IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAI OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO I?IAEAI ?EIEO OA3 AEIIII?EI-AEIEIA?*IEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

A?EAAeUe?AA A?eoi??y A?oae??aia

OAeE 330.115

IOe?IEA IA?NIAEOEAE IIIEOO OA NO?AOAA?ss ?AAE?CAOe?? I?IAeOEOe?? A
AEAEO?IOAOI?*I?E I?IIENEIAINO?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue

08.07.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?iieneiaino?

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

IAeANA — 1998

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iinoeoooi i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiiiiei-aeieiai/-

ieo aeineiaeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee: /eai — ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie,
aeieoi? aeiiiii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ao?eeinueeee Ai?en
Aieiaeeie?iae/,

aee?aeoi? Iinoeoooo i?iaeai
?eieo

oa aeiiiiiei-aeieiai/ieo
aeineiaeaeaiue

IAI Oe?a?ie

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiiii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ia?aea?ianueeee Oaeien
Ciniiiae/,

Iaeanueea Aea?aeaaia aeaaeaiiy
oa?/iaeo

oaoiieiaie, i?ioani? eaoaae?e

eaiaeeaeao aeiiiii/ieo iaoe

Iaco?ii Aaea?ie Iaeneiiae/,

ia/aeueiee Iaeanueeiai aieiaiiai

?aaiiiaeueiiai oi?aaeiiiy

I?iiiiaanoaaieo Oe?a?ie

I?iaiaeia i?aaiicaoeiy: Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iieioaoii/iee

oiiaa?neoao, Iiiinoa?noai inaioe

Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aeiiiiiee

iiaei?e?inoa

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny — » 21″ n?/iy 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiaeeii ia ca-

niaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.177.01 a Iinoeoooi
i?ia

eai ?eieo oa aeiiiiiei-aeieiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith: 270044, Oe?a?ia, i. Iaeana, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 29.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Iinoeoooo
i?iaeai

?eieo oa aeiiiiiei-aeieiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:

270044, Oe?a?ia, i. Iaeana, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 29.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee » 17 » a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoeiaeiciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee
Oa?aeaiia I.E.

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue. A oiiaao iineeaii? eiieo?aioei? i caaino?aiiy

i?iaeai ?aaeicaoei? i?iaeoeoei? aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi
aaae-

eeaa cia/aiiy aiaeaiaeeoueny ?eieiaei aeineiaeaeaiiyi. Caaea/ath
?eieiaeo

aeineiaeaeaiue i i?eeia?ieo ia ?o iiaenoaai oi?aaeiinueeeo
?ioaiue ?

io?eiaiiy iiaei?e?inoaaie aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi o?eaaeiai

i?eaooeo, aa?aioiy ca?iaioii? ieaoii aeey ?o ?iaioieeia ,
?ino ia-

nyaia i?iaeaaeo. Ioeiiea iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoeith ia? aaaeeeaa
cia/aiiy

aeey aiaeico iiaeeeainoae ?eieo, ieaioaaiiy ia?eaoeiaiaeo coneeue i

aiaeico ?oiuei? aoaeoeaiinoi. Aeinoiai?iee i?iaiic caooo
i?iaeoeoei?

iiaei?e?inoaa aeicaieeoue eiio caiuaaeaeoaaoe eiooe ia oo?eiaiiy cae-

ai? eieueeinoi caiania, caaacia/eoe i?eeiyooy ?aoeiiiaeueieo
?ioaiue

aiaeiinii ani?oeiaioo aeioneaaii? i?iaeoeoei?, a oaeiae aea?aoe
iae-

aieueo i?eeiyoio no?aoaaith ?icaeoeo iiaei?e?inoaa.

?aaioa aeeiioaaeanue o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei eii?aeeiaoeieiiai
ieaio

iaoeiai-oaoii/iiai i?ia?ano Aea?aeaaiiai Eiiioaoo Oe?a?ie ii ie-

oaiiyo iaoee i oaoiieiaie ii i?iaeaiao «Aeiiiii/ii oa oaoiieiai/-

ii iiaeoiaee aia?ai- oa ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy», ieaiaie I?aaeiiiy AAO

«Iiaaeaiueaeaeo?iiao» ia 1994-2004 ?.?.

Iaoith oe??? ?iaioe ? oaeineiiaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo i?eioeeiia o

i?aeoeoei i?iaiicoaaiiy iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoeith aeaeo?ioaoii/ii?
i?i-

ieneiainoi, yea aeicaiey? ia iniiai eiiaiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo
i?iaiico-

aaiiy io?eiaoe iaeaieueo aeinoiai?ii ioeiiee ia?niaeoeae iiieoo ia

i?iaeoeoeith oa ia eiai iniiai ?ic?iaoei ii? ii iiaeaeuaiith
aoaeoea-

iinoi oi?aaeiiiy ?aaeicaoei?th aeaeo?ioaoii/iii i?iaeoeoei?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oei?? iaoe a ?iaioi ?ica’ycaii oae? caaea/?:

— ?icaeyiooi ?icii iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy iiieoo ia
i?iaeoeoeith

aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi i i?iaaaeaii ?o ii?iaiyeueiee
aia-

eic c iaoith aecia/aiiy ia?aaaa eiiaiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo i?iaiicoaaiiy

a aeaeo?ioaoii/iie i?iieneiainoi;

— i?iaaaeaii aiaeic neooaoei? ia ?eieo aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iienei-
ainoi c iaoith io?eiaiiy yeiniiai i?iaiico caooo ye neeaaeiaii /anoeie
eiiaiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo i?iaiicoaaiiy;

— ?ic?iaeaii i?eioeei ?ic?aooieo i/ieoaaiiai i?eaooeo ia iniiai
i?iaiiciaaiiai iiieoo i aeai?eoi ae?iaeaiiy no?aoaai? iiaei-

?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi;

— i?iaaaeaii aiaeic aeiyeueiinoi oa ?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoei? uiaei
oaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e neoaeae caooo iiaei?eainoa aeaeo?ioao-
ii/ii? i?iieneiainoi aeey aieueo aoaeoeaiiai oi?aaeiiiy
?aaeica-

2

oei?th i?iaeoeoei?;

— ?ic?iaeaia ae?iaie/a i?ia?aia ?iaioe iiaei?e?inoa
aeaeo?i-

oaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi i?e iaiaaeaiii ?ano?nia, yei iio?iaii
aeey

ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoei? c oi/ee ci?o iaeneiicaoei? i?eaooeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee ioeiiee ia?niaeoeae iiieoo ia
i?i- aeoeoeith aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi;

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ae?iaeaiiy no?aoaai? iiaei?e?inoa
aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi;

— oaeineiiaeaiii?eioeei ?ic?aooieo i/ieoaaiiai i?eaooeo ia iniiai
i?iaiiciaaiiai iiieoo;

— ?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoei? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e neoaeae
cao- oo iiaei?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi;

— oaeineiiaeaii oi?aaeiiiy aeioneii aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iaeoeoei? a
oiiaao iaiaaeaiiy ?ano?nia, yei iio?iaii aeey ?? ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee, yei aeicaieythoue io?eioaaoe aeinoiai?ii
ioeii- ee ia?niaeoeae iiieoo ia aeaeo?ioaoii/io i?iaeoeoeith;

— ?ic?iaeaii i?eioeei ?ic?aooieo i/ieoaaiiai i?eaooeo oa aeai?eoi
ae?iaeaiiy no?aoaai? aeey i?eeiyooy aiaeiiaiaeieo aoaeoeaieo ?ioaiue
iiaei?e?inoaaie aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi;

— ?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoeii uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e neoaeae
cao- oo iiaei?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi;

— ?ic?iaeaia ae?iaie/a i?ia?aia oi?aaeiiiy aeioneii aeaeo?ioao-
ii/ii? i?iaeoeoei? a oiiaao iaiaaeaiiy ?ano?nia.

?acoeueoaoe, yei iaea?aeaee a aeena?oaoei?, aeei?enoaii ia AAO
«Iia- aeaiueaeaeo?iiao» ye aeiiiii/ii aeaiaeii oa ia?niaeoeaii (aeo
i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aaoi?nueeeo ?ic?iaie aiae 22.12.97 ?.) i
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii ia iiaei?e?inoaao aeaeo?ioaoii/ii?
i?iieneiainoi Oe?a?- ie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaaa a aiaeici inioth/eo
iaoiaeia i?iaiicoaaiiy iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoeith oa ?ic?iaoei
i?aeoe/ieo ia-

oiaeee, yei aeicaieythoue io?eioaaoe aeinoiai?ii ioeiiee
ia?niaeoeae

iiieoo ia aeaeo?ioaoii/io i?iaeoeoeith; ?ic?iaeao i?eioeeio ?ic?aooi-

eo i/ieoaaiiai i?eaooeo i aeai?eoio ae?iaeaiiy no?aoaai?
iiaei?e-

?inoa; ?ic?iaeao oaeineiiaeaiii no?oeoo?e neoaeae caooo iiaei?e?inoa
aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi oa ae?iaie/i? i?ia?aie oi?aaeiiiy
aeioneii aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iaeoeoei? a oiiaao iaiaaeaiiy ?ano?nia.
Aaoi? i?eeiaa aaciina?aaeith o/anoue o ?aaeicaoei? aeaieo ?ic?iaie ia
AAO «Iiaaeaiueaeaeo?iiao».

3

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoei? aiaeia?aaeaii o aeiiiaiaeyo
ia 2-i?

iiaeia?iaeii? iaoeiai — i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioei? «Ia?eaoeia: oai?iy
i

i?aeoeea» (Ee?a, 1998 ?.); iiaeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioei? ii
iaoaiaoe/-

iiio iiaeaethaaiith Iinoeoooo iaoaiaoeee IAI Oe?a?ie (1998 ?.); 5-i?

Oe?a?inueei? eiioa?aioei? ii aaoiiaoe/iiio oi?aaeiiith, yea i?enay-

/aia 100-?i//th Ee?anueeiai iieioaoii/iiai iinoeoooo (Ee?a, 1998
?.); iaoeiai — i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioei? «Iaeee oa na?aaeiie aician: noa-
iiaeaiiy, ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo, i?aaiaa caaacia/aiiy» (Oa?nii,

1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoei? aeeeaaeaii o 16 ioaeieaoeiyo, o oiio
/enei: 2 aaoi?nueeeo naiaeioeoaao ia iaoiaeeee, 7 iaoeiaeo noaooyo o
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 3 iaoeiaeo noaooyo o cai?ieeao i?aoeue, 2 oacao
aeiiiaiaeae o cai?ieeao iaoa?iaeia eiioa?aioeie.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaeaaoueny ic anooio,
o?ueio ?icaeieia, i’yoe aeiaeaoeia. Ianya aeena?oaoei? — 139 noi?.,
aeiaeaoeia — 59 noi?. Aeena?oaoeiy iinoeoue 18 ?enoieia, 18 oaaeeoeue
oa iineeaiiy aei 90 iaoeiaeo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaaaaeaia caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe, yea
iiaee-

?aneth? ?? aeooaeueiinoue, aiaeiiaiaeiinoue aea?aeaaiei iaoeiaei
i?ia?a-

iai, iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi iinoea i nooiinoue
i?iaiicoaaiiy

o ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeineiaeaeaiiyo, aeaii aiaeic inioth/eo iaoiaeia
i?ia-

iicoaaiiy iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoeith i?iieneiaiai iiaei?e?inoaa. Aeiaaaeaia

iai?eaeaoiinoue ?o canoinoaaiiy ia no/aniiio aoaii ?icaeoeo ?eieiai?
aeiiiiiee a Oe?a?ii. Iaaaaeaii i?iaeaie, yei aeieeathoue i?e ?o ai?i-
aaaeaeaiii aei aea/aiiy iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoeith.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ye iaeaieueo aeioeieueiei iaoiaeii
i?iaiicoaai-

iy iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoeith i?iiiio?oueny eiiaiiiaaiee iaoiae
i?iaiico-

aaiiy, yeee iinoeoue o niai eieueeiniee iaoiae i?iaiicoaaiiy ia
in-

iiai aeai?eoio aaaaoiii?ii? aeno?aiieyoei? ii i?aoeaaeaioao oa
yein- iee iaoiae i?iaiicoaaiiy ia iniiai iieooaaiiy oaoiaoeia
iiaei?e?ino- aa, yei iathoue aaciina?aaeia aiaeiioaiiy aei
caooo i?iaeoeoei?. Aeey io?eiaiiy eiiaiiiaaiiai i?iaiico
?acoeueoaoe oeeo iaoiaeia o?aaa

ii?iaiyoe. Aeey oiai, uia ii?iaiyoe ?acoeueoaoe iaio i?iaiicia,
?o

o?aaa iiaeaoe o ii?iaiyeueiiio aeaei. Iaeaeaa i?iaiica iiieoo
i?aaen-

4

oaaeythoueny o aeaei iaeaieueo iiiai?iiai iioa?aaeo Q+DQ.

Iiaeeeai neiaeoth/i aeiaaeee:

1. Iaeei i?iaiic iiaiinoth ioiieth? ae?oaee. I?e oeueiio
caaaeueia

iaeanoue aei?iaith? iaeanoi «ioiiethth/iai» i?iaiico.

2. Iioa?aaee /anoeiai ia?ao?auothoueny.

3. Iioa?aaee iaio i?iaiicia ia iathoue caaaeueii? iaeano?. O
oeueiio

aeiaaeeo i?iaiice ?aoothoueny noia?a/ieie iaeei iaeiiio.

sseui ?acoeueoaoe ia noia?a/ii, oi aeieea? caaea/a io
niieueii?

ia?iaee (?en. 1).

O aeiaaeeo noia?a/iinoi aeaieo o?aaa caa?iooeny aei
eiai/iiai

aiaeico, yeee caeienith?oueny aiaeioe/iei iaoiaeii, ca
aeiiiiiaith

yeiai iiaeia onoaiiaeoe iaaeinoiai?iinoue iaeiiai c aeaio i?iaiicia.

Aiaeic ?eieiai? neooaoei? ioneoue ia?aaeoaaoe i?ioeaaeo?i
iieoo-

aaiiy aenia?oia. sseui oi?ia caeienith? aeoiae ia ciaiioiie ?eiie,
oi

iaiaoiaeii i?iaiaeicoaaoe oaeiae neooaoeith ia oiio ?eieo, eoaee
aen-

ii?oo?oueny i?iaeoeoeiy iiaei?e?inoaa.

Aiaeic ?eieo iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe a o?e aoaie.

Ia ia?oiio aoaii o?aaa ?icaeyiooe noai aeaii? aaeoci
i?iien-

eiainoi.

Ia ae?oaiio aoaii iaiaoiaeii ?icaeyiooe iioi?iaoeith i?i
iiaeee-

aeo eiieo?aioia.

Ia o?aoueiio aoaii iaiaoiaeii ?icaeyiooe oaei caoiaee,
yei i?i-

aiaeyoueny ia iiaei?e?inoai i iathoue aaciina?aaeiie aieea ia
caoo (ia-

i?eeeaae, ciiia oeii ia ae?iaeaio i?iaeoeoeith). Oiio i?e
i?iaiico-

aaiii iaiaoiaeii ie?aii ?icaeyiooe iiieo ye ooieoeith aiae
eiiieaeno

?iciiiaiioieo caoiaeia a iaeanoi ia?eaoeiao.

O aeiawmetafile8? ??T?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyya???A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????&??yyyy??????????aeeo aaaaoiii?ii? aeno?aiieyoei?
iiiyooy ia?eaoeiaiai? ne- ooaoei? iiaeia ae?aceoe ye:

wmetafile8? ???????????????
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?`???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????aea wmetafile8? ?????????????
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?MathType??P????u?th??????oo /ano, wmetafile8? ???????????????
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?@???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy???A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th?????? Eiaeiie ia?eaoeiaiai? neooaoei?
aiaeiiaiaea? oi?aaeiiiy wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy???A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????ae?ioo? oeth caaea/o. Oiaei ia?a
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?`???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th???????? ?ioaiiy. Ciath/e aeinoaoith
eieueeinoue oaeeo ia?, iiaeia ae?ioeoe

caaea/o oi?aaeiiiy. Aeey oeueiai, ony oaaeeoey i?aoeaaeaioia
(niinoa?a-

aeaiue) ia?aoai?th?oueny o oaaeeoeth oaeeo ia?. Ii oaeeo ia?ao,
ia in-

iiai iaoiaeo aaaaoiii?ii? aeno?aiieyoei?, ciaoiaeyoueny
ia?eaoeiaiai

neooaoei?, yei i?eeiathoueny ca aacinii, ii:

6

wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
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?MathType??P????u?th?????? I?e ?ioaiii oei?? nenoaie
?iaiyiue io?eio?ii ooeaia oi?aaeii-

iy:

wmetafile8? ??a????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@@???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy?????? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????aea wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy???A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????ia?eaoeiaiaei neooaoeiyi o i?ioieiei
niinoa?aaeaiue.

?icaeyiaii canoinoaaiiy aeai?eoio aaaaoiii?ii?
aeno?aiieyoei?

aeey aecia/aiiy eieueeiniiai i?iaiico caooo ii i?aoeaaeaioao
o ca-

aaeueiiio aeiaaeeo.

I?eionoeii, ui ia?ii eieueea neooaoeie D, aeey yeeo
aiaeiii

aoiaeii (wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyyA??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????oiaeiei ia?aiao?ii ? iiieo ia
i?iaeoeoeith iiaei?e?inoaa. sse aoiaeii

ia?aiao?e aeei?enoiao?ii oeiio (oae ye aiia cia/ii aieeaa? ia ii-

ieo), ?icii aeo?aoe ia ia?eaoeia (IA) i o.ae. E?ii oiai,
iaiaoiaeii

o?aoiaoaaoe /aniaee oaeoi?, ineieueee iiieo ciiith?oueny o /ani.

Iaiaoiaeii ciaeoe aeoiaeio oa?aeoa?enoeeo iiieoo wmetafile8?
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?MathType??P????u?th??????neooaoei? c aiaeiieie ia?aiao?aie
wmetafile8? ???????????????
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?MathType??P????u?th?????? Iiaei?inoi? aiaeiieo neooaoeie (o
aaaaoiii?iiio aeiaaeeo) iiaeia

caienaoe o aeaei:

wmetafile8? ??o????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??S?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u©yTH????? Aeey aeaiiai aeiaaeeo io?eio?ii
iiei?aeeiaoia i?aaenoaaeaiiy iiae-

i?inoi?o. Iiney /iai oi?io?ii eaaae?aoe/io ooieoeith aeecueeinoi
ii-

ai? neooaoei? wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
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?MathType??P????u?th?????? O (X’ —
wmetafile8? ???????????????
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?MathType??P????u?th??????Iioii iiiiiico?ii ooieoeith aeecueeinoi,
aeey /iai ciaoiaeeii iioiaeio

ii ciiiieo ia?aiao?ao wmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A`???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ????? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?th?????? Owmetafile8?
??‰???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  ????&??yyyy?????aeyyyAyyyae???a?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u y?????? Ae?iooth/e io?eiaio nenoaio ?iaiyiue
ciaoiaeeii ciiiii ia?aiao-

?ewmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A`???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ????? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?th?????? 7

iiieoo wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyyA??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th?????? Aeei?enoaiiy aeai?eoio aaaaoiii?ii?
aeno?aiieyoei? iiynith?oue-

ny oaeiae oei, ui aii caaacia/o? aeinoaoiuei aenieo oi/iinoue
?ioaiiy

caaea/, yei ca’ycaii c i?eeiyooyi iia?aoeaieo ?ioaiue a oiiaao
ia-

iiaii? iioi?iaoei?, ui ? aeinoaoiuei nooo?aei.

?ic?iaeaii ?ic?aooiie i/ieoaaiiai i?eaooeo ia iniiai i?iaiiciaa-
iiai caooo i?iaeoeoei? i?iieneiaeo iiaei?e?inoa.

I?eaooie I aecia/a?oueny ye ?icieoey iiae aeioiaeii i
aeo?aoaie,

aea aeioiae aei?iaith? aeiaooeo oeiie ? ia eieueeinoue
i?iaeaii? i?iaeoeoei?

wmetafile8? ?? I = (? — n) wmetafile8?
??aea n — niaiaa?oinoue iaeeieoei i?iaeoeoei?.

Aiaeiii, ui caieueoaiiy ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa aea? cieaeaiiy
niai-

aa?oinoi iaeeieoei i?iaeoeoei? (oea iiaeeeaa ye ca ?aooiie
ciiiieo, oae

i ca ?aooiie iinoieieo aeo?ao ia iaeeieoeo i?iaeoeoei?). Oaeei
/eiii,

/ei aieueoee ianya aeioneo, oei iaioa niaiaa?oinoue. Oiaoi ?
aca?-

iica’ycie iiae ianyaii ae?iaieoeoaa i niaiaa?oinoth: c = wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? Aa???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ????? ???&?
?MathType???????u y?????? C iioiai aieo, cieaeaiiy
niaiaa?oinoi aea? iiaeeeainoue cieceoe

oeiio ae?iao, ui a naith /a?ao, i?eaaaea aei aieueoiai ianyao
i?iaeaaeo,

oiaoi P =wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A????&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyyA????? ???&? ?MathType???????u
y?????? Oiaei ?iaiyiiy aoaea iaoe aeaeyae:

I = [wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A????&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyyA????? ???&? ?MathType???????u
y?????? Caaea/a caiaeeoueny aei iaeneiicaoei? ooieoei?
i?eaooeo, ineieueee a eiioeaaiio ?aooieo, caieueoaiiy i?eaooeo
caeaaeeoue aiae ?icoe?aiiy

ianyao i?iaeaaeo.

Iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy i?eaooeo I ciaoiaeeoueny o oi/oei
?iaiinoi

?? ia?oi? iioiaeii? ioeth: I’ = 0.

Oea i?eionea? inioaaiiy oaeiai e?eoe/iiai cia/aiiy ianyao i?i-
aeaaeo, ia?aaeuaiiy yeiai i?eaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy caaaeueii?
iane

i?eaooeo iiaei?e?inoaa.

Aecia/eaoe cia/aiiy i?iaiiciaaiiai ianyao i?iaeaaeo, ia
eiai

iniiai iiaeia ioeiieoe niaiaa?oinoue iaeeieoei ae?iao. sseui oeiia
ae?i-

ao caeeoa?oueny eieeoiueith, aac ciii, oi iiaeia ?ic?aooaaoe
i/ieoaa-

iee i?eaooie I. sseui oeiia ae?iao ciiith?oueny, oi oea, a naith
/a?ao,

i?eaaaea aei ciiie ianyao i?iaeaaeo. Oiaei i?ioean i?iaiicoaaiiy
ianyao

i?iaeaaeo iiaoi?th?oueny c o?aooaaiiyi iiai? oeiie ia i?iaeoeoeith.
Aeey

oeueiai aeei?enoiao?ii i?eaaaeaiee aeua aeai?eoi eieueeiniiai
iaoi-

8

oiaeo i?iaiicoaaiiy caooo ii i?aoeaaeaioao ia iniiai
aaaaoiii?ii?

aeno?aiieyoei?.

Ia iniiai i?iaiico iiieoo cai?iiiiiaaia caaaeueia
aeie-noaia

aeai?eoio ae?iaeaiiy no?aoaai? iiaei?e?inoa. Aeey ??
ae?iaeaiiy

iiaei?e?inoao iaiaoiaeii i?iaiaeicoaaoe oaeoi?e ciaiioiueiai na?aaei-

aeua, cie?aia, aeiyeueiinoue eiieo?aioia. Aeaei ioeiiththoueny
neeueii oa

neaaei noi?iie iiaei?e?inoaa ca ?icieie noa?aie eiai
aeiyeueiinoi.

Iniaeeai o?aaa caa?iooe oaaao aei eiieo?aioicaeaoiinoi aeaiiai
oiaa-

?o o ii?iaiyiii c iiaeiaiei oiaa?ii eiieo?aioia, a oaeiae
aeineiia-

einoue nenoaie ia?eaoeiao. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, iiaei?e?inoai
aeae?a?

aeey naaa iaeio /e eieueea iiaeeeaeo no?aoaaie. Iiney ?icaeyaeo
no?a-

oaaie ia aioo?ioiueiio ?eieo i i?e aiaenooiinoi iiaeeeainoae ?inoo
ia iueiio, iiaei?e?inoai iiaea ?icaeyiooe aeey naaa iiaeeeainoue aeoiaeo
ia ciaiioiie iiaeia?iaeiee ?eiie. Iiney aeai?o no?aoaai? ??
?ic?iaeythoue, iioii ?aaeicothoue oa ioeiiththoue (?en. 2).

?ic?iaeaii ?ic?aooiie iioeiaeueii? ae?iaie/i? i?ia?aie ?iaioe

iiaei?e?inoa, yeee caaacia/o? iaeneioi i?eaooeo ca ?aaeicaoeith i?i-
aeoeoei?, yea ei?enoo?oueny iiieoii, i?e iaiaaeaiii ?ano?nia, yei iio-
?iaii aeey ?? ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aca?iica’ycie iiae ianyaii i?iaeaaeo, i?eaooeii oa
niaiaa?oinoth

i?iaeaiiai aeicaiey? aiaeiiainoe ia ieoaiiy, i?e yeiio ianyao
i?iaea-

aeo iiaei?e?inoai io?eio? i?eaooie, a i?e yeiio ianyci eiai ia
ao-

aea, oiaoi ciaeoe oi/eo e?eoe/iiai ianyao i?iaeaaeo (oi/eo
aaccaeo-

eiainoi).

Aeey eiaeiiai c aeaio aeaeia i?iaeoeoei? oeio A i oeio A, yei ae-
?iaeythoueny iiaei?e?inoaii, iiaeia iiaoaeoaaoe naie a?aoie,
yeee

aea? iiaeeeainoue aecia/eoe aiaeiiaiaeii e?eoe/ii ianyae i?iaeaaeo
wmetafile8? ??e????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@A???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy?????? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????e wmetafile8? ??e????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@a???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ????? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th?????? Nooiinoue ?ic?aooieo oaea.

Iaoae i — iiaeaen iia?aaei?ioia (neeaaeaieo /anoei), yei
aa?ooue o/anoue

o ae?iaieoeoai. Iiaeaen i iiaea i?eeiaoe cia/aiiy i = 1, … , n.

Iaoae j — iiaeaen oaoiieiai/iiai niiniao aeaioiaeaiiy i?iaeoeoei?,
yeee inaith?oueny ae?iaieoeoaii, i iaoae oaeeo niiniaia aoaea m,
oiaoi j = 1, … , m.

Aiaecia/aii awmetafile8? ??™????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????eyyy?yyye???4?? ???&? ?MathType??p????u
y??????ae?iaey?oueny i-ee iia?aaei?io o eieueeinoi a iaeeieoe o
iaeeieoeo /ano;

yeui awmetafile8? ??™????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????eyyy?yyye???4?? ???&? ?MathType??p????u
y??????iaeeieoeo /ano; i?e awmetafile8? ??™????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????eyyy?yyye???4?? ???&? ?MathType??p????u
y??????ieoeoai i?iaeoeoei? ca niiniaii j.

10

Iaoae bwmetafile8? ??ieoeoai. sseui bwmetafile8? ???ano?no, aai
o ?iei iaiaaeoaaiiai ae?iaie/iai oaeoi?o. sseui bwmetafile8? ??oi
i-ee iia?aaei?io aenooia? o aeaeyaei eiioeaai? i?iaeoeoei?,
yea ae-

?iaey?oueny ae?iaieoeoaii. sseui bwmetafile8? ??i?iiiaeiee i?iaeoeo,
yeee oeieeii ae?iaey?oueny oa niiaeeaa?oueny ona-

?aaeeii ae?iaie/i? nenoaie.

sseui aiaecia/eoe /a?ac twmetafile8? ??ai/iiai niiniao
ae?iaieoeoaa o ae?iaie/iio ieaii (yeee oa?aeoa?e-

coa ieoiio aaao niiniao j o caaaeueiiio niiniai ae?iaieoeoaa
i?i-

aeoeoei?), iiaeaii io?eiaoe oaeoe/ii iaee?aui cia/aiiy
wmetafile8? ??a????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??4?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????ooeaiei ?ica’yceii caaea/i.

Aeey cai?iaaaeaeaieo o ?icaeyae aaee/ei awmetafile8?
??™???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?????&??yyyy?????eyyy?yyye???4?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u y??????naoe nenoaio niiaaiaeiioaiue:

wmetafile8? ??y???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@??4?? ???&?
?MathType???????u?th?????? O ?icieo ae?iaie/eo neooaoeiyo
oea niiaaiaeiioaiiy aoaea iaoe

?iciee nain.

sseui aiaecia/eoe bwmetafile8? ??oei?, yea iaea?aeaia ca
niiniaii j, oi c oi/ee ci?o iaeneiicaoei?

i?eaooeo iaoaiaoe/ia iinoaiiaea caaea/i iiaea aooe iieacaia o aea-

eyaei iaeneiicaoei? aaee/eie R:

R = wmetafile8? ??F???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy@??+?? ???&?
?MathType???????u?th??????i?e aiaeiiaiaeiiio aeio?eioaaiii iaiaaeaiue,
yei ?icaeyiooi aeua.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiaeic neooaoei? ia ?eieo
aeaeo?ioao- ii/ii? i?iieneiainoi.

Aeey iiaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi ?aaeicaoei? i?iaeoeoei?
cai?iiiiiaaia oaeineiiaeaia no?oeoo?a neoaeae caooo aeey iiaei?e?inoa
aeaeo?ioaoii/- ii? i?iieneiainoi (?en. 3).

?ic?iaeaii ooieoei? eiaeiiai ath?i i a?oi, yei aei ieo iaeaaeaoue.

1. Ath?i i?iaeaaeo:

A?oia ia?iaee iioi?iaoei?:

— caeieniaiiy oaeneiieueiiai ca’yceo c eei?ioaie;

— ?aano?aoeiy aoiaeii? oa aeoiaeii? iioi?iaoei?;

— aeai?/ee ?iciiaeie iioi?iaoei?.

12

A?oia ?aaiiiaeueieo iaiaaeaea?ia ii i?iaeaaeao:

— iinoieia aea/aiiy ?eieo caooo oa i?iaiicoaaiiy;

— aaciina?aaeiy ?iaioa c caiiaieeaie;

— neeaaeaiiy eiio?aeoia;

— aeaea/a cayaie aeey neeaaeaiiy ieaio ae?iaieoeoaa;

— cai? oa aeaea/a ani?? iaiaoiaeii? iioi?iaoei? i?i caiiaieea.

2. Ath?i ?aeeaie:

A?oia i?aaiicaoei? aenoaaie:

— ieaioaaiiy o/anoi o aenoaaeao;

— iiaeaioiaea aeniiiaoia;

— i?aaiicaoeiy o/anoi o aenoaaeao.

A?oia aeaioiaeaiiy oa ?iciiuaiiy ?aeeaie:

— aeaioiaeaiiy ae?oeiaaii? ?aeeaie;

— aeaioiaeaiiy aiaeai-?aeeaie;

— ?iciiuaiiy ?aeeaie.

3. Ath?i ieaioaaiiy oiaa?iiai aeioneo:

— iaeiie/aiiy cayaie ia aeaioiaeaiiy i?iaeoeoei?;

— neeaaeaiiy oa caoaa?aeaeaiiy a?aoieo ae?iaieoeoaa;

— eiio?ieue ca aeaioiaeaiiyi i?iaeoeoei? aei caea/e ia neeaae;

— iaeie onio caeeth/aieo aeiaiai?ia.

4. Ath?i iinoaaie:

— eiiieaeooaaiiy aei neeaaeo i?iaeoeoei?, yea iinooia? ca aeiaiai?a-

ie;

— caiiaeaiiy oiaeiaee, o?ainii?oo, eiioaeia?ia, aaaiiia;

— ioi?ieaiiy oa eiiieaeooaaiiy aiaeaaioaaeaii? aeieoiaioaoei?;

— aiaeaaioaae i?iaeoeoei?.

5. Oiiainiai-?ic?aooieiaa ath?i:

— ia?aeac ieaoaaeia;

— aa?oa?ii iia?aoei?;

— i?iaaaeaiiy iiia?aaeiuei? iieaoe ia i?iaeoeoeith, yea
iinoaaey-

?oueny.

I?iaaaeaii i?iaiicoaaiiy iiieoo ia aeaeo?ioaoii/io i?iaeoeoeith
ca eiie?aoieie aeaieie ?icieie iaoiaeaie i?iaiicoaaiiy: oeyoii iie-

ooaaiiy iieoioeia, aeniiiaioeiaeueiiai caeaaeaeoaaiiy, eiaciiai
na?aae-

iueiai, aeno?aiieyoei? o?aiaeo ?icieie aeaeaie ooieoeie (aieueoa
30).

C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui oei iaoiaee ia iiaeooue aooe i?eeiyoieie
aeey

io?eiaiiy aeinoiai?iiai i?iaiico iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoeith
aeaeo?ioaoii-

/iii i?iieneiainoi. Iieacaii, ui eiiaiiiaaiee iaoiae i?iaiicoaai-

iy aea? iiieeeo iaioa 15%, ui ? i?eionoeiei aeey i?iaiiciiai ?ic?a-

ooieo.

13

Caiaeii oai?aoe/ii? /anoeie ae?oaiai ?icaeieo c?iaeaii
?ic?aoo-

iie ae?iaie/i? i?ia?aie ?iaioe iiaei?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?i-

ieneiainoi a oiiaao iaiaaeaiiy oaeeo ?ano?nia, ye iiaeue i
aeeiaiia

noaeue.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

Oaeineiiaeaii oai?aoe/ii i?eioeeie o i?aeoeoei
i?iaiicoaaiiy

iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoeith aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi, yei
aeicaiey-

thoue ia iniiai eiiaiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo i?iaiicoaaiiy io?eioaaoe
aein-

oiai?ii ioeiiee ia?niaeoeae iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoeith i ia eiai
iniiai

?ic?iaoei ii? ii iiaeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiinoi oi?aaeiiiy
?aaeicaoei?th

i?iaeoeoei? a aeaeo?ioaoii/iie i?iieneiainoi.

1. Ia iiaenoaai ii?iaiyeueiiai aiaeico inioth/eo iaoiaeia i?iaii-
coaaiiy iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoeith aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi
iiae-

oaa?aeaeaia ia?aaaaa eiiaiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo i?iaiicoaaiiy. Aeey
oeueiai,

ca eiie?aoieie aeaieie aoei ?icaeyiooi io?eiaiiy i?iaiico iiieoo

ia i?iaeoeoeith oeyoii iieooaaiiy iieoioeia, aeeiiaii i?iaiicoaaiiy

iaoiaeii aeniiiaioeiaeueiiai caeaaeaeoaaiiy, iaoiaeii eiaciiai
na?aae-

iueiai, iaoiaeii aeno?aiieyoei? o?aiaeo ?icieie aeaeaie ooieoeie
(ai-

eueoa 30). C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui oei iaoiaee ia iiaeooue aooe
i?eeiyo-

ieie aeey io?eiaiiy aeinoiai?iiai i?iaiico iiieoo ia aeaeo?ioaoii/-

io i?iaeoeoeith. Cai?iiiiiaaii eiiaiiiaaiee iaoiae i?iaiicoaaiiy ii-

ieoo ia aeaeo?ioaoii/io i?iaeoeoeith, yeee aeeth/a? o niai ye
neeaaei-

ai /anoeie yeinia (aenia?oia) i eieueeinia i?iaiicoaaiiy. Aeey
oeuei-

ai aoei aecia/aii neeaae aenia?oia — oaoiaoeia i i?iaaaeaii
aenia?o-

ia i?iaiicoaaiiy ca eiie?aoieie aeaieie. sse ae?oaa neeaaeiaa /anoeia

eiiaiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo i?iaiicoaaiiy iiieoo aeei?enoaii iaoiae i?ia-
iicoaaiiy ii i?aoeaaeaioao ia iniiai aaaaoiii?ii? aeno?aiieyoei?, yeee
aeicaiey? o?aoiaoaaoe ?icii oaeoi?e, yei aieeaathoue ia caoo,
iai?eeeaae, oeiio ia i?iaeoeoeith. E?ii oeueiai, aeaiee iaoiae ? oaeiae
aoaeoeaiei a oiiaao iaiiaii? iioi?iaoei?, ui ? nooo?aei. Iieacaii, ui
eiiaiiiaaiee iaoiae i?iaiicoaaiiy aea? iiieeeo iaioa 15%, ui ?
i?eionoeiei aeey i?iaiiciiai ?ic?aooieo.

2. I?iaaaeaii aiaeic neooaoei? ia ?eieo aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iienei-
ainoi c iaoith io?eiaiiy yeiniiai (aenia?oiiai) i?iaiico caooo ye
neeaaeiai? /anoeie eiiaiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo i?iaiicoaaiiy iiieoo ia
aeaeo?ioaoii/io i?iaeoeoeith.

3. Ia iiaenoaai eiiaiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo i?iaiicoaaiiy
?ic?iaeaii

i?eioeeie ?ic?aooieo i/ieoaaiiai i?eaooeo i aeai?eoi ae?iaeaiiy

14

no?aoaai? iiaei?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi.

4. I?iaaaeaii aiaeic aeiyeueiinoi i oaeineiiaeaia no?oeoo?a
neoae-

ae caooo iiaei?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi aeey aieueo
aoaeoeaiiai oi?aaeiiiy ?aaeicaoei?th i?iaeoeoei?. Cai?iiiiiaaia no?oe-
oo?a aeicaieeea nei?ioeoe /enaeueiee neeaae ?iaioieeia neoaeae caooo
AAO «Iiaaeaiueaeaeo?iiao» ia 27 /ieiaie (c 62 aei 35), ui ? aeinoao-
iuei nooo?aei c o?aooaaiiyi aei?noeeo aeiia aeiiiii? o?oaeiaeo ?a-
no?nia a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiiiiee. ?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?a
neoaeae

caooo iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ia iiaei?e?inoaao
aeaeo?ioaoii/ii?

i?iieneiainoi Oe?a?ie.

5. ?ic?iaeaia ae?iaie/a i?ia?aia ?iaioe iiaei?e?inoa
aeaeo?i-

oaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi aeicaiey? io?eioaaoe iaeneiaeueiee i?eaooie

i?e iaiaaeaiii ?ano?nia, yei iio?iaii aeey ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoei?.

6. ?ic?iaeaii oai?aoe/ii i?eioeeie ioeiiee ia?niaeoeae iiieoo ia
aeaeo?ioaoii/io i?iaeoeoeith iiaeoaa?aeaeaii /enaeueiei
iiaeaethaaiiyi

i i?aeoe/ii io?eiaieie aeaieie.

7. Aeena?oaoeieii ?ic?iaee ai?iaaaeaeaii i i?ieoee
ai?iaaoeith ia

AAO «Iiaaeaiueaeaeo?iiao» i iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii ia iiaei?e?ino-

aao aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi Oe?a?ie.

Nienie iniiaieo iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. A?eaaeueaaa A.A. Ano?a/iue ia?eaoeia iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo oe?i //Aec-

ian Eioi?i. — 1997. — N 19. — N. 54-55.

2. A?eaaeueaaa A.A. No?aoaaey eiieo?aioeee e iaoiaeu i?iaiice?iaaiey

aeaenoaee i?aaei?eyoey ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia a Oe?aeia
//Aecian

Eioi?i. — 1998. — N 8. — N. 76-77.

3. A?eaaeueaaa A.A. I?ei?eoaoiua iai?aaeaiey no?aoaaee i?iiuo-

eaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee //Aecian Eioi?i. — 1998. — N 13 — 14.
— N.

126.

4. Aeaieeei A.I., A?eaaeueaaa A.A. Iiaeoiaeu e iaeioi?ua
iniaaiiinoe

ia?eaoeiaiaiai enneaaeiaaiey ?uiea oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaa-

iey //Aanoiee Oa?niineiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oaoie/aneiai oieaa?-

neoaoa. — 1997. — N 2. — N. 61-64. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a:
Aiae?c

aeiia ia?eaoeiaiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eieo oaoiieia?/iiai
iaeaae-

iaiiy.

5. A.n. AeAANI Oe?aeiu IA N 884. Iaoiaeeea ioeaiee ooieoeee iaee-
aeaaiie i?eauee a caaeneiinoe io ni?ina e ia?eaoeiaiauo oneeee
/

A?eaaeueaaa A.A.; Cayae. 24.12.97; Iioae. 16.01.98.

6. A.n. AeAANI Oe?aeiu IA N 1298. Iaoiaeeea ioeaiee ia?niaeoeau

ni?ina ia i?iiuoeaiioth i?iaeoeoeeth /A?eaaeueaaa A.A.;
Cayae.

20.07.98; Iioae. 31.07.98.

15

7. A?eaaeueaaa A.A. I?iaiice?iaaiea nauoa i?iaeoeoeee
i?aaei?eyoey

//Iaoa?iaee 2-i? iiaeia?iaeii? iaoeiai — i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioei?

«Ia?eaoeia: oai?iy i i?aeoeea». — Ee?a: Ee?anueeee iaoeiiiaeueiee
aeiiiii/iee oiiaa?neoao. — 1998. — N. 8.

8. A?eaaeueaaa A.A. Niinia iioeiaeueiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey
?ano?nia

aeey au?aaioee ia?eaoeiaiaie no?aoaaee i?aaei?eyoey
//Iaoa?ia-

ee 2-i? iiaeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioei?
«Ia?eaoeia:

oai?iy i i?aeoeea». — Ee?a: Ee?anueeee iaoeiiiaeueiee
aeiiii?/-

iee oiiaa?neoao. — 1998. — N. 9.

A?eaaeueaaa A.A. Ioeiiea ia?niaeoeae iiieoo oa no?aoaaiy
?aaei-

caoei? i i?iaeoeoei? a aeaeo?ioaoii/iie i?iieneiainoi. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
aeiiiii/-

ieo iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 08.07.01 — aeiiiiiea
i?iieneiainoi. —

Iinoeooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiiiiei-aeieiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue
IAI

Oe?a?ie, Iaeana, 1998.

Aeena?oaoeith i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi i?iaiicoaaiiy iiieoo ia
i?i-

aeoeoeith aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi i oi?aaeiiiy ??
?aaeicaoei?th. sse iaeaieueo aeinoiai?iee iaoiae i?iaiicoaaiiy
iiieoo ia aeaeo- ?ioaoii/io i?iaeoeoeith ?icaeyaea?oueny eiiaiiiaaiee
iaoiae i?iaiico- aaiiy, yeee aeeth/a? o niai ye neeaaeiai /anoeie
yeinia (aenia?oia)

i eieueeinia i?iaiicoaaiiy ia iniiai aeai?eoio aaaaoiii?ii?
aeno?aiieyoei? ii i?aoeaaeaioao. ?ic?iaeaii i?eioeei ?ic?aooieo i/i-
eoaaiiai i?eaooeo ia iniiai i?iaiiciaaiiai iiieoo i aeai?eoi ae-
?iaeaiiy no?aoaai? iiaei?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi.
Ca-

i?iiiiiaaia oaeineiiaeaia no?oeoo?a neoaeae caooo
iiaei?e?inoa

aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iieneiainoi. ?ic?iaeaia ae?iaie/a i?ia?aia oi-

?aaeiiiy aeioneii aeaeo?ioaoii/ii? i?iaeoeoei? a oiiaao iaiaaeaiiy

?ano?nia. Iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe i?aoei ai?iaaaeaeaii ia AAO
«Iiaaeaiue-

aeaeo?iiao».

Eeth/iai neiaa: aeaeo?ioaoii/ia i?iieneiainoue, eiiaiiiaaia i?ia-
iicoaaiiy, iiieo, caoo, i?eaooie, no?aoaaiy, ?ano?ne.

A?eaaeueaaa A.A. Ioeaiea ia?niaeoeau ni?ina e no?aoaaey
?aaee-

caoeee i?iaeoeoeee a yeaeo?ioaoie/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
yeiiiie-

/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.01 — yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe.

— Einoeooo i?iaeai ?uiea e yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee

IAI Oe?aeiu, Iaeanna, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai i?iaiice?iaaiey ni?ina
ia

16

i?iaeoeoeeth yeaeo?ioaoie/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe e oi?aaeaiey aa ?aa-

eecaoeeae. A ea/anoaa iaeaieaa aeinoiaa?iiai iaoiaea i?iaiice?iaaiey

ni?ina ia yeaeo?ioaoie/aneoth i?iaeoeoeeth ?anniao?eaaaony
eiiaeie-?iaaiiue iaoiae i?iaiice?iaaiey, eioi?ue aeeth/aao a naay a
ea/anoaa

ninoaaiuo /anoae ea/anoaaiiia (yenia?oiia) e eiee/anoaaiiia i?ia-

iice?iaaiea ia iniiaa aeai?eoia iiiaiia?iie yeno?aiieyoeee ii i?a-

oeaaeaioai. ?ac?aaioaiu i?eioeei ?an/aoa iaeeaeaaiie i?eauee ia inii-aa
i?iaiice?oaiiai ni?ina e aeai?eoi au?aaioee no?aoaaee i?aaei?ey-oee
yeaeo?ioaoie/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe. I?aaeeiaeaia oniaa?oaino-aiaaiiay
no?oeoo?a neoaeau nauoa i?aaei?eyoee yeaeo?ioaoie/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe.
?ac?aaioaia i?iecaiaenoaaiiay i?ia?aiia oi?aaea-iey auioneii
yeaeo?ioaoie/aneie i?iaeoeoeee a oneiaeyo ia?aie/aiey ?ano?nia. Iniiaiua
?acoeueoaou ?aaiou aiaae?aiu ia IAI «THaeyeaeo-?iiao».

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeaeo?ioaoie/aneay i?iiuoeaiiinoue, eiiaeie-

?iaaiiia i?iaiice?iaaiea, ni?in, nauo, i?eaueue, no?aoaaey, ?ano?-

nu.

Arkadieva V.V. Appreciation of the perspective of the demand and
strategy of realization of the productions at the electrotechnical
industry. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate degree of economic sciences by speciality
08.07.01 — economics of industry. — Institute of problems of the
market and economic — oecological researches NAS of Ukraine, Odessa,
1998.

The dissertation is devoted to forecasting of demand on production
at the electrotechnical industry and the management of its
realization. Combined method of forecasting is considered as the most
trustworthy method of forecasting. It includes qualitative (expert) and
quantitative forecasting on the basis of algorithm of multi-measured
extrapolation on precedents. The principle of calculation of waited
profit on the basis forecasting demand and algorithm of elaboration of
strategy for enterprises of electrotechnical industry are developed.
Improved structure of markets service for enterprises of
electrotechnical industry are proposed. Industrial program of the
management of electrotechnical production’s output under conditions of
resource’s limitation are developed. The results of the work are
inculcated on the open joint-stock company «Yuzhelectromach».

Key words: electrotechnical industry, combined forecasting, demand,
sale, profit, strategy, resources.

A?eaaeueaaa A.A. Ioeaiea ia?niaeoeau ni?ina e no?aoaaey
?aaee-

caoeee i?iaeoeoeee a yeaeo?ioaoie/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
yeiiiie-

/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.01 — yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe.

— Einoeooo i?iaeai ?uiea e yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee

IAI Oe?aeiu, Iaeanna, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai i?iaiice?iaaiey ni?ina
ia

i?iaeoeoeeth yeaeo?ioaoie/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe e oi?aaeaiey aa ?aa-

eecaoeeae. Ia iniiaa n?aaieoaeueiiai aiaeeca nouanoaothueo iaoiaeia

i?iaiice?iaaiey ni?ina ia i?iaeoeoeeth yeaeo?ioaoie/aneie
i?iiuo-eaiiinoe i?aaeeiaeai eiiaeie?iaaiiue iaoiae i?iaiice?iaaiey, eae
iaeaieaa aeinoiaa?iue iaoiae i?iaiice?iaaiey ni?ina, eioi?ue aeeth-/aao
a naay a ea/anoaa ninoaaiuo /anoae ea/anoaaiiia (yenia?oiia) e

eiee/anoaaiiia i?iaiice?iaaiea, eniieuecothuaa annioeeaoeaiue iaoiae

oi?aaeaiey ii i?aoeaaeaioai ia iniiaa aeai?eoia iiiaiia?iie yeno?a-

iieyoeee. Aeey yoiai ia eiie?aoiuo aeaiiuo auei i?iaaaeaii i?iaiice-

?iaaiea ni?ina ia yeaeo?ioaoie/aneoth i?iaeoeoeeth iooai ii?ina iieo-

iaoaeae, iaoiaeaie yeniiiaioeeaeueiiai naeaaeeaaiey, neieuecyuaai
n?aaeiaai, yeno?aiieyoeee o?aiaea ?acee/iuie aeaeaie ooieoeee (aieaa

30). A ?acoeueoaoa aue naeaeai auaiae i iai?eaiaeiinoe yoeo e
ae?oaeo

?anniio?aiiuo iaoiaeia i?iaiice?iaaiey aeey iieo/aiey aeinoiaa?iiai

i?iaiica ni?ina ia yeaeo?ioaoie/aneoth i?iaeoeoeeth.

?ac?aaioaiiua oai?aoe/aneea i?eioeeiu ioeaiee ia?niaeoeau ni?i- na
ia yeaeo?ioaoie/aneoth i?iaeoeoeeth i?e iiiiue eiiaeie?iaaiii-

ai iaoiaea i?iaiice?iaaiey iiaeoaa?aeaeaiu /eneaiiui iiaeaee?iaaieai e
i?aeoe/anee iieo/aiiuie aeaiiuie.

Ia iniiaa i?iaiice?oaiiai ni?ina i?aaeeiaeai ?an/ao
iaeeaeaaiie

i?eauee i?aaei?eyoey, iniiaaiiue ia acaeiinaycyo iaaeaeo iauaiii

i?iecaiaenoaa, naaanoieiinoueth i?iecaiaeeiie i?iaeoeoeee e aa
oeaiie.

Aeey iieo/aiey cia/aiey iaeeaeaaiie i?eauee i?aaeeiaeaii eniieueci-aaoue
aeai?eoi eiee/anoaaiiiai iaoiaea i?iaiice?iaaiey ii i?aoeaaeai-oai.

Aeey i?eiyoey i?iiuoeaiiuie i?aaei?eyoeyie niioaaonoaothueo
yooaeoeaiuo ?aoaiee ia iniiaa i?iaiice?oaiiai ni?ina ?ac?aaioa- ia
iauay aeie-noaia aeai?eoia au?aaioee no?aoaaee, enoiaey ec eioi-?ie
i?aaei?eyoea auae?aao aeey naay iaeio eee ni/aoaiea ianeieueeeo
aiciiaeiuo no?aoaaee nia/aea ia aioo?aiiai, a caoai ia aiaoiai ?uiea,
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii i?iaiaeece?iaaa oaeoi?u aiaoiae n?aaeu, naie neeueiua e
neaaua noi?iiu ii anai noa?ai aeayoaeueiinoe.

Aeey aieaa yooaeoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey ?aaeecaoeeae i?iaeoeoeee
yeaeo?ioaoie/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe i?aaeeiaeaia
oniaa?oainoaiaai-iayno?oeoo?a neoaeau ia?eaoeiaa, a eioi?ie ii?aaeaeaiu
ooieoeee aoiaeyueo a iaa ath?i e a?oii. A /anoiinoe, i?iaiice?iaaiea
yaeyaony iaeiie ec ooieoeee a?oiiu ?aaeiiaeueiuo iaiaaeaea?ia ii
i?iaeaaeai. Aeaiiay no?oeoo?a neoaeau ia?eaoeiaa i?aaeeiaeaia n o/aoii
iaaeio?an- eaauo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ieieiaeueiie /eneaiiinoe ?aaioathueo
e iic-aieeea nie?aoeoue /eneaiiue ninoaa ?aaioieeia neoaeau ia?eaoeiaa
ia IAI «THaeyeaeo?iiao» ia 27 /aeiaae (n 62 aei 35).

?ac?aaioaia i?iecaiaenoaaiiay i?ia?aiia auionea yeaeo?ioaoie-
/aneie i?iaeoeoeee, iicaieythuay iieo/eoue iaeneiaeueioth i?eaueue ia

iniiaa i?iaiice?oaiiai ni?ina a oneiaeyo ia?aie/aiey oaeeo ?ano?-

nia, o?aaothueony aeey i?iecaiaenoaa i?iaeoeoeee, eae iaaeue e
aeeiaiiay

noaeue.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiua ?ac?aaioee aiaae?aiu e i?ioee ai?iaaoeeth
ia

IAI «THaeyeaeo?iiao» e iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu ia i?aaei?eyoe- yo
yeaeo?ioaoie/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeaeo?ioaoie/aneay i?iiuoeaiiinoue, eiiaeie-

?iaaiiia i?iaiice?iaaiea, ni?in, nauo, i?eaueue, no?aoaaey, ?ano?nu.

—————————————————————-

Iiaeienaii aei ae?oeo ______1998 p. Oi?iao iaia?o 60×84 1/16

Oiiai. ae?oe. e. 1.25 Oe?aae — 100 aec.

—————————————————————-

Iaeana, Iinoeooo ?eieo oa aeiiiiiei-aeieiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue

IAI Oe?a?ie

270044, Oe?a?ia, i. Iaeana, O?aioeocueeee aoeueaa?, 29.

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