1

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

?AAII-O?AIE?ANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

OAeE: 616.33/.342+616.36/.361]-06:616.12:577.1-08

Aieioeia Ea?ena Ieaenaiae??aia

INIAEEAINO? NOAIO AANO?IAeOIAeAIAEUeII? OA AAIAOI-A?E?A?II? NENOAI,
IAOAAIE?*IEO II?OOAIUe O OAI?EO ?C O?II?*IITH NA?OeAAITH IAAeINOAOI?NOTH
? IAOIAAIAOE*I? NIINIAE ?O EI?AEOe??

14.01.02. – aioo??oi? oai?iae

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

?aaii-O?aie?anuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aoeiaeinuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? IIC
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oauoe A?eoi? Ei?i?eiae/,

Aoeiaeinueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?2

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaeei Aaneeue ?aaaiiae/,
?aaii-O?aie?anueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?oaeee Ai?en ?aaiiae/,
Oa?iii?euenueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. aeaaeai?ea I.I.Aiaiiieueoey
(i.Ee?a), eaoaae?a i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia ?1, IIC Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “16” ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo ia_1100_aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 20.601.01
?aaii-O?aie?anueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? (284000,
i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe.Aaeeoeueea, 2)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? (284000, i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
aoe.Aaeeoeueea, 7)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “15”_aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?ei/ae I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

O?ii?/ia na?oeaaa iaaeinoaoi?noue (ONI) ? iaea?eueo /anoei ? caa?iceeaei
oneeaaeiaiiyi caoai?thaaiue na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie (Iaeay E.O. e
niaao., 1994; Aeaienthe A.E., 1995; Aia?ia A.I. ? ni?aaao., 1997;
Iaoyaeaiei A.C., 1997; Ai?iieia E.A. ? ni?aaao., 1998), ui i?ecaiaeeoue
aei no?eei? ao?aoe i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa cia/iiai nei?i/aiiy aeeooy
iaoe??io?a (*aooa?aeaee E., 1996). *anoioa ONI ca inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy
a?eueo i?ae iiaeai?eanue, ui iia’ycaii ?c aaeineiiaeaiiyi ae?aaiinoeee
?? ?aii?o noaae?e, ca?eueoaiiyi na?aaeiuei? o?eaaeino? aeeooy ianaeaiiy
a oeea?e?ciaaieo e?a?iao, a a Oe?a?i? – ua e c ??ciiieaiiaith ae??th
?icia?ooy iaaaoeaieo aeieia?/ieo /eiiee?a, ia?aaaaeii /i?iiaeeuenueeiai
iioiaeaeaiiy (Iaeueoeaa A.?., 1996; Na?aethe A.I., 1997).

Neeaaeieie oa iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aieie caeeoathoueny aaaaoia?aii?
iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie ONI i?e ??cieo oi?iao ?ON, a?ia?oii?/ii?
oai?iae, ?aaiaoe/ieo aaaeao na?oey, o?aaeaiiyo i?iea?aeo caiaeueiiai,
aeeno?io?/iiai oa ?ioiai iioiaeaeaiiy (Aiiniaa A.I. e niaao., 1990;
Iaeay E.O. e niaao., 1994; P.Pool-Wilson, 1997). Iii?oiee i?ia?an a
iai?yieo iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae iaoiaaiaco ONI ??ciiai
iioiaeaeaiiy oa iiooe ni?eueieo caaaeueieo iaoiaaiaoe/ieo eaiie i?eca?a
a inoaii? ?iee aei ia?aaeyaeo oaoiieia?? e?eoaaiiy ONI o na?oia?e
ea?ae?ieia?? (Aiiniaa A.I., 1997; Ai?iieia E.A. ? ni?aaao., 1998;
aaaaoioeaio?ia? aeine?aeaeaiiy CHF STAT, 1992-1996 pp, SOLVD 1990-1995
pp).

Ia oe?e iniia? caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie eeth/iaeie caniaaie ia?oi? e?i??
oa?ai?? ONI ? canoinoaaiiy ae?o?aoe/ieo cania?a, ?ia?a?oi??a
aia?ioaiceiia?aoai?thth/iai oa?iaioo, na?oeaaeo ae?eiceae?a.
Ae?oai?yaeieie, ui caaacia/othoue aeuo aoaeoeai?noue eeth/iaeo iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy ONI, ? ??ciiieaiiaa a?oia i?aia?ao?a (ia?eoa?e/i?
aaciaeeeyoaoi?e, aaoa-aae?aiiaeieaoi?e, aioaaii?noe eaeueoe?th,
aioaaii?noe ?aoeaioi??a aei aia?ioaiceio ?? oiui), aea?? yeeo
cae?enith?oueny ia?aaaaeii a caeaaeiino? a?ae iioiaeaeaiiy ONI (*acia
A.E., 1993; ssiianeee A.A. e niaao., 1994; Ia?aaa A.TH., 1997; Ai?iieia
E.A. e niaao., 1998; Eooaeianeee I.N., 1998; Chatterjee K., 1996).

O?aouei?yaeieie i?aia?aoaie e?eoaaiiy ONI ? caniae caaaeueiiiaoaaie?/ii?
ae?? aeey onoiaiiy ia?aeiieo ?, ia?aaaaeii, aoi?eiieo
iaoaaie?/ii-aaiiaeeiai?/ieo ii?ooaiue a ??cieo i?aaiao ? oeaieiao,
i?ia?anoaaiiy yeeo noa? iaei??th c i?e/ei ?acenoaioiino? ONI aei ae??
e?e?a ia?oi? oa ae?oai? e?i?? ? iia??oo? ia?aa?a oa iaaaoeai? iane?aeee
ONI [Aeaienthe A.E., Na?eiaa A.E., 1998]. Oea ua a?eueoa a?oia, ui
aeeth/a? aeoeaaoi?e iaoaaie?cio, a?oai?ii-i?e?iaeaiaioi? eiiieaene, aaio

aioeieneaeaio?a oiui (Eaieei A.C. e niaao., 1987; Ethnia A.A. e niaao.,
1992). Oe?ioa, i’ye?noue oa iaeiiii?oi?noue ae??, oi?ioaaiiy
iie?i?aaiac?? oa iiaeeea?noue aeieeiaiiy ??cieo oi?i iaaeeeaiaioicii?
oai?iae i?ecaiaeyoue aei oiai, ui ia oeth aeiiii?aeio a?oio a?eueo?noue
ee?i?oeeno?a caa?oa? iaei oaaae. A no/anieo iiiia?ao?yo ? aaoi?eoaoieo
iin?aieeao oea ieoaiiy ina?oeth?oueny iaiiaii (Iaeay E.O. e niaao.,
1994; Aeaienthe A.E., 1995; Aiiniaa A.I., 1997).

Cian?i iaaeinoaoiy oaaaa i?eaea?oueny aena?oeaiith aoi?eiieo /e noiooi?o
? onoaoaethaaieo caniaaie oa?ai?? ONI o?aaeaiue i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy, ui
caiaeii iaiaaeothoue aea?? ? oeyoe canoinoaaiiy iaaeeeaiaio?a aeey
e?eoaaiiy ONI oa aeiaaathoue aeiaeaoeiaiai i?ecia/aiiy aano?i-, aaiaoi-,
aioa?ii?ioaeoeaieo /e ?ioeo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, cia/ii oneeaaeiththoue
oa caei?iaeothoue i?ioean e?eoaaiiy.

Iaaeinoaoiy aoaeoeai?noue ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ONI, iniaeeai
oiiiaiai (aae’thaaioiiai) caaacia/aiiy, ia?aeiii? oa aoi?eiii?
i?io?eaeoeee aoi?eiieo o?aaeaiue nenoaie o?aaeaiiy
aaiiaeeiai?/ii-a?iiene/iiai oa iaaeeeaiaioiciiai iioiaeaeaiiy iio?aao?
iiooeo iiaeo oa aaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ? oaoiieia?e e?eoaaiiy
oaeeo oai?eo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeeiiaia ?iaioa ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ieaiiaeo IAe? eaoaae?e
i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? “Aea/aiiy iiaeo noi??i iaoai?cio oa?aiaaoe/ii? ae?? aeayeeo
e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei (/enoio?eo aaeeeiai, ia?noa/o i?yiinoiy/iai, a?i?ee
a??nueei?), ieeeo ea?oeiaiai oa iaa?oiooaaiiy ?o aeei?enoaiiy a
?aaa?e?oaoe?eii-aoaiiiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ia?aeii? oa aoi?eii?
aano?iaeoiaeai?oe ? oieaoeenoeoe, oeoe?iaee ae?aaao” (?a?no?aoe?eiee
iiia? — 01.97.V041.960) oa eaoaae?e aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?2 oeueiai ae
aoco “Noai?aiiy ?aa?no?o aino?iai ?ioa?eoo i?iea?aea i?ai?/ii? Aoeiaeie
c aecia/aiiyi oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a oa ee?i?ei-ooieoe?iiaeueieo
i?aaeeeoi??a ia?aa?ao aino?i? noaae??” (?a?no?aoe?eiee iiia?
-01.97.V015.111).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy

Ia iniia? aea/aiiy ?ie? i?ioean?a ieenethaaeueii? iiaeeo?eaoe?? a?ee?a
(IIA) oa ia?ieneaeiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (IIE), aeoeaiino?
aioeieneaeaioieo nenoai e?ia? oai?eo ?c ONI ?oai?/iiai oa ?aaiaoe/iiai
iioiaeaeaiiy, a oaeiae ooieoe?iiaeueii-ii?oieia?/iiai noaio
aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueii? (AAeN) ? aaiaoia?e?a?ii? (AAN) nenoai o oaeeo
oai?eo ?ic?iaeoe niin?a ? oaoiieia?th ei?aeoe?? aeyaeaieo ci?i ca
aeiiiiiaith ieeeo ea?oeiaiai (aaeaeieeii? iai?aeee) (IE).

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy

1. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueii-ii?oieia?/iiai noaio AAeN oa AAN
o oai?eo c ONI ??cieo noaae?e ? iioiaeaeaiiy.

2. Aeine?aeeoe noai IIA o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oai?eo c ONI ??cieo noaae?e ?
iioiaeaeaiiy. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ii?ooaiiy IIE, noaio aeooao?iiiai?
aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie (AAIN) e?ia? oa ni?anoaaeoe ?o c ia?aiao?aie
IIA o aeine?aeaeoaaiiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo.

3. Aea/eoe aieea iaeii?aciai? aeice IE ia eeneioiooai?thth/o ooieoe?th
oeoiea oa iioi?eeo aeia/iiai i?oo?a a “aino?iio” ia?aoa?iaeieia?/iiio
oano?.

4. Aeine?aeeoe aieea aeiaiai? aeice IE ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ie?ie ca
12-aiaeeiiei ee??ain-iaoiaeii oa ca i?iaith N.N.Ceiieoeueeiai.

5. ?ic?iaeoe, iaa?oiooaaoe ? ai?iaoaaoe iaoiaeeeo canoinoaaiiy IE o
eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ?c ONI ? aeine?aeeoe ?? aoaeoeai?noue ia
noaoe?iia?iiio (ia?oiio) aoai? e?eoaaiiy iaoe??io?a ?c ONI.

6. Ioe?ieoe a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy oai?eo c ONI ia ia?oiio
aoai?, iaa?oiooaaoe ? ai?iaoaaoe oaoiieia?th iiaeaeueoiai canoinoaaiiy
IE a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ?c ONI ? aea/eoe ??
iaaeeei-nioe?aeueio aoaeoeai?noue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Aia?oa:

1. Aeine?aeaeai? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo o?aaeaiue AAeN ? AAN o oai?eo c
??cieie noaae?yie ONI ?aaiaoe/iiai ? ?oai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy.

2. Aea/ai? iniaeeaino? IIA oa ni?anoaaeai? c? noaiii ieneaeaioieo ?
aioeieneaeaioieo nenoai ne?iaaoee e?ia? o oai?eo ?c ONI, aeine?aeaeaii
aieea ia aeyaeai? ci?ie eo?niaiai canoinoaaiiy IE a eiiieaeni?e oa?ai??.

3. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea oa noeioethth/o ae?th ?aciaeo aeic IE ia
eeneioiooai?thth/o ooieoe?th oeoiea ? iioi?eeo aeia/iiai i?oo?a o oai?eo
?c ONI ??cieo noaae?e.

4. Aea/aii aieea ieeeo ea?oeiaiai ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ie?ie o
oai?eo ?c ONI ??cieo noaae?e, aeieacaia eiai i’yea ae?o?aoe/ia ae?y.

5. ?ic?iaeaii, iaa?oioiaaii oa ai?iaiaaii iaoiaeeeo ? oaoiieia?th
o?eaaeiai ? iiaoi?iiai canoinoaaiiy IE o oai?eo ?c ONI, iieacaia ??
oa?aiaaoe/ia aoaeoeai?noue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Aeiaaaeaii, ui a iaoiaaiac? ONI ??ciiai iioiaeaeaiiy a?athoue iaaio
?ieue i?ia?anoth/? ii?ooaiiy IIE, IIA ne?iaaoee e?ia?.

2. Aeyaeaii ca’ycie i?ae ii?ooaiiyi IIA, noaiii ieneaeaioieo oa
aioeieneaeaioieo nenoai ne?iaaoee e?ia? a ?? noaae?? ONI, ui iiaea
neeaaeaoe iaeio c aaaeeeaeo iaoaaie?/ieo iniia ?icaeoeo, i?ia?anoaaiiy
oa oi?ioaaiiy ?acenoaioiino? ONI aei e?eoaaiiy, a oaeiae iiaea aooe
iaeiei ?c e?eoa???a aaaeeino? ia?aa?ao oa aoaeoeaiino? oa?ai??.

3. Anoaiiaeaii noeioethth/ee aieea IE ia cieaeaia a ??cieo noaae?yo ONI
oeoieiaa eeneioiooai?aiiy, a?iie?iaoe/ii-a?iioii?/i? noaie aeia/iiai
i?oo?a oa i’yeee eiai ae?o?aoe/iee aoaeo.

4. Aeiaaaeaii ei?aaoth/ee aieea eo?niaiai canoinoaaiiy IE ia ii?ooaiiy
IIE oa IIA, aioeieneaeaioi? nenoaie ne?iaaoee e?ia?,
ooieoe?iiaeueii-ii?oieia?/iee noai AAeN ? AAN.

5. ?ic?iaeaia ? cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ? oaoiieia?y o?eaaeiai
canoinoaaiiy IE a eiiieaeni?e oa?ai?? oai?eo ?c ONI, aeieacaia ??
iaaee/ia aoaeoeai?noue.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia’y

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo i?nueei?
ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?3 i.*a?i?aoe?a, iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? i.
*a?i?aoe?, *a?i?aaoeueeiai iaeaniiai ea?ae?iaeeniaina?o,
Noi?iaeeiaoeueei?, E?oeiainueei? Oe?E, *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano?,
Ein?anueei? Oe?E ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?. Iaea?aeai? oai?aoe/i? oa
i?aeoe/i? aeai? aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean? eaoaae?
oa?aiaaoe/iiai i?io?eth Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??.

Aeaeea?aoe?y iniaenoiai aianeo a ?ic?iaeo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a

I?aaenoaaeai? o ?iaio? iaoa??aee oa oaeoe/i? aeai? ? naiino?eiei aianeii
aeena?oaioa a ?ic?iaeaio oaio. Aaoi? naiino?eii c?iaeea
iaoaioii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee iiooe, aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e c ia?aii?
i?iaeaie, cae?enithaaea i?aea?? oa i?iaaea ee?i?ei-?ino?oiaioaeueia,
a?io?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo, noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo oa aiae?c aeaieo.
I?aeaiooaaea aei ae?oeo noaoo?, ioi?ieea aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo ?
aaoi?aoa?ao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ai?iaiaaia ia ni?eueiiio can?aeaii? oa?aiaaoe/ieo
eaoaae?, iaoeiai? eii?n?? Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??,
*a?i?aaoeueeiai iaeaniiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa oa?aiaao?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia VII
Eiia?an? Na?oiai? oaaea?aoe?? oe?a?inueeeo e?ea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa
(Oaeai?iae, 1998), ??? oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c
ia?iaeii? ? iao?aaeeoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie (i.Ee?a, 1998), ?? oe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c ee?i?/ii? oa?iaeieia?? (i.A?iieoey,
1998), i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiai-i?ae

oe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
(1997, 1998), can?aeaiiyo iaeaniiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa (1997, 1998),
ai?iaiaai? ia XIV c’?cae? oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 12 ?ia?o, a o./. 4 noaoo? o
oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao, aeciaieo AAE Oe?a?ie ? 2 aeaae iiiia?ao?? “Ieeie
ea?oeiaee (aaeaeieeia iai?aeea) a ee?i?/i?e ? aenia?eiaioaeuei?e
iaaeeoeei?” (1998), o?noue – o iaoa??aeao c’?cae?a oa eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? oe?a?inueeith iiaith ia 124 noi??ieao
oaenoiaiai iaoa??aeo, neeaaeathoueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e,
oanoe ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa
nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae. Aeena?oaoe?y ?ethno?iaaia 26
oaaeeoeyie oa 8 iaethieaie. A?ae?ia?ao?/iee iieaae/ee i?noeoue 391
aeaea?aei, c ieo 278 ee?eeeoeath oa 113 eaoeiith.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

Ae?aaiic o?ii?/ii? na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? oa ?? iioiaeaeaiiy
(?aaiaoeci, ?ON) aenoaaeyee ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeniiai
ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?iiai oa ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aoiaoth/e
nea?ae, a?aeiiino? aiaiiaco, a oaeiae aeai? ia’?eoeaiiai ianoaaeaiiy.

Aeaoaeueia ianoaaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ca ?ic?iaeaiith noaiith, ae?aaiic ONI
aenoaaeyee ca?aeii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?ia?aeieo a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo
ea?ae?ieia?a ca inoaii? ?iee. Noaae?? ONI aecia/aee ca eeaneo?eaoe??th
I.Ae.No?aaeanea, A.O.Aaneeaiea (1936) oa aeiiiaiaiiyie aei ia?,
aeeeaaeaieie a iaoa??aeao Ieaioia ea?ae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie a 1996 ?ioe?.

O ?iaio? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ii-?ino?oiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy 119 oai?eo ?c ONI, yea o 36 (30,25%) c ieo aoea
?aaiaoe/iiai (?aaiaoe/i? aaaee na?oey) oa o 83 (69,75%) – ?oai?/iiai
(aoa?ineea?ioe/iee ea?ae?ineea?ic aac oa c? noaiiea?ae??th, ??cieie
ii?ooaiiyie na?oeaaiai ?eoio) iioiaeaeaiiy. A?e oai?eo eieeaaany a?ae 19
aei 74 ?ie?a (39, 40±4,21), na?aaei? aaee/eie yeiai o oai?eo ?c ONI
?aaiaoe/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy neeaaeaa 33,20±3,82, ?oai?/iiai – 47,60±2,90
?ie?a.

Na?aae aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaoe??io?a ONI ? noaae?? anoaiiaeaia o 34
(28,57%) oai?eo, ONI ??A noaae?? – o 57 (47,90%), ONI ??A noaae?? – o 28
(23,53%). Oai?eo c ONI ??? noaae?? a aeine?aeaeaiiy ia a?aee. I?e
iinooieaii? a noaoe?iia? ? i?ney eo?no e?eoaaiiy iaoe??ioai i?iaiaeeeiny
?ino?oiaioaeueia oa a?io?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii?
nenoaie: AEA, AoiEA, aaeia?aiiao??y, ?iii-, i?ioa?iia?aia;
aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueii?: aano?iaeoiaeaiineii?y c a?iin??th neeciai?
iaieiiee aai ?aioaaiieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy (o oai?eo ?c ONI ??A no.),
i?e?iciiaeiaa oiiia?ao?/ia ?io?aaano?aeueia ?I-iao??y ca A.I.*i?iia?iaei
(1989); aaiaoia?e?a?ii? nenoaie: oeueo?aniiia?ao?y ia aia?ao?
“Aeiea-280”, aea/aiiy aeoeaiino? ai?iio?ainoa?ac ca O.N.Iano?iith
(1969), ??aiy a?e??oa?io oa eiai o?aeoe?e, inaaeiaeo i?ia. Aecia/aiiy
iieaciee?a IIE (niieoee c ?cieueiaaieie iiaea?eieie ca’yceaie – ?IC,
ae??iia? eii’thaaoe – AeE, eaoiae??ie ? ni?yaeai? o???ie – EAe ? NO) ca
iaoiaeeeith ?.A.Aie/aai?nueeiai ? ni?aaao. (1989), iaeiiiaiai
ae?aeueaeaa?aeo (IAeA) — ca iaoiaeeeith TH.A.Aeaaeeie?iaa ? I.?.A?/aeiaa
(1972). Aeey aea/aiiy noaio AAIN i?aai?cio o oai?eo aecia/aee ??aaiue
a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio (AA) oeo?aoe?eiei iaoiaeii ca I.A.O?aa?iith
(1955) a iiaeeo?eaoe?? ?.O.Iaueoaia oa ?.A.Iao?iai? (1983),
aetheici-6-oinoaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (A-6-OAeA) – ca iaoiaeii Ei?iaa?aa ?
Oi?aea?a (1955), aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace (AO) – ca iaoiaeii Habig H.W.
(1974), ??aiy oea?oeiieacieio (OeI) – ca iaoiaeeeith A.A.Eiea,
A.N.Eaiuoieeiaa (1982). Aeine?aeaeaiiy IIA ne?iaaoee e?ia? cae?enithaaee
ca iaoiaeeeith ?.O.Iaueoaia (1998). Ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ie?ie
aeine?aeaeoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith ee??ain-iaoiaeo ioe?iee
noaeeiii-eeoai/eiaiai ? eaiaeueoeaaiai a?aeae?e?a iao?iio a oiiaao
niiioaiiiai 12-aiaeeiiiai ae?o?aco (I.Othe, 1981), eiioeai o?aoe?th
eae?th ? iao??th a na/? oa ieaci? aecia/aee iaoiaeii oioiiao??? ia
aia?ao? “OIE-1”, e?aaoei?io – ca ?aaeoe??th c i?e?eiiaith eeneioith
(Aa?oei A.A., Eaaiia TH.E., 1972) c ?a?no?aoe??th iieaciee?a aenoeieoe??
ia niaeo?ioioiiao?? “NO-46”. Ie??i iacaaiiai a e?ia? aea/aeeny iieacieee
oieanoa?eio, o?eae?oea?eae?a, e?aaoei?io, aeoeai?noue
eaeoaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace, aaiaaeooai?eo?ainiaioeaeace, eoaeii? oinoaoace ia
a?io?i?/iiio aiae?caoi?? “Kone Ultra” (O?ieyiae?y).

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea aace aeaieo i?iaaaeaia iaoiaeaie aa??aoe?eii?
noaoenoeee ca niaoe?aeueieie i?ia?aiaie c canoinoaaiiyi t-e?eoa??y
a??ia?aeiino? ??cieoe? No’thaeaioa (Ieioea? I.I. e niaao., 1982).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy

Anoaiiaeaii, ui /anoioa oa ?ioaineai?noue ee?i?/ieo iciae o?aaeaiiy AAeN
o iaoe??io?a ?c ONI ?aaiaoe/iiai aaiaco a ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo ,

ia?aaaaea? iaae oaeeie o oai?eo ?c ONI ?oai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy
(a?aeiia?aeii 63,64% ? 39,13%). Iaeiae ca aeaieie aiaeineii?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy /anoioa ??cieo oi?i o?aaeaiiy AAeN, c?inoath/e c ONI ??A
noaae??, a ONI ??A noaae?? ? iaeaea iaeiaeiaith (100%). Ni?anoaaeyth/e
aeaai?noue iniiaii? oai?iae, iniaeeai c ii/aoeii i?iya?a ONI, oa
aeyaeai? aiaeineii?/i? ci?ie ciaeaeaii, ui, ii/eiath/e c ONI ??A noaae??
?aaiaoe/iiai aaiaco, iaeaea o an?o oai?eo iathoue i?noea ??ci?
aiaeineii?/i? iciaee o?aaeaiiy aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueii? neeciai? iaieiiee.
*anoioa aeeaieeo ci?i (a?ic??, ae?acee, cia/iee caiaeueiee iaa?ye)
caeaaeaee ia no?eueee a?ae noaae?? ONI, ne?eueee a?ae ?ioaineaiino? oa
o?eaaeino? canoinoaaiiy i?aia?ao?a c aano?ioiene/iith ae??th, ia?aaaaeii
ianoa?i?aeieo i?ioecaiaeueieo cania?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy eeneioiooai?thth/i? ooieoe?? oeoiea ca aeiiiiiaith
i?e?iciiaeiai? ?I-iao??? iieacaei, ui aiia caeaaeaea a?ae ae?aaeaiino?
o?aaeaiiy AAeN, noaae?? ONI ?, iaioa, a?eo oai?eo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e
iao?eaae?e (aei 5 ?ie?a) aeaaiino? ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a c aieo AAeN i?e ONI
? noaae?? oa o iaoe??io?a c??eiai a?eo oeoieiaa eeneioiooai?aiiy
i?iyaey?oueny a iaaeao ii?iaeueieo aaee/ei. I?e o?eaaeino? o?aaeaiiy
AAeN a?eueoa 10 ?ie?a, c ONI a?ae ??A aei ??A noaae??, ca?eueoaii? a?eo
oai?eo, iniaeeai a iioeeiio a?oe?, eeneioiooai?thth/a ooieoe?y oeoiea
aoea iii??ii aai ??cei cieaeaiith.

Aea/aiiy noaio AAN o caaaeueii? noeoiiino? oai?eo iieacaei, ui ??ci?
nea?ae, ia?aaaaeii “i’yeiai” oa?aeoa?o, c aieo oe??? nenoaie
i?aae’yaeythoue eeoa 27,73% oai?eo, caeaa?eueoiai ii oeio
oieaoeenoiiao?e. Iaeiae o oai?eo ?c ONI ?oai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy oey
/anoioa aeyaeeany aeuith – 39,13%, a ca aeaieie ia’?eoeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy – ua a?eueo cia/iith – 69,87%. sseui i?e ii/aoeia?e
noaae?? ONI c aieo AAN aeii?ioaaee oieaoeenoiiao??, oi c i?ia?anoaaiiyi
ONI aei ??A noaae?? c?inoaee aaiaoiiaaae?y, ii?ooaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
noaio ia/?iee, a o 3,36% oai?eo a?aei?/aeany aeiaoyie/i?noue oe??ieo
iie?ea?a.

Ca aeaieie oeueo?acaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy /anoioa oieaoeenoeoo o
iaoe??io?a ?c ONI ?oai?/iiai aaiaco nyaaea 83,13%, ?aaiaoe/iiai –
69,44%, i?e/iio, ii/eiath/e c ONI ??A noaae?? o an?o oai?eo ciaoiaeeee
o? /e ?io?, ia?aaaaeii iaeineiioiii?, iciaee o?aaeaiiy AAN. O iaoe??io?a
?c ONI a?ae ??A aei ??A noaae?? i?ia?aneaii i?aeaeuoaaeany aoiaaii?noue
ia?aio?ie ia/?iee, c?inoaea ?? ca?ieno?noue, o /anoeie oai?eo
a?aei?/aeiny ?icoe?aiiy aioo??ia/?ieiaeo aeia/ieo i?ioie?a oa iioiauaiiy
?o no?iie. O ie?aieo c oaeeo iaoe??io?a (19,44%) c a?aeoeeaiiyi
ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?ia ia/?iee /e i’yeeie i?iyaaie oeeoie?oe/iiai
neiae?iio, ui o?aeooaaeeny ye i?iyae ia?nenooth/iai aai iaeiaeoeaiiai
aaiaoeoo, a?aei?/aeany oi?i?aei?noue ia?aa?ao ONI oa iaaia
?acenoaioi?noue aei caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a.

Noia?ia ni?anoaaeaiiy caaaeueieo iciae o?aaeaiiy AAeN ? AAN o
caeaaeiino? a?ae iioiaeaeaiiy ONI iieacaei, ui i?e ?aaiaoe/iiio aaiac?
ONI ?ai?oa ? /ano?oa ?icaeaathoueny aano?iiao??, i?e ?oai?/iiio – iaeaea
c o??th caeiiii??i?noth oieaoeenoiaaiaoiiao??. Anoaiiaeaii oa-eiae, ui o
66,23% oai?eo ?c ONI ?oai?/iiai aaiaco oa 33,33% ?aaiaoe/iiai aaiaco
o?aaeaiiy AAeN /e AAN iaee i?noea ua aei ?icaeoeo iniiaii? oai?iae oa
ONI. Iaeiae ?c oi?ioaaiiyi inoaii?o caeaaei?noue i?iya?a
aano?iaioa?ieia?/ieo o?aaeaiue a?ae iniiaii? oai?iae oa aaeeaaieo o
ca’yceo c iath e?e?a noaaaea aeii?ioth/ith.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaciee?a ia?aeiieo, i?ii?aeieo oa e?ioeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a
IIE a e?ia? iieacaei, ui aiie i?ia?aneaii c?inoaee a?aeiia?aeii aei
noaae?? ONI oa, iaioa, aei a?eo oai?eo. Caeaaeiino? a?ae iioiaeaeaiiy
ONI, o o./. aeoeaiino? ?aaiaoe/iiai i?ioeano, ia ciaeaeaii. Anoaiiaeaii,
ui iieacieee IIE o oai?eo ?c ONI ii??aiyii c? caei?iaeie aoee a??ia?aeii
i?aeaeuai?, a?eueo cia/ii o iaoe??io?a ?c ONI ?? noaae??, i?e/iio
a??ia?aeii? ??cieoe? i?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieie ia?aiao?aie o oai?eo c ONI
??A oa ??A noaae?? ia anoaiiaeaii. A?aei?/aii, ui noiooi? oeoe?iaee
ae?aaao /e iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o, anaioe?aeueia a?ia?oaic?y iineeththoue
i?ioeane IIE iacaeaaeii a?ae noaae?? ONI. Iaea?eueo iai/ieie aoee ci?ie
aaee/ei AeE oa IAeA.

Aea/aiiy iieaciee?a AAIN a e?ia? iieacaei ??ci? ci?ie ?? ia?aiao??a o
caeaaeiino? a?ae noaae?? ONI. Oae o iaoe??io?a c ONI ? noaae??
a?aei?/aeinue eeoa a??ia?aeia cieaeaiiy ??aiy AA; aeoeai?noue A-6-OAeA
oa AO iaea oaiaeaioe?th aei i?aeaeuaiiy (?>0,05). O oai?eo ?c ONI ??A
noaae?? niinoa??aaeiny a?eueo cia/ia cieaeaiiy ??aiy AA (p<0,001), a aeoeai?noue A-6-OAeA iaaoea oaiaeaioe?? aei cieaeaiiy (p>0,05), AO –
a??ia?aeiiai i?aeaeuaiiy (p<0,01). O iaoe??io?a c ONI ??A noaae?? ??aaiue AA oaeiae aoa a??ia?aeii cieaeaiei (p<0,001), iaeiae ia aoei a??ia?aeii? ??cieoe? c aiaeia?/iei iieacieeii o oai?eo c ONI ??A noaae??. Cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? A-6-OAeA iaaoei a??ia?aeiiai cia/aiiy ii??aiyii c? caei?iaeie (p<0,01), AO – iaa??ia?aeiiai cieaeaiiy. ??aaiue OeI aoa a??ia?aeii i?aeaeuaiee o an?o oai?eo, c?inoath/e ca?aeii noaae?? ONI. Iieaciee IIA ieacie e?ia? ci?ithaaany iaiaeiicia/ii: o iaoe??io?a c ONI ? noaae?? a?i aoa iaa??ia?aeii i?aeaeuaiee (p>0,05),
ii/eiath/e c ONI ??A noaae?? ca?eueoaiiy eiai aaee/eie ii??aiyii c?
caei?iaeie aoei a??ia?aeiei (p<0,01). Ioaea, o oai?eo ?c ONI a?ae ? aei ??A noaae?e a?aei?/aii ia?aaaaeia noaee?i?/ia (o ONI ? no) oa cia/ia (ii/eiath/e c ONI ??A noaae??) o?aaeaiiy AAeN ? AAN (aeeth/ath/e eaai?aoi?ii-?ino?oiaioaeuei? i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy), i?ia?anoth/a iineeaiiy i?ioean?a IIE, IIA, ineaaeaiiy aioeieneaeaioieo nenoai. A?aoiaoth/e, ui ii?ooaiiy i?ioean?a IIE oa aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo ? caaaeueiiiaoieia?/ieie ianiaoeeo?/ieie iaoiaaiaoe/ieie eaieaie aaaaoueio caoai?thaaiue (Aoanueeee TH.?., 1997), anoaiiaeai? iaie yaeua o oai?eo ?c ONI aeaee i?aenoaae aaaaeaoe, ui noai?ththoueny iaoaaie?/i? oiiae aeey oi?ioaaiiy o?aaeaiue AAeN, AAN, ?ioeo i?aai?a, aeeth/ath/e ?o iaaeeeaiaioici? oa aaiiaeeiai?/ii-a?iiene/i? iioeiaeaeaiiy. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy c i?aaaioeaiith (a ii/aoeiaee ia??iae) aai c e?eoaaeueiith iaoith (ii/eiath/e c ONI ?? noaae??) cania?a aano?i-, aaiaoii?ioaeoe??, aioeieneaeaio?a oa ?ioeo /eiiee?a, yeei aeanoea? iiceoeai? iaoaaie?/i? aieeae. Oaeeie iniaeeainoyie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ia?aaaaeii i?aia?aoe ?ineeiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy. Iaoo oaaao c oe??th iaoith i?eaa?ioa IE, yeee i?noeoue o nia? a?ey 100 /eiiee?a ainueie iniiaieo a?ieia?/ieo a?oi: o?oiai?iiie, an? a?aeii? a?oai?ie, a?eueoa 28 iae?i- ? i?e?iaeaiaio?a, iaiane/ai? aee?i? eeneioe, iacai?ii? ai?iieeneioe, oeaaiie ? oeaaiii?aee, oaiiee ? oaiieieeneioe, aeaye? oa?iaioe oiui. Ca iaoa??aeaie A.Eaeyna (1985), ?.Aeueoaiaea?e (1988), TH.I.O?e?iiaa ? ni?aaao. (1988), A.A.Ethniaa ? ni?aaao. (1992), I.?.Aieioeia ? ni?aaao. (1998) ca aaaaoia?aii?noth icaei?ia/i? ae?? IE ia? aaeeeee ae?aiacii canoinoaaiiy a iaaeeoeei?, a iaoai?ci ae?? IE i?e ??cieo caoai?thaaiiyo ua iaei aea/aiee. Iaie aeei?enoiaoaaany iie?oei?iee IE, c?a?aiee a e?ninoaiia?e cii? Aoeiaeie oa na?oeo?eiaaiee ca aea?aeaaiei noaiaea?oii Oe?a?ie AeNOO – 3127-95, yeee ae?? a?ae 22.06.1995 ?ieo. A caeaaeiino? a?ae i?iaaaeaii? oa?ai?? an? iaoe??ioe aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia aea? a?oie: 1. Oai?? eiio?ieueii? a?oie (n=53), ye? io?eioaaee aacenio oa?ai?th (ae?o?aoee, ?ia?a?oi? aia?ioaiceieiiaa?ooth/iai oa?iaioo, ea?ae?ioii?/iee can?a oa ania?eai); 2. Oai?? iniiaii? a?oie (n=66), yeei i?ecia/aee oie aea aaceniee eiiieaen, iaeiae cai?noue ania?eaia aeaaaee IE, a aeic? 250 ia/ea iane o?ea aea?/? ia aeaiue ca iaoiaeeeith ?ic?iaeaiith ?.A.Ia/aithe (1993), I.A.I?oae (1995), A.I.Naithe (1996). IE canoiniaoaaany a e?eoaaeueiiio eiiieaen? ye iaoo?aeueia oa?/iaa aeiaaaea c i?iaeoeo?a aaeae?eueieoeoaa. Iiae?e oai?eo ia iniiaio ? eiio?ieueio a?oie aoa ?ai?acaioaoeaiee o a?eiai-noaoaaiio a?aeiioaii? oa ca noaae?yie ONI. Aeey aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae e?eoaaeueii? ae?? IE o ianoaaeaieo oa iaa?oiooaaiiy /aniaeo ia?aiao??a eiai canoinoaaiiy iaie aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao eiai ia oeoieiaa eeneioiooai?aiiy oa iioi?eeo aeia/iiai i?oo?a a “aino?iio” ia?aoa?iaeieia?/iiio oano? (IE, i?aia?aoe c iueiai oa ?io? eiia?iiaai? i?io?eaeoe/i? ?ineeii? i?aia?aoe iaceaathoue “ia?aoa?iaoeaaoeeaie”). Iaoiaeii iaeii/anii? ?io?aaano?aeueii? i?e?iciiaeiai? ?I-iao??? oa aeeiai?/ii? oeueo?aniiia?ao?? aoei anoaiiaeaii ianooiia: 1.IE i?e aaeeaaii? per os eiai ?aciai? aeice o an?o oai?eo ?c ONI noeioeth? oeoieiaa eeneioiooai?aiiy, aea oaeaee?noue iiyae, ?ioaineai?noue ? o?eaae?noue noeioethth/i? ae?? IE aoea ??ciith. I?e aenieeo aai ii?iaeueieo cia/aiiyo oeoieiaiai eeneioiooai?aiiy noeioethth/ee aoaeo ianooiaa oaeaeoa (17,20±3,51 oa), o?eaaa aeiaoa (36,82±3,16 oa), a iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy ?I aoee iaeieae/eie (1,52±0,12; ?<0,05) ii??aiyii c ii/aoeiaei ??aiai: (1,91±0,14). Oae? yaeua niinoa??aaeeny o oai?eo ?c ONI ? noaae?? oa ie?aieo – ??A noaae??. O iaoe??io?a ?c iii??ii cieaeaieie aeo?aeieie ia?aiao?aie eeneioiooai?aiiy (?I 3,42±0,38) noeioethth/ee aoaeo IE ianooiaa a??ia?aeii i?ci?oa (32,80±5,32 oa; ?<0,01), o?eaaa ei?iooee i?ii?aeie /ano (23,16±2,23 oa; ?<0,05), a iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy ?I cieaeoaaeeny eeoa aei aa?oi?o iaae ii?ie (2,21±0,21; ?<0,05) ii??aiyii c aiaeia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie o oai?eo ?c ONI ? noaae??. Oaea ea?oeia niinoa??aaeany o oai?eo ?c ONI ??A noaae?? ? a iiiaeeiieeo aeiaaeeao – ?? A noaae??. I?e ??cei cieaeaieo ii/aoeiaeo ia?aiao?ao eeneioiooai?aiiy (?I 4,80±0,42) noeioethth/ee aoaeo ianooiaa ua i?ci?oa (43,54±5,81 oa; ?<0,01), aoa ei?ioeio?eaaeei (14,12±1,73 oa; ?<0,001), a iaeieae/ee iieaciee ?I i?e noeioeyoe?? IE (3,62±0,31; ?<0,05) aeacoaaa ia iaaeinoaoith noeioethth/o ae?th IE ii??aiyii c? caei?iaeie (?<0,001). Anoaiiaeaia aeaei iai i?aenoaae ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe oai?ei ?c ONI ? noaae?? ?aciao aeico IE ca 15 – 20 oaeeei aei ?aee , c ONI ??A oa ??A noaae?? – ca 30-40 oaeeei. 2. Ca aeaieie OCI anoaiiaeaii, ui o oai?eo ?c ONI ??A oa ??A noaae?? niinoa??aa?oueny i?ia?anoth/a aeanoea?noue aei ca?eueoaiiy ia’?io aeia/iiai i?oo?a (ONI ? no. - 22,31±2,17 ie; ONI ??A - 31,42±3,52; ?<0,05; ONI ??A - 34,38±2,26; ?<0,01; caei?ia? – 18,4±0,92). Oieaoeenoie?iaoe/ia ?aaeoe?y ia aaeeaaiiy ?aciai? aeice IE o oeeo i?aea?oiao aoea ??ciith. Oae, o oai?eo ?c ONI ? noaae?? /an ianooieaiiy ?aaeoe?? neeaaeaa (O1) 36,17±1,86 oa, o?eaae?noue ?aaeoe?? (O2) - 29,41±2,34 oa, iaeneiaeueia ciaioaiiy ia’?io - 11,70±1,20 ie (?<0,001 a ii??aiyii? c ii/aoeiaei). O iaoe??io?a ?c ONI ??A noaae?? O1 – ciaioeany - 27,35±1,94; O2 - oaeiae ciaioeany - 18,68±1,95 oa (?<0,01 a iaio aeiaaeeao ii??aiyii c ONI ? noaae?? ), iaeneiaeuei? ci?ie aeia/iiai i?oo?a neeaaeaee 22,6±2,68 ie. Oea aoei a??ia?aeiei (?<0,01) ii a?aeiioaiith aei aiaeia?/iiai iieacieea o oai?eo ?c ONI ? noaae?? oa iaa??ia?aeiei ii??aiyii c aeo?aeieie eiai cia/aiiyie. O iaoe??io?a ?c ONI ??A noaae?? O1 oa O2 aoee ua a?eueo ei?ioeeie (a?aeiia?aeii 18,21±2,34 oa 14,89±1,38; a?aeiinii aiaeia?/ieo aaee/ei o ONI ? noaae?? (?<0,001 a iaio aeiaaeeao); e?ioeaaee ia’?i aeia/iiai i?oo?a neeaaeaa 26,2±2,84 ie (?<0,001- ii??aiyii c ONI ?). Ioaea, IE aieeaa? ia aeia/iee i?oo? ye i’yeee oieaoeenoie?iaoee, ae?y yeiai i?ia?aneaii ineaaeth?oueny i?e ONI ?? noaae??. Iaeiae ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui oaea ?aaeoe?y cia/ii ciaioeeany i?e ao?io?/ieo ci?iao aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueii? neeciai? iaieiiee, iioiauaii? no?iee aeia/iiai i?oo?a a?eueoa 4 ii oa ?? iaa?yeo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?? IE ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ie?ie a ia?o? aea? aeiae iinooieaiiy ca N.N.Ceiieoeueeei iieacaei, ui iiaea?eia ?aciaa eiai aeica o oai?eo ?c ONI ??A noaae?? iineeth? ae?o?ac a?ae?aco ae o ia?o? 9 aiaeei i?ney aaeeaaiiy (a?aeiia?aeii ca ii?oe?yie na/? ia 80-95%; 40-45% oa 28-35%), a a iiaeaeueoee i?/iee ia??iae i?aeaeuo? ieoiio aonoeio na/? ia 3-4 iaeeieoe?. O iaoe??io?a ?c ONI ??A noaae?? a ia?o? 9 aiaeei aeine?aeaeaiiy a oeueiio ?aaeaiaio? ia iieacaei ci?i, i?ioa a i?/iee ia??iae ae?o?aoe/ia ae?y i?iyaeyeany i?ioyaii 9-12 aiaeei c iineeaiiyi ae?o?aco a?aeiia?aeii ca ii?oe?yie ia 145-160%; 110-120%; 45-50%. Oiaoi a?aei?/aii ci?uaiiy a?i?eoio ae?? IE ia i?/iee ia??iae ia ooieoe?? ie?ie o oai?eo ?c ONI ??A noaae??. Aea/aiiy ae?? ?aciai? aeice IE ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ie?ie o iaoe??io?a ?c ONI ??A noaae?? iieacaei, ui IE a??ia?aeii i?aeaeuo? ??aaiue eeoai/eiai? o?eueo?aoe?? oa eaiaeueoeaai? ?aaani?aoe?? (aeaui iaioa), ni?eyoeeai aieeaa? ia iao??eo?ac. Canoinoaaiiy IE o oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie a cai?iiiiiaaiiio ?aaeaiaio? oa eo?niaiio e?eoaaii? iieacaei, ui i?e oeueiio niinoa??aaeiny i?enei?aiiy ?aa?ano ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a ONI, iniaeeai iaa?ye?a e?ioe?aie, ii?ooaiue na?oeaaiai ?eoio, iie?auoaaeany ae?y na?oeaaeo ae?eiceae?a, ae?o?aoee?a, ii?iae?coaaany nii, aiaoeo, ciaiooaaeany aaiaoiiaaae?y, /anoioa ? ae?aaeai?noue iaiaae?a noaiiea?ae?? o oai?eo, ui iath no?aaeaeaee. Onoaaeeny yaeua ii/aoeiai o?eniaaieo cae?ciaeao?oeeoieo aiai?e, ao?aoe aaae, iie?auoaaeeny ineoio?ce/iee noai oai?eo, iano??e. A?aei?/aeany ii?iae?caoe?y iieaciee?a ?iii-, i?ioa?iia?aie, aeoeaiino? AEO, ANO, EAeA, EO o iaoe??io?a, a yeeo aiie aoee ii/aoeiai a?aeoeeai? a?ae ii?iaeueieo cia/aiue. Iiceoeai? ci?ie c aieo na?oey iaee?aua o?enoaaeeny ca aeiiiiiaith AEA (iieacieee na?oeaaiai ?eoio, caoaeeeaino?, aeai?an?y ?ioa?aaeo ST, coaoey O oiui). Oe? yaeua o?enoaaeeny i?ioyaii 3-4 oeaei?a e?eoaaiiy. Iaeiae aeeiai?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith AoiEA oa AAI ia i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaee a??ia?aeiiai iie?auaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio na?oey. Ca aeaieie e?oa?aoo?e aa?eo?eaoe?y aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy ca oeeie iaoiaeaie iiaeeeaa eeoa ca a?eueo o?eaae? ia??iaee /ano (8-10 oeaei?a, Ethnia A.A. e niaao., 1992). Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea canoiniaaieo e?eoaaeueieo eiiieaen?a iieacaea, ui i?e ONI ? noaae?? ca aeaa oeaei? e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo c??eiai a?eo ianooia? a??ia?aeia iie?auaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo iieaciee?a IIE, e?ioeaa? cia/aiiy yeeo a iniiai?e a?oi? ia a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae aiaeia?/ieo o caei?iaeo. ??aaiue e?ioeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a IIE i?e canoinoaaii? eiiieaeno c IE aoa a??ia?aeii e?auei, i?ae o iaoe??io?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. O oai?eo iioeeiai a?eo oaeiae a?aei?/aii a??ia?aeia iie?auaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia?aiao??a, ye o in?a eiio?ieueii?, oae ? iniiaii? a?oi oa a?aenooi?noue a??ia?aeii? a?aei?iiino? ?o c aiaeia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie caei?iaeo oa i?ae a?oiaie e?eiaaieo. Aiaeia?/iee i?aeo?ae i?e ioe?ioe? aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy IE o oai?eo ?c ONI ??A noaae?? iieacaa, ui o in?a c??eiai a?eo oaeiae ianooia? a??ia?aeia iie?auaiiy iieaciee?a IIE o e?ia?. Iaeiae oea aoei iaa??ia?aeii o ii??aiyii? c? caei?iaeie, aea a??ia?aeii i?ae a?oiaie e?eiaaieo iaoe??io?a. O in?a iioeeiai a?eo niinoa??aaeany oi/a ? neaae?oa, aea iiae?aia caeiiii??i?noue, i?ioa ia?aaaa e?eoaaeueiiai eiiieaeno ?c canoinoaaiiyi IE iaae aaceniei ia a?aei?/aii. A?aoiaoth/e oi?i?aei?noue iiceoeaieo ci?i o i?ioeanao IIE o oai?eo ?c ONI ??A noaae??, eiio?ieuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy o iaoe??io?a ?c ONI ??A noaae?? acyo? ia 20-21 aeaiue e?eoaaiiy. Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui o iaoe??io?a c??eiai a?eo i?e iaio iii?oi?e oaiaeaioe?? iie?auaiiy iieaciee?a IIE, i?ae i?e ONI ??A noaae??, a?aei?/aeany a??ia?aeia a?aei?ii?noue ?o e?ioeaaeo ia?aiao??a a?ae cia/aiue o caei?iaeo a iaio a?oiao niinoa?aaeaiiy. Iaeiae ii??aiyiiy e?ioeaaeo aiae?ciaaieo aaee/ei i?e canoinoaaii? ??cieo e?eoaaeueieo eiiieaen?a iieacaei a??ia?aeio ia?aaaao i?e aeei?enoaii? a iaeiiio c ieo IE. O in?a iioeeiai a?eo oaiaeaioe?y aei iie?auaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo iieaciee?a iineea iaa??ia?aeiee oa?aeoa? a iniiai?e ? eiio?ieuei?e a?oiao oai?eo ii??aiyii c aiaeia?/ieie aaee/eiaie o caei?iaeo oa i?ae niaith. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue a?eueo o?eaaeiai canoinoaaiiy oa?aiaaoe/ieo eiiieaen?a i?e ONI ??A noaae??, iniaeeai o ethaeae iioeeiai a?eo. Aiaeia?/i? caeiiii??iino? i?e eo?niaiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo iniiaii? ? eiio?ieueii? a?oi aeyaeai? i?e aeine?aeaeaii? iieaciee?a iaeiiai c e?ioeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a IIE – iaeiiiaiai ae?aeueaeaa?aeo. Ioaea, aeeiai?ea i?ii?aeieo ? e?ioeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a IIE i?e canoinoaaii? IE ia ?aii?o noaae?yo ONI na?ae/eoue i?i iiaeeea?noue ?o ii?iae?caoe?? a ? noaae?? oa eeoa /anoeiai – ??A noaae?? (o oai?eo c??eiai a?eo). I?e ONI ??A noaae?? iiaeeea? eeoa oaiaeaioe?? aei iie?auaiiy i?ioean?a IIE ? oi ca a?eueo o?eaaeee /an e?eoaaiiy c aeeth/aiiyi IE. Aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a AAIN o oai?eo ?c ONI ? noaae?? iieacaea, ui /a?ac aeaa oeaei? ??aaiue AA a iaio a?oiao e?eoaaiiy a??ia?aeii iie?aueany, a o iaoe??io?a iniiaii? a?oie ia iaa a??ia?aeii? a?aei?iiino? a?ae aiaeia?/ieo iieaciee?a o caei?iaeo. A?aei?/aii a??ia?aeio ia?aaaao e?eoaaeueiiai eiiieaeno ?c canoinoaaiiyi IE. Ci?ia aeoeaiino? A-6-OAeA, AO aoea iaiieaciaith. O iaoe??io?a c ONI ??A noaae?? a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ??aaiue AA a??ia?aeii ca?eueoeany, ia aeinyaoe cia/aiue o caei?iaeo, aeoeai?noue A-6-OAeA iaa??ia?aeii i?aeaeueeany, AO – iaa??ia?aeii cie-ceeanue. Oea ?icoe?iaii ye iaaeinoaoi? eiiiainaoi?ii-i?enoinoaaeuei? ci?ie. O oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie ??aaiue AA a??ia?aeii i?aeaeueany, iaa?ae??ciyth/enue a?ae aiaeia?/iiai o caei?iaeo, aeoeai?noue A-6-OAeA a??ia?aeii i?aeaeueeanue o iaoe??io?a c??eiai ? iioeeiai a?eo, AO – a??ia?aeii cieceeanue eeoa o iaoe??io?a c??eiai a?eo. Anoaiiaeaia a??ia?aeia ia?aaaaa e?eoaaeueiiai eiiieaeno c aeeth/aiiyi IE ca iieacieeaie AA ? A-6-OAeA. Oea na?ae/eei i?i e?auee ?icaeoie eiiiainaoi?ii-i?enoinoaaeueieo ?aaeoe?e i?e aeei?enoaii? IE. Aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee iieaciee?a AAIN o oai?eo ?c ONI ??A noaae?? ca o?eoeaeiaaee ia??iae e?eoaaiiy eiiieaenii c aeeth/aiiyi IE iieacaei a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy AA, aeoeaiino? A-6-OAeA a iaio a?eiaeo a?oiao. Iaeiae i? ca iaeiei c ieo a??ia?aeiiai iaaeeaeaiiy aei iieaciee?a o caei?iaeo ia aeinyaiooi. O oai?eo eiio?ieueii? a?oie oaeiae anoaiiaeai? iiae?ai? oaiaeaioe??, aea a??ia?aeiiai iie?auaiiy ia aoei aeinyaiooi ca aeiaeiei c iieaciee?a. Ii??aiyiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo iieaciee?a AAIN i?ae niaith a eiio?ieuei?e ? iniiai?e a?oiao iieacaei a??ia?aei? a?aei?iiino? ca ??aiai AA, aeoeai?noth A-6-OAeA o in?a c??eiai a?eo, ui na?ae/eei i?i ia?aaaae e?eoaaeueiiai eiiieaeno ?c canoinoaaiiyi IE. Iaeiae o in?a iioeeiai a?eo i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oeueiai ia io?eiaii. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaciee?a IIA a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? a aeeiai?oe? e?eoaaeueiiai i?ioeano iieacaei, ui o oai?eo ?c ONI ? oa ??A noaae?e ianooia? ii?iae?caoe?y eiai iacaeaaeii a?ae canoiniaaiiai e?eoaaeueiiai eiiieaeno, oi/a o iaoe??io?a iniiaii? a?oie oe? caeiiii??iino? aoee ae?aaeai? e?aua. O oai?eo ?c ONI ??A noaae?? a??ia?aeia iie?auaiiy a?aei?/aii eeoa a in?a iniiaii? a?oie, aea a ii??aiyii? c? caei?iaeie oe? iieacieee, aoee a??ia?aeii aeueie. Io?eiai? aeai? ? na?ae/aiiyi iaiao?aeiino? i?iaaaeaiiy a?eueo aeiaaio?eaaei? oa?ai?? c aeeth/aiiyi IE. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy canai?iiy a?i?ano?no IE oa aeoiaey/e c iii??iiai aai cia/iiai cieaeaiiy oeoieiaiai eeneioiooai?aiiy o /anoeie oai?eo ?c ONI ??A oa an?o – ?c ONI ??A noaae??, iniaeeai o a?oe? noa?oa 55-60 ?ie?a IE i?ecia/aany iaeii/anii c iaeiei ?c iie?oa?iaioieo i?aia?ao?a: iac?i-oi?oa (i?e iii??iiio cieaeaii?) aai iaic?ii?i (i?e ??ceiio cieaeaii? eeneioiooai?aiiy). I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy aeioe?eueiino? oaeiai i?aeoiaeo aeaee iiaeaeueo? ee?i?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy. C 66 oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie o 62 iaea?aeai? iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe. O 4 iaoe??io?a (2 – c ae?aaeaiei i?o?aeueiei noaiicii oa 2 – o a?oe? 67-73 ?iee c ii?aeiaieie o?aaeaiiyie ea?ae?i-?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie oa AAeN, AAN) ia aoei aeinyaiooi aoaeoo. Cacia/aia na?ae/eoue, ui i?e iayaiino? iaonoaaieo na?eicieo i?e/ei ONI /e ae/a?iaii? eiiiainaoi?ii-i?enoinoaaeueieo iaoai?ci?a i?aai?cio oai?eo iie?ii?a?aeiiai, a?eiaiai oa?aeoa?o aaaeei i/?eoaaoe iiceoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a a?ae canoinoaaiiy IE. I?ney aeienee c? noaoe?iia?o iaoe??ioai ua ia 2 (ONI ? no.) – 4 (ONI ?? no.) oeaei? i?ecia/aany IE ca o??th ae noaiith, aea a iieiaeii?e aeic? ia oii? a?aei?aoeueiaaiiai o a?aeae?eaii? iaaeeeaiaioiciiai eiiieaeno a i?aeo?eioth/eo aeicao. I?ioyaii ?ieo iaoe??ioai ca?aeii ee?i?/iei i?iyaai oa ia?aa?ao ONI i?iiiioaaeiny ? ?aae?ciaaii iiaoi?ia eiiieaenia canoinoaaiiy IE: i?e ONI ? noaae?? – 2-3 ?ace ia ??e ii 4-6 oeaei?a, ONI ??A noaae?? – 3-4 ?ace ia ??e ii 6-7 oeaei?a, ONI ??A noaae?? 4 ? a?eueoa ?ac?a ii 6-8 oeaei?a. Canoinoaaiiy IE a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ?c ONI i?ioyaii ?ieo i?ecaaei aei iie?auaiiy aeeaei?o oa a?aeaeaeaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa?ai??: nei?i/aiiy o?eaaeino? e?aeeiaeiy ia 2-4 aei?, /anoioe ?aoeeaeea?a – a 1,5-1,9 ?ac?a, o?eaaeino? ?ai?n?? – a 1,3-1,7 ?ac?a, ciaioaiiy iio?aae a iaaeeeaiaioicieo caniaao oa iie?auaiiy ye?nieo iieaciee?a aeeooy. AENIIAEE 1.ONI ye ?oai?/iiai, oae ? ?aaiaoe/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ne?eoiia?aa?aath/eie aai “i’yeeie” ee?i?/ieie neiioiiaie o?aaeaiiy AAeN ? AAN, ui iathoue oaiaeaioe?th aei i?ia?anoaaiiy c ia?inoaiiyi noaae?e ONI. Noi?iiaai? aei ?icaeoeo ONI o?aaeaiiy AAeN ? AAN ca nai?ie i?iyaaie oa ia?aa?aii iaaoaathoue aeii?ioth/i? caeaaeiino? a?ae ONI, ?? iioiaeaeaiiy oa aaeeaaieo o ca’yceo c ieie iaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a. 2. O oai?eo c ONI iathoue i?noea cia/i? ii?ooaiiy i?ioean?a IIE, ye? iineeththoueny c ia?inoaiiyi noaae?? ONI, a?eo oai?eo, iaoa?oaaiiyi noiooi?o caoai?thaaiue. Inoaii? iiaeooue ni?e/eieoe oi?i?aei?noue onoiaiiy i?ioean?a IIE a i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy. Aeoeai?noue iniiaieo ia?aiao??a AAIN ia ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo ONI ciaoiaeeoueny a?ey ieaei?o iaae ii?ie, i?e ONI ?? noaae?? a?aei?/a?oueny a??ia?aeia ?o cieaeaiiy a?ae A aei A ia??iaeo ONI. Noiooi? ia?nenooth/ee /e aeoeaiee aaiaoeo ni?eythoue ua a?eueoiio cieaeaiith iieaciee?a aeoeaiino? AAIN aaea a ii/aoeiaee ia??iae ONI oa ciaioothoue aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy. 3. O oai?eo c i?ci?ie noaae?yie ONI (??A, ??A) ii/eiathoueny i?ia?anoth/? ii?ooaiiy IIA ne?iaaoee e?ia?, ui iiaea noaoe iaei??th c a?io?i?/ieo iniia cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? aeayeeo oa?iaio?a, aoi?eiieo ii?ooaiue iaoaaie?cio a?ee?a, a oiio /ene? a i?iea?ae?, ni?e/eiyth/e ao?aoo nei?i/oaaeueii? eiai caeaoiino? oa coiiaethaaoe i?ia?anoaaiiy ONI. 4. A eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? ONI ieeie ea?oeiaee ni?ey? iie?auaiith aeaeo?io?c?ieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae i?iea?aea, eiai nei?i/oaaeueii? caeaoiino?, i?iyaey? iii??io aano?i-, aaiaoii?ioaeoeaio oa ae?o?aoe/io ae??. Eo?niaa canoinoaaiiy IE a e?eoaaeueiiio eiiieaen? ni?e/eiy? ii?iae?caoe?th i?ioean?a IIE ? aeoeaiino? AAIN i?e ONI ? noaae?? oa iie?auo? iieacieee oeeo nenoai o oai?eo ?c ONI ??A, iaioa – ??A noaae??, ii?iae?co? iieacieee IIA o oai?eo ?c ONI ??A noaae?? oa iie?auo? ?o i?e ONI ??A noaae??. 5. Aeey iineeaiiy ee?i?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? IE i?e eo?niaiio eiai canoinoaaii? oeyoii iie?auaiiy canai?iiy eiai a?i?ano?no o oai?eo ?c i?ia?anoth/ei cieaeaiiyi oeoieiai? nae?aoe??, oa in?a ?c ONI ??A /e ??A noaae??, iioeeiai a?eo IE aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe ?acii c iaeiei ?c iie?oa?iaioieo i?aia?ao?a: iaceiii aai iaic?ii?iii-oi?oa a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy cieaeaiiy oeoieiai? nae?aoe?? oa o?aaeaiiy ?ioeo i?aai?a nenoaie o?aaeaiiy. 6. Iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea canoinoaaiiy IE a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ?c ONI ia?aaeaa/a? o?eaaea ? iiaoi?ia eiai aeei?enoaiiy: 4-6 oeaeiaaa 2-3 ?ace ia ??e i?e ONI ? noaae??, 6-7 oeaeiaaa 3-4 ?ace ia ??e i?e ONI ??A noaae??; 6-8 oeaeiaaa 4 ? a?eueoa ?ac?a ia ??e i?e ONI ??A noaae??. ?aae?caoe?y oe??? iaoiaeeee iie?auo? aeeaei? ? a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy: nei?i/o? o?eaae?noue noaoe?iia?iiai aoaio e?eoaaiiy ia 2-4 aei?, /enei ?aoeeaeea?a o 1,5-1,9 ?ac?a, iiaeiaaeo? o?eaae?noue ?ai?n?e a 1,3-1,7 ?ac?a, ni?ey? cieaeaiith ?ioaineaiino? ? o?eaaeino? canoinoaaiiy iaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a e?eoaaiiy ONI. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1.C iaoith i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aa?ao ONI oa ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy e?eoaaeueieo eiiieaen?a i?iiiio?oueny ii?yae c a?aooaaiiyi ee?i?/iiai noaio oai?eo, ooi/iaiiy noaio AAeN, iniaeeai AAN (ia?aio?ie ia/?iee), aeyaeaiiy noiooi?o caoai?thaaiue, ye? iiaeooue i?iaieoaaoe iineeaiiy IIE. 2.?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aieo iieaciee?a IIE (IAeA) oa AAIN (AA), ieenethaaeueii? iiaeeo?eaoe?? a?ee?a ieacie e?ia?, ye? iiaeooue aooe a?io?i?/ieie ia?ea?aie i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aa?ao ONI, oaeoi?aie aecia/aiiy ?ioaineaiino? ? o?eaaeino? canoinoaaiiy a oa?ai?? aioeieneaeaio?a ? aeoeaaoi??a iaoaaie?cio. 3.I?iiiio?oueny iaoiaeeea canoinoaaiiy IE a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? ONI a ?acia?e aeic? 250 ia/ea iane o?ea iaoe??ioa o aeaeyae? aiaeii? noniaic?? (a 70-100 ie oaiei?, 37iN, eei’y/aii? aiaee) aea?/? ia aeaiue ca 15-20 oaeeei aei ?aee iaoe??ioai c i?aeaeuaieie /e ii?iaeueieie iieacieeaie oeoieiai? nae?aoe?? oa ca 30-40 oaeeei – i?e oaiaeaioe?? aei ?? cieaeaiiy /e cia/ii cieaeaieo ia?aiao?ao. Oai?ei ?c ONI ? noaae?? i?iiiio?oueny 4-6 oeaeiaaa canoinoaaiiy IE aeaa-o?e ?ace ia ??e, iaoe??ioai c ONI ??A noaae?? – o?eaae?noth 6-7 oeaei?a o?e-/ioe?e ?ace ia ??e, c ONI ??A noaae?? – 6-8 oeaei?a /ioe?e ? a?eueoa ?ac?a ia ??e o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ee?i?/iiai noaio. Oai?ei c? cieaeaiieie iieacieeaie oeoieiaiai eeneioiooai?aiiy, iniaeeai a noaae?? ONI ??A, ??A, ethaeyi iioeeiai a?eo IE aeioe?eueii i?ecia/aoe ?acii c iaeiei c iie?oa?-iaioieo i?aia?ao?a: iac?i-oi?oa – i?e iii??iiio, iaic?ii?i – i?e cia/iiio cieaeaii? cacia/aieo ia?aiao??a eeneioiooai?aiiy, iniaeeai i?e o?aaeaiiyo e?eueeio eaiie nenoaie o?aaeaiiy. ?aeiiaiaeothoueny ?ioa?aaee i?ae eo?naie iiaoi?iiai canoinoaaiiy IE: iaoe??ioai ?c ONI ? noaae?? – 3-4 i?nyoe?, ONI ??A noaae?? – 2-3 i?nyoe?, ONI ??A noaae?? – /a?ac eiaei? 1 – 1,5 i?nyoey, a oiio /ene? a noai? a?aeiinii? eiiiainaoe??. Ae?oeiaai? ?iaioe ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? 1.Iniiai? a?aeiiino? i?i neeaae ? canoinoaaiiy ieeeo ea?oeiaiai a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ? ee?i?/i?e iaaeeoeei?.// Ieeie ea?oeiaee (aaeaeieeia iai?aeea) a ee?i?/i?e oa aenia?eiaioaeuei?e iaaeeoeei? – *a?i?aoe?: I?oo, 1998 - N.19-34. (aaoi?e iiiia?ao??: Aieioei I.?., I?oae I.A.. Iaueoai ?.O.) 2.Ieeie ea?oeiaee i?e eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia iaaeinoaoi?noue e?iaiia?ao ?oai?/iiai oa ?aaiaoe/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy // Ieeie ea?oeiaee, *a?i?aoe?: I?oo, 1998 - N.128-152. (aaoi?e iiiia?ao??: Aieioei I.?., I?oae I.A.. Iaueoai ?.O.) 3.Ieeie ea?oeiaee (aaeaeieeia iai?aeea): ee?i?ei-aenia?eiaioaeuei? aniaeoe canoinoaaiiy o iaaeeoeei? // E?ee, - 1998 - ?3 – N.31-37. (o ni?aaao. c Aieioeiei I.?., I?oae I.A., Naithe A.I., ssneinueeith I.A.). 4.Ieeie ea?oeiaee ye e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iee can?a: ia?iaei? oa no/ani? oa?iaoeaaoe/i? oi?ie canoinoaaiiy. // Aoeiaeinueeee iaaee/iee a?niee.- 1998. -?1.- O.2. - N.163-170. (o ni?aaao. c Aieioeiei I.?., I?oae I.A.). 5.Noai ieenethaaeueii? iiaeeo?eaoe?? a?ee?a, ??aaiue oea?oeiieaci?io a ieaci? e?ia? o oai?eo c o?ii?/iith na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoi?noth oa aeaye? niiniae ?o ei?aeoe?? // Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee, 1998. – O.5, /enei 4, N.29-31 (o ni?aaao. c Iaueoaiei ?.O.). 6. Iaoa??aee aei iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeeee i?ieiiaiaaiiai canoinoaaiiy ieeeo ea?oeiaiai a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo o?ii?/iith na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoi?noth. // Aoeiaeinueeee iaaee/iee a?niee. – 1999. – O.3, ?1. – N.28-34 (o ni?aaao. c Oauoeii A.E., Naithe A.I.) 7. Ieeie ea?oeiaee (IE) ye aae’thaaioiee can?a a e?eoaaii? oai?eo c iaaeinoaoi?noth e?iaiia?ao (IE) ??ciiai aaiaco // XIV c‘?cae oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie – Ee?a, 1998. – N.38-39. (o ni?aaao. c Eoe’yi/oeii Ae.A.). 8. Ieeie ea?oeiaee (IE) – ia?niaeoeaiee can?a aae’thaaioii? oa?ai?? caoai?thaaiue aioo??oi?o i?aai?a.// XIV c’?cae oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie,- Ee?a, 1998.– N.154. (o ni?aaao. c Aieioeiei I.?., Iaueoaiei ?.O., I?oae I.A., Naithe A.I., Iaeaaai I.I.). 9.Ieeie ea?oeiaee ye oi?aa?naeueiee can?a a?iei?aeoe?? i?e caoai?thaaiiyo aioo??oi?o i?aai?a // O?aoy oe?a?inueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y c ia?iaeii? oa iao?aaeeoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie, o.2. – Ee?a, 1998. – N.178-182. (o ni?aaao. c Aieioeiei I.?., I?oae I.A., Iaueoaiei ?.O., Naithe A.I., Iaeaaai I.I., ssneinueeith I.A.). 10.Ee?i?ei-a?io?i?/i? ? ooieoe?iiaeueii-ii?oieia?/i? aniaeoe canoinoaaiiy ieeeo aaeaeieeiiai o oai?eo c iaaeinoaoi?noth e?iaiia?ao ??ciiai iioiaeaeaiiy // Oe?a?inuee? iaaee/i? a?no?, VII Eiia?an NOOEO 16-20 na?iiy 1998 - Oaeai?iae – N.152.(o ni?aaao. c Oauoeii A.E.. Eoe’yi/oeii Ae.A.). 11.Oa?aiaaoe/i? aoaeoe ieeeo ea?oeiaiai i?e iaaeinoaoiino? e?iaiia?ao ??ciiai aaiaco. // ?? Oe?a?inueea Iaoe. Eiio. c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ee?i?/ii? oa?iaeieia??” – A?iieoey, 6-8 aeiaoiy 1998. – N.120-121. (o ni?aaao. c Aieioeiei I.?., Eoe’yi/oeii Ae.A.). 12.Iniaeeaino? ae?? ieeeo ea?oeiaiai a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? aeayeeo ia?aeiieo ? aoi?eiieo caoai?thaaiue aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueii? ? aaiaoia?e?a?ii? nenoai. // O?aoy oe?a?inueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y c ia?iaeii? oa iao?aaeeoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie, o.2. – Ee?a, 1998. – N.224-225. (o ni?aaao. c Naithe A.I., I?oae I.A., Iaeaaai I.I.). AIIOAOe?ss Aieioeia E.I. Iniaeeaino? noaio aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueii? oa aaiaoia?e?a?ii? nenoai, iaoaaie?/ieo ii?ooaiue o oai?eo ?c o?ii?/iith na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoi?noth ? iaoiaaiaoe/i? niiniae ?o ei?aeoe??. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.02. – aioo??oi? oai?iae. – ?aaii-O?aie?anueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo o?aaeaiue aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueii? ? aaiaoia?e?a?ii? nenoai, iaoaaie?/ieo ii?ooaiue o oai?eo ?c o?ii?/iith na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoi?noth (ONI) ?aaiaoe/iiai oa ?oai?/iiai aaiaco. Anoaiiaeaii i?ia?anoth/? aano?i- oa oieaoeenoiaaiaoiiao?? c ia?inoaiiyi noaae?? ONI, a?eo oai?eo. O oai?eo ?c ONI ?aaiaoe/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy aeii?ioaaee aano?iiao??, ONI ?oai?/iiai – oieaoeenoiaaiaoiiao??. A e?ia? aeyaeaii i?ia?anoth/? ii?ooaiiy i?ioean?a ia?ieneaeiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, ieenethaaeueii? iiaeeo?eaoe?? a?ee?a, ineaaeaiiy aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo. Aeiaaaeaii, ui canoiniaaiee o eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? ieeie ea?oeiaee i?iyaey? iiceoeaiee aieea ia ee?i?/iee ia?aa?a ONI, aano?i-, aaiaoii?ioaeoeai?, aioeieneaeaioi? aeanoeaino?. Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?ii?/ia na?oeaaa iaaeinoaoi?noue, aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueia nenoaia, aaiaoia?e?a?ia nenoaia, iaoaaie?/i? ii?ooaiiy, ieeie ea?oeiaee. AIIIOAOeEss Aieioeia E.A. Iniaaiiinoe ninoiyiey aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueiie e aaiaoiaeeea?iie nenoai, iaoaaiee/aneeo ia?ooaiee o aieueiuo o?iie/aneie na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoueth e iaoiaaiaoe/aneea niiniau eo ei??aeoeee. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineee iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.02 – aioo?aiiea aieacie. Eaaii-O?aieianeay ainoaea?noaaiiay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey, Eaaii-O?aieiane, 1999 a. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth iniaaiiinoae ?acaeoey ii?aaeaiee aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueiie e aaiaoiaeeea?iie nenoai, iaoaaiee/aneeo ia?ooaiee o aieueiuo o?iie/aneie na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoueth (ONI) ?aaiaoe/aneiai e eoaie/aneiai aaiaca. Ianeaaeiaaii 119 aieueiuo n ONI ? – ??A noaaeeyie ii No?aaeanei-Aaneeaiei a aic?anoa 19-74 eao. Onoaiiaeaiu i?ia?anne?othuea aano?i- e oieaoeenoiaaiaoiiaoee n ia?anoaieai noaaeee ONI, aic?anoa aieueiuo. O aieueiuo ONI ?aaiaoe/aneiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey i?aiaeaaeaee aano?iia oee, eoaie/aneiai – oieaoeenoiaaiaoiiaoee. Iaeaieaa aaaeiuie enneaaeoaiuie yaeaieyie auee i?ia?anne?othuea ni noaiaiyie ONI nieaeaiea aeaeoaei/iiai eeneioiia?aciaaiey, oiiona e iioi?eee aeae/iiai iocu?y. A iniiaa nieaeaiey eeneioiia?acothuae ooieoeee auee ia oieueei i?eciaee ao?ioee neecenoie aeaeoaeea, ii e aaiiaeeiaie/aneea, aeiiene/aneea ia?ooaiey. Oeacaiua aieaciaiiua ninoiyiey oa?aeoa?eciaaeenue ieeaineiioiiaoeeie, noa?oui oa/aieai, aa?eoeeaoeeae i?e eiiieaeniii eeeieei-eaai?aoi?ii-eino?oiaioaeueiii enneaaeiaaiee. A e?iae auyaeaii i?ia?anne?othuea ia?ooaiey i?ioeannia ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia (IIE), aaeeia, nieaeaiea nenoai aioeieneaeaioiie caueou (AIC) i?aaiecia. Oeacaiiua eciaiaiey auee oaeaea y?/a au?aaeaiu o iaoeeaioia n ONI noa?oeo aic?anoiuo a?oii, i?e iaee/ee niioonoaothueo caaieaaaiee e o?oaeiaa iiaeaeaaaeenue iaaeeeaiaioiciie ei??aeoeee. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ia?ooaiea i?ioeannia IIE i?iyaeyaony aieaa cia/eoaeueii oaea a ia/aeueiuo noaaeeyo ONI, aeinoiaa?iua ia?ooaiey ieeneeoaeueiie iiaeeoeeaoeee aaeeia (IIA) nuai?ioee e?iae iiyaeythony ia/eiay ni II noaaeee ONI e o?oaeiaa, /ai IIE, iiaeaeathony ei??aeoeee. I?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi ia?ooaiey IIA iiaoo auoue iaeiie ec aeioeie/aneeo iniia i?ia?anne?iaaiey e ioiineoaeueiie ?acenoaioiinoe e ea/aieth. Aioeieneaeaioiay nenoaia (aeooaoeii ainnoaiiaeaiiue, aeooaoeii-S-o?ainoa?aca, aetheici-6-oinoaoaeaaeae?iaaiaca, oea?oeiieaciei) a ia/aeueiuo noaaeeyo ONI auea a ninoiyiee eiiiainaoi?iiai iai?yaeaiey, a a ONI io IIA aei IIA noaaeee – n yaeaieyie i?ia?anne?othuae aeaeiiiainaoeee. N oeaeueth ei??aeoeee auyaeaiuo ia?ooaiee eniieueciaaia iueueoea oeaaoi/iay (i/aeeiay iaiiaeea) [IOe]. A “ino?ii” ia?aoa?iaeieiae/aneii oanoa onoaiiaeaii, /oi IOe noeioee?oao aeaeoaei/iia eeneioiia?aciaaiea, iaeiaei o aieueiuo n ONI IIA noaaeee iaaeinoaoi/ii. IOe ieacuaaao oaeaea iyaeee oieaoeenoieeiaoe/aneee yooaeo. Auno?ioa ianooieaiey eco/aaiuo yaeaiee, eioaineaiinoue e aeeeoaeueiinoue aeaenoaey IOe caaenaee io noaiaie ii?oieiae/aneeo eciaiaiee aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueiie neecenoie iaiei/ee e noaiee aeae/iiai iocu?y, a oaeaea aa ioaea o aieueiuo n ONI ??A noaaeee. Eco/aieai aeeyiey IOe ia ninoiyiea ii/ae onoaiiaeaii, /oi IOe iaeaaeaao iyaeei aeeo?aoe/aneei yooaeoii, aeaaii?eyoii aeeyao ia iao?eeo?ac. Iiaeoaa?aeaeaii, /oi aeeeoaeueiinoue aeaenoaey ?aciaie aeicu IOe ia ii/ee ninoaaeyao 9-12 /ania. Eo?niaia i?eiaiaiea IOe a eiiieaeniii ea/aiee aieueiuo n ONI niinianoaiaaei onei?aieth ?aa?anna eeeie/aneeo i?eciaeia ONI, ii?aaeaiee aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueiie, aaiaoiaeeea?iie nenoai. Enneaaeiaaieai i?ioeannia IIE, AIC a aeeiaieea ea/aiey onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e ia/aeueiuo noaaeeyo ONI n iiiiuueth IOe oaeaaony aeinoaoi/ii oi?ioi ei??aae?iaaoue yoe yaeaiey, iniaaiii o ethaeae c?aeiai aic?anoa. Ia/eiay ni II noaaeee ONI yoi oaeaaony ana o?oaeiaa. Iiyoiio iainiiaaii 6-8-iaaeaeueiia i?eiaiaiea IOe, aeeth/ay iiaoi?iia aa eniieueciaaiea ia aiaoeaoi?iii yoaia. A ?aaioa iainiiauaaaony e i?aaeeaaaaony iaoiaeeea i?eiaiaiey IOe a eiiieaeniii ea/aiee aieueiuo n ONI I-II noaaeee a ea/anoaa n?aaenoaa aaeuthaaioie oa?aiee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?iie/aneay na?aea/iay iaaeinoaoi/iinoue, aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueiay nenoaia, aaiaoiaeeea?iay nenoaia, iaoaaiee/aneea ia?ooaiey, iueueoea oeaaoi/iay. SUMMARY Voloshyna L.O. Peculiarities of the state of the gastroduodenal and hepatobiliary systems, metabolic disorders in patients with chronic heart failure and pathogenetic ways of their correction. A thesis for academic degree of a candidate of medical science on speciality 14.01.02 – therapy. Ivano-Frankivsk State Medical Akademy. Ivano-Frankivsk, 1999. The thesis is dedicated to a study of the peculiarities of developing lesions of the gastroduodenal and hepatobiliary systems and metabolic disorders in patients with chronic heart failure of rheumatic and ischemic genesis. It was found that gastro- and cholecystohepatopathy progressed with an increase of the stage of heart failur revealed both progressive disorders of lipids and proteins e and with patients’ advancing age. In patients with heart failure of rheumatic genesis gastropathy prevailed, while cholecystohepathy was characteristic of cases with ischemic heart failure. We peroxidation and a reduction of an antioxidant defence in the patients’ blood. The use of bee pollen in a multimodality treatment proved to have a positive effect on the course of the disease, and its both gastro- hepatoprotective and antioxidant properties were shown. Key words: chronic heart failure, gastroduodenal system, hepatobiliary system, metabolic disorders, bee pollen.

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