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Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??

EAAANI? AAAeAEUe-?AOIAI EAIAE

(Ei?aeai?y)

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 621.346.003.13

I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iia?eueieo oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo nenoai
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ia iniia? iie?auaiiy yeino? aeaiiaeoeyoi??a
oe?ieinioaiaeo neaiae?a

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.22.13 — Iaa?aaoe?y ? ea?oaaiiy iia?o?yiei ?ooii.

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Ee?anueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe??.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: — eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iaoe Na?a?e Ieoaeeiae/,

EIOOeA, i?ioani?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ieoaei/eei Ieeiea Aiae??eiae/,

Oe?einiin

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

*oi??i Aieiaeeie? Ieoaeeiae/,

IAe?ANA, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi???

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — IAI «Eaaio-iaa?aaoe?y»,

i. Ee?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «_24_» _/a?aiy_ 1999 ?. i _15_
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.062.03 i?e
Ee?anueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ca
aae?anith: 252058, i. Ee?a, i?. Einiiiaaoa Eiia?iaa, 1, EIOOeA.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «_24_» _o?aaiy_ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee I.?. Caii?iaeaoeue

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. Ianeoaiaoaaiiy iia?o?yiiai ?ooo (II?) a
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? (OeA) caaacia/o?oueny neeaaeieie eiiieaenaie
aa?aoe?eieo oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo nenoai, ?aae?iiaa?aaoe?? ?
niinoa?aaeaiiy. A inoaii? ?iee ?ioaineaii noai?th?oueny ?
ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny aeiaaeueia ? ?ioaa?iaaia nenoaia aa?iiaa?aaoe??,
ca’yceo, niinoa?aaeaiiy ? II? (CNS/ATN). Aiane?aeie i?ioean?a
aaoiiaoecaoe?? ? ?ioaa?aoe?? oaoi?/ieo cania?a ? iineoa ii II?,
eiii’thoa?ecaoe?? ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e ana
a?eueoa iaaaioaaeaiiy eyaa? ia oaeaeiioi?eaoe?ei? nenoaie.
A?aeie?aiethaaeueiith iniaeea?noth ?icaeoeo iaeano? oaeaeiioi?eaoe?? ?
o?eaea aeeiai?/ia c?inoaiiy nenoai iia?eueiiai ?aae?ica’yceo (I?C).

Iia?eueiee ?aae?ica’ycie a oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? a?a? iaeaaaeeea?oo
?ieue a caaacia/aii? ianeoaiaoaaiiy, ?aaoey?iino? ? aaciaee iia?o?yiiai
?ooo, a caaacia/aii? oaoiieia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? aa?ai?aei?e?inoa, a
aaoiiaoecaoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ? ea?oth/eo nenoai OeA. Aieiaia
oaiaeaioe?y ?icaeoeo oaeaeiioi?eaoe?e a i?iieneiai ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao
iieyaa? a noai?aii? ?ioaa?iaaieo ia?aae ? nenoai aeaeo?ica’yceo. Aeey
OeA eiioeaioe?y ia?niaeoeaii? oeeo?iai? ?ioaa?aeueii? ia?aae?
aa?aoe?eiiai aeaeo?ica’yceo (ATN) ?ic?iaeaia a ICAO a?oiith aenia?o?a
SIGASP. Ia?aaea ATN caaacia/o? aca?iiae?th aa?aoe?eieo iacaiieo
i?aeia?aae ia?aaea/? aeaieo, i?aeia?aae ia?aaea/? aeaieo ai?oiaiai
iaeaaeiaiiy iia?o?yieo noae (IN) ? i?aeia?aae ia?aaea/? aeaieo
‘Iia?o?y-Caiey’ (IC).

Iiaoaeiaa ia?aae? ATN coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
?aae?ieaiae?a ‘Iia?o?y-Caiey’ i?e caaeaieo aeiiaao ii iia?aoeaiino?
ca’yceo ? yeino? ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??. Iaeiei c ia?niaeoeaieo oeyo?a
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?aae?ieaiae?a IC ? canoinoaaiiy oe?ieinioaiaeo
nenoai ca’yceo (ONNC), ui caaacia/othoue iiaeeea?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iia?oi?o oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e. ONNC a?ae??ciythoueny
iniaeeaeie aeanoeainoyie. Aiie aieiae?thoue aenieith caaaaeino?ee?noueth
i?e /eiiino? cina?aaeaeaieo ? ioeueo?ieeeaoeaiuo caaaae, aeicaieythoue
?aae?coaaoe eiaeiaee ?iciiae?e aaiiaio?a i?e ?iaio? a caaaeuei?e nioc?
/anoio, caaacia/othoue aenieo a??ia?aei?noue i?eeiio ?ioi?iaoe?? ?
oi/i?noue aei??o ia?aiao??a ?ooo ia’?eo?a.

Aeeeaaeaia aeicaiey? aaaaeaoe, ui i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iia?eueieo
ONNC ? aeooaeueiei aeey aaaaoueio iaeanoae canoinoaaiiy I?C, a oiio
/ene? ? aeey OeA.

Na?aae /eneaiieo ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo aeine?aeaeaiiyi ONNC, iiaeia
a?aecia/eoe ?iaioe E. ?. Aa?aeeia, ?. I. Ai?aioiaa, A. A. Cthei, TH. A.
Ieoi?aa, E. A. sseiaeaaa, I. O. Iao?iae/a, I. E. ?aciaoi?ia, A. A.
Eioaiai, A. ?. Oociaa, ?. I. Ieoe?ia, I. N. ss?eeeiaa, N. A. Aoi?ia, A.
I. ?aiaoiaa, TH. A. A?iiaeiaa, ?. E. Aeeeniia, O. O. Eoi, E. E.
Eeaei?iea ? ?ioeo aaoi??a. A oeeo ?iaioao ?icaeyaeathoueny
ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iieiaeaiiy, ca’ycai? c iioaioe?eieie iiaeeeainoyie ONNC
i?e aieea? ??ciiiai?oiiai aeaeyaeo caaaae ? c iniaeeainoyie ?aae?caoe??
i?eeaae?a oi?ioaaiiy ? ia?iaee ooiiiiae?aieo neaiae?a. Caaea/?, ca’ycai?
c aiae?cii caaaaeino?eeino? aeiiiaeoeyoi??a ONN c aaaaoiiiceoe?eiii?
/anoioii? iai?ioeyoe??e (A*I) ? c ?EI-A*I c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao
/anoioii-/aniaeo iaaecia/aiinoae ? ia?aeaaeueiino? ?aae?caoe??
ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a ia caaaaeino?ee?noue aeaiiaeoeyoi??a ONN c A*I,
c iioei?caoe??th aoaeoeaiino? ONNC aeine?aeaeai? a cia/ii iaioiio
nooiai?. Oe? caaea/? aeoaea aeooaeuei? ? aeiaaathoue niaoe?aeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aea/aiiy.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? aeaiiaeoeyoi??a
aeene?aoieo oe?ieinioaiaeo neaiae?a ? aoaeoeaiino? iia?eueieo
oe?ieinioaiaeo oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo nenoai.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy icia/aii? iaoe a ?iaio? ae??oai? ianooii? caaea/?:

1. Aiae?c caaaaeino?eeino? ? aoaeoeaiino? iaeiaa?aioiiai i?eeiio
neaiae?a c E*I ? A*I i?e ii?ooaii? i?oiaiiaeueiino? nenoaie neaiae?a c
o?aooaaiiyi aieeao /anoioii-/aniaeo iaaecia/aiinoae ? ia?aeaaeueiino?
?aae?caoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a aeaiiaeoeyoi?a.

2. Aiae?c caaaaeino?ee?no? eaiaeo neio?ii?caoe?? aeonoiaeaeo?iiiiai
oo?ue? i?ioeani?a AAOI aeaiiaeoeyoi?a ONN c A*I.

3. Aiae?c caaaaeino?ee?noe aeaiiaeoeyoi?a ONN c ?EI — A*I.

4. Iioei?caoe?y: no?oeoo?e nenoaie ONN c A*I ii e?eoa??th iaeneioio
eiaeiaiai aeoaa?oo; aeaiiaeoeyoi?a ONN c ?EI-A*I ii e?eoa??th iaeneioio
caaaaeino?ee?no?; oe?ieinioaiai? nenoaie aa?aoe?eiiai ?aae?ica’yceo ii
e?eoa??th iaeneioio aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?.

5. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo caaaaeino?ee?no? ?aaeueieo
aeaiiaeoeyoi??a ONN c A*I.

6. ?ic?iaea iaeaoo i?ia?ai ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo
aoce?a oo?ue?-i?ioeani?a aeey ONN A*I.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. I?e ??oaii? caaea/, ye? iinoaaeaii a ?iaio?,
aoee aeei?enoai? caniae oai??? ?iia??iinoae, oai??? caaaaeino?ee?noe,
oai??? nenoai ianiaiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oai??? oaeao?ao?eo, iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaeiea ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

1. Io?eiaia aiae?oe/ia ae?aaeaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy aia?aaoe/ii?
i?eoiaaiino? ONNC, ioe?ith?oueny ?iia??i?noth aeyaeaiiy
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, yeee a?ae??ciy?oueny oei, ui a?aoiao? aaco neaiaeo ?
aeiionoeia cia/aiiy ?iia??iino? iai?aaaeeai? o?eaiae.

2. Aia?oa io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ?ic?aooieo caaaaeino?ee?noe:

— iaeiaa?aioiiai aeaiiaeoeyoi?a oe?ieinioaiaeo neaiae?a c
aaaaoiiiceoe?eiith /anoioiie iai?ioeyoe??th, ui a?aoiaothoue
/anoioii-/ania? iaaecia/aiino? (?ica?aeeino? ii /anoio? ?
?anneio?ii?caoe?? ii /ano) ? ia?aeaaeuei?noue ?aae?caoe??
ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a;

— oe?ieinioaiaiai eaiaeo neio?ii?caoe?? aeonoiaeaeo?iiiiai (AA)
Oo?ue?-i?ioeani?a (OI) aeey ia?iaee ONN c A*I;

— aeaiiaeoeyoi?a oe?ieinioaiaeo neaiae?a ?EI-A*I, ui a?aoiaothoue
ii?ooaiiy i?oiaiiaeueiino? ONN c A*I.

3. Aia?oa io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ?ic?aooieo aoaeoeaiino?
canoinoaaiiy aaaaoiiiceoe?eiiiai eiaeoaaiiy o ii??aiyii? c a?ia?ieie a
nenoaiao iine?aeiaieo ? ia?aeaeueieo ONN c A*I, ui a?aoiaothoue
ii?ooaiiy i?oiaiiaeueiino? nenoaie neaiae?a.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaii oi?ioee, ui aeicaieythoue ioe?ithaaoe aieea iioeaie E*I
ia?aoai?aiue ia ye?noue oo?ue?-i?ioeani?a aeey ONN c A*I.

5. ?ic?iaeaii aiae?oe/io iiaeaeue ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
nioae /anoio ? iiooaeiino? aaaaoiiiceoe?eiieo ONNC, yea a?ae??ciy?oueny
oei, ui a?aoiao? nooi?iue ii?ooaiiy i?oiaiiaeueiino? oe?ieinioaiaeo
neaiae?a.

6. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee ? ae??oaii caaea/? iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e
nenoaie ONN c A*I ii e?eoa??th iaeneioio eiaeiaiai aeoaa?oo;
aeaiiaeoeyoi?a ONN c ?EI-A*I ii e?eoa??th iaeneioio caaaaeino?ee?no?;
ONNC aa?aoe?eiiai ?aae?ica’yceo ii e?eoa??th iaeneioio aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino?.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

1. ?ic?iaeaii iaeao i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai, ui aeicaieythoue iiaeaethaaoe:

aieea aaoniaeo ooi?a ? ?iioeueniuo caaaae ia aeaiiaeoeyoi? ONN c A*I ?
OI; eaiae neio?ii?caoe?? AAOI, a yeiio aeei?enoaiee neaiae Aa?ea?a;
?ioi?iaoe?eiee eaiae ONNC c A*I; aieea ia caaaaeino?ee?noue ONNC c A*I
/anoioii-/aniaeo iaaecia/aiinoae ? ia?aeaaeuei?noue E*I — ia?aoai?aiiy;
?ic?aoiaoaaoe ? aoaeoaaoe ooieoe?th iaaecia/aiiino? c o?aooaaiiyi
/anoioii-/aniaeo ?ica?aeiinoae.

2. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo aeiionoeieo cia/aiue ??ai?a
ia?ao?aeieo caaaae, ye? coiiaeaieo ii?ooaiiyi i?oiaiiaeueiino? ONN, a
caeaaeiino? a?ae caaeaieo cia/aiue a?aeiioaiiy neaiae/caaaaea ?
?iia??i?no? caith neaiaeo.

3. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeaii a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ia
oaeoeueoao? A?AI EIOOeA, a oaeiae a aea?aeaaiiio i?aei?e?inoa? II?
‘Oe?aa?i?oo’.

Iniaenoee Aeeaae ni?aooea/a. A iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? ui
ioae?eoaaeeny ni?eueii c ni?aaaoi?aie, iniaenoi ni?aooea/ai io?eiaii
aiae?oe/i? iiaeae? ? oi?ioee, ia i?aenoaa? yeeo c?iaeaii ?ic?aooiee,
i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ie?aia a ?iaio? [5] iiooea/aa?
iaeaaeeoue aiae?oe/iee ae?ac aeey ?ic?aooieo ? aie?c caaaaeino?eeino?
ONNC c A*I; a ?iaio? [6] iiooea/aau iaeaaeeoue iiaeaeue iioei?caoe??
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iaaaaeoaaeaiiy ia ONNC; a ?iaio? [7] iiooe/aa?
iaeaaeeoue aiae?c iniiaieo iai?yie?a?icaeoeo AAC;

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iaaiai?thaaeeny ia ianooiieo
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: XVI ca?oi?e IOE EIOOeA (Ee?a, EIOOeA,
1995a.); Ana?in?enuee?e IE nooaeaio?a ? ani??aio?a ‘Iia? ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
oaoiieia??’ (Oaaai?ia,. OAe?O, 1995a.); XLIV nooaeaionuee?e IOE EIOOeA
(Ee?a, EIOOeA, 1996a.); i?aeia?iaei?e IOE’ I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy
nenoai aa?iiaa?aaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy ?ooiieie
ia’?eoaie.”Aa?iiaa?aaoe?y-96” (Ee?a, EIOOeA, 1996a.); i?aeia?iaei?e IOE
I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? nenoai caoenoo ?ioi?iaoe?? “Aa?iiaa?aaoe?y’-97”
(Ee?a, EIOOeA, 1997a.); i?aeia?iaeiee IOE”Aa?iiaa?aaoe?y ? aa?iieea-98”
(Ee?a, EIOOeA, 1998a.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iaoa??aee ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 7
iaoeiaeo ?iaioao: a o?ueio noaooyo, a oiio /ene? aeaio aac ni?aaaoi??a,
? iioe?ueio oacao aeiiia?aeae ia IIOE.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeaea?ae, ui aeei?enoaii ? aeaio
aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 150 noi??iie, a oiio
/ene? 100 noi??iie oaenoo, 60 iaethie?a, 25 oaaeeoeue, 95 iaeiaioaaiue
aeaea?ae, yea aeei?enoaeeny, a oaeiae 25 noi??iie aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

A anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ?
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, caniae aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoeiaa iiaecia,
i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaiae?ciaaii aeanoeaino? ONN ? io?eiaii
aiae?oe/iee ae?ac aeey aecia/aiiy aia?aaoe/ii? ne?eoiino? ONNC.
?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy ? caniae iiaoaeiae nenoai ONN,
i?iaaaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th cania?a i?eeiio ONN, i?iaiae?ciaaii
iniaeeaino? ?aae?caoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a aeaiiaeoeyoi??a ONN.

Iieacaii, ui oiiaa i?oiaiiaeueiino? nenoaie ONN iaiaaeo? iiaeeeaino?
aeei?enoaiiy iiaiiai eiaeo, cieaeoth/e /enei L0 c?ace?a, neaiae?a c
iiaiiai aeoaa?oo, ui aeei?enoathoueny. Ca?eueoeoe L0 aac ii?ooaiiy
i?oiaiiaeueiino? ONN iiaeia ca?eueoaiiyi aace neaiaeo A, aai i?e A=const
ca ?aooiie ii?ooaiiy i?oiaiiaeueiino? aei aeiionoeiiai ??aiy aca?iieo
caaaae. Iioeiaeueieie aaaaeathoueny nenoaie ONN, ui aeiioneathoue ia
a?eueo iaeiiai ca?ao aeaiaio?a neaiaeo.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?eeaaee ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeaeo?ii?ee, a /anoeiaino?,
aeonoiaeaeo?ii?, ? ia?niaeoeaiith aeaiaioiith aacith aeey ?aae?caoe??
aeaiiaeoeyoi??a ? oo?ue?-i?ioeani??a ONN c A*I. Oe? i?eeaaee
aeicaieythoue noai?thaaoe iaeiaaaa?eoi? iuaaeeea? aeaiiaeoeyoi?e ?
oo?ue?-i?ioeani?e, ui caaacia/othoue ia?iaeo ONN c aaeeeeie aacaie a
?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano.I?iaiae?ciaaii: iieacieee yeino? ? e?eoa???
ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? oe?ieinioaiaeo nenoai aa?aoe?eiiai iia?eueiiai
?aae?ica’yceo; i?ia?aneai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? II? a OeA c ONNC;
iniiai? iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiue ? oaiaeaioe??, ?icaeoeo iia?eueieo ONNC.
Aecia/ai? caaea/? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith caaaaeino?eeino?
iaeiaa?aioieo aeaiiaeoeyoi??a oe?ieinioaiaeo neaiae?a c A*I.

Aeaiiaeoeyoi? iioeiaeueiiai iaeiaa?aioiiai i?eeia/a ONN c A*I a
caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? ia? no?oeoo?o, ui i?noeoue m ?aeaioe/ieo
ia?aeaeueieo noaeaiae?a ca e?euee?noth /anoioieo iiceoe?e ? eaiae
neio?ii?caoe??. Eiaeiee noaeaiae i?noeoue iioeiaeueiee iiaiaeaeaiee c
aeaiaioii ONN o?eueo? (IO), oue ? i?aeneethaaeuei? eaneaaee, aeaoaeoi?
ia?aath/i? (AeI). Aeoiaee noaeaiae?a i?aeeeth/ai? aei ae??oaeueiiai
i?eno?ith (AI), aeai?eoi ?iaioe yeiai iieyaa? a aeai?? noaeaiaea c
iaea?eueoei cia/aiiyi neaiaeo ia aeoiae? aeaoaeoi?a a iiiaio a?aee?ea.
I?e aeei?enoaii? oaoiieia?? E*I — ia?aoai?aiiy aeaiiaeoeyoi?ii ?
oo?ue?-i?ioeani?, ui iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaiee ia aeenia?n?eieo e?i?yo
cao?eiee (AeEC) c IAO.

Iioeiaeueia iaeiaa?aioia ia?iaea ONN c A*I caaacia/o? iioaioe?eio
caaaaeino?ee?noue Pm(?) a aeiaaeeo ?aeaaeueiino? aeeiiaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a aeaiiaeoeyoi?a, a?aenooiino? /anoioii-/aniaeo
iaaecia/aiinoae ? i?e i?oiaiiaeueiino? ONN c A*I. Iaeiae, a ?aaeueieo
oiiaao aiane?aeie iayaiino? /anoioieo ?ica?aeiinoae ? /aniai?
?icneio?ii?caoe??, iioeaie a ?aae?caoe?? aoce?a aeaiiaeoeyoi?a, a oaeiae
aiane?aeie aeai?o nenoaie ONN, ui aeiionea? ca?a iaeiiai aai aeae?eueeio
aeaiaio?a, i?oiaiiaeuei?noue neaiae?a /anoioieo iiceoe?e aeyaey?oueny
ii?ooaith?. A ?acoeueoao? caaaaeino?ee?noue i?eeiio iia??oo?oueny ?
cia/aiiy ?iia??iino? caith ca?eueoo?oueny o ii??aiyii? c Pm(?)aei
?aaeueiiai cia/aiiy Pm(?).

A?aeiioaiiy

(1)

oa?aeoa?eco? iia??oaiiy caaaaeino?ee?no? ?aaeueiiai aeaiiaeoeyoi?a
aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo ONN o ii??aiyii? c Pm(?)a caeaaeiino? a?ae /enea
iiceoe?e A*I neaiaeo m, a?aeiioaiiy hm2 aia?a?? neaiaeo aei
niaeo?aeueii? u?eueiino? caaaae ? ii?iiaaiiai ??aiy k aca?iieo caaaae.

A nenoai? ONN aaee/eia k aecia/a?oueny iaeneiaeueiei cia/aiiyi Rmax
aca?iiei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe?? (AEO). ??aaiue aca?iieo caaaae kRmax iiaeia
cieceoe ca?eueoaiiyi aace A ONN (ca?eueoaiiyi /enea N aeaiaioa?ieo
neaiae?a ONN). Aiae?c iieacaa, ui aeey a?eueoino? ONN, ye? ciaeoee
i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy, ia? i?noea ia??aiino?
Aeey io?eiaiiy k0.1 I-iine?aeiaiino?, naaiaioi? iine?aeiaiino?,
aaaaoioaci? neaiaee iiaeii? iaoe N1024. Eiiiiceoe?ei? A*I ONN
i?eioneathoue /enei ca?a?a aei r=3; i?e oeueiio k0.2. sse ie?aii acyoee
/eiiee iai?oiaiiaeuei?noue nenoaie ONN i?e Rmax=0,10.2 i?aeoe/i? ia
aieeaa? ia caaaaeino?ee?noue iaeiaa?aioiiai aeaiiaeoeyoi?a. Aea ni?eueii
c ?ioeie /eiieeaie oeae aieea iiaea aeyaeoeny a?eueo neeueii ? iiaea
aooe ciaioaiee ca?eueoaiiyi N.

?iia??i?noue iiieeee ?a?no?aoe?? neaiaeo aeaieo iaeiaa?aioi?i
aeaiiaeoeyoi?ii ONN i?e ?icneio?ii?caoe?? aei??aith?

(2)

aea I0(x) — ooieoe?y Aannaey ioeueiaiai ii?yaeeo.

Aeey aeiaaee?a k<<1 ia i?aenoaa? (1) ? (2) iiaeia caienaoe (3) aea 2=2+2f; i f - a?aeiinia cia/aiiy ?icneio?ii?caoe?? ii iiiaioo a?aee?eo ? ?ica?aeiino? ii /anoio?; k0 - a?aeiiniee ??aaiue aca?iii? caaaaee, yea aeeeeeaia ia?aeaaeuei?noth ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a aeaiiaeoeyoi?a. Caeaaeiino? q(P)m=f(h2m), ?ic?aoiaai? ii oi?ioe? (3), iieacaii ia ?en. 1. Oai aea iiaoaeiaaiee a?ao?e caeaaeiino? . (4) E?eaa m=f (hm2) aeicaiey? c?noaaeyoe i?ia?ao a ?aaeuei?e caaaaeino?eeino? qm(p) ? cia/aiiy Pm(?) (c o?aooaaiiyi /enea iiceoe?e m), i?e yeiio oeae i?ia?ao ia? i?noea. C c?inoaiiyi hm2 cia/aiiy qm(P) c?inoa? ? i?e k0F0.2 ? F 0.4 ia ia?aaeuo? 10, yeui hm2 F 10. sseui hm2 F 20, oi i?e oeo aea cia/aiiyo k0 ? cia/aiiy qm(P)F40. I?e oeueiio qm(P) 10, yeui m =exp (-hm2/2)>>10-2.
I?e hm2>>1420 cia/aiiy qm(P) =2040, a m.>>10-5 10-3.

Ia?aiao? k0 aieeaa? ia qm(P) aeae?eueea neeuei?oa, i?ae ia?aiao? d. Oea
na?ae/eoue i?i oa , ui ii?ooaiiy i?oiaiiaeueiino? nenoaie ONN ?c-ca
ia?aeaaeueiino? aeeiiaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a aeaiiaeoeyoi?a
neeuei?oa a?aeaeaa?oueny ia cieaeai? Pm(?), i?ae aieea /anoioii-/aniaeo
ianoaa?eueiinoae f ? t oiai aea ii?yaeeo.

A oe?eiio iiaeia aaaaeaoe, ui yeui aeiionoei? cia/aiiy qm(P)50, oi
aeiionoei? cia/aiiy k0 0.2, a 0.4. Oea aeicaiey? i?e aeine?aeaeaii?
aieeao ia caaaaeino?ee?noue ia?aeaaeueiinoae ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a
aeaiiaeoeyoi?a ONN ca’ycaoe ia?aiao?e aeaiiaeoeyoi??a, ui
aeine?aeaeothoueny c ia?aiao?aie k0 ? , a /a?ac ieo aaea aaciina?aaeiuei
c qm(P).

?en. 1 A?ao?ee caeaaeiinoae qm(P) =f (h2m)) ? m= (h2m)

A ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaii aieea ianooiieo iniiaieo /eiiee?a, ui
i?ecaiaeyoue aei ii?ooaiiy i?oiaiiaeueiino? ONN ? cieaeaiiy Pm(?):

— e?ioeaaa cia/aiiy aeia?ioiino? IO, ui ?ioaa?othoue ? iaoi/i?noue
ii/aoeiai? iano?ieee ?aaeueiiai ?ioaa?aoi?a (??) ia /anoioo
/anoioii-/aniaiai aeaiaioo ONN;

— ia?aeaaeuei?noue ?ic?yaeiiai eeth/a, eiioooth/iai ?? a e?ioe? eiaeii?
iineeee;

— ia?aeaioe/i?noue eiao?oe??io?a ia?aaea/? /anoioieo noaeaiae?a c?
aoiaeo ?? ia ao?ae ae??oaeueiiai i?eno?ith (AI);

— ia?aeaaeuei?noue aeae?eaiiy ia?aath/i? neaiaeo a aeaoaeoi?? ia?aath/i?
(AeI);

— ia?aeaaeuei?noue AI, ui aeyaey?oueny a e?ioeaaiio ii?ic? /oeiino? ?
e?ioeaa?e ni?iiiaeiino?, ui aeicaiey?.

Aeey eiaeiiai c a?aei?/aieo /eiiee?a io?eiaii aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey
q(P)m, ui aeicaieythoue aecia/aoe P(P)m c o?aooaaiiyi ia?aeaaeueiino?
?aae?caoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a aeaiiaeoeyoi?a.

Aeine?aeaeaii caaaaeino?ee?noue aeaiiaeoeyoi?a oe?ieinioaiaeo neaiae?a
c ?EI-A*I. A?aeiioaiiy neaiae/caaaaea ia aeoiae? aeaiiaeoeyoi?a neeaaea?

(5)

Ia i?aenoaa? (5) i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c nenoai ?EI-A*I ?
a?ia?ii? ?EI. Aiae?c iieacaa, ui canoinoaaiiy aaaaoiiiceoe?eieo *I
neaiae?a o ii??aiyii? c a?ia?ieie aea? cia/iee aea?ao ii iiooaeiino?.
Oae, i?e hm2=16, m=32 ? k=0 cia/aiiy q?EI=190. I?e k=0, 1 cia/aiiy q?EI
cieaeo?oueny aei 53.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aieeao iioeaie E*I — ia?aoai?aiue a aeonoiaeaeo?iiiiio
oo?ue?-i?ioeani?? (AAOI), iiaoaeiaaiiio ia aeenia?n?ei?e e?i?? cao?eiee
(AeEC) c iiaa?oiaaueith aeonoe/iith oaeeath (IAO). Cai?iiiiiaaii
iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy neaiaeo ia aeoiae? iiaiaeaeaiiai o?eueo?o i?e
aieea? ia E*I-neaiae caoaeaeaiueaiciouaiee ii oac? (t), /anoio? (t) ?
oaeaeeino? ci?ie /anoioe (t), a oaeiae ca iayaiino? iioeaie i?e
onoaiiaoe? e?ooeci? *I, ??ciiiai?oieo aee?eaeaiiyo caeiio ci?ie /anoioe
a i?ioean? iiaeaethaaiiy E*I neaiaeo.

Io?eiai? a ?icae?e? aiae?oe/i? oi?ioee ? ae?ace, ui ca’ycothoue
ia?aiao?e ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a aeaiiaeoeyoi??a ? AAOI c ye?noth
?oiuei? ?iaioe, iathoue i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy i?e eiino?othaaii?
iaeiaa?aioieo aeaiiaeoeyoi??a ONN c A*I.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? noi?ioeueiaaii ? ae??oaii caaea/?: ii??aiyeueiiai
aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? ONNC c iine?aeiaieie ? ia?aeaeueieie A*I neaiaeaie;
ioe?iee / aoaeoeaiino? ONNC c A*I c o?aooaaiiyi ii?ooaiiy
i?oiaiiaeueiino? nenoaie neaiae?a; iioei?caoe?? ? no?oeoo?e nenoaie ONN
c A*I ii e?eoa??th iaeneioio eiaeiaiai aeoaa?oo; iioei?caoe??
aeaiiaeoeyoi?a ONN c ?EI-A*I ii e?eoa??th iaeneioio caaaaeino?eeino?;
iioei?caoe?? oe?ieinioaiai? nenoaie aa?aoe?eiiai ?aae?ica’yceo ii
e?eoa??th iaeneioio aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?.

Ii e?eoa??th oaeaeeino? ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?iaaaeaia ii??aiyiiy
aeaio aa??aio?a aeei?enoaiiy m /anoioieo iiceoe?e a ONNC c A*I. A
ia?oiio oi?io?oueny iine?aeiaiee neaiae c A*I, eiee a oa/?? oaeoiaiai
?ioa?aaeo ? aeei?enoiao?oueny iaeia c m /anoio. A ?ioiio — m /anoio
?icaeo? ia g a?oi ii m1 /anoio a eiaei?e ? ia eiaeiiio oaeoiaiio
?ioa?aae? A aeei?enoiao?oueny ii iaei?e c m1=m/g /anoio. I?e A= ?
oaeaee?noue ia?aaea/? RA a?eueoa, i?ae RM a QR ?ac?a:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy ??/?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-??????3/4????I????v???…L
???u?th??????

?iia??iino? caith aeaiaioo neaiaeo aeaieo a?aeiinyoueny, ye

wmetafile8? ??U???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy????? ???&? ?MathType???
???u?????????»????-?????`????`????`?
???`c???`a???`u???jaea

wmetafile8? ??oe???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@????&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyyA ??/?? ???&?
?MathType???????utha?????

Aaee/eia =12 ? caeaaeeoue a?ae oiia oacoaaiiy aiaeii/an A*I neaiae?a, ui
aaia?othoueny. Iieacaii, ui aeey =1 ? 3g >>1

wmetafile8? ??C???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya ??(?? ???&? ?MathType???????utha?????

Aiae?c iieacaaoe, ui ca aea?ao QR=23 c c?inoaiiyi g iio??aii
?iciea/oaaoeny cieaeaiiyi caaaaeino?eeino? a 210 ?ac.

Aeey aeeiiaiiy oiiae ?A=?I iaiao?aeii ca?eueoaiiy iiooaeiino? a nenoai?
c ia?aeaeueieie neaiaeaie A*I a a?aeiia?aeiino? c (9). Aeioe?eueieie ?
cia/aiiy g=(0.250.5)m.

I?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy nioae /anoio eaiaeo ?
iiooaeiino? neaiaeo a ONNC c aeiiiiiaith a?aeiieo eiao?oe??io?a
wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????

?en. 2 Aoaeoeai?noue i?oiaiiaeueieo ONNC:

k= 0; k=0.05;
k=0. 1.

A yeino? e?eoa??th ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? O ?iaioe ONNC i?eeiyoi
??cieoeth i?ae i?eaooeaie D a?ae ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy iioieo
IN ? caeoe?a U1 a?ae i?inoith ?aae?ieaiae?a ? U2 a?ae cao?eiee
iia?aeiieaiue ia /an, ui ia?aaeuo? aeiionoeia cia/aiiy:

O=D-U1-U2.
(10)

A aeiaaeeo noaoe?iia?iiai iioieo IN e?eoa??e (10) aeey ONNC oeio I/I/1
iiaeia oyaeoe a oaeiio aeaeyae?:

wmetafile8? ??C???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ????? ???&? ?MathType??A?
???u?????????»????-??????K ????t???u?th??????

wmetafile8? ??’???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@????&??yyyy?????Ayyy!yyy@??a?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th??????

aea: — ?ioaineai?noue ?ooo IN; d — i?eaooie a?ae ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy iaeiiai IN; s — aa?o?noue iaei??? aiaeeie ?iaioe eaiaeo
ONNC; A — aaca ONNC; P(t0>tg) — ?iia??i?noue oiai, ui /an i/?eoaaiiy t0
ia?aaeuo? aeiionoeia cia/aiiy tg; V — oo?ao ca cao?eieo iia?aeiieaiiy;
t3 — na?aaei?e aiaeeio cao?eiee iia?aeiieaiiy; Ma — na?aaeiy e?euee?noue
naain?a ca’yceo IN ca /an eiai ia?aaoaaiiy a cii? OI?; t — na?aaeiy
o?eaae?noue iaeiiai naaino ca’yceo.

Aeey nenoaie I/I/1 (y0)
aecia/a?oueny ae?oaith oi?ioeith A?eaiaa:

Na?aaei?e /an cao?eiee iia?aeiieaiiy

t3=t/(1-y/B).
(14)

I?e ?ic?aooieao cia/aiiy tg cae/aeii ii?iothoue ii t, o. ?. tg/=K aai
tg=K

Ca oiiae E=0 ??aiyiiy aeey aecia/aiiy iaeneioia aoaeoeaiino? ONNC:

wmetafile8? ?? ???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ????? ???&? ?MathType??
???u?????????»????-??????L????$???u?th??????

Oaeei *eiii, iaeneioi aoaeoeaiino? ONNC Omax i?yii i?iii?oe?eii
caeaaeeoue a?ae aace A.

Ia i?aenoaa? oi?ioe (10)(15) aeey cia/aiue V=50 (oi. iae.
aa?o?noue/aiaeeia), d0=200 o.i.//, s=10 o.i.//; o?ueio cia/aiue
A=20;50;100 ? E=0;1;2 ?ic?aoiaaii a?ao?ee caeaaeiino? O=f(y), ye?
iaaaaeaii ia ?en.3 Aiae?c oeeo a?ao?e?a ? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a
aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee.

?en.3 A?ao?ee caeaaeiinoae j (y).

A nenoaiao OAN OeA aeniea aoaeoeai?noue ONNC aeinyaa?oueny ca oiiae
aeniei? ?ioaineaiino? o?ao?ea iia?aeiieaiue, ui iiaeiai neeaaeaoe
(0.30.5)A i?e K=0. ?iaioa ONNC i?e y/A > 0,5 aeeeeea? ??cea ciaioaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? O (((i?aaa a?ae iaeneioio a?eea ooieoe?? O=f (y)).

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? a?aeaeo? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a oo?ue?-i?ioeani?a ? iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo caaaaeino?eeino? ?aaeueieo aeaiiaeoeyoi??a ONN. Aeey
iiaeaethaaiiy aoee ?ic?iaeai? i?eeeaaei? i?ia?aie. Aiie ioiieththoue
o?noue iniiaieo iiaeaeae: aieeao aaonniaeo ooi?a ? ?iioeuenieo caaaae ia
aeaiiaeoeyoi? ONN c A*I ? OI; eaiaeo neio?ii?caoe?? AAOI, a yeiio
aeei?enoaiee neaiae Aa?ea?a; ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai eaiaeo ONNC c A*I;
aieeao /anoioii-/aniaeo iaaecia/aiinoae ? ia?aeaaeueiino?
E*I-ia?aoai?aiiy ia caaaaeino?ee?noue ONNC c A*I; aieeao
/anoioii-/aniaeo ?ica?aeiinoae ia ooieoe?th iaaecia/aiino? ONN;
aoaeoeaiino? ONNC, ui a?aoiao? aieea ia?ao?aeieo caaaae.

Iniiaia oaaaa aoea i?eae?eaia aeine?aeaeaiith caaaaeino?eeino? eaiaeo
neio?ii?caoe?? c neaiaeii Aa?ea?a ? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai eaiaeo ONN c A*I.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iiaeaethaaiiy (?en. 4-6)
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, io?eiaieo a
?icae?eao 2 ? 3.

?en. 4 Iiaeaethaaiiy eaiaeo neio?ii?caoe?? aeey ONN Aa?ea?a.

?en. 5 Iiaeaethaaiiy AEOI eaiaeo neio?ii?caoe?? aeey ONN Aa?ea?a.

?en. 6 Iiaeaethaaiiy eaiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey ONN c A*I.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ? AENIIAEE

1. Aieiaia oaiaeaioe?y ?icaeoeo iia?eueieo oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo nenoai a
OeA iieyaa? a noai?aii? ia?aae ATN ?ioaa?aeueiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
iia?o?yiiai ?ooo (CNS/ATM). Iiaoaeiaa ia?aae? ATN coiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?aae?ieaiae?a ‘Iia?o?y-Caiey’
i?e caaeaieo aeiiaao ii iia?aoeaiino? ? yeino? ca’yceo. Iaei?i c
ia?niaeoeaieo oeyo?a ??oaiiy oe??? aeooaeueii? caaea/? ui caaacia/o?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iia?oi?o ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, ? canoinoaaiiy
oe?ieinioaiaeo nenoai ca’yceo (ONNC).

2. Io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ?ic?aooieo caaaaeino?eeino?

iaeiaa?aioieo aeaiiaeoeyoi??a ONN c A*I i?e ii?ooaii? i?oiaiiaeueiino?
nenoaie neaiae?a. C aeiiiiiaith oeeo ae?ac?a i?iaiae?ciaaiee e?euee?nii
aieea ia caaaaeino?ee?noue ianooiieo /eiiee?a: /anoioieo ?ica?aeiinoae,
a oiio /ene? aiane?aeie aoaeoo Aeiiiea?a; ?icneio?ii?caoe?? ii /ano;
ia?aeaaeueiino? iiaiaeaeaiiai o?eueo?o, ui ?ioaa?o?; ia?aeaaeueiino?
aeaoaeoi?a iaeaath/i?; ii?iao /oeiino? ? ae??oaeueii?; ia?aeaioe/iino?
eiao?oe??io?a ia?aaea/? noaeaiae?a /anoioieo iiceoe?e. I?e oeueiio
iieacaii, ui aca?ii? caaaaee c a?aeiiniei ??aiai k0.1 i?aeoe/i? ia
aieeaathoue ia cieaeaiiy caaaaeino?eeino? ?aaeueieo aeaiiaeoeyoi??a ONN
c A*I.

3. ?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue ? ae??oaii caaea/o iioei?caoe?? ii e?eoa??th
iaeneioio caaaaeino?eeino? aeaiiaeoeyoi?a neaiae?a ?EI-A*I.

4. ?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue ? ae??oaii caaea/o iioei?caoe?? oe?ieinioaiai?

nenoaie ?aae?ica’yceo oeaio?o OI? ii e?eoa??th iaeneioio aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino?.

5. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo caaaaeino?eeino? ?aaeueiiai
iaeiaa?aioiiai aeaiiaeoeyoi?a ONN c A*I.

6. ?ic?iaeaii i?eeeaaei? i?ia?aie, ui aeicaieythoue iiaeaethaaoe iniiai?
ooieoe?iiaeuei? aocee aeaiiaeoeyoi??a ONN, aeine?aeaeoaaoe
caaaaeino?ee?noue c o?aooaaiiyi /anoioii-/aniaeo iaaecia/aiinoae ?
ia?aeaaeueiino? ?aae?caoe??, ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ? aoaeoaaoe ooieoe??
iaaecia/aiino? ONN.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaiee a ?iaioao:

1. Eaaanie A.E. Aiaeec iiiaoionoie/eainoe nenoai nayce n iiiai/anoioiuie
neaiaeaie.// I?iaeaiu aaeiieee. – E.: EIOAA, 1997. – N.175-179.

2. Eaaanie A.E. N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec oeeo?iauo oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiuo
nenoai n iiiai/anoioiuie ninoaaiuie neaiaeaie.//I?iaeaiu aaeiieee. – E.:
EIOAA, 1997.- N.190-195.

3. Eaaanie A.E. Aeai?eoiu naiaiaeiiai aeinooia a nenoaiao iaiaia
aeaiiuie n iiaeaeaeiuie aaiiaioaie.// Ana?inneeneay IOE “Iiaua
eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee”: Oac.aeiee. – Oaaai?ia: OA?O, 1995. –
N.202-203.

4. Eaaani? A.E. Aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? oe?ieinioaiaeo nenoai ca’yceo
iia?eueieo aaiiaio?a. //Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay IOE “Ay?iiaaeaaoeey e
aaeiieea”: Iaoa?eaeu eiio. – E.: EIOAA, 1998. – N.39-40.

5. Iaoe N.I., Eaaani? A.E. Iioei?caoe?y iaaaioaaeaiiy oe?ieinioaiai?
nenoaie ca’yceo.//Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay IOE. Ay?iiaaeaaoeey e aaeiieea”:
Iaoa?eaeu eiio. – E.: EIOAA, 1998. – N.40.

6. Aaeyaaneee E.N., Iaoe N.I., Eaaanie A.E. Ia?niaeoeau i?eiaiaiey
oe?ieiiieiniuo neaiaeia a aaeaoeeiiiie iiaeeueiie
?aaeeinayce.//Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay IOE “Ay?iiaaeaaoeey-96”: Oac.aeiee. – E.:
EIOAA, 1996. – N.49.

7. Iaoe N.I., Eaaani? A.E. Aieea /anoioii-/aniaeo iaaecia/aiinoae ia
aoaeoeai?noue oe?ieinioaiaeo nenoai ca’yceo.// Aanoiee EIOAA
1.-EIOAA,1999th-n139-142.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia ni?aiiooe o/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ii
niaoe?aeueiino? 05.22. 13 — Iaa?aaoe?y ? ea?oaaiiy iia?o?yiei ?ooii. —
Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?ena`y/aia i?aeaeuaiith yeino? aeaiiaeoeyoi??a
oe?ieinioaiaeo neaiae?a (ONN) ? i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? iia?eueieo
oe?ieinioaiaeo oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo nenoai a oeea?euei?e aa?aoe??.

A ?iaio? ae??oai? ianooii? caaea/?:

— i?iaaaeai? aiae?c caaaaeino?eeino?: iaeiaa?aioiiai aeaiiaeoeyoi?a
neaiae?a c aaaaoiiiceoe?eiith /anoioiith iai?ioeyoe??th (A*I) i?e
ii?ooaii? i?oiaiiaeueiino? nenoaie neaiae?a c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao
/anoioii-oei/aniaeo iaaecia/aiinoae ? ia?aeaaeueiino? ?aae?caoe??
ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a aeaiiaeoeyoi??a; eaiaeo neio?ii?caoe??
aeonoiaeaeo?iiiiai oo?ue?-i?ioeani?a aeey ONN c A*I; aeaiiaeoeyoi?a
neaiae?a c ?EI-A*I;

— ?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue ? i?iaiae?ciaaii aoaeoeai?noue iaeiaa?aioieo

oe?ieinioaiaeo nenoai c A*I o ii??aiyii? c a?ia?ieie, a oaeiae
aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy nioae /anoio ? iiooaeiino? nenoaiaie c
??ciiiai?oieie oeiaie ONN;

— aeeiiaia iioei?caoe?y: no?oeoo?e nenoaie ONN c A*I ii e?eoa??th
iaeneioio eiaeiaiai aeoaa?oo; aeaiiaeoeyoi?a ONN c ?EI-A*I ii e?eoa??th
iaeneioio caaaaeino?eeino?; oe?ieinioaiai? nenoaie aa?aoe?eiiai
?aae?ica’yceo ii e?eoa??th iaeneioio aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?;

— ?ic?iaeai?: iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo caaaaeino?eeino? ?aaeueieo
aeaiiaeoeyoi??a ONN c A*I; iaeao i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai aeey ?i?oaoe?eiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a oo?ue?-i?ioeani?a.

Aeine?aeaeai? no?oeoo?a ? caniae iiaoaeiae nenoai oe?ieinioaiaeo
neaiae?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui c iaoith ca?eueoaiiy ianyao iiaiiai eiaeo
nenoaie ONN aeiionea?oueny ca?a ia a?eueo, i?ae iaeiiai aeaiaioo ONN.
I?e Oeueiio aeey nenoai ONN, ye? ciaeoee i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy,
a?aeiiniee ??aaiue aca?iieo caaaae k cae/aeii eaaeeoue a
iaaeaowmetafile8? ??P???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `
???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyya???? ???&? ?MathType??A?
???u?????????»????-?????[?i???©H?????I????z
???u?? ???????»????-?????z??? A???-????? E????’
????’ ????Ae???[?i???o???u?th?????? Cai?iiiiiaaii
ae?ac aeey aecia/aiiy aia?aaoe/ii? ne?eoiino? oe?ieinioaiai? nenoaie
ca’yceo, ui a caeaaeiino? a?ae aace neaiae?a A, ia?aiao??a i?eeiaeueiiai
aeaoooaaiiy ? a?aeiioaiiy neaiae/caaaaea aeicaiey? aecia/eoe
?iia??i?noue ayaeaiiy aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c iniaeeainoae ?aae?caoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a
aeaiiaeoeyoi??a ONN ia no/ani?e aeaiaioii? aac?. Iieacaia
ia?niaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy aeey oo?ue?-i?ioeani??a cania?a E*I —
ia?aoai?aiue ? aeonoiaeaeo?iieo i?eeaae?a ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeaeo?ii?ee.

Io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ?ic?aooieo caaaaeino?eeino?
iaeiaa?aioieo ONNC c A*I, ui aeicaieythoue a?aooaaoe ii?ooaiiy
i?oiaiiaeueiino? nenoaie ONN ? i?iaiae?coaaoe aieea ia caaaaeino?ee?noue
/anoioieo ?ica?aeiinoae, ?icneio?ii?caoe?e ii /ano, ia?aeaaeueiino?
?aae?caoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueieo aoce?a aeaiiaeoeyoi?a, a oaeiae iioeaie
ia?aoai?aiue a aeonoiaeaeo?iiiio oo?ue?-i?ioeani??. Iieacaii, ui aca?ii?
caaaaee c a?aeiiniei ??aiai k<0, 2 i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaathoue ia cieaeaiiy caaaaeino?eeino? ONNC. I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui: - ?ic?iaeaii iaeao i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai, yeee aeicaiey? iiaeaethaaoe aieea caaaae ? /anoioii-/aniaeo iaaecia/aiinoae ia eaiae neio?ii?caoe?? ? ia ?ioi?iaoe?eiee eaiae; - ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo aeiionoeieo cia/aiue ??aiy aca?iieo caaaae a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?aeiioaiiy neaiae/caaaaea ? ?iia??iino? caith aeaiaioo neaiae?a aeaieo; - ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean ? a aea?aei?aei?e?inoa? ii ianeoaiaoaaiith iia?o?yiiai ?ooo. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? a 7 iaoeiaeo ?iaioao. Eeth/ia? neiaa: oe?ieinioaiaa nenoaia, iia?eueiee ?aae?ica'ycie, aeaiiaeoeyoi?, caaaaeino?ee?noue, oo?ue?-i?ioeani?, aaaaoiiiceoe?eia *I. Eaaani? A. E. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iia?eueieo oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eieo nenoai oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ia iniia? iie?auaiiy yeino? aeaiiaeoeyoi??a oe?ieinioaiaeo neaiae?a. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.22. 13 - Iaa?aaoe?y ? ea?oaaiiy iia?o?yiei ?ooii. - Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, Ee?a, 1999?. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe cai?iaaaeaeaii a o/aiaiio i?ioean?, a oaeiae a i?aai?caoe?? ii ianeoaiaoaaiith iia?o?yiiai ?ooo. Eeth/ia? neiaa: oe?ieinioaiaa nenoaia, iia?eueiee ?aae?ica'ycie, aeaiiaeoeyoi?, caaaaeino?ee?noue, oo?ue?-i?ioeani?, aaaaoiiiceoe?eia *I. Eaaanie A.E. Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe iiaeeueiuo oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiuo nenoai a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee ia iniiaa oeo/oaiey ea/anoaa aeaiiaeoeyoi?ia oe?ieiiieiniuo neaiaeia. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeoaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.22.13 - Iaaeaaoeey e oi?aaeaiea aicaeooiui aeaeaeaieai. - Eeaaneee iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oieaa?neoao a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeeth iinayuaii iiauoaieth ea/anoaa aeaiiaeoeyoi?ia oe?ieiiieiniuo neaiaeia (OIN) e iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe iiaeeueiuo oe?ieiiieiniuo oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiuo nenoai a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee. I?iaaaeai aiaeec iiiaoionoie/eainoe: iaeiaa?aioiuo aeaiiaeoeyoi?ia neaiaeia n iiiaiiiceoeeiiiie /anoioiie iaieioeyoeeae (I*I) i?e ia?ooaiee i?oiaiiaeueiinoe e n o/aoii /anoioii-a?aiaiiuo iaii?aaeaeaiiinoae e iaeaeaaeueiinoe ?aaeecaoeee ooieoeeiiaeueiuo oceia; eaiaea neio?iiecaoeee aeonoiyeaeo?iiiiai oo?uea-i?ioeanni?a; aeaiiaeoeyoi?a neaiaeia n EEI-I*I. ?ac?aaioaiu iiaeaee e ?aoaii caaea/e iioeiecaoeee no?oeoo?u nenoaiu OIN, aeaiiaeoeyoi?a OIN ec EEI-I*I, oe?ieiiieiniie nenoaiu aaeaoeeiiiie ?aaeeinayce. ?ac?aaioaii iaeaou i?ia?aii aeey eieoaoeeiiiiai iiaeaee?iaaiey iaeiaa?aioiuo aeaiiaeoeyoi?ia OIN e iaoiaeeeo ?ann/aoa aeiionoeiuo cia/aiee o?iaiy acaeiiuo iiiao. ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou aiaae?aiu a o/aaiue i?ioeann, a oaeaea a i?aaiecaoeee ii ianeoaeeaaieth aicaeooiiai aeaeaeaiey. Eeth/aaua neiaa: oe?ieiiieiniay nenoaia, iiaeeueiay ?aaeeinaycue, aeaiiaeoeyoi?, iiiaoionoie/eainoue, oo?uea-i?ioeanni?, iiiaiiiceoeeiiay *I. Qawasmi A. K. Enhancing the effectiveness of mobile telecommunication systems in civil aviation on the base of increasing sort of the demodulators wideband signals. - Manuscript. Thesis for doctorate degree in engineering science speciality 05.22. 13 - Navigation and air traffic control. - Kyiv International University of Civil Aviation, Kyiv, 1999. Dissertation is devoted to increasing sort of the demodulators wideband signals (WBS) and enhancing the effectiveness of mobile telecommunication systems in civil aviation. An analysis of noise tast is conducted for: noncoherent demodulator of signals with many position frequency modulation (MFM), when ortogonalization is breaked; sincronization canal acystoelectronic furies-processor; demodulator of signals with PCM-MFM. Methods have been developed and optimization problems have been solved for: structures of system WBS, demodulator of WBS with IPM-MFM, wideband systems of aviation radio link. The packet of programs for initiation modeling noncoherent demodulator of WBS have been developed. The research work results have been introduced into the study process and application was found in organization of air traffic control. Key words: wideband system; mobile radio link; demodulator; noisetast; furies-processor; many position FM.

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