Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

OAeE 539.3

IIAEUe*OE NA?A?E IEEIEAEIAE*

IA?AO?AeI? ?AAEEIE EIEEAAIUe I?OAEIEO AEAIAIO?A OAEEUeIAEO

A??INEII?A

01.02.04 — iaoai?ea aeaoi?i?aiiai oaa?aeiai o?ea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-

iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie, aeieoi?
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oe?oei Aiae??e Oaioaiiae/,
Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Nae?cia
?ai? Oeiio?eiae/, ?inoeooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo.

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, Nai/aieia ?ai? Einoyioeiiae/, ?inoeooo
iaoai?ee ?i. N.I. Oeiioaiea IAI Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa ?inoeooo i?eeeaaeieo i?iaeai iaoai?ee ? iaoaiaoeee
?i. ss.N. I?aeno?eaa/a IAI Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 23 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 15 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.001.21 i?e Ee?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252 147, Ee?a, i?iniaeo
Aeooeiaa 6, iaoai?ei-iaoaiaoe/iee oaeoeueoao.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (Ee?a, aoe Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 14 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee O.TH.Eaie/

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?enay/aia aea/aiith ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a
eieeaaiue oeiiaeo aeaiaio?a oaa?aeio?eueieo oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a
aaei/iiai ? iaieiieiaiai oeio, ui aeieeathoue caaaeyee ciai?oiueiio
i?enei?aiiio iaa?oiaiio ?ooia?, aai i?e ci?i? ?aaeei?a iaa?oaiiy: i?e
ia?aoiae? a?ae ??aiii?enei?aiiai aei ??aiii??iiai ?ooo.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ciai?oiueiai
neeaaeiiai i?inoi?iaiai ?ooo ia eieeaaiiy oa oaee? a i?oaeieo o?eao
i?eaa?oathoue inoaii?i /anii oaaao aeine?aeiee?a a iaoai?oe?
aeaoi?i?aiiai oaa?aeiai o?ea oa ni?yaeaieo c iath aaeocyo. Oea
iaoiiaeaii, cie?aia, ?icaeoeii ?ioi?iaoeaieo iaa?aaoe?eieo nenoai iiaiai
oeio – oaa?aeio?eueieo oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a. I?eioeei ae?? oaeeo
i?eno?i?a iieyaa? o iiaeeeaino? a?aeoai?aiiy ia?aiao??a i?inoi?iaiai
?ooo ia’?eoa oeyoii niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ci?iith oaeeueiaeo ia?aiao??a
?aciiaoi??a (i?oaeieo aeoeaieo aeaiaio?a a??ineii?a), yeeie ? aoaeoe
?icuaieaiiy /anoio eieeaaiue oa i?aoean?y ii?iaeueieo iiae, ui
aeieeathoue caaaeyee ae?? ia??iaee/iiai iiiaioo nee Ei??ie?na.

C ?ioiai aieo, aea/aiiy oaeeo iiaeo caaea/ iaoai?ee ? iaiao?aeiei aeey
?ic?iaee iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a aeeiai?ee i?oaeieo o?e, ui cae?eniththoue
i?inoi?iaee ?oo, ine?eueee aecia/a? niaith iai?yiee ?icaeoeo caaaeueii?
oai???.

?aoaeueiee aiae?c iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo oe?e oaiaoeoe?, iieaco?,
ui iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ??cieo oei?a a??ineii?a iaiaaeothoueny ia?aaaaeii
aeiaaeeii ??aiii??iiai iaa?oiaiai ?ooo. Ocaaaeueiaiiy oaeeo ?acoeueoao?a
ia aeiaaeie, eiee eooiaa oaeaee?noue aeia?eueiei /eiii caeaaeeoue a?ae
/ano, ye i?aaeei, ? iaaeinoaoiuei iaa?oioiaaieie, ine?eueee nie?athoueny
ia iaei?aeoi?, c oi/ee ci?o aeeiai?/ii? oai??? i?oaeiino?, iinoaiiaee
a?aie/ii-ii/aoeiaeo caaea/.

Ioaea iniaeeaee ?ioa?an neeaaea? aea/aiiy ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a a
eieeaaiiyo i?oaeieo aeaiaio?a a??ineiia a oiiaao ?aaoey?iiai iaa?oiaiai
?ooo oa i?iaaaeaiiy ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee oeeo
i?ioean?a i?e ??aiii?enei?aiiio oa ??aiii??iiio ?aaeei? iaa?oaiiy
a??ineiia. I?iaaaeaiiy oaeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeooaeueiith c
oai?aoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o ? i?aeoe/ii cia/ouith i?iaeaiith. Neacaiei aeua ?
aecia/a?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Io?eiai? a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?e aeeiiaii?
ieaiiaeo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? ? i?eeeaaeii?
iaoai?ee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ii
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?iaeoao i?i?noa?noaa Oe?a?ie o ni?aaao iaoee ?
oaoiieia?e ? 13.3/40: »?ic?iaea oai??? aca?iiae?? ciai?oi?o iaoai?/ieo
?oo?a c eieeaaiiyie oa i?oaeieie oaeeyie a aeaoi?i?aieo o?eao» (? Ae?
0195U005967). c 1994 ?. ii 1996 ?. oa ? 1.4/196: »Aca?iiae?y oa ?oo
oaa?aeeo o?e, ui eieeaathoueny» (? Ae? 0197U003133). c 1997 ?. ii oe./.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae i?aoean?? ii?iaeueieo iiae eieeaaiue
oeiiaeo aeaiaio?a oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a (a?ii?oiiai i’?ciea?ai?/iiai
noa?aeiy oa oeee?iae?e/ii? i’?ciea?ai?/ii? iaieiiee) a oiiaao
??aiii?enei?aiiai iaa?oaiiy, aecia/aiiy caeii?a ?icuaieaiiy ?aciiainieo
/anoio oa i?iaaaeaiiy ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co c aeiaaeeii ??aiii??iiai
iaa?oiaiai ?ooo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aia?oa cae?eniaii iinoaiiaeo oa ciaeaeaii oi/iee aiae?oe/iee ?ica’ycie
caaea/? i?i niioai?aiiy aeanieo iiae caeiieo eieeaaiue a?ii?oiiai
i’?ciea?ai?/iiai noa?aeiy i?ae ae??th ??aiii??iiai ? ??aiii?enei?aiiai
iaa?oiaiai ?ooo.

Anoaiiaeai? caeiie i?aoean?? ii?iaeueieo iiae oa ?icuaieaiiy aeanieo
/anoio eieeaaiue noa?aeiy ? iaieiiee. Iiaeie ? eiie?aoi? aeai? i?i cnoa
?aciiainieo /anoio ? i?aoean?th ieiueie eieeaaiue noa?aeiy oa caeiie
?icuaieaiiy aeanieo /anoio aeey oeee?iae?e/ii? iaieiiee i?e
??aiii?enei?aiiio iaa?oaii?.

A iaaeao caaaeueii? oai??? i?inoi?iaiai ?ooo i?oaeieo o?e aia?oa
cae?eniaii iaoaiaoe/iee aiae?c ?iaioe oaeeueiaiai a??ineiia c
?aciiaoi?ii o aeaeyae? oeee?iae?e/ii? iaieiiee i?e ia?aoiae? c
??aiii?enei?aiiai aei ??aiii??iiai ?aaeeio iaa?oaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy
aieeao ??aiii?enei?aiiai iaa?oaiiy ia aeani? iiaee eieeaaiue oeiiaeo
aeaiaio?a oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a – noa?aeiy ? oeee?iae?e/ii? iaieiiee –
aeiiiaith? oai??th oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a iiaeie ?acoeueoaoaie, ui
noino?oueny aea/aiiy ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe a??ineii?a,
aeei?enoaiiy yeeo aeicaiey? aeeiioaaoe aiae?c ?iai/eo oa?aeoa?enoee
naini??a eooiai? oaeaeeino? i?e aeia?eueiiio ?aaoey?iiio iaa?oiaiio ?on?
ia’?eoa.

Ioae?eaoe?? oa iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 6 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue [1–6]. A oiio /ene?: 3 – a
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 1 –a ca??eao i?aoeue oa 2 –a oacao aeiiia?aeae
i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aoei io?eiaii
aaoi?ii naiino?eii. A ?iaio? [4], i?aaenoaaeai?e ia ?V-e I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? c iaoai?ee iaiaeii??aeieo no?oeoo? iinoaiiaea caaea/? aoea
cae?eniaia A.O. Oe?oeii, a ?ica’ycie aeeiiaii caeiaoaa/ai naiino?eii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? eyaee a
iniiao aeaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aeiiia?aeaeeny ia oaeeo
I?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo oa neiiic?oiao:

IV I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y c iaoai?ee iaiaeii??aeieo no?oeoo? (1995?.,
i. Oa?iii?eue, Oe?a?ia),

???-e I?aeia?iaeiee neiiic?oi ?iaeaia??a-iaoai?e?a o Eueaia? (1997 ?.,
i. Euea?a, Oe?a?ia).

II Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay eiioa?aioeey «Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu iaoaieee nieioiie
n?aaeu» (1997?., i. ?inoia-ia-Aeiio, ?in?y),

I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y «No/ani? i?iaeaie iaoai?ee ?
iaoaiaoeee» (1998 ?., i. Euea?a, Oe?a?ia).

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeiiia?ae? ia ???-io I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi?
?iaeaia??a-iaoai?e?a o Eueaia? aoea iioae?eiaaia noaooy [1].

A oe?eiio ?iaioa iaaiai?thaaeany ia iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? “I?iaeaie
iaoai?ee” i?e eaoaae?? oai?aoe/ii? ? i?eeeaaeii? iaoai?ee Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (1998 ?.).

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a iniiaii? /anoeie, aeniiae?a oa ia?ae?eo
aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, ui iae?/o? 75 iaca; ?enoie?a – 18,
?ici?uaieo ia 11 noi??ieao, oaaeeoeue – iaia?. Caaaeueiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? – 125 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? aena?oeth?oueny no/aniee noai aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo
?ic?iaoe? no/anieo oei?a eiino?oeoe?e, iaoaiaoe/iiio iiaeaethaaiith
oaeeueiaeo oaa?aeio?eueieo a??ineii?a oa ni?yaeaieo c ieie oai??yie
aeeiai?/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?oaeieo o?e, ye? cae?eniththoue i?inoi?iaee
?oo. Iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeei?a eieeaaiue i?oaeieo aeaiaio?a oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a
oa aecia/a?oueny iaoa ?iaioe. I?ney noeneiai aiae?co aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
aeena?oaoe??; aeaco?oueny ia iniaenoee aianie, ai?iaaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a
?iaioe oa ioae?eaoe?? aaoi?a, a yeeo aeeeaaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe.
Aeacaii ia ca’ycie i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoeiaeie oaiaie.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii iaeyae iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ca oaiith
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, c e?eoe/iiai aiae?co yeeo aecia/aii iai?yiie
aeaniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia?oith ?iaioith, yea noai?eea oai?aoe/i? i?aeaaeeie aeey ?icaeoeo
oai??? oaeeueiaeo oaa?aeio?eueieo a??ineii?a, ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
Aeae.O.A?ayia “I?i yaeua aeooy a eieeaaiiyo oeee?iae?o aai aecaiio, ui
iaa?oa?oueny”. A?ayiii aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui ??aiii??ia iaa?oaiiy
i?oaeiiai e?eueoey iaaeiei a?n? neiao???, ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii? aei ieiueie
eiai ?icoaooaaiiy, i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icuaieaiiy ?aciiainieo /anoio oa
i?aoean?? ii?iaeueieo iiae eieeaaiue e?eueoey. Oi/a ia oie /an oey
?iaioa aoea nooi oai?aoe/iith ? ia iaea iaaiiai i?aeoe/iiai
canoinoaaiiy, a i?e aoei aia?oa a?aee?eoi oa i?iaiae?ciaaii aeeiai?/i?
aoaeoe, ye? neeaaeathoue i?eioeei ae?? no/anieo oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a:
aaee/eia ? iai?yiie eooiai? oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy ia’?eoa aecia/a?oueny
oeyoii niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ci?iaie iacaaieo aeua oaeeueiaeo ia?aiao??a
eieeaaiue ?aciiaoi?a a??ineiia.

?ic?iaoe? no/anieo oei?a eiino?oeoe?e oa aeine?aeaeaiith oa?aeoa?enoee
oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a c ?aciiaoi?aie ??cieo oei?a (iaieiieiaiai,
eaia?oiiiiai, I-iiae?aiiai, ia iiaa?oiaaeo aeonoe/ieo oaeeyo oa ?i.)
i?enayoeee nai? ?iaioe Aeae.Aa?aean, E.?.A?icaoeue, I.Aaeaonthe?,
AE.Aaia, I.A.?aa?i?i, A.O.AEo?aaeueia, Ae.I.Ee?iia, A.A.E????ieia,
I.Eea?e, N.I.Eeneeaiei, I.Eiiii, N.Eoaei, A.Eai, ?.A.Eaaaae?aa,
TH.E.I?ia?a, I.A.Iaaeianueeee, A.I.Iaaeianueeee, A.E.Iiiia,
N.A.Na?aioeia, A.E.Ni??iia, ss.Nueiaea?ea?no, A.O.Oe?oei, E.*aia,
AE.ssia oa aaaaoi ?ioeo aaoi??a. C?inoath/ee ?ioa?an aei aeine?aeaeaiue
a oe?e aaeoc? iaoiiaeth?oueny iio?aaaie ?icaeoeo no/anieo
i?e?i-naini?ieo ?ioi?iaoeaieo iaa?aaoe?eieo nenoai.

Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui i?eioeei ae?? oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a ? nooi
iaoai?/iei, oiio iiaoaeiaa ei?aeoii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? iio?aao?
aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a aeeiai?/ii? oai??? i?oaeiino?, ye? a i?ney
iaeaaeieo ia?aoai?aiue iienoaaee aeeiai?/ia aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?oaeieo o?e,
ui cae?eniththoue neeaaeiee i?inoi?iaee ?oo ? aaee aei iinoaiiaee
ei?aeoieo, o?ce/ii iaa?oioiaaieo a?aie/ii-ii/aoeiaeo caaea/. Ca aaciao
oai??th, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, aoei ia?aii
oai??th i?inoi?iaiai ?ooo i?oaeieo o?e A.O. Oe?oea (Oeeoei A.O.
I?ino?ainoaaiiia aeaeaeaiea oi?oaeo oae” // Ecaanoey AI NNN?. IOO. –
1990. – ? 6. – c. 55-66.), iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe yei? i?aaenoaaeaii a
ae?oaiio ?icae?e?.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao
??aiii?enei?aiiai oa ??aiii??iiai iaa?oiaiai ?ooo ia caeii? eieeaaiiy
noa?aeiy – iaei?ino?oiai c o?ce/ii? oa iaoaiaoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o oeiiaiai
aeaiaioo a??ineiio. ?icaeyaea?oueny a?ii?oiee noa?aeaiue, aeaioiaeaiee c
i’?ciea?ai?/iiai iaoa??aeo c oiaueiiith iiey?ecaoe??th. Iaeei e?iaoeue
noa?aeiy ? a?eueiei, a ?ioee — aei?noei cae??ieaiei. Caoaeaeaiiy caeiieo
eieeaaiue noa?aeiy cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith i?aeaaaeaiiy aei
aeaeo?iae?a, ?icoaoiaaieo ia a?/ieo a?aiyo noa?aeiy, aa?iii?/ii?
??cieoe? aeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a (?en.1). sse ? a caaaeuei?e oai???
i?inoi?iaiai ?ooo i?oaeieo o?e, caaea/a oi?ioeth?oueny a ?ooii?e,
ca’ycai?e c noa?aeiai nenoai? eii?aeeiao. ??aiyiiy eieeaaiue noa?aeiy,
ui iaa?oa?oueny iaaeiei a?n? neiao???, aoaeothoueny ia iniia?
i?eeeaaeii? oai??? aeeiai?/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy a?ii?oieo i’?ciaeaiaio?a
(A?ei/aiei A.O., Oeeoei A.O., Ooeueaa I.A. Yeaeo?ioi?oainoue. — E.:
Iaoeiaa Aeoiea, 1989. — 279 n.) ? iathoue ianooiiee aeaeyae:

(1)

a?aeiia?aeii.

, aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ae ae??th nee ?ia?oe?? iaa?oiaiai ?ooo
a?aeaoaa?oueny ?icuaieaiiy ?aciiainii? /anoioe ia aea? aeecuee? /anoioe

(2)

:

, (3)

:

(4)

— aacaei??iee /an; an? ?io? aaee/eie oaeiae i?eaaaeai? aei aacaei??iiai
aeaeyaeo.

,

. (5)

C (5) aeieeaa?, ui ii a?aeiioaiith aei ?ooiii? nenoaie eii?aeeiao
a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aoean?y ieiueie eieeaaiue a iai?yieo, i?ioeeaaeiiio
iaa?oaiith c eooiaith oaeaee?noth, ??aiith eooia?e oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy
noa?aeiy. ?iaeoa eaaeo/e, ii a?aeiioaiith aei aaniethoii? nenoaie
eii?aeeiao ieiueia eieeaaiue noa?aeiy caeeoa?oueny ia?ooiiith.

C o?aooaaiiyi aioo??oi?o ao?ao aia?a?? a ea?ai?/ieo iaoa??aeao, yea
i?iaiaeeoueny ca iiaeaeeth a’yceiai oa?oy, ?ica’ycee aeey i?iaei?a
i?aaenoaaeythoueny o aeaeyae? noie aeaio aeiaeaie?a

,

, (6)

.

Ia?o? neeaaeia? iienothoue i?aoean?th ieiueie eieeaaiue noa?aeiy a
iai?yieo i?ioeeaaeiiio iaa?oaiith, a ae?oa? (ye? c’yaeythoueny i?e
a?aooaaii? aioo??oi?o ao?ao aia?a??) – a iai?yieo iaa?oaiiy noa?aeiy.
Oeae ?acoeueoao aeyaey? aioo??oith nii??aeiai?noue yaeu oa aoaeo?a a
eieeaaiiyo i?oaeieo o?e ??cii? aaiiao?e/ii? oi?ie a oiiaao iaa?oiaiai
?ooo: i?aoean?y ieiueie a iai?yieo i?ioeeaaeiiio iaa?oaiith a?aeiia?aea?
iaa?iai?e iia?eueii i?aoeanoth/?e oaee? a i?oaeiiio e?eueoe?, ui
??aiii??ii iaa?oa?oueny, a?aee?eo?e Aeae. A?ayiii, a i?aoean?y ieiueie a
iai?yieo iaa?oaiiy noa?aeiy a?aeiia?aea? i?yi?e i?aoeanoth/?e oaee? a
oeee?iae?e/i?e i’?ciea?ai?/i?e iaieiioe?, ?nioaaiiy yei? aoei
anoaiiaeaii A.O. Oe?oeii.

, ia eieeaaiiy a?ii?oiiai noa?aeiy iia’ycaia c iaaieie iaoaiaoe/ieie
o?oaeiiuaie. Oea iaoiiaeaia oei, ui a nenoai? aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo
??aiyiue eieeaaiue (1) eiao?oe??ioe caeaaeaoue a?ae /ano, ui ia
aeicaiey? canoiniaoaaoe aeey iiaoaeiae ?ica’yceo caaea/? i?aenoaiiaeo
Aeea?a. Aeey ye?niiai aiae?co aeeiai?/ieo aoaeo?a aeioe?eueii ?icaeyiooe
aeiaaeie a?eueieo eieeaaiue noa?aeiy, aaaaeath/e ??cieoeth i?aeaaaeaieo
aeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a ??aiith ioeaa?.

i?eaiaeeoueny a ??aiii?enei?aiee iaa?oiaee ?oo, ia? aeaeyae

, (7)

— aiie?ooaeia ooieoe?y ii?iaeueii? iiaee eieeaaiue ia?ooiiiai noa?aeiy.

C aiae?co oeeo ?ica’yce?a aeieeaa?, ui ? i?e ??aiii?enei?aiiio
iaa?oaii? a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aoean?y ieiueie eieeaaiue a iai?yieo
i?ioeeaaeiiio iaa?oaiith c eooiaith oaeaee?noth, ??aiith eooia?e
oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy noa?aeiy. Oiaoi, ye ? o aeiaaeeo ??aiii??iiai
iaa?oaiiy, ieiueia eieeaaiue noa?aeiy caeeoa?oueny ia?ooiiith ii
a?aeiioaiith aei aaniethoii? nenoaie eii?aeeiao. C ae?oaiai aieo,
?ice?eaath/e aeiaooee o?eaiiiiao?e/ieo ooieoe?e a oi?ioeao (7) /a?ac
noie

,

, (8)

ie iiaeaii noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui /anoioe

(9)

? ?aciiainieie /anoioaie noa?aeiy, yeee ciaoiaeeoueny a
??aiii?enei?aiiio iaa?oiaiio ?on?, i?e/iio caeiie ?icuaieaiiy aeanii?
/anoioe noa?aeiy i?e ??aiii?enei?aiiio iaa?oaii? ?

aiaeia?/ieie caeiiai ?icuaieaiiy aeey aeiaaeeo ??aiii??iiai iaa?oaiiy
noa?aeiy.

, aecia/ai? c aneiioioe/iiai (- — — — -) ? oi/iiai (———) ?ica’yce?a.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icaeiei aeine?aeaeo?oueny aieea iaa?oiaiai ?ooo ia
eieeaaiiy oeee?iae?e/ii? iaieiiee – ua iaeiiai oeiiaiai ?aciiaoi?a
oaeeueiaiai a??ineiia. Aoaeo aieeao iaa?oiaiai ?ooo aeey aeaiiai oeio
a??ineiia ? aiaeia?/iei aei aecia/aiiai a caaea/? aeey noa?aeiy –
a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aoean?y ii?iaeueieo iiae ? ?icuaieaiiy aeanieo /anoio
eieeaaiue. Aea ia a?aei?io a?ae caaea/? aeey noa?aeiy, ia o?eueee
e?euee?ni?, aea e ye?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aciiaoi?a (oeee?iae?e/ii?
iaieiiee) nooo?ai a?ae??ciythoueny (iai?eeeaae, i?e ii??aiyii? i?aoean??
ii?iaeueieo iiae).

, oi c aenieith oi/i?noth (yea i?aeaeuo?oueny c? ca?eueoaiiyi /enea
iieiniaeo aeaeo?iae?a) aeaoi?iaoe?y iaieiiee aoaea a?aeiia?aeaoe ae?oa?e
ii?iaeuei?e iiae? eieeaaiue.

Oaeei /eiii aeaeo?e/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy aeae?a?oueny o aeaeyae?

(10)

ci?uaiue oi/ie na?aaeeiii? iiaa?oi? aoaeothoueny ia iniia? oai???
eieeaaiue oiieino?iieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo iaieiiie iaa?oaiiy (A?ei/aiei
A.O., Oeeoei A.O., Ooeueaa I.A. Yeaeo?ioi?oainoue. — E.: Iaoeiaa Aeoiea,
1989. — 279 n.) oa aeeeaaeaii? o ae?oaiio ?icae?e? oai??? i?inoi?iaiai
?ooo i?oaeieo o?e ? iathoue aeaeyae

(11)

— aei?noe?noue iaieiiee ia ?icoya,

— eaaae?ao ieaia?iiai eiao?oe??ioa aeaeo?iiaoai?/iiai ca’yceo.

Ine?eueee aeey aeiaaeeo ??aiii?enei?aiiai iaa?oaiiy iaieiiee, ye ? a
caaea/? aeey noa?aeiy, iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe ni?anoaaeaiiy c
?acoeueoaoai aeey ??aiii??iiai iaa?oaiiy iaieiiee, oi a ia?oiio ioieo?
oeueiai ?icae?eo iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe A.O. Oe?oea (Oe?oei
A.O. Eieeaaiiy oiiei? i’?ciea?ai?/ii? oeee?iae?e/ii? iaieiiee, ui
ciaoiaeeoueny a iaa?oiaiio ?on? // Iaoaiaoe/i? Iaoiaee ?
O?ceei-Iaoai?/i? Iiey. — 1996. — Oii 39. — ? 1. — N. 7 — 18.), a ye?e
cae?eniaii iinoaiiaeo oe??? caaea/? ? io?eiaii ?ica’ycie c o?aooaaiiyi
i?aeoe/ii cae?eniaiieo oiia caoaeaeaiiy caeiieo eieeaaiue ? ?aaeueieo
iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ea?ai?/ieo iaoa??ae?a. sse aeieeaa? c oe???
?iaioe, i?e a?aooaaii? ao?ao aia?a?? aeey iaoa??ae?a c iecueeith
aeia?ioi?noth aeyaey?oueny, ui a ?ica’yceo ii?yae c iaa?iaiith
i?aoeanoth/ith oaeeath, a?aee?eoith A?ayiii, i?enooiy i?yia i?aoeanoth/a
oaeey, eooiaa oaeaee?noue yei? ia?aaeuo? ia 2/5 eooiao oaeaee?noue
iaa?oaiiy iaieiiee

(12)

, aei??aiththoue

, (13)

a?aeiia?aeii. ?icuaieaiiy ?aciiainieo /anoio oeee?iae?e/ii? iaieiiee i?e
??aiii??iiio iaa?oaii? iaaeiei a?n? neiao??? a?aeaoaa?oueny ca caeiiii

, (14)

— ?aciiainia /anoioa caeiiiai oeio aeaoi?iaoe?? ia?ooiii? iaieiiee.

. ?ica’ycie caaea/? aoaeo?oueny ye ? aeey noa?aeiy a aacaei??i?e oi?i?.
Ooeaiee ?ica’ycie aeey ooieoe?e ci?uaiue oi/ie na?aaeeiii? iiaa?oi?
iaieiiee i?aaenoaaey?oueny o aeaeyae?

,

. (15)

c aenieei nooiaiai oi/iino? aaeaeiny ai?ieneioaaoe o?eaiiiiao?e/ieie
ooieoe?yie. Ia ?en.5 nooe?eueieie e?i?yie a?aeia?aaeaii ?acoeueoaoe
/enaeueiiai ?ica’yceo, a ioieoe?iith – ooo/iei oeyoii i?ae?a?ai?
ooieoe?? ai?ieneiaoe??, ye? iathoue ianooiiee aeaeyae

,

, (16)

.

, i?eaiaeeoueny a ??aiii?enei?aiee iaa?oiaee ?oo aecia/athoueny ca
oi?ioeaie

. (17)

, ?aae?aeuei? ia?ai?uaiiy

(18)

aecia/a?ii eooiao oaeaee?noue ?ooo aoceiaeo oi/ie

. (19)

Ioaea, i?e ??aiii?enei?aiiio iaa?oaii? ae?oaa ii?iaeueia iiaea eieeaaiue
iaieiiee cae?enith? i?aoean?th a iai?yieo i?ioeeaaeiiio iaa?oaiith,
i?e/iio eiao?oe??io caeaaei?noue eooiai? oaeaeeino? i?aoean?? a?ae
eooiai? oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy iaieiiee caeeoa?oueny oaeei ye ? aeey
aeiaaeeo ??aiii??iiai iaa?oaiiy ? aei??aith? 3/5.

A?eueo oiai, ?ice?eaath/e aeiaooee o?eaiiiiao?e/ieo ooieoe?e oae, ye ?
o aeiaaeeo aeey noa?aeiy, ie iiaeaii noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui /anoioe

, (20)

.

.

?ica’ycoth/e caaea/o /enaeueii ca iaoiaeii ?oiaa-Eoooa io?eiai?
?acoeueoaoe aeey aiie?ooaeieo ooieoe?e /ano aaeaeiny ai?ieneioaaoe
o?eaiiiiao?e/ieie ooieoe?yie (?en.6 ).

ia?ii

, (21)

io?eio?ii aiaeia?/i? caeaaeiino?

. (22)

aeey ??aiii?enei?aiiai ?aaeeio iaa?oaiiy caienothoueny a oaeiio
aeaeyae?

, (23)

a aeey ??aiii??iiai ?aaeeio

, (24)

.

a?ae ??aiii?enei?aiiai aei ??aiii??iiai ?aaeeio iaa?oaiiy iaieiiee. C
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeieeaa?, ui i?e ??aiii?enei?aiiio iaa?oaii?
iaieiiee a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aoean?y ii?iaeueii? iiaee eieeaaiue a iai?yieo
i?ioeeaaeiiio iaa?oaiith ? aoceia? oi/ee ?ooathoueny c? oaeaee?noth 3/5
eooiai? oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy a?aeiinii ia?ooiii? nenoaie a?aee?eo,
?iaeoa eaaeo/e ?ica’ycie i?aaenoaaey?oueny o aeaeyae? iia?eueii
i?aoeanoth/i? iaa?iaii? oaee?. Oeae caeii ?ooo caa??aa?oueny ? i?e
ia?aoiae? aei ??aiii??iiai ?aaeeio iaa?oaiiy iaieiiee. I?ioa ne?ae
a?aei?oeoe, ui a?aooaaiiy iaoai?/ii? aeia?ioiino? i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae
ii?yae c iaa?iaiith oaeeath i?yii? i?aoeanoth/i? oaee?, ?nioaaiiy yei?
ia aoei i?aeoaa?aeaeaii /enaeueieie ia?aooieaie. Oeae oaeo ie iiaeaii
iiynieoe oei, ui aianie i?yii? i?aoeanoth/i? oaee? a eieeaaeueiee ?oo,
yeee iieno?oueny a ?ic?aooieia?e noai? aeiaeaieaie ii?yaeeo 1/Q, ?
ianooo?aei aeey eiie?aoii aea?aieo oiia caaea/?.

AENIIAEE

Ia iniia? caaaeueii? oai??? i?inoi?iaiai ?ooo i?oaeieo o?e ?ic?iaeaii
iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee iiaoaeiae oi/ieo ?ica’yce?a aaciaeo caaea/ oai???
oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a aeey ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeei?a eieeaaiue a oiiaao
??aiii??iiai oa ??aiii?enei?aiiai iaa?oiaiai ?ooo. Aeeiiaii aeaoaeueiee
aiae?c aeeiai?/ieo aoaeo?a ?icuaieaiiy aeanieo /anoio oa i?aoean??
ii?iaeueieo iiae eieeaaiue. I?e iaoaiaoe/iiio iiaeaethaaiith oeiiaeo
aeaiaio?a oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a o aeaeyae? a?ii?oieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo
noa?aei?a oa oiieino?iieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo oeee?iae?e/ieo iaieiiie
a?aoiaaii i?aeoe/ii cae?eniaii? oiiae caoaeaeaiiy eieeaaiue oa ?aaeuei?
iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? ea?ai?/ieo iaoa??ae?a.

C aiae?co oi/iiai ?ica’yceo caaea/? i?i aeiooai? eieeaaiiy eiinieueiiai
a?ii?oiiai i’?ciea?ai?/iiai noa?aeiy, yeee ??aiii??ii iaa?oa?oueny
a?aeiinii iiacaeiaaeiuei? a?n? neiao???, anoaiiaeaii, ui ieiueia
eieeaaiue noa?aeiy i?aoeano? a iai?yieo, i?ioeeaaeiiio iaa?oaiith c
eooiaith oaeaee?noth, ??aiith eooia?e oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy noa?aeiy,
oiaoi ieiueia eieeaaiue noa?aeiy caeeoa?oueny ia?ooiiith a aaniethoi?e
nenoai? eii?aeeiao. Ciaeaeaii aaee/eie cnoao ?aciiainieo /anoio i?e
?icuaieaii? a caeaaeiino? a?ae eooiai? oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy. Iieacaii,
ui a?aooaaiiy ao?ao aia?a?? ia aioo??oi? oa?oy i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae a
?ica’yceao aeey ia?ai?uaiue na?aaeeiii? e?i?? noa?aeiy aeiaeaiea, yeee
iieno? i?aoean?th ieiueie eieeaaiue noa?aeiy a iai?yieo iaa?oaiiy
noa?aeiy. Oaeei /eiii ia?ii aiaeia?th: i?aoean?y ieiueie a iai?yieo
i?ioeeaaeiiio iaa?oaiith noa?aeiy a?aeiia?aea? iaa?iai?e iia?eueii
i?aoeanoth/?e oaee? a i?oaeiiio e?eueoe?, ui ??aiii??ii iaa?oa?oueny,
a?aee?eo?e Aeae.O. A?ayiii, a i?aoean?y ieiueie a iai?yieo iaa?oaiiy
a?aeiia?aea? i?yi?e i?aoeanoth/?e oaee? a oeee?iae?e/i?e i’?ciea?ai?/i?e
iaieiioe?, ?nioaaiiy yei? anoaiiaeaii A.O. Oe?oeii.

Iiaoaeiaaii oi/iee ?ica’ycie caaea/? a?eueieo eieeaaiue a?ii?oiiai
i’?ciea?ai?/iiai noa?aeiy aeey oiia ??aiii?enei?aiiai iaa?oiaiai ?ooo.
Ciaeaeaii, ui ? a oeueiio aeiaaeeo ieiueia eieeaaiue noa?aeiy ?
ia?ooiiith o i?inoi??. Caeii ?icuaieaiiy aeanieo /anoio eieeaaiue
caa??aa?oueny ? i?e oaeiio ?aaeei? iaa?oaiiy, yeui a oi?ioeao /anoio
iieeaaeaoe ieoo?aa cia/aiiy eooiai? oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy noa?aeiy.

. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui ye aeieeaa? c ?ica’yceo caaea/?, aeey
ia?ooiii? iaieiiee ae?oaa ii?iaeueia iiaea (noiy/a oaeey)
i?aaenoaaey?oueny o aeaeyae? a?aeo/eo o i?ioeeaaeieo iai?yieao oaeeue c
iaeiaeiaeie aiie?ooaeaie ? /anoioaie, a i?e iaa?oaii? iaieiiee /anoioe
ci?iththoueny i?ae aieeaii nee ?ia?oe?? : /anoioa oaee? a?aeo/i? a
iai?yieo iaa?oaiiy (i?yia) aoaea ciaiooaaoenue, a /anoioa oaee? a?aeo/i?
a iai?yieo i?ioeeaaeiiio iaa?oaiith (iaa?iaia) aoaea ca?eueooaaoenue,
oiaoi ii?iaeueieie iiaeaie eieeaaiue iaieiiee aoaeooue ia noiy/?, a
a?aeo/? oaee? .Noia?iiceoe?y oeeo oaeeue ii?iaeaeo? iia?eueii
i?aoeanoth/o oaeeth.

C aeei?enoaiiyi aneiioioe/ieo iaoiae?a, iaoiaeo ?ioaa?aeueiiai
ia?aoai?aiiy Eaieana oa /enaeueiiai iaoiaeo ?oiaa-Eooa aaeaeiny
iiaoaeoaaoe i?aeoe/ii oi/iee aiae?oe/iee ?ica’ycie caaea/? i?i
ia?ao?aeiee ?aaeei eieeaaiiy oeee?iae?e/ii? i’?ciea?ai?/ii? iaieiiee a
oiiaao ??aiii?enei?aiiai iaa?oiaiai ?ooo. C aiae?oe/iiai ?ica’yceo,
iiaeaiiai a caieiaiiio aeaeyae?, aeacaii iaae? aeinoia??iino?
aneiioioe/iiai ?ica’yceo, aecia/aii eooiao oaeaee?noue i?aoean?? ae?oai?
ii?iaeueii? iiaee oa caeiie ?icuaieaiiy aeanieo /anoio, ye?,
aeyaey?oueny, ni?aiaaeathoue c io?eiaieie aeey aeiaaeeo ??aiii??iiai
iaa?oaiiy, yeui a oi?ioeao iieeaaeaoe ieoo?aa cia/aiiy eooiai?
oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e ?acoeueoaoe io?eiai? aeey aeiaaee?a ??aiii??iiai ?
??aiii?enei?aiiai iaa?oaiiy iaieiiee iiaoaeiaaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
oa i?iaiae?ciaaii ?iaioo a??ineiia c ?aciiaoi?ii o aeaeyae?
oeee?iae?e/ii? i’?ciea?ai?/ii? iaieiiee i?e ci?i? ?aaeei?a iaa?oaiiy.
Anoaiiaeaii ?nioaaiiy iaa?iaii? i?aoeanoth/i? ii?iaeueii? iiaee, eooiaa
oaeaee?noue yei? ia ci?ith?oueny i?e ia?aoiae? c ??aiii?enei?aiiai aei
??aiii??iiai ?aaeeio ? aei??aith? 3/5 eooiai? oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy
iaieiiee. E??i oeueiai, iieacaii ui, oa?aeoa? eieeaaiue ia caeaaeeoue
a?ae aeai?o iiiaioo ci?ie ?aaeei?a iaa?oaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c’yniaaii ?ai?oa
iaa?aeii? caeiiii??iino? ?icuaieaiiy ?aciiainieo /anoio oa i?aoean??
ii?iaeueieo iiae eieeaaiue aeaiaio?a oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a o aeaeyae?
a?ii?oieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo noa?aei?a oa oiieino?iieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo
oeee?iae?e/ieo iaieiiie aeey aeiaaeeo ??aiii?enei?aiiai iaa?oiaiai ?ooo
ia’?eo?a ia yeeo ?icoaoiaaii oaeiai oeio naini?e. I?eioeeiiaei ? oa
iieiaeaiiy, ui aeey ??cieo oei?a oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a ye?nii aoaeo ae??
?aaoey?iiai (??aiii??iiai oa ??aiii?enei?aiiai) iaa?oiaiai ?ooo ?
nii??aeiaiei, aea e?euee?nii cnoa ?aciiainieo /anoio oa oaeaee?noue
i?aoean?? iiae eieeaaiue ciaoiaeyoueny aeey eiaeiiai oeio ?aciiaoi?a i?e
oi/iiio ?ica’ycaii? a?aeiia?aeieo a?aie/ii-ii/aoeiaeo caaea/ aeeiai?/ii?
oai??? i?oaeiino?.

IOAE?EAOe?? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

Iiaeue/oe N.I. Ia?ao?aei? i?ioeane eieeaaiue oeee?iae?e/ii?
i’?ciea?ai?/ii? iaieiiee, ui ??aiii?enei?aii iaa?oa?oueny iaaeiei a?n?
neiao??? // A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na?.: o?c.-iao. iaoee. –
1997. – Aei.1. – N. 133-142.

Iiaeue/oe N.I. Aieea ??aiii?enei?aiiai iaa?oiaiai ?ooo ia caeii?
eieeaaiiy a?ii?oiiai i’?ciea?ai?/iiai noa?aeiy // A?niee Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Na?.: o?c.-iao. iaoee. – 1997. – Aei.2. – N. 67-75.

Iiaeue/oe N.I. Ia?ao?aei? ?aaeeie ?iaioe oaeeueiaiai a??ineiia
iaieiieiaiai oeio// A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na?.: o?c.-iao.
iaoee. – 1998. – Aei.3. – N. 77-81.

Oe?oei A.O., Iiaeue/oe N.I. Iiaeoeueiaai? eieeaaiiy oeee?iae?e/ii?
i’?ciea?ai?/ii? iaieiiee c iieiniaeie aeaeo?iaeaie, ui iaa?oa?oueny
iaaeiei a?n? neiao??? // Oace aeiiia?aeae ?V-? I?aeia?iaeii?
eiioa?aioe?? c iaoai?ee iaiaeii??aeieo no?oeoo?. – Oa?iii?eue – 1995. –
N. 82.

Iiaeue/oe N.I. Eneaaeaiea iniiaiie iiaeu ecaeaiuo eieaaaiee aeii?oiiai
iueacyeaiaioa iiae aeaenoaeai ?aaiionei?aiiiai a?auaiey // O?oaeu ???
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee: “Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu iaoaieee nieioiie
n?aaeu”. – O.2. – ?inoia-ia-Aeiio : ii “Eieaa”. – 1997. – N. 73-77.

Iiaeue/oe N.I. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a eieeaaiue a?ii?oiiai
i’?ciea?ai?/iiai noa?aeiy oa oeee?iae?e/ii? iaieiiee ye oeiiaeo
aeaiaio?a oaeeueiaiai a??ineiia // Oace aeiiia?aeae I?aeia?iaeii? iaoe.
eiio. “No/ani? i?iaeaie iaoai?ee ? iaoaiaoeee”. – Euea?a: ?IIII IAI
Oe?a?ie. – 1998. – N. 70.

AIIOAOe??

Iiaeue/oe N.I. Ia?ao?aei? ?aaeeie eieeaaiue i?oaeieo aeaiaio?a
oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.02.04 – iaoai?ea
aeaoi?i?aiiai oaa?aeiai o?ea. Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

Ia iniia? caaaeueii? oai??? i?inoi?iaiai ?ooo i?oaeieo o?e ?ic?iaeaii
iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee iiaoaeiae oi/ieo ?ica’yce?a aaciaeo caaea/ oai???
oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a aeey ia?ao?aeieo ?aaeei?a eieeaaiue a oiiaao
??aiii??iiai oa ??aiii?enei?aiiai iaa?oiaiai ?ooo. C’yniaaii ?ai?oa
iaa?aeii? caeiiii??iino? ?icuaieaiiy ?aciiainieo /anoio oa i?aoean??
ii?iaeueieo iiae eieeaaiue aeaiaio?a oaeeueiaeo a??ineii?a o aeaeyae?
a?ii?oieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo noa?aei?a oa oiieino?iieo i’?ciea?ai?/ieo
oeee?iae?e/ieo iaieiiie aeey aeiaaeeo ??aiii?enei?aiiai iaa?oiaiai ?ooo
ia’?eo?a, ia yeeo ?icoaoiaaii oaeiai oeio naini?e. Iiaoaeiaaii caieiaio
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oa aecia/aii iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iaioe
oaeeueiaiai a??ineiia c ?aciiaoi?ii o aeaeyae? oeee?iae?e/ii?
i’?ciea?ai?/ii? iaieiiee i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae ??aiii?enei?aiiai aei
??aiii??iiai ?aaeeio iaa?oaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?inoi?iaee ?oo i?oaeiiai o?ea, oaeeueiaee
oaa?aeio?eueiee a??ineii, ii?iaeueia iiaea eieeaaiue, ?aciiaoi?,
i’?ciea?ai?/i? iaoa??aee.

Omelchuk S.M. Transient regimes in vibrations of the resonators of
solid-state wave gyroscopes. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for Candidate of Sciences Degree in Physics and
Mathematics by the speciality 01.02.04 – mechanics of deformable solids.
Taras Shevchenko Kyiv University, Kyiv, 1999.

Dissertation is devoted to mathematical methods of analytic solution of
basic boundary-valued problems of the theory of solid-state wave
gyroscopes for transient operating regimes appeared in cases of steady
and uniformly accelerated rotation of the testing object. These methods
have been elaborated on the ground of general theory of spatial motion
of elastic solids. Theoretical consideration of those problems is
restricted in the dissertation to the piezoceramic sensing elements of
gyroscopic sensors in the form of bimorph beam and thin-walled
cylindrical shell. Unknown before regularities of splitting of resonance
frequencies and precession of normal modes of vibrations appeared in
such gyroscopes are found out for the case of uniformly accelerated
rotation of testing object. Closed mathematical model has been built,
and main operating parameters has been estimated in analytic form for
the cylindrical piezoceramic gyroscope in the case of transition of
operating regimes, i.e. from the uniformly accelerated rotation to the
steady rotation.

Key words: spatial motion of elastic solids, solid-state wave
gyroscope, normal modes of vibrations,resonator, piezoceramic materials.

Iiaeue/oe N.I. Ia?aoiaeiua ?aaeeiu eieaaaiee oi?oaeo yeaiaioia aieiiauo
ae?ineiiia. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.02.04 – iaoaieea
aeaoi?ie?oaiiai oaa?aeiai oaea. Eeaanueeee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana
Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999.

N eniieueciaaieai iauae oai?ee i?ino?ainoaaiiiai aeaeaeaiey oi?oaeo oae
?ac?aaioaiu iaoaiaoe/aneea iaoiaeu iino?iaiey oi/iuo ?aoaiee aaciauo
caaea/ oai?ee aieiiauo ae?ineiiia aeey ia?aoiaeiuo ?aaeeiia eieaaaiee a
oneiaeyo ?aaiiia?iiai e ?aaiionei?aiiiai a?auaoaeueiiai aeaeaeaiey.
Auiieiai aeaoaeueiue aiaeec aeeiaie/aneeo yoaeoia ?anuaieaiey
nianoaaiiuo /anoio e i?aoeannee ii?iaeueiuo iiae eieaaaiee. I?e
iaoaiaoe/aneii iiaeaee?iaaiee eeanne/aneeo yeaiaioia aieiiauo ae?ineiiia
a aeaea aeii?oiuo iuaciea?aie/aneeo noa?aeiae e oiieinoaiiuo
iuaciea?aie/aneeo oeeeeiae?e/aneeo iaiei/ae o/oaiu i?aeoe/anee
auiieieiua oneiaey aicaoaeaeaiey eieaaaiee e ?aaeueiua iaoaie/aneea
naienoaa ea?aie/aneeo iaoa?eaeia.

Ec aiaeeca oi/iiai ?aoaiey caaea/e i auioaeaeaiiuo eieaaaieyo
eiinieueiiai aeii?oiiai iuaciea?aie/aneiai noa?aeiy, ?aaiiia?ii
a?auathuaainy ioiineoaeueii i?iaeieueiie ine neiiao?ee, onoaiiaeaii, /oi
ieineinoue eieaaaiee noa?aeiy i?aoeanne?oao a iai?aaeaiee
i?ioeaiiieiaeiii a?auaieth n oaeiaie nei?inoueth, ?aaiie oaeiaie
nei?inoe a?auaiey noa?aeiy, oi anoue ieineinoue eieaaaiee noa?aeiy
inoaaony iaiiaeaeaeiie a aaniethoiie nenoaia eii?aeeiao. Iaeaeaiu
aaee/eiu naeaeaa ?aciiainiuo /anoio i?e ?anuaieaiiee a caaeneiinoe io
oaeiaie nei?inoe a?auaiey. Iieacaii, /oi o/ao iioa?ue yia?aee ia
aioo?aiiaa o?aiea i?eaiaeeo e aicieeiiaaieth a ?aoaieyo aeey ia?aiauaiee
n?aaeiae eeiee noa?aeiy neaaaaiiai, iienuaathuaai i?aoeanneth ieineinoe
eieaaaiee a iai?aaeaiee a?auaiey noa?aeiy.

Iino?iaii oi/iia ?aoaiea caaea/e naiaiaeiuo eieaaaiee aeii?oiiai
iuaciea?aie/aneiai noa?aeiy aeey oneiaee ?aaiionei?aiiiai a?auaoaeueiiai
aeaeaeaiey. Ii?aaeaeaii, /oi e a yoii neo/aa ieneinoue eieaaaiee
noa?aeiy inoaaony iaiiaeaeaeiie a i?ino?ainoaa. Caeii ?acuaieaiey
nianoaaiiuo /anoio eieaaaiee nio?aiyaony e i?e oaeii ?aaeeia a?auaiey,
anee a oi?ioeao /anoio i?eieiaoue iaiiaaiiia cia/aiea oaeiaie nei?inoe
a?auaiey noa?aeiy.

.

N eniieueciaaieai anneiioioe/aneeo iaoiaeia, iaoiaea eioaa?aeueiiai
i?aia?aciaaiey Eaieanna e /eneaiiiai iaoiaea ?oiaa-Eoooa oaeaeinue
iino?ieoue i?aeoe/anee oi/iia aiaeeoe/aneia ?aoaiea caaea/e i
ia?aoiaeiuo ?aaeeiao eieaaaiee oeeeeiae?e/aneie iuaciea?aie/aneie
iaiei/ee a oneiaeyo ?aaiionei?aiiiai a?auaoaeueiiai aeaeaeaiey. Oeacaiu
a?aieoeu aeinoiaa?iinoe aneiioioe/aneiai ?aoaiey, ii?aaeaeaia oaeiaay
nei?inoue i?aoeannee aoi?ie ii?iaeueiie iiaeu e caeiiu ?anuaieaiey
nianoaiiuo /anoio, eioi?ua niaiaaeatho n iieo/aiuie aeey neo/ay
?aaiiia?iiai a?auaiey, anee a oi?ioeao i?eieiaoue iaiiaaiiia cia/aiea
oaeiaie nei?inoe a?auaiey.

Iino?iaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue e i?iaiaeeciaaia ?aaioa ae?ineiia n
?aciiaoi?ii a aeaea oeeeeiae?e/aneie iuaciea?aie/aneie iaiei/ee i?e
eciaiaiee ?aaeeia a?auaiey. Onoaiiaeaii nouanoaiaaiea ia?aoiie
i?aoeanne?othuae ii?iaeueiie iiaeu, oaeiaay nei?inoue eioi?ie ia
eciaiyaony i?e ia?aoiaea n ?aaiionei?aiiiai e ?aaiiia?iiio ?aaeeio e
?aaia 3/5 oaeiaie nei?inoe a?auaiey iaiei/ee. E?iia yoiai, oa?aeoa?
eieaaaiee ia caaeneo io auai?a iiiaioa eciaiaiey ?aaeeia a?auaiey.

Oaeei ia?acii ia iniiaaiee i?iaaaeaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey auyniaiu
iaecaanoiua aei yoiai caeiiiia?iinoe ?anuaieaiey ?aciiainiuo /anoio e
i?aoeannee ii?iaeueiuo iiae eieaaaiee yeaiaioia aieiiauo ae?ineiiia a
aeaea aeii?oiuo iuaciea?aie/aneeo noa?aeiae e oiieinoaiiuo
iuaciea?aie/aneeo oeeeeiae?e/aneeo iaiei/ae aeey neo/ay ?aaiionei?aiiiai
a?auaoaeueiiai aeaeaeaiey iauaeoia ia eioi?uo onoaiiaeaiu oaeiai oeia
nyini?u. I?eioeeieaeueiui yaeyaony oi, /oi aeey ?aciuo oeiia aieiiauo
ae?ineiiia ea/anoaaiii yooaeo aeeyiey ?aaoey?iiai (?aaiiia?iiai e
?aaiionei?aiiiai) a?auaoaeueiiai aeaeaeaiey yeaeaaeaioai, ii
eiee/anoaaiii naeaea ?aciiainiuo /anoio e nei?inoue i?aoeannee iiae
eieaaaiee ii?aaeaeythony aeey eaaeaeiai oeia ?aciiaoi?a i?e oi/iii
?aoaiee niioaaonoaothueo a?aie/ii-ia/aeueiuo caaea/ aeeiaie/aneie oai?ee
oi?oainoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?ino?ainoaaiiia aeaeaeaiea oi?oaiai oaea, aieiiaie
oaa?aeioaeueiue ae?ineii, ii?iaeueiay iiaea eieaaaiee, ?aciiaoi?,
iuaciea?aie/aneea iaoa?eaeu.

PAGE 15

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