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iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y iaoe oe?a?ie

?inoeooo a?ae?ia?ieia??

ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

Eaon TH??e A?oae?eiae/

OAeE 352.38(015):567

ia?aeenia ieeniaiiy e?i?ae?a oa aioeieneaeaioiee caoeno o ?ea i?ae
aieeaii oaeoi??a aiaeiiai na?aaeiaeua

03.00.17. – a?ae?ia?ieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

ee?a – 1998

Aeenna?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a eaai?aoi??? aeieia?/ii? a?io?i?? *a?i?a?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. O.A. Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

A?oa?iei Aaneeue Aaneeueiae/

ia?oee i?i?aeoi? Oa?iiii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeoi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I. I. Caoa?aiei
Iaoe?iiaeueiee Aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao , i. ee?a

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee O. Ae.
Iaeeaeaaa, ?inoeooo A?ae?ia?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie,

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: a?ieia?/iee oaeoeueoao Ee?anueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 2 ” ethoiai 1999 ?. i 12:30 aiae.

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.213.01 i?e

?inoeooo? a?ae?ia?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 254210 i. Ee?a-210,

i?ini. Aa?i?a Noae?ia?aaeo, 12

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
a?ae?ia?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 24 ” a?oaeiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?
Nie?iiaa I. I.

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. A?aeiia?aeue i?aai?cio ia ae?th oieneeaioo ?
?acoeueoaoii aca?iiae?? aeaio i?ioean?a: iioeiaeaeaiiy (aeano?oeoeaiee)
oa caoenoo (eiiiainaoi?ii-aaeaioeaiee) (O?eaiei I.O., 1990). ?o
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aecia/a? ??aaiue oiene/iino? aiaeiiai na?aaeiaeua aeey
?ea (A?oa?iei A. A., 1995). A no/ani?e a?ieia?? aeoeaaoe?y ia?aeeniiai
ieeniaiiy e?i?ae?a (IIE) ?icaeyaea?oueny ye oi?aa?naeueia a?aeiia?aeue
aeeai? nenoaie ia ae?th aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a. Caaaeii,
i?iieneaeaioii-aioeieneaeaioiee noaoon i?aai?cio a?aeaeaa? aaeain i?ae
aeaiia i?ioeeaaeii ni?yiiaaieie ae?yie a ia?ai?ci?: aioeieneaeaioieie
aeanoeainoyie (caoeno) oa ooai?aiiyi a?eueieo ?aaeeeae?a (iioeiaeaeaiiy)
(Chevion M., 1991). Aieea aeno?aiaeueieo /eiiee?a, aeeth/ii oieneeaio?a,
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ??aiiaaae i?ae ieie o i?iieneaeaioiee a?e ? ?icaeoeo
oae caaiiai “ieenithaaeueiiai no?ano”.

A i?e?iaei?o oiiaao ia? i?noea eiiieaenia ae?y aio?iiiaaiieo
oieneeaio?a (nie? aaaeeeo iaoae?a) oa ai?aeo, eio?ee ooai?th?oueny o
aiaeieiao aiane?aeie a?iaeano?oeoe?? ? aeae?ey?oueny o aiaeo ye
iiethoaio a?ae?ia?iio?a. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ae??
oieneeaio?a aieea ia IIE o ?ea ?o noi?oae ia aea/aii. ?ai?oa iieacaia
neia?a?/ia ae?y noi?o? naeioeth c ai?aeii ia iaoaaie?ci ai?aeo a
i?aai?ci? ei?iia (eiiiaaoeue I.M., 1994). E??i aeania caa?oaeithaa/?a, o
aiaeieie i?e i?iieneiaiio ?eai?icaaaeaii? iiaeooue aiineoeny nie?
iaai?th oa ia?aaioeth. Eao?iie ia?aaioeth ?, iniaeeai, iaai?th
aeoeaothoue nenoaie ciaoeiaeaeaiiy ai?aeo o ei?iia (A?oa?iei A. A.,
1995). A ca’yceo c oeei noaiiaeoue ?ioa?an aea/aiiy ?o ae?? ia IIE o
?ea. A?ieia?/ia ae?y iaeieo aaaeeeo iaoae?a a?aeaoaa?oueny
iiina?aaeeiaaii /a?ac eioaeoi?io o/anoue a neeaae? oa?iaio?a. Aei oaeeo
iaoae?a iiaeia a?aeianoe i?aeue, oeeie ?, iaaiith i??ith, ia?aaiaoeue.
Ui aei ?ioeo ?ii?a aaaeeeo iaoae?a, oi ia a?aei?/aii a?iaaiieo ooieoe?e.
I?ioa, aiie caeaoi? aca?iiae?yoe c a?eeaie aeeaeo i?aai?ci?a, aeoeaoth/e
/e i?eai?/oth/e ?o ooieoe??. Aei oaeeo ?ii?a a?aeiinyoue, ia?aaeon?i,
?iie naeioeth (Eiiiaaeia TH.Ae., 1992).

?ioeie aeaeaie aeno?aiaeueieo aieea?a o aiaeieiao ? ?ioieneeaoe?y
i?aai?/ieie ?a/iaeiaie, ia?aaeon?i oaiieii, oa no?an, aeeeeeaiee ci?iith
?I aiaee. No?ee?noue ?ea aei oaiieo aecia/a?oueny ??aiai ?o iaoaaie?cio
(Eoeueyiaiei A. E., 1983).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oieneeaio?a ia IIE o i??niiaiaeieo ?ea
iaiaaeo?oueny aei??thaaiiyi ia/eneaiieo iieaciee?a (Radi A. A. R.,
Matkovitcs B., 1988).

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. I?iaanoe eiiieaenio ioe?ieo ?icaeoeo
IIE ? ?aaeoe?? aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie i?aai?cio ei?iia ca o?ii?/ii?
ae?? ai?aeo, ?ii?a naeioeth, ia?aaioeth ? iaai?th ie?aii oa a noi?oao, a
oaeiae ?ii?a i?ae? oa oeeieo, oaiieo, eeneiai ? eoaeiiai ?I na?aaeiaeua.

A caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiaeeee:

– aea/aiiy ci?i caaaeueii? aioeieenithaaeueii? caeaoiino? oeaiei ei?iia
i?ae aieeaii ia?ae?/aieo aeno?aiaeueieo /eiiee?a;

– aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?noo ??ciiiai?oieo i?iaeoeo?a IIE i?e ae??
no?an-oaeoi??a;

– ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa?iaioaoeaii? eaiee
(noia?ieneaeaeeniooaca, eaoaeaca, ia?ieneaeaca, aeooao?iiia?ieneaeaca,
aeooao?ii?aaeoeoaca) aioeieenithaaeueii? nenoaie ?ea ca aeno?aiaeueii?
ae??;

– aea/aiiy noaee?oeiieo iniaeeainoae IIE.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Iaea?aeaii iia? aeai? i?i
ae?th oieneeaio?a ? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oaeoi??a na?aaeiaeua ca
aeiaaio?eaaeeo ?ioieneeaoe?e ia aioeieneaeaioio nenoaio ? IIE o ?ea.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui ae?y eiaeiiai c aeine?aeaeaieo aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a
ia ?i?oe?thaaiiy IIE oa aeoeai?noue aioeieneaeaioieo oa?iaio?a ?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiith. Iieacaii, ui iaeiie/aiiy ia?aeenieo i?iaeoeo?a
a?aeaoaa?oueny, ia?aaaaeii, a ia/?ioe? oa e?ia? ?ea. Cya?a ca
aeiaaio?eaaeiai aieeao oieneeaio?a a?eueo caoeuai? a?ae IIE. Aia?oa
anoaiiaeaii, ui aaeaioeaii ciiie IIE o ei?iia a?aeaoaathoueny ca
?aooiie i?e?iniiaeueieo iaia?ai.

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae aeoeai?noth aioeieneaeaioieo oa?iaio?a ? ai?noii
ia?aeenieo i?iaeoeo?a – “eiao?oe??io aioeieneaeaioiiai noaio”-
cai?iiiiiaaii aeey ioe?iee nooiaiy oiene/iino? aiaeiiai na?aaeiaeua aeey
?ea. Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoaieie a o/aiaeo niaoeeo?nao a?ae?ia?ieia??, aiaeii?
oieneeieia?? ? aeieia?/ii? o?c?ieia?? oa a?io?i??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioo aeeiiaii a ?aieao
aea?aeathaeaeaoieo oai 5/93 “Aea/aiiy o?c?ieiai-a?io?i?/ieo iaoai?ci?a
aaeaioaoe?? ?ea aei iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a na?aaeiaeua ? ?o ei?aeoe?y”,
5-97 “aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a aaeaioaoe?? i??niiaiaeieo ?ea aei
oieneeaio?a aiaeiiai na?aaeiaeua, ?ic?iaea ia ?o iniia? iaoiae?a
a?io?i?/iiai iii?oi?eiao oa iiaeaeueieo aeinenoai aeey i/euaiiy
caa?oaeiaieo aiae”, 16/97 “Ioe?iea eiiieaeniiai aieeao oieneeaio?a,
?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy oa i?e?iaeieo o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a ia
aeinenoaio iaei? ??/ee (ia i?eeeaae? ??/ie *a?i?a?anueeiai Iie?nny)”.
Iai?yiie ?icaeoeo iaoee ? oaoi?ee – 1.1. Ioi?iia iaaeieeoiueiai
i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aoee i?aaenoaaeai? oa
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia I?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
(*a?i?a?a, 1995); 4th IUBMB Conference “The life and death of the cell”
(Edinburg, UK, 1996); II C’?cae? a?ae?iaeieia?/iiai oiaa?enoaa Oe?a?ie
(Ee?a, 1997); VII Oe?. a?io?i. c’?cae? (Ee?a, 1997); NATO & FEBS ASI
“Free Radicals, Oxidative Stress and Antioxidants. Pathological and
Physiological Significance” (Antalya, Turkey, 1997, a?aio a?ae YTF
FEBS); 17th International Congress of Biochemistry and Molecular
Biology (San Francisco, USA, 1997); I Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Yeieiaey e iieiaeaaeue” (Aiiaeue,
?anioaeeea Aaea?onue, 1998).

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 5 aeaa,
caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiaeaoe?a. A?ae?ia?ao?/iee
ia?ae?e ia?aoiao? 214 e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 24
?enoieaie oa 9 oaaeeoeyie, c ieo 6 ?enoie?a oa 2 oaaeeoe? iaaaaeai? a
aeiaeaoeao. caaaeueiee ia’?i ?oeiieno neeaaea? 148 noi??iie.

aeaeea?aoe?y eiie?aoiiai aianeo. A io?eiaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo
aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue i?ia?aeia ?ieue. Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea aeaieo, ?o
iaa?oiooaaiiy oa aeniiaee aeeiiai? aeena?oaioii iniaenoi.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaae?oeiaai? a 4 noaooyo a
aeo?iaeao ? a 2 ca??eao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 9 oacao eiioa?aioe?e.

ci?no ?iaioe

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeine?aee i?iaiaeeee ia ei?iiao
(Cyprinus carpio L.) ??/iiai a?eo aaaith 180 – 230 a. ?eao aeeiaethaaee
c noaae?a o?aeiaei iaoiaeii. A?ae?io?i?/i? iieacieee aiaee oa eeniaaee
?aaeei o noaaeo aoee a iaaeao ii?ie. Aiae?aeth ?ea cae?enithaaee ei?iii
eo-??? (Oe?. IAe? ?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa).

A eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao aiaeii?ia?aeio aiaeo aeey aeaa??oi?a a?aenoithaaee
? iane/oaaee aei ii?ie eeniai. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeee a 200-e aeaa??oiao c e?euee?noth ?ea c ?ic?aooieo 1 iniaeia
ia 40 e aiaee. Ai?no eenith o aiae? aeaa??oi?a i?aeo?eioaaee ia ??ai?
7,0-8,0 ia/e, aoaeaeeneiai aaco 2,2-2,8 ia/e. Oaiia?aoo?o aiaee
i?aeo?eioaaee aiieia?/iith i?e?iaei?e o oeae nacii ?ieo. Aaee/eia ?I
aiaee noaiiaeea 7,6-7,8 a aeine?aeao, aea aea/aany aieea o?i?/ieo
?a/iaei ia ?ea. A oiae? aenia?eiaio?a ?eao ia aiaeoaaee.

sse aeine?aei? ia?aii eiioeaio?aoe?? ?ii?a naeioeth (0,2 ia/e), i?ae?
(0,2 ia/e), ?ii?a oeeieo (2 ia/e), ?ii?a ia?aaioeth (2,41 a/e), ?ii?a
iaai?th (100 ia/e), oaiieo (0,002 ia/e) (2 ?eaiainiiaea?nueeeo AIE) ye
oae?, ui aeeeeeathoue oi?ioaaiiy aaeaioeaii? ?aaeoe?? ia no?an-oaeoi?
(oeeaiei I. O., 1990, A?oa?iei A.A., 1995). O aeiaaeeo ?ioieneeaoe??
ai?aeii eiai ??aaiue (0,1 ia/e) aoa aeuei AIE (0,07 ia/e), ine?eueee
a?aeiii, ui ??aaiue no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?eieo iioeiaeaeaiue a i?aai?ci? ?ea
ca oaei? eiioeaio?aoe?? ia ? iacai?ioi?i (A?oa?iei A. A., 1995). Aeey
aea/aiiy aieeco ci?i ?I aiaee ia ?ea a aeaa??oiao aianaiiyi o aiaeo
nieyii? eeneioe ? a?ae?ieneaeo iao??th a?aeiia?aeii noai?thaaee ?I 6,5 ?
8,1. Cia/aiiy ?I aei??thaaee ? ei?aaoaaee uiaeiy i?ioyaii 14 ae?a, ye ?
a aenia?eiaioao c oieneeaioaie.

Ca?aeii iinoaaeaieo iaie caaaeaiue aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaee
ia/?ieo, cya?a ? e?ia ei?iia. E?ia a?aeae?aee c neiona cya?iai? aaie,
a?eo?ioeeoe iaea?aeoaaee ca ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie Noa?iaeoa I. O.(1979).

Aecia/aee ai?no iaeiiai c e?ioeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a IIE – iaeiiiaiai
aeeaeueaeaa?aeo ca Noaeueiith ?.Ae. ? Aa??oa?e? O.A. (1977),
aeei?enoiaoth/e eiao?oe?aio iiey?ii? aenoeioe?? 1,56.105 ni-1I-1.
E?iaoeeo eiai iaeiie/aiiy aea/aee i?e ?ieoaaoe?? aiiiaaiao?a oeaiei i?e
25iN. ?ioaineai?noue Fe2+-anei?aao- oa NADPH-caeaaeiiai IIE ioe?ithaaee
ca ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie E?e/aanueei? A.A. ? ?i. (1976) oa Aaee?ia A.I. ? ?i.
(1988) aianaiiyi aei ?ieoaaoe?eii? noi?o? a?aeiia?aeieo aeiaaaie. Ai?no
?ioiai i?iaeoeoo IIE – ae??iiaeo eii’thaao?a aea/aee a
aaenaii-?cii?iiaiieueieo (1:1) aeno?aeoao (Noaeueiay ?.Ae., 1977),
aeei?enoiaoth/e eiao?oe??io iiey?ii? aenoeioe?? 2,2.105ci-1M-1. Ia
iniia? niaeo??a iiaeeiaiiy i?e 232 ? 215 ii ?ic?aoiaoaaee ?iaeaen
ieeniaiino? e?i?ae?a, a i?e 270 ii ? 215 ii – ai?no eaoio???i?a
(?oaeiaaa-Oeoiaa ?.?., 1994).

Aecia/aee aeoeai?noue aioeieneaeaioieo oa?iaio?a: noia?ieneaeaeeniooace
(NIAe) (*aaa?e N. e ae?., 1985); eaoaeace (Ei?iethe I. A. e ae?. ,
1988.); aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace (Aeaniaa N. I., 1990); aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace
(Iaea?aiei ?.A., 1988); ia?ieneaeace (Eaaeoeeee A. I. e ae?., 1979).
Caaaeueio aioeieenithaaeueio aeoeai?noue aecia/aee ca ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie
Naiaiiaa A.E. ? ni?aaao.(1985). E?euee?noue a?eeo aecia/aee ca Lowry et
al. (1951). ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ia?iaeyee noaoenoe/ii c
aeei?enoaiiyi t-e??oa??th Nouethaeaioa.

ci?no ?iaioe

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?o iaaiai?aiiy

Ai?no ia?aeenieo i?iaeoeo?a a i?aai?ci? ei?iia ca ae?? aeno?aiaeueieo
oaeoi??a.

ai?no ia?aeiieo i?iaeoeo?a IIE. Ioe?ieoe nooi?iue oa ?ioaineai?noue
ia?aeenieo i?ioean?a iiaeia aeaiia oeyoaie: aaciina?aaeiii aecia/aiiyi
a?eueii?aaeeeaeueieo ?ioa?iaae?ao?a IIE aai oeyoii aeine?aeaeaiiy
ai?noo o a?ieia?/ieo oeaieiao ia?aeenieo i?iaeoeo?a (eaaai A. A. ? ?i.,
1986). Na?aae i?iaeoeo?a IIE ne?ae aeae?eeoe ae??iia? oa o???iia?
eii’thaaoe, ye? ooai?ththoueny ia?aaaaeii ia ia?oiio aoai? IIE, oa
iaeiiiaee aeeaeueaeaa?ae. Inoaii?e a?aeiinyoue aei aoi?eiieo niieoe IIE.
No?ee?noue ae??iiaeo oa o???iiaeo eii’thaao?a oa IAeA aeua, i?ae o
a?aeiia?aeieo a?ae?iia?aeen?a (Einothe A. A., 1986).

O eiio?ieueieo ?ea iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue ae??iiaeo eii’thaao?a
niinoa??aa?oueny o cya?ao, iaeiaioa – a e?ia?. I?ioa, ae?y oieneeaio?a
ni?ey? a??ia?aeiiio ca?eueoaiith ai?noo ae??iiaeo eii’thaao?a naia a
e?ia?. ine?eueee aeeiai?ea ai?noo ae??iiaeo eii’thaao?a a?aeaeaa? noai
ii/aoeiaeo noaae?e IIE (Sies H., 1985), iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui
iaea?eueoa aeoeaaoe?? IIE ia oeueiio aoai? ni?ey? ae?y ?ii?a naeioeth
ie?aii oa a noi?o? c ai?aeii a e?ia?, ia/aioe? oa cya?ao ei?iia. Aeaui
iaioa ai?ae aeoeao? IIE a e?ia? oa ia/?ioe?, noi?o ai?aeo c ia?aaioeai
oa ?iie i?ae? – o?eueee a ia/?ioe?. Caaaeii, ani oiene/ii /eiieee
iiioeiththoue ii/aoeiai noaaeii IIE a ia/?ioe?. ?o ?icaeoie a ?ioeo
oeaieiao a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao oiene/ii? ae??, eiia??ii, ? iane?aeeii
iani?aoethaaiiy aiaeia?/iiai caoenoo.

Oaeei /eiii, ca oiene/ii? ae?? ?ii?a iaoae?a ? ?ioeo iani?eyoeeaeo
/eiiee?a ia? i?noea ii/aoeiaa ?i?oe?aoe?y IIE. Iaeiae, i?e oeueiio
aaaeei ia?aaeaa/eoe ?? o?c?ieia?/ia cia/aiiy – i?ioean ?icaeaa?oueny ye
iane?aeie aaeaioeaii? ia?aaoaeiae iaia?ai /e ca oeiii ?icaeoeo
iaoieia??. Iaaio a?aeiia?aeue ia oea aea? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeiie/aiiy
e?ioeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a IIE.

Ai?no aoi?eiieo i?iaeoeo?a IIE

A?eueo iaeii??aeieie a iaoeo aeine?aeao aeyaeythoueny ci?ie ai?noo
aoi?eiieo i?iaeoeo?a IIE. A ia/?ioe? i?e ae?? ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino?
aeno?aiaeueieo oaeoi??a c?inoa? ai?no OAE-?aaaoth/eo i?iaeoeo?a.
Iaea?eueoa oeueiio ni?ey? aieea ?ii?a naeioeth – ca?eueoaiiy a 3,8 ?ace,
a oaeiae noi?oae ?ii?a ia?aaioeth c ai?aeii ? naeioeth c ai?aeii – a 3
?ace.

Na?aae on?o aeine?aeaeaieo iaie oaeoi??a eeoa ?iie Cu2+ oa Mn2+ iathoue
aeanoeaino? eaoae?coaaoe i?ioeane IIE, a naia, ca?eueooaaoe e?euee?noue
ia?aeenieo i?iaeoeo?a a iiaeaeueieo iaia?aiao (eaaai A. A. ? ?i. 1986).
I?e oeueiio eeoa ?iie Mn2+ ? ae?enieie ?aaeien-eaoae?caoi?aie i?ioeano
(aaeooeea? ?., 1978). Uiaei ae?? ?ioeo ?a/iaei oa o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
oaeoi??a, oi aeey ?ii?a Zn2+, Pb2+, Mg2+ oa ai?aeo ia anoaiiaeaii
eaoae?caoi?ieo aeanoeaioae ii a?aeiioaiith aei IIE (Aeaaeeie?ia TH.A. ?
?i., 1991). Iaeiae, o ei?iia a oiiaao in vivo aiie ci?iththoue
iieacieee IIE ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai.

Oeie IIE. A aeaiee /an a?aeiii aeae?eueea iaoai?ci?a IIE: niiioaiia,
Fe2+-aneiaao-caeaaeia, yea aaaaeathoue iaoa?iaioaoeaiei, a oaeiae
oa?iaioiee oeyo IIE ca o/anoth NADPH+I+ /e NADH+I+ (Kappus H., 1987).
Iaaaaeai? iaie aeai? a oaaeeoe? na?ae/aoue i?i aeayeo ia?aaaao a ?ea a
ii?i? iaoa?iaioaoeaiiai IIE.

Oaaeeoey 1. Iaeiie/aiiy OAE-?aaaoth/eo i?iaeoeo?a ca ??cieo oiia
?ieoaaoe?? (I+i, n=5)

oiiae aeine?ae?a

Aac ?ieoaaoe??Niiioaiia IIE (30 oa. i?e 25i N)Fe2+- anei?aao-caeaaeia
IIENADPH-

caeaaeia
IIEia/?ieaeiio?ieue11,399+1,85315,803+1,021**15,816+1,210**14,831+1.486N
H314,523+0,84317,854+1,107**13,173+1.25713,874+0,916Pb2++NH335,027+3,088
*49,359+4,62139,544+3,75144,392+4,344Pb2+43,794+3,853*51,864+4,62948,788
+4,32247,869+4,568Cu2+24,712+2,830*28,342+2,80026,189+2,71132,854+2,867*
*Zn2+17,411+2,07825,341+2,84124,692+2,51428,842+2,811**oaiie12,863+1,345
15,688+1,32114,585+1,36416,769+1,592cya?aeiio?ieue25,941+2,46237,973+3.4
45**31,126+3,31230,515+2.843NH321,637+1,67833,998+2,28930,789+2.53629,83
9+2,199Pb2++NH328,359+2,48445,857+4,611**41,144+3,896**46,943+4.228**Pb2
+38,357+3,035**48,146+4,29944,671+4,82149,864+5,241Cu2+18,404+2,56125,65
5+2.321**24,248+2,68730,717+2,891**Zn2+21,149+2,59724,352+2,21823,465+2.
48130,634+2,744**oaiie15,851+1,311**24,645+2.283**20,885+2,071**25,664+2
,092**i?ei?oee:

1. * ?

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