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I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA”ss OE?A?IE

E?EINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?I. N.?. AAI?A??ANUeEIAI

IAA?E* Aieiaeeie? Aaneeueae/

OAeE: 611.71/72 : 615.849.19 : 616-073.75

INIAEEAINO? ?INOO, AOAeIAE OA OI?IIOOAI?AIIss E?NOIE NEAEAOO I?Ae
AIEEAII AAE?E-IAIIIAIAI EACA?A ? ?AIOAAI?ANUeEIAI AEI?II?ITHAAIIss

14.03.01 – ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

N?ioa?iiieue – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Eoaainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?ianoa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia”y Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe
Eiaaoi?eia Aieiaeeie? Aai?a?eiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith ii?iaeueii?
aiaoii?? ethaeeie Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? N?ei?a A?oae?e C?iia?eiae/, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?ith ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? ethaeeie Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, i. Noie.

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eieaan?i Iaaei Ieeieaeiae/, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e caaaeueii? a?a??ie oa aeieia?? E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, i. N?ioa?iiieue.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?n?oao, eaoaae?a ii?iaeueii?
aiaoii?? ethaeeie, IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 22 /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E52.600.02 i?e E?einueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i N.?. Aai?a??anueeiai (333006 i.
N?ioa?iiieue, aoe. Eai?ia 5/7)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? E?einueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i N.?. Aai?a??anueeiai (333006 i.
N?ioa?iiieue, aoe. Eai?ia 5/7)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “19” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I.I. A??eoi

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe I?IAEAIE. Oe?ie? ii?oieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaee, ui
e?noeiaa nenoaia /oeii ?aaao? ia ??ciiiai?oi? aeciaaii? oa aiaeiaaii?
oaeoi?e. Aeieeaaeii aea/aiee aieea ??cieo ?aaeei?a ?ooiai? aeoeaiino?
(Eiaaoieeia A.A., 1978; Ieeeothe A.A., Eiaai A.E., 1989; ?iiaithe A.I.,
1991) e iaaaaiiino? (Nooiaeia A.I., Aieaeei A.E., 1989), aeaa?ae?aoaoe??
(Oaaeiithe ss.E., ?iiaithe A.I., 1991; Oeaeae I.I., 1997) oa
??ciiiai?oieo o?i?/ieo oaeoi??a (Eoeaieia E.TH., 1991; Ieeaethe A.N.,
1991). Iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia e?noee neaeaoo o?aaia (Nooaiia A.A., Aa?oiei
A.N., Ei?ieeia I.A., 1997), ii?eiaa oai?iaa (?iiaithe A.I., Neei?a A.C.,
1990), ai?iiie (Turner R.T., Hannon K.S. 1995), aeeiaieue oa ia?eioe/i?
?a/iaeie (Aa?acianeee Ae.I., Iao?e/ei N.I., 1994). A oie aea /an
canoinoaaiiy eaca??a a no/ani?e iaaeeoeei? aeiaaa? iiaeeaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ii aea/aiith aieeao eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia
a?ieia?/i? ia’?eoe (Aaiaeay I.O., ?oaeuo C.I., Noaaeiee A.ss., 1988;
Ieaoi?a N.Ae., 1996; Saito S., Shimizu N., 1997). Aei?ii?ithaaiiy
aae?e-iaiiiaeo eaca??a oni?oii canoiniao?oueny o ea?ae?ieia?? aeey
e?eoaaiiy noaiiea?ae?? oa a?ia?oii?/ii? oai?iae, o ?aaiaoieia??,
noiiaoieia??, ioeueiiiieia??, aano?iaioa?ieia??, iooaeueiieia?? ? ?ioeo
aaeocyo iaaeeoeeie (A?eoiaa A.A., Aaeaaa I.?., ?ac/ee N.I., 1991;
Naaa?ei I.A., 1986). O oie aea /an iaaeinoaoiuei aenia?eiaioaeueii –
oai?aoe/ieo i?aoeue, a yeeo ae iaa?oioiaoaaeeny iieacaiiy aei
canoinoaaiiy oeueiai caniao e?eoaaiiy, ?aaeeie e o?eaae?noue eo?no
eaca?ioa?ai??. O ?yae? i?aoeue ?icaeyioo? ie?ai? ii?oieia?/i? ieoaiiy
?aia?aoeaiiai inoaiaaiaca i?ney oi?ioaaiiy e?noeiaeo aeaoaeo?a o
aeine?aeao ia eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?eiao (Eiiieoeeee I.ss., Aeiyoaaneee A.A.,
1983; No?eaeia E.I., 1988) ? i?e e?eoaaii? ia?aeii?a o ee?i?oe?
(Iaonaeia E.N., Oaeiiaioeaa TH.A., Iaiuoia A.I., 1990). Oe? aeai?
aeicaieythoue noaeeoe i?i oa, ui eaca?ia aei?ii?ithaaiiy noeioeth?
?aaaia?aoe?th e?noeiai? oeaieie. ?acii c oei, o e?oa?aoo?? a?aenooi?
aeai? i?i iniaeeaino? ?inoo, aoaeiae oa oi?iiooai?aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo
e?noie neaeaoo i?e o?eaaeiio aieea? aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?o, ui aaaeeeai
ye aeey aeai?o iioeiaeueiiai ?aaeeio eaca?ioa?ai??, oae ? aeey
aaeineiiaeaiiy a?a??i?/ieo ii?i i?aoe? ni?a?ia?oiee?a eaca?ieo
eaa?iao?a.

Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee i?ia?an ? ?icaeoie i?iieneiaino? aaaea aei ca?eueoaiiy
e?eueeino? ??ciiiai?oieo /eiiee?a oaeeueiai? i?e?iaee, ui aieeaathoue ia
e?noeiao nenoaio ? aanue i?aai?ci ethaeeie a oe?eiio. I?ae /an aaa??? ia
*i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN e ianooiiiai caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey /eiaea /anoeia
ianaeaiiy io?eiaea ??ci? aeice ?aae?aoe?eiiai ii?ii?iaiiy. Ana oea, e
oe?iea canoinoaaiiy i?iiaiaai? oa?ai?? a iieieia??, c?iaeei aeooaeueiith
i?iaeaio aea/aiiy ci?i e?noie neaeaoo i?ae aieeaii i?iieeath/i?
?aae?aoe?? ? iiooe iiaeo, iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a ei?aeoe??.
(Aioooaae/ A.A., Aoaiia A.I., Aieei A.I., 1991; Eaaiaea O.N., Iyniee
I.I., 1991). Iaoith iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?inoaaeeoe ?aii?
?aaeoe?? e?noie neaeaoo ia iaeii?aciaa ?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?iaiiy e
aoaeo ianooiiiai aieeao aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a o
??ciiiai?oieo ?aaeeiao.

CA’ssCIE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE, IEAIAIE, OAIAIE. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia
a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ? ? /anoeiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? oaie
eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? ethaeeie ? 01950015790 “Iniaeeaino? ?inoo,
aoaeiae, oi?iiooai?aiiy oa ?aaaia?aoe?? e?noie neaeaoo i?ae aieeaii
aeayeeo o?ce/ieo /eiiee?a oaeeueiai? i?e?iaee”.

IAOA ?IAIOE. O aeine?ae? ia a?eeo uo?ao ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi aea/eoe
o?eaaeee aieea aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a ia ??no, aoaeiao ?
ii?oiaaiac ??cieo e?noie neaeaoo oa iiaeeea?noue eiai canoinoaaiiy ye
ei?aeoi?a iaaaoeaii? ae?? ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy ia e?noee.

CAAeA*? AeINE?AeAEAIIss.

1. Aea/eoe iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?inoo ? no?oeoo?e e?noie neaeaoo
?ioaeoieo oaa?ei a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo c iaoith i?iaaaeaiiy
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co io?eiaieo aeaieo c ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeo.

2. I?inoaaeeoe iniaeeaino? ?inoo, oi?iiooai?aiiy, o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ?
i?oeiinieo aeanoeainoae e?noie neaeaoo oaa?ei an?o a?eiaeo a?oi i?ae
aieeaii aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?o o ??cieo ?aaeeiao oa o?eaaeino?
aeine?aeo.

3. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ?inoo, oi?iiooai?aiiy, o?i?/iiai neeaaeo e
i?oeiinieo aeanoeainoae e?noie neaeaoo noaoaaic??eeo uo??a i?ae aieeaii
iaeii?aciaiai ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy o aeic? 40 A?.

4. C’ynoaaoe iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy aieeao aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a o
??cieo ?aaeeiao ae?? a yeino? ei?aeoi?a iaaaoeaiiai aieeao
?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia e?noeiao nenoaio.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Aia?oa ia aaeeeiio aenia?eiaioaeueiiio
iaoa??ae? ?ice?eo? iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo e?noie
neaeaoo uo??a an?o a?eiaeo a?oi a oiiaao o?eaaeiai ii?ii?iaiiy
aae?e-iaiiiaei eaca?ii a ??cieo ?aaeeiao. Aeiaaaeaii, ui
iecueeiaia?aaoe/ia eaca?ia ii?ii?iaiiy aieeaa? ia ii?oiaaiac e?noie
neaeaoo i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei. Aeyaeaia oaeeaiiae?aia caeaaei?noue
?inoinoeioethth/iai aoaeoo a?ae a?eo oaa?ei, ?aaeeio e /ano aieeao.
Aea/ai? iani?eyoeea? ci?ie, ui a?aeaoaathoueny o e?noeao neaeaoo uo??a
noaoaaic??eiai a?eo i?ae aieeaii ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy, e
aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue ?oiuei? ei?aeoe?? aei?ii?ithaaiiyi
aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a.

OAI?AOE*IA ? I?AEOE*IA CIA*EI?NOUe ?IAIOE. Iaea?aeai? aeai?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ?inoo, aoaeiae e oi?iiooai?aiiy
e?noie i?ae aieeaii aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a,
?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa ?o ni?euei?e ae?? a oiiaao oe?e?nii?
?noioe, aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe aeeiai?eo ?? ?aaaeaioaoe??. Aiie
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy canoinoaaiiy eaca?ioa?ai??
c a?aooaaiiyi a?eiaeo iniaeeainoae i?aai?cio a o?c?ioa?ai??,
o?aaiaoieia??, iieieia??, a oaeiae o iaae?ao??? oa aa?iioieia?? c iaoith
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?aaeei?a ? o?eaaeino? eo?no eaca?ioa?ai??. A oiae?
aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe ioi?ieai? aeaa aaeocaaeo iiaiaaaaeaiiy (“Aeei?enoaiiy
aei?ii?iaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a aeey ei?aeoe?? i?iiaiaaeo
ooeiaeaeaiue e?noeiai? nenoaie” e “Canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaaeaeniei? /anoioe aeey iioei?caoe?? ?aia?aoeaii?
?aaaia?aoe?? aeiaaeo o?oa/anoeo e?noie”).

INIAENOEE AIANIE AeENA?OAIOA A IAeA?AEAII? IAOEIAEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A, UI
AEIINssOUeNss IA CAOENO. Iiooea/ai naiino?eii i?iaaaeai? iaeyae e aiae?c
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo uiaei ii?ooaii? i?iaeaie, an? aenia?eiaioaeuei? oa
ii?oiooieoe?iiaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a,
?oi?e aiae?c. Aeena?oaioii noi?ioeueiaai? oaeiae iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?
aeniiaee ?iaioe.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeENA?OAOe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
“Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ii?oieia??”, i?enay/aii? iai’yo? i?io. N.A.Nii?uea
(Oa?iii?eue, 6-7 o?aaiy, 1996), ia VIII ?anioae?eainuee?e oeie? ii
a?ieia?? ? iaoieia?? iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo (Ee?a, 12-14 /a?aiy, 1996),
ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aa?ia?o?e/ii?
i?oiiaaei?” (Ee?a, 21-22 eenoiiaaea, 1996), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Ii?oiaaiac ? iaoieia?y e?noeiai? nenoaie a oiiaao
i?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio Aeiiaano” (Eoaainuee, 5 o?aaiy, 1997), ia II
Oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Inoaiii?ic:
ai?aeai?ieia?y, ee?i?ea, ae?aaiinoeea, i?io?eaeoeea e e?eoaaiiy”
(Euea?a, 28-30 o?aaiy, 1997) ? ia II Iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an? aiaoii?a,
a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a ? oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a (Eoaainuee, 16-18 aa?aniy
1998).

IOAE?EAOe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 15 ae?oeiaaieo
i?aoeue. Na?aae ieo 7 – a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 1 – a ca??ieeao, 6 – a
iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e ? 1 – a oacao. ?c ieo 9 i?aoeue iioae?eiaaii
naiino?eii.

AI?IAAAeAEAIIss IAOEIAEO AeINssAIAIUe. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? a
oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa aaeocaa? iiaiaaaaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny o
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ia eaoaae?ao ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? ethaeeie
Oa?iii?euenueei?, ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?, Oe?a?inueei? noiiaoieia?/ii?
iaaee/ieo aeaaeai?e, Aeiiaoeueeiai, A?iieoeueeiai, Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaieo iaaee/ieo oi?aa?neoao?a oa eaoaae?? aiaoii?? ethaeeie,
iia?aoeaii? o??o?a?? oa a?noieia?? Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo.

NO?OEOO?A ? IA’?I AeENA?OAOe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 183
noi??ieao. ?iaioa aeeth/a? anooi, aeaao iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, aeaao aeani?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea ia? ?icae?e iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o?e
?icae?ee aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeaao iaaiai?aiiy io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a ? aeniiaee. Aeena?oaoe?y oaeiae aeeth/a? 38 iaethie?a ? 41
oaaeeoeth. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e neeaaea?oueny c 200 aeaea?ae, o oiio /ene?
80 ca?oa?aeieo.

IAOA??AE OA IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaia ia 234 a?eeo uo?ao-naieoeyo.
An? oaa?eie aoee iiae?eai? ia na??? a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeaeo oa ?aaeeio
aieeao. Ia?oo na??th (E) neeaee eiio?ieuei? oaa?eie. A ae?oao (L1) ?
o?aoth (L2) na??? aoee aeeth/ai? oaa?eie an?o o?ueio a?eiaeo a?oi:
ianoaoaaic??eeo, noaoaaic??eiai a?eo e noa?? (1, 5 e 19 i?nyoe?a a?ae
ia?iaeaeaiiy, c ianith a?aeiia?aeii 50-60 a, 180-200 a, oa 300-320 a). O
ieo aea/aany aieea eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia i?ioeane ?inoo, aoaeiae
e oi?iiooai?aiiy e?noie neaeaoo. Ii?ii?iaiiy oaa?ei i?iaiaeeee uiaeiy ia
na??eiiio aae?e-iaiiiaiio eaca?? “AEIO-2” c aeiaaeeiith oaee?
aei?ii?ithaaiiy 0,63 iei o ?aaeeiao: na??y L1 – 0,5 iAo/ni2 c
aeniiceoe??th 10 oa. oa na??y L2 – 15 iAo/ni2 c aeniiceoe??th 2 oa. E??i
oiai, uo?e eiaeii? a?eiai? a?oie aoee iiae?eai? ia i?aea?oie a
caeaaeiino? a?ae o?eaaeino? aeine?aeo e e?eueeino? naain?a ii?ii?iaiiy:
10, 30 oa 90 aei?a c uiaeaiieie naainaie ? a?oia ?aaaeaioaoe?? – 30-90
aei?a. Oea oaa?eie, ?c 90-aeaiiei oa?i?iii niinoa?aaeaiiy, ui
i?aeaeaaaeeny aieeao eeoa ia?o? 30 aei?a. *aoaa?oo na??th (R) neeaee
oaa?eie noaoaaic??eiai a?eo, ui i?aeaeaaaeeny iaeii?aciaiio
?aioaai?anueeiio ii?ii?iaiith aeicith 40 A?. Eiai i?iaiaeeee ia na??ei?e
onoaiiaoe? ?OI-17 i?e ia?aiao?ao: iai?oaa – 180 eA, neea no?oio – 10 iA,
aac o?eueo??a, oe??ii-oieonia a?aenoaiue 50 ci. I’yoa (R+L1) oa oinoa
(R+L2) na??? – oaa?eie, ye? i?ney oaeiai ae ?aioaai?anueeiai
ii?ii?iaiiy, io?eioaaee naaine eaca?iiai ii?ii?iaiiy 10 ? 30 aei?a o
a?aeiia?aeieo ?aaeeiao. Iinoaiiaea aeine?aeo cae?enithaaeany o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c I?aaeeaie i?iaaaeaiiy i?aoeue ?c aenia?eiaioaeueieie
oaa?eiaie (Caiaaeithe A.E., Caiaaeithe E.I., Caoa?ey A.A., 1983). An?
oaa?eie i?noeeeny a noaiaea?oieo oiiaao a?aa??th. A oiae? aeine?aeo
i?iaiaeeeeny niinoa?aaeaiiy ca aeeiai?eith iane o?ea aenia?eiaioaeueieo
oaa?ei eiaei? 10 aei?a. I?e uiaeaiiiio niinoa?aaeaii? ca caaaeueiei
noaiii oa iiaaae?ieith oaa?ei ia?oeo o?ueio na??e (E, L1 oa L2)
a?aeoeeaiue ia aeyaeaia. O oaa?ei, ui i?aeaeaaaeeny ?aioaai?anueeiio
aieeao (na??? R, R+L1 e R+L2) i?ioyaii ia?oi? aeiae i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy
niinoa??aaeeny ?aaeoe??, oa?aeoa?i? aeey aino?iai i?iiaiaaiai o?aaeaiiy:
neaae?noue, ianeai?noue, o aeayeeo – noaei?iae. Oaa?eie a?aeiiaeyeeny
a?ae ?ae?. Oe? yaeua iinooiiai i?aaethaaeeny. *anoeia aenia?eiaioaeueieo
oaa?ei caaeioea. Ii cae?i/aiith /ano aeine?aeo uo??a aeaeai?ooaaee i?ae
ao??iei ia?eicii. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeie?aiethaaee a?ae i’yeeo
oeaiei e?noee neaeaoo: aaeeeiaii?eeiao, iea/iao, oaciao oa III
iiia?aeiaee o?aaaoeue. E?noee caaaeoaaee ia aiae?oe/ieo aaaao AEA-200 c
oi/i?noth aei 1 ia e aei??thaaee ooaiaaioee?eoeai c oi/i?noth aei 0,1 ii
(Aeaenaaa A.I.,1966). I?ia?aia inoaiiao??? aeiaaeo o?oa/anoeo e?noie
aeeth/aea ianooii? ia?aiao?e: iaeneiaeueia aeiaaeeia e?noee, iaea?eueoa
oe?eia i?ieneiaeueiiai e aeenoaeueiiai ai?o?c?a, oe?eia ?
ia?aaeiuei-caaei?e ?ici?? (oiaueia) na?aaeeie ae?ao?co. Aeey ?ioeo
e?noie aei??thaaee ?o aaaa?eoi? ?ici??e: iaea?eueoo aeiaaeeio, oe?eio e
oiaueio. O?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy e?noie neeaaeaeiny c aecia/aiiy ai?noo
aiaee, i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei, a i?ia?aeueiiio eiiiiiaio?
aecia/aee ai?no oinoi?o, eaeueoe?th, eae?th oa iao??th. Ai?no aiaee,
i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei ciaoiaeeee aaaiaei iaoiaeii, i?ney
aeneoaiiy e?noie o nooeeuei?e oao? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 105N aei iino?eii?
aaae, oa icieaiiy o iooaeuei?e ia/? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 450-500N ia i?ioyc?
12 aiaeei (Iiaeeia TH.A., Aenthe A.O., Eaioi/ieeia A.I., 1969).
Io?eiaiee iii?e ?icoe?aee a oa?oi?ia?e nooioe? e caa??aaee o aa?iaoe/ieo
i?e?ii?ia??eao. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iae?iaeaiaioiiai neeaaeo e?noie
a?aee 5 ia e?noeiai? ciee oa ?ic/eiyee o 2 ie 0,1I o?i?/ii /enoi?
nieyii? eeneioe. I?ney ?ic/eiaiiy aeiaiaeeee ianya ?ic/eio aei 25 ie
aeenoeeueiaaiith aiaeith. Ai?no iao??th ? eae?th aecia/aee ia
iieoi’yiiio oioiiao?? IAAE-1 (Iieoyeoia I.N., 1967). Ai?no oinoi?o ?
eaeueoe?th aecia/aee eaei?eiao?e/iei iaoiaeii ia aeaeo?ioioieiei?eiao??
EOE-2 c aeei?enoaiiyi noaiaea?oieo iaai??a o??ie “Lachema”, *ao?y. C
a?iiaoai?/ieo ia?aiao??a aecia/aee iaoai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iea/iai?
e?noee i?e caei? ia oi?aa?naeuei?e iaaaioaaeoaaeuei?e iaoei? ?-0,5 c?
oaeaee?noth iaaaioaaeaiiy 0,25 ii/oa aei ?oeioaaiiy. ?ic?aoiaoaaee
ieoiio no??eo i?iaeio, iaaeo i?oeiino?, iiaeoeue i?oaeiino? e i?aoeth
?oeioaaiiy (Oaiaeinueaa A.E., 1979). Aeey a?noieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?aee ae?eyiee i?ieneiaeueieo ai?o?c?a oa na?aaeeie aeiaoico
aaeeeiaii?eeiai? e?noee, o?enoaaee ?o o 10% ?ic/ei? iaeo?aeueiiai
oi?iae?io, aeaeaeueoeeioaaee o 5% ?ic/ei? io?aoeii? eeneioe,
ciaaiaeithaaee o nie?oao c?inoath/i? eiioeaio?aoe?? oa eneeie?, caeeaaee
o ia?ao?i. C ieo aiooaaee a?noieia?/i? c??ce oiaueiith 10 – 12 iei, ye?
oa?aoaaee aaiaoieneeei-aiceiii (Aieeiaa I.A., Aeaoeeee TH.E., 1982).
Iie?iii?oiiao?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaoico oa i?ieneiaeueiiai ai?o?co
aaeeeiaii?eeiaeo e?noie i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith ieoey?iie?iiao?o
IIA-1-15AINO865-56 (Eiaaoiieia A.A., 1984). Eaeia?iaeo aei??thaaeueieo
i?eai??a i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith i?e?iao?iai? e?i?eee (AeNO7513-55).
Ii?oiiao??th cii o?yua i?iaiaeeee ca ia?aiao?aie: oe?eia aiioica?iiai
o?yua, oe?eia cii ?iaeeoa?aioieo, i?ie?oa?oth/eo oa aeao?i?oeaieo
oiiae?ioeeo?a. Ca aeiiiiiaith 100-oi/eiai? i??ii? ieoey?ii? n?oee
ciaoiaeeee ia’?iia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a aei i?aeee?oeiii?
?a/iaeie aiioica?iiai o?yua, ia’?iio aeieth ia?aeiii? niiiaiice
(Aaoaiaeeeia A.A., 1990). Ii?oiiao??y aeiaoico i?iaiaeeeanue ca
ia?aiao?aie: ieiua iiia?a/iiai ia?aoeio ae?ao?co, ieiua
e?noeiai-iiceiaiai eaiaeo, oe?eia oa?o ciai?oi?o aaia?aeueieo ieanoei,
oe?eia inoaiiiiai oa?o, oe?eia oa?o aioo??oi?o aaia?aeueieo ieanoei,
ae?aiao? inoaii?a, ae?aiao? eaiaeo inoaii?a. Io?eiai? aeai? ia?iaeyee
noaoenoe/ii ia eiii’thoa??, c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeaoo noaoenoe/ieo i?ia?ai
(O?aao A.TH., 1985). Aeinoia??i?noue ?ica?aeiino? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?
eiio?ieueieo aeaieo ioe?ithaaee c aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa??th Nothaeaioa,
aeinoaoiueith aaaaeaee eiia??i?noue iiieeee iaio 5% (?? ?????-???????? ???????yyy???????????? ae???? ????'yy??? ????'yy?????????? ????yyy???? ???????uoy?????? C?inoa? ai?no eaeueoe?th (iaeneiaeueii o o?aaoe? - ia 11,05% (p? ??%???5???????? ???????yyy???????????? Ae?Ue??? ????'yy??? ????'yy?????????? ????yyy???? ??????? YYY????uoy?????? I?e aeine?aeaeaii? o?i?/iiai neeaaeo e?noie aoee iaea?aeai? ianooii? ?acoeueoaoe: aei 10 aeiy niinoa?aaeaiiy a?aeaoaaeeny iaeiiiai?aaeai? ci?ie a on?o e?noeao, aea a?eueo aiie aoee aeneiaeai? o o?aaoeyo oa aaeeeiaii?eeiaeo e?noeao. Niinoa??aaeiny cieaeaiiy /anoee i?aai?/ieo oa i?ia?aeueieo ?a/iaei ? c?inoaiiy ai?noo aieiae. Oae, a?ia?a?ae?aoaoe?y a III iiia?aeiaiio o?aaoeth aeinyaa? 11,60% (p

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