OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AOAe?AIEOeOAA OA A?O?OAEOO?E

AIAe???A NA?A?E IEOAEEIAE*

OAeE 629.7.07

IOe?IEA ??AIss I?IOAN?EII? I?AeAIOIAEE

EUeIOIIAI NEEAAeO I?E II*AOEIAIIO IAA*AII?

05.01.04 — A?aiiii?ea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio ?inoeooo? eueio/ee?a AIN Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Aaa?eeia Aaeoa?ae Aaneeueiae/,
i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai? ?iaioe. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaei?e oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Aoa?ia Ae?aa Oia?eiae/, caa.
eaoaae?ith ?ioi?iaoeee oa ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee. Oe?a?inueea
?iaeaia?ia — iaaeaaia?/ia aeaaeai?y (i. Oa?e?a)

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee, No??eaoeue
A?eoi? Ia?eiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe?? neoaeae oa i?aeaioiaee.
Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo iiaeaaeii? aaciaee IAN Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?i. I.?. AEoeianueeiai (Oa?e?anueeee aa?aoe?eiee ?inoeooo).
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 18 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 13 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae64.056.02 a Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e ca
aae?anith: i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Noinueea, 40.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e, ca
aae?anith: i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Noinueea, 40.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “16 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao a?o., aeioeaio
A.O. *a?eaniaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aiae?c aaciaee iieueio?a ca inoaii? 20 ?ie?a
iieaco?, ui cia/ia /anoeia an?o aa?aoe?eieo i?eaiae oa ia?aaeoiia aei
ieo iia’ycaia c iiieeeaie o oaoi?oe? i?eiooaaiiy oa iecueeei ??aiai
iaa/aiiy eueioiiai neeaaeo (aei 40 %). Oea na?ae/eoue i?i iaaa?acaee a
aaeoc? i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy eueioiiai neeaaeo. I?e oeueiio aia?aaoe/ia
e?eca, ui aeieeea a Oe?a?i?, ??cea nei?i/aiiy ia’?i?a iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
iaeeaii-ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a, iio??aieo aeey aeeiiaiiy o/aiaa-aieiaeo
caaea/, noaee i?e/eiaie /eneaiieo o?oaeiiu?a o eueioi?e i?aeaioiaoe?
eo?naio?a — eueio/ee?a. Aeo?ae c oaeiai noaio iiaea aooe ciaeaeaiee a
i?aeaeuaii? aoaeoeaiino? iaa/aiiy ca aeiiiiiaith o?aiaaea??a.

A aeine?aeaeaiiyo, ui i?iaaaeai? a Aea?aeaai?e eueioi?e aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie oa Ee?anueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??,
iaaiaeyoueny iaoiaeeee ioe?iee ??aiy o?aiaaea?ii?, eueioii? oa
niaoe?aeueii? i?aeaioiaee ia ??cieo aoaiao iaa/aiiy. A?aeiii aaaaoi
?ia?o, ui ?icaeyaeathoue ieoaiiy e?euee?nii? ioe?iee i?aeaioiaee
iia?aoi?a aei ae?yeueiino? a nenoai? “ethaeeia — oaoi?ea”. I?ioa iaia
?ia?o, a yeeo ae oe?eani?yiiaaii, c ?aeeieo iiceoe?e, ia iaoeiaeo
canaaeao ?icaeyaeaeiny ??oaiiy caaea/? eiiieaenii? i?aeaioiaee
iia?aoi?a.

sse iieacaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?.I. Iaea?iaa, A.I. Aiae?iaa, A.A.
Eiaaeaiei, A.I. E?eaeaiianueeiai, A.I. O?aiaci?eiaa, ia ii/aoeiaiio
aoai? iaa/aiiy oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eieo iaae/ie iaaoaa? iniaeeaiai
cia/aiiy. Naia ia oeueiio aoai? caeeaaeathoueny iniiae i?ioan?eii?
iaae?eiino?, ciaiiy, iaae/ee oa oi?iiy, eio?? caaacia/othoue aaciaeo
iieueio?a. Iaaeinoaoi?e ?icaeoie oeeo yeinoae ? aieiaiith i?e/eiith
o?oaeiiu?a iiaioaaiiy “aea?cii?” i?ia?aie, a?ae/eneaiiy c eueioii?
iaoni?oiino? oa i?e/eiaie ia?aaeoiia aei eueioieo i?eaiae.

Oaeei /eiii, noai?aiiy iaoiaeeee ioe?iee ??aiy IIEN i?e ii/aoeiaiio
iaa/aii? ? aeooaeueiith caaea/ath, ae??oaiiy yei? caaacia/o?
oaeineiiaeaiiy ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy i?ioeano IIEN ? i?aeaeuaiiy
aaciaee iieueio?a. Ana oea iaoiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue oaie
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeanue o iaaeao aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie “A?enueeiaa ina?oa”
(Ca?iei? neee Oe?a?ie OOI noi??//y) oa ieai?a IAe? Oa?e?anueeiai
?inoeoooo eueio/ee?a AIN Oe?a?ie a 1995 — 1999 ?ieao.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea
iaoiaeeee ioe?iee ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eueio/ee?a ia aoai?
ii/aoeiaiai iaa/aiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oa ae??oai? ianooii? iniiai?
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ioe?iee yeino? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
iia?aoi?a e?oaeueiiai aia?aoo (EA) c aecia/aiiyi ??aiy caeaoiino? aei
iaa/aiiy o iaaiiio ?ioa?aae? /ano;

aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o caeaoiino? aei iaa/aiiy
eo?naioa — eueio/eea ia aoai? ii/aoeiaiai iaa/aiiy;

?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee eiiieaenii? ioe?iee ??aiy IIEN ia aoai? ii/aoeiai?
eueioii? i?aeaioiaee;

?ic?iaea cania?a eiio?ieth IIEN oa iioei?caoe?y oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue
ia oeth i?aeaioiaeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aia?oa noi?ioeueiaai? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae eiiieaenii? ioe?iee ??aiy
IIEN, ui aeicaiey? iaeneiaeueii a?aeia?aceoe ca’ycie ??aiy IIEN ?c on?ia
aeaeaie i?aeaioiaee i?e ii/aoeiaiio iaa/aii?.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia iiaa iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?ioeano iaa/aiiy, yea
a?aeia?aaea? iinooiia? ye?ni? ci?ie ? aca?iiee aieea a noeoiiino?
ciaiue, iaae/ie ? ai?iue eueio/eea, c iaeiiai aieo, ? noeoiiino?
eiiiiiaio?a, ye? oi?iothoue iaa/aeuei? caniae, c ae?oaiai aieo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?oa a?aee?eaathoue ?aaeueiee oeyo aei
iioei?caoe?? cania?a oa /ano iaa/aiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaia o ?iaio? iaoiaeeea
ioe?iee ??aiy IIEN aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe ? ieaioaaoe i?ioean iaa/aiiy
ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? oa cia/ii cieceoe iaoa??aeuei? aeo?aoe a oiiaao
aia?aaoe/ii? e?ece a Oe?a?i?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a iaa/aeueiee
i?ioean O?E AIN Oe?a?ie (aeo ?aae?caoe?? a?ae 12 eeiiy 1999?.) i?e
ii/aoeiaiio iaa/aii? eo?naio?a-eueio/ee?a ia o?aiaaea?? e?oaea E-39 oa
aeei?enoai? a 3 ca?oao iaoeiai — aeine?aeieo ?ia?o aea?aeaaii?
?a?no?aoe??:

IAe? ? 096207. “?ic?iaea ? iioei?caoe?y iiaeaeae iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano”.
Oeo? “Iiaeaeue-II”. OCAI O?E AIN Oe?a?ie, 1996.-N.24-39.

IAe? ?096402. “Iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy no?oeoo?e, ci?noo oa iaoiae?a
i?aeaioiaee iieiaeoeo aa?aoe?eieo niaoe?ae?no?a, aaeaeaa??a ?
niaoe?ae?no?a o O?E AIN Oe?a?ie”. Oeo? “Caaacia/aiiy”. OCAI O?E AIN
Oe?a?ie, 1997. — 97c.

3. IAe? ?096015. “?ic?iaea oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? i?ioan?eiiai
eueioiiai iaa/aiiy eo?naio?a a i?ioean? eueioii? i?aeoeee”. Oeo?
“I?aeaioiaea-96”. O?E AIN Oe?a?ie, 1997. — 86c.

?ic?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? iieiaeaiiy oa io?eiai? a i?e ?acoeueoaoe
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao, ia aoaeue-yeiio
aa?aoe?eiiio i?aei?e?inoa? oa o/aiai — o?aioaaeueiiio caaii? oeea?eueii?
oa a?enueeiai? aa?aoe?? oa a ??cieo aaeocyo i?iieneiaino? ? ia
o?ainii?o?, aea o?oaeiaa ae?yeuei?noue ethaeeie ia? iia?aoi?nueeee
oa?aeoa?.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. An? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ui aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno, iaea?aeai? iniaenoi aaoi?ii. A ioae?eaoe?yo, ye? iaienai? o
ni?aaaoi?noa?, aeena?oaioo iaeaaeaoue (ca?aeii c nieneii iaoeiaeo ?ia?o
a e?ioe? aaoi?aoa?aoo):

[3] — ?ic?iaea oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeae? aeeiai?ee ??aiy IIEN,

[7] — ?ic?iaea nenoaie i?aeaioiaee aei iieueio?a ? eiio?ieth ??aiy
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia:

iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? O?E AIN Oe?a?ie “Iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?
i?iaeaie ?ic?iaee aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai i?aeaioiaee oa eiio?ieth
aioiaiino? eueioiiai neeaaeo o/aiaiai aa?aoe?eiiai iieeo o neeaae?
a?enueeiaiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo” (Oa?e?a, 1995 ?.);

iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? O?E AIN Oe?a?ie “Iaoeia? i?iaeaie
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oa oaeineiiaeaiiy ica?i?iiy AIN Oe?a?ie,
cania?a eiai aieiaiai canoinoaaiiy ? aenieoaoaoe??” (Oa?e?a, 1996 ?.);

i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai — i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? Aea?aeaaii? eueioii?
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie “Canoinoaaiiy aa?aoe?? a ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa?”
(E??iaia?aae, 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? a 7
noaooyo, ?c yeeo 4 o aeaeaiiyo caoaa?aeaeaieo AAE Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 119 iaeiaioaaiue oa 2
aeiaeaoe?a. Ianya ?iaioe 131 noi??iie, o oiio /ene? 96 noi??iie
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 25 ?enoie?a, 28 oaaeeoeue oa 5 noi??iie
aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
aecia/aia iaoa oa iinoaaeai? iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iieacaia
iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe oa ?? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeaia ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea i?aai?caoe??
i?ioeano ii/aoeiai? i?aeaioiaee eueio/ee?a Oe?a?ie oa ?iicaiieo
aea?aeaa.

Aecia/aii, ui ?nioth/a a Oe?a?i? nenoaia IIEN, oni?oii i?aoeth? eeoa i?e
aenie?e ?ioaineaiino? iieueio?a. I?e oeueiio eiio?ieue ca ??aiai iaae/ie
oa a?aeiia?aeii iai?aoethaaiiy naieo iaae/ie oi?aae?iiy EA ei?eao?oueny
o?eueee i?ney aeeiiaiiy iieueioo. Ioaea i?e iaeiio ianyao /ano
iieueio?a, ui iia’ycaii c aia?aaoe/iith e?ecith a Oe?a?i?,
iineaaeth?oueny cai?ioiee ca’ycie ? aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
iaiao?aeieo iaae/ie iaaea?. ?aaeueiee oeyo i?aeaeuaiiy iaa/aiiy
eueio/ee?a, o no/anieo oiiaao — oea i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaa/aiiy ?c
oe?ieei aeei?enoaiiyi o?aiaaea??a.

Aea oaeee oeyo no?eio?oueny a?aenooi?noth iaoiae?a eiiieaenii? ioe?iee
??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eueio/eea. Inoaii? ii?iaeaeo? i?iaeaio
ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy IIEN i?e ii/aoeiaiio iaa/aii?.

Aeey caaea/ ioe?iee aeeiai?ee ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eueio/eea
/anoi aeei?enoiao?oueny iiaeaeue aeaaeai?ea A.I.O?aiaci?eiaa, ui
a?aoiao? ??aaiue i?aeaioiaee iia?aoi?a a?ae iaaii?yaeeiaaiino? eiai
ae?yeueiino?. I?ioa oeae i?aeo?ae ia a?aoiao? nooiaiy aieeao ci?i o
noai? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iiaeae? cania?a iaa/aiiy oa ia ?ice?eaa? ci?noo
ia?aiao?a caeaoiino? aei iaa/aiiy.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? c?iaeaiee aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue iaa?oiooaaiiy
iiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei ioe?iee ??aiy IIEN c o?aooaaiiyi nooiaiy aieeao
ci?i o noai? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iiaeae? oa ia?aiao?a caeaoiino? aei
iaa/aiiy. Oea aeicaieeoue iie?ioeoe ye?noue IIEN oa i?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? eueio/ee?a, i?e cia/iiio
nei?i/aii? iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao ia i?aeoe/ia iaa/aiiy.

Nooue iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo a ia?oiio ?icae?e?, iieyaa? o
ianooiiiio:

anoaiiaeaii, ui neaaea oai?aoe/ia iaa?oioiaai?noue oa i?aeoe/ia
a?aenooi?noue iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, iia’ycaieo c i?iaeaiaie ioe?iee ??aiy
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eueioiiai neeaaeo i?e ii/aoeiaiio
iaa/aii? a oiiaao aia?aaoe/ii? e?ece, aenoaa? caaea/o i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy o aeaiiio iai?yieo;

noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/?, ye? iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe aeey io?eiaiiy
ia’?eoeaieo ioe?iie yeino? IIEN;

?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?ii-eia?/ia noaia aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/aia oei, ui
i?iaiae?ciaaia aaeeea e?euee?noue ioae?eaoe?e c ieoaiue i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee eueioiiai neeaaeo, aea/aii? ?nioth/? oaoiieia?? i?aeaioiaee
eueioiiai neeaaeo ?iicaiieo aea?aeaa oa a Oe?a?i?, i?iaiae?ciaai?
noaoenoe/i? aeai? i?ioeano i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy eueioiiai neeaaeo.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe iioae?eiaai? a [5].

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aecia/ai? i?eioeeie a?aeai?o oaeoi??a, iinoaaeaia oa
ae??oaia caaea/a aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a caeaoiino?
aei iaa/aiiy eo?naioa-eueio/eea.

A i?ioean? iaa/aiiy eo?naioa i?eioeei “iaiao?aeii? ??aiiaaae”
o?ainoi?io?oueny a i?eioeei aaeaeaaoiino? i?ae eiioeaiooaeueiith
iiaeaeeth oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiith iiaeaeeth cania?a iaa/aiiy.

Oiiae aaeaeaaoiino? i?ae ia?acii oa iiaeaeeth iiaeia caienaoe o
aeaeyae?:

Poi = Pii ; H oi = H ii ; QE = QO .

Aai

, (1)

— aaniethoia i?aai?caoe?y na?aaeiaeua aeey ineoieia?/iiai ia?aco
eo?naioa;

— aaniethoia i?aai?caoe?y na?aaeiaeua aeey ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iiaeae?.

Ia?ao?aeiee i?ioean a?ae iaeiiai ??aiy aaeaeaaoiino? aei ae?oaiai
iiaeeeaee eeoa i?e ii?ooaii? oiia noaoenoe/ii? ??aiiaaae o nenoai?. Oea
iiaeeeai o aeiaaeeo iiyae i?e?iuaiiy eiaeiiai ?c /eai?a ??aiyiiy, eio??
iienothoue oiiae aaeaeaaoiino?.

(2)

Ii?ooaiiy ??aiiaaae i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?ie aaniethoii? i?aai?caoe??
eiaeiiai c eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie ia aaee/eio dQ ca aeaiaioa?iee a?ae??cie
/ano dt, oiaoi c o?aooaaiiyi (1):

(3)

Ine?eueee eiaeiee c eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie iiaea ciaoiaeeoenue eeoa o aeaio
noaiao (oaeoe/iiio oa caaaeaiiio), oi

.

Oiio

(4)

aea PE — eiia??i?noue ia?aoiaeo eiioeaiooaeueii? iiaeae? ?c oaeoe/iiai
noaio a noai ooieoe?iiaeueii? ii?ie.

PO — eiia??i?noue ia?aoiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iiaeae? ?c oaeoe/iiai noaio a
noai ooieoe?iiaeueii? ii?ie.

) a ?yaee Iaeei?aia, io?eia?ii:

, (5)

aea ( PE — eiia??i?noue ci?ie noaio eiioeaiooaeueii? neeaaeiai? iiaeae?
iaa/aiiy, oiaoi eiia??i?noue ia?aoiaeo ia iiaee ??aaiue ciaiue a
i?ioean? iaa/aiiy;

( PO — eiia??i?noue ci?ie noaio ?ioi?iaoe?eii? neeaaeiai? iiaeae?
iaa/aiiy, oiaoi eiia??i?noue ia?aoiaeo ia iiaee ??aaiue ciaiue a
i?ioean? iaa/aiiy.

?icaeyaeath/e nenoaio ??aiyiue (5) a?aeiinii eiioeaiooaeueii? iiaeae?,
io?eia?ii eiai caaaeueia ??oaiiy o aeaeyae?:

, (6)

aea C0,C1 — noaea ?ioaa?oaaiiy;

t — /an iaa/aiiy;

— iieacieee nooiaiy canai?iiy o/aiaiai iaoa??aeo.

.

Oiio

(7)

.

Oiae?

. (8)

Oae naii

. (9)

. (10)

— aei?noe?noue oe?eueiai? onoaiiaee (aei?noe?noue ii?ie), yee
aecia/athoueny ca iaoiaeii Aaa?eeiaa A.A.,

. (11)

Aaaaeaii iicia/aiiy

,
(12)

aea ai — ia?aiao? caeaoiino? aei iaa/aiiy ia i eo?n? (e?ioe?)
iaa/aiiy. Ioaea

. (13)

Oae naii

. (14)

Ca aeiiiiiaith ?E ? ?O i?iiiio?oueny ioe?ithaaoe ??aaiue IIEN.

, ui caaacia/o? i?i?ioi iaiao?aeiiai /ano ia aeinyaiaiiy caaaeaii?
eiia??iino? iaaoooy i?ioan?eieo eueioieo iaae/ie oa oi?iue. Oi?iaeueii
caaea/a i?aaenoaaey?oueny o aeaeyae?:

P = Pcaaae,
(15)

,

aea ti — iaiao?aeiee /an i?aeaioiaee;

Pcaaae- caaaeaia eiia??i?noue ia?aoiaeo ?c oaeoe/iiai noaio aei
ooieoe?iiaeueii? ii?ie.

I?eioneath/e, ui iaiao?aeiee /an ti iia’ycaiee c ia?aiao?ii caeaoiino?
aei iaa/aiiy a caeaaei?noth:

,
(16)

— eiao?oe??io i?iii?oe?eiino?, ae??oo?ii caaea/o iioei?caoe?? o oi?i?
(15) aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoiae iaaecia/aieo iiiaeiee?a Eaa?aiaea.

Iioeiaeueia cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o caeaoiino? aei iaa/aiiy
eo?naioa-eueio/eea, yeee caaacia/o? i?i?iaeueii iaiao?aeiee /an iaa/aiiy
i?e caaaeai?e eiia??iino? aeinyaiaiiy ??aiy IIEN, aecia/a?oueny oae:

, (17)

— iioeiaeueia cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o caeaoiino? aei iaa/aiiy.

Nooue iaoeiaiai ?acoeueoaoo, ui io?eiaiee o ae?oaiio ?icae?e?, iieyaa? a
iaa?oiooaaii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aeeiai?ee ??aiy i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee eo?naioa-eueio/eea c iiceoe?? iae?ii?aeoiaeo ia aac? oai???
?ioi?iaoe??. Io?eiaia iiaeaeue iineoue aaiethoe?eii — ?iia??i?niee
oa?aeoa?. Iniiaia a?aei?ii?noue iiaeae? a?ae caaaeueiia?aeiieo iiaeaeae
iieyaa? a onoiaii? i?eiouaiue i?e aecia/aii? ia?aiao?o, ui oa?aeoa?eco?
caeaoi?noue iia?aoi?a aei iaa/aiiy oa o?aoiao? ye?ni? ci?ie
?ioi?iaoe?eii? iiaeae? cania?a iaa/aiiy.

Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue (13, 14) iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia i?e iaa/aii? oa
ia?ai?aeaioiaoe? ia aoaeue-yeiio oei? EA a yeino? iniiae aeey
i?iaiicoaaiiy ci?i ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eueio/ee?a, a oaeiae
aeey aecia/aiiy ia??iaee/iino? i?iaaaeaiiy o?aioaaeueieo caiyoue c
aeae?a i?aeaioiaie oa aeai?o iaiao?aeieo iaoiaeee iaa/aiiy. Iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe iioae?eiaai? a [2, 3, 4].

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? ioe?iee ??aiy IIEN oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo i?ioeano iaa/aiiy eo?naio?a-eueio/ee?a
io?eiai? /eneia? cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a caeaoiino? aei iaa/aiiy i?e
caaaeaiiio ??ai? IIEN oa i?i?iaeueii iaiao?aeiiio /an? iaa/aiiy.

.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy c ia?aa??ee ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee
eiiieaenii? ioe?iee ??aiy IIEN i?iaiaeeeenue i?e iaa/aii? 194
eo?naio?a.

C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy a??ia?aeiino?, aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaia ia
/ioe?ueio aea??eao eo?naio?a ??cieo iaai??a (1990 — 1993 ?.). Io?eiai?
?acoeueoaoe ca nai?ie oaiaeaioe?yie aeyaeeeny aeecueeeie iaeei aei
iaeiiai.

Oeyoii ooi/iaiiy aca?iiiai aieeao ??cieo iieaciee?a ??aiy IIEN, aoa
i?iaaaeaiee iiaiee oaeoi?iee aiae?c (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

??ai? oa ?ioa?aaee aa??thaaiiy ia?ai?iieo

aa??thaaiiy oaeoi??a oai?aoe/ia o?ce/ia i?ioa?aea?? o?aiaaea?ia

?ioa?aae aa??thaaiiy 0,72 1 1 2

Ioeueiaee ??aaiue 4,28 4 2 6

Ieaei?e ??aaiue 3,56 3 1 4

Aa?oi?e ??aaiue 5 5 3 8

Io?eiaia ?aa?an?eia iiaeaeue ia?aiao?o, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? caeaoi?noue
eo?naioa — eueio/eea aei iaa/aiiy:

=0,734+0,0067X1+0,0121O2+0,0222X3+0,0394X4-0,0027O1O2-0,0031O1X3 —
0,0021O1O4 -0,0017O2O3 -0,0012O2O4 -0,0036O3O4 . (18)

Ine?eueee, ii??aiyiiy ?ic?aoiaaiiai cia/aiiy e?eoa??th O?oa?a (F=1,36
i?e ?=0,95; n =16) iaio oaaee/iiai cia/aiiy (FT =3,01), oi aeaia
iiaeaeue aeinoia??ia.

?acoeueoaoe ioe?iee aaeaeaaoiino? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aeeiai?ee ??aiy
IIEN a oi?i? (13, 14) ?aaeueiei iieacieeai IIEN iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 2.

?ic?aoiaaia cia/aiiy e?eoa??th Nouethaeaioa iaio oaaee/iiai (tST=2,131).
Ioaea, aeaia iiaeaeue aaeaeaaoia ?aaeueiiio i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy
i?ioan?eieo iaae/ie o eo?naio?a-eueio/ee?a, a eiia??i?noue ?E iiaea
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey ioe?iee aeinyaiooiai ??aiy IIEN.

Oaaeeoey 2

?acoeueoaoe ioe?iee ??aiy IIEN,

io?eiai? i?e iiaeaethaaii? oa a i?ioean? aenia?eiaioo

(?) E?eoa??e Nouethaeaioa

tS

Ce?o 0,6782 0,1086 1,796

Ai?eciioaeuei?e iie?o 0,7383 0,1151 1,782

Cao?ae ia iinaaeeo 0,771 0,1138 1,78

Nooue iaoeiaiai ?acoeueoaoo, io?eiaiiai o o?aoueiio ?icae?e?, iieyaa? o
ianooiiiio:

aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/ai? eiao?oe??ioe ?aa?an?eii? iiaeae? ia?aiao?o,
yeee oa?aeoa?eco? caeaoi?noue eueio/ee?a aei iaa/aiiy;

aeieacaia aaeaeaaoi?noue iiaeae? iaa/aiiy ?aaeueiei ?acoeueoaoai
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eueioiiai neeaaeo.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe iioae?eiaai? a [1, 2, 6].

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? noi?ioeueiaai? iaoiaeeee oa i?iiiceoe?? uiaei
eiio?ieth IIEN. Iaaaaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy
iaoiaeeee eiiieaenii? ioe?iee ??aiy IIEN:

1. Ioe?iea ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eo?naioa-eueio/eea ia aoai?
ii/aoeiaiai iaa/aiiy iiaea aooe c?iaeaia ca aaee/eiith ?iia??iino?
ia?aoiaeo ?c oaeoe/iiai noaio aei noaio ii?ie (13, 14):

2. Iaea?eueo iaae?eiei oa a??ia?aeiei aeaea?aeii aecia/aiiy ia?aiao?o,
ui oa?aeoa?eco? caeaoi?noue iia?aoi?a aei iaa/aiiy, yaeythoueny
noaoenoe/i? aeai? i?i i?aeaioiaeo eueio/ee?a. sseui ? cia/ia e?euee?noue
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, oi aecia/a?oueny aeayea na?aaei? cia/aiiy
ia?aiao?o iiaeae? iaa/aiiy ca oi?ioeith:

, (19)

aea m — e?euee?noue ioe?iie, ca yeeie ?ic?aoiaothoue na?aaeith aaee/eio.

3. Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? iaa/aiiy iiaeia iaia?aae ioe?ieoe
??aaiue i?aeaioiaee eueio/ee?a Pi/ a caeaaeiino? a?ae /ano, ui
aeo?a/a?oueny ia eiai i?aeaioiaeo tcaaae. Iiaeeeaee ??aaiue i?aeaioiaee
ioe?io?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

. (20)

4. I?iaiicoaaiiy iaiao?aeiiai /ano iaa/aiiy eueio/eea tI aeey
aeinyaiaiiy iei caaaeaiiai ??aiy i?aeaioiaee ?caaae i?iiiio?oueny
i?iaiaeeoe ca oi?ioeith:

. (21)

aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith (17).

?ica?aei?noue i?ae oaeoe/iei oa iioeiaeueiei cia/aiiyie ia?aiao?o, ui
oa?aeoa?eco? caeaoi?noue iia?aoi?a aei iaa/aiiy, i?eiooo? ooeaoe i?e/eie
iecueei? aoaeoeaiino? o/aiaiai i?ioeano, a oaeiae oeyoe uiaei onoiaiiy
oeeo i?e/ei.

Ea?aeeiaeueieie oeyoaie ? a?aen?a iacae?aieo aei iaa/aiiy eo?naio?a oa
oaeineiiaeaiiy o/aiaiai i?ioeano oeyoii anoaiiaeaiiy iioeiaeueiiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ??cieie aeaeaie i?aeaioiaee.

O aeiaaeeo, yeui O1, O2, O3 caeeoathoueny iaci?iieie, oi iaiao?aeia
aaee/eia ??aiy o?aiaaeii? i?aeaioiaee O4 aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

(22)

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? oaeiae iaaaaeaia ae?aa?aia i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy i?i
aeioe?euei?noue iaa/aiiy eo?naioa ca eueioieie i?io?eyie iaa/aiiy,
oei/ania? ae?aa?aie canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeeee ioe?iee ??aiy IIEN a i?ioean?
ii/aoeiaiai iaa/aiiy.

Aeina?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a o/aiaiio i?ioean?
i?e iaa/aii? eueioiiai neeaaeo ia o?aiaaea?? OE-39 oa e?oaeo E-39
iieacaa, ui cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea iiaea aooe canoiniaaia o iaa/aii? oa
ia?ai?aeaioiaoe? ia aoaeue-yeiio oei? EA i?ney ia?a?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a
iiaeae? ioe?iee ??aiy IIEN noiniaii aei eiie?aoiiai oeio EA.

?aae?caoe?y iaoiaeee ioe?iee ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eueioiiai
neeaaeo oa i?iiiceoe?e uiaei ?o aeei?enoaiiy ia iio?aao? cia/ieo
iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao, iaeiae ??cei i?aeaeuo? aoaeoeai?noue eiio?ieth
??aiy IIEN.

A aeiaeaoeo iaaaaeai? oaoi?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee o?aiaaea?a OE-39, ia
yeiio i?iaiaeeeenue aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa aeoe
?aae?caoe?? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

AENIIAEE

Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aoai?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
io?eiai? ianooii? aieiai? ?acoeueoaoe:

Ae??oaia caaea/a ioe?iee yeino? IIEN, ia iniia? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
aeeiai?ee iaa/aiiy eueioiiai neeaaeo, yea a?aeia?aaea? iinooiia? ye?ni?
ci?ie ? aca?iiee aieea a noeoiiino? ciaiue, iaae/ie ? ai?iue eueio/eea,
c iaeiiai aieo, ? noeoiiino? eiiiiiaio?a, ye? oi?iothoue iaa/aeuei?
cania?, c ae?oaiai aieo. Aeieacaia aaeaeaaoi?noue iiaeae? ?aaeuei?i
?acoeueoaoai iaa/aiiy.

Ae??oaia caaea/a iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao?o, ui oa?aeoa?eco? cae?ai?noue
eo?naioa-eueio/eea aei iaa/aiiy, ui caaacia/o? i?i?iaeueii iaiao?aeiee
/an aeey aeinyaiaiiy caaaeaii? ?iia??iino? aeeiiaiiy i?ioan?eieo
eueioieo ooieoe?e.

?ic?iaeaia ?aa?an?eia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ia?aiao?o, ui oa?aeoa?eco?
caeaoi?noue iia?aoi?a aei iaa/aiiy, a caeaaeiino? a?ae ??cieo oaeoi??a.

Noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae iaoiaeeee eiiieaenii? ioe?iee
??aiy IIEN ia iniia? oai??? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa noaoenoe/iiai iaoiaea
iiaiiai oaeoi?iiai aiae?co.

Aeaia iaoiaeeea aeicaiey? a?aeia?aceoe aeinyaiooee ??aaiue IIEN oa
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ??cieo aeae?a i?aeaioiaee, a oaeiae i?eeiyoe ??oaiiy i?i
aeioe?euei?noue iiaeaeueoiai eueioiiai iaa/aiiy.

Aeinoia??i?noue ? nooi?iue iaa?oioiaaiino? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?oioothoueny ia ooiaeaiaioaeueieo caeiiao caaaeueii? oai??? nenoai oa
oai??? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia noaoenoe/ieie e?eoa??yie c 95%
caaacia/ai?noth. Ianya aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo iaa?oioiaaiee oai???th
ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? O?E AIN Oe?a?ie i?e ii/aoeiaiio iaa/aii? eo?naio?a-eueio/ee?a
ia o?aiaaea?? e?oaea E-39.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?oa a?aee?eaathoue ?aaeueiee oeyo aei
iioei?caoe?? cania?a oa /ano iaa/aiiy.

Cai?iiiiiaaia o ?iaio? iaoiaeeea ioe?iee ??aiy IIEN aeicaiey?
i?iaiicoaaoe ? ieaioaaoe i?ioean iaa/aiiy ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? oa
cieceoe iaoa??aeuei? aeo?aoe ia 20 % ca ?aooiie:

ciaioaiiy “aea?cieo” iieueio?a ia 3 eo?n? iaa/aiiy (o na?aaeiueiio ia 2
iieueioe);

ciaioaiiy ia 28 % e?eueeino? eo?naio?a, ui a?ae/eneaii? o ia??iae
eueioiiai iaa/aiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ?iaioao:

Aiae???a N.I. I?aeo?ae aei oi?ioaaiiy eiiieaenii? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee
??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eueioiiai neeaaeo // Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. — Oa?ueeia: OAIO, 1998.
Aui. 16. — N.80 — 82.

Aiae?aaa N.I. Aeai?eoi eiiieaeniie ioeaiee o?iaiy i?ioanneiiaeue-iie
iiaeaioiaee eaoiiai ninoaaa // Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai
iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. — Oa?ueeia: OAIO, 1998. Aui. 16. — N.82 —
86.

Aiae?aaa N.I., Aaa?eeia Y.A. Iiaeaeue aeeiaieee o?iaiy i?ioanneiiaeueiie
iiaeaioiaee eaoiiai ninoaaa // Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai
iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. — Oa?ueeia: OAIO, 1998. Aui. 21.
-N.109-114.

Aiae?aaa N.I. Iioeiecaoeey oaeoi?ia ia?aiia/aeueiiai iao/aiey eao/eeia
// Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai
oieaa?neoaoa. -Oa?ueeia: OAIO, 1999. Aui.36 . — N.85-87.

Aiae?aaa N.I. Aiaeec ninoiyiey nenoaiu i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeai-oiaee
eaoiiai ninoaaa: Iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneea iaoa?eaeu ii aii?inai
niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?aaiecaoeee o/aaii-aiaaie iiaeaioiaee e oi?aaeaiey
aieneaie. Iaoa?eaeu eiioa?aioeee. — Oa?ueeia: OEE, 1996. — N.3-5.

Aiae?aaa N.I. Aiaeec noaoenoe/aneie iiaeaee i?ioanneiiaeueiie
iiae-aioiaee eaoiiai ninoaaa: Iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneea iaoa?eaeu ii aii?inai
niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?aaiecaoeee o/aaii-aiaaie iiaeaioiaee e oi?aaeaiey
aieneaie. Iaoa?eaeu eiioa?aioeee. — Oa?ueeia: OEE, 1996. — N.5-8.

Aiae?aaa N.I., Eaaiia A.A., Oaa/aiei A.E I?iaeaiu eiio?iey ca
iiaeaioiaeie eaoiiai ninoaaa e iieaoai: Iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneea iaoa?eaeu
ii aii?inai niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?aaiecaoeee o/aaii-aiaaie iiaeaioiaee e
oi?aaeaiey aieneaie. Iaoa?eaeu eiioa?aioeee. — Oa?ueeia: OEE, 1996. —
N.8-10.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aiae???a N.I. Ioe?iea ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eueioiiai neeaaeo
i?e ii/aoeiaiio iaa/aii?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.01.04 — a?aiiii?ea. — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e, 1999.

Noi?ioeueiaaia oa ae??oaia caaea/a eiiieaenii? ioe?iee ??aiy i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee eueioiiai neeaaeo, yea aeicaiey? iaeneiaeueii a?aeia?aceoe
ca’ycie ?c on?ia aeaeaie i?aeaioiaee i?e ii/aoeiaiio iaa/aii?. Ia aac?
oai??? ?ioi?iaoe?? ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iaa/aiiy eueio/eea.
Ae??oaia caaea/a iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao?o, ui oa?aeoa?eco? caeaoi?noue
eueio/eea aei iaa/aiiy.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeieacaee aeinoia??i?noue ?ic?iaeaii?
iiaeae? oa iieacaee aenieo aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee
eiiieaenii? ioe?iee ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee eueioiiai neeaaeo.
Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia i?e iaa/aii?
oa ia?ai?aeaioiaoe? ia aoaeue-yeiio oei? e?oaeueiiai aia?aoo a yeino?
iniiae aeey ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
eueioiiai neeaaeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea, eueio/ee, o?aiaaea?, eiio?ieue,
eiiieaenia ioe?iea, ii/aoeiaa iaa/aiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aiae?aaa N.I. Ioeaiea o?iaiy i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee eaoiiai
ninoaaa i?e ia?aiia/aeueiii iao/aiee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.01.04 — y?aiiiieea. — Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?n-oaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u,
1999.

Aiaeec y?aiiiie/aneeo iniaaiiinoae nenoaiu i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee
eaoiiai ninoaaa ca?oaaaeiuo no?ai e nenoaiu iiaeaioiaee aiaiiuo eao/eeia
a Oe?aeia, iieacae, /oi caaea/a ?aoeeiiaeueiiai ni/aoaiey e
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe i?eiaiaiey ?acee/iuo aeaeia e n?aaenoa
i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee eaoiiai ninoaaa a oneiaeyo yia?aaoe/aneiai
e?ecena iiaeao auoue ?aoaia ia iniiaa nicaeaiey iiaiai iiaeoiaea e
ioeaiee o?iaiy IIEN.

Noi?ioee?iaaia e ?aoaia caaea/a eiiieaeniie ioeaiee o?iaiy
i?ioanneiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaee eaoiiai ninoaaa, iicaieythuay iaeneiaeueii
io?aceoue naycue ni anaie aeaeaie iiaeaioiaee i?e ia?aiia/aeueiii
iao/aiee.

Ia aaca oai?ee eioi?iaoeee ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iao/aiey
eo?naioa, eioi?ay io?aaeaao iinoaiaiiua ea/anoaaiiua eciaiaiey e
acaeiiia aeeyiea a niaieoiiinoe ciaiee, iaaueia e oiaiee eao/eea, n
iaeiie noi?iiu, e niaieoiiinoe eiiiiiaioia, eioi?ua oi?ie?otho
iao/athuea n?aaenoaa, n ae?oaie noi?iiu. Iieo/aiiay iiaeaeue iineo
yaiethoeeiiii — aa?iyoiinoiue oa?aeoa? e o/eouaaao ea/anoaaiiua
eciaiaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiie iiaeaee niiniaia iao/aiey. ?aoaia caaea/a
iioeiecaoeee ia?aiao?a, eioi?ue oa?aeoa?ecoao niiniaiinoue eao/eea e
iao/aieth i?e ieieiaeueiii a?aiaie iao/aiey. ?ac?aaioaia aeeaa?aiia
i?eiyoey ?aoaiey i oeaeaniia?aciinoe iao/aiey eo?naioa ii eaoiui
i?ioeeyi iiaeaioiaee.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey aeieacaee aeinoiaa?iinoue ?ac?aaioaiiie
iiaeaee e iiaeoaa?aeaeaiu noaoenoe/aneeie e?eoa?eyie n 95%
iaania/aiiinoueth.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee aia?aua ioe?uaatho ?aaeueiue iooue e
iioeiecaoeee n?aaenoa e a?aiaie iao/aiey eaoiiai ninoaaa. Iniiaiua
iieiaeaiey aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou ?aaeeciaaiu a o/aaiii i?ioeanna
Oa?ueeianeiai einoeoooa eao/eeia AAN Oe?aeiu i?e ia?aiia/aeueiii
iao/aiee eo?naioia — eao/eeia ia o?aiaaea?a naiieaoa E-39.

I?aaeeiaeaiiay a ?aaioa iaoiaeeea ioeaiee o?iaiy i?ioanneiiaeueiie
iiaeaioiaee eaoiiai ninoaaa iicaieyao i?iaiice?iaaoue e ieaie?iaaoue
i?ioeann iao/aiey e nieceoue iaoa?eaeueiua cao?aou ia 20 % ca n/ao:

oiaiueoaiey “auaiciuo” iieaoia ia 3 eo?na iao/aiey (a n?aaeiai ia 2
iieaoa).

oiaiueoaiey ia 28 % eiee/anoaa eo?naioia-eao/eeia, eioi?ua io/eneaiu a
ia?eiae eaoiiai iao/aiey.

I?aaeeaaaaiay iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iiaeao auoue eniieueciaaia i?e
iao/aiee e ia?aiiaeaioiaea ia ethaii oeia eaoaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa a
ea/anoaa iniiau aeey ieaie?iaaiey e i?iaiice?iaaiey i?ioan-neiiaeueiie
iiaeaioiaee eaoiiai ninoaaa, a oaeaea aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ia?eiaee/iinoe
i?iaaaeaiey o?aie?iai/iuo caiyoee ii aeaeai iiaeaioiaie e auai?a
iaiaoiaeeiuo iaoiaeee iao/aiey.

?anniio?aiiay iaoaiaoe/an-eay iiaeaeue iiaeao auoue eniieueciaaia a
?acee/iuo io?aneyo i?iiuoeaiiinoe e ia o?ainii?oa, aaea o?oaeiaay
aeayoaeueiinoue /aeiaaea iineo iia?aoi?neee oa?aeoa?.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?ioanneiiaeueiay iiaeaioiaea, eao/ee, o?aiaaea?,
eiio?ieue, eiiieaeniay ioeaiea, ia?aiia/aeueiia iao/aiea.

ABSTRACT

Andreev S.M. Evaluation of the professional training level of the flight
personnel in the course of initial training. -Manuscript.

Thesis for degree of Candidate of technical sciences on speciality
05.01.04 — ergonomic. Kharkiv State Technical University of Construction
and Architecture, 1999.

In this work the author formulated and solved the problem of complex
evaluation of the professional training level of flight personnel that
allows to give maximum reflection of its connection with all kinds of
training in the course of initial training. On the basis of the theory
of information the author worked out a mathematical model of a pilot’s
training. The author solved the problem of how to optimize the parameter
of pilot’s ability to learn.

Experimental research proved reliability of the model and showed higt
efficiency of the offered methods of complex evaluation of flight
personnel professional training.

This mathematical model can be used by training and retraining for any
flying vehicle as a basis for planning and prognostication of flight
personnel professional training, choosing the necessary methods of
teaching and also determining periodicity for practical training by
types of training.

Key words: professional training, pilot, simulator, inspection, complex
evaluation, initial training.

I?aei. aei ae?oeo 8. 09. 99.

Oi?iao 60o84 1/16

Iai?? ienaeueiee. Ae?oe ion.

Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e. 1.0

Cai. ? 135 Oe?aae 100.

?AA Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa oa
a?o?oaeoo?e, 310002, Oa?e?a, aoe. Noinueea 40.

Похожие записи