EE?ANUeEEE I?AEIA?IAeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO OeEA?EUeII? AA?AOe??

CO?A IEAEN?E AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

OAeE 656.71.06:621.396.6.681.178.003.13(043.3)

I?AeAEUAIIss AOAEOEAIINO? EIIO?IETH

OAOI?*IIAI NOAIO IACAIIEO ?AAe?IAEAEO?IIIEO CANIA?A CAAACIA*AIIss
IIEUeIO?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 05.22.14 – Aenieoaoaoe?y iia?o?yiiai o?ainii?oo

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? aenieoaoaoe?? ? ?aiiioo cania?a
?aae?ioaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a oa ea?oaaiiy iia?o?yiei ?ooii a
Ee?anueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Iia?eia Aieiaeeie?
Noaoaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e Ee?anueeiai i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, E?aaeaioea? Ai?en Iao?iae/, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e Ee?anueeiai a?enueeiaiai ?inoeoooo oi?aae?iiy oa ca’yceo

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, Ei?/einueeee Aiaoie?e Iao?iae/,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e Ee?anueeiai i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe??

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y Aea?aeaaia Ee?anueea eiino?oeoi?nueea ath?i “Eo/”
I?ii?iiiie?oeee Oe?a?ie

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «25» eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 1500
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.062.03 i?e
Ee?anueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? ca
aae?anith: 252058 i. Ee?a-58, i?ini. Einiiiaaoa Eiia?iaa, 1, EIOOeA.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «___» aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Caii?iaeaoeue I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oeea?eueia aa?aoe?y (OeA) — iaeia c eaiie
o?ainii?oii? nenoaie Oe?a?ie. Aieiaia caaea/a OeA iieyaa? a caaacia/aii?
nai?/aniino? oa iaae?eiino? iia?o?yieo ia?aaacaiue. O ae??oaii? oe???
caaea/? aaaeeeaa ?ieue iaeaaeeoue ieoaiiyi i?aai?caoe?? ea?oaaiiy
iia?o?yiei ?ooii (EI?), a naith /a?ao o nenoaiao EI? iniiaio ooieoe?th
aeeiiothoue caniae ?aae?ioaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy (?OC) iieueio?a,
cie?aia iacaii? ?aae?iaeaeo?iii? caniae (I?AC).

Neeaaei?noue oa aaaaoiieaiia?noue no/anieo I?AC iio?aaothoue iino?eiiai
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioean?a ?o oaoi?/ii? aenieoaoaoe?? (OA). Noa?
iaiao?aeiei iiaeaeueoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeo i?iaeai oai??? oa i?aeoeee
aenieoaoaoe?? neeaaeieo oaoi?/ieo nenoai, a oaeiae ?yaeo i?eeeaaeieo
caaea/, ui ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy I?AC,
cieaeaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao, ciaioaiiy /ano i?inoith iaeaaeiaiiy.
Iaei??th c? neeaaeiaeo aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?ioean?a OA I?AC ? eiio?ieue ?o
oaoi?/iiai noaio (ON), ui ?icaeyaea?oueny ye i?ioean iaea?aeaiiy oa
ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??, eio?ee anoaiiaeth? a?aeiia?aei?noue noaio I?AC
aeiiaai, ye? aenoaathoueny, oa caaacia/o? i?eeiyooy iaaiiai ??oaiiy i?i
ON I?AC. Oiio aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioean?a OA I?AC o aaaaoueio a?aeiioaiiyo
aoaea iaoiiaeaii i?aeaeuaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? iaeaaaeeea?oi? neeaaeiai? –
eiio?ieth ON I?AC.

Iniiaiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith i?ioean?a eiio?ieth ? aeinoia??i?noue
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?i ON I?AC. A?ae aeinoia??iino? eiio?ieth, ui
oa?aeoa?eco? eiai ye?noue, caeaaeeoue ia o?eueee ia’?eoeai?noue aeania
i?ioeano eiio?ieth, aea e aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano OA I?AC o oe?eiio.

Ia oaia??oi?e /an ? ?yae iaae??oaieo iaoeiaeo i?iaeai, ui a?aeiinyoueny
aei aeine?aeaeaiiy eiio?ieth ON I?AC. Cie?aia, ia a iiai?e i???
?ic?iaeai? ieoaiiy iiaoaeiae iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae oi?ioaaiiy ??oaiue a
i?ioean? eiio?ieth, a?aenooi? aoaeoeai? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee oaeoi??a, ui
aieeaathoue ia neeaaeia? aeinoia??iino? eiio?ieth, aeai?o ia?aaaaeieo
aeai?eoi?a eiio?ieth aeey iaaieo oei?a I?AC. Ioe?ithaaiiy iieaciee?a
aeinoia??iino? ia?aaeaa/a?oueny eeoa i?e oi?ioaaii? aeaioaeueoa?iaoeaieo
??oaiue i?i ON I?AC, oiae? ye ON ?yaeo oaoi?/ieo nenoai iiaea
oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeny aaaaoiaeueoa?iaoeaii.

Ioaea, iiaeaeueoa aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioean?a OA I?AC ia?aaeaa/a? ae??oaiiy
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eiio?ieth ?o ON.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oaiaoeeith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o, ui i?iaiaeeeenue ia eaoaae?? aenieoaoaoe?? oa ?aiiioo cania?a
?aae?ioaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a oa EI? Ee?anueeiai
i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe?? (EIOOeA). ?iaioa
iia’ycaia c oaiaoeeith i?ia?aie aaeineiiaeaiiy OeA Oe?a?ie oa i?ia?aie
iiaea?i?caoe?? nenoaie aa?iiaa?aaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy iia?o?yiiai
?ooo a Oe?a?i?.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe — ?ic?iaea iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaieo iaoiaeee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ui ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? i?ioean?a eiio?ieth ON I?AC.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe o ?iaio? aoee iinoaaeai? oa ?ica’ycai? ianooii?
caaea/?:

1. Aea?? iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? eiio?ieth ON I?AC.

2. ?ic?iaea ocaaaeueiaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy
??oaiue i?ae /an eiio?ieth ON I?AC.

3. Aiae?c oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue neeaaeia? iioeaie eeaneo?eaoe?? ON
I?AC.

4. Iiaoaeiaa iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy ??oaiue i?e
o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeai?e eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC, iaea?aeaiiy oa
aeine?aeaeaiiy aiae?oe/ieo ae?ac?a aeey ioe?iee iieaciee?a
aeinoia??iino? eiio?ieth.

5. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeee aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee aoaeoeaiino? eiio?ieth
ON I?AC.

6. Aeei?enoaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeey i?aeoeee aenieoaoaoe??
I?AC.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

1. Cai?iiiiiaaii ocaaaeueiaio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy ??oaiue
i?i ON I?AC i?e aaaaoiaeueoa?iaoeai?e eeaneo?eaoe??.

2. Iaea?aeaii aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ioe?iee iiaiioe eiio?ieth, ui
aecia/a? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaoiaee/ii? neeaaeiai? iioeaie eeaneo?eaoe??,
i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao iiaiioe eiio?ieth ia iieacieee
aeinoia??iino? eiio?ieth ON I?AC, cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy
iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino? ia?aiao??a, ui eiio?ieththoueny, i?e aeei?enoaii?
??cieo iaoiae?a eiio?ieth ON I?AC c iaoith caaacia/aiiy caaeaii?
aeinoia??iino?.

3. ?ic?iaeaii i?aeo?ae aei ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ iioei?caoe?? aeai?eoi?a
eiio?ieth ON, ui a?oioo?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? e?eoa??th Aae?na.

4. Iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeaii?
eeaneo?eaoe?? ON c oi/ee ci?o i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioean?a
aenieoaoaoe?? I?AC, iaea?aeaii aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ?ic?aooieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aeinoia??iino? eiio?ieth ON I?AC, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
o?ueiia neeaaeiaeie yeino?.

5. Iaea?aeaii aiae?oe/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ye? aeicaieythoue i?iaanoe
iioeiaeueiee aea?? aaee/ei iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo aeiione?a i?e
o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeai?e eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao
iaoiaee/ii? neeaaeiai? iioeaie eeaneo?eaoe??.

6. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa?aeoa?enoee
aeinoia??iino? eiio?ieth ON I?AC.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieythoue:

1. I?iaaaeeoe ioe?ieo iaoiaee/ii? neeaaeiai? aeinoia??iino?.

2. Iaa?oiooaaoe aea?? iioeiaeueii? e?eueeino? ia?aiao??a, ui
eiio?ieththoueny, ye? aecia/athoue ON I?AC c caaeaiith aeinoia??i?noth.

3. I?iaaaeeoe ?ic?aooiie iieaciee?a aeinoia??iino? eiio?ieth I?AC II, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeae?eueeiia noaiaie yeino?.

4. Iaa?oiooaaoe aaee/eie iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo aeiione?a i?ae /an
eiio?ieth ia?aiao??a I?AC, ui ?aaoeththoueny a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe??
I?AC.

5. Iaa?oiooaaoe aeiiae aei oi/iinieo oa?aeoa?enoee
eiio?ieueii-aei??thaaeueii? aia?aoo?e (EAA), ui aeei?enoiao?oueny a
i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe?? iaaieo oei?a I?AC.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a o/aiaee i?ioean ia
oaeoeueoao? aa?aoe?eiiai ?aae?iaeaeo?iiiiai iaeaaeiaiiy EIOOeA, a oaeiae
ia?aaeathoueny o Aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai ii ianeoaiaoaaiith iia?o?yiiai
?ooo a Oe?a?i? “Oe?aa?i?oo” oa eiino?oeoi?nueeiio ath?i
“Oa?o?ii–Aeueoa”.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai – aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
(IAe?) ?768-A90, ?009-AA93, ?260-AA93, ?707-AA96, ui aeeiiai? a EIOOeA.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe iaea?aeai? caeiaoaa/ai
iniaenoi oa a?aeia?aaeaii o i’yoe iaoeiaeo noaooyo, o?e c yeeo iaienai?
caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi, a aea? – o ni?aaaoi?noa?.

Iaoeiao noaooth “Aiaeec oeaeinoiinoe iacaiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey
iee?iaieiiaie nenoaiu iinaaeee” iaienaii o ni?aaaoi?noa? c TH.I.
Oiaeueei. Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee
ioe?iee oe?e?iino? ?aae?iiaye?a nenoaie iinaaeee. Noaooth “Aiaeec
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo naienoa iacaiiuo n?aaenoa ?aaeeioaoie/aneiai iaania/aiey
iieaoia n iiceoeee caueou eioi?iaoeee” iaienaii o ni?aaaoi?noa? c A.N.
Iia?eiaei oa ?.I. Aaeieiiai. Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a
iaea?aeai? aiae?oe/ieo ae?ac?a aeey ioe?iee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
aeinoia??iinoae i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?i ON I?AC ia i?aenoaa? ai??i?ieo
ciaiue i?i aecia/aeuei? ia?aiao?e ?aae?iiaye?a oa iioeaee ?o
ia?aoai?aiiy, ye? ia?ii a ?acoeueoao? aiae?co aenia?eiaioaeueieo
noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia II oa III I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy
?aae?iaeaeo?iiieo eiiieaen?a ? nenoai caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a” (1992,
1994??.), ia I?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “I?iaeaie
aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoai aa?iiaa?aaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa oi?aae?iiy
?ooiieie ia’?eoaie” (1996 ?), “I?iaeaie aaciaee iieueio?a” (1997 ?),
“I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? nenoai caoenoo ?ioi?iaoe??” (1997 ?),
“I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo nenoai aa?iiaa?aaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa aa?ii?ee
iia?o?yieo noaeai” (1998 ?), “Aa?iii?o-99”(1999 ?), ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
ca?oieo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo EIOOeA.

O iiaiiio ianyc? aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeiiia?aeaeanue ia ?icoe?aiiio
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e aenieoaoaoe?? oa ?aiiioo cania?a ?aae?ioaoi?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a oa EI? EIOOeA.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeaii a
i’yoe iaoeiaeo noaooyo, nueiie oacao aeiiia?aeae, aeaa’yoe ca?oao c
IAe?.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoe?a.
Caaaeueiee ianya neeaaea? 189 noi?., aeeth/ath/e 18 ?en., 6 oaaeeoeue,
nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 97 iaeiaioaaiue ia 10 noi?., 3 aeiaeaoe?a
ia 23 noi?.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iaoeiao iiaecio, a?aecia/aii i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue, a oaeiae iaaaaeaii
no?oeoo?o oa ia’?i ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
eiio?ieth I?AC, iaaaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo no/aniiai noaio oa ia?niaeoeao
?icaeoeo i?ioean?a eiio?ieth iacaiieo ?AC caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a,
aeeiiaii iinoaiiaeo caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiue.

O no/ani?e i?aeoeoe? aenieoaoaoe?? I?AC /eiaea canoinoaaiiy ciaoiaeyoue
i?ia?aneai? iaoiaee oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy (OI), a iniiao
canoinoaaiiy yeeo iieeaaeaii aio/eo no?aoaa?th oi?aae?iiy ON I?AC.
?ic?iaea ea?oth/eo aieea?a cae?enith?oueny ia i?aenoaa? ?ioi?iaoe??, yeo
io?eiothoue ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?aae?caoe?? iia?aoe?e eiio?ieth.

I?iaaaeai? ?iaioe c aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a OI i?eaaee aei iaaieo
aea?ao?a a i?aai?caoe?eiiio oa aeiiii?/iiio ieaiao, iaeiae i?iaeaie
ii?ooaiiy ?aaoey?iino? oa aaciaee iieueio?a c i?e/eie a?aeiiae I?AC,
cieaeaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao, i?aeaeuaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eii?
iaae?eiino? I?AC a oaia??oi?e /an ?ica’ycai? a iaiiai?e i???.
?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a OI aeeeeea?
iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaoiae?a eiio?ieth ON I?AC.

?icaeyiooi no?oeoo?o i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy ON I?AC caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a,
ui ?aae?co?oueny ia ??cieo i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/ieo ??aiyo. Nenoaie
eiio?ieth ? ?ioi?iaoe?eiith iniiaith aeey oi?ioaaiiy cayaie ia
iaiao?aei?noue ea?oth/eo aieea?a oa oi?aae?iiy ON. Iaaeineiiae?noue
nenoaie eiio?ieth iiaea aooe i?e/eiith iaaeeiiaiiy aeacaieo cayaie.

Ine?eueee aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi caoiae?a, ui aeeiiothoueny a i?ioean? OI,
? caiia?aaiiy a?aeiiaai I?AC, oi a yeino? ocaaaeueiaiiai e?eoa??th
aoaeoeaiino? OI aeei?enoiao?oueny iieaciee, ui oa?aeoa?eco? i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino? I?AC a ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o c OI. Oeae iieaciee W
aecia/a?oueny a?aeiioaiiyi na?aaeiueiai /ano aaca?aeiiaii? ?iaioe O0ia
I?AC, ui ianeoaiao?oueny, aei na?aaeiueiai /ano aaca?aeiiaii? ?iaioe O0
I?AC, ianeoaiaoaaiiy yeiai ia i?iaiaeeoueny

, (1)

Oeae ae?ac ca oiia ?iaioe I?AC o ia??iae ii?iaeueii? aenieoaoaoe?? ia?
aeaeyae

, (2)

aecia/a? eiia??i?noue caiia?aaiiy a?aeiiaai ?ci, yea caeaaeeoue a?ae
ia?aiiai iaoiaeo OI I?AC.

E?euee?nieie iieacieeaie aoaeoeaiino? iia?aoe?e eiio?ieth aeei?enoai?
aeinoia??iino? ??oaiue, ui i?eeiathoueny a ?acoeueoao? eiio?ieth ON,
ine?eueee aeinoia??i?noue ? ocaaaeueiaiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith
?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae nenoai eiio?ieth. Cai?iiiiiaaii e?euee?ni?
ioe?iee ia?aieo iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? i?e aeaioaeueoa?iaoeai?e
eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiae?a
i?aeaeuaiiy aeinoia??iino? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue o i?ioean? eiio?ieth ON
I?AC caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a. Aeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo i?ioean?a
eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC, ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?e aaaaoiaeueoa?iaoeai?e eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC.
Aiae?cothoueny i?e/eie i?eeiyooy iiieeeiaeo ??oaiue i?e eeaneo?eaoe?? ON
oa ?icaeyaeathoueny iaoiaee ?o ciaioaiiy.

sse iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue noeoiiino? AI aeae?a?oueny aeiaaeeiaa
aaeoi?ia aaee/eia – aaeoi? aecia/ath/eo ia?aiao??a (AAI).

i?i iaeaaei?noue ia’?eoa aei i-ai EN.

(3)

( iaeanoue i?eeiyooy ??oaiue (noeoii?noue ii?i) i?i iaeaaei?noue
ia’?eoa aei i-iai EN;I – e?euee?noue iiaeeeaeo EN.

cia?aaeaii o aeaeyae? iai?yieaieo eaiie (aeoa) a?aoo.

Aacoiiai? eiia??iino? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?i iaeaaei?noue I?AC aei
iaeiiai c iiaeeeaeo EN aecia/athoue oae:

, (4)

aea i – ?iaeaen, ui iicia/a? oaeoe/iee noai I?AC; j ( ?iaeaen, ui
aecia/a? iiia? EN oiai eeano, aei yeiai a?aeianaii I?AC o i?ioean?
eeaneo?eaoe??.

cai?iiiiiaaii eiia??i?noue ciaoiaeaeaiiy iaeiio?ieueiaaii? noeoiiino?
AI I?AC a i?aoeacaeaoiiio (“i?eaeaoiiio”) noai?.

(5)

( aonoeie ?iciiae?eo eiia??iinoae iaeiio?ieueiaaieo ia?aiao??a.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?ae /an
eiio?ieth i?aoeacaeaoiino? I?AC c o?aooaaiiyi iayaiino?
iaeiio?ieueiaaieo ia?aiao??a.

I?AC ca ?acoeueoaoaie eiio?ieth oa aaniethoii? aeinoia??iino? Ae?:

(6)

;

aea V – iiaiioa eiio?ieth; A,B — eiia??iino? i?eeiyooy iiieeeiaeo
??oaiue ca ?acoeueoaoaie eiio?ieth (iiieeee eeaneo?eaoe?? ON); pk (
eiia??i?noue i?aoeacaeaoiiai noaio I?AC ca noeoii?noth eiio?ieueieo
ia?aiao??a.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui iayai?noue
iaeiio?ieueiaaieo ia?aiao??a a caaaeuei?e noeoiiino? AI a cia/i?e i???
aieeaa? ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aeinoia??iino? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue.

?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ aeai?o iioeiaeueii? noeoiiino? eiio?ieueiaaieo
ia?aiao??a (EI) i?iaaaeaii aeey aeiaaee?a aaciina?aaeiueiai oa iia?/iiai
eiio?ieth AI.

.

?en.1

?en.2

I?e ?icaeyae? iiaeae? iia?/iiai eiio?ieth AI ?ica’yco?oueny caaea/a
aeai?o iaaii? e?eueeino? EI c caaaeueii? noeoiiino? oa i?ecia/aiiy aeey
eiaeiiai c EI iioeiaeueieo iie?a aeiione?a. I?iiiio?oueny i?aeo?ae aei
?ica’ycaiiy aeaii? caaea/?, yeee a?oioo?oueny ia ia/eneaii?
eiao?oe??io?a aieeao EI ia AI I?AC, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae aaee/ei aeiioneo
ia AI caniao, aeiioneo ia EI ? a?ae nooiaiy noioanoe/iiai ca’yceo i?ae
EI oa AI.

Ine?eueee ?ino?oiaioaeueia neeaaeiaa iiieeie eeaneo?eaoe?? iaoiiaeaia
aieiaiei /eiii iioeaeaie ia?aoai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ON I?AC, oi
aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiae?a i?aeaeuaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueii?
neeaaeiai? aeinoia??iino? eeaneo?eaoe?? aeicaiey? aaeineiiaethaaoe naia
i?ioean ia?aoai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe??.

?icaeyaea?oueny a?oia iaoiae?a, ye? a?oioothoueny ia ?aae?caoe?? iaaieo
aeai?eoi?a eiio?ieth, ui aacothoueny ia noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe?
?acoeueoao?a aei??thaaiiy EI. Aeey an?o ?icaeyiooeo aeai?eoi?a e?eoa???i
yeino? i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy i?i a?aeianaiiy I?AC aei iaaiiai EN ?
i?i?i?caoe?y na?aaeiueiai ?eceeo R, ui aeieea? a i?ioean? i?eeiyooy
??oaiue.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
??oaiue i?e aaaaoiaeueoa?iaoeai?e eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC caaacia/aiiy
iieueio?a. Iieacaii, ui i?ioean eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC aaciina?aaeiuei
ia?aaeo? oa i?aai?/ii iia’ycaiee c i?ioeanii ?aae?caoe?? ea?oth/eo
aieea?a. Oiio aoaeoeai?noue i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy ??oaiue i?i ON I?AC
aeioe?eueii ioe?ithaaoe c o?aooaaiiyi oa?aeoa?enoee yeino? iia?aoe?e
eiio?ieth oa ?aaoethaaiiy. I?iaaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino?
o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeaii? eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC c oi/ee ci?o aoaeoeaiino?.

oa?aeoa?eco? ye?noue eiio?ieueii-?aaoethth/eo iia?aoe?e, ui
aeeiiothoueny o i?ioean? OI. Aiae?oe/iee ae?ac ia? aeaeyae

(7)

aea Aei – iaoiaee/ia aeinoia??i?noue eiio?ieth; ?ci – eiia??i?noue
caiia?aaiiy a?aeiiaai;Qai – eiia??i?noue aianaiiy iani?aaiinoae.

Aeey iaeiiia?aiao?e/ieo I?AC i?e AeI = 1 ae?ac (7) ia? aeaeyae

. (8)

( oiiaia eiia??i?noue oiai, ui I?AC aoaea aeciaii ca ?acoeueoaoaie
eiio?ieth ia?aiao?a i?aoeacaeaoiei i?e oiia?, ui ae?enii a?i
iai?aoeacaeaoiee; ( ( oiiaia eiia??i?noue oiai, ui I?AC aoaea aeciaii ca
?acoeueoaoaie eiio?ieth iai?aoeacaeaoiei i?e oiia?, ui ae?enii a?i
i?aoeacaeaoiee; g – eiia??i?noue ciaoiaeaeaiiy a?ae?aaoeueiaaiiai
ia?aiao?a a iaaeao iiey aeiioneo.

Iaea?aeaii aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
eiio?ieueii-?aaoethth/eo ii?a?aoe?e i?e aeei?enoaii? eiio?ieth
?aaoeueiaaiiai ia?aiao?a c aeei?enoaiiyi iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo aeiione?a,
a?aei?iieo a?ae aenieoaoaoe?eieo ia aaee/eio (. I?e aeoiae?
eiio?ieueiaaiiai ia?aiao?a ca iaae? iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo aeiione?a
oi?io?oueny iia?aeiieaiiy i?i iia??oaiiy ON I?AC ca aeaiei ia?aiao?ii, a
i?e aeoiae? ia?aiao?a ca iaae? aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeiione?a –
iia?aeiieaiiy i?i iai?aoeacaeaoi?noue (aaa??th) I?AC (aeeiio?oueny
o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y ON I?AC).

Aeey aaaaoiia?aiao?e/ieo I?AC i?e oiia?, ui EI iacaeaaei?, ae?ac (8)
aoaea iaoe aeaeyae:

(9)

— iiaiioa eiio?ieth o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ae?acii (5).

O ?iaio? iaaaaeaii ae?ac (9) aeey aeiaaee?a ii?iaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo EI
oa iioeaie eiio?ieth, i?eioneath/e anoaiiaeaiiy aeey eiaeiiai c EI
iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo aeiione?a.

i?e o?eniaaieo cia/aiiyo na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ieo a?aeoeeaiue (( oa
iioeaie eiio?ieth (( ii eiaeiiio eiio?ieth?iiio ia?aiao?o.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui aoaeoeai?noue
eiio?ieueii-?aaoethth/eo iia?aoe?e aaaaoiia?aiao?e/ieo I?AC o cia/i?e
i??? aecia/a?oueny iiaiioith eiio?ieth. I?e iaaieo iioeiaeueieo
aaee/eiao iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo aeiione?a aeinyaa?oueny iaeneiaeueia
cia/aiiy iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino?. Cie?aia, ?ic?aooiee na?ae/aoue, ui i?e
e?eueeino? aecia/aeueieo ia?aiao??a I?AC n = 10 oa V = 1,0 aoaeoeai?noue
eiio?ieueii-?aaoethth/eo iia?aoe?e c aeei?enoaiiyi o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeaii?
eeaneo?eaoe?? iiaea aooe i?aeaeuaii o 1,7 ?ace o ii??aiyii? c
aeei?enoaiiyi aeaioaeueoa?iaoeaii? eeaneo?eaoe?? o i?ioean? eiio?ieth.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aieeao ei?aeyoe?eii? caeaaeiino? i?ae ia?aiao?aie, ui
eiio?ieththoueny, ia aoaeoeai?noue iia?aoe?e eiio?ieth oa ?aaoethaaiiy.
Iaea?aeaii aiae?oe/i? ae?ace oa iiaoaeiaaii a?ao?ee caeaaeiino?
aeinoia??iino? eiio?ieth a?ae eiao?oe??ioa ei?aeyoe?? i?ae ia?aiao?aie.
Oe? ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoaii aeey iaea?aeaiiy caeaaeiino? iieacieea
aoaeoeaiino? eiio?ieueii-?aaoethth/eo iia?aoe?e a?ae aaee/eie
eiao?oe??ioa ei?aeyoe?? i?ae ia?aiao?aie.

, ui iiaoaeiaaiee aeey aeaiia?aiao?e/ieo I?AC i?e o?eniaaieo ii?iiaaieo
cia/aiiyo aeiione?a ia EI ( O ? iioeaie eiio?ieth Z. Iaea?aeai?
?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui i?e iacia/i?e caeaaeiino? EI I?AC
aoaeoeai?noue eiio?ieueii-?aaoethth/eo iia?aoe?e i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeeoue
a?ae eiao?oe??ioa ei?aeyoe?? r, a a cia/i?e i??? caeaaeeoue a?ae ia?aieo
aeiioneiaeo cia/aiue ia EI, a oaeiae a?ae eeano oi/iino? aei??thaaeueieo
i?eeaae?a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny.

?en.3

?en.4

?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue eiio?ieth i?e o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeai?e
eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC, a ye?e i?ioean eiio?ieth iaaiaeeoueny o aeaeyae?
noi?nii? ae?? noeoiiino? aeaiaioa?ieo iia?aoe?e (AI) ia?aoai?aiiy EI.
?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ia?aoai?aiiy EI noeoii?noth AI, ui
iine?aeiaii aeeiiothoueny. Canoinoaaiiy aeaii? iiaeae? aeicaiey? iienaoe
aaaaoie?ieiaee i?ioean ia?aoai?aiiy ia?aiao?a ia iniia?
iao?eoe?-noiaioe?a ao?aeieo noai?a ia?aiao?a oa ia?ao?aeieo
eiia??iinoae.

Iiaoaeoaaii eiia??iinoiee a?ao i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?e
o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeai?e eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC. A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co a?aoa
iaea?aeaii ?ic?aooieia? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey ioe?iee aeinoia??iino?
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue Ae1 – i?i ciaoiaeaeaiiy I?AC a noai? “ii?ia”
(i?aoeacaeaoiiio); Ae2 – a noai? iia??oaiiy; Ae3 – a noai? “aaa??y”
(iai?aoeacaeaoiiio) ca ?acoeueoaoaie eiio?ieth ia?aiao??a.

(10)

aea ?1, ?2, ?3 – a?aeiia?aeii eiia??iino? ciaoiaeaeaiiy EI o noaiao
“ii?ia”, “iia??oaiiy”, “aaa??y”; A1 – eiia??i?noue i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy i?i
ciaoiaeaeaiiy ia?aiao?a a noai? iia??oaiiy”, yeui a ae?eniino? a?i
ciaoiaeeoueny a noai? “ii?ia”; A2 – eiia??i?noue i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy i?i
ciaoiaeaeaiiy oaeiai ia?aiao?a a noai? “aaa??y” ca ?acoeueoaoaie
eiio?ieth; A3 ( eiia??i?noue i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy i?i noai “aaa??y”
ia?aiao?a, yeee a ae?eniino? ciaoiaeeoueny a noai? “iia??oaiiy”;A1 (
eiia??i?noue i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy i?i noai “ii?ia” iacaaiiai ia?aiao?a;A2 (
eiia??i?noue i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy i?i noai “ii?ia”; A3 ( “iia??oaiiy”
ia?aiao?a, yeee a ae?eniino? ciaoiaeeoueny a noai? “aaa??y”.

, eiia??iino? ciaoiaeaeaiiy EI a noaiao “ii?ia”, “iia??oaiiy”, “aaa??y”
iathoue aeaeyae:

(11)

.

Eiia??iino? i?eeiyooy iiieeeiaeo ??oaiue ca ?acoeueoaoaie eiio?ieth
aecia/a?oueny oae:

(12)

Iaea?aeai? ae?ace aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe aeinoia??iino? i?eeiyooy
??oaiue i?i ON I?AC i?e o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeai?e eeaneo?eaoe?? ia iniia?
ciaiue caeii?a ?iciiae?eo eiio?ieth?ieo ia?aiao??a oa iioeaie eiio?ieth,
ye? iiaeooue aooe iaea?aeai? a ?acoeueoao? ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo
noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aoaeoeaiino? eiio?ieth ON I?AC caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeyoueny ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co
iaaieo I?AC, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny, ye ia’?eo?a eiio?ieth. A ?acoeueoao?
aeaiiai aiae?co aeeiiaii aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae i?ioean?a
eiio?ieth, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey iaaieo I?AC, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny.

. Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo aeiione?a ca 24
aecia/aeueiei ia?aiao?ai eo?niaiai ?aae?iiayea E?I-80 nenoaie iinaaeee
e?oae?a NI-80 oa ca 11 aecia/aeueieie ia?aiao?aie aaoiiaoe/iiai
?aae?iiaeaiaaoi?a A?I-75. Aaee/eia iiia?aaeaeoaaeueiiai aeiioneo ( ia
eiaeiee c EI aecia/a?oueny c i??eoaaiue aeinyaiaiiy iaeneioio
aoaeoeaiino? eiio?ieueii-?aaoethth/eo iia?aoe?e. Ia i?aenoaa?
?ic?aooieiaeo aeaieo c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i aeioe?euei?noue anoaiiaeaiiy
iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo aeiione?a ca 15 ia?aiao?aie E?I-80 oa 11 ia?aiao?aie
A?I-75.

i?e ii?iaeueieo caeiiao ?iciiae?eo eiia??iinoae EI oa iioeaie
eiio?ieth.

Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee aeicaieeoue iaaeaoe i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aaeineiiaeaiith oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a eiio?ieth
eiie?aoieo oei?a I?AC, ui aenieoaoothoueny.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue i?iaanoe ioe?ieo oe?e?niino?
iaaiiai eeano I?AC. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee oe?e?niino?
?aae?iiaye?a nenoai iinaaeee (?INI) ia i?aenoaa? noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo i?i
ia?aiao?e, aeiionee ia ia?aiao?e oa iioeaee ?o aei??thaaiiy. I?iaaaeaii
ioe?ieo oe?e?niino? ia i?aenoaa? iaeiie/aiiy ia?aiao?e/ii? noaoenoeee
eo?niaiai (E?I) oa aeaeueiii??iiai (AeIA) ?aae?iiaye?a. Noi?ioeueiaaii
aeiiae aei aeiione?a ia eiio?ieth?i? ia?aiao?e icia/aieo cania?a, a
oaeiae ae aei oi/iino? aei??thaaiiy c oi/ee ci?o caaacia/aiiy iaaiiai
cia/aiiy oe?e?niino?.

O aeiaeaoeao aei aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeaii: iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a
aeai?eoi?a eiio?ieth ON I?AC, i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo aoaeoeaiino?
eiio?ieueii-?aaoethth/eo iia?aoe?e oa aeinoia??iino? eiio?ieth i?e
o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeai?e eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC, ?acoeueoaoe ia?aiao?e/iiai
aiae?co I?AC aeey ioe?iee oe?e?niino?.

AENIIAEE

1. Iaei??th c neeaaeiaeo aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?ioean?a OA I?AC ? eiio?ieue
?o oaoi?/iiai noaio. Aeei?enoaiiy no/anieo no?aoaa?e oaoi?/iiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy I?AC ca noaiii c eiio?ieai ia?aiao??a aeioe?eueii i?e
aeei?enoaii? aoaeoeaieo cania?a eiio?ieth, ui aeicaieythoue aaciiieeeiai
aecia/aoe ON I?AC, ui ianeoaiao?oueny. Oiio iiaeaeueoa aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?ioean?a OA I?AC o aaaaoueio a?aeiioaiiyo aoaea iaoiiaeaia i?aeaeuaiiyi
aoaeoeaiino? iaeaaaeeea?oi? neeaaeiai? ( eiio?ieth oaoi?/iiai noaio. O
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?ic?iaeai? iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaeeee oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ui ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? i?ioean?a eiio?ieth
ON I?AC.

2. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c no/aniiai noaio oa ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo i?ioean?a
eiio?ieth ON I?AC caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a. Noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? oe?e?
eiio?ieth, ye aaaeeea?oi? iia?aoe??, ui i?iaiaeeoueny o iaaeao ?aeeiiai
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano aenieoaoaoe??. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c iieaciee?a
aoaeoeaiino? OI ? ? I?AC c o?aooaaiiyi oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioean?a
eiio?ieth. A yeino? e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? i?ioean?a
eiio?ieth aeei?enoai? iieacieee aeinoia??iino? ??oaiue, ui i?eeiathoueny
i?i ON I?AC, cai?iiiiiaaii aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ?o ioe?iee.

3. ?ic?iaeaii ocaaaeueiaio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy oa
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?e eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
aeae?eueeiia noaiaie yeino?. Iiaeaeue aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe aiae?oe/i?
ae?ace, ui aeicaieythoue ca’ycaoe oi/iini? oa?aeoa?enoeee iia?aoe?e
eiio?ieth c iieacieeaie yeino? I?AC, ON yeeo ia’?eoeaii iaeaaeeoue aei
iaaiiai eeaneo?eo?iiai noaio.

4. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c iaoiaee/ii? neeaaeiai? aeinoia??iino? eiio?ieth,
iaea?aeaiiai aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ?? ioe?iee. ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue,
ui iayai?noue iaeiio?ieth?ieo ia?aiao??a o caaaeuei?e noeoiiino?
aecia/aeueieo a cia/i?e i??? aieeaa? ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aeinoia??iino?
??oaiue ui i?eeiathoueny o i?ioean? eiio?ieth. Cai?iiiiiaaii aeai?eoie,
?aae?caoe?y yeeo aeicaiey? cae?enieoe aea?? iioeiaeueii? e?eueeino?
eiio?ieth?ieo ia?aiao??a i?e aeei?enoaii? aaciina?aaeiueiai oa iia?/iiai
eiio?ieth.

5. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?ino?oiaioaeueii? neeaaeiai? iioeaie eeaneo?eaoe??,
aecia/aii ?aeeiee i?aeo?ae aei ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/, ui ni?yiiaai? ia
ciaioaiiy oeeo iioeaie, caniiaaiee ia i?i?i?caoe?? na?aaeiueiai ?eceeo,
ui aeieea? a i?ioean? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?i ON I?AC. Aeaiee i?aeo?ae
iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey iioei?caoe?? ??cieo aeai?eoi?a
eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC.

6. Iaea?aeaii aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
eiio?ieueii-?aaoethth/eo iia?aoe?e aeey caeaaeieo oa iacaeaaeieo
eiio?ieth?ieo ia?aiao??a c aeei?enoaiiyi iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo aeiione?a
ia ia?aiao?e. ?aae?caoe?y iaoiae?a eiio?ieth ON c aeei?enoaiiyi
o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeaii? eeaneo?eaoe?? ON aeicaiey? ?aaeueii i?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano aenieoaoaoe?? I?AC a oe?eiio. ?acoeueoaoe
?ic?aooie?a na?ae/aoue, ui aoaeoeai?noue aaaaoiia?aiao?e/ieo iia?aoe?e a
cia/i?e i??? aecia/a?oueny iaoiaee/iith neeaaeiaith aeinoia??iino?
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?i ON. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a na?ae/aoue, ui i?e
iacia/i?e caeaaeiino? eiio?ieth?ieo ia?aiao??a aoaeoeai?noue
eiio?ieueii-?aaoethth/eo iia?aoe?e i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeaoue a?ae
eiao?oe??ioo ?o ei?aeyoe??, a a cia/i?e i??? aecia/a?oueny aeiioneiaeie
cia/aiiyie aeey eiio?ieth?ieo ia?aiao??a oa eeanii oi/iino?
aei??thaaeueieo cania?a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny.

7. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue eiio?ieth i?e o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeai?e
eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC, ui aeicaiey? i?e a?aeiieo oa?aeoa?enoeeao
eiio?ieth?ieo ia?aiao??a aecia/eoe eiia??iino? ciaoiaeaeaiiy
ia?aoai?aiiai eiio?ieth?iiai ia?aiao?a a iaeiiio c EN, ioe?ithaaoe aieea
ie?aieo iia?aoe?e ia?aoai?aiiy ia aeinoia??i?noue eeaneo?eaoe??.

8. Iaea?aeaii aiae?oe/i? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey ioe?iee aeinoia??iino?
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?e o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeai?e eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC, ui
aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe ia’?eoeai?noue ??oaiue, ye? i?eeiathoueny a
i?ioean? eiio?ieth, ia i?aenoaa? ciaiue oa?aeoa?enoee eiio?ieth?ieo
ia?aiao??a oa iioeaie ?o ia?aoai?aiiy, ui iaea?aeothoue o ?acoeueoao?
ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo.

9. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee aoaeoeaiino? oa aeinoia??iino? i?ioean?a
eiio?ieth i?e aeei?enoaii? o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeaii? eeaneo?eaoe?? ON I?AC.
Aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeee ni?yiiaaii ia ae?iaeo i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c
aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a eiio?ieth ON eiie?aoieo oei?a
I?AC. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c cai?iiiiiaaieie iaoiaeeeaie ca ?yaeii
aecia/aieo ia?aiao??a aeine?aeaeoaaieo I?AC aeioe?eueii anoaiiaeoe
iiia?aaeaeoaaeuei? aeiionee (i?aai?coaaoe i?ioean eiio?ieth c
aeei?enoaiiyi o?ueioaeueoa?iaoeaii? eeaneo?eaoe??), ui aeicaieeoue
ca?eueoeoe na?aaei?e /an aaca?aeiiaii? ?iaioe I?AC.

10. Ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo a ?iaio? oai?aoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo, ui aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe oe?e?ni?noue ?aae?iiay/ieo
nenoai iinaaeee o ?acoeueoao? iaeiie/aiiy oa ia?iaee ia?aiao?e/ii?
noaoenoeee.

CIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CAeIAOAA*A

CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Oiaeueei TH.I., Coaa A.A. Aiaeec oeaeinoiinoe iacaiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey
iee?iaieiiaie nenoaiu iinaaeee // Caueoa eioi?iaoeee. — E.: EIOAA,
1995.-n. 102-105.

Iiaeeia A.N., Aaeieiiue ?.I., Coaa A.A. Aiaeec eioi?iaoeeiiiuo naienoa
iacaiiuo n?aaenoa ?aaeeioaoie/aneiai iaania/aiey iieaoia n iiceoeee
caueou eioi?iaoeee // Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe nenoai caueou eioi?iaoeee.
— E.: EIOAA, 1997. — n.25-30.

Coaa A.A. Caueoa eioi?iaoeee n?aaenoa ?aaeeioaoie/aneiai iaania/aiey
iieaoia // Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe nenoai caueou eioi?iaoeee. — E.:
EIOAA, 1997. — n.98-101.

Coaa A. A. Ioeaiea iauaeoeaiinoe i?eieiaaiuo ?aoaiee i oaoie/aneii
ninoiyiee ?aaeeioaoie/aneeo iauaeoia a oneiaeyo ia?aie/aiiiai
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aeinooia // Caueoa eioi?iaoeee. — E.: EIOAA, 1998. — n.
144 – 150.

Coaa A.A. Aiaeec yooaeoeaiinoe i?ioeannia eiio?iey e ?aaoee?iaee a
nenoaiao caueou i?e ia?aie/aiiinoe eioi?iaoeeiiiiai aeinooia // Caueoa
eioi?iaoeee. — E.: EIOAA, 1999. — N.119-123.

Coaa A.A., Oiaeueei TH.I., E?oaeia I.E. Eiioeaioeey nicaeaiey oeaio?ia
oi?aaeaiey oaoiieiae/aneeie i?ioeannaie yenieoaoaoeee nenoai ?OI
iieaoia. // Oacenu aeieeaaeia II Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie
eiioa?aioeee «I?iaeaiu niaa?oainoaiaaiey ?aaeeieieaoeeiiiuo eiiieaenia e
nenoai iaania/aiey iieaoia «.- E.: EIOAA, 1992. — n.18.

Nieiiaioeaa A.A., Iaeeoiyi A.A., Aieuiaoe A.A., Coaa A.A. Aiaeec caaea/
ia?aaioee ecia?eoaeueiie eioi?iaoeee a nenoaiao aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai
eiio?iey ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiuo nenoai. // Oacenu aeieeaaeia «Io/aoiay
iao/ii-oaoie/aneay eiioa?aioeey ii ainathaeaeaoiie oaiaoeea, i?iaiaeeiie
einoeoooii a 1993 aiaeo». — E.: EEEAA, 1994.-c.12.

Coaa A.A., Oiaeueei TH.I. Iaoiaeeea ioeaiee oeaeinoiinoe iacaiiuo
?aaeeiiayeia iee?iaieiiaie nenoaiu iinaaeee. Oacenu aeieeaaeia III
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee “I?iaeaiu
niaa?oainoaiaaiey ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiuo eiiieaenia e nenoai iaania/aiey
iieaoia» // «Ay?iiaaeaaoeey — 94».- E.: EIOOeA, 1994 — n. 16.

Aaeieiiue ?.I., Co?a I.A. Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aieeao iaeiio?ieth?ii?
/anoeie iaeaaeiaiiy ia iieacieee aeinoia??iino? eiio?ieth cania?a ?OC
iieueio?a. Oace aeiiia?aeae «XVI ca?oia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y
oi?aa?neoaoo ca 1995 pie». — E.: EIOOeA, 1996. — n.39.

Aaeieiiue P.I., Co?a I.A. Ae??oaiiy caaea/ aeai?o iioeiaeueii?
e?eueeino? eiio?ieth?ieo ia?aiao??a. Oace aeiiia?aeae «XVI ca?oia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y oi?aa?neoaoo ca 1995 ??e». — E.: EIOOeA,
1996. — n.39.

Aaeieiiue ?.I., Coaa A.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea oa?aeoa?enoee aeinoiaa?iinoe
?aoaiee i?e iaee/ee iaeiio?iee?oaiie /anoe ecaeaeey. Oacenu aeieeaaeia
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee «I?iaeaiu
niaa?oainoaiaaiey nenoai ay?iiaaeaaoeeiiiiai ianeoaeeaaiey e oi?aaeaiey
iiaeaeaeiuie iauaeoaie», «Ay?iiaaeaaoeey — 96» — E.:EIOAA, 1996. — n.82.

Coaa A.A. Aiaeec aeeyiey ei??aeyoeeiiiie caaeneiinoe iaaeaeo
eiio?iee?oaiuie ia?aiao?aie ia yooaeoeaiinoue i?ioeannia eiio?iey e
?aaoee?iaaiey iacaiiuo n?aaenoa ?aaeeioaoie/aneiai iaania/aiey iieaoia.
Oacenu aeieeaaeia Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee
“I?iaeaiu ?acaeoey nenoai ay?iiaaeaaoeeiiiiai ianeoaeeaaiey e aaeiieee
aicaeooiuo noaeia” “Ay?iiaaeaaoeey e aaeiieea — 98”. — E.: EIOAA, 1998.
— n.74,75.

AIIOAOe?ss

Co?a I.A. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eiio?ieth oaoi?/iith noaio iacaiieo
?aae?iaeaeo?iiieo cania?a caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ii niaoe?aeueiino? 05.22.14. — Aenieoaoaoe?y iia?o?yiiai o?ainii?oo.-
Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaieo
iaoiaeee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ui cipyioaaii ia i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
i?ioean?a eiio?ieth ON I?AC caaacia/aiiy iieueio?a.

O ?iaio? i?iaiae?ciaaii oaeoi?e, ui aecia/athoue iiieeee eeaneo?eaoe??
ON oa ae??oothoueny caaea/? ciaioaiiy oeeo iiieeie. Ia i?aenoaa?
cai?iiiiiaaiiai e?eoa??th i?iaiaeeoueny ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? iia?aoe?e
eiio?ieth oa ?aaoethaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi ?aaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee I?AC oa
oiia ix aeei?enoaiiy.

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? oa aeinoia??iino? eiio?ieth
I?AC aeicaieythoue ae?iaeoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a eiio?ieth eiie?aoieo oei?a I?AC,
ui aenieoaoothoueny.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iacaii? ?aae?iaeaeo?iii? caniae, oaoi?/iee noai,
eiio?ieue, ia?aiao?e, eeaneo?eaoe?y, aeinoia??i?noue eiio?ieth, iaoiaee,
e?eoa???, eoeeoeaiicoue, iaoiaeeea ioe?iee.

AIIIOAOeEss

Coaa A.A. Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe iaoiaeia eiio?iey oaoie/aneiai
ninoiyiey iacaiiuo ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiuo n?aaenoa iaania/aiey iieaoia. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.22.14. — Yenieoaoaoeey aicaeooiiai o?ainii?oa. —
Eeaaneee iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oieaa?neoao a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee, Eeaa,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iao/ii-iainiiaaiiuo iaoiaeee e
?aeiiaiaeaoeee, iai?aaeaiiuo ia iiauoaiea ea/anoaa i?ioeannia eiio?iey
ON I?YN iaania/aiey iieaoia.

?anniao?eaaaony i?iaeaia iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe eiio?iey iacaiiuo ?YN
iaania/aiey iieaoia. Aeey ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiu iieacaoaee
aeinoiaa?iinoe i?eieiaaiuo a i?ioeanna eiio?iey ?aoaiee. I?iecaaaeaii
oai?aoe/aneia enneaaeiaaiea iaoiaeia iiauoaiey aeinoiaa?iinoe a
i?ioeanna eiio?iey ON I?YN. ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue
i?ioeannia oi?ie?iaaiey ?aoaiee i?e eeanneoeeaoeee I?YN,
oa?aeoa?ecothueony ianeieueeeie ninoiyieyie ea/anoaa, iicaieythuay
?ac?aaioaoue iauee iiaeoiae e auai?o e ioeaieo iieacaoaeae
aeinoiaa?iinoe eiio?iey, iieo/eoue aiaeeoe/aneea au?aaeaiey.
Iicaieythuea naycaoue oi/iinoiua oa?aeoa?enoeee eiio?iey n iieacaoaeyie
ea/anoaa I?YN.

I?iecaaaeai aiaeec iaoiaee/aneie e eino?oiaioaeueiie ninoaaeythueo
ioeaie eeanneoeeaoeee, i?aaeeiaeaiu iaoiaeu oiaiueoaiey aeaiiuo ioeaie.

Enneaaeiaaiu i?ioeannu oi?ie?iaaiey ?aoaiee i?e iiiaiaeueoa?iaoeaiie
eeanneoeeaoeee ON I?YN. iieo/aiu aiaeeoe/aneea au?aaeaiey aeey ioeaiee
yooaeoeaiinoe eiio?ieueii-?aaoee?iaia/iuo iia?aoeee aeey caaeneiuo e
iacaaeneiuo eiio?iee?oaiuo ia?aiao?ia n eniieueciaaiea oi?aaeaeaaiuo
aeiioneia. ?acoeueoaou ?an/aoia iieacuaatho, /oi ?aaeecaoeey iaoiaeia
eiio?iey n eniieueciaaieai o?aoaeueoa?iaoeaiie eeanneoeeaoeee iicaieyao
?aaeueii iiauneoue yooaeoeaiinoue i?ioeannia yenieoaoaoeee.

Iieo/aiu aiaeeoe/aneea niioiioaiey aeey ioeaiee aeinoiaa?iinoe i?eiyoey
?aoaiee i?e o?aoaeueoa?iaoeaiie eeanneoeeaoeee ON I?YN.

I?iecaaaeaia yenia?eiaioaeueiay i?iaa?ea yooaeoeaiinoe eiio?iey ON I?YN.
?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe iia?aoeee eiio?iey e
?aaoee?iaaiey e aeinoiaa?iinoe i?eiyoey ?aoaiee i?e o?aoaeueoa?iaoeaiie
eeanneoeeaoeee ON.

Eniieueciaaiea ?ac?aaioaiiuo iaoiaeee iicaieyao au?aaioaoue i?aeoe/aneea
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia eiio?iey
eiie?aoiuo oeiia yenieoaoe?oaiuo I?YN.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iacaiiua ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiua n?aaenoaa, oaoie/aneia
ninoiyiea, eiio?ieue, ia?aiao?u, eeanneoeeaoeey, aeinoiaa?iinoue
eiio?iey, iaoiaeu, e?eoa?ee, yooaeoeaiinoue, iaoiaeeee ioeaiee.

ANNOTATION

Zuev A.V. Increase of efficiency the control of a technical condition of
ground radioelectronic means of maintenance of flights. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a Ph.D. degree by speciality 05.22.14 — Operation of air
transport. — Kiev International University of Civil Aviation, Kiev,
1999.

This Ph.D. thesis is devoted to development scientifically are proved of
techniques and recommendations directed on increase of quality of
processes control the technical condition of ground radioelectronic
means maintenance of flights.

The developed techniques of an estimation of efficiency and reliability
of the control ground radioelectronic means allow to develop the
practical recommendations for perfection of technological processes of
the control of concrete types maintained ground radioelectronic means

The key words: ground radioelectronic means, technical condition,
control, parameters, classification, reliability of the control,
methods, criterion, efficiency, technique of an estimation.

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