I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA»ss OE?A?IE

E?EINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?I. N.?. AAI?A??ANUeEIAI

IAA?E* Aieiaeeie? Aaneeueae/

OAeE: 611.71/72 : 615.849.19 : 616-073.75

INIAEEAINO? ?INOO, AOAeIAE OA OI?IIOOAI?AIIss E?NOIE NEAEAOO I?Ae
AIEEAII AAE?E-IAIIIAIAI EACA?A ? ?AIOAAI?ANUeEIAI AEI?II?ITHAAIIss

14.03.01 — ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

N?ioa?iiieue — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Eoaainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?ianoa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia»y Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe
Eiaaoi?eia Aieiaeeie? Aai?a?eiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith ii?iaeueii?
aiaoii?? ethaeeie Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? N?ei?a A?oae?e C?iia?eiae/, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?ith ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? ethaeeie Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, i. Noie.

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eieaan?i Iaaei Ieeieaeiae/, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e caaaeueii? a?a??ie oa aeieia?? E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, i. N?ioa?iiieue.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?n?oao, eaoaae?a ii?iaeueii?
aiaoii?? ethaeeie, IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 22 /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E52.600.02 i?e E?einueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i N.?. Aai?a??anueeiai (333006 i.
N?ioa?iiieue, aoe. Eai?ia 5/7)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? E?einueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i N.?. Aai?a??anueeiai (333006 i.
N?ioa?iiieue, aoe. Eai?ia 5/7)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «19» o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I.I. A??eoi

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe I?IAEAIE. Oe?ie? ii?oieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaee, ui
e?noeiaa nenoaia /oeii ?aaao? ia ??ciiiai?oi? aeciaaii? oa aiaeiaaii?
oaeoi?e. Aeieeaaeii aea/aiee aieea ??cieo ?aaeei?a ?ooiai? aeoeaiino?
(Eiaaoieeia A.A., 1978; Ieeeothe A.A., Eiaai A.E., 1989; ?iiaithe A.I.,
1991) e iaaaaiiino? (Nooiaeia A.I., Aieaeei A.E., 1989), aeaa?ae?aoaoe??
(Oaaeiithe ss.E., ?iiaithe A.I., 1991; Oeaeae I.I., 1997) oa
??ciiiai?oieo o?i?/ieo oaeoi??a (Eoeaieia E.TH., 1991; Ieeaethe A.N.,
1991). Iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia e?noee neaeaoo o?aaia (Nooaiia A.A., Aa?oiei
A.N., Ei?ieeia I.A., 1997), ii?eiaa oai?iaa (?iiaithe A.I., Neei?a A.C.,
1990), ai?iiie (Turner R.T., Hannon K.S. 1995), aeeiaieue oa ia?eioe/i?
?a/iaeie (Aa?acianeee Ae.I., Iao?e/ei N.I., 1994). A oie aea /an
canoinoaaiiy eaca??a a no/ani?e iaaeeoeei? aeiaaa? iiaeeaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ii aea/aiith aieeao eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia
a?ieia?/i? ia’?eoe (Aaiaeay I.O., ?oaeuo C.I., Noaaeiee A.ss., 1988;
Ieaoi?a N.Ae., 1996; Saito S., Shimizu N., 1997). Aei?ii?ithaaiiy
aae?e-iaiiiaeo eaca??a oni?oii canoiniao?oueny o ea?ae?ieia?? aeey
e?eoaaiiy noaiiea?ae?? oa a?ia?oii?/ii? oai?iae, o ?aaiaoieia??,
noiiaoieia??, ioeueiiiieia??, aano?iaioa?ieia??, iooaeueiieia?? ? ?ioeo
aaeocyo iaaeeoeeie (A?eoiaa A.A., Aaeaaa I.?., ?ac/ee N.I., 1991;
Naaa?ei I.A., 1986). O oie aea /an iaaeinoaoiuei aenia?eiaioaeueii —
oai?aoe/ieo i?aoeue, a yeeo ae iaa?oioiaoaaeeny iieacaiiy aei
canoinoaaiiy oeueiai caniao e?eoaaiiy, ?aaeeie e o?eaae?noue eo?no
eaca?ioa?ai??. O ?yae? i?aoeue ?icaeyioo? ie?ai? ii?oieia?/i? ieoaiiy
?aia?aoeaiiai inoaiaaiaca i?ney oi?ioaaiiy e?noeiaeo aeaoaeo?a o
aeine?aeao ia eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?eiao (Eiiieoeeee I.ss., Aeiyoaaneee A.A.,
1983; No?eaeia E.I., 1988) ? i?e e?eoaaii? ia?aeii?a o ee?i?oe?
(Iaonaeia E.N., Oaeiiaioeaa TH.A., Iaiuoia A.I., 1990). Oe? aeai?
aeicaieythoue noaeeoe i?i oa, ui eaca?ia aei?ii?ithaaiiy noeioeth?
?aaaia?aoe?th e?noeiai? oeaieie. ?acii c oei, o e?oa?aoo?? a?aenooi?
aeai? i?i iniaeeaino? ?inoo, aoaeiae oa oi?iiooai?aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo
e?noie neaeaoo i?e o?eaaeiio aieea? aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?o, ui aaaeeeai
ye aeey aeai?o iioeiaeueiiai ?aaeeio eaca?ioa?ai??, oae ? aeey
aaeineiiaeaiiy a?a??i?/ieo ii?i i?aoe? ni?a?ia?oiee?a eaca?ieo
eaa?iao?a.

Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee i?ia?an ? ?icaeoie i?iieneiaino? aaaea aei ca?eueoaiiy
e?eueeino? ??ciiiai?oieo /eiiee?a oaeeueiai? i?e?iaee, ui aieeaathoue ia
e?noeiao nenoaio ? aanue i?aai?ci ethaeeie a oe?eiio. I?ae /an aaa??? ia
*i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN e ianooiiiai caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey /eiaea /anoeia
ianaeaiiy io?eiaea ??ci? aeice ?aae?aoe?eiiai ii?ii?iaiiy. Ana oea, e
oe?iea canoinoaaiiy i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? a iieieia??, c?iaeei aeooaeueiith
i?iaeaio aea/aiiy ci?i e?noie neaeaoo i?ae aieeaii i?iieeath/i?
?aae?aoe?? ? iiooe iiaeo, iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a ei?aeoe??.
(Aioooaae/ A.A., Aoaiia A.I., Aieei A.I., 1991; Eaaiaea O.N., Iyniee
I.I., 1991). Iaoith iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?inoaaeeoe ?aii?
?aaeoe?? e?noie neaeaoo ia iaeii?aciaa ?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?iaiiy e
aoaeo ianooiiiai aieeao aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a o
??ciiiai?oieo ?aaeeiao.

CA’ssCIE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE, IEAIAIE, OAIAIE. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia
a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ? ? /anoeiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? oaie
eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? ethaeeie ? 01950015790 “Iniaeeaino? ?inoo,
aoaeiae, oi?iiooai?aiiy oa ?aaaia?aoe?? e?noie neaeaoo i?ae aieeaii
aeayeeo o?ce/ieo /eiiee?a oaeeueiai? i?e?iaee”.

IAOA ?IAIOE. O aeine?ae? ia a?eeo uo?ao ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi aea/eoe
o?eaaeee aieea aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a ia ??no, aoaeiao ?
ii?oiaaiac ??cieo e?noie neaeaoo oa iiaeeea?noue eiai canoinoaaiiy ye
ei?aeoi?a iaaaoeaii? ae?? ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy ia e?noee.

CAAeA*? AeINE?AeAEAIIss.

1. Aea/eoe iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?inoo ? no?oeoo?e e?noie neaeaoo
?ioaeoieo oaa?ei a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo c iaoith i?iaaaeaiiy
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co io?eiaieo aeaieo c ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeo.

2. I?inoaaeeoe iniaeeaino? ?inoo, oi?iiooai?aiiy, o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ?
i?oeiinieo aeanoeainoae e?noie neaeaoo oaa?ei an?o a?eiaeo a?oi i?ae
aieeaii aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?o o ??cieo ?aaeeiao oa o?eaaeino?
aeine?aeo.

3. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ?inoo, oi?iiooai?aiiy, o?i?/iiai neeaaeo e
i?oeiinieo aeanoeainoae e?noie neaeaoo noaoaaic??eeo uo??a i?ae aieeaii
iaeii?aciaiai ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy o aeic? 40 A?.

4. C’ynoaaoe iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy aieeao aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a o
??cieo ?aaeeiao ae?? a yeino? ei?aeoi?a iaaaoeaiiai aieeao
?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia e?noeiao nenoaio.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Aia?oa ia aaeeeiio aenia?eiaioaeueiiio
iaoa??ae? ?ice?eo? iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo e?noie
neaeaoo uo??a an?o a?eiaeo a?oi a oiiaao o?eaaeiai ii?ii?iaiiy
aae?e-iaiiiaei eaca?ii a ??cieo ?aaeeiao. Aeiaaaeaii, ui
iecueeiaia?aaoe/ia eaca?ia ii?ii?iaiiy aieeaa? ia ii?oiaaiac e?noie
neaeaoo i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei. Aeyaeaia oaeeaiiae?aia caeaaei?noue
?inoinoeioethth/iai aoaeoo a?ae a?eo oaa?ei, ?aaeeio e /ano aieeao.
Aea/ai? iani?eyoeea? ci?ie, ui a?aeaoaathoueny o e?noeao neaeaoo uo??a
noaoaaic??eiai a?eo i?ae aieeaii ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy, e
aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue ?oiuei? ei?aeoe?? aei?ii?ithaaiiyi
aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a.

OAI?AOE*IA ? I?AEOE*IA CIA*EI?NOUe ?IAIOE. Iaea?aeai? aeai?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?inoo, aoaeiae e oi?iiooai?aiiy
e?noie i?ae aieeaii aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a,
?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa ?o ni?euei?e ae?? a oiiaao oe?e?nii?
?noioe, aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe aeeiai?eo ?? ?aaaeaioaoe??. Aiie
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy canoinoaaiiy eaca?ioa?ai??
c a?aooaaiiyi a?eiaeo iniaeeainoae i?aai?cio a o?c?ioa?ai??,
o?aaiaoieia??, iieieia??, a oaeiae o iaae?ao??? oa aa?iioieia?? c iaoith
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?aaeei?a ? o?eaaeino? eo?no eaca?ioa?ai??. A oiae?
aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe ioi?ieai? aeaa aaeocaaeo iiaiaaaaeaiiy (“Aeei?enoaiiy
aei?ii?iaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a aeey ei?aeoe?? i?iiaiaaeo
ooeiaeaeaiue e?noeiai? nenoaie” e “Canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaaeaeniei? /anoioe aeey iioei?caoe?? ?aia?aoeaii?
?aaaia?aoe?? aeiaaeo o?oa/anoeo e?noie”).

INIAENOEE AIANIE AeENA?OAIOA A IAeA?AEAII? IAOEIAEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A, UI
AEIINssOUeNss IA CAOENO. Iiooea/ai naiino?eii i?iaaaeai? iaeyae e aiae?c
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo uiaei ii?ooaii? i?iaeaie, an? aenia?eiaioaeuei? oa
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a,
?oi?e aiae?c. Aeena?oaioii noi?ioeueiaai? oaeiae iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?
aeniiaee ?iaioe.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeENA?OAOe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
“Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oieia??”, i?enay/aii? iai’yo? i?io. N.A.Nii?uea
(Oa?iii?eue, 6-7 o?aaiy, 1996), ia VIII ?anioae?eainuee?e oeie? ii
a?ieia?? ? iaoieia?? iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo (Ee?a, 12-14 /a?aiy, 1996),
ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aa?ia?o?e/ii?
i?oiiaaei?” (Ee?a, 21-22 eenoiiaaea, 1996), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Ii?oiaaiac ? iaoieia?y e?noeiai? nenoaie a oiiaao
i?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio Aeiiaano” (Eoaainuee, 5 o?aaiy, 1997), ia II
Oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Inoaiii?ic:
ai?aeai?ieia?y, ee?i?ea, ae?aaiinoeea, i?io?eaeoeea e e?eoaaiiy”
(Euea?a, 28-30 o?aaiy, 1997) ? ia II Iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an? aiaoii?a,
a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a ? oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a (Eoaainuee, 16-18 aa?aniy
1998).

IOAE?EAOe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 15 ae?oeiaaieo
i?aoeue. Na?aae ieo 7 — a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 1 — a ca??ieeao, 6 — a
iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e ? 1 — a oacao. ?c ieo 9 i?aoeue iioae?eiaaii
naiino?eii.

AI?IAAAeAEAIIss IAOEIAEO AeINssAIAIUe. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? a
oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa aaeocaa? iiaiaaaaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ia eaoaae?ao ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? ethaeeie
Oa?iii?euenueei?, ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?, Oe?a?inueei? noiiaoieia?/ii?
iaaee/ieo aeaaeai?e, Aeiiaoeueeiai, A?iieoeueeiai, Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaieo iaaee/ieo oi?aa?neoao?a oa eaoaae?? aiaoii?? ethaeeie,
iia?aoeaii? o??o?a?? oa a?noieia?? Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

NO?OEOO?A ? IA’?I AeENA?OAOe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 183
noi??ieao. ?iaioa aeeth/a? anooi, aeaao iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, aeaao aeani?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea ia? ?icae?e iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o?e
?icae?ee aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeaao iaaiai?aiiy io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a ? aeniiaee. Aeena?oaoe?y oaeiae aeeth/a? 38 iaethie?a ? 41
oaaeeoeth. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e neeaaea?oueny c 200 aeaea?ae, o oiio /ene?
80 ca?oa?aeieo.

IAOA??AE OA IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaia ia 234 a?eeo uo?ao-naieoeyo.
An? oaa?eie aoee iiae?eai? ia na??? a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeaeo oa ?aaeeio
aieeao. Ia?oo na??th (E) neeaee eiio?ieuei? oaa?eie. A ae?oao (L1) ?
o?aoth (L2) na??? aoee aeeth/ai? oaa?eie an?o o?ueio a?eiaeo a?oi:
ianoaoaaic??eeo, noaoaaic??eiai a?eo e noa?? (1, 5 e 19 i?nyoe?a a?ae
ia?iaeaeaiiy, c ianith a?aeiia?aeii 50-60 a, 180-200 a, oa 300-320 a). O
ieo aea/aany aieea eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia i?ioeane ?inoo, aoaeiae
e oi?iiooai?aiiy e?noie neaeaoo. Ii?ii?iaiiy oaa?ei i?iaiaeeee uiaeiy ia
na??eiiio aae?e-iaiiiaiio eaca?? “AEIO-2” c aeiaaeeiith oaee?
aei?ii?ithaaiiy 0,63 iei o ?aaeeiao: na??y L1 — 0,5 iAo/ni2 c
aeniiceoe??th 10 oa. oa na??y L2 — 15 iAo/ni2 c aeniiceoe??th 2 oa. E??i
oiai, uo?e eiaeii? a?eiai? a?oie aoee iiae?eai? ia i?aea?oie a
caeaaeiino? a?ae o?eaaeino? aeine?aeo e e?eueeino? naain?a ii?ii?iaiiy:
10, 30 oa 90 aei?a c uiaeaiieie naainaie ? a?oia ?aaaeaioaoe?? — 30-90
aei?a. Oea oaa?eie, ?c 90-aeaiiei oa?i?iii niinoa?aaeaiiy, ui
i?aeaeaaaeeny aieeao eeoa ia?o? 30 aei?a. *aoaa?oo na??th (R) neeaee
oaa?eie noaoaaic??eiai a?eo, ui i?aeaeaaaeeny iaeii?aciaiio
?aioaai?anueeiio ii?ii?iaiith aeicith 40 A?. Eiai i?iaiaeeee ia na??ei?e
onoaiiaoe? ?OI-17 i?e ia?aiao?ao: iai?oaa — 180 eA, neea no?oio — 10 iA,
aac o?eueo??a, oe??ii-oieonia a?aenoaiue 50 ci. I’yoa (R+L1) oa oinoa
(R+L2) na??? — oaa?eie, ye? i?ney oaeiai ae ?aioaai?anueeiai
ii?ii?iaiiy, io?eioaaee naaine eaca?iiai ii?ii?iaiiy 10 ? 30 aei?a o
a?aeiia?aeieo ?aaeeiao. Iinoaiiaea aeine?aeo cae?enithaaeany o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c I?aaeeaie i?iaaaeaiiy i?aoeue ?c aenia?eiaioaeueieie
oaa?eiaie (Caiaaeithe A.E., Caiaaeithe E.I., Caoa?ey A.A., 1983). An?
oaa?eie i?noeeeny a noaiaea?oieo oiiaao a?aa??th. A oiae? aeine?aeo
i?iaiaeeeeny niinoa?aaeaiiy ca aeeiai?eith iane o?ea aenia?eiaioaeueieo
oaa?ei eiaei? 10 aei?a. I?e uiaeaiiiio niinoa?aaeaii? ca caaaeueiei
noaiii oa iiaaae?ieith oaa?ei ia?oeo o?ueio na??e (E, L1 oa L2)
a?aeoeeaiue ia aeyaeaia. O oaa?ei, ui i?aeaeaaaeeny ?aioaai?anueeiio
aieeao (na??? R, R+L1 e R+L2) i?ioyaii ia?oi? aeiae i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy
niinoa??aaeeny ?aaeoe??, oa?aeoa?i? aeey aino?iai i?iiaiaaiai o?aaeaiiy:
neaae?noue, ianeai?noue, o aeayeeo — noaei?iae. Oaa?eie a?aeiiaeyeeny
a?ae ?ae?. Oe? yaeua iinooiiai i?aaethaaeeny. *anoeia aenia?eiaioaeueieo
oaa?ei caaeioea. Ii cae?i/aiith /ano aeine?aeo uo??a aeaeai?ooaaee i?ae
ao??iei ia?eicii. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeie?aiethaaee a?ae i’yeeo
oeaiei e?noee neaeaoo: aaeeeiaii?eeiao, iea/iao, oaciao oa III
iiia?aeiaee o?aaaoeue. E?noee caaaeoaaee ia aiae?oe/ieo aaaao AEA-200 c
oi/i?noth aei 1 ia e aei??thaaee ooaiaaioee?eoeai c oi/i?noth aei 0,1 ii
(Aeaenaaa A.I.,1966). I?ia?aia inoaiiao??? aeiaaeo o?oa/anoeo e?noie
aeeth/aea ianooii? ia?aiao?e: iaeneiaeueia aeiaaeeia e?noee, iaea?eueoa
oe?eia i?ieneiaeueiiai e aeenoaeueiiai ai?o?c?a, oe?eia ?
ia?aaeiuei-caaei?e ?ici?? (oiaueia) na?aaeeie ae?ao?co. Aeey ?ioeo
e?noie aei??thaaee ?o aaaa?eoi? ?ici??e: iaea?eueoo aeiaaeeio, oe?eio e
oiaueio. O?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy e?noie neeaaeaeiny c aecia/aiiy ai?noo
aiaee, i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei, a i?ia?aeueiiio eiiiiiaio?
aecia/aee ai?no oinoi?o, eaeueoe?th, eae?th oa iao??th. Ai?no aiaee,
i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei ciaoiaeeee aaaiaei iaoiaeii, i?ney
aeneoaiiy e?noie o nooeeuei?e oao? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 105N aei iino?eii?
aaae, oa icieaiiy o iooaeuei?e ia/? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 450-500N ia i?ioyc?
12 aiaeei (Iiaeeia TH.A., Aenthe A.O., Eaioi/ieeia A.I., 1969).
Io?eiaiee iii?e ?icoe?aee a oa?oi?ia?e nooioe? e caa??aaee o aa?iaoe/ieo
i?e?ii?ia??eao. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iae?iaeaiaioiiai neeaaeo e?noie
a?aee 5 ia e?noeiai? ciee oa ?ic/eiyee o 2 ie 0,1I o?i?/ii /enoi?
nieyii? eeneioe. I?ney ?ic/eiaiiy aeiaiaeeee ianya ?ic/eio aei 25 ie
aeenoeeueiaaiith aiaeith. Ai?no iao??th ? eae?th aecia/aee ia
iieoi’yiiio oioiiao?? IAAE-1 (Iieoyeoia I.N., 1967). Ai?no oinoi?o ?
eaeueoe?th aecia/aee eaei?eiao?e/iei iaoiaeii ia aeaeo?ioioieiei?eiao??
EOE-2 c aeei?enoaiiyi noaiaea?oieo iaai??a o??ie “Lachema”, *ao?y. C
a?iiaoai?/ieo ia?aiao??a aecia/aee iaoai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iea/iai?
e?noee i?e caei? ia oi?aa?naeuei?e iaaaioaaeoaaeuei?e iaoei? ?-0,5 c?
oaeaee?noth iaaaioaaeaiiy 0,25 ii/oa aei ?oeioaaiiy. ?ic?aoiaoaaee
ieoiio no??eo i?iaeio, iaaeo i?oeiino?, iiaeoeue i?oaeiino? e i?aoeth
?oeioaaiiy (Oaiaeinueaa A.E., 1979). Aeey a?noieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?aee ae?eyiee i?ieneiaeueieo ai?o?c?a oa na?aaeeie aeiaoico
aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee, o?enoaaee ?o o 10% ?ic/ei? iaeo?aeueiiai
oi?iae?io, aeaeaeueoeeioaaee o 5% ?ic/ei? io?aoeii? eeneioe,
ciaaiaeithaaee o nie?oao c?inoath/i? eiioeaio?aoe?? oa eneeie?, caeeaaee
o ia?ao?i. C ieo aiooaaee a?noieia?/i? c??ce oiaueiith 10 — 12 iei, ye?
oa?aoaaee aaiaoieneeei-aiceiii (Aieeiaa I.A., Aeaoeeee TH.E., 1982).
Iie?iii?oiiao?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaoico oa i?ieneiaeueiiai ai?o?co
aaeeeiaii?eeiaeo e?noie i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith ieoey?iie?iiao?o
IIA-1-15AINO865-56 (Eiaaoiieia A.A., 1984). Eaeia?iaeo aei??thaaeueieo
i?eai??a i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith i?e?iao?iai? e?i?eee (AeNO7513-55).
Ii?oiiao??th cii o?yua i?iaiaeeee ca ia?aiao?aie: oe?eia aiioica?iiai
o?yua, oe?eia cii ?iaeeoa?aioieo, i?ie?oa?oth/eo oa aeao?i?oeaieo
oiiae?ioeeo?a. Ca aeiiiiiaith 100-oi/eiai? i??ii? ieoey?ii? n?oee
ciaoiaeeee ia’?iia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a aei i?aeee?oeiii?
?a/iaeie aiioica?iiai o?yua, ia’?iio aeieth ia?aeiii? niiiaiice
(Aaoaiaeeeia A.A., 1990). Ii?oiiao??y aeiaoico i?iaiaeeeanue ca
ia?aiao?aie: ieiua iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio ae?ao?co, ieiua
e?noeiai-iiceiaiai eaiaeo, oe?eia oa?o ciai?oi?o aaia?aeueieo ieanoei,
oe?eia inoaiiiiai oa?o, oe?eia oa?o aioo??oi?o aaia?aeueieo ieanoei,
ae?aiao? inoaii?a, ae?aiao? eaiaeo inoaii?a. Io?eiai? aeai? ia?iaeyee
noaoenoe/ii ia eiii’thoa??, c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeaoo noaoenoe/ieo i?ia?ai
(O?aao A.TH., 1985). Aeinoia??i?noue ?ica?aeiino? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?
eiio?ieueieo aeaieo ioe?ithaaee c aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa??th Nothaeaioa,
aeinoaoiueith aaaaeaee eiia??i?noue iiieeee iaio 5% (?<0,05). ?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss OA ?O AIAE?C. Na??? aeine?ae?a L1 ? L2 aoee i?enay/ai? aea/aiith iniaeeainoae ?inoo, aoaeiae ? oi?iiooai?aiiy e?noie neaeaoo uo??a ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi i?ae aieeaii aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a. Ia ?aii?o aoaiao aeine?aeo (10 aei?a) aeinoia??ieo a?aei?iiinoae inoaiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a a?ae eiio?ieth aeey aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee ia aeyaeaii. Aeae?, aei 30 aeiy, oaiie ?inoo iiacaeiaaei?o ?ici???a aaeeeiaii?eeiaeo e?noie o oeeo na??yo aaaeooue naaa ii-??ciiio. A na??? L1 o ianoaoaaic??eeo uo??a niinoa??aa?oueny cieaeaiiy oaeaeeino? ?inoo ia 2,23%, o oaa?ei noaoaaic??eiai a?eo - i?enei?aiiy ia 7,03% (p<0,05), o noa?iai - i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ith?oueny. A na??? L2 oaiie ?inoo o an?o a?eiaeo a?oi cieaeothoueny, i?e/iio aaee/eia aoaeoo iaa?iaii i?iii?oe?iiaeueia a?eo oaa?ei: aeey ianoaoaaic??eeo uo??a aeiaaeeia aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee na??? L2 a?aenoa? ia 7,02%, o oaa?ei noaoaaic??eiai a?eo - ia 3,42%, o noa?iai - ia 1,07%. Ci?ie oaii?a ?inoo iiia?a/ieo ?ici???a iineoue a iaio na??yo iaeiaeiaee oa?aeoa?, aea a?eueo aeneiaeai? a na??? L2: o ianoaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei aiie cieaeothoueny (oe?eia na?aaeeie ae?ao?co - ia 7,57%, a oiaueia - ia 5,94% (?<0,05)), o noaoaaic??eeo uo??a, iaaiaee, c?inoathoue (oe?eia na?aaeeie ae?ao?co - ia 5,51%, a oiaueia - ia 4,28%), o oaa?ei noa?iai a?eo ci?ie iaaeinoia??i?. I?e ?aaaeaioaoe??, aei 90 aeiy aeine?aeo niinoa??aa?oueny i?enei?aiiy oaii?a ?inoo aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee o an?o a?eiaeo a?oi, i?e/iio a?eueo ae?aaeaia a na??? L1. O aeiaaeeo uiaeaiieo naain?a aieeao aei 90 aeiy aeine?aeo niinoa??aa?oueny a?aenoaaaiiy oaii?a ?inoo o an?o iai?yieao. Aeey ?ioeo e?noie i?inoaaeothoueny aiaeia?/i? oaiaeaioe?? a aeeiai?oe? inoaiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a, oi/ ? ?nio? ?yae iniaeeainoae. Oe? ci?ie oaii?a ?inoo e?noie iiaeia iiynieoe oei, ui aeeiai?ea ?inoinoeioethth/i? ae?? aei?ii?iaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a ia? a /an? ia?aaie?/io oi?io ? caeaaeeoue ye a?ae ?aaeeio aieeao (iiooaeiino?), oae ? a?ae ni?eeiyoeeaino? i?aai?cio (oaeaeeino? iai?iieo i?ioean?a, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey iaaiiai a?eiaiai ia??iaeo). Oae o ianoaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei iaeneiaeueiee ?inoinoeioethth/ee aoaeo, iaaii, aoa aeinyaiooee ia ?aii?o noaae?yo aeine?aeo, o uo??a noaoaaic??eiai ? noa?iai a?eo aeey na??? L1 - aei 30 aeiy, a aeey na??? L2 - i?ae 10 ? 30 aeiyie (aiie?ooaea e?eai? L2 aeia?aaeaea? L1, a ca'yceo c a?eueoith aeicith aei?ii?ithaaiiy). I?e ii?oiiao??? ai?o?ca?iiai o?yua aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee aei 10 aeiy aeine?aeo o ianoaoaaic??eeo uo??a caaaeueia oe?eia o?yua a iaio na??yo caoaeaia ia 8,09% (p<0,05) ? 12,23% (p<0,05), caeaa?eueoiai ca ?aooiie ciie aeao?i?oeaieo oiiae?ioeeo?a. Ia?aeaeueii c oeei aeinoia??ii cieaeo?oueny /anoea ia?aeiii? niiiaiice ia 6,51% ? 4,57% oa i?ioeaioiee ai?no ee?oei ia 4,17% ? 3,18%. O oaa?ei noaoaaic??eiai ? noa?iai a?eo - iaaiaee oe?eia o?yua a?eueoa eiio?ieueieo aaee/ei ia 8,34% - 4,13% ? ia 4,87% - 6,47%, a?aeiia?aeii. Ca?eueooaaany i?ioeaioiee ai?no oiiae?ioeeo?a aeey oeeo a?eiaeo a?oi ia 7,78% - 9,51% ? 5,22% - 7,22%, oa /anoee ia?aeiii? niiiaiice ia 7,07% - 5,84% ? 1,25% - 2,49%. Aei 30 aeiy niinoa?aaeaiiy caaaeueia oe?eia ai?o?ca?iiai o?yua c?inoa? a on?o a?eiaeo a?oiao (ca aeiyoeii iacia/iiai caoaeaiiy a na??? L2 noaoaaic??eiai a?eo), aea yeui o noaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei ? oaa?ei noa?iai a?eo ia?aeaeueii c oeei c?inoa? /anoea ia?aeiii? niiiaiice, oi o ianoaoaaic??eeo uo??a - iaaiaee, aiia ciaioo?oueny, ?inoa /anoea i?aeee?oeiii? ?a/iaeie ? iaaea? /anoea oiiae?ioeeo?a, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy e?noeiaioai?/i? ooieoe??. Aei 90 aeiy aeine?aeo i?e o?eaaeiio aieea? eaca?iiai ii?ii?iaiiy a on?o a?eiaeo a?oiao caaaeueia oe?eia o?yua caoaeaia. Oea a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie ciie i?ie?oa?oth/iai o?yua, i?ioeaioiee ai?no ee?oei cieaeo?oueny ia 4,04% - 13,44%, c?inoa? aeao?oeeo ia?aeiii? niiiaiice. A ia??iae ?aaaeaioaoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny aeinoia??ia c?inoaiiy caaaeueii? oe?eie ai?o?ca?iiai o?yua ia 13,91% - 15,34% o ianoaoaaic??eeo, 5,94% - 7,24% o noaoaaic??eeo ? o noa?eo ia - 8,41% - 9,16%. I?e ii?oiiao??? c??c?a ae?ao?c?a aaeeeiaii?eeiaeo e?noie aei 10 aeiy aeine?aeo aoei aeyaeaia i?iii?oe?eia caoaeaiiy an?o oa??a ae?ao?co ia 5,80% - 8,67% a a?oi? ianoaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei. O uo??a noaoaaic??eiai a?eo a?aeaoaa?oueny aeinoia??ia ?icoe?aiiy inoaiiiiai oa?o ia 2,6% - 3,09%, a o oaa?ei noa?iai a?eo iieacieee aeecuee? aei eiio?ieueieo. Aei 30 aeiy aeine?aeo o ianoaoaaic??eeo uo??a ciia ciai?oi?o aaia?aeueieo ieanoei aeinoia??ii aoae/a ia 7,28% - 7,89%, a aioo??oi?o - ia 6,74% - 10,14%. Ieiua iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio ae?ao?co oa inoaiiiee oa? oaeiae ieae/a eiio?ieueieo cia/aiue, ui aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny c? cieaeaiiyi ?inoo iiia?a/ieo ?ici???a e?noie o oeeo a?oiao. O oaa?ei noaoaaic??eiai oa noa?iai a?eo niinoa??aa?oueny cai?ioia aeeiai?ea: oe?eia inoaiiiiai oa?o aeey oeeo a?oi ia?aaeuo? eiio?ieuei? cia/aiiy ia 3,87% - 4,6% oa 3,09% - 3,32%, a?aeiia?aeii. E??i oiai, ca?eueoo?oueny oe?eia ciie ciai?oi?o aaia?aeueieo ieanoei ia 1,35% - 2,25% ? 2,14% - 3,76%. I?e o?eaaeiio aieea? eaca?a aei 90 aeiy aeine?aeo a on?o a?eiaeo a?oiao aeyaey?oueny cieaeaiiy iiiceoe?eiiai ?inoo, a?eueo aeneiaeaia a na??? L2. A a?oiao ?aaaeaioaoe?? - i?ioean cai?ioi?e. O ianoaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei oe?eia oa??a ae?ao?co c?inoa? ia 3,94% - 15,05%, o noaoaaic??eeo - ia 2,7% - 3,49%, a uo??a noa?iai a?eo - ia 1,82% - 2,47%. O?i?/iee neeaae ??ciiiai?oieo e?noie neaeaoo i?ae aieeaii eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ci?ithaaany oaeei /eiii: aei 10 aeiy aeine?aeo o ianoaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei a na??? L1 niinoa??aa?oueny c?inoaiiy ai?noo i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei e cieaeaiiy aieiae e?noie. Iaeneiaeueii e?euee?noue i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei c?inoa? o III iiia?aeiaiio o?aaoe? (ia 18,72% (p<0,05)), a i?aai?/ieo - o aaeeeiaii?eeia?e e?nooe? (ia 11,73% (p<0,05)). Oea noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ci?iith aaeaino iae?iaeaiaio?a e?noeiai? ciee (iae.1). Iaethiie 1. Ci?ie ai?noo eaeueoe?th a III iiia?aeiaiio o?aaoe? o oaa?ei ??ciiai a?eo i?ae aieeaii aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?o a ?aaeei? L1. wmetafile8? ?????-???????? ???????yyy???????????? ae???? ????'yy??? ????'yy??? ??????? ????yyy???? ???????uoy?????? C?inoa? ai?no eaeueoe?th (iaeneiaeueii o o?aaoe? - ia 11,05% (p<0,05)), a /anoea a?ae?io?eueieo aeaiaio?a cieaeo?oueny (iao??th - iaeneiaeueii o aaeeeiaii?eeia?e e?nooe? ia 15,34% (p<0,05), a eae?th - a oacia?e ia 17,08% (p<0,05)). A na??? L2 ci?ie iathoue cai?ioia ni?yioaaiiy: ai?no i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei cieaeo?oueny, a /anoea aieiae ?inoa. Iaeneiaeueii oe? ci?ie ae?aaeai? o III iiia?aeiaiio o?aaoe? (/anoea i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei cieaeaia ia 6,42%) oa oacia?e e?nooe? (/anoea i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei cieaeo?oueny ia 9,36% (p<0, 05)). A?aeiia?aeii, ai?no eaeueoe?th (ia 5,76% - 10,19%) e oinoi?o (ia 2,15% - 6,72%) o e?noeao aeinoia??ii ciaioo?oueny, a iao??th oa eae?th c?inoa?. Aeey noaoaaic??eeo uo??a iaio na??e ci?ie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo iaeiiiai?aaeai?: /anoea i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei ?inoa (iaeneiaeueii a aaeeeiaii?eeia?e e?nooe? aeey L1 ? L2 - ia 5,41% (p<0,05) oa 3,03% (p<0,05)), a aieiae iaaea?, ui noi?iaiaeaeothoueny i?aeaeuaiiyi ai?noo eaeueoe?th (a oacia?e e?nooe? ia 8,93% (p<0,05)) ? cieaeaiiyi ai?noo a?ae?io?eueieo aeaiaio?a. Ci?ie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo e?noie o oaa?ei noa?iai a?eo ia ?aii?o oa?i?iao aenia?eiaioo iinyoue aiaeia?/ia ni?yioaaiiy, aea c a?eueoith aiie?ooaeith a L2. Iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe aeinoia??ia i?aeaeuaiiy /anoee eaeueoe?th ? oinoi?o a icieaiiio caeeoeo aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee na??? L2 - ia 8,48% oa 8,82%. Aei 30 aeiy aeine?aeo o ianoaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei iaio na??e (aea a L2 cia/i?oa) c'yaeythoueny iaaaoeai? ci?ie a o?i?/iiio neeaae? aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee oa III iiia?aeiaiai o?aaoey: cieaeo?oueny /anoea i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei ? eaeueoe?th, c?inoa? ai?no aieiae. Oae, e?euee?noue i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei aeey o?aaoey na??? L2 cieaeaia ia 14,7% (p<0,05), eaeueoe?th ia 7,97% (p<0,05). A a?oi? noaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei i?aeaeuo?oueny ??aaiue eaeueoe?th oa oinoi?o, iaea?eueo o o?aaoeyo - ia 12,55% oa 18,67%, a?aeiia?aeii. O uo??a noa?iai a?eo aeinoia??ieo a?aeoeeaiue a?ae eiio?ieth iaia?. O a?oi? ?aaaeaioaoe?? (30-90) o ianoaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei ci?ie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo a oaciaeo e?noeao iaio na??e ? aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee L1 i?aeoe/i? i?aaeththoueny. Aeey aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee na??? L2 caeeoa?oueny ?noioii cieaeaiei ai?no i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei (ia 7,1%) oa eaeueoe?th (ia 7,28% (p<0,05)). O III iiia?aeiaiio o?aaoeth /anoea aieiae aeinoia??ii i?aeaeuaia ia 13,32% oa 17,77%, a i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei cieaeaia ia 8,39% oa 11,23%, aeey L1 ? L2 a?aeiia?aeii. O uo??a noa?iai a?eo cia/aiiy aeecuee? aei eiio?ieth, ca aeiyoeii i?aeaeuaiiy /anoee i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei ia 2,44% (p<0,05) oa ai?noo eaeueoe?th ia 3,35% aeey aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee na??? L1. O aeiaaeeo o?eaaeiai aieeao eaca?a aei 90 aeiy aeine?aeo o ianoaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei ai?no i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei ? eaeueoe?th o e?noeao iaio na??e cieaeaiee, iniaeeai o o?aaoeyo, a ai?no aieiae e a?ae?io?eueieo aeaiaio?a i?aeaeuaiee. Oae, ai?no i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei o o?aaoe? aeinoia??ii cieaeo?oueny ia 15,40% oa 14,84%, eaeueoe?th - ia 5,79% oa 6,82%, a aieiae i?aeaeuo?oueny ia 9,94% ? 19,69%, aeey L1 e L2 na??e a?aeiia?aeii. Ci?ie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo e?noie a?aeaeaaeeny ia ?o i?oeiinieo aeanoeainoyo. Aei 10 aeiy aenia?eiaioo a?iiaoai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee e?noie a na??? L1 o ianoaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei iie?auoaaeenue: ca?eueooaaeany iaaea i?oeiino? ia 14,46%, i?aoey ?oeioaaiiy ia 6,80% oa iiaeoeue i?oaeiino? ia 15,53%, a o na??? L2, iaaiaee, an? aiie cieaeoaaeenue a?aeiia?aeii ia 11,69% (p<0,05), 8,86% oa 3,78%. O noaoaaic??eeo uo??a o oeueiio no?ieo aeine?aeo i?aoey ?oeioaaiiy e?noee c?inoa? ia 9,44% e 7,99%, aeey L1 oa L2 a?aeiia?aeii, aea iiaeoeue i?oaeiino? cieaeaiee ia 7,20% (p<0,05) ? 8,83% (p<0,05), ui ia oii? i?aeaeuaiiy e?eueeino? i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei e eaeueoe?th na?ae/eoue i?i iaiiaiioe?ii?noue e?noeiaiai iao?eeno, ui noi?ioaaany. O oaa?ei noa?iai a?eo a iaio na??yo i?oei?noue e?noie c?inoa?, aea a?eueo cia/ii a na??? L2: i?aoey ?oeioaaiiy - ia 10,56% (p<0,05) ? iiaeoeue i?oaeiino? - ia 8,35%. Aei 30 aeiy aieeao aei?ii?ithaaiiy eaca?a o ianoaoaaic??eeo oaa?ei i?oei?noue cieaeo?oueny a iaio na??yo, aea iniaeeai a na??? L2: i?aoey ?oeioaaiiy iaaea? ia 12,89% (p<0,05), iaaea i?oeiino? - ia 13,55% (p<0,05). O oaa?ei noaoaaic??eiai ? noa?iai a?eo o iaio na??yo (a?eueo o L2) i?oei?noue e?noie c?inoa?, i?e/iio aaeain a?iiaoai?/ieo iieaciee?a a?aeiiaeth?oueny, ui ia oii? iieaciee?a o?i?/iiai neeaaeo aeecueeeo aei eiio?ieth na?ae/eoue i?i ii?iae?caoe?th no?oeoo?e e?noee. I?e o?eaaeiio aieea? eaca?a ia i?ioyc? 90 aei?a o ianoaoaaic??eeo uo??a cieaeo?oueny i?aoey ?oeioaaiiy e?noie ia 12,49% (p<0,05) ? 14,89% (p<0,05) aeey L1 e L2 a?aeiia?aeii. O oaa?ei noaoaaic??eiai a?eo iaea?eueo aeinoia??ii iaaea? iaaea i?oeiino? - ia 10,55% ? 11,79% oa iiaeoeue i?oaeiino? - ia 14,43% ? 12,63%, oea noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iacia/ieie ci?iaie /anoee i?ia?aeueiiai ? i?aai?/iiai eiiiiiaioa e?noie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?oith ye?nio iiaeeo?eaoe?th, ii?ooaiiy e?enoae?/ii? no?oeoo?e. Iaa?oue o oaa?ei, ui io?eiaee eeoa 30 naain?a aieeao, aei 90 aeiy aeine?aeo ia a?aeaoaa?oueny a?aeiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e e?noee oa ?? i?oeiinieo aeanoeainoae. *aoaa?oa (R), i'yoa (R+L1) oa oinoa (R+L2) na??? aeine?ae?a aoee i?enay/ai? aea/aiith iniaeeainoae aieeao ?aioaai?anueeiai oa eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia ??no, ?icaeoie, o?i?/iee neeaae ? i?oeiini? aeanoeaino? ??ciiiai?oieo e?noie neaeaoo. An? oaa?eie oeeo na??e noaoaaic??eiai a?eo i?aeaeaaaeenue ?aioaai?anueeiio ii?ii?iaiith (40 A?), c ianooiieie uiaeaiieie naainaie eaca?iiai aieeao o a?aeiia?aeieo ?aaeeiao (na??? R+L1 ? R+L2), aai aac ieo (na??y R). A on?o o?ueio aenia?eiaioaeueieo na??yo ia 10 aeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy i?inoaaeoaaeanue oaiaeaioe?y aei oiia?eueiaiiy oaii?a ?inoo, ye iiia?a/ieo oae ? iiacaeiaaei?o ?ici???a an?o e?noie, aea eeoa o uo??a na??? R, oe? ci?ie aeinyaaee iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy aeinoia??iino?. Oae i?e??no iiacaeiaaei?o ?ici???a aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee cieaeoaaany ia 4,27% (p<0,05), a oiaueie na?aaeeie ae?ao?co ia 8,84% (p<0,05). Oe?eia oaciai? e?noee aoea iaioa eiio?ieueii? ia 3,77% (p<0,05), a aeiaaeeia III iiia?aeiaiai o?aaoey - ia 3,96%. Aei 30 aeiy niinoa?aaeaiiy i?e??no aeiaaeeie a na??? R aeey III iiia?aeiaiai o?aaoey aoa cieaeaiee ia 6,22% (p<0,05), o na??? R+L1 - ia 5,50% (p<0,05) ? a na??? R+L2 - ia 5,98% (p<0,05), oe?eia aeinoia??ii cieaeaia a?aeiia?aeii ia 8,20%, 5,86% e 7,42%, a oiaueia - ia 6,66%, 5,56% oa 6,11%. Aeey ?ioeo e?noie i?inoaaeothoueny aiaeia?/i? oaiaeaioe??, aea ae?aaeai? aiie neaaoa. I?e a?noiii?oiiao??? i?ieneiaeueiiai ai?o?ca?iiai o?yua aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee uo??a oeeo na??e niinoa??aa?oueny ae?aaeai? aeeno?io?/i? ci?ie a ie?aieo o?yuiaeo ee?oeiao, ii?ooaiiy i?inoi?iai? i???ioaoe?? noiaioe?a oiiae?ioeeo?a. Aaea aei 10 aeiy niinoa?aaeaiiy aeinoia??ii cieaeo?oueny caaaeueia oe?eia ai?o?ca?iiai o?yua ia 13,81%, 8,69% e 9,73% ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth, a?aeiia?aeii a na??yo R, R+L1 e R+L2. Oea caoaeaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie ciie i?ie?oa?oth/eo oiiae?ioeeo?a - ia 11,33%, 4,69% oa 9,22%, a?aeiia?aeii. O o?yu? ca?eueoo?oueny e?euee?noue i?aeee?oeiii? ?a/iaeie e aeinoia??ii cieaeo?oueny i?ioeaioia /anoea oiiae?ioeeo?a - ia 15,4%, 12,17% ? 13,66%, aeey a?aeiia?aeieo na??e. Aei 30 aeiy niinoa?aaeaiiy iaaaoeai? ci?ie o?yua a uo??a na??? R c?inoathoue: c'yaeythoueny ina?aaeee aeano?oeoe??, cieaeo?oueny /anoea ia?aeiii? niiiaiice. A o oaa?ei, ui io?eioaaee naaine aieeao eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, iaaiaee, aeaui i?aaeththoueny (iae.2). I?e ii?oiiao?e/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? c??c?a ae?ao?c?a aeyaeaii: aei 10 aeiy aeine?aeo ?noioii cieaeo?oueny eeoa oiaueia inoaiiiiai oa?o: ia 3,25% (p<0,05), 1,87% ? 2,84% (p<0,05), aeey na??e R, R+L1 oa R+L2. Aei 30 aeiy niinoa?aaeaiiy oe?eia inoaiiiiai oa?o i?iaeiaaeo? aeinoia??ii caoaeoaaoeny ia 4,12%, 2,66% ? 3,15%, a?aeiia?aeii aeey na??e, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny. Iaethiie 2. Ci?ie ii?oiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a i?ieneiaeueiiai ai?o?ca?iiai o?yua aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee uo??a, ui i?aeaeaaaeeny ?aioaai?anueeiio oa eaca?iiio ii?ii?iaiith (ia 30 aeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy). wmetafile8? ??%?? ?5???????? ???????yyy???????????? Ae?Ue??? ????'yy??? ????'yy??? ??????? ????yyy???? ??????? YYY????uoy?????? I?e aeine?aeaeaii? o?i?/iiai neeaaeo e?noie aoee iaea?aeai? ianooii? ?acoeueoaoe: aei 10 aeiy niinoa?aaeaiiy a?aeaoaaeeny iaeiiiai?aaeai? ci?ie a on?o e?noeao, aea a?eueo aiie aoee aeneiaeai? o o?aaoeyo oa aaeeeiaii?eeiaeo e?noeao. Niinoa??aaeiny cieaeaiiy /anoee i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei ? c?inoaiiy ai?noo aieiae. Oae, a?ia?a?ae?aoaoe?y a III iiia?aeiaiio o?aaoeth aeinyaa? 11,60% (p<0,05), 7,99% (p<0,05) e 10,38% (p<0,05), aeey na??e R, R+L1 e R+L2, a?aeiia?aeii. *anoea i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei aeinoia??ii cieaeo?oueny ia 17,07%, 10,68% ? 15,43%, a i?ia?aeueieo - ia 3,21%, 3,44% (p<0,05) ? 2,7%. ??aaiue ai?noo eaeueoe?th a III iiia?aeiaiio o?aaoeth cieaeo?oueny ia 7,41% (p<0,05), 6,08% oa 6,61% (p<0,05), ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiio?ieth aeey na??e, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny. Aei 30 aeiy aeine?aeo ci?ie aeaui i?aaeththoueny, i?e/iio oea a?eueo ae?aaeaii a na??? R+L1. Ai?no aieiae o o?aaoe? caeeoa?oueny aeinoia??ii i?aeaeuaiei ia 12,98%, 3,6% ? 8,73% aeey na??e R, R+L1 ? R+L2, a?aeiia?aeii, /anoea i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei cieaeaia ia 12,61% (p<0,05), 3,36% ? 7,78% (p<0,05), a i?ia?aeueieo - ia 3,77%, 1,22% ? 3,42% (p<0,05). Aea, iacaaaeath/e ia iacia/ia cieaeaiiy /anoee i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei, ai?no eaeueoe?th oa, iniaeeai, oinoi?o aeoaea iaaea?. Oae /anoea oinoi?o a icieaiiio caeeoeo aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee cieaeo?oueny ia 13,71% (p<0,05), 8,06% oa 13,71% (p<0,05), a eaeueoe?th - ia 12,5% (p<0,05), 2,5% ? 6,11%, a?aeiia?aeii aeey na??e, ui aea/aeeny. Ci?ie o?i?/iiai neeaaeo i?ecaiaeyoue aei ii?ooaiiy i?oeiinieo aeanoeainoae e?noie. Ia 10 aeaiue aeine?aeo c a?iiaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaea?eueo cia/ii cieaeothoueny iaaea i?oeiino? ia 10,93% (?<0,05), 8,45% oa 4,1% ? iiaeoeue i?oaeiino? ia 16,5% (?<0,05), 15,14% (p<0,05) oa 10,09%, aeey na??e R, R+L1 oa R+L2, a?aeiia?aeii. Aei 30 aeiy i?oei?noue e?noie i?iaeiaaeo? iaaeaoe. Aeinoia??ii c?inoa? ieoiia no??ea i?iaeio ia 17,57%, 13,15% oa 10,98%, aeey na??e R, R+L1 oa R+L2. A i?aoey ?oeioaaiiy ciaioo?oueny ia 15,72% (p<0,05), 12,31% (p<0,05) oa 11,08%. Iaaea i?oeiino? oaeiae iaaea? ia 16,56% (p<0,05), 15,95% oa 15,70% (p<0,05). AENIIAEE 1. Iecueeiaia?aaoe/ia aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a aieeaa? ia ??no, aoaeiao ? oi?iiooai?aiiy e?noie neaeaoo a?eeo uo??a. Neea e ni?yioaaiiy oeeo ci?i caeaaeaoue a?ae a?eo oaa?ei. 2. A iaaeao a?eiai? a?oie aeyaeai? ci?ie caeaaeaee, caeaa?eueoiai, a?ae ?aaeeio aieeao, oi/a iaee i?noea ? ye?ni? a?aeoeeaiiy: oae, o oaa?ei na??? L1, c iaioith aeicith ii?ii?iaiiy (0,5 iAo/ni2 c aeniiceoe??th 10 oa.), iaaaoeai? aoaeoe eaca?iiai aieeao aeneiaeai? iaio, a iiceoeai? - a?eueo, i?ae o na??? L2 (15 iAo/ni2 c aeniiceoe??th 2 oa). Oea iia'ycaii c iaioith oa?i?/iith oa oaea?iith ae??th ia oeaieie iaeeo aeic eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, a?eueoith niaoeeo?/iith noeioeyoe??th oioiaeaeo?e/ieo oa oioio?i?/ieo i?ioean?a. 3. I?ae aieeaii aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a iineeththoueny oaiie ?inoo e?noie, ca?eueoo?oueny ai?no a ieo i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei, iaeiie/othoueny ?iie eaeueoe?th ? oinoi?o, iie?auothoueny i?oeiini? aeanoeaino?. 4. E?eaa oeueiai a?ieia?/iiai aoaeoo ia? a /an? ia?aaie?/io oi?io c iaeneioiii, oa?aeoa?iei aeey eiaeiiai a?eo ? ?aaeeio ii?ii?iaiiy. I?e/iio, oaeaee?noue aeinyaiaiiy iaeneioio oeueiai a?ieia?/iiai aoaeoo i?yii i?iii?oe?iiaeueia io?eiai?e aeic? ii?ii?iaiiy ? iaa?iaii i?iii?oe?iiaeueia a?eo oaa?ei. I?e i?iaeiaaeaii? aieeao aoaeo i?aaeth?oueny aai noa? i?ioeeaaeiei. 5. Aieea ?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy a aeic? 40 A? i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiia?eueiaiiy oaii?a ?inoo ye iiacaeiaaei?o, oae ? iiia?a/ieo ?ici???a e?noie oaa?ei noaoaaic??eiai a?eo, a?eueo aeneiaeaiiio aei 30 aeiy niinoa?aaeaiiy. 6. I?ae aieeaii ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy caoaeo?oueny ciia i?ie?oa?oth/eo oiiae?ioeeo?a ai?o?ca?iiai o?yua, ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue ee?oei oa ia'?iia /anoea ia?aeiii? niiia?ice. 7. Ci?ie i?ia?aeueiiai neeaaeo e?noie i?ae aieeaii ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy a?eueo ae?aaeai? ia ?aii?o oa?i?iao aenia?eiaioo e iieyaathoue o a?ia?a?ae?aoaoe?? ? cieaeaii? ai?noo i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei. A o?i?/iiio neeaae? i?ia?aeueiiai eiiiiiaioa e?noie a?aeaoaa?oueny iaeiie/aiiy ?ii?a iao??th oa eae?th, cieaeaiiy ai?noo eaeueoe?th oa oinoi?o. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy i?oeiinieo aeanoeainoae e?noie - ciaioaiith iaae? i?oeiino? ? iiaeoey i?oaeiino?. 8. Iaaaoeai? iane?aeee ae?? ?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia e?noee neaeaoo i?ae aieeaii iiaeaeueoeo naain?a ii?ii?iaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaei eaca?ii ciaioothoueny, i?e/iio aeey noaoaaic??eeo uo??a na?aae aea?aieo ?aaeei?a ii?ii?iaiiy a?eueo ni?eyoeeaee 0,5 iAo/ni2 c aeniiceoe??th 10 oaeeei. Nienie iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??: 1. Iaa?e/ A.A. A?eia? aniaeoe aieeao iecueeiaia?aaoe/iiai eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia i?ia?aeueiee oa o?i?/iee neeaae e?noie neaeaoo // Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. - 1998. - ?1. - N.137-139. 2. Iaa?e/ A.A. Aeeyiea ieceiyia?aaoe/aneiai eaca?iiai eceo/aiey ia aeiiaoaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee, ?ino e ieia?aeueiue ninoaa aeeeiiuo o?oa/aouo einoae neaeaoa aaeuo e?un // Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee aeueiaiao. - 1998. - ? 1. - N.50-55. 3. Iaa?e/ A.A. Iniaaiiinoe ?inoa, oeie/aneiai ninoaaa e aeiiaoaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeeeiiuo o?oa/aouo einoae neaeaoa aaeuo e?un iiae aeeyieai iaeiie?aoiiai ?aioaaiianeiai iaeo/aiey // Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee aeueiaiao. - 1998. - ? 3. - N.7-9. 4. Iaa?e/ A.A. I?i iiaeeea?noue ei?aeoe?? aei?ii?ithaaiiyi aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a aieeao ?ii?coth/i? ?aae?aoe?? ia e?noee neaeaoo // Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee aeueiaiao. - 1998. - ? 4. - N.47-51. 5. Iaa?e/ A.A. Iniaeeaino? aoaeiae ae?ao?c?a i?ae aieeaii o?eaaeiai aieeao aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a // Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee aeueiaiao. - 1999. - ? 1. - N.69-71. 6. Eiaaoieeia A.A., Eocei A.E., Iaa?e/ A.A. Eciaiaiea neaeaoa aaeuo e?un iiae aicaeaenoaeai eceo/aiey aaeee-iaiiiaiai eaca?a // Aanoiee i?iaeai aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu. - 1997. - ? 16. - N.142-145. 7. Eiaaoieeia A.A., Eocei A.E., Iaa?e/ A.A. N?aaieoaeueiay ioeaiea aeeyiey ieceieioaineaiuo yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo eceo/aiee ia ii?oiaaiac einoiie nenoaiu o iaiieiaic?aeuo e?un // Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee aeueiaiao. - 1998. - ? 2. - N.108-112. 8. Iaa?e/ A.A. Eciaiaiey inoaiiao?e/aneeo iieacaoaeae aeeeiiuo o?oa/aouo einoae aaeuo e?un iiae aicaeaenoaeai ?aioaaiianeiai e eaca?iiai eceo/aiey a yenia?eiaioa // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu io?aiu caei?iauey aeaoae e iiae?inoeia Aeiiaanna (auione1).- Eoaaine,1996.-N.47-48. 9. Eiaaoieeia A.A., Eocei A.E., Iaa?e/ A.A., Iaaeinooi I.O., Iane?aaa I.A. Aeeyiea ieceieioaineaiiai eaca?iiai e iee?iaieiiaiai eceo/aiey ia i?i/iinoue einoae aaeuo e?un noa?/aneiai aic?anoa // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aa??a?o?e/ii? i?oiiaae??. - Ca. iaoa?. eiioa?aioe?? 21-22 eenoiiaaea 1996 ?. - Ee?a, 1996. - N.40-41. 10. Iaa?e/ A.A. Eciaiaiey ?inoa, ieia?aeueiiai e oeie/aneiai ninoaaa aieueoaaa?oeiauo einoae iiae aeeyieai eceo/aiey aaeee-iaiiiaiai eaca?a a yenia?eiaioa // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aa??a?o?e/ii? i?oiiaae??. - Ca. iaoa?. eiioa?aioe?? 21-22 eenoiiaaea 1996 ?. - Ee?a, 1996. - N.64. 11. Eiaaoieeia A.A., Eocei A.E., Iaaeinooi I.O., Iaa?e/ A.A., Aa?acianeee Ae.I., Iao?e/ei N.A. Aeeyiea iaeioi?uo ieceiyia?aaoe/aneeo eceo/aiee ia oaiiu ?inoa einoae neaeaoa iaiieiaic?aeuo e?un a yenia?eiaioa // Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy a?ieia?? iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoa. - Ee?a, 1996. - N.44. 12. Iaa?e/ A.A. Iniaaiiinoe ?inoa einoae neaeaoa aaeuo e?un iieiaic?aeiai aic?anoa i?e aeeeoaeueiii aicaeaenoaee eceo/aiey aaeee-iaiiiaiai eaca?a // Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy a?ieia?? iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoa. - Ee?a, 1996. - N. 58. 13. Iaa?e/ A.A. No?oeoo?iua iniaaiiinoe no?iaiey yieoeca?iiai o?yua e ?inoa aieueoaaa?oeiauo einoae e?un iaiieiaic?aeiai aic?anoa iiae aicaeaenoaeai eceo/aiey aaeee-iaiiiaiai eaca?a // Iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie i?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio. Ca. iaoe. noaoae a/aieo Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. - Eoaainuee, 1997.- N.45-48. 14. Iaa?e/ A.A. Iniaaiiinoe ieia?aeueiiai e oeie/aneiai ninoaaa einoae neaeaoa iiae aicaeaenoaeai ?aioaaiianeiai e eaca?iiai eceo/aiey // Ii?oiaaiac e iaoieiaey einoiie nenoaiu a oneiaeyo i?iiuoeaiiiai ?aaeiia Aeiiaanna. - Na. iao. eiio. 5 iay 1997 a. - Eoaaine, 1997. - N.25-29. 15. Iaa?e/ A.A. Aeeyiea ?aioaaiianeiai eceo/aiey ia ?ino, ieia?aeueiue e oeie/aneee ninoaa, aeiiaoaie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeeiiuo o?oa/aouo einoae neaeaoa // Inoaiii?ic: ai?aeai?ieia?y, ee?i?ea, ae?aaiinoeea, i?io?eaeoeea oa e?eoaaiiy. ?? Oe?a?inueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y, 28-30 o?aaiy 1997?. Ee?a-Euea?a, 1997. - N.70-72. AIIOAOe?ss Iaa?e/ A.A. Iniaeeaino? ?inoo, aoaeiae ? oi?iiooai?aiiy e?noie neaeaoo i?ae aieeaii aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a oa ?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.03.01. - ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y. E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. N.?. Aai?a??anueeiai. N?ioa?iiieue, 1999. Caoeua?oueny aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa, i?iaaaeaia ia 234 a?eeo uo?ao. Aea/aany o?eaaeee aieea aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a ia e?noee neaeaoo oa iiaeeea?noue ei?aeoe?? iane?aee?a ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy (40 A?) c aeiiiiiaith eaca?ioa?ai??. Anoaiiaeaii: eaca?ia aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeyaey? ia ??no e?noie oioinoeioethth/ee aoaeo, e?eaa yeiai ia? a /an? ia?aaie?/io oi?io c iaeneioiii, oaeaee?noue aeinyaiaiiy yeiai i?yii i?iii?oe?eia io?eiai?e aeic? aieeao e iaa?iaii i?iii?oe?eia a?eo oaa?ei. I?e iiaeaeueoiio ii?ii?iaii? aoaeo i?aaeth?oueny ? noa? i?ioeeaaeiei. ?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?iaiiy uo??a i?ecaiaeeoue aei niia?eueiaiiy oaii?a ?inoo, aeai?ia?ae?caoe?? e cieaeaiith i?oeiinieo aeanoeainoae e?noie. I?ae aieeaii ae?? aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a oe? iaaaoeai? ci?ie ciaioothoueny, i?e/iio c aea?aieo ?aaeei?a aieeao a?eueo ni?eyoeeaee 0,5 iAo/ni2 10 oaeeei. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aiaoii?y, e?noee, ?aioaai?anueea aei?ii?ithaaiiy, aae?e-iaiiiaee eaca?, oioinoeioethth/ee aoaeo. AIIIOAOeEss Iaa?e/ A.A. Iniaaiiinoe ?inoa, no?iaiey e oi?iiia?aciaaiey einoae neaeaoa iiae aicaeaenoaeai aaeee-iaiiiaiai eaca?a e ?aioaaiianeiai eceo/aiey. ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.01. - ii?iaeueiay aiaoiiey. E?uineee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao ei. N.E. Aai?aeaaneiai. Neioa?iiieue, 1999. Caueuaaony yenia?eiaioaeueiay ?aaioa, i?iaaaeaiiay ia 234 aaeuo e?unao ?acee/iuo aic?anoiuo a?oii, a eioi?ie eco/aeinue aeeeoaeueiia aeeyiea eceo/aiey aaeee-iaiiiaiai eaca?a a ?aaeeiao L1 (0,5 iAo/ni2 n yeniiceoeeae 10 iei) e L2 (15 Iao/ni2 n yeniiceoeeae 2 iei) ia ?acee/iua einoe neaeaoa. E?iia oiai, a a?oiia aeeaioiuo ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai aic?anoa auaeaeyeenue na?ee R (aeeaioiua iiaeaa?aaaoeany ?aioaaiianeiio iaeo/aieth a aeica 40 A?) e R+L1, R+L2 (iieo/aaoea, iinea ?aioaaiianeiai aicaeaenoaey a oie aea aeica, naainu eaca?iiai iaeo/aiey a niioaaonoaothueo ?aaeeiao). Ecaeaeaeenue e eco/aeenue aieueoaaa?oeiaay, iea/aaay, oaciaay einoe e o?aoee iiynie/iue iicaiiie. Eiiieaen enneaaeiaaiee einoae aeeth/ae: noaiaea?oioth inoaiiao?eth, ii?oiiao?eth i?ieneiaeueiiai yieoeca?iiai o?yua e na?aaeeiu aeeaoeca, oeie/aneia enneaaeiaaiea (ii?aaeaeaiea niaea?aeaiey aeaae, ieia?aeueiuo e i?aaie/aneeo aauanoa, a a ieia?aeueiii eiiiiiaioa - oinoi?a, eaeueoeey, iao?ey e eaeey) e aeiiaoaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee (oaeaeueiie no?aeu i?iaeaa, iiaeoey oi?oainoe, i?aaeaea i?i/iinoe e ieieiaeueiie ?aaiou ?ac?ooaiey). A oiaea enneaaeiaaiey aeieacaii, /oi eceo/aiea aaeee-iaiiiaiai eaca?a aeeyao ia ?ino, no?iaiea e oi?iiia?aciaaiea einoae neaeaoa. Au?aaeaiiinoue e iai?aaeaiea yoeo eciaiaiee i?aaeaea anaai caaeneo io aic?anoa aeeaioiuo. A i?aaeaeao aic?anoiie a?oiiu auyaeaiiua iiaeeoeeaoeee einoae, a iniiaiii, ii?aaeaeythony ?aaeeiii aicaeaenoaey. Oae, o aeeaioiuo na?ee L1, n iaiueoae aeicie iaeo/aiey, iaaaoeaiua yooaeou eaca?iiai aicaeaenoaey au?aaeaiu iaiueoa, a iiceoeaiua - aieueoa, /ai a na?ee L2. Yoi naycaii n iaiueoei oa?ie/aneei e oaea?iui aeaenoaeai iaeuo aeic eaca?iiai eceo/aiey, aieueoae niaoeeoe/aneie noeioeyoeeae oioiyeaeo?e/aneeo e oioioeie/aneeo i?ioeannia. Eceo/aiea aaeee-iaiiiaiai eaca?a a oeaeii ieacuaaao ia einoe neaeaoa oioinoeioee?othuee yooaeo, eioi?ue i?iyaeyaony a oneeaiee oaiiia ?inoa einoae, oaaee/aiee iauae oe?eiu yieoeca?iiai o?yua, ciiu i?ieeoa?e?othueo oiiae?ioeeoia, i?ioeaioiie aeiee ia?ae/iie niiiaeicu e eiee/anoaa eeaoie a ciia i?ieeoa?aoeee, oaaee/eaaaony iauay ieiuaaeue aeeaoeca e oe?eia inoaiiiiai neiy. A oeie/aneii ninoaaa aic?anoaao niaea?aeaiea i?aaie/aneeo e ieia?aeueiuo aauanoa, eaeueoeey e oinoi?a, oeo/oathony i?i/iinoiua naienoaa einoae. E?eaay yoiai yooaeoa eiaao ai a?aiaie ia?aaiee/aneoth oi?io n iaeneioiii, oa?aeoa?iui aeey eaaeaeiai aic?anoa e ?aaeeia aicaeaenoaey. Nei?inoue aeinoeaeaiey iaeneioia i?yii i?iii?oeeiiaeueia aeica eaca?iiai iaeo/aiey e ia?aoii i?iii?oeeiiaeueia aic?anoo aeeaioiuo. I?e aeaeueiaeoai i?iaeieaeaiee aicaeaenoaey yooaeo ieaaee?oaony e noaiiaeony i?ioeaiiieiaeiui. Aicaeaenoaea ?aioaaiianeiai eceo/aiey a iaeiie?aoiie aeica 40 A? i?eaiaeeo e caiaaeeaieth oaiiia ?inoa eae i?iaeieueiuo, oae e iiia?a/iuo ?acia?ia einoae yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeeaioiuo ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai aic?anoa, aieaa au?aaeaiiiio e 30 aeith iaaethaeaiey. A yieoeca?iii o?yua ia?ooaaony i?ino?ainoaaiiia ?aniieiaeaiea noieaeeia oiiae?ioeeoia, nieaeaaony eiee/anoai aeaeyueony eeaoie e i?ioeaioiia niaea?aeaiea ia?ae/iie niiiaeicu. A aeeaoecao noaeaaony inoaiiiue neie. Eciaiaiey ieia?aeueiiai ninoaaa einoae aieaa au?aaeaiu ia ?aiieo n?ieao yenia?eiaioa e caeeth/athony a aeia?aeae?aoaoeee e nieaeaiee niaea?aeaiey i?aaie/aneeo e ieia?aeueiuo aauanoa. A oeie/aneii ninoaaa ieia?aeueiiai eiiiiiaioa einoae i?ienoiaeeo iaeiieaiea eiiia iao?ey e eaeey, nieaeaiea niaea?aeaiey eaeueoeey e oinoi?a. Yoi i?eaiaeeo e nieaeaieth i?i/iinoiuo naienoa einoae - oiaiueoaieth i?aaeaea i?i/iinoe e iiaeoey oi?oainoe. Iaaaoeaiua iineaaenoaey ?aioaaiianeiai iaeo/aiey ia einoe neaeaoa oiaiueoathony i?e aeaeueiaeoeo naainao aicaeaenoaey aaeee-iaiiiaiai eaca?a, i?e/ai aeey e?un ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai aic?anoa ec eca?aiiuo ?aaeeiia iaeo/aiey aieaa i?aaeii/oeoaeai 0,5 iAo/ni2 a oa/aiea 10 ieioo. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aiaoiiey, einoe, ?aioaaiianeia eceo/aiea, aaeee-iaiiiaue eaca?, oioinoeioee?othuee yooaeo. #14.3. SUMMARY Mavrich V.V. Peculiarities of growth, structure and shape-forming of skeleton bones under influence of the He-Ne laser and X-ray radiation. Manuscript. Dissertation for obtaining Scientific Degree of Candidate of Medical Sciences for speciality 14.03.01. - Normal Anatomy. Crimean State Medical University named after S.I. Georgievsky. Simferopol, 1999. The experimental work which has been carried out on 234 white rats is defended. The long lasting influence of the He-Ne laser on bones of a skeleton and opportunity of correction of consequences of a X-ray irradiation (40 Gr) with the help of laserotherapy was studied. It is established that the laser radiation renders on growth bones photo-stimulating effect, which curve has in time the parabolic form, with a maximum, the speed of which achievement is directly proportional to the received doze of influence and back is proportional to age of animals. With the further irradiation the effect reduce also becomes opposite. The X-ray irradiation rats results in delay of rates of growth, demineralisation and decrease stable bones properties. Under influence of He-Ne laser these negative changes decrease, and from the elected modes is more preferable 0,5 mWt/cm2 10 minutes. Key words: anatomy, bones, X-ray radiation, He-Ne laser, photo-stimulation effect.

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