OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?AAe?IAEAEO?II?EE

Ei?aoeueeee Aaeoa?ae Aiaoie?eiae/

OAeE 555.501.7:621.396.96

I?AeAEUAIIss CAAAAeICAOEUAIINO? NENOAI AeENOAIOe?EIIAI CIIAeOAAIIss
AOIINOA?E I?E AEEI?ENOAII? AAOI?AA?AN?EIEO O?EUeO??A IIAeAAEAIIss
AEONOE*IEO CAAAAe

05.12.21- ?aae?ioaoi?/i? nenoaie niaoe?aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeueio?i Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee,
caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ?aae?ioaoi?/ieo nenoai.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aa?eoaa ?ai? Aieiaeeie?iae/,
Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.?. AEoeianueeiai “OA?”
(i. Oa?e?a), caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith aa?aoe?eii-eini?/ieo
?aae?ioaoi?/ieo nenoai.

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Aeaeia ?aai
Ae?iaeeiiae/, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee, i?iaeaiia iaoeiai-aeine?aeia eaai?aoi??y ciiaeoaaiiy
aoiinoa?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?aae?iano?iiii?/iee ?inoeooo IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 20 aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 1515 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.052.03 Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee ca aae?anith:
310726, i. Oa?e?a, i?. Eai?ia, 14, OOO?A, aoae. 13.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee ca aae?anith:
310726, i. Oa?e?a, i?. Eai?ia, 14.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 17 aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
*o?thiia A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaei??th c inoaii?o oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ?
aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?/ieo neoaea no/anieo aa?iii?o?a ? aeei?enoaiiy
nenoai ?aae?iaeonoe/iiai oa aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy aoiinoa?e. Ia aeaiee
iiiaio ?ioaineai? ?iaioe a oeueiio ieai? i?iaiaeyoueny a aaaaoueio
i?ia?aeieo e?a?iao na?oo. Aeonoe/iee eieaoi? (AE) aai niaea? aeicaiey?
aei??thaaoe aa?oeeaeueiee ?iciiae?e oaeaeeino? ? iai?yieo a?o?o, oa??a
??cei? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e.

Aeenoaioe?eia ciiaeoaaiiy ieaei?o oa??a aoiinoa?e caniiaaia ia aoaeoao
aca?iiae?? aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oa caoeiaeo oaeeue c iia?o?yi. Aeiaaaeaii,
ui ia?aoei ?icn?thaaiiy aeey caoeiaeo oaeeue i?eaeecii a i?eueeii ?ac?a
a?eueoa, i?ae aeey aeaeo?iiaai?oieo, oiio aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ciiaeoaaiiy
iiaea canoiniaoaaoeny ii??aiyii i?inoa oaoi?/ia aaca. O ii??aiyii? c
aeonoe/ieie i?e aeei?enoaii? ?aae?ieieaoe?eieo cania?a iio??ai? a?eueo?
aia?aaoe/i? aeo?aoe.

Ana c?inoath/ee ?ioa?an aa?aoe?? aei aeaieo nenoai iiynith?oueny
aaaeaiiyi ??cei i?aeaeueoe aaciaeo iia?aoe?e ceueioo oa iinaaeee
no/anieo e?oae?a. I?e i?iaaaeaii? oeeo iia?aoe?e, eiee e?oae ?ooa?oueny
ia iaeeo oaeaeeinoyo, i?eioo iaiao?aeia iia?aoeaia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i noai
a?o?iaiai ?iciiae?eo iiaeeco ce?oii-iinaaei/ii? nioae (CIN). A?aeiii
aaaaoi o?aa?/ieo aeiaaee?a, eiee no/ani? e?oaee caciaaaee aaa??? i?e
ceueio? aai iinaaeoe? ?c-ca oiai, ui aiie aeo/aee a neeuei? aa?oeeaeuei?
a?o?ia? iioiee.

Iioeiaeuei? ?iai/? /anoioe ciiaeoaaiiy no/anieo niaea??a, ui
caaacia/othoue i?i?iaeueia caoooaiiy aeonoe/ieo neaiae?a i?e ?o
iioe?aii?, ciaoiaeyoueny o oaeiio ae?aiacii?, yeee i?aeaeaaeiee aieeao
neeueieo caoeiaeo caaaae, noai?thaaieo i?aoethth/eie aeaeaoiaie e?oae?a.
??ai? ?ioaineaiino? oaeeo caaaae iano?eueee aaeee?, ui i?e aeayeeo
?aaeeiao ?iaioe aeaeaoi?a (?oe?iiy, ceueio) i?iaiaeeoe i?ioean
ciiaeoaaiiy i?eioeeiiai iaiiaeeeai. Iaea?eueo iaaacia/iei yaeuai aeey
ceueioo oa iinaaeee e?oae?a ? niooiee ne?ae — iiooaeiee oo?aoeaioiee
iia?o?yiee iio?e, ui ?ieiee ooai?th?oueny i?e noa?oao ?aaeoeaieo
eaeia??a aiane?aeie ?iaioe ?oi?o aeaeaoi?a. Aecia/eoe iayai?noue oeeo
aeoi??a iiaeia ca aeiiiiiaith niaea?a ii no?oeoo?? i?eeiyoiai neaiaeo.
I?iaeaia ii a/aniiio aeyaeaiith iiooaeieo cnoa?a a?o?o ? niooieo
ne?ae?a a iiai?e i??? ua ia ae??oaia. Iaeia c aieiaieo i?e/ei oeueiai
iieyaa? a oiio, ui aoaeoeai?noue ?nioth/eo cania?a caoenoo a?ae aeoeaieo
aeonoe/ieo caaaae, noai?thaaieo aeaeaoiaie e?oae?a ? ianeaieo caaaae
a?ae i?noeaaeo ia’?eo?a yaii iaaeinoaoiy aeey ??oaiiy i?aeoe/ieo caaea/
ii caaacia/aiith aacia?a?aiino? aei???a iaoaiia?aiao??a iiaeeco CIN.

A ca’yceo c oeei ? aeooaeueiith ?ic?iaea a?eueo aoaeoeaieo caoiae?a ii
caoenoo a?ae aeoeaieo oa ianeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iia’ycai? c aeeiioaaieie ia eaoaae?? ?aae?ioaoi?/ieo nenoai OOO?A
aea?aeathaeaeaoi?e IAe? ? 102(473-1) “?ici?ciaaaiiy aeiaaeeiaeo
i?ioean?a oa neaiae?a iaoiaeaie ia?aiao?e/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy”,
aea?aeathaeaeaoi?e IAe? ? 100 (472-1) “?ic?iaea ?aae?iaeaeo?iiieo
iaoiae?a oa nenoai aeenoaioe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy Caie? oa i?eeyaath/iai
aei ia? na?aaeiaeua aeey ae??oaiiy aeooaeueieo caaea/ ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa oa i?iaiicoaaiiy ? eiio?ieth iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e”.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea aoaeoeaieo aeai?eoi?a ia?iaee neaiae?a a
nenoaiao ?aae?iaeonoe/iiai ? aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy aeey iiaeaaeaiiy
aeoeaieo oa ianeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae, ye? iathoue i?noea a ?aaeueieo
oiiaao no/anieo aa?iii?o?a, a oaeiae iiaeeco aaeeeeo i?iieneiaeo
ia’?eo?a ? aaoiiaa?no?aeae.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c oeei iniiaieie caaea/aie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?:

· noai?aiiy iiaeo eiino?oeoeaieo aeai?eoi?a oi?ioaaiiy neaiae?a,
?i?ooth/eo ei?eniee a?aeaeoee aeonoe/iee neaiae oa ciai?oith caaaaeo ia
aoiae? i?eeia/a ia aac? aaoi?aa?an?eii? iiaeae?;

· neioac a?aea?ethth/eo iaaaeaioeaieo ? aaeaioeaieo aaoi?aa?an?eieo
o?eueo??a, o oiio /ene? c canoinoaaiiyi caaaaeiaiai eaiaeo aeey
iiaeaaeaiiy aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae a nenoaiao aeenoaioe?eiiai
ciiaeoaaiiy;

· ?ic?iaea iiaeo aeai?eoi?a ia?iaee neaiae?a aeey aoaeoeaiiai
iiaeaaeaiiy ianeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae ia aac? aaoi?aa?an?eieo
o?eueo??a, ui a?aoiaothoue a?aei?ii? iniaeeaino? ?o iiaaae?iee a
nenoaiao aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy;

· aeine?aeaeaiiy iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae cai?iiiiiaaieo aeai?eoi?a;

· ia?aa??ea aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaieo aeai?eoi?a ia ?aaeueieo
caaaaeiaeo neaiaeao, ui iathoue i?noea iiaeeco aa?iii?o?a oa
aaoiiaa?no?aeae;

· ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii canoinoaaiith cai?iiiiiaaieo aeai?eoi?a
iiaeaaeaiiy aeoeaieo oa ianeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae, a oaeiae noai
iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiiai i?inoi?iaiai ?icoaooaaiiy aioaiii? aeonoe/ii?
nenoaie;

· ?ic?aooiie oaeaeeiae?? cai?iiiiiaaieo aeai?eoi?a ia?iaee neaiae?a aeey
ia?aa??ee iiaeeeainoae ?o canoinoaaiiy a ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano ia
?nioth/?e i?e?ii?ioeani?i?e aac?.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue aacoaaeenue ia ei?aeyoe?ei?e oai???, oai???
?iia??iinoae, iioeiaeueiiai ioe?ithaaiiy, oai??? ia?aa??ee noaoenoe/ieo
a?iioac. Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiue ? noaoenoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy, ei?aeyoe?eiee ? niaeo?aeueiee aiae?c aeiaaeeiaeo
i?ioean?a. Aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiaeeeanue c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?aaeueieo caaaaeiaeo neaiae?a, noai?thaaieo aeaeaoiaie
e?oae?a, a oaeiae aaoiiia?eueieie aeaeaoiaie. Cai?iiiiiaai? aeai?eoie
ia?iaee neaiae?a ?aae?coaaeenue i?ia?aiii ia IAII.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe :

· cai?iiiiiaai? iia? eiino?oeoeai? aeai?eoie oi?ioaaiiy aeiaaeeiaeo
i?ioean?a, ui ?i?oothoue ei?eniee neaiae oa caaaaeo a nenoaiao
aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy ia aac? iiaeae? aaoi?aa?an??;

· aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey iiaeaaeaiiy ianoaoe?iia?ieo
aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae a nenoaiao ?aae?iaeonoe/iiai ? aeonoe/iiai
ciiaeoaaiiy aoiinoa?e aaeaioeai? aaoi?aa?an?ei? o?eueo?e;

· aeieacaia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy caaaaeiaiai eaiaeo ia aac?
aaeaioeaiiai ?ao?o/aoiai o?eueo?o aeey iiaeaaeaiiy aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo
caaaae a nenoaiao aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy;

· ?ic?iaeai? iia? aeai?eoie ia?iaee neaiae?a ia aac? aaoi?aa?an?eieo
o?eueo??a, ye? aeicaieythoue aoaeoeaii ai?ioeny c ianoaoe?iia?ieie
aeonoe/ieie ianeaieie caaaaeaie a nenoaiao aeenoaioe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy
aoiinoa?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe:

· ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie ia?iaee neaiae?a, canoinoaaiiy yeeo aeicaieeoue
cieceoe aa?o?noue ?nioth/eo nenoai aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy ca ?aooiie
ni?iuaiiy aioaiii? nenoaie, ciaioaiiy caoenieo caoeiiiaeeiath/eo
iie?eoue ? caaacia/eoue aoaeoeaio ?o ?iaioo a oiiaao aieeao neeueieo
aeoeaieo ? ianeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae;

· cai?iiiiiaai? ? canoiniaai? aoaeoeai? aeai?eoie oeeo?iai? ia?iaee
neaiae?a aeey iiaeaaeaiiy aeoeaieo oa ianeaieo caaaae, ye? iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? a ?aaeueieo aeonoe/ieo, ?aae?iaeonoe/ieo oa
?aae?ieieaoe?eieo nenoaiao ? aeicaieythoue a iiai?e i??? ?aae?coaaoe
iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? iaeno/anieo neaiaeueieo i?ioeani??a;

· ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii i?aeoe/iiio ai?iaaaeaeaiith
cai?iiiiiaaieo aeai?eoi?a ia?iaee neaiae?a a nenoaie aeenoaioe?eiiai
ciiaeoaaiiy aoiinoa?e;

· a oe?eiio ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue ae??oeoe an? i?aeoe/i? caaea/? aei???a iaoaiia?aiao??a
iiaeeco ? iaae CIN.

?aae?caoe?y ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a. Aeai?eoie ia?iaee neaiae?a,
ui ?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?ae /an
aeeiiaiiy IAe? “Caiey-1” oa “Oaeey”, ye? i?iaiaeeeeny ??A IAI Oe?a?ie
(i. Oa?e?a). Aeai?eoie oi?ioaaiiy aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a, ui aoee
?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, aeei?enoiaoaaeenue a o/aiaiio i?ioean? i?ae
/an noai?aiiy eaai?aoi?ieo i?aeoeeoi?a ii eo?nao “Iniiae oai???
ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??” oa “Iniiae ?aae?ica’yceo” aeey iiaeaethaaiiy
??cieo oei?a ei?aeueiaaieo caaaae a ?aae?ieaiaeao ia?aaea/?
?ioi?iaoe??, a oaeiae i?e aeeiiaii? aeeieiiieo ?ia?o i?e ?ic?iaoe? oa
iiaeaethaaii? nenoai ooiiiiaeaaeaiiy a nenoaiao e?oaeiaiai
?aae?ica’yceo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe io?eiai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii. ?c ?ia?o, ye?
iioae?eiaai? a ni?aaaoi?noa?, aeei?enoiaoaaeeny eeoa o? ?acoeueoaoe, ui
io?eiai? caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe: Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia 3-e I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Caniae i?aaenoaaeaiiy oa ia?iaee
aeiaaeeiaeo neaiae?a oa iie?a” (Ooaina, 1993 ?.), ia 1-e I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Oai??y ? oaoi?ea ia?aaea/?, i?eeiio oa ia?iaee
?ioi?iaoe??” (Ooaina, 1995 ?.), ia 2-e I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
“Oai??y ? oaoi?ea ia?aaea/?, i?eeiio oa ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??”
(Oa?e?a-Ooaina, 1996 ?.), ia 1-e Oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iao?ieia?/ia caaacia/aiiy a iaeano? aeaeo?e/ieo, iaai?oieo
oa ?aae?ioaoi?/ieo aei???a” (Oa?e?a, 1994 ?.), ia Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean?” (Oa?e?a, 1997 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??: Ii iaoa??aeai aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 7
i?aoeue, c yeeo 4 o aeaeaiiyo, caoaa?aeaeaieo AAE Oe?a?ie.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??: Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a ? aeniiae?a, ye? aeeeaaeaii ia 185 noi??ieao
ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo. Aiia i?noeoue 167 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, 89
iaethie?a, 33 oaaeeoe?, ia?ae?e aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 96 iaeiaioaaiue
oa 2 aeiaeaoee.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue aea?aii? oaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa
oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, aecia/ai? iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy ?iaioe, a oaeiae i?eaaaeai? a?aeiiino? i?i ai?iaaoe?th oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c no/anieo ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a
ai?ioueae c caaaaeaie a nenoaiao aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy aoiinoa?e, a
oaeiae iiaeeeainoae canoinoaaiiy aaeaioeaieo aaoi?aa?an?eieo o?eueo??a.

Aiae?c aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui iniiai? caoiaee caoenoo a?ae aeonoe/ieo
caaaae a nenoaiao aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy ? oae?:

· i?aeaeuaiiy iiooaeiino? ciiaeoth/eo aeonoe/ieo neaiae?a;

· canoinoaaiiy niaoe?aeueieo eiino?oeoe?e aioai c? neeaaeiith
aia?oo?ith, ye? iathoue aocueeee iniiaiee iaethnoie ae?aa?aie
iai?yieaiino? ? iecueeee ??aaiue aieiaeo iaethnoe?a, ui aeicaiey?
iineaaeoe aieea aeoeaieo ? ianeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae ii aieiaei
iaethnoeai;

· canoinoaaiiy iiia?aaeiuei? o?eueo?aoe?? ei?enieo neaiae?a, a oiio
/ene? c aeei?enoaiiyi oeeo?iaeo iaoiae?a ia?iaee, c iaoith iiaeaaeaiiy
caaaaeiaeo neaiae?a ca iaaeaie nioae iiaeeeaeo aeiiea??anueeeo /anoio
ei?eniiai neaiaeo;

· iino?eia a?aenoaaeaiiy caaaaeiai? ianoaiiaee ? aiae?c ?iciiae?eo
iiooaeiino? caaaae ii /anoio? c iaoith oaeaeeiai ia?aoiaeo ia ?io?
/anoioe ciiaeoaaiiy, a?euei? a aeaiee iiiaio a?ae ooi?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? a?aei?/aii, ui ia?a?aoiaai? aeua iaoiaee ai?ioueae c
caaaaeaie ia aeicaieythoue ae??oeoe oeth i?iaeaio iiai?noth ? iathoue
?yae iaiaaeaiue ii canoinoaaiith.

Ii-ia?oa, i?aeaeuaiiy aei?ii?ithaaii? iiooaeiino? ei?eniiai neaiaeo
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy ?ici???a no/anieo niaea??a, a oaeiae aei
??ceiai ca?eueoaiiy iiooaeiino?, yea niiaeeaa?oueny nenoaiith a oe?eiio,
ui iia’ycaia c aeiaeaoeiaeie iaoa??aeueieie aeo?aoaie.

Ii-ae?oaa, a ae?aiaciiao /anoio aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy aeinoaoiuei
neeaaeii neioacoaaoe iaaei?ia? aioaie, ye? iathoue aocueeo ae?aa?aio
iai?yieaiino? ? iecueeee ??aaiue aieiaeo iaethnoe?a. Ae?iaieoeoai
iiae?aieo aioaiieo nenoai iica’ycaia c aaeeeeie oaoiieia?/ieie,
oaoi?/ieie o?oaeiiuyie ? i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?noioiiai ca?eueoaiiy
nia?aa?oino? nenoaie a oe?eiio. E??i oiai, caiaaeoi neeueii caoaeoaaoe
oe?eio iniiaiiai iaethnoea aeonoe/ieo aioai iaaeioe?eueii, ai i?e
neeueiiio a?o?? ciiaeoth/ee aeonoe/iee neaiae iiaea aeaeoaaoeny ca eiai
iaae? aiane?aeie yaeua a?o?iai? ?ao?aeoee?.

Ii-o?ao?, iiia?aaeiy o?eueo?aoe?y ei?enieo a?aeaeoeo neaiae?a aeaeaei ia
caaaeaee aeyaey?oueny aoaeoeaiith, ine?eueee aeey oiai, uia caaacia/eoe
i?ioiaeaeaiiy ei?eniiai neaiaeo c o?aooaaiiyi an?o iiaeeeaeo
aeiiea??anueeeo /anoio o?eueo? iiaeiai iaoe nioao ii?yaeeo 1 eAoe. Oae
ye niaeo?e aeonoe/ieo ooi?a e?oae?a i?aeoe/ii ia?ae?eaathoue oaanue
ae?aiacii /anoio aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy, oi aaeaioeaiee ia?ao?ae
aeonoe/ieie eieaoi?aie ia ?io? ?iai/? /anoioe iaeiaoaeoeaiee. E??i
oiai, ?aaeeie ?iaioe, ye? iia’ycai? c? ci?iaie ?iai/eo /anoio niaea??a,
iaeeaaeathoue iniaeea? aeiiae ia eiino?oeoe?th aioaiii? nenoaie, ai i?e
ci?iao /anoioe ci?iththoueny ia?aiao?e ae?aa?aie iai?yieaiino? ? o. ?.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui a e?oa?aoo?? ia aena?oeai?
acaaae? aai iaaeinoaoiuei aea/ai? ianooii? ieoaiiy:

· noai?aiiy aoaeoeaieo eiino?oeoeaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aeey iieno
a?aeaeoeo aeonoe/ieo neaiae?a oa caaaae;

· ia?aa??ea iiaeeeainoae canoinoaaiiy aaeaioeaieo aaoi?aa?an?eieo
o?eueo??a aeey iiaeaaeaiiy aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae a ?aaeueieo oiiaao
aa?iii?oo oa iiaeeco aaoiiaa?no?aeae;

· aoaeoeai? iaoiaee iiaeaaeaiiy ianeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae, aeeeeeaieo
a?aeaeooyi a?ae i?noeaaeo aeecueeeo ia’?eo?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai iaeyaeo oa aiae?co noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee noai?aiith aaeaeaaoieo iiaeaeae ?icn?yieo
aeonoe/ieo neaiae?a ? caaaae. Iniiaiei ?ioi?iaoeaiei ia?aiao?ii a
nenoaiao aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy aoiinoa?e ? aeiiea??anueea /anoioa.
E??i oiai, a?eueo?noue a?aeiieo c ioae?eaoe?e aeai?eoi?a ?ici?ciaaaiiy
eean?a oo?aoeaioiinoae, a oaeiae aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a oo?aoeaioiinoae
caniiaai? ia niaeo?aeueiiio i?aeoiae?. Oiio ca iniiaiee e?eoa??e
aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae? ?icn?yiiai neaiaeo aoa aea?aiee nooi?iue
aeecueeino? aia?aaoe/ieo niaeo??a ?aaeueiiai ? iiaeaeueiiai neaiae?a. A
yeino? iaoaiaoe/ii? iniiae aeey iiaeaethaaiiy aoea aea?aia iiaeaeue
aaoi?aa?an?? (A?), ui ia? ?yae ia?aaaa ia?aae ?ioeie a?aeiieie
iiaeaeyie. Cie?aia, iiaeia a?aecia/eoe, ui iiaeaeue A? ?
eiino?oeoeaiith, oiaoi aiia ia? i?i?iaeueii iaiao?aeio e?euee?noue
ia?aiao??a, aeey ciaoiaeaeaiiy yeeo ia/enethaaeuei? i?ioeaaeo?e iathoue
e?i?eiee oa?aeoa?. C ?? aeiiiiiaith iiaeia ii??aiyii i?inoi neioacoaaoe
no?oeoo?i? noaie ? aeai?eoie aeey oi?ioaaiiy aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a c
caaeaieie niaeo?aeueii-ei?aeyoe?eieie aeanoeainoyie. Ia?aiao?aie A?
iiaeae? aeiaaeeiaeo neaiae?a ? eiao?oe??ioe A? ? ii?yaeie iiaeae?.
Iniiaia ??aiyiiy aaoi?aa?an?? iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe o aeaeyae?:

wmetafile8? ??E???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A?
???&??yyyy?????Ay?y@ x ???&? ?MathType?????uAth??????

aea Oj- eiao?oe??ioe A?;

wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aa???&??yyyy?????Ay°y  at- iaei?aeueiaai? aeiaaeeia?
a?aee?ee oeio a?eiai ooio;

?- ii?yaeie iiaeae? A?.

A aeaiiio ?icae?e? io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ui ca’ycothoue
eiao?oe??ioe A? c ia?aiao?aie aia?aaoe/iiai niaeo?o — oeaio?aeueiith
/anoioith ? oe?eiith nioae ii ??aith iieiaeie iiooaeiino?.
Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy io?eiai? aeey iaeiiiiaeiaeo ? aeaiiiaeiaeo neaey?ieo ?
eiiieaenieo aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a.

??aiyiiy, ui ca’ycothoue eiao?oe??ioe A? wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? aa???&??yyyy?????Ay°y 

wmetafile8? ?? wmetafile8? ??y???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ``
???&??yyyy?????Ay?y  ???&? ?MathType??P?
???u?????????»????-?????hU???h—???u?th™?????
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???u?????????»????-?????„9???„o???u?th™?????
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???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?`
???&??yyyy?????Ay¤y $ ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th™?????

aea wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a ???&??yyyy?????Ay°y` wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a
???&??yyyy?????Ay°ya O — ?ioa?aae aeene?aoecaoe??.

Aiaeia?/i? caeaaeiino? aeey aeaiiiaeiaiai aeiaaeeiaiai i?ioeano c
eaaae?aoo?ieie neeaaeiaeie iathoue aeaeyae:

wmetafile8? ??n???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????AyAy@  ???&? ?MathType??P?
???u?????????»????-?????h1???h°???hV???hn???uA
th??????wmetafile8? ??n???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`a???&??yyyy?????Ayµy  ???&? ?MathType??P?
???u?????????»????-?????j???j????je???js???uA
th??????wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayµy@5 ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????j????j:???u?th™?????wmetafile8?
?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?`???&??yyyy?????Ayµy 5 ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????j????j:???u?th™?????

aea wmetafile8? ??»???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@A???&??yyyy?????Ay°y?? ???&? ?MathType??P????uAth??????
wmetafile8? ??»???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@A???&??yyyy?????Ay°y?? ???&?
?MathType??P????uAth??????Iaaaaeai? no?oeoo?i? noaie A? o?eueo??a, ui
aeicaieythoue oi?ioaaoe aeiaaeeia? i?ioeane c caaeaieie ia?aiao?aie
niaeo?aeueii? aonoeie iiooaeiino? (NAI). Oi?ioaaiiy aaaaoiiiaeiaeo
aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a iaiao?aeia aeey aaeaeaaoiiai iiaeaethaaiiy
?aaeueieo aeonoe/ieo caaaaeiaeo neaiae?a, noai?thaaieo e?oaeaie.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui a?eueo?noue oaeeo
aeonoe/ieo caaaae iathoue aeae?eueea iaeneioi?a o niaeo?ao.

Aeine?aeaeai? iiaeeeaino? io?eiaiiy aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a c
aeaoa?i?iiaaiith oacith, c caaeaieie ei?aeyoe?eieie aeanoeainoyie, a
oaeiae c aeia?eueiith oi?iith NAI. Iaaaaeai? a?aeiia?aei? no?oeoo?i?
noaie oi?ioth/eo A? o?eueo??a. Aeai?eoi aeey oi?ioaaiiy aeiaaeeiaeo
i?ioean?a c aeia?eueiith oi?iith aia?aaoe/iiai niaeo?o aeicaiey?
iaea?aeoaaoe i?ioeane c oi?iith NAI i?aeoe/ii aoaeue-yei? neeaaeiino?.
Ia?aa??ea cai?iiiiiaaiiai aeai?eoio i?iaiaeeeany c aeei?enoaiiyi
niaeo??a a?aeaeoeo ?aae?ieieaoe?eieo oa aeonoe/ieo neaiae?a. Aea??
iioeiaeueiiai ii?yaeeo iiaeae? A? cae?enithaaany ca aeiiiiiaith
a?aeiiiai e?eoa??th Aa?oeaoa.

C iaoith iiaoaeiae iiaeae? A? ?aaeueieo ?icn?yieo aeonoe/ieo neaiae?a
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny 2000 ?aae?caoe?e aeiaaeeiith 256 eiiieaenieo a?aee?e?a
eiaeia. Aeey aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai ii?yaeeo iiaeae?
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aeaa a?aeiieo e?eoa??? — i?i?ioio iiieeee
ia?aaeaa/aiiy oa e?eoa??e Aa?oeaoa. Canoinoaaiiy aeaio e?eoa???a i?eaaei
aei iaeiaeiaeo ?acoeueo?a, ca?aeii yeeo ?aaeuei? ?icn?yi? aeonoe/i?
neaiaee iiaeooue aooe i?aaenoaaeai? iiaeaeeth A? 6…7 ii?yaeeo.

Oaeei /eiii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeaiiai ?icae?eo na?ae/aoue i?i
?aaeuei? iiaeeeaino? noai?aiiy aaeaeaaoieo iiaeaeae ?icn?yieo aeonoe/ieo
neaiae?a oa caaaae ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeae? aaoi?aa?an??.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee neioaco aaeaioeaieo ? iaaaeaioeaieo
aaoi?aa?an?eieo o?eueo??a ? aeine?aeaeaiith ?o oa?aeoa?enoee.

Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, io?eiaieo oeyoii iiaeaethaaiiy ia
IAII, ii aieeao ei?aeueiaaieo caaaae ia oi/i?noue ioe?iie oeaio?aeueii?
/anoioe neaiaeo. Neaiae ? caaaaea oi?ioaaeeny ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a,
iienaieo a ?icae?e? 2. Aiae?c i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaio?a ii
aeine?aeaeaiith aieeao a?eiai ooio ? ei?aeueiaaii? noaoe?iia?ii? caaaaee
ia ioe?ieo oeaio?aeueii? /anoioe aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee:

· aieea caaaaee oeio a?eiai ooio ia ioe?ieo oeaio?aeueii? /anoioe
iacia/iee ? i?e ona?aaeiaii? ii niaeo?ai i?aeoe/ii iiaea aooe onoiaiee;

· iayai?noue iaeiiiiaeiai? ei?aeueiaaii? caaaaee ci?uo? ioe?ieo
oeaio?aeueii? /anoioe ei?eniiai neaiaeo a a?e /anoioe iiaee caaaaee;

· ioe?iea NAI ca aeiiiiiaith caeaaeoth/eo niaeo?aeueieo a?eii ia
caaaeaee aeicaiey? ?icae?eeoe neaiae ? caaaaeo. Iiaeeea?noue ?oiueiai
?icae?eaiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae ??cieoe? /anoio ?o iiae, aeiaaeeie
?aae?caoe?? ? oe?eie niaeo?aeueiiai a?eia, ui canoiniao?oueny. Iaa?oue
i?e aeinoaoiueiio /anoioiiio ?icianaii? neaiaeo oa caaaaee, ia aaee/eio
ioe?iee oeaio?aeueii? /anoioe ?noioiee aieea aeyaey? iayai?noue
inoaiiuei?;

· aieea caaaaee ia ioe?ieo oeaio?aeueii? /anoioe ?inoa c? ciaioaiiyi
oe?eie ?? nioae i?e o?eniaaiiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? neaiae/ooi.

I?iaaaeaii neioac a?aea?ethth/eo o?eueo??a i?yii? ?aae?caoe??,
iaaaeaioeaieo ? aaeaioeaieo ?ao?o/aoeo o?eueo??a. Neioac aaeaioeaiiai ?O
aoa i?iaaaeaiee ia aac? a?aeiiiai ?aeo?neaiiai ?ao?o/aoiai aeai?eoio
iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a (?IE), aea ??aiyiiy, ye? iienothoue ?IE, aoee
ocaaaeueiai? aeey aeiaaeeo eiiieaenieo neaiae?a. Oea aeaei iiaeeea?noue
canoinoaaoe i?eaaaeai? aeai?eoie ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?? a ?aaeuei?e nenoai?
aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy.

Iaaaaeaia no?oeoo?ia noaia aaeaioeaiiai ?O c caaaaeiaei (iii?iei)
eaiaeii. A?aecia/aii, ui aeaiee oei noaie ia? ia?aaaae ia?aae on?ia
?ioeie caaaeyee aeanoeaino? ?O i?oiaaiae?coaaoe ao?aei? neaiaee. Ca
?aooiie oeueiai aeinyaa?oueny iaaecae/aeia oaeaee?noue ca?aeiino?
aeai?eoio ? aoaeoeaia a?aenoaaeaiiy caaaaee. Caaaeath/e ia a?aenooi?noue
a e?oa?aoo?? a?aeiiinoae i?i iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? aeaiiai aeai?eoio
ii o?eueo?aoee? aoa i?iaaaeaiee ?yae aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
oeyoii noaoenoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy. Cie?aia a ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaio?a
anoaiiaeaii, ui i?i?iaeuei? iioeaee a ioe?ioe? oeaio?aeueii? /anoioe
iathoue i?noea i?e ii?yaeeao o?eueo?o, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ii?yaeeo
iiaeae? A? caaaaee. E??i oiai, noaia caaacia/o? aaniethoi? iioeaee
aei???a, ye? ia ia?aaeuothoue 5-6 Aoe i?e ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo neaiae/ooi
aei -70 aeA aeeth/ii, ui ia ia?aaeuo? 1% a?aeiinii? iioeaee aei???a.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeaiee o?eueo? caaacia/o? aeinoaoith ye?noue
o?eueo?aoe?? caaaaee iaa?oue a aeiaaeeao ia?ae?eooy /anoioieo niaeo??a
neaiaeo ? caaaaee. A?aeiinia iiieeea ioe?iee oeaio?aeueii? /anoioe
neaiaeo i?e oeueiio ia ia?aaeuo? 1%, aea ca?eueoo?oueny i?eaeecii aei
3-5% na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy ioe?iee. Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe,
ye? aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui iioeaea ioe?iee /anoioe
neaiaeo i?ney o?eueo?aoe?? ?inoa i?e ca?eueoaii? oe?eie nioae caaaaee.
Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui a?eueo oe?ieinioaiaa caaaaea ? iaio
ei?aeueiaaiith, oiio ciaioo?oueny nooi?iue ei?aeyoe?eii? caeaaeiino?
i?ae i?ioeanaie a iniiaiiio ? iii?iiio eaiaeao. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui
iia??oaiiy yeino? o?eueo?aoe?? i?e ca?eueoaii? oe?eie nioae caaaaee
niinoa??aa?oueny o?eueee i?e aeinoaoiuei iaeeo cia/aiiyo neaiae/ooi Q.
Iai?eeeaae, i?e wmetafile8? ??ss????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
  ???&??yyyy?????Ay?y`p ???&?
?MathType??@????uAth??????Iniiaia ia?aoeiaea, yea noi?oue ia oeyoo
canoinoaaiiy ?aae?ieieaoe?eieo iaoiae?a ai?ioueae c ianeaieie caaaaeaie
i?e aeocoe/iiio ciiaeoaaii?, iieyaa? a oiio, ui ei?aeyoe?eia
caeaaei?noue i?ae neaiaeaie ianeaii? caaaaee a non?aei?o ia??iaeao
iaci?o cia/ii ieae/a, i?ae a ?aae?ieieaoe?eieo nenoaiao. Oea
a?aeaoaa?oueny ?c-ca oiai, ui ciiaeoth/ee aeonoe/iee neaiae a i?ioean?
iioe?aiiy ci?ith? naith oaeaee?noue i?ae aieeaii a?o?o. A naith /a?ao
oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeiaeaoeiaiai ia?aceoiiai aeiiea??anueeiai cnoao
/anoioe.

A ?iaio? i?iiiio?oueny iaoiae iiaeaaeaiiy ianeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae ca
aeiiiiiaith a?aea?ethth/eo o?eueo??a i?yii? ?aae?caoe?? aai ?O. Aeey
oiai, uia neioacoaaoe oaeee o?eueo?, iaiao?aeii ciaoe A? ia?aiao?e
caaaaee. Iniiaiiio ??aiyiith aaoi?aa?an?? (1) a?aeiia?aea?
Z-ia?aoai?aiiy, ui iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaii o aeaeyae? oa?aeoa?enoe/iiai
??aiyiiy

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@???&??yyyy?????Ay°y?0 ???&? ?MathType??p????uAth??????

Ei?ai? ??aiyiiy (4) aai eii?aeeiaoe ia Z-ieiueie a?aeiia?aeathoue
niaeo?aeueiei ia?aiao?ai aia?aaoe/iiai niaeo?a i?ioeano, a naia
oeaio?aeuei?e /anoio? ? oe?ei? niaeo?o ii ??aith iiooaeiino? 0.5. A
?acoeueoao? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aeiaeaaaii?
aeaio A? i?ioean?a, eiaeiiio c yeeo a?aeiia?aea? na?e ei?aiue ia
Z-ieiuei?, oi?io?oueny aeiaaeeiaee i?ioean, na?aae Z-ei?ai?a yeiai
i?enooi? ei?ai? ao?aeieo aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a. Oey iniaeea?noue iiaea
aooe aeyaeaia i?e iiaoaeia? iiaeae? A? noia?iiai i?ioeano a?eueo
aenieiai ii?yaeeo. Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo oeyoii
iiaeaethaaiiy ? oai?aoe/ii, i?iaiaeeeeny aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ?aaeueieo
neaiaeao. A ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaio?a anoaiiaeaii, ui a on?o
?icaeyiooeo ?aae?caoe?yo ia /anoio?, aeecuee?e aei ioeueiai?, i?enooi?e
ei??iue, yeee aecia/a? iieiaeaiiy ianeaii? caaaaee ia in? /anoio.
Ciath/e ei??iue, ui a?aeiia?aea? ca ianeaio caaaaeo, iiaeia neioacoaaoe
a?aea?ethth/ee o?eueo? aeey ?? iiaeaaeaiiy. Ei??iue oa?aeoa?enoe/iiai
??aiyiiy, ui aecia/a? caaaaeo, ia? iaeneiaeueiee iiaeoeue. Oey ianoaaeia
aeicaiey? eaaei a?aeae?eeoe eiai a?ae ei?ai?a, ui iaeaaeaoue ei?eniiio
?icn?yiiio neaiaeo. Cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi ia?iaee neaiae?a aeicaiey?
caaacia/eoe iiaeaaeaiiy ianeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae a na?aaeiueiio ia
20-25 aeA, a oie /an ye a?aa?i/ao? o?eueo?e iiaeaaeaiiy, ui
aeei?enoiaothoueny a ?aae?ieieaoe??, a o?e aea neooaoe?? caaacia/othoue
eiao?oe??io iiaeaaeaiiy, ??aiee a na?aaeiueiio 2-4 aeA. Oaeei /eiii,
cai?iiiiiaaiee a aeai?e ?iaio? aeai?eoi iiaeaaeaiiy ianeaieo caaaae
aeicaiey? aeinyaiooe ?acoeueoao?a, ui ia?aaeuothoue iiaeeeaino?
a?aa?i/aoeo o?eueo??a i?eaeecii ia 20 aeA. Aeey oeiiaeo niaeo?aeueieo
ia?aiao??a ei?eniiai neaiaeo oa caaaaee cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa iie?auaiiy
a?aeiioaiiy neaiae-ooi, yea caaacia/o?oueny i?e canoinoaaii? aeaiiai
aeai?eoio, ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao a?ae 8 aei 14 aeA a caeaaeiino? a?ae
?iciino ii /anoio? neaiaeo oa caaaaee.

I?eaaaeai? aeai?eoie ia?iaee neaiae?a, ye? iaoaiaoe/ii aacothoueny ia
iiaeaeyo aaoi?aa?an??-eiacath/iai na?aaeiueiai ? ye? a?aoiaothoue
iaoai?cie /anoioiiai niioai?aiiy neaiae?a i?e a?aea?eaii? caaaaee.
Cai?iiiiiaai? aeai?eoie ia?iaee neaiae?a aeicaieythoue ciaioeoe
iaeneiaeueio a?aeiinio iioeaeo a ioe?ioe? oeaio?aeueii? /anoioe ei?enieo
neaiae?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae ao?aeieo niaeo?aeueieo ia?aiao??a neaiaeo ?
caaaaee a na?aaeiueiio a?ae 20% aac ?o canoinoaaiiy aei 5% i?ney ?o
canoinoaaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeaiiai ?icae?eo na?ae/aoue i?i
aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy aaoi?aa?an?eieo o?eueo??a aeey iiaeaaeaiiy
aeoeaieo oa ianeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae a nenoaiao aeenoaioe?eiiai
ciiaeoaaiiy aoiinoa?e.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ii iiaeaaeaiith ca aeiiiiiaith cai?iiiiiaaieo aeai?eoi?a
aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae, noai?thaaieo aeaeaoiaie e?oae?a,
aaoiiia?eueieie ea?ath?aoi?ieie ? aeecaeueieie aeaeaoiaie.

Iaaaaeai? aia?aaoe/i? niaeo?e aeonoe/ieo ooi?a aa?aoe?eieo,
aaoiiia?eueieo ea?ath?aoi?ieo ? aeecaeueieo aeaeaoi?a, aeaoaeueii
aeine?aeaeai? ?o aeeiai?/i? niaeo?aeueii-ei?aeyoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee,
aecia/ai? ?ioa?aaee noaoe?iia?iino?.

Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaaeaiiy aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae ca
aeiiiiiaith iaaaeaioeaieo ?O. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ii?yaeee o?eueo??a, i?e
yeeo aeinyaathoueny iaeneiaeuei? eiao?oe??ioe iiaeaaeaiiy, iathoue
iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy, ??ai? 2…3 a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeio caaaaee.
Aecia/aii, ui ca aeiiiiiaith iaaaeaioeaieo ?O i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai
aeinyaiooe aaaeaii? yeino? a?aea?eaiiy ii caaeaiiio ??aith aieiaeo
iaethnoe?a aaoiei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe?? caaaaee ia aeoiae? o?eueo?o.
Aecia/ai? iioeiaeuei? ii?yaeee ?O, i?e yeeo a?aea?eaia caaaaea
iaeneiaeueii iaaeeaeaia aei a?eiai ooio.

I?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaaeaiiy aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae ca
aeiiiiiaith aaeaioeaieo ?O. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iioeiaeuei? ii?yaeee
o?eueo??a ?iio, i?e yeeo aeinyaathoueny iaeneiaeuei? eiao?oe??ioe
iiaeaaeaiiy Eiiio, ??ai? 2…6 a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeio caaaaee. Iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe iaaaaeai? a oaae. 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

Iioeiaeuei? ii?yaeee aaeaioeaieo ?O

?aaeei

?iaioeOo-134

I?ia??aOo-134

?oe?iiyOo-134

Ce?oAi-24

I?ia??aAi-24

?oe?iiyAi-24

Ce?oAAC-24Aeecaeue?iio45…622423…44…5Eiiio, aeA2522373731392823

Aecia/aii, ui ca aeiiiiiaith aaeaioeaieo ?O iiaeia aeinyaiooe i?aeoe/ii
aoaeue-yei? yeino? ia?eaiiy caaaae oeyoii i?aeaeuaiiy ii?yaeeo o?eueo?o.
I?e oeueiio aeaeyae aaoiei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe?? caaaaee ia aeoiae?
o?eueo?o iiiioiiii iaaeeaea?oueny aei oi?ie, aeanoeai? aeey a?eiai ooio.
A oaae. 2 i?eaaaeai? cia/aiiy ii?yaee?a aaeaioeaieo ?O, i?e yeeo ??aaiue
aieiaeo iaethnoe?a aaoiei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe?? a?aea?eaii? caaaaee ia
ia?aaeuo? 10 %.

Oaaeeoey 2

Iioeiaeuei? ii?yaeee aaeaioeaieo ?O ii oi?i? aaoiei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe??

OO-134

I?ia??aOO-134

?oe?iiyOO-134

Ce?oAI-24

I?ia??aAI-24

?oe?iiyAI-24

Ce?oAAC-24Aeecaeue

?iio7…81285…67…85…69…1011…12

Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaaeaiiy ?aaeueieo aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae
ca aeiiiiiaith aaeaioeaiiai ?O c caaaaeiaei eaiaeii aeey /anoio
ciiaeoaaiiy a ae?aiacii? a?ae 200 Aoe aei 5 eAoe. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
canoinoaaiiy caaaaeiaiai eaiaeo caaacia/o? o?eueo?aoe?th caaaae ?
ianooiio ioe?ieo oeaio?aeueii? /anoioe ei?eniiai neaiaeo c a?aeiiniith
iioeaeith ia a?eueoa 1% i?e ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo neaiae/ooi wmetafile8?
??·???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ``???&??yyyy?????Ay?y 0 ???&? ?MathType??
????uAth??????

Oaaeeoey 3

Iioeiaeuei? ii?yaeee aaeaioeaieo ?O c iii?iei eaiaeii

Oo-134

I?ia??aOo-134

?oe?iiyOo-134

Ce?oAi-24

I?ia??aAi-24

?oe?iiyAi-24

Ce?oAAC-24Aeecaeue.?iio452532…344

Aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo oeyoii noaoenoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, aoea ia?aa??aia ca aeiiiiiaith ia??aiino? ?ai-E?aia?a.

I’yoee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii canoinoaaiith
aaeaioeaieo ?O aeey iiaeaaeaiiy ianoaoe?iia?ieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae a
oiiaao no/aniiai aa?iii?oo. I?eaaaeaiee oeiiaee ?ic?aooiie aia?aaoe/ieo
ia?aiao??a aeonoe/iiai eieaoi?o aeey noaiaea?oii? eiio?ao?aoe?? aioaiii?
nenoaie a oiiaao aieeao ?ioaineaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae, noai?thaaieo
?aaeoeaieie e?oaeaie a ?aaeei? ceueioo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e canoinoaaii?
aioaiieo nenoai, ui caaacia/othoue iiaeaaeaiiy ii aieiaei iaethnoeai -50
aeA, aeey caaacia/aiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neaiae/ooi =1 i?e ceueio?
?aaeoeaiiai e?oaea iio??aia aei?ii?ithaaia aeonoe/ia iiooaei?noue ia
iaioa 7 eAo, ui ia nueiaiaeiyoi?e aeaiue ? ia?aaeueiei. Ne?ae
a?aecia/eoe, ui ??aaiue aieiaeo iaethnoe?a -50 aeA ? i?aeoe/ii a?aie/iei
aeey aeonoe/ieo aioaiieo nenoai, a aioaie c oaeeie ia?aiao?aie iaaeoi
eiooiai?. Iieacaii, ui canoinoaaiiy aaeaioeaiiai ?O c caaaaeiaei eaiaeii
aeicaiey? caa?aaoe ae??caeaoi?noue niaea?a i?e ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo
neaiae/ooi ia aoiae? i?eeia/a -50 aeA, ui a i?eioeei? aea?aaeaioii
aeei?enoaiith caaaaeino?eei? eiooiaii? aioaiii? nenoaie. Canoinoaaiiy
aaeaioeaiiai ?O c caaaaeiaei eaiaeii aeicaieeoue aeey caaacia/aiiy
ae??caeaoiino? niaea?a i?e ceueio? ?aaeoeaiiai e?oaea cieceoe iaiao?aeio
aeonoe/io iiooaei?noue, ui aei?ii?ith?oueny, i?eaeecii aei 6…7 Ao ?,
e??i oiai, ciaioeoe aeiiae aei caaaaeino?eeino? aioaiii? nenoaie.

A ?icae?e? iaaaaeaia ooieoe?eia noaia aeonoe/iiai eieaoi?a c iniiaieie
iaiao?aeieie aeieaie, ui aeicaieyoue ?aae?coaaoe cai?iiiiiaai? aeai?eoie
iiaeaaeaiiy caaaae. I?aaenoaaeaia noaia iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiiai
?icoaooaaiiy aioaiii? nenoaie i?e ?aae?caoe?? caaaaeiaiai eaiaeo, a
oaeiae iniiai? aa??aioe ?icoaooaaiiy aioai, ui a?aoiaothoue caeaaei?noue
niaeo?aeueii-ei?aeyoe?eieo aeanoeainoae caaaaeiaeo neaiae?a a?ae ?aeo?na
aeaea?aea caaaae a?aeiinii aioai.

Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii aecia/aiith oaeaeeiae??
?ao?o/aoiai ?IE aeai?eoio i?e a?aenoaaeaii? aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae,
noai?thaaieo e?oaeaie. Aecia/aia oaeaee?noue ca?aeiino? ?IE aeai?eoio
eiie?aoii aeey eiaeiiai oeio caaaaee, ye? ?icaeyaeaeenue a ?iaio?.

I?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i ?aaeuei?
iiaeeeaino? ?aae?caoe?? cai?iiiiiaaieo aeai?eoi?a ia?iaee neaiae?a o
?aaeueiiio ianoaoaa? /ano i?e aeei?enoaii? no/anii? i?e?ii?ioeani?ii?
aeaiaioii? aace.

INIIAI? IAOEIA? ?ACOEUeOAOE OA AENIIAEE

1. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?,
na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui canoinoaaiiy aeai?eoi?a ia?iaee neaiae?a ia aac?
aaeaioeaieo aaoi?aa?an?eieo o?eueo??a aeey caoenoo a?ae aeoeaieo oa
ianeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae a nenoaiao aeenoaioe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy a
oe?eiio ? aoaeoeaiei ? aeicaiey? ae??oeoe iniiaio i?iaeaio —
caaacia/aiiy aacia?a?aiino? aei???a iniiaieo iaoaiia?aiao??a a oiiaao
aa?iii?o?a oa iiaeeco i?iieneiaeo ia’?eo?a ? aaoiiaa?no?aeae.

2. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ia aac? iiaeae? aaoi?aa?an?? ?ic?iaeai?
aeai?eoie, ui aeicaieyoue oi?ioaaoe aeiaaeeia? i?ioeane oaeeo aeae?a:

· iaeii- ? aeaiiiaeia? neaey?i? oa eiiieaeni? i?ioeane c caaeaieie
ia?aiao?aie NAI — oeaio?aeueieie /anoioaie ? oe?eiith nioa ii ??aith
iiooaeiino? 0.5;

· aeiaaeeia? i?ioeane c /anoeiai aeaoa?i?iiaaieie ia?aiao?aie;

· aeiaaeeia? i?ioeane c caaeaieie ei?aeyoe?eieie aeanoeainoyie;

· aeiaaeeia? i?ioeane c aeia?eueiith oi?iith NAI, ye? caaeathoueny
aiae?oe/ii aai a?ao?/ii.

Ca aeiiiiiaith cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiae?a oi?ioaaiiy aeiaaeeiaeo i?ioean?a
a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? a?aei?aoeueiaai? aeai?eoie iiaeaaeaiiy caaaae,
aeine?aeaeai? ?o iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? oeyoii noaoenoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy. E??i oiai, cai?iiiiiaai? aeai?eoie iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? ? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iao?ieia?/ii?
aoanoaoe?? ?aaeueieo nenoai aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy.

3. Iieacaii, ui ?aaeuei? ?icn?yi? aeonoe/i? neaiaee ii e?eoa??th
i?i?ioio aeenia?n?? iiieeee ia?aaeaa/aiiy oa ii e?eoa??th Aa?oeaoa
iathoue iioeiaeueiee ii?yaeie iiaeae? aaoi?aa?an??, ??aiee 6…7.

4. Aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui iiaaae?iea
ianeaii? caaaaee a nenoaiao ?aae?iaeonoe/iiai oa aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy
?noioii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iiaaae?iee aiaeia?/iiai oeio caaaae a
?aae?ieieaoe??. Oiio canoinoaaiiy ?aae?ieieaoe?eieo iaoiae?a iiaeaaeaiiy
ianeaieo caaaae a ?aae?iaeonoe/ieo ? aeonoe/ieo nenoaiao iaeiaoaeoeaia ?
aeiaaa? oneeaaeiaiiy aia?aoo?e. Cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi oeeo?iai?
ia?iaee neaiae?a c iaoith iiaeaaeaiiy ianeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae
aeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaiee ? aeicaiey? iiaeaaeoe ianeaio caaaaeo a
na?aaeiueiio ia 20-25 aeA. Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui
cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi iiaeaaeaiiy ianeaieo caaaae aeicaiey?
aeinyaiooe ?acoeueoao?a, ui ia?aaeuothoue iiaeeeaino? a?aa?i/aoeo
o?eueo??a a na?aaeiueiio ia 20 aeA. Cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi iiaea oaeiae
canoiniaoaaoeny a nenoaiao ?aae?ieieaoe?? oa ?aae?iaeonoe/iiai
ciiaeoaaiiy.

5. A oiae? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui NAI ?aaeueieo
caaaaeiaeo neaiae?a, noai?thaaieo aaeioiaeie ? ?aaeoeaieie e?oaeaie i?e
??ciiiai?oieo ?aaeeiao ?iaioe ?o aeaeaoi?a, a oaeiae aaoiiia?eueieie
ea?ath?aoi?ieie oa aeecaeueieie aeaeaoiaie, iathoue ianoaoe?iia?iee
oa?aeoa?. ?ioa?aae noaoe?iia?iino? an?o oei?a ?icaeyiooeo caaaae ia
ia?aaeuo? 50 in. Oaeaeeiae?y aeei?enoaiiai a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
aaeaioeaiiai ?ao?o/aoiai ?aeo?neaiiai aeai?eoio aeinoaoiy aeey
aoaeoeaiiai a?aene?aeeoaaiiy ci?iieo niaeo?aeueii-ei?aeyoe?eieo
aeanoeainoae on?o oei?a ?icaeyiooeo a ?iaio? caaaae.

6. I?e a?aea?eaii? ?aaeueieo aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae iaaaeaioeaiei ?O
iioeiaeuei? ii?yaeee o?eueo??a ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaeao a?ae 2 aei 3.

7. Iaeneiaeuei? eiao?oe??ioe iiaeaaeaiiy aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae
iaaaeaioeaieie ?O a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeio caaaaee ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaeao
a?ae 18 aei 32 aeA.

8. Ca aeiiiiiaith canoinoaaiiy iaaaeaioeaieo ?O i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai
caaacia/eoe iaiao?aeio ye?noue a?aea?eaiiy aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo
caaaaeiaeo neaiae?a ii caaeaiiio ??aith aieiaeo iaethnoe?a
aaoiei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe?? caaaae i?ney i?ioeaaeo?e a?aea?eaiiy.

9. Ii?yaeee aaeaioeaieo ?O, i?e yeeo aeinyaathoueny iaeneiaeuei?
eiao?oe??ioe iiaeaaeaiiy ?aaeueieo aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae
ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaeao a?ae 2 aei 6.

10. Iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a iiaeaaeaiiy aeoeaieo aeonoe/ieo
caaaae aaeaioeaieie ?O a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeio caaaaee ciaoiaeyoueny a
iaaeao a?ae 22 aei 39 aeA.

11. Ii?yaeee aaeaioeaieo ?O, i?e yeeo ??aaiue aieiaeo iaethnoe?a
aaoiei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe?? a?aea?eaieo caaaaeiaeo neaiae?a ia ia?aaeuo?
10%, a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeio caaaaee ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaeao a?ae 5 aei
12. I?e iiaeaeueoiio ca?eueoaii? ii?yaee?a aaeaioeaieo ?O aeaeyae
aaoiei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe?? neaiae?a caaaae iiiioiiii iaaeeaea?oueny aei
aaoiei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe??, aeanoeai? aeey a?eiai ooio.

12. Canoinoaaiiy aaeaioeaiiai ?ao?o/aoiai o?eueo?o c caaaaeiaei eaiaeii
caaacia/o? aoaeoeaio ?iaioo nenoaie aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy i?e
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo neaiae/ooi wmetafile8? ??·????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
``???&??yyyy?????Ay?y 0 ???&? ?MathType??
????uAth??????Oaoi?/i? ia?aiao?e aeonoe/iiai eieaoi?o c aeei?enoaiiyi
cai?iiiiiaaieo a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? niinia?a caoenoo a?ae caaaae
a?aeiia?aeathoue iniiaiei aeiiaai I?aeia?iaeii? i?aai?caoe?? oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe?? ?EAI. Aoaeoeaia ?iaioa nenoaie aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy
caaacia/o?oueny iaa?oue a oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee ?icn?yiee ei?eniee neaiae
? caaaaea ia?ae?eaathoueny ii /anoio?. I?e oeueiio ia a?aeaoaa?oueny
iia??oaiiy oi/iino? aei???a oeaio?aeueii? /anoioe ei?eniiai neaiaeo, aea
ca?eueoo?oueny ia aeae?eueea a?aenioe?a na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia
a?aeoeeaiiy ioe?iie aeiiea??anueei? /anoioe. Io?eiaiee a aeena?oaoe?ei?e
?iaio? ?acoeueoao ia? aaaeeeaa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy i?e i?iaeooaaii?
nenoai aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy, i?ecia/aieo aeey aeei?enoaiiy a
aa?aoe??, ine?eueee aea? iiaeeea?noue caaacia/eoe aacia?a?ai?noue
i?ioeano aei???a iniiaieo iaoaiia?aiao??a iiaeeco ? iaae CIN iaa?oue i?e
noa?oao ?aaeoeaieo e?oae?a, a oaeiae i?e aeeiiaii? ieie ?aaeeio ?oe?iiy.
Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo aeai?eoi?a ia?iaee neaiae?a a ?nioth/?
nenoaie ciiaeoaaiiy oa o?, ui i?iaeoothoueny, aeicaieeoue ?noioii
i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue aaciaee ceueioo oa iinaaeee ?aaeoeaieo ? aaeioiaeo
e?oae?a.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE AeENA?OAOe?? AEEEAAeAI? A OAEEO ?IAIOAO:

1. Ei?aoeeee Y.A. Iiaeaeue aaoi?aa?annee iaeiiiiaeiauo e aeaoiiaeiauo
noaoeeiia?iuo neo/aeiuo i?ioeannia. // ?aaeeioaoieea. — 1998.- ? 107. —
n. 59-63.

2. Ei?aoeeee Y.A. Iniaaiiinoe iiaeaaeaiey ianneaiuo iiiao a nenoaiao
aeonoe/aneiai ciiaee?iaaiey aoiinoa?u. // Aanoiee OAIO. — 1998. — ? 27.
— n. 49-52.

3. Ei?aoeeee Y.A. Iniaaiiinoe iiaeaaeaiey aeoeaiuo naiieaoiuo iiiao a
nenoaiao aeonoe/aneiai ciiaee?iaaiey aoiinoa?u. // Aanoiee OAIO. — 1998.
— ? 27. — n. 53-58.

4. Ei?aoeeee Y.A. Iiaeaaeaiea aeonoe/aneeo naiieaoiuo iiiao a nenoaiao
aeenoaioeeiiiiai ciiaee?iaaiey aoiinoa?u i?e eniieueciaaiee ?aoao/aouo
oeeueo?ia. // Aanoiee OAIO. Na?ey “Iiaua ?aoaiey a nia?aiaiiuo
oaoiieiaeyo”. — 1999. — ? 55. — n. 18-21.

5. Iiaeaeue aaoi?aa?annee aiaeeoe/aneiai neaiaea n /anoe/ii
aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiuie ia?aiao?aie // Aeaoei A.E., Ei?aoeeee Y.A., ?uaeaiei
A.E., Oeoiiia A.A.; Oa?uee. ain. oaoi. oi-o ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieee. —
Oa?ueeia, 1994. — 13 n.-?on.- Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 03.06.94, ? 1078- Oe
94.

6. Aaoi?aa?anneiiiia iiaeaee?iaaiea neo/aeiuo i?ioeannia n caaeaiiuie
ei??aeyoeeiiiuie naienoaaie // Aeaoei A.E., Ei?aoeeee Y.A., ?uaeaiei
A.E., Oeoiiia A.A.; Oa?uee. ain. oaoi. oi-o ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieee. —
Oa?ueeia, 1994.- 11 n. -?on. — Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 03.10.94, ? 1962-
Oe94.

7. Iiaeaee?iaaiea eieoaoeeiiiuo neaiaeia n caaeaiiie oi?iie
niaeo?aeueiie ieioiinoe iiuiinoe // Aeaoei A.E., Ei?aoeeee Y.A.,
E?aa/aiei I.E., Oeoiiia A.A.; Oa?uee. ain. oaoi. oi-o ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieee.
— Oa?ueeia, 1994 -11 n.- ?on. — Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 02.03.95, ? 594 —
Oe 95.

Aiioaoe?y

Ei?aoeueeee A. A. I?aeaeuaiiy caaaaeicaoeuaiiino? nenoai aeenoaioe?eiiai
ciiaeoaaiiy aoiinoa?e i?e aeei?enoaii? aaoi?aa?an?eieo o?eueo??a
iiaeaaeaiiy aeonoe/ieo caaaae. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.12. 21 — ?aae?ioaoi?/i? nenoaie niaoe?aeueiiai
i?ecia/aiiy. — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee. — Oa?e?a, 1999.

?ic?iaeai? noaoenoe/i? iiaeae? ?icn?yieo aeonoe/ieo neaiae?a ? caaaae.
Iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy aaeaioeaieo ?ao?o/aoeo
o?eueo??a aeey iiaeaaeaiiy aeoeaieo caaaae a nenoaiao ?aae?iaeonoe/iiai
? aeonoe/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaoe aeey
iiaeaaeaiiy ?ioaineaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae a nenoaiao aeenoaioe?eiiai
ciiaeoaaiiy iii?iee eaiae. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ia?iaee neaiae?a, yeee
aeicaieeoue aoaeoeaii ai?ioeny c ianeaieie aeonoe/ieie caaaaeaie ?
a?aoiao? a?aei?ii? iniaeeaino? iiaaae?iee aeaiiai oeio caaaae a?ae
aiaeia?/ieo a ?aae?ieieaoe??. Io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe c
iiaeaaeaiiy ?aaeueieo aeoeaieo ? ianeaieo aeonoe/ieo caaaae ca
aeiiiiiaith cai?iiiiiaaieo aeai?eoi?a ia?iaee neaiae?a a oiiaao
no/aniiai aa?iii?oo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aae?iaeonoe/ia ? aeonoe/ia ciiaeoaaiiy aoiinoa?e,
?icn?yiee neaiae, aeoeaia ? ianeaia caaaaea, iiaeaeue aaoi?aa?an??,
aaeaioeai? ?ao?o/ao? o?eueo?e, a?aea?ethth/? o?eueo?e, iii?iee eaiae,
oaeaee?noue ca?aeiino? aeai?eoio.

Aiiioaoeey

Ei?aoeeee Y.A. Iiauoaiea iiiaoicaueuaiiinoe nenoai aeenoaioeeiiiiai
ciiaee?iaaiey aoiinoa?u i?e eniieueciaaiee aaoi?aa?aneiiiuo oeeueo?ia
iiaeaaeaiey aeonoe/aneeo iiiao. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.12.21 — ?aaeeioaoie/aneea nenoaiu niaoeeaeueiiai
iacia/aiey. — Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao
?aaeeiyeaeo?iieee. — Oa?ueeia, 1999.

?ac?aaioaiu noaoenoe/aneea iiaeaee ?annayiiuo aeonoe/aneeo neaiaeia e
iiiao ia aaca iiaeaee aaoi?aa?annee. Iieo/aiu aiaeeoe/aneea niioiioaiey,
naycuaathuea ia?aiao?u iiaeaee aaoi?aa?annee n ia?aiao?aie niaeo?aeueiie
ieioiinoe iiuiinoe neaey?iuo e eiiieaeniuo neo/aeiuo i?ioeannia.
?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeu oi?ie?iaaiey iiiaiiiaeiauo neo/aeiuo i?ioeannia,
iicaieythuea aaeaeaaoii i?aaenoaaeyoue ?aaeueiua iiiaoiaua neaiaeu,
eiathuea ianeieueei niaeo?aeueiuo ieeia. ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeu
oi?ie?iaaiey neo/aeiuo i?ioeannia n caaeaiiuie niaeo?aeueiuie e
ei??aeyoeeiiiuie naienoaaie. Iino?iaia iiaeaeue aaoi?aa?annee ?aaeueiuo
?annayiiuo aeonoe/aneeo neaiaeia. Ii?aaeaeaiu iioeiaeueiua ii?yaeee
iiaeaee ii e?eoa?eth Aa?oeaooa e ieieioia ioeaee i?aaeneacaiey.

Iainiiaaia yooaeoeaiinoue i?eiaiaiey aaeaioeaiuo ?aoao/aouo oeeueo?ia
aeey iiaeaaeaiey aeoeaiuo iiiao a nenoaiao ?aaeeiaeonoe/aneiai e
aeonoe/aneiai ciiaee?iaaiey aoiinoa?u. Aia?aua i?aaeeiaeaii
eniieueciaaoue aeey iiaeaaeaiey eioaineaiuo aeonoe/aneeo iiiao a
nenoaiao aeonoe/aneiai ciiaee?iaaiey aoiinoa?u iii?iue eaiae. ?ac?aaioai
aeai?eoi ia?aaioee neaiaeia, iicaieythuee yooaeoeaii ai?ioueny n
ianneaiuie aeonoe/aneeie iiiaoaie e o/eouaathuee ioee/eoaeueiua
iniaaiiinoe iiaaaeaiey aeaiiiai oeia iiiao io aiaeiae/iuo a
?aaeeieieaoeee. I?eaaaeaiu eiee/anoaaiiua niioiioaiey, iicaieythuea
ioeaieoue i?aeiouanoaa i?aaeeiaeaiiiai aeai?eoia ia?aaioee ii n?aaiaieth
n ecaanoiuie ec oai?ee ?aaeeieieaoeee.

N iiiiuueth iiaeaee aaoi?aa?annee-neieuecyuaai n?aaeiaai enneaaeiaaiu
iaoaieciu /anoioiuo eneaaeaiee iieaciuo neaiaea i?e iaaeaiee iiiaoe a
i?enoonoaee neaiaea. ?ac?aaioaiu aeai?eoiu ia?aaioee neaiaeia,
iicaieythuea nouanoaaiii nieceoue aeeyiea iaaeythuaai oeeueo?a ia
/anoioioth no?oeoo?o neaiaea e aneaaenoaea yoiai oiaiueoeoue
iia?aoiinoue ioeaiee oeaio?aeueiie /anoiou iieaciiai neaiaea.

Enneaaeiaaiu aeeiaie/aneea niaeo?aeueii-ei?aeyoeeiiiua naienoaa
?aaeueiuo iiiaoiauo neaiaeia, nicaeaaaaiuo aeaeaaoaeyie ?aaeoeaiuo e
aeioiauo naiieaoia a oneiaeyo nia?aiaiiiai ay?iii?oa, a oaeaea
niaeo?aeueiua-ei??aeyoeeiiiua naienoaa aeonoe/aneeo iiiao, eiathueo
ianoi aaeece aaoiiaaeno?aeae. Ii?aaeaeaiu eioa?aaeu noaoeeiia?iinoe
enneaaeoaiuo iiiaoiauo neaiaeia. Iieo/aiu yenia?eiaioaeueiua aeaiiua ii
iiaeaaeaieth ?aaeueiuo aeoeaiuo e ianneaiuo aeonoe/aneeo iiiao i?e
iiiiue i?aaeeiaeaiiuo aeai?eoiia ia?aaioee neaiaeia a oneiaeyo
ay?iii?oa e aaeece e?oiiuo aaoiiaaeno?aeae. Ii?aaeaeaiu iioeiaeueiua
ii?yaeee iaaaeaioeaiuo e aaeaioeaiuo ?aoao/aouo oeeueo?ia, i?e eioi?uo
iaania/eaaaony iaeneiaeueiia iiaeaaeaiea iiiao, iaeeo/oaa ea/anoai
iaaeaiey ii caaeaiiiio o?iaith aieiauo eaianoeia aaoiei??aeyoeeiiiie
ooieoeee iaaeaiiie iiiaoe, a oaeaea ieieiaeueiua n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/iua
ioeaee ioeaiee oeaio?aeueiie aeiiea?ianeie /anoiou neaiaeia.

I?eaaaeai oeiiaie ?an/ao yia?aaoe/aneeo ia?aiao?ia aeonoe/aneiai
eieaoi?a a oneiaeyo aicaeaenoaey eioaineaiuo aeonoe/aneeo iiiao,
nicaeaaaaiuo ?aaeoeaiuie naiieaoaie a iiiaio aceaoa, e iieacaii, /oi
i?aaeeiaeaiiua aeai?eoiu ia?aaioee neiaeia iicaieytho iaania/eoue
iai?a?uaiinoue i?ioeanna ecia?aiee iaoaiia?aiao?ia aeaaea a yoeo
oneiaeyo.

I?aaenoaaeaia noaia iaeaieaa iioeiaeueiiai ?aniieiaeaiey aioaiiie
aeonoe/aneie nenoaiu i?e ?aaeecaoeee iiiaoiaiai eaiaea, a oaeaea
?anniio?aiu iniiaiua aa?eaiou ?aniieiaeaiey aioaii, o/eouaathuea
caaeneiinoue niaeo?aeueii-ei??aeyoeeiiiuo naienoa naiieaoiuo
aeonoe/aneeo iiiao io ?aeo?na.

I?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee ii ii?aaeaeaieth nei?inoe
noiaeeiinoe ?aoao/aoiai ?aeo?neaiiai iaeiaiueoeo eaaae?aoia aeai?eoia
i?e iiaeaaeaiee ?aaeueiuo aeoeaiuo iiiao. I?eaaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou
?an/aoia, aeieacuaathuea ?aaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe i?eiaiaiey
i?aaeeiaeaiiuo aeai?eoiia aeey ia?aaioee neaiaeia a ?aaeueiii ianooaaa
a?aiaie ia nouanoaothuae iee?ii?ioeanni?iie yeaiaioiie aaca.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aaeeiaeonoe/aneia e aeonoe/aneia ciiaee?iaaiea,
?annayiiue neaiae, aeoeaiay e ianneaiay iiiaoa, iiaeaeue aaoi?aa?annee,
aaeaioeaiua ?aoao/aoua oeeueo?u, iaaeythuea oeeueo?u, iii?iue eaiae,
nei?inoue noiaeeiinoe aeai?eoia.

Annotation

Koretsky E.A. Increasing of interference protection of atmospheric
probing system with using of acoustic interference suppression
autoregressiv filters. — Manuscript.

Thesis for the degree of candidate of technical sciences on the
speciality 05.12.21 — special purpose radiotechnical systems. — Kharkov
State Technical University of Radioelectronics. — Kharkov, 1999.

Statistical models of scattered acoustic signals and interference are
developed. Expediency of using adaptiv lattice filters to suppress
activ interference in acoustic probing systems is substantiated. For the
first time interference channal has been proposed to be used to suppress
intensiv acoustic interference in probing system. A signal processing
algorithm permitting to effectively suppress passiv acoustic
interference and taking into acount distinctiv characteristic properties
of the given type of interference from analogous one in radiolocation
has been developed. Experimental data on the suppression of real active
and passiv acoustic interference with the help of the signal processing
algorithms proposed under the condition of a modern airport have been
obtained.

Key words: radioacoustic and acoustic probing, scattered signals,
active and passiv interference, model autoregression, adaptiv lattice
filter, whitening filter, reference channal, velosity of algorithm
convergence.

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