OE?A?INUeEEE IAOEIAEE A?A??I?*IEE OeAIO?

EIEOEOAA

?ai? A?oae?eiae/

OAeE 613.95/.96-084:504.75

IAOIEIA?*IA O?AAEAI?NOUe THIAE?A

OA CAOIAeE UIAeI ?? I?IO?EAEOEEE

A OIIAAO AeIIAANO

14.02.01 – a?a??ia

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
I. Ai?ueeiai I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Aaa?eia Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,
Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I. Ai?ueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie, caa. eaoaae?ith.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, n.i.n. Oa?eiaaiei I?ia Ieoaee?aia, AeI IAe?
iaaeeei-aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai Aeiiaano oa aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?, i.
Aeiiaoeuee, IIC Oe?a?ie, caa. a?aeae?eii

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oeaeiye Ieeiea ?aaiiae/, Oe?a?inueea
a?enueeiai-iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y IIC Oe?a?ie, i?ioani? eaoaae?e.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao
IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a a?a??ie oa aeieia?? ?2, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 25 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 1200 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.604.01 i?e Oe?a?inueeiio
iaoeiaiio a?a??i?/iiio oeaio?? ca aae?anith: 252660, i. Ee?a-94, aoe.
Iiioae?aiea, 50.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiaiai a?a??i?/iiai oeaio?o (i. Ee?a, aoe. Iiioae?aiea, 50).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “19” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe A.TH. Naeaciueia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. I?iaeaie iaaee/ii? aeieia?? a iei?oi?e /an
iaaoaathoue ana a?eueoiai i?aeoe/iiai cia/aiiy. C?inoath/a
i??i?eoaoi?noue aeieia?/ieo aniaeo?a coiiaeaia oei, ui ii?ooaiiy
noaiaea?o?a yeino? aeieia?/iiai aeaaiiieo//y ana /ano?oa aenooiathoue ye
ao?ieia?/iee oaeoi? i?aeaeuaii? caoai?thaaiino? ianaeaiiy (Aaaaeaeaiyi
I.A., Ae?eeyi A.I., 1989; Aieueoaeia A.I. oa ?i., 1995).
Aeine?aeaeaiiyie, i?iaaaeaieie a Oe?a?i? oa ca ?oaaaeai, aeiaaaeaii, ui
ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue (ia ??ai? 70%) a oi?ioaaii? oai?ia iaeaaeeoue
nioe?aeueiei ? i?e?iaeii-aeieia?/iei oaeoi?ai.

A oaia??oi?e /an i?e?iaeia na?aaeiaeua ?icaeyaea?oueny ye aaiethoe?eia
aeaea?aei iia??oaiiy caei?ia’y, iaaoaath/e aeanoeainoae, caeaoieo
aeaoa?i?ioaaoe oai?iae. Aeiiaan ? iaeiei c iaea?eueo ?iaeono??ae?ciaaieo
?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie ? caeia? aaaeo/? i?noea c i?iieneiaiai iioaioe?aeo,
/enaeueiino? oa ieioiino? ianaeaiiy. Aeeeae oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei a
iaaeieeoiue? na?aaeiaeua i?iieneiaeie i?aei?e?inoaaie neeaaea? 35% a?ae
caaaeueiiai ianyao aeeeae?a ia ??e a Oe?a?i? (O?a/ A.O. oa ?i, 1993;
Ee?aaaa ?.A., 1994).

Oaeiae aeiaaaeaii, ui nioe?aeueia na?aaeiaeua ?, iniaeeai, eiai
iiaeeo?eaoe?y oaeaeeeie oaiiaie a oie aai ?ioee a?e iani?eyoeeai
a?aeaeaa?oueny ia caei?ia’? ethaeeie (?aae/ A.A., 1990; Aeaooia O.O.,
ss?oeeei A.O., 1993; Taukins A., Dunn D., Hayes R., 1989; Saxema M.,
Siddigui M., 1989; Baldini M., Stacchini Ant., 1990).

Iaae?iiy aeiiii?ee ?, ye iane?aeie, cieaeaiiy ??aiy aeeooy ianaeaiiy ia
oii? aeaaii noi?iiaaii? iani?eyoeeai? aeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? i?ecaaei aei
oiai, ui noai caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, iniaeeai ae?oae ? i?aee?oe?a,
ca inoaii? 20 ?ie?a cia/ii iia??oeany. Ca aeaieie I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie
caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie a inoaii? ?iee ??cei ca?eueoeeany caoai?thaai?noue
i?aee?oe?a ??ciiiai?oieie oai?iaaie, cieaeo?oueny ?iaeaen caei?ia’y,
a?aecia/a?oueny aeoeaia o?ii?caoe?y oai?ia (Iaai?ia A.I., Oeaeiye I.?.,
Caeiyoeueeianueeee ss.?. 1992; Caoa?/aiei I.I., Aii/a?oe A.E., Eioaeaa
I.O., 1993; Aiaaoe?ueiaa ?.A. oa ?io., 1997; Oa?eiaaiei I.I. oa ?io.,
1998).

Caei?ia’y i?aee?oe?a ? iaeaaaeeea?oei i?iaiinoe/iei iieacieeii
aeia?iaooo noni?euenoaa, yeino? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, a?aeoai?aiiy
ianaeaiiy e?a?ie ia iaeaeeae/? ?iee ? ia? ia?niaeoeaia noni?eueia oa
iiioeyoe?eii-a?ieia?/ia cia/aiiy. Iaeiae, naia i?aee?oee-thiaee i?e
oeueiio ? iaei??th c iaea?eueo a?aceeaeo a?eiaeo ? nioe?aeueieo a?oi
ianaeaiiy ca noaiii caei?ia’y. Oea /anoeiai i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a?eueo
aenieei ??aiai nia?oiino? a oe?e a?eia?e a?oi?, a oaeiae iino?eiei
ia?aaeuaiiyi ??aiy nia?oiino? i?aee?oe?a-thiae?a iaae ??aiai nia?oiino?
i?aee?oe?a-ae?a/ao (Aaa?eia A.?. oa ?i., 1998). A oaia??oi?e /an
caei?iaeie ? ia a?eueo 15-20% thiae?a, o eiaeiiai o?aoueiai –
ae?aaiinoothoueny ??ciiiai?oi? o?ii?/i? caoai?thaaiiy, a o 50% –
ooieoe?iiaeuei? a?aeoeeaiiy. A cayceo c oeei, iieaciee iaoieia?/ii?
o?aaeaiino?, yeee a?aeia?aaea? ??aaiue, ia?aae on?i, o?ii?/ii?
caoai?thaaiino?, ? iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaiei aeey ioe?iee no/aniiai
i?ioeano aeoeaii? o?ii?caoe?? oai?ia na?aae ianaeaiiy (Eo/ia A.?. oa
?i., 1993; Aaa?eia A.E. oa ?i., 1998; A?aaiye I.I. oa ?i. 1997, 1998)

Oiio iniaeeao aeooaeuei?noue ia no/aniiio aoai? iaaoaathoue ieoaiiy
?ic?iaee aoaeoeaieo caoiae?a, iai?aaeaieo ia ioi?iio oa ci?oeiaiiy
caei?ia’y i?aee?oe?a- i?eciaiee?a, ui aacothoueny ia ciaiiyo
caeiiii??iinoae oi?ioaaiiy ?oiueiai caei?ia’y a eiie?aoieo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ? aeieia?/ieo oiiaao aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiioaaeany ca?aeii c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I. Ai?ueeiai ia
eaoaae?? nioe?aeueii? iaaeeoeeie oa i?aai?caoe?? ioi?iie caei?ia’y a
?aieao IAe? «Aea/aiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? coiiaeaiino? caei?ia’y,
a?ieia?/iiai ? ineo?/iiai aeic??aaiiy i?nueeeo i?aee?oe?a a oiiaao
Aeiiaano» (? Aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0191V0044870).

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaea
i?eioeei?a ? caoiae?a ia?aeiii?, aoi?eiii? oa o?aoeiii? i?io?eaeoeee
iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? thiae?a, ye? o?eaaei iaoeathoue a oiiaao
Aeiiaano, ia i?aenoaa? aaaeo/eo caeiiii??iinoae ? aeaoa?i?iaio ??
oi?ioaaiiy.

?aae?caoe?y iinoaaeaii? iaoe cae?enithaaeany oeyoii ae??oaiiy ianooiieo
caaaeaiue:

Aea/aiiy ye?niiai oa e?euee?niiai caa?oaeiaiiy ia’?eo?a aeieia?/iiai
na?aaeiaeua (aoiinoa?ia iia?o?y, a?oio) ? oaoiiaaiieo oa?aeoa?enoee
i?iieneiai-i?nueeeo cii;

Aea/aiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ??aiy aeeooy thiae?a a oiiaao n?i’? oa
iniaeeainoae ?o iaaee/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy;

Aea/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae aeeiai?ee, no?oeoo?e ? ??aiy iaoieia?/ii?
o?aaeaiino? thiae?a, i?iaeeaath/eo a i?iieneiai-i?nueeeo ciiao;

Aea/aiiy aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai nooiaiy cia/aiiy o?i?/ieo ?a/iaei, ye?
nenoaiaoe/ii caa?oaeiththoue i?nueea aeieia?/ia na?aaeiaeua a oi?ioaaii?
iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? thiae?a;

Aea/aiiy aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai nooiaiy cia/aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a a oi?ioaaii? iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino?
thiae?a;

?ic?iaea i?iaiico aeeiai?ee oa ??aiy iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? thiae?a a
oiiaao aeieia?/iiai iaaeaaiiieo//y;

Iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaea i?eioeei?a oa caoiae?a ia?aeiii?, aoi?eiii? ?
o?aoeiii? i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia na?aae thiae?a, ye? iaoeathoue a oiiaao
Aeiiaano.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

aia?oa anoaiiaeai? niaoeeoe/i? caeiiii??iino? aeeiai?ee, no?oeoo?e oa
??aiy iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? thiae?a, aeyaeai? ? iienai? o?e oeie
o?iiiaeeiai?/ieo e?eaeo ?? ?iciianthaeaeaiino?;

aia?oa aecia/aia ?aiaiaa ?aa?iiaeueia no?oeoo?a enaiia?ioee?a ii
nooiaith ?o iaoieia?/iiai cia/aiiy oa anoaiiaeaia aeaoa?i?iaoe?eia
aaee/eia eeth/iaeo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ? oaoiiaaiieo oaeoi??a a
oi?ioaaii? iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? i?nueeeo thiae?a;

aia?oa cae?eniaiee i?iaiic aeeiai?ee iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? thiae?a ia
iaeaooi? aeanyoe??//y;

anoaiiaeai? caeaaeiino? ??aiy iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? thiae?a a?ae
iieaciee?a ianyao ? yeino? iii?oi??iaa caei?ia’y;

?ic?iaeai? e?eoa???, noi?ioeueiaai? i?eioeeie ? noai?aia ioe?ii/ia
oaaeeoey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? caoiae?a ia?aeiii?, aoi?eiii? ?
o?aoeiii? i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia na?aae thiae?a.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe. Onoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? ?
aeaoa?i?iaioe iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? i?nueeeo thiae?a a caeaaeiino?
a?ae iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaieo aeieia?/ieo ? aaaeo/eo nioe?aeueieo
oaeoi??a na?aaeiaeua aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, ?ic?iaeaiee i?iaiic ? caoiaee
?? i?io?eaeoeee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. ?ic?iaeai? i?aai?caoe?ei? i?eioeeie ? caoiaee
i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia na?aae i?nueeeo thiae?a, a oaeiae iaoiaeeea ioe?iee
?? aoaeoeaiino?. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy a?oi aeeiai?/iiai
iaaeyaeo ca caei?ia’yi thiae?a ? iaaee/ii? ioe?iee ?oiueiai niiniao
aeeooy. Cae?eniaiee i?iaiic iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? thiae?a
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoai? i?e neeaaeaii?
«Eiiieaeniiai ieaio i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ieo,
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo ? nai?oa?ii-i?ioeaiai?aeai?/ieo caoiae?a
oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith caei?ia’y Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai aeeiiaa/iai
eii?oaoo ia 1998-2000 ?iee» a ?aieao I?ia?aie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? ia 1998-2000 ?iee (caoaa?aeaeaia nan??th
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii? ?aaee ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a, Iinoaiiaa ? 36 a?ae
21.11.1997 ?.), i?aeaioiaoe? iaeaco ? 92 a?ae 6.05.1996 ?. Aeiiaoeueeiai
iaeaniiai oi?aae?iiy ioi?iie caei?ia’y «I?i aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaioe ii
oi?ioaaiith caei?iaiai niiniao aeeooy iaoe??io?a a
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo onoaiiaao iaeano?».

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? a ianooiieo iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo:
«?iaeea?aeoaeueiee i?iaiic ? oi?ioaaiiy a?oi aeeiai?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy
ii eiiieaeno ?ecee-oaeoi??a o ae?oae, i?aee?oe?a oa in?a iieiaeiai a?eo»
(1993), «E?eoa???, iieacieee ? ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? caoiae?a ia?aeiii?,
aoi?eiii? ? o?aoeiii? i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia na?aae ianaeaiiy» (1997),
«Iaaee/ia ioe?iea ? ei?aeoe?y niiniao aeeooy ethaeeie (oi?ioaaiiy CNAE)»
(1997), «Canoinoaaiiy ae?aaiinoe/ii? i?ia?aie «Ianii?o caei?ia’y» aeey
eiiieaenii? ioe?iee ??aiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai caei?ia’y ethaeeie» (1997).

Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo onoaiia Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?, ui aeicaieeei
ciaioeoe iioaioe?eio iaaaciaeo aeieia?/ieo a?aaeaiue i?ae?inoath/i?
aaia?aoe??, cieceoe /anoioo iiieeie i?e ii?ooaii? ae?aaiico ia iaaee/ieo
iaeyaeao ia 80%, cieceoe /anoioo ?ica?aeiino? ae?aaiic?a ia 45%,
iie?aueoe ye?noue aeyaeaiiy oai?ia i?e iaaee/ieo iaeyaeao ia 25%,
i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueii? ae?aaiinoeee ia
18%, cieceoe e?aoi?noue ? o?eaae?noue ?aoeeaeea?a o?ii?/ieo oai?ia ia
28%.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii c?a?aiee oa noaoenoe/ii ia?iaeaiee
ia?aeiiee iaoa??ae, aeeeaaeaia a?a??i?/ia ioe?iea ia’?eo?a
iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua, aeyaeai? iniiai? caeiiii??iino?
oi?ioaaiiy ??aiy ? no?oeoo?e iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? i?aee?oe?a-thiae?a
a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy caa?oaeiaiiy ia’?eo?a i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua
? eeth/iaeo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a, noai?aia i?iaiinoe/ia
iiaeaeue aeeiai?ee iiioeyoe?eiiai ??aiy caoai?thaaiino?
i?aee?oe?a-thiae?a Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? aei 2005 ?ieo, ?ic?iaeai?
caoiaee i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeei?enoai?
iniaeno? ?aea? ? i?aeoe/i? ?ic?iaee aaoi?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i? aeai?,
io?eiai? i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe, aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: «Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy a?a??ie Aeiiaano»
(Aeiiaoeuee, 1990), «I?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?iay’ aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy
Aeiiaano» (Iae??aea, 1992), «I?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y aeeoy/iai
ianaeaiiy i. Ee?aa» (Ee?a, 1993), ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
«Aeaiia?ao?/ia neooaoe?y a Oe?a?i?» (Ee?a, 1993), ia eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/ai?e 75-oe ??//th Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo
ioi?iie caei?iay’ ae?oae ? i?aee?oe?a (Oa?e?a, 1997), ia VI
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeieia?y ethaeeie a
i?ney/i?iiaeeueneee ia??iae» A?ei?onueeiai eii?oaoo «Ae?oe *i?iiaeey»
(I?inuee, 1998). I?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaiaai? ia ia?aae? eaoaae?e
nioe?aeueii? iaaeeoeeie oa IIC Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I. Ai?ueeiai (1998 a.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoee a?aeaeooy a 32 ae?oeiaaieo
?iaioao, a oiio /ene? o 8 aeo?iaeueieo noaooyo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, aiae?oe/iiai
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiue, oanoe ?icae?e?a
aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, aeiaeaoe?a. Iaoa??ae
aeeeaaeaiee ia 199 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, c ieo iniiaiiai oaenoo
– 154 noi??iee. ?ethno?aoe?e – 46 oaaeeoeue, 12 iaethie?a. A?ae?ia?ao?y
aeeth/a? 176 a?o/eciyieo oa ?iicaiieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Caniae ? ianya aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoieia?/ia o?aaeai?noue (IO) thiae?a a
aeii?eciaiiio a?oe? (14–17 ?ie?a) aea/aeany ?ao?iniaeoeaii (iiaeiaaeia
iaia?aeaeueia ai?aeai?ieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy) ca aeaieie noaoenoe/ieo
ca?o?a oi?aae?iiy ioi?iie caei?ia’y Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii? aea?aeaaii?
aaei?i?no?aoe?? ca ia??iae c 1979 ii 1996 ??e ? ?acoeueoaoaie iaeyae?a
iaaee/ieo eii?n?e a?enueeiaeo eii?na??ao?a a aeaa’yoe
?iaeono??aeueii-i?iieneiaeo oeaio?ao, ui ooai?ththoue i’youe
i?iieneiai-i?nueeeo cii (IIC), a yeeo iaoea? ae?cueei 70% thiae?a
aeaiiai a?eo.

Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oiiae aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? thiae?a aea/aeeny ca
aeaieie nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oeyoii niaoe?aeueii noai?aieo
aieao. Aieaooaaiiyi aoei ioiieaii 950 n?iae thiae?a.

Iaaee/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy thiae?a aea/aeiny ca iieacieeaie yeino? ?
aoaeoeaiino? aeeniaina?iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy 12-oe i?aee?oeiaeo eaa?iao?a
iie?ee?iee ? noaoe?iia?ieo a?aeae?eaiue caniaii aeeii?thaaiiy aeaieo
aiaoeaoi?ieo ea?o ? ea?o aeaoeeo ?c noaoe?iia?o.

O?iiiaeeiai?/i? caeiiii??iino? IO aeyaeyeeny i?e aea/aii? o?aiaeo ??aiy
aeeiai?/ieo ?yae?a c aeei?enoaiiyi caniao noaoenoe/iiai ? a?ao?/iiai
aiae?co. Aeey aeyaeaiiy o?aiaeo ? i?aeai?o ai?ieneioth/i? ooieoe?? i?e
iiaoaeia? i?iaiinoe/ii? iiaeae? ??aiy caoai?thaaiino? thiae?a
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? canoiniaoaaany aiae?oeei-iaoaiaoe/iee can?a
aeno?aiieyoe?? (Oeaai I.A., 1986).

Aeey ioe?iee iiaeeeai? ?iia??iino? aeieeiaiiy ie?aiiai caoai?thaaiiy
na?aae thiae?a a IIC c ??ciiiai?oiei ??aiai oaoiiaaiiiai oa
aio?iiiaaiiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaany can?a ioe?iee oaeoi?o
?eceeo (Aoiaea?ia E.A., Aeacoiia E.N., Eeneoeei TH.I., 1988). C oe??th
iaoith ?ic?aoiaai? aaee/eie a?aeiiniiai ? ao?eaooeaiiai ?eceeo (Aii/a?oe
A.E., Ai?iiaiei TH.A., 1989).

Aea/aiiy aiaaoieiiiiiaioiiai caa?oaeiaiiy aoiinoa?iiai iia?o?y
i?iaiaeeeiny ca aeaieie Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo c a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?? ?
aoaeeoo i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua, a oaeiae nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo
eaai?aoi??e onoaiia Aea?aeaaiiai nai?oa?ii-ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai iaaeyaeo.
A a?ae?a?aieo i?iaao aoiinoa?iiai iia?o?y o?ceei-o?i?/ieie caniaaie
aiae?co aecia/aeany eiioeaio?aoe?y 20 o?i?/ieo ?a/iaei. Anueiai
i?iaiae?ciaaii a?eueoa 127 oeny/ i?ia iia?o?y. Ioe?iea oaeoe/iiai
caa?oaeiaiiy iia?o?yiiai aanaeio i?iaiaeeeany ca eeane/ieie iaoiaeeeaie
(Aooooaaa E.A., 1985; Ieieaei I.A., 1985). ?ioaineai?noue oaoiiaaiiiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy a eiaei?e IIC aea/aeany ca noia?iei aeeeaeii oe?aeeeaeo
?a/iaei a aoiinoa?o ianaeaieo i?noeue ca ??e a?ae an?o noaoe?iia?ieo
aeaea?ae caa?oaeiaiiy.

Ioe?iea ai?noo nieae aaaeeeo iaoae?a a a?oio? ianaeaieo i?noeue, ui
aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo IIC, i?iaiaeeeany ca aeaieie ca?oo
aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeueii? aeniaaeeoe?? ia’?aeiaiiy «Aeiiaanaaieia?y»
(1992). Aeey aecia/aiiy a a?oio? 28 o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a aeei?enoiaoaaany
iai?ae?euee?niee niaeo?aeueiee aiae?c.

An? io?eiai? aeai? ia?iaeyeeny ca aeiiiiiaith caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo
noaoenoe/ieo cania?a: ii??aiyeueiiai, aa??aoe?eiiai, ei??aeyoe?eiiai ?
aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co (Naiaoeeaa Ae., 1986; Eaeei A.O., 1990).

A?a??i?/ia ioe?iea yeino? i?e?iaeii-aeieia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua i?iaeeaaiiy
i?nueeeo thiae?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui a?eueoa 80%
thiae?a Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? i?iaeeaathoue a ?iaeono??aeueii ?icaeiaieo
i?iieneiai-i?nueeeo ciiao. I?e oeueiio ca aaee/eiith eiiieaeniiai
iieacieea caa?oaeiaiiy enaiia?ioeeaie aoiinoa?iiai iia?o?y
Aeiiaoeueei-Iae??anueea, Ai?e?anueei-?iae??anueea ?
E?aiaoi?nueei-Einoyioei?anueea IIC iathoue iii??iee (3-ee nooi?iue),
Ia??oiieuenueea neaaeee (2-ee nooi?iue), a A?oai?anueei-Neia’yinueea
aeiionoeiee (1-ee nooi?iue) ??aaiue caa?oaeiaiiy. Iaeaeua na?aaeiy
aaaaoie?oiy eiioeaio?aoe?y noia?iiai caa?oaeiaiiy iia?o?y (Enoi) a
Aeiiaoeueei-Iae??anuee?e cii? – 21,5 ia/i3, ia ae?oaiio i?noe?
Ai?e?anueei-?iae??anueea, ia o?aoueiio – E?aiaoi?nueei-Einoyioei?anueea,
ia /aoaa?oiio i?noe? Ia??oiieuenueea IIC. Iaeiaio caa?oaeiaiei ?
iia?o?yiee aanaei A?oai?anueei-Neia’yinueei? ciie, a ye?e Enoi ??aia 4,3
ia/i3, oiaoi iaeaea a 3-5 ?ac ieae/a o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie IIC.

I?e aea/aii? ye?niiai ? e?euee?niiai neeaaeo o?i?/ieo caa?oaeithaa/?a
a?oioo anoaiiaeaii, ui ia oa?eoi??yo IIC i?noeoueny oe?ieee niaeo?
iaoae?a, ye? a?aeiinyoueny aei ??ciiiai?oieo a?oi ia??iaee/ii? nenoaie ?
eean?a iaaaciaee. A?eueo?noue o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a i?noeoueny a a?oio? a
eiioeaio?aoe?yo, ui ia?aaeuothoue oiiia? cia/aiiy. I??i?eoaoieie aeey
oa?eoi??? an?o cii ?: ?oooue, naeiaoeue, e?o?e, o?ii, ieiai, oeeie,
iaai?e, ?ooa?a?e. Aeyaeaii oaeiae, ui a?oioe i?iieneiai-i?nueeeo
oa?eoi??e iathoue ??ciiiai?oiee nooi?iue caa?oaeiaiiy ie?aieie
aeaiaioaie. Iaea?eueo caa?oaeiaiei iiaeia aaaaeaoe a?oio ia oa?eoi???
Ia??oiieuenueei? ? Ai?e?anueei-?iae??anueei? cii, a iaeiaio –
A?oai?anueei-Neia’yinueei?.

Oaeei /eiii, ca aanue ia??iae aea/aiiy, a ia’?eoao i?e?iaeiiai
na?aaeiaeua IIC oe?aeeea? o?i?/i? ?a/iaeie aecia/athoueny a
eiioeaio?aoe?yo, caeaoieo aeaoa?i?ioaaoe iaoieia?/i? i?ioeane a
i?aai?ci? ethaeeie ? i?ecaanoe aei c?inoaiiy niaoeeo?/ii? ?
ianiaoeeo?/ii? caoai?thaaiino? thiae?a.

Caeiiii??iino? ? aeaoa?i?iaioe iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? i?nueeeo
thiae?a. Aiae?c aeeiai?ee caoai?thaaiino? i?nueeeo thiae?a iieacaa, ui
?o IO c 1979 ?ieo iinooiiai, iaeiae noaa?eueii, i?aeaeuoaaeany aei 90-o
?ie?a c na?aaei?i oaiiii i?e?inoo 4-5% aeiaaee?a caoai?thaaiue ca ??e, a
c 1990 ?ieo a?aecia/a?oueny ??cea c?inoaiiy c ui??/iei oaiiii i?e?inoo
9,9% aeiaaee?a. Ca ia??iae, ui aea/aany, ??aaiue IO ca?eueoeany a 2,4
?ace ? a iei?oi?e /an neeaaea? 3600 – 3850 aei./10000 thiae?a. ?iaeoa
eaaeo/e, i?ioyaii inoaii?o 10-18 ?ie?a a?aecia/a?oueny i?ioean
o?ii?caoe?? oai?ia na?aae thiae?a, yeee noaa iniaeeai aeoeaiei a 1990 –
1996 ?ieao. ssaeua o?ii?caoe?? oa?aeoa?ia aeey oe?ieiai eiea iaea?eueo
?iciianthaeaeaieo a iei?oi?e /an iicieia?/ieo oi?i oai?ia. No?oeoo?a IO
thiae?a oi?io?oueny, ia?aaeon?i, ca ?aooiie ineo?/ieo oai?ia (22,7%),
oai?ia i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy (10,8%), oai?ia EI?-i?aai?a (6,8%), oai?ia
aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie (4,0%).

I?iaaaeaiee a?ao?/iee aiae?c aeicaieea aeae?eeoe o?e iaea?eueo
aecia/aieo oeie o?iiiaeeiai?/ieo e?eaeo IO. Ia?oee oei oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
o?eaaeei ? iino?eiei c?inoaiiyi. Ae?oaee oei – oaeeaiiae?aiei
c?inoaiiyi. Aeey o?aoueiai oeio oa?aeoa?ia noaa?euei?noue ??aiy
caoai?thaaiino? a 80-? ?iee oa ??cea ei?ioei/ania ?? c?inoaiiy ia
ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a.

Ia?oee oei o?iiiaeeiai?ee oa?aeoa?iee aeey a?iio?aeueii? anoie, oai?ia
oe??e oa aiaeie?eiieo caeic. Aei ae?oaiai oeio o?iiiaeeiai?ee
a?aeiinyoueny ineo?/i? ?iceaaee, oeoe?iaee ae?aaao, a?ia?oii?/ia
oai?iaa, o?ii?/i? oai?iae EI?-i?aai?a ? ie?ie. Oai?iae ia?eoa??eii?
ia?aiai? nenoaie, iaa?ice, ineoiiao??, cao?eiee ineo?/iiai ?icaeoeo,
?aaiaoe/i? oai?iae na?oey, oai?iae ia/?iee, ae?aceiaa oai?iaa oeoieo
iienothoueny e?eaith, noiniaiith aei o?aoueiai oeio o?iiiaeeiai?ee IO.
Oei /anii, aeey aeayeeo iicieia?/ieo oi?i oai?ia aeanoea? ie?ai?
iniaeeaino? o?iiiaeeiai?ee. Oae, ca inoaii? 5 ?ie?a ?ioaineai?noue
aeieeiaiiy oai?ia oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo c?inea a 4,6 ?ace. A a
oe?eiio ca ia??iae, ui aea/aany, c?inoaiiy neeaei 982%. Oaei? ae?aaeaii?
i?ia?aneaii? aeeiai?ee oai?ia na?aae thiae?a Aeiiaoeueeiai ?aa?iio ia
ia? aeiaeai eean aai a?oia caoai?thaaiue.

Aiae?c iieaciee?a IO thiae?a, ye? iaoeathoue a ??ciiiai?oieo IIC
Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? iieaco?, ui iaea?eueo aenieee ??aaiue
?iciianthaeaeaiiy oai?ia a Ai?e?anueei-?iae??anuee?e cii? – 2685,0
aei./10000 thiae?a, ui ia 10,3% aeua, i?ae a na?aaeiueiio ii iaeano?.
Ae?oaa ?aiaiaa i?noea ca ??aiai caoai?thaaiino? caeia?
E?aiaoi?nueei-Einoyioei?anueea ciia – 2236,9 aeiaaee?a. ?io? IIC iathoue
i?eaeecii iaeiaeia? iieacieee. A Ai?e?anueei-?iae??anuee?e cii?
a?aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue caaaeueii? IO, aea e
ia?aaeuaiiy iieaciee?a caoai?thaaiino? thiae?a ooaa?eoeueicii i?aai?a
aeeoaiiy, oai?iaaie aiaeie?eiieo caeic, ineo?/ieie ?iceaaeaie. Ca
oai?iaaie ia?eoa??eii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, o?ii?/iei ioeoii, oai?iaaie
ie?ie oey ciia caeia? ae?oaa ?aiaiaa i?noea na?aae ?ioeo cii.

E?aiaoi?nueei-Einoyioei?anueea ciia ca ??aiai caoai?thaaiino?
ciaoiaeeoueny ia ia?oiio i?noe? c oaeeie oai?iaaie ye oeoe?iaee ae?aaao,
oai?iae ia?eoa??eii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, o?ii?/iee ioeo, ?aaiaoeci,
a?ia?oii?/ia oai?iaa, oai?iae oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo oa ie?ie. Ae?oaa
i?noea – ca o?ii?/ieie ?aaiaoe/ieie oai?iaaie, na?oeaai-noaeeiii?
nenoaie, a oaeiae o?ii?/ieie oai?iaaie EI?-i?aai?a.

Ioaea, IIC, ye? aiae?cothoueny, iathoue no?eeee, aea ??ciiiai?oiee ca
ae?aaeai?noth nooi?iue iaoiaaiiino?, ui a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo aecia/a?
??aaiue ? aeeiai?eo oai?iaeoino? thiae?a,ye? iino?eii iaoeathoue ia oeeo
oa?eoi??yo. Iiae?ai? caeiiii??iino? IO aeaoa?i?iothoueny oe?eei ?yaeii
aeieia?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo oa iaaee/ieo oaeoi??a.

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ??aiy IO thiae?a caeaaeii a?ae aaee/eie
oaoiiaaiiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia i?nueea na?aaeiaeua i?ae aeaeii noia?iiai
aeeeaeo oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei ia 1 ei2 ieiu? i?no na?ae/eoue, ui iaea?eueo
aeniea caoai?thaai?noue ?a?no?o?oueny a i?noao c ianyaii aeeeae?a
i?iaeoeo?a ae?iaieoeoaa iiiaae 1 o/ei2 – 2628,8 aeiaaee?a 10000 thiae?a,
ui ia 20,8% a?eueoa, i?ae a i?noao c i?i?iaeueiith e?euee?noth aeeeae?a
a ciai?oi? na?aaeiaeua. I?e oeueiio iiaeaeueoa ca?eueoaiiy aeeeae?a aae
aei 3 o/ei2 oaeoe/ii ia i?eaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino?.
Aeyaeaia caeiiii??i?noue aeinoaoiuei /?oei aeaco? ia iaoiaaiiee ??aaiue
oaoiiaaiiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ciai?oi? i?nueea na?aaeiaeua, yeei iiaeia
aaaaeaoe caaaeueio e?euee?noue ae?iaie/eo aeeeae?a iiiaae 1 o/ei2. Oae,
a i?noao c iiae?aiei ianyaii aeeeae?a iaea?eueo aenie? iieacieee
?iciianthaeaeaiino? iathoue oai?iae aiaeie?eiieo caeic, oeoe?iaee
ae?aaao, ineo?/i? ?iceaaee, ?aaiaoeci, caoai?thaaiiy EI?-i?aai?a, ie?ie,
oai?iae nenoaie o?aaeaiiy, a oaeiae oe??e.

I?e ii??aiyii? caoai?thaaiino? thiae?a a i?noao c ??ciei ??aiai
noia?iiai aeeeaeo oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei ia 1 iaoeaioey anoaiiaeaii, ui
iieacieee IO cia/ii c?inoathoue a i?noao c ianyaii noia?ieo aeeeae?a
a?eueo 200 ea ia 1 ethaeeio ca ??e. A oaeeo i?noao ??aaiue
caoai?thaaiino? thiae?a noaiiaeoue 2616,8 aeiaaee?a, ui ia 30% aeua,
i?ae a i?noao c iecueeei ianyaii aeeeae?a. *anoioa aeieeiaiiy ie?aieo
iicieia?/ieo oi?i caoai?thaaiue (oai?iae aiaeie?eiieo caeic,
ia?eoa??eii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, iaa?ice, ineoiiao??, cao?eiee ineo?/iiai
?icaeoeo, o?ii?/i? oai?iae EI?-i?aai?a ? oe??e) iathoue iaea?eueo aenie?
iieacieee a i?noao c na?aaei?i (a?ae 200 aei 700 ea) oa aenieei (a?ae
700 aei 1000 ea ia 1 ethaeeio) ??aiai noia?iiai aeeeaeo. Oae? oai?iae ye
oeoe?iaee ae?aaao, ineo?/i? ?iceaaee, ?aaiaoe/i? oai?iae
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, a?ia?oii?/ia oai?iaa oa a?iio?aeueia anoia
noaoenoe/ii /ano?oa aeieeathoue o thiae?a i?e iaaei??iiio oaoiiaaiiiio
iaaaioaaeaii?, oiaoi a i?noao c aenieei ? aeoaea aenieei (iiiaae 1000
ea) ianyaii noia?iiai aeeeaeo oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei ia 1 ethaeeio.

Aeua neacaia i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ei?aeyoe?eiei aiae?cii, yeee
aeiaiaeeoue, ui ?ioaineai?noue oaoiiaaiiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy oi?io? ia
o?eueee i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue caaaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? thiae?a an?ia
oai?iaaie, aea aieeaa? ? ia /anoioo aeieeiaiiy ie?aieo caoai?thaaiue.
Iniaeeai iani?eyoeeaa cia/aiiy ??aaiue oaoiiaaiiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia?
aeey oi?ioaaiiy ineo?/iiai caei?ia’y i?nueeeo thiae?a, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny neeueiei iiceoeaiei ei?aeyoe?eiei ca’yceii iaa?ic?a,
ineoiiao?e, ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a o thiae?a c ?nioth/ath aaee/eiith
noia?iiai aeeeaeo oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei (R=+0,6 – +0,79).

Ioaea, ?nio? i?yia caeaaei?noue i?ae ??aiai caoai?thaaiino? i?nueeeo
thiae?a ? ianyaii aaeiaeo ae?iaie/eo aeeeae?a a ciai?oi? na?aaeiaeua.
I?e oeueiio, ii?iaii ?eceeo aeey caei?ia’y thiae?a iiaeia aaaaeaoe
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ciai?oi? na?aaeiaeua ae?iaie/eo aeeeae?a a ianyc?
a?eueo 1 o/ei2 ? a?eueoa 200 ea/ethae.

?ic?aoiaai? eiao?oe??ioe aeaoa?i?iaoe?? aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, ui
iaeneiaeueia ?ieue a oi?ioaaii? o?ii?/ii? iaoieia?? a thiae?a iaeaaeeoue
oaeei enaiia?ioeeai iia?o?yiiai na?aaeiaeua ye aeaiieneae acioo, iee,
ai?ae, ieneae aoaeaoeth oa aeaiieneae n??ee.

Oaeiae aeyaeaia na?aaeiy oa aeniea ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue i?ae
eiioeaio?aoe??th a a?oio? i?ia?th, o?iio, aa??th, ia?aaioeth, cae?ca,
ai?o, i?ae?, naeioeth, ?oo??th, oeeieo oa oai?iaaie, ui oi?iothoue IO
thiae?a.

I?e ii??aiyii? ??aiy caoai?thaaiino? thiae?a a i?noao, ye?
?ic??ciythoueny ca /enaeuei?noth ? aonoioith ianaeaiiy aeyaeaii, ui
iaea?eueo aenie? iieacieee ?a?no?othoueny a i?noao na?aaeiuei? aaee/eie
c /enaeuei?noth ianaeaiiy aei 500 oen. aeeoae?a ? c na?aaeiueith
aonoioith ianaeaiiy a?ae 200 aei 300 /ie/ei2. A iaeeo ? aaeeeeo i?noao c
iaeith ? aenieith aonoioith ianaeaiiy ??ai? caoai?thaaiino? a??ia?aeii
ieae/a.

Ioaea, aaeaieia?/ia ia?niaeoeaa a?eueo ni?eyoeeaa a iaeeo ? aaeeeeo
i?noao. Aea oi?io?oueny aiia ca ?aooiie i?e/eiieo oaeoi??a, ye? ?noioii
??ciyoueny. Oae, a iaeeo i?noao ni?eyoeeaa aaeaieia?/ia neooaoe?y
oi?io?oueny a iniiaiiio ca ?aooiie nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo oaeoi??a,
ui aecia/athoueny oeeaaeii aeeooy, a a aaeeeeo – ??aiai ? ye?noth
aeeooy. Oeeaae aeeooy ianaeaiiy iaeeo i?no aeecueeee aei n?euenueeiai,
oiaoi, eiai oa?aeoa?enoeee a?eueo ni?eyoeea? aeey caei?ia’y, ui ?iaeoue
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ianaeaiiy iaio no?aniaaiiith. I?i oa, ui oeeaae
aeeooy ianaeaiiy iaeeo i?no a?eueo caei?iaee ? iaio no?aniaaiiee
na?ae/eoue ??aaiue niaoeeo?/ieo aeey a?iino?aniaaiiiai niiniao aeeooy
oai?ia – iaa?ic?a, ineoiiao?e, cao?eiie ineo?/iiai ?icaeoeo. Oe? oai?iae
iaeiaio ?iciianthaeaeai? a iaeeo i?noao. I?e/iio ??aaiue ?o a 2,3 ?ace
ieae/a, i?ae a na?aaei?o i?noao ? a 1,3 ?ace iaioee, i?ae o aaeeeeo. Ia
iaioa iieaciai i?aee?aneth? oea ? oaea iaoieia?y, ye oai?iae
ia?eoa??eii? ia?aiai? nenoaie oa i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy. Caoai?thaai?noue
ianaeaiiy ieie noaa?eueii a?eueo iecueea a iaeeo i?noao. A oie /an
a?eueo iecueeee caaaeueiee ??aaiue IO thiae?a o aaeeeeo i?noao
caaacia/o?oueny a iniiaiiio aenieith eiioi?oi?noth ? ye?noth oiia
aeeooy, a oaeiae aeinooii?noth ? caaacia/ai?noth ianaeaiiy iaaee/iith
aeiiiiiaith.

Ia iaio ae?aaeaiei oaeoi?ii, yeee aecia/a? iiyao oai?ia o i?nueeeo
thiae?a, ? niiaeeaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ano?n?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a n?i’yo c
oiiaii i?i?iaeueiei ??aiai niiaeeaaiiy ?ano?n?a (aei 5 oiia. iae. a
oeaeae ia 1 ethaeeio) niinoa??aa?oueny iaea?eueo aenieee oaii i?e?inoo
eiao?oe??ioo /anoioe iiyae caoai?thaaiue na?aae thiae?a (+21,8%). Cia/ii
ieae/a oeae eiao?oe??io a n?i’yo c na?aaei?i ??aiai niiaeeaaiiy ?ano?n?a
(5-7 oiia. iae.) ? ??cei iaaea? eiai oaii i?e?inoo (a 5,6 ?ace) a n?i’yo
c iaeneiaeueiei ??aiai niiaeeaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ano?n?a (a?eueo 8 oiia.
iae.). ?iaeoa eaaeo/e, i?ae /anoioith iiyae aeiaaee?a oai?ia na?aae
thiae?a ? ??aiai niiaeeaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ano?n?a niinoa??aa?oueny /?oea
cai?ioia caeaaei?noue, ui i?aee?aneth? ?ieue ?nioth/eo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? a oi?ioaaii? caei?ia’y.

Aea/ai? caeiiii??iino? oa aeyaeai? oaeoi?e aeicaieeee ?ic?aooaaoe
eiao?oe??ioe ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy o?ii?/ieo oai?ia. Eiao?oe??io a?aeiiniiai
?eceeo aeey a?eueoino? caoai?thaaiue ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao 1,6 – 6,9,
ui na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ?nio? i?aeaeuaiee ?ecee aeieeiaiiy oai?ia o
thiae?a Aeiiaoeueeiai ?aa?iio. I?e oeueiio anoaiiaeaii, ui naiee aenieee
?ecee ?icaeoeo a?eueoino? c ieo ?nio? a Ai?e?anueei-?iae??anuee?e ?
E?aiaoi?nueei-Einoyioei?anuee?e ciiao. Ao?eaooeaiee ?ecee, yeee
oa?aeoa?eco? iane?aeee aieeao iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a aeey iiioeyoe??, ia
caaaeaee ni?aiaaea? c aaee/eiith ao?eaooeaiiai ?eceeo. Oae, aenieee
a?aeiiniee ?ecee aeieeiaiiy oai?ia aiaeie?eiieo caeic aecia/a? iiyaa
o?eueee 161,6 aeiaaee?a ia?aeiieo caoai?thaaiue. Oiae? ye i?e iaaenieiio
a?aeiiniiio ?eceeo iiyae ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a, ?aaeuei? oiiae
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? coiiaeththoue iaeneiaeueiee ui??/iee i?e??no a 314,2
aei./10000 thiae?a.

I?iaiicoaaiiy iieaciee?a iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? i?nueeeo thiae?a.
Ioa?aeoa?eciaai? caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy oa ?iciianthaeaeaiino?e IO
aeicaieeee c aeiiiiiaith iaoaiaoe/ii? aeno?aiieyoe?? cae?enieoe i?iaiic
caoai?thaaiino? thiae?a aei 2005 ?ieo. Aiae?c aeaieo aeno?aiieyoe??
aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe o?e a?oie iicieia?/ieo oi?i oai?ia, ui
a?ae??ciythoueny ni?yioaaiiyi ? oaiiii iiaeeo?eaoe?? iieaciee?a
caoai?thaaiino?, ye? i?iaiicothoueny.

Ia?oo a?oio oai?ia i?aaenoaaeythoue oeoe?iaee ae?aaao, o?ii?/iee ioeo,
?aaiaoeci a aeoeai?e oac?, o?ii?/i? ?aaiaoe/i? oai?iae na?oey, ineo?/i?
?iceaaee, a?ia?oii?/ia oai?iaa, a?iio?aeueia anoia, ae?aceiaa oai?iaa
oeoieo ? caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo, aecaie oa
aea?iaoeoe. ?o ia’?aeio? oa, ui aeeiai?ea i/?eoaaieo iieaciee?a
caoai?thaaiino? ieie aei 2005 ?ieo ia? ??cea c?inoaiiy – a?ae 20% aei
90%. I/?eo?oueny iniaeeai aeniea c?inoaiiy o?ii?/ieo ?aaiaoe/ieo oai?ia
na?oey oa ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a a 3,6 – 3,9 ?ace. Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao
oa, ui iaea?eueo ?ioaineaii c?inoaoeiooue oai?iae iia’ycai?, a
iniiaiiio, c ii?ooaiiyi ineo?/iiai caei?ia’y oa ?ioi?oaoo, a oaeiae
ae?iaioa?iiai oa aea?a?/iiai oa?aeoa?o.

?iciianthaeaeai?noue na?aae thiae?a oai?ia aiaeie?eieo caeic, o?ii?/ieo
oiic?e?o?a oa ie?ie aei 2005 ?ieo ca?eueoeoueny iacia/ii – a?ae 3% aei
7%. Oe? iicieia?/i? oi?ie i?aaenoaaeythoue ae?oao a?oio i?iaiico – c
a?aeiinii noaa?eueiei ??aiai ?iciianthaeaeaiino? iaoieia??.

A o?aoth i?iaiinoe/io a?oio (c i/?eoaaiei cieaeaiiyi iieaciee?a
caoai?thaaiino?) aoiaeyoue iaa?ice, ineoiiao??, cao?eiee ineo?/iiai
?icaeoeo, oai?iae ia?eoa??eii? ia?aiai? nenoaie. Aea, yeui ??aaiue
iaa?ic?a aoaea cieaeoaaoeny iacia/ii (11%) ca aanue ia??iae i?iaiico, oi
oaiie cieaeaiiy ?iciianthaeaeaiino? oai?ia ia?eoa??eii? ia?aiai? nenoaie
iaaeoi cia/i? (a?ey 67%). I?e/iio, aei 2000 ?ieo i?iaiico?oueny
c?inoaiiy oe??? iaoieia?? na?aae thiae?a, a c 2001 ?ieo i/?eo?oueny
??cea cieaeaiiy aei 11,9 – 13,3 aei./10000 thiae?a.

A oe?eiio, i/?eo?oueny, ui caaaeueiee ??aaiue IO thiae?a Aeiiaoeueeiai
?aa?iio aei 2005 ?ieo c?inoa iaeaea ia 40% ? aeinyaia iieacieea 5736,8 –
6164,7 aei./1000 thiae?a.

Iaa?oiooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo i?eioeei?a ? caoiae?a ia?aeiii?, aoi?eiii?
? o?aoeiii? i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia na?aae thiae?a. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee iaa?oiooaaoe ? noi?ioethaaoe i?eioeeie
ia?aeiii?, aoi?eiii? oa o?aoeiii? i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia ? ?ic?iaeoe
caoiaee ioi?iie ?o caei?ia’y.

E?eoa??yie ia?aeiii? i?io?eaeoeee ? iieacieee ia?aeiii? ? caaaeueii?
(oai?iaeo?noue, ?iciianthaeaeai?noue) caoai?thaaiino? ianaeaiiy.
Ia?aeiia i?io?eaeoeea ?aae?co?oueny ia iniia? ianooiieo i?eioeei?a:
i?iiaaaiaea iaaee/ieo ciaiue na?aae thiae?a; nenoaiaoe/iee e?ea?nueeee ?
ooieoe?iiaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/iee eiio?ieue ca caei?ia’yi caei?iaeo ?
i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo thiae?a; nenoaiaoe/ia i?io?eaeoe/ia icaei?iaeaiiy
thiae?a, iai?aaeaia ia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy a?ieia?/ii? iaae?eiino?
i?aai?cio; e?ea?nueeee eiio?ieue ? ei?aeoe?y niiniao oa ?aaeeio aeeooy
thiaea; eiio?ieue ? oi?ioaaiiy caei?iaiai niiniao aeeooy thiae?a.

E?eoa??yie aoi?eiii? i?io?eaeoeee ? iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? o?ii?/ieie
oi?iaie oai?ia (iaoieia?/ia o?aaeai?noue), /anoioa ?aoeeaeea?a,
iiaeeo?eaoe?y no?oeoo?e a?oi caei?ia’y. Aoi?eiia i?io?eaeoeea
?aae?co?oueny ia iniia? ianooiieo i?eioeei?a: ?ioaineaia e?eoaaiiy
oai?eo thiae?a c aino?eie oi?iaie caoai?thaaiue; ?ioaineaia a?aeiiaia
e?eoaaiiy a ia??iae ?aeiiaaeanoeaioe?? i?ney ia?aianaieo aino?eo
caoai?thaaiue; ia?aaaaeaiiy oai?iai i?aee?oea, ui ia?ai?n aino?a
caoai?thaaiiy, ia ??aaiue ia?aeiii? i?io?eaeoeee.

E?eoa??yie o?aoeiii? i?io?eaeoeee ? iieacieee ?iaae?aeiino? oa
?iaae?aeecaoe?? ianaeaiiy, a oaeiae nia?oiino?. O?aoeiia i?io?eaeoeea
oai?ia ?aae?co?oueny ia iniia? ianooiieo i?eioeei?a: iino?eia e?ea?nueea
? ooieoe?iiaeueii-ae?aaiinoe/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy ca o?ii?/ieie oai?eie;
?ioaineaia i?ioe?aoeeaeeaia e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/ieo oai?eo; ?aaoey?ia
icaei?iaethaaeueia e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/ieo oai?eo; a/ania ? nenoaiaoe/ia
naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oia e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/ii oai?eo thiae?a; a/ania
?aaeeeaeueia (o??o?a?/ia) e?eoaaiiy aaaeeeo aai i?ia?anoth/eo o?ii?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue; iaa/aiiy oai?eo o?ii?/ieie caoai?thaaiiyie caniaai
naiieiio?ieth ? naiiciyooy caaino?aiue.

AENIIAEE

1. Aeieia?/ia na?aaeiaeua a oiiaao Aeiiaano oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iayai?noth
oe?ieiai niaeo?o enaiia?ioee?a. Aaaeo/eie caa?oaeithaa/aie iia?o?yiiai
aanaeio ? ieneae aoaeaoeth, aeaiieneae acioo, n??eiaiaeaiue, ieneae
n??ee, caaene? ?a/iaeie, ooi?enoee aiaeaiue, ai?ae, oaiie, ia?aaiaoeue,
naeiaoeue, ?oooue, ui ciaoiaeyoueny a eiioeaio?aoe?yo, ye? ia?aaeuothoue
AAeE. Iaea?eueo aenieee iieaciee noia?iiai caa?oaeiaiiy iia?o?y (Enoi)
neeaaea? 21,5 ia/i2, a i?i?iaeueiee – 4,3 ia/i2.

I??i?eoaoieie caa?oaeithaa/aie a?oioo aenooiathoue ?oooue, naeiaoeue,
aa??e, e?o?e, o?ii, i?eaeue, ieiai, oeeie, iaai?e, ui aecia/athoueny a
eiioeaio?aoe?yo, ye? cia/ii ia?aaeuothoue oiiia? cia/aiiy.

2. Caaaeueiee ??aaiue IO thiae?a i?ney a?aeiinii? noaa?e?caoe?? a 80-o
?ieao, noaa ??cei i?aeaeuoaaoeny ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a, aeinyaioaoe
iaea?eueo aenieiai iieacieea aei ?oiuei? na?aaeeie. O?iiiaeeiai?ea IO
thiae?a oa?aeoa?eco?oueny o?ueiia oeiaie: o?eaaea i?ia?aneaia c?inoaiiy,
oaeeaiiae?aia c?inoaiiy, ??cea ei?ioei/ania c?inoaiiy. Iicieia?/i? oi?ie
oai?ia, ui oi?iothoue IO, iienothoueny a?aeiia?aeiei oeiii
o?iiiaeeiai?ee.

3. A?aecia/a?oueny aeoeaia o?ii?caoe?y aino?eo oai?ia thiae?a, yea
aeaoa?i?ioaaea i?ia?aneaia c?inoaiiy ?o IO a 2,4 ?ace. Iaea?eueo aenieee
oaii i?e?inoo IO neeaaea? 9,9% i?e noaiaea?oiiio iieacieeia? 4,5%
aeiaaee?a ia ??e. Ieoiia aaaa o?ii?/ieo caoai?thaaiue neeaaea? a?ey 47%
a caaaeuei?e no?oeoo?? iaoieia?? thiae?a. No?oeoo?a IO thiae?a
oi?io?oueny, ia?aaeon?i, ca ?aooiie ineo?/ieo oai?ia (22,7%), oai?ia
i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy (10,8%), oai?ia EI?-i?aai?a (6,8%), oai?ia
aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie (4,0%). Na?aaeiy /anoioa aeieeiaiiy o?ii?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue na?aae thiae?a ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao 0,26 aeiaaee?a ia
??e.

4. ?nio? ae?aaeaia cai?ioia caeaaei?noue i?ae ??aiai ?iaeeiiiai
niiaeeaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ano?n?a ? /anoioith iiyae na?aae thiae?a
aeiaaee?a caoai?thaaiue. Iaea?eueo aenieee oaii i?e?inoo /anoioe
aeieeiaiiy oai?ia na?aae thiae?a niinoa??aa?oueny a n?i’yo c
eiao?oe??ioii niiaeeaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ano?n?a aei 5 oiia. iae. ia 1
ethaeeio a oeaeae (+22,1% aeiaaee?a ia ??e), a iaea?eueo iecueeee (+3,0%
aeiaaee?a ia ??e) i?e eiao?oe??io? 8 ? a?eueoa oiia. iae.

Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iei oaeoi?ii aenieiai ?eceeo oi?ioaaiiy oai?ia
na?aae thiae?a iiaeia aaaaeaoe eiao?oe??io niiaeeaaiiy aei 5 oiia. iae.,
a i?i?iaeueiei – eiao?oe??io 7 – 8 oiia. iae. ia 1 ethaeeio ca oeaeae.

5. ??aaiue IO thiae?a caeaaeeoue a?ae ianyao, nenoaiaoe/iino? oa
niaoe?ae?ciaaiino? iaaee/ieo iaeyae?a. Iaea?eueo aenieee oaii i?e?inoo
aeiaaee?a caoai?thaaiue na?aae ieo (+21,8% aeiaaee?a ia ??e)
a?aecia/a?oueny a i?noao c aenieith /anoeith thiae?a ia ioiieaieo
ui??/ieie iaaee/ieie iaeyaeaie oa icaei?iaeaiiyi, a iaea?eueo iecueeee
(+3,9%) – i?e iaeneiaeueiiio ioiieaii? iaaeiaeyaeaie e?ea?nueeith
a?eaaaeith (5-8 e?ea??a oao?aoe?a) ? c canoinoaaiiyi oe?ieiai niaeo?o
(5-6 cania?a) ?ino?oiaioaeueieo ianoaaeaiue.

6. ??aaiue IO thiae?a aecia/a?oueny ?ioaineai?noth oaoiiaaiiiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia i?nueea na?aaeiaeua ?o aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. Iaea?eueo
aeniea caoai?thaai?noue ?a?no?o?oueny a i?noao c aeeeaeii oe?aeeeaeo
?a/iaei a e?eueeino? iiiaae 700 ea/ethae ia ??e. A oeeo oiiaao
a?aecia/a?oueny c?inoaiiy o?aaeaiino? thiae?a oai?iaaie aiaeie?eiieo
caeic, oeoe?iaei ae?aaaoii, ineo?/ieie ?iceaaeaie, oai?iaaie
EI?-i?aai?a, ie?ie, oe??e, oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo, ia?eoa??eii?
ia?aiai? nenoaie, a?iio?aeueiith anoiith. O?ii?/i? ?aaiaoe/i? oai?iae
na?oey oa a?ia?oii?/ia oai?iaa /ano?oa cono??/athoueny a i?noao c
aaee/eiith noia?iiai aeeeaeo oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei a aoiinoa?o a?eueo 1000
ea/ethae ia ??e.

7. ?nio? ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue ??ciiiai?oiiai nooiaiy cia/eiino?
i?ae ??aiai IO thiae?a ? iayai?noth a iia?o?yiiio na?aaeiaeu?
enaiia?ioee?a a eiioeaio?aoe?yo, ye? ia?aaeuothoue AAeE. Iaea?eueo
neeueieie aeaoa?i?iaioaie iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano aenooiathoue aeaiieneae
acioo, caaene? ?a/iaeie (ci?oaiee iee), ai?ae, ieneae aoaeaoeth,
aeaiieneae n??ee.

Aenie? eiao?oe??ioe aeaoa?i?iaoe?? a oi?ioaaii? ooaa?eoeueico i?aai?a
aeeoaiiy aeanoea? oaiieo; a?iio?aeueii? anoie – aeaiieneaeo acioo, ieeo,
ia?aaioeth, ai?aeo oa oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo; oai?ia EI?-i?aai?a – ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth, ai?aeo, ooi?enoiio aiaeith, ieeo oa oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo;
a?ia?oii?/ii? oai?iae – n??eiaiaeith, ieneaeo aoaeaoeth; oai?ia i?aai?a
o?aaeaiiy – aeaiieneaeo acioo, oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo, oaiieo, caaeneei
?a/iaeiai, ai?aeo, ia?aaioeth oa neieeuei?e eeneio?.

8. O?i?/i? ?a/iaeie, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny a iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? a?oioo
ianaeaieo i?noeue a eiioeaio?aoe??, yea cia/ii ia?aaeuo? oiiia?
cia/aiiy, iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia noai caei?ia’y i?ae?e?oe?a
aeii?eciaiiai a?eo. ?nio? o?nia (na?aaeiy oa aeniea) ei?aeyoe?eia
caeaaei?noue i?ae eiioeaio?aoe??th a a?oio? i?ia?th, o?iio, aa??th,
ia?aaioeth, cae?ca, ai?o, i?ae?, naeioeth, ?oo??th, oeeieo oa oai?iaaie,
ui oi?iothoue IO thiae?a. Nooi?iue iaoieia?/ii? cia/eiino? oeeo
aeaiaio?a ia ??aiicia/iee ? caeaaeeoue a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? ?o a a?oio?,
a?ioiene/ii? aeoeaiino? oa o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae.

9. A i?iieneiai-i?nueeeo ciiao, caa?oaeiaieo o?i?/ieie ?a/iaeiaie a
eiioeaio?aoe?yo, ye? ia?aaeuothoue AAeE, aaee/eia a?aeiiniiai ?eceeo
aeieeiaiiy oai?ia na?aae thiae?a ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao 1,5 – 6,9, a
ao?eaooeaiiai – a?ae 0,3 aei 340 aei./10000 thiae?a. I?e oeueiio oai?iae
aiaeie?eiieo caeic, ineo?/i? ?iceaaee, a oaeiae iaa?ice, ineoiiao?? oa
cao?eiee ineo?/iiai ?icaeoeo na?aae thiae?a iathoue iaea?eueoee
eiao?oe??io ao?eaooeaiiai ?eceeo.

10. Iaoieia?/ia o?aaeai?noue thiae?a ? i?ieiiaiaaiei iieacieeii, yeee
?acoeueooth/a a?aeaeaa? aaaaoioaeoi?iee aieea yeci- oa aiaeiaaiieo
oe?aeeeaeo eiiiiiaio?a. ??aaiue ?iciianthaeaeaiino? a?eueoino?
iicieia?/ieo oi?i oai?ia, ui oi?iothoue IO, a??ia?aeii ai?ieneio?oueny
iie?iii?aeueiith aeaaa?a?/iith ooieoe??th 2-ai ii?yaeeo.

Aei 2005 ?ieo na?aae thiaoeueeiai ianaeaiiy i?iaiico?oueny ?ioaineaiee
??no (a?ae 20% aei 90%) oai?ia EI?-i?aai?a, oe??e, na?oeaai-noaeeiii? oa
nenoai o?aaeaiiy, a oaeiae oai?ia iica’ycaieo c ii?ooaiiyi ?ioi?oaoo oa
iai?io ?a/iaei. Noaa?euei? iieacieee i/?eothoueny aeey caoai?thaaiue
ineo?ee ? ie?ie. Cia/ii iiaea cieceoeny ?iciianthaeaeai?noue oai?ia
ia?eoa??eii? ia?aiai? nenoaie.

11. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo caoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee a i?aeoe/io
ae?yeuei?noue e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo onoaiia aeicaiey? cieceoe
iioaioe?eio iaaaciaeo aeieia?/ieo a?aaeaiue i?ae?inoath/i? aaia?aoe??,
i?aeaeueoe aeyaeyai?noue oai?ia i?e iaaee/ieo iaeyaeao, i?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueii? ae?aaiinoeee, cieceoe
e?aoi?noue ? o?eaae?noue ?aoeeaeea?a o?ii?/ieo oai?ia na?aae i?aee?oe?a.

NIENIE INIIAIEO ?IA?O, UI IIOAE?EIAAI?

CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aaa?eia A.E., Aeioeaiei O.I., Ooa?eyaa A.I., Aooaaa E.A., Naaa?ei
A.E., Ieaiaaa O.E., Eieouoaa E.A. Ieaaeai/aneay nia?oiinoue io
a?iaeaeaiiuo aiiiaeee a oneiaeyo aeaeaie/aneiai iaaeaaiiieo/ey //
Aeaeaia e naieoa?ey. -1991. -?12. -N. 41-43.

2. Aaa?eia A.E., Eieouoaa E.A., A?euaiei N.A., Ieeieaaiei A.A., Aoaaoaaa
I.A., Aaa?eiaa A.A., Ei?iaeia A.E., Eiaooieoeeee A.A., Ia?aoeia I.I.,
Noaiaiiaa I.A. Ei??aeyoeeiiiue aiaeec caaeneiinoe iaoieiae/aneie
ii?aaeaiiinoe iiae?inoeia-thiioae io caa?yciaiey aicaeooiie n?aaeu
enaiiaeioeeaie ?acee/iie oeie/aneie i?e?iaeu // Aanoiee aeaeaiu e
yieaeaieieiaee. -1998. -O.2, ?1. -N.73-77.

3. Aaa?eia A.E., Iiauoaaa I.A., A?euaiei N.A., Eieouoaa E.A., Ieeieaaiei
A.A., Ia?aoeia I.I., Aaa?eiaa A.A., Eiaooieoeeee A.A. Nia?aiaiiua
caeiiiia?iinoe nia?oiinoe ianaeaiey, i?iaeeaathuaai a oneiaeyo Aeiiaanna
// A?oea eeeie/aneie e yenia?eiaioaeueiie iaaeeoeeiu.

-1997. -O.6, ?1. -N. 109-112.

4. Aaa?eia A.E., Ianoa?aiei O.A., Eieouoaa E.A., Nou/eineay I.A.,
A?euaiei N.A. Nia?aiaiiua caeiiiia?iinoe iieieiae/aneie caaieaaaaiinoe
ianaeaiey a oneiaeyo Aeiiaanna // A?oea eeeie/aneie e yenia?eiaioaeueiie
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5. Aeaieiae/ A.I., Aieneiaaoe N.Ae., Nou/eineay I.A., A?euaiei N.A.
Eiiieaeniay iaoiaeeea i?iaiice?iaaiey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai ?enea ?acaeoey
o?iie/aneeo ianiaoeeoe/aneeo caaieaaaiee o iiae?inoeia // Na. iao/. o?.
iieiaeuo o/aiuo e niaoeeaeenoia, iinayuaiiue 65-eaoeth AeiiAIO.

–Aeiiaoee: III “Aeiieiaioa”. -1996. -N. 57-58.

6. Aaa?eia A.E., A?euaiei N.A., Eieouoaa E.A., Noaiaiiaa I.A.,
Eiaooieoeeee A.A., Ieeieaaiei A.A., Iiauoaaa I.A. Aeaeaie/aneay ioeaiea
caa?yciaiey aicaeooiiai aannaeia Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe e aai aeeyiea ia
caaieaaaaiinoue ianaeaiey // I?iaeaiu cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai
?aoi?ie?iaaiey. –Aeiiaoee: III “Eaaaaeue”. -1997. -N. 64-66.

7. Eieouoaa E.A., Ieeieaaiei A.A., Aoaaoaaa I.A., Iiauoaaa I.A.,
Eiaooieoeeee A.A. O?iiiaeeiaie/aneea caeiiiia?iinoe iaoieiae/aneie
ii?aaeaiiinoe iiae?inoeia-ioae/ei Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe // Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y ae?oae oe?eueiiai a?eo ? i?aee?oe?a. –Oa?e?a.

-1997. -N. 29-30.

8. Aaa?eia A.E., Nou/eineay I.A., Eieouoaa E.A., Iaaeaaa A.I., Eiiaoeia
I.A. Nia?aiaiiua caeiiiia?iinoe ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoe aaaeiaeoeo
iaeioaeoeeiiiuo caaieaaaiee n?aaee iiae?inoeia // I?iaeaiu
i?ioeeaeoe/aneie iaaeeoeeiu (*anoue II). –Aeiiaoee: III “Eaaaaeue”.
-1997.

-N. 1-3.

9. Eieouoaa E.A. Iaaeeoeeineee aiaeec nioeeaeueiuo oaeoi?ia ?enea aeey
caei?iauey iiae?inoeia a oneiaeyo Aeiiaanna // I?iaeaiu i?ioeeaeoe/aneie
iaaeeoeeiu (*anoue II). –Aeiiaoee: III “Eaaaaeue”. -1997. -N. 32-34.

10. Eieouoaa E.A., A?euaiei N.A., Nou/eineay I.A., Ieeieaaiei N.I.
Nioeeaeueiua oaeoi?u ?enea e caei?iauea ai?iaeneeo iiae?inoeia //
I?iaeaiu cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey. –Aeiiaoee: III
“Eaaaaeue”.

-1997. -N. 25-27.

Eieoeoaa ?. A. Iaoieia?/ia o?aaeai?noue thiae?a ? caoiaee uiaei ??
i?io?eaeoeee a oiiaao Aeiiaano. -?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
?c niaoe?aeueiino? 14.02.01 – a?a??ia. –Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiaee
a?a??i?/iee oeaio?, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith caeiiii??iinoae oi?ioaaiiy
iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? in?a aeii?eciaiiai a?eo (i?aee?oe?a-thiae?a
14-17 ??/iiai a?eo), ye? iaoeathoue a niaoeeo?/ieo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao ? a caa?oaeiaiiio aeieia?/iiio
na?aaeiaeu? Aeiiaano. A ?iaio? aeaia eiiieaenia a?a??i?/ia
oa?aeoa?enoeea ia’?eo?a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?nueeeo i?aee?oe?a.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaoieia?/ia o?aaeai?noue thiae?a aeii?eciaiiai a?eo
cia/iith i??ith aeaoa?i?iiaaia ??aiai ai?noo oe?ieiai niaeo?o
enaiia?ioee?a aeieia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua, a oaeiae oaeoi?aie
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o. ?ic?iaeaiee i?iaiic aeeiai?ee
iaoieia?/ii? o?aaeaiino? thiae?a Aeiiaano aei 2005 ?ieo. Cai?iiiiiaai?
caoiaee c i?io?eaeoeee oai?ia na?aae aeii?eciaiee?a, aoaeoeai?noue yeeo
iaa?oioiaaia oai?aoe/ii oa i?aeoaa?aeaeaia i?aeoe/ii. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue noaiooue iniiaith aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
iaaee/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?aee?oe?a, i?iaiico yeino?
a?enueeiai-i?eciaieo ? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a ??ciiiai?oieo ?aa?iiao
Oe?a?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: thiaee-i?aee?oee, iaoieia?/ia o?aaeai?noue,
caeiiii??iino?, i?iaiicoaaiiy, i?io?eaeoeea.

Koktyshev I.V. Pathological defeats of the young men living in
conditions of Donbass region and it’s preventive measures. –Manuscript.

Thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of medical
sciences on a speciality 14.02.01. — hygiene. –Ukrainian scientific
hygienic center, Kiev, 1999.

The thesis is dedicated to analysis of legitimates of formation
pathological defeats of faces of pre-recruits (teenagers-young men of
14-17 years age), living in particular social and economic conditions
and in contaminated ecological environment of Donbass.

The author gives in his work complex hygienic characteristic of objects
of an environment living conditions of the urban teenagers. As
established that pathological defeat of the young men is substantially
determined by a level of the contents of a broad spectrum xenobiotics of
ecological environment, and also factors of social and economic nature.
It’s also developed the forecast of dynamics of pathological defeat of
the young men in Donbass region up to 2005. There are suggested the
preventive measures for illnesses among pre-recruits, the efficiency of
which is justified theoretically and is affirmed practically. The main
outcomes of researches will form the basis for increasing efficiency of
medical services of the teenagers, also for forecast of qualitative
pre-recruits and manpower in different regions of Ukraine.

Keywords: the young-men teenagers, pathological defeat, legitimates,
forecasting, preventive measures.

Eieouoaa E.A. Iaoieiae/aneay ii?aaeaiiinoue thiioae e ia?u aa
i?ioeeaeoeee a oneiaeyo Aeiiaanna. –?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.02.10 – aeaeaia. –Oe?aeineee iao/iue
aeaeaie/aneee oeaio?, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth caeiiiia?iinoae oi?ie?iaaiey
iaoieiae/aneie ii?aaeaiiinoe eeoe aeii?ecuaiiai aic?anoa
(iiae?inoeia-thiioae 14–17 eaoiaai aic?anoa). Auyaeaii /oi,
o?iiiaeeiaieea iaoieiae/aneie ii?aaeaiiinoe thiioae oa?aeoa?ecoaony
o?aiy oeiaie: aeeeoaeueiue i?ia?anneaiue ?ino, aieiiia?aciue e ?aceee
e?aoeia?aiaiiue ?ino. Iicieiae/aneea oi?iu aieaciae, oi?ie?othuea
iaoieiae/aneoth ii?aaeaiiinoue iiae/eiythony ii?aaeaeaiiiio oeio
o?iiiaeeiaieee.

A ?aaioa aeaia eiiieaeniay aeaeaie/aneay ioeaiea iauaeoia ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu iaeoaiey ai?iaeneeo iiae?inoeia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi yeieiae/aneay
n?aaea (aoiinoa?iue aicaeoo, ii/aa) Aeiiaanna oa?aeoa?ecoaony iaee/eai
oe?ieiai niaeo?a enaiiaeioeeia, eioi?ua iaoiaeyony a eiioeaio?aoeeyo
i?aauoathueo IAeE. Iaeaieaa neeueiuie aeaoa?ieiaioaie iaoieiae/aneiai
i?ioeanna aunooiatho aeaoieenue acioa, acaaoaiiua aauanoaa, aiieae,
ieenue oaea?iaea, aeaoieenue na?u, niaea?aeaueany a aoiinoa?iii
aicaeooa. Eiaaony oaeaea iieiaeeoaeueiay ei??aeyoeeiiiay caaeneiinoue
iaaeaeo eiioeaio?aoeeae a ii/aa ieiaey, o?iia, aa?ey, ia?aaioea,
aeaeaca, ai?a, iaaee, naeioea, eoo?ey, oeeiea e aieaciyie, oi?ie?othueie
iauee o?iaaiue iaoieiae/aneie ii?aaeaiiinoe.

O?iaaiue iaoieiae/aneie ii?aaeaiiinoe thiioae i?aaeii?aaeaeyaony ?yaeii
oaeoi?ia nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai oa?aeoa?a, oaeeo eae: eioaineaiinoue
oaoiiaaiiie iaa?ocee ia ai?iaeneoth n?aaeo, ieioiinoue ianaeaiey,
o?iaaiue naiaeiiai iio?aaeaiey yeiiiie/aneeo ?ano?nia, iauai,
nenoaiaoe/iinoue e niaoeeaeece?iaaiiinoue iaaeeoeeineeo iniio?ia.

?ann/eoaiiay aaee/eia ioiineoaeueiiai ?enea aicieeiiaaiey aieaciae
n?aaee thiioae Aeiiaoeeiai ?aaeiia iaoiaeeony a i?aaeaeao 1,5 – 6,9, a
ao?eaooeaiiai – io 0,3 aei 340 neo/aaa ia 10 oun. thiioae. ?ac?aaioai
i?iaiic aeeiaieee iaoieiae/aneie ii?aaeaiiinoe thiioae Aeiiaanna aei
2005 aiaea. I?aaeeiaeaiu ia?u i?ioeeaeoeee aieaciae n?aaee
aeii?ecuaieeia, yooaeoeaiinoue eioi?uo iainiiaaia oai?aoe/anee e
iiaeoaa?aeaeaia i?aeoe/anee.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iineoaeao iniiaie aeey iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe
iaaeeoeeineiai ianeoaeeaaiey iiae?inoeia, i?iaiica ea/anoaa
aiaiii-i?ecuaiuo e o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia a ?acee/iuo ?aaeiiao Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: thiioe-iiae?inoee, iaoieiae/aneay ii?aaeaiiinoue,
caeiiiia?iinoe, i?iaiice?iaaiea, i?ioeeaeoeea.

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