OA?EIANUeEEE IAOEIAI-AeINEIAeIEE IINOEOOO I?OIIAAeI? OA O?AAIAOIEIAI?
?i.i?io.I.I.NEOAIEA

IEIEIEE Ieaenaiae? ?aaaiiae/

OAeE 616.718.4-002.4-021.4-99.843:616.77

IA?AEIIA AIAeII?IOACOAAIIssEOEUeOIAIAI NOAEIAAI?E ANAIOE*IIIO
IAE?ICIAIEIAEE NOAAIIAI? EINOEE(ee?i?ei-aenia?eiaioaeueia
aeine?aeaeaiiy)

14.01.21 — o?aaiaoieia?y oa i?oiiaae?y

AAOI?AOA?AOaeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??,
IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

eao?aao Aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? Oe?a?ie,

Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie

EINEOOIA Ieaenaiae? ?aaaiiae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
o?aaiaoieiai?, i?oiiaaei? oa INA OII

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe

IIOAEAAA Ciy Ieoaee?aia,

Oa?e?anueeee IAeI i?oiiaae?? oa o?aaiaoieia??

?i.i?io.I.I.Neoaiea,

caa?aeoth/a eaai?aoi???th a?iiaoai?ee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IIIIA Aaneeue Aioiiiae/,

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e o?aaiaoieiai? ? i?oiiaaei? ?2

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo
o?aaiaoieia?? oa i?oiiaae??, IIC Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny » 25 » /a?aiy 1999 ?. ia 11.30 ia caniaeaiii
niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.607.01 Oa?eianueeiai
iaoeiai-aeineiaeiiai iinoeoooo i?oiiaaei? oa o?aaiaoieiai?
ii.i?io.I.I.Neoaiea (310024, i.Oa?eia, aoe.Iooeiinueea, 80).

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o aiaeiioaoei Oa?eianueeiai
iaoeiai-aeineiaeiiai iinoeoooo i?oiiaaei? oa o?aaiaoieiai?
ii.i?io.I.I.Neoaiea (310024, i.Oa?eia, aoe.Iooeiinueea, 80).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee » 22 » o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe
?aae/aiei A.I.

19

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

Eoeueoiaee noaeia ca nai?th aiaoii?/iith aoaeiaith ? ooieoe?iiaeueiei
i?ecia/aiiyi a?aeiineoueny aei /enea iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo c/eaioaaiue
iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo, ye? caaacia/othoue ii?iaeueia ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iii?ii-?ooiai? nenoaie. Aei anaioe/iiai iae?ico aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee
(AIANE) noeeuei? iniae iaea?eueo i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo -30 — 55 ?ie?a
(Aiaaeu/aaa I.A., Aa?aeaoeaae/ ss.A., 1961; A?aoeeaineee A.I., 1985). A
inoaii? ?iee /anoioa caoai?thaaiue ia AIANE ca?eueoo?oueny, neeaaeath/e,
ca aeaieie ??cieo aaoi??a, 1,2-2,1 % a no?oeoo?? i?oiiaaee/ieo
caoai?thaaiue (Eoeeo I.E., Oeeeiiaiei A.A., Ieoaeeea A.O., 1988).
Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee aaaee?noth ia?aa?ao
naiiai caoai?thaaiiy, aea ? oei, ui aei oe??? iaoieia?? noeeuei?, a
iniiaiiio, /ieia?ee i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo. Neeaaei?noue e?eoaaiiy AIANE
iieyaa? a oiio, ui caeeoa?oueny iac’yniaaiei ieoaiiy eiai ao?ieia?? ?
iaoiaaiaco (Ieoaeeiaa I.I., Iaeiaa I.I., 1982). Iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy oai?eo
c anaioe/iei iae?icii aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia
eiina?aaoeai? oa iia?aoeai?. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a eiina?aaoeaieo iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy iieacaa iacaaeia?euei? ?acoeueoaoe a 63 %-90 % aeiaaee?a
(Ei?ae A.A. n niaao., 1982; Eoeeo I.E. e niaao. 1988; Ia/eiieeia A.E.,
1986, 1991; Oaiueeoo A.A.,1996; Hawkine R.H., 1974; Judet J., 1981;
Ficat R.P.,1985; Goddard N.J., 1988). Aea/aiiy ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao ?
iaoiii?oieia?/ieo ci?i i?e AIANE i?eaaei aei aeniiaeo, ui iae?ioe/iee
ina?aaeie a aie?aoe? noaaiiai? e?noee ia iiaea naiino?eii a?aeiiaeoeny,
? o?eueee o??o?a?/i? iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy aeathoue iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe
(Eaineee A.I., Iaaee?oaaa E.E., 1975, Crova M., 1979, Judet J., Judet
H., 1979.). Iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei ? aoaeoeaiei ? aeei?enoaiiy
e?noeiai-ieanoe/ieo iia?aoe?e ia ?aii?o noaae?yo caoai?thaaiiy. Iaeiae
canoinoaaiiy e?noeiai-ieanoe/ieo iia?aoe?e c aeei?enoaiiyi
o?ainieaioao?a ia? ?yae iaaeie?e?a. Ii — ia?oa, o?ainieaioao iaiiaeeeai
a?aeiiaeaethaaoe oae, uia a?i oe?eeii caiiaithaaa iae?ioe/io ii?iaeieio,
oiio aeiaiaeeoueny aeeiioaaoe /anoeiao ?acaeoe?th caei?iai? e?noee. Ii —
ae?oaa, /anoeia o?ainieaioao?a ia noaeeii?e i?aeoe?, ui ia?ai?uaia a
ii?iaeieio i?ney iae?aeoii??, ia? iaaeinoaoi? e?iaiiinoa/aiiy, ine?eueee
aocueea i’yciaa i?aeea ?icoaoiaaia aeaeaei a?ae iaoa?einueeiai eiaea ?
ia i?noeoue a nia? e?iaiiinieo noaeei. Oe? iaoiaeeee ia ci?iththoue
a?iiaoai?/ieo aca?iia?aeiinei o noaeia?, ia caaacia/othoue iiaiiai
aeaeaeaiiy iae?ioe/iiai ina?aaeeo, ui cao?eio? i?ioeane a?aeiiaeaiiy.
O?aaeaiee naaiaio ? aeae? iana iaaaioaaeaiiy a noaeia? (Merle D’Aubigne
R. et al., 1965). Iacaaeia?euei? ?acoeueoaoe neeaaeathoue a?ae 6,5% aei
25% (Palazzi C., Xicoy J., 1975). Aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii o ?icaeiaii?
anaioe/iiai iae?ico aie?aee noaaia ? a?iiaoai?/iee oaeoi?, a iino?eia
iaaaioaaeaiiy ni?ey? i?ia?anoaaiith anaioe/iiai iae?ico (Eaaaiaoe A.I.,
Aa?oeai A.E., 1979; Bombelli R., 1976; Gerard V., 1973; 1981; Kotz R.,
1981; Wagner H., 1981; Radin E.L., 1987). C iaoith onoiaiiy ii?ooaiue
a?iiaoai?/ieo aca?iia?aeiinei a noaeia? ?ic?iaeaii oe?eee ?yae
iia?aoe?e, ui aeeth/athoue ??ci? aeaee i?aeaa?oethaeieo inoaioii?e
noaaiiai? e?noee (Eaaaiaoe A.I., Aa?oeai A.E., 1979; Ooiaaea E.A. e
niaao., 1980; Ei?ae A.A., Eoeeo I.E., Oeeeiiaiei A.A., 1982; Ei?ae A.A.
e niaao., 1984, 1985, 1989; Cottstein J. et al., 1985). An?
aeuaiaaaaeai? iaoiaeeee ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei canoinoaaiiy ia ?aii?o
noaae?yo ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy, ye? iaea?eueo aaaeei ae?aaiinooaaoe, a
o aeiaaeeo anoaiiaeaiiy ae?aaiico iaoe??ioe, ye i?aaeei, caiaee ia
iia?aoe?th ia aeathoue. ?ioei iaaeie?eii aeuacaaaeaieo iaoiaeee ?
o?eaae? oa?i?ie ?iiia?e?caoe?? — 8-12 i?nyoe?a. I?e oeueiio ii?ooaiiy
iii?ii-?ooiai? nenoaie aeoea?cothoue ?icaeiaiiy i?ioeano anaioe/iiai
iae?ico. Ia i?ci?o noaae?yo caoai?thaaiiy AIANE iia?aoe??th aeai?o ?
a?o?iaeacoaaiiy ? aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa (Iiae/eiaa A.I.,
1974; Ieoaeeiaa I.I., 1971; Ia/eiieeia A.E., 1984, 1985, 1990).

O ca’yceo c aeuaaeeeaaeaiei aaeeeo aeooaeuei?noue ? nioe?aeueio
cia/ou?noue iathoue ?ic?iaee, ni?yiiaai? ia oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy AIANE.

Ca‘ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia ca?aeii c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? (i?ia?aia
Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo c ieoaiue iaoee ? oaoiieia?e Oe?a?ie 1.1.2; oeo?
oaie 1.05.00/20-93; aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe?y 0194U002278).

Oe?eue ?iaioe:

Ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy a?iiaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae aie?aee noaaiiai?
e?noee a ii?i? ? i?e anaioe/iiio iae?ic? ?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe a
ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo ??ci? aeaee aiaeii?ioac?a eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa aeey
ia?aeiiiai aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy i?e AIANE.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

1. Aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii aea/eoe eieaeuei? i?oei?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee
aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee a ii?i? ? i?e anaioe/iiio iae?ic?.

2. ?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo iia? aeaee aiaeii?ioac?a
eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa oa ?ino?oiaioa??e aeey aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy oai?eo ?c
AIANE.

3. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ia?aeiiiai aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa
i?e AIANE a?iiey?iei ? oioaeueiei oeiaie aiaeii?ioac?a.

4. Aecia/eoe iieacaiiy uiaei aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai canoinoaaiiy ??cieo
aeae?a aiaeii?ioac?a o caeaaeiino? a?ae noaae?? ia?aa?ao AIANE.

5. Ai?iaoaaoe ?ic?iaeai? aeaee aiaeii?ioac?a eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa a
ee?i?oe? i?e e?eoaaii? oai?eo c anaioe/iei iae?icii aie?aee noaaiiai?
e?noee, i?iaanoe aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy iiieeie ? oneeaaeiaiue
i?e ?o canoinoaaii?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia.

Aea/aii aieea AIANE ia iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? e?noeiai? oeaieie aie?aee
noaaiiai? e?noee. ?ic?iaeaii ? iaa?oioiaaii eiioeaioe?th ia?aeiiiai
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa i?e AIANE, a
oaeiae a?iiey?iee ? oioaeueiee aiaeii?ioace eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa ?
eiiieaeo ?ino?oiaioa??th, iaiao?aeiiai aeey aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe??. Iaoeiao
iiaecio aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iaoaioaie Oe?a?ie ? 15078 A, ?
23147A.

Oai?aoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Noi?ioeueiaai? ooi/iai? oyaeaiiy i?i ?ieue aeaiaio?a aie?aee noaaiiai?
e?noee, cie?aia, noaoiiae?aeueiiai oa?o, o iaoai?ci? ia?aaea/? coneeue
a?ae eiioaeoii? iiaa?oi? aei niiia?icii? oeaieie. Aeai? i?i aei?noe?ni?
oa?aeoa?enoeee e?noeiai? oeaieie a ii?i? ? i?e AIANE iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny i?e oai?aoe/iiio aiae?c? ?iciiae?eo coneeue o aie?aoe?
noaaiiai? e?noee.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?ic?iaeaii eiiieaenio nenoaio ia?aeiiiai aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai
aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy i?e AIANE, yea caniiaaia ia aeei?enoaii? ?ic?iaeaieo
iaoiaeee, i?eno?i?a oa ?ino?oiaioa??th aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa, ui aeicaiey? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii
aecia/eoe oaeoeeo e?eoaaiiy AIANE. Aaeii?ioace eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa
(?a?no?aoe?eia iina?ae/aiiy IIC Oe?a?ie ?168/95 a?ae 10 aeiaoiy 1995
?ieo) aeicaieai? aei oe?ieiai ee?i?/iiai canoinoaaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Aaoi? naiino?eii aeeiiaa on? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ca??
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iaoa??aeo. Aaoi? a?aa o/anoue o aiae?c? oa
ii?aoethaaii? io?eiaieo aeaieo, o ?ic?iaoe? aeaio aeiaoiae?a ca oaiith
aeena?oaoe??, ye? caoeuai? iaoaioaie Oe?a?ie. Iniaenoi cae?enithaaa
ee?i?/iee iaaeyae ca oai?eie, naiino?eii iia?oaaa ? anenooaaa ia an?o
iia?aoe?yo.

A?iiaoai?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? ia aac? eaoaae?e iii?o iaoa??ae?a
I?eaei?i?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e i?e
iaaeaii? eiinoeueoaoe?e eaiaeeaeaoii oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaioii
A.E.E?anianueeei.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iia?aeiieai? e iaaiai?ai? ia IX c’?cae?
i?oiiaae?a-o?aaiaoieia?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a 1996), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? i?oiiaae?a-o?aaiaoieia?a E?eio (sseoa, 1997); ia
can?aeaiiyo Anioe?aoe?? i?oiiaae?a-o?aaiaoieia?a Aei?i?iiao?ianueea
(1997, 1998); I?aeaocianueeiio iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? “I?iaeaie iae?i?eii?
iaoai?ee” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998); VI Iieuenei-Oe?a?inueeiio nai?ia??
“Iaoai?ea iaoa??ae?a oa eiino?oeoe?e”, (Aa?oaaa, 1998); tha?eaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? i?oiiaae?a-o?aaiaoieia?a, i?enay/ai?e 100-??//th Iiaa/aiea
I.I. (Oa?e?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii o 12 ae?oeiaaieo
i?aoeyo, c ieo 3 noaoo? o i?ia?aeieo oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo; 2
iaoaioe Oe?a?ie.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

?iaioo aeeeaaeaii ia 171 noi??ioe? ae?oea?nueeiai oaenoo, aiia
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, e?oa?aoo?iiai iaeyaeo, o?ueio aeaa aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa
?ethno?iaaia 75 ?enoieaie ? 13 oaaeeoeyie. Nienie aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 182 aeaea?aea, 107-a?o/eciyieo ? e?a?i NIAe,
75-?iicaiieo.

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii ia 10 o?oiieo e?noeao ? 5
aie?aeao noaaiiai? e?noee, aeaeaeaieo i?ae /an iia?aoe??
aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy o oai?eo c AIANE. Ee?i?/ia /anoeia aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?oioo?oueny ia ?acoeueoaoao o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy 48 oai?eo. O ?iaio?
aeei?enoai? ee?i?/i?, ?aioaaiia?ao?/i?, a?iiaoai?/i?, a?aoiaiae?oe/iee ?
noaoenoe/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ci?no ?iaioe

sse iieacaa aiae?c a?o/eciyii? oa ?iicaiii? e?oa?aoo?e, iaeiei ?c
iaea?eueo aeeneooaaaeueieo caeeoa?oueny ieoaiiy aeai?o iaoiaeeee
iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo c AIANE. Aea/aiiy ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao ?
iaoiii?oieia?/ieo ci?i i?e AIANE i?eaaei aei aeniiaeo, ui iae?ioe/iee
ina?aaeie a aie?aoe? noaaiiai? e?noee ia iiaea naiino?eii ?aaaia?oaaoe.
Iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiei ? aoaeoeaiei ? canoinoaaiiy o??o?a?/ieo
iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ia ?aii?o noaae?yo caoai?thaaiiy. Iaeiae ae?aaiinoeea
?aii?o noaae?e AIANE ? iaea?eueo aaaeeith. Iaoiaeo aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy i?e
AIANE a?aeaaaeaia eeoa inoaiiy /aoaa?oa noaae?y, eiee eoeueoiaee noaeia
oe?eeii c?oeiiaaiee ? iii?ii-?ooiaa nenoaia caciaea iaiai?ioieo ci?ie,
i?e oeueiio canoiniaoaaeeny canoa??e? aiaeii?ioace, eiino?oeoe?y yeeo ia
ia?aaeaa/aea ?o aeei?enoaiiy o iieiaeeo iaoe??io?a. C iaoith
a?iiaoai?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aeiiiai aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai
noaeiaa ye iaoiaeeee e?eoaaiiy AIANE o iaoe??io?a, a?e yeeo neeaaea?
30-50 ?ie?a, aoei aeeiiaii aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy aei?noe?nieo
? i?oei?nieo aeanoeainoae noaoiiae?aeueiiai oa?o ? niiia?icii? oeaieie
aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee ye o ii?i?, oae ? i?e AIANE. Iniiaia oaaaa a
aenia?eiaio? i?eae?eyeany iaea?aeaiith aei?noe?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee, a
oaeiae aea/aiith ?o ci?iaiiy a ?acoeueoao? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy caei?iaeo aie?aie i?iaiaeeeiny ia 10 i?aia?aoao, acyoeo o
/ieia?e?a o a?oe? a?ae 30 aei 55 ?ie?a, ui iiia?ee a?ae o?aai. Aeaaieia
nia?o? ia ia?aaeuoaaea 4-12 aiaeei, aeine?aeaeoaaiee naaiaio noaaiiai?
e?noee aoa ia iiiaio o?aaie iaiioeiaeaeaiee. AEi?noe?ni? ? i?oei?ni?
aeanoeaino? oeeo aie?aie aecia/aeeny ia iniia? aeaieo aeine?ae?a c
aaeaaethaaiiy a e?noeiao oeaieio noaeaaiai ?iaeaioi?a, yeee ia? oi?io
e?oaiaiai oeee?iae?a c ieineith i?aenoaaith. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae aeeiioaaeinue iioa?iai — ocaeiaae ?aae?ona, ui c’?aeio?
aa?oeio aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee c ?? oeaio?ii. Oeae iai?yiie ?
aeecueeei aei iai?yieo ae?? iaeneiaeueiiai o?c?ieia?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy.
Aea/aeeny aeanoeaino? noaoiiae?aeueiiai oa?o ? niiia?icii? oeaieie a
/ioe?ueio iine?aeiaieo c??cao, ia?iaiaeeeoey?ieo iai?yieo
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaeaaethaaiiy ?iaeaioi?a a noaoiiae?aeueiee oa?
cae?enithaaeiny o aa?oei? noa?e aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee,
ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aeioe/ii? ieiueie aei aeine?aeaeoaaii? oi/ee, a a
niiia?icio oeaieio — a oi/eao i?iaeoe?? oe??? aa?oeie ia ieiuei? c??c?a
o oiio ae iai?yieo (ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii ieiueiai c??c?a). C??ce
aeeiioaaeeny /a?ac eiaei? 5 ii. Aenia?eiaioe i?iaiaeeeeny ia
niaoe?aeueiiio noaiae? aeey aeine?ae?a, iniiaiei aeaiaioii yeiai ?
?iaeeeaoi? ia?ai?uaiiy aiaeeiieeiaiai oeio (?en.1). Iaaaioaaeaiiy F ia
?iaeaioi? ia?aaeaaaeiny /a?ac ooie aei?noei cae??ieaiiai ?iaeeeaoi?a, ui
aeei?enoiaoaaany oaeiae aeey aei??o aeeaeie caio?thaaiiy ?iaeaioi?a W o
e?noeiao oeaieio. Oi/i?noue aei???a neeaaeaea 2 i?e?iiao?e. Aeine?aee
cae?enithaaeeny a oaeee niin?a: i?e iine?aeiaiiio aeiaeaaaii? ? ci?iaii?
iaaaioaaeaiiy F, yea iiaoaiii ca?eueoo?oueny, aecia/aeeny aeeaeia
iiaiiai Wg ? iaiai?ioiiai (caeeoeiaiai) Wp caio?thaaiiy ?iaeaioi?a a
oeaieio. Noaia aeine?ae?a i?eaaaeaia ia ?en.1.

a) a)

?en. 1. Noaia aeine?ae?a aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee:

a — noaia aenia?eiaioaeueiiai noaiaea;

a — noaia i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a ? ?a?no?o?ieo aeaoi?iaoe?e.

Ca aiaeia?/iith iaoiaeeeith cae?enithaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy aie?aie
noaaiiai? e?noee c AIANE. Iaeiae, a oeueiio aeiaaeeo aea/aeany o?eueee
niiia?icia oeaieia. Aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo i?aia?ao?a oe???
na??? cae?enithaaany ia /a?ac na?aaei? iieacieee, a a eiaeiiio aeiaaeeo
?iaeea?aeoaeueii.

Aaciina?aaei?ie ?acoeueoaoaie ?nieo?a i?aia?ao?a aoee caeaaeiino?
“iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ?iaeaioi? — aeeaeia iiaiiai eiai aaaaeaiiy a oeaieio”
(“F-Wg”) ? “iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ?iaeaioi? — aeeaeia caeeoeiaiai eiai
aaaaeaiiy a oeaieio” (“F-Wp”), ia iniia? yeeo cae?enithaaeiny aecia/aiiy
aei?noe?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee, a oaeiae ioe?iea i?oei?nii? iaiaeii??aeiino?
noaoiiae?aeueiiai oa?o ? niiia?icii? oeaieie aie?aee noaaia ye o ii?i?,
oae ? i?e AIANE. Caeaaeiino? “F-Wg” ? “F-W?” aeey niiia?icii? oeaieie
caei?iai? e?noee o an?o c??cao, ca aeiyoeii ia?oiai, aeyaeeeny
aeecueeeie aei e?i?eii?. O ia?oiio ae c??c? iaeaea? caeaaeiino?
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny iae?i?ei?noth aei?noeiai aeaeyaeo. Aeecuee?noue
?icaeyiooeo caeaaeiinoae aei e?i?eii? aeicaieeea i?e iaea?aeaii? e
aiae?c? ?acoeueoao?a aeei?enoiaoaaoe, ye ? a iaoai?oe? a?oio?a, i?eioeei
e?i?eiino? aeaoi?iaoe?e ? eieaeueii? ?cio?ii??, a aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee
aei?noeino? e?noeiai? oeaieie i?eeiyoe iiaeoeue caaaeueii? (i?oaeii? ?
caeeoeiai?) aeaoi?iaoe?? Eg. Ii?yae c oe??th oa?aeoa?enoeeith
aeae?eyeany i?oaeia neeaaeiaiai iiaeoey Ee. Cia/aiiy Eg ? Ee aecia/aeeny
ye aeey ?cio?iiiiai o?ea, ca oi?ioeaie:

Eg=F(1-n2)/(DWg);

Ee=F(1-n2)/[D(Wg -Wp)]

Ooo n — eiao?oe??io Ioanniia (i?eeiaany ??aiei n = 0,2).

Aeey eiaeiiai c??co aecia/aeeny iniiai? noaoenoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
?ici???a Eg ? Ea: na?aaei? cia/aiiy (Eg ? Ea), a oaeiae aeia??/?
?ioa?aaee oeeo ?ici???a c ?iia??i?noth 0,95 ? eiao?oe??ioe aa??aoe?e (Vg
? Va), ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?iciao ?iceeaeo ia?aiao??a ? ia/eneai? c
oaeith aea aeia??/ith ?iia??i?noth (aeei?enoiaoaaeany oi?ioea
Vi=2Si/Ei(100%, aea Si — na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/i? a?aeoeeaiiy aaee/eie Ei,
i=e,g). ?acoeueoaoe ia/eneaiue iiaeai? a oaaeeoe? 1.

I?i ci?io i?oeiino? niiia?icii? oeaieie ca aenioith aie?aee noaaiiai?
e?noee noaeeee iia?/ii /a?ac aaee/eio a?aeiioaiiy iiaeoe?a caaaeueii? ?
i?oaeii? aeaoi?iaoe?e (aeea. inoaiith eieiieo oaaeeoe? 1).

Oaaeeoey 1. — Oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?noeino? niiia?icii? oeaieie

aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee a ii?i? oa ?o noaoenoe/i? aeanoeaino?

wmetafile8? ??h???????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
oea???u?????????????I???Courier New?I????-?????u?y??????sse
aeaeii c oaaeeoe? 1, iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? caei?iaeo aie?aie (ca
aeiyoeii c??co 2), a?ae??ciythoueny aeineoue aeia?ith noaa?euei?noth ?
aenieith aei?noe?noth. *?oei aeyaey?oueny cieaeaiiy aei?noe?nieo ?
i?oei?nieo iieaciee?a a?ae ia?eoa??? aei oeaio?o aie?aee. Nooo?ai, ui
aei?noe?ni? aeanoeaino? cieaeothoueny a cia/ii a?eueoiio nooiai?, i?ae
i?oei?ni?. I?i oa?aeoa? ci?ie aeanoeainoae e?noeiai? oeaieie ca aenioith
aie?aee iiaeia noaeeoe c a?ao?e?a, i?eaaaeaieo ia ?en. 2, a, ui aea?
iai/io ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th iiaeaieo o oaaeeoe? 1 cia/aiue Eg, Ea.

?en.2. Ci?ia aei?noe?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee niiia?icii? oeaieie

ca aenioith aie?aee a ii?i? (a) ? ?o a?aeiinia cieaeaiiy i?e AIANE(a)

(e?eaa 1- Eg/ Eg2; 2 — Ea/ Ea2; 3 — Eg/ Eg3; 4 — Ea/ Ea3)

Caeaaeiino? “F-Wg” ? “F-W?”, io?eiai? aeey noaoiiae?aeueiiai oa?o,
a?ae??ciyeeny iae?i?ei?noth ? aeineoue aenieith ye?niith noaa?euei?noth.
A on?o aeine?aeao ua a?eueo /?oei, i?ae aeey ia?oiai c??co niiia?icii?
oeaieie, aeyaeyany o?eeaieiaee oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? “F-Wg”. Ii??aiyiiy
caeaaeiinoae “F-Wg” ? “F-W?” aeey noaoiiae?aeueiiai oa?o ? niiia?icii?
oeaieie a ia?oiio c??c? aeaco? ia oae? oaeoe. Aieiaiei eiiiiiaioii, ui
aecia/a? aei?noe?noue noaoiiae?aeueiiai oa?o (ye a?ieiino?oeoe??), ?
niiia?icia oeaieia. Aeania noaoiiae?aeueiee oa?, eiinie?aeoth/e
niiia?icio e?noeo, ia ii/aoeiaeo aoaiao iaaaioaaeaiiy ni?ey?
i?aeaeuaiith ?? aei?noeino?. Iaeiae oea i?aeaeuaiiy aeoaea iacia/ia.
E??i oiai, aeoaea iecueeeie aeyaeeeny aei?noe?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? naii?
oeaieie noaoiiae?aeueiiai oa?o a iai?yieo, ia?iaiaeeeoey?iiio aei
oeueiai oa?o. Oiio iaa?oue iacia/ia eieae?ciaaia cieaeaiiy aei?noeino?
niiia?icii? oeaieie, ?icoaoiaaii? i?ae noaoiiae?aeueiei oa?ii, aoaea
i?eaiaeeoe aei cieaeaiiy aei?noeino? aie?aee noaaiaiai? e?noee a
oe?eiio, oiaoi noaoiiae?aeueiee oa? ia a ciic? eiiiainoaaoe iaoiiaeaio
caoai?thaaiiyi iaa?oue iacia/io ao?aoo aei?noeino? i?eeaaei? aei iueiai
niiia?icii? oeaieie. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae
aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee i?e AIANE ?noioii a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae
a?aeiia?aeieo aeaieo aeey caei?iaeo aie?aie. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? e?noee c
ae?oaith noaae??th AIANE o c??cao 1-3 i?e cia/aiiyo F, ui iacia/ii
ia?aaeuothoue 2 I (5 % a?ae eiio?ieueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy F = 40 I),
niinoa??aaeiny iiaia c?oeioaaiiy e?noeiai? oeaieie i?ae ?iaeaioi?ii, ui
a?aeaoaaeiny o aeaeyae? eieaino (?iaeaioi? oe?eeii i?iaaethaaany a
oeaieio). A oeaio?? aie?aee (c??c 4) e?noeiaa oeaieia aeyaeeany a?eueo
u?eueiith ?, ye iane?aeie, a?eueo i?oeiith — c?oeioaaiiy ?? a?aeaoeiny
i?e F = 30 I. A?aecia/aia oaeiae ?noioia a?aei?ii?noue e?euee?nieo
iieaciee?a io?eiaieo caeaaeiinoae “F-Wg” ? “F-W?” a?ae ii?ie, ui aeaco?
ia cia/ia cieaeaiiy aei?noeino? e?noee. I?e o?ao?e noaae?? caoai?thaaiiy
e?noeiaa oeaieia o an?o c??cao aeo?eiaea eiio?ieueia iaaaioaaeaiiy.
Oa?aeoa? caeaaeiinoae “F-Wg” ? “F-W?” aoa aeecueeee aei io?eiaiiai ia
i?aia?aoao caei?iaeo aie?aie, iaeiae ca e?euee?nieie iieacieeaie oe?
caeaaeiino? cia/ii ?ic??ciyeeny. Ia iniia? caeaaeiinoae “F-Wg” ? “F-W?”,
oaeiae ye ? aeey i?aia?ao?a caei?iaeo aie?aie, aoee ia/eneai? iiaeoe?
caaaeueii? ? i?oaeii? aeaoi?iaoe?e niiia?icii? oeaieie i?e AIANE.
?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 2. Oa?aeoa?enoeee
aei?noeino? e?noee i?e ae?oa?e ? o?ao?e noaae?yo caoai?thaaiiy iicia/ai?
a?aeiia?aeii aa?oi?ie ?iaeaenaie 2 ? 3. O oaaeeoe? i?eaaaeai? oaeiae
a?aeiioaiiy aei?noe?nieo iieaciee?a o eiaeiiio c??c? a ii?i? ? i?e
iaoieia??, ui aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe cieaeaiiy aei?noeino? e?noee,
iaoiiaeaia caoai?thaaiiyi (oe? aeai? aeoaeththoueny a?ao?eaie ia ?en. 2,
a).

Oaaeeoey 2. — Oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?noeino? niiia?icii?

oeaieie i?e AIANE

wmetafile8? ??6???????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ??????? 

???u?????????????I???Courier New?I????-?????????uy??????C
oaaeeoe? 2 aeaeii, ui i?e ae?oa?e noaae?? caoai?thaaiiy iaeneiaeueia
cieaeaiiy aei?noeino? e?noee (a?eueo i?ae o 400 ?ac?a) a?aeaoaa?oueny ia
ia?eoa??? (c??c 1), a i?i?iaeueia — a oeaio?? aie?aee. I?e oeueiio
ea?aeeiaeueii ci?ith?oueny a?aae??io aei?noe?nieo iieaciee?a ca aenioith
aie?aee: iaeneiaeueia aei?noe?noue niiia?icii? oeaieie a?aecia/a?oueny a
oeaio?? aie?aee, i?i?iaeueia — o cii? noaoiiae?aeueiiai oa?o. I?e o?ao?e
noaae?? caoai?thaaiiy iaeneiaeueia cieaeaiiy aei?noeino? oaeiae
a?aeaoaa?oueny a c??c? 1, iaeiae aaee/eia oeueiai cieaeaiiy cia/ii iaioa
(i?eaeecii a 50 ?ac?a). Iaeneiaeueia aei?noe?noue e?noee a oeueiio
aeiaaeeo a?aecia/aia a c??c? 2.

A ?icae?e? 3 i?eaaaeaia caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ee?i?/ieo
niinoa?aaeaiue. O ee?i?oe? o?aaiaoieia?? ? i?oiiaae??
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ia aac? iaeanii?
ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?iai? ?.?.Ia/i?eiaa, o a?aeae?eaii? aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy
aaeeeeo noaeia?a c 1992 ii 1998 ?. i?iaaaeaii o??o?a?/ia e?eoaaiiy 48
oai?eo c anaioe/iei iae?icii aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee o a?oe? a?ae 25
aei 55 ?ie?a. Aeaaieia caoai?thaaiiy neeaea a?ae iaeiiai aei i’yoe
?ie?a. O i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy aeeiiaii 50 iia?aoe?e ca ?ic?iaeaieie iaie
iaoiaeeeaie, a oiio /ene?: a?iiey?ia aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai
noaeiaa 21 oai?iio, oioaeueia aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa a 29
aeiaaeeao. Aeaia iaoieia?y a?aecia/aia o 46 (96 %) /ieia?e?a ? o?eueee o
2 (4 %) ae?iie (oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 3. — ?iciiae?e oai?eo ca noaooth ? a?eii

wmetafile8? ??r???????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
O????u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????u?y??????I?e aiae?c? ee?i?/iiai iaoa??aeo
caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao ia?aaaaeaiiy oe??? iaoieia?? o in?a iaea?eueo
i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo — a?ae 30 aei 50 ?ie?a. Ee?i?/iee iaaeyae
i?iaiaeeany ca oai?eie ye c ?ae?iiaoe/iei, oae ? iinoo?aaiaoe/iei
anaioe/iei iae?icii aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee. Na?aaei?e a?e iaoe??io?a
neeaaeaa 43 ?iee, ?ae?iiaoe/iee anaioe/iee iae?ic aie?aee noaaiiai?
e?noee a?aecia/aiee o 30 (62 %), iinoo?aaiaoe/iee — o 18 (48 %) oai?eo.
C 30 iaoe??io?a c ?ae?iiaoe/iei anaioe/iei iae?icii aeaia iaoieia?y iaea
i?noea o 29 /ieia?e?a ? iaei??? ae?iee. Na?aaei?e a?e iaoe??io?a neeaa
41 ??e. C aeaia?/iei anaioe/iei iae?icii aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee
niinoa??aaeiny 4 /ieia?ea, ui neeaei 8,3 %. Nenoaiaoecaoe?y ee?i?/iiai
iaoa??aeo cae?enithaaeany a?aeiia?aeii aei eeaneo?eaoe?? Ieoaeeiai? I.
I., Iaeiai? I.I., 1982, a?aeiia?aeii aei yei? aeae?eythoueny ianooii?
noaae?? AIANE: 1 noaae?y — noaae?y ?aii?o i?iya?a caoai?thaaiiy; 2
noaae?y — ?ii?an?eiiai ia?aeiio; 3 noaae?y — noaae?y aoi?eiiiai a?o?ico;
4 noaae?y — noaae?y caaa?oaiiy. Aeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y aeicaiey? eaaei
i???iooaaoeny a ?iciiae?e? oa ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? noaae?e caoai?thaaiiy. Ia
i?aenoaa? oe??? eeaneo?eaoe?? oai?? c ?ae?iiaoe/iei anaioe/iei iae?icii
aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee aoee ?iciiae?eai? a oaeee niin?a (oaae. 4).

I?e aiae?c? aca?iica’yceo o?eaaeino? ? noaae?? ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy
aoee io?eiai? oae? aeai? (oaae.5). sse aeaeii c aeaieo, i?eaaaeaieo o
oaaeeoeyo 4 ? 5, aei caoai?thaaiiy noeeuei? iaoe??ioe o a?oe? a?ae 30
aei 50 ?ie?a , o yeeo niinoa??aathoueny 2-4 noaae?? ia?aa?ao
caoai?thaaiiy. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i neeaaei?noue ae?aaiinoeee ia?oi?
noaae?? caoai?thaaiiy, eiee eiai ee?i?/i? i?iyae ?i?oothoue
inoaioiiae?ic ? aoi?eiio ei??ioeaao neiioiiaoeeo.

Oaaeeoey 4. — ?iciiae?e oai?eo c ?ae?iiaoe/iei AIANE

ca a?eii ? noaae??th i?ioeano

wmetafile8? ??Y$???????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
Pa???u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????u?y??????Oaaeeoey 5. — ?iciiae?e oai?eo ca
noaae?yie AIANE ? o?eaae?noth

caoai?thaaiiy i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? a ee?i?eo.

wmetafile8? ??I

???#????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
P!???u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????u?y??????I?ae iaoei iaaeyaeii ia?aaoaaee 18
oai?eo c iinoo?aaiaoe/iei anaioe/iei iae?icii aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee,
na?aaei?e a?e iaoe??io?a neeaa 45,8 ?iee. Iniiaiith i?e/eiith aeieeiaiiy
anaioe/iiai iae?ico a aeai?e a?oi? noaee iaae?aeueiee ia?aeii oeeee
noaaiiai? e?noee ? eiai iane?aeee a ?acoeueoao? iai?aaeeueii ia?aii?
oaeoeee e?eoaaiiy aai ye oneeaaeiaiiy iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy, a oae naii
anaioe/ia aeano?oeoe?y aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee i?ney ia?aeiii-aeaeo?a
eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa (oaae. 6).

Oaaeeoey 6. — ?iciiae?e oai?eo ?c iinoo?aaiaoe/iei AIANE

ca ao?ieia?/iei oaeoi?ii.

wmetafile8? ?????U????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ??????? J?
???u?????????????I???Courier New?I????-?????????u?y??????A
caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?i?i?a, c iiiaioo o?aaie aai iia?aoe?? aei
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a ee?i?eo, oai?? ?iciiae?eeeeny a oaeee niin?a (oaae. 7).

Oaaeeoey 7. — ?iciiae?e oai?eo c iinoo?aaiaoe/iei AIANE

o caeaaeiino? a?ae aeaaieie ooeiaeaeaiiy eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa.

wmetafile8? ??©#???»????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
R6???u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????u?y??????sse aeaeii c oaaeeoe? 7,
iinoo?aaiaoe/iee AIANE ?icaeaa?oueny a oa?i?ie a?ae 6 i?nyoe?a aei ?ieo
c iiiaioo o?aaie eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa ? iaoiiaeaiee oaeoe/ieie iiieeeaie
ia aoaiao ianoaaeaiiy ? e?eoaaiiy oai?iai.

Ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a ia?aeiiiai aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa o
oai?eo c AIANE i?iaiaeeeanue ca aaeueiith iaoiaeeeith d’Aubigne ? Postel
(Merle d’Aubigne R. and Postel M., 1954). ?acoeueoaoe ioe?ithaaeeny ca
aaeueiith nenoaiith (a?eue + oiaea): a?eueoa 10 — i?i?iaeuei? ii?ooaiiy;
9 -iii??i? ii?ooaiiy; iaioa 6 — aeeaie? ii?ooaiiy.

C iaoith e?eoaaiiy aoee ?ic?iaeai? iiaeoeuei? a?iiey?iee ? oioaeueiee
aiaeii?ioace eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa “I?OYI” aeey ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ?c
AIANE ia ??cieo noaae?yo ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy, ?ino?oiaioa??e ?
iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoe?e, eio?? i?ney ee?i?/ii? ? oieneeieia?/ii?
aenia?oece aeicaieai? aeey oe?ieiai ee?i?/iiai canoinoaaiiy
(?a?no?aoe?eia iina?ae/aiiy ?168/95 a?ae 10 aeiaoiy 1995 ?ieo).
I?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y ?ic?iaeaiiai iaie a?iiey?iiai aiaeii?ioaca “I?OYI”
iieyaa? a oiio, ui cai?iith aeaaaia?aoeaii o?aaeaiiai aeaiaioa
eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa — aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee, c? caa??aaiiyi
iiaiioe?iii? aoeaoaaoey?ii? /anoeie, oaea?oueny aeinyaoe oaeaeei? ?
aoaeoeaii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo.

A?iiey?iee aiaeii?ioac eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa “I?OYI” (?en.3) yaey? niaith
iiaeoeue, ui neeaaea?oueny c? noaaiiaiai eiiiiiaioa ? ?icoaoiaaii? ia
oeeoe? aiaeii?ioaca a?iiey?ii? aie?aee. Aie?aea a?iiey?iiai aiaeii?ioaca
neeaaea?oueny ?c ciai?oiuei? noa?e iaa?oaiiy (2), ui ana?aaeei? ii?iaeiy
? ia? ia??caao /anoeio ia aoiae?. A ii?iaei?e /anoeie aioo??oiuei? noa?e
?ici?uaiee iie?aoeeaiiaee aeeaaeaiue (5), aeaioiaeaiee ?c o??oeaio,
aioo??oiy noa?a iaa?oaiiy (3) ae?aiao?ii 28 ii, ? o??oeaiiaa e?eueoea
(4), ui cae?o/o?oueny ii ia??c? ciai?oiuei? noa?e iaa?oaiiy (2),
oo?eioth/e aie?aeo, ? oi?io? a oaeee niin?a aioo??oith noa?o iaa?oaiiy.

Oioaeueiee aiaeii?ioac eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa “I?OYI” (?en.4), i?ecia/aiee
aeey iiaiiai cai?uaiiy noaeiaa, i?noeoue i?aeeo 1, ia oeeoe? yei?
?icoaoiaaia noa?a (2), ? ei?ion (3) aa?oethaeiiai eiiiiiaioa, c’?aeiai?
i?ae niaith ca aeiiiiiaith o??oeaiiaiai aeeaaeaiy (4,5), ui ioiieth?
noa?o (2). Eiino?oeoe?y i?aeee aiaeii?ioaca ? ?? oeii?ici??e aiaeia?/i?
oeueiio aeaiaioo a?iiey?iiai aiaeii?ioaca, ui caaacia/o? i?eioeei
iiaeoeueiino? ? aca?iicai?iiino? a?iiey?ii? aie?aee ia aoeaoaaoey?iee
eiiiiiaio, oiaoi ia?aaaaeaiiy iaeiiiiethnii? nenoaie a oioaeueio i?e
?icaeiaii? aeaaaia?aoeaiiai i?ioeano o aa?oethaei?e caiaaeei? aac cai?ie
noaaiiaiai eiiiiiaioa. Aa?oethaeiee eiiiiiaio oioaeueiiai aiaeii?ioaca
eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa “I?OYI” (?en. 4) neeaaea?oueny c iaoaeaaiai ei?iono,
ui ii ciai?oi?e iiaa?oi? ia? ia??caa? aenooie aeeaeiith 4,5 ii c
iicaeiaaei?ie ?icieeaie, a a na?aaeei? ? ii?iaeieia, ui c e?ath
cae?i/o?oueny ia??cueth. A na?aaeei? ei?iono ?ici?uo?oueny
iie?aoeeaiiaee aeeaaeaiue ? noiii?ia aaeea, i?ae yeith ?icoaoiaaia
aie?aea aiaeii?ioaca.

?en. 3. Noaiaoe/iee aeaeyae ?en. 4. Noaia oioaeueiiai

a?iiey?iiai aiaeii?ioaca aiaeii?ioaca

Ia?aaaae ?ic?iaeaiiai iaie aa?oethaeiiai eiiiiiaioa iieyaathoue a oiio,
ui ia??caa? aenooie ?? ciai?oiuei? iiaa?oi? aeeaeiith 4,5 ii i?aeoe/ii a
aeaa ?ace a?eueo?, i?ae a eeane/iiio aoeaoaaoey?iiio eiiiiiaio? Aaeea, a
any iiaa?oiy eiioaeoo ia? eiiiiceoia ooieoe?iiaeueia iie?eooy ia iniia?
inoaio?iiii? ei?oiaeiai? ea?ai?ee.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ? oi?aa?naeueiee ?ino?oiaioa??e aeey ?iieaioaoe??
ye a?iiey?iiai, oae ? oioaeueiiai aiaeii?ioac?a “I?OYI”.

Eiioeaioe?y ia?aeiiiai aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy i?e AIANE ia ?aii?o noaae?yo
caoai?thaaiiy a?oioo?oueny ia oiio oaeo?, ui aei iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano
noeeueia niiia?icia e?noeiaa oeaieia aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee, a oie /an
ye aa?oethaeia caiaaeeia ? ia?aa?oeeoey?i? oeaieie ua ia caeo/ai? aei
oeueiai i?ioeano. Oea a cia/i?e i??? i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ee?i?/iith
ea?oeiith caoai?thaaiiy ? ? /eiieeii, ui oneeaaeith? ae?aaiinoeeo ?aii?o
noaae?e caoai?thaaiiy. Ia?aeiia aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy i?ieneiaeueiiai
a?aeae?eo noaaiiai? e?noee ia ?aii?o noaae?yo AIANE iieacaii a oeo
aeiaaeeao, eiee a?aenooi? iaoieia?/i? ci?ie c aieo o?yua aa?oethaeii?
caiaaeeie ? eainoee noaeiaa. Iacaaaeath/e ia ?nioth/ee a?naiae
ae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeiaeai c ieo ia aea? iiaiiai
oyaeaiiy i?i o? i?ioeane, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a noaeia?. Oiio iniiaiei ?
iaea?eueo aaaeeeaei iiiaioii ? ?io?aiia?aoe?eia ioe?iea noaio noaeiaa ?
nooi?iue eiai iaoieia?/ieo ci?i. Iaea?eueoa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny
ioe?ioe? noaio o?yua aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie. Ae?oaei iaia’yceiaei
aeaiaioii o eiioeaioe?? aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy ia ?aii?o noaae?yo AIANE ?
iayai?noue aiaeii?ioaca, yeee ca nai?ie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?a ae oe?eeii
?i?ooaaoe aie?aeo noaaia ? i?e oeueiio iaoe aii?oecaoe?ei? aeanoeaino?
oa a?ieia?/ii iaeo?aeuei? yeino?. A oeueiio ca’yceo aeei?enoaiiy
iaeiiiiethniiai aiaeii?ioaca i?ieneiaeueiiai a?aeae?eo noaaia ia ?aii?o
noaae?yo AIANE oyaey?oueny iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei, oiio ui noaeiaia?
aeaiaioe eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa a oeae ia??iae ua ia caciathoue
iaoieia?/ieo ci?i, ? oiio iiaeeeaa cai?ia o?eueee o?aaeaii? aie?aee
noaaiiai? e?noee, ui aeicaiey? ii?iae?coaaoe ooieoe?th noaeiaa. Iaeiae
iaeiiiiethniee aiaeii?ioac a /enoiio aeaeyae? ? aeineoue aei?noeith
eiino?oeoe??th, yea ia ia? aii?oecaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae, ui a naith
/a?ao i?eaiaeeoue aei oaeaeei? aeano?oeoe?? aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie ?
ianooiii? ?? i?io?oc??. E??i oeueiai, i?e aeai?? eiino?oeoe??
aiaeii?ioaca iaiao?aeii caaaeaoe ia oa, ui iaoe??ioe c AIANE — iieiaeiai
a?eo ? oiio ooieoe?iioaaoe oaeee aiaeii?ioac a i?aai?ci? iiaeiai
o?eaaeee /an. ?aae?coth/e iinoaaeaio a ?iaio? oe?eue, ie ?ic?iaeee
a?iiey?iee aiaeii?ioac eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa “I?OYI”.

Iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo i?eioeei?a, caeeaaeaieo o eiino?oeoe?? a?iiey?iiai
aiaeii?ioaca “I?OYI”, ? eiai iiaeoeuei?noue.

I?ney a?iiey?iiai aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy iiaeooue aeieeaoe yaeua i?io?oc??
aie?aee aiaeii?ioaca. I?io?oc?y iiaea aeieeiooe a o?ueio neooaoe?yo: 1)
?aiiy i?io?oc?y aiane?aeie iaiaa?oioiaaiiai canoinoaaiiy; 2) i?ciy
i?io?oc?y, ui aeieea? i?ney o?eaaeiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy aiaeii?ioaca, eiee
aiane?aeie iino?eiiai i?aeaeuaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aa?oethaeio
caiaaeeio a?aeaoaa?oueny ?? iaoai?/ia ?oeioaaiiy; 3) o?aaiaoe/ia
i?io?oc?y, ui aeieea? aiane?aeie o?aaie eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa.

I?eioeei iiaeoeueiino? caaacia/o? cai?io aie?aee a?iiey?iiai eiiiiiaioa
aiaeii?ioaca ia aa?oethaeiee eiiiiiaio oioaeueiiai aiaeii?ioaca. I?e
oeueiio aeeeth/athoueny aoaeue-ye? iai?ioeyoe?? c i?aeeith aiaeii?ioaca.
Aeei?enoaiiy oaei? cai?ie caaacia/o? a?aeiiaeaiiy iii?icaeaoiino? ia 3-7
aeaiue, a i?aoeacaeaoiino? — /a?ac 6 oeaei?a i?ney iia?aoe??.

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa a?iiey?iei ?
oioaeueiei aiaeii?ioacaie i?e anaioe/iiio iae?ic? aie?aee noaaiiai?
e?noee.

Aea/aii a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy a oa?i?i a?ae iaeiiai aei
i’yoe ?ie?a o 48 oai?eo c AIANE o a?oe? a?ae 25 aei 55 ?ie?a. Aeaaieia
caoai?thaaiiy neeaea a?ae iaeiiai aei i’yoe ?ie?a. O i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy
i?iaaaeaii 50 iia?aoe?e ca ?ic?iaeaieie o ee?i?oe? iaoiaeeeaie, a oiio
/ene?: a?iiey?ia aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa 21 oai?iio,
oioaeueia aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa a 29 aeiaaeeao. Aeaii
oai?ei aoei c?iaeaii aeaia?/ia oioaeueia aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy. Na?aaei?e
oa?i?i iaaeyaeo neeaa 29 i?nyoe?a.

I?e aiae?c? io?eiaii oae? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy (oaae. 8). Aeia??
?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy io?eiaii a 95,8 % oai?eo ?c ?icaeyiooith
iaoieia??th, a caaeia?euei? — a 4,2 %. C 48 oai?eo iaeiiio iaoe??ioo
i?ney a?iiey?iiai aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy aoea c?iaeaia cai?ia a?iiey?ii?
aie?aee ia oioaeueiee iiaeoeue o ca’yceo c i?io?oc??th a?iiey?iiai
eiiiiiaioa.

Oaaeeoey 8. — A?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ia?aeiiiai aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy

eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa i?e AIANE ca Merle d’Aubigne ? Postel

wmetafile8? ??x???7????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
O????u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????u?y??????Oa?i?ie e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ?c AIANE ca
aeaieie iaoeo niinoa?aaeaiue iaaaaeaii a oaae. 9.

Oaaeeoey 9. — Na?aaei? oa?i?ie e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ?c AIANE.

wmetafile8? ??‹???(????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
?c???u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????u?y??????I?iaaaeaii iia?aoeaia e?eoaaiiy 25
?iaae?ae?a c ?ae?iiaoe/iei ? iinoo?aaiaoe/iei AIANE. Iiaa?ioeeny aei
o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? i’youe /ieia?e. Oaeei /eiii, iiaeai? aeaa aeaee —
a?iiey?iee ? oioaeueiee aiaeii?ioace eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa “I?OYI”
aeicaieeee i?ae?eoe aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii aei i?iaeaie ia?aeiiiai
aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy i?e AIANE o caeaaeiino? a?ae noaae?? i?ioeano.
Iaaaaeaio iaoiaeeeo e?eoaaiiy canoiniaaii o 48 oai?eo, eio?ei aoei
aeeiiaii ia?aeiia aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy 50-oe eoeueoiaeo noaeia?a, ui
aeicaieeei iaea?aeaoe iiceoeai? aeoiaee o 100 % niinoa?aaeaiue (aeia?? —
95,8 %, ? caaeia?euei? — 4,2 %) ? na?ae/eoue ia ei?enoue aeniei? ??
aoaeoeaiino?.

Aeniiaee

1. Niiia?icia oeaieia aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee a ii?i? o iai?yieo,
aeecueeiio aei i?eeeaaeaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai o?c?ieia?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy,
ia? aeineoue aenieo ? noaa?eueio aei?noe?noue, yea ciaioo?oueny a?ae
aa?oeie aie?aee aei oeaio?o. I?e oeueiio ?? iaoieia?/i? ci?ie aiane?aeie
AIANE, ye i?e ae?oaee, oae ? i?e o?ao?e noaae?? caoai?thaaiiy,
i?eaiaeyoue aei cia/iiai (ye i?i?ioi ia ii?yaeie) cieaeaiiy ?? i?oeiino?
? aei?noeino? ii anueiio ia’?io aa?oiuei? iieiaeie noa?e aie?aee
noaaiiai? e?noee.

2. Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea i?oei?nieo ? aei?noe?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee
iieacaea, ui iaeneiaeueia cieaeaiiy aei?noeino? (a?eueo i?ae o 400
?ac?a) a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e ae?oa?e noaae?? caoai?thaaiiy a ia?eoa??ei?e
ae?eyioe? (?icoaoiaai?e i?ae noaoiiae?aeueiei oa?ii, a ca‘yceo c /ei
canoinoaaiiy a?o?iieanoeee ? i?aeaa?oethaeii? inoaioii?? i?e 2, 3 ? 4
noaae?yo o iaoe??io?a c anaioe/iei iae?icii aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee
aaaaea?oueny iaaeioe?eueiei.

3. ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo iia? a?o/eciyi?,
a?iiey?iee ? oioaeueiee, eiino?oeoe?? aiaeii?ioac?a eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa
nenoaie “I?OYI”.

4. Aecia/ai? iieacaiiy aei aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy
eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa i?e AIANE. Aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy a?iiey?iei
aiaeii?ioacii iieacaii i?e ae?oa?e noaae?? AIANE, aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy
oioaeueibi aiaeii?ioacii iieacaii i?e o?ao?e oa /aoaa?o?e noaae??
ia?aa?ao oai?iae.

5. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee canoinoaaiiy oa ?ino?oiaioa??e aeey ia?aeiiiai
aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa a?iiey?iei ? oioaeueiei
aiaeii?ioacaie “I?OYI” i?e e?eoaaii? AIANE.

6. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai
noaeiaa i?e AIAAE ca ?ic?iaeaieie iaoiaeeeaie iieacaa, ui aeia??
?acoeueoaoe io?eiai? a 95,8 %, caaeia?euei? a — 4,2 % oai?eo, i?e
oeueiio na?aaei?e oa?i?i e?eoaaiiy neeaa 109,95±6,85 aei?a, a
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue oaeaeiny a?aeiiaeoe o 20 % ?iaae?ae?a, ui
ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae iaaeyaeii.

Nienie ?ia?o, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Eineooia A.A., Ieaeiee A.A. Yiaeii?ioace?iaaiea oaciaaae?aiiiai
nonoaaa i?e anaioe/aneii iae?ica aieiaee aaae?aiiie einoe // I?oiiaaeey,
o?aaiaoieiaey e i?ioace?iaaiea.- 1998. — ?2.- N.48-52.

2. Ieaeiee A.A. ?acoeueoaou ia?ae/iiai yiaeii?ioace?iaaiey
oaciaaae?aiiiai nonoaaa o aieueiuo n anaioe/aneei iae?icii aieiaee
aaae?aiiie einoe // I?oiiaaeey, o?aaiaoieiaey e i?ioace?iaaiea. — 1998.
— ?3. — N.121-122

3. Eineooia I.?., E?anianueeeeA.E., Ie?eiee I.?. Iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino?
aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee a ii?i? oa i?e anaioe/iiio iae?ic? // Iaaee/i?
ia?niaeoeae.- 1998. — Oii 3. -?3.- N.5-9.

4. Iaoaio ?15078 A Oe?a?ia, A61F2/32. Aiaeii?ioac eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa /
A.?.Eineooia, ?.I.I?e?oi?ia, I.?.Ie?eiee, A.I.Iaca?aiei, A.I.Oa?ania;
Cayaa 20.09.94.; Ioae. 30.06.97; I?iieneiaa aeani?noue ?3. — N. 3.1.30.

5. Iaoaio ?23147 A Oe?a?ia, A61F2/32. A?iiey?iee aiaeii?ioac eoeueoiaiai
noaeiaa / I.?.Eineooia, I.?.Ie?eiee, A.I.Iaca?aiei, A.I.Oa?ania; Cayaa
21.02.92; Ioae. 31.08.98; I?iieneiaa aeani?noue ?4. -N. 3.1.39.

6. Ie?eiee I.?. Aeeoa?aioe?eiee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeaie aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy
eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa i?e anaioe/iiio iae?ic? // Iaoa?. OII c’?caeo
i?oiiaae?a-o?aaiaoieia?a Oe?a?ie.- Ee?a, 1996.- N.147-148.

7. Eineooia I.?., E?anianueeee A.E., Aieiaaoa I.E., Ie?eiee I.?.,
I?e?oi?ia ?.I. Aeaye? a?iiaoai?/i? aniaeoe i?iaeaie aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy //
Iaoa?.O?? c’?caeo i?oiiaae?a-o?aaiaoieia?a Oe?a?ie.- Ee?a,1996.-
N.141-142.

8. Ieaeiee A.A. Ia?ae/iia yiaeii?ioace?iaaiea oaciaaae?aiiiai nonoaaa
i?e anaioe/aneii iae?ica aieiaee aaae?aiiie einoe // A ei.:“Aeooaeueiua
aii?inu o?aaiaoieiaee e i?oiiaaeee” Oac.aeiee.eiio.- E?eaie ?ia, 1995.
-N. 59-60.

9. Eineooia I.?., Ie?eiee I.?. Ia?aeiia aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy ye can?a
iaaee/ii? oa nioe?aeueii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ia anaioe/iee iae?ic
aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee // A ei.: “?aaa?e?oaoe?y oai?eo c
caoai?thaaiiyie iii?ii-?ooiaiai aiia?aoo” Iaoa?. eiioa?aioe??. —
A?iieoey, 1995. -N.66-69.

10. Ieaeiee A.A. Yiaeii?ioace?iaaiea eae iaoiae ?aaaeeeoaoeee aieueiuo n
anaioe/aneei iae?icii aieiaee aaae?aiiie einoe // A ei.:“ E 200-eaoeth
iaeanoiie eeeie/aneie aieueieoeu ei E.E.Ia/ieeiaa.” Nai?iee
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneeo noaoae. — Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1998 -N.106-107.

11. Ieaeiee A.A. I naienoaao aieiaee aaae?aiiie einoe a ii?ia // A
ei.:“Iaoea ? ina?oa 98” Iaoa?. eiioa?aioe??. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee –
Iaeana –E?eaee ??a – Ee?a – Oa?e?a – Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinuee. — O. 25 —
N.1062.

12. Ieaeiee A.A. E iainiiaaieth auai?a iaoiaeia iia?aoeaiiai ea/aiey i?e
anaioe/aneii iae?ica aieiaee aaae?aiiie einoe // A ei.: “Iaoea ? ina?oa
98” Iaoa?. eiioa?aioe??. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee – Iaeana – E?eaee ??a –
Ee?a – Oa?e?a – Aei?i?iaeca?aeeinuee. — O. 25 — N.1063.

Aiioaoe?y

Ie?eiee I.?. Ia?aeiia aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa i?e
anaioe/iiio iae?ic? aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee — ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.21 — o?aaiaoieia?y oa i?oiiaae?y. — Oa?e?anueeee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo i?oiiaae?? ? o?aaiaoieia?? ?i. i?io.
I.?.Neoaiea, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Caoeua?oueny 12 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo ?ic?iaoe?, iaa?oiooaaiith
? ee?i?/iiio ai?iaaaeaeaiith iaoiaeeee ia?aeiiiai aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy
eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa i?e anaioe/iiio iae?ic? aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee
(AIANE). Ia iniia? ee?i?/ieo ? ?aioaaiieia?/ieo aeaieo, a oaeiae aeaieo,
io?eiaieo o ?acoeueoao? aea/aiiy iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae aie?aee
noaaiiai? e?noee a ii?i? ? i?e AIANE, noi?ioeueiaaia eiioeaioe?y
aiaeii?ioacoaaiiy, aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai ca noaae?yie caoai?thaaiiy,
a?aeiia?aeii aei yei? ia ?aii?o noaae?yo i?ioacoaaiiy i?iaiaeeoueny c
aeei?enoaiiyi a?iiey?iiai aiaeii?ioaca aie?aee noaaiiai? e?noee, ia
i?ci?o — oioaeueiiai aiaeii?ioaca eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa. Aeei?enoiaoaai?
i?e oeueiio i?ea?iaeuei? aiaeii?ioace nenoaie “I?OYI”, a oaeiae
?ino?oiaioa??e aeey ?oiuei? onoaiiaee caoeuai? Iaoaioaie Oe?a?ie.
Iaoiaeeea aeei?enoaia i?e e?eoaaii? 48 iaoe??io?a c AIANE. I?iaaaeaii
aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy a oa?i?ie a?ae iaeiiai aei i’yoe ?ie?a.
Iiceoeai? ee?i?/i? ?acoeueoaoe io?eiai? a 95,8 % aeiaaee?a, caaeia?euei?
— a 4,2 % oai?eo i?e oa?i?iao e?eoaaiiy 109,95 ± 6,85 aei?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eoeueoiaee noaeia, anaioe/iee iae?ic aie?aee noaaiiai?
e?noee, e?eoaaiiy, aiaeii?ioace, a?iiaoai?ea.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ieaeiee A.A. “Ia?ae/iia yiaeii?ioace?iaaiea oaciaaae?aiiiai nonoaaa i?e
anaioe/aneii iae?ica aieiaee aaae?aiiie einoe”. — ?oeiienue.
Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.21 — o?aaiaoieiaey e i?oiiaaeey. — Oa?ueeianeee
iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo i?oiiaaeee e o?aaiaoieiaee ei. i?io.
I.E.Neoaiei, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Caueuaaony 12 iao/iuo ?aaio, iinayuaiiuo ?ac?aaioea, iainiiaaieth e
eeeie/aneiio aiaae?aieth iaoiaeeee ia?ae/iiai yiaeii?ioace?iaaiey
oaciaaae?aiiiai nonoaaa i?e anaioe/aneii iae?ica aieiaee aaae?aiiie
einoe (AIAAE) o aieueiuo n?aaieoaeueii iieiaeiai aic?anoa (30-55 eao).

I?iaaaeaii yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea aeanoeinoiuo e i?i/iinoiuo
naienoa aieiaee aaae?aiiie einoe a ii?ia e i?e AIAAE. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi
iaoieiae/aneea eciaiaiey niiiaeiciie oeaie eae i?e aoi?ie, oae e i?e
o?aoueae noaaeee caaieaaaiey i?eaiaeyo e nouanoaaiiiio (eae ieieioi ia
ii?yaeie) nieaeaieth aa i?i/iinoe e aeanoeinoe ii anaio iauaio aa?oiae
iieiaeiu noa?u aieiaee aaae?a. Iaeneiaeueiia nieaeaiea aeanoeinoe (aieaa
/ai a 400 ?ac) i?ienoiaeeo i?e aoi?ie noaaeee caaieaaaiey a iaeanoe,
?aniieiaeaiiie iiae noaoiiae?aeueiui neiai. Nai aea noaoiiae?aeueiue
neie iaeaaeaao ieceie ecaeaiie aeanoeinoueth iiyoiio aeaaea
iacia/eoaeueiia eieaeueiia eciaiaiea aeanoeinoe iiaeeaaeauae niiiaeiciie
oeaie iaaaoeaii aeeyao ia oa?aeoa? eiioaeoa e ninoiyiea aa?oeoaeiie
aiaaeeiu. ?acoeueoaou iaiauaiey e aiaeeca aenoiiaoaie/aneeo
enneaaeiaaiee oeacuaatho ia iaoeaeaniia?aciinoue eniieueciaaiey
a?o?iieanoeee e iaaeaa?oaeueiie inoaioiiee i?e aoi?ie, o?aoueae e
/aoaa?oie noaaeeyo AIAAE.

Noi?ioee?iaaia eiioeaioeey ia?ae/iiai i?ioace?iaaiey i?e AIAAE,
aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiiai ii noaaeeyi caaieaaaiey, aeey ?aaeecaoeee eioi?ie
auee ?ac?aaioaiu aeiiey?iue yiaeii?ioac aieiaee aaae?aiiie einoe e
oioaeueiue yiaeii?ioac oaciaaae?aiiiai nonoaaa nenoaiu “I?OYI”.
Eiieaioaou, a oaeaea eino?oiaioa?ee aeey eo onoaiiaee caueuaiu iaoaioaie
Oe?aeiu ? 15078 A, ? 23147 A.

Niaeanii eiioeaioeee ia?ae/iiai aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiiai i?ioace?iaaiey, ia
?aiieo noaaeeyo caaieaaaiey ea/aiea i?iaiaeeony n eniieueciaaieai
aeiiey?iiai yiaeii?ioaca aieiaee aaae?aiiie einoe, ia iicaeieo —
oioaeueiiai yiaeii?ioaca oaciaaae?aiiiai nonoaaa. Aieiaea aeiiey?iiai
yiaeii?ioaca, a ioee/ea io iaeiiiiethniiai eiieaioaoa, eiaao aeaa noa?u
a?auaiey n i?iiaaeooi/iui yeanoe/iui oe?oeaiiaui aeeaaeuoai e, eae
neaaenoaea, oa?aeoa?ecoaony eo/oeie aii?oecaoeeiiiuie naienoaaie e
aieueoae aeieaiaa/iinoueth. Iauae iaeaieaa aaaeiie iniaaiiinoueth
aeiiey?iiai e oioaeueiiai yiaeii?ioacia nenoaiu “I?OYI” yaeyaony eo
iiaeoeueiinoue, nooue eioi?ie caeeth/aaony a neaaeothuai. Eiino?oeoeaii
yoe i?ioacu ninoiyo ec aeaoo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo iiaeoeae: ocea e?aieaiey
yiaeii?ioaca (iiaeee) e aeiea o?aiey e aii?oecaoeee (aieiaee).
Oioaeueiue yiaeii?ioac aeiiieiyaony aoeaoaaoey?iui eiiiiiaioii. Iiaeee
yiaeii?ioacia, a oaeaea oceu niaaeeiaiey iiaeoeae oieoeoee?iaaiu, /oi
iaania/eaaao acaeiicaiaiyaiinoue aieiaie e, a /anoiinoe, aiciiaeiinoue
caiaiu aeiiey?iie aieiaee ia aieiaeo n aoeaoaaoey?iui eiiiiiaioii.
Iineieueeo ia?ae/iia i?ioace?iaaiea ?aeiiaiaeiaaii a n?aaieoaeueii
iieiaeii aic?anoa, /oi iaoneiaeeaaao aunieoth aa?iyoiinoue ?aaecee,
iiaeoeueiinoue a ?aieao i?eiyoie eiioeaioeee aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiiai
i?ioace?iaaiey iineo i?eioeeieaeueiue oa?aeoa?. Nouanoaaiii, /oi i?e
caiaia aeiiey?iie aieiaee ia aieiaeo oioaeueiiai yiaeii?ioaca (n
aoeaoaaoey?iui eiiiiiaioii) eneeth/athony anyeea iaieioeyoeee n iiaeeie
yiaeii?ioaca. ?aaecey a oaeie oi?ia iaania/eaaao ainnoaiiaeaiea
iii?iniiniaiinoe ia 3-7 aeaiue, a o?oaeiniiniaiinoe — /a?ac 6 iaaeaeue
iinea iia?aoeee.

?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeeee iia?aoeaiiai aiaoaoaeuenoaa i?e ia?ae/iii
aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiii yiaeii?ioace?iaaiee “I?OYI”, eioi?ua auee ?ac?aoaiu
e oe?ieiio eeeie/aneiio i?eiaiaieth (?aaeno?aoeeiiiia oaeinoiaa?aiea IC
Oe?aeiu ?168/95 io 10 ieoya?y 1995 aiaea). Eeeie/aneay /anoue
enneaaeiaaiey iniiauaaaony ia ?acoeueoaoao oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey
aieueiuo AIAAE a aic?anoa io 25 aei 55 eao. Eco/aiu ioaeaeaiiua
?acoeueoaou yiaeii?ioace?iaaiey o 48 iaoeeaioia (100% iaaethaeaiee) a
ia?eiae io iaeiiai aiaea aei iyoe eao. Iaaethaeaeenue aieueiua n
eaeeiiaoe/aneei (30 iaoeeaioia — 62 %) e iinoo?aaiaoe/aneei anaioe/aneei
iae?icii aieiaee aaae?aiiie einoe (18 iaoeeaioia — 38 %). Aeaaiinoue
caaieaaaiee ninoaaeyea io iaeiiai aiaea aei iyoe eao. A i?ioeanna
ea/aiey i?iaaaeaii 50 aiaoaoaeuenoa ii ?ac?aaioaiiui iaoiaeeeai, a oii
/enea: aeiiey?iia yiaeii?ioace?iaaiea (21 aiaoaoaeuenoai), oioaeueiia
yiaeii?ioace?iaaiea oaciaaae?aiiiai nonoaaa (29 neo/aaa).
Iieiaeeoaeueiua ?acoeueoaou ea/aiey iieo/aiu a 95,8 % neo/aaa,
oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiua — a 4,2 %. I?e aeiiey?iii yiaeii?ioace?iaaiee
n?aaeiee n?ie ea/aiey a noaoeeiia?a e aiaoeaoi?ii ninoaaee 19,5±2,1 e
84,7±5,4 aeiy, ia?eiae a?aiaiiie iao?oaeiniiniaiinoe — 104,2±7,5 aeiy.
Niioaaonoaothuea aeaiiua i?e oioaeueiii yiaeii?ioace?iaaiee
oaciaaae?aiiiai nonoaaa ninoaaeee 21,3±1,6; 94,4 ±4,6 e 115,7±6,2 aeiy.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oaciaaae?aiiue nonoaa, anaioe/aneee iae?ic aieiaee
aaae?aiiie einoe, ea/aiea, yiaeii?ioac, aeiiaoaieea.

SUMMARY

Oleynik A.E. Primary endoprosthesing of hip joint at aseptic necrosis of
femoral head. — Manuscript. Dissertation for the degree of candidate of
medical science in traumatology and orthopedy – speciality 14.02.21. –
Kharkiv institute of scientific investigation in orthopedy and
traumatology named after prof. M.I. Sitenko, Kharkiv, 1999.

Twelve scientific works are being defended devoted to the development
and clinical use of the methodology of the primary endoprosthesing of
hip joint at aseptic necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH). On a basis of
clinical and X-rays data obtained from the studies of mechanical
properties of femoral head in healthy state and at ANFH the concept of
the prosthesing differentiated for each stage of disease have been
formulated. According to this concept the prosthesing on early stages is
to be performed using the bipolar prosthesis of the femoral head bone,
for late stages of disease it is to be done with the total
endoprosthesis of hip joint. The original implants of ORTEN system and
also the equipment for their installation used with this technique are
protected with Patents of Ukraine. The methodology has been tested on 48
patients with ANFH. The analysis of the results of cure for the terms
from 1 to 5 years has been made. The positive clinical results are
reached for 95,8 % of patients with terms of cure 109,95±6,85 days.

Key words: hip joint, aseptic necrosis of femoral head bone, cure,
endoprosthesis, biomechanics.

Похожие записи