I?i?noa?noai eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa

OAeE 78(07)

E?AINUeEA NA?OEAIA A?EAI??AIA

IAAeAAIA?*I? CANAAeE

AEEI?ENOAIIss I?NAIII-IA?ssAeIAIAI

OIEUeEEI?O A I?IOeAN? I?AeAIOIAEE

A*EOAEss IOCEEE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue

13.00.02 – iaoiaeeea aeeeaaeaiiy ioceee

oa iaoiaeeea ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio EIAAEAIEI
I?ia Aanee?aia, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oai??? ioceee oa ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy
Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

IEAENTHE Ieueaa Ieeiea?aia, i?ioani? eaoaae?e ia?iaeieo ?ino?oiaio?a
Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

IIAeEIIA?A Aieiaeeie? Iao?iae/, Aaia?aeueiee aee?aeoi? Oe?a?inueeiai
oeaio?o eoeueoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, I?i?noa?noai eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa
Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – ?inoeooo i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 4 » n?/iy 1999?. i 15-30 ia can?aeaii?
Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E26.807.01 i?e Ee?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa ca aae?anith 252133, i.Ee?a,
aoe.Ui?na, 36, aoae.209

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a /eoaeueiiio cae? Iaoeiai?
a?ae?ioaee Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa
(252133, i.Ee?a, aoe.Ui?na, 36).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 3 » a?oaeiy 1998?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.?.?aaieoeueeee CAAAEUeIA

OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ioeane aeaiie?aoecaoe?? oa
iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy aeeeeeaee cia/i? ci?ie a aeeoo?
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, iiiaeaiiy on?o noa? eiai ae?yeueiino?,
iiaeeaethth/e oei naiei eiiieaen aeiia aei eoeueoo?ieia?/ii? oa
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ye ia?aaeoiiae oni?oiiai
caaacia/aiiy i?ioean?a iaa/aiiy e aeoiaaiiy i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy.

Aeooiai? iio?aae no/anii? ethaeeie ciaoiaeyoue aeya o iinooiiaiio
c?inoaii? ?? ?ioa?ano aei oieueeei?ii? niaaeueie, yea iei?
a?aee?eaa?oueny iiaeie a?aiyie, a oaeiae o caa?iaii? aei ia? ye
iaae/a?iii? aeooiaii? nea?aieoe?, eio?a aeeaeea aaaaoi iieie?iue iaoeo
i?aaee?a, aea inoaii?ie aeanyoee?ooyie aoea iaeaea caaooa. Ioaea,
aeine?aeaeaiiy ieoaiiy i?i caeo/aiiy i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o aei
i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ioceee ? aaeueie aeooaeueiei.

Na?aae iniiaieo canaae oaoiai? ioce/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a nooo?aiai
cia/aiiy iaaoaa? iaieiae?iiy ia?yaeiaith niaaeueiith oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo. I?naiii-ia?yaeiaee oieueeei? ye aaaeeeaee ?? eiiiiiaio,
e?enoae?co? a nia? ooaeiaeiuei-ia?aci? oyaeaiiy, ui yne?aai
a?aeoai?ththoue oa?aeoa?i? ?ene ia?iaeii? ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino?.

A?i ? ae?aaeaiiyi aioo??oiuei? nooiino? oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e, ??
oi?eaeueii? naiiaooiino?, a eiai aeaiaioe(ye ?ae?eoia?, oae ?
iiaioai?ai?) ia?aaeathoue nai???aei?noue aeina?aeo iiia?aaei?o ?
no/anieo iieie?iue o iaaeao iaei??? nioe?aeueii-aoi?/ii? ni?eueiino?.

Aeei?enoaiiy i?naiii-ia?yaeiaeo aeai??a a i?ioean oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a ioceee caaacia/eoue oni?oia ao?eaiiy a aeeooy oe?a?inueei?
iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea?, ni?eyoeia oi?ioaaiith iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?
nooaeaio?a, aeiiiiiaea ?i canai?oe caaaeueiiethaenuee? oe?iiino?. *a?ac
a?ae/oooy aaaaonoa caoeiai? iae?o?e ienoaoeoaa naiai ia?iaeo
aeoiaothoueny iniaeno?ni? ?ene iaeaooiueiai iaaeaaiaa-ioceeaioa
(/ooeea?noue ? ?icoi, aiioe?ei?noue ? ?ioaeaeo), ui a naith /a?ao
aaeineiiaeth? eiai oaoiaee ??aaiue.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie aeei?enoaiiy i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o a
i?ioean? i?ioan?eiiai oi?ioaaiiy a/eoaey ioceee ia aoaea iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaiei aac aecia/aiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo canaae
iaoe?iiaeueii-ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a nenoai? oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a
ioceee a oe?eiio, aac iiooeo iiaeo oi?i ni?eeoaaiiy nooaeaio?a c
ia?iaeiith oe?a?inueeith ioceeith. O ca’yceo c oeei iaaoaathoue
aeooaeueiino? ieoaiiy ?ic?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiaeee, ye? a
ni?eyee aeeaoiio canai?iith ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo ciaiue ia iniia?
eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaoa??aeo a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy, a
oaeiae iaae i?aeoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee uiaei eiai aeei?enoaiiy. Oea
aeicaieeoue aeoea?coaaoe i?ciaaaeueio ae?yeuei?noue iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a
ioceee, ?icaeiooe ?o ioce/ii-anoaoe/i? oyaeaiiy, i?aeaeueoe caaaeueiee
??aaiue ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? eoeueoo?e, ni?yioaaoe a?aeiia?aeiei /eiii ?o
ii?aeuei? ia?aeiiaiiy.

Oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? i???ioaoe?? a i?ioean? oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? niaoe?ae?caoe?? o?nii iia’ycaia c
iiaeaeueoei ?icaeoeii nenoaie ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy oeiey??a,
aea a/eoaeue ? nai???aeiei iina?aaeieeii aeey aeeoeie o i?ciaii? iath
iaaeieeoiueiai na?oo. Oiio aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe
aeioneiee?a ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo aino?i iinoa? ieoaiiy i?i
aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??aeo a?o/eciyiiai i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o ia
o?eueee a nenoai? iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee, aea e aaciina?aaeiuei o
oeie?.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
aeine?aeaeaiiyie, aea ?icaeyaea?oueny ?ieue iaoe?iiaeueiiai /eiieea o
oi?ioaaii? eoeueoo?e iniaenoino?. Oea i?aoe? a?aeiieo o?einio?a oa
ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e A.Aaaaey, ?.Eaioa, I.A?ooaanueeiai, ?.Ia??iea,
Ae.*eaeaanueeiai, ?.Aecthae, E.Ooae??, I.Iiiiae/a.

Cia/aiiy i?naiiiai oieueeei?o o oi?ioaaii? aeooiaiiai na?oo iieiaei?
ethaeeie ?ice?eoi o i?aoeyo oaeeo iaaeaaia?a ye E.Ooeinueeee,
A.Nooiieeinueeee, ienoaoeoaiciaaoe?a – I.Einothea, ?.Eyoaiea,
oieueeei?eno?a – A.?aaieoeueeiai, E.Eoeaeianueeiai oa ?ioeo. Aiie
iaaieiooaaee ia iaiao?aeiino? aeeaieiai aea/aiiy ia?iaeiiai ienoaoeoaa,
ia aaaeeeaino? aeine?aeaeaiiy eiai i?e?iaee ? niaoeeo?/ieo ?en, ia
aiae?c? eiai aca?iica’yceo c ?noi???th noni?euenoaa.

Ia aeoiaia cia/aiiy ia?iaeii? niaaeueie, iniaeeai i?naiii-ia?yaeiai?,
aeacoaaee aeaeaoi? a?o/eciyi? iaaeaaiae-eiiiiceoi?e I.Eenaiei,
I.Eaiioiae/, ss.Noaiiaee, E.Noaoeaiei, ui o nai?e oai?/ino? oa
i?aeoe/i?e iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino? nie?aeeny ia ia?iaei? ienoaoeuee?
o?aaeeoe??.

Oe?iea caeo/aiiy caeiaooe?a oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e aei
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a c o?aooaaiiyi
?aa?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae aeicaieeoue a/eoaeyi ioceee oe?oa
aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?naii? oa iiaoe/ii-oai?/? c?acee i?naiii-ia?yaeiai?
niaaeueie naiai e?ath a iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e ?iaio? c o/i?anueeith
iieiaeaeth. I?aai?caoe?y oa i?iaaaeaiiy ca i?ea?iaeueieie noeaia??yie
iaa/aeueieo ? iicao?i/ieo aeoiaieo caoiae?a ?c caeo/aiiyi ia?iaeiciaa/eo
iaoa??ae?a oa ie?aieo c?ace?a i?noeaai? ioce/ii-iiaoe/ii? oai?/ino? –
aieiaiee iai?yiie ?iaioe no/anieo a/eoae?a ioceee. Iaoa??ae, ui i?noeoue
o nia? ia?eeie a?o/eciyii? ioce/ii? niaaeueie c a?aeaiiiiii ?noi???
??aeiiai e?ath, ia? noaoe iniiaiei /eiieeii o oi?ioaaii? iaoe?iiaeueii?
na?aeiiino? ye iieiaeeo o/eoae?a, oae ? ?o aeoiaaioe?a. Oiaoi ii?aeueii
caei?iaa iieie?iiy iiaeia aeoiaaoe eeoa oeyoii caeo/aiiy nooaeaionueei?
iieiae? aei aea/aiiy, canai?iiy iaoe?iiaeueieo (a naia
i?naiii-ia?yaeiaeo) c?ace?a oa canoinoaaiiy ?o o iaa/aeuei?e ?
i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino?.

I?iaeaia iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy i?eaa?oaea oaaao
aaaaoueio ae?y/?a eoeueoo?e ? ina?oe, cie?aia – O.I?ieiiiae/a,
I.Aeooiiae/a, I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I.A?ooaanueeiai, N.?oniao. Aiia
ciaoiaeeoueny a oeaio?? oaaae e no/anieo o/aieo o aaeoc? oai??? ?
i?aeoeee aoc?anueei? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe – I.Aieaee??aa, ss.Ao?eaee,
A.Aiiaea?y, I.Aeoiaanueeiai, E.Aiae, I.Ethaa?y, I.Ii?ica, A.Ia?aaea??y,
TH.?oaeaiea, I.Noaeueiaoiae/a, Ae.Oaaei?aiea, I.Oe?ey.

Aoaeoeai?noue oeyo?a oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey
ioceee ?ice?eoi o i?aoeyo no/anieo aeine?aeiee?a ioce/ii? iaaeaaia?ee –
A.Aaaeoee?ia, I.Aioiiaoeue, E.A?/aaei?eiai?, I.Ai?ae?e/oea,
O.Aeai’yithe, E.Eiaaeue, ?.Iaotho?, A.Iaaeaeee, I.?oaeieoeueei?,
E.?aiaoeueei?, N.Noaoaithe, N.Oeaiiai?, ?.*i?ii?, A.Oiae.

Ieoaiiyi aeoiaaiiy iieiae? caniaaie ia?iaeiiai ienoaoeoaa i?enay/ai?
?iaioe A.Aaaeaee?aa, O.Aeyaeeianueei?, N.Eiaaia, ?.Iaotho?, I.Ieaenthe,
I.Ia/aithe, N.Noaoaithe, O.No?eai, A.Oea/a. I?iaeaie iaoe?iiaeueieo
o?aaeeoe?e ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa aeine?aeaeothoueny a ?iaioao
ienoaoeoaiciaaoe?a A.Aon?aa, A.?oeiaieiai?, ?.Caioeianueeiai,
A.?aaieoeueeiai, TH.E?oaeiaa, ?.Iaoe??anueeiai, A.Iaaeaaae?ai?, ?.Oa?ai,
A.*aeaiianueei?, A.Oo?iaa.

Na?aae aeine?aeaeaiue, ui cana?ae/othoue oaaao iaaeaaia?a aei i?iaeaie
aeei?enoaiiy ia?iaeiiai ienoaoeoaa ??aeiiai e?ath o aeoiaaii?
i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy, iiaeia a?aeianoe i?aoe? I.Eino?eoe?, E.Ianie,
A.Iaiciiai, O.Ica?iai?, A.Nie?iiaa.

Iaeiae i?iaeaia canoinoaaiiy a?o/eciyiiai i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o
oa eiai ?aa?iiaeueieo ??ciiaeae?a o oaoia?e i?aeaioiaoe? iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a ioceee ua iaaeinoaoiuei aeine?aeaeaia.

Oeei coiiaeaia nioe?aeueia oa iaaeaaia?/ia cia/ei?noue ia?aii? oaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy «Iaaeaaia?/i? canaaee aeei?enoaiiy
i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o a i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey ioceee».

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – i?ioean i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai
a/eoaey ioceee.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – canoinoaaiiy i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o a
i?ioean? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey ioceee.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeueia
ia?aa??ea iaaeaaia?/ieo canaae aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o o oaoia?e i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoae?a ioceee.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— ?icaeyiooe iiiyooy «i?naiii-ia?yaeiaee oieueeei?»;

— ?ice?eoe cia/ei?noue i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o a ?iaio? aeueo
iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaae?a;

— aecia/eoe caniae aeei?enoaiiy a?o/eciyii? i?naiii? ia?yaeiai?
niaaeueie a i?ioean? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey ioceee;

— aeyaeoe aeeiai?eo oaoiaiai noaiiaeaiiy a/eoaey ioceee, e?eoa??? oa
??ai? noi?iiaaiino? a iueiio iaoe?iiaeueii ni?yiiaaieo i???ioaoe?e;

— ia?aa??eoe a aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aei?e iaaeaaia?/i?e ?iaio? c?
nooaeaioaie iaaeaoco iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaiiy a?o/eciyiiai
i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o oa ?? aoaeoeai?noue.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee caaaeuei? o?einionuee?
iieiaeaiiy i?i aeoiaio ooieoe?th ienoaoeoaa, i?i ?aei?noue na?aeiiino?
oa ae?yeueiino? o i?ioean? aeoiaaiiy, i?i iaoe?iiaeueio nai???aei?noue
ienoaoeueeeo o?aaeeoe?e oa ?o aieea ia noaiiaeaiiy aioo??oiueiai na?oo
iniaenoino?; aeina?ae ia?iaeii? iaaeaaia?ee aeoiaaiiy, eiioeaioe??
?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aaeiuei? oa aeui? oeiee ? caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe.

O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? canoiniaoaaeeny oai?aoe/i? oa
aii??e/i? iaoiaee. Oea iaoiaee oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c
aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie, iaa/aeueieo ieai?a ? i?ia?ai iaaeaaia?/ieo
aoc?a Oe?a?ie c aeenoeeie?i aee?eaaionueei-oi?iaiai oeeeeo, ca?oii?
aeieoiaioaoe?? c iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe ?c nooaeaioaie,
ocaaaeueiaiiy iieaciaiai iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo. Na?aae aii??e/ieo
iaoiae?a – aieaooaaiiy, aan?aee, onia iieooaaiiy, niinoa?aaeaiiy, c yeeo
neeaaeaeeny eiinoaooth/ee e oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaioe. Ii?aoethaaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo cae?enithaaeiny ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a noaoenoeee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny c 1993 aei 1998 ??. a aeae?eueea
aca?iiiia’ycaieo aoai?a.

Ia?oee aoai – oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oaie, aiae?c iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c
aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie. Iaeii/anii aea/aany iieaciaee iaaeaaia?/iee
aeina?ae c iaoe?iiaeueiiai ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?anueei? iieiae?,
c’yniaoaaeiny noaaeaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aei iaoe?iiaeueii?
i?naiii-ia?yaeiai? niaaeueie, ?ic?iaeyeany i?ia?aia e iaoiaeeea
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ae?oaee aoai – i?iaaaeaiiy eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo, yeee aeicaieea
aecia/eoe e?eoa??? oa i?iaanoe iaaeaaia?/io ae?aaiinoeeo ??ai?a
iaoe?iiaeueii-ni?yiiaaii? i???ioaoe?? o oaoiaiio noaiiaeaii? a/eoaey
ioceee; aecia/aiiy oeyo?a i?iaaaeaiiy oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo.

O?ao?e aoai – cae?eniaiiy oi?ioth/i? aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii?
?iaioe ii ocaaaeueiaiith ?? ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei canoinoaaiiy i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o o
i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a ioceee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a eiie?aoecaoe?? iiiyooy
«i?naiii-ia?yaeiaee oieueeei?», o ?ice?eoo? iaaeaaia?/ieo canaae
aeei?enoaiiy i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o a i?ioean? aaeineiiaeaiiy
oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ioceee ye aoaeoeaiiai caniao oi?ioaaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino?; o ae?iaeaii? e?eoa???a ae?aaiinoeee
??ai?a iaoe?iiaeueii-ni?yiiaaii? i???ioaoe?? a i?ioan?eiiio noaiiaeaii?
a/eoae?a ioceee oa o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee ?? oi?ioaaiiy caniaaie
aeei?enoaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? i?ea?iaeueii? iaoiaeeee
aeei?enoaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo i?naiieo c?ace?a o i?ioean? oaoiai?
i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ioceee; o ai?iaaaeaeaii? a i?aeoeeo ae?yeueiino?
oieueeei?ieo eieaeoea?a Noiueie c?a?aieo nooaeaioaie ia?iaeieo i?naiue
Aaeeei-Iena??anueeiai ?aeiio Noinueei? iaeano?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o ai?iaaaeaeaii? iaa/aeueiiai eo?no
«A?o/eciyia i?naiia niaaeueia ye /eiiee iaoe?iiaeueii-ioce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy» aeey oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a iaaeaoc?a, a oaeiae aeey
nenoaie ia?ai?aeaioiaee oa i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? a/eoae?a ioceee; o
?ic?iaoe? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ia?aa??oe? iaoiaeeee aeei?enoaiiy
i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o ia caiyooyo ?c niaoe?aeueieo ioce/ieo
aeenoeeie?i (aee?eaoaaiiy, oi?iaa a?aiaeoaaiiy, iaoiaeeea ioce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy) o iaaeaocao, yea coiiaeoue i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey ioceee oa ?icoe?eoue iaa/aeueiee oa eiioea?oiee
?aia?ooa? nooaeaio?a ye i?naiieie c?aceaie ?aa?iiaeueiiai (Noiueia)
oieueeei?o, oae ? i?ea?iaeueieie (aaoi?nueeeie) oai?aie eiiiiceoi??a; o
i?aeaioiaoe? oa ai?iaaaeaeaii? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e –
«A?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo ioce/ieo o?aaeeoe?e o i?aeoe/i?e
ae?yeueiino? iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a ioceee» – aeey nooaeaio?a
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/ieo aoc?a.

A??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/o?oueny oai?aoe/iei
iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeo?aeieo iiceoe?e, canoinoaaiiyi iaoiae?a, aaeaeaaoieo
iao? e caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeei?enoaiiyi cia/iiai oaeoe/iiai
iaoa??aeo, e?euee?niei ? ye?niei aiae?cii iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a,
aenia?eiaioaeueiith ia?aa??eith ?ic?iaeaieo iieiaeaiue oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeanue o aenooiao ?
aeiiia?aeyo ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a ? ani??aio?a
OAeIO ?i.I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa oa NAeI? ?i.A.N.Iaea?aiea (1993-1997 ??.), ia
can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa oa eaoaae?e iaoiaeeee ioce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy, ni?a?a oa oi?iaiai aee?eaoaaiiy Noinueeiai iaae?inoeoooo, ia
?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aea/aiiy aeeooy ?
oai?/ino? I.A.Eenaiea a oeie? ? aoc?» (1993?., Noie), a oaeiae o
i?ioean? iaoiaee/iiai ea??aieoeoaa aeena?oaioii iaaeaaia?/iith
i?aeoeeith nooaeaio?a Noinueeiai iaae?inoeoooo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaii o 6
ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a, c ieo – 5 iaeiiin?aieo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa caaaeueiei ianyaii 150 noi??iie
neeaaea?oueny c? Anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a, Aeniiae?a, nieneo iniiaii?
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (289 iaeiaioaaiue) ? 10 aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O Anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, aecia/athoueny
ia’?eo, i?aaeiao ? iaoa ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaaii caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?ice?eo? iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee, aoaie aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeii?
?iaioe, iaoeiaa iiaecia, i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ? iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – «Aeei?enoaiiy i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o a
i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey ioceee ye iaaeaaia?/ia i?iaeaia» –
aiae?cothoueny iaoeia? i?aoe? c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie; aecia/aii
eeth/iaa iiiyooy «i?naiii-ia?yaeiaee oieueeei?», ?ice?eoi
iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeei?enoaiiy ia?iaeii-i?naiiiai
?aia?ooa?o a eo?nao niaoe?aeueieo aeenoeeie?i ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo, a oaeiae noai iaoe?iiaeueii-ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a i?ioean?
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ioceee.

I?aeaioiaea nooaeaio?a c iiaeyaeo aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie ? iaeiei c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo caaaeaiue iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco. Aiia coiiaeaia ye
i?ioan?eieie aeiiaaie – iaiao?aei?noth oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ieo iaae/ie aeey caeo/aiiy i?ae?inoath/iai
iieie?iiy aei iaae/a?iii? nea?aieoe? naiai ia?iaeo, oae ? iaiao?aei?noth
ae??oaiiy i?iaeai nueiaiaeaiiy, ye? iia’ycai? c iaa/aiiyi ? aeoiaaiiyi
oeiey??a.

C iiaeyaeo eeanee?a iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee, a oaeiae ia aeoieo no/anieo
iaoeiaoe?a, aeoaea aaaeeeai i?iaoaeaeoaaoe na?aae nooaeaio?a i?aaiaiiy
aei aea/aiiy eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie naiai e?ath, caa?oath/enue aei
i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o ye caniao oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a
ioceee. Oea ni?eyoeia c?inoaiith iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?, a?aeiino?,
ethaia? aei aeoie?a iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e, a?ae?iaeaeaiith
ienoaoeueeeo o?aaeeoe?e iiia?aaei?o iieie?iue na?aae no/aniee?a,
?icaeoeo anoaoe/ii?, ii?aeueii?, i?aaiai? eoeueoo?e, na?oiaeyaeo a
oe?eiio.

No/ania aea/aiiy oa aiae?c ci?noo ? niaoeeo?ee aeoiaiiai aeina?aeo a
??cieo ?noi?e/ieo ia??iaeao na?ae/aoue, ui eiaeai ia?iae, iath/e naith
eoeueoo?io naiiaooi?noue, ii-nai?io i?aai?ciaoaaa iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee
i?ioean, aaeath/enue aei iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo i?eeii?a oa iaoiae?a
aeoiaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe?iiaeueieo oa ?ae?a?eieo o?aaeeoe?e.
Iniaeeai aeooaeueiei oea ? o iao /an.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e i?iaeaio aeoiaaiiy o/eoae?a ioceee, aeena?oaio
caa?oa?oueny aei iaaeaaia?/ieo iiaeyae?a oe?a?inueeeo
eiiiiceoi??a-eeanee?a A.Aa?oiaeioey, I.Eiceoeueeiai, I.Eaiioiae/a,
I.Eenaiea, A.Eyoioeinueeiai, E.?aaooeueeiai, ss.Noaiiaiai, E.Noaoeaiea.

C oeueiai iiaeyaeo, aeooaeueieie ? i?aoe? e no/anieo o/aieo c ioce/ii?
iaaeaaia?ee, iaoiaeieia?/io nooi?noue yeeo neeaaeathoue i?eioeeie
ia?ai???iooaaiiy ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee c ooieoe?iiaeueii? ia
aoiai?noe/io ia?aaeeaio, a iniia? yei? eaaeeoue a?aeo?ae a?ae
o?aaeeoe?eii? aocueeii?aaeiaoii? i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a aei ina?oe, ui
oi?io? iniaeno?noue o/eoae?a ioceee, ? a ye?e ii?aeio?oueny aenieee
i?ioan?iiae?ci c aeooiai?noth, eoeueoo?ith ii/ooo?a, ieneaiiy ?
oai?/ino?. O oeueiio eiioaeno? iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? iaaoaa? i?iaeaia
aeei?enoaiiy i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o o iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e ?iaio?
?c nooaeaioaie ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeoeueoao?a ?, cie?aia, iaeaooi?ie
o/eoaeyie ioceee, iieeeeaieie caaaa/oaaoe aeooiaiee iioaioe?ae
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, caa??aaoe oa i?eiiiaeoaaoe o?aaeeoe??
iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e.

I?naiii-ia?yaeiaee oieueeei? ye noni?eueia yaeua iia’ycaiee c eiiieaenii
neiaie?/ieo, o?aaeeoe?eii-oiiaieo ae?e, ui noi?iaiaeaeothoue iaai?
iiae?? o aeeoo? ethaeae. A?i ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
o?aaeeoe?eii-iiaooiai? eoeueoo?e ia?iaeo ? i?noeoue a nia? aeaiaioe
iiaoe/ii?, ioce/ii?, oi?aia?ao?/ii? oa ae?aiaoe/ii? oai?/ino? ia?iaeo. O
ca’yceo c oeei ne?ae i?aee?aneeoe, ui o aecia/aii? iiiyooy
«i?naiii-ia?yaeiaee oieueeei?» ie nie?aeeny ia aeoieo a?aeiiiai
a/aiiai-oieueeei?enoa, ienoaoeoaiciaaoey A.?aaieoeueeiai, yeee
a?aecia/aa, ui «oieueeei?, yeui a?aoe oe?iei, neeaaea?oueny ia o?eueee
?c aeae?a ia?iaeiiai ienoaoeoaa…, a e oa?a?aa anoaoe/iee, ii?aeueiee,
i?aaiaee, na?oiaeyaeiee aeina?ae nioaiue iieie?iue» ?aaieoeueeee A.
Oe?a?inueea ia?iaeia ioce/ia oai?/?noue. — E., 1990.-N.7./.

Aei i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o a?aeiinyoue oai?e, ui iathoue
?noi?e/io iniiao, ooaeiaei? o?aaeeoe?? ?, iino?eii caaaa/oth/enue,
ia?aaeathoueny a?ae iieie?iiy aei iieie?iiy. O i?ioean? aaaaoi?aciaiai
a?aeoai?aiiy o «aeeaiio» aeeiiaii? ia?iaei? i?ni? aaeineiiaeththoueny,
aeaeici?iththoueny, oiaoi noathoue i?iaeoeoii eieaeoeaii? oai?/ino?. O
ca’yceo c oeei /anoi aeieeathoue ??ci? i?noeaa? aa??aioe iaeieo ? oeo
aea oai??a, ye? aiane?aeie o?eaaeiai ooaeiaeiueiai oe?ooaaiiy nyaathoue
aenieiai ooaeiaeiueiai ??aiy ? ? c?aceii ienoaoeoaa, ui ?nio? a?eaie ?
caa??aa? neeo aiioe?eiiai aieeao. I?naiii-ia?yaeiaee oieueeei? ? oe?iiei
aeaea?aeii i?ciaiiy ?noi??? eiaeiiai ia?iaeo.

I?naiii-ia?yaeiaee oieueeei? aeena?oaio ?icaeyaea? ye ??ciiaeae
ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?, aei yeiai iaeaaeeoue eaeaiaea?ii-ia?yaeiaee
oieueeei? (eieyaeee, uaae??aee, aaniyiee oiui), oieueeei?, iia’ycaiee c
o?oaeiaeie i?ioeanaie (iaaeeieia?, eina?nuee? i?ni?),
?iaeeiii-ia?yaeiaee oieueeei? (aan?euei?, o?anoeii? oa eieeneia? i?ni?,
aiein?iiy), a?aeoai?aiee o nieueieo i?niyo, aieaeueii-oi?iaeo oai?ao, ui
noi?iaiaeaeothoue ia?iaei? nayoa oa ia?yaee.

Eiaeia naei, i?noi, ?aa?ii a Oe?a?i? aaaao? ia ia?iaeio i?naiii-iiaoe/io
oai?/?noue. Ethaee ia caaoaathoue i?i o?aaeeoe?ei? ia?iaei? nayoa e
ia?yaee, ui caa??aathoueny oieueeei?ieie eieaeoeaaie (aeeoy/eie,
thiaoeueeeie oa ?iaeeiieie). Iieiae? a/eoae?, nooaeaioe-i?aeoeeaioe
cae?athoue ? caienothoue ia?iaei? i?ni?, eaaaiaee oa ?io? c?acee
i?naiiiai ? ioce/ii-iiaoe/iiai oieueeei?o, oei naiei ni?eyth/e
a?ae?iaeaeaiith ? iioe?aiith ia?iaeiiai ienoaoeoaa. Na?aae /eiiee?a, ui
i?aeaeuothoue aiioe?eia ni?eeiyooy ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa, iniaeeaiai
cia/aiiy iaaoaa? ia?iaeii-i?naiia oai?/?noue ??aeiiai e?ath. Aiia
eia?/ii iiaeiia iin?aeaoe aaaiia i?noea o aeoiaaii? nooaeaionueei?
iieiae?. sse iniaeeaee eaiae iioe?aiiy aiioe?eii-oai?/iai aeina?aeo
ethaenoaa ia?iaeii-i?naiia ienoaoeoai, aieeaath/e ia iniaeno?noue,
aeoea?co? noa?o ?? ii/ooo?a, ye?, a naith /a?ao, ? aioo??oiueith
niiioeith oa aecia/athoue oi?io nioe?aeueii? iiaaae?iee. Oiio aeoiaaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii? ioce/ii? eoeueoo?e nooaeaio?a c iiaeyaeo aeine?aeaeoaaii?
i?iaeaie iieyaa? ia o aeiiaao iaoai?/iiai canai?iiy iaoe?iiaeueieo
oe?iiinoae ? o?aaeeoe?e noa?oeo iieie?iue, a o noai?aii? a?aeiia?aeieo
noni?eueii-iiaooiaeo ? iaa/aeueieo oiia, ioi/aiiy – na?aaeiaeua a
oe?eiio – c aaaaoei aiioe?eii-eoeueoo?iei iioaioe?aeii.

Oeyoii aeoiaaiiy iiaaae oa ethaia? aei i?naiue naiai e?ath,
i?iaoaeaeaiiy ii/oooy caoiieaiino? ?o e?anith, i’ye?noth, e??e/i?noth,
ae?aci?noth, iiaeia caeo/aoe iieiaeue aei anueiai oe?iiiai, ui noai?aii
ia ??aei?e caie?. Oaeei /eiii, caa?iaiiy aei aeoie?a ia?iaeiiai aeeooy,
oai?/a ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaio i?aeoeeo aoco nea?a?a
ia?iaeii? ioae?ino?, yea ae?aaeaia ? a ia?iaei?e i?naiii-ia?yaeia?e
oai?/ino? – inue aieiaia e?i?y iaoe?iiaeueii? ni?yiiaaiino? a nenoai?
oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee.

Aieea ia?iaeii-i?naiii? niaaeueie ia ?ioaeaeooaeueiee oa aiioe?eiee noai
ethaenueei? na?aeiiino? a?aee?eaa? oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? aeey oi?ioaaiiy o
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ioceee a?ae/oooy oe?iiinoae iaaeieeoiueiai na?oo oa
iniaeno?niiai noaaeaiiy aei ieo. Oiaoi, ca aeiiiiiaith oaei? ioceee,
iiaeeeaa anoaoe/ia aeoiaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii i???ioiaaii? nooaeaionueei?
iieiae?, ye?e iaeaaeeoue ia?aaeaoe i?naiia aeaea?aei naiai ia?iaeo
ianooiiei iieie?iiyi. Ca?aene, aeania, aeieeaa? iaaaeueia iaiao?aei?noue
o i?iaaaeaii? eiie?aoieo iaaeaaia?/ii ni?yiiaaieo caoiae?a aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ii?aeueii-anoaoe/ii? oa iaoe?iiaeueii-ioce/ii?
aeoiaaiino? iieiaeeo oao?aoe?a.

C oeueiai iiaeyaeo ia ia?aaei?e ieai aenooia? aeoiaia ni?yiiaai?noue
iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo, aeei?enoaiiy o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? e?aueo
c?ace?a a?o/eciyiiai ienoaoeoaa, aeeaiea i?ciaiiy ia?iaeii? ia?yaeiaino?
nooaeaioaie.

Aeooiaia aeoiaaiiy ia a?oio? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ia/aea a ioceoe? iaaoaa? a
iao /an iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy. Oiio aa?oi ua ?ac iaaieineoe
ia oe?ieeo iiaeeeainoyo i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o ye ye?niiai
caniao oaoiai? ina?oe aeey a/eoae?a ioceee, oi?ioaaiiy ?o ioce/ieo
niae?a, ?ioa?an?a, cae?aiinoae, ii?aeueieo i?eioeei?a oa ia?aeiiaiue.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?eniaii
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia?iaeii-i?naiiiai ?aia?ooa?o a eo?nao niaoe?aeueieo
aeenoeeie?i ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo. Oea iia’ycaii c
aea/aiiyi ??aiy iaoe?iiaeueii-ni?yiiaaii? i???ioaoe??, c oi?ioaaiiyi
iniaeno?niiai noaaeaiiy nooaeaio?a aei i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o, a
oaeiae ?c aecia/aiiyi iaiao?aeiino? aaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie a eo?nao niaoe?aeueieo
aeenoeeie?i: «Iaoiaeeea ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy», «Aee?eaoaaiiy», «Oi?iaa
a?aiaeoaaiiy», «I?aeoeeoi ?c oe?eueiiai i?naiiiai ?aia?ooa?o».

Aiae?c e?eueeino? c?ace?a oe?a?inueei? i?naiii? niaaeueie a iaa/aeueieo
ieaiao iacaaieo aeenoeeie?i, a oaeiae c’ynoaaiiy a?aeiia?aeiino?
i?ia?aiieo iaaeaaia?/ieo aeiia aei oeueiai, coiiaeee ?ic?iaeo aeey
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ioceee niaoe?aeueii oii?yaeeiaaieo iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e «A?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo ioce/ieo o?aaeeoe?e o
i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ioceee».

Oaeineiiaethth/e iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean aoco, ne?ae caa?iooe oaaao
ia oae? iiiaioe: yeui iieiaeue ia oe?eaaeoueny iaoe?iiaeueiith
i?naiii-ia?yaeiaith oai?/?noth, oi o ieo ia aeoiaaia iio?aaa ?icoi?oe,
ethaeoe e iaeaaeiei /eiii ioe?ithaaoe iaeaeineiiae?o? oi?ie oeueiai
ienoaoeoaa. Ooo ni?aaa cian?i ia a ?ioeo ioce/ieo caoiieaiiyo.
Nooaeaioai iaiao?aeia eaae?o?eiaaia aeiiiiiaa aeey ?icaeoeo ?oi?o aeaui
ni?iuaieo oyaeaiue i?i iaoe?iiaeueio ia?yaeiao ioceeo. Nooaeaionoai
caaaeaee /aea? a?ae noa?oeo, aeeth/ath/e iaaeaaia?a,
ianoaaiee?a-aeeeaaea/?a a?aeiia?aeieo ii?aeueieo o?ie?a. Aea aeiaiaoe/i?
ii?aeuei? naioaioe?? a aeon? ieioeeo /an?a ia ni?eythoue c?inoaiith
aeiia ? niae?a o aeiai?? ioce/iiai ?aia?ooa?o, o caaaa/aii? nai?o ciaiue
oa aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e, a anoaoe/iiio ?icaeoeo a oe?eiio. ?aeeiee can?a
aeeeeeaoe aeeaieee aiioe?eiee ? anoaoe/iee a?aeaoe iieiaeeo oao?aoe?a –
iinoaaeoe ?o ia?aae aeecueeith aeey ieo i?iaeaiith, yea cioneoue
naiino?eii caieneeoenue iaae aeooiaieie oe?iiinoyie iaoe?iiaeueii?
ioce/ii? niaaeueie ? i?eeoe aei aeniiaeo i?i ?? iaiao?aei?noue naiai
eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo, a oaeiae nai?o iaeaooi?o aeoiaaioe?a. Oiaoi,
aoaeue-yea i?eioniaa caeo/aiiy aei aea/aiiy ia?iaeii? ioceee aoaea iaei
iaaoaeoeaiei, c?acee iaa/aeueiiai ioce/iiai ?aia?ooa?o iathoue
a?aeiia?aeaoe ?ioa?anai aeoiaaioe?a.

Aeani? niinoa?aaeaiiy aeena?oaioa, aiae?c iaoeiai iaaeaaia?/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??aee iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue i?aenoaao
c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui i?iaeaia aeei?enoaiiy i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai
oieueeei?o a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? ?ic?iaeyeany aeaaii, aiia
i?eaa?oaea oaaao a?aeiieo iaaeaaia?a ieioeiai I.Aeooiiae/a,
I.Eaiioiae/a, I.Eenaiea, N.?oniai?, E.Noaoeaiea, A.Nooiieeinueeiai,
E.Ooeinueeiai oa ?i. ? caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiith ia no/aniiio aoai?,
iio?aaoth/e iiaeaeueoiai oai?aoe/iiai oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe aoei aecia/aii e?eoa???,
ca yeeie aeyaeyeeny ??ci? ??ai? noi?iiaaiino? iniaenoino? nooaeaio?a
uiaei ?o iaoe?iiaeueii? ci???ioiaaiino? o i?ioan?eiiio noaiiaeaii? ye
a/eoae?a ioceee. Oea oae? e?eoa???: nooi?iue aeoeaiino? a ia?aa?ao
caeo/aiiy aei caaaeueii-ethaenueeeo oa iaoe?iiaeueieo oe?iiinoae
ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa; ioce/ii-anoaoe/i? oyaeaiiy oa ia?aeiiaiiy,
iayai?noue /e a?aenooi?noue aiioe?eii-/ooo?aiai noaaeaiiy aei
i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o, aeoeai?noue ioce/iiai ni?eeiyooy
iaee?aueo eiai c?ace?a.

A?aeiia?aeii aei ?ic?iaeaieo e?eoa???a aoei aecia/aii ??ai?
iaoe?iiaeueii? ci???ioiaaiino? o i?ioan?eiiio noaiiaeaii? a/eoae?a
ioceee.

Aeey aenieiai ??aiy oa?aeoa?ia aeeaiea ni?eeiyooy caaaeueii-ethaenueeeo
oa iaoe?iiaeueieo oe?iiinoae, ciaiiy oai?/ino? oe?a?inueeeo
eiiiiceoi??a, naiino?eia aecia/aiiy aeai?iai-noeeueiaeo iniaeeainoae
iaoe?iiaeueii? ioceee, a oaeiae ona?aeiieaiiy iio?aae o iiooeao oeyo?a
caeo/aiiy aei iaoe?iiaeueii-ia?yaeiaiai ienoaoeoaa, iii??ia
ii?ioi?iiaai?noue i?i i?naiio niaaeueio naiai e?ath.

Iieacieeaie na?aaeiueiai ??aiy aaaaeathoueny: iaiiaia ciaiiy
caaaeueii-ethaenueeeo oa iaoe?iiaeueieo oe?iiinoae, oai?/ino?
oe?a?inueeeo eiiiiceoi??a, /anoeiaa naiino?eia aecia/aiiy nooaeaioaie
aeai?iai-noeeueiaeo iniaeeainoae iaoe?iiaeueii-ia?yaeiai? i?naiiino?,
iaaeinoaoiuei ona?aeiieaia iio?aaa a ni?eeoaaii? c
iaoe?iiaeueii-ia?yaeiaei ienoaoeoaii, iacia/ia ii?ioi?iiaai?noue i?i
i?naiio niaaeueio e?ath.

Iecueeee ??aaiue iieyaa? o iaaeinoaoiueiio ?icoi?ii?
caaaeueii-ethaenueeeo oa iaoe?iiaeueieo oe?iiinoae, o iaiiaiiio ciaii?
c?ace?a oai?/ino? oe?a?inueeeo eiiiiceoi??a, o iani?iiiaeiino?
naiino?eii aecia/eoe aeai?iai-noeeueia? iniaeeaino? iaoe?iiaeueii?
ioceee, o a?aenooiino? iio?aae ni?eeoaaoeny c iaoe?iiaeueii-ia?yaeiaei
ienoaoeoaii, o iaii?ioi?iiaaiino? i?i i?naiio niaaeueio naiai e?ath.

Ia iniia? aecia/aiiy e?eoa???a oa ??ai?a iaoe?iiaeueii-ni?yiiaaii?
i???ioaoe?? o i?ioan?eiiio noaaiieaii? a/eoae?a ioceee aoei i?iaaaeaii
eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio, o yeiio acyee o/anoue noi nooaeaio?a
Noinueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. A.N.Iaea?aiea aeaiii? oa cai/ii?
oi?i iaa/aiiy. O aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ?iaio? canoiniaoaaeenue
iaoiaee niinoa?aaeaiiy, aan?aee, aieaooaaiiy, ?ioa?a’th, aiae?co oai?/i?
ae?yeueiino?, aenia?oieo ioe?iie, ui aeiiiiiaei cae?enieoe ae?aaiinoeeo
??ai?a iaoe?iiaeueii-ni?yiiaaii? i???ioaoe??. Aeai? eiinoaooth/iai
aenia?eiaioo aeyaeee, ui aenieiio (oai?/iio) ??aith ia a?aeiia?aea?
aeiaeai ?c nooaeaio?a, na?aaeiueiio ??aith (oi?iaeueii iiceoeaiiio) —
18%, iecueeiio (ianeaii neooaoeaiiio) — 82%. ?acoeueoaoe eiinoaooth/iai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaee, ui nooaeaioe iaaeiioe?iththoue aeoiaiee
iioaioe?ae i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o, c?ace?a ioce/ii? niaaeueie
e?ath, a ioaea e iaaeinoaoiuei caa?oathoueny aei ieo. Iio?aaa nooaeaio?a
o aea/aii? oe?a?inueeiai i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai ienoaoeoaa ?icaeiaia iaei
iieiaeue ci???ioiaaia ia?aaaaeii ia oai?e oae caaii? eaaei? ioceee, a
noaaeaiiy aei iaoe?iiaeueii? ioceee oi?io?oueny caaaeyee ni?eeiaiith ??
o iiioey?ieo oai?ao.

I???ioaoe?y nooaeaio?a ia iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia aeoiaaiiy ae?oae ?
iacaaeia?eueiith: iaaeinoaoi? ciaiiy o?aaeeoe?e oe?a?inueeiai
ienoaoeoaa, ioce/ieo aeai??a ia aeicaieythoue iaeaooi?i oao?aoeyi
i???iooaaoeny iaa?oue o eie? a?aeiieo oai??a. Nooaeaioai caeaa?eueoiai
a?aeo? aeeaieeo ciaiue cae/a?a, o?aaeeoe?e, ia?yae?a ? iniaeeainoae
aeei?enoaiiy iaaiiai i?naiiiai iaoa??aeo a eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio
aeiaaeeo. Ana oea ia?aeiio? o iaiao?aeiino? aeoiaoaaoe o nooaeaio?a
oaoiaa ? aiaeii/an iao??ioe/ia noaaeaiiy aei oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii?
i?naiii-ia?yaeiai? niaaeueie, ui ? iniiaith oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
na?aeiiino? oa naiina?aeiiino? iniaenoino?. Oaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiai?
i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey ioceee iiaeeeaa eeoa ca oiia oe?eani?yiiaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa oeei i?ioeanii.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e – «Oeyoe oa caniae aeei?enoaiiy i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai
oieueeei?o a i?ioean? aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey
ioceee». A iueiio oaeiae ocaaaeueiththoueny ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, yea aoea ni?yiiaaia ia
caaacia/aiiy aeeiai?/iino? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a
iniaeno?niiai noaaeaiiy aei ioce/ii-ia?yaeiaeo oe?iiinoae c o?aooaaiiyi
niaoeeo?ee aeoiaaiiy, ia ii?aoethaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo canaae uiaei
aeoea?caoe?? i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a a i?ioean iaieiae?iiy
iaoa??aeii iaoe?iiaeueiiai ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa; ia oi?ioaaiiy
ii?aeueieo ia?aeiiaiue o nooaeaio?a a i?ioean? canai?iiy ieie iaee?aueo
c?ace?a i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o naiai e?ath.

O oi?ioth/iio aenia?eiaio? acyee o/anoue 100 nooaeaio?a, c ieo –

50 a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e a?oi?, 50 – o eiio?ieuei?e.

O ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iiooeo noi?ioaaeeny oae?
iaaeaaia?/i? canaaee i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy iaoe?iiaeueii-ni?yiiaaii?
i???ioaoe?? a/eoaey ioceee: nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei oi?ioaaiiy o
nooaeaio?a iao??ioe/iiai noaaeaiiy aei i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o ia
iniia? ?ioaa?aoe?? ??cieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? –
iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueii?, iiooeiai-aeine?aeii?, iaaeaaia?/ii?; aeoeaia
caaaa/aiiy oacao?ono nooaeaio?a iaiao?aeiith ?ioi?iaoe??th c
iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o; oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaae/ie nooaeaio?a oeyoii noai?aiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo neooaoe?e,
aeei?enoaiiy oi?i iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao, ui noeioeththoue
aiioe?eii-ineoieia?/io noa?o iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a oeyoii aeoea?caoe?? ?o
aiioe?eii-/ooo?aeo eiioaeo?a ?c ooaeiaei?ie c?aceaie ioce/ii? niaaeueie
naiai e?ath; iaia’yceiaa ae?yeuei?noue nooaeaio?a aeey caa?aaeaiiy oa
a?aeoai?aiiy i?naiii? niaaeueie e?ath, aeei?enoaiiy ?? a oe?euei?e
iaaeaaia?/i?e i?aeoeoe?.

Oiiae oa ia?aa?a oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo iieacaee:

— iniaeno?nia noaaeaiiy nooaeaio?a aei iaoe?iiaeueiiai
i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o iiaea aooe aeeiai?/ii ci?iaiei oa
?icaeiaiei, aiii i?aeaea?oueny aeoeaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio aieeao;

— oe?eani?yiiaaia iaaeaaia?/ia oi?aae?iiy aeaiei i?ioeanii iiceoeaii
aieeaa? ia ??aaiue iaoe?iiaeueii-ni?yiiaaii? i???ioaoe?? nooaeaio?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi, i?i ui na?ae/eoue ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c
i?aenoie?a ca?aeii c ?ic?iaeaieie e?eoa??yie oa aecia/aieie ??aiyie
nooaeaio?a, iiaeaieie a oaaeeoe?.

I?aenoieiaa oa?aeoa?enoeea ??ai?a iaoe?iiaeueii-ni?yiiaaii?
ni?yiiaaiino? nooaeaio?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi

ACI** ACI – a?aeae?eaiiy cai/iiai iaa/aiiy. Noaoe?iia?

??ai?ii/aoie aenia?eiaiooe?iaoeue aenia?eiaiooii/aoie
aenia?eiaiooe?iaoeue aenia?eiaiooA (aenieee) «oai?/ee»

0%

16%

0%

12%N (na?aaei?e) «oi?iaeueii-iiceoeaiee»

18%

52%

10%

46%I (iecueeee) «ianeaii-

neooaoeaiee»

82%

32%

90%

42%

I?e c?noaaeaii? ??ai?a iaoe?iiaeueii-ni?yiiaaii? i???ioaoe?? nooaeaio?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oi aeyaeeanue ?o iaiaeiicia/i?noue.
Oae, aenieee ??aaiue iaoe?iiaeueii-ni?yiiaaii? i???ioaoe?? a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao nooaeaio?a-cai/iee?a c??n a?ae 0% aei 16% oa
a?ae 0% aei 12% ia noaoe?iia??; o eiio?ieueieo a?oiao ci?i ia
a?aeaoeiny. Na?aaei?e ??aaiue nooaeaio?a a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e a?oi?
cai/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy c??n a?ae 18% aei 52%, ia noaoe?iia?? – c 10% aei
46%; a eiio?ieueieo a?oiao nooaeaio?a ACI – c 18% aei 22%, ia
noaoe?iia?? — c 10% aei 16%. Iecueeee ??aaiue a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e a?oi?
ACI ci?ieany c 82% aei 32%, ia noaoe?iia?? – c 90% aei 42%; a
eiio?ieueieo a?oiao ACI oa noaoe?iia?o a?i noaa neeaaeaoe a?aeiia?aeii
78% ? 84%.

I?iiiceoe?? uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy iaoe?iiaeueii-ni?yiiaaii?
i???ioaoe?? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ca oiia iaaeaaia?/ii? nenoaiaoecaoe??
i?ioeano iaaoooy eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieo ciaiue, a oaeiae caaaa/aiiy
aeooiaii-i?aeoe/iiai aeina?aeo nooaeaio?a oa oi?ioaaiiy ?o iniaeno?niiai
noaaeaiiy aei iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o oe?eeii
aei?aaaeaee naaa. I?i oea na?ae/aoue ia’?eoeai? aeai?, caeiaoo? a
i?ioean? aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe, aeinoia??i?noue yeeo
caaacia/o?oueny ??ciiiai?oieie iaoiaeaie, aaeaeaaoieie iao? oa
caaaeaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae ye?niei ? e?euee?niei aiae?cii
iaaooeo aeaieo.

Oaeei /eiii, aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo aeicaiey?
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aenia?eiaioaeuei? oiiae oi?ioaaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii-ni?yiiaaii? i???ioaoe?? nooaeaio?a caniaaie
iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o ni?eythoue ?icaeoeo
ioce/ieo iio?aa, anoaoe/ieo niae?a oa aiioe?eii-i?ciaaaeueiiai
ni?eeiyooy oe?iiinoae ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa, a oaeiae noeioeththoue i??o
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aeya?a iaeaooi?o niaoe?ae?no?a o ??ciia?/iiio
inyaiaii? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue aeacaoe ia aoaeoeai?noue
cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee, a oaeiae ia iiaeeea?noue ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ?? aei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean aoco. Aeey onoiaiiy
iaaeie?e?a, ui ?niothoue o i?aeoeoe? iaoe?iiaeueii-ioce/iiai iaa/aiiy oa
aeoiaaiiy, ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe:

— iaeneiaeueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?aca?ae iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueii?,
iiooeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei?, iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? aeey ?aae?caoe??
iaoe ? caaaeaiue a?aeiinii oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii-ni?yiiaaii?
i???ioaoe?? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ioceee;

— aeeth/aoe aei i?ia?ai ?c niaoe?aeueieo aeenoeeie?i
aee?eaaionueei-oi?iaiai oeeeeo c?acee iaoe?iiaeueiiai
i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o;

— cae?enithaaoe aca?iica’ycie iaaeaaia?/ieo eieaeoea?a c i?aoe?aieeaie
eoeueoo?e oa ienoaoeoaa oeyoii ?icoe?aiiy ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? c
i?aaenoaaieeaie aeaieo caeeaae?a aeey aea/aiiy i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai
oieueeei?o naiai e?ath.

Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee
noi?ioeueiaai? oae? aeniiaee:

— iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio cana?ae/ea, ui aoaeoeai?noue aeoiaiiai
i?ioeano, ni?yiiaaiiai ia oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo i???ioaoe?e
nooaeaio?a iaaeaoco, cia/ii i?aeaeuo?oueny caaaeyee aeio?eioaaiith
iaa?oioiaaieo aeena?oaioii iaaeaaia?/ieo canaae aeei?enoaiiy
oe?a?inueeiai i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o;

— ii??aiyeueia aea/aiiy ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino? iaoe?iiaeueieo i???ioaoe?e
nooaeaio?a a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao (ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueieie)
na?ae/eoue i?i i?aeaeuaiiy ?ie? i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o o ?o
i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino?;

— caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o a i?ioean?
iaa/aiiy o nooaeaio?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie ca?eueoeany ianya
?ioi?iaoeaieo ciaiue, a?eueo /?oei aecia/eeany ?iaeea?aeoaeueia
ni?yiiaai?noue ioe?ii/ieo oyaeaiue, nooaeaioe oe?oa noaee caeo/aoe o
??ciiiai?oi? aeaee iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? aenieiooaeiaei?
c?acee iaoe?iiaeueiiai ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa;

— iaea?aeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i a??ia?aei?noue
iaaeaaia?/ii ni?yiiaaiiai oaeei /eiii oi?ioaaiiy o iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a
ioceee ?ioa?ano aei iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o;

— noi?iiaaia iniaeno?nia noaaeaiiy nooaeaio?a aei iaoe?iiaeueiiai
i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o aeyaeei naaa ye ii?aeueia iciaea, ui
ioiieth? aiioe?eii-/ooo?aee, ?ioaeaeooaeueiee oa ae?yeueiee eiiiiiaioe
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a ioceee.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. E?ainueea N.A. ?icaeoie iaoe?iiaeueii? aeoiaaiino? nooaeaio?a
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? niaoe?ae?caoe?? ia canaaeao oe?a?inueei? ia?iaeii?
i?ni? // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie oai??? ioceee oa ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy.
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – E.: EAeOE?I, 1998. – N.22-28.

2. E?ainueea N.A. ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/iee aniaeo canoinoaaiiy ia?iaeiiai
ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa a nenoai? aeoiaaiiy iieiae? // Iaaeaaia?ea ?
iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy. I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oai?/i? iniaenoino?.: Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Noinueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. A.N.Iaea?aiea.
– Noie, 1997. — N. 186-191.

3. E?ainueea N.A. A?o/eciyia ia?iaeiii?naiia niaaeueia ye oaeoi?
oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii-ioce/ii? eoeueoo?e iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ioceee
// Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie oai??? ioceee oa ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy. Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – E.: EAeOE?I, 1998. – N.47-50.

4. E?ainueea N.A. Iaaeaaia?/ia ni?yiiaai?noue aea/aiiy i?naiii-oai?/i?
niaaeueie oe?a?inueeeo eiiiiceoi??a-eeanee?a o oi?ioaaii? iaoe?iiaeueii?
na?aeiiino? oeiey??a.: Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. – Noie: NAeI?, 1994. –
24 n.

5. E?ainueea N.A. A?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo ioce/ieo o?aaeeoe?e o
i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a ioceee: Iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??. – Noie: NAeI?, 1996. – 54 n.

6. E?ainueea N.A., Ieoaee?/aiei A.I. Eenaiei – oi?iaenoa? ye i?eeeaae
noaaeaiiy aei i?ioan?eieo iaia’yce?a // Aea/aiiy aeeooy ? oai?/ino?
I.A.Eenaiea a oeie? ? aoc?.: Iaoa??aee ?anioae?eainueei?
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? eiioa?aioe?? Noinueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo
?i.A.N.Iaea?aiea. – Noie, 1993. – N.46-47.

E?ainueea Na?oeaia A?eai??aia. Iaaeaaia?/i? canaaee aeei?enoaiiy
i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o a i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey ioceee. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 13.00.02 – iaoiaeeea aeeeaaeaiiy ioceee oa
iaoiaeeea ioce/iiai aeoiaaiiy. Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa. Ee?a, 1998 ?.

Caoeua?oueny ?oeiien aeena?oaoe??, yea ? oai?aoe/iei oa
aenia?eiaioaeueiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi aeei?enoaiiy i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai
oieueeei?o a i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey ioceee. I?iaiae?ciaaii
ia?iaeii-i?naiiee ?aia?ooa? a eo?nao niaoe?aeueieo aeenoeeie?i
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo, aeeiiaii
aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeio ?iaioo uiaei aeei?enoaiiy
i?naiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?o a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? iaaeaoco.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?naiii-ia?yaeiaee oieueeei?, i?ioean i?aeaioiaee
a/eoaey ioceee, iaaeaaia?/i? iniiae iaa/aiiy ioceoe?.

E?aineay Naaoeaia A?eai?ueaaia. Iaaeaaiae/aneea iniiau eniieueciaaiey
ianaiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?a a i?ioeanna iiaeaioiaee o/eoaey iocuee. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.02 – iaoiaeeea i?aiiaeaaaiey iocuee e
iaoiaeeea iocueaeueiiai ainieoaiey. Eeaaneee ainoaea?noaaiiue
oieaa?neoao eoeueoo?u e eneonnoa. Eeaa, 1998 a.

Caueuaaony ?oeiienue aeenna?oaoeee, eioi?ay yaeyaony oai?aoe/aneei e
yenia?eiaioaeueiui enneaaeiaaieai aiciiaeiinoae eniieueciaaiey
ianaiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?a a i?ioeanna iiaeaioiaee o/eoaeae iocuee.
I?iaiaeece?iaai ia?iaeii-ianaiiue ?aia?ooa? a eo?nao niaoeeaeueiuo
aeenoeeieei iocueaeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneiai oaeoeueoaoa, auiieiaia
yenia?eiaioaeueii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneay ?aaioa ii eniieueciaaieth
ianaiii-ia?yaeiaiai oieueeei?a a o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiii i?ioeanna
iaaeaoca.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ianaiii-ia?yaeiaue oieueeei?, i?ioeann iiaeaioiaee
o/eoaey iocuee, iaaeaaiae/aneea iniiau iao/aiey iocuea.

Kramskaya Svetlana Grigoriyevna. The Pedagogical Fundamentals of the Use
of Ritual Song Folklore in the Process of Professional Training of the
Teachers of Music. – Manuscript.

The thesis of the achievement for the candidate degree in pedagogical
sciences according to the speciality 13.00.02 – methods of musical
education and methods of musical professional training. Kiev State
University of Culture and Arts, Kiev, 1998.

The manuscript of the thesis which contains theoretical and experimental
research of utilization of ritual song folklore in the process of
professional training of the teachers of music is being defended before
examiners.

The author has analyzed the folk song repertoire in the courses of the
special subjects of the musical education faculty. The author has
conducted the experimental research on the using of the song ritual
folklore in the process of the professional training in the pedagogical
high schools.

Key words: ritual song folklore, process of the professional training of
the teacher of music, pedagogical fundamentals of the professional
training of music.

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