3

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee

OAeE 378.18

Eenaiei ea?ena a?eoi??aia

IAAeAAIA?*I? OIIAE CAAACIA*AIIss I?IOAN?EII

I???IOIAAII? AEOIAII? ?IAIOE A NOOAeAIONUeE?E A?OI?

13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

O?ioeei Aaiia Aieiaeeie??aia,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee, i?i?aeoi?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Nouaiei Oaoyia ?aai?aia,

Caii??cueeee iaeaniee ?inoeooo oaeineiiaeaiiy a/eoae?a, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e oai??? ? iaoiaeeee aeoiaaiiy;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eiaaiei Ieaenaiae? Aiae??eiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – AEeoiie?nueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo
?i. ?.ss.O?aiea, eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee, I?i?noa?noai

ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. AEeoiie?.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “__09_”a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i __13_ aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.053.04 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee ca
aae?anith: 310168, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aethoa?a, 2, aoae. 221.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee (310168, i.
Oa?e?a, aoe. Aethoa?a, 2).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_29__”_aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aeieo?aiei O.I.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue ? nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiino? i?iaeaie. ?icaeoie
noni?euenoaa caeaaeeoue a?ae aeoiaaiiy eiai iieie?iue, a?ae ??aiy
i?aeaioiaee ea??aieea oa i?aai?caoi?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano –
a/eoaey-aeoiaaoaey. Ca no/anieo ianoaaei, ye i?eiee ?ai?oa,
ni?aaaaeeeaei ? aeaai?e aene?a «o/eoaeue noai?th? iaoe?th».

I?eioeeie aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee o noa?? ina?oe, aeeeaaeai? o Aea?aeaai?e
iaoe?iiaeuei?e i?ia?ai? «Ina?oa» (Oe?a?ia OO? noie?ooy) ye noeoii?noue
eiioeaiooaeueieo ?aeae oa onoaiiaie aeiaaathoue ?ica’ycaiiy aaaaoueio
ieoaiue aeoiaaiiy oe?eueii? iieiae?. Ci?ie o oe?eueiiio aeoiaiiio
i?ioean? ia iiaeooue a?aeaoaaoenue aac iaaieo ci?i o ci?no?, iaoiaeao,
oaoiieia?yo i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a, aac iiooeo aeiaeaoeiaeo aeaea?ae
oi?ioaaiiy aioiaiino? nooaeaio?a aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? ia
aoiai?noe/ieo canaaeao, i???ioiaaieo ia naiiaecia/aiiy,
naii?aae?caoe?th, naiiaeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?.

Oaeei ?aca?aii oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?a, yeee i?aeoe/ii ia
aeei?enoiao?oueny, aea iana a nia? cia/iee iioaioe?ae, ? i?ioan?eii
i???ioiaaia aeoiaia ae?yeuei?noue nooaeaionueei? a?oie.

Nooaeaionueea a?oia – oea aieiaiee no?oeoo?iee i?ae?icae?e aeui? oeiee,
yeee aeeiio? iaa/aeuei? oa aeoiai? ooieoe??. ?? i?iaeaiai i?enay/ai?
/eneaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy, a yeeo aeyaey?oueny niaoeeo?ea nooaeaionueei?
a?oie oa iienothoueny i?ioeane, ui a i?e a?aeaoaathoueny
(I.I.Aiiaea?aiei, A.A.Iia?eia, A.Ae.Ia?ea?i, A.?.Oi?aaeiaa),
aiae?cothoueny iniaeeaino? ?? aieea?a ia iniaeno?noue nooaeaioa, ia
oi?ioaaiiy eiai i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? (A.A.Aaeaoie/iaa,
I.I.Aeia?ii?aaia, ?.A.Iaeneiaiei, I.I.I?inaoeueeee, A.A.Naie/aiei,
A.A.O?ioeei oa ?i.), aecia/athoueny iciaee iaaeaaia?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa
nooaeaionueeei naiia?yaeoaaiiyi oa aeine?aeaeothoueny ie?ai? aniaeoe
ae?yeueiino? ?? ianoaaieea (A.A.Aai, O.I.Eo?eeaiei, I.I.Eaaaiiaa,
I.I.Ethaeiiaa, I.I.Oaeaei oa ?i.). I?ioa, naia i?iaeaia i?ioan?eii
i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? ?ic?iaeaia a
iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo iaaeinoaoiuei, ui e a?aeaeaa?oueny ia
i?aeoeoe? i?aai?caoe?? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a iaaeaaia?/ieo aocao. Aeai?
aieaoieo iieooaaiue nooaeaio?a na?ae/aoue, ui iaaeinoaoi? i?ioan?eia
ni?yioaaiiy ae?yeueiino? nooaeaionueei? a?oie eeoa a iacia/i?e i???
aieeaa? ia ??aaiue ?o i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee: 40,9% nooaeaio?a I-V
eo?n?a oi?aa?neoaoo ia aaa/athoue o aeoiai?e ?iaio?, ui cae?enith?oueny
o iaaeao nooaeaionueei? a?oie, oaeoi?o, yeee aieeaa? ia ?o i?ioan?eia
noaiiaeaiiy. Ioaea, i?aeoeea i?aai?caoe?? aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?
nooaeaionueei? a?oie iio?aao? aecia/aiiy, iaa?oiooaaiiy oa caaacia/aiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia ?? oni?oiino?.

Aeooaeuei?noue oa ia?niaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaee oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo
aniaeo?a i?aai?caoe?? i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? ae?yeueiino?
nooaeaionueei? a?oie aecia/a?oueny iaaieie nioe?aeueieie /eiieeaie.
Ii-ia?oa, ae?yeuei?noue aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii? oeiee aeiaaa? aeoea?caoe??
nooaeaionueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, yea a?oioo?oueny ia aeeth/aii?
nooaeaio?a o ni?eueio oai?/o aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue nooaeaionueei? a?oie,
i?aeaeuaiiy a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? eiaeiiai nooaeaioa ca ?acoeueoaoe nai??
ae?yeueiino?, eiai aioiaiino? aei oai?/iai iiooeo i?ea?iaeueieo oeyo?a
?ica’ycaiiy aeoiaieo caaaeaiue. Ii-ae?oaa, canoinoaaiiy eieaeoeaieo oi?i
aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, a yeeo i?aai?/ii ceeaathoueny a ?aeeia oe?ea
iaaeaaia?/ia ea??aieoeoai ianoaaieea e naiino?eia ae?yeuei?noue
nooaeaionueei? a?oie, ia?aaeaa/a? ?icaeoie ? aaeineiiaeaiiy aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey, iniaeeai ?? i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa
eiioi?eaoeaiiai eiiiiiaio?a, oi?ioaaiiy aioiaiino? a/eoaey aei
naiino?eii? iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, eiai ?i?oe?aoeaiino?, oai?/iai
i?aeoiaeo. I?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ia ni?yiiaai?noue aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?
a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? iieyaa? o i?ioiaeaeaii? nooaeaioaie iiaiioe?iii?
oeiee aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?. Iaieiae?iiy ci?noii, oi?iaie, iaoiaeaie
aeoiaii? ?iaioe ni?ey? iaeiie/aiith nooaeaioaie iaiao?aeiiai i?aeoe/iiai
aaaaaeo aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?ica’ycaiiy caaaeaiue aeoiaaiiy oa iaa/aiiy,
eaae?o?eiaaii? iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aoe?.

A?aoiaoth/e aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? i?iaeaie, a oaeiae ?? iaaeinoaoith
?ic?iaeai?noue, aoei aecia/aii oaio aeine?aeaeaiiy «Iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae
caaacia/aiiy i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e
a?oi?».

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – i?ioean aeoiaaiiy iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a o
nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aeyaeaii? iioeiaeueieo oi?i, iaoiae?a
i?aai?caoe?? aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, ui caaacia/othoue ?aae?caoe?th
iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia aoaeoeaiino? i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? ?iaioe c
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? a oeie?.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aenoiooi a?iioaco, yea iieyaa? a
i?eiouaii?, ui ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoaeoeaii? nenoaie i?ioan?eii
i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? caaacia/o?oueny
aeio?eiaiiyi oaeeo oiia: ?aae?caoe?? iniiaieo aoai?a cae?eniaiiy
iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo, ui caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue
iaieiae?iiy o/eoaeuenueeith i?ioan??th; oe?e?niino? i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a o nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?, yea caaacia/o?oueny
anoaiiaeaiiyi aca?iica’yce?a i?ae iath, caaaeueiei i?ioan?eiei
na?aaeiaeuai ? o/i?anueeeie eieaeoeaaie.

Ia’?eo, i?aaeiao ? iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeee oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy oa aiae?co iaoeiai? iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e
?ice?eoe nooi?noue i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aei aeoiaii?
?iaioe o nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?;

2. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe iaaeaaia?/i?
oiiae i?aai?caoe?? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?;

3. Aeyaeoe caeaaei?noue i?ae aeiaea?aeaiiyi iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia
i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? oa ??aiai
i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aei aeoiaii? ?iaioe o oeie?.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooiathoue iieiaeaiiy i?i
anaa?/iee ?icaeoie iniaenoino?, i?e?iaeo ethaenueei?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?, aecia/aeueio ?ieue ae?yeueiino? o noaiiaeaii?
iniaenoino?, aoiai?noe/iee i?aeo?ae aei iniaenoino? oa eieaeoeao,
iieiaeaiiy caaaeueii? oai??? iaaeaaia?/ieo nenoai ? oe?e?niiai i?aeoiaeo
aei i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

Aeey ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue, ui iinoaaeai? a aeine?aeaeaii?, aoee
aeei?enoai? oae? iaoiaee: oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy; aea/aiiy oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
ia?aaeiaiai aeina?aeo i?aai?caoe?? aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? c? nooaeaioaie;
ciaeiinoai c aeoiaiith ae?yeuei?noth iieiaeeo o/eoae?a-aeioneiee?a
oi?aa?neoaoo; iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio; aieaooaaiiy; aeey ae??oaiiy
ie?aieo caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ni?aaan?aee, oni? oa
ienueiia? iieooaaiiy, iaoiaee naiiioe?iee, iaienaiiy oai??a; noaoenoe/i?
iaoiaee ia?iaee aeaieo.

Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee iieiaeaiiy caaaeueii? oai???
nenoai (Aeaoaa?a ?.A., THae?i A.A.), no/ani? eiioeaioe?? ?icaeoeo
iniaenoino? a ae?yeueiino? (I.I.Eaiioue?a, N.E.?oa?iooaei), i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a (I.I.Aaaeoee?ia, I.A.?aooo,
I.A.Eocuei?ia, I.A.Ii?ic, A.A.Naie/aiei, A.I.Neanoueii?i, A.A.O?ioeei),
oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? a eieaeoea? (I.I.Aiiaea?aiei, ?.I.?aaiia,
A.I.Eooioe?i, A.N.Iaea?aiei, N.E.Nieiaae/ee, E.?.Oiainueeee), aca?iiae??
a eieaeoea? (A.I.Aieei, E.A.Eiiae?aoiaa, A.A.Iao?ianueeee), iaoiaeeee
aeoiaii? ?iaioe (I.A.Aeoaanaithe, O.I.Eo?eeaiei, A.N.Iaea?aiei,
E.A.Ia??iei, O.?.Nouaiei, I.?.Uo?eiaa).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue i?ioyaii 1994-1998 ?ieo ? i?ieoei o?e
aca?iiiia’ycai? aoaie.

Ia?oee aoai (1994-1995) – iiooeiaee, ioiiethaaa aea/aiiy oai?aoe/ieo
aeaea?ae c i?iaeaie, aea?? ia’?eoa ? i?aaeiaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaeo
a?iioace e iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, aecia/aiiy noaio
aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionueeeo a?oiao OAeIO ?i A.N.Neiai?iaee.

Ae?oaee aoai (1995-1998) – iniiaiee, iieyaaa o i?iaaaeaii?
iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo. A oeae /an oi?ioaaany oa ?icaeaaany
eieaeoea nooaeaionueei? a?oie, cae?enithaaany iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niee
i?aeo?ae a i?aai?caoe?? aeoiaii? ?iaioe nooaeaionueei? a?oie oeyoii
canoinoaaiiy iniia oaoiieia?? eieaeoeaii? oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?,
?icaeaaeinue nooaeaionueea naiia?yaeoaaiiy. ?icaoaeiaoaaeenue
aca?iica’ycee eieaeoeao nooaeaionueei? a?oie ?c caaaeueiei eieaeoeaii
aoco; i?ae /an iaaei?aeoeee a o/i?anueeeo eieaeoeaao a?aeaoaaeanue
ai?iaaoe?y, oe?ooaaiiy aeoiaieo oi?iue iaaooeo nooaeaioaie a oiae?
aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaionueei? a?oie, ui ? caaacia/oaaei
oe?e?ni?noue nenoaie i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey.

O?ao?e aoai (1998) – caeeth/iee, ia?aaeaa/aa nenoaiaoecaoe?th,
ioe?ithaaiiy, aiae?c aeaieo, caeiaooeo o oiae? aenia?eiaioo, ioi?ieaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aecia/aii?: 1) ?ie? ? i?noey
nooaeaionueei? a?oie ye noa’?eoa nenoaie i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey aei aeoiaii? ?iaioe; 2) oeyo?a i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?;
3) iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoaeoeaii? nenoaie aeoiaii? ?iaioe
a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? iieiaeaiue
i?aai?caoe?? i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe o nooaeaionuee?e
a?oi?; o aecia/aii? i?aeoiae?a aei ?aae?caoe?? nenoaie i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a a?oie aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?; o ?ice?eoo?
niinia?a i?aai?caoe?? aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaionueei? a?oie; a
iaa?oiooaaii? iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie aeoiaii? ?iaioe a
nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio,
ui iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae, oi?ie aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?
nooaeaionueei? a?oie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey i?aai?caoe??
i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aei i?ioan?eii-aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?
a oeie?. E??i oeueiai, ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia
canoiniaoaaoe a ?iaio? nai?ia?o eo?aoi??a, a oaeiae i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
ianoaaiee?a nooaeaionueeeo a?oi.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? o iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii? aeoiaii?
?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? ye iaa?ae’?iiiai eiiiiiaioa i?ioan?eii
i???ioiaaii? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? a
oeie?; aecia/aii? iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia aoaeoeaiino? ?aae?caoe?? aeoiaii?
?iaioe a ia?aeiiiio nooaeaionueeiio eieaeoea?, cae?eniaii? ?o
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee oa aiae?co ?acoeueoaoeaiino? aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeinoia??i?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
caaacia/othoueny: iaoiaeieia?/iith iaa?oioiaai?noth aeo?aeieo
iieiaeaiue; ?ai?acaioaoeai?noth aea??ee aeine?aeaeoaaieo; aeei?enoaiiyi
eiiieaeno aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aaeaeaaoieo eiai
iao? oa caaaeaiiyi; anaa?/iei ye?niei ? e?euee?niei aiae?cii
?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe; iiaeeea?noth a?aeoai?aiiy
aenia?eiaioo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeanue oeyoii
ioae?eaoe?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo i?aoeue aaoi?a, aenooi?a c aeiiia?aeyie
ia i?aeia?iaeieo, anaoe?a?inueeeo, ?aa?iiaeueieo, i?aeaoc?anueeeo
eiioa?aioe?yo: Oa?e?a-1994, 1996, Eooeuee-1995, AEeoiie?-1995,
??aia-1995. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo ?aae oaeoeueoao?a
oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

1. Iieiaeaiiy i?i nooi?noue i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe o
nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? ye neeaaeiai? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey aei
aeoiaii? ?iaioe o oeie?.

2. Iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aoaeoeaiino? i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? ae?yeueiino?
a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?, aeio?eiaiiy yeeo caaacia/o? oi?ioaaiiy
aioiaiino? nooaeaio?a aei cae?eniaiiy aeoiaii? ?iaioe o oeie?.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aeaio
?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae _____,
aeiaeaoe?a _____. Iniiaiee ci?no aeeeaaeaii ia _____ noi??ieao oaenoo,
aei yeiai aoiaeyoue 16 oaaeeoeue, 4 ?enoiee.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nooi?iue ??
?ic?iaeaiino?; aecia/aii ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo oa a?iioaco
aeine?aeaeaiiy; noi?ioeueiaaii caaaeaiiy; ?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio,
oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy; iaa?oioiaaii aeinoia??i?noue
?acoeueoao?a, aecia/aii iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa; aeeeaaeaii iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno; iaaaaeaii aeai? i?i
ai?iaaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “Ieoaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a o
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo” iiaeathoueny ?acoeueoaoe
oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co iaaeaaia?/ii? oa ineoieia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e,
?icaeyaea?oueny nooi?noue ? no?oeoo?a iaaeaaia?/ii? nenoaie i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey-aeoiaaoaey; aecia/a?oueny i?noea ? ?ieue aeoiaii?
?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? ye eiiiiiaioa oe??? nenoaie;
?ice?eaathoueny iniaeeaino? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aei aeoiaii? ?iaioe a
oeie? oeyoii i?aai?caoe?? aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? nooaeaionueei? a?oie.
sse na?ae/eoue aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, i?iaeaia
i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? iino?eii ia?aaoaa? a
iie? ci?o iaaeaaia?/ii? iaoee ? i?aeoeee, ai ? iaei??th c aieiaieo
ia?aaeoiia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano
na?aaeiuei? caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee, /eiieeii caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe??
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee o noa?? ina?oe.

Ia no/aniiio aoai? ?ic?iaea i?iaeaie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aaaaoianiaeoi?noth i?aeoiae?a, ye? aea/athoue no?oeoo?o ae?yeueiino?
a/eoaey, iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy eiai iniaenoino? a
i?ioean? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee (N.A.Aa?oeianueeee, O.I.Aiiiaie?i,
I.A.Aeoaanaithe, I.A.Eocuei?ia, I.A.Eooa?aa, A.A.Naie/aiei, A.A.O?ioeei
oa ?i.); aecia/athoue ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaothoue ci?no i?ioan?eii? ina?oe
(I.I.Aaaeoee?ia, I.?.Ieneoiia, O.O.Naae/eeiaa, A.I.Neanoueii?i,
E.O.Ni???i, A.?.Ua?aaeia oa ?i.); aeyaeythoue iniiai? iai?yie
aaeineiiaeaiiy iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano o iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc?
(I.I.Aaaeoee?ia, I.?.Aieaee?aa, I.N.Eiac?a, E.A.Eiiae?aoiaa,
I.I.Iini?oiee, E.?.?oaeinueeee, A.?.Ua?aaeia oa ?i.); ?ice?eaathoue
iaoiaee i?ioan?eiiai naiiaeoiaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iaaeaaia?/ii? oaoi?ee
(TH.I.Aca?ia, ?.A.Cycthi, A.A.Eai-Eaeee, E.?.?oaeinueeee oa ?i.);
iaa?oioiaothoue oaiiiai iaaeaaia?/ii? aca?iiae?? a i?ioean? i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee (A.I.Aieei, I.A.A??anueea, E.A.Eiiae?aoiaa, TH.I.Eoethoe?i,
A.ss.Neae?nueeee).

sse na?ae/aoue aeine?aeaeaiiy I.I.Aaaeoee?ii?, A.I.Aaniaeueea,
I.A.Eocuei?ii?, A.A.O?ioeei, i?aeaioiaea nooaeaio?a aei iaaeaaia?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? yaey? niaith iaaeaaia?/io nenoaio, oe?e?nia ooai?aiiy,
oiaoi iaaio e?euee?noue aca?iiiia‘ycaieo no?oeoo?ieo oa ooieoe?iiaeueieo
eiiiiiaio?a, ui i?aeii?yaeeiaothoueny iao? aeoiaaiiy, iaa/aiiy, ina?oe.

Eiaeiee eiiiiiaio nenoaie i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee aeeiio? niaoeeo?/i?
caaaeaiiy, noeoiia ?ica’ycaiiy yeeo caaacia/o? aeinyaiaiiy iaoe,
caaaeueii? aeey an?o eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie. ?acoeueoaoii ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nenoaie i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee ? aenooia? aioiai?noue o/eoaey aei
iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

Aca?iica’ycie iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa i?ioan?eii? aioiaiino?
aeyaey?oueny a oiio, ui, ii-ia?oa, aioiai?noue ye aeoeaiee noai
iniaenoino? ii?iaeaeo? ae?yeuei?noue; ii-ae?oaa, aioiai?noue aenooia?
?acoeueoaoii ae?yeueiino?; ii-o?ao?, aioiai?noue ye ye?noue iniaenoino?
aecia/a? onoaiiaee ia i?ioan?eio ae?yeuei?noue. Ioaea, aioiai?noue
caaacia/o? iaaiee ??aaiue iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa ioiieth?
i?ioan?ei? iiaeyaee, ia?aeiiaiiy, i?ioan?ei? ciaiiy, oi?iiy
cae?enithaaoe ae?yeuei?noue, ioe?ithaaoe ?? ?acoeueoaoe. Aeinyaiaiiy
iaoe cae?enith?oueny noa’?eoaie nenoaie oeyoii ?aae?caoe?? ci?noo
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee, yeee aecia/a?oueny ia iniia? i?ioan?ia?aie
a/eoaey ye iiaeae?, ui a?aeaeaa? iaoo iaaeaaia?/ii? nenoaie, oiaoi iaoa
aenooia? iniiaith aeey aeai?o iaiao?aeieo oi?i oa iaoiae?a i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee.

Nenoaia i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny eiiieaenii
ooieoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiioaiue, o i?ioean? cae?eniaiiy yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny
?icaeoie nenoaie. Iioeiaeueiei na?aaeiaeuai aeey ?aae?caoe??
ooieoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiioaiue ? nooaeaionueea a?oia, a ye?e
aaciina?aaeiuei cae?enith?oueny i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aioiaiino? nooaeaioa
aei iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, eiai aeoiaaiiy, a?aeaoaa?oueny
naii?aae?caoe?y iniaenoino?.

I?iaeaia nooaeaionueei? a?oie aeineoue ?ioaineaii ?icaeyaeaeanue o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo 70-80 ?ie?a, aea aecia/aeanue niaoeeo?ea nooaeaionueei?
a?oie (I.I.Aiiaea?aiei, A.I.Eooioe?i, A.Ae.Ia?ea?i, A.?.Oieaaeiaa,
E.?.Oiainueeee); aiae?coaaeenue aieeae nooaeaionueei? a?oie ia
iniaeno?noue nooaeaioa (E.I.Aeaieeaanueea, E.?.Oiainueeee) ?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy io?oe?eii? oa iaio?oe?eii? no?oeoo? eieaeoeao a?oie
(I.I.I?inaoeueeee, A.A.Naie/aiei); aeyaeyany aieea nooaeaionueeiai
eieaeoeao ia oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?
nooaeaio?a (N.?.Aenioeueeee, ?..A.Iaeneiaiei, ?.N.O?ieiaa);
?ice?eaaeenue iniaeeaino? iaaeaaia?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa nooaeaionueeei
naiia?yaeoaaiiyi a aeaaeai?/i?e a?oi? (A.A.Aai, I.E.AEoe, E.I.Eaaaiiaa,
?.?.Oa?aiia, A.?.*eae?eiia oa ?i); aeine?aeaeoaaeenue ie?ai? aniaeoe
ae?yeueiino? eo?aoi?a nooaeaionueei? a?oie (A.I.Aai?a??anueeee,
I.I.Ca?oe?ia, A.?.?ciaeeia, O.I.Eo?eeaiei, I.I.Ethaeiiaa, O.A.I?nth??ia,
I.I.Oaeaei) oa i?aai?caoe?? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?
(A.A.Aaeaoie/iaa, E.A.Ia??iei).

Ie ?icaeyaea?ii nooaeaionueeo a?oio ye noa’?eo i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii?
nenoaie i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, a aeoiaio ?iaioo,
yeo aiia cae?enith?, – ye oi?io ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe??? nenoaie.

Ioaea, aeoiaia ?iaioa a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?, ii-ia?oa, ? iaa?ae’?iiei
eiiiiiaioii i?ioan?eii-i???ioiaaii? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey aei
aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, ine?eueee aiia iaaea? iiaeeea?noue oi?ioaaoe
iiceoeai? iioeae iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, aenoaaoe oe?e? a?aeiia?aeii
aei ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iiaeeeainoae oa ?ioa?an?a noa’?eo?a oe??? nenoaie,
canoiniaoaaoe ??ciiiai?oi? oi?ie aeoiaii? ?iaioe c ia?aeiiei
nooaeaionueeei eieaeoeaii, ?icaoaeiaoaaoe ca’ycee a?oi ?c i?ioan?eiei
na?aaeiaeuai, yeei aenooia? oaeoeueoao, oi?aa?neoao. Ii-ae?oaa,
aecia/a?ii oeth ?iaioo ye i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaio nenoaio, ui aeeth/a?
aei naiai neeaaeo iaaio noeoii?noue oi?i, cania?a oa iaoiae?a,
cae?eniaiiy yeeo ?icaeaa? i?ioan?ei? iaae/ee, cae?aiino? iaeaooi?o
a/eoae?a aei naiia?yaeoaaiiy o iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino?; ai?iiy
i?iaiicoaaoe o?ae aeoiaii? ?iaioe; i?eeiaoe ??oaiiy ia iniia?
niinoa?aaeaiue; ciaoiaeeoe iioeiaeuei? aa??aioe ae?e o iaaeaaia?/ieo
aeoiaieo neooaoe?yo.

I?ioan?eii i???ioiaaia aeoiaia ?iaioa a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?
a?oioo?oueny ia i?eioeei? aeia?ia?eueiino?, caaacia/o? oa a?aoiao?
iniaeno?ni? ?ioa?ane nooaeaio?a, ia ia? i?ia?aiieo iaiaaeaiue, aenooia?
aeiaeaoeiaei aeaea?aeii i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a, i?aai?co?oueny
ye eieaeoeaia oai?/a ae?yeuei?noue ia canaaeao ni?ai?aoe? oa
ni?aoai?/ino? ? anaa?/ii ni?aa?aeiineoueny c oi?iaie oa iaoiaeaie
aeoiaii? ?iaioe a o/i?anueeiio eieaeoea?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia
caaacia/aiiy i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe, a nooaeaionuee?e
a?oi?” aiae?cothoueny ?acoeueoaoe iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo,
ni?yiiaaiiai ia aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia aeoiaii?
?iaioe, aeio?eiaiiy yeeo o nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith
aioiaiino? nooaeaio?a aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? o oeie?.

Iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio i?iaaaeaii i?ioyaii 1995-1998 ?.?. ia aac? 2-o
nooaeaionueeeo (Aa) a?oi oaeoeueoaoo oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e
(73 /ie.). Aea? nooaeaionuee? a?oie i?e?iaeie/iai oaeoeueoaoo (49 /ie.)
i?aaeee ca eiio?ieuei? a?oie (Ea). Onueiai ae aenia?eiaioaeueia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieei 386 nooaeaio?a I-V eo?n?a OAeIO ?i.
A.N.Neiai?iaee.

O oiae? eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy ? aiae?co
noaio aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionueeeo a?oiao, ?? aieeao ia ??aaiue
aioiaiino? nooaeaio?a aei cae?eniaiiy aeoiaii? ?iaioe aoei anoaiiaeaii
aeece?noue iaio oaeoeueoao?a ca noaoenoe/ieie iieacieeaie, oaeeie ye:
noaaeaiiy aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?, iioeae o/ano? a i?e, iaieiae?iiy
nooaeaioaie oi?iiyie cae?enithaaoe aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue, aecia/aiiy
ieie iaoe, oi?i oa iaoiae?a i?iaaaeaiiy aeoiaii? ?iaioe.

Oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio ia?aaeaa/aa ?aae?caoe?th nenoaie aeoiaii? ?iaioe
a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? oa aeio?eiaiiy iaaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia
caaacia/aiiy ?? aoaeoeaiino?. Ia?oa c oiia aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aeaii? nenoaie ia?aaeaa/aea aecia/aiiy aoai?a ?aae?caoe??
iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?
(A.N.Einothe, I.I.Eaiioue?a, N.E.?oa?iooaei). Oaeeie aoaiaie aeyaeeenue:
a) ?ic‘yniaiiy iaiao?aeiino? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a oeie?, ui ni?eyei
oi?ioaaiith iiceoeaii? iioeaaoe?? aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? oa
cae?enithaaeinue o oi?i? i?ina?oieoeueei? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?,
/a?ac nenoaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ? a?oiiaeo aei?o/aiue; a) ieaioaaiiy
ae?yeueiino? nooaeaionueei? a?oie a?aeaoaaeinue /a?ac neeaaeaiiy ?
caoeno ieaio ?iaioe a?oie oa i?iaeo?a aeoiaieo caoiae?a; a) noai?aiiy
oai?/eo i?e?ia?oi aeey ?aae?caoe?? aeoiaieo i?ioan?eii ni?yiiaaieo
caoiae?a oa cae?eniaiiy naiia?yaeoaaiiy a a?oi?; a) eiio?ieue c aieo
aenia?oieo a?oi oa eiinoeueoaoe?? eo?aoi?a a?oie ca i?aeaioiaeith ?
i?iaaaeaiiyi iaaieo ni?aa ? caoiae?a; ae) eieaeoeaiee aiae?c oa ioe?iea
ae?yeueiino? a?oie; a) aaeaioaoe?y aeoiaieo caoiae?a aeey ?o
iiaeaeueoiai aeei?enoaiiy nooaeaioaie a oiae? iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee, ui
ia?aaeaa/aei i?enoinoaaiiy ci?noo, oi?i, iaoiae?a ? cania?a ?o
?aae?caoe?? aei a?eiaeo oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae aeoiaaioe?a.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa c i?aai?caoe?? i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii?
?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? aeaea iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe iniiai?
aeiiae aei ?? cae?eniaiiy a nenoai? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey:

i???ioaoe?y nooaeaio?a ia cae?eniaiiy i?ioan?eii ni?yiiaaii? eieaeoeaii?
ae?yeueiino? nooaeaionueei? a?oie;

i?aai?caoe?y eieaeoeaieo oai?/eo ni?aa o eieaeoeaao nooaeaionueeeo a?oi;

caaacia/aiiy o/ano? eiaeiiai nooaeaioa o i?ioan?eii ni?yiiaai?e
eieaeoeai?e oai?/?e ae?yeueiino? a oiiaao nooaeaionueei? a?oie;

o??ciiiai?oiaiiy oi?i aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?;

oneeaaeiaiiy ci?noo i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? ae?yeueiino? a
nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?;

?icaeoie i?aeiniaeno?niiai ni?eeoaaiiy, ye iniiae eieaeoeaii? oai?/i?
ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a;

iaieiae?iiy eiaeiei nooaeaioii i?ioan?eieie oi?iiyie cae?enithaaoe
aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue a?oie ia canaaeao naiia?yaeoaaiiy;

iaaaoi?eoa?ia iiceoe?y eo?aoi?a a?oie.

Ianooiiith oiiaith oni?oiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a caaacia/o?oueny oe?e?niei i?aeoiaeii aei i?ioan?eii
i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? (A.I.Aaniaeueei,
I.A.Eocuei?ia, A.A.Naie/aiei, A.A.O?ioeei, I.Ae.Oiaeue), nooi?noue yeiai
iieyaa? o anoaiiaeaii? ca’yce?a ia?aeiiiai nooaeaionueeiai eieaeoeao ?c
caaaeueiei eieaeoeaii iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco (oaeoeueoaoo, oi?aa?neoaoo), a
oaeiae ca’yce?a nooaeaio?a c o/i?anueeeie eieaeoeaaie i?ae /an
iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee.

Oe? eaiaee caaacia/aiiy aca?iica’yceo iniaenoino? nooaeaioa, ia?aeiiiai
nooaeaionueeiai eieaeoeao c eieaeoeaaie ??cieo ??ai?a ii?aeiothoueny a
?aeeiee oe?e?niee iaoai?ci, oiaoi iaoa nenoaie i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
aei aeoiaii? ?iaioe i?eoiaeeoue o a?aeiia?aei?noue c ooieoe?yie oa
iiaeeeainoyie nooaeaionueeeo eieaeoea?a ? eiie?aoii? iniaenoino?.
Aca?iica’ycee nooaeaionueei? a?oie c eieaeoeaaie oaeoeueoaoo ?
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo cae?enithaaeenue oeyoii caeo/aiiy
nooaeaio?a o ae?yeuei?noue: a) iieiae?aeiiai oeaio?o oi?aa?neoaoo, oiaoi
??ciiiai?oieo aiaoi?nueeeo ao?oe?a ca ?ioa?anaie; a) Ni?eee
nooaeaionueei? iieiae? oi?aa?neoaoo; a) nooaeaionueeeo iaoeiaeo
oiaa?enoa; a) nii?oeaieo naeoe?e. Aaaeeeao ?ieue o anoaiiaeaii? oeeo
ca’yce?a a?ae?a?aaaea ? nenoaia o?aaeeoe?eieo caaaeueiioaeoeueoaonueeeo
(iinay/aiiy a iaeiieaoieee, iio?ae aei n. Neiai?iaeei?aee ia i?iuo,
oieueeei?i? nayoa oa ?i.) ? caaaeueiioi?aa?neoaonueeeo (“Aeaatho”,
iinay/aiiy a ia?oieo?nieee, “Nooaeaionueea aoii?eia”, Aeaiue na.
Aaeaioeia oa ?i.) caoiae?a. Aeina?ae i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, iaaooee a
oiae? oeeo caoiae?a, canai?i? ii?ie ? oe?iiino? o/eoaeuenueei? i?ioan??
nooaeaioe ianee o aeanio nooaeaionueeo a?oio. Oei aca?iica’yce?a
caeaaeaa a?ae oa?aeoa?o eiioaeo?a (aaciina?aaei?, iiina?aaeeiaai?),
aecia/aany ca /anii (ei?ioei/ani?, o?eaae?) ? ca neeaaeii o/aniee?a
(nooaeaio, i?e?ia?oia, nooaeaionueea a?oia, oaeoeueoao, ao?oie, ni?eea,
oi?aa?neoao). Ona oea ? noai?thaaei iniiao aeey aeieeiaiiy i?ioan?eiiai
na?aaeiaeua ye oe?e?niino?, ui iia’yco? i?ae niaith eieaeoea aoco oa
iniaeno?noue nooaeaioa, ni?eyth/e i?eeiyooth iath ii?i ? oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e, caaaeueieo aeiia aei o/eoaeuenueei? i?ioan??.

?icaoaeiaa ca’yce?a nooaeaionueei? a?oie c o/i?anueeeie eieaeoeaaie i?ae
/an iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee iaea ia iao? a?aei?aoethaaiiy, oe?oiaeo
aeoiaieo oi?iue, iaaooeo nooaeaioaie o oiae? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a a?oi?,
aeey oni?oiiai noai?aiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? aeanii? i?ia?aie aeoiaii? ?iaioe
c oeiey?aie. Oeueiio ni?eyei: a) ?aoaeueia aeiae?aiiy oi?i ? cania?a
iaei?eaeaoi?oeo aei aeei?enoaiiy a aeeoy/iio eieaeoea?; a) ?o
ni?anoaaeaiiy c iiaeeeainoyie oeiee, eeano, oiaoi aaeaioaoe?th;
a) aeyaeaiiy iiaeeeainoae aeei?enoaiiy oaoiieia?? EON a o/i?anueeiio
eieaeoea?; a) aeaoaeueiee aiae?c oa ioe?ithaaiiy nooaeaionueeeo ia?iaie;
ae) iai?i iiceoeaiei ? iaaaoeaiei aeoiaiei aeina?aeii.

Oe?e?niee i?aeo?ae aei i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? nenoaie aeoiaii? ?iaioe o
nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? aeiaaa? caaacia/aiiy a?eueiiai aeinooio eiaeiiai
nooaeaioa aoco aei o/ano? o aeoiai?e ae?yeueiino?; oni?oiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?ioan?eiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua, yea ia?aaeaa/a?
i?ia?aeio ?ieue eo?aoi?a a i?aai?caoe?? oeeo i?ioean?a.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeio?eiaiiy oiia
i?aai?caoe?? i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e
a?oi?, na?ae/eoue i?i iiceoeai? ci?ie o noaaeaii? nooaeaio?a aei
aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? (aeea. oaae. 1), c?inoaii? nooiaith o/ano?
nooaeaio?a o aeoiai?e ae?yeueiino? (aeea. oaae. 2).

Oaaeeoey 1

Noaaeaiiy nooaeaio?a aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?

? i/iOeie noaaeaiue aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?A?oie (i?e??no,
%)Aenia?eiaioaeuei? a?oieEiio?ieuei?

a?oie1.Iaaaoeaia- 8,8+ 1,052.Iiceoeaia aii?oia- 30,9- 6,03.Iiceoeaia
ona?aeiieaia+ 26,0+ 3,054.Iiceoeaia ae?yeuei?nia+ 13,7+ 4,5

Oaaeeoey 2

O/anoue nooaeaio?a o iicaaoaeeoi?i?e aeoiaii? ?iaio? nooaeaionueei?
a?oie

? i/iOa?aeoa? o/ano?A?oie Aenia?eiaioaeuei? a?oieEiio?ieuei?
a?oie19951997i?e??no

%19951997i?e??no

%1.Aa?ooue o/anoue:17,867,2+49,518,717,1-0,6- ye
i?aai?caoi?30,946,722,525,0a) ca aeaniith ?i?oe?aoeaith10087,575,0-a)
i?ae oeneii-20,825,0100- ye aeeiiaaaoeue69,153,472,575,0a) ca aeaniith
?i?oe?aoeaith67,580,987,533,3a) i?ae
oeneii32,519,112,566,72.Niinoa??aathoue, ai41,217.9-23,336,737,9-1,1- ia
ciathoue ye cae?enithaaoe49,941,750,052,1- iiaiththoueny iaaaoeaiiai
?acoeueoaoo50,158,450,047,93.Ia aa?ooue o/anoue /a?ac
a?aenooi?noue:41,114,9-26,244,944,3-0,6- ?ioa?ano19,78,422,730,3-
iio?aae20,1-22,75,6- a?oenoe/iiai oenoo30,333,418,219,2-
/ano29,958,336,444,9

Ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? o/aniee?a o aeoiai?e ae?yeueiino? iiynith?oueny
oi?ioaaiiyi iiceoeaii? iioeaaoe?? o/ano? a i?e. Oae, ia 57,2% c?inea
/enaeuei?noue nooaeaio?a, ye? aaa/athoue o oae?e ae?yeueiino?
iiaeeea?noue iaeaaiaeeoe ae?oaei? noinoiee c ?ioeie (+21,3% a
eiio?ieueieo a?oiao). Ia 52,8% a?eueoa nooaeaio?a io?eiothoue
caaeiaieaiiy a?ae ni?ai?aoe? oa canai?iiy iiaeo niinia?a ae?yeueiino?
(+7,6% o eiio?ieueieo a?oiao). Ia 39,9% ca?eueoeeanue e?euee?noue
nooaeaio?a, ye? aaeineiiaeththoueny a oe?e ae?yeueiino? ye i?ioan?iiaee,
iaaoaathoue aeoiai? ciaiiy, oi?iiy, iniaeno?ni? yeino? (+5,3% a
eiio?ieueieo a?oiao).

Aiae?c aeeiai?ee aaeineiiaeaiiy aeoiaieo oi?iue a oiae? iaaeaaia?/iiai
aenia?eiaioo aeaa ciiao iaea?aeaoe aeai? i?i ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino? o
nooaeaio?a iniiaieo oi?iue aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?. Eiie?aoi? aeai?
iiaeai? a oaaeeoe? 3.

Oaaeeoey 3

Aeai? i?i iaieiae?iiy nooaeaioaie aeoiaieie oi?iiyie a i?ioean?
iicaaoaeeoi?ii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe nooaeaionueei? a?oie

? i/iOa?aeoa? ae?? nooaeaio?aAenia?eiaioaeuei? a?oie (i?e??no,
%)Eiio?ieuei? a?oie (i?e??no, %)1.Eiino?oeoeai?:- a?aea?? oa ia?iaea
?ioi?iaoe?? aeey aeoiaiiai caoiaeo+15,9+11,5- neeaaeaiiy i?iaeoo
caoiaeo+16,8+15,4- ieaioaaiiy aeoiaii? ?iaioe+16,6+7,62.Aiinoe/i?:-
a?aea?? ci?noo oa oi?i aeoiaii? ?iaioe a caeaaeiino? a?ae
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae+17,9+12.3- aea/aoe iniaeno?noue ca
??ciiiai?oieie iaoiaeeeaie+18,4+12,1- canoinoaaoe iaoiaeeeo naiiioe?iee
?acoeueoaoo ae?yeueiino?+20,5+9,43.I?aai?caoe?ei?:- ?iciiae?e ?iaioe, ca
nooiaiai neeaaeiino? c o?aooaaiiyi iniaenoeo yeinoae
nooaeaio?a+17,9+8,5- eii?aeeiaoe?y ae?e aeeiiaaoe?a+14,6+8,35-
i?aai?caoe?y ni?eueii? ae?yeueiino? a?oie+13,7+7,6

Ioaea, oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie, aea/aiiy i?aeoe/iiai aeina?aeo
cae?eniaiiy aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionueeeo a?oiao, i?iaaaeaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio i?aeoaa?aeeee aenoiooo a?iioaco ? aeicaieeee
c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1. I?ioan?eii i???ioiaaia aeoiaia ?iaioa a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? ye
eiiiiiaio iaaeaaia?/ii? nenoaie i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a aei aeoiaii?
?iaioe a oeie? caaacia/o? aoaeoeaio i?ioan?eio i?aeaioiaeo iaeaooi?o
o/eoae?a.

2. ?ic?iaeaia ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe o nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?, ?aae?caoe?y yei? ia?aaeaa/a?:
aecia/aiiy iaoe ? caaaeaiue aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? c
o?aooaaiiyi eaae?o?eaoe?eii? oa?aeoa?enoeee eeaniiai ea??aieea,
i?ioan?ia?aie a/eoaey-aeoiaaoaey; oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a iiceoeaiiai
noaaeaiiy ? iioeaaoe?? aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? oa
a?aeiia?aeieo oi?i ? iaoiae?a ?? cae?eniaiiy; caaacia/aiiy o/ano?
nooaeaio?a ye i?aai?caoi??a, aeeiiaaoe?a, niinoa??aa/?a o ??ciiiai?oieo
aeaeao aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? ia canaaeao aeia?ia?eueiino?, naiino?eiino?
i?ioyaii onueiai oa?i?io iaa/aiiy; oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaiiai
na?aaeiaeua nooaeaionueei? a?oie oeyoii ?icaoaeiae ?? ca’yce?a c eaieaie
iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco.

3. Aoaeoeaia ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii?
?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? a?aeaoaa?oueny ca oiia ?aae?caoe?? aoai?a
iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo oa caaacia/aiiy oe?e?niiai
i?aeoiaeo aei ia?, ui a?aeaeaa? no?oeoo?o i?ioan?eii? aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino?.

3.1. Cae?eniaiiy aoai?a iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo caaacia/o?
oi?ioaaiiy iiceoeaiiai noaaeaiiy nooaeaio?a aei aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? oa
iioea?a o/ano? a i?e /a?ac i?aai?caoe?th i?ina?oieoeueei? ?iaioe a
a?oi?; iaaeaaiiy nooaeaioaie eiino?oeoeaieo aeoiaieo oi?iue oeyoii
neeaaeaiiy ? caoenoo ieie i?iaeo?a ieaio ?iaioe ? ie?aieo aeoiaieo
caoiae?a; a?aei?aoethaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?iue, ?icaeoie oai?/iai
iioaioe?aeo nooaeaio?a, oeyoii ooieoe?iioaaiiy oai?/eo i?e?ia?oi;
iaieiae?iiy nooaeaioaie aiinoe/ieie oi?iiyie aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino? o
i?ioean? ?? i?aeaioiaee, cae?eniaiiy, aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a; canoinoaaiiy
eiie?aoieo aeoiaieo oi?iue a oiiaao iaaiiai aeeoy/iai eieaeoeao.
?aae?caoe?y aoai?a iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo o aeoiai?e
?iaio? nooaeaionueei? a?oie a?aeaoaa?oueny ia iniia? oaoiieia??
eieaeoeaii? oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? ii?yae ?c o?aaeeoe?eieie caniaaie
(nooaeaionueea naiia?yaeoaaiiy; ea??aieoeoai eo?aoi?a), a oaeiae oeyoii
oneeaaeiaiiy ci?noo ? o??ciiiai?oiaiiy oi?i aeoiaii? ?iaioe.

3.2. Caaacia/aiiy oe?e?niino? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a o nooaeaionuee?e
a?oi?, yea ciaoiaeeoue a?aeaeoie o anoaiiaeaii? ca’yce?a nooaeaionueeeo
a?oi c eieaeoeaaie oaeoeueoaoo, oi?aa?neoaoo, aeiiiiaaa? i?aai?caoe??
aeoiaii? ?iaioe c o/i?anueeeie eieaeoeaaie, ni?eyth/e naii?aae?caoe??
iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ? a?aei?aoethaaiith, oe?oiaoe?
iaaeaaieo iei oi?iue oa iaae/ie aeoiaii? ?iaioe.

Oe?e?ni?noue i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?
aenooia? ye ?ioaa?aoeaia iciaea nenoaie i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee, ye
?aei?noue iaoe, ci?noo, oi?i, iaoiae?a aeoiaii? ?iaioe a iaaeao
nooaeaionueei? a?oie, a?oie oa oaeoeueoaoo, oi?aa?neoaoo, nooaeaio?a
a?oie ? o/i?anueeeo eieaeoea?a. Caaacia/aiiy oe?e?niino? a?aeaoaa?oueny
ca ianooiieie iai?yiaie: anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yce?a nooaeaionueei? a?oie c
eieaeoeaaie oaeoeueoaoo ? aoco, noai?aiiy ia iniia? oeeo ca’yce?a
i?ioan?eiiai aeoiaiiai na?aaeiaeua nooaeaionueei? a?oie; ?icaoaeiaa
ca’yce?a nooaeaionueei? a?oie c o/i?anueeeie eieaeoeaaie oeyoii
aeei?enoaiiy nooaeaioaie a oiae? iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeoeee aeina?aeo
aeoiaii? ?iaioe, iaaeaaiiai ieie o aeoiai?e ae?yeueiino? aeanii? a?oie.
I?aai?caoi?ii oeeo i?ioean?a o nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? aenooia? eo?aoi?.

4. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii, ui aeiaea?aeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia
cae?eniaiiy i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e
a?oi? ni?ey?: c?inoaiith iiceoeaiiai noaaeaiiy nooaeaio?a aei aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino? ye o nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?, oae ? a oeie?; oi?ioaaiith
iiceoeaieo iioea?a o/ano? o aeoiai?e ?iaio?; ca?eueoaiith e?eueeino?
nooaeaio?a, ye? aieiae?thoue eiiieaenii aeoiaieo oi?iue
(eiino?oeoeaieie, i?aai?caoe?eieie, aiinoe/ieie) ia aenieiio oa
na?aaeiueiio ??aiyo; iaieiae?iith nooaeaioaie ??ciiiai?oieie oi?iaie
cae?eniaiiy aeoiaii? ?iaioe; canai?iith nooaeaioaie ii?i ni?eeoaaiiy, ui
eaaeaoue a iniia? ni?ai?aoe? oa ni?aoai?/ino? a oiae? eieaeoeaii?
oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ae??oo? iiai?noth ieoaiue i?aeaioiaee
iaeaooi?o o/eoae?a aei aeoiaii? ?iaioe o oeie?. Cie?aia, aei iiaeaeueoeo
iai?yi?a aeine?aeaeaiue aaaaea?ii ca aeioe?eueia a?aeianoe oae?:

?ic?iaea e?eoa???a aecia/aiiy i?ioan?eii? i?eaeaoiino? nooaeaio?a aei
aeoiaii? ae?yeueiino?;

aecia/aiiy nenoaie i?aeaioiaee eo?aoi??a aei cae?eniaiiy i?ioan?eii
i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe o nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a 9 ioae?eaoe?yo, caaaeueiei
ianyaii 1,7 ae.a.

1. Eenaiei E.A. Oeaeaeaiue i?aaeiaoa ye can?a iaaeaaia?caoe??
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano o iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc? // Iaoa??aee
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ia ina?oa a
Oe?a?i?”.-Oa?e?a: OAeIO, 1994.-N.47-49.

2. O?ioeei A.A., Eenaiei E.A. Niaoeeo?ea ?iaioe eo?aoi?a a
iaaeaaia?/iiio aoc? //Oace Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? oaeoi?e i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?eii?
iaenoa?iino? a/eoaey-aeoiaaoaey». — AEeoiie?: AEAeI?, 1995.-N.104-106.

3. O?ioeei A.A., Eenaiei E.A. ?ieue eo?aoi?a a noaiiaeaii?
nooaeaionueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy a aeaaeai?/i?e a?oi? iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco
// Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??
«??aaeaaia?/ia oaoiieia?y o no/aniiio aoc?».-Eooeuee: «Aaaea» ,1995. -N.
76-77.

4. Eaeeiianueeee ?., Eenaiei E. Aoiai?caoe?y i?ioeano i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? // Iaoa??aee
i?aeaoc?anueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Iaaeaaia?ea ie?o a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? oeiee ? aoco». – ??aia, 1995.-N.170-171.

5. O?ioeei A.A., Eenaiei E.A. ?ieue eo?aoi?a nooaeaionueei? a?oie a
nenoai? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey // Iaoa??aee
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Aeiaaeecaoeey iieeoeee a
eiioaenoa nia?aiaiiie iieeoe/aneie eoeueoo?u: iiuo e ia?niaeoeau
Ainoi/iie Aa?iiu». — Oa?ueeia: Oeaio? ia?aciaaoaeueiuo eieoeeaoea,
1996.-N.13-15.

6. Eenaiei E.A. I?aai?caoe?y iicaaoaeeoi?ii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe o
nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? // Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue: Iai?yie iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee. / 3a ?aae.
A.?.Eiciai?.-Oa?e?a:OAeIO, 1997.-N.126-130.

7. Eenaiei E.A. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee oiia
caaacia/aiiy aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? // Ca.iaoe.i?aoeue:
«Iaoeia? caienee ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo».- Iieoaaa:
IAeI?,1998.-N.174-178.

8. Eenaiei E.A. Aeei?enoaiiy ?aeae A.N.Neiai?iaee a i?ioean? aeoiaii?
ae?yeueiino? nooaeaionueei? a?oie //Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue “Iaaeaaia?ea ?
ineoieia?y”.- Oa?e?a: OAeIO, 1998.-Aei. 6.-N.189-192.

9. Eenaiei E.A. I?aai?caoe?y aca?iiae?? o nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? ye oiiaa
oni?oiino? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey //Ca. iaoe.
i?aoeue “Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y” /Ca ?aae. ?.O.I?ieiiaiea.-Oa?e?a:
OAeIO, 1998.- Aei. 8.-N.67-71.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eenaiei E.A. Iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae caaacia/aiiy i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee. —
Aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? A.N.Neiai?iaee, Oa?e?a,
1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeyaeaii oa iaa?oioiaaii iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae aoaeoeaiino?
i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?.
?ic?iaeai? canaaee canoinoaaiiy oaoiieia?? eieaeoeaii? oai?/i?
ae?yeueiino? a eieaeoea? nooaeaionueei? a?oie, ye iniiao cae?eniaiiy
iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo. Caaacia/aiiy oe?e?niino?
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi? a?aeaoaa?oueny /a?ac
?icaoaeiao aca?iica’yce?a nooaeaionueei? a?oie oa caaaeueiiai eieaeoeao
aoco, o/i?anueeeo eieaeoea?a. I?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeaeaa?oueny o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee cae?eniaiiy
i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionuee?e a?oi?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: nooaeaionueea a?oia, iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae, eieaeoeaia
oai?/a ae?yeuei?noue, i?ioan?eii i???ioiaaia aeoiaia ?iaioa,
oe?e?ni?noue, aoaie iniaeno?nii-ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo, eo?aoi?.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eunaiei E.A. Iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey iaania/aiey i?ioanneiiaeueii
i?eaioe?iaaiiie ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou a nooaeai/aneie a?oiia. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee.-
Ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie A.N.Neiai?iaeu,
Oa?ueeia, 1998.

A ?aaioa auyaeaiu e iainiiaaiu iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey yooaeoeaiinoe
i?ioanneiiaeueii i?eaioe?iaaiiie ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou a nooaeai/aneie
a?oiia. ?ac?aaioaiu iniiau i?eiaiaiey oaoiieiaee eieeaeoeaiie oai?/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe a eieeaeoeaa nooaeai/aneie a?oiiu, eae ooiaeaiaioa
?aaeecaoeee ee/iinoii-aeayoaeueiinoiiai iiaeoiaea. Oeaeinoiinoue
i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee a nooaeai/aneie a?oiia iaania/eaaaony
iooai onoaiiaeaiey naycae nooaeai/aneie a?oiiu, iauaai eieeaeoeaa aoca,
o/aie/aneeo eieeaeoeaia. I?aeoe/aneay ?aaeecaoeey ?acoeueoaoia
enneaaeiaaiey iaoea io?aaeaiea a ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeeee inouanoaeaiey
i?ioanneiiaeueii i?eaioe?iaaiiie ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou a nooaeai/aneie
a?oiia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nooaeai/aneay a?oiia, iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey,
eieeaeoeaiay oai?/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue, i?ioanneiiaeueii
i?eaioe?iaaiiay ainieoaoaeueiay ?aaioa, oeaeinoiinoue, aoaiu
ee/iinoii-aeayoaeueiinoiiai iiaeoiaea, eo?aoi?.

Annotation

Lysenko L.V. Pedagogical conditions of professionally biased extramural
educational activity in a student group.

Thesis presented is a manuscript for the candidate’s degree in
Pedagogics: speciality 13.00.01 – Theory & History of Education. The
State Pedagogic University named after G.S.Skovoroda, Kharkiv, 1998.

This thesis exposes and substantiates pedagogical conditions of
efficiency of the professionally biased educational activity of student
groups. The basis of application of the technology of collective
creative activity in the collective of a student group has been worked
out. The collective creative activity serves as a basis to implement
person-activity approach. The entity of the teachers’ training process
in a student group is provided via the development of its mutual links
with the general collective of the University and various school
collectives. Practical fulfilment of the thesis results reflects in
methods to provide the realization of professionally biased extramural
educational activity of student groups.

Key words: student group, pedagogical conditions, collective creative
activity, professionally biased extramural educational activity, entity,
stages of personal-activity approach, tutor.

Похожие записи