenoaaeaiea i aeeaiao?e/aneii ia?aca eco/aaiie ooieoeee
ioeeeea. Ii?aaeaeaiu iioeiaeueiua niioiioaiey ianeieueeeo oeii ?acia?ia
iiaaiieiioeueniiai ianina e ia iniiaaiee eo auaaaeaiu yiie?e/aneea
oi?ioeu aeey ?an/aoa iioeiaeueiuo ?acia?ia ianinia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaiuethoiiianeea aeeaeeinoe, iiaaiieiioeueniue ianin,
?aieiae/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee.

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