IAeANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA TH?EAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

eOAe?IIAA Iaey A( y/aneaa?aia

OAeE 323:316.42:331

Iniaeeaino? o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe??

a oiiaao ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?

a ia??iae o?ainoi?iaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 23.00.02.- iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe oa i?ioeane

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? nioe?ieia?? oa ineoieia?? Iaeanueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

NIEIEIA Ay/aneaa Ieeieaeiae/,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith
nioe?ieia?? oa ineoieia??

Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaeaaa?aa C?ia?aea Aanee?aia,

caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith
iie?oieia??

Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaii?
aeaaeai?? ca( yceo ?i. I.N.

Iiiiaa;

eaiaeeaeao iie?oe/ieo iaoe

Noieaoiaiei Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo

aeenoeeie?i Iaeanueeiai
?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa

IAN Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a iie?oieia??.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 20 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo i 15.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 41.051.09 a Iaeanuee?e
aea?aeaai?e th?eaee/i?e aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith: 270009, i. Iaeana, aoe.
I?iia?nueea, 2, aoae. 312.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueei?
aea?aeaaii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith: 270009, i. Iaeana, aoe.
I?iia?nueea, 2.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 19 aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee
Nooei A. ?.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O 90-o? ?iee Oe?a?ia anooieea ia oeyo ?aoi?i. I?ioean oeae aeyaeany
cia/ii neeaaei?oei, i?ae i?eioneaeiny. Aeiiii?ea e?a?ie ia ?icaeaa?oueny
o iaiao?aeiiio iai?yieo, cieaeo?oueny ??aaiue aeeooy ethaeae. Ca
aeciaiiyi I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie E.Ae. Eo/ie «ia?ao?ae a?ae nioe?ae?noe/ii?
aeiiii?ee aei ?eieo aeyaeany ae?ae ae?aiaoe/iei… ». Aei oiai ae, ia
aeiiii?/i? i?ioeane ana a?eueoa aieeaathoue iie?oe/i? oaeoi?e, cie?aia,
iie?oe/ia ai?ioueaa.

Ia oeueiio oe?, caaaeueia caaaeaiiy noaa?e?caoe?? oa ?icaeoeo aea?aeaae
caeaaeeoue cia/iith i??ith a?ae naiiae?yeueiino? a?iiaaeyi, ?oiuei?
?i?oe?aoeae, a aieiaia — o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?. O?eueee
aenieii?iaeoeoeaia i?aoey an?o oa eiaeiiai a oiiaao ?icaeoeo i?aaiaiai
iiey, aeaiie?ao??, oaeineiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaieo oa a?iiaaenueeeo no?oeoo?
iiaea i?eianoe /eiae? oni?oe. Oe? i?e/eie ? i?eaaee aaoi?a aeaii?
aeena?oaoe?? aei iaiao?aeiino? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeiai aaaeeeaiai ieoaiiy,
ye iniaeeaino? o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? ethaeae a oiiaao ?nioaaiiy ??cieo
oi?i aeaniino?, a ia??iae o?ainoi?iaoe?? a?iiaaenueeeo a?aeiinei, on?o
noa? aeeooy a Oe?a?i?: iie?oe/ii?, aeiiii?/ii?, nioe?aeueii?.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie iiynith?oueny e oei, ui o e?eciaeo oiiaao
ae??oaiiy aaaeeeaeo iie?oe/ieo caaaeaiue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
noaiiaeaiiy iaoi? aea?aeaae a?oioo?oueny ia oiio, yeeie aoaeooue
?acoeueoaoe i?aoe? a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie, ui aacoiiaii caeaaeaoue a?ae
o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe??. Ii-ae?oaa, o iiaeo oiiaao iioeaaoe?y
ia?aoeia?oueny c iiaei ni?eeiaiiyi i?aoe? ethaeeiith acaaae?. Ii-o?ao?,
iei?oi?e ?ia?oiee ii?aeio? noa?aioeie oa o?aaeeoe?? ieioeiai c iiaeie
iiaeyaeaie o iaeaooi?, a?aoiaoth/e, ui c’yaeeeny ??ci? oi?ie aeaniino?,
oa i?aaiaiiy aienaoeny o ?eieiaa na?aaeiaeua.

Niaae i?iieneiaino?, cieaeaiiy ii?aeueieo oa iaoo?ae?caoe?y
iaoa??aeueieo noeioe?a ia ae?iaieoeoa? noai?eee oaea
oe?ii?nii-nioe?aeueia noaiiaeua noni?euenoaa, eiee aeaye? noa?? oi?ie
o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? aaea ia ni?eeiathoueny, a iia? ua ia ciaeaeai?. O
oe?e ianoaiiaoe? iniaeeai iaiao?aeii caa?iooe oaaao ia aca?iiae?th
iie?oe/ii? oa nioe?aeueii? noa?, ia o? ci?ie, ui a?aeaoaathoueny ca?ac
aaciina?aaeiuei o nai?e ethaeei?, ye ia’?eo? iioeaaoe?eiiai aieeao.
Iaiao?aeii ia?aianoe ciai?oi? iioeaaoe?ei? aeoeaioe ia oi?ioaaiiy
naiino?eii? iiceoe?? ?ia?oieea, ui iinooiiai noaia aeaea?aeii eiai
aioo??oiuei? iioeaaoe??. ?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiaith iioeaaoe??th
aeicaieeoue caaacia/eoe ?aei?noue iniaenoi? iaoe ?ia?oiee?a oa iaoe
i?aei?e?inoaa.

Oi?ioaaiiy aeaiie?aoe/iiai iie?oeei-i?aaiaiai iiey, iia? oi?ie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy a?aee?eaathoue oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? aeey oi?ioaaiiy oa
i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo iioea?a c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy o?oaeiai?
aeoeaiino? ?ia?oiee?a. Aiae?c iioea?a o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?, ?o ci?no
oa aeeiai?ea, iaoai?cie aeei?enoaiiy aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue oa ?aioaaaeuei?noue aoaeue-yeiai ae?iaieoeoaa. A
i?aenoieo c?inoa? ?ieue oi?aae?iiy «ethaenueeeie ?ano?naie» o nenoai?
/eiiee?a, ui caaacia/othoue aoaeoeai?noue ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Iiyaa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? noaea ?noioiei ?iioeuenii a
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie. O 1991 ?ioe? Aa?oiaia ?aaea
Oe?a?ie i?eeiyea Caeii i?i aeani?noue, a yeiio ia?aaeaa/a?oueny
iayai?noue ??cieo ?? oi?i. *eiaea c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? aeoe?iia?ieo oa
i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoa ni?e/eieei ?ioa?an aei ?o anaa?/iiai aea/aiiy.
Aei oiai ae i?iaeaia o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? ?ia?oiee?a aeoe?iia?ieo oa
i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoa o a?o/eciyi?e e?oa?aoo?? aeyaeeanue iaei
aea/aiith. I?ioa, ye iieaco? i?aeoeea, oiiaith oni?oo i?aei?e?inoa
aoaeue-yeeo oi?i aeaniino? ? caoe?eaaeaia o/anoue on?o /eai?a eieaeoeao
a oi?aae?ii? i?aei?e?inoaii, o i?aeaeuaii? ?acoeueoaoeaiino? oa yeino?
i?aoe?. C oe??th iaoith iaae?a? ia?oi/a?aiaa cia/aiiy aea/aiiy iiaeo
oaiaeaioe?e o ?icaeoeo o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? ?ia?oiee?a i?aei?e?inoa
??cieo oi?i aeaniino?, ?ic?iaea i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeiiaaie no/aniiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Iio??aia aeiei??iia
?aoi?ia oi?aae?iiy ia eeoa ia ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeiio ??ai?, aea e a
iniiai?e eaioe? aeiiii?ee — i?aei?e?inoa?. Ia?ao?ae aei ?eieo
iaiiaeeeaee aac ooai?aiiy iiaiai iaoai?cio ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia ??ai?
i?aei?e?inoaa, ui caaacia/o? eiai o?eaae?noue, aio/e?noue, eiai
ni?eeiyoeea?noue aei ci?i, eii’thieoo?e ?eieo oa ??cieo iiaiaaaaeaiue.
Oi?ioaaiiy oaeiai iaoai?cio oeyoii aei?iaoaaiue oa iiieeie — i?ioean
aei?iaee oa caoyaeiee. Oiio iaiao?aeiith oiiaith ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo
caaea/ ? iaoeiaee iiooe, aiae?c, ocaaaeueiaiiy i?aeoeee oa iaa?oiooaaiiy
iioeaaoe?eii? noi?iie o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?, ui iiaea ae caaacia/eoe
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iioeaaoe?y i?aoe? ?ia?oiee?a i?aei?e?inoa
??cieo oi?i aeaniino? a eiioaeno? no/anieo nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo
i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iiooe nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo /eiiee?a, ui
aecia/athoue o?oaeiao iioeaaoe?th ?ia?oiee?a i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i
aeaniino? o iiaeo ?eieiaeo oiiaao, a Oe?a?i?.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie.

Aea/aiith iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?iaeai iioeaaoe?? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?
i?enay/aii ?yae aeine?aeaeaiue. Oea ?iaioe A. Aano?aa, I. Ea?aeaioeaaa,
A. Aa?/eeiaa, I. ??iainueeiai, A. Iiiiaa, A. Iiaeia?eiaa, I. Ae?yoeiaa,
I. Oea?aoaia, A. Iiiiaa, A. ssaeiaa, A. *eaee?iiaa, A. Iaitheiaa, I.
Cae?aaiieneiaa oa ?ioeo.

I?iaeaie iioeaaoe?? aeine?aeaeoaaeeny ? ca?oa?aeieie a/aieie. Oea ?iaioe
A. Aeth?eaaeia, E. Aeaa?na, O. Io?a, O. Oaeei?a, A. Iaei, O. Ne?iia?a,
Ae. Iaea?aai?a oa ?io?.

Ci?noiai? oai??? iioeaaoe?? a?oioothoueny ia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oeo
aioo??oi?o niiioeaiue, ui ciooothoue ethaeae ae?yoe oae, a ia ?iaeoa. O
oeueiio ca’yceo ne?ae a?aecia/eoe ?iaioe Aa?aoaia Ianeio oa O?aaea?eea
Oa?oeaa?aa. E?eoeea ci?noiaieo oai??e a?oioo?oueny ia oiio, ui iaeei ?
oie aea /eiiee, aeyaeyth/enue aoaeoeaiei aeey iioeaaoe?? iaeieo ethaeae,
iiaea aooe oe?eeii iaaaaeeeaei aeey ?ioeo.

No/ani? i?ioeanoaeuei? oai??? iioeaaoe?? a?oioothoueny a ia?oo /a?ao ia
oiio, ye aaaeooue naaa ethaee c o?aooaaiiyi ?oiueiai ni?eeiaiiy.
Iniiai? i?ioeanoaeuei? oai??? — oea oai??y i/?eoaaiiy (A. A?oia), oai??y
ni?aaaaeeeaino? oa iiaeaeue Ii?oa?a — Eioea?a.

I?iaeaii? iioeae o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? aiae?coaaeeny e ia?eneciii,
ca?aeii yeiio iniiao ?noi?e/iiai ?ooo neeaaea? niin?a ae?iaieoeoaa
iaoa??aeueieo iniia aeeooy ethaeeie, ye aeaeo. Naiee nain o?oaeiai?
iioeaaoe?? iinea ?aeaieia?/iee oa?aeoa?, a o?oaeiaa ae?yeuei?noue
?icaeyaeaeany e??cue i?ecio eeaniaeo noinoie?a.

Iaea?eueo oni?oio ni?iao aea/eoe i?iaeaio a?ae/oaeaiiy c?iaea o 1964
?ioe? ?iaa?o Aeaoia?. A?i aaaaeaa, ui ia a?ae/oaeaiiy aieeaathoue /ioe?e
/eiieee: oaoiieia?/iee, ?iciiae?e i?aoe?, nioe?aeueia i?aai?caoe?y
aaeoc? oa ?? aeiiii?/ia no?oeoo?a. O oeo aaeocyo, aea ?ia?oieee ia
caciathoue ae??a(yceiaiai iaaeyaeo, ui iaiaaeo? ?oith oai?/?noue,
i?aei?e?inoaa i?ioea?oathoue, iaia? aac?ia?ooy oa nooi?iue ?ioaa?aoe??
?iaeea?aea c eiiiai??th aenieee.

Cia/ia /anoeia no/anii? e?oa?aoo?e uiaei i?iaeaie iioeaaoe?? iaeaaeeoue
iie?oieiaai ? nioe?ieiaai: E. Aiiaea?aiei, A. Na?aeaioiao, I. Iieyeia?e,
A. A??ai?’yio, A. Aa?oiaeio, A. Iao?ooaao, ?. Ia?oeitheo, A. Ei?ieueiao,
A. Oeueianiao, O. Aeeaeoeiao, N. Iaoiia?e oa ?ioei.

Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo o?oaeia?e iioeaaoe?? ?ia?oiee?a
i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa
o a?o/eciyi?e e?oa?aoo??, i?aeoe/ii iaia?. ?acii c oei, a inoaii? ?iee
c’yaeeeny ?iaioe, aaoi?e yeeo aiae?cothoue ie?ai? aniaeoe ae?yeueiino?
i?eaaoieo (I. Aace?iaia, A. Aa?/eeia, A. Eaeea?-Iooiaea?), aeoe?iia?ieo
(I. Ne?ioa, I. *a?i?ia, I. A’thaeai?ia) oa aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa (TH.
Iaeia?, ?. Iieia?iea). Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy iioeaaoe?? oa o?oaeiai?
iiaaae?iee a?aeia?aaeai? a aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oe?a?inueeeo
a/aieo – A. Ieeeiaiei, ?. Naa/oea, O. Iaeueae, E. Oieiae. Iaeiae
i?aeo?ae aei ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ o icia/aieo aaoi??a nei??oa
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee, ai?ae nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iee.

??ci? aeaee noeioethaaiiy o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? i?aaenoaaeai? o iaoeia?e
e?oa?aoo?? ua iaaeoi iacia/iith e?euee?noth iiiia?ao?e oa noaoae oaeeo
aaoi??a, ye I. Oiaeueia, A. Icieo?i, N. Eica/ainueeee, A. Eica/ainueea,
A. Oii oa ?io?. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui aaoi?e, ye? caeiathoueny oeei
ieoaiiyi, ia??aeei i?iiiiothoue iaoai?ci ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie
iioeaaoe??, ?icaeyaeath/e eeoa iaeei c aeae?a noeioethaaiiy. Eiiieaenia
nenoaiia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie iioeaaoe??, c o?aooaaiiyi ??cieo oi?i
aeaniino? oa iniaeeainoae ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo, a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??
ia i?aaenoaaeaia. Aei oiai ae, iaeaea iaia iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, a yeeo ae
aea/aeanue i?iaeaia aieeao iie?oe/ieo oaeoi??a ia o?oaeiao iioeaaoe?th
a?iiaaeyi.

Oaeei /eiii, aiae?c nooiaiy iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie ia?aeiio?
ian a iaiao?aeiino? i?iaeiaaeaiiy oa iiaeeaeaiiy ?? ?icaeyaeo.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?aoiaoth/e nooi?iue
aeooaeueiino?, ii?aoeueiaaiiino? aeaii? i?iaeaie oa aeeneon?eiino?
ie?aieo ?? aniaeo?a, aeena?oaio oi?ioeth? iaoo oa caaaeaiiy nai?? ?iaioe
ianooiiei /eiii. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio,
uia aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy iioeaaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e
o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? ?ia?oiee?a i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? a
iiaeo oiiaao nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo. O
a?aeiia?aeiino? c oeei a caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiaeyoue:

aiae?c no/anieo iie?oe/ieo oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a,
aecia/aiiy ?oiueiai aca?iica’yceo oa aieeao ia iioeaaoe?th o?oaeiai?
ae?yeueiino? a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie;

aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo, i?eaaoieo oa
aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao no/anieo iie?oe/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo
?aoi?i;

noai?aiiy iiaeae? o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? aeey i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i
aeaniino?, a?aoiaoth/e ?oi? iniaeeaino? a oiiaao iiai? iie?oe/ii?
ia?aaeeaie;

aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?ie iioeaaoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ?ia?oiee?a aea?aeaaiiai,
aeoe?iia?iiai, i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoa oa aieeao ia oe? i?ioeane
iie?oe/ieo /eiiee?a;

aecia/aiiy iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo aeae?a noeioethaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoaao
??cieo oi?i aeaniino?;

ia iniia? aea/aiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai oa a?o/eciyiiai aeina?aeo
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oai??e iioeaaoe??, aaoi?nueei? iiaeae? o?oaeiai?
iioeaaoe??, a oaeiae i?iaaaeaieo nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
cai?iiiioaaoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey iie?ioaiiy ?iaioe
i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? a no/anieo oiiaao.

A?iioace. Iniiaia a?iioaca aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ianooiia.
A?oiooth/enue ia aea/ai?e e?oa?aoo?? oa i?eioaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo,
i?iaaaeaieo aaoi?ii, iiaeeeai i?eionoeoe, ui iiaeaeue o?oaeiai?
iioeaaoe?? aoaea aeeth/aoe aei naaa oae? aeaiaioe, ye ni?eeiaiiy,
aeo?a/ai? coneeey, oiiae oa oa?aeoa? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie, ?acoeueoaoe
i?aoe?, aeiaai?iaea, caaeiaieaiiy oa oai?/ee i?aeo?ae aei i?aoe?. Na?aae
/eiiee?a, ui /eiyoue iniiaiee aieea ia o?oaeiao iioeaaoe?th iiaeia
aecia/eoe: aioo??oi? /eiieee, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae no?oeoo?e iniaenoino?
oa ciai?oi? /eiieee, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae iie?oe/ieo oa
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a Oe?a?i? oa a?ae
eiie?aoii? neooaoe?? ia i?aei?e?inoa?, a eieaeoea?.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia oa aeaea?aeueia iniiaa aeena?oaoe??.
Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee eiioeaioe??
ethaenueeeo iio?aa, ui noi?ioeueiaai? A. Ianeio oa O. Oa?oeaa?aii, a
oaeiae ?aea? i?ioeanoaeueieo oai??e iioeaaoe??: A. A?oia, oai??y
ni?aaaaeeeaino?, iiaeaeue Ii?oa?a-Eioea?a oa oai??y A. A.
Cae?aaiieneiaa. Iniaeeao oe?ii?noue aeey aaoi?a yaeyea oai??y nenoai,
cie?aia, eiioeaioe?y aca?iiae?? iie?oe/ii? oa aeiiii?/ii? noa?,
caii/aoeiaaia O. Ia?niinii ? eiai iine?aeiaieeaie.

Aaoi? aeei?enoaea oaeiae no/ani? ?aea? oe?a?inueeeo iie?oieia?a oa
nioe?ieia?a: ?. Eo?ana, A. Aoaenueeiaa, I. Neiee?iie, I. Aea?/aiei, ?.
E?aeoeueeiai oa ?ioeo, a?aeaeca?eaeaieo o i?aoeyo iiiia?ao?/iiai oa
aeena?oaoe?eiiai oa?aeoa?o. O??th /e ?ioith i??ith a oeeo ?iaioao
a?aeia?aaeai? ieoaiiy iioeaaoe?? ae?yeueiino? iniaenoino?, iia?
i?aeoiaee a/aieo – nioe?ieia?a, iie?oieia?a, ineoieia?a o aena?oeaii?
ieoaiiy i?i o?oaeiao iioeaaoe?th, aea/aiiy i?iaeaie «ethaeeia-i?aoey» a
oe?eiio.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee oaeiae iieiaeaiiy c Eiinoeoooe??
Oe?a?ie, Caeiie Oe?a?ie, ?io? iie?oe/i?, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
aeieoiaioe a?o/eciyieo oa i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e, iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e
Oe?a?ie.

I?aeoe/io aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee iaoa??aee cania?a ianiai?
?ioi?iaoe?? (aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaiee eiioaio-aiae?c ci?noo 14 iaeiaioaaiue
aacao ca 1996 oa 1997 ?iee oa 4 iaeiaioaaiue aacao ca 1993-1996 ?iee, ui
aeaeathoueny a Oe?a?i?), ??ciiiai?oi? noaoenoe/i? oa aeia?aeeia? aeai?
i?i?noa?noa oa a?aeiinoa Oe?a?ie, aea?aeaaieo onoaiia ? iaaea?aeaaieo
no?oeoo?. Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeai? nioe?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia
i?aei?e?inoaao aea?aeaaii?, aeoe?iia?ii? oa i?eaaoii? oi?i aeaniino?, a
oaeiae aeni?an-iieooaaiiy ea??aiee?a eiia?oe?eieo no?oeoo?.

A ?iaio? aeei?enoai? nioe?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie, ui
aea/a?oueny, i?iaaaeai? eaoaae?ith nioe?ieia?? oa ineoieia?? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, Oa?e?anueeiai I?Oe
«?ioi?inioe?ieia?y» oa ?io?, ye? iathoue a?aeiioaiiy aei oaie
aeena?oaoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aiane?aeie aeaoaeueiiai aiae?co, ia eiie?aoieo i?eeeaaeao ?ice?eo?
ci?ie, ui a?aeaoaathoueny o iioeaaoe?? ?ia?oiee?a i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo
oi?i aeaniino? a no/anieo iie?oe/ieo oiiaao. Oe? ci?ie coiiaeai? iiyaith
iiaeo iiaeeeainoae aeey caaacia/aiiy oiia ae?yeueiino? ?ia?oiee?a.
Iieacaia aeii?ioth/a ?ieue oi?ie aeaniino? a oi?ioaaii? noaaeaiiy aei
?iaioe. Aeae?eai? i?eioeeie, ia yeeo aeioe?eueii aoaeoaaoe nenoaio
iioeaaoe?? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? ia i?aei?e?inoaao ??cieo oi?i
aeaniino?. A?aecia/aii, ui ia?oi/a?aiaei caaaeaiiyi o oi?ioaaii? oa
?icaeoeo nenoaie iioeaaoe?? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? ? — iinooiiaee
ia?ao?ae aei aaaaoioaeoi?ii? nenoaie iieaoe i?aoe?, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia
i?aei?e?inoaao nenoaie aio/eeo ieeaae?a oa ?icoe?iie, ooai?aiiy
aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa ?c caeo/aiiyi a?ioae ?ia?oiee?a aeey ?icaeoeo
i?aei?e?inoaa, i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? ae?yeueiino? ?icoe?aieo nenoai
aeey caaaa/oaaiiy i?aoe? oa naiia?yaeoaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa a oiiaao
aeaiie?aoe/iiai iie?oeei-i?aaiaiai iiey.

Iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? oaeiae a oiio, ui iioeaaoe?y
?icaeyaea?oueny e??cue i?ecio iie?oe/ieo, aeiiii?/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo
i?ioean?a o eiie?aoii-?noi?e/ieo oiiaao no/anii? Oe?a?ie. Aea/athoueny
oaeiae iai?yiee, ni?eyoeea? aeey iiceoeaii? o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? ia
i?aei?e?inoaao ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? c iaoith iiaea?i?caoe??
oe?a?inueeiai nioe?oia, iiaeieaiiy iaaaoeaieo oaiaeaioe?e a eiai
?icaeoeo.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy a oiio, ui io?eiai?
?acoeueoaoe iiaeia aeei?enoaoe c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe
ni?a?ia?oiee?a i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?. Cie?aia, iniiai? ??
iieiaeaiiy, ocaaaeueiaiiy, aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? iiaeooue aooe
ei?enieie ea??aieeai aea?aeaaieo, aeoe?iia?ieo oa i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoa
aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?, iie?ioaiiy ineoieia?/iiai
ee?iaoo a eieaeoeaao. ?o iiaeia aeei?enoaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe? o/aiaeo
i?ia?ai oa i?ae?o/iee?a ii nioe?ieia??, iie?oieia??, nioe?aeuei?e
ineoieia??, aeey i?aeaioiaee niaoe?aeueieo eo?n?a o aeueo iaa/aeueieo
o/aiaeo caeeaaeao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? oaeiae o oiio, ui
aiie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o ianooii?e ?ic?iaoe?
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo ieoaiue aoaeoeaiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe??. A ia?aoai?aii? oa
?aoi?ioaaii? iaoa??aeueii? oa aeooiaii? noa? i?aoe?, ye oi?ie
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie, ye oai?/iai ii/aoeo o eiaei?e ethaeei?.

Iaoeiaa ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? aeniiaee oa oai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny ia
eiioa?aioe?yo, iaoiaee/ieo nai?ia?ao aeeeaaea/?a eaoaae?e nioe?ieia?? oa
ineoieia?? Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo o
1995-1998 ?ieao, ia ani??aionueeeo iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao. A naia: ia
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iieiaeue ia ii?ic?
o?aoueiai oeny/i??//y: iiooe i??i?eoao?a» (Iaeana, 1995), ia
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iiaeyae o iaeaooi?:
iieiaeue, noni?euenoai, oeea?e?caoe?y» (Iaeana, 1996), ia i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «No/aniee noai ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe (nioe?ieia?y, nioe?aeueia ineoieia?y, iaiaaeaeiaio)»
(Iaeana, 1997), ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«Ia?o?eia aoae?aieoeoai a Oe?a?i?: 90-o? ?iee (iie?oieia?/iee,
nioe?ieia?/iee, ineoieia?/iee, i?aaiaee aniaeoe)» (Iaeana, 1998).
Iniiai? aniaeoe aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eo? o aenooiao ia IV nai?ia??
«Iiaeaethaaiiy o i?eeeaaeieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo» a Iaeanueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (Iaeana, 1997), ia
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oai??y oa i?aeoeea
aeoiaii? ?iaioe o nooaeaionueeiio eieaeoea?» a Iaeanuee?e aea?aeaai?e
aeaaeai?? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e (Iaeana, 1997), ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iieioe/ia eoeueoo?a aeaiie?aoe/iiai
noniieuenoaa: noai i ia?niaeoeae a Oe?a?ii» a ?inoeooo? nioe?aeueii? oa
iie?oe/ii? ineoieia?? (Ee?a, 1998), ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iaoea
? ina?oa (98» (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998). Eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? i?ae /an ?iaioe iaae eiiieaenieie
nioe?ieia?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie: «Iieiaeue Iaeaueie: Ane?c
nioe?aeueiiai ii?o?aoo» (Iaeana, 1996), «Iie?oaoi?e — 97» (Iaeana, 1997)
oa «Nooaeaio oa noni?euenoai» (Iaeana, 1998). ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? o iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo aeena?oaioa.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, ui
aeei?enoiaoaaeany oa aeiaeaoe?a. Ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaiee ia 190
noi??ieao, oaaeeoeue — 30, ?ethno?aoe?e — 7. Aeiaeaoee caeiathoue 18
noi??iie. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 189 iaeiaioaaiue.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii nooi?iue
iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino?, aecia/ai? iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe. Aenoioo?
a?iioace, icia/aia oai?aoe/ia oa iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «No/ani? iie?oe/i? oa nioe?aeueii — aeiiii?/i?
i?ioeane a Oe?a?i? oa ?o aieea ia iioeaaoe?th o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?
?ia?oiee?a» iieacaii, ui iacaaaeth/e ia io?oe?eia iaieioaiiy ei?aeoe??
eo?no ?aoi?i, a?i i?iaeiaaeo? cae?enithaaoeny, iiaeeaethth/e nenoaiio
e?eco noni?euenoaa. Ia ae??oaia iaeia c eeth/iaeo i?iaeai iie?oe/iiai
?aoi?ioaaiiy — a?aenooiy ?? iniiaia eiioeaioe?y. Caeeoa?oueny aac
a?aeiia?ae? ieoaiiy: «ssea noni?euenoai aoaeo?oueny a Oe?a?i?, yeeie
caniaaie oa a /e?o ?ioa?anao». Iie?oe/i? ?aoi?ie, ia iiaeooue aooe
oni?oieie, yeui aiie noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ??ceei cieaeaiiyi aoaeoeaiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa. Ci?ia oi?i aieiae?iiy oa ?icii?yaeaeaiiy eieinaeueieie
ianyaaie aeaniino?, ia aaaea aei i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?,
ia?ane?aeo? ia aeiiii?/i?, a iie?oeei-?aeaieia?/i?, iniaeno? aai a?oiia?
?ioa?ane, ui aecia/a? ?acoeueoaoeai?noue ?aoi?i a aeiiii?/i?e noa?? — ?
oea ii/eiathoue ona?aeiiethaaoe a?iiaaeyie Oe?a?ie. Aaea ca?ac
i?inoaaeoththoueny aeaye? iaaaoeai? iane?aeee «?eaea aei ?eieo».
Ianaiia?aae oea oiia?eueiaiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano oa o ca’yceo c
oeei iia??oaiiy aeei?enoaiiy iayaiiai o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo oa
i?aeaioiaee iiaiai. Ianiaa ?icoe?oiiaiiy ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae,
ia?aaea/a ?yaeo ae?iaieoeoa o ?oee iai?aeaioiaeaiiai iaaea?aeaaiiai
naeoi?o caaaeueioaaee iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee i?ia?an. Ia oeueiio oe?
iie?oe/ia ai?ioueaa, ui ?icai?ioeany a e?a?i?, cie?aia, o Aa?oiai?e
?aae? Oe?a?ie, ia??aeei iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
i?ioeane, aeieo? ae?iaeaiiy iioeiaeueii? iiaeae? ?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe??
noni?euenoaa.

Ie??i oiai, nai? ianoaaeie ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo c ?o ia oeaooiaaiei
i?aaiaei oa i?aai?caoe?eiei ?aaeeiii, iaaiaaiai?noth o caao?aoiueiio
aei? ia noeioeth? aeeaaeaiue o aeiaaioa?i?iia? i?iaeoe, a iia?
i?iia?nuee? oaoiieia??, ooiaoa? iaaea?aeaaiee naeoi? nei??oa aei iiooeo
ieoo?ai? ei?eno?.

A?aeiineie i?ae iaeiaieie ?ia?oieeaie oa ?iaioiaeaaoeyie (ye o
aea?aeaaiiio, oae ? iaaea?aeaaiiio naeoi?ao) i?aeoe/ii ia
a?ae?aaoeueiaai?. ?noioiei iiiaioii, caeaoiei aeeeeeaoe iia?
oneeaaeiaiiy o oeeo noinoieao, ? ??cieoey a aeia?iaoo? iaio a?oi.
Iacaaeiaieaiiy ianaeaiiy aeeeeea? ye iaaeineiiae?noue iiaeaoeiai?
nenoaie o eiiia?aoeaiiio oa aea?aeaaieo naeoi?ao aeiiii?ee, oae ? o
aea?aenaeoi??, c??aiye?aea a iieao? i?aoe? — iaaeiioe?iea oaeaioo,
iaenoa?iino?, eaae?o?eaoe??.

I?aeo?eiea oa noeioethaaiiy ?i?oe?aoeaii?, i?iaeoeoeaii?, oai?/i?
i?aoe?, i?aei?e?iieoeoaa ? nioe?aeueii? aeoeaiino?, iaaeaiiy ?iaioe
a?aeiia?aeii aei cae?aiinoae oa nioe?aeueiee caoeno oeo, ooi aaea, ua
aai ca noaiii caei?ia(y ia iiaea i?aoethaaoe, — oea iaeaaaeeea?oa oiiaa
oa noeioe aeiiii?/iiai i?ia?ano, noaa?eueiino? aea?aeaae.

O aeniiaeao ii ia?oiio ?icae?eo, a?aecia/aii, ui a aaeoc? o?oaeiaeo
noinoie?a naiee ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei noai?th? iia?
iiaeeeaino? aeey ?icaeoeo, noaiiaeaiiy iioeaaoe?? aieiaii? i?iaeoeoeaii?
neee — ?ia?oieea.

I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui aeey iinooiiaiai ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii?
i?iieneiaino? a oiiaao aino?i? na?oiai? eiieo?aioe?? iaiao?aeia
ia?aaoaeiaa i?aai?caoe?eii-ae?iaie/i? no?oeoo?e i?aei?e?inoaa.

Iaeaaaeeea?oei iai?yieii ?iaeono??aeueii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae iiaeiii
noaoe aeae?eaiiy aeinoaoi?o cania?a aeey ia?aiaa/aiiy, ia?ai?uaiiy
aea?eueiaii? ?ia?oie/i? neee, nenoaia aeiiiiiae ii aac?ia?ooth,
??ciiiai?oi? noni?euei? ?iaioe.

Iiaeaoeiaa ?aoi?ia iiaeiia aooe caioi/oaaeueiith, a ia
caoeiaeaeoaaeueiith i?ioeano caiuaaeaeaiue.

Oe?a?i? aeey aeoiaeo ?c e?ece, iiiaae ona ia aeinoa? ae?eiaeo caeii?a oa
oi?iiy ?aae?coaaoe ?o ia i?aeoeoe?, a oaeiae o?iainiai? oa
ainiiaea?nueei? aeenoeeie?ie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Iniaeeaino? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i
aeaniino? a oiiaao iiai? iie?oe/ii? ia?aaeeaie» ?icaeyioo? iiceoeai?
yeino? oa iaaeie?ee, ui i?enooi? a ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo, i?eaaoieo
oa aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa.

Oae, iaa?oioiaaii, ui aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai, iaoae iaa?oue iaae?eaia
oe?ieeie i?aaaie oa a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noth, caaaeaee a?aenoa? a?ae
i?eaaoiiai a i??? ainiiaea?nueei? naiino?eiino?. sse i?aaeei, aiie ia
aioia? aei ?eieiaiai noia?ieoeoaa, ine?eueee ?ic?aoiaothoue ia o?eueee
ia naaa, aea ? ia iniaeeaa noaaeaiiy c aieo aeaaee (aeioaoe??,
iiaeaoeia? i?eueae, aa?aio?? caooo a ?aieao aea?aecaiiaeaiue). O
aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa iaia? ciaia’ycaiue ia?aae aeoe?iia?aie. Ana oea
iaaaoeaii a?aeaeaa?oueny ia aeeiai?oe? aeo?ao ? oe?i, oaeaeeino?
canai?iiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e, yeino? i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ? oae
aeae?.

A?aeiia?aeii, iieacaii, ui i?eaaoi? i?aei?e?inoaa, iacaaaeth/e ia
o?oaeiiu?, iia’ycai? c ai?ioueaith ca aeaeeaaiiy /a?ac aino?o
eiieo?aioe?th i?ae o??iaie, aieiae?thoue iaaieie iiceoeaieie yeinoyie:
oea aio/e?noue oa ieoo?aa i?enoinoaaiiy aei eii’thieoo?e ?eieo,
ni?iiiaei?noue oaeaeei ci?ithaaoe no?oeoo?o ae?iaieoeoaa, oaeaeei
noai?thaaoe ? iia?aoeaii canoiniaoaaoe iia? oaoiieia?? oa iaoeia?
?ic?iaee: oea aeoo ?i?oe?aoeae oa aeeiai?ci.

Ia aeaeue, iio??aii eiinoaooaaoe, ui iaea?eueoa ia iiuanoeei a oiae?
cae?eniaiiy a Oe?a?i? aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue i?eaaoiiio a?ciano.
Ae?th/i? nenoaie, yea a noeioethaaea ooai?aiiy i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoa ia
?nio?, ye ? iaia? ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoai?cio ?oiuei? i?aeo?eiee. Ia
?ic?iaeaia aea?aeaaia i?ia?aia ?icaeoeo i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoa, aeaye?
iie?oe/i? neee iaaaoeaii noaaeyoueny aei ieo acaaae?.

A?aecia/aii, ui aeoe?iia?ia oi?ia ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia?aiaaa? iaae on?ia
?ioeie oi?iaie i?aai?caoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aiane?aeie i?eoaiaiieo ?e
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo ? aeiiii?/ieo iniaeeainoae. Iieacaii, ui ii?yae
c aacnoii?aieie iiceoeaieie yeinoyie aeoe?iia?i? i?aei?e?inoaa iathoue
nai? iaaeie?ee. A iaoeo oiiaao, ia a?aei?io a?ae cao?aeieo e?a?i, i?aai
aeaniino? oaeoe/ii caaeiny aeey ?ia?oiee?a aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa aei
aeineoue aocueeiai, iaiaaeaii c?icoi?eiai i?aaa ia io?eiaiiy
aeea?aeaiae?a. ? ia?aaaaea? o aeoe?iia??a ineoieia?y iaeiaieo
?ia?oiee?a, a ia aeaniee?a. Aeoe?iia?i? i?aei?e?inoaa a?aee?eaathoue
oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? aeey ??ciiiai?oieo ceiaaeeaaiue. Aeieea? ?ic?ea i?ae
ooieoe??th aeaniino? oa ooieoe??th oi?aae?iiy. A aeoe?iia?ieo
i?aei?e?inoaao a?aeaoaa?oueny ?icieaaiiy i?aa aeaniino?, ine?eueee
iiaeeeaino? eiio?ieth ca ae?yeuei?noth ea??aiee?a iineaaeththoueny.

O aeniiaeao ii ae?oaiio ?icae?eo i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui iaaei??ia
oeaio?ae?caoe?y aea?aeaaii? aeaniino? i?ecaaea aei a?ae/oaeaiith a?ae
ia? ?ia?oiee?a.

Oiiaith ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? ? ni?eyoeeaa
iie?oe/ia aoiinoa?a a e?a?i?, cie?aia caiaea iniiaieo iie?oe/ieo nee
e?a?ie c i?eioeeiiaeo ieoaiiue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo.
Eiio?iioaoe?eia iie?oe/ia nenoaia no/anii? Oe?a?ie noai?th? iano??e
iaiaaiino?, ciaa??e o a?eueoino? o?oae?aiee?a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i? /eiieee oi?ioaaiiy o?oaeiai?
iioeaaoe?? iniaenoino?» i?iaiaeeoueny aiae?c oai??e iioeaaoe?? O.
Oaeei?a, A. Ianeio, O. Oa?oeaa?aa, A. Iyei, A. A?oia, E. Ii?oa?a, A.
Eioea?a, I. Cae?aaiieneiaa, A. ssaeiaa, A. Iiaeia?eiaa oa ?ioeo
ca?oa?aeieo ? a?o/eciyieo a/aieo. On? ?icaeyioo? eiioeaioe?? o?oaeiai?
iioeaaoe?? ia o?eueee oe?eaa? nai? ii nia?, aea eiaeia c ieo aeae?ey?
/eiieee, ye? aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? iniaenoino?.
?acii c oei aeei?enoaoe ?o ia eiie?aoieo i?aei?e?inoaao iiaeeeai o?eueee
c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ?nioth/i? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, ineoieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae
iaioae?oaoo oa o?oaeiaeo o?aaeeoe?e, ui neeaeeny a oe?a?inueeiio
noni?euenoa?. Aiane?aeie ia??iaea o?ainoi?iaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe??
?ia?oiee?a i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?. Iaieiae?aoe aaoi?nueeith
iiaeaeeth iioeaaoe??, ea??aiee iiaea cia/ii ?icoe?eoe nai? iiaeeeaino? a
caeo/aii? ?ia?oieea nueiaiaeiyoiueiai aeiy aei aeeiiaiiy caaea/,
iai?aaeaieo ia aeinyaiaiiy iaoe i?aei?e?inoaa. A eiai i?aei?e?inoai
aoaea ni?eyoe i?iyao oi?eaeueieo oai?/eo caaeaoe?a, i?eoaiaiieo eiaeiiio
?ia?oieeo.

Aaoi?nueea iiaeaeue iioeaaoe?? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? aeey i?aei?e?inoa
??cieo oi?i aeaniino? aeeth/a? aeaiaioe ci?noiaieo oa i?ioeanoaeueieo
oai??e iioeaaoe??. A oe?e iiaeae? o?ao?o? a?n?i ci?iieo: ni?eeiaiiy,
aeo?a/ai? coneeey, oiiae oa oa?aeoa? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie ?
i?aei?e?inoaa, io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe, aeiaai?iaea, nooi?iue caaeiaieaiiy
oa aeaiaio oai?/ino? a ?iaio?.

Ca?aeii ?c cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae?, aeinyaioo? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
caeaaeaoue a?ae aeo?a/aieo ni?a?ia?oieeii coneeue, eiai
iniaenoi-ae?eiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee, a?ae oiia oa oa?aeoa?o o?oaeiai?
ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie ? i?aei?e?inoaa, a oaeiae a?ae, iie?oe/iiai noaio
a e?a?i?. ??aaiue aeo?a/aieo coneeue aoaea aecia/aoeny oe?ii?noth
aeiaai?iaee oa nooiaiai oiaaiino? a oiio, ui aeaiee ??aaiue ni?aaae?
i?eoyaia ca niaith a?ae/oooy ni?aaaaeeeaino? oe??? aeiaai?iaee. A?eueo
oiai, a aeai?e iiaeae? anoaiiaeth?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae
aeiaai?iaeith oa ?acoeueoaoaie, ethaeeia caaeiaieueiy? nai? iio?aae
oeyoii aeiaai?iae ca aeinyaioo? ?acoeueoaoe. A oaeiae caaeiaieaiiy
i?eiinyoue ?ia?oieeo ? nai? ye?ni? ?acoeueoaoe i?aoe?.
?acoeueoao?ai?noue oa ye?ni?noue i?aoe?, a oaeiae a?ae/oooy
ni?aaaaeeeaino? aeiaai?iaee ii?iaeaeo? caaeiaieaiiy, ui ni?ey? oai?/iio
i?aeoiaeo aei aoaeue-yei? ?iaioe.

Oaeei /eiii, aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo a o?aoueiio ?icae?e?, ui
iaoai?ci «iioeaaoe?eiiai ?aaoethaaiiy» iniaenoino? a noa?? i?aoe? iiaea
aooe canoiniaaiee ii ??ciiio: /ei neeaaei?oee i?ioean aeai?o oa
i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy, oei neeaaei?oa neooaoe?y aecia/aiiy ia?niaeoeae, oei
a?eueo aeeaieee eiioaeno, ??aaiue iniaenoeo aeeniiceoe?e aeeth/a?oueny a
i?ioean iaa?oiooaaiiy o??? aai ?ioi? i?ia?aie ethaenueei? iiaaae?iee.
I?e ?icaeyae? iiaeaeae iioeaaoe?? aeyaeaii, ui ia ??cieo ??aiyo iio?aa
niinoa??aa?oueny ?iaeea?aeoaeueii ??ciiiai?oiee nooi?iue ?oiueiai
caaeiaieaiiy. I?ioa ia oe? no/anii? nenoaiii? e?ece, yea ia? i?noea a
Oe?a?i?, ana a?eueoi? aaae iaaoaathoue nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i? /eiieee
o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe??. Oea iiaeia iiynieoe ye caeeoeaie ?aaeyinueeiai
iaioae?oaoo, oae ? e?eciaeie iiiaioaie iei?oiueiai noaio noni?euenoaa.
Iaeei c iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo aeniiae?a aaoi?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui oai?/a,
?acoeueoaoeaia ? ye?nia i?aoey aaaea aei caaeiaieaiiy. Aaoi?nueea
iiaeaeue iieaco?, cie?aia, ui c iaoith i?aeneeaiiy o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe??
iiaeia oi?aaeyoe iaoai?ciii iioeaaoe??. Iaiao?aeii noai?eoe oe?e?niee
iaoai?ci /eiiino? iie?oe/ieo, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oa ineoieia?/ieo
iioea?a, ui ni?eyoue oai?/?e aeoeaiino? a o?oaeia?e ae?yeueiino?.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? «Aca?iiaieea oi?i aeaniino? ? o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe??
ethaeeie a ia??iae o?ainoi?iaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa»
aiae?cothoueny i?iaaaeai? aaoi?ii nioe?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoith
aea/aiiy /eiiee?a, ui aieeaathoue ia o?oaeiao iioeaaoe?th, ia
aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa, oa ineoieia?/iee noai ae?iaie/iai
eieaeoeao ia aea?aeaaiiio, aeoe?iia?iiio oa i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoaao.

Aaoi?nuee? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii??aiththoueny c aiaeia?/ieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie, i?iaaaeaieie Oa?e?anueeei I?Oe «?ioi?inioe?ieia?y»
na?aae a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie oa ?acoeueoaoaie, ui aoee io?eiai? ca?oa?aeieie
a/aieie. Aeai? nioe?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee i?iaaaeai? ia
i?aei?e?inoaao ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?. A oaeiae aoei i?iaaaeaii
aeni?an-iieooaaiiy ea??aiee?a eiia?oe?eieo no?oeoo? i?noa Iaeane.

A i?aenoieo aeyaeeiny, ui iaai? noi?iie ?iaioe, ye? oa?eoee a i’yo??eo
iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo, ni?aiaaeathoue a o?ueio iieooaaiiyo (ia
aea?aeaaiiio, aeoe?iia?iiio oa i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoaao) iaio, i?ae ia
20%. Iniiai? ?ica?aeiino?, ye caea?oueny aaoi?o, aecia/athoueny ia
no?eueee a?aei?ii?noth nioe?aeueieo oei?a, caeiyoeo ia aeaieo
i?aei?e?inoaao, ne?eueee iiaeaaeeeaei a?aeiioaiiyi ni?a?ia?oiee?a aei
aaaeeeaeo eiiiiiaio?a ?iaioe a ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy i?eaaoieo e
aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa. A?yae /e caa?aaeaoueny iieiaeaiiy, i?e yeiio
eeoa 6,8% ?ia?oiee?a i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoa a?aecia/athoue a yeino?
iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo ci?no ? oa?aeoa? ?iaioe (oe?eaaa, oai?/a,
??ciiiai?oia). Oa, ui oea a?aecia/eee 16% ?ia?oiee?a aea?aeaaiiai ?
17,2% aeoe?iia?iiai i?aei?e?inoa, oe?eeii a?aeiia?aea? a?aeiineiai, ui
ia noi?ioaaeeny ?eieii. A?aeiineiai, ui ia noi?ioaaeeny ?eieii,
iaaeaeue, a?aeiia?aea? e oa, ui «aeoo noia?ieoeoaa a eieaeoea?», ye?noue
?acoeueoao?a i?aoe?, ye cia/aiiy, ui ? iaea?eueoa a iianyeaeaii?e
?iaio?, a?aecia/ea o?eueee eiaeiee i’yoee ?aniiiaeaio, iacaeaaeii a?ae
oi?ie aeaniino? i?aei?e?inoaa. Aei oiai ae, aaioaae ianneaiino? oa
a?ae/oaeaiiy a?ae eieaeoeaieo ?ioa?an?a caiaaeoi aaeeeee aeey oaeiai
iiaiai ae?ea, ye i?aei?e?inoai, ui i?eaaoecoaaeiny.

O aeniiaeao ii /aoaa?oiio ?icae?eo i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui iaoa??aeuei?,
i?ioan?ei? oa ii?aeuei? i?e/eie caaaaeathoue i?aoethaaoe a iiaio neeo ia
i?aei?e?inoaao, ui aeine?aeaeothoueny, iaeaea iieiaei? ia?niiaeo. A?eueo
50% i?aoethth/eo ia caaeiaieai? oiiaaie i?aoe?, nai?i iaoa??aeueiei
iieiaeaiiyi, oa e ii?aeueia caaeiaieaiiy a?ae ?iaioe iaea?aeothoue
o?eueee 42% ?aniiiaeaio?a.

Nioe?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaii? aaoi?ii iiaeae? o?oaeiaee iioeaaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aii /eiieee, ui aieeaathoue ia
oi?ioaaiiy iioeaaoe??. Ea??aieoeoao i?aei?e?inoa a?aee?eaa?oueny
iiaeeea?noue aieeaaoe ia iioeaaoe?eio no?oeoo?o ?ia?oiee?a, a?aoiaoth/e
aieea i?eaaaeaieo iioea?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?ca a?aeiia?aeae ia ieoaiiy, ui noinothoueny
aaciina?aaei?o noeioe?a aoaeoeaii? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?, aecia/ai?
??ci? aeaee caioi/aiue, ui ni?eyee a oai?/iio i?aeoiaeo aei ?iaioe.
Aeei?enoiaoth/e oe? aeaee noeioethaaiiy, ea??aieoeoai i?aei?e?inoaa
iiaea ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia ca?eueoaiiy o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? o ?ia?oiee?a
i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?.

O aeniiaeao aeena?oaoe?? i?aeaaaeaii i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeneiaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oi?ioaaiiy oa aeoea?caoe?? o?oaeiai?
iioeaaoe?? ye eiino?oeoeaii-iiaea?i?caoe?eiiai /eiieea iie?oe/iiai
o?ainoi?ioaaiiy noni?euenoaa.

Iei?oiy iie?oe/ia oa aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y a Oe?a?i? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
niaaeii ae?iaieoeoaa ca a?aenooiino? ae?th/eo caeii?a, ??oo/eo ni?eeaeo
ae?e aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee oa ia?eaiaioo. Caaaeueia ianoaa?euei?noue,
a?aenooi?noue /?oeeo i???ioe??a ?aoi?ioaaiiy iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia
ae?iaie/o neooaoe?th. Oe?a?inueea iiaeaeue ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei, ye iieaco? aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia noai?th? iioeae
oa noeioee aei i?aoe?, ia iaoe?eth? ia ainiiaea?nueeo ae?yeuei?noue oa
aoaeoeaia ?ice?eooy iiaeeeainoae ?ia?oiee?a, ia aa?aioo? i?aai i?eaaoii?
aeaniino?. Iaoai?ci iioeaaoe?? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? iiaeiai
a?aoiaoaaoe an? /eiieee, iia’ycai? c oi?ioaaiiyi iioea?a aei i?aoe?.
Oi?ioaaiiy iioea?a aei i?aoe? a?aeaoaa?oueny ye i?ae aieeaii aioo??oi?o
/eiiee?a, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae no?oeoo?e iniaenoino? (iio?aae, ?ioa?ane,
oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe??, ni?eeiaiiy, oa?aeoa?, oeno, naiiioe?iea), oae ?
i?ae aieeaii ciai?oi?o oiia. Ciai?oi? niiioeath/e neee ii oa?aeoa?o ae??
ia ?ia?oieea iathoue naith niaoeeo?eo ia ??cieo ??aiyo — aea?aeaaiiio,
?aa?iiaeueiiio oa ia ??ai? i?aei?e?inoaa. Ciai?oi? /eiieee aeeth/athoue
oi?io iie?oe/ii?, ia?o?eii? nenoai, noai i?aaiai? aace aea?aeaae, noai
o?iainiai-a?ioiai? nenoaie e?a?ie, aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee, yea
i?iaiaeeoueny a aeaiiio ?aa?ii?, eiie?aoio neooaoe?th ia i?aei?e?inoa?
(oi?io i?aai?caoe?? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, caaacia/ai?noue nioe?aeueieie
aeaaaie, i?aai?caoe?th ? oiiae i?aoe? ia ae?iaieoeoa?, iaoo ?iaioe
i?aei?e?inoaa, aoiinoa?o oa aeoo noia?ieoeoaa a eieaeoea?). Oe? /eiieee
?niothoue iica ?ia?oieeii ia’?eoeaii ? anooiathoue o aca?iiae?th c eiai
aioo??oi?ie niiioeaeueieie neeaie. ?acoeueoao oaei? aca?iiae?? aecia/a?
iioeaaoe?th i?aoe?, ?? neeo ? ni?yioaaiiy.

Nioe?aeueiee iaoai?ci o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? ?ia?oiee?a i?aei?e?inoa
??cieo oi?i aeaniino? ciaoiaeeoueny i?ae aieeaii ??ciiiai?oieo /eiiee?a,
na?aae yeeo iiaeia aeae?eeoe aeaa /eiieee, ae?th/eo ia ??ai?
i?aei?e?inoaa. Ia?oee — ?icoi?iiy an?i ia?niiaeii aeiiii?/ieo oa
th?eaee/ieo i?eioeei?a ooieoe?thaaiiy aeaniino? a aeinoaoiueiio nooiai?,
uia a?ae/ooe /?oeo caeaaei?noue naiai aeia?iaooo ye a?ae aeinyaiaiue
naiai i?aei?e?inoaa, oae ? a?ae naiai iniaenoiai o?oaeiaiai aianeo.
Ae?oaee /eiiee — iiaeeea?noue ?ia?oiee?a a?aoe o/anoue a oi?aae?ii?
nai?i i?aei?e?inoaii: ii-ia?oa, a iiaeeeaino? ?icii?yaeaeaoeny
(aieinoaaoe) nai?ie aeoe?yie (ia aeoe?iia?iiio i?aei?e?inoa?) oa,
ii-ae?oaa, a naiino?eiino? ?ica’ycaiiy ieoaiue i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? ia
ieae/iio ??ai? (ia i?aei?e?inoaao ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?). ?
ianaie?iaoeue, /eiiee, ae?th/ee ia ??ai? an??? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie oa ??
ie?aieo aeaiaio?a. Oea aieea iie?oe/ii? aoiinoa?e, oi?ia aca?iiae??
??cieo iie?oe/ieo nee, aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee, iie?oeei-i?aaiaiai iiey
oiui ia o?oaeiao iioeaaoe?th eieaeoea?a oa ie?aieo a?iiaaeyi.

Aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? oa oiia i?aoe? ia?aaeaa/a? i?aeaeuaiiy
aioo??oiuei? caaeiaieaiino? ?iaioith oeyoii ?icoe?aiiy eiea ae??ooth/eo
caaea/, caaacia/aiiy ?ia?oiee?a oe?eaaith ?iaioith, aeieaoe aeiaai?iaee
oa aeciaiiy ?oiuei? i?aoe?, noai?aiiy eiioi?oieo oiia aeey o?oaeiai?
ae?yeueiino?, iaaeaiiy a?eueoi? naiino?eiino?, ia aeeeth/ath/e
caaaeueiee eiio?ieue c aieo ea??aieoeoaa.

Ia i?aei?e?inoaao, ye? a?aee o/anoue o aeine?aeaeaiiyo, o aaaaoueio
ea??aiee?a i?aeoe/ii aoea a?aenooiy a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ia?aae
eieaeoeaii ca aeiiii?/i? ??oaiiy; ?ia?oieee ia iathoue noeioe?a aei
?iiiaaoe?e; o ieo niinoa??aa?oueny a?ae/oaeaiiy a on?o aniaeoao, a oiio
/ene? a?aenooi?noue caoe?eaaeaiino? a i?e/aoiino? aei ae??oaiiy ieoaiue
ae?iaie/iai aeeooy ca iaaeaie naiai ?ia?oie/iai i?noey.

Uia a no/anieo oiiaao i?aeiyoe ?ieue iaoa??aeueieo noeioe?a aei i?aoe?,
iaiao?aeii iia’ycoaaoe ?ici??e ca?ieao oa i?ai?e o?eueee c ?aaeueieie
o?oaeiaeie aianeaie a e?ioeaa? ?acoeueoaoe i?aoe?. Iaoa??aeuei? noeioee
aieeaathoue ia iiaaae?ieo ?ia?oiee?a, aea i?aeaeuaia ieaoa, aeiaeaoeiaa
i?ai?y ye oi?ia nioe?aeueii? ioe?iee o?oaeiaiai aianeo ? aiaeii/an ?
ae?eiaei ii?aeueiei noeioeii.

I/aaeaeii, ui iaiao?aeii: niaoe?aeueia aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e ?ioa?an?a ?
iio?aa ?ia?oiee?a ae?iaieoeoaa, ?oiuei? aeeiai?ee; c’ynoaaiiy cia/oueo
iio?aa ??ciiiai?oieo nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/ieo a?oi ?, ui ia iaioa
aaaeeeai, a?eueo i?eeiyoieo cania?a caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa; aoaeoaaoe iiao
nenoaio noeioethaaiiy ia aac? ia ia?aeiieo, a aoi?eiieo iio?aa (iiaaaa ?
naiiaeyaeaiiy iniaenoino?).

Aeiaeaoee neeaaeathoue eiioaio-aiae?c ia??iaee/iiai ae?oeo oa iaai?
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ea??aieeai i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?
aeey iie?ioaiiy i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? oa ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo a
o?oaeiaeo eieaeoeaao.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

Iieiaeaaeue Iaeanueiu: Yneec nioeeaeueiiai ii?o?aoa. — Iaeanna: IAIO,
1996. — 28 n. (a niaaoi?noaa).

Iieeoaoiee — 97: Nioeeieiae/aneia enneaaeiaaiea. — Iaeanna: ENOe, 1997.
— 16 n., i?eeiaeaiey — 22 e. (a niaaoi?noaa).

Nooaeaio e iauanoai. — Iaeanna: Oe?aeineee iaoeeiiaeueiue eiieoao
iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeee, IAIO, 1998. — 132 n. (a niaaoi?noaa).

Eeeiooo O.TH., Eoaeeiiaa I.A. O?oaeiaay iioeaaoeey iieiaeaaee e
oi?ie?iaaiea iiaie nenoaiu noeioee?iaaiey ia i?iecaiaenoaa // Iao/iua
o?oaeu iieiaeuo o/aiuo Iaeanneiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai
oieaa?neoaoa. — Aui. 1. — Iaeanna, 1997. — N. 60-64.

5. Eoaeeiiaa I.A. Io/oaeaeaiea io nianoaaiiinoe i?iaeieaeaaony //
Iao/iua o?oaeu iieiaeuo o/aiuo Iaeanneiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai
iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. — Aui. 1. — Iaeanna, 1997. — N.22-27.

6. Eoaeeiiaa I.A. ?ieue iniaenoino? o iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao // IV
naieia? «Iiaeaee?iaaiea a i?eeeaaeiuo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo».- Iaeanna,
1997. — N. 75-78.

7. Eoaeeiiaa I.A. Iaoa yeiiiieea e nia?aiaiiue iaiaaeaea? // IV naieia?
«Iiaeaee?iaaiea a i?eeeaaeiuo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo».- Iaeanna, 1997. —
N. 72-75.

8. Eoaeeiiaa I.A. Eae ?ane?uoue oai?/aneee iioaioeeae /aeiaaea? //
Nia?aiaiiia ninoiyiea e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey aoiaieoa?iuo iaoe
(nioeeieiaey, nioeeaeueiay ineoieiaey, iaiaaeaeiaio). — /. II. —
Iaeanna, 1997. — N. 63-65.

9. Eoaeeiiaa I.A. E oa?aeoa?enoeea o?oaea a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo //
Iao/iua o?oaeu iieiaeuo o/aiuo Iaeanneiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai
iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. — Aui. 2. — Iaeanna, 1997. — N. 67-72.

10. Eoaeeiiaa I.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea nenoaiu iioeaaoeee: i?iaeaia, iiene,
iooe ?aoaiey // Iao/iua o?oaeu iieiaeuo o/aiuo Iaeanneiai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. — Aui. 3. — Iaeanna,
1998. — N. 37-44.

11. Eoaeeiiaa I.A. A?aoiaiou a iieueco ?uii/iie yeiiiieee // Iao/iua
o?oaeu iieiaeuo o/aiuo Iaeanneiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai
oieaa?neoaoa. — Aui. 4. — Iaeanna, 1998. — N. 17-23.

12. Nieieia A.I., Eoaeeiiaa I.A. Nioeeieiae/aneea enneaaeiaaiey
o?oaeiauo eieeaeoeaia // Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie
eiioa?aioeee «Iieiaeaaeue ia ii?iaa o?aoueaai ouny/aeaoey: iiene
i?ei?eoaoia». — Iaeanna, 1995. — N.13-14.

13. Eoaeeiiaa I.A. Oae ee oi?ioi ?aaioaoue a /anoiie oe?ia? // Iaoa?eaeu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee «Acaeyae a aoaeouaa:
iieiaeaaeue, iauanoai, oeeaeeecaoeey». — Iaeanna, 1996. — N. 90-91.

14. Eoaeeiiaa I.A. *aeiaa/aneee oaeoi? naaiaeiy // Iaoa?eaeu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee «Nia?aiaiiia ninoiyiea
e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey aoiaieoa?iuo iaoe (nioeeieiaey, nioeeaeueiay
ineoieiaey, iaiaaeaeiaio)». — Iaeanna, 1997. — N. 6-7.

15. Eoaeeiiaa I.A. Ii?aeueiua oeaiiinoe ee/iinoe // Iaoa??aee
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Oai??y ? i?aeoeea
aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaionueeiio eieaeoea?». — Iaeana, 1997. — N.
112-113.

16. Nieieia A.I., Eoaeeiiaa I.A. Iieeoeea e iieeoe/aneay eoeueoo?a //
Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Iie?oe/ia
eoeueoo?a aeaiie?aoe/iiai noni?euenoaa: noai ? ia?niaeoeae a Oe?a?i?». —
Eeaa, 1998. — N. 27-29.

17. Eoaeeiiaa I.A. Oaiaeaioeee yeiiiie/aneiai niaaea i?iiuoeaiiinoe //
Iaoa?eaeu Anaoe?aeineie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo
o/aiuo. — Iaeanna, 1998. — N. 82-83.

Aiioaoe?y

Eoae?iiaa I. A. Iniaeeaino? o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? a oiiaao ??cieo oi?i
aeaniino? a ia??iae o?ainoi?iaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa.
(?oeiien). Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
iie?oe/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 23.00.02. — iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe oa
i?ioeane, Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y, Iaeana, 1998.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino? ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo,
i?eaaoieo oa aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa, i?iaaaeaii aiae?c oai??e
o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe??. Iieacaii aieea ia o?oaeiao iioeaaoe?th iie?oe/ieo
oa nioe?aeueii — aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i?. ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue
iioeaaoe?? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? ?ia?oiee?a i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i
aeaniino?. Aeine?aeaeai? /eiieee, aecia/aeuei? iioeae oa noeioee aei
o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? o ?ia?oiee?a aea?aeaaieo, i?eaaoieo oa
aeoe?iia?ieo i?aei?e?inoa.

C?iaeai? a?aeiia?aei? aeniiaee oa ?ic?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
aeey iie?ioaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? a
oiiaao iiai? iie?oe/ii? ia?aaeeaie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iioeaaoe?y, iioeae, noeioee, iioeaaoe?eiee iaoai?ci,
iiaeaeue iioeaaoe?? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?, iia? oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy,
aeani?noue.

Eoaeeiiaa I.A. Iniaaiiinoe o?oaeiaie iioeaaoeee a oneiaeyo ?acee/iuo
oi?i nianoaaiiinoe a ia?eiae o?ainoi?iaoeee oe?aeineiai iauanoaa.
(?oeiienue). Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
iieeoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 23.00.02. — iieeoe/aneea einoeooou
e i?ioeannu, Iaeanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay th?eaee/aneay aeaaeaiey,
Iaeanna, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniio?aiu iniaaiiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe
ainoaea?noaaiiuo, /anoiuo e aeoeeiia?iuo i?aaei?eyoee, aeai aiaeec
oai?ee o?oaeiaie iioeaaoeee, iieacaii aeeyiea ia o?oaeiaoth iioeaaoeeth
iieeoe/aneeo e nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo i?ioeannia ia Oe?aeia.
?ac?aaioaia iiaeaeue o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe ?aaioieeia i?aaei?eyoee
?acee/iuo oi?i nianoaaiiinoe. Enneaaeiaaiu oaeoi?u, ii?aaeaeythuea
iioeau e noeioeu o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe o ?aaioieeia ainoaea?noaaiiuo,
/anoiuo e aeoeeiia?iuo i?aaei?eyoee.

Naeaeaiu niioaaonoaothuea auaiaeu e ?ac?aaioaiu i?aeoe/aneea
?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey oeo/oaiey aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoee ?acee/iuo oi?i
nianoaaiiinoe a oneiaeyo iiaie iieeoe/aneie ia?aaeeaiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iioeaaoeey, iioeau, noeioeu, iioeaaoeeiiiue iaoaieci,
iiaeaeue iioeaaoeee o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe, iiaua oi?iu
oicyenoaiaaiey, nianoaaiiinoue.

Kudinova N.V. Features of labour motivation in conditions of various
patterns of ownership during transformation of a Ukrainian community.
(Manuscript). The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of
the candidate of political sciences on a speciality 23.00.02. —
political institutes and processes, Odessa state legal academy, Odessa,
1998.

In the dissertation the features of activity of the state, private and
joint-stock enterprises are considered, the analysis of the labour
motivation theories is given. Ohe influence of political and
socio-economic processes on labour motivation ?n Ukraine is shown. The
model of labour activity of the working enterprises of various patterns
of ownership is developed. The factors determining motives and stimulus
of labour activity of the workers of the state, private and joint-stock
enterprises are investigated.

The appropriate conclusions are made and the practical recommendations
for improvement of activity of the enterprises of various patterns of
ownership in conditions of new political nhanges are developed.

Key words: motivation, motives, stimulus, gear motivation, model of
motivation of labour activity new of the form of managing, property.

Cai. 50, oe?. 100, i?aei. aei ae?oeo 15.10.98.

Oi. ae?. a?e. 1,0. NOeII «A-I?io?o»

Iaeana, aoe. Ae. Aeooei, 19.

PAGE

Похожие записи