Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee

Ai?iaeenueeee Ieeiea ?aaiiae/

OAeE 378.02

IAAeAAIA?*I? OIIAE CAAACIA*AIIss CI?NOO I?AAIAI? INA?OE IAEAOOIUeIAI
A*EOAEss

13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1998

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oi?aa?neoao? aioo??oi?o ni?aa I?i?noa?noaa aioo??oi?o
ni?aa Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : – aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Iiaeaa?acnueeee Ieeiea E?iae?aoiae/, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaea-

aia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?i.A.N.neiai?iaee, i?i?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? ?oaeieoeueea

Ienaia Iao??aia,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e Iaoe?iiaeue-

iiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.I.Ae?aai-

iaiiaa;

— eaiaeeaeao
iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaeaaiei

Noaiai TH??eiae/,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee

Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?-

neoaoo
?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: — Euea?anueea o?e?y ?inoeoooo
iaaeaaia?ee oa ineoiei-

a?? ?ioan?eii?
ina?oe AII Oe?a?ie, i.Euea?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 4 ethoiai 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ci-aaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.053.04 a
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee (310168, i.Oa?e?a, aoe.Aethoa?a, 2).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee (310168,
i.Oa?e?a, aoe.Aethoa?a, 2).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 3.01.1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
O.I.Aeieo?aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. No/ani? i?ioeane
aeaiie?aoecaoe?? noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo aeiaaathoue ?ioiai,
caaaeaiiai e aaniethoii paaeueiiai iiaeyaeo ia iniiai? iaipyie
oa neeaaeia? ina?oiuei-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?. Ia iaeia c iapoeo
i?noeue aeoiaeeoue ipiaeaia ipaaiai? ina?oe iieiae?. Ipecia/aiiy ??
iieyaa? a oiio, uia caaacia/eoe aapiii?eia aoiaeaeaiiy i?aepinoath/eo ?
aeipineeo iieie?iue aeaiie?aoe/ii? aeapaeaae o ipaaiaa iiea nai?? epa?ie
? i?aeiapiaeiiai ni?aoiaapenoaa, a oaeiae aeey caaacia/aiiy ceaaiaee,
iepo oa aca?iipicoi?iiy i?ae p?cieie nioe?aeueieie, aoi?/ieie, a?eiaeie
ni?eueiioaie ethaeae ? aaeocyie iapiaeiiai ainiiaeapnoaa.

Oipeath/enue on?o aniaeo?a ina?oe, iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy,
ipioan?eii? ip??ioaoe?? oa ipioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iieiaeiai iieie?iiy,
ipaaiaa ina?oa eiaeii? iniae noa? iaia’yceiaei aeaiaioii ?? caaaeueii?
oa niaoe?aeueii? i?aeaioiaee. Ipia?aeiith aeiiaith i?aaiai? ina?oe oa
eoeueoo?e noa? canai?iiy iieiaeaiue Eiinoeoooe?? Oepa?ie, Caeiio Oepa?ie
«Ipi ina?oo», Ipiapaie ipaaiai? ina?oe ianaeaiiy, ipeeiyoi? Opyaeii
Oepa?ie (29 opaaiy 1995 pieo) oa Aeapaeaaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? ipiapaie
«Ina?oa» («Oepa?ia XXI noie?ooy»). An? oe? aeieoiaioe picaeyaeathoue
ipaaiao ina?oo ? aeoiaaiiy ye ipioean canai?iiy ciaiue ipi iniiae
aeapaeaae ? ipaaa, iiaeeea?noue aapiii?eiiai ocaiaeaeaiiy
caaaeueiiaeapaeaaieo, i?aeiapiaeieo oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-iniaeno?nieo
?ioapan?a, ui ? paaeueieie o?eueee ca oiiae aeiopeiaiiy eiinoeoooe?eieo
iipi on?ia apiiaaeyiaie. Oaea noaaeaiiy aei ipaaa, caeiiieo aeiia, aei
Eiinoeoooe?? Oepa?ie iiaea noipioaaoenue o?eueee i?ae aieeaii
nenoaiaoe/ii? oa iine?aeiaii? ae?yeueiino? an?o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo
nopoeoop ii oipioaaiith ipaaiai? eoeueoope iniaenoino?, paae?caoe??
ci?noo ?? ipaaiai? ina?oe. Iniiae i?aaiai? ina?oe iniae oi?iothoueny
nii/aoeo a n?i’?, iio?i a oeie? i?ae aieeaii oao?aoe?a, ui caeaoi?
oaip/i iapainienethaaoe oa nipeeiaoe iaeepau? aeipiaee na?oiai? oa
a?o/eciyii? oaip?? oa ipaeoeee ina?oe, iaa/athoue e aeoiaothoue
i?aepinoath/a iieie?iiy a aeon? no/anieo aeiia oa caaaeueiiethaenueeeo
oe?iiinoae. A no/anieo oiiaao i? a eiai ia aeeeeea? noii?ao oie oaeo, ui
eiiiaoaioi?noue, apoaeeoe?y, ipioan?iiae?ci, eoeueoopa a/eoaey cia/iith
i?pith aecia/athoue ? p?aaiue ina?/aiino? e iniaeno?ni? yeino? o/i?a.

O opaai? 1995 pieo Eaa?iao I?i?nop?a Oepa?ie
i?eeiya iinoaiiao «Ipi Ipiapaio ipaaiai? ina?oe ianaeaiiy Oepa?ie», aea
noaaeoueny caaaeaiiy aeaeueoiai picaeoeo

ipaaiai? ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy apiiaaeyi o aeon? iiaaae aei caeiio oa ipaa
ethaeeie. Ciepaia, aeaco?oueny, ui naia aeaiiepaoe/ia ipaaiaa
aeapaeaai?noue Oepa?ie aeiaaa? i?aeaeuaiiy ipaaina?aeiiino? apiiaaeyi,
?o ipaaiai? eoeueoope, iaooeeueiiai aeiopeiaiiy ieie aeiia
caeiiiaeaanoaa, eaae?o?eiaaiiai eiai canoinoaaiiy. Caapoa?oueny oaaaa ia
caaacia/aiiy ipaaiaiai aeoiaaiiy on?o apiiaaeyi, ii?aeioth/e eiai ?c
caaaeueiith napaaeiueith ? ipioan?eiith ina?oith, eoeueoopith,
iie?oe/iei, aeiiii?/iei, anoaoe/iei oa ?ioeie iaipyiaie aeoiaaiiy. A
Ipiapai? noaaeoueny caaaeaiiy ipi iaia’yceiaa cae?eniaiiy ipaaiaiai
aeoiaaiiy, ii/eiath/e c aeioe?eueiiai a?eo, eiee iathoue aeaaaoenue
aeaiaioapi? ciaiiy ipi ipaaeea iiaaae?iee oa noaaeaiiy aei aaouee?a ?
noapoeo ca a?eii ethaeae.

Ipaaiciaanoai iaeaaeeoue aei iaia’yceiaeo aaeocae ciaiue
caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e, ipioan?eieo iaa/aeueii- aeoiaieo ? aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe??
oa iapai?aeaioiaee eaaep?a. Aiae?c thpeaee/ii?, ineoieia?/ii?,
iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oapaoope oa aeina?ae ipaaiaiai aeoiaaiiy iieiae? ?
ianaeaiiy acaaae? na?ae/aoue ipi oa, ui an? aeaiaioe aeoiaaiiy
iano?eueee aca?iica’ycai?, ui ?aae?caoe?y iepaieo caaaeaiue
a?aeaoaa?oueny a ?aeeiiio ?ioaapaoe?eiiio ipioean?, a oipioaaiiy a o/i?a
? nooaeaio?a ipaaina?aeiiino? oa nioe?aeueii aeoeaii? iiaaae?iee ia
iniia? iniaeno?nii? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ipaaiai? eoeueoope ? iaia’yceiaei
? iaiao?aeiei aeey eiaeiiai niaoe?ae?noa. ?ieiee aeiaiaeeoueny
niinoap?aaoe, ye aeniei ina?/ai? ethaee, oaoiai i?aeaioiaeai? a
oaoi?/ieo ? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo aaeocyo ciaiue, a e?oapaoop? oa
ienoaoeoa?, iath/e ipaepani? ipioan?ei? cae?aiino? oa a?aeiia?aeio
iaoeiao i?aeaioiaeo, o?ce/ii caeipia?, aiioe?eii oa anoaoe/ii
picaeioo?, aeiapa aeoiaai? c iiaeyaeo caaaeueii? ina?oe, caciaaaee
iipacee, caeoe?a, iaee aaeee? aopaoe, ai ia ciaee e ia aieiae?ee
ipaaiaei aeina?aeii, iaoooaaee iipiaie ipaaa. Napeiciei iaaeie?eii ?
aeey ethaeeie oaeiae a?aenooi?noue iaeaaeiiai p?aiy aeooiaiino?. Aac
aeooiaiino? ipaaiaa eoeueoopa oa ipaaiaa iiaaae?iea ipeaiaeyoue aei
oeei?cio, aaeaeoaeiai noaaeaiiy aei /oaeiai aipy. Naia ia iiaeieaiiy
oaei? iaeiia?/iino? o oipioaaii? iieiaeeo niaoe?ae?no?a ? ia?
nipyioaaoenue ipaaiaa aeoiaaiiy — a eiiieaen? oa aapiii?? c ?ioeie
oaeoi?aie aeoiaiiai i?ioeano.

A no/anieo oiiaao ??aaiue ipaaina?aeiiino? oa ipaaiai? eoeueoope
a/eoae?a oa nooaeaio?a ua ia a?aeiia?aea? ? ia caaeiaieueiy? iiopaaai
aapiii?eiiai picaeoeo iniae ? aeiiaai noni?euenoaa. Iaeaooi?i a/eoaeyi
eii/a iaiao?aei? ipaaia? ciaiiy ye neeaaeiaa ?o iaaeaaia?/iiai
ipioan?iiae?cio, ui apoioothoueny ia ?aeiino? iaia’yceo oa ipaaa ? ?
oaeei ooaipaiiyi, ui, c iaeiiai aieo, a?aeaeaathoue iaiao?aeiee p?aaiue
ipaaina?aeiiino?, a, c aepoaiai, — a?aeia?aaeathoue iianyeaeaiio
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue. I?aeoeea ? aeina?ae na?ae/aoue, ui
pacoeueoaoe oaipaoe/iiai aiae?co ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo,
o?einionueeeo, nioe?ieia?/ieo, eoeueoopieia?/ieo oa thpeaee/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaei ua aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e oi?ioaaii? a o/i?a oa
nooaeaio?a i?aaina?aeiiino? ? i?aaiai? eoeueoo?e. Oa e nai p?aaiue
i?aeaioiaee no/aniiai a/eoaey aei paae?caoe?? ci?noo ipaaiai? ina?oe ia
caaeiaieueiy? iio?aaai no/aniino?. Nooaeaioe iathoue iaaeoi iaaecia/ai?
oyaeaiiy ipi ipaaa oa iaia’ycee ethaeeie acaaae? ? ipi ipaaia? iniiae
nenoaie ina?oe ciepaia. Oae, 69,3% iieoaieo o/eoae?a ia ciaeii? c
caeiiiaeaa/eie aeoaie, ui caoeuathoue ?o ?ioapane, paaoeththoue
ae?yeuei?noue ipaai?a iapiaeii? ina?oe oa ?i. O iapaaaaeii? a?eueoino?
nooaeaio?a iaaeaoc?a (63,1%) a?aenooi? /?oe? oa eiiepaoi? oyaeaiiy ipi
ipepiaeo iniiaieo ipaa ? iaia’yce?a ethaeeie. Aeieoiaioe, ui
noinothoueny aaeoc? ina?oe ?, cie?aia, i?aaiaiai aeoiaaiiy iaei
aea/athoueny ? /anoi i?i ieo ia ?ioi?iothoue i? nooaeaio?a, i? o/i?a, i?
ianaeaiiy. Ca?aene ? ipe/eie ipaaiai? aacapaiioiino? ? ipaaiaiai
?ioaioee?cio iieiaeeo ethaeae, ye cacia/a? A.O.?opaiiaa, a iaciaiiy
ipaaiai? caaipiie ipeaiaeeoue aei iipooaiue ia o?eueee ipaaee, aea e
caeii?a.

Ioaea, ? ainopa iiopaaa a picpiaoe? niaoe?aeueieo ipaaiaeo eopn?a aeey
nooaeaio?a — iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a c iaoith oipioaaiiy ipaaiai? eoeueoope.
A?aoiaoth/e aeooaeuei?noue ipiaeaie oa ?? iaaeinoaoith
aeine?aeaeai?noue, iapaii oaio aeenapoaoe??: «Iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae
caaacia/aiiy ci?noo ipaaiai? ina?oe iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey».
Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaii a?aeiia?aeii aei oaiaoeee iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue Oape?anueeiai aeapaeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aapneoaoo
?i.A.N.Neiaipiaee ipe ?ic?iaoe? oaie «Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? iniiae
ipioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey».

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ipioean oipioaaiiy ipaaiai? eoeueoope
nooaeaio?a.

Ipaaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — ipioean caaacia/aiiy ipaaiai? ina?oe ye
iaa?ae’?iii? neeaaeiai? ipaaiai? eoeueoope a/eoaey.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — oaipaoe/ia iaapoiooaaiiy oa aipiaaoe?y
iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia, ui nipeythoue canai?iith iaeaooi?ie a/eoaeyie ci?noo
ipaaiai? ina?oe.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy apoioo?oueny ia ipeiouaii?, ui p?aaiue
canai?iiy nooaeaioaie ci?noo ipaaiai? ina?oe iiaea aooe aeuei, yeui
aeiopeioaaoeny oaeeo oiia: ii-ia?oa, oipioaaoe o nooaeaio?a iiopaao a
iaieiae?ii? ipaaiaith eoeueoopith; ii-ae?oaa, nenoaiaoe/ii oa
iine?aeiaii oipioaaoe i?ciaaaeueiee ?ioapan aei ipioeano iaa/aiiy oa
ipioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?; caeo/aoe nooaeaio?a naiino?eii aep?ooaaoe
ipaaia? ipiaeaie ? i???iooaaoenue o neooaoe?yo; ii-o?ao?, noaipeoe
nenoaio i?ciaaaeueieo caaaeaiue.

O aeine?aeaeaii? noaaeyoueny caaaeaiiy:

1. Ipiaiae?coaaoe noai ipiaeaie, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny o o?einio??,
thpeaee/ieo iaoeao, nioe?ieia?? oa nioe?aeuei?e iaaeaaia?oe?.

2. Oaipaoe/ii iaapoiooaaoe oa aeniapeiaioaeueii iapaa?peoe i?eioeeie
a?aeai?o eiiiiiaio?a ci?noo i?aaiai? ina?oe.

3. ?icpiaeoe oa ?aae?coaaoe o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
ci?noo i?aaiai? ina?oe iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

4. Aeyaeoe iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aeey caaacia/aiiy oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiai?
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

5. ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey paae?caoe?? ci?noo ipaaiai? ina?oe aeey
aeeeaaea/?a ? nooaeaio?a.

Iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy
noaiiaeyoue: oaip?y i?ciaiiy, caaaeueiio?einionuee? iieiaeaiiy oaip?? oa
ipaeoeee, ae?aeaeoe/iee aca?iica’ycie ia’?eoeaieo ? noa’?eoeaieo
oaeoip?a picaeoeo; nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei oe?e?nieo iaaeaaia?/ieo
ipioean?a ? yaeu; iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niee i?aeo?ae aei oipioaaiiy
iniae, picaeoeo ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?, nioe?aeueii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? oa
caaacia/aiiy i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aei iaeaooiuei? ipioan?eii?
ae?yeueiino?; eiioeaioe?? aeaiiepaoecaoe?? ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy, a oaeiae
iieiaeaiiy Eiinoeoooe?? Oepa?ie, Caeiio Oepa?ie «Ipi ina?oo»,
Aeapaeaaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? ipiapaie «Ina?oa» («Oepa?ia XXI noie?ooy»),
Aeapaeaaii? ipiapaie ipaaiai? ina?oe ianaeaiiy Oepa?ie.

Oaipaoe/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue iieiaeaiiy, ui
apoioothoueny ia: a?aeiia?aeiino? iaoe oa ci?noo ina?oe (N.O.Aii/apaiei,
A.A.Epa?anueeee, I.A.Ie/eaei, I.I.Neaoe?i); oaip?? ci?noo ina?oe oa
eiai eiiiiiaio?a (?.E.AEopaaeueia, E.ss.Cip?ia, ?.ss.Eapiap,
A.?.Eoaiaee); ipioan?iapaie a/eoaey (A.E.Iaeaipiaea, I.A.Iipic,
I.A.Eepe/oe, I.A.Eocuei?ia, A.I.Neanoueii?i); ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo
iniiaao oni?oii? ipioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? a/eoaey (A.I.Aeaenthe,
A.I.Aaee, A.?.Aeueii?i, I.I.Eiiaepaothe); oaip?? oipioaaiiy oi?iue ?
iaae/ie (?.I.Eaaaiiaa-Iaeeap, I.A.Iai/einueea, A.A.Naie/aiei);
iaoiaee/ieo iiooeao oeyo?a ? cania?a aoaeoeaiiai ipioan?eiiai
noaiiaeaiiy a/eoaey a oiiaao iaaeaaia?/iiai caeeaaeo ina?oe
(A.?.Aiiaeap, A.I.Iaaipia, ?.O.Ipieiiaiei, A.A.Opioeei, ?.?.Oiaethe,
I.?.Oe?eue); ipioan?ei?e iaenoapiino? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a (?.A.Cycthi,
I.A.Ioaepee, I.I.Oapanaae/); iaoeiaeo ipaoeyo, o yeeo a?aeiapaaeaii
nooue ipaaiai? eoeueoope oa ipaaiaiai aeoiaaiiy iniae (Ae.O.Aaaoeaeca,
A.I.Aanyiiae/, A.N.Aaiaaeeeoia, I.I.Eaecapia, A.A.I?oeeaae/,
I.E.Iiaeaapacnueeee, I.N.Naeiiaoe?i, I.A.Oaoapeioeaaa, I.I.O?oeoea).

Aeey iapaa?pee a?iioace ? pica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue
aeeipenoiaoaaany eiiieaen iaoiae?a: oaipaoe/ieo: aiae?c o?einionueei?,
nioe?ieia?/ii?, thpeaee/ii? oa iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oapaoope c oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy; aii?pe/ieo: aieaooaaiiy oa oanooaaiiy nooaeaio?a,
aeeeaaea/?a aoc?a ? a/eoae?a napaaei?o oe?e, aan?aee c ieie;
niinoapaaeaiiy e aiae?c caiyoue; iaaeaaia?/iee aeniapeiaio.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeinue o 1993 — 1998 pieao ? ioiiethaaei
ope aoaie iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai iiooeo.

Ia iapoiio aoai? (1993-1994) ia iniia? aiae?co e?oapaoope
(o?einionueei?, nioe?ieia?/ii?, thpeaee/ii?, iaaeaaia?/ii?) ca oaiith
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiaeo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ? ipaaiaeo oiia aea/aany
noai picpiaee ipiaeaie, aecia/aeany nopoeoopa aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ipiaiaeeany eiinoaooth/ee aeniapeiaio.

Ia aepoaiio aoai? (1994-1996) oaipaoe/ii iaapoioiaoaaeenue ipeioeeie
oa picpiaeyany ci?no ipaaiai? ina?oe iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey, oi?ioaaeeny
aeniapeiaioaeuei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ipiaiaeeeenue aeniapeiaioe, o ipioean?
yeeo iapaa?pyeanue aoaeoeai?noue iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia paae?caoe?? ci?noo
ipaaiai? ina?oe.

Ia opaoueiio aoai? (1996-1998) cae?enithaaeenue aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
pacoeueoao?a aeine?aeii? piaioe; noipioeueiaai? iniiai? aeniiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy; picpiaeai? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? caaacia/aiiy ci?noo
ipaaiai? ina?oe; ipiaaaeaii aipiaaoe?th pacoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiaa iiaecia oa oaipaoe/ia
cia/aiiy iaeapaeaieo pacoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oaipaoe/iiio
iaapoiooaaii? ci?noo ipaaiai? ina?oe ye neeaaeiai? ipaaiai? eoeueoope
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey oa iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia, ui nipeythoue aoaeoeaiiio
canai?iith nooaeaioaie ci?noo ipaaiai? ina?oe.

Ipaeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaeapaeaieo pacoeueoao?a iieyaa? a
oi?ioaaii? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa iaoiaeeee paae?caoe?? ipaaiai?
ina?oe nooaeaio?a, ye? iiaeooue aeeipenoiaoaaoeny aeeeaaea/aie ipe
/eoaii? eopn?a «Ipaaiaa eoeueoopa iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey», «Ipaaiaa
aeoiaaiiy o/i?a», «Oaip?y oa iaoiaeeea ipaaiaiai aeoiaaiiy», ipe
ipiaaaeaii? niaoenai?iap?a o iaaeaaia?/ieo aocao ? eieaaeaeao c iaoith
oipioaaiiy ipaaiai? eoeueoope iniae. Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii e noi?ioeueiaaii
ci?no oa ipeioeeie ipaaiai? ina?oe; iieacaii iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae, ui
ni?eythoue paae?caoe?? ci?noo ipaaiai? ina?oe. A?pia?aei?noue oa
apaoiaioiaai?noue pacoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny iaoiaeieia?/iith
iaapoioiaai?noth eiai oaipaoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, aeeipenoaiiyi eiiieaeno
aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aaeaeaaoieo ipaaeiaoo,
iao? oa caaaeaiiyi; noaoenoe/ii cia/oueie pacoeueoaoaie ci?ie p?aiy
canai?iiy nooaeaioaie ipaaiai? ina?oe, iopeiaieie a pacoeueoao?
aeniapeiaioo.

Aipiaaoe?y oa aipiaaaeaeaiiy pacoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
cae?enithaaeenue o ipioean? aeniapeiaioaeueii?, iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
piaioe a Oape?anueeiio aeapaeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aapneoao? ?i.
A.N.Neiaipiaee.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy: — oaipaoe/ia iaapoiooaaiiy
ci?noo ipaaiai? ina?oe nooaeaio?a oa ipeioeeie eiai a?aeaipo;

— iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aoaeoeaiiai canai?iiy nooaeaioaie ci?noo ipaaiai?
ina?oe.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny
?c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a (ianya iniiaiiai
oaenoo 149 noi??iie), nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (223 aeaea?aea, c
ieo ?iicaiieie iiaaie – 7) oa 11 oaaeeoeue.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ? nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiino?
ia?aii? i?iaeaie, aecia/aii ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, a?iioaco oa
iaoiaeieia?th aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi eiai iaoeiao iiaecio,
oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a,
aeeeaaeaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, a
oaeiae aena?oeaii aniaeoe, iia’ycai? c ai?iaaoe??th oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “I?aaiaa ina?oa – iniiaa oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiai?
eoeueoo?e nooaeaio?a” — i?iaiae?ciaaii noai aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie o
iaaeaaia?/i?e iaooe?. Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?,
o?einionueei?, nioe?ieia?/ii?, eoeueoo?ieia?/ii? oa th?eaee/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e c ieoaiue i?aaiai? ina?oe oa i?aaiai? eoeueoo?? na?ae/eoue
i?i oa, ui ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ?o iaeaaeeoue oao?aoeyi-th?enoai. A
oiio oeoia/aiiy nooiino? oeueiai ieoaiiy ia? i?aaiciaa/ee oa?aeoa?, aea
i?aaiaa ina?oa ? i?aaiaa eoeueoo?a aecia/athoueny c iiaeyaeo
iiia?aaeaeaiiy cei/eiieo ae?e oeyoii ?ic’yniaiiy ? canoinoaaiiy ??cieo
oi?i i?eiono. O i?aoeyo Ae.O.Aaaoeaeca, O.O.Na??oa?e?, I.N.Naeiiaoe?ia,
I.A.Oaoa?eioeaai? ? I.I.sseiaeaai? aeeeaaeaii ??ci? aniaeoe i?aeaioiaee
a/eoaey aei iiia?aaeaeaiiy i?ioei?aaii? iiaaae?iee o/i?a
caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e. O iiiia?ao?? I.I.O?oeoee “I?aaiaa aeoiaaiiy
o/i?a” iaa?oioiaothoueny iaaeaaia?/i? iniiae i?aaiaiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a.
Caaaeaiiyi iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? : aecia/aiiy nooiino? i?aaiaiai
aeoiaaiiy oa i?aaiai? eoeueoo?e iniaenoino?, oa?aeoa?enoeee ci?noo oa
oeyo?a oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiai? ina?oe iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

I?aaiaa ina?oa a/eoaey ? iaa?ae’?iiith neeaaeiaith eiai
i?ioan?iiae?cio, ooiaeaiaioaeueii? i?aeaioiaee oa iaaeaaia?/ii?
iaenoa?iino?. Caaaeaiiy i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiai? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a iieyaathoue o cae?eniaii? eiiieaeno caoiae?a, na?aae yeeo
iniiaieie ? iciaeiieaiiy c i?aaaie ethaeeie, i?eeiyoeie i?aeia?iaeiei
ni?aoiaa?enoaii o Aaeuen?ie?, ciaiiy iieiaeaiue Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie oa
iaiao?aeieo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeieoiaio?a; ciaiiy caeii?a i?i
aea?aeaaio iiao, ina?oo, a oaeiae on?o io?oe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, iia’ycaieo
?c ci?noii iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a, ye? aiie aoaeooue aeeeaaeaoe a
caaaeueiiina?oi?o oeieao oa ?ioeo caeeaaeao ina?oe; ii?ioi?iiaai?noue c
ieoaiue aeieia?? oa ?i.

O ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii no?oeoo?o i?aaiai? eoeueoo?e iaeaooiueiai
a/eoaey, aei yei? aoiaeyoue, ye aeaco? I.E.Iiaeaa?acnueeee, ianooii?
eiiiiiaioe-aeiee: ?ioaeaeooaeueii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee, ii?aeueii-aieueiaee,
iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niee, i?ioan?eii-i?aaiaoe/iee, ?aei?noue ?
aca?iiiaoiiaeai?noue yeeo ? iniiaiei iieacieeii noi?iiaaiino? i?aaiai?
eoeueoo?e nooaeaio?a.

Iaeaooi?e o/eoaeue ciiaea caaacia/eoe ii?iaeueiee ??aaiue i?aaiaiai
aeoiaaiiy o/i?a, noi?ioaaoe ?o i?aaiao eoeueoo?o, yeui canai?oue ci?no
i?aaiai? ina?oe, a naia: iaieiae?? nenoaiith i?aaiaeo ciaiue; noi?io?
i?aaia? ia?aeiiaiiy (i?aaina?aeii?noue); iaieiae?? iaaeaaia?/ieie
oi?iiyie i?aai?ciaoaaoe ? i?iaiaeeoe i?aaiaa aeoiaaiiy o oeie?
a?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe ? caaaeaiue ina?oiuei? ae?yeueiino? ia iniia?
eiioeaioe?? iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy a Oe?a?i?. Inoaii? ia?aaeaa/a?
oaeiae a?aeiia?aeiee ??aaiue nioe?aeueii-i?aaiai? aeoeaiino? a/eoaey, ai
o?eueee ae??aa iiceoe?y aeoiaaoaey iiaea aa?aiooaaoe iiceoeai?
?acoeueoaoe a on?e i?aaia?e eiai ae?yeueiino?.

Aiae?coth/e aecia/aiiy ci?noo ina?oe, ui cono??/a?oueny o
iaaeaaia?/i?e e?oa?aoo??, ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui aeaia aeao?i?oe?y ?
aeineoue neeaaeiith ? aaaaoianiaeoiith. Oea i?iaeaia ?ioaa?aeueia, ui
ia?aaeaa/a? ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue ?icoiiaiai, ii?aeueiiai, anoaoe/iiai,
aeiiii?/iiai, i?aaiaiai, o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo, a oaeiae ?icaeoeo
i?ciaaaeueieo nee ? cae?aiinoae, oi?ioaaiiy aeaiaio?a iaoeiaiai
na?oiaeyaeo. Aea a iiiyooy “ci?no ina?oe” iaiao?aeii aaiaeeoe ia o?eueee
ciaiiy, aea e oi?iiy e?eoe/ii ieneeoe, oai?eoe, ioe?ithaaoe c ii?aeueieo
iiceoe?e ana, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny iaaeiei, ye i?ioean, ui iino?eii
?icai?oa?oueny a ae?yeueiino? e ni?eeoaaii? ethaeeie c ?ioeie ethaeueie.
Oea aeinyaa?oueny aeeth/aiiyi iniae a ??ciiiai?oi? aeaee ae?yeueiino?.
Oiaoi a oeaio? oaaae iaiao?aeii noaaeoe iniaeno?noue. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aei
ci?noo ina?oe i?eoaiaiiee A.I.A?i-Aaaeo, A.N.Eaaeiueiao, ?.ss.Ea?ia?o,
I.I.Neaoe?io, A.A.Iao?ianueeiio oa ?i. Aeine?aeieee aecia/athoue ci?no
ina?oe ye iaaeaaia?/ii aaeaioiaaio nenoaio ciaiue, oi?iue ? iaae/ie,
aeina?aeo oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? oa aeina?aeo aiioe?eii-aieueiaiai
noaaeaiiy, canai?iiy yeiai iiaeiii caaacia/eoe oi?ioaaiiy anaa?/ii
?icaeiaii? iniaenoino?, i?aeaioiaeaii? aei a?aeoai?aiiy (caa?aaeaiiy) oa
?icaeoeo iaoa??aeueii? ? aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e noni?euenoaa.

Uia aecia/eoe ci?no ina?oe, iaiao?aeii ooi/ieoe ia?ae?e ? ianya
?ioi?iaoe?? c iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a; /?oei aeeeanoe iniiai? iiiyooy oa
?aea?, a?aeia?aceaoe a ieo iia? aeinyaiaiiy iaoee oa oaoi?ee; aecia/eoe
ia’?i oi?iue ? iaae/ie, ye? iaiao?aeii noi?ioaaoe o nooaeaio?a;
i?aeaeueoe eoeueoo?iooai?thth/? ooieoe?? aoco, naiiaecia/eoe
iniaeno?noue o eoeueoo??, oe?e?nii i?aaenoaaeoe oe?iiino?, noai?ai?
ethaenoaii o iaoa??aeuei?e ? aeooiai?e noa?ao – aeiiii?/i?e, ii?aeuei?e,
i?aaia?e, aeieia?/i?e, anoaoe/i?e, o?ce/i?e, eiioi?eaoeai?e oa a
eoeueoo?? n?iaeieo a?aeiinei.

Iniiaith aeey a?aeai?o ci?noo ina?oe neoaeaoue i?eioeeie, ui
aecia/athoue i?aeo?ae aei eiai eiino?othaaiiy oa e?eoa??y, ye?
aenooiathoue o yeino? ?ino?oiaioa??th aecia/aiiy eiie?aoiiai iaiiaiaiiy
ci?noo iaa/aeueii? ?ioi?iaoe?? a iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?iao: ni?yiiaoaaoe
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean ia anaa?/iee ?icaeoie iniaenoino?, caeaoii?
aeeoe oa ae?yoe o ceaaiae? c niaith ? aeiae?eeyi; ii?aeioaaoe aenie?
ii?aeuei? ?aea? c aeiiaaie iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy; iie?aoeny ia iiceoeai?
yeino? o aeoiaaii?; aca?iiiia’ycoaaoe eieaeoeai?, a?oiia? oa
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? oi?ie iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caiyoue; aeio?eioaaoeny
?aeiino? aeoiaieo aeiia; a?aoiaoaaoe a?eia? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
iniaeeaino? aeoiaaioey; ii?aeioaaoe aeiiaeea?noue oa iiaaao aei
iniaenoino? nooaeaioa; iino?eii o nai?e ae?yeueiino? ei?enooaaoeny
iaoe?iiaeueiith ?aea?th A?ae?iaeaeaiiy.

I?aaina?aeii?noue iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey oi?io?oueny aoaeoeaii ca
oiiae a?aooaaiiy eiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae e oa?aeoa?o
n?iaeieo a?aeiinei, o yeeo a?i ia?aaoaa?. O iaoiio noni?euenoa?
oi?ioaaiiy i?aaina?aeiiino? iniaenoino? a?aeaoaa?oueny ye noeo?eii, oae
? a ?acoeueoao? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a (caeiiiaeaa/eo, aeeiiaa/eo) oa
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ??cieo ??ai?a ae?aaeeoaoe??.

I?aaina?aeii?noue ? ii?aeueia ia?aeiiaiiy oi?iothoueny a nenoai?
a?iiaaenueeeo a?aeiinei ? ioe?iie, ui neeaaeathoueny i?ae aieeaii iecee
oaeoi??a, cie?aia, iiaaae?iee iaeaeeae/iai ioi/aiiy. Iiaeia iiaiaeeoeny
c oei, ui i?aaiaa eoeueoo?a iaaiith i??ith ? aeaiaioii ii?aeueiiai
?icaeoeo iniae (N.E.Aannai, ?.O.Oa?eaiia). Aiia ? aaaeeeaith oiiaith
nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino? aeoiaaioey, ni?ey? eiai naii?aae?caoe??,
aecia/aiiy naiai i?noey a aeeoo?, uia aeiiiaoenue oni?oo e aa?aio?e
iaoa??aeueiiai aeia?iaooo, ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai caoenoo.

sseui a ieioe? aeanyoee?ooy i?aaiaa eoeueoo?a iniaenoino? oi?ioaaeanue
o ae?yeueiino? oe?iei? ia?aae? ??cieo nioe?aeueieo einoeoooe?e
iie?oe/iiai aeoiaaiiy e naiiina?oe, ui ooieoe?iioaaee a eiaeiiio
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio caeeaae? ? a eiaei?e onoaiia?, oi inoaii?ie ?ieaie
iaeaea i?eieieeanue ?o ae?yeuei?noue ?, a?aeiia?aeii, iineaaeany
niaoe?aeueiee aeoiaiee aieea. Aiane?aeie oeueiai ia? i?noea iii?oia
c?inoaiiy ii?ooaiue caeiio. Ia?ai???ioaoe?y nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai e
iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae aeiaaa? iiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei oi?ioaaiiy
i?aaiai? eoeueoo?e.

Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie aea? caeiii? i?aenoaae aeey ?ic?iaee iiai?
ia?aaeeaie ?ica’ycaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno i?iaeai i?aaiaiai aeoiaaiiy a
iao?e aea?aeaa?. Iniiaiee caeii aea? i?aai ia caaacia/aiiy ciaiiy i?aa,
naiaiae ? iaia’yce?a eiaeii? ethaeeie ? a?iiaaeyieia. Ia iao iiaeyae,
oae? i?aaa ? iaia’ycee iioe?ththoueny ia?aaeon?i ia caaaeueiiina?oith
oeieo, yea iio?aao? iiaeo i?ae?o/iee?a, a aieiaia – a/eoae?a, ye? a
ona?aeiiethaaee aeeaeiiee ci?no ia?aoai?aiue a iao?e aea?aeaa?.

Aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeai oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiai?
eoeueoo?e (Ae.O.Aaaoeaeca, Ae.?.Aiaec?inueeee, I.A.Aaei/e?i,
Ae.?.Aeoeia, A.E.Eioia, A.N.No?ooeinueeee, A.I.sseiae?a) aea? i?aenoaae
aeey oi?ioaaiiy iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui i?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea a/eoaey
ia?aaeaa/a? iaieiae?iiy ciaiiyie ?c niaoe?aeueiiai i?aaeiaoo, oai?aoe/io
e iaoiaee/io, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/io aioiai?noue aei aeoiaii? ?iaioe oa
aei i?iiaaaiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo e i?aaiaeo ciaiue na?aae aaouee?a, eieaa,
a oaeiae nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/io aeoeai?noue, yea ? aeyaii eiai
a?iiaaenueeiai i?ecia/aiiy ? a?ae?a?a? cia/io ?ieue o ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae
a oe?eiio; oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii? iaenoa?iino? iia’yco?oueny c ?icaeoeii
iniaeno?nieo yeinoae, aeniei? “ss-eiioeaioe??”.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa ?aae?caoe??
i?aaiai? ina?oe nooaeaio?a” – ?ice?eaathoueny ieoaiiy i?aeaioiaee oa
i?iaaaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo, aiae?cothoueny eiai
?acoeueoaoe, iaa?oioiaothoueny iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae, eio?? ni?eythoue
canai?iith nooaeaioaie ci?noo i?aaiai? ina?oe.

Ia iniia? aiae?co aeo?aeieo aeaieo eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo
?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaaeaaia?/ieie oiiaaie, ui ni?eythoue canai?iith
ci?noo i?aaiai? ina?oe iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a: ?ic?iaea ci?noo i?aaiai?
ina?oe nooaeaio?a, ye eiiiiiaioa ?o i?aaiai? eoeueoo?e; nenoaiaoe/ia oa
iine?aeiaia oi?ioaaiiy i?ciaaaeueiiai ?ioa?ano aei i?ioeano iaa/aiiy oa
i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?; caeo/aiiy nooaeaio?a aei naiino?eiiai
ae??oaiiy i?aaiaeo i?iaeai o ??ciiiai?oieo neooaoe?yo; noai?aiiy nenoaie
i?ciaaaeueieo caaaeaiue aeey oi?aae?iiy iaa/aeueiith ae?yeuei?noth
nooaeaio?a.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue ia iniia? aea/aiiy
nooaeaioaie eo?no “I?aaiaa eoeueoo?a iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey”, ?ic?iaeaiiai
i?io.I.E.Iiaeaa?acnueeei, yeee a?aeia?aaea? ci?no i?aaiai? ina?oe oa
iaea?eueo aaaeeea? aeaea?aea, ui aeiiiiaaathoue nooaeaioai i?oeii oa
aeeaiei canai?oe i?aaia? ciaiiy, a oaeiae noi?ioaaoe aenieee ??aaiue ?o
i?aaiai? eoeueoo?e.

Ii-ia?oa, noi?ioaaoe ipaaia? ciaiiy, iiaeyaee, ia?aeiiaiiy, aiioe?? oa
ii/oooy iaeaooiueiai o/eoaey, ye? ni?aaeythoue aaeeeee aieea ia
?iaeea?aeoaeueio na?aeii?noue, cie?aia, i?aaina?aeii?noue, eio?a aeeiio?
?aaoethth/? ooieoe?? o aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? iniaenoino?, aeicaiey? ?e
aecia/aoe iiaaae?ieo oa ?aaeoe?th ia noa’?eoeai? iiae?? ioi/oth/i?
ae?eniino?, a oaeiae aei ae?yeueiino?, iia’ycaii? c i?aaii. I?aaia?
ciaiiy ni?eythoue oi?ioaaiith o nooaeaio?a eiie?aoiiai oyaeaiiy i?i oa,
ui ? i?aaii??iei ? iai?aaii??iei o eiaeiiio aeeoo?aiio aeiaaeeo, oa
yeeie iiaeooue aooe i?aaia? iane?aeee iaaieo a/eie?a. E??i oiai, i?aaia?
ciaiiy ? iniiaith i?aaiaeo iiaeyae?a ? ia?aeiiaiue.

Ii-ae?oaa, ipaaia? ciaiiy iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey, eiai i?aaia? iiaeyaee oa
ia?aeiiaiiy ao?eththoueny a eiai i?aaia?e iiaaae?ioe? oa i?aaiaeo
noinoieao, o ioe?ieao i?aaiaeo /e i?ioei?aaieo aeo?a. I?aaiaa iiaaae?iea
a/eoaey aenooia? ye aaaeeeaee /eiiee aieeao ia na?aeii?noue, aieth oa
aca?iia?aeiineie, eio?? neeaaeathoueny i?ae on?ia o/anieeaie
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano. Aiia ? aeoeaiei caniaii naiiaeoiaaiiy oa
naii?aae?caoe?? iniaenoino?.

Ii-o?ao?, iaiao?aeii i?eae?eyoe aaeeeo oaaao oi?ioaaiith i?aaiaeo
ii/ooo?a iniaenoino?, ye? ?aaoeththoue ?? i?aaiao iiaaae?ieo. I?aaia?
ii/oooy aeieeathoue ia iniia? ni?eeiyooy i?aaiaeo oaeo?a ? yaeu o
eiie?aoieo i?aaiaeo neooaoe?yo. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaaieo
ia?aaeeaaiue, ?ici??eiaoaaiue, iaaiiai noaaeaiiy aei oaeo?a, yaeu oa ?o
iane?aee?a ia iniia? ioe?iee oa naiiioe?iee a/eie?a ? ae?e, i?eeiyooy
iaaieo ??oaiue, iai?eie?eiino? aei ii?ooiee?a caeiio oa ?i.

Ii-/aoaa?oa, iaiao?aeii i?aaiooe aei oi?ioaaiiy oi?iue ? iaae/ie
i?aaiai? iiaaae?iee ia iniia? ii?i i?aaa. Iiaeia iiaiaeeoeny c aeaeaoiei
iaaeaaiaii A.N.Iaea?aieii, ui caaaeaiiyi na?aaeiuei? ? aeui? oeiee ? ia
o?eueee aeoiaaiiy i?aaeeueiiai oa ?icoiiiai noaaeaiiy aei iiaaae?iee,
aea e aeoiaaiiy i?aaeeueieo a/eie?a, oiaoi oaeeo cae/ie, eiee a
?iaeeinue i?aaeeueii cian?i ia oiio, ui oae caeeee, a oiio, ui
ona?aeiieth?ii iaiao?aei?noue naia a oae?e iiaaae?ioe?, a oiio aeoiaaiiy
oeeo cae/ie – cia/ii aaae/a ni?aaa, i?ae aeoiaaiiy na?aeiiino?.

Ii-i’yoa, aaaeeeaei caaaeaiiyi aeui? oeiee ? oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii?
aeoeaiino? iniaenoino?, cie?aia, oi?ioaaiiy aeoeaii? i?aaiai? iiceoe??,
oiaoi iai?eie?eiiai noaaeaiiy aei i?aaiii?ooaiue, iai?aaii??ii?
iiaaae?iee ia iniia? canai?ieo i?aaiaeo ciaiue, a naia: ciaii? ii?i
i?aaa, i?aa ? iaia’yce?a a?iiaaeyi, Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie oa ?i.

O i?ioean? eaeoe?eieo caiyoue c iaoith caoaeaeaiiy i?ciaaaeueiiai
?ioa?ano aeei?enoiaoaaeenue a?aeiiino? c ?noi??? i?aaa, a?ia?ao?/i?
aeai? a?aeiieo aaeaieao?a, e?iio?aaiaioe, iaaiaeeeenue eiie?aoi? oaeoe
oa i?eeeaaee, ui niiioeaee aei ?icaeoi?a, aeiaaaee aiae?co,
ocaaaeueiaiiy oa nenoaiaoecaoe?? i?aaiaeo ciaiue.

O i?ioean? nai?ia?nueei-i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue i?aaioee aei ?aae?caoe??
iaaooeo nooaeaioaie i?aaiaeo ciaiue ca aeiiiiiaith aeoeaieo iaoiae?a ?
oi?i, a oaeiae ??cieo oei?a i?ciaaaeueieo caaaeaiue: ai?aaa-caaaeaiiy,
ui cai?iiiiiaaia a aoaeue-ye?e oi?i?, aea ni?yiiaaia ia iaaoooy oa
oaeineiiaeaiiy iniaeno?noth oi?iue ? iaae/ie; ieoaiiy-caaaeaiiy, ui
noi?iiaaii o caieoaeueii-a?aeiia?aeaeuei?e oi?i? oa ia i?noeoue
?ioi?iaoe?th, ui iaiao?aeia aeey eiai aeeiiaiiy; caaea/a-caaaeaiiy ia
ciaoiaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoaoo, a a oiiaao aeaii iaaio ?ioi?iaoe?th uiaei
eiai aeeiiaiiy.

Iaoa??ae aeey caaaeaiue aa?aoueny c ??cieo aeaea?ae: aacao, aeo?iae?a,
oai??a ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e. Aeei?enoiaothoue ?o iae/ano?oa aeey
ia?aa??ee i?oeiino? canai?iiy ciaiue nooaeaioaie, aeey cae??ieaiiy
i?ieaeaiiai iaoa??aeo. ?ioa?an aei aeeiiaiiy i?ciaaaeueieo caaaeaiue
aeeeeea?oueny oei, ui a i?ioean? ae??oaiiy ?o ia o?eueee a?aeaoaa?oueny
iiaeeaeaiiy ciaiue nooaeaio?a, iaieiae?iiy ?aoe?iiaeueieie niiniaaie
?icoiiai? ae?yeueiino?, ?icaeoie ?ioa?ano aei iaa/aiiy, a e oi?io?oueny
aioiai?noue ea?oaaoeny canai?ieie ciaiiyie ia i?aeoeoe?. Oaeo aeoiaio
?ieue iiaea aeeiiaoe o?eueee nenoaia i?ciaaaeueieo caaaeaiue, ui
aeieeaa? ?c ci?noo oa eia?ee iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano, oi?ea?oueny
aiioe?eii? noa?e na?aeiiino? iniaenoino?, nie?a?oueny ia eiai ?ioa?an.

?ica’ycaiiy i?aaiaeo caaaeaiue ia?aaeaa/a? oiiaia aeeth/aiiy nooaeaio?a
o i?aaia? neooaoe?? c on??th ?o neeaaei?noth ? noia?a/i?noth, ui
aeiiiiiaea ?i aoaeoaaoe a iaeaooiueiio i?aaeeueio e?i?th iiaaae?iee.
I?ciaaaeuei? caaaeaiiy iciaeiieththoue nooaeaio?a c i?aaiaeie oaeoaie,
?icoe?ththoue ? eiie?aoecothoue ?o oyaeaiiy i?i i?aai. Ine?eueee
a?aeiia?aeue ia caaaeaee iiaeia ciaeoe a aioiaiio aeaeyae?, oi
nooaeaioai aeiaiaeeoueny caa?oaoeny aei aeiaeaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e. Oea
ni?ey? ?icaeoeia? naiino?eiiai ieneaiiy, oai?/i-iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino?
nooaeaio?a.

Aiae?c aieao i?e i?aeaioiaoe? aei caiyoue aea? ciiao cacaeaeaa?aeue
ia?aaeaa/eoe o?ae iaaiai?aiiy oiai /e ?ioiai ieoaiiy ia caiyoo?,
iiaa/eoe, ia eiai iiaeia iia?oeny, eiai i?aeo?eiaoe, a /e? iiaeyaee
?ice?eoeeoaaoe. Ana oea aeiaaa? a?ae aeeeaaea/a aaeeei? oaeoiaiino?,
oi?iiy a aeia?ice/eea?e oi?i? aei?aaeoe iiieeee oiai, ooi iiieey?oueny,
niiioeaoe eiai aei ia?aaeyaeo nai?o iiieeeiaeo oyaeaiue oa i?eeiyoe
i?iiiiiaai? eiio a iaiaa’yceea?e oi?i? iiaeyaee.

I?iiiioaaeinue c?iaeoe aeiiia?ae?, iia?aeiieaiiy, iaienaoe ?aoa?aoe ia
oae? oaie: ii?aeueii-i?aaiaa aeoiaaiiy o/i?a; i?io?eaeoeea
i?aaiii?ooaiue; ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee i?aeo?ae ye iniiaa i?io?eaeoeee
i?aaiii?ooaiue; oi?ioaaiiy caaaeueiiethaenueeeo ii?aeueieo yeinoae
iniaenoino? caniaaie oe?a?iiciaanoaa (aoiiiaaeaaia?ee, eicaoeueei?
iaaeaaia?ee); aeoiaaiiy aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e oeiey??a ia iniia?
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy aeooiaieo iaaeaaiue oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo; iaoe?iiaeuei?
o?aaeeoe?? ye can?a i?aaiaiai aeoiaaiiy oeiey??a; i?iaeaie ae?oaeae oa
aca?ii?icoi?iiy na?aae o/i?a; aeoiaaiiy oa ?icaeoie iio?aae o caei?iaiio
niinia? aeeooy; oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiai? eoeueoo?e oeiey??a oa ?i.

I?aai?ciaoaaeenue aeeniooe c ie?aieo i?aaiaeo ieoaiue, a?eoi?eie,
?ieueia? ?a?e oa ?i.

Nooaeaioai i?iiiioaaeinue naiino?eii a?aeae?aoe ii?aeueii-i?aaia? oaeoe
c ia??iaeeee oa aeeth/aoe ?o o ?iciia?aeue aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy,
?ethno?aoe?? iaaiiai caeiio, aiae?co th?eaee/ieo eacon?a, aeeeaaeo
ci?noo ii?iaoeaiiai aeieoiaioo, neeaaeaiiy iiia?aeaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi
eeth/iaeo iiiyoue oa ?i. Oaea ae?yeuei?noue nooaeaio?a noaea iniiaith
canai?iiy ci?noo i?aaiai? ina?oe.

O oiae? caiyoue aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?iaeaii? caaaeaiiy c iaoith
aeoea?caoe?? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a. Aeei?enoiaoaaee noia?a/iino?, ui
iathoue i?noea i?ae iaoeiaei ? iiaooiaei ?icoi?iiyi ii?i i?aaa: “*iio
iaiao?aeii an?i a?iiaaeyiai aea/aoe caeiie nai?? e?a?ie?”, “*iio
aaaeeeai anaia?iaeii iaaiai?thaaoe caeiie, ui i?eeiathoueny?” oa ?i.

Oe?eaaith oi?iith ? iaaiai?aiiy a a?oi? ?acoeueoao?a iaaii? ?iaioe,
a/eie?a ? iiaaae?iee nooaeaio?a. Oea aea? ciiao cae??ieoe i?aaia?
ciaiiy, noi?ioaaoe iniaeno?ni? oa aioo??oiuei-eieaeoeai? a?aeiineie,
ae?iaeyoe aiioe?eii-oe?ii?ni? noaeaeaiiy c ieoaiue, ui iaaiai?ththoueny.
Oea oaeiae ia? aieea ia i?aaia? ii/oooy oa ia i?aaiao iiaaae?ieo
nooaeaio?a.

A aenia?eiaio? i?eae?eyeanue oaaaa oi?ioaaiith i?aaiaeo oi?iue
nooaeaio?a. Aeoiaaiiy na?aeiiiai noaaeaiiy aei caeii?a, i?aaee
iiaaae?iee, i?eeiyoeo o noni?euenoa?, ia?aoai?aiiy iiaaae aei i?aaa a
ia?aeiiaiiy aeiaaa? ?icaeoeo oi?iue aiae?coaaoe oaeoe, iiae??,
iiaaae?ieo naith oa ioi/oth/eo, anoaiiaethaaoe i?e/eiii-iane?aeeia?
ca’ycee, ii??aithaaoe, ocaaaeueithaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th, aeae?eyth/e aieiaia
a i?e.

O i?ioean? caiyoue i?aaioee aei oiai, uia iaaeaoe i?aaiao ni?yiiaai?noue
oaoia?e i?aeaioiaoe? iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a. Oae, ia i?e?iaeie/iio
oaeoeueoao? a?eueoo oaaao i?eae?eyee oi?ioaaiith i?aaiaeo ciaiue i?i
caa?aaeaiiy aeiae?eey, caei?ia’y ethaeeie, c’ynoaaee aeaoaeueii, o /iio
nooi?noue i?aaiioi?iiii? ?iaioe oa ui eiie?aoii iiaeooue c?iaeoe
nooaeaioe a oeueiio iai?yi?. Oeth ?iaioo i?iaaee a oi?i? aeeneon?? “ss ?
iiy caeaia ieaiaoa”, ia?aaeyaeo o?aaiaio?a aeieoiaioaeueieo o?euei?a,
i?aeaioiaeaieo ?aoa?ao?a “Eaoano?ioe, yeeo iiaei ia aooe”, “*iio ie
iioa?ia?ii a?ae noeo?e?”, “*i?iiaeeue ? eiai iane?aeee” oa ?i.

Ia o?eieia?/ieo oaeoeueoaoao nooaeaioe aeei?enoiaoaaee ciaiiy c
e?oa?aoo?e, cie?aia, ?icaeyaeaee ia?ace ia?iaeieo ? e?oa?aoo?ieo aa?i?a
c oai??a ?aaia Eioey?aanueeiai, Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ia?ea Aia/ie, ?aaia
O?aiea, Ean? Oe?a?iee, Ieoaeea Eioethaeinueeiai oa ?ioeo ienueiaiiee?a c
oi/ee ci?o ii?aeueii-i?aaiaeo i?iaeai, i?aaiaeo ae?e, i?ioei?aaii?
iiaaae?iee, aeeiiaiiy iaia’yce?a oa ?i. Iaiao?aeii neacaoe, ui nooaeaioe
naiino?eii aeiae?aee iaoa??ae aei caiyoue, i?aaiooe i?iaiae?coaaoe
a/eiee aa?i?a oa ?o aeieth, anoaiiaeoe i?e/eiii-iane?aeeia? ca’ycee,
aei?aaaeiaoaaee aai canoaeaeoaaee.

Ia ?noi?e/iiio oaeoeueoao? nooaeaioe ?iaeee iia?aeiieaiiy i?i aeieeiaiiy
iaaieo caeii?a, eiinoeoooe?e, ??ciiiai?oieo i?aa ? iaia’yce?a a?iiaaeyi
o ??ci? ?noi?e/i? ia??iaee. Aaeeeo oaaao i?eae?eyee ia??iaeo,
iia’ycaiiio c ?iaiai ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai oa eicaoeoaii, ine?eueee oe?
ia??iaee iaaecae/aeii oe?eaa? c oi/ee ci?o i?aaiaeo i?iaeai. Aeei?enoaee
oae? oe?eaa? oi?ie, ye “Noae iaae i?aaii”, cai/io iiaei?iae o
Caii??cueeo N?/, oniee aeo?iae “I?aaa oa iaia’ycee a?iiaaeyi”, a?aei?eia
“Ii?ie i?aaa” oa ?i.

C iaoith iiaeaeueoiai oi?ioaaiiy ?ioa?ano aei i?aaiai? oaiaoeee,
iiaeeaeaiiy i?aaiaeo ciaiue ? iaaoooy i?aaiaeo oi?iue i?iaiaeeee
iicaaoaeeoi?io ?iaioo c aeei?enoaiiyi aeoiaieo oi?i ? iaoiae?a.

Iapaaaaeia a?eueo?noue nooaeaio?a aeniapeiaioaeueieo apoi aecia/eea
ci?no ipaaiai? ina?oe ia aenieiio (26,4%) oa napaaeiueiio (59,9%)
p?aiyo.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui 59,4% nooaeaio?a ciathoue nai? ipaaa oa iaia’ycee; 46,9%
— ipaaeeueii picoi?thoue oe?ii?nia cia/aiiy ipaaa; 63,9% — aiaaiai? a
oiio, ui a nai?e iaeaooi?e ae?yeueiino? aoaeooue apoiooaaoeny eeoa ia
iipiao ipaaa oa iipae?, iaepath/e niiniae iiaaae?iee a eiiepaoieo
neooaoe?yo.

O ipioean? canai?iiy ci?noo ipaaiai? ina?oe a?aeaoaa?oueny oipioaaiiy:

— ipaaiaeo ciaiue, ye? caaaa/othoue ipaaiaee noaoon iniaenoino?,
aaiaeyoue o ipaaiaa iiea aeapaeaae; aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue
canoinoaaiiy ciaiue aeey iiyniaiiy oaeo?a ? iiae?e ioi/oth/i?
ae?eniino?;

— ipaaiaeo oi?iue: ipaaeeueii eipenooaaoeny ipaaiaith oapi?iieia??th,
ip??iooaaoeny a aaeocyo ipaaa oa ?i.;

— aioiaiino? aei oaip/i? ae?yeueiino?, oiaoi iniaeno?noue iiaea ipiyaeoe
?i?oe?aoeao, ciaeoe aeo?ae c nepooiiai noaiiaeua, eiioe?eoii?
neooaoe?? oa ?i.;

— aiioe?eii-oe?ii?niiai noaaeaiiy aei ipaaiaeo yaeu ? iiae?e,
aeaaaoe ipaaiao ioe?ieo nai?i a/eieai oa ae?yi ?ioeo ethaeae.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeeanue aoaeoeai?noue
iaa?oioiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo e aecia/aieo i?eioeei?a aei a?aeai?o ci?noo oa
iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia aeey oi?ioaaiiy i?aaiai? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai
a/eoaey.

Oe?eaaeei, iane?eueee canai?iee ci?no ipaaiai? ina?oe aieeioa ia p?aaiue
noipiiaaiino? ipaaiai? eoeueoo?e iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a.

Iieacieee na?ae/aoue ipi oa, ui p?ai? noipiiaaiino? ipaaiai? ina?oe
nooaeaio?a cia/ii ci?ieeenue o iiceoeaiiio aniaeo?, a naia: nooaeaioe
aeniapeiaioaeueieo apoi ipiapanothoue ia aenieiio oa napaaeiueiio
p?aiyo. Oae, ipep?no a aeniapeiaioaeueieo apoiao ia aenieiio p?ai?
neeaa 9,6%, o eiiopieueieo apoiao eeoa 2,7% ca paooiie iapaoiaeo c
ieae/eo p?ai?a.

Ia napaaeiueiio p?ai? ipep?no aeip?aith? 49,5% o
aeniapeiaioaeueieo apoiao (aep?n c 19,1% aei 68,6%) ipioe 36,1% o
eiiopieueieo apoiao (aep?n c 20,3% aei 56,4%) ca paooiie iapaoiaeo c
iecueeiai p?aiy (o aeniapeiaioaeueieo apoiao iieaciee ciaioeany c 80,9%
aei 21,8%, a o eiiopieueieo c 79,7% aei 40,9%).

Aiae?c iaeapaeaieo aeaieo na?ae/eoue ipi aoaeoeai?noue ?
aeioe?euei?noue ipiaaaeaii? aeniapeiaioaeueii? piaioe: o iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a o aeinoaoi?e i?p? noipiiaai? eiiiiiaioe ipaaiai? ina?oe,
noipiiaaii iiopaao aei ?o iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy oa aeeipenoaiiy a
nai?e ae?yeueiino?.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaiey? c?iaeoe oae? iniiai? aeniiaee.

Iaaeaaia?/iee aoc aioo? nai?o aeioneiee?a aei piaioe a iaaiiio
ipaaiaiio iie? oa nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo oiiaao, a oiio ipioan?iiae?ci
niaoe?ae?noa iapaaeaa/a? iaieiae?iiy ipaaiaeie ciaiiyie oa oi?iiyie c
ianoaiiaith ia iaia’yceia?noue ?o canoinoaaiiy o eiiepaoi?e neooaoe??,
oipioaaiiy eiai ipaaiai? eoeueoope.

Ipaaiaa ina?oa a/eoaey — ?ioaapiaaiee iieaciee, o yeiio a?aeaeaa?oueny
aapiii?eia oiipyaeeiaai?noue ? ocaiaeaeai?noue on?o ?aeaeii-ipaaiaeo ?
ipaeoe/ieo aeaiaio?a, ye? ipiyaeythoueny a ipioean? iaaeaaia?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?.

Iaeiei c neeaaeiee?a ipaaiai? eoeueoo?e ? ci?no ipaaiai? ina?oe.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaapaeeei iaiao?aei?noue oe?eanipyiiaaiiai canai?iiy
nooaeaioaie ci?noo ipaaiai? ina?oe c iaoith aaeaeaaoiiai nipeeiyooy
iniaeno?noth ipaa, naiaiae, ipaaeeueiiai picoi?iiy ?o ca’yceo c
a?aeiia?aeaeueiei aeeiiaiiyi iaia’yce?a, a oaeiae c iaoith noaiiaeaiiy
oipi ipaaiai? iiaaae?iee.

Ci?no ipaaiai? ina?oe aeeth/a?: ipaaia? ciaiiy, ipaaia? oi?iiy,
aiioe?eii-oe?ii?nia noaaeaiiy aei iipaeueii-ipaaiaeo oaeo?a, iiae?e ?
yaeu.

Aoaeoeaiiio canai?iith nooaeaioaie ci?noo ipaaiai? ina?oe nipey?
noaipaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia: oipioaaiiy i?ciaaaeueiiai ?ioapano aei
ipioeano iaa/aiiy, aeeth/aiiy nooaeaio?a o naiino?eio piaioo,
aeeipenoaiiy nenoaie i?ciaaaeueieo caaaeaiue.

Aeniapeiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaapaeeei, ui aeacai? oiiae
aeicaieeee cia/ii i?aeaeueoe p?aaiue canai?iiy ci?noo ipaaiai? ina?oe.
Oae, yeui aei ipiaaaeaiiy oipioth/iai aeniapeiaioo aenieee p?aaiue
aoa ipeoaiaiiee 0,8 % nooaeaioai, napaaei?e — 30,1%, iecueeee — 69,1%,
oi i?ney aeniapeiaioo a?aeiia?aeii: 26,4%, 59,9%, 13,7%
(aeniapeiaioaeuei? apoie).

Canai?iiy ci?noo ipaaiai? ina?oe nipey? cpinoaiith p?ai?a noipiiaaiino?
ipaaiai? eoeueoo?e iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a.

Oea aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ae/a?io? i?iaeaio iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia caaacia/aiiy
ci?noo i?aaiai? ina?oe iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey. Iniaeeai ia?niaeoeaiei
iiaea aooe ?? iiaeaeueoa aea/aiiy c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeno?nieo yeinoae
nooaeaio?a, a oaeiae niaoeeo?ee oei?a iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ina?oe (aoc,
eieaaeae, o/eeeua).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a.

1. E?aaeeo ye i?aaiaa eaoaai??y i?enei?aiiy a AIE.// I?iaeaiu
nioeeaeenoe/aneie caeiiiinoe. – Oa?ueeia: 1989.- Aui.23. — N.57-61.

2. Oaeineiiaeaiiy e?aaeeoieo oa ?ic?aooieiaeo a?aeiinei a
aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? // I?aaiaua e niaoeeaeueiua n?aaenoaa io?aiu
nioeeaeenoe/aneie nianoaaiiinoe. Oa?ueeianeea aunoea eo?nu IAAe NNN?. –
Oa?ueeia: 1989. – N.56-59.

3. I?noea caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie i?i aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?iaiii?ooaiiy a
nenoai? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, eiai caaaeaiiy // Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie no/anii? iaoee a aeine?aeaeaiiyo iieiaeeo o/aieo. – Oa?e?a:
1996. – Aei.1. — N.54-56.

4. Caaaeueia eoeueoo?a i?aoe?aieea i?e?oe?? // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
“Caniae iaa/aeueii? oa iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe”. — Oa?e?a: 1997. –
Aei.4. — N.43-50.

5. Aeeiiaiiy iinoaiia i?i iaeeaaeaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo noyaiaiue //
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii? iaoee a
aeine?aeaeaiiyo iieiaeeo o/aieo”. – Oa?e?a: 1997. – Aei.2. — N.145-149.

6. Aaei?i?no?aoeaia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue a Oe?a?i?. Iaa/aeueiee
iin?aiee. Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa IAN Oe?a?ie.-Oa?e?a: 1998. – 78
n.

7. Oiiae oni?oii? ?aae?caoe?? ci?noo i?aaiai? ina?oe iaeaooiueiai
a/eoaey // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue “Caniae iaa/aeueii? oa
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe”. –Oa?e?a: 1998.- Aei.8-9. — N.200-201.

8. Canai?iiy nooaeaioaie ci?noo i?aaiai? ina?oe a i?ioean? naiino?eii?
?iaioe // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue “Caniae iaa/aeueii? oa
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe”. – Oa?e?a: 1998. – Aei.8-9. — N.208-209.

9. Nenoaia i?ciaaaeueieo caaaeaiue ye oiiaa canai?iiy nooaeaioaie ci?noo
i?aaiai? ina?oe // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue “Caniae iaa/aeueii? oa
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe”. – Oa?e?a: 1998. – Aei.8-9. — N.209-212.

10. I?ciaaaeueiee ?ioa?an ye iaeia ?c oiia ?aae?caoe?? ci?noo i?aaiai?
ina?oe nooaeaio?a // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue “Caniae iaa/aeueii? oa
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe”. – Oa?e?a: 1998. – Aei.8-9. — N.221-226.

Ai?iaeenueeee I.?. Iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae caaacia/aiiy ci?noo i?aaiai?
ina?oe iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y
iaaeaaia?ee. – Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue oai?aoe/ia e aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaeaie caaacia/aiiy ci?noo i?aaiai? ina?oe iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a.
C’yniaaii, ui aoaeoeai?noue canai?iiy ci?noo i?aaiai? ina?oe nooaeaioaie
c?inoa? i?e aeio?eiaii? iaaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia, ye? canoiniaothoueny
ye o i?ioean? eaeoe?eieo, nai?ia?nueei-i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue, oae ? a
iicaaoaeeoi?i?e ?iaio?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ci?no i?aaiai? ina?oe, i?aaiaa eoeueoo?a,
iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae.

Ai?iaeuneee I.E. Iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey iaania/aiey niaea?aeaiey
i?aaiaiai ia?aciaaiey aoaeouaai o/eoaey. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
iaaeaaiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 – oai?ey e enoi?ey
iaaeaaiaeee. – Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao
ei.A.N.Neiai?iaeu, Oa?ueeia 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey niaea?aeeo oai?aoe/aneia e yenia?eiaioaeueiia
enneaaeiaaiea i?iaeaiu iaania/aiey niaea?aeaiey i?aaiaiai ia?aciaaiey
aoaeoueo o/eoaeae. Auyniaii, /oi yooaeoeaiinoue onaiaiey niaea?aeaiey
i?aaiaiai ia?aciaaiey nooaeaioaie aic?anoaao i?e nicaeaiee ii?aaeaeaiiuo
iaaeaaiae/aneeo oneiaee, eioi?ua i?eiaiythony eae a i?ioeanna
eaeoeeiiiuo, naieia?nei-i?aeoe/aneeo caiyoee, oae e ai aiaaoaeeoi?iie
?aaioa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: niaea?aeaiea i?aaiaiai ia?aciaaiey, i?aaiaay
eoeueoo?a, iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey.

Gorodisky N.I. The pedagogical conditions of securing the content of
the legal education of the future teacher. – manuscript.

The dissertation for the competition of the science degree of the
candidate of the pedagogical sciences on the speciality 13.00.01 –
Theory & History of Pedagogics. – Kharkiv state pedagogical university
on the name of G.S.Skovoroda, Kharkiv, 1999.

The dissertation contains theoretical & experimental reseach of the
securing the content of the legal education of the future teacher. It
was educated that the effect of the mastering of the content of the
legal education by the students grows when created certain pedagogical
conditions which are using both in the lecture process or during the
seminar and practical studies and in out-auditorium work.

Key words: the content of the legal education, legal culture,
pedagogical conditions.

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