?INOEOOO CAIEA?IANOAA

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

Aaiaaiia Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE: 633.521:631.52:575

INIAEEAINO? ONIAAeEOAAIIss E?EUeE?NIEO ICIAE EUeIIO-AeIAAOIOess

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 06.01.05 — naeaeoe?y ? ian?iieoeoai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

EE?A-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a a?aeae?e? eueiio ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI a
1996-1998 ??.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,
i?ioani?,

caneoaeaiee i?aoe?aiee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eii eueiio ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI

Ea?iaoeue ?aai Iaie?aoiae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?,
ia/aeueiee aieiaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa
?iiiaaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? I?i?noa?noaa Oe?a?ie o ni?aaao iaoee ?
oaoiieia?e

?aaeueei A?eoi? Aieiaeeie?iae/

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo
aaiaoeee oa naeaeoe?? ei?iiaeo eoeueoo?, ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI

Aaoe??iaa Iaoaey A?eoi??aia

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo eo”ayieo eoeueoo? OAAI

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “17”,aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 27.361.01 i?e ?inoeooo? caiea?ianoaa
OAAI, 255205, nio. *aaaie Ee?ai-Nayoioeinueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei?
iaeano?.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
caiea?ianoaa OAAI.

A?aeaoee ia aaoi?aoa?ao o aeaio i?ei??ieeao, caa??aieo ia/aoeith i?ineii
iaaeneeaoe ca aae?anith: Oe?a?ia, 255205, nio. *aaaie
Ee?ai-Nayoioeinueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano?, ?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa
OAAI, a/aiiio nae?aoa?aa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “15″ ethoiai 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii?

?aaee, eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe
E?aa/aiei E.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O aeaiee /an ia?aae naeaeoe?iia?aie noi?oue
caaaeaiiy noai?eoe ni?oe eueiio-aeiaaoioey, ye? a caaacia/oaaee aenieo
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ii aieieio ? ian?iith, iie?ioaio ye?noue i?iaeoeoe?? oa
aoee no?eeeie aei oai?ia, aeeyaaiiy e aeno?aiaeueieo oiia na?aaeiaeua.
Aeey aeaaaeaiiy oaeeo ni?o?a iaiao?aeii iaoe aeo?aeiee iaoa??ae c
iaea?eueoith e?euee?noth iiceoeaii-o?aina?aneaieo ca eiiieaenii iciae
oi?i. E??i oiai aaaeeeai ia?aaeaa/eoe, ye? eiia?iaoe?? no?auoaaiue
caaacia/aoue a ianooiieo iieie?iiyo noai?aiiy aaaeaieo o?aina?an?e, ui
cia/ii ia?aaeuothoue aaouee?anuee? ni?oe. Aeey oeueiai aa?oi aeeaiei ?
aeaoaeueii aea/eoe oa?aeoa? oniaaeeoaaiiy iciae, io?eiaoe iaea?eueo
iiaio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i aaiaoe/i? aeanoeaino? ni?o?a oa ia?niaeoeai?noue
?o aeei?enoaiiy a naeaeoe??.

Ia aea/aii? caaaeaieo ieoaiue ? aoee cina?aaeaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii
oai? aeena?oaoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei caaaeaiue:

«Noai?eoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe iia? eiieo?aioini?iiiaei? ni?oe
eueiio-aeiaaoioey» ? «Aea/eoe aaiaoe/io i?e?iaeo caeaaeiino? iane ?
yeino? aieieia o eueiio-aeiaaoioey», ia?aaeaa/aieo i?iaeoii «Eoa’yi?
eoeueoo?e» oa aaeocaaith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith OAAI.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aea/aiiy
oa?aeoa?o oniaaeeoaaiiy iniiaieo ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae ni?o?a
eueiio-aeiaaoioey, io?eiaiiy yeiaeiiai?oi? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?o aaiaoe/i?
aeanoeaino? oa ia?niaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy a naeaeoe??, a oaeiae
noai?aiiy aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo c iaea?eueoith e?euee?noth
iiceoeaii-o?aina?aneaieo ca eiiieaenii iciae oi?i.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoee iinoaaeaii? oae? caaaeaiiy:

— io?eiaoe a?a?eaee ia?oiai iieie?iiy ca iiaiith ae?aeaeueiith noaiith
i?ae i’youeia ni?oaie eueiio-aeiaaoioey;

— aea/eoe a?a?eaee oa aaouee?anuee? ni?oe ca iniiaieie
ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieie iciaeaie («caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei», «oaoi?/ia
aenioa noaaea», «e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei?», «e?euee?noue ian?iei
ia ?ineei?» oa «ai?no aieieia o noaae?»);

— aecia/eoe aaiaoe/io no?oeoo?o, iniaeeaino? ? oa?aeoa? oniaaeeoaaiiy
iniiaieo ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae, oeyoii aaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ca
iaoiaeii Aeaeeiena-Oaeiaia, cae?enieaoe aiae?c caaaeueii? oa
niaoeeo?/ii? eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? ni?o?a;

— aecia/eoe ?aoeei?iei? aoaeoe oa eiao?oe??ioe oniaaeeoaaiiy a
oe?ieiio oa aocueeiio ?icoi?ii?;

— aeae?eeoe ia?niaeoeai? ni?oe oa a?a?eaee e iai?oeoe naeaeoe?ei? oeyoe
iie?auaiiy iciae c o?aooaaiiyi aaiaoe/ii? i?e?iaee eiaeii? iciaee;

— anoaiiaeoe a?a?eaei? eiia?iaoe??, ye? iathoue iaee?au? iieacieee ca
eiiieaenii ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa a Oe?a?i? a naeaeoe?ei?e
?iaio? ?c eueiiii-aeiaaoioeai canoiniaaii aaiaoe/iee aiae?c ca
iaoiaeeeith Aeaeeiena-Oaeiaia, a ?acoeueoao? yeiai aoei anoaiiaeaii
aaiaoe/io no?oeoo?o iciae «caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei», «oaoi?/ia aenioa
noaaea», «e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei?», «e?euee?noue ian?iei ia
?ineei?», «ai?no aieieia o noaaeao», c’yniaaii aaiaoe/io i?e?iaeo
iniiaieo ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae o ni?o?a eueiio-aeiaaoioey ?
io?eiaii iiaeeaeai? ciaiiy i?i iniaeeaino? ? oa?aeoa? ?o oniaaeeoaaiiy
oa naeaeoe?eio oe?ii?noue no/anieo ni?o?a oe??? eoeueoo?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeae?eaii ia?niaeoeaiee
a?a?eaeiee iaoa??ae c iiceoeaiei eiiieaenii ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo
iciae, yeee i?eaeaoiee aeey noai?aiiy aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo ni?o?a
eueiio-aeiaaoioey. Aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue nei?i/aiiy o?eaaeino?
naeaeoe?eiiai i?ioeano oeyoii aecia/aiiy eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? oa
cae?eniaiiy aaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ni?o?a ia iniia? a?a?eae?a F1 ca
iaoiaeeeith Aeaeeiena-Oaeiaia. Canoinoaaiiy oeueiai iaoiaeo aeicaiey?
ciaioeoe naeoi? iiooeo iiceoeaieo o?aina?an?e na?aae aaeeei? e?eueeino?
eiia?iaoe?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe oa ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?icaeyiooi ? noaaeaii ia can?aeaii?
a?aeae?eo eueiio ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI (1996-1998 ?iee) oa
a?aeae?eo eueiio ?inoeoooo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Iie?nny (1997-1998
?iee). ?? ?acoeueoaoe iaieioaii oe?ieiio caaaeia? oao?aoe?a ? iaaiai?aii
ia can?aeaii? Iaoiaee/ii? eii?n?? c ieoaiue naeaeoe?? ? ian?iieoeoaa
?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI.

Ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue ii oai? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a 6 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaio iniaenoi i?ia?a iieueia? oa
eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaiae?coaaa oa ocaaaeueiea io?eiai?
?acoeueoaoe, noi?ioethaaa aeniiaee e i?iiiceoe?? aeey naeaeoe?eii?
i?aeoeee.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 138
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, aeeth/a? anooi, 8 ?icae?e?a, aeniiaee,
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey naeaeoe?eii? i?aeoeee, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
? aeiaeaoee. A iniiai?e /anoei? ai?uaii 36 oaaeeoeue, 15 ?enoie?a.

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae aeeth/a? 186 iaeiaioaaiue, c yeeo 24
?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

?ICAe?E 1. I?ieea?noue iciae o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?

( iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e )

A ?icae?e? iiaeaii ei?ioeee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue o
ieioeiio c ieoaiue ?ie? a?a?eaeecaoe?? oa aeiai?o a naeaeoe?ei?e ?iaio?,
oa?aeoa?o oniaaeeoaaiiy ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae a?a?eaeaie
eueiio-aeiaaoioey. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ?icaeyiooi
oaeiae i?ieea?noue iciae o ?ioeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?. Ia
iniia? cae?eniaiiai aiae?co aecia/ai? ieoaiiy, ye? ua iaaeinoaoiuei
aea/ai?, e iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy iiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

?ICAe?E 2. OIIAE, IAOA??AE OA IAOIAeEEA I?IAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeine?aei? ae?eyiee, ia yeeo aen?aaee ? aei?iaiaoaaee a?a?eaee F1, a
1996 ciaoiaeeeenue ia caieyo ?inoeoooo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
Iie?nny OAAI, a a 1997 oa a 1998 ?ieao ?o ?ici?uoaaee a aeine?aeiiio
ainiiaea?noa? «*aaaie» ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI a 8-i?euei?e
naeaeoe?ei?e n?aici?i?, ??oioiaee iie?ea yei? i?aaenoaaeaiee a iniiaiiio
aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeie a?oioaie eaaeiai iaoai?/iiai neeaaeo.
Ieoeueoo?ai?noue a?oio?a na?aaeiy.

Iiaiaei? oiiae a ?iee i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeineoue
ni?eyoeeaeie aeey ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo ?ineei eueiio-aeiaaoioey. A
aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeei?enoiaoaaee i’youe ??cieo ca a?ieia?/ieie e
oaoiieia?/ieie aeanoeainoyie ni?o?a a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii?
naeaeoe??, a naia: ??ia, Iiaee?anueeee-2, Oiinueeee-16, A??aia oa
A?e?ia.

A?a?eaeia ian?iiy aen?aaee a yieiaee ?icnaaeiee c ieiuath aeeaeaiiy
?ineei 2.5 o 2.5 ni a?aeiia?aeii aei i?eeiyoi? iaoiaeeee. Aiae?c
a?a?eaeiiai iaoa??aeo cae?enithaaee ca oaeeie ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieie
iciaeaie ye: «caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei», «oaoi?/ia aeiaaeeia noaaea»,
«e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei?», «e?euee?noue ian?iei ia ?ineei?» oa
«ai?no aieieia a noaae?». Ca eiaeiith iciaeith i?iaiaeeee iiaiee
aaiaoe/iee aiae?c ca iaoiaeii Aeaeeiena-Oaeiaia, aecia/aee caaaeueio
eiia?iaoe?eio caeaoi?noue (CEC) oa niaoeeo?/io eiia?iaoe?eio caeaoi?noue
(NEC) ni?o?a ca iaoiaeii A?eoo?iaa (iiaeaeue 1, iaoiae 3).

?ICAe?E 3. AAIAOE*IEE AIAE?C ICIAEE “CAAAEUeIA AENIOA ?INEEI” O NI?O?A
EUeIIO-AeIAAOIOess OA OEssOE ?? IIE?AUAIIss

Iaeaeu? iieacieee ca iciaeith «caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei» iaee ni?oe ??ia
oa Iiaee?anueeee-2 (72-74 ni). Iaee?aueie a?a?eaeieie eiia?iaoe?yie ca
oe??th iciaeith aoee ??ia o Iiaee?anueeee-2, ??ia o A?e?ia,
Iiaee?anueeee-2 o ??ia (73-74 ni). Ni?oe ??ia oa A??aia iaee iaeaeu?
ioe?iee aoaeo?a CEC.

Aeyaeaii, ui o a?a?eaeieo eiia?iaoe?e A??aia o Oiinueeee-16,
Iiaee?anueeee-2 o ??ia oa A?e?ia o Iiaee?anueeee-2 cia/io ?ieue a i?iya?
iciaee a?ae?a?athoue aaie c iaaaeeoeaieie aoaeoaie, ai aiie iaee
aeineoue aenie? cia/aiiy eiinoaio NEC. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aa??aine CEC aei
aa??aine eiinoaio NEC iieacaei, ui ni?oe A??aia, A?e?ia, Iiaee?anueeee-2
aieiae?thoue a?eueoith e?euee?noth aai?a c iaaaeeoeaiith ae??th, iicaye
aa??aina niaoeeo?/ii? eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? (2si a?eueoa ca aa??aino
caaaeueii? eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? (2gi ((2si( (2gi), a ni?oe
Oiinueeee-16 oa ??ia, iaaiaee, c aaeeoeaiith ae??th ((2gi( (2si).

?acoeueoaoe a?ao?/iiai aiae?co na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui iciaea «caaaeueia
aenioa ?ineei» aecia/a?oueny aaeeoeaii-aeii?iaioiith aaiaoe/iith
nenoaiith. Ia a?ao?eo e?i?y ?aa?an?? ia?aoeia? iiceoeaio /anoeio in? Wr.
Oea aeaco? ia iaiiaio na?aaeith nooi?iue aeii?ioaaiiy ii an?o eieonao e
na?ae/eoue i?i a?aenooi?noue aaoa?iceno. Ioaea, o aecia/ai? iciaee a
ni?o?a iniiaia ?ieue iaeaaeeoue aaiai c aaeeoeaieie aoaeoaie (oaae. 1).
Aneiao?e/i?noue ?iciiae?eaiiy aeii?iaioieo ? ?aoeaneaieo aai?a
ianooo?aa. *enei aeii?iaioieo aai?a iacia/ii ia?aaeuo? /enei
?aoeaneaieo. Aenie? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a oniaaeeoaaiiy a oe?ieiio (I2)
oa aocueeiio (h2) ?icoi?ii? ? ?o iacia/ia ??cieoey, na?ae/eoue i?i oa,
ui iciaea «caaaeueia aenioa noaaea» oniaaeeiao?oueny.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ioe?iee aaiaoe/ieo eiiiiiaio?a iciae «caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei» oa
“oaoi?/ia aenioa noaaea”

1.14

1.08

1.16

1.54

1.17

0.21

0.11

0.37

0.61

0.27

0.68

H2 0.95 0.97 0.85 0.96 0.95 0.86

h2 0.83 0.81 0.77 0.61 0.69 0.69

Eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? i?ae na?aaei?i cia/aiiyi caaaeueii? aenioe ?ineei
? a?aeiia?aeieie cia/aiiyie Wr+Vr aoa iiceoeaiee, a oiio aeii?iaioi?
aaie aecia/athoue ciaioaiiy iciaee, a ?aoeaneai? ?? ca?eueoaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, iciaea «caaaeueia aenioa noaaea» eiio?ieth?oueny
aaeeoeaii-aeii?iaioiith aaiaoe/iith nenoaiith. Iciaea oniaaeeiao?oueny ?
ii??aiyii eaaei cae??ieth?oueny a ianooiieo iieie?iiyo.

Aeyaeaii, ui ?aoeaneai? aaie aecia/athoue ca?eueoaiiy iciaee. Oaeei
/eiii, ni?oe c iaea?eueoith caaaeueiith aenioith ?ineei iathoue iaeiaioo
e?euee?noue aeii?iaioieo aai?a. Ni?o Iiaee?anueeee-2 aieiae?? an?ia
?aoeaneaieie aaiaie, ye? i?enooi? o ni?o?a, ui aea/aeenue. Oaeei /eiii,
io?eiaiiy iiaeo ni?o?a c a?eueoith caaaeueiith aenioith ?ineei, i?ae o
ni?oo Iiaee?anueeee-2, iaiiaeeeaa. Aeey io?eiaiiy aeniei?ine?oiai ni?oo
iaiao?aeii aeeth/aoe a no?auoaaiiy iiaee iaoa??ae.

?ICAe?E 4. IOe?IEA AAIAOE*IEO AEANOEAINOAE NI?O?A EUeIIO-AeIAAOIOess CA
ICIAEITH “OAOI?*IA AENIOA NOAAEA» IA INIIA? AeAIEO A?A?EAe?A F1,
IO?EIAIEO CA Ae?AEAEUeIITH NOAIITH NO?AUOAAIUe

Iaeaeu? cia/aiiy iciaee «oaoi?/ia aenioa noaaea» iaee ni?oe ??ia oa
A?e?ia- 66.0 oa 62.8 ni a?aeiia?aeii. E?aueie a?a?eaeieie eiia?iaoe?yie
ca oe??th iciaeith aoee ??ia o Iiaee?anueeee-2, Iiaee?anueeee-2 o
A?e?ia, Iiaee?anueeee-2 o ??ia (64-68 ni).

Ni?oe Iiaee?anueeee-2 oa ??ia iaee iaeaeu? cia/aiiy CEC.

Aenie? cia/aiiy eiinoaio NEC aoee o a?a?eae?a A??aia o A?e?ia
(S?j=-2,58-(-3.65)), A??aia o Oiinueeee-16 (S?j=2.70-4.79) oa
Oiinueeee-16 o ??ia (S?j=-2.21-(-4.27). ?ineeie oeeo a?a?eaeieo
eiia?iaoe?e iaee iaeiaioo oaoi?/io aeiaaeeio noaaea.

Ni?oe A??aia, A?e?ia, Iiaee?anueeee-2 oa ??ia, o yeeo ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
aa??ain ae?aaea?oueny (2si( (2gi, aieiae?thoue a?eueoith e?euee?noth
aai?a c iaaaeeoeaiith ae??th, a ni?o Oiinueeee-16, iath/e
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aa??ain (2gi((2si, iaaiaee, a?aecia/a?oueny a?eueoith
e?euee?noth aai?a c aaeeoeaiith ae??th.

?acoeueoaoe a?ao?/iiai aiae?co aeacothoue ia oa, ui i?e oniaaeeoaaii?
iciaee «oaoi?/ia aenioa noaaea» o oeueiai iaai?o ni?o?a a?eueoo ?ieue
a?ae?a?athoue aoaeoe aaeeoeaii? ae?? aai?a, ai ia a?ao?eo Oaeiaia e?i?y
?aa?an?? ia?aoeiaea iiceoeaio /anoeio in? Wr. E??i oiai, na?aaeiy
nooi?iue aeii?ioaaiiy a eiaeiiio eieon? ia iiaia. Na?aae aeacaieo ni?o?a
iaeaea a?aenooiy aneiao?e/i?noue ?iciiae?eo aeii?iaioieo oa ?aoeaneaieo
aai?a. Ca ca?eueoaiiy iciaee a?aeiia?aeathoue ?aoeaneai? aaie, a oiio
?ineeie c a?eueoith oaoi?/iith aenioith noaaea iathoue a?eueoo
e?euee?noue oeeo aai?a. Ia oea aeaco? iiceoeaia cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo
ei?aeyoe?? i?ae na?aaei?i cia/aiiyi oaoi?/ii? aenioe noaaea o ni?o?a ?
a?aeiia?aeieie cia/aiiyie Wr+Vr (oaae. 1).

Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui iciaea «oaoi?/ia aenioa noaaea»
eiio?ieth?oueny o caaaeaieo ni?o?a aaeeoeaii-aeii?iaioiith aaiaoe/iith
nenoaiith, a i?e ?? oniaaeeoaaii? a?eueoo ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue aaie c
aoaeoaie aaeeoeaii? ae??. Ni?oe Iiaee?anueeee-2 oa ??ia, ye? iaee
iaeaeu? cia/aiiy CEC, caaacia/othoue io?eiaiiy a?iaeaei?oeo a?a?eae?a.
I?e ?o no?auoaaii? i?ino? a?a?eaee iiaeooue aeaoe iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui a?eueoa /anoeia oe??? iciaee i?ae aaouee?anueeeie
ni?oaie oniaaeeiao?oueny ? ii??aiyii eaaei iiaea aooe cao?eniaaia a
ianooiieo iieie?iiyo, i?i ui na?ae/eoue iacia/ia ??cieoey i?ae
eiao?oe??ioaie oniaaeeoaaiiy a oe?ieiio oa aocueeiio ?icoi?ii?. Caaaeyee
iaeaea ??aiii??iiio ?iciiae?eaiith aeii?iaioieo oa ?aoeaneaio aai?a o
caaaeaieo ni?o?a, oni?o naeaeoe?? ye c iaoith ca?eueoaiiy iieacieea
iciaee, oae ? eiai ciaioaiiy, aoaea iaeiaeiai eiia??iei. O aeaieo ni?o?a
ia?aaaaeathoue aaie c aaeeoeaieie aoaeoaie i?e oniaaeeoaaii? iciaee, a
oiio iiaeia aanoe aeia?? ? aaea a F2 iieie?ii? a?ae?a?aoe 1/4
?aoeaneaieo aiiiceaio.

?ICAe?E 5. AAIAOE*IEE AIAE?C ICIAEE “E?EUeE?NOUe EI?IAI*IE IA ?INEEI?” O
NI?O?A EUeIIO-AeIAAOIOess IA INIIA? AeAIEO A?A?EAe?A F1

Iaee?au? iieacieee ca iciaeith iaee ni?oe Oiinueeee-16 oa A??aia, ia
?ineeiao yeeo a na?aaeiueiio aoei 2.6-2.9 oo. ei?iai/ie. O a?a?eaeieo
eiia?iaoe?e A??aia o Iiaee?anueeee-2, Iiaee?anueeee-2 o Oiinueeee-16,
Oiinueeee-16 o ??ia e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei? noaiiaeea 2.9-3.3
oo.

Iaea?eueo? cia/aiiy CEC iaee ni?oe Iiaee?anueeee-2 oa Oiinueeee-16.

Ca iieacieeaie niaoeeo?/ii? eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? iaee?aueie aoee
ni?oe Oiinueeee-16 oa A??aia. Cia/i? niaoeeo?/i? aca?iiae?? aai?a
niinoa??aathoueny iaeaea o an?o eiia?iaoe?yo, ai o ieo cia/aiiy eiinoaio
NEC aoei aeineoue aeniea.

Ni?oe A?e?ia oa Iiaee?anueeee-2 iathoue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aa??ain
(2gi((2si, yea aeaco? ia a?eueoo ?ieue aai?a aaeeoeaii? ae?? o
aeaoa?i?iaoe?? iciaee. An? ?io? ni?oe iathoue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aa??ain
(2si((2gi, yea na?ae/eoue i?i ia?aaaaeio ?ieue iaaaeeoeaieo aoaeo?a
aai?a a aeaoa?i?iaoe?? iciaee «e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei?». Oaeei
/eiii, aeia?? a naeaeoe?eiiio i?ioean? ca oaiioeiii iiaeia cae?enithaaoe
eeoa i?e ?iaio? c ni?oaie A?e?ia oa Iiaee?anueeee-2.

Ia?aoei e?i??th ?aa?an?? /anoeie in? Wr ieae/a ii/aoeo eii?aeeiao ia
a?ao?eo Oaeiaia na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue aoaeoo iaaeaeii?ioaaiiy ii
an?o eieonao, ye? eiio?ieththoue iciaeo a aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaoa??ae?.
Ioaea, o aeaoa?i?iaoe?? iciaee iniiaio ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue aaie c
aeii?iaioieie aoaeoaie. Nooi?iue aeii?ioaaiiy a eiaeiiio eieon? aeaco?
ia iayai?noue aaoa?iceniiai aoaeoo. Na?aaeiy nooi?iue aeii?ioaaiiy a
??cieo eieonao iaiaeiaeiaa.

?nio? iacia/ia aneiao?e/i?noue ?iciiae?eo aeii?iaioieo oa ?aoeaneaieo
aai?a o aeaiiai iaai?o ni?o?a. *enei aeii?iaioieo aai?a iacia/ii
ia?aaeuo? /enei ?aoeaneaieo (oaae. 2). Eiao?oe??ioe oniaaeeoaaiiy a
oe?ieiio oa aocueeiio ?icoi?ii? aeineoue /?oei aeacothoue ia a?eueoo
?ieue aai?a c iaaaeeoeaiith ae??th a oniaaeeoaaii? iciaee. ??cieoey i?ae
ieie na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aeia?? ca oaiioeiii ia caaacia/eoue aaaeaieo
?acoeueoao?a o iauaaee?a, ai aaiioeiiaa i?ieea?noue coiiaeaia aieiaiei
/eiii aaiaie c iaaaeeoeaieie aoaeoaie.

Aeniea cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo ei?aeyoe?? i?ae e?euee?noth ei?iai/ie o
ni?o?a ? a?aeiia?aeieie cia/aiiyie Wr + Vr aeicaiey? iai noaa?aeaeoaaoe
i?i iaeiiiai?aaeai?noue aeii?iaioieo aai?a. ?c oeueiai aeieeaa?, ui ni?o
?c iaea?eueoith e?euee?noth ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei? ia? iaea?eueoa /enei
aai?a c iaaaeeoeaiith ae??th.

Oaeei /eiii, iciaea «e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei?» ia? neeaaeiee
aaiaoe/iee eiio?ieue, ui cae?enith?oueny aaaaoueia eieonaie, i?ae yeeie
ia? i?noea a?eueoith i??ith aaeeoeaia aca?iiae?y aai?a oa /?oea
iaaeaeii?ioaaiiy i?ae aeaeyie a na?aaeei? eieon?a. Oiio iaiiaeeeai
i?iaiicoaaoe aenieo aoaeoeai?noue i?inoeo oi?i aeiai?o aeey iie?auaiiy
iciaee, iicaye iaaeaeii?ioaaiiy caaaaeaoeia aeae?eaiith aaiioei?a c
aaeeoeaieie aaiaie.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ioe?iee aaiaoe/ieo eiiiiiaio?a iciae «e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei?»
oa “e?euee?noue ian?iei ia ?ineei?”

Ioe?iee aaiaoe/ieo eiiiiiaio?a

Aaiaoe/i?

0.72 0.41
0.65 0.79 0.49
1.09

H2 0.64 0.79 0.88 0.92 0.89 0.79

h2 0.33 0.44 0.45 0.13 0.22 0.18

O iaoiai iaai?o ni?o?a ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aai?a aaeeoeaii? oa iaaaeeoeaii?
ae?? iaiaeiaeiaa. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeacothoue ia
aacia?niaeoeai?noue iie?auaiiy iciaee i?e aeei?enoaii? caaaeaieo ni?o?a.
Iie?auaiiy iiaeeeaa eeoa oeyoii canoinoaaiiy aaoa?icenii? naeaeoe??, yea
oaae aeey eueiio-aeiaaoioey iai?eaeaoia. Ioaea, aeey iie?ioaiiy
naeaeoe?eiei oeyoii oe??? iciaee iaiao?aeii aeeth/eoe a a?a?eaeecaoe?th
iiaee iaoa??ae c oei, uia ciaeoe oi?io, o yei? ca ca?eueoaiiy iieacieea
iciaee a?aeiia?aeathoue ?aoeaneai? aaie.

?ICAe?E 6. INIAEEAINO? ONIAAeEOAAIIss ICIAEE “E?EUeE?NOUe IAN?IEI IA
?INEEI?” OA OEssOE ?? NAEAEOe?EIIAI IIE?AUAIIss

Iaeaeuee iieaciee ca iciaeith «e?euee?noue ian?iei ia ?ineei?» iaa ni?o
Oiinueeee-16 — 20 oo. E?aueie a?a?eaeieie eiia?iaoe?yie ca iath aoee
A??aia o Iiaee?anueeee-2, Iiaee?anueeee-2 o A??aia, Oiinueeee-16 o ??ia
(21-25 oo.).

Ni?oe Iiaee?anueeee-2 oa Oiinueeee-16 iaee aenieo CEC. Aenie? cia/aiiy
eiinoaio NEC niinoa??aaeenue a eiia?iaoe?yo A??aia o Iiaee?anueeee-2
(S?j=2.73-3.62), A?e?ia o Oiinueeee-16 (S?j=2.28-3.38) oa Oiinueeee-16 o
??ia (S?j=2.03-2.95). Oe? a?a?eaee iaee e iaea?eueoo e?euee?noue ian?iei
ia ?ineei?.

O an?o ni?o?a niinoa??aaeenue aenie? cia/aiiy aa??ain eiinoaio NEC, a
oiio an? aiie iathoue cia/io ??cieoeth i?ae aa??ainaie caaaeueii? oa
niaoeeo?/ii? eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? ((2si((2gi ), yea, a naith /a?ao,
aeaco? ia aieiaio ?ieue aai?a c iaaaeeoeaieie aoaeoaie a aeaoa?i?iaoe??
iciaee.

Ia a?ao?eo Oaeiaia ia? i?noea ia?aoei e?i??th ?aa?an?? /anoeie in? Wr
ieae/a ii/aoeo eii?aeeiao, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue aoaeoo
iaaeaeii?ioaaiiy ii an?o eieonao, ye? eiio?ieththoue iciaeo. Oaeei
/eiii, o aeaoa?i?iaoe?? iciaee iniiaio ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue aaie c
aeii?iaioieie aoaeoaie. Na?aaeiy nooi?iue aeii?ioaaiiy a eiaeiiio eieon?
aeaco? ia ?nioaaiiy aaoa?iceniiai aoaeoo a aenia?eiaioaeueiiio
iaoa??ae?. Aeyaeaii iaiaeiaeiao na?aaeith nooi?iue aeii?ioaaiiy a ??cieo
eieonao oa a?aenooi?noue aneiao?e/iino? ?iciiae?eo aeii?iaioieo e
?aoeaneaieo aai?a i?ae ni?oaie. Eiao?oe??ioe oniaaeeoaaiiy a oe?ieiio oa
aocueeiio ?icoi?ii? /?oei iieacaee ia?aaaaeath/o ?ieue iaaaeeoeaieo
aoaeo?a aai?a a oniaaeeoaaii? iciaee. ??cieoey i?ae ieie aeaco? ia oa,
ui aeia?? ca oaiioeiii ia caaacia/eoue aaaeaieo ?acoeueoao?a o iauaaee?a
(oaae. 2).

Aeniea cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo ei?aeyoe?? i?ae e?euee?noth ei?iai/ie o
ni?o?a ? a?aeiia?aeieie cia/aiiyie Wr + Vr aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i
iaeiiiai?aaeaii?noue aeii?iaioieo aai?a, a oiio ni?oe c aaeeeith
e?euee?noth ian?iei aieiae?thoue iaea?eueoith e?euee?noth aeii?iaioieo
aai?a.

Oaeei /eiii, iciaea «e?euee?noue ian?iei ia ?ineei?» ia? neeaaeiee
aaiaoe/iee eiio?ieue, ui cae?enith?oueny aaaaoueia eieonaie, i?ae yeeie
ia? i?noea a?eueoith i??ith aaeeoeaia aca?iiae?y aai?a oa /?oea
iaaeaeii?ioaaiiy i?ae aeaeyie a na?aaeei? eieon?a. Aeia?? ca oaiioeiii
cae?enithaaoe ia iiaeia, ai aoaeo iaaeaeii?ioaaiiy caaaaeaoeia
aeae?eaiith aaiioei?a c aaeeoeaieie aaiaie. A aeaiiio aeiaaeeo
iaiao?aeii aea/aoe iiaee iaoa??ae aeey aeyaeaiiy oi?i, o yeeo ca
iie?auaiiy iciaee a?aeiia?aeathoue ?aoeaneai? aaie. Aeei?enoiaoth/e
noai?aiee iaie iaoa??ae, iiaeia eeoa i?aeo?eiaoe ?nioth/ee ??aaiue
iieaciee?a iciaee “e?euee?noue ian?iei ia ?ineei?” i?e iaeii/aniiio
iie?auaii? ?ioeo iciae.

?ICAe?E 7. ONIAAeEOAAIIss ICIAEE «AI?NO AIEIEIA A NOAAEAO» O NI?O?A
EUeIIO-AeIAAOIOess OA OEssOE ?? NAEAEOeEIIAI IIE?AUAIIss

Iaeaeuee ai?no aieieia a noaaeao iaee ni?oe ??ia oa Iiaee?anueeee-2 —
28.0 oa 27.6 % a?aeiia?aeii. Iaee?aueie a?a?eaeieie eiia?iaoe?yie ca
oeei iieacieeii aoee Iiaee?anueeee-2 o ??ia, ??ia o Iiaee?anueeee-2,
A?e?ia o Iiaee?anueeee-2 (27-30 %).

Ni?oe Iiaee?anueeee-2 oa ??ia iaee aenie? cia/aiiy aoaeo?a CEC. Aaaeeeaa
?ieue niaoeeo?/ieo aca?iiae?e o aeaoa?i?iaoe?? iciaee «ai?no aieieia o
noaaeao» niinoa??aaeanue a oaeeo a?a?eaeieo eiia?iaoe?yo, ye
Iiaee?anueeee-2 o ??ia, A??aia o Oiinueeee-16, A?e?ia o Oiinueeee-16.

C’ynoaaeiny, ui o ni?o?a Oiinueeee-16 oa Iiaee?anueeee-2 aieiaio ?ieue a
aeaoa?i?iaoe?? iciaee «ai?no aieieia» a?ae?a?athoue aaie c aaeeoeaieie
aoaeoaie, iicaye ??cieoey aa??ain CEC oa NEC aoea iiceoeaiith:
(2gi((2si. O ?aooe ni?o?a a?eueo?noue niaoeeo?/ieo aca?iiae?e
aecia/athoueny aaiaie c iaaaeeoeaieie aoaeoaie.

Ia?aoei e?i??th ?aa?an?? iiceoeaii? /anoeie in? Wr na?ae/eoue i?i
iaiiaio nooi?iue aeii?ioaaiiy ii an?o eieonao. Iiceoeaia na?aaei?
cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo ei?aeyoe?? i?ae iieacieeii ai?noo aieieia a
noaaeao ? a?aeiia?aeieie cia/aiiyie Wr+Vr na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aoaeoe
aeii?iaioieo aai?a ia ? iaeiiiai?aaeaieie. Oiio, iiaeeeai, yeanue
/anoeia aeii?iaioieo aai?a a?aeiia?aea? ca ca?eueoaiiy iciaee.

I?e oniaaeeoaaii? iciaee «ai?no aieieia o noaaeao» ?ineeiaie iaoiai
iaai?o ni?o?a ia?aaaaeio ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue aaie c aoaeoaie aaeeoeaii?
ae??, a oiio a?eueoa /anoeia oe??? iciaee i?ae aaouee?anueeeie ni?oaie
oniaaeeiao?oueny, ia ui aeaco? iacia/ia ??cieoey i?ae eiao?oe??ioaie
oniaaeeoaaiiy a oe?ieiio oa aocueeiio ?icoi?ii?. Niinoa??aaeanue iiaia
a?aenooi?noue aaoa?iceno ii aeai?e iciaoe? oa iaiaeiaeiaa nooi?iue
aeii?ioaaiiy a ??cieo eieonao o?iiinii. A?aenooiy aneiao?e/i?noue
?iciiae?eaiiy aeii?iaioieo oa ?aoeaneaieo aai?a (oaae. 3).

Oaeei /eiii, iciaea «ai?no aieieia a noaaeao» eiio?ieth?oueny o aeaieo
ni?o?a aaeeoeaii-aeii?iaioiith aaiaoe/iith nenoaiith, a i?e ??
oniaaeeoaaii? nooo?a?oo ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue aaie c aaeeoeaiith ae??th.
Ni?oe Iiaee?anueeee-2 oa ??ia, ye? iaee iaeaeu? cia/aiiy CEC,
noai?ththoue a?a?eaee c i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii aieieia a noaaeao. Iciaea
oniaaeeiao?oueny, a oiio a?eueoa /anoeia i?ieeaino? aaouee?a
ia?aaea?oueny a?a?eaeai ? ii??aiyii eaaei iiaea aooe cao?eniaaia a
ianooiieo iieie?iiyo.

Oaaeeoey 3

Ioe?iee aaiaoe/ieo eiiiiiaio?a ni?o?a eueiio-aeiaaoioey ca iciaeith
«ai?no aieieia a noaaeao»

0.01
0.06 0.28

H2 0.95 0.94 0.88

h2 0.64 0.74 0.67

Iaeiae ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui a iie?auai? iciaee «ai?no aieieia a noaaeao»
i?eeiathoue o/anoue e??i ?aoeaneaieo, ? aeii?iaioi? aaie, a oiio
oneeaaeith?oueny aeia?? ca oaiioeiii.

?ICAe?E 8. EI?AEssOe?EI? CA’ssCEE I?AE INIIAIEIE AINIIAeA?NUeEI-Oe?IIEIE
ICIAEAIE O NI?O?A EUeIIO-AeIAAOIOess

Iaie aeyaeai? o?ni? i?yiie?i?ei? ? aenieiaeinoia??i? iiceoeai?
ei?aeyoe?ei? ca’ycee i?ae iciaeaie «caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei» oa
«oaoi?/ia aenioa noaaea», «oaoi?/ia aenioa noaaea» oa «ai?no aieieia o
noaaeao», «e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei?» oa «e?euee?noue ian?iei ia
?ineei?». Iaaaoeaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie niinoa??aaany i?ae iciaeaie
«caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei» oa «e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei?».

AENIIAEE

An? ainiiaea?nueei-oe?ii? iciaee, ca yeeie cae?enithaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy
ni?o?a eueiio-aeiaaoioey, iathoue neeaaeiee aaiaoe/iee eiio?ieue, eio?ee
aecia/a?oueny aaeeoeaii-aeii?iaioiith aaiaoe/iith nenoaiith.

A iniia? aaiaoe/iiai eiio?ieth e?euee?nieo iciae eaaeaoue ia?aaaaeii
aaie c aaeeoeaiith ae??th. Ca iciaeaie «e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia
?ineei?» oa «e?euee?noue ian?iei ia ?ineei?» ia? i?noea aoaeo
iaaeaeii?ioaaiiy oa aaoa?iceniee aoaeo, aiane?aeie /iai a eiio?ie? oeeo
iciae iniiaio ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue aaie c iaaaeeoeaiith aca?iiae??th.
Na?aaeiy nooi?iue aeii?ioaaiiy a ??cieo eieonao ia iaeiaeiaa. Ii iciaeao
i?ae ni?oaie ?iciiae?eaiiy aeii?iaioieo oa ?aoeaneaieo aai?a iaeaea
iaeiaeiaa, aea niinoa??aa?oueny aneiao?e/i?noue a ?o ?iciiae?e?. ?nio?
iacia/ia /enaeueia ia?aaaaa aeii?iaioieo aai?a iaae ?aoeaneaieie.

Ca ca?eueoaiiy iieaciee?a iciae «e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei?» oa
«e?euee?noue ian?iei ia ?ineei?» a?aeiia?aeathoue aeii?iaioi? aaie, a ca
?o ciaioaiiy — ?aoeaneai?. Ca?eueoaiiy iieaciee?a ?aooe iciae
aecia/athoue ?aoeaneai? aaie.

Eiao?oe??ioe oniaaeeoaaiiy a oe?ieiio oa aocueeiio ?icoi?ii?
a?ae??ciythoueny i?ae niaith oa aa??ththoue ii ?ieao aeine?aeaeaiue a
oaeeo iaaeao: «caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei»-I2=0.85-0.95, h2=0.77-0.83;
«oaoi?/ia aenioa noaaea»- I2=0.86-0.96, h2=0.61-0.69; «e?euee?noue
ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei?»- I2=0.64-0.88, h2=0.33-0.45; «e?euee?noue ian?iei
ia ?ineei?»- I2=0.79-0.92, h2=0.13-0.22; «ai?no aieieia a noaaeao»-
I2=0.88-0.95, h2=0.64-0.74.

?niothoue aeinoia??i? ??cieoe? ca an?ia iciaeaie i?ae ni?oaie ii
caaaeuei?e (CEC) oa niaoeeo?/i?e (NEC) eiia?iaoe?ei?e caeaoiino?. Ca
iciaeaie «caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei», «oaoi?/ia aenioa noaaea» oa «ai?no
aieieia a noaaeao» ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aa??ain CEC aei NEC na?ae/aoue i?i
ia?aaaao aai?a c aaeeoeaiith aca?iiae??th a ?o eiio?ie?. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
aa??ain ca iciaeaie «e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei?» oa «e?euee?noue
ian?iei ia ?ineei?» aeaco? ia aieiaio ?ieue iaaaeeoeaieo aai?a a
eiio?ie? oeeo iciae.

O a?a?eae?a, io?eiaieo ca iiaiith ae?aeaeueiith noaiith, i?enooi?
?aoeei?iei? aoaeoe ii an?o iciaeao. Ca iciaeith «caaaeueia aenioa
?ineei» ?aoeei?iei? aoaeoe aeinoia??i? ia ??ai? ?=0.05, a ca iciaeith
«e?euee?noue ian?iei ia ?ineei?» aiie aeinoia??i? ia ??ai? 0.01.

Ca iane?aeeaie ioe?iie niaoeeo?/ii? eiia?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? aeyaeaii
iaee?au? a?a?eaei? eiia?iaoe?? ii eiaei?e iciaoe?.

?niothoue o?ni? i?yiie?i?ei? ? aenieiaeinoia??i? iiceoeai? ei?aeyoe?ei?
ca’ycee i?ae naeaeoe?eieie iciaeaie «caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei» oa
«oaoi?/ia aenioa noaaea», «caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei» oa «ai?no aieieia a
noaaeao», «oaoi?/ia aenioa noaaea» oa «ai?no aieieia a noaaeao»,
«e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei?» oa «e?euee?noue ian?iei ia ?ineei?».
I?ae iciaeaie «caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei» oa «e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia
?ineei?» ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie iaaaoeaiee.

Noai?aii aeo?aeiee naeaeoe?eiee iaoa??ae, i?eaeaoiee aeey iiaeaeueoi?
?iaioe c iaoith io?eiaiiy aaaeaieo o?aina?an?e.

?AEIIAIAeAOe?? AeEss AEEI?ENOAIIss A I?AEOE*I?E NAEAEOe?EI?E ?IAIO?

1. Aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? aaiaoe/ii? i?e?iaee, oa?aeoa?o oniaaeeoaaiiy
e?euee?nieo iciae eueiio-aeiaaoioey ? neeaaeaiee i?iaiic ?o iie?auaiiy
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe? iioeiaeueieo naeaeoe?eieo
i?ia?ai ii aeai?e eoeueoo??.

2. I?e aeaaaeaii? aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo ni?o?a eueiio-aeiaaoioey ne?ae
caeo/aoe a no?auoaaiiy ni?oe Iiaee?anueeee-2, ??ia, ye? aieiae?thoue
aenieeie iieacieeaie iciae «caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei», «oaoi?/ia aenioa
noaaea», «ai?no aieieia a noaaeao», iicaye aeuaaeacai? iciaee
eiio?ieththoueny ?aoeaneaieie aaiaie, ui cia/ii iieaaoo? naeaeoe?eiee
i?ioean.

3. Aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeae?eai? iaie ia?niaeoeai? iiia?e 1402, 1414,
1418, 1422 a naeaeoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeey aeaaaeaiiy aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo
ni?o?a ca eiiieaenii ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae.

NIENIE ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO II OAI? AeENA?OAOe??

Ea?iaoeue ?.I., Aianoiianueeee I.I., Neeyi/oe A.I., Oa?/aiei A.ss.,
Aaiaaiia A.I., Eiceiaa ?.Ae. Iaoeia? aniaeoe ciaioaiiy cao?ao ia
ae?iaieoeoai eueiiii?iaeoeoe?? // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ?C OAAI.-E.,
1996.-Aei. 2.-N. 140-148.

Aaiaaiia A.I. Iane?aeoaaiiy iniiaieo ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae i?e
a?a?eaeecaoe?? eueiio-aeiaaoioey. // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ?C
OAAI.-E., 1997.-Aei. 1.-N. 79-80.

Ea?iaoe E.I., Eiceiaa E.Ae., Aaiaaiia A.I. Ioaeia ee a?iiicaeeay nenoaia
ia?ae/iiai naiaiiaiaenoaa? // Eueiyiia aeaei.-1997.-?4.-N. 23-25.

Ea?iaoeue ?.I., Ea?ioi?ia ?.?., Aaiaaiia A.I. Eiia?iaoe?eia caeaoi?noue
naeaeoe?eieo ni?o?a eueiio-aeiaaoioey. // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ?C
OAAI.-E., 1998.-Aei. 1.-N. 120-122.

Ea?iaoeue ?.I., Ea?ioi?ia ?.?., Aaiaaiia A.I. Oa?aeoa? oniaaeeoaaiiy
ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae oa aoaeoeai?noue aeiai?o ca ieie a?a?eae?a
eueiio-aeiaaoioey // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ?C OAAI.-E., 1998.-Aei.
2.-N. 187-190.

Karpets I.P., Karpunina I.I., Ganganov V. N. The character of
inheritance of agricultural valuable traits and efficiency fibre-flax
hybrids selection by them // Best fibrous plants today and tomorrow:
Breeding, molecular biology and biotechnology beyond 21st century 28-30
September, St. Petersburg, Russia.-1998.-P. 94-95.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aaiaaiia A.I. Iniaeeaino? oniaaeeoaaiiy e?euee?nieo iciae
eueiio-aeiaaoioey. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.01.05 — naeaeoe?y
oa ian?iieoeoai. — ?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI, *aaaie, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeeeaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue c ieoaiue
oniaaeeoaaiiy iniiaieo ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae ni?o?a
eueiio-aeiaaoioey, io?eiaia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i ?o aaiaoe/i? aeanoeaino? oa
ia?niaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy a i?aeoe/i?e naeaeoe?ei?e ?iaio?.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui e?euee?ni? iciaee ni?o?a eueiio-aeiaaoioey
eiio?ieththoueny aaeeoeaii-aeii?iaioiith aaiaoe/iith nenoaiith.
Aeyaeaii, ui ca ca?eueoaiiy iieaciee?a iciae «caaaeueia aenioa ?ineei»,
«oaoi?/ia aenioa noaaea» oa «ai?no aieieia a noaaeao» a?aeiia?aeathoue
?aoeaneai? aaie, a iciae «e?euee?noue ei?iai/ie ia ?ineei?» oa
«e?euee?noue ian?iei ia ?ineei?» — aeii?iaioi?. Iai?/ai? oa iaa?oioiaai?
oeyoe naeaeoe?eiiai iie?auaiiy iciae o ni?o?a eueiio-aeiaaoioey.

Noai?aii ia?niaeoeaiee aeo?aeiee iaoa??ae, yeee ciaeoia canoinoaaiiy a
i?aeoe/i?e naeaeoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eueii-aeiaaoiaoeue, naeaeoe?y, aaiaoeea, oniaaeeoaaiiy,
eiia?iaoe?eia caeaoi?noue, ni?o.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aaiaaiia A.I. Iniaaiiinoe ianeaaeiaaiey eiee/anoaaiiuo i?eciaeia
eueia-aeieaoioea. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.01.05 — naeaeoeey e
naiaiiaiaenoai.-Einoeooo caieaaeaeey OAAI, *aaaiu, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa eceiaeaiu ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee ii
aii?inai ianeaaeiaaiey iniiaiuo oicyenoaaiii-oeaiiuo i?eciaeia o ni?oia
eueia-aeieaoioea. Iieo/aiiay n iiiiuueth iaoiaeia aeeaeeaeueiiai aiaeeca
eioi?iaoeey i eo aaiaoe/aneie i?e?iaea iicaieeea ii?aaeaeeoue
ia?niaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey a i?aeoe/aneie naeaeoeeiiiie ?aaioa. A
enneaaeiaaieyo eniieueciaaee nia?aiaiiua ni?oa eueia-aeieaoioea
ioa/anoaaiiie e ca?oaaaeiie naeaeoeee, eioi?ua ioee/athony iaaeaeo niaie
ii ?yaeo aeieiae/aneeo e oaoiieiae/aneeo naienoa.

A i?ioeanna enneaaeiaaiee onoaiiaeaii, /oi eiee/anoaaiiua i?eciaee
ni?oia eueia-aeieaoioea eiio?iee?othony aaeaeeoeaii-aeiieiaioiie
aaiaoe/aneie nenoaiie. Eco/aiea iniaaiiinoae ianeaaeiaaiey
eiee/anoaaiiuo i?eciaeia «iauay aunioa ?anoaiee», «oaoie/aneay aunioa
noaaey», «eiee/anoai ei?iai/ae ia ?anoaiee», «eiee/anoai naiyi ia
?anoaiee», a oaeaea «niaea?aeaiea aieieia a noaaea» iieacaei, /oi a
iniiaa aaiaoe/aneiai eiio?iey yoeo i?eciaeia eaaeao i?aeiouanoaaiii aaiu
n aaeaeeoeaiuie yooaeoaie. Ii i?eciaeai «eiee/anoai ei?iai/ae ia
?anoaiee» e «eiee/anoai naiyi ia ?anoaiee» eiaao ianoi yooaeo
naa?oaeiieie?iaaiey e aaoa?iceniue yooaeo, a neaaenoaee /aai a eiio?iea
yoeo i?eciaeia aeaaioth ?ieue ea?atho aaiu n iaaaeaeeoeaiuie
acaeiiaeaenoaeyie. Yoi iicaieeei iaiaoeoue e iainiiaaoue iooe
naeaeoeeiiiiai oeo/oaiey naeaeoeeiiiuo i?eciaeia o ni?oia
eueia-aeieaoioea. Iieo/aiu aeaiiua i oii, /oi ca oaaee/aiea iieacaoaeae
i?eciaeia «iauay aunioa ?anoaiee», «oaoie/aneay aunioa ?anoaiee»,
«niaea?aeaiea aieieia a noaaeyo» ioaa/atho ?aoeanneaiua aaiu, a ca
oaaee/aiea iieacaoaeae i?eciaeia «eiee/anoai ei?iai/ae ia ?anoaiee» e
«eiee/anoai naiyi ia ?anoaiee» ioaa/atho aeiieiaioiua. Aeaiiua
enneaaeiaaiee i aaiaoe/aneie i?e?iaea i?eciaeia eueia-aeieaoioea e
iniaaiiinoyo eo eciai/eainoe iicaieeee nicaeaoue a e?ao/aeoea n?iee ia
iniiaa aea?eaeia ia?aiai iieieaiey ia?niaeoeaiue enoiaeiue iaoa?eae,
eioi?ue a i?ioeanna naeaeoeeiiiie ?aaiou iiaeao i?eaanoe e nicaeaieth
aunieii?iaeoeoeaiuo ni?oia ii eiiieaeno oicyenoaaiii-oeaiiuo i?eciaeia.
A i?ioeanna ?aaiou onoaiiaeaiu iiceoeaiua ei??aeyoeeiiiua nayce iaaeaeo
eco/aaiuie i?eciaeaie, eioi?ua cia/eoaeueii iaeaa/atho naeaeoeeiiiue
i?ioeann nicaeaiey iiaiai aunieii?iaeoeoeaiiai ni?oa eueia-aeieaoioea.

Nicaeai ia?niaeoeaiue enoiaeiue iaoa?eae, eioi?ue iaoae i?eiaiaiea a
i?aeoe/aneie naeaeoeeiiiie ?aaioa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eai-aeieaoiaoe, naeaeoeey, aaiaoeea, ianeaaeiaaiea,
eiiaeiaoeeiiiay niiniaiinoue, ni?o.

Annotation

Ganganov V.N. The peculiarities of heritance of quantitative traits of
fibre-flax. — Manuscript.

The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the Candidate
of Agricultural degree in the speciality 06.01.05- selection and
seeding.- Institute of Agriculture UAAS, Kyiv, 1999.

In dissertation work was studied the character of the heritance the
main agricultural — valuable traits of a fibre-flax, and obtained
information about genetical properties and perspective of using them in
practical breeding work. Was appointed and argumented the ways for the
breeding improving a traits in a fibre-flax grades. It was established
control quantitative indications of the grades fibre-flax by the
additivity -dominance system. It was appointed that recessive genes is
responding for increasing such indications as «general height of
plants», «technical height of a stalk», «the contents of a filament in a
stalk» but dominance genes responding such indications as «an amount
bull on a plant «, » an amount seeds on a plant «.

It was created perspective basic breeding material may by used in
practice breeding work.

Key words: fibre-flax, breeding, genetic, heritance, combinative
ability, grade.

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