3

3

EI?IAIA?AAeNUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeAAIAI*IEE OIIAA?NEOAO

IIAII AIEIAeEIE?A AEIIE*AIEA

*A?IEOAIEI I?eia Aiaoiei?aia

OAeE 371 (092)

IAAeAAIAI*IA AeIssEUeIINOUe OA NIAAeUEIA

I.?.CAAAAeNUeEIAI

13.00.01 — oai?iy oa inoi?iy iaaeaaiaiee

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiai/ieo iaoe

Ei?iaia?aae – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iaaeaaia?ee a E??iaia?aaenueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?n?oao? ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aeiie/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?,

AANEEAIEI Aieiaeeie?
A?eaae?eiae/,

Cioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo

«Iaaeaaia?/ia aeaaeai?y»
(i.E??iaia?aae),

?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio

AII Oe?a?ie,
i?ioani?,

AOOAIEI Aieiaeeie?
A?eai?iae/,

Oa?niinueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

?inoeooo, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee

— eaiaeeeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio,

A?O?ssE Aiaoie?e Ieeeoiae/,

Aea?aeaaia eueioia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?iicaiieo iia

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?cia?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee

?inoeooo, eaoaae?a
iaaeaaia?ee,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie,

i.?cia?e

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «25» a?oaeiy 1998 p. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 23.053.01 o E??iaia?aaenueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aeiie/aiea ca
aae?anith: 316050, i.E??iaia?aae, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 1, cae can?aeaiue.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? E??iaia?aaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aeiie/aiea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «25» eenoiiaaea 1998 p.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Caaei?iaeia I.I

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue i?iaeaie. Neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
iaoeiiiaeueiiai aiae?iaeaeaiiy ? noai?aiiy iiai? nenoaie inaioe, a
iniiao yei? aoaeooue iieeaaeaii o?aaeeoei? ia?iaeo, aeinyaiaiiy
aio/eciyii? oeiee oa iaaeaaiai/ii? iaoee ca aanue ia?iiae neeaaeii?
inoi?i? Oe?a?ie. Oeiea ? iaaiae?eaiith aiae canaae iaaeaaiai/ii? aeoiee,
?? ?icaeoie iaiiaeeeaee aac aeeaieiai e nenoaiaoe/iiai aea/aiiy
iiia?aaeiueiai aeinaiaeo.

No/aniee ia?iiae noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, aiae?iaeaeaiiy
aeooiaieo iaeaaeia i oeiiiinoae oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iiiaeaiiyi iioa?ano
aei aea/aiiy inoi?i? iaoeiiiaeueii? iaaeaaiaiee, aeeooy oa aeiyeueiinoi
aeaeaoieo aeiy/ia inaioe, iiaia yeeo aoee iacaneoaeaii caaooi.

Ca inoaiii ?iee oe?a?inueea iaaeaaiai/ia iaoea caaaaoeeany iiaeie
ciinoiaieie aeineiaeaeaiiyie. Aio/eciyii inoi?eee iaaeaaiaiee aaaaoi
c?iaeee aeey aea/aiiy iiaeyaeia i niaaeueie O.Ae.Ae/aanueei?, A.Aauaiea,
I.I.Ei?oa, I.?.Ie?iaiaa, N.O.?oniai?, A.N.Neiai?iaee oa iioeo aeaeaoieo
aeiy/ia inaioe. Iacaaaeath/e ia oea, caeeoa?oueny iaeiaeineiaeaeaiei
aeeooy e aeiyeueiinoue ua aaaaoueio a?aeiieo oe?a?inueeeo iaaeaaiaia.
Iaeiei ic ieo ? Ieoaeei ?iioeiae/ Caaaaenueeee (1848-1926) — aee?aeoi?
?eenaaaoa?aaenueeiai cainueeiai ?aaeueiiai o/eeeua, iiia/eoaeue
Eaaeacueeiai iaa/aeueiiai ie?oao, naiaoi?, yeee i?enayoea ona nai?
aeeooy i?aeoe/iie i oai?aoe/iie iaaeaaiai/iie aeiyeueiinoi.

Ia?iiae eiioey OIO-ii/aoeo OO noieiooy — /an aeoeaicaoei?
iaoeiiiaeueii-aecaieueiiai ?ooo a Oe?a?ii, ca?iaeaeaiiy iiaeo
aeaiie?aoe/ieo iaeae o noniieueiie aeoioei, iia’ycaiee c iiaiaie
aeaeaoieo oe?a?inueeeo aeiy/ia iaaeaaiaiee O.Ae.Ae/aanueei?,
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, N.I.Eiaae?aa, I.I.Ei?oa, I.?.Ie?iaiaa,
E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai. Iiaeaioiaeaia e i?iaaaeaia oiaei ?aoi?ia ii/aoeiai? i
na?aaeiuei? inaioe caeeaea iniiae iiiaeaii? nenoaie inaioe oa iiceoeaieo
ciii o iie. No/ania oeiea oaeiae noi?oue ia ii?ici aeiei?iiieo ciii. O
aea/aiii oa a?aooaaiii aeinaiaeo ieioeiai — caii?oea oniioiiai ?o
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

O iaoiio aeineiaeaeaiii aia?oa ?icaeyaea?oueny iaaeaaiai/ia
aeiyeueiinoue I.?.Caaaaenueeiai, eiai iaaeaaiai/ii iiaeyaee, ui ia aoee
?aiioa i?aaeiaoii niaoeiaeueiiai iaoeiaiai aeineiaeaeaiiy. Ii’y Ieoaeea
?iioeiae/a Caaaaenueeiai eeoa caaaeoaaeinue o aeiaiaeeiaeo aeaeaiiyo:
«Aioeeeeiiaaee/iiio neiaieeo» O.I.A?ieaaoca e I.A.Ao?iia oa a
Iaaeaaia?/i?e aioeeeeiiaae??. I?enay/ai? eiio noaoo? A.Ainueei oa
I.*oaeiiaa aoee iaae?oeiaaii? o 1993 ?ioe?.

Ia iiia?aaeiueiio aoaii aeineiaeaeaiiy oeyoii iiaioaaiiy a?oiaieo
iaoa?iaeia, aei?aaiethoeieii? eioa?aoo?e oa ia?iiaeeee iai aaeaeiny
iiaiinoth aiaeiiaeoe o?iiieiaith aeeooy i iaaeaaiai/ii? aeiyeueiinoi
I.?.Caaaaenueeiai. Oia?oa aoea neeaaeaia iiaia aiia?aoiy oeueiai
a?aeiiiai aeiy/a inaioe eiioey OIO – ii/aoeo OO noieiooy.

O aeena?oaoei? aia?oa ?icaeyiooi iaaeaaia?/i? iiaeyaee
I.?.Caaaaenueeiai, eiai ?icoiiiiy iaeaaaeeeaioeo i?iaeai aeeaeaeoeee
e oai?i? aeoiaaiiy; ?ice?eaa?oueny eiai ?ieue ye i?inaioeoaey ?
iiioey?ecaoi?a i?ia?aneaieo iaaeaaiai/ieo iaeae, ?aoi?iaoi?a, yeee
aaciina?aaeiuei ?ic?iaea aieueo iiae 20 caeiiii?iaeoia c ?aoi?ie nenoaie
inaioe. Nie?ath/enue ia aeinyaiaiiy i?ia?aneaieo iaaeaaiaia ieioeiai i
nai?o no/anieeia, ocaaaeueithth/e aeaniee aaaaoee aeinaiae i?aeoe/ii?
?iaioe, I.?.Caaaaenueeee niieeai e i?eaiiaeueii ?ica’ycoaaa neeaaeii
i?iaeaie iaa/aiiy i aeoiaaiiy aeioae oa aei?ineeo.

Eaaaea? onio aeueo i?aeaiia, naiaoi?, iiia/eoaeue Eaaeacueeiai
iaa/aeueiiai ie?oao, oa?iiee ?aaeiee, aee?aeoi? eieueeio iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeia Oe?a?ie i ?ini?, I.?.Caaaaenueeee ona aeeooy caeeoaany
ia?aaeianii ia?iaeiei o/eoaeai o iaeaeuiio ?icoiiiii oeueiai caaiiy. O
eiai aeeooi oa aeiyeueiinoi ciaeoee yne?aaa aiaeia?aaeaiiy iaee?aui
?ene, i?eoaiaiii ia?aaeiaiio aeaiie?aoe/iiio a/eoaeuenoao oiai /ano.

Iaaeaaiai/ia niaaeueia I.?.Caaaaenueeiai cia/ia i aaaaoia?aiia. Ia
aeaeue, ia ani eiai oai?e caa?aaeeny, aea i c oiai, ui iai aaeaeiny
?icooeaoe, aeaeii, yeith ?iciiai/iith aoea eiai aeiyeueiinoue. Eiai ia?o
iaeaaeaoue aeanyoee noaoae o ?icieo aeo?iaeao i aacaoao oiai /ano,
iiae?o/ieee ?inienueei? iiae ? neiaaniinoi, aoeaa?i aaoacueei? oa
iiia?aeuenueei? iia, oee?eoey?e uiaei ea?iaieoeoaa Eaaeacueeei
iaa/aeueiei ie?oaii.

I.?.Caaaaenueeee c?iaea cia/iee aianie ? a ?icaeoie iaaeaaiai/ii? i?ane.
Aii aeaeaaaa o iiaioiaiio iinoi ?eenaaaoa?aaei ia?oee a Oe?a?ii
iacaeaaeiee aiae Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe aeo?iae «Iaaeaaiai/iee ainiee», ia
noi?iieao yeiai aenooieei aaaaoi aeaeaoieo a?iiaaenueeeo aeiy/ia i
iaaeaaiaia oiai /ano. O noaooyo aeo?iaeo i?iiaaoaaeeny i?ia?aneaii
iaea?, noaaeeeny aaaeeeai aeey oeieueii? i?aeoeee ieoaiiy.

Iaeiei ?c aeaea?ae iaaeaaiai/ii? oai?/inoi aeey I.?.Caaaaenueeiai aoea
eeane/ia niaaeueia iaaeaaiaia ieioeiai. Aii oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaa i
?icaeaaa ia?aaeiai iaaeaaiai/ii iaea?, ui aoee aeeeaaeaii a i?aoeyo
ss.A.Eiiainueeiai, AE.-AE.?onni, E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai, I.I.Ie?iaiaa,
I.I.Ei?oa, O.A.Oaa/aiea, A.I.A?eai?iae/a. O nai?o noaooyo aii /anoi
caa?oaany aei ieo, oai?/i ?icaeaaa, ciaeiiea c ieie oe?iei eiea
iaaeaaiaia i aaoueeia.

I.?.Caaaaenueeee caaaeaee caeeeeaa aei oiea?aioiinoi oa ae?oaeae iiae
ia?iaeaie. Ia?iaeeaoenue a Oe?a?ii, iaea?aeaaoe inaioo oa
i?ii?aoethaaaoe ooo aaaaoi ?ieia, aii aei eiioey aeeooy caeeoaany ai?iei
neiii nai?? Aaoueeiaueie. Anoia?a/ onii oeacai i caai?iiai, aii aenooiaa
ca aaaaeaiiy ?iaeii? oe?a?inueei? iiae a oeieao, ca iaiaoiaeiinoue
o?aooaaiiy a iieioeoei Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe iinoeaaeo oiia oa iio?aa.
Iiae /an ?iaioe ia Eaaeaci I.?.Caaaaenueeee c iaaaeyeei ?ioa?anii aea/aa
oa iienoaaa cae/a? i o?aaeeoei? eaaeacueeeo ia?iaeia, aeineiiaei
aieiaeith/e eieueeiia iinoeaaeie iiaaie, noai?thaaa aeey ieo aoeaa?i,
aia i?inaioieoeueeo ?iaioo.

Ieoaeei ?iioeiae/ Caaaaenueeee i?ii?aoethaaa o nenoaii inaioe iiiaae
40 ?ieia, aei inoaiiio aeiia caeeoath/enue iaaoiiiei o?oaeiaieeii. I?ioa
aii caaaeaee iiaee?anethaaa: «I?aoey onio ian ia ? iiaeaea, aa?ienoai, a
iio?aaa iaoa».

Aeooaeueiinoue iniiaieo iieiaeaiue iaaeaaiai/ii? niaaeueie
I.?.Caaaaenueeiai i aiaenooiinoue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo
?c aeeooyi oa aeiyeueiinoth aeaeaoiiai iaaeaaiaa, coiiaeee aeai? oaie
aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy: «Iaaeaaiai/ia aeiyeueiinoue i niaaeueia
I.?.Caaaaenueeiai».

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy: iaoeiai-iaaeaaiai/ii oai?e I.?.Caaaaenueeiai oa
eiai iaaeaaiai/ia aeiyeueiinoue.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy: iaaeaaiai/ia eiioeaioeiy ?icaeoeo na?aaeiuei?
inaioe, noi?ioeueiaaia a iniiaieo i?aoeyo iaaeaaiaa.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: aecia/eoe iinoea iaaeaaiai/ii? niaaeueie
I.?.Caaaaenueeiai a inoi?i? iaaeaaiai/ii? aeoiee a Oe?a?ii, eiai aianie
o ?icaeoie oai?i? i i?aeoeee inaioe e aeoiaaiiy, iaiioeoe oeyoe oai?/iai
canoinoaaiiy eiai iaeae o no/aniie oeiei.

C iaeyaeo ia iaoo aeineiaeaeaiiy iaie iinoaaeaii oaei caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Anoaiiaeoe iaaiaeiii aoaie oa c?iaeoe iiaio o?iiieia?th iaaeaaiai/ii?
aeiyeueiinoi I.?.Caaaaenueeiai.

2. I?iaiaeicoaaoe aeinaiae ?iaioe I.?.Caaaaenueeiai a ?eenaaaoa?aaei oa
eiai aieea ia iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaaeaaiai/ii? aeoiee a ?aaiiii.

3. Ie?aneeoe iniiaii iieiaeaiiy iaaeaaiai/ieo iiaeyaeia
I.?.Caaaaenueeiai, nenoaiaoecoaaoe ?o ia iniiai iaoeiaiai aiaeico i
iieacaoe i?ia?aneaiee oa?aeoa?.

4. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c oai?/iai aeei?enoaiiy ?aeae
I.?.Caaaaenueeiai a oiiaao no/anii? oeiee.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeineiaeaeaiiy ? iieiaeaiiy oai?i? iiciaiiy;
eiioeaioeiy ?icaeoeo ethaeeie; iieiaeaiiy i?i ia’?eoeaii-caeiiiii?iee
oa?aeoa? noniieueieo yaeu; aeiaeaeoe/ii i?eioeeie aca?iica’yceo oa
aca?iicaeaaeiinoi, iieiaeaiiy i?i eiie?aoii-inoi?e/iee iiaeo?ae aei
aea/aiiy iaaeaaiai/ieo yaeu.

Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeineiaeaeaiiy noaee i?aoei c i?iaeai oai??? oa
?noi??? iaaeaaia?ee aeaeaoieo iaaeaaiaia, ineoieia?a, inoi?eeia,
oieinioia.

Iinoaaeaii caaaeaiiy ?ica’ycoaaeeny ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeno iaoiae?a
iaoeiai-iaaeaaiai/iiai aeineiaeaeaiiy:

— aea/aiiy e aiaeic iaienaieo I.?.Caaaaenueeei iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo
i?aoeue, iiae?o/ieeia, aacaoieo noaoae iaaeaaiai/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee;

— iiaioaaiiy a?oiaieo iaoa?iaeia;

— aiaeic iaeae I.?.Caaaaenueeiai c iiceoeie no/anii? oieinionueei?,
iaaeaaiai/ii? oa ineoieiai/ii? iaoee;

— iaoiae iaoeiai? ?aeiino?oeoei? ie?aieo iieiaeaiue iaaeaaiai/ii?
niaaeueie iaaeaaiaa;

— aea/aiiy oa inoi?eei-iaaeaaiai/iee aiaeic niaaeueie aeaeaoieo
iaaeaaiaia ieioeiai: O.Ae.Ae/aanueei?, A.?.Aiaeiaiciaa,
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I.I.Ei?oa, E.A.Ianoaeioeoe?, I.?.Ie?iaiaa,
A.ss.Noithi?ia, E.I.Oienoiai, E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai a aniaeoi
aeineiaeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie.

Iniiai? aeaea?aea aeine?aeaeaiiy: noaooi iaaeaaiai/iiai ciinoo
I.?.Caaaaenueeiai, iaae?oeiaaii a aeo?iaei «Iaaeaaiai/iee ainiee»
(Ei?iaia?aaenueea iaeania iaoeiaa aiaeiioaea ii. Ae.*eaeaanueeiai);
a?oiaii iaoa?iaee Iiia?aoi?nueeiai Iiai?inienueeiai oiiaa?neoaoo
(iaeaniee inoi?e/iee a?oia i.Iaeane); a?oiaii iaoa?iaee
?eenaaaoa?aaenueeiai cainueeiai ?aaeueiiai o/eeeua (iaeaniee a?oia
i.Ei?iaia?aaea); iiae?o/ieee i noaooi I.?.Caaaaenueeiai, iaienaii iiae
/an ?iaioe ia Eaaeaci (Ioaei/ia aiaeiioaea ?i. I.?.Naeoeeiaa-Uaae?iia
i.Naieo-Iaoa?ao?aa); aeieoiaioe c inoi?i? naiaoo i caeiiii?iaeoe c
?aoi?ie ii/aoeiai? oa na?aaeiuei? oeiee (Oeaio?aeueiee aea?aeaaiee
?noi?e/iee a?oia ?ini? a i.Naieo-Iaoa?ao?ci); iaoa?iaee iniaenoiai
a?oiao I.?.Caaaaenueeiai (Ei?iaia?aaenueeee e?a?ciaa/ee iocae);
iaoa?iaee c inoi?i? iaaeaaiaiee eiioey OIO — ii/aoeo OO noieiooy
(Oeaio?aeueia iaoeiaa aiaeiioaea ii.A.I.Aa?iaaenueeiai, i.Ee?a).

Aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue o 1991 — 1998 ??. o aeaa aoaie.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? (1991-1994??.) oai?aoe/ii inienethaaeanue i?iaeaia,
aecia/aeenue i?aaeiao, ia’?eo aeineiaeaeaiiy, eiai iaoa i caaaeaiiy;
aea/aeanue inoi?e/ia i iaaeaaiai/ia eioa?aoo?a, aiany iiooe a?oiaieo
iaoa?iaeia oa aeieoiaioia, i?iaiaeeany aiaeiia?aoi/iee iiooe; cae?aany
oaeoe/iee iaoa?iae; aiaeaoaaeany nenoaiaoecaoeiy i ia?aeiia
ii?aoethaaiiy iaea?aeaieo aeaieo.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? (1995-1998??.) iiaeeaeaii aea/aeenue, aiaeicoaaeeny
ciaeaeaii aeieoiaioe oa iaoa?iaee; ocaaaeueithaaeenue ?acoeueoaoe
aeineiaeaeaiiy; oi?ioethaaeeny aeniiaee; aea/aeenue iiaeeeainoi e oeyoe
canoinoaaiiy iaeaieueo i?iaeoeoeaieo iaeae o no/anieo oiiaao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui o iueiio
aia?oa caeieniaii ni?iao nenoaiaoecaoei? i anaai/iiai aiaeico
iaaeaaiai/ii? niaaeueie I.?.Caaaaenueeiai, ?ice?eoi iniiaii iieiaeaiiy
eiai aaoi?nueei? eiioeaioei? ?icaeoeo na?aaeiuei? oeiee, iieacaii
?icoiiiiy I.?.Caaaaenueeei iaeaaeo aa?iiiieii? iniaenoinoi, niinia?a oa
oiia ?? oi?ioaaiiy, aecia/aii i?noea oai?/i? niaaeueie I.?.Caaaaenueeiai
a ?noi??? iaaeaaia?/ii? aeoiee a Oe?a?i?.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy: o iaoeiaee iaia aaaaeaii /eneaiii
iiai a?oiaii aeieoiaioe i iaoa?iaee i?i aeiyeueiinoue I.?.Caaaaenueeiai,
i?i ?icaeoie inaioe a Oe?a?ii iai?eeiioei OIO — ia ii/aoeo OO noieiooy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iiaeeeainoi canoinoaaiiy
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia o aeeeaaeaiii eo?no inoi?i? iaaeaaia?ee Oe?a?ie,
i?e aeaeaiii iaa/aeueieo iiniaieeia, o i?ioeani iiaeaioiaee a/eoaeia,
i?e i?iaaaeaiii c o/iyie e nooaeaioaie eioa?aoo?ii-e?a?ciaa/i? oa
eoeueoo?ii-i?inaioieoeueei? ?iaioe.

A??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a i iniiaieo aeniiaeia caaacia/o?oueny
aeei?enoaiiyi aca?iica’ycaieo iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy, aaeaeaaoieo eiai
i?aaeiaoo, iao? i caaaeaiiyi, iaoeiai-iaaeaaiai/iei aiaeicii cia/ii?
eieueeinoi a?oiaieo aeieoiaioia i iaoa?iaeia, eioa?aoo?ieo oa iioeo
aeaea?ae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oiae i
?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy aeiiiaiaeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia
iiaeia?iaeieo i anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioeiyo:
«No?oeoo?a inaioe a ?aaiiii: i?iaeaie iioeiicaoei?» (i.Oa?eia, 1996?.);
«Aeooaeueii i?iaeaie aoiaiioa?ieo iaoe oa ?o iioi?iaoeieia caaacia/aiiy»
(i.Oa?eia, 1997 ?.); «Iiai oaoiieiai? iaa/aiiy: i?iaeaie, iiooee,
ciaoiaeee» (i.Eueaia, 1997?.), ae?oeoaaeeny o cai?ieeao oac aeiiiaiaeae
oeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioeie. Aaoi? ?aaoey?ii iiaiaeiieya i?i
?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy ia caniaeaiiyo eaoaae?e iaaeaaiaiee
Ei?iaia?aaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaiai/iiai oiiaa?nenoaoo iiai?
Aieiaeeie?a Aeiie/aiea.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy ciaeoee aiaeia?aaeaiiy o ioaeieaoeiyo ia
noi?iieao aeo?iaeia «?iaeia oeiea», «Iaaeaaiaiea i ineoieiaiy
i?ioanieii? inaioe», «Ia?niiae», «Iaaeaaiaiea i ineoieiaiy».

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoeiy (179n.) neeaaea?oueny ic anooio,
aeaio ?icaeieia, aeniiaeia i nieneo aeei?enoaii? eioa?aoo?e (244
aeaea?aea).

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooii iiaeaii caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo aeineiaeaeaiiy,
iaa?oioiaothoueny eiai aeooaeueiinoue, nooiiiue ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie a
inoi?eei-iaaeaaiai/iie eioa?aoo?i, aecia/athoueny iaoa, ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao, caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy, ?icaeyaeathoueny iniiaii aoaie i
iaoiaee ?iaioe, ?ice?eaathoueny iaoeiaa iiaecia i i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
aeineiaeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «AEeooy i iaaeaaiai/ia aeiyeueiinoue
I.?.Caaaaenueeiai» aea?oueny iiaiee iien aeeooy I.?.Caaaaenueeiai,
i?iaiaeiciaaii eiai aeiyeueiinoue ye iaaeaaiaa, aee?aeoi?a iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeia, iiniaeoi?a oa iiia/eoaey Eaaeacueeiai iaa/aeueiiai ie?oao,
naiaoi?a. Ia iniiai aiaeico cia/iiai ianeao oaeoe/iiai iaoa?iaeo
iieacaii aianie I.?.Caaaaenueeiai a ?icaeoie iaaeaaiai/ii? oai?i? i
i?aeoeee a Oe?a?ii oa ?ini? iai?eeiioei OIO — ia ii/aoeo OO noieiooy.

I?ae /an ?iaioe a ?eenaaaoa?aaei I.?.Caaaaenueeee aeyaea naaa
iaaaeyeith iniaenoinoth i oaeaiiaeoei iaaeaaiaii. I?aoethth/e a iaeiiio
iaa/aeueiiio caeeaaei i?ioyaii 12 ?ieia, aii iaa iiaeeeainoue
niinoa?iaaoe iaaeaaiai/iee i?ioean ? ciiie a iueiio o i?e?iaeiiio,
iineiaeiaiiio ?icaeoeo. Ie?ii oiai, aii nai aoa o/anieeii oa
iiioeiaoi?ii oeeo ciii.

Ie ae?eoee aeniiaeo, ui I.?.Caaaaenueeee iaa aeineoue i?ea?iaeueii
iiaeyaee ia iaeaaaeeeaioi ieoaiiy iaaeaaiaiee, iinoaiiaeo o?ieo, ia
iaoiaeeeo iaa/aiiy. Ia nai?o o?ieao a?i i?aaioa caeo/eoe aei ?iaioe
aanue eean, i?eae?eya oaaao ia?o ca ana ?icaeoeo ?icoiiaeo caeiaiinoae
o/iia. I.?.Caaaaenueeee iiaee?anethaaa i?eioeeiiao aaaeeeainoue
?icoiiiiy o/iyie iaoa?iaeo aaciina?aaeiuei ia o?ioei i aenooiaa i?ioe
i?aeoeee, eiee a/eoaeue i?ney iiyniaiiy iaoa?iaeo, ia?aoiaeea aei
ianooiii? oaie, /anoi ia ia?aeiiaaoenue, /e ana, ye ne?ae, ni?eeiyee ?
caaaioee eiai o/i?.

Ona?aeiiethth/e aaaeeea?noue i?aeoe/ii? ?iaioe, I.?.Caaaaenueeee
i?aaiicoaaa i?e o/eeeui eeane iaethaaiiy, iaoai?ieiai/io noaioeith,
oi?, aenoaaee ea?oei i, ia?aooi, ia?iaeii iaaeieueii /eoaiiy. Ie?ii
iaa/aeueiiai, ?icaeaaeueiiai cia/aiiy, oei caoiaee iaee aaeeeee aieea
ia ii?aeueia aeoiaaiiy aeioae oa aei?ineeo. A oiiaao i?ia?ioe?eiiai
i?noa aoei noi?iiaaii o?aaeeoe?th ianooaaieo oai?/eo aeoe?e aeoiaiiai
oa?aeoa?o.

I.?.Caaaaenueeee aiaeaiaeea aaaeeeao ?ieue o aeoiaaiii aeioae ?iaeeii.
Naia oiio aii aeiiaaaany niieueieo coneeue ?iaeeie i oeiee a ni?aai
aeoiaaiiy, oe?ieiai caeo/aiiy ?iaeeie aei aeeooy oa aeiyeueiinoi oeie.
?iaioa aeeeaaea/ia o/eeeua c aaoueeaie aeicaieeea cia/ii caeeceoe o/iia
c o/eeeuai, iieiioeoe aeenoeeieiio oa yeinoue iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy.

Iniaeeao oaaao iaaeaaia i?eae?eya iaanoeaath/ei o/iyi, aeey ?iaioe c
yeeie aii cai?iiiioaaa oa ai?iaaaeea iiao iaoiaeeeo. I?aeoe/ii aii
ciiiea a o/eeeui anth nenoaio inieoia, ioeiithaaiiy ciaiue i eiio?ieth,
aiaeiiiea ?iciiae?e i?aaeiaoia ia aieiaii oa ae?oai?yaeii.

O oie ia?iiae aeineoue aino?i noiyei ieoaiiy i?i eeaneoeeci oa ?aaeici a
inaioi. I.?.Caaaaenueeee ?ioo/a aiaenoithaaa i?aaa ?aaeueieo o/eeeu, i a
i?aenoieo, aeiiiany cia/ii? ia?aiiae – iaaeaiiy ?eenaaaoa?aaenueeiio
o/eeeuo noaoono aea?aeaaiiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo.

I?aoethth/e ia Eaaeaci, I.?.Caaaaenueeee i?iaeiaaeoaaa aoiethaaoe a
aeeooy oeiee iaea? i?ia?aneaiii iaaeaaiaiee. Oea aoa ia?iiae aeoeaii?
i?aeoe/ii? aeiyeueiinoi ea?iaieea iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia oa anueiai
iaa/aeueiiai ie?oao. Iath/e iiaeeeainoue aaciina?aaeiuei aeei?iithaaoe
aeayei iaaeieiee a aeiyeueiinoi oeie, I.?.Caaaaenueeee aiin cia/ii,
aeoaea aaaeeeai ciiie a ?o ?iaioo.

Na?aae ieo ianaiia?aae iiaeia iacaaoe caaino?aiiy oaaae aei ieaioaaiiy
oa ?iciiaeieo iaa/aeueiiai iaoa?iaeo. Aeio?eioth/enue i?eioeeio
nenoaiaoe/iino? e iineiaeiaiinoi a iaa/aiii, I.?.Caaaaenueeee ciaia’ycaa
o/eoaeia naiai ie?oao ieaioaaoe iaoa?iae ia eiaeiee o?ie ie?aii oa ia
/aa?oue ? iaa/aeueiee ?ie o oeieiio. I?e oeueiio aii iiaee?anethaaa
iaiaoiaeiinoue /ioei? iineiaeiaiinoi aeeeaaeaiiy iaoa?iaeo oa ca’yceo
iiae o?ieaie.

I.?.Caaaaenueeee i?aeoe/ii ciiiea ciino inaioe o nai?io iaa/aeueiiio
ie?oci. Iiae eiai ea?iaieoeoaii o oeieao ii/aee oe?iei aeeeaaeaoenue
oaei i?aaeiaoe, ye i?e?iaeiciaanoai, aaia?aoiy, niiae, oice/ia
aeoiaaiiy. O aeeeaaeaiii i?e?iaeiciaanoaa oa aaia?aoi? aieiaiei noaei
aaciina?aaei? niieeoaaiiy o/iia c i?e?iaeith, a o aeeeaaeaiii oice/ii?
eoeueoo?e — o/anoue o/iia a aeoeaieo caiyooyo o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie.
Cia/ia i?noea aoei a?aeaaaeaii aeneo?niyi, i?iaoeyieai oa ia?ai.

Ca /an ?iaioe I.?.Caaaaenueeiai a ie?oci aiaee?eeanue aaeeea eieueeinoue
iiaeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia, iineiaeiaii aaeineiiaethaaeanue ?iaioa c
iieiaeeie a/eoaeyie.

Aoiethth/e ia Eaaeaci naiiaea?aeaaio iieioeeo ?oneoieaoei? ia?inienueeeo
ia?iaeia, I.?.Caaaaenueeee o oie aea /an anieyei caioi/oaaa o/eoae?a
canaithaaoe iinoeaa? iiae, caeeeeaa nie?aoeny o iaa/aiii ia iinoeaai
o?aaeeoei? oa inoi?ith, aenooiaa ca cae?eniaiiy iaa/aiiy, oi/a a ia
ii/aoeiaiio aoaii, ?iaeiith iiaith. I.?.Caaaaenueeee c?iaea cia/iee
aianie o eieaiaeaoeith iaienueiaiiino? na?aae ia?iaeia Eaaeaco,
noai?eaoe aoeaa?i aaoacueei? oa iiia?aeuenueei? iia ? iaienaaoe aaaaoi
noaoae i?i ?o a?aiaoeeo. O nai?o aeineiaeaeaiiyo aii iinoaa ni?aaaeiii
o/aiei-oieieiaii, aeey yeiai ani iiae iaeiaeiai cia/oui.

I?ioyaii inoaiiueiai aoaio iaaeaaiai/ii? aeiyeueiinoi I.?.Caaaaenueeee
iinoa? ye oai?aoee iaaeaaiaiee. Acyaoe o/anoue o ?ic?iaoei aaaaoueio
caeiiii?iaeoia c ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie inaioe, aii noi?ioethaaa naith,
aeineoue i?ia?aneaio iaaeaaiai/io eiioeaioeith ?icaeoeo ii/aoeiai? oa
na?aaeiuei? oeiee, a yeie ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy i?i ciino iaa/aiiy, oeie
oeie, ?o aca?iica’ycie ? niaaeei?iiinoue, i?i ?ieue o/eoaey a
iaaeaaiai/iiio i?ioeani, o?ie ? iaoiaeeeo eiai i?iaaaeaiiy, aeiii/o
inaioo oa aaaaoi iioeo.

A iniiao eiioeaioei? ?icaeoeo na?aaeiuei? oeiee I.?.Caaaaenueeiai
iieeaaeaii oaei aieiai? i?eioeeie:

— aeinooiiinoue na?aaeiuei? inaioe oe?ieei aa?noaai ianaeaiiy;

— iineiaeiaiinoue ? niaaeei?iiinoue oe?e onio oeiia;

— ?icoe?aiiy ciinoo iaa/aiiy oa iaa/aeueieo ieaiia oeie;

— iaeaaeiee aaeain iiae eeane/iith, ?aaeueiith e caaaeueiith inaioith;

— iaa/aiiy ?iaeiith iiaith;

— niieueia iaa/aiiy oeii/eeia oa aeia/aoie;

— o/anoue cainoa, a?iiaaenueeeo i?aaiicaoeie ? i?eaaoieo inia o
aiaee?eooi e oi?aaeiiii oeieaie.

Oiiaaie aoieaiiy oeeo i?eioeeiia aoee:

— anoaiiaeaiiy aaciina?aaeiueiai ca’yceo iiae ii/aoeiaith,
na?aaeiueith oa aeuith ina?oith;

— aiaee?eooy aeinoaoiuei? eieueeinoi na?aaeiio oeie i ?iaiiii?ia ?o
?ici?uaiiy ii ?aa?iiao e?a?ie;

— noai?aiiy oaeiai oeio na?aaeiueiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo, aiaee?eooy
oa oo?eiaiiy yeiai iiaei aooe aeinooiiei iaaaeeeei iinoai ? iaaioue
naeai;

— iaaeaiiy yeiiiaa oe?oeo i?aa ia o/anoue o aeeooi e aeiyeueiinoi
na?aaeiio oeie iinoeaaei i?aaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, noniieuenoao oa
aaoueeai o/iia a iniai ia?aieo ieie i?aaenoaaieeia, yei aoiaeeee a aei
neeaaeo iiia/eoaeuenueei? ? iaaeaaiai/ii? ?aae c i?aaii ae?ioaeueiiai
aieino;

— niaoeiaeueia iiaeaioiaea a/eoaeia oa iaaeaiiy ?i e?auiai
iaoa?iaeueiiai e i?aaiaiai noaoono;

— neanoaaiiy /e oi/a a iii’yeoaiiy aaeiiiino?aoeaiiai ?aaeeio
oeieueiiai aeeooy ye o noinoieao aeuiai ia/aeuenoaa c iiaeeaaeeie, oae i
o noinoieao aeoiaaoaeia e aeoiaaioeia;

— aeiei?iiia ciiia nooiai noieanoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o aeeeaaeaiiy ia aieueo
aeoeaia, yea aiaeiiaiaea? aieo oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei iniaeeainoyi o/iia;

— noai?aiiy iiaiai iaa/aeueiiai ieaio e i?ia?ai c onio i?aaeiaoia
caiaeii c iio?aaaie aeeooy oa nooiaiai ?icaeoeo aeooiaieo ? oice/ieo nee
eiaeiiai eeano e aieiai? a?oie.

Iiney cai?iaaaeaeaiiy caeiiii?iaeoia noaia na?aaeiuei? oa aeui? inaioe
aoea oaeith:

a) /ioe?e?i/iee eo?n ii/aoeiai? oeiee oa a?aeiia?aeiee eiio aecaiai;

a) /ioe?e??/iee eo?n aeui? ii/aoeiai? oeiee aai aecaiai ia ciaiiy
oeueiai eo?no;

a) /ioe?e??/ia caaaeueiiina?oiy oeiea;

a) aeuee iaa/aeueiee caeeaae.

Oni nooiaii aoee aca?iiiia’ycaii oa aeoiaeeee iaeei c ?ioiai.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoei? «Iaaeaaiai/ii iiaeyaee
I.?.Caaaaenueeiai» i?aeaeathoueny aiae?co iniiaii iaea? iaaeaaiaa a
aaeoc? oai?i? iaa/aiiy i aeoiaaiiy.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? iiaeaii aiae?c o?einionueeeo, aoe/ieo oa ?ae?a?eieo
iniia iaaeaaia?/ieo iiaeyae?a I.?.Caaaaenueeiai, i?iaiae?ciaaii oaeoi?e
oi?ioaaiiy eiai iniaenoino?, iieacaii ?icoi?iiy iaaeaaiaii oaeeo
ieoaiue, ye ina?oa ? a?iiaaenuee?noue, iie?oecaoe?y ina?oe, i??i?eoao
aeooiaiiai o aeoiaaii? aeeoeie.

Iniiaieie ?enaie aoe/ieo ia?aeiiaiue I.?.Caaaaenueeiai iiaeia iacaaoe
iiaaao aei iniaenoino?, ethaia aei ethaeae, ue??noue, ethaeyi?noue,
/ani?noue, ethaia aei i?aoe?. Ca nai?ie iie?oe/ieie iiaeyaeaie a?i
iaeaaeaa aei oa/?? ao?aeoaciiai e?aa?ae?cio, yea aeciaaaea ?aeath
i?ina?oieoeoaa ia?iaeo ? i?aeiyooy eiai eoeueoo?iiai ??aiy iaei??th c
iniiaieo oe?eae aea?aeaae.

O ieoaiiyo iioe?aiiy ina?oe, ?? no?oeoo?e, caaaeaiue oeiee, noaaeaiiy
aei ae?iee I.?.Caaaaenueeee caeiaa aeaiie?aoe/i? iiceoe??. Iniiaith eiai
iaaeaaia?/ii? nenoaie aoea ?aeay ia?iaeiino?. Iaaeaaia iiae?eya oi/eo
ci?o E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai i?i oa, ui eiaeiee ia?iae noai?th? naith oeieo
a?aeiia?aeii aei nai?? ?noi??? ? o?aaeeoe?e.

O nai?io aeine?aeaeaii? iai aaeaeiny aeiaanoe, ui iaaeaaia?/i? iiaeyaee
I.?.Caaaaenueeiai iaee ia?aaaaeii i?ia?aneaiee oa?aeoa? ? aoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiyi iniiaieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo iaaeaaia?/ii? aeoiee
eiioey OIO — ii/aoeo OO coieiooy.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? iaie i?iaiae?ciaai? iaaeaaia?/i? iiaeyaee
iaaeaaiaa. Aeey I.?.Caaaaenueeiai inaioa — iaeia c iaeaaaeeeaioeo yaeu
aeeooy noniieuenoaa, ui aeeiio? ooieoei? caaacia/aiiy i?ia?aneaiiai
?icaeoeo e?a?ie. Caaaeaiiyi oeiee aii aaaaeaa yeiaeoe?oa
?iciianthaeaeaiiy inaioe, ?icaeoie ethaenueei? iniaenoinoi, aeoiaaiiy
ii?aei. I.?.Caaaaenueeee aeiaaaa aeiiiaiaiiy ciinoo inaioe iiaeie
iaa/aeueieie i?aaeiaoaie — i?e?iaeiciaanoaii, aaia?aoi?th, inoi?i?th,
?o/iith i?aoeath, oice/iei aeoiaaiiyi, niiaaie, i?iiiioth/e oaeei /eiii
yeinii iie?ioeoe inaioo e ?aaeicoaaoe a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioeani
ia?iaeii? oeiee ?? iaa/aeueio ? aeoiaio ooieoei?.

Oeaio?ii onueiai iaaeaaiai/iiai i?ioeano I.?.Caaaaenueeee aaaaeaa
o/eoaey. Ia eiai aeoieo, aeiyeueiinoue oeiee caeaaeeoue a iniiaiiio aiae
aeiai?o a/eoaeia. I.?.Caaaaenueeee aecia/ea ?yae aeiia aei iniaenoinoi
a/eoaey, iaaieiooth/e ia oeo yeinoyo, yei iiaeiii aooe i?eoaiaiii
ni?aaaeiueiio iaaeaaiao. Oea, ia?aaeonii, ethaia aei aeioae, aei nai??
ni?aae, aei Aio/ecie. Iioii — aeniea ii?aeueiinoue, oaeoiaiinoue,
iiioeiaoeaiinoue oa ni?eea?noue ieneaiiy. I.?.Caaaaenueeee ai?iany ca
iiaeaeuaiiy noaoono a/eoaey a noniieuenoai, iaaeaiiy eiio iaiaoiaeieo
i?aa ? naiaiae.

Cia/io oaaao i?eaeieya I.?.Caaaaenueeee iiaeaioiaoei a/eoaeia,
iiaeo?eioaaa iaeath aiaee?eooy c oei?th iaoith niaoeiaeueieo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeia, aeiaiaeea iaiaoiaeiinoue a?oioiaii? oai?aoe/ii? i
i?aeoe/ii? iiaeaioiaee aei oei?? noniieueii aaaeeeai? i?ioanieii?
aeiyeueiinoi. ?ic?iaeyth/e caeiiii?iaeoe c oeueiai ieoaiiy,
I.?.Caaaaenueeee aaaaoi c?iaea aeey ?icaeoeo ia?aaei iaaeaaiai/ieo
iinoeoooia o e?a?ii.

Iniaeeao oaaao I.?.Caaaaenueeee caa?oaa ia iaiaoiaeiinoue aaeineiiaeaiiy
iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai, aenooiath/e ca ii?aeiaiiy a ieo i?e?iaeiciaa/eo i
aoiaiioa?ieo i?aaeiaoia, iiaee?anethth/e, ui oeiea iiaeiia ica?ithaaoe
o/iia iaiaoiaeieie aeey iiaeaeueoiai aeeooy ciaiiyie i aiaeii/an
?icaeaaoe o/iia, oi?ioaaoe aaco aeey i?aaeeueiiai naioini?eeiyooy.

Oaie?aaa I.?.Caaaaenueeee ? ca ?iaiii?aaiinoue eeane/iiai i ?aaeueiiai
iai?yieia a inaioi. Aii aiin aaaaoi eiie?aoieo i?iiiceoeie aeey
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ia?ai. I?aoethth/e a naiaoi, iaaeaaia iniaenoi a?aa
o/anoue o ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?ai ?aeeii? ii/aoeiai? oa na?aaeiuei?
caaaeueiiinaioiuei? oeiee.

I.?.Caaaaenueeee, ?icaeaath/e aeeaeaeoe/ii iaea? E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai,
I.I.Ie?iaiaa, E.I.Oienoiai, I.I.Ei?oa, caeeeeaa i?aaiiciaoaaoe iaa/aiiy
ia iniiai a?aooaaiiy aieiaeo i ineoieiai/ieo iniaeeainoae aeioae,
iniaeeainoae ?o ?icoiiaiai neeaaeo. A?i aoa oiaaiaiee o oiio, ui inaioa
iiaeiia ia?aaeaa/aoe iaieiae?iiy aeeoo?ai iaiao?aeieie aiiiiyie oa
iaae/eaie, a/eoe aeoeaiiai canoinoaaiiy iaaooeo ciaiue ia i?aeoeoei.

Ia aeoieo iaaeaaiaa, i?ioean iaa/aiiy aoaeo?oueny ca oaeeie iniiaieie
i?eioeeiaie:

— ni?yiiaaiino? iaa/aiiy ia anaai/iee ?icaeoie iniaenoinoi;

— ?aeiino? iaa/aiiy i aeoiaaiiy;

— a?aooaaiiy aieiaeo oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae o/iia o i?ioeani
iaa/aiiy;

— iao?iioe/ii? ni?yiiaaiinoi iaa/aiiy;

— iai/iinoi;

— nenoaiiino?;

— naiaeiiinoi oa aeinooiiino? iaa/aiiy;

— caeaaeiino? oni?o?a o iaa/aii? a?ae «iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua»
o/i?a, a?ae aoiinoa?e a n?i’?, oeie?, eean?.

Iniiaiith oi?iith iaa/aiiy I.?.Caaaaenueeee aaaaeaa o?ie. Aii
iiaeo?eioaaa eeaneoieaoeith oei?a o?ieia, ?ic?iaeaio E.Ae.Ooeinueeei, ?
aoaeoaaa aeanii o?iee ia oaeeo naieo canaaeao. Ie?ii o?ieia,
I.?.Caaaaenueeee caeeeeaa canoiniaoaaoe oaei oi?ie i?aai?caoe??
iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano, ye eaeoei?, aeneo?ni?, /eoaiiy, aa/i?e oa ?aiee.

O oeueiio ?icaeiei ?icaeyaea?oueny oaeiae i ?icoiiiiy I.?.Caaaaenueeei
i?iaeai oai?i? aeoiaaiiy. Aii aaaaeaa, ui aeoiaaiiy ye naiinoieiee
i?ioean iiaeiai iaia’yceiai cae?enueithaaoeny o oeiei a i?aaii/iie
?aeiinoi c iaa/aiiyi.

I.?.Caaaaenueeee aeaeieya oaei neeaaeiai /anoeie aeoiaaiiy anaai/ii
?icaeiaii? iniaenoinoi: aeoiaaiiy iao?iioecio, ii?aeueia, ?icoiiaa,
anoaoe/ia, o?oaeiaa, oice/ia i ?aeiaieia aeoiaaiiy. O i?ioeani aeoiaaiiy
I.?.Caaaaenueeee caeeeeaa ia?o ca ana aei ai?aa, aeei?enoaiiy cia/ieo
iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae iiceoeaiiai i?eeeaaeo oa ia?aeiiaiiy.

Iiiioiith aoea ?ieue I.?.Caaaaenueeiai i a iioe?aii? ia?aaeiaeo
iaaeaaiai/ieo iaeae. O o?aoueiio ia?aa?ao? aea?oueny iiaiee aiae?c
no?oeoo?e ? ci?noo aeo?iaeo «Iaaeaaiai/iee ainiee», yeee aeaeaaaa
I.?.Caaaaenueeee o ?eenaaaoa?aae? c 1881 aei 1883 ?ieo. Oeae aeo?iae
iaeaaeaa aei /enea caaaeueiiaeaiie?aoe/ieo ia?iiaee/ieo aeaeaiue,
aeoeaii i?iiaaoaaa ?aea? ss.A.Eiiainueeiai, E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai,
I.I.Ie?iaiaa, E.I.Oienoiai.

Ia noi?iieao aeaeaiiy iaiieaaeeai aenoaaeenue aeiiae iie?ioaiiy oiia
?iaioe ii/aoeiai? oeiee, cia/ia oaaaa i?eaeieyeanue i?inaioieoeueeie
?iaioi cainoa, ?iei iniaenoinoi iaaeaaiaa, iaiaoiaeiinoi iiaeaeuaiiy
?iaiy iaaeaaiai/ii? inaioe. Ienaeiny oaeiae i?i iie?ioaiiy yeino? ina?oe
ca ?aooiie oaaaeaiiy iiaeo i?aaeiao?a, ?aae?caoe?? a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? o?ueio ooieoe?e: ina?oiuei?, ?icaeaath/i?
? aeoiaoth/i?, noai?aiiy ?aeeii? na?aaeiuei? oeiee, aeei?enoaiiy
iaaeaaia?/iith iaoeith ? i?aeoeeith ?ioeo iaoe i?i ethaeeio.

«Iaaeaaia?/iee a?niee» aoa iii?oiei e?ieii oia?aae o ?icoi?ii?,
o?aeooaaii?, aena?oeaii? aaaaoueio iaaeaaia?/ieo i?iaeai. A aeo?iae?
i?iiaaoaaeeny i?ia?aneai? ?aea? iaaeaaia?a ieioeiai oa no/aniino?.
Aeiiae aei ci?noo ina?oe a ia?iaei?e oeie?, aenoioo? ia eiai noi??ieao,
yaeyee niaith iii?oiee e?ie oia?aae, oei a?eueoa, ui aiie oi?ioethaaeeny
a oiae? iiaeaaaeaii? aeeneon??, ni?yiiaaii? i?ioe eeane/ii? nenoaie
ina?oe.

O 1883 ?ioei aeo?iae aoei caai?iiaii Iiiinoa?noaii ia?iaeii? inaioe ca
i?ia?aneai? iiaeyaee, ui i?iiaaoaaeenue ia eiai noi?iieao. Aea
a?i a?ae?a?aa aaaeeeao ?ieue o iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo aeaiie?aoe/ii?
iaaeaaia?/ii? aeo?iae?noeee a Oe?a?i?.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aea? i?aenoaae noi?ioethaaoe oae? aeniiaee.

1. Oia?oa a ?noi??? iaaeaaia?ee aeine?aeaeaii e aeaii iiaio
oa?aeoa?enoeeo iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ? niaaeueie I.?.Caaaaenueeiai,
anoaiiaeai? e i?iaiae?ciaai? iaa?aeii? aoaie eiai ae?yeueiino? a aaeoc?
ina?oe. Cae?eniaii aiae?c aeina?aeo eiai ?iaioe a ?eenaaaoa?aae? ? eiai
aieeao ia iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaaeaaia?/ii? aeoiee oa ?icaeoie ina?oe a
?aa?ii?. I?aoethth/e a?eueoa 12 ?ie?a a ?eenaaaoa?aae?, I.?.Caaaaenueeee
aeaeaaaa aeo?iae “Iaaeaaia?/iee a?niee” (1881-1883), o yeiio c
i?ia?aneaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo iiceoe?e noaaea, i?iiiioaaa, o?aeooaaa,
aena?oethaaa, i?iiaaoaaa iiaaoi?nuee? iaaeaaia?/i? ?aea? a aaeoc?
i?aai?caoe?? ii/aoeiai? ia?iaeii? oeiee, ina?oyinueei? ae?yeueiino?
a/eoaey, o aaeoc? o?oaeiaiai e i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy ? ina?oe.
Caneoaiao? ia oaaao oa, ui ia noi??ieao aeo?iaeo i?iiaaoaaeeny,
?icoe?yeeny ? eiie?aoecoaaeeny e?au? iaaeaaia?/i? ?aea?
E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai, I.?.Ie?iaiaa, I.I.Ei?oa, E.I.Oienoiai oa ?ioeo
aeaeaoieo iaaeaaia?a.

2. Iaie aeine?aeaeaii ? aena?oeaii cia/aiiy ? aieea iaaeaaia?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? I.?.Caaaaenueeiai ? eiai niaaeueie ia ?icaeoie
iaaeaaia?/ii? aeoiee ia eeoa a ?eenaaaoa?aaenueeiio ina?oyinueeiio
?aa?ii?, a a Oe?a?i? a e?ioe? OIO – ia ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy. Naia oeae
ia??iae oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ?ioaineaiei ?icaeoeii nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ii?
aeoiee a ?in??, ? a ca’yceo c oeei i?iaeaie ia?iaeii? ina?oe
?ic?iaeyeeny iniaeeai aeoeaii. Na?aae aecia/ieo i?aaenoaaiee?a, ye?
aeoeaii aieeaaee ia ?icaeoie ina?oe ? ?ic?iaeyee ?? eiioeaiooaeuei?
iai?yiee, aoa ? I.?.Caaaaenueeee.

Aoaeo/e ca oa?aeoa?ii na?oiaeyaeieo iiaeyae?a e?aa?aeueiith, aeeaiei
?ae?a?eiith ethaeeiith, a?i a?aenoithaaa e?aa?aeueii-aeaiie?aoe/iee
iai?yiie ?icaeoeo nenoaie ina?oe a Oe?a?i?. Ia iniia? oeeo iiceoe?e ? c
o?aooaaiiyi ia?aaeiaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeae oiai /ano a?i ?ic?iaea naith
i?ia?aneaio iaaeaaia?/io eiioeaioe?th ?icaeoeo ina?oe, yea iaie
i?iaiae?ciaaia ? aeeeaaeaia a ?icae?e? 1.3.

O noi?ioeueiaai?e iei eiioeaioe?? a?i ?icaeioa oae? ieoaiiy, ye ci?no
ina?oe, oeie oe?e, ?ieue ? i?noea a/eoaey a iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean?,
o?ie ? iaoiaeeea eiai i?iaaaeaiiy, aeoiaia ?iaioa c o/iyie, ae?ii/a
ina?oa oiui.

Ca?aeii nai?? eiioeaioe?? I.?.Caaaaenueeee iaiieyaaa ia anoaiiaeaii?
aaciina?aaeiueiai ca’yceo i?ae on?ia o?ueiia ??aiyie caaaeueii? ina?oe:
ii/aoeiaith, na?aaeiueith ? aeuith; ia a?aee?eoo? iaeaaeii? e?eueeino?
na?aaei?o oe?e ? ??aiii??iiio ?o ?iciiae?eo ii ?aeiiao ?iia???; ia
?ic?iaeaii? oaeiai oeio na?aaeiueiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo, a?aee?eooy e
oo?eiaiiy yeiai iiaei a aooe aeinooiiei iaaaeeeei i?noai ? iaa?oue
naeai. O aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiae?ciaai? oiiae ao?eaiiy a aeeooy oe???
eiioeaioe??.

3. Uiaei iiaoaeiae, aecia/aiiy iaoe ? caaaeaiue ia?iaeii? oeiee
I.?.Caaaaenueeee aeio?eioaaany ia?aaeiaeo iiaeyae?a ? ??oo/a a?aeeeaeaa
aoaeue-yeo ni?iao iaiaaeeoe ?? ?aieaie aeaiaioa?ii? a?aiioiino?. A?i
aeae?eya oae? caaaeuei? caaaeaiiy ia?iaeii? oeiee: ?icaeoie aeeoeie,
iaieiae?iiy o/iyie /?oeeie eiie?aoieie ciaiiyie, aeoiaaiiy ni?aaaeiueiai
ethaenueeiai oa?aeoa?o. O nai?o iiaeyaeao uiaei iaoe oeiee a?aenoithaaa
iiceoe?? anaa?/iiai ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?. Iaaeaaia iaiieyaaa ia
iaiao?aeiino? a?aee?eooy iiaeo, aeinooiieo on?i aa?noai ianaeaiiy oe?e.
I?aeianaiiy iaoa??aeueiiai noaiiaeua a/eoae?a aaaaeaa iaeiei ?c ia?oeo
caaaeaiue aea?aeaae, ui oae aeooaeueii ? a no/anieo oiiaao.

4. O aaeoc? aeeaeaeoeee I.?.Caaaaenueeee aeio?eioaaany ia?aaeiaeo
iiaeyae?a oiai /ano ? i?iiaaoaaa ?o. I?iaeaie iaa/aiiy ? ina?oe iei
?icaeyaeaeeny ia o aocueeeo ?aieao oe?eueiiai aeeooy, a a o?niiio
ca’yceo c ia?niaeoeaaie ?icaeoeo iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo ? nioe?aeueieo
a?aeiinei, oiaoi iaaeaaia cai?iiiioaaa cai?iaaaeaeoaaoe i?eioeeie
ca’yceo iaa/aiiy c aeeooyi, i?aeoe/iith ae?yeuei?noth. A?i aeae?eya
o/eoaey ye oeaio?aeueio o?ao?o o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?, noi?ioethaaa
/?oe? aeiiae aei iueiai noiniaii eiai oaoiai? i?aeaioiaee, iaoiaee/ieo
oi?iue oa iaae/ie, iaenoa?iino?, ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo yeinoae, naiiina?oe,
aca?iei c ae?oueie, eieaaaie oiui.

Aeooaeueiei aeey no/anii? oeiee ? noi?ioeueiaai? I.?.Caaaaenueeei
i?eioeeie i?ioeano iaa/aiiy: ni?yiiaai?noue iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano ia
anaa?/iee ?icaeoie iniaenoino?; ?aei?noue iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy; ca’ycie
oni?o?a o iaa/aii? c iaaeieeoi?i na?aaeiaeuai; o?aooaaiiy a?eiaeo oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae o/i?a o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy; iao??ioe/ia
ni?yioaaiiy i?ioeano iaa/aiiy; iai/iino?; nenoaiiino?; na?aeiiino?;
naiino?eiino?; aeinooiiino? iaa/aiiy. Iniaeeai? oaaae aeey no/anii?
oeiee Oe?a?ie caneoaiao? i?eioeei iao??ioe/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?
iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano, iieeeeaiee aeoiaoaaoe a i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy
ethaia aei nai?? Aaouee?aueie, ii/oooy iaia’yceo, aaaeaiiy i?eiineoe
ei?enoue aea?aeaa? e ia?iaeo.

Caneoaiao? ia oaaao aeiiaa I.?.Caaaaenueeiai uiaei ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
ii?aeiaiiy a i?ia?aiao oeiee i?e?iaeie/i-iaoaiaoe/ieo oa aoiai?oa?ieo
i?aaeiao?a, i?i ?aei?noue oi?iaeueii? ? iaoa??aeueii? ina?oe, i?i
??aiii?aa’y eeane/iiai ? ?aaeueiiai iai?yie?a ina?oe, i?i oi?ioaaiiy a
o/i?a i?aaeeueiiai na?oi?icoi?iiy; eiai aeiiae uiaei iaoa??aeueiiai
caaacia/aiiy oe?e, iaiao?aeiino? iaaee/iiai iaaeyaeo a iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeao, aeio?eiaiiy nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo ii?i aeey oe?eueieo
i?ei?uaiue, ye oiia aeey o?ce/iiai e aeooiaiiai noaio o/i?a.

sse i?aaenoaaiee i?ia?aneaiiai ao?aeoacii-aeaiie?aoe/iiai iai?yieo
?icaeoeo iaaeaaia?/ii? aeoiee I.?.Caaaaenueeee i?iaeiaaeoaaa ?icaeoie
iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeae E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai, I.?.Ie?iaiaa, E.I.Oienoiai,
I.I.Ei?oa, cie?aia, ?aeath i?ia?aneaii? aeaiie?aoe/ii? ia?iaeii? oeiee,
i?eioeeio ia?iaeiino?, aeei?enoaiiy ??aeii? iiae o iaa/aii?, aecia/aiiy
ci?noo iaa/aiiy, iiaeo iaoiae?a ? i?eeii?a aeeeaaeaiiy. I?ea?iaeuei?
eiai ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iaienaiiy oai??a, i?iaaaeaiiy ?nieo?a.

5. Aeineoue oe?iiei ? aeeaae I.?.Caaaaenueeiai a oai??th ? i?aeoeeo
aeoiaaiiy o/i?a. Iniiaio iaoo aeoiaaiiy a?i aaa/aa o oi?ioaaii? a
aeeoeie oaeeo ?en, ye ethaia aei Aaouee?aueie ? naiai ia?iaeo, iiaaaa
aei ethaenueei? iniaenoino?, oiea?aioi?noue, aeia?ioa, ca’ycie aeoiaaiiy
c aeeooyi ? o?oaeiaith ae?yeuei?noth, ?c nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie
oiiaaie. Na?aae iaoiae?a ? cania?a aeoiaaiiy iaaeaaia aeae?eya ia?o ca
ana: iaeac, ianoaiiao, ia?aeiiaiiy, aeiiao, i?ea/aiiy, i?ioaiiy.

Ioaea, I.?.Caaaaenueeee, aacia?a/ii, caneoaiao? ia caaiiy aeaeaoiiai
i?aai?caoi?a ? ae?y/a ina?oe e?ioey XIX – ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy ye
?aoi?iaoi?, i?ea?iaeueiee ieneeoaeue ? iiaaoi?. Eiai ?aea? caeaa?eueoiai
aoee iiaeie oa i?ia?aneaieie, cia/ia /anoeia yeeo aoea ao?eaia a aeeooy.
Aeaye? aniaeoe ?aoi?ie, o i?aeaioiaoe? yei? a?aa o/anoue
I.?.Caaaaenueeee, caa?aaeeny a i?aai?caoe?? oa ono?i? oeiee ? aei iaoeo
aei?a, cie?aia: ci?no iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai oa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeenoeeie?i
i?e?iaeie/i-iaoaiaoe/iiai oa aoiai?oa?iiai oeeeeo, ?aei?noue oa
ianooii?noue iniiaieo aoai?a iaa/aiiy a?ae ii/aoeiai? aei aeui? ina?oe,
iiaeeea?noue o/ano? a aeeoo? oa ae?yeueiino? oe?e a?iiaaenueeino? ?
aaouee?a, ooieoe?? eeaniiai ea??aieea oa ?ieue a/eoaey ye oeaio?aeueii?
o?ao?e o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?, nenoaia i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a, ni?eueia iaa/aiiy oeii/ee?a oa ae?a/aoie, ?aei?noue iaa/aiiy ?
aeoiaaiiy, ooieoe?? e?ea??a o ae?yeueiino? oe?e oiui.

Ie ia i?aoaiaeo?ii ia iiaia, anaa?/ii caaa?oaia aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?iei?
iaaeaaiai/ii? niaaeueie I.?.Caaaaenueeiai. Iaie i?iaiae?ciaaii iaea?eueo
aaaeeea? aniaeoe eiai iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?, iaea?eueo aaaiiee
aianie o oai??th ? i?aeoeeo iaaeaaia?ee. Na?aae ia?niaeoeaii? oaiaoeee
iiaeaeueoiai aeineiaeaeaiiy ie aa/eii oaei aniaeoe, ye aieueo aeaoaeueia
aea/aiiy eaaeacueeiai ia?iiaeo aeiyeueiinoi iaaeaaiaa, ii?iaiyeueiee
aiaeic noai?aieo iei aoeaa?ia, aenaioeaiiy eiai caeiiioai?/i?
aeiyeueiinoi.

Iniiaiee ciino aeena?oaoei? aeeeaaeaii o ioaeieaoeiyo aaoi?a:

1. Aei 150-?i//y c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy I.?.Caaaaenueeiai // Oace
aeiiiaiaeae ia IV iiaeia?iaeiie nooaeaionueeie iaoeiaie eiioa?aioei?
«Aeooaeueii i?iaeaie aoiaiioa?ieo iaoe oa ?o iioi?iaoeieia
caaacia/aiiy». – Oa?eia, 1997. — N.31.

2. Iniaeeainoi inaioiio oaoiieiaie o i?aeoe/iie ?iaioi I.?.Caaaaenueeiai
// Iaaeaaiaiea i ineoieiaiy i?ioanieii? inaioe. — 1997. — ?3-4. — *.II.
— N.113-116.

3.»Iaaaeyeee iaaeaaia…» // ?iaeia oeiea. — 1998. — N 4. — N.16-17.

4. «O?oae anoue iio?aaiinoue iaoa…» (Ieoaee Caaaaeneee — iaiaaeaea?
ia?aciaaiey ) // Ia?niiae . — 1998. — N2. — N.82-84.

5. I.?.Caaaaenueeee — aeaeaaaoeue «Iaaeaaiai/iiai ainieea» //
Iaaeaaiaiea oa ineoieiaiy . — 1998. — N 2. — N. 200-207

Aiioaoe?y

*a?ieoaiei ?.A. Iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue oa niaaeueia
I.?.Caaaaenueeiai. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee.
E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
Aieiaeeie?a Aeiie/aiea, E??iaia?aae, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia iieno ?ai?o iaaeine?aeaeaiiai iaoa??aeo i?i
iaaeaaia?/io ae?yeuei?noue I.?.Caaaaenueeiai. Iiaeaia iiaia a?ia?ao?y
iaaeaaiaa, ?ice?eo? o?einionuee?, aoe/i?, ?ae?a?ei? iniiae eiai
na?oiaeyaeo. O aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiae?ciaai? iiaeyaee I.?.Caaaaenueeiai ia
caaaeuei? e ie?ai? ieoaiiy oai??? iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy, iienothoueny
iieiaeaiiy eiioeaioe?? iaaeaaiaa i?i ?icaeoie ii/aoeiai? oa na?aaeiuei?
ina?oe. Iieacaia ?ieue I.?.Caaaaenueeiai ye i?ina?oeoaey, i?ea?iaeueiiai
ieneeoaey, iiioey?ecaoi?a iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeae ? ?aoi?iaoi?a nenoaie
ina?oe. O ?iaio? i?iaiae?ciaai? noaoo?, i?ae?o/ieee, oee?eoey?e ?
caeiiii?iaeoe, iaienai? iaaeaaiaii, a oaeiae iiaeaia a?ae?ia?ao?y eiai
i?aoeue.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeei c?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy
oeeo iaoa??ae?a o aeeeaaeaii? eo?no ?noi??? iaaeaaia?ee Oe?a?ie, o
?ic?iaoe? iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a aeey nooaeaio?a ? a/eoae?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oai??y iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy, eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo
na?aaeiuei? ina?oe, iaaeaaia, i?ina?oeoaeue, ?aoi?iaoi?, a?ae?ia?ao?y.

Aiiioaoeey

*a?iuoaiei E.A. Iaaeaaiae/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue e ianeaaeea
I.?.Caaaaeneiai. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee.
Ee?iaia?aaeneee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
Aeaaeeie?a Aeiie/aiei, Ee?iaia?aae, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia iienaieth ?aiaa iaenneaaeiaaiiiai iaoa?eaea i
iaaeaaiae/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe I.?.Caaaaeneiai. Aeaia iieiay aeia?aoey
iaaeaaiaa, ?ane?uou oeeinioneea, yoe/aneea iniiau aai ie?iaicc?aiey. A
aeenna?oaoeee i?iaiaeece?iaaiu acaeyaeu I.?.Caaaaeneiai ia iauea e
/anoiua aii?inu oai?ee iao/aiey e ainieoaiey, iienuaathony iieiaeaiey
eiioeaioeee iaaeaaiaa i ?acaeoee ia/aeueiiai e n?aaeiaai ia?aciaaiey.
Iieacaia ?ieue I.?.Caaaaeneiai eae i?inaaoeoaey, i?eaeiaeueiiai
iuneeoaey, iiioey?ecaoi?a iaaeaaiae/aneeo eaeae e ?aoi?iaoi?a nenoaiu
ia?aciaaiey. A ?aaioa aeai aiaeec noaoae, o/aaieeia, oee?eoey?ia e
caeiiii?iaeoia, iaienaiiuo I.?.Caaaaeneei, a oaeaea i?aaenoaaeaia
aeaeeia?aoey aai ?aaio.

Enneaaeiaaiea iicaieeei naeaeaoue auaiaeu i aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey
aeaiiuo iaoa?eaeia a i?aiiaeaaaiee eo?na enoi?ee iaaeaaiaeee Oe?aeiu,
?ac?aaioea o/aaiuo iiniaee aeey nooaeaioia e o/eoaeae.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oai?ey iao/aiey e ainieoaiey, eiioeaioeey ?acaeoey
n?aaeiaai ia?aciaaiey, iaaeaaia, i?inaaoeoaeue, ?aoi?iaoi?,
aeaeeia?aoey.

Annotation

Chernyshenko I.A. Pedagogical activity and heritage of M.Zavadskiy. –
Manuscript.

The thesis for the scientific degree of the Candidate of Pedagogical
Sciences, speciality 13.00.01 – the theory and history of pedagogics.
Kirovograd State Pedagogical University named after Vilodymyr
Vinnichenko, Kirovograd, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to the description of the material which has
not been researched before and which is devoted to the pedagogical
activity of M.Zavadskiy. The full biography of the pedagogue is given
and the philosophical and ethic foundations of his world outlook are
disclosed. In the dissertation the main points of view of M.Zavadskiy
to the general and particular problems of the theory of training and
education are analysed, the points of pedagogue’s concept about
development of secondary education are described. The role of
M.Zavadskiy as an enlightener, original thinker, popularizer of the
pedagogical ideas and reformer of the educational system is shown. There
is an analysis of his articles, textbooks, instructions which were
written by M.Zavadskiy. Full bibliography of his works is made up.

Our research made us to come to the conclusions that these materials can
be used in the teaching of the History of Ukrainian Pedagogics and in
the work with teachers and students.

Key words: theory of training and education, concept of development of
secondary education, educator, enlightener, reformer, bibliography.

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