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AIEEINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? EAN? OE?A?IEE

Iaco?/oe Ieaa Oa?aniae/

OAeE
371.125.3.037 (021)

INIAEEAINO? A?ENUeEIAI-O?CE*II? I?AeAIOIAEE AeII?ECIAIEE?A, ssE?
I?IAEEAATHOUe IA OA?EOI??? ?AAe?AOe?EIIAI CAA?OAeIAIIss

24.00.02 – O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy

??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo

Eooeuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aieeinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Ean?
Oe?a?iee,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? Caaaoeueeee A?eoi? ?aaiiae/,

??aiainueeee aeiiii?ei-aoiai?o?aiee ?inoeooo,

aeaeai oaeoeueoaoo caei?ia’y oa o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani?, Eooe Ieaenaiae? Na?a?eiae/,

A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i.Ieoaeea Eioethaeinueeiai, i?ioani?

eaoaae?e oai??? ? iaoiaeeee o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Iao?eoei TH??e Aieiaeeie?iae/,

Euea?anueea iaeania aea?aeaaia aaei?i?no?aoe?y,

ia/aeueiee oi?aae?iiy c ieoaiue o?ce/ii?

eoeueoo?e oa nii?oo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aeaaeai?y i?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie,

I?i?noa?noai iai?iie Oe?a?ie, i.Oiaeueieoeueeee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 1 ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 32.051.02 o Aieeinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee (263021, aoe.Aeiie/aiea, 30)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee (263021, aoe.Aeiie/aiea,
30)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 27 ethoiai 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Oeueinue A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Neoaeaa a Ca?ieieo Neeao Oe?a?ie –
ii/aniee iaia’ycie eiaeiiai a?iiaaeyieia iaoi? aea?aeaae. Aiia o
ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie aeaeaie nioe?aeueii-cia/oui? i?aeoeee,
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieith aeeiai?/i?noth, aaeeeith o?ce/iith ?
ineo?/iith iai?oaeai?noth, oaeaeeith ci?iith aeae?a ae?yeueiino?.
Iniaeea?noue a?enueeiai? neoaeae iieyaa? a noai??e ?a?eaiaioaoe??,
/?oe?e i?aai?caoe??, aenie?e aeenoeeie?ie, ui aaco?oueny ia aeiiaao
noaooo?a oa iaeac?a.

C iaoith i?aeaioiaee iieiae? aei neoaeae a Ca?ieieo Neeao ?, cie?aia,
oaeaeeiai oa oni?oiiai ?o aoiaeaeaiiy a oiiae a?enueeiai? ae?yeueiino?
ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai?, a oeieao, a?iiac?yo, e?oeayo, i?ioan?eieo
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo oa aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao aaaaeaiee
iaia’yceiaee i?aaeiao – aeii?eciaia i?aeaioiaea, ci?no yeiai oa?a?aa a
naaa a?aeiiino? i?i no/ani? Ca?iei? Neee oa e?au? ?noi?e/i? o?aaeeoe??,
aa?i?/i? noi??iee iaoiai ia?iaeo. Aeii?eciaia i?aeaioiaea ia?aaeaa/a?
iaa/aiiy oa a?enueeiai-iao??ioe/ia aeoiaaiiy iieiae? ? aeeth/a?
a?enueeiao, o?ce/io, iaaeeei-nai?oa?io ? oeea?eueio i?aeaioiaee
(A.?.Ieeeothe, A.A.O?aoueyeia, 1989; I.?.Oii/oe, 1996; ss.?.Eiiioiiaiei,
I.?.Oii/oe, ?.I.Ooeue/einueeee, A.A.Oaa/aiei, 1998).

A?enueeiaa i?aeaioiaea aeeth/a? aea/aiiy ?noi??? oa no/aniiai noaio
Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie, A?enueeiaeo Noaooo?a, no?ieiai?, aiaiaai? ?
oaeoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee, iniia a?enueeiai? oiiia?ao?? oa oo?ecio. Oeaeiaa?
iaa/aeueii-iieueia? cai?e i?iaiaeyoueny c iaoith cae??ieaiiy a?enueeiaeo
ciaiue, oi?iue oa iaae/ie, yeeo thiaee iaaoee ia caiyooyo c aeii?eciaii?
i?aeaioiaee.

Aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee iieiae? ?
o?ce/ia i?aeaioiaea (A.A.AEaeaciyeia, 1980; A.E.Nooionueeee, 1990;
?iaeaa A.Ae., 1998; Ae.Ae.Iiiia, 1998). ?? ?ieue ua a?eueo iineeth?oueny
c ia?niaeoeaith noai?aiiy i?ioan?eii? a?i??, ine?eueee iniiaiei aeoieii
eiiieaeoaoe?? a?enueea aoaea iieiaeue. O?ce/ia i?aeaioiaea ni?yiiaaia ia
oi?ioaaiiy o thiae?a i?oeiiai caei?ia’y, aenieiai ??aiy ?icaeoeo
o?ce/ieo yeinoae (neee, aeo?eaaeino?, oaeaeeino? ? ni?eoiino?), iaaoooy
i?eeeaaeieo oi?iue oa iaae/ie.

Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy (A.I.Aiaaeaiia, 1983; A.A.Ianoa?ia, 1985, 1986;
E.A.Oaeiaiianueeee, 1989; I.I.Aaaan, 1998) na?ae/aoue, ui ??aaiue
o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? i?eciaiee?a aeaeaeee a?ae iioeiaeueiiai.
Aiane?aeie ?iaioe i?eciaieo eii?n?e aeyaeaii, ui cia/ia /anoeia thiae?a
ia iiaea aooe i?ecaaia a Ca?iei? Neee, a ua a?eueoa /anoeia iieiae? ia
iiaea aooe iai?aaeaia o a?aeiia?aei? ?iaee a?enuee /a?ac iaiaaeaiiy a
noai? caei?ia’y. A Oeac? I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie I?i caoaa?aeaeaiiy
Oe?eueiai? eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie «O?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy – caei?ia’y iaoe??»
aeaco?oueny, ui ui?ieo aei eaa Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie ca noaiii caei?ia’y
ia i?eceaa?oueny eiaeiee /aoaa?oee thiae i?eciaiiai a?eo

Aaa??y ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN i?ecaaea aei cieaeaiiy o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? ? caei?ia’y oeiey??a (I.N.Eooe, 1995; N.I.Aeieo?aiei,
1996; A.A.*eaeee, 1996; A.?.Caaaoeueeee, 1998; E.I.Eiceiaa, 1998;
O.TH.E?ooeaae/, 1998). Aeieeei i?ioe??//y i?ae aeiiaaie aei
a?enueeiai-o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? thiae?a ? ?aaeueiei ?? ??aiai. Aeey
ae??oaiiy oeueiai i?ioe??//y iaiao?aeii ?ic?iaeoe aoaeoeai? iaoiaeeee
a?enueeiaiai ? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oeiey??a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia
oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy.

Aaeeea nioe?aeueia cia/aiiy oe??? i?iaeaie ? iaaeinoaoiy ?? iaoeiaa
?ic?iaea iaoiiaeee oaio aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy: “Iniaeeaino?
a?enueeiai-o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia
oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy”.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee ca oaiith
«I?aeaioiaea iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a aei ?iaioe a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy» (iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196U006626).

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – i?ioean aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee thiae?a.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – iniaeeaino? a?enueeiai? ? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee
thiae?a 16-17 ?ie?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy.

A?iioaca – canoinoaaiiy iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaii? a?enueeiai-o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaee thiae?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy ?c niaoe?aeueiith ni?yiiaai?noth ia ?icaeoie o?ce/ieo
yeinoae ? iaieiae?iiy i?eeeaaeieie oi?iiyie ? iaae/eaie, aeicaieeoue
caaacia/eoe iaeaaeio i?aeaioiaeai?noue iieiae? aei neoaeae a Ca?ieieo
Neeao Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iaoeiaiio ia??oiooaaii? ?
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ia?aa??oe? oaoiieia?? a?enueeiai-o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee
thiae?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aecia/eoe o?ce/iee noai thiae?a 16-17 ?ie?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue a
oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy.

2. Aeyaeoe a?aeiioaiiy thiae?a aei neoaeae a Ca?ieieo Neeao.

3. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ei?aeoe?? a?enueeiai? ? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee aeey
o/i?a 10-11 eean?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy.

4. Ia?aa??eoe aoaeoeai?noue ei?aeoe?? a?enueeiai? ? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee
o/i?a 10-11 eean?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— aia?oa c?iaeaia ni?iaa aianoe ei?aeoe?th a nenoaio i?aeaioiaee
aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy

— ae?noaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoeia? aeai? i?i oa?aeoa? o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy;

— aeiiiaiai? a?aeiiino? i?i o?ce/iee noai thiae?a 16-17 ?ie?a, ye?
iino?eii i?iaeeaathoue a ?aeiiao c i?aeaeuaiei ??aiai ?aae?aoe?eiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
cai?iiiiiaaia ei?aeoe?y iiceoeaii aieeaa? ye ia o?ce/io i?aeaioiaeo
thiae?a, oae ? ia ?o oai?aoe/io ia?ciai?noue.

Iaoiaeeea a?enueeiai-o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee aeii?eciaiee?a ai?iaaaeaeaia a
i?aeoeeo ?iaioe oe?e Iaiaaeoeueeiai ?aeiio Aieeinueei? iaeano?.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o i?ioean?
i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a c aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee ? o?ce/ii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? i?ae /an aeeeaaeaiiy iniiaieo iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i, a
oaeiae a ia??iae oeaeiaaeo iaa/aeueii-iieueiaeo cai??a.

Iniaenoee aianie iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee a?enueeiai-o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaee thiae?a 16-17 ?ie?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi???
?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?ce/ia
eoeueoo?a, nii?o oa caei?ia’y iaoe??” (A?iieoey, 1998 ?.),
Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “Eiioeaioe?y
i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e a Oe?a?i?” (Eooeuee, 1994,
1996 ??), “Iieiaea nii?oeaia iaoea Oe?a?ie” (Euea?a, 1997 ?), ui??/ieo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee (1994-1997 ??.), iaeanieo nai?ia?ao oa
eo?nao i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? aeeeaaea/?a aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iioae?eiaai? o iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo, o?ueio noaooyo o oaoiaeo
iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo oa aeaio iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae,
aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 165 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo,
i?noeoue 26 oaaeeoeue ? 8 ?enoie?a. O i?aoe? aeei?enoaii 259
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, c yeeo 14 ?iicaiieo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, aecia/aii ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao, iaoo, caaea/? ? a?iioaco aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi iaoeiao
iiaecio ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a,
aeaco?oueny noa?a ai?iaaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? iniaeeaino?
a?enueeiai-o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee aeii?eciaiee?a o no/anieo oiiaao»
iiaea?oueny oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c
i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aaaeeeaith oiiaith aoaeoeaiiai aeeiiaiiy aieiaeo caaaeaiue ? aenieee
??aaiue o?ce/ii? ? a?enueeiai? i?aeaioiaeaiino? iniaiaiai neeaaeo.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey oni?oiiai aeeiiaiiy i?ioan?eieo i?eeii?a ? ae?e
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a aeanaioieo i?ae?icae?e?a iaiao?aei? aenie?
iieacieee oaeaeeino? ? neeiai? aeo?eaaeino? (A.A.Naoiiia, 1986),
a?enueeiaei iia?aoi?ai, ii?nueeei i?oioeioeyi, eueio/eeai – caaaeueia
aeo?eaae?noue (I.I.Ai?iiia, 1983; A.?.?aaiia, 1997), ae?iaaeai
naiio?aeieo a?oeea??enueeeo aa?iao – oaeaee?nii-neeiaa ? niaoe?aeueia
aeo?eaae?noue (A.N.Iaieo?a, 1986; A.A.Caeueieoeueeee, 1997), iaaiae/eeai
– oaeaee?noue, neea, eii?aeeiaoe?y ?oo?a (?.A.Aea??e, 1983).

Oaeei /eiii, aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aioiaiino? iieiae? aei iiaioaaiiy
iaeaaaeeea?oeo a?enueeiaeo niaoe?aeueiinoae aeiaaa?oueny niaoe?aeueia
i?aeaioiaea aaea a oiiaao iaa/aiiy thiae?a a caeeaaeao ina?oe, ??cieo
oei?a. E??i oeueiai, iio??aii caa/anii a?aeae?aoe iieiaeue c iaaiei
?icaeoeii o?ce/ieo yeinoae ? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o aecia/aii?
a?enueeiai? niaoe?aeueiino?.

C ?ioiai aieo thiaee-i?eciaieee iiaeii? aei 16-18 ??/iiai a?eo
aeinyaiooe oaeiai ??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?, yeee caaacia/oaaa ae
?i oaeaeeo aaeaioaoe?th aei neoaeae a Ca?ieieo Neeao.

I?aeaioiaea iieiae? aei neoaeae a Ca?ieieo Neeao Oe?a?ie cae?enith?oueny
ia iniia? Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, caeii?a oa i?ia?aiieo aeieoiaio?a a
aaeoc? a?enueeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa. Aecia/aii, ui aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith
/anoeiith a nenoai? i?aeaioiaee iieiae? aei neoaeae a Ca?ieieo Neeao ?
aeii?eciaia i?aeaioiaea, yea ni?yiiaaia ia oi?ioaaiiy ciaiue c
a?enueeiai? ni?aae, iaaeeei-nai?oa?io, oeea?eueio ? o?ce/io i?aeaioiaeo.

Aeii?eciaia i?aeaioiaea thiae?a ? iaia’yceiaei aea?aeaaiei i?aaeiaoii.
Aiia i?iaiaeeoueny i?ioyaii aeaio ?ie?a a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caeeaaeao:
oeieao, a?iiac?yo, e?oeayo, ?ioeo caaaeueiiina?oi?o caeeaaeao,
ii/eiath/e c ia?aaeaeioneiiai eeano, a oaeiae o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo /e
aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao ia?oiai ? ae?oaiai ??ai?a ae?aaeeoaoe??.

Aea/aiiy o?ce/iiai ? ineoieia?/iiai noaio iieiae? i?ney aaa??? ia
*i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN na?ae/eoue i?i cieaeaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?
? caei?ia’y iieiae?, /ano? nea?ae ia i?aeaeuaio aoiio, iano?ee?noue
naiiii/oooy, iiae?aceea?noue (A.?.Caaaoeueeee, 1994; A.I.Neieeaee, 1997;
I.N.Eooe, 1998; A.A.*eaeee, 1998). A?aei?/a?oueny ii?ooaiiy nio,
iia??oaiiy caneiaiiy, aacniiiy aii/? ? i?aeaeuaia niieea?noue aaeaiue,
iiaa?oiaaee nii c /anoeie i?iaoaeaeaiiyie (A.E.Iyao, 1995;
A.A.?iiaiaiei, 1995). O i?aee?oe?a ao?a/a?oueny ?ioa?an aei ni?eeoaaiiy
c ioi/oth/eie, aeieea? i?aeaeuaia ia?aceea?noue, ieaenea?noue. Ie?ai?
ae?oe i?iyaeythoue ia aeanoea? ?i ?ai?oa a?aceea?noue, o?eaiaei?noue,
iaaiaaiai?noue a nia?, cieaeaiiy iai’yo? oa oaaae.

Cieaeaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ?aae?aoe?eiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia oeiey??a,
ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia caa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa?eoi??yo iiaeeeaa
ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeno ??ciiiai?oieo caoiae?a ?, cie?aia, iaoiae?a
ineoieia?/ii? ? iaaeaaia?/ii? ? o?ce/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??. Aoaeoeaiei
caniaii iia?e?caoe?? ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae ethaeeie, oi?ioaaiiy
??ciiiai?oieo i?enoinoaaeueieo ?aaeoe?e i?aai?cio, i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? iani?eyoeeaeo oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy ? nenoaiaoe/i? caiyooy o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie, iioeiaeueia
?ooiaa aeoeai?noue. O ca’yceo c oeei, aaaeeeaith iaoeiaith caaea/ath a
no/anieo oiiaao ? ?ic?iaea iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? ?
aeicoaaiiy o?ce/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue aeey ae?oae ? iieiae?, ui
i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? i?aeaeuaii? ?aae?iaeoeaiino?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Iaoiaee ? i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy»
iaa?oioiao?oueny nenoaia aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ui aaeaeaaoi? ia’?eoo, i?aaeiaoo, iao? oa caaea/ai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iiaea?oueny i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeey ae??oaiiy noi?iiaaieo caaaeaiue canoiniaoaaeenue oae? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiue: oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae, aieaooaaiiy, aio?iiiiao?e/i? iaoiaee, iaaeaaia?/ia oanooaaiiy,
iaaeaaia?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy, iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio, iaoiaee
iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny ?c thiaeaie 16-17 ?ie?a oe?e a naeao
I?ee?nia, Aaeoc?y ? Noa?ee *i?oi?eenuee Iaiaaeoeueeiai ?aeiio oa
Caai?ieue, E?i?ie ? I?aeaaeoe? Eooeueeiai ?aeiio a /ioe?e aoaie.

Iaoa ia?oiai aoaio (1993-1994 ??.) – ia??oiooaaiiy i?iaeaie ? ?ic?iaea
?ino?oiaioa??th aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia oeueiio aoai? aea/aeenue
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee, aoee
aecia/ai? iaoa, caaaeaiiy, ia’?eo, i?aaeiao ? i?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiue,
a?ae?a?ai? oanoe aeey aecia/aiiy o?ce/iiai noaio thiae?a.

Ae?oaee aoai (1995-1996 ??.) aeine?aeaeaiue aoa i?enay/aiee i?iaaaeaiith
eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo. Eiai iaoa iieyaaea o cai?? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
o?ce/iee noai, ?ioa?ane ? caei?ia’y thiae?a. O?ce/iee noai aecia/aany o
thiae?a ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeno iaaeaaia?/ieo ? o?c?ieia?/ieo oano?a.
Caoai?thaai?noue ae?oae ? iieiae? aea/aeanue ca aeiiiiiaith aiae?co
aiaoeaoi?ieo ea?oie. ?ioa?ane thiae?a aecia/aeenue ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aieaooaaiiy. Anueiai aoei i?iaiae?ciaaii 350 aieao.

Iaoa o?aoueiai aoaio (1997 ?.) iieyaaea a ei?aeoe?? caaaeueiii?eeiyoi?
iaoiaeeee a?enueeiai? ? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee thiae?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue
ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy ??aiy
o?ce/iiai noaio thiae?a aoee ?ic?iaeai? aaeaioiaai? i?ia?aie, ui
ia?aaeaa/aee ??ci? caniae o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, ??cia aeicoaaiiy
iaaaioaaeaiue ? naiino?ei?noue oeiey??a.

*aoaa?oee aoai (1997-1998 ??.) ia?aaeaa/aa aenia?eiaioaeueio ia?aa??eo
aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaii? iaie ei?aeoe?? a?enueeiai-o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaee. Anueiai aoei caeo/aii 140 /ieia?e, ?c yeeo 68 thiae?a
neeaee aenia?eiaioaeueio, a 72 – eiio?ieueio a?oie. A aenia?eiaioaeuei?e
a?oi? o i?ioean? aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaeanue
?ic?iaeaia iaie ei?aeoe?y a?enueeiai-o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy. Caiyooy a
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? i?iaiaeeeeny ca o?aaeeoe?eiith nenoaiith.
Aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee
aecia/aeanue oeyoii ii??aiyiiy o?ce/iiai noaio thiae?a eiio?ieueii? oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oi.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «O?ce/iee noai aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia
oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy» aiae?cothoueny ?acoeueoaoe
eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo.

Aaaeeeaei iieacieeii noaio i?aai?cio aeii?eciaiee?a ? o?ce/iee ?icaeoie,
yeee aecia/aany aei??thaaiiyi aeiaaeeie, iane o?ea ? ianyao a?oaeii?
ee?oee (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

??aaiue o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo aeii?eciaiee?a,

ye? i?iaeeaathoue a ??cieo aeieia?/ieo oiiaao

IieacieeA?e, ?ie?a *i?iiaeeuenueea ciia, n=65

OSo*enoa ciia, n=87

OSoA??ia?aei?noue ??cieoe?,

?Aeiaaeeia o?ea, ni16170,6±1,86172,4±1,68 0,0517174,2±1,69173,3±0,89
0,05Iana o?ea, ea1658,44±2,0565,0±3,02 0,051764,37±2,2466,02±1,45
0,05Ianya a?oaeii? ee?oeie, ni1683,0±1,5385,57±1,68
0,051783,71±1,4285,94±1,21 0,05?iaeaen Eaoea,
a/ni16342,56±10,52377,03±14,31<0,0517369,52±10,09380,96±7,54 0,05?iaeaen i?iii?oe?eiino?, %1648,65±1,0149,63±0,74 0,051748,05±0,6449,59±0,67 0,05 Iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui o?ce/iee ?icaeoie aeii?eciaiee?a ??cieo aeieia?/ieo cii a??ia?aeii ia a?ae??ciy?oueny (?0,05). Aiaeii/an niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y cieaeaiiy aaai?inoiaeo iieaciee?a o thiae?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy. Iana o?ea o aeii?eciaiee?a c a?aeiinii /enoi? oa?eoi??? ia 6,57 (16 ?ie?a) ? 1,65 (17 ?ie?a) ea a?eueoa i?ae o ?o ?iaaniee?a c *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie. Ianya a?oaeii? ee?oee oaae – a?aeiia?aeii ia 4,57 ? 2,23 ni. ?iaeaen Eaoea oa ?iaeaen i?iii?oe?eiino? iioeiaeuei?oee o oeiey??a c a?aeiinii /enoeo oa?eoi??e. Aaaeeeaith oiiaith aioiaiino? thiae?a aei neoaeae a Ca?ieieo Neeao ? aenieee ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo iaie aeine?aeaeaiue aeaee iiaeeea?noue eiinoaooaaoe, ui ca iieacieeaie neee, oaeaeeino?, aeo?eaaeino?, ni?eoiino? ? aio/eino? thiaee, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy cia/ii a?aenoathoue a?ae nai?o ?iaaniee?a c a?aeiinii /enoeo oa?eoi??e (oaae. 2). Oaaeeoey 2 ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue a ??cieo aeieia?/ieo oiiaao IieacieeA?e, ?ie?a *i?iiaeeuenueea ciia, n=65 OSo*enoa ciia, n=87 OSoA??ia?aei?noue ??cieoe?, ?I?aeoyaoaaiiy ia ia?aeeaaeei?, e-oue ?ac?a168,51±0,9111,04±0,79 0,05177,08±0,4913,74±0,61<0,001No?eaie o aeiaaeeio c i?noey, ni16205,29±5,24180,79±3,69< 0,0517205,79±5,24235,93±3,07< 0,05A?a 100 i, n1614,67±0,4614,43±0,78 0,051714,9±0,2113,62±0,07<0,001A?a 2000 i, oa, n 1613,47±0,1412,14±0,08<0,0011713,38±0,1812,13±0,14<0,001*iaieeiaee a?a 4*9 i, n1610,5±0,0810,2±0,04<0,0011710,21±0,0910,17±0,12 0,05Iaoee aia?aae ?c iieiaeaiiy neaey/e, ni165,47±1,8611,76±0,89<0,001176,48±1,2416,10±1,22<0,001??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? aeii?eciaii? iieiae? o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei Aea?aeaaieo oano?a ? ii?iaoea?a ioe?iee o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, iaaenieee ? ia? cia/io ?ica?aei?noue. Iaeaeuee aae (/ioe?e) io?eiaee thiaee 16 ?ie?a ca ?acoeueoaoe a?ao ia 100 i. Ia o?e aaee ioe?iai? ?acoeueoaoe a?ao ia 100 i oeiey?aie 17 ?ie?a ? no?eaee a aeiaaeeio c i?noey thiaeaie 16 ?ie?a. Iieacieee i?aeoyaoaaiiy (16 ?ie?a) ? no?eae?a o aeiaaeeio (17 ?ie?a) ioe?iai? ia 2 aaee. *iaieeiaee a?a 49 i, iaoee aia?aae c iieiaeaiiy neaey/e, a?a 2000 i (17 ?ie?a) ? i?aeoyaoaaiiy (17 ?ie?a) aeeiiai? ia 1 aae. ?, ia?aoo?, a na?aaeiueiio aeiaeiiai aaea ia iaa?aee thiaee 16 ?ie?a ca ?acoeueoaoaie a?ao ia 2000 i. Oaeee noai aeaco? ia iecueeo o?ce/io i?aeaioiaeai?noue thiae?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue a /i?iiaeeuenuee?e cii? ? iaaio iaa?aeiia?aei?noue Aea?aeaaieo oano?a ?o o?ce/iei iiaeeeainoyi. Iecueeo o?ce/io i?aeaioiaeo oeeo thiae?a i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe iaaee/ieo iaeyae?a (oaae.3). Oaaeeoey 3 E?euee?noue i?eaeaoieo ? ia i?eaeaoieo thiae?a aei a?enueeiai? neoaeae Eaoaai??? thiae?aE?euee?noue thiae?a ca ?ieaie198619871988198919901991I?eaeaoi? aei neoaeae753681625637633583Iai?eaeaoi? a ie?iee /an101018223745 Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a iaaee/ieo iaeyae?a ?aea?enueeeiiaoo Iaiaaeoeueeiai ?aeiio uiaei i?eaeaoiino? aei a?enueeiai? neoaeae thiae?a iieaco?, ui c 1986 ii 1991 ??e iino?eii ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue i?eaeaoieo aei a?enueeiai? neoaeae thiae?a (ia 29,16%) ? cia/ii ca?eueoo?oueny e?euee?noue iai?eaeaoieo (ia 350%). Oe? aeai? iiina?aaeeiaaii na?ae/aoue i?i aeaiia?ao?/io e?eco a e?a?i?. Oae c 1986 ii 1991 ?iee e?euee?noue aeii?eciaiee?a o?eueee ii iaeiiio ?aeii? ciaioeeany ia 135 /ieia?e?a (21,49%). Ii?yae ?c ciaioaiiyi caaaeueii? e?eueeino? aeii?eciaiee?a ca?eueoo?oueny a?aenioie iai?eaeaoieo aei a?enueeiai? neoaeae: 1986 – 1,31%, 1987 – 1,47%, 1988 – 2,8%, 1989 – 3,34%, 1990 – 5,52% ? 1991 – 7,16%. Iiae?aia niinoa??aa?oueny a iaeano? a oe?eiio (oaae.4). Oaaeeoey 4 Aeeiai?ea caoai?thaaiue i?eciaii? iieiae? Aieeinueei? iaeano? (c ?ic?aooieo ia 1000 ianoaaeaieo) No?oeoo?a oai?iaCaaaeueia e?euee?noue caoai?thaaiue ca ?ieaie1985198919901991199219931994Iaa?ice, ineoiiao?? oa ?io? ineo?/i? ?iceaaee57,222,319,324,7123,8626,2930,27Aiaeie?eii? caeice7,56,58,320,512,4214,213,8?aaiaoeci a aeoeai?e oac?0,432,261,562,051,451,010,93O?ii?/i? ?aaiaoe/i? oai?iae na?oey4,463,83,53,673,442,722,46A?iio?aeueia anoia1,671,81,41,722,122,052,11Ae?acea oeoieo oa 12-iaei? eeoee1,11,21,21,131,241,311,37Aano?eo, aeoaaeai?o, ?iceaaee oeoieo6,316,313,319,4719,5520,122,07?iceaaee ia/?iee, aeia/iiai i?oo?a ? i?aeoeoieiai? caeice2,35,66,25,996,545,487,21 sse iieacothoue noaoenoe/i? aeai? c 1985 ii 1994 ?iee e?euee?noue oai?ia nooo?ai ca?eueoeeanue. Cie?aia, oai?iae aiaeie?eiieo caeic c?inee ia 84,0%, ?aaiaoeci a aeoeai?e oac? – ia 130,2%, a?iio?aeueia anoia – ia 26,35%, ae?acea oeoieo oa 12-iaei? eeoee – ia 24,54%, aano?eo, aeoiaeai?o, ?iceaae oeoieo – ia 250,3%, ?iceaaee ia/?iee, aeia/iiai i?oo?a ? i?aeoeoieiai? caeice – ia 213,48%. E?euee?noue iaa?ic?a, ineoiiao?e oa ?ioeo ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a ? o?ii?/ieo ?aaiaoe/ieo oai?ia na?oey ciaioeeanue, a?aeiia?aeii, ia 88,96 ? 86,99%. Oaeei /eiii, noai caei?ia’y aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy iecueeee. Ca ia??iae c 1986 ?ieo e?euee?noue caoai?thaaiue iino?eii ca?eueoo?oueny. Iaeaeuee c??no caoai?thaaiue niinoa??aaany c 1990 ii 1991 ??e. I?aeaioiaea aei neoaeae a Ca?ieieo Neeao – oea aeoaea neeaaeia ? oe?eani?yiiaaia ae?yeuei?noue. A i?e o?nii aca?iiiia’ycai? i?ioeane iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy. Aioiai?noue aei a?enueeiai? neoaeae, a e?ioeaaiio aa??aio?, ? ?acoeueoaoe ?o aieeao ia iniaeno?noue thiaea. Nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ia aioiai?noue aei neoaeae a Ca?ieieo Neeao Oe?a?ie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ??aiai noi?iiaaiino? o thiaea aaaeaiiy neoaeeoe a a?i??, ?ioa?an?a aei a?enueeiai? ae?yeueiino?, ?aeaae?a a?enueeiai? ethaeeie, ii/oooy iaia’yceo, a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ia?aae noni?euenoaii, iao??ioecio, ia?aeiiaiue o nioe?aeuei?e cia/ouino? ? iaiao?aeiino? a?enueeiai? neoaeae, iaiao?aeieo ai?io ii?aeueieo yeinoae. sse iieacaei iieooaaiiy, aeineoue aaeeeee eiioeiaaio aeii?eciaiee?a /i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie (48,3%) ia aaaeathoue neoaeeoe a a?i??. Aeaui iaioa /anoeia (41,4%) oeo, ooi a?aeiia?a, ui oi/a neoaeeoe a a?i??, a aeey 10,3% iieoaieo aoei ana ??aii - neoaeeoe /e ia neoaeeoe. Ana oea aeaco? ia iecueeo iioeaaoe?th aeey i?aeaioiaee aei neoaeae a a?i?? o a?eueo i?ae iieiaeie iieoaieo (57,8%) - /i?iiaeeuenueei? ? (57,3%) - /enoi? ciie. Oni?oi?noue ni?yiiaaii? i?aeaioiaee aeii?eciaieea aei neoaeae a a?i?? a iaai?e i??? caeaaeeoue a?ae canai?iiy aeiia ? caaea/, ui noaaeyoueny aei iueiai. Ia ieoaiiy: "*e cia?oa Ae aeiiae, ye? noaaeyoueny aei o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee i?eciaieea?", o?eueee 25,6% iieoaieo /i?iiaeeuenueei? ? 24,8% /enoi? cii a?aeiia?ee iiceoeaii. Iio??aii caoaaaeeoe, ui ciaiiy i?i aeacai? aeiiae, ca neiaaie ?aniiiaeaio?a, a a?eueo?e i??? io?eiai? a?ae a/eoaey o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e (8,3%) ? (8,7%), aeeeaaea/a aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee (7,8%) ? (8,1%), aaouee?a (0,9%) ? (1,7%) ? noa?oeo ae?oc?a (9,3%) ? (9,8%). Oe?eani?yiiaaiith i?aeaioiaeith aei neoaeae a a?i?? naiino?eii caeiathoueny 12,4% ? 14,7% iieoaieo. I?i aeiiiiiao nii?oo a i?aeaioiaoe? aeii?eciaiee?a aei neoaeae a a?i?? aeacaee 48,4% ? 52,8% thiae?a. 88% ? 69% iieoaieo thiae?a aaaaeathoue, ui ia i?aeaioiaeo aei neoaeae a a?i?? iaeieo o?eueee o?ie?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee iaaeinoaoiuei, 17,4% ? 28,2% ia?aeiiai?, ui aeineoue; 38% ? 42% aaaaeathoue, ui aiie aioia? neoaeeoe a a?i??; 32,3% ? 39,8% - ui ia aioia?. O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? "I?aai?caoe?y oa iaoiaeeea a?enueeiai-o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee o/i?a 10-11 eean?a a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy" iiaeathoueny ?acoeueoaoe oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo. Neoaeaa a Ca?ieieo Neeao aeiaaa? ?icaeoeo neee, aeo?eaaeino?, oaeaeeino? ? ni?eoiino?, naia oeo yeinoae, ca yeeie thiaee, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy iathoue iaea?eueoa a?aenoaaaiiy. C?icoi?ei, ui oe?e eaoaai??? thiae?a iio??aii aoaea neoaeeoe a a?i?? ? aeiiae aei ieo ia aoaeooue ieae/? i?ae aei ?ioeo. Oa e ia iio??aii, ia iaoo aeoieo, c aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy ?iaeoe ae?oaini?oieo nieaeao?a, a a iaeaooiueiio ? iiaeeeai ethaeae. Cia/ii e?auee ? ia?niaeoeai?oee ? ?ioee i?aeo?ae: ?ic?iaeoe iioeiaeuei? caniae, iaoiaee ? i?eeiie i?aeaeuaiiy ?o o?ce/iiai noaio. Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy iia’ycai? c ?ic?iaeith cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy o?ce/iiai noaio aeii?eciaiee?a ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy ua ia i?iaiaeeeeny, ui i?aeaeuo? aeooaeuei?noue iaoi? ?iaioe ? ? iiaei a i?aeoeoe? iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue. A?aoiaoth/e iecueeee o?ce/iee noai thiae?a, caiyooy c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeii?eciaiee?a i?iaiaeeeeny a aeaa aoaie. Ia ia?oiio aoai? (i?aeaioia/ee ia??iae) i?aea?? cania?a ? iaoiae?a o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ni?yiiaoaaany ia ae??oaiiy icaei?ia/eo caaaeaiue. Aieiaia iaoa oeueiai aoaio – ia ia?aaaioaaeeoe i?aai?ci thiae?a. Iniaeeaa oaaaa caa?oaeany ia ci?oeiaiiy noaio na?oeaai-noaeeiii? ? aeeoaeueii? nenoai. C oe??th iaoith aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ai?aae icaei?ia/i? ? e?eoaaeueii? o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e, ye? aeicaieyee cieceoe ooieoe?iiaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy, iie?ioeoe iai?i ?a/iaei oa ae?yeuei?noue ?ioeo i?aai?a ? nenoai. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aieeao o?ce/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ia i?aai?ci thiaeai aeaaaeeny aeiiaoi? caaaeaiiy ia canai?iiy ie?aieo ai?aa. Aeei?enoaiiy cania?a o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? ni?eyei a?aeiiaeaiith ii?ooaieo ooieoe?e aiane?aeie oaeoi??a, iia’ycaieo c aaa???th ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN, ? iie?ioaiith caaaeueiiai noaio caei?ia’y. Ia ae?oaiio aoai? (iniiaiee ia??iae), ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio aei oiia i’yciai? ae?yeueiino? ae??ooaaeeny caaaeaiiy i?eeeaaeii? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee. Iniiai? caaaeaiiy o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oeueiai ia??iaeo iieyaathoue o ?icaeoeo o?ce/ieo yeinoae, i?aeaeuaii? caoenieo nee ? ii??iino? i?aai?cio aei iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. C?icoi?ei, ui /ano aeae?eaiiai ia o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy a i?ia?ai? aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee iaaeinoaoiuei. sse iieacaee iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy oeae i?ioean iaiao?aeii ii?aeioaaoe c o?ieaie o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e. Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy A.O.Iiainaeuenueeiai (1977, 1985) iieacaee, ui ia eiaeiiio o?ioe? a noa?oiio oe?eueiiio a?oe? aeioe?eueii aeae?eyoe 18 oa. aeey caaaeueii o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee. Aeoiaey/e c oeeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ie i?iiiioaaee aeeth/aoe 18-oaeeeii? iaaaioaaeaiiy ia neeo, oaeaee?noue, aeo?eaae?noue ? ni?eoi?noue. I?ia?aia o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee thiae?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo eean?a aeeth/aea ai?aae, ni?yiiaai? ia ?icaeoie ? aaeineiiaeaiiy iniiaieo o?ce/ieo ? niaoe?aeueieo yeinoae iaiao?aeieo aeey oni?oii? aaeaioaoe?? i?aai?cio aei oiia a?enueeiai? neoaeae. Aei ieo a?aeiinyoueny caniae ?c ?icae?eo a?iianoeee (caaaeueii?icaeaath/? ? i?eeeaaei? ai?aae, no?eaee, aeaiaioe ae?iaaoeee, ai?aae ia a?iianoe/ieo i?eeaaeao); ai?aae c iaoyaeaiiyie (ai?aae c aaioaeyie, aniaiaea?aie, ia o?aiaaea?ao, ai?aae a iaoyaeoth/eo oiiaao, ai?aae c aeaniith aaaith); eaaei? aoeaoeee (a?a ia ei?ioe? ? na?aaei? aeenoaioe??, e?iniaa i?aeaioiaea, iaoaiiy, iiaeieaiiy nioae ia?aoeiae); ai?ioueae c aeaiaioaie ?oeiiaoiiai aith; ieaaaiiy; nii?oeaieo ?ai? (oooaie, aaneaoaie, ?aaa?); eeaeii? i?aeaioiaee; ia?o-eeaeee. Caiyooy c ia?aaaaeiith ni?yiiaai?noth ia ?icaeoie o?ce/ieo yeinoae i?iaiaeeeeny ca caaaeueiith noaiith, ui neeaaeaeany c o?ueio /anoei: i?aeaioia/i?, iniiaii? ? caeeth/ii?. Iaia’yceia?noue oaei? no?oeoo?e iaoiiaeaia ineoio?ce/ieie caeiiii??iinoyie ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aai?cio i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy i’yciaeo iaaaioaaeaiue. Iine?aeiai?noue ?icaeoeo o?ce/ieo yeinoae aoea oaeith: nii/aoeo ai?aae ia oaeaee?noue, iio?i neeo, a a e?ioe? – ia aeo?eaae?noue. I?e a?oiiaeo oi?iao ?iaioe iine?aeiai?noue ?iaioe oeiey??a aeaui ci?ithaaeany caeaaeii a?ae i?noey i?iaaaeaiiy, e?eueeino? ?iaaioa?y oa iaeaaeiaiiy. Ca?aeii i?ia?aie aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee thiaee ciaeiieeeny c a?enueeiaei oo?eciii, yeee aeeth/a? a naaa an? iciaee caaaeueiiai oo?ecio c aeaiaioaie a?enueeiai? oiiia?ao?? ? oaeoeee. Ia?o cae?enithaaany o oi?i? a?enueeiai? a?e ia oii? oaeoe/ii? ianoaiiaee, yea i?iaiaeeeany nii/aoeo. Ia ia?o? a?aei?aoeueiaoaaeeny ieoaiiy aieiaiai caaacia/aiiy: ?ica?aeea, ianeoaaiiy, ioi?iia oa nii?oeaia i???iooaaiiy. Iaoeiaeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie (N.A.Iie??anueeee, E.A.Eaeeie?i, I.ss.A?eainueeee, 1996) anoaiiaeaii, ui iniiaiei caniaii a?aeaie?eaiiyi a?ae e?iacioia?? ? ?a?iaa ae?yeuei?noue. Oiio, ia eiaeiiio o?ioe? a?aeaiaeeany /an aeey i?iaaaeaiiy nii?oeaieo aai ?ooeeaeo ?ai?. I?ae /an i?aeai?o ?ai? a?aoiaoaaeeny iniiai? caaaeaiiy o?ieo, ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? ae?oae ? i?noea i?iaaaeaiiy. A?aoiaoth/e iecueeee o?ce/iee noai oeiey??a, ?a?e, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeeny, aoee ni?yiiaai?, ia?aaaaeii, ia ?icaeoie o?ce/ieo yeinoae. Iniaeeaa i?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy iaee ?a?e ?c nii?oeaiiai i???iooaaiiy. O ca’yceo c oei, ui caiyooy o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith o aeii?eciaiee?a i?ioiaeyoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, oi aei i?aai?caoe??, iaoiaeeee ? iaoa??aeueii? aace noaaeeeny aeiaeaoeia? nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/i? aeiiae. Iniaeeaa i?noea a i?aeaioiaoe? o/i?a aei neoaeae a a?i?? caeia? a?enueeiaa i?aeaioiaea, ui ia?aaeaa/a? aea/aiiy oaeeo ?icae?e?a: Ca?iei? Neee Oe?a?ie, Noaoooe Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie, no?ieiaa, aiaiaaa, oaeoe/ia i?aeaioiaea, iniiae a?enueeiai? oiiia?ao?? ? oo?ecio. Caaaeath/e ia iaaeinoaoith iaoeiai-iaoiaee/io ?ic?iaeo oeeo ?icae?e?a caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? i?ia?aie a aeena?oaoe?? iiaeathoueny ei?ioe? aiioaoe?? aea/aiiy ie?aieo oai, ye? aeiiiaiththoue ?? ci?no. E??i oiai, niaoeeo?ea i?iaeeaaiiy ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy iaeeaaea? iaaiee a?aeaeoie ia ae?yeuei?noue thiae?a. Oiio, ie aaaee aei ci?noo a?enueeiai? i?aeaioiaee oeiey??a iiaee ?icae?e "?aae?aoe?eia aaciaea" aea/aiiy yeiai iciaeiieth? thiae?a ?c niiniaaie ? i?aaeeaie cieaeaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ?aae?aoe?? ia i?aai?ci. THiaeai aoei cai?iiiiiaaii aea/eoe aeiaeaoeiai oae? oaie: "Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea iane?aee?a aaa??? ia /i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN", "I?aai?caoe?y caei?iaiai niiniao aeeooy ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy", "?aaeeie naiino?eii? ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy". Aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee ia?aa??yeany oeyoii ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeeiiaiiy oanoiaeo ai?aa thiaeaie aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? eiio?ieueii? a?oi (oaae.5). Oaaeeoey 5 ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? thiae?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi i?ney iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo Oanoia? ai?aaeA?oie thiae?aA??ia?aei?noue ??cieoe?, ?Eiio?ieueia OSo n=72Aenia?eiaioaeueia OSo n=68A?a 1000 i, oa/n6,520,154,510,19? 0,001I?aeoyaoaaiiy ia ia?aeeaaeei?, ?ac?a8,420,8113,010,72? 0,001Eiiieaenia neeiaa ai?aaa, ?ac?a ca 1 oa38,040,3842,370,32? 0,001No?eaie o aeiaaeeio c i?noey, ni206,174,29228,434,47? 0,001A?a 100 i,n14,070,2113,50,09? 0,001*iaieeiaee a?a 10o10 i,n31,240,3427,90,27? 0,001 ?acoeueoaoe iieacothoue, ui oeiey?? aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie iathoue aeuee ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? i?ae eiio?ieueii?. sseui ioe?ieoe aeai? aeine?aeaeaiue iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo a?aeiia?aeii aei Aea?aeaaieo oano?a ? ii?iaoea?a ioe?iee o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, oi oaeiae iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui o i?aaenoaaiee?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie aaee cia/ii aeu? (?en.1). Aenia?eiaioaeueia a?oia Eiio?ieueia a?oia ?en.1 Ioe?iea o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? thiae?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi I?ei?oee: – 1 aae – 2 aaee – 3 aaee – 4 aaee Na?aaei?e aae c oanoe oano?a o oeiey??a aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie neeaaea? 3,66 aae?a, oiae? ye o eiio?ieueii? – 1,5 aae?a. O thiae?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie iaeaeuo ioe?ieo (4 aaee) io?eiaee oae? oanoia? ai?aae: i?aeoyaoaaiiy ia ia?aeeaaeei?, no?eaie o aeiaaeeio c i?noey, a?a 100 i, /iaieeiaee a?a 10o10 i. Eiiieaenia neeiaa ai?aaa ? a?a 1000 i aeeiiai? ia 3 aaee. ?acoeueoaoe ioe?ithaaiiy a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? cia/ii a?ae??ciythoueny. Iaeaeuo ioe?ieo (3 aaee) io?eiaee iieacieee a?ao ia 100 i. Aeaui ieae/a (ia 2 aaee) ioe?iai? ?acoeueoaoe /iaieeiaiai a?ao 10o10 i. A?a 1000 i, i?aeoyaoaaiiy ia ia?aeeaaeei?, eiiieaenia neeiaa ai?aaa ? no?eaee o aeiaaeeio c i?noey io?eiaee, a na?aaeiueiio, ii 1 aaeia?. Aeey aeaoaeuei?oiai aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo aoei i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy i?aenoieiaeo ioe?iie c aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ? eiio?ieuei?e a?oiao (oaae.6). Aeai? oaaeeoe? na?ae/aoue, ui a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ? eiio?ieuei?e a?oiao na?aaei?e aae oni?oiino? ciaoiaeeoueny ia aeineoue aenieiio ??ai?. ?acii c oei niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei i?aeaeuaiiy ?acoeueoao?a oni?oiino? o thiae?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie. Oaaeeoey 6 Oni?oi?noue c aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee oeiey??a aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? eiio?ieueii? a?oi i?ney iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo ?icae?ee i?ia?aie A?oie thiae?aA??ia?aei?noue ??cieoe?, ?Aenia?eiai-oaeueia, OSo n=72Eiio?ieueia, OSo n=68Ca?iei? Neee Oe?a?ie4,720,064, 690,07 0,05Noaoooe Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie4,540,044,250,05 0,001No?ieiaa i?aeaioiaea4,680,044,510,02 0,001Aiaiaaa i?aeaioiaea4,680,084,260,06 0,001Oaeoe/ia i?aeaioiaea4,70,084,620,07 0,05Iniiae a?enueeiai? oiiia?ao?? oa oo?ecio4,470,064,210,05 0,001Iaaeeei-nai?oa?ia i?aeaioiaea4,520,074,480,08 0,05Oeea?eueia iai?iia4,750,084,680,07 0,05 Aiae?c ioe?ithaaiiy aeae?a i?aeaioiaee iieaco?, ui oeiey?? iaee?aua i?aeaioiaeai? ca oaeeie ?icae?eaie i?ia?aie: oeea?eueia iai?iia, Ca?iei? Neee Oe?a?ie, no?ieiaa ? aiaiaaa i?aeaioiaea. Oaee aeaee i?aeaioiaee ye iniiae a?enueeiai? oiiia?ao?? ? oo?ecio, noaoooe Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie o thiae?a noi?iiaai? aeaui ieae/a. Oaeei /eiii, iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio iieacaa aeineoue aenieo aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaie ei?aeoe?? a?enueeiai-o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee aeii?eciaiee?a, ui ? iniiaith aeey oe?ieiai ?? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caeeaae?a ina?oe. AENIIAEE 1. Aiae?c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e iieaco?, ui aeii?eciaia i?aeaioiaea ? aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith i?aeaioiaee iieiae? aei neoaeae a Ca?ieieo Neeao Oe?a?ie. A no/anieo oiiaao ?ic?iaeai? iai?yiee aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee thiae?a, ci?no ?icae?e?a i?ia?aie, iniiai? eiio?ieuei? aeiiae. I?ioa, iaaea/aieie eeoathoueny iniaeeaino? a?enueeiai-o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee iieiae? a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aa?iio i?iaeeaaiiy, aeieia?/ieo oiia, noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a iieiae?. 2. ??aaiue o?ce/iiai noaio aeii?eciaiee?a iaaenieee ? aeiaaa? niaoe?aeueiiai eiiieaeniiai aieeao, a naia oe?eani?yiiaaiiai aeei?enoaiiy o?ce/ieo ai?aa, ye? i?aeaeuothoue neeo, aeo?eaae?noue ? ni?eoi?noue, aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy ?o ia caiyooyo c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e, aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee, a oaeiae a ?aaeei? aeiy o/iy: oe?eueieo oa iicaoe?eueieo caoiaeao ? iniaeeai a ia??iae e?oi?o oaa??ieo cai??a. Ca iieacieeaie o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo thiaee, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, iinooiathoueny nai?i ?iaanieeai ?c a?aeiinii /enoeo oa?eoi??e. ?oi? aaai-?inoia? iieacieee ? i?iii?oe?ei?noue o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo aeinoia??ii ieae/? na?aaei?o noaiaea?o?a. Na?aaei? iieacieee o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? thiae?a c /i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie ieae/? i?ae o oeiey??a c a?aeiinii /enoeo oa?eoi??e. Iaea?eueoa ??cieoey niinoa??aa?oueny ca ?acoeueoaoaie neee, aeo?eaaeino? ? ni?eoiino? (?<0,005). Noai caei?ia’y aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, iecueeee. Ca ia??iae c 1986 ii 1997 ?iee e?euee?noue oai?ia iino?eii ca?eueoo?oueny. Iaeaeuee c??no caoai?thaaiue niinoa??aaany c 1990 ii 1991 ??e (aei 193%). 3. A?aeiioaiiy aeii?eciaiee?a aei a?enueeiai? neoaeae ciaoiaeeoueny ia aeineoue iecueeiio ??ai? (48,3% thiae?a ia aaaeathoue neoaeeoe a a?i??), 17,7% iieoaieo aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy aaaaeathoue naaa "aaniethoii caei?iaeie", 36,2% - ioe?ieee nai? caei?ia’y ye "caaeia?eueia",46,1% - "iacaaeia?eueia". Oe?eani?yiiaaiith i?aeaioiaeith aei neoaeae a a?i?? caeiathoueny eeoa 12% iieoaieo. Ia aeoieo 48,4% aeii?eciaiee?a caiyooy nii?oii aeiiiiaaathoue a i?aeaioiaoe? aei a?enueeiaiai aeeooy. 38% ?aniiiaeaio?a aaaaeathoue, ui aioia? aei neoaeae a a?i??. 4. Aeuacaaaeaia na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui a?enueeiaa ? o?ce/ia i?aeaioiaea aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, aeiaaa? a?aeiia?aeii? ei?aeoe??, a naia: aeeth/aiiy a i?ia?aio ?icae?eo ?aae?aoe?eia aaciaea, oae? oaie: "Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN", "I?aai?caoe?y caei?iaiai niiniao aeeooy ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy", "?aaeeie naiino?eii? ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy". 5. O?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe iiaoaiii. Ia ia?oiio aoai? (i?aeaioia/ee ia??iae) i?aea?? cania?a ? iaoiae?a o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ni?yiiaoaaany ia ae??oaiiy icaei?ia/eo caaaeaiue. Ia ae?oaiio aoai? (iniiaiee ia??iae) ae??ooaaeenue caaaeaiiy i?eeeaaeii? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee, a iniia? yei? eaaeaa ?icaeoie o?ce/ieo yeinoae, i?aeaeuaiiy caoenieo nee ? ii??iino? aei ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Icaei?ia/ee aoaeo aeinyaa?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith canoinoaaiiy na?aaei?o ? aaeeeeo o?ce/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue. 6. Ei?aeoe?y iaoiaeeee a?enueeiai-o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy thiae?a a??ia?aeii i?aeaeuo? ?o o?ce/iee ?icaeoie, o?ce/io i?aeaioiaeai?noue oa caaaeueio oni?oi?noue, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?? aoaeoeai?noue ? iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy o i?aeoeoe? aeii?eciaii? i?aeaioiaee. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Iaco?/oe I.O. I?iaeaie i?aeaioiaeaiino? aeii?eciaii? iieiae? a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai aieeao c o?aooaaiiyi aeiia Ca?ieieo Nee Oe?a?ie // Iieiae?aeiee iaoeiaee a?niee AAeO. – 1997. – ?1. – N.40-44. 2. Iaco?/oe I.O. ??aaiue nainiii?ieo ?aaeoe?e o aeii?eciaiee?a, ui i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy // ??ae??i????, ????iei??? ?? ??ae??i-a?iei??/i? ??iae??? o?c?/ii?i a??ia?ii? ? ??i??o: Ca???? i?o?ia?? ???oeue. – ?????a: ????, 1999. - ?2. – ?.17-19. 3. Iaco?/oe I.O. Iniaeeaino? ?aae?aoe?eiiai aieeao ia noai caei?ia’y aeii?eciaiee?a // O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, nii?o oa caei?ia’y iaoe??: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – *.??. – Ee?a-A?iieoey, 1998. – N.189-193. 4. Iaco?/oe I.O. Ei?aeoe?y a?enueeiai-o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy / Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. – Eooeuee: Iaaenoe?’y, 1998. – 34 n. 5. Iaco?/oe I.O. Aieea ?aae?aoe?eiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia noai caei?ia’y ? ??aaiue a?enueeiai-niaoe?aeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? iieiae? ia oa?eoi??? Aieei? // Iaoa??aee ia?oi? ?anioae?eainueei? eiioa?aioe?? "I?aeaioiaea niaoe?ae?no?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e oa nii?oo a Oe?a?i?". – Eooeuee: Iaaenoe?’y, 1994. - N.411-413. 6. Iaco?/oe I.O., Ia/a?aiei O.A. Noai caei?ia’y oa ??aaiue a?enueeiai-niaoe?aeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? iieiae? a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai aieeao // Iaoa??aee I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? "O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, nii?o oa caei?ia’y iaoe??". – *.3. – A?iieoey, 1994. – N.358-359. AIIOAOe?? Iaco?/oe I.O. Iniaeeaino? a?enueeiai-o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 24.00.02 – O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy ??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy. – Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee, Eooeuee, 1999. A aeena?oaoe?? cae?eniaia ei?aeoe?y iaoiaeeee o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeii?eciaiee?a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy Ia ia?oiio aoai? (i?aeaioia/ee ia??iae) i?aea?? cania?a ? iaoiae?a o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ni?yiiaoaaany ia ae??oaiiy icaei?ia/eo caaaeaiue. Ia ae?oaiio aoai? (iniiaiee ia??iae), ia iniia? ca?eueoaiiy aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio aei oiia i’yciai? ae?yeueiino?, ae??ooaaeenue caaaeaiiy i?eeeaaeii? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaee, a iniia? yei? eaaeaa ?icaeoie o?ce/ieo yeinoae, i?aeaeuaiiy caoenieo nee ? ii??iino? i?aai?cio aei iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. O i?ia?aio a?enueeiai? i?aeaioiaee aeii?eciaiee?a aeeth/aiee ?icae?e “?aae?aoe?eia aaciaea”, a yeiio ia?aaeaa/aii aea/aiiy oaeeo oai: “Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN, I?aai?caoe?y caei?iaiai niiniao aeeooy ia oa?eoi??? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, ?aaeeie naiino?eii? ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy”. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? o i?aeoeeo ?iaioe oe?e, ye? ?ici?uai? a cii? ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeii?eciaia i?aeaioiaea, ?aae?aoe?eia caa?oaeiaiiy, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy, iaoiaeeea, a?enueeiaa i?aeaioiaea. Mazurchuk O.T. Peculiarities of military-physical training of youth undergoing pre-conscription military training who live on the radioactive polluted territory. Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate degree in physical sports by specialty 24.00.02 – physical culture, physical education of different souci groups. Volyn State University named after Lesya Ukrainka, Lutsk, 1999. The dissertation deals with the questions of military-physical training of youth undergoing pre-conscription military training who live on the territory of radioactive pollution. It is ascertained that the level of physical condition of youth undergoing pre-conscription military training is lows requires a special complex influence, namely a goal-directed usage of physical exercises which increase strength, endurance, adroitness, effective utilization of them at physical culture lessons, pre-conscription military training, and also during the daily program of pupils: school and extra-school practice and especially during summer camp-training. By the indices of physical development youths which live on the territory of radioactive pollution, yield to young people of the same age from a relatively clear territories. Their weight and height indices are for sure lower than medium standards are. Average indices of physical development of youth from Chernobyl region are muck lower than those of pupils who live on relatively clear territories. The greatest disparity is observed in the sphere of strength. Endurance and adroitness (P< 0,005). The health condition of youth living in the territories of radioactive pollution is poor. During the period from 1986 to 1997 the quantity of diseases is constantly increasing. The highest rating of cases of sickness is observed from 1990 till 1991 (t 193%), after that the tempo slows down. The attitude of youth undergoing towards military service is on a rather low level (48,3% of young men don’t wish to do their military service in the army), 17,7% of interrogated youths undergoing pre-conscription military training, who live in the polluted territory consider themselves to be “completely sound”, 36,2% appraise their condition of health as “satisfactory”. Only 12% of the interrogated goals-directed for military service. In the opines of 48,4% of youth undergoing pre-conscription military training going in for sports helps in preparation for military life. 38% of respondents consider they are ready to do military service. Taking into their account the low level physical condition of youth in the thesis the methods of military-physical training of the last is suggested physical education is conducted in two stages at the first stage (preparatory period) the selection of means and methods of physical edication is directed to solving sanitation tasks. Special attention is paid to the condition of cardiovascular and respiratory system. Recreation exercises and therapeutic physical training were widely applied. They promoted bringing down functional loading, influenced upon metabolism and functioning of other organs and systems. At the initial stage considerable attention is paid to active rest. Usage of means of physical education at the initial stage promoted the renewal of violated functions connected with Chernobyl catastrophe and the improvement of the general condition of health. At the second stage (the main period) with the increasing of adaptive capabilities of organism to the conditions of muscle activities tasks of applied physical training were solved. The main tasks of this period consist of development of the physical qualities raising of defensive strength and the resistance of organism to unfavorable factors of environment. Specificity of living on the polluted territory leaves the imprint on the activities of young men. That’s who it is suggested that a new chapter “radioactive security” should be included into the course of military training. This course would acquaint young people with such questions: general characteristics of the consequence of Chernobyl catastrophe; organization of healthy mode of life on the polluted territory. Regime of individual motor activities under the conditions of radioactive pollution. The main results of the investigation are introduced into practice of work of schools which are situated in the region of radioactive pollution. Key words: pre-conscription military training, radioactive pollution, physical educational, methods, military training. Iaco?/oe I.O. Iniaaiiinoe aiaiii-oece/aneie iiaeaioiaee aeii?ecuaieeia, i?iaeeaathueo ia oa??eoi?ee ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai caa?yciaiey. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe ii oece/aneiio ainieoaieth e nii?oo ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 24.00.02 – Oece/aneay eoeueoo?a, oece/aneia ainieoaiea ?aciuo a?oii ianaeaiey. – Aieuineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao eiaie Eane Oe?aeiee, Eooee, 1999. A aeenna?oaoeee i?iecaiaeeony ei??aeoeey iaoiaeeee oece/aneiai ainieoaiey aeii?ecuaieeia, eioi?ua i?iaeeaatho ia oa??eoi?ee ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai caa?yciaiey. Ia ia?aii yoaia (iiaeaioiaeoaeueiue ia?eiae) iiaeai? n?aaenoa e iaoiaeia oece/aneiai ainieoaiey niinianoaoao ?aoaieth icaei?iaeoaeueiuo caaea/. Aoi?ie yoai (iniiaiie ia?eiae), ia iniiaa oaaee/aiey aaeaioaoeeiiiuo aiciiaeiinoae i?aaiecia e oneiaeyi iuoa/iie aeayoaeueiinoe, ?aoae caaea/e i?eeeaaeiie oece/aneie iiaeaioiaee, a iniiaa eioi?ie eaaeaei ?acaeoea oece/aneeo ea/anoa, iiauoaiea caueoiuo nee e nii?ioeaeyaiinoe i?aaiecia e iaaeaaii?eyoiui oaeoi?ai aiaoiae n?aaeu. A i?ia?aiio aiaiiie iiaeaioiaee aeii?ecuaieeia aeeth/aiiue ?acaeae "?aaeeaoeeiiiay aaciianiinoue", /oi i?aaeoniao?eaaao onaiaiea oaeeo oai: “Iauay oa?aeoa?enoeea iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN, I?aaiecaoeey caei?iaiai ia?aca aeecie ia oa??eoi?ee ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai caa?yciaiey, ?aaeeiu naiinoiyoaeueiie aeaeaaoaeueiie aeoeaiinoe a oneiaeyo ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai caa?yciaiey”. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee aiaae?aiiua a i?aeoeeo ?aaiou oeie, eioi?ua ?aciauaiiua a ciia ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai caa?yciaiey. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeii?ecuaiay iiaeaioiaea, ?aaeeaoeeiiiia caa?yciaiea, oece/aneia ainieoaiea, iaoiaeeea, aiaiiay iiaeaioiaea.

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