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I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

?AAII-O?AIE?ANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

OAeE: 616.33/.342+616.36/.361]-06:616.12:577.1-08

Aieioeia Ea?ena Ieaenaiae??aia

INIAEEAINO? NOAIO AANO?IAeOIAeAIAEUeII? OA AAIAOI-A?E?A?II? NENOAI,
IAOAAIE?*IEO II?OOAIUe O OAI?EO ?C O?II?*IITH NA?OeAAITH IAAeINOAOI?NOTH
? IAOIAAIAOE*I? NIINIAE ?O EI?AEOe??

14.01.02. – aioo??oi? oai?iae

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

?aaii-O?aie?anuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aoeiaeinuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? IIC
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oauoe A?eoi? Ei?i?eiae/,

Aoeiaeinueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?2

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaeei Aaneeue ?aaaiiae/,
?aaii-O?aie?anueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?oaeee Ai?en ?aaiiae/,
Oa?iii?euenueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. aeaaeai?ea I.I.Aiaiiieueoey
(i.Ee?a), eaoaae?a i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia ?1, IIC Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “16” ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo ia_1100_aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 20.601.01
?aaii-O?aie?anueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? (284000,
i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe.Aaeeoeueea, 2)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? (284000, i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
aoe.Aaeeoeueea, 7)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “15”_aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?ei/ae I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

O?ii?/ia na?oeaaa iaaeinoaoi?noue (ONI) ? iaea?eueo /anoei ? caa?iceeaei
oneeaaeiaiiyi caoai?thaaiue na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie (Iaeay E.O. e
niaao., 1994; Aeaienthe A.E., 1995; Aia?ia A.I. ? ni?aaao., 1997;
Iaoyaeaiei A.C., 1997; Ai?iieia E.A. ? ni?aaao., 1998), ui i?ecaiaeeoue
aei no?eei? ao?aoe i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa cia/iiai nei?i/aiiy aeeooy
iaoe??io?a (*aooa?aeaee E., 1996). *anoioa ONI ca inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy
a?eueo i?ae iiaeai?eanue, ui iia’ycaii ?c aaeineiiaeaiiyi ae?aaiinoeee
?? ?aii?o noaae?e, ca?eueoaiiyi na?aaeiuei? o?eaaeino? aeeooy ianaeaiiy
a oeea?e?ciaaieo e?a?iao, a a Oe?a?i? – ua e c ??ciiieaiiaith ae??th
?icia?ooy iaaaoeaieo aeieia?/ieo /eiiee?a, ia?aaaaeii /i?iiaeeuenueeiai
iioiaeaeaiiy (Iaeueoeaa A.?., 1996; Na?aethe A.I., 1997).

Neeaaeieie oa iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aieie caeeoathoueny aaaaoia?aii?
iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie ONI i?e ??cieo oi?iao ?ON, a?ia?oii?/ii?
oai?iae, ?aaiaoe/ieo aaaeao na?oey, o?aaeaiiyo i?iea?aeo caiaeueiiai,
aeeno?io?/iiai oa ?ioiai iioiaeaeaiiy (Aiiniaa A.I. e niaao., 1990;
Iaeay E.O. e niaao., 1994; P.Pool-Wilson, 1997). Iii?oiee i?ia?an a
iai?yieo iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae iaoiaaiaco ONI ??ciiai
iioiaeaeaiiy oa iiooe ni?eueieo caaaeueieo iaoiaaiaoe/ieo eaiie i?eca?a
a inoaii? ?iee aei ia?aaeyaeo oaoiieia?? e?eoaaiiy ONI o na?oia?e
ea?ae?ieia?? (Aiiniaa A.I., 1997; Ai?iieia E.A. ? ni?aaao., 1998;
aaaaoioeaio?ia? aeine?aeaeaiiy CHF STAT, 1992-1996 pp, SOLVD 1990-1995
pp).

Ia oe?e iniia? caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie eeth/iaeie caniaaie ia?oi? e?i??
oa?ai?? ONI ? canoinoaaiiy ae?o?aoe/ieo cania?a, ?ia?a?oi??a
aia?ioaiceiia?aoai?thth/iai oa?iaioo, na?oeaaeo ae?eiceae?a.
Ae?oai?yaeieie, ui caaacia/othoue aeuo aoaeoeai?noue eeth/iaeo iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy ONI, ? ??ciiieaiiaa a?oia i?aia?ao?a (ia?eoa?e/i?
aaciaeeeyoaoi?e, aaoa-aae?aiiaeieaoi?e, aioaaii?noe eaeueoe?th,
aioaaii?noe ?aoeaioi??a aei aia?ioaiceio ?? oiui), aea?? yeeo
cae?enith?oueny ia?aaaaeii a caeaaeiino? a?ae iioiaeaeaiiy ONI (*acia
A.E., 1993; ssiianeee A.A. e niaao., 1994; Ia?aaa A.TH., 1997; Ai?iieia
E.A. e niaao., 1998; Eooaeianeee I.N., 1998; Chatterjee K., 1996).

O?aouei?yaeieie i?aia?aoaie e?eoaaiiy ONI ? caniae caaaeueiiiaoaaie?/ii?
ae?? aeey onoiaiiy ia?aeiieo ?, ia?aaaaeii, aoi?eiieo
iaoaaie?/ii-aaiiaeeiai?/ieo ii?ooaiue a ??cieo i?aaiao ? oeaieiao,
i?ia?anoaaiiy yeeo noa? iaei??th c i?e/ei ?acenoaioiino? ONI aei ae??
e?e?a ia?oi? oa ae?oai? e?i?? ? iia??oo? ia?aa?a oa iaaaoeai? iane?aeee
ONI [Aeaienthe A.E., Na?eiaa A.E., 1998]. Oea ua a?eueoa a?oia, ui
aeeth/a? aeoeaaoi?e iaoaaie?cio, a?oai?ii-i?e?iaeaiaioi? eiiieaene, aaio

aioeieneaeaio?a oiui (Eaieei A.C. e niaao., 1987; Ethnia A.A. e niaao.,
1992). Oe?ioa, i’ye?noue oa iaeiiii?oi?noue ae??, oi?ioaaiiy
iie?i?aaiac?? oa iiaeeea?noue aeieeiaiiy ??cieo oi?i iaaeeeaiaioicii?
oai?iae i?ecaiaeyoue aei oiai, ui ia oeth aeiiii?aeio a?oio a?eueo?noue
ee?i?oeeno?a caa?oa? iaei oaaae. A no/anieo iiiia?ao?yo ? aaoi?eoaoieo
iin?aieeao oea ieoaiiy ina?oeth?oueny iaiiaii (Iaeay E.O. e niaao.,
1994; Aeaienthe A.E., 1995; Aiiniaa A.I., 1997).

Cian?i iaaeinoaoiy oaaaa i?eaea?oueny aena?oeaiith aoi?eiieo /e noiooi?o
? onoaoaethaaieo caniaaie oa?ai?? ONI o?aaeaiue i?aai?a o?aaeaiiy, ui
caiaeii iaiaaeothoue aea?? ? oeyoe canoinoaaiiy iaaeeeaiaio?a aeey
e?eoaaiiy ONI oa aeiaaathoue aeiaeaoeiaiai i?ecia/aiiy aano?i-, aaiaoi-,
aioa?ii?ioaeoeaieo /e ?ioeo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, cia/ii oneeaaeiththoue
oa caei?iaeothoue i?ioean e?eoaaiiy.

Iaaeinoaoiy aoaeoeai?noue ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ONI, iniaeeai
oiiiaiai (aae’thaaioiiai) caaacia/aiiy, ia?aeiii? oa aoi?eiii?
i?io?eaeoeee aoi?eiieo o?aaeaiue nenoaie o?aaeaiiy
aaiiaeeiai?/ii-a?iiene/iiai oa iaaeeeaiaioiciiai iioiaeaeaiiy iio?aao?
iiooeo iiaeo oa aaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ? oaoiieia?e e?eoaaiiy
oaeeo oai?eo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeeiiaia ?iaioa ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ieaiiaeo IAe? eaoaae?e
i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? “Aea/aiiy iiaeo noi??i iaoai?cio oa?aiaaoe/ii? ae?? aeayeeo
e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei (/enoio?eo aaeeeiai, ia?noa/o i?yiinoiy/iai, a?i?ee
a??nueei?), ieeeo ea?oeiaiai oa iaa?oiooaaiiy ?o aeei?enoaiiy a
?aaa?e?oaoe?eii-aoaiiiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ia?aeii? oa aoi?eii?
aano?iaeoiaeai?oe ? oieaoeenoeoe, oeoe?iaee ae?aaao” (?a?no?aoe?eiee
iiia? – 01.97.V041.960) oa eaoaae?e aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?2 oeueiai ae
aoco “Noai?aiiy ?aa?no?o aino?iai ?ioa?eoo i?iea?aea i?ai?/ii? Aoeiaeie
c aecia/aiiyi oee?eaae?aiieo ?eoi?a oa ee?i?ei-ooieoe?iiaeueieo
i?aaeeeoi??a ia?aa?ao aino?i? noaae??” (?a?no?aoe?eiee iiia?
-01.97.V015.111).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy

Ia iniia? aea/aiiy ?ie? i?ioean?a ieenethaaeueii? iiaeeo?eaoe?? a?ee?a
(IIA) oa ia?ieneaeiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (IIE), aeoeaiino?
aioeieneaeaioieo nenoai e?ia? oai?eo ?c ONI ?oai?/iiai oa ?aaiaoe/iiai
iioiaeaeaiiy, a oaeiae ooieoe?iiaeueii-ii?oieia?/iiai noaio
aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueii? (AAeN) ? aaiaoia?e?a?ii? (AAN) nenoai o oaeeo
oai?eo ?ic?iaeoe niin?a ? oaoiieia?th ei?aeoe?? aeyaeaieo ci?i ca
aeiiiiiaith ieeeo ea?oeiaiai (aaeaeieeii? iai?aeee) (IE).

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy

1. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueii-ii?oieia?/iiai noaio AAeN oa AAN
o oai?eo c ONI ??cieo noaae?e ? iioiaeaeaiiy.

2. Aeine?aeeoe noai IIA o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oai?eo c ONI ??cieo noaae?e ?
iioiaeaeaiiy. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ii?ooaiiy IIE, noaio aeooao?iiiai?
aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie (AAIN) e?ia? oa ni?anoaaeoe ?o c ia?aiao?aie
IIA o aeine?aeaeoaaiiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo.

3. Aea/eoe aieea iaeii?aciai? aeice IE ia eeneioiooai?thth/o ooieoe?th
oeoiea oa iioi?eeo aeia/iiai i?oo?a a “aino?iio” ia?aoa?iaeieia?/iiio
oano?.

4. Aeine?aeeoe aieea aeiaiai? aeice IE ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ie?ie ca
12-aiaeeiiei ee??ain-iaoiaeii oa ca i?iaith N.N.Ceiieoeueeiai.

5. ?ic?iaeoe, iaa?oiooaaoe ? ai?iaoaaoe iaoiaeeeo canoinoaaiiy IE o
eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ?c ONI ? aeine?aeeoe ?? aoaeoeai?noue ia
noaoe?iia?iiio (ia?oiio) aoai? e?eoaaiiy iaoe??io?a ?c ONI.

6. Ioe?ieoe a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy oai?eo c ONI ia ia?oiio
aoai?, iaa?oiooaaoe ? ai?iaoaaoe oaoiieia?th iiaeaeueoiai canoinoaaiiy
IE a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ?c ONI ? aea/eoe ??
iaaeeei-nioe?aeueio aoaeoeai?noue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Aia?oa:

1. Aeine?aeaeai? iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo o?aaeaiue AAeN ? AAN o oai?eo c
??cieie noaae?yie ONI ?aaiaoe/iiai ? ?oai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy.

2. Aea/ai? iniaeeaino? IIA oa ni?anoaaeai? c? noaiii ieneaeaioieo ?
aioeieneaeaioieo nenoai ne?iaaoee e?ia? o oai?eo ?c ONI, aeine?aeaeaii
aieea ia aeyaeai? ci?ie eo?niaiai canoinoaaiiy IE a eiiieaeni?e oa?ai??.

3. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea oa noeioethth/o ae?th ?aciaeo aeic IE ia
eeneioiooai?thth/o ooieoe?th oeoiea ? iioi?eeo aeia/iiai i?oo?a o oai?eo
?c ONI ??cieo noaae?e.

4. Aea/aii aieea ieeeo ea?oeiaiai ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ie?ie o
oai?eo ?c ONI ??cieo noaae?e, aeieacaia eiai i’yea ae?o?aoe/ia ae?y.

5. ?ic?iaeaii, iaa?oioiaaii oa ai?iaiaaii iaoiaeeeo ? oaoiieia?th
o?eaaeiai ? iiaoi?iiai canoinoaaiiy IE o oai?eo ?c ONI, iieacaia ??
oa?aiaaoe/ia aoaeoeai?noue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Aeiaaaeaii, ui a iaoiaaiac? ONI ??ciiai iioiaeaeaiiy a?athoue iaaio
?ieue i?ia?anoth/? ii?ooaiiy IIE, IIA ne?iaaoee e?ia?.

2. Aeyaeaii ca’ycie i?ae ii?ooaiiyi IIA, noaiii ieneaeaioieo oa
aioeieneaeaioieo nenoai ne?iaaoee e?ia? a ?? noaae?? ONI, ui iiaea
neeaaeaoe iaeio c aaaeeeaeo iaoaaie?/ieo iniia ?icaeoeo, i?ia?anoaaiiy
oa oi?ioaaiiy ?acenoaioiino? ONI aei e?eoaaiiy, a oaeiae iiaea aooe
iaeiei ?c e?eoa???a aaaeeino? ia?aa?ao oa aoaeoeaiino? oa?ai??.

3. Anoaiiaeaii noeioethth/ee aieea IE ia cieaeaia a ??cieo noaae?yo ONI
oeoieiaa eeneioiooai?aiiy, a?iie?iaoe/ii-a?iioii?/i? noaie aeia/iiai
i?oo?a oa i’yeee eiai ae?o?aoe/iee aoaeo.

4. Aeiaaaeaii ei?aaoth/ee aieea eo?niaiai canoinoaaiiy IE ia ii?ooaiiy
IIE oa IIA, aioeieneaeaioi? nenoaie ne?iaaoee e?ia?,
ooieoe?iiaeueii-ii?oieia?/iee noai AAeN ? AAN.

5. ?ic?iaeaia ? cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ? oaoiieia?y o?eaaeiai
canoinoaaiiy IE a eiiieaeni?e oa?ai?? oai?eo ?c ONI, aeieacaia ??
iaaee/ia aoaeoeai?noue.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia’y

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo i?nueei?
ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?3 i.*a?i?aoe?a, iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? i.
*a?i?aoe?, *a?i?aaoeueeiai iaeaniiai ea?ae?iaeeniaina?o,
Noi?iaeeiaoeueei?, E?oeiainueei? Oe?E, *a?i?aaoeueei? iaeano?,
Ein?anueei? Oe?E ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?. Iaea?aeai? oai?aoe/i? oa
i?aeoe/i? aeai? aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean? eaoaae?
oa?aiaaoe/iiai i?io?eth Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??.

Aeaeea?aoe?y iniaenoiai aianeo a ?ic?iaeo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a

I?aaenoaaeai? o ?iaio? iaoa??aee oa oaeoe/i? aeai? ? naiino?eiei aianeii
aeena?oaioa a ?ic?iaeaio oaio. Aaoi? naiino?eii c?iaeea
iaoaioii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee iiooe, aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e c ia?aii?
i?iaeaie, cae?enithaaea i?aea?? oa i?iaaea ee?i?ei-?ino?oiaioaeueia,
a?io?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo, noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo oa aiae?c aeaieo.
I?aeaiooaaea aei ae?oeo noaoo?, ioi?ieea aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo ?
aaoi?aoa?ao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ai?iaiaaia ia ni?eueiiio can?aeaii? oa?aiaaoe/ieo
eaoaae?, iaoeiai? eii?n?? Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??,
*a?i?aaoeueeiai iaeaniiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa oa?aiaao?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia VII
Eiia?an? Na?oiai? oaaea?aoe?? oe?a?inueeeo e?ea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa
(Oaeai?iae, 1998), ??? oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c
ia?iaeii? ? iao?aaeeoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie (i.Ee?a, 1998), ?? oe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c ee?i?/ii? oa?iaeieia?? (i.A?iieoey,
1998), i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiai-i?ae

oe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
(1997, 1998), can?aeaiiyo iaeaniiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa (1997, 1998),
ai?iaiaai? ia XIV c’?cae? oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 12 ?ia?o, a o./. 4 noaoo? o
oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao, aeciaieo AAE Oe?a?ie ? 2 aeaae iiiia?ao?? “Ieeie
ea?oeiaee (aaeaeieeia iai?aeea) a ee?i?/i?e ? aenia?eiaioaeuei?e
iaaeeoeei?” (1998), o?noue – o iaoa??aeao c’?cae?a oa eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? oe?a?inueeith iiaith ia 124 noi??ieao
oaenoiaiai iaoa??aeo, neeaaeathoueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e,
oanoe ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa
nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae. Aeena?oaoe?y ?ethno?iaaia 26
oaaeeoeyie oa 8 iaethieaie. A?ae?ia?ao?/iee iieaae/ee i?noeoue 391
aeaea?aei, c ieo 278 ee?eeeoeath oa 113 eaoeiith.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

Ae?aaiic o?ii?/ii? na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? oa ?? iioiaeaeaiiy
(?aaiaoeci, ?ON) aenoaaeyee ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeniiai
ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?iiai oa ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aoiaoth/e
nea?ae, a?aeiiino? aiaiiaco, a oaeiae aeai? ia’?eoeaiiai ianoaaeaiiy.

Aeaoaeueia ianoaaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ca ?ic?iaeaiith noaiith, ae?aaiic ONI
aenoaaeyee ca?aeii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?ia?aeieo a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo
ea?ae?ieia?a ca inoaii? ?iee. Noaae?? ONI aecia/aee ca eeaneo?eaoe??th
I.Ae.No?aaeanea, A.O.Aaneeaiea (1936) oa aeiiiaiaiiyie aei ia?,
aeeeaaeaieie a iaoa??aeao Ieaioia ea?ae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie a 1996 ?ioe?.

O ?iaio? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ii-?ino?oiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy 119 oai?eo ?c ONI, yea o 36 (30,25%) c ieo aoea
?aaiaoe/iiai (?aaiaoe/i? aaaee na?oey) oa o 83 (69,75%) – ?oai?/iiai
(aoa?ineea?ioe/iee ea?ae?ineea?ic aac oa c? noaiiea?ae??th, ??cieie
ii?ooaiiyie na?oeaaiai ?eoio) iioiaeaeaiiy. A?e oai?eo eieeaaany a?ae 19
aei 74 ?ie?a (39, 40±4,21), na?aaei? aaee/eie yeiai o oai?eo ?c ONI
?aaiaoe/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy neeaaeaa 33,20±3,82, ?oai?/iiai – 47,60±2,90
?ie?a.

Na?aae aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaoe??io?a ONI ? noaae?? anoaiiaeaia o 34
(28,57%) oai?eo, ONI ??A noaae?? – o 57 (47,90%), ONI ??A noaae?? – o 28
(23,53%). Oai?eo c ONI ??? noaae?? a aeine?aeaeaiiy ia a?aee. I?e
iinooieaii? a noaoe?iia? ? i?ney eo?no e?eoaaiiy iaoe??ioai i?iaiaeeeiny
?ino?oiaioaeueia oa a?io?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oeaai-noaeeiii?
nenoaie: AEA, AoiEA, aaeia?aiiao??y, ?iii-, i?ioa?iia?aia;
aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueii?: aano?iaeoiaeaiineii?y c a?iin??th neeciai?
iaieiiee aai ?aioaaiieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy (o oai?eo ?c ONI ??A no.),
i?e?iciiaeiaa oiiia?ao?/ia ?io?aaano?aeueia ?I-iao??y ca A.I.*i?iia?iaei
(1989); aaiaoia?e?a?ii? nenoaie: oeueo?aniiia?ao?y ia aia?ao?
“Aeiea-280”, aea/aiiy aeoeaiino? ai?iio?ainoa?ac ca O.N.Iano?iith
(1969), ??aiy a?e??oa?io oa eiai o?aeoe?e, inaaeiaeo i?ia. Aecia/aiiy
iieaciee?a IIE (niieoee c ?cieueiaaieie iiaea?eieie ca’yceaie – ?IC,
ae??iia? eii’thaaoe – AeE, eaoiae??ie ? ni?yaeai? o???ie – EAe ? NO) ca
iaoiaeeeith ?.A.Aie/aai?nueeiai ? ni?aaao. (1989), iaeiiiaiai
ae?aeueaeaa?aeo (IAeA) – ca iaoiaeeeith TH.A.Aeaaeeie?iaa ? I.?.A?/aeiaa
(1972). Aeey aea/aiiy noaio AAIN i?aai?cio o oai?eo aecia/aee ??aaiue
a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio (AA) oeo?aoe?eiei iaoiaeii ca I.A.O?aa?iith
(1955) a iiaeeo?eaoe?? ?.O.Iaueoaia oa ?.A.Iao?iai? (1983),
aetheici-6-oinoaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (A-6-OAeA) – ca iaoiaeii Ei?iaa?aa ?
Oi?aea?a (1955), aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace (AO) – ca iaoiaeii Habig H.W.
(1974), ??aiy oea?oeiieacieio (OeI) – ca iaoiaeeeith A.A.Eiea,
A.N.Eaiuoieeiaa (1982). Aeine?aeaeaiiy IIA ne?iaaoee e?ia? cae?enithaaee
ca iaoiaeeeith ?.O.Iaueoaia (1998). Ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ie?ie
aeine?aeaeoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith ee??ain-iaoiaeo ioe?iee
noaeeiii-eeoai/eiaiai ? eaiaeueoeaaiai a?aeae?e?a iao?iio a oiiaao
niiioaiiiai 12-aiaeeiiiai ae?o?aco (I.Othe, 1981), eiioeai o?aoe?th
eae?th ? iao??th a na/? oa ieaci? aecia/aee iaoiaeii oioiiao??? ia
aia?ao? “OIE-1”, e?aaoei?io – ca ?aaeoe??th c i?e?eiiaith eeneioith
(Aa?oei A.A., Eaaiia TH.E., 1972) c ?a?no?aoe??th iieaciee?a aenoeieoe??
ia niaeo?ioioiiao?? “NO-46”. Ie??i iacaaiiai a e?ia? aea/aeeny iieacieee
oieanoa?eio, o?eae?oea?eae?a, e?aaoei?io, aeoeai?noue
eaeoaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace, aaiaaeooai?eo?ainiaioeaeace, eoaeii? oinoaoace ia
a?io?i?/iiio aiae?caoi?? “Kone Ultra” (O?ieyiae?y).

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea aace aeaieo i?iaaaeaia iaoiaeaie aa??aoe?eii?
noaoenoeee ca niaoe?aeueieie i?ia?aiaie c canoinoaaiiyi t-e?eoa??y
a??ia?aeiino? ??cieoe? No’thaeaioa (Ieioea? I.I. e niaao., 1982).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy

Anoaiiaeaii, ui /anoioa oa ?ioaineai?noue ee?i?/ieo iciae o?aaeaiiy AAeN
o iaoe??io?a ?c ONI ?aaiaoe/iiai aaiaco a ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo ,

ia?aaaaea? iaae oaeeie o oai?eo ?c ONI ?oai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy
(a?aeiia?aeii 63,64% ? 39,13%). Iaeiae ca aeaieie aiaeineii?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy /anoioa ??cieo oi?i o?aaeaiiy AAeN, c?inoath/e c ONI ??A
noaae??, a ONI ??A noaae?? ? iaeaea iaeiaeiaith (100%). Ni?anoaaeyth/e
aeaai?noue iniiaii? oai?iae, iniaeeai c ii/aoeii i?iya?a ONI, oa
aeyaeai? aiaeineii?/i? ci?ie ciaeaeaii, ui, ii/eiath/e c ONI ??A noaae??
?aaiaoe/iiai aaiaco, iaeaea o an?o oai?eo iathoue i?noea ??ci?
aiaeineii?/i? iciaee o?aaeaiiy aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueii? neeciai? iaieiiee.
*anoioa aeeaieeo ci?i (a?ic??, ae?acee, cia/iee caiaeueiee iaa?ye)
caeaaeaee ia no?eueee a?ae noaae?? ONI, ne?eueee a?ae ?ioaineaiino? oa
o?eaaeino? canoinoaaiiy i?aia?ao?a c aano?ioiene/iith ae??th, ia?aaaaeii
ianoa?i?aeieo i?ioecaiaeueieo cania?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy eeneioiooai?thth/i? ooieoe?? oeoiea ca aeiiiiiaith
i?e?iciiaeiai? ?I-iao??? iieacaei, ui aiia caeaaeaea a?ae ae?aaeaiino?
o?aaeaiiy AAeN, noaae?? ONI ?, iaioa, a?eo oai?eo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e
iao?eaae?e (aei 5 ?ie?a) aeaaiino? ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a c aieo AAeN i?e ONI
? noaae?? oa o iaoe??io?a c??eiai a?eo oeoieiaa eeneioiooai?aiiy
i?iyaey?oueny a iaaeao ii?iaeueieo aaee/ei. I?e o?eaaeino? o?aaeaiiy
AAeN a?eueoa 10 ?ie?a, c ONI a?ae ??A aei ??A noaae??, ca?eueoaii? a?eo
oai?eo, iniaeeai a iioeeiio a?oe?, eeneioiooai?thth/a ooieoe?y oeoiea
aoea iii??ii aai ??cei cieaeaiith.

Aea/aiiy noaio AAN o caaaeueii? noeoiiino? oai?eo iieacaei, ui ??ci?
nea?ae, ia?aaaaeii “i’yeiai” oa?aeoa?o, c aieo oe??? nenoaie
i?aae’yaeythoue eeoa 27,73% oai?eo, caeaa?eueoiai ii oeio
oieaoeenoiiao?e. Iaeiae o oai?eo ?c ONI ?oai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy oey
/anoioa aeyaeeany aeuith – 39,13%, a ca aeaieie ia’?eoeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy – ua a?eueo cia/iith – 69,87%. sseui i?e ii/aoeia?e
noaae?? ONI c aieo AAN aeii?ioaaee oieaoeenoiiao??, oi c i?ia?anoaaiiyi
ONI aei ??A noaae?? c?inoaee aaiaoiiaaae?y, ii?ooaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
noaio ia/?iee, a o 3,36% oai?eo a?aei?/aeany aeiaoyie/i?noue oe??ieo
iie?ea?a.

Ca aeaieie oeueo?acaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy /anoioa oieaoeenoeoo o
iaoe??io?a ?c ONI ?oai?/iiai aaiaco nyaaea 83,13%, ?aaiaoe/iiai –
69,44%, i?e/iio, ii/eiath/e c ONI ??A noaae?? o an?o oai?eo ciaoiaeeee
o? /e ?io?, ia?aaaaeii iaeineiioiii?, iciaee o?aaeaiiy AAN. O iaoe??io?a
?c ONI a?ae ??A aei ??A noaae?? i?ia?aneaii i?aeaeuoaaeany aoiaaii?noue
ia?aio?ie ia/?iee, c?inoaea ?? ca?ieno?noue, o /anoeie oai?eo
a?aei?/aeiny ?icoe?aiiy aioo??ia/?ieiaeo aeia/ieo i?ioie?a oa iioiauaiiy
?o no?iie. O ie?aieo c oaeeo iaoe??io?a (19,44%) c a?aeoeeaiiyi
ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?ia ia/?iee /e i’yeeie i?iyaaie oeeoie?oe/iiai
neiae?iio, ui o?aeooaaeeny ye i?iyae ia?nenooth/iai aai iaeiaeoeaiiai
aaiaoeoo, a?aei?/aeany oi?i?aei?noue ia?aa?ao ONI oa iaaia
?acenoaioi?noue aei caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a.

Noia?ia ni?anoaaeaiiy caaaeueieo iciae o?aaeaiiy AAeN ? AAN o
caeaaeiino? a?ae iioiaeaeaiiy ONI iieacaei, ui i?e ?aaiaoe/iiio aaiac?
ONI ?ai?oa ? /ano?oa ?icaeaathoueny aano?iiao??, i?e ?oai?/iiio – iaeaea
c o??th caeiiii??i?noth oieaoeenoiaaiaoiiao??. Anoaiiaeaii oa-eiae, ui o
66,23% oai?eo ?c ONI ?oai?/iiai aaiaco oa 33,33% ?aaiaoe/iiai aaiaco
o?aaeaiiy AAeN /e AAN iaee i?noea ua aei ?icaeoeo iniiaii? oai?iae oa
ONI. Iaeiae ?c oi?ioaaiiyi inoaii?o caeaaei?noue i?iya?a
aano?iaioa?ieia?/ieo o?aaeaiue a?ae iniiaii? oai?iae oa aaeeaaieo o
ca’yceo c iath e?e?a noaaaea aeii?ioth/ith.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaciee?a ia?aeiieo, i?ii?aeieo oa e?ioeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a
IIE a e?ia? iieacaei, ui aiie i?ia?aneaii c?inoaee a?aeiia?aeii aei
noaae?? ONI oa, iaioa, aei a?eo oai?eo. Caeaaeiino? a?ae iioiaeaeaiiy
ONI, o o./. aeoeaiino? ?aaiaoe/iiai i?ioeano, ia ciaeaeaii. Anoaiiaeaii,
ui iieacieee IIE o oai?eo ?c ONI ii??aiyii c? caei?iaeie aoee a??ia?aeii
i?aeaeuai?, a?eueo cia/ii o iaoe??io?a ?c ONI ?? noaae??, i?e/iio
a??ia?aeii? ??cieoe? i?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieie ia?aiao?aie o oai?eo c ONI
??A oa ??A noaae?? ia anoaiiaeaii. A?aei?/aii, ui noiooi? oeoe?iaee
ae?aaao /e iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o, anaioe?aeueia a?ia?oaic?y iineeththoue
i?ioeane IIE iacaeaaeii a?ae noaae?? ONI. Iaea?eueo iai/ieie aoee ci?ie
aaee/ei AeE oa IAeA.

Aea/aiiy iieaciee?a AAIN a e?ia? iieacaei ??ci? ci?ie ?? ia?aiao??a o
caeaaeiino? a?ae noaae?? ONI. Oae o iaoe??io?a c ONI ? noaae??
a?aei?/aeinue eeoa a??ia?aeia cieaeaiiy ??aiy AA; aeoeai?noue A-6-OAeA
oa AO iaea oaiaeaioe?th aei i?aeaeuaiiy (?>0,05). O oai?eo ?c ONI ??A
noaae?? niinoa??aaeiny a?eueo cia/ia cieaeaiiy ??aiy AA (p0,05), AO –
a??ia?aeiiai i?aeaeuaiiy (p0,05),
ii/eiath/e c ONI ??A noaae?? ca?eueoaiiy eiai aaee/eie ii??aiyii c?
caei?iaeie aoei a??ia?aeiei (p

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