??aiainueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

Aa?an?iia ?aaai?e Aai??oiae/

OAeE 626:532.542:532.592.2

I?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? oa aaeineiiaeaiiy

cae?eoi? c?iooaaeueii? ia?aae?

c aiaeiiia?o?yieie ?aca?aoa?aie

05.20.05 — a?ae?ioaoi?/i? iae?i?aoe??

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

??aia — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ??aiainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: AO?EI AANEEUe A?NAIO?EIAE*,

aeieoi? oaoi?/iee iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

aenieoaoaoe?? a?ae?iiae?i?aoeaieo nenoai ?AeOO.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: EIAAEAIEI IAO?I ?AAIIAE*, aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e OAAI, ?ANAI, a?oea-i?aceaeaio OAAI, aee?aeoi?
?inoeoooo a?ae?ioaoi?ee ? iae?i?aoe?? OAAI;

AA?IEE AIEIAeEIE? EE?EEIAE*, eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aee?aeoi? AAO
i?iaeoii-oaoiieia?/iee ?inoeooo “Oe?i?aaiaeaoae”.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 5 ” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 1400
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 47.10401 o
??aiainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 266000,
i. ??aia, aoe. Niai?ia, 11.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?AeOO ca aae?anith:
i. ??aia, aoe. I?eoiaeueea, 75.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 2 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, e.o.i., aeioeaio
A.I.Aino??eia

10

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. I?ia?an n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa
iaiiaeeeaee aac iiaeaeueoiai ?icoe?aiiy aoae?aieoeoaa oa ?aeiino?oeoe??
c?iooaaeueieo ? inoooaaeueieo nenoai, ui iia’ycaii c canoinoaaiiyi
iaoeiiiai aiaeii?aeeiio, aaoiiaoecaoe??th ?iaioe ianinieo noaioe?e,
aeei?enoaiiyi no/anii? iecueeiiai??ii? aenieiaoaeoeaii? iieeaii?
oaoi?ee. O oeueiio ca’yceo aeooaeueiei ? ieoaiiy caaacia/aiiy
iaae?eiino? aiaeiaii?a cae?eoeo c?iooaaeueieo nenoai, a naia caoeno
cae?eoeo c?iooaaeueieo ia?aae (CCI) a?ae a?ae?aae?/ieo oaea??a. Iaeiei c
aoaeoeaieo cania?a ai?ioueae c a?ae?aae?/ieie oaea?aie ? aeei?enoaiiy ia
iai??ieo o?oaii?iaiaeao CCI aiaeiiia?o?yieo ?aca?aoa??a (AI?).

?nioth/? oai?aoe/i? ??oaiiy caaea/? i?aeai?o ia?aiao??a AI?, iaea?aeai?
Aeeoaaei A.I., ae?aa?aie aeey ?ic?aooie?a (No?ei A.A., Ethaeaaea Ae.,
Aeeea?aanueeee A.N., Oaoo?a A.A., *eieaeia I.I.), oi?ioea Aa?auaiei E.N.
oa ?ioeo aaoi??a, a?aoiaiae?oe/i? ?ic?aooiee No?eia A.A., aeei?enoaiiy
AII Aeoiaanueeei E.I., Aaeueaenii I., Oienii Ae.ss., a oaeiae
?acoeueoaoe eaai?aoi?ieo ? iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaieo Aa?auaiei
E.N., caeeoathoue aeae?eueea ieoaiue, ye? iio?aaothoue naiai ae??oaiiy.
Oae i?aeoe/ii a?aenooiy eeaneo?eaoe?y AI?. Ia anoaiiaeaii iaae?
aeei?enoaiiy iiaeaeae aei?noeiai oa i?oaeiiai a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea??a.
O?eueee i?e ioneao ianin?a a?aoiao?oueny aieea i?oaeii? ?ieino?
aiaeiaiio. Iaeaea ia c’yniaai? oiiae a?oiiai? ?iaioe AI? (Aa?aiia A.A.).
Ia ae??oaii inoaoi/ii i?iaeaio iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a AI? (Iaaeaea?ia
E.). ?niothoue iiaeeeaino? aaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?? AI?.

Noai?aiiy iaa?oioiaaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a o
nenoai? AI? — o?oaii?ia?ae aeicaieeoue aecia/eoe iaiao?aeiee ia’?i
iia?o?y o AI? ? ia?aiao?e aocea i?e?aeiaiiy AI? aei aiaeiaiio, oiaoi
c’ynoaaoe oiiae iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a AI? ye i?e iiiaeeiie?e, oae ?
a?oiia?e ?o ?iaio?. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeooaaiiy AI? ? iiaei ?
aeooaeueiei o ca’yceo c aaeeeei aieeaii a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a ia
iaae?ei?noue ?iaioe cae?eoeo c?iooaaeueieo nenoai.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?iaeiaaeo? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui i?iaiaeyoueny ia
eaoaae?? aenieoaoaoe?? a?ae?iiae?i?aoeaieo nenoai ?AeOO, ca?aeii c
caaaeueii-eaoaae?aeueiei ieaiii, ieaiii aeeiiaiiy iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o oi?aa?neoaoo oa aaeocaaeo i?ia?ai Aea?aeaiaeainio Oe?a?ie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aea?aiee
iai?yiie aea/aiiy iiaeeeainoae aaeineiiaeaiiy cae?eoeo c?iooaaeueieo
ia?aae c AI? aoiaeeoue neeaaeiaith /anoeiith o iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ye? aeeiiothoueny ca ieaiii eaoaae?e aenieoaoaoe?? a?ae?iiae?i?aoeaieo
nenoai ?AeOO, oaiaoe/iei ieaiii oi?aa?neoaoo oa aaeocaaei i?ia?aiai
Aea?aeaiaeainio Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? ?iaioe. Iaoith ?iaioe ? noai?aiiy iaoiaeo iaa?oiooaaiiy
ia?aiao??a AI?, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny, ye aanieee a?ae?aae?/iiai
oaea?o, aeey i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? ?iaioe CCI, a oaeiae aaeineiiaeaiiy
eiino?oeoe?e AI? ? aoce?a ?o i?e?aeiaiiy aei aiaeiaiio. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy
iaoe noi?ioeueiaai? oae? caaea/?:

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a
a aiaeiaiiao c AI? oa ia?aa??eoe ?? aaeaeaaoi?noue;

— anoaiiaeoe iaae? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeaeae aei?noeiai oa i?oaeiiai
a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea??a;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo a?aoiaiae?oe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a cia/aiue ia?aiao??a
AI? — ia’?io iia?o?y o AI? oa eiao?oe??io?a a?ae?aae?/ieo iii??a aocea
i?e?aeiaiiy AI? aei aiaeiaiio;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a AI?;

— ?ic?iaeoe i?ia?aio ?ic?aooie?a ia AII ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a a
aiaeiaii? c AI?;

— ?ic?iaeoe iia? eiino?oeoe?? AI? c i?eno?iyie iiiiaiaiiy ?o iia?o?yi;

— i?iaanoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiiaeeiiei? oa a?oiiai?
?iaioe AI? ia CCI;

— aeeiiaoe ioe?ieo iaae?eiino? oa oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
canoinoaaiiy a?oiiai? ?iaioe AI?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa iaea?aeaii eiia?iiaaio
iiaeaeue a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o ia aac? ??aiyiiy iaonoaeaiiai ?ooo
??aeeie c o?aooaaiiyi i?oaeii? ?ieino? aiaeiaiio.

Oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia?ao?aeieo
i?ioean?a o aiaeiaii? c AI?, ui aeicaiey? iaa?oiooaaoe eiino?oeoe?th
c’?aeioaaeueiiai o?oaii?iaiaeo, aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia a?aoiaiae?oe/ia
iaoiaeeea iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a AI? iai?yieaii? ae?? c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaea?aeaieo a?ao?/ieo e?eoa??aeueieo caeaaeiinoae aeey ia?aiao??a AI?.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? eiino?oeoe?? AI? c nenoaiaie iiiiaiaiiy iia?o?y a
ieo.

Aeeiiaia aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea iiiaeeiiei? oa a?oiiai? ?iaioe
AI?, ? anoaiiaeaia aaeaeaaoi?noue cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
iathoue i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. ?ic?iaeaia eiia?iiaaia iiaeaeue
a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o caa?aaea ni?iuaio no?oeoo?o iiaeae? “aei?noeiai”
a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o i?e aeinoaoi?e ?ic?aooieia?e oi/iino?, yea
oa?aeoa?ia aeey iiaeae? i?oaeiiai a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o. ?ic?iaeai?
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy AI? aeeth/athoue iaoiaeeeo
a?aoiaiae?oe/ii? iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a AI?. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea
iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a aiaeiiia?o?yiiai ?aca?aoa?a oa i?ia?aia
?ic?aooie?a ia AII ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a o aiaeiaiiao c aiaeiiia?o?yiei
?aca?aoa?ii — “RESOC97”, oa?eoee neeaaeiaith /anoeiith aei aaeocaai?
IOAe “?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey caoenoo aiaeiaii?a a?ae a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o
aiaeiiia?o?yieie ?aca?aoa?aie”. ?ic?iaeai? iia? eiino?oeoe?e AI? c
a?ae?aae?/ieie i?eno?iyie aeey iiiiaiaiiy iia?o?y oa iiaa aiaeiiia?o?yia
eieiia. ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey aeei?enoaiiy AI? i?e ?o
iiiaeeiie?e oa a?oiia?e ?iaio? ia o?oaii?ia?aeieo ia?aaeao. ??/iee
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo caoenoo CCI a?ae a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o
aiaeiiia?o?yieie ?aca?aoa?aie (?ic?aooieiaee) neeaaea? 4,2 a?i. ia
aaeoa? c?iooaaeueii? ieiu?, aai 85,2 a?i. ia iaeei aiaeiiia?o?yiee
?aca?aoa?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A oiae? i?aeaioiaee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iniaenoi io?eiaieie caeiaoaa/ai ?acoeueoaoaie ?: a) i?iaaaeaiiy
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a (iiiaae 14,5 oen.
?ic?aooie?a) aeey ?ice?eooy e?eoa??aeueieo caeaaeiinoae, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ia?aiao?e AI?; a) ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooie?a ?
iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a AI? ia iniia? a?ao?/ieo e?eoa?aeueieo
caeaaeiinoae; a) ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooie?a ia?aiao??a i?eno?i?a
iiiiaiaiiy iia?o?yi AI?; a) aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeai? a?ae?aae?/i?
iii?e ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e i?e?aeiaiiy AI? aei aiaeiaiio; ae)
aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaiee aieea ia?aiao??a AI? ia ia?ao?aei?
i?ioeane i?e iiiaeeiie?e oa a?oiia?e ?iaio? AI?; a)i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea
iaae?eiino? oa oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? a?oiiai? ?iaioe AI?; ae)
?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii aeei?enoaiith AI? ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e.

*enaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a (?icae?e 2), ?ic?aooiie
aocea ?ic?eaiinoae c AI? ?ic?iaeai? ni?eueii c Aa?aneiiaei A.A., i?e/iio
aaoi?ii aoea ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea a?aooaaiiy i?oaeii? ?ieino? aiaeiaiio.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? ai?iaiaai? ia tha?eaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? O??AA (??aia, 1995 ??e), ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“I?iaeaie iae?i?aoe?? a Oe?a?i?” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996 ??e), ia III,
IV, V-o?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo, ani??aio?a, nooaeaio?a aeaaeai?? OAeAAA (??aia 1997, 1998, 1999
?.?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeeeaaeai? o 10 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia
146 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, yeee ?ethno?o?oueny 19 oaaeeoeyie oa
75 ?enoieaie ? neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 287 iaca oa /ioe?ueio aeiaeaoe?a ia 99
noi??ieao.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa ?
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiaeeoueny noenea oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaiee aiae?c no/aniiai noaio i?iaeooaaiiy,
aoae?aieoeoaa oa aenieoaoaoe?? CCI a ieai? caaacia/aiiy iaae?eii? ?o
?iaioe.

O ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi aeanoeaino? iaae?eiino? CCI, aecia/aiiy iniiaieo
iieaciee?a iaae?eiino?, caeaaeiino? iieaciee?a iaae?eiino? a?ae noaie
c’?aeiaiiy aeaiaio?a nenoai, iiiyooy iioeiaeueii? iaae?eiino? CCI,
aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenieo iieaciee?a iaae?eiino?, nenoaio oe?eueiaeo
ooieoe?e, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e i?iaeooaaii? CCI. I?e cia/i?e
e?eueeino? e?oa?aoo?e c iaae?eiino? oaoi?/ieo nenoai ieoaiiyie
caaacia/aiiy iaae?eiino? o?oaii?ia?aeieo iae?i?aoeaieo nenoai oa nenoai
aiaeiiinoa/aiiy i?enay/aia iaaaeeea e?euee?noue ?ia?o oaeeo aaoi??a:
I??oeooeaaaOe.A., Aa?aiia I.I., Eeueei TH.A., Ai?thiia A.I., Iaoiaiei
?.?., Ao?ei A.A., Uo?ee A.I., Eiooeyi O.A., Aa?iee A.E. oa ?io?.

I?e/eie a?aeiiae CCI ?c acaanoioeaiaioieo o?oa iaoiiaeai? o a?eueoee
/anoei? ?ic?eaaie o?oa ? ii?ooaiiyi aa?iaoe/iino? noeeiaeo c’?aeiaiue.
Ia aeieth inoaii?o i?eiaaea? 92% a?aeiia. Ia e?ea?aeaoe?th iane?aee?a
a?aeiia aeo?a/a?oueny 15-40% /ano ?iaioe nenoaie o c?iooaaeueiee
ia??iae. Aa?o?noue e?ea?aeaoe?? iaeiiai iioeiaeaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
aa?oino? o?oae caeaaeeoue a?ae ?? ae?aiao?a ? ci?ith?oueny a?ae 50 aei
350 a?i., a?iaeaei?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? i?e ii?ooaii?
no?ie?a iieeao iiaea cieceoeny ia 20-40%.

Ca aeaieie aaaaoueio aaoi??a o 70-80% aeiaaee?a i?e/eiith ?ic?ea?a o?oa
? aeeiai?/i? ia?ao?aei? i?ioeane — a?ae?aae?/i? oaea?e.

Ieoaiiyi ?ic?iaee oai??? a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o ? caniaai ai?ioueae c
iei i?enayoeee nai? ?iaioe AEoeianueeee I.A.,No?ei A.A.,Oeeea?iai E.ss.,
Iinoeia I.A., Aeioei A.E., Eyia?a A.O., Aeeea?aanueeee A.N., Ao?ei A.A.,
Aa?an?iia A.A. oa ?io?. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ae?aae?/ieo
oaea??a aeeiiaee Ni??iia Ae.I., Aeeea?aanueeee A.N., Aeioei A.E., ?oaeue
A.I., Aa?auaiei E.N., sseiaeaa I.I., Ao?ei A.A., Aa?aneiia A.A.,
Oaa/aiei A.A., A?eiue TH.?. oa ?io?. Ca ei?aeiiii ieoaiiyi
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?aooie?a a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o caeiaeeny Parmakian
J., Evangelisti G., Streeter V.L. Batta, Baltzer R.A., Dolter T.R.,
Kalwijk I.P., Martin C.S., Everett S.W., Seipt W.R., Fox I.A. oa ?io?.

A ?icaeyiooeo ?iaioao c iaeiiai aieo i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aoaeoeai?noue
aaniee?a a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o, a c ?ioiai cacia/a?oueny, ui
caoenii-?aaoethth/a a?iaoo?a ia CCI naia iiaea neoaoaaoe i?e/eiith
a?aeiia CCI. Aieea AI? ia oa?aeoa? ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano o neeaaei?e
o?oaii?ia?aei?e ia?aae? aea/aii iaaeinoaoiuei.

AI? aeeiiothoueny o aeaeyae? noaeaaeo iinoaeei oeneo ?c ?ici?uaiiyi ?o
aa?oeeaeueii aai ai?eciioaeueii ?c niaoe?aeueiith eiino?oeoe??th aocea
i?e?aeiaiiy AI? aei aiaeiaiio. Iaaeie?eii AI? ? iiaeeea?noue ?ic/eiaiiy
iia?o?y o aiae?. Aeey eiai iiiiaiaiiy aeei?enoiaothoue eiii?ani?e, aai
niaoe?aeuei? i?eno?i? c aaeaeoi?aie. Aeey caa?aaeaiiy iia?o?y o AI?
aeei?enoiaothoue oaeiae ??ci? aeaiaioe, ye? a?aeie?aieththoue iia?o?y
a?ae aiaee.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ia’?io iia?o?y a AI? ? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo
? caeaaeiino?, ye? cai?iiiioaaee: Aiaa? I.A., Ia?ea?yi A.ss., A?eai?yi
I.A., Aa?auaiei A.N., Aa?ai/oe A.?., E?enaieia I.?., AEoeianueeee I.A.,
Coaia A.E., Oiee?/, Aa?a, Ai?aiaeain A., *eaeianueeee ?., Aaaiaeae?no?
Ae., Aaoaeaiaa?aa? A., Ne?inaa?a, O?aineieainueeee A.O., Aeaeueoaoc,
Eaia, Ethaeaa?a Ae., Aeeea?aanueeee A.N., Oaoo?a A.A., Aeeoaa A.A.,
*eieaeia I.I., Ia?iaeyi, No?ei A.A., Ia?eei A.A. oa ?io. ?ic?aooiee
ia’?io iia?o?y o AI? ca iaaaaeaieie iaoiaeaie aeathoue nooo?a?
?ica?aeiino?. Oaeiae ?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/i? iniiae ?ic?aooie?a
ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a o aiaeiaiiao c AI?.

Aiae?c no/aniiai noaio aea/aiiy oiia aenieoaoaoe?? CCI, ?nioth/eo
niinia?a oa cania?a ai?ioueae c a?ae?aae?/iei oaea?ii, aea/aiiy ?iaioe
AI? aeicaieeei iaa?oiooaaoe aea?? iai?yie?a aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? cai?iiiiiaaii iiao eiia?iiaaio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
iieno ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a o iai??iiio o?oaii?iaiae? c AI?, yea
aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? ??aiyiue “aei?noeiai” a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o ?
a?aoiao? aieea i?oaeii? ?ieino? iai??iiai o?oaii?iaiaeo.

Nenoaia iaea?aeaieo ??aiyiue o aac?ici??ieo aaee/eiao, yea iieno?
ia?ao?aeiee i?ioean, ia? oaeee aeaeyae

wmetafile8? ??n???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyya??‹?? ???&? ?MathType??°?
???u?????????»????-?????@???? ???u(yU?????wmetafile8?
??-??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a????&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy@??—?? ???&?
?MathType??°?
???u?????????»????-?????ue@????ueK???u?th??????aea q = Q
/ Qa , h = H/Ha, V = W/Wa, Vy = Wy/Wa, y = Y/Ia, = t/Tr — a?aeiia?aeii
a?aeiini? ia?aiao?e ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano: iiaea/a, iai??, ia’?i iia?o?y
o AI?, ia’?i i?oaeii? ?ieino? o?oaii?iaiaeo, ia?aaeuaiiy a?aei?oeith
??aiy aiaee ieiueie ii??aiyiiy 0-0, /an, ?en.1; k, ky, , KE —
a?aeiia?aeii e?eoa??? iiae?aiino?: ao?ao iaii?o a o?oaii?iaiae?, ao?ao
iaii?o o aoce? i?e?aeiaiiy AI? aei o?oaii?iaiaeo, ia’?io iia?o?y o AI?,
i?oaeii? ?ieino? o?oaii?iaiaeo; — iieaciee iie?o?iie.

Aacia? aaee/eie i?eeiathoueny oaeei /eiii: Qa = Qi, Ia = I0.a = Ino.a,
Wa= W0; t = Tr; aea Qi — ii/aoeiaa aeo?aoa o?oaii?iaiaeo; I0.a = Ino.a —
noaoe/iee aaniethoiee iai??, aeea. ?en.1; W0 — ia’?i iia?o?y o AI? i?e
iaii?? I0.a; Tr — iino?eia o?oaii?iaiaeo. Iino?eia o?oaii?iaiaeo Tr
aecia/a?oueny oae

wmetafile8? ??Z???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA ???? ???&? ?MathType?? 
???u?????????»????-??????Z????c????????i
???u?th??????aea Lj, fj — a?aeiia?aeii aeiaaeeia oa ieiua iiia?a/iiai
ia?a??co j — oi? ae?eyiee o?oaii?iaiaeo, g — i?enei?aiiy neee oyae?iiy.

E?eoa??? iiae?aiino? ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a aecia/athoueny oaeeie
caeaaeiinoyie

wmetafile8? ??U???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a
???&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyya????? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-??????I????t????????Y???u?t
h??????i?e Q > 0 wmetafile8?
?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  a ???&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyy  ??A?? ???&?
?MathType??? ???u?????????»????-???????????†
???u?th??????i?e Q < 0 wmetafile8? ?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @? ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy@ ??oe?? ???&? ?MathType?? ???u?????????"????-??????O????< ???u?th??????wmetafile8? ??d??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  @ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyy? ??G?? ???&? ?MathType??? ???u?????????"????-????? o??? oe???u?th??????aea va - aaciaa oaeaee?noue aiaee o o?oaii?iaiae?; , - a?aeiia?aeii eiao?oe??ioe iii?o aiaee ii aeiaaeei? ? i?noeaa?; IWi - ao?aoe iaii?o i?e aeo?ao? Qa; k1y, k2y - e?eoa??? iiae?aiino? ao?ao iaii?o o aoce? i?e?aeiaiiy AI? aei o?oaii?iaiaeo; 1y , 2y - eiao?oe??ioe a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o aocea i?e?aeiaiiy AI? aei aiaeiaiio, a?aeiia?aeii i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? aiaee o AI? ? i?e eiai aeii?iaeiaii?; a - oaeaee?noue oaee? a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o; * - e?eoa??e aiiio?iiiino?. E?eoa??e aiiio?iiiino? aecia/a?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi wmetafile8? ??l??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy ??—?? ???&? ?MathType??°? ???u?????????"????-?????ue???ue’???uee???ue ???u?????????"????-????I?Ae????????u?th??????aea O - ia??iae eieeaaeueiiai i?ioeano. I?e ia?oiio iaaeeaeaii? cia/aiiy O iiaeeeai aecia/aoe ca oi?ioeith wmetafile8? ??a??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy???w?? ???&? ?MathType???? ???u?????????"????-?????????O ???i????N? ???u?? ???????"????-????U????Z???-?????Z???Q?l???Q ?l???Q?o ???u?th?????? E?eoa??e aiiio?iiiino? * aecia/a? iaae? canoinoaaiiy eiia?iiaaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano: 0 * < 0,334 - iiaeaeue “aei?noeiai” a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o, 0,334 * 1 - eiia?iiaaia iiaeaeue ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano, * > 1 — iiaeaeue i?oaeiiai
a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o.

Nenoaia ??aiyiue (1)-(4) neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio aeeoa?aioe?eieo ?
iaeiiai o?aioeaaeaioiiai ??aiyiiy. Aiae?oe/ia ae??oaiiy cacia/aii?
nenoaie cono??/a? aeaye? o?oaeiiu?, oiio oey nenoaia ae??oo?oueny
iaoiaeii /enaeueiiai ?ioaa?oaaiiy.

I?ney ia?aoiaeo aei e?ioeaaeo ??cieoeue o ??aiyiiyo (1)-(4) oa aeayeeo
ia?aoai?aiue iaea?aeaii oae? ?aeo?aioi? caeaaeiino?:

i = i-1 + , (14) wmetafile8? ??ue???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ``
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy ???? ???&?
?MathType??P???uyU?????qi = q?-1 + qi, (16) Vi =
Vi-1 + (qi + qi-1) + KE hi-1, (17)

wmetafile8? ??o???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
AA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy???v?? ???&? ?MathType?? 
???u?????????»????-?????ue#???ue???u?th??????

aea ho?.? — a?aeiiniee aaniethoiee iai?? o o?oaii?iaiae? a ? — oee
iiiaio /ano.

Caaeath/enue aeinoaoiuei iaeei cia/aiiyi ca caeaaeiinoyie (14)-(20)
iiaeia ?ic?aooaaoe ye ci?iththoueny ia?aiao?e ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano ca
/anii , ?en.2. Caeaaeiino? (14)-(20) noaee iniiaith aeai?eoio i?ia?aie
“RESOC97” ia iia? “Qbasic” aeey IE “Pentium-166”, yea iaaaaeaia o
aeiaeaoeo A aeena?oaoe??.

Aaeaeaaoi?noue iaea?aeaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?aeoaa?aeaeaii oeyoii
ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy c aeaieie aeine?ae?a
oa ?ic?aooie?a ?ioeo aaoi??a.

Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy aea? iiaeeea?noue c’ynoaaoe iaeneiaeueiee
a?aeiiniee iai?? hi ? i?i?iaeueiee a?aeiiniee iai?? he, aeea. ?en.2. Oe?
iaii?e aecia/athoue i?i?iaeueia Zmin ? iaeneiaeueia Zmax a?aeiinia
a?aeoeeaiiy iaii?o a?ae cia/aiiy a?aeiiniiai noaoe/iiai aaniethoiiai
iaii?o h0.a = 1.

Zmin = 1 — he, (21) Zmax = hi — 1.
(22)

Aeey ?ice?eooy ooieoe?iiaeueieo caeaaeiinoae

Zmin = O1 (, k, k2y, KE), (23) Zmax = O2 (, k, k1y,
KE), (24)

i?e cia/aii? iieacieea iie?o?iie = 1,3 aoei aeeiiaii iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy iiiaae 14500 ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a. E?eoa??? iiae?aiino?
ci?ithaaeeny a oaeeo iaaeao = 0,05…3,0; k=0…2,5; k1y = 0…2,5; k2y
= 0…1,2; EA = 0…0,4. E?ie ?ic?aooie?a o /an? ci?ithaaany a iaaeao
=0,05…0,2.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooie?a iiaoaeiaai? a?ao?ee ooieoe?e (23), (24),
ye? iaaaaeai? o aeiaeaoeo A aeena?oaoe??, a /ioe?e ae?aa?aie (na???
caeaaeiinoae) iieacai? ia ?en.3.

Ei?enooaaiiy cacia/aieie a?ao?eaie i?i?ethno?iaaii i?eeeaaeaie
?ic?aooieo aeey AI? aac a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o ? aeey AI? c
aeeoa?aioe?eiei iii?ii aocea i?e?aeiaiiy aei aiaeiaiio.

Iaea?aeai? a?ao?ee (aeiaeaoie A) aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe a?aoiaiae?oe/iee
iaoiae iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a AI?. Oe?eueiaa ooieoe?y iioei?caoe??

W0 min,
(25)

i?e iaiaaeaiiyo

Imax Imax.aeii = Ii.a, (26) Imin Imin.aeii = Ie.a, (27) I?.a = I?
+ Ia > wmetafile8? ??C????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy???<?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????aea Imax.aeii , Imin.aeii - a?aeiia?aeii iaeneiaeueiee ? i?i?iaeueiee aeiionoeiee iai?? o iai??iiio o?oaii?iaiae?, wmetafile8? ??C???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy???<?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th?????? Iaoiaeeea iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a AI? iieyaa? o ianooiiiio. I?e a?aeiieo cia/aiiyo aaniethoieo iaii??a: noaoe/iiio I0.a , ii/aoeiaiio Ii.a, i?i?iaeueiiio Ie.a, iaeneiaeueiiio Ii.a; ao?ao? iaii?o IWi, aaciaeo: aeo?ao? Qa, iaii?? Ia, oaeaeeino? va ciaoiaeyoue a?aeiini? aeiionoei? a?aeoeeaiiy wmetafile8? ??ae???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy ??<?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th?????? *enaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a o aiaeiaii? c AI? i?e ??cieo cia/aiiyo W0, k1y, k2y iieaco?, ui iioei?caoe?y ia?aiao??a AI? iiaeeeaa oeyoii ciaioaiiy ia’?io iia?o?y a AI? i?e ca?eueoaii? a?ae?aae?/ieo iii??a c’?aeioaaeueiiai o?oaii?iaiaeo, ye i?e iaiiaiaii? oae ? i?e aeii?iaeiaii? AI?. Aeey oiia eiie?aoiiai aiaeiaiio aoee aeeiiai? ii??aiyeuei? ?ic?aooiee ca ?icaeyiooeie oi?ioeaie ? ca a?aoiaiae?oe/iei niiniaii, yeee aaaaea?oueny ia?aa??aiei ia aaeaeaaoi?noue. A?aeiini? a?aeoeeaiiy (%) ia’?io iia?o?y ? iaeneiaeueiiai iaii?o aecia/aeeny ca oi?ioeaie W=(W0 - W0./) 100/ W0./, I = (Ii - Ii./) 100/ Ii./, aea W0./oa Ii./ - a?aeiia?aeii ia’?i iia?o?y oa iaeneiaeueiee iai??, ye? iaea?aeai? a?aoiaiae?oe/iei niiniaii, aai iaoiaeii iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy. A?aeiini? a?aeoeeaiiy ci?ithaaeeny o oaeeo iaaeao W =-69,5...169%; I=-84,7...50%. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaia cai?iiiiiaaia eeaneo?eaoe?y eiino?oeoe?e AI?. ?icaeyioo? oa?aeoa?enoeee AI? c ii??aiyeueiith ioe?ieith aeanoeainoae ?o eiino?oeoe??. Iaaaaeai? oi?ioee aeey aecia/aiiy a?ae?aae?/ieo iii??a ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e aoce?a i?e?aeiaiiy AI? aei o?oaii?iaiaeo. Iaaaaeaii iien noai i?eioeeio ae?? ? oiia canoinoaaiiy iiaeo eiino?oeoe?e AI?, oaae.1. ?icaeyiooi iaoiaeeeo ? i?eeeaae ?ic?aooieo iniiaieo ia?aiao??a i?eno?ith aeey aeei?enoaiiy aoaeoo i?aeniieooaaiiy iia?o?y ?c-ciai? o AI? i?e ia?ao?aeiiio i?ioean? a ia?aae?. Aeey AI? iai?yieaii? ae?? iaea?aeaia aaeineiiaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ?ic?aooieo ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a a aiaeiaii? c o?aooaaiiyi: a) eiao?oe??io?a a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o ii aeiaaeei? aiaeiaiio a oiiaao ianoaoe?iia?iino? (oi?ioea N.A.Ia?eiaa), a) aieeao /enea ?aeiieueaena ia eiao?oe??io i?noeaaeo iii??a o c’?aeioaaeueiiio o?oaii?iaiae? ca oi?ioeith A.Ae. Aeueoooey, a) aca?iiaieeao i?noeaaeo iii??a ca oi?ioeaie ? a?ao?eaie A.A.Aeaee; a) ?ia?oe?eiiai iaii?o no?oiaiy, ui aoiaeeoue o AI?. ?acoeueoaoe iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ca aaeineiiaeaiith iaoiaeeeith iieacaee, ui a?ao?ee ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano aeaui iaaeeaeothoueny aei aenia?eiaioaeueieo aea iaei a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae iiia?aaeiuei? ni?iuaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?. O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? iien aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee, aei??thaaeueieo i?eeaae?a ? aia?aoo?e, aeaia ioe?iea iioeaie aei??thaaiue, aecia/ai? oiiae o?ce/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue, aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/ai? a?ae?aae?/i? iii?e a onoaeaiiio ?aaeei? ?iaioe aeey ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e c’?aeioaaeueieo o?oaii?iaiae?a, a oaeiae ni?anoaaeai? iaea?aeai? cia/aiiy oe?o iii??a ca caaaeueii i?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith ?o aecia/aiiy, aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?eno?i?a iiiiaiaiiy iia?o?yi AI?. Eiino?oeoe?? AI? ? ?ici??e ?o aeaiaio?a iaaaaeai? o ?iai/eo e?aneaiiyo aeiaeaoeo A aeena?oaoe??. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? ia onoaiiaoe? eaoaae?e AAA oa AI ?AeOO, yea aeeth/aea ?iai/o ae?eyieo iai??iiai o?oaii?iaiaeo ae?aiao?ii 100 ii; aeiaaeeiith 100 i i?e noaoe/iiio iaii?? 11 i. Aiaea a o?oaii?ia?ae iaaeoiaeeea c iai??iiai ?aca?aoa?o c a?eueiith iiaa?oiath, yeee aoa iaeaaeiaiee ia?aeeaiith no?ieith. O iai??iee ?aca?aoa? aiaea iiaeaaaeany ianinii. Aeo?aoe aiaee a onoaeaiiio ?aaeei? aei??thaaeeny i??iei o?eeooiei aiaeiceeaii. Oaeaee?noue ii/aoeiaiai ?ooo aiaee ci?ithaaeany a iaaeao 0,585...1,24 i/n i?e /eneao ?aeiieueaena 20000...280000. Eiao?oe??ioe a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o c’?aeioaaeueiiai o?oaii?iaiaeo aeey ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e ciaoiaeeeenue a iaaeao 1y = 1,67...11419; 2y = 5,7...11630. Oene aiaee a o?oaii?iaiae? ? AI? ia ii/aoeo aeine?ae?a eiio?iethaaany c?aceiaeie iaiiiao?aie. Ci?ia oeneo i?e ia?ao?aeieo i?ioeanao o?enoaaeany ia oioino??/oe? inoeeeia?aoa I-117/1 c oaicii?aeneethaa/ai 8AI*-7I. Aeine?aee aeeiioaaeeny ie?aieie na??yie a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiino?oeoe?? c’?aeioaaeueiiai o?oaii?iaiaeo, yeee oa?aeoa?ecoaaany eiie?aoiei cia/aiiyi a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o. ?acoeueoaoe ia?iaee inoeeeia?ai iaaaaeai? o aeaeyae? a?ao?e?a ci?ie iaii??a ca /anii. Aeey eiaeiiai aeine?aeo aecia/aany eiao?oe??io aoaeoeaiino? AI? ca oi?ioeith wmetafile8? ??u??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @a???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ????? ???&? ?MathType??a? ???u?????????"????-?????ue???ue????u?th??????aea IOO - iiaeeeaee oaea?iee iai?? a oiiaao i?yiiai a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o, IOO - i?aeaeuaiiy iaii?o ca ?aooiie i?yiiai a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o, Imax - iaeneiaeueiee iai??, yeee i?eeia?oueny ??aiei a?eueoiio c aeaio aaee/ei Io?.max ? IAI?.max. Aeey ?icaeyiooeo o aeena?oaoe?? aeine?ae?a 1-8 na??e eiao?oe??io aoaeoeaiino? AI? ci?ithaaany a iaaeao a?ae 0,42 aei 0,85. Oea aiai?eoue i?i oa ui AI? aeicaiey? Oaaeeoey 1. Eiino?oeoe?? aiaeiiia?o?yieo ?aca?aoa??a. Noaie AI?Oa?aeoa?enoeee eiino?oeoe?eI?eioeei ae??Oiiae aeei?enoaiiy1. I?eno??e aeey ai?ioueae c a?ae?aae?/iei oaea?ii Cayaea ?99021025 a?ae 23.02.1999I?e ia?ao?aeieo i?ioeanao oaeaee?noue oa/?? o caoaeaieo /anoeiao c’?aeioaaeueiiai o?oaii?iaiaeo iano?eueee c?inoa?, ui oene o ?iai/?e eaia?? iaaea? ieae/a aoiinoa?iiai ? iia?o?y e??cue cai?ioiee eeaiai iio?aiey? o c’?aeioaaeueiee o?oaii?ia?ae, a ca?aene o AI?I?aeniieoo? iia?o?y i?e ioneao (coieieao) aeiuoaaeueieo iaoei aai ianinieo noaioe?e oa i?e iaiiaiaii? o?oaii?ia?aeii? ia?aae?2. I?ioeoaea?iee i?eno??e Cayaea ?99021027 a?ae 23.02.1999I?e iaiiaiaii? a?ae?inenoaie aiaeith no?oiaiaaee ianin i?aeniieoo? iia?o?y ? iaaea? eiai o AI?. I?e i?aeiyoo? oeneo o AI? a?aen?/iee eeaiai a?ae’?aeio? no?oiaiaaee ianin ? ia?aaiaeeoue i?eno??e o ?aaeei ?iaioe AI? c aeeoa?aioe?eiei a?ae?aae?/iei iii?ii?icoaoiao?oueny ia ae?eyieao CCI, aea ia ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aeae?eaiiy iia?o?y c aiaee, a naia ia oaeeo ae?eyieao, ye? iathoue iaoee o iai?yi? oa/?? a?eueoee i?ae iaoee i’?ciiao?e/i?e e?i??Iiaea?eia aiaeiiia?o?yia eieiia Cayaea ?99021024 a?ae 23.02.1999I?e iaiiaiaii? a?ae?inenoaie aiaea i?aei?ia?oueny aei ieaeiuei? ia?aie/ee, ui noai?th? aeiaeaoeiaee noaoe/iee iai??. I?e iiaeaeueoiio i?aeeii? oeneo i?eno??e i?aoeth? ye AI? c aeeoa?aioe?eiei a?ae?aae?/iei iii?ii, a i?e iaae?ii? oeneo, ye i?eno??e aioneo aiaee, ? cauaieaiiy iia?o?ysse aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueiee i?eno??e ?icoaoiao?oueny ia aa?oi?o ia?aeiiieo oi/eao iai??ieo o?oaii?iaiae?a c?iooaaeueieo ianinieo noaioe?eciaioeoe c?inoaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai iaii?o ia 42...85 %. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue a?oiiai? ?iaioe i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iiia?aaei? aeniiaee i?i aieea ia?aiao??a AI? ia ia?ao?aeiee i?ioean a o?oaii?iaiae?, i?ioa niinoa??aathoueny ? aeaye? iniaeeaino?, a naia: a) /ei aeae? ?icoaoiaai? AI? a?ae i?noey aeieeiaiiy a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o, oei iaioa eiai aoaeoeai?noue, ye aanieea a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o; a) ii/eiath/e c ae?oaiai ia??iaeo eieeaaiue, ci?ia iaii??a o AI? a?aeaoaa?oueny neio?iiii, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? yaeua a?aei?/aia A.A.Ao?eiei ; a) ia??iae eieeaaiue iaii??a i?iii?oe?eiee noia?iiio ia’?io iia?o?y o AI?. Ia ?en.6 iaaaaeai? a?ao?ee ci?ie iaii??a o o?oaii?iaiae? ? AI? aeey aeine?ae?a 9 na???. O ?icaeyiooeo aeine?aeao eiao?oe??io aoaeoeaiino? ci?ithaaany a?ae 0,04 aei 0,74. Naia o aeine?ae? 10.1.4AI? ?4 c iia?o?yi aoa ?icoaoiaaiee aeaeaei a?ae i?noey aeieeiaiiy a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o, oiio EAO= 0,04. Oe? aeai? i?ecaiaeyoue aei aeniiaeo, ui ?ici?uoaaoe AI? i?e a?oiia?e ?iaio? iaiao?aeii ??aiii??ii acaeiaae ae?eyiee o?oaii?iaiaeo. E??i oiai, anoaiiaeaii, ui cai?ia iaeiiai AI?, ?icoaoiaaiiai o i?noe? aeieeiaiiy a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o, aeae?eueeiia AI? c iaeiaeiaei noia?iei ia’?iii iia?o?y cieaeo? aoaeoeai?noue ae?? AI?. Oiio aoaeoeai?noue a?oiiai? ?iaioe AI? iaiao?aeii aeiaeaoeiai ia?aa??yoe c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeae? i?oaeiiai a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o. O i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooa ?iaioa AI? a oiiaao i?oaeiiai a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o; ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooie?a ia?aiao??a AI? ca oiiae iioei?caoe?? ?o a?oiiai? ?iaioe ? iaaaaeai? i?eeeaaee ?ic?aooie?a o 6 aa??aioao; aeeiiaia ioe?iea iaae?eiino? oa oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? cania?a ai?ioueae c a?ae?aae?/iei oaea?ii a CCI; ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeei?enoaiith AI? ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a a oiiaao “aei?noeiai” a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o ia aeicaiey? i?ine?aeeoaaoe ci?ie oeneo a ie?aieo oi/eao ii aeiaaeei? aiaeiaiio, oiio iai?eeiyoia aeey a?oiiai? ?iaioe AI?. Iaoiaee ?ic?aooie?a ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a a aiaeiaiiao c AI?, ye? aacothoueny ia iiaeae? i?oaeiiai a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o, a?eueo neeaaei?, aea iicaaaeai? aeacaieo iaaeie?e?a. A oeueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi ooi/iaiiy iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo aocea ?ic?eaiinoae c AI?, yeee iienothoue nenoaiith c naie ??aiyiue. Ae??oaiiy oe??? nenoaie cae?enith?oueny iaoiaeii iinooiiaiai iaaeeaeaiiy Aaanoaeia. Ni?anoaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo c ?acoeueoaoaie iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy a oiiaao i?oaeiiai a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o iieaco?, ui caaeia?eueiiai iaaeeaeaiiy iiaeeeai aeinyaoe, a?aoiaoth/e iayai?noue ia?ic/eiaiiai iia?o?y o aiae?, i?i ui aeaco? ? cia/aiiy oaeaeeino? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o a = 730 i/n, yea iaea?aeaia o aeine?aeao. Ni?anoaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy c aeaieie iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeey ?iciiae?eue/iai o?oaii?iaiaeo ?O-27-7 Iayei-A?ey?anueei? ?en.6. A?ao?ee ci?ie iaii??a a AI? aeey aeine?ae?a na??? 9 c?iooaaeueii? nenoaie aea? caaeia?eueio ca?aei?noue i?e a?aooaaii? ?noeiiiai aaciai?noo a iaaeao 0 = 0...0,0008. I?e aaaaoiaa??aioiiio i?iaeooaaii? oe?eueia? ooieoe?? iaae?eiino? aeey aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai aa??aioa iathoue oaeee aeaeyae IC (P(t)) = E + AiE min,. (30) ? (t) >
?Ae.min, (31)

aea IC (P(t)) — i?eaaaeai? cao?aoe ia ??/io i?iaeoeoe?th; E — ??/i?
aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeaeaoee, E — eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiy a ae?iaie/? oiiaee; Ai
— ii?iaoeaiee eiao?oe??io aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue,
Ai = 0,15; ? (t) — iieaciee iaae?eiino? ia’?eoa, ?Ae.min i?i?iaeueiee
aeiionoeiee iieaciee iaae?eiino?. I?e ieiu? c?ioaiiy nenoaie iaioith
10000 aa ?Ae.min = 0,85…0,8.

I?eeiyoee o i?eeeaae? ?ic?aooieo aa??aio caoenoo o?oaii?iaiaeo a?ae
a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o ca aeiiiiiaith noiye?a — a?ae?aio?a c AI?
a?aeiia?aea? i?i?ioio i?eaaaeaieo cao?ao, caaeaiiio ??aith iaae?eiino? ?
caaacia/o? ??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo 4,2 a?i. ia aa c?iooaaeueii? ieiu?,
aai 85,2 a?i. ia iaeei aiaeiiia?o?yiee ?aca?aoa?.

AENIIAEE

1. ?ic?iaeaia iiaa iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iienaiiy ia?ao?aeiiai i?ioeano o
nenoai? aiaeia?i — aiaeiiia?o?yiee ?aca?aoa? c o?aooaaiiyi i?oaeii?
?ieino? aiaeiaiio, yea iacaaia eiia?iiaaiith iiaeaeeth a?ae?aae?/iiai
oaea?o, aeicaiey? a?eueo iaa?oioiaaii aecia/aoe ia?aiao?e
aiaeiiia?o?yiiai ?aca?aoa?a.

2. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaae? canoinoaaiiy iiaeaeae aei?noeiai, i?oaeiiai
a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o oa eiia?iiaaii? iiaeae? aecia/athoueny e?eoa???i
aiiio?iiiino? *, yeee aei??aith? a?aeiioaiith i?aoace a?ae?aae?/iiai
oaea?o aei /aa?o? ia??iaeo eieeaaiue aeo?aoe ??aeeie i?e ia?ao?aeiiio
i?ioean?, a naia: i?e 0 < * < 0,334 - iiaeaeue aei?noeiai a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o, i?e 0,334 * 1 - eiia?iiaaia iiaeaeue a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o, i?e * > 1 — iiaeaeue i?oaeiiai a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o.

3. Aeoiaey/e c eiia?iiaaii? iiaeae? a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o iaea?aeai?
?ic?aooieia? a?ao?ee ? oi?ioee aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a AI? — ia’?io
iia?o?y ? eiao?oe??io?a a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o aocea i?e?aeiaiiy AI? aei
aiaeiaiio. Ia?aa??aia aaeaeaaoi?noue ni?iuaii? ? ?icoe?aii? iaoaiaoe/ii?
iiaeae?.

4. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a AI? ? i?ia?aia
?ic?aooie?a ia AII ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a o aiaeiaiiao c AI? — “RESOC97”,
aeicaiey? ciaioeoe ia’?i AI?, ui a?aeiia?aeii ciaioo? eiai
iaoaei?ie?noue ? aa?o?noue.

5. ?ic?iaeai? iia? eiino?oeoe?? AI? c i?eno?iyie iiiiaiaiiy ?o iia?o?yi,
ye? i?ecia/ai? aeey ?icoaooaaiiy ia ae?eyieao cae?eoeo c?iooaaeueieo
ia?aae, aea ia ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aeae?eaiiy iia?o?y c aiaee, a naia ia
oaeeo ae?eyieao, ye? iathoue iaoee o iai?yi? oa/?? aiaee a?eueoee i?ae
iaoee i’?ciiao?e/ii? e?i??. Iiaeai?ia aiaeiiia?o?yia eieiia, ye
eiia?iiaaiee i?eno??e ai?ioueae c a?ae?aae?/iei oaea?ii,
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeey aeei?enoaiiy a aa?oi?o ia?aeiiieo oi/eao iai??ieo
o?oaii?iaiae?a c?iooaaeueieo ianinieo noaioe?e.

6. ?ic?iaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y AI? ca: eiino?oeoe??th, i?noeai ?ici?uaiiy;
oiiaaie aenieoaoaoe??.

7. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiiaeeiiei? ? a?oiiai? ?iaioe AI?
i?aeoaa?aeeee aeniiaee iaea?aeai? ia iniia? iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy:

a) ca?eueoaiiy a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o aocea i?e?aeiaiiy AI? aei aiaeiaiio
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy iaiao?aeiiai aeey iiaaoaiiy a?ae?aae?/iiai
oaea?o ia’?io iia?o?y ? a?aeiia?aeii aei ciaioaiiy iaoaei?ieino? ?
aa?oino? AI?;

a) ?nioaaiiy oaeiai ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia?aiao??a AI?
(a?ae?aae?/ieo iii??a aocea i?e?aeiaiiy AI? aei o?oaii?iaiaeo oa ia’?io
iia?o?y a AI?), i?e yeiio iaeneiaeueiee iai?? a o?oaii?iaiae? i?e
ia?ao?aeieo i?ioeanao ia ia?aaeuo? iaeneiaeueiee iai?? o AI?;

a) i?e a?oiia?e ?iaio? AI? eieeaaiiy iaii?o a ieo a?aeaoaa?oueny iaeaea
iaeii/anii, i?e/iio ia??iae eieeaaiue i?iii?oe?eiee noia?iiio ia’?io
iia?o?y o AI?;

a)aeineoue aenieo aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe AI?, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
eiao?oe??ioii aoaeoeaiino? Eao, yeee ci?ith?oueny a iaaeao 0,42…0,85.

8. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a AI? i?e ?o a?oiia?e
?iaio? ia cae?eo?e c?iooaaeuei?e ia?aae? ca i?i?ioiii i?eaaaeaieo
cao?ao, ye? ci?iththoueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?iia??iino? aaca?aeiiaii?
?iaioe o?oaii?iaiaeo c ??cieie aa??aioaie caoenoo a?ae a?ae?aae?/iiai
oaea?o, ? i?e oiia?, ui ?iia??i?noue aaca?aeiiaii? ?iaioe o?oaii?iaiaeo
ia iaaea? ieae/a aeiionoe-iiai cia/aiiy ?ae.min, yeui nai?/anii
i?iaiaeeoueny oaoi?/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy oeueiai o?oaii?iaiaeo. Aeeiiai?
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? ?ic?aooiee aeey ?iciiae?eue/iai o?oaii?iaiaeo ?O-27-7
Iayei-Aaey?anueei? c?iooaaeueii? nenoaie iieacothoue, ui ui??/ia
aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue i?eeiyoi? iioei?ciaaii? nenoaie caoenoo
o?oaii?iaiaeo a?ae a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o ca aeiiiiiaith
noiye?a-a?ae?aio?a c AI? neeaaea? 4,2 a?i. ia aaeoa? c?iooaaeueii?
ieiu?, aai 85,2 a?i. ia eiaeiee AI?.

9. ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeei?enoaiith AI? ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e c
iaa?oiooaaiiyi i?noey ?o ?icoaooaaiiy.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe

1. Aa?an?iia ?.A. Aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a aiaeiiia?o?yieo ?aca?aoa??a
/I?iaeaie a?ae?iiae?i?aoe?? a Oe?a?i?: Iaoa??aee iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??
(16-19 ea?oiy 1996 ?.). -Aei?i?iiao?ianuee : Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee
aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, 1996. -n. 23-26.

2. Aa?an?iia ?.A. Iioei?caoe?y ia?aiao??a aiaeiiia?o?yiiai ?aca?aoa?a
/Ca??iee noaoae Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aiaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa. -??aia, 1997, -*anoeia ia?oa. -n. 54-57.

3. Aa?an?iia ?.A. E?eoa??aeueiee aiae?c iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo
aiaeiiia?o?yieo ?aca?aoa??a /Ca??iee noaoae Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaii?
aeaaeai?? aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. — ??aia, 1997, — *anoeia ae?oaa. -n.
17-20.

4. Aa?an?iia ?.A. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a o
aiaeiaii? c aiaeiiia?o?yiei ?aca?aoa?ii //A?niee Oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.
-??aia, 1998. — aei. 1, /anoeia 2. — n. 14-19.

5. Aa?aneiia A.A., Aa?an?iia ?.A. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?oaeiiai
a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o o aiaeiaii? c aiaeiiia?o?yieie ?aca?aoa?aie
//A?niee Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa:
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. -??aia, 1998. — aei. 1, /anoeia 2. — n. 9 —
14.

6. Ao?ei A.A., Aa?aneiia A.A., Aa?an?iia ?.A. Ai?ioueaa c a?ae?aae?/iei
oaea?ii o cae?eo?e c?iooaaeuei?e ia?aae? ca aeiiiiiaith a?oiiai? ?iaioe
a?ae?aio?a — aiaeiaeione?a c aiaeiiia?o?yieie ?aca?aoa?aie //A?niee
Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa: Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. -??aia, 1998. — aei. 1, /anoeia 2. — n. 19 — 23.

7. ?ic?aooiie aiaeiiia?o?yiiai ?aca?aoa?a c a?ae?aae?/iei iii?ii. Ao?ei
A.A., . Aa?aneiia A.A., Aa?an?iia ?.A.; Oe?. ?i-o ?iaeaia?ia aiaei.
aini-aa. -??aia 1995, -20 n. -Aeai. o AeIOA Oe?a?ie 19.09.95; ? 2111, Oe
95.

8. *enaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a o iai??iiio
o?oaii?iaiae? c aiaeiiia?o?yiei ?aca?aoa?ii /Aa?aneiia A.A.,. Aa?an?iia
?.A.; Oe?. ?i-o ?iaeaia?ia aiaei. aini-aa. -??aia, 1995. — 19 n. — Oe?.
— Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?a?ie 19.09.95, ? 2110, Oe.95.

9. A?ao?ee ? oi?ioee aeey ?ic?aooie?a aiaeiiia?o?yiiai ?aca?aoa?a
/Aa?an?iia ?.A.; Oe?. ?i-o ?iae. aiaei. aini-aa.-??aia, 1998.-58 n.
-Oe?. -Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?a?ie 02.02.98, ?288,-Oe.98.

10. Aa?aneiia A.A., Aa?an?iia ?.A. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy ia?ao?aeieo
i?ioean?a o iai??ieo o?oaii?iaiaeao c aiaeiiia?o?yiei ?aca?aoa?ii
//Oace aeiiia?aeae tha?eaeii? i.-o. eiioa?aioe?? i?io.-aeeeaae. neeaaeo
oa nooaeaio?a ?inoeoooo, i?enay/aia 50-??//th ia?aiiae o Aaeee?e
a?o/eciyi?e a?ei? 27 aa?aciy — 15 ea?oiy 1995 ?. -??aia 1995. — *anoeia
?. -n. 72.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aa?an?iia ?aaai?e Aai??oiae/. I?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? oa aaeineiiaeaiiy
cae?eoi? c?iooaaeueii? ia?aae? c aiaeiiia?o?yieie ?aca?aoa?aie.
-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.20.05 — a?ae?ioaoi?/i? iae?i?aoe??, ??aia, 1999
?.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi i?iaeooaaiiy cae?eoeo c?iooaaeueieo
ia?aae (CCI) c aiaeiiia?o?yieie ?aca?aoa?aie (AI?). A aeena?oaoe??
?ic?iaeaii iiao eiia?iiaaio iiaeaeue ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a a aiaeiaiiao
c AI? ia aac? “aei?noeiai” a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o, yea a?aoiao? i?oaeio
?ie?noue aiaeiaiio. Ia iniia? iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy iaea?aeai?
a?ao?ee e?eoa??aeueieo caeaaeiinoae (ae?aa?aie) ? ?ic?iaeaii
a?aoiaiae?oe/iee iaoiae iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a AI?. Iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiiaeeiiei? oa
a?oiiai? ?iaioe AI? i?aeoaa?aeeee aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy AI? c
aeeoa?aioe?eiei a?ae?aae?/iei iii?ii aocea i?e?aeiaiiy eiai aei
aiaeiaiio.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a AI? i?e ?o a?oiia?e ?iaio?
ia CCI ca i?i?ioiii i?eaaaeaieo cao?ao a caeaaeiino? a?ae iieacieea
iaae?eiino? aiaeiaiio. ?ic?iaeai? i?eno?i? aeey iiiiaiaiiy AI? iia?o?yi.
Iaoiaeeea a?aoiaiae?oe/iiai aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a AI? oa i?ia?aia
?ic?aooieo ia AII ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a a aiaeiaiiao c AI?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaae?ei?noue, aiaeia?i, cae?eoa c?iooaaeueia ia?aaea,
aaeineiiaeaiiy, aiaeiiia?o?yiee ?aca?aoa?, ia?ao?aeiee i?ioean,
a?ae?aae?/iee oaea?, eiao?oe??ioe a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o, iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue, iioei?caoe?y.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aa?aneiia Aaaaiee Aai?eoiae/. Iiauoaiea iaaeaaeiinoe e
oniaa?oainoaiaaiea cae?uoie i?ineoaeueiie naoe n aiaeiaicaeooiuie
?aca?aoa?aie. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.20.05 — aeae?ioaoie/aneea iaeei?aoeee. ?eaiyineee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, ?eaiy, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai i?iaeoe?iaaiey cae?uouo i?ineoaeueiuo
naoae (CIN) n aiaeiaicaeooiuie ?aca?aoa?aie (AA?). A aeenna?oaoeee
auyniaii nia?aiaiiia ninoiyiea aii?ina n oi/ee c?aiey iaania/aiey
iaaeaaeiinoe, oneiaee aenieoaoaoeee e iaoiaeeee ?an/aoia CIN, niiniaia
ai?ueae n aeae?aaee/aneeie oaea?aie, a oii /enea n iiiiuueth
nouanoaothueo eiino?oeoeee AA?.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaia iiaay eiiaeie?iaaiiay iaoaiaoe/aneay
iiaeaeue ia?aoiaeiuo i?ioeannia a o?oaii?iaiaeao n AA? ia aacu
“aeanoeiai” aeae?aaee/aneiai oaea?a, eioi?ay o/eouaaao oi?oaoth aieinoue
o?oaii?iaiaea. Aaeaeaaoiinoue yoie iiaeaee i?iaa?aia iooai niiinoaaeaiey
?acoeueoaoia iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiea n yenia?eiaiaeueieie
aeaiiuie e ?an/aoaie ae?oaeo aaoi?ia.

Ia iniiaaiee iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey iieo/aiu a?aoeee
e?eoa?eaeueieo caaeneiinoae (aeeaa?aiiu) e ?ac?aaioai a?aoiaiaeeoe/aneee
iaoiae iioeiecaoeee ia?aiao?ia AA?. Yoio iaoiae i?ieeethno?e?iaaii
i?eia?aie ?an/aoia ia?aiao?ia AA? iai?aaeaiiiai aeaenoaey. Iieacaii, /oi
oiaiueoaiea iauaia aicaeooa a AA? aiciiaeii aeinoeaiooue ca n/ao
oaaee/aiey aeae?aaee/aneeo nii?ioeaeaiee ocea i?eniaaeeiaiey AA? e
o?oaii?iaiaeo, eae i?e iaiieiaiee, oae e i?e iii?iaeiaiee AA?.

Auiieiai n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec nouanoaothueo iaoiaeia ii?aaeaeaiey
ia?aiao?ia AA?.

I?aaeeiaeaia eeanneoeeaoeey AA? ii oaeei iniiaiui i?eciaeai:
eiino?oeoeee, ianoo ?aciauaiey, oneiaeyi aenieoaoaoeee.

Iieo/aiu caaeneiinoe aeey ?an/aoia ia?aiao?ia ocea i?eniaaeeiaiey AA? e
o?oaii?iaiaeo.

?ac?aaioaiu o?e eiino?oeoeee AA? (ono?ienoai aeey ai?ueau n
aeae?aaee/aneei oaea?ii, i?ioeaioaea?iie ono?ienoai, aiaeiaicaeooiay
eieiiia), eioi?ua iicaieytho a oneiaeyo aeeiaie/aneie ?iaiou CCN
iiiieiyoue AA? aicaeooii, i?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoia ia?aiao?ia
yoeo eiino?oeoeee.

Yenia?eiaioaeueii ii?aaeaeaiu eiyooeoeeaiou aeae?aaee/aneiai
nii?ioeaeaiey ?aciuo eiino?oeoeee oceia i?eniaaeeiaiey AA? e
o?oaii?iaiaeo e auiieiaii niiinoaaeaiea yoeo aeaiiuo n ?an/aoiuie.

?ac?aaioaia ?anoe?aiiay iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue ia?aoiaeiuo i?ioeannia n
o/aoii: a) eiaoeoeeaioia aeae?aaee/aneiai nii?ioeaeaiey ii aeeeiia
o?oaii?iaiaea a oneiaeyo ianoaoeeiia?iinoe, a) aeeyiey /enea
?aeiieueaena ia eiyooeoeeaio ianoiiai nii?ioeaeaiey a niaaeeieoaeueiii
o?oaii?iaiaea, a) acaeiiaeeyiey ianoiuo nii?ioeaeaiee, a) eia?oeeiiiiai
iaii?a no?oe, aoiaeyuae a AA?. ?anoe?aiiay iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue
ia?aoiaeiuo i?ioeannia a o?oaii?iaiaeao n AA? i?eaeeaeaao ?an/aoua
cia/aiey e yenia?eiaioaeueiui, ii a oi aea a?aiy iacia/eoaeueii
ioee/aaony io ?acoeueoaoia iieo/aiiuo i?e iiiiue ia?aiia/aeueiie
oi?iuaiiie iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee.

Iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea e yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey
iaeeii/iie e a?oiiiaie ?aaiou AA? iiaeoaa?aeeee yooaeoeaiinoue
eniieueciaaiey AA? n aeeooa?aioeeaeueiui nii?ioeaeaieai ocea
i?eniaaeeiaiey aai e o?oaii?iaiaeo. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e a?oiiiaie
?aaioa AA? eciaiaiea aeaaeaiey aicaeooa a ieo i?ienoiaeeo i?aeoe/anee
iaeiia?aiaiii, a ia?eiae eieaaaiee iaii?a aiaeu i?iii?oeeiiaeai
noiia?iiio iauaio aicaeooa a AI?.

?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea iioeiecaoeee ia?aiao?ia AA? i?e eo a?oiiiaie
?aaioa ia CIN ii ieieioio i?eaaaeaiiuo cao?ao a caaeneiinoe io
iieacaoaey iaaeaaeiinoe o?oaii?iaiaea. Auiieiaiu oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneea
?an/aou oanoe aa?eaioia caueou ?ani?aaeaeeoaeueiiai o?oaii?iaiaea io
aeae?aaee/aneiai oaea?a. I?eiyoue iioeiaeueiue aa?eaio caueou
o?oaii?iaiaea n iiiiuueth /aou?ao AA? iaania/eaaao ?an/aoiue aiaeiaie
yeiiiii/aneee yooaeo 4,2 a?i. Ia aaeoa? i?ineoaeueiie ieiuaaee eee 85,2
a?i. Ia eaaeaeue AA?.

?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eniieueciaaieth AA? ?aciuo eiino?oeoeee n
iainiiaaieai iano eo ?aciauaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaaeaaeiinoue, o?oaii?iaiae, cae?uoay i?ineoaeueiay
naoue, oniaa?oainoaiaaiea, aiaeiaicaeooiue ?aca?aoa?, ia?aoiaeiie
i?ioeann, aeae?aaee/aneee oaea?, eiyooeoeeaiou aeae?aaee/aneiai
nii?ioeaeaiey, iioeiecaoeey.

SUMMARY

Gerasimov Evgenij Genrikhovich. Increase of reliability and improvement
of closed irrigation net with air chambers. — Manuscript.

Candidate of technical science thesis in speciality 05.20.05 —
hydraulic ameliorations. Rivne State Technical University, Rivne, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to the problems of designing closed irrigation
nets (CIN) with air chambers (AC). In the thesis a new combined
mathematical model of transition processes in pipelines with AC is
developed which takes into account an elastic capacity of the pipeline.
Due to mathematical modelling the schedules of criterial dependences
(diagrams) are obtained and graph and analytical AC parameters
optimization method is developed. Both mathematical modelling and the
experimental research of single and group AC work have confirmed
efficiency of AC use with a differential resistance of the pipeline
adjustment unit.

The technique of AC parameter optimization during their group work in
CIN at minimal indicated costs is developed depending the pipeline
reliability parameter. The devices for AC air supply are developed. The
computer program of AC transition pipelines with is composed.

Key words: reliability, pipeline, closed irrigation net, improvement,
air chamber, transitional process, water hammer, factors of hydraulic
resistance, optimization.

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