1

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa

OeEAEI Aaiia THoei?aia

OAeE 681.3 (075)

i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy oai?aoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee

c ?ioi?iaoeee

ia o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo oaeoeueoaoao

iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a

13.00.02 – oai??y oa iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy ?ioi?iaoeee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a –1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?ainueeee TH??e Naa?yiiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao

?iai? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, i?ioani?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
/eai – ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie

Aa?eaiue Aiaoie?e Oaaei?iae/,

?inoeooo i?iaeai iiaeaethaaiiy
a aia?aaoeoe?

IAI Oe?a?ie, canooiiee
aee?aeoi?a.

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio

Aaeee Iaae?y ?iiai?aia,

Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a
Aiaothea,

aeioeaio.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee,

eaoaae?a i?eeeaaeii?
iaoaiaoeee,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie,
i. Eooeuee .

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny ” 6 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 1345 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.053.03 o
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa
(252601, i.Ee?a, aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe?
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa
(252601,i.Ee?a, aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ” 18 ” ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
?.A. Ei?oae

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ioyaii inoaii?o ?ie?a aeua ina?oa
Oe?a?ie ia?aaeeaa? ia??iae ?aoi?ioaaiiy, iiooe?a iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei
oi?ioaaiiy ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai iioaioe?aeo noni?euenoaa. Oeaio?aeueiith
eaieith iiiaeaiiy an??? nenoaie iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe ? i?aeaioiaea
aenieii?ioan?eieo iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a.

Iaea?eueo nooo?a? ci?ie a noni?euenoa? ? ina?o? ni?e/eiythoueny
ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e. Canoinoaaiiy iiaeo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy i?e aeeeaaeaii? ??ciiiai?oieo
iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i aeicaiey? ye?nii iie?aueoe o/aiaee i?ioean ye o
na?aaei?o, oae ? o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao. Oeae aeniiaie
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue I.A.Aiaoiai?,
A.A.Aieoyinueeiai, A.O.Aa?eaiy, I.N.Aieiaaiy, TH.A.Ai?ioea,
I.I.Aeiaayeei, A.I.??oiaa, I.?.AEaeaeaea, I.A.AEeeueoeiaa, A.?.Eei/ea,
A.I.Iiiaoiaa, I.A.Ii?ca, A.A.Iaiueeiaa, TH.N.?ainueeiai, ?.I.Nie?iiai?,
O.?.*ai?aniai? ? ?i.

Aieea I?O ia ?icaeoie ?icoiiai? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a ? nooaeaio?a,
aeei?enoaiiy cania?a ?ioi?iaoeee i?e oi?ioaaii? o ieo iaoeiaiai,
oai?aoe/iiai ieneaiiy, ?ice?eoo? ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai iioaioe?aeo ? oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae aena?oeth?oueny o aeine?aeaeaiiyo I.A.Aiaoiai?, I.?.Aaeee,
A.A.Aieoyinueeiai, A.O.Aa?eaiy, I.N.Aieiaaiy, TH.A.Ai?ioea,
I.I.Aeiaayeei, A.I.??oiaa, I.?.AEaeaeaea, I.A.AEeeueoeiaa, A.?.Eei/ea,
A.I.Iiiaoiaa, I.A.Ii?ca, A.A.Iaiueeiaa, TH.N.?ainueeiai, ?.I.Nie?iiai?,
O.?.*ai?aniai? ? ?i.

C iaeyaeo ia oea caneoaiao? iniaeeai? oaaae i?eaaaeaiiy o
a?aeiia?aei?noue c no/anieie aeiiaaie iaa/aeueiiai i?aaeiaoa “Iniiae
?ioi?iaoeee” (ia?aaeon?i o caaaeueiiina?oi?e oeie? ? iaaeaaia?/iiio
aoc?) ye iniiaiiai ina?aaeea ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? ina?oe ? noni?euenoaa.

A?ae ??aiy i?ioan?eieo yeinoae aeeeaaea/a ?ioi?iaoeee iai?yio caeaaeaoue
oni?oe ?ica’ycaiiy aeiaaeueii? i?iaeaie no/aniino? – ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e a on? noa?e aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? noni?euenoaa.
Ieoaiiy i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaiaa a oiiaao I?OI aeine?aeaeoaaee TH.I.A?eee,
A.A.A?eai?iae/, I.?.AEaeaeae, A.?.Eei/ei, I.A.Ii?ca, TH.N.?ainueeee,
TH.A.O?eon ? ?i.

Iaa/aeueia aeenoeeie?ia ”?ioi?iaoeea” ? i?io?eueiith, oiio i?aeaioiaea
a/eoae?a ?ioi?iaoeee ia? iineoe ooiaeaiaioaeueiee oa?aeoa?, nie?aoeny ia
oai?aoe/i? iniiae oe??? iaoee, ye?, iacaaaeath/e ia aaee/acio
??ciiiai?oi?noue ? iino?eia oaeineiiaeaiiy no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e, ia ao?aoyoue na?oiaeyaeiiai, caaaeueiiina?oiueiai ?
caaaeueiieoeueoo?iiai cia/aiiy.

Aaeeeee caaaeueiiiaoeiaee, na?oiaeyaeiee ? caaaeueiieoeueoo?iee
iioaioe?ae oai?aoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoeee, ia iaoo aeoieo, iieyaa? a
ianooiiiio:

Ci?no iniiaieo iiiyoue ?ioi?iaoeee, a?ae?a?aiee ? iaoiaee/ii
i?aee??ieaiee c o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano, iiaea aooe
aoaeoeaii aeei?enoaiee aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy i?eeii?a ?icoiiai?
ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a ? ?icaeoeo a ieo aeine?aeieoeueeiai, oai?/iai
i?aeoiaeo aei iinoaiiaee ? ?ica’ycaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo caaea/.

?ioi?iaoeea ioiieth? oai?aoe/i?, i?eeeaaei? ? oaoi?/i? aniaeoe
?ioi?iaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie. Oea aeicaiey? aa?iii?eii ii?aeiaoe
a iaa/aii? ?ice?eooy ?ie? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a a aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ethaenoaa, ona?aeiieaiiy nooiino?, iaoeiaeo iniia ?o cae?eniaiiy ?
caeo/aiiy aei ?ioi?iaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy cania?a
no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e.

Ciaiiy iaoeiaeo iniia ii?aoethaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? ? caeaoi?noue na?aeiii ?
iaa?oioiaaii canoiniaoaaoe ?o ia i?aeoeoe? aeey ei?aeoii? iinoaiiaee ?
aoaeoeaiiai ?ica’ycaiiy ci?noiaieo caaea/ a ??cieo noa?ao ae?yeueiino?
? iaiao?aeiei eiiiiiaioii ?ioi?iaoe?eii? eoeueoo?e, yea, a naith /a?ao,
a aiioo ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? iaaoaa? ana a?eueoiai cia/aiiy aeey eoeueoo?e
caaaeueii?.

Aiae?c a?o/eciyiiai ? ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo aea? i?aenoaao aeciaoe, ui
i?iaeaia ooiaeaiaioae?caoe?? aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe a aaeoc?
?ioi?iaoeee ia ? inoaoi/ii ae??oaiith.

I?ioe??//y i?ae ia’?eoeaiith iaiao?aei?noth ooiaeaiaioae?caoe??
aeeeaaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoeee a iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc? ? ia?ic?iaeai?noth
a?aeiia?aeiiai iaoeiaiai ? iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy ia iniia? I?OI
ii?iaeaeo? aeooaeueio nioe?aeueii cia/eio i?iaeaio, ia ae??oaiiy yei?
ni?yiiaaia iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy ia oaio ”I?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy oai?aoe/ii?
i?aeaioiaee c ?ioi?iaoeee ia o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo oaeoeueoaoao
iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a”.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii a?aeiia?aeii aei oaiaoe/iiai
ieaio iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e iniia ?ioi?iaoeee ?
ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean iaa/aiiy ?ioi?iaoeee o aeueo
iaaeaaia?/ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo iniia
?ioi?iaoeee ia o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo niaoe?aeueiinoyo iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aecia/aiiy iiaeeeaeo iai?yi?a iiaea?i?caoe??
ci?noo eo?no ?ioi?iaoeee iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco ca ?aooiie eiai
ooiaeaiaioae?caoe??; ?ic?iaea iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii? iaoiaeeee aea/aiiy
ie?aieo ieoaiue oai?aoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoeee, cie?aia iniia ii?aoethaaiiy
aeaieo a aaoiiaoeciaaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoaiao, oai?aoe/ia ?
aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa?oiooaaiiy ?? aoaeoeaiino?.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoea aenoiooa a?iioaca: i?e iiaeeaeaiiio
?icaeyae? o eo?n? ?ioi?iaoeee oai?aoe/ieo ieoaiue ii?aoethaaiiy aeaieo
caniaaie no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e iiaeia cia/iith i??ith
i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue oai?aoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a, ui
ni?eyoeia oaeineiiaeaiith ?o i?io?eueii? i?aeaioiaee, na?aeiiiio ?
iaa?oioiaaiiio aeei?enoaiith cania?a I?O a iaa/aeuei?e ? o?oaeia?e
ae?yeueiino?, ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?? i?ioean?a ?ica’ycaiiy ieie i?eeeaaeieo
caaea/.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy iinoaaeai? caaaeaiiy:

– cae?enieoe oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie aecia/aiiy i?aaeiaoo, iaoiaeo ?
eaoaai??aeueiiai aia?aoo ?ioi?iaoeee ye ooiaeaiaioaeueii? iaoee;

– i?iaiae?coaaoe ci?no eo?no ?ioi?iaoeee iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco;

– c o?aooaaiiyi oe?eae iaa/aiiy eiie?aoecoaaoe eiei iiiyoue, oaeo?a ?
caeiiii??iinoae, ui ooai?ththoue oai?aoe/io iniiao ?ioi?iaoeee;

– ia iniia? iaoeiaeo i?eioeei?a a?aeai?o ci?noo iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo
aeae?eeoe ci?no aecia/aieo ?iaa??aio aeey aianaiiy ci?i ? aeiiiaiaiue a
iaa/aeueio i?ia?aio c ?ioi?iaoeee;

– ia iniia? ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iieiaeaiue iaa?oiooaaoe
aeioe?euei?noue aea/aiiy a?ae?a?aiiai iaoa??aeo;

– ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy ? i?ae?a?aoe aaeaeaaoi? caniae
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e aeey noi?iaiaeaeaiiy iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano;

aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiaeee
iaa/aiiy, ?ic?iaeoe a?aeiia?aei? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Iinoaaeai? caaaeaiiy iaoiiaeee aea?? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy:

– oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iniia? aea/aiiy
iaoeiai?, iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? oa ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e;

– aea/aiiy aee?aeoeaieo iaoa??ae?a i?aai?a ina?oe, iaa/aeueieo ieai?a ?
i?ia?ai, i?ae?o/iee?a ? iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a c ?ioi?iaoeee aeey
na?aaeiuei? ? aeui? oeiee;

– aiae?c iayaieo i?ia?aiieo cania?a iaaeaaia?/iiai ? caaaeueiiai
i?ecia/aiiy noiniaii aeioe?eueiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy aeey noi?iaiaeo
iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano i?e aea/aii? oai?aoe/ieo iniia ?ioi?iaoeee;

– oe?eani?yiiaai? iaaeaaia?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy, aan?aee, aieaooaaiiy
aeeeaaea/?a ? nooaeaio?a;

– neioac oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, iaoiaeee oa i?aeoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ye
canaae ?ic?iaee iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy ca iinoaaeaiith
i?iaeaiith;

iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio (eiinoaooth/ee, iiooeiaee, oi?ioth/ee) ?
aiae?c eiai ?acoeueoao?a.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai??y i?ciaiiy, oai??y
iaa/aiiy o aeu?e oeie?, i?eioeei iaoeiaino? o iaa/aii?, iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? ina?oe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aecia/aii? ie?aieo iai?yi?a
oaeineiiaeaiiy aeeeaaeaiiy eo?no ?ioi?iaoeee a iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc?; a
oai?aoe/ii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaai?e iaoiaeeoe? aea/aiiy
oai?aoe/ieo iniia ii?aoethaaiiy aeaieo caniaaie I?O.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue iiaeeaeaiiy ooiaeaiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a ?ioi?iaoeee i?e aea/aii? oai?aoe/ieo iniia no/anieo
oaoiieia?e ii?aoethaaiiy aeaieo;

ia iniia? iaoeiaeo i?eioeei?a a?aeai?o iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo ?ic?iaeaii
no?oeoo?o ? ci?no oaie “I?iaeooaaiiy ? ii?aoethaaiiy aac aeaieo”.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny oei, ui:

?ic?iaeaia ? ai?iaiaaia iaoiaeeea aea/aiiy no/anieo oaoiieia?e
ii?aoethaaiiy aeaieo, ni?yiiaaia ia iiaeeaeaiiy ciaiue c oai?aoe/ii?
?ioi?iaoeee;

?ic?iaea aenoiooeo oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue aeiaaaeaia aei i?aeoe/ii?
?aae?caoe?? o aeaeyae? iaa/aeueiiai iin?aieea aeey a/eoae?a ?
nooaeaio?a [1] oa iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ia?aiiiai caniao aeey noi?iaiaeo
aea/aiiy NOAAe oeio Paradox for Windows;

cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaee/ia nenoaia ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe
iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a aeena?oaoe?? o i?aoe?, iioae?eiaai? a
ni?aaaoi?noa?, ? oaeei: o iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iiio iin?aieeo [1] iaienai?
?icae?ee 3, 5, 6 (ianya 50 noi??iie); o noaoo? [5] ?aeay ? ?aae?caoe?y
cae?eniai? aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe??, A.Ae.E?aaeii cae?eniai? noee?noe/i?
aei?aaeaiiy.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue ? a??ia?aei?noue io?eiaieo o oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy
?acoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny iaoiaeieia?/ieie iniiaaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
a?aeiia?aei?noth iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe?? ?acoeueoaoai
ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a?aeiia?aei?noth iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
eiai iao? ? caaaeaiiyi, iiceoeaieie a?aeaoeaie aeeeaaea/?a,
?acoeueoaoaie iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeeny:

o i?ioean? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy ?ioi?iaoeee o IIO
?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa ? *AeIO ?iai? O.A.Oaa/aiea (1996 – 1998 ??.);

o aenooiao aeena?oaioee ia IV I?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee oa aoco” (Ee?a, 15 – 18 eenoiiaaea 1995 ?.);
ia ca?oieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo eaoaae? IIO (1996 – 1998 ??.);
?anioae?eainueeiio iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio nai?ia?? c ieoaiue aeei?enoaiiy
cania?a no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
(Ee?a, IIO ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 1997, 1998 ??.); i’yo?e Oe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? a
o/aiaeo caeeaaeao Oe?a?ie” ( Iaeana, 1997 ?.);

oeyoii ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy;

o iaa/aeueiiio iin?aieeo oa IIC, i?aeaioiaeaieo ca o/anoth aaoi?a.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

1.Ie?ai? eiiiiiaioe iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie iaa/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo iniia
?ioi?iaoeee a iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc?.

2.Ci?no ? iaoiaeeea aea/aiiy oaie “I?iaeooaaiiy ? ii?aoethaaiiy aac
aeaieo” ia o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco.

3.Aeniiaie i?i oa, ui i?e iiaeeaeaiiio ?icaeyae? o eo?n? ?ioi?iaoeee
ia o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo niaoe?aeueiinoyo iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco oai?aoe/ieo
ieoaiue ii?aoethaaiiy aeaieo caniaaie no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e
cia/ii i?aeaeuo?oueny oai?aoe/iee ??aaiue i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
a/eoae?a, ui ni?ey? oaeineiiaeaiith ?o i?io?eueii? i?aeaioiaee, ?icaeoeo
o ieo aeine?aeieoeueeiai, oai?/iai i?aeoiaeo aei ei?aeoii? iinoaiiaee ?
aoaeoeaiiai ?ica’ycaiiy i?eeeaaeieo caaea/, oi?ioaaiith iniiaieo
eiiiiiaio?a ?ioi?iaoe?eii? eoeueoo?e.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a,
caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (309 iaeiaioaaiue
ianyaii 25 noi??iie), aeiaeaoe?a (2 aeiaeaoee ianyaii 22 noi??iee).
Ianya aeena?oaoe?? – 177 noi??iie

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? noi?ioeueiaaii i?iaeaio aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaa?oioiaaii
aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/aii iaoo ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi
iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii ai?iaaoe?th io?eiaieo a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy
?acoeueoao?a, noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiai oai?aoe/i? iniiae”
i?iaiae?ciaaii ?noi??th, no/aniee noai ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
?ioi?iaoeee ye ooiaeaiaioaeueii? iaa/aeueii? aeenoeeie?ie; ia iniia?
aiae?co iaoeiai?, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? ? iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e
iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy oai?aoe/iiai ??aiy aeeeaaeaiiy
?ioi?iaoeee o iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc?; iiaeaii aiae?c ??cieo i?aeoiae?a
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a aei aecia/aiiy ?ioi?iaoeee ye
iaoee; c’yniaaii iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy eiie?aoieo i?aeoiae?a i?e
?ica’ycoaaii? aeeaeaeoe/ieo caaea/; aecia/aii ?ieue ? i?noea a
oai?aoe/i?e ? i?eeeaaei?e ?ioi?iaoeoe? iiiyooy “aaca aeaieo”,
iieeaaeaiiai a iniiao iiaoaeiae ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy no/anieo
aaoiiaoeciaaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai; ?icaeyiooi iai?yie cae?eniaiiy
oe?eani?yiiaaiiai ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ?icaeoeo nooaeaio?a i?e aea/aii?
oai?aoe/ieo iniia i?iaeooaaiiy ?aeyoe?eieo aac aeaieo ? ii?aoethaaiiy ?o
ca aeiiiiiaith cania?a no/anieo nenoai oi?aae?iiy aacaie aeaieo (NOAAe).

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co /eneaiieo iaoeiaeo, iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo oa
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeaea?ae, c o?aooaaiiyi caaaeaiue
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ca iniiao iaie aoei aea?aii icia/aiiy ?ioi?iaoeee ye
iaoee, ui aea/a? ooiaeaiaioaeuei? aeanoeaino?, no?oeoo?o ? ooieoe??
aaoiiaoeciaaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai, a oaeiae iniiae ?o i?iaeooaaiiy,
noai?aiiy, ioe?iee, aeei?enoaiiy ? aieeao ia ??ci? iaeano? nioe?aeueii?
i?aeoeee (TH.I.Eaiea?i).

Oaeee i?aeo?ae aei aecia/aiiy ?ioi?iaoeee caeiiii??ii i?eca?a aei
?icaeyaeo aac aeaieo ? NOAAe, ye? ? iniiaith iiaoaeiae no/anieo A?N.

Aaiee aeaieo, ye? aeeth/athoue aei naiai neeaaeo aace aeaieo ? NOAAe, ?
iniiaieie i?aaenoaaieeaie iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e,
ooieoe??th yeeo ? caa?aaeaiiy, ia?aoai?aiiy, ia?aaeaaaiiy ? iiaeaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? o aeaeyae? iaaiei /eiii i?aai?ciaaieo aeaieo, ? ye? ia
aeaiee /an ? iaea?eueo aeinooiieie aeey aea/aiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy o ??cieo
noa?ao noni?eueiiai aeeooy. Oiio aieiae?iiy iniiaaie ?iaioe c aacaie
aeaieo ye cia?yaeae?aei canoinoaaiiyi AII iaiao?aeii ? o/ith
caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee, ? iaeaooiueiio niaoe?ae?noo iacaeaaeii a?ae
i?io?eth iaa/aiiy, ? niaoe?ae?noo, yeee a oiae? nai?? ae?iaie/i?
ae?yeueiino? ?ica’yco? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? caaea/?.

A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoea oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue
?icaeyaeo iiiyooy ”aaca aeaieo” ye oe?e?niiai iaoeiaiai iiiyooy
?ioi?iaoeee, yea, c iaeiiai aieo, ia’?aeio? ?? iniiai? iiiyooy, ?aea? ?
iaoiaee, ?, c ?ioiai aieo, oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny a ??cieo aaeocyo
i?aeoe/ii? ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino? caaaeyee oaeei iiooaeiei ?
iiioey?iei caniaai ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, ye NOAAe.

Na?aae i?ia?aiieo cania?a caaaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy, ye? ianiai
aea/athoueny o iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc?, eeoa NOAAe nie?athoueny a nai?e
?iaio? ia ?icaeiooo oai??th, aea/aiiy yei? aea? iiaeeea?noue ioiieoe
iniiai? iiiyooy ?ioi?iaoeee ? ?aae?coaaoe i?aei?aaeiaoi? ca’ycee
?ioi?iaoeee c iaoaiaoeeith.

Aaaeeea?noue iiaiai, a?eueo iiaeeaeaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?ie? aac aeaieo o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco iaoiiaeaia, ia iaoo aeoieo,
ianooiieie iieiaeaiiyie:

1) iaoeiaa iiiyooy ”aaca aeaieo” a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue a oai?aoe/i?e
? i?eeeaaei?e ?ioi?iaoeoe?;

2) ciaiiy iniia ii?aoethaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? caniaaie no/anieo NOAAe,
ai?iiy aeei?enoiaoaaoe NOAAe a i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? ia? aaeeea
cia/aiiy aeey oi?ioaaiiy iniia ?ioi?iaoe?eii? eoeueoo?e ethaeeie;

3) aea/aiiy ieoaiue i?iaeooaaiiy ? ii?aoethaaiiy aac aeaieo i?e
iaeaaei?e iaoiaee/i?e i?aeo?eioe? ni?ey? oaeineiiaeaiith ?icoiiaeo
cae?aiinoae nooaeaio?a;

4) aace aeaieo ? NOAAe iiaeooue aoaeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaoenue aeey
i?aeo?eiee iaa/aiiy ? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

Aeeaeaeoe/ia oe?i?noue oaie ”I?iaeooaaiiy ? ii?aoethaaiiy aac aeaieo”
aeey iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco iieyaa? o iiaeeeaino? ao?eeoe i?e ?? aea/aii?
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oai??? iaa/aiiy o aeu?e oeie? (N.?.A?oaiaaeuenueeee):

a) ?ioaeaoeaio?e/ia eiioeaioe?y, yea anoaiiaeth? aca?iica’ycie iaa/aiiy,
aeoiaaiiy, i?ioan?eiiai oi?ioaaiiy nooaeaio?a c ?icaeoeii ?o aeueo
ieneeoaeueieo cae?aiinoae ia iniia? ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? nenoaie
iine?aeiaiiai ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ?icaeoeo;

a) eiioeaioe?y a?ia?iino? i?aaeiao?a aea/aiiy, yea iieyaa? a oiio, ui
eiaeiee iaa/aeueiee i?aaeiao o aeu?e oeie? ia? aeaia?/io cia/ei?noue –
aioo??oiueici?noiaio ? i?eeeaaeio, yea ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny ia ?io?
aeaee iaa/aiiy ? i?aeoeeo.

Iaea?eueo a?aeiia?aeaeueiei ? neeaaeiei aoaiii ?ica’ycaiiy i?eeeaaeieo
caaea/ c aeiiiiiaith ?aeyoe?eii? NOAAe ? aoai i?iaeooaaiiy
aaaaoioaaee/ieo AAe, yeee aeiaaa? a?ae aeeiiaaoey canoinoaaiiy ye
a?aeiia?aeieo oai?aoe/ieo ciaiue, oae ? iaaieo aa?enoe/ieo i?eeii?a, ye?
iaeiie/othoueny a oiae? i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe. Oiio ?icaeyae ieoaiue,
iia’ycaieo c ?ioi?iaoe?eiei iiaeaethaaiiyi i?aaeiaoieo iaeanoae ?
ao?eaiiyi noai?aieo iiaeaeae o ?aeyoe?eieo aacao aeaieo aeyaeany
i?e?iaeiei niiniaii iaa/eoe nooaeaio?a na?aeiii ? aoaeoeaii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe iia? oaoiieia?? ia?iaee aeaieo a nai?e iaa/aeuei?e ?
iiaeaeueo?e i?ioan?ei?e ae?yeueiino?, oiaoi caaacia/eoe ?o i?aeaioiaeo c
aeaii? oaie ia no/aniiio ??ai?.

I?iaeooaaiiy AAe ? neeaaeiei oai?/ei i?ioeanii, oni?oia cae?eniaiiy
yeiai aeiaaa? a?ae aeeiiaaoey aenieiai ??aiy noi?iiaaiino? iniiaieo
i?eeii?a ?icoiiai? ae?yeueiino? – aiae?co, neioaco, ii??aiyiiy,
aano?aaoaaiiy ? ocaaaeueiaiiy. ?icaeoeo i?eeii?a ?icoiiai? ae?yeueiino?,
a a?aeoae ? ?icaeoeo oai?aoe/iiai ieneaiiy nooaeaio?a i?e aea/aii? aac
aeaieo ni?ey? ia?aaeon?i ?icaeyae ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c ?o
i?iaeooaaiiyi. Ca aoaiii i?iaeooaaiiy ne?aeo? aoai ii?aoethaaiiy AAe,
yeee ia?aaaaeii ? ciaoiaeeoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?. A
?aaeuei?e ?iaio? c aacaie aeaieo aoaie i?iaeooaaiiy ? ii?aoethaaiiy
iia’ycai? ia?ic?eaii, oiio ia iiaeia ia i?eae?eeoe iaeaaeii? oaaae
aea/aiith ia?oiai c ieo, yeui iiaa eaea i?i iaoeiaee i?aeo?ae aei
aea/aiiy aeaiiai ieoaiiy (yeee ? ia? cae?enithaaoenue i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
a/eoaey ?ioi?iaoeee), a ia i?aeaioiaeo iaeaae?o?eiaaiiai e?ioeaaiai
ei?enooaa/a.

Aeaoaeueia iciaeiieaiiy nooaeaio?a c iaoeiaeie iniiaaie ? aa?enoe/ieie
i?eeiiaie i?iaeooaaiiy AAe ? cae?eniaiiy ia oe?e iniia? ?o ?icoiiaiai
?icaeoeo ia? ia iao? ao?eaiiy ?ioaeaoeaio?e/ii? eiioeaioe?? iaa/aiiy.
?aae?caoe?y ae eiioeaioe?? a?ia?iino? i?aaeiaoo a?aeaoaa?oueny a
i?ioean? ii?aoethaaiiy aace aeaieo, ni?yiiaaiiai ia ?ica’ycaiiy
??ciiiai?oieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo caaea/ i?eeeaaeiiai oa?aeoa?o. I?e/iio aeey
oni?oiiai, na?aeiiiai ? oai?/iai aeei?enoaiiy ?ino?oiaioa??th, ui
iaaea?oueny no/anieie ?ioi?iaoe?eieie oaoiieia?yie ii?aoethaaiiy aeaieo,
iaeaooiueiio a/eoaeth ?ioi?iaoeee iaiao?aei? aeeaie? ciaiiy oai?aoe/ieo
iniia, ia yeeo a?oioothoueny oe? oaoiieia??, a ia i?inoi aieiae?iiy
i?eeiiaie ?iaioe c iaaiei i?ia?aiiei caniaii. Caaaeyee iayaiino?
?icaeiooiai iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo aeey noai?aiiy oai??? ?ic?iaee ?
canoinoaaiiy aac aeaieo ? aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo NOAAe aeey ?o aoaeoeaiiai
i?aeoe/iiai ii?aoethaaiiy oaia “I?iaeooaaiiy ? ii?aoethaaiiy aac aeaieo”
i?e iiaeeaeaiiio i?aeoiae? aei ?? aea/aiiy a eo?n? ?ioi?iaoeee
iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco ia? aaeeea iaoeiaa ? aeeaeaeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaee/i? iniiae aea/aiiy ieoaiue oai?aoe/ii?
?ioi?iaoeee a iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc?“ aeine?aeaeaii aieea aea/aiiy
oai?aoe/ieo iniia ii?aoethaaiiy aeaieo caniaaie I?O ia i?aeaioiaeo ?
i?ioan?eio ae?yeuei?noue a/eoaey ?ioi?iaoeee; c’yniaaii iiaeeeaino? ?
iai?yie canoinoaaiiy aac aeaieo ? NOAAe a ?iaio? iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo;
iienaii iaoiaee/io nenoaio aea/aiiy iniia i?iaeooaaiiy ? ii?aoethaaiiy
aac aeaieo ia o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo niaoe?aeueiinoyo iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco;
?ice?eoi i?aai?caoe?th ? aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/iiai
aenia?eiaioo.

Aeei?enoaiiy no/anieo NOAAe a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? oeiee ? eiai
i?aai?caoe?eiiio caaacia/aii? iaaea? iiaeeea?noue iaa?oue a oiiaao
iaaeineiiaeiai oaoi?/iiai iniauaiiy iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ?iaeoe
?aaeuei? e?iee ia oeyoo ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? ina?oe.

Aace aeaieo ? NOAAe iiaeooue noaoe aoaeoeaiei iii?/ieeii a/eoaey
aoaeue-yeiai i?io?eth a iaoeia?e, iaoiaee/i?e ? i?aai?caoe?ei?e ?iaio?.
Na?aae iai?yi?a aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?a ye caniao iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae
a/eoaeth aeae?eythoueny, cie?aia: aaaeaiiy aace aeaieo i?i o/i?a oeiee;
iae?e a?aea?aeoaaiue; ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i noa?oieeaniee?a; neeaaeaiiy
?iceeaaeo caiyoue; ?ica’ycoaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo caaea/ (?.A?eueyin,
E.Iaee?i)

Aaoiiaoecaoe?y an?o cacia/aieo ooieoe?e iiaea aooe cae?eniaia caniaaie
NOAAe. ?ic?iaea a?aeiia?aeieo aac aeaieo ? i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai aeey
?iaioe c ieie o na?aaeiaeu? iayaieo NOAAe ia iio?aao? caeo/aiiy
i?ia?ai?no?a-i?ioan?iiae?a, a oe?eeii iineeueia a/eoaeth ?ioi?iaoeee,
yeee iciaeiieaiee c i?iaeooaaiiyi ? ii?aoethaaiiyi AAe o aoc?.
A?aeiia?aeii i?aeaioiaeaiee a/eoaeue ?ioi?iaoeee caeaoai ni?iaeooaaoe
a?aeiia?aei? aace aeaieo ? ?ic?iaeoe i?ia?aie aeey ?o ia?iaee aeey
iio?aa ??ciiiai?oieo iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a ? iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo a
oe?eiio. ?iaioo ae c aioiaeie aacaie aeaieo ii aianaiith, iiiaeaiith,
aii?yaeeoaaiith, aeai?oe? iio??aieo aeaieo iiaeooue cae?enithaaoe
aeeeaaea/? – ia niaoe?ae?noe a aaeoc? ?ioi?iaoeee ? oeiey??.

C o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae i?aeaioiaee aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo a/eoae?a
?ioi?iaoeee, iaie eiie?aoeciaaii ci?no neeaaeiaeo ae?yeueiino?
ei?enooaa/a i?e ?ica’ycaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo caaea/ (A.O?aeiai), ?icoe?aii
?o aei neeaaeiaeo ae?yeueiino? ei?enooaa/a-?ic?iaieea ? aeae?eaii
ia?aaeoiiae ?o oni?oiiai cae?eniaiiy.

1. Aiae?c i?aaeiaoii? iaeano?, aai aeaeiiiiceoe?y ia’?eo?a i?aaeiaoii?
iaeano?. I?e oeueiio aeae?eythoueny aeaiaioa?i? ia’?eoe ? aeaiaioa?i?
aeanoeaino?, c oi/i?noth aei yeeo o?aaa noai?eoe ?ioi?iaoe?eiee iien.
E??i oiai, aeae?eythoueny eeane ia’?eo?a, ana?aaeei? eiaeiiai c yeeo
ia’?eoe iathoue iaeiaeia? aeanoeaino? ? ?ic??ciythoueny iaai?aie
cia/aiue oeeo aeanoeainoae. Ia?aoo?, o?enothoueny a?aeiioaiiy i?ae
i?aaenoaaieeaie ??cieo eean?a ia’?eo?a, ye? iathoue i?noea a ?aaeueiiio
na?o?.

Ia iniia? aiae?co i?aaeiaoii? iaeano? ? ?ioaa?aoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
iio?aa ei?enooaa/?a a?aeaoaa?oueny neioac iiaeae? i?aaeiaoii? iaeano?.

Oni?oia canoinoaaiiy oeueiai iaoiaeo aeiaaa? a?ae aeeiiaaoey oi?iiy
/?oei oi?ioethaaoe i?iaeaio, ia?ciaiino? o iaai?e i?aaeiaoi?e aaeoc?,
oai?/iai i?aeoiaeo aei ?? iiaeaethaaiiy, ?icaeiooi? caeaoiino? aei
aiae?co, neioaco, ocaaaeueiaiiy, aano?aaoaaiiy, ii??aiyiiy ?
nenoaiaoecaoe?? ia’?eo?a ? yaeu.

2. Aea?? iiaeae? aeaieo — iiiaeeie aeiionoeieo oei?a aeaieo ?
a?aeiioaiue i?ae ieie, a oaeiae iaiaaeaiue ? iia?aoe?e iaae oeeie oeiaie
aeaieo ? a?aeiioaiiyie — aeey aaeaeaaoiiai iiaeaiiy ia’?eo?a, ?o
aeanoeainoae ? ca’yce?a, aeae?eaieo a iiaeae? i?aaeiaoii? iaeano?. Iien
i?aaeiaoii? iaeano? a oa?i?iao aea?aii? iiaeae? — noai?aiiy
eiioeaiooaeueii? noaie.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui iiaeaeue aeaieo ? eiia?iaoe??th o?ueio eiiiiiaio?a:
iiiaeeie no?oeoo? aeaieo, ia’?eoe yeeo neeaaeathoue ai?no aace aeaieo;
iiiaeeie iia?aoe?e, ye? canoiniaothoueny aeey iiooeo aai iiaeeo?eaoe??
aeaieo; iiiaeeie iaiaaeaiue oe?e?niino?, ye? yaii aai iayaii
aecia/athoue iiiaeeio aeiionoeieo noai?a aace aeaieo. Oe? eiiiiiaioe
ae?aaeathoueny iiaieie ? i?ia?aiieie caniaaie iieno aeaieo,
iai?ioethaaiiy aeaieie ? eiio?ieth oe?e?niino? aace aeaieo, ye? NOAAe
iaaea? ei?enooaa/aa?. Oaeei /eiii, ooieoe?y neioaco i?ioeaaeo? ia?iaee
aeaieo iieeaaea?oueny ia caniae iiaeae? aeaieo.

Ia aoai? iiaeaethaaiiy aeaieo iaiao?aeia ia?ciai?noue o iniiaieo
iiaeaeyo: ?aeyoe?ei?e, ia?aaeaa?e, ???a?o?/i?e, ? a?oioiaia ciaiiy
iaea?eueo aaeeaaii? a ?aaeueieo nenoaiao. Ia aeaiee /an oaeith ?
?aeyoe?eia iiaeaeue aeaieo. Aaeaeaaoia a?aeia?aaeaiiy i?aaeiaoii?
iaeano? caniaaie eiie?aoii? iiaeae? aeaieo ? neeaaeiith oai?/ith,
aeine?aeieoeueeith caaea/ath ? aeiaaa? aeey naiai aaeaeiai ?ica’ycaiiy
ciaiiy ye oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, oae ? ??ciiiai?oieo aa?enoe/ieo
i?eeii?a.

3. Iaoeiia ao?eaiiy ni?iaeoiaaii? aace aeaieo a na?aaeiaeu? eiie?aoii?
NOAAe, yea i?aeo?eio? canoiniaaio i?e i?iaeooaaii? iiaeaeue aeaieo. O
a?aeiia?aeiino? c iiaeeeainoyie NOAAe iieno?oueny no?oeoo?a aace
aeaieo, cae?enith?oueny caiiaiaiiy aace aeaieie, noai?ththoueny ae?aii?
oi?ie aeey a?eueo c?o/iiai a?coaeueiiai iiaeaiiy aeaieo. Caniaaie iiae
iai?ioethaaiiy aeaieie, yea i?aeo?eio?oueny NOAAe, cae?eniththoueny
iaiao?aei? a eiie?aoi?e caaea/? iia?aoe?? iaae aeaieie: iiooe,
iiiaeaiiy, ia?aoai?aiiy, aeeo/aiiy oiui. Aeey c?o/iiai iiaeaiiy
?acoeueoao?a ia?iaee aeaieo aeei?enoiaothoueny caniae noai?aiiy ca?o?a
i?i aeeiiaiiy iaaieo ae?e c aeaieie o aac?.

Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aei?: ciaiiy caaaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee NOAAe, iaaeee
?iaioe c aeaiith NOAAe, ciaiiy iia iieno ? iai?ioethaaiiy aeaieie aeey
i?aaeeueiiai noai?aiiy no?oeoo?e ? ai?noo aace, a oaeiae ei?aeoiiai
oi?ioethaaiiy caieo?a ia ia?iaeo aeaieo.

4. Aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aea? iiaeeea?noue ia?aa??eoe
i?aaeeuei?noue i?iaeooaaiiy aace aeaieo ? oi?ioethaaiiy caieo?a aei
ia?. I?aaeeueii ?ioa?i?aooaaoe ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iiaeia, iiia?aaeiuei
ci?iaiicoaaaoe ?o. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeia ciaiiy iia?aoe?? iiae
iai?ioethaaiiy aeaieie, ye? i?e canoinoaaii? aei aeaieo iaaii? no?oeoo?e
? ci?noo aeathoue ia?aaeaa/oaaiee ?acoeueoao.

A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/ai? iniiai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei
i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aiiy nooaeaio?a i?iaeooaaiith ? ii?aoethaaiith aac
aeaieo:

 oi?ioaaiiy ?icoi?iiy nooaeaioaie aac aeaieo ye oe?e?niiai iiiyooy
?ioi?iaoeee, yea eaaeeoue a iniia? ?ic?iaee ? aeei?enoaiiy
aaoiiaoeciaaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai;

 caaacia/aiiy iaieiae?iiy nooaeaioaie oai???th ? i?aeoeeith
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?aaeueiiai na?oo a no?oeoo?ao aac aeaieo;

 caaacia/aiiy canai?iiy caaaeueiiai niiniao ae?yeueiino?
ei?enooaa/a-?ic?iaieea aace aeaieo;

 cae?eniaiiy iaoiaee/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aei iaa/aiiy oeiey??a
?iaio? c aacaie aeaieo;

 noai?aiiy eiie?aoii? iaoiaeeee iaa/aiiy, ni?yiiaaii? ia canai?iiy
nooaeaioaie oai?aoe/ieo iniia iiaoaeiae ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaie?a aeaieo,
? iaieiae?iiy i?eeiiaie i?aeoe/iiai ao?eaiiy oeeo iniia o aeanieo
?ic?iaeao.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoa i?iaaaeaiee iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio ?c
caeo/aiiyi 160 nooaeaio?a noa?oeo eo?n?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo
oaeoeueoao?a IIO ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa ? *AeIO ?iai? O.A.Oaa/aiea.

Iaoa eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo (1992 — 1994 ?.?.) iieyaaea o
c’ynoaaii? ??aiy oyaeaiue nooaeaio?a i?i ?ioi?iaoeeo ye ooiaeaiaioaeueio
iaoeo ? aecia/aii? iiaeeeaeo iai?yi?a i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy oai?aoe/ii?
i?aeaioiaee c ?ioi?iaoeee o iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc? ca ?aooiie aianaiiy
ci?i ? aeiiiaiaiue o ci?no eo?no ”Iniiae ?ioi?iaoeee”.

A ?acoeueoao? eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui
nooaeaioe-noa?oieo?nieee o ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? iathoue neaae?
oyaeaiiy i?i oai?aoe/i? iniiae ?ioi?iaoeee. I?e oeueiio aiie
caeaa?eueoiai iia?othoue icia/aiiyie ?ioi?iaoeee, iaaaaeaieie o
iaa/aeueieo iin?aieeao, i?ioa iani?iiiaei? ia?aeiieeai ? na?aeiii
iiynieoe nai? ?icoi?iiy iaoeiaiai oa?aeoa?o oe??? aeenoeeie?ie.

I?e/eiaie oaei? neooaoe?? ? iaonoaeai?noue i?aeoiae?a aei ?ioi?iaoeee ye
iaoee, a?aenooi?noue ?aeeiiai iiaeyaeo ia ?? oai?aoe/i? iniiae,
iaaei??ia caoiieaiiy ei?enooaaoeueeei i?aeoiaeii o iaa/aii? ?ioi?iaoeee
a iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc?, iaaeinoaoiy oaaaa aei aeei?enoaiiy
caaaeueiiiaoeiaiai, na?oiaeyaeiiai ? caaaeueiieoeueoo?iiai iioaioe?aeo
oai?aoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoeee a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? aeui? oeiee.

A oiae? iiooeiaiai aenia?eiaioo (1994 — 1996 ?.?.) aoee ?ic?iaeai?
aeeaeaeoe/i? iaoa??aee ? a?ae?a?aiee i?ia?aiiee can?a aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo (NOAAe Paradox). Aeey i?aeo?eiee aea/aiiy o
iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc? oaie ”I?iaeooaaiiy ? ii?aoethaaiiy aac aeaieo” ca
o/anoth aaoi?a i?aeaioiaeaii ? iioae?eiaaii iaeii?iaiiee iaa/aeueiee
iin?aiee, ?aeiiaiaeiaaiee I?i?noa?noaii ina?oe Oe?a?ie aei aeei?enoaiiy
o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ? ?ic?iaeaii iaaeaaia?/iee i?ia?aiiee can?a
aeaiiino?aoe?eiiai oeio aeey noi?iaiaeo aea/aiiy NOAAe Paradox.

Iiooeiaee aenia?eiaio aeicaieea c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

 a?aoiaoth/e oe?e? iaa/aiiy c ?ioi?iaoeee, aeey eiie?aoecaoe?? ci?noo
?? ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iiiyoue aeioe?eueii aeoiaeeoe c ?icoi?iiy
?ioi?iaoeee ye iaoee i?i aaoiiaoeciaai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? nenoaie;

 iiiyooy ”aaca aeaieo” ? oe?e?niei iaoeiaei iiiyooyi, yea ao?eth? a
nia? iniiai? iiiyooy, ?aea? ? iaoiaee oai?aoe/ii? ? i?eeeaaeii?
?ioi?iaoeee;

 i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy oai?aoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee c ?ioi?iaoeee ia
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo oaeoeueoaoao iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco iiaea
cae?enithaaoeny i?e aea/aii? oaie ”I?iaeooaaiiy ? ii?aoethaaiiy aac
aeaieo”.

Ia oi?ioth/iio aoai? (1996 — 1998 ?.?.) cae?enithaaeiny
aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa/aiiy nooaeaio?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo oaeoeueoao?a
IIO oa *AeI? ca oaiith ”I?iaeooaaiiy ? ii?aoethaaiiy aac aeaieo” o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?ic?iaeaieie a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaa/aeueieie
iaoa??aeaie.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioo ioe?ithaaeenue oeyoii: niinoa?aaeaiiy ca
iaa/aeueiith ? iaoeiaith ?iaioith nooaeaio?a; cae?eniaiiy iioi/iiai ?
i?aenoieiaiai eiio?ieth canai?iiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo;
niinoa?aaeaiiy ca o?oaeiaith ae?yeuei?noth aeioneiee?a aoco; aea/aiiy
ioe?iie a/eoae?a-i?aeoee?a, iaoeiaoe?a, a?iiaaenueei? aeoiee.

Oi?ioth/ee aoai iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo aeicaieea i?aeoaa?aeeoe
iniiaio a?iioaco aeine?aeaeaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue i?e iiaeeaeaiiio
?icaeyae? o eo?n? ?ioi?iaoeee oai?aoe/ieo ieoaiue ii?aoethaaiiy aeaieo
caniaaie I?O i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy oai?aoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o
a/eoae?a, ui ni?ey? oaeineiiaeaiith ?o i?io?eueii? i?aeaioiaee,
na?aeiiiio ? iaa?oioiaaiiio aeei?enoaiith cania?a I?O a iaa/aeuei?e ?
o?oaeia?e ae?yeueiino?, ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?? i?ioean?a ?ica’ycaiiy ieie
i?eeeaaeieo caaea/.

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee ?ica’ycai? an? eiai iniiai? caaaeaiiy.

Aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue i?aenoaae
c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

 iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo oaeoi??a oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ?ioi?iaoeee ? ooiaeaiaioae?caoe?y ci?noo
a?aeiia?aeiiai i?io?eueiiai iaa/aeueiiai eo?no;

 i?aeaeuaiiy oai?aoe/iiai ??aiy iaa/aiiy ?ioi?iaoeee a iaaeaaia?/iiio
aoc? iiaea aoaeoeaii cae?enithaaoeny i?e ?icaeyae? oai?aoe/ieo iniia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, cie?aia, nenoai
oi?aae?iiy aacaie aeaieo, ui iaoiiaeth?oueny:

1) cia/aiiyi ciaiiy iniia ii?aoethaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? caniaaie NOAAe ?
oi?iiy aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o i?e ?ica’ycoaaii? i?eeeaaeieo caaea/ aeey
oi?ioaaiiy iniia ?ioi?iaoe?eii? eoeueoo?e no/aniiai niaoe?ae?noa;

2) iniaeea?noth iaoeiaiai iiiyooy “aaca aeaieo”, yea a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao
?ieue a oai?aoe/i?e ? i?eeeaaei?e ?ioi?iaoeoe?;

3) iayai?noth ?icaeiooiai iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo aeey eia?/iiai
ii?aoethaaiiy aac aeaieo ? iiooaeieo NOAAe aeey aaoiiaoecaoe?? ?iaioe c
ieie, ui aeicaiey? ii?aeiaoe a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? iiaeeaeaiiy
oai?aoe/ieo ciaiue c iineeaiiyi i?eeeaaeii? ni?yiiaaiino? ?acoeueoao?a
iaa/aiiy;

4) iiaeeea?noth ?icaeaaoe oai?aoe/ia ieneaiiy nooaeaio?a a i?ioean?
iiaoaeiae ieie ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iiaeaeae i?aaeiaoieo iaeanoae;

5) iiaeeea?noth ?aae?ciaoaaoe i?aei?aaeiaoi? ca’ycee ?ioi?iaoeee c
?ioeie aeenoeeie?iaie, cie?aia, aeaaa?ith.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. ?ainueeee TH.N., Oeeaei A.TH. I?iaeooaaiiy ? ii?aoethaaiiy aac
aeaieo. – E., 1998. – 84 n.

2. Oeeaei A.TH. I?i aea/aiiy aeayeeo ieoaiue oai?aoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoeee a
iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc? // No/ani? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? a iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean?: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue / E.: IIO. – 1997. – n.239-244.

3. Oeeaei A.TH. I?i ??ci? i?aeoiaee aei iaa/aiiy iniia ?ioi?iaoeee //
Eiii’thoa?ii-i???ioiaai? nenoaie iaa/aiiy: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue / E.: IIO.
– 1998. – n.122 – 131.

4. Oeeaei A.TH. Eiiiiiaioe iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie aea/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo
iniia i?iaeooaaiiy ? ii?aoethaaiiy aac aeaieo //
Eiii’thoa?ii-i???ioiaai? nenoaie iaa/aiiy: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue / E.: IIO.
– 1998. – n.210 – 215.

5. E?aae A.Ae., Oeeaei A.TH. I?i aea/aiiy aeaiaio?a aeene?aoii?
iaoaiaoeee a na?aaei?e oeie? // Iaoeia? caienee, o. XV (na??y
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe) / I?aeeinueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
?inoeooo ?i. I.A.Aiaiey. – I?aeei, 1995. – N.40 – 43.

Oeeaei A.TH. I?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy oai?aoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee c ?ioi?iaoeee ia
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo oaeoeueoaoao iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.02 – oai??y oa iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy
?ioi?iaoeee. – Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
ooiaeaiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee c ?ioi?iaoeee i?e aea/aii? oai?aoe/ieo
iniia iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e ii?aoethaaiiy aeaieo. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeeo aea/aiiy eo?no “I?iaeooaaiiy ? ii?aoethaaiiy aac aeaieo” ia
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo oaeoeueoaoao iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ooiaeaiaioaeueia i?aeaioiaea, iia? ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
oaoiieia??, aaca aeaieo, iaoiaeeea aea/aiiy.

Oeuaei A.A. Iiauoaiea o?iaiy oai?aoe/aneie iiaeaioiaee ii eioi?iaoeea ia
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo oaeoeueoaoao iaaeaaiae/aneeo aocia. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.02 – oai?ey e iaoiaeeea iao/aiey
eioi?iaoeea. – Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaia e yenia?eiaioaeueii ai?iae?iaaia
iaoiaeeea iiauoaiey o?iaiy oai?aoe/aneie iiaeaioiaee ii eioi?iaoeea
nooaeaioia oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo oaeoeueoaoia iaaeaaiae/aneeo aocia.
I?aaeeiaeaiu iai?aaeaiey iiauoaiey o?iaiy ooiaeaiaioaeueiie iiaeaioiaee
ii eioi?iaoeea a iaaeaaiae/aneii aoca i?e eco/aiee oai?aoe/aneeo iniia
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey iiauo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee, a /anoiinoe, nenoai
oi?aaeaiey aacaie aeaiiuo.

Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue ?anniio?aiey iiiyoey “aaca
aeaiiuo” eae oeaeinoiiai iao/iiai iiiyoey, iauaaeeiythuaai iniiaiua
iiiyoey, eaeae e iaoiaeu oai?aoe/aneie e i?eeeaaeiie eioi?iaoeee.
?anniio?aiu iai?aaeaiey inouanoaeaiey oeaeaiai?aaeaiiiai
eioaeeaeooaeueiiai ?acaeoey nooaeaioia i?e eco/aiee oai?aoe/aneeo iniia
i?iaeoe?iaaiey ?aeyoeeiiiuo aac aeaiiuo e ?aaiou n ieie n iiiiuueth
n?aaenoa nia?aiaiiuo nenoai oi?aaeaiey aacaie aeaiiuo (NOAAe).
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeey oniaoiiai eniieueciaaiey eino?oiaioa?ey,
i?aaeinoaaeyaiiai nia?aiaiiuie eioi?iaoeeiiiuie oaoiieiaeyie ia?aaioee
aeaiiuo, aoaeouaio o/eoaeth eioi?iaoeee iaiaoiaeeii ciaiea
oai?aoe/aneeo iniia, ia eioi?uo aace?othony yoe oaoiieiaee, a ia i?inoi
aeaaeaiea i?eaiaie ?aaiou n eiie?aoiui i?ia?aiiiui i?iaeoeoii.
Aeaaiaea?y iaee/eth oi?ioi ?ac?aaioaiiie oai?ee ?aeyoeeiiiuo aac
aeaiiuo e oe?ieiio auai?o aunieii?iaeoeoeaiuo ?aeyoeeiiiuo NOAAe
i?aeoe/anee aeey anao eiiiuethoa?iuo ieaooi?i oaia “I?iaeoe?iaaiea e
ia?aaioea aac aeaiiuo” i?e oaeoaeaiiii iiaeoiaea e aa eco/aieth a
eo?na eioi?iaoeee iaaeaaiae/aneiai aoca eiaao aieueoia iao/iia e
aeeaeaeoe/aneia cia/aiea. A ?aaioa enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea eco/aiey
oai?aoe/aneeo iniia ia?aaioee aeaiiuo n?aaenoaaie IEO ia iiaeaioiaeo e
i?ioanneiiaeueioth aeayoaeueiinoue o/eoaey eioi?iaoeee, auyniaiu
aiciiaeiinoe e iai?aaeaiey i?eiaiaiey aac aeaiiuo e NOAAe a ?aaioa
o/aaiiai caaaaeaiey; iienaia iaoiaee/aneay nenoaia eco/aiey iniia
i?iaeoe?iaaiey e ia?aaioee aac aeaiiuo ia oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo
oaeoeueoaoao iaaeaaiae/aneiai aoca.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey:

1. Iainiiaaia aiciiaeiinoue oaeoaeaiey ooiaeaiaioaeueiie iiaeaioiaee ii
eioi?iaoeea a iaaeaaiae/aneii aoca i?e eco/aiee oai?aoe/aneeo iniia
ia?aaioee aeaiiuo n?aaenoaaie nia?aiaiiuo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee;

2. ?ac?aaioaiu eiiiiiaiou iaoiaee/aneie nenoaiu eco/aiey eo?na
”I?iaeoe?iaaiea e ia?aaioea aac aeaiiuo” ia oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo
niaoeeaeueiinoyo iaaeaaiae/aneiai aoca;

3. Auyniaiu aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey ciaiee, oiaiee e iaaueia,
i?eia?aoaiiuo a oiaea eco/aiey iniia i?iaeoe?iaaiey e ia?aaioee aac
aeaiiuo, a i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe o/eoaey eioi?iaoeee;

4. ?ac?aaioaii o/aaiia iiniaea ”I?iaeoe?iaaiea e ia?aaioea aac aeaiiuo”
aeey iiaeaea?aeee eco/aiey niioaaonoaothuaai eo?na.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ooiaeaiaioaeueiay iiaeaioiaea, iiaua eioi?iaoeeiiiua
oaoiieiaee, aaca aeaiiuo, iaoiaeeea eco/aiey.

Tcybko A.E. – Rising of theoretical training level on informatics at
physical – mathematical faculties of the pedagogical higher
educational institutions. — Manuscript.

The thesis for the degree of candidate of pedagogical sciences on
speciality 13.00.02 – Theory and methods of teaching informatics. –
National Pedagogical University named after M.P.Dragomanov, — Kyiv,
1999.

The possibility to rise the fundamental training level on informatics by
the theoretical basis of data processing new information technologies
study is grounded in the thesis. The methods of study the course “Data
bases design and processing” at physical – mathematical faculties of
the pedagogical higher educational institutions is exploited.

Key words: fundamental training, new information technologies, data
base, methods of study.

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