1

AeI?I?IIAO?IANUeEEE I?AeAIA O?OAeIAIAI *A?AIIIAI I?AII?A AeA?AEAAIEE
AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AA?EAAEE Aaea??e Aaneeueiae/

OAeE 631.15(477.63)

INIAEEAINO? ?AOI?IOAAIIss AA?A?IIAI NAEOI?A

I?IIENEIAIAI I?EAeI?I?IA’ss A OIIAAO NIOe?AEUeII

I???IOIAAII? ?EIEIAI? AEIIII?EE

08.07.02 – aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? AIE

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao?, I?i?noa?noai AIE Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

?aae/aiei
A?eoi? Aaneeueiae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee

oi?aa?neoao,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe??

n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Iin?the Ieeei
Iiaeyiiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee
aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoa

aa?a?iiai
na?a?no;

eaiaeeaeao
aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ie?eiee A?eoi?
sseiae/,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee o?iaini-

ai-aeiiii?/iee
?inoeooo,

caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e o?iain?a.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a

aa?ia?ciano ? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a,

I?i?noa?noai AIE Oe?a?ie, i. N?ioa?iiieue.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 29 » aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 10-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 08.804.01 Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 320027, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee – 27,

aoe. Ai?ioeeiaa, 25, aoae. 342.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 320027, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee –27, aoe. Ai?ioeeiaa, 25.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 24 » aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

i?ioani?
Iaea?aiei I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aa?a?iee naeoi? i?iieneiai ?icaeiaieo ?aa?ii?a
I?eaei?i?ia’y nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ?ioeo ??ciei ae?iaie/ei ?
o?oaeiaei iioaioe?aeaie, iai?aaeai?noth n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, aeiiii?/ieie oa nioe?aeueieie oiiaaie. Oea coiiaeaii
iayai?noth aaeeei? e?eueeino? ?oaeiaeiaoaath/eo, ia?a?iaieo, noiooi?o oa
?ioeo i?aei?e?inoa, cina?aaeaeaieo a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio,
E?eai??cueeiio, I?eiiieuenueeiio oa ?ioeo ?aeiiao Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
iaeano? – oeaio?? ?iaeono??aeueiiai I?eaei?i?ia’y. Aeniea eiioeaio?aoe?y
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa coiiaeea iaiao?aei?noue aeieeiaiiy
?icaaeoaeaii? n?oee i?no oa ?ia?oie/eo naeeu, ui ia iiaei ia a?aeaeoeny
ia aeaiia?ao?/iiio noaiiaeu? naea ? ?icaeoeo aa?a?ii? aaeoc?.

N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? i?aei?e?inoaa oeeo ?aa?ii?a, ia?o ca ana, aoee
iaoe?eai? ia ae?iaieoeoai iaeio?ainii?oaaaeueii? i?iaeoeoe?? uiaeaiiiai
aaeeoeo, yea ia i?aeaea?oueny aeiaaino?ieiaiio caa??aaiith. Oea cie?aia
iai/?, na?aea iieiei, yeoey, ia?ia i’yni, oiui. I?eioeeiiai aaaeeeaei
caaaeaiiyi n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa aoei caaacia/aiiy
noaa?eueiiai iinoa/aiiy ianaeaiiy, ui i?iaeeaa? a i?noao ?aa?iio, oeeie
i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy. Aeey aoaeoeaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? aaccaia?a/iiai
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy aa?a?ieie ainiiaea?noaaie a a?eueoino? ?c
ieo aoee noai?ai? ?aaeainie c ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi aea?aeaaii? oi?ie
aeaniino?. Oaea iaeiia?/ia nenoaia ainiiaea?thaaiiy a
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaei?e aeiiii?oe?, a iaai?e i???, a?aeiia?aeaea
oe?e?, aea c ia?aoiaeii aei ?eieiaeo oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy aiia, o
aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao ia a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei oiiaai ? i?aeeyaa?
?aoi?ioaaiith.

Iath/e oaeo i?aaiao ainiiaea?nueeo iniiao, ia?aoai?aiiy aa?a?ieo
i?aei?e?inoa ?aa?iio a noa’?eoe ?eieiaiai oeio, ia? nai?, i?eoaiaii?
o?eueee ?i iniaeeaino?. A, ieo o cia/i?e i???, caa??aa?oueny eieaeoeaiee
oa?aeoa? ae?iaieoeoaa. Oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy, caniiaai? ia i?eaaoi?e
aeaniino? ia caniae ae?iaieoeoaa, ia io?eiaee ua oe?ieiai
?iciianthaeaeaiiy. A eiaeiiio c aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?iieneiaeo ?aeii?a
noai?aia iaaia e?euee?noue naeyinueeeo(oa?ia?nueeeo) oa ?ioeo oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Aea a?iiaaenueeee naeoi? ae?iaieoeoaa caeeoa?oueny
aeii?ioth/ei. A a?eueoino? ?c ieo ?aoi?ioaaiiy coieieeiny ia aoai? ci?ie
eeoa oi?ie aeaniino?. Aeey a?eueoino? ae ainiiaea?noa i?iieneiaiai
I?eaei?i?ia’y ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino? ? eeoa i?aea?oioyi aeey
ianooiieo aoai?a oeueiai aeineoue neeaaeiiai i?ioeano. Ia ii?yaeie
aeaiiee aenooiathoue i?iaeaie iia’ycai? c eiai iiaeeaeaiiyi ia iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaieo canaaeao, ui ? iaoiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeoaaii?
oaie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ? aoiaeeoue aei eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ia
1996 – 2000 ??. «?ic?iaeoe i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? i?eeiie i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa a ?aoi?iiaaieo
i?aei?e?inoaao ??cieo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy».

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aieiaiith iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy ??cieo i?aeoiae?a ?aoi?ioaaiiy aa?a?iiai naeoi?a
aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaiai I?eaei?i?ia’y c o?aooaaiiyi eiai niaoeeo?/ieo
iniaeeainoae oa nioe?aeueii? iai?aaeaiino? a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aei
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c caaeaeea?iaaiith iaoith aoee ae??oai? ianooii?
ieoaiiy:

— aeaia anaa?/ia aeiiii?/ia ? nioe?aeueia ioe?iea no/aniiai noaio
?icaeoeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa I?eaei?i?ianueeiai ?aa?iio ia oii?
caaaeueii? e?ece a AIE Oe?a?ie;

— iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue ia?aiiy ??cieo iai?yie?a
?aoi?ioaaiiy a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? i?iieneiaiai I?eaei?i?ia’y;

— ocaaaeueiaii aeina?ae ii/aoeiaiai aoaio ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ?aa?iio ia iniia? ??cieo oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? aeyaeaii iniiai? oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia
aoaeoeai?noue aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

— ?ic?iaeaia ocaaaeueithth/a aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ?icaeoeo
aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa neeaaeaii i?iaiic aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo
?aoi?ioaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— aia?oa aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaai? iniaeeaino? ?aoi?ioaaiiy aa?a?iiai
naeoi?a a ?aeiiao, iane/aieo i?iieneiaei ae?iaieoeoaii;

— aeyaeaii aeea ??cieo oaeoi??a ia aeiiii?/io ae?yeuei?noue
ainiiaea?noa, eio?? noaee ia ??ci? oeyoe ?aoi?ioaaiiy;

— i?iaaaeaii, ia iniia? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo cania?a, iiaeaethaaiiy
?icaeoeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa i?iieneiaiai ?aeiio
I?eaei?i?ia’y.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia i?eeeaae? ainiiaea?noa
i?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio I?eaei?i?ia’y iaoeiai aeiaaaeaia aeiiii?/ia
aeioe?euei?noue ?nioaaiiy ??cieo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aea i??i?eoao
a?aeaeaii e?oiiioiaa?iiio ae?iaieoeoao c iaeneiaeueiei aeei?enoaiiyi
iayaiiai ae?iaie/iai ? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?ae?a. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea
aa??aioiiai aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeicaiey?
?aoe?iiaeueii i?aai?coaaoe n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea ae?iaieoeoai ?
ei?eaoaaoe eiai c o?aooaaiiyi nioe?aeueieo aeiia ?aa?iio.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?? iniaenoi cae?eniaii
aiae?c iane?aee?a iaoiae?a ?aoi?ioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa a
I?eaei?i?ianueeiio ?aa?ii?. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia ? ia ?? iniia?
/eneiaa iiaeaeue iioei?caoe?? ae?iaie/i? no?oeoo?e aeey ainiiaea?noa c
noni?eueiei oa?aeoa?ii ae?iaieoeoaa ?aa?iio. Aiia aeicaiey?
?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia?niaeoeaiee iioeiaeueiee aa??aio ?icaeoeo aaeocae
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ye a oe?eiio ii ?aeiio, oae ? ii ie?aiiio
ainiiaea?noao, aai a?oi? i?aei?e?inoa.

Ai?iaaoe?y iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Ii iaea?eueo aaaeeeaei
iieiaeaiiyi aeena?oaoe?? aoei c?iaeaii aeiiia?ae? ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo o
1996 – 1998 ??. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ii iioei?caoe?? ae?iaie/i?
no?oeoo?e aeey noni?eueiiai naeoi?a n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai ?aeiio, a naia iioeiaeueia no?oeoo?a iin?aieo ieiu,
caaeainiaaia u?euei?noue iiaie?a’y oaa?ei ii aeaeao, oa i?iaiiciaai?
aeiiii?/i? ?acoeueoaoe a?ae cai?iiiiiaaii? iioei?caoe?? ia?aaeai? aeey
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ea??aieeai ?aeiiii? eaiee oi?aae?iiy n?euenueeei
ainiiaea?noaii.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a
oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao: «Aa?a?ia iaoea», «Aeiiii?ea AIE», «A?niee aa?a?ii?
iaoee» oa ?ioeo aeaea?aeao. Anueiai iaae?oeiaaii 5 ?ia?o caaaeueiei
ianyaii 1,3 oiia. ae?oe. a?eooa, an? a aaoi?nueeiio aeeiiaii?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c ci?noo, anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, ui i?noyoue 10 i?ae?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioo aeeeaaeaii ia 176
noi??ieao eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo, o oiio /ene? iniiaiee ci?no caeia? 164
noi??iee. A ?iaio? ? 53 oaaeeoe? ? aeaa ?enoiee. Nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae neeaaea? 212 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? – I?AEOE*IA IAIEIO*?NOUe ? OAI?A-OE*I?
ANIAEOE ?AOI?IOAAIIss AA?A?IIAI NAEOI?A I?EAeI?-I?IA’ss – aeeeaaeai?
ieoaiiy, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iniaeeaino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a i?iieneiai ?icaeiaieo ?aeiiao I?eaei?i?ia’y ia oii?
caaaeueiiai noaio ni?aa Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e iaeano? oa Oe?a?i? a
oe?eiio. Cacia/a?oueny, ui ae?iaieoeoai aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? a
noni?eueiiio naeoi?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie ca ia??iae c
1990 ?. ii 1997 ?. nei?ioeeinue ia 63,8%, a eiai ieoiia aaaa a
caaaeuei?e aa?oino? neeaaea? iaioa 50 a?aenioe?a. Oea coiiaeaii
nei?i/aiiyi ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia ia 36%, oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a – 62,7, iai/?a
– 77,5 ? ea?oiie? – ia 8,3%. Ua a??oee noai ni?aa o a?iiaaenueeiio
oaa?eiieoeoa?. *enaeuei?noue aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae nei?ioeeany ia
57,4%, naeiae – 71,7, ioeoe? ia 66,8%. Aieiaiith i?e/eiith e?eciaiai
noaio a noni?eueiiio naeoi?? aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? iaaaeueia iaae?iiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa a?eueoino? aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??, a iane?aeie
cia/iiai c?inoaiiy noni?eueii iaiao?aeieo aeo?ao ? iaiie?eooy ?o
?aae?caoe?eieie oe?iaie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae a Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e iaeano? aeaui aeua i?ae a
na?aaeiueiio ii Oe?a?i?. Caeiath/e a caaaeuei?e ieiu? oa?aeue aeecueei
oanoe a?aenioe?a, ooo ae?iaey?oueny aei 7% ca?ia, 13 – ian?iiy
niiyoieeo, 10 – iai/?a, 9,8 – i’yna, 6 – iieiea oa iaeaea 11% y?oeue.
Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth i?iieneiaeo ?aeii?a I?eaei?i?ia’y ? aeniea
iane/ai?noue ?o i?iieneiaeie i?aei?e?inoaaie ?, ye iane?aeie, aeoaea
aenieee i?ioeaio i?nueeiai oa, a?aeiia?aeii, iecueeee n?euenueeiai
ianaeaiiy (oaae. 1).

Iaea?eueoa /anoea n?euenueeeo aeeoae?a (13,3%) ia? i?noea a
I?eiiieuenueeiio ?aeii?, a iaeiaioa – a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio (3,3%). A
na?aaeiueiio ii Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e iaeano? aiia neeaaea? 16,3%, a a
oe?eiio a Oe?a?i? – 32%. Ia n?euenueeiai aeeoaey a I?eiiieuenueeiio
?aeii? i?eiaaea? iaeaea 7 i?nueeeo, E?eai??cueeiio – 20,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio – 30 /ieia?e. Ii iaeano? oeae iieaciee neeaaea? 5,
a ii Oe?a?i? 2,4 /ieia?ea.

Iayai?noue n?eueainioa?aeue o ?ic?aooieo ia iaeiiai aeeoaey a
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?aa?iiao ni?anoaaia c iieacieeii ii Oe?a?i? – 2,5 aa ?
ieae/a i?ae a oe?eiio ii iaeano? – 4 aa.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ii??aiyiee neeaae ianaeaiiy Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeano? ? i?iieneiai
?icaeiaieo ?aeii?a

?aa?ii, neeaae ianaeaiiy1990 ?.1997 ?.1997 ?.

a % aei

1990 ?.oeny/

/ieia?e%oeny/

/ieia?e%Ii iaeano? – anueiai 3908,71003820,310097,7o oiio /ene?:
i?nueea3266,783,63196,783,797,8n?euenueea642,016,4624,116,397,2Aei?i?iia
o?ianueeee ?aeii – anueiai 1285,81001232,910095,9o oiio /ene?:
i?nueea1240,796,51192,596,796,1n?euenueea45,13,540,43,389,6E?eai??cueeee
?aeii – anueiai 841,7100819,310097,3o oiio /ene?:
i?nueea802,295,3779,595,197,2n?euenueea39,54,739,84,9100,8I?eiiieuenueee
e ?aeii – anueiai 316,3100305,610096,6o oiio /ene?:
i?nueea276,987,5265,987,096,0n?euenueea39,412,539,713,0100,7

Anoaiiaeaii, ui n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai i?iieneiaeo ?aeii?a
ciaoiaeeoueny ia a?eueo aenieiio ??ai?, i?ae a oe?eiio ii
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e iaeano? (oaae. 2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Ae?iaieoeoai aaeiai? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? o ?ic?aooieo

ia 100 aa n?eueainioa?aeue i?iieneiaeo ?aeii?a I?eaei?i?ia’y

/a oe?iao 1983 ?., oen. e?a./

?aeii1990 ?.1992 ?.1994 ?.1996 ?.1997 ?.1997 ?. a % () aei

1990
?.Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee139,7106,198,173,180,657,7E?eai??cueeee101,376,673,
448,556,956,2I?eiiieuenueeee103,689,876,847,655,053,4A na?aaeiueiio

ii 3 ?aeiiao114,291,082,455,763,555,6A na?aaeiueiio

ii iaeano?83,361,083,036,842,050,4Na?aaei? ?aeiii?

aeai? a % aei

iaeanieo137,1149,1155,6151,4151,2+14,1

Aa?a?iee naeoi? i?iieneiaeo ?aa?ii?a ae?? a?ae/ooii aoaeoeai?oa , i?ae a
?ioeo ?aeiiao Aei?i?iiao?iaueie. Aeo?ae aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? o ?ic?aooieo
ia 100 aa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue iaeaea iaiieiaeio ia?aaeuo?
na?aaei?e iieaciee ii iaeano?. ? oi/a, o ii??aiyii? c iiia?aaei?ie
?ieaie, a 1997 ?. aaeiaa i?iaeoeoe?y neeaea anueiai 55,6%, aea ii
a?aeiioaiith aei iaeanieo aeaieo aiia aeua ia 21,5 oen. e?a., aai ia
5,2%. sseui ae ii??aithaaoe noi?aei? 1996 ?. ? 1997 ?., oi ae?iaieoeoai
aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? a ainiiaea?noaao i?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio c?inei ia 7,8
oen. e?a., a a na?aaeiueiio ii iaeano? eeoa ia 5,2 oen. ea?aiaaioe?a.
Iaeiii?oi?oa c?inoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? noaeiny a
E?eai??cueeiio ?aeii? – 8,4 oen. ea?aiaaioe?a.

Oeueiio, a aeaye?e i???, ni?eyea ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aa?a?iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?aeiiao. sseui ?ai?oa ooo ia?aaaaeia
a?eueo?noue i?aei?e?inoa iaea aea?aeaaio oi?io aeaniino?, oi ia ii/aoie
1998 ?. ?o e?euee?noue neeaaeaea anueiai 3 – 4 ainiiaea?noaa ia ?aeii
(oaae. 3).

Oaaeeoey 3

Iayai?noue ? no?oeoo?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa a
i?iieneiaeo ?aeiiao Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeano? noaiii ia 1 n?/iy 1998
?.

Oei i?aei?e?inoaa Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee ?-iE?eai??cueeee

?-iI?eiiieuenueeee

?-ie?euee?noue%e?euee?noue%e?euee?noue%Eieaeoeai? 158,0 1510,5
2720,3Aea?aeaai? 42,2 42,8 32,3Eiiia?aoeai?—-
75,2Naeyinuee? (oa?ia?nuee?)14778,611681,1 8966,8Aeoe?iia?i? 84,3
32,1 10,8I?aeniai? 63,2 21,4 32,3?io? 73,7 32,1
32,3Anueiai187100143100133100

A Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio oa E?eai??cueeiio ?aeiiao ia ii/aoie ?aoi?ioaaiiy
?nioaaee i?aei?e?inoaa aeeeth/ii c aea?aeaaiith oi?iith aeaniino?. Oaia?
aea ooai?ai? ainiiaea?noaa iiaeo oei?a, ye? ci???ioiaai? ia ?eieiao
aeiiii?eo. I?aaenoaaeai? aiie eieaeoeaieie, naeyinueeeie
(oa?ia?nueeeie), aeoe?iia?ieie oa ?ioeie oeiaie i?aei?e?inoa. Naith
aeeoo?caeaoi?noue cacia/ai? oeie i?aei?e?inoa iathoue aeiaanoe a
iaaeaeaeiio iaeaooiueiio. Ii e?eueeino? iaea?eueoa ieoiia aaaa
iaeaaeeoue naeyinueeei (oa?ia?nueeei) ainiiaea?noaai: a?ae 66,8% a
I?eiiieuenueeiio ?aeii? aei 81,1% – a E?eai??cueeiio.

A no?oeoo?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa eiaeiiai
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aeiio ?nio? naiy, eeoa eiio i?eoaiaiia niaoeeo?ea.
Oae, iai?eeeaae, 47% ainiiaea?noa c eieaeoeaiith oi?iith aeaniino? ?
100% eiiia?aoea?a ciaoiaeyoueny a I?eiiieuenueeiio ?aeii?. Iaeiae 2/3
aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa ?aa?iio iaeaaeaoue aei Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
?aeiio.

Iaei??th c oa?aeoa?ieo ?en aeey n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ?aa?iio ? oa,
ui a i?ioean? ?aoi?ioaaiiy aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ooo ia ia no?eueee, ye
a ?ioeo ?aeiiao, caoiieeeny ?oeioaaiiyi n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
ae?iaie/i? aace, i?i ui na?ae/aoue ianaiia?aae ?ici??e caiaeueieo
oa?aeue, eio?eie aieiae?thoue aa?a?i? i?aei?e?inoaa. sse na?ae/aoue
iieacieee oaaeeoe? 4, aiie aeinoaoi? aeey ?aoe?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe??
aeniei?aioaaaeueiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Oaaeeoey 4

?ici?? n?eueainioa?aeue ia ii/aoie 1998 ?. a ??cieo oeiao i?aei?e?inoa

i?iieneiaeo ?aeii?a

Oei i?aei?e?inoaa Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee ?-iE?eai??cueeee

?-iI?eiiieuenueeee

?-ioen. aaa na?aaeiueiio ia ainiiaea?noai, aaoen. aaa na?aaeiueiio ia
ainiiaea?noai, aaoen. aaa na?aaeiueiio ia ainiiaea?noai, aaEieaeoeai?

Aea?aeaai?

Eiiia?aoeai?

Naeyinuee? (oa?ia?nuee?)

Aeoe?iia?i?

I?aeniai?

?io?

Anueiai40,3

28,3

4,7

13,3

0,3

9,3

96,22688,3

7065,3

32,0

1668,1

56,3

1331,9

513,470,9

11,1

2,8

5,0

0,5

0,2

90,54726,1

2788,8

24,4

1657,3

270,5

57,3

634,0105,1

9,9

0,8

3,6

3,1

0,0

0,4

122,93894,1

3301,3

106,7

39,9

3143,0

16,3

123,3

924,1

Na?aaei? ?ici??e naeyinueeeo (oa?ia?nueeeo) ainiiaea?noa o
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio oa I?eiiieuenueeiio ?aeiiao aei??aiththoue
a?aeiia?aeii 32 oa 40 aa, a E?eai??cueeiio eeoa 24,4 aa. Ii??aithth/e ?o
c ?ioeie oeiaie i?aei?e?inoa iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe – aiie ?i caiaaeoi
iinooiathoueny. A oie aea /an oa?ia?nuee? ainiiaea?noaa ?aa?iio
ia?aaeuothoue ?ici??e aiaeia?/ieo i?aei?e?inoa a a?eueoino? e?a?i
Cao?aeii? ?a?iie.

Iaea?eueoee na?aaei?e ?ici?? eieaeoeaieo ainiiaea?noa a E?eai??cueeiio
?aeii? – 4726,1 aa, aea?aeaaieo a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio – 7065,3 aa,
aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa a I?eiiieuenueeiio ?aeii? – 3143 aa. sse aa/eii,
a eiaeiiio c aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?aeii?a i?ioean ?aoi?ioaaiiy ia? nai?
iniaeeaino?. Oae, iai?eeeaae, a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio ?aeii? ie??i ci?ie
oi?i aeaniino? a?aeaoaa?oueny oaeiae i?ioean eiioeaio?aoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa
ca ?aooiie ia’?aeiaiiy ainiiaea?noa ? noai?aiiy ia ?o iniia? iiaeo
aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa, aa?io??i, oiui. A oie aea /an ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y
a I?eiiieuenueeiio ?aeii? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ae?iaeaiiyi ainiiaea?noa, a
a E?eai??cueeiio a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioean noai?aiiy aaeeeeo aa?a?ieo
i?ae?icae?e?a a neeaae? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa oa ?o ia’?aeiaiue.
Aaaaea?oueny, ui oaea ??ciiiai?oia aaaaoioeeaaei?noue aoaea ni?eyoe
a?eueo aoaeoeaiiio ?icaeoeo onueiai aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – INIIAI? IAI?ssIEE ?AOI?IOAAIIss AINII-AeA?NOA
I?EAeI?I?IA’ss A ??CI? OEIE AA?A?IEO I?AeI?E?INOA – cacia/a?oueny, ui
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? i?aei?e?inoaa, eio?? i?ae /an ?aoi?ie ia
coieieeenue eeoa ia aoai? ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy, a i?iaaee ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th
ae?iaieoeoaa aeyaeeenue o a?eueo aea?aoiiio noai?, i?ae ainiiaea?noaa,
ui iaiaaeeeenue i?inoith ci?iith oi?ie aeaniino?.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?yae ainiiaea?noa ?aa?iio cae?enieee aeeaieo
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th ? ia oe?e iniia? ciiaee noai?eoe oiiae aeey
aoaeoeaii? a aeiiii?/iiio ?icoi?ii? ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?. Aiie cia/ii
oaeaeoa i?enoinoaaeenue ? aei ?eieiaeo oiia. Oea aeineoue iai/ii aeaeii
ia i?eeeaae? ?yaeo aa?a?ieo ia’?aeiaiue. A ?o neeaae ia aeia?ia?eueieo
canaaeao aa?eoee non?aei? ainiiaea?noaa iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo oei?a, a
oaeiae i?aei?e?inoaa ii ia?a?iaoe? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??
? ?yae oi?aiaeo i?aei?e?inoa. Oa?aeoa?iei i?eeeaaeii oaeiai ia’?aeiaiiy
? AAO «*oiaee» Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai ?aeiio. Ca ?iee ?aoi?ioaaiiy oeueiai
? aeeaei?o c iei i?aei?e?inoa ?ici??e eiai caiaeueieo oa?aeue c?inee a
2,1 ?ace, /enaeuei?noue ?ia?oiee?a, caeiyoeo a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?, ca?eueoeeanue ia 40 %, aa?o?noue iniiaieo cania?a
ae?iaieoeoaa o 3,4 ?ace. Iane?aeee oai?/i? aoaeoeaii? (AAO «*oiaee») ?
oi?iaeueii? iaaaoeaii? (ENI «E??ianueeee») ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ia
i?eeeaae? ?icaeoeo oaa?eiieoeoaa cana?ae/othoue ?acth/o ??cieoeth oaeeo
i?aeoiae?a (oaae. 5).

Oaaeeoey 5

Aieea ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ainiiaea?noa a ??ci? oeie ia ?icaeoie ?o

oaa?eiieoeoaa

IieacieeAAO «*oiaee»ENI «E??ianueeee»1990 ?.1997 ?.1997 ?.

a % aei

1990 ?.1990 ?.1997 ?.1997 ?.

a % aei

1990 ?.Iiaie?a’y aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae – anueiai,
aie.40275413134,43672203055,3O oiio /ene?
ei?iae1600110068,751600100062,5*enaeuei?noue naeiae ia a?aeaiae?ae?,
aie.2671908714,61256652,8Ae?iaieoeoai

iieiea, o65958257125,25681236741,7??/iee iaae?e iieiea a?ae ei?iae,
ea41227506182,13551236766,7Ae?iuoaaiiy aeeai? iane oaa?ei,
o536603112,531031,0

Aei 1990 ?. iaeaeaa ainiiaea?noaa Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai ?aeiio iaee
aea?aeaaio oi?io aeaniino? ? aeecuee? ae?iaie/? ? o?iainia? iieacieee.
Aea ca ?iee ?aoi?ioaaiiy noai ni?aa a oaa?eiieoeueeeo aaeocyo ??cei
ci?ieany. Caaaeueia e?euee?noue aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a aeoe?iia?iiio
oiaa?enoa? «*oiaee» c?inea ia 34,4%, a a ENI «E??ianueeee» ciaioeeanue
ia 44,7%. Iacaaaeath/e ia ciaioaiiy /enaeueiino? ei??a ia 500 aie?a,
ae?iaieoeoai iieiea a ia?oiio ainiiaea?noa? c?inei ia 25,2%, a a
ae?oaiio – ciaioeeiny ia 58,7%. ??/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a neeaea
a?aeiia?aeii 7506 ? 2367 ea (??cieoey 5139 ea, aai iaeaea a 3,2 ?ace), a
oie /an ye o 1990 ?. aiia aoea eeoa 571 ea (16%). Iaeaea oae? ae ?acth/?
a?aei?iiino? i?e ae?iaieoeoa? ? ?ioeo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??.

Oea noaeiny oiio, ui a ENI «E??ianueeee», ye ? a aaaaoueio ?ioeo
ainiiaea?noaao, ia i?oee oeyoii aeeaieiai oai?/iai ?aoi?ioaaiiy. Oiio a
ieo a?aeaoaa?oueny cia/ia c?inoaiiy cao?ao i?aoe?, ei?i?a oa ?ioeo
iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao o ?ic?aooieo ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe??.

A I?eiiieuenueeiio ?aeii? niinoa??aa?oueny ae?iaeaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa. Aeyaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
aeioe?eueiino? oaei? oi?ie ?aoi?ioaaiiy ainiiaea?noa cae?eniaii oeyoii
ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? ainiiaea?noaa, ui caciaei
ae?iaeaiiy (eieaini «Ae?oaeaa» ?aoi?iiaaiee a ENI «Ae?oaeaa» ? ENI
«Iaye») c ?acoeueoaoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa, ui caa?aaei na?e
ae?iaie/ee iioaioe?ae – ENI ?i. E. Ia?ena (oaae. 6).

Oaaeeoey 6

Nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe?? i?e ??cieo i?aeoiaeao aei ?aoi?ioaaiiy
ainiiaea?noa

IieacieeAei ?aoi?ioaaiiy (1990 ?.), e?a.I?ney ?aoi?ioaaiiy (1997 ?.),
a?i.e-i «Ae?oaeaa»e-i ?i. E. Ia?ena?i.

E. Ia?ena a % aei

«Ae?oaeaa»ENI «Ae?oaeaa» ? ENI «Iaye» ?aciiENI ?i. E. Ia?ena?i. E.
Ia?ena

a % aei

aeaio ENIIieiei35,7929,2781,881,7225,0830,7I?e??no aeeai? iane:
ooaeiaa240,98276,85114,92084,94352,7016,9
naei?200,00197,3798,71944,27277,1714,3Ca?ii6,149,64157,012,169,4677,8Ian
?iiy niiyoieeo13,6316,17118,624,439,5839,2

A aei?aoi?iaiee ia??iae aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa a eieaini?
«Ae?oaeaa», ui c /anii caciaa ae?iaeaiiy, aoea aeuith. A 1990 ?. eieaini
«Ae?oaeaa» iaa aeineoue aaaii? ia?aaaae iaae eieainiii ?i. E. Ia?ena ii
nia?aa?oino? a?eueoino? aeae?a oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe?? ? eeoa ii iieieo ?
i?e?inoo aeeai? iane naeiae aeaui iinooiaany eiio. Ia no/aniiio
a?ae??ceo ae?yeueiino? aoe?e?ea ainiiaea?noai, o ii??aiyii? c
?icae?iaeaiei, a?eueo aoaeoeaii aeei?enoiao? iiaeeeaino? naiai
ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo. Oea aeaei ciiao ENI ?i. E. Ia?ena ae?iaeyoe
i?iaeoeoe?th c? cia/ii iaioeie a?ioiaeie aeo?aoaie o ?ic?aooieo ia
iaeeieoeth i?aeoe/ii an?o aeae?a oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??, i?ae a
i?aei?e?inoaao ooai?aieo oeyoii iiae?eo eieainio «Ae?oaeaa».
Nia?aa?o?noue 1oe ca?ia a caa?aaeaiiio ainiiaea?noa? ieae/a ia 22%,
ian?iiy niiyoieeo – 60,8, iieiea – 69,3%. ??cieoey a nia?aa?oino?
i?e?inoo aeeai? iane oaa?ei iano?eueee aaeeea, ui iaa?oue ia
i?aeaea?oueny aiae?co.

Aei ii/aoeo cae?eniaiiy ?aoi?ie cao?aoe i?aoe? a oeeo ainiiaea?noaao
aoee ni?anoaaieie. Aea ca ia??iae ?aoi?ioaaiiy ENI ?i. E. Ia?ena ia eeoa
caa?aaei eieeoi?e ??aaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, aea ? iii?oii eiai
i?aeaeueei iaeaea o an?o aaeocyo ae?iaieoeoaa. A oie aea /an
i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? a ?icae?iaeaieo ainiiaea?noaao cia/ii
cieceeanue, ui iniaeeai iii?oii i?e ae?iaieoeoa? oaa?eiieoeueei?
i?iaeoeoe?? ? oea iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui anueiai aeae?eueea ?ie?a oiio
oey aaeocue a eieaini? aoea aaaeo/ith.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue cana?ae/eee, ui ?aoi?ioaaiiy eieaeoeaieo ?
aea?aeaaieo ainiiaea?noa ? iaaeaiiy ?i ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? oa
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? aeoaea neeaaeiei ? a?aeiia?aeaeueiei i?ioeanii.
Iaeiei ?c aieiaieo /eiiee?a oni?oiiai cae?eniaiiy oeueiai iaieio/iai
caoiaeo ? ia ?oeioaaiiy, a caa?aaeaiiy o?oaeiaiai oa iaoa??aeueiiai
iioaioe?aeo, iaaooiai ca aaaaoi aeanyoe?a ?ie?a, oa ye iaeaoaeoeai?oa
eiai aeei?enoaiiy a oiiaao , eio?? noai?ththoueny ? aeathoue oain ia
oni?oia ainiiaea?thaaiiy iaa?oue ? a ia??iae ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue. A
oeo ainiiaea?noaao, aea aei oeueiai i?ioeano i?ae?eoee oai?/i, ?eiie
a?aee?ea oae? iiaeeeaino?, ye? noeioeththoue aenieiaoaeoeaia
ae?iaieoeoai. Iaaeaeue, oaeeo i?aei?e?inoa, a oiio /ene? ? a
i?iieneiaiio ?aa?ii? I?eaei?i?ia’y, ua iaaeoi caiaei. A oie aea /an aiie
cana?ae/othoue iiaeeeaino? aoaeoeaiiai ainiiaea?thaaiiy aeey ?ioeo
i?aei?e?inoa, ye? iaa?oue oo?aoeee a??o a iaeaooi?.

A E?eai??cueeiio ?aa?ii? i?e ?aoi?ioaaii? AIE i?oee aeaui ?ioei oeyoii.
Ooo a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioean noai?aiiy aaeeeeo aa?a?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a o
neeaae? aeiiii?/ii no?eeeo i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa oa ?o ia’?aeiaiue. O
1990 – 1992 ??. aoee noai?ai? oae? aa?a?i? oeaoe i?e E?eai??cueeiio
eienio?i?/iiio caaiae? oa EIE «E?eai??aenoaeue». A 1997 ?. ia aac?
«E?eai??aenoae?» aeieeea aa?io??ia, a yeo aoiaeyoue 5
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ?aa?iio. Aa?io??ia ciaoiaeeoueny
a noai? noaiiaeaiiy ? aeey iiaiiai aiae?co ?? ae?yeueiino? oaeoe/ieo
aeaieo ua iaaeinoaoiuei. Aea ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui iaea?eueo aaaeeea?
noeoii? e?euee?ni? iieacieee aeathoue i?aenoaao niiae?aaoenue ia e?aua
iaeaooi?. I?i oea na?ae/aoue aeai?, ia?o ca ana, i?i /enaeuei?noue
iiaie?a’y ooaeiae ? ioeoe? a aa?io??i? (oaae. 7).

Oaaeeoey 7

*enaeuei?noue iiaie?a’y oaa?ei a aa?io??i? «E?eai??aenoaeue»

/aie?a/

Iiaie?a’y1997 ?.1998 ?.1998 ?.

a % aei

1997 ?.Aaeeea ?iaaoa ooaeiaa57025444 95,5Naei? –
anueiai11466223543,0A?aoe? 431114 a 26 ?ac?aIoeoey, oen. aie.-
105,4-Oiiaia iiaie?a’y49367869159,4

Ca ??e ?nioaaiiy aa?io??ie aeaui nei?ioeeinue iiaie?a’y aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae ca ?aooiie aeaoooy iai?iaeoeoeaieo ei??a, ui oo?eioaaeenue a
ia?aeiieo ainiiaea?noaao. Ca oeae aea ia??iae na?aaeiuei??/ia iiaie?a’y
naeiae c?inei a?eueoa i?ae a 5 ?ac?a.

Ia /an ooai?aiiy a aa?io??i? ia ?nioaaei oaei? aaeoc? ye ioao?aieoeoai,
a eeoa ca ??e ?? ?iaioe iiaie?a’y ioeoe? ia?aaeueei noi i’youe oeny/
aie?a, o 26 ?ac?a c?inea /enaeuei?noue iaaoeue. a noeoiia oiiaia
iiaie?a’y c?inei iaeaea a 1,6 ?ace. Oaea oaaaa aei ?icaeoeo
oaa?eiieoeoaa oe?eeii c?icoi?ea, oae ye oey aaeocue aecia/aia aieiaiei
iai?yieii ae?yeueiino? aa?io??ie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio ?aoi?iiaaieo i?aei?e?inoa a ??ci? oi?ie aeaniino? ?
ainiiaea?thaaiiy cana?ae/eee, ui a oe?eiio ?o ci?ia ia ? aa?aio??th
aeiiii?/iiai oni?oo. A i?iieneiaiio ?aa?ii? I?eaei?i?ia’y ?niothoue
i?eeeaaee oiai, ye i?aei?e?inoaa c aea?aeaaiith oi?iith aeaniino?
ooieoe?iiothoue c iii?oii aeuei aeiiii?/iei aoaeoii, i?ae i?aei?e?inoaa
c eieaeoeaii-aeieueiaith, aai i?eaaoiith oi?iith aeaniino?, aea ? ?
i?ioeeaaei? i?eeeaaee.

A oe?eiio ae aeuiai aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo aeinyaathoue o? ainiiaea?noaa,
eio?? i?e ?aoi?ioaaii? aieiaio oaaao i?eae?eythoue, ia?o ca ana,
?aoe?iiae?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, i?eaaaeaiiy eiai o a?aeiia?aei?noue c
aeiiaaie ?eieiaiai ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Aeey oeueiai, yeui aeieeaea
iio?aaa, i?aei?e?inoaa iae?athoue iia? oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy,
ci?iththoue ? oi?io aeaniino?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – IA?NIAEOEAE ?ICAEOEO AA?A?IIAI AE?IA-IEOeOAA IA
I?EEEAAe? AeI?I?IIAO?IANUeEIAI ?AEIIO AeI?I?IIAO?IANUeEI? IAEANO? –
?ic?iaeai? aeaa aa??aioa (iioeiaeueiee ? ia?niaeoeaiee)
aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aeey iioei?caoe?? ae?iaie/i? no?oeoo?e
ainiiaea?noa noni?eueiiai naeoi?a n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ?aeiio.
Iiaeae? iathoue oi?aa?naeueiee oa?aeoa? ? ?o iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe aeey
ae??oaiiy aiaeia?/ieo caaea/ a ?ioeo i?iieneiai ?icaeiaieo ?aa?iiao
I?eaei?i?ia’y ia eeoa ia ?aeiiiiio ??ai?, aea ? ia ??ai? ie?aii acyoi?
a?oie ainiiaea?noa, ae?iaie/iai ia’?aeiaiiy, oiui.

E?eoa???i iioeiaeueiino? ia?aii iaeneioi i?eaooeo i?e ?aoe?iiaeueiiio
aeei?enoaii? ae?iaie/iai oa o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?ae?a. I?e ae??oaii?
caaea/? aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui ?ici?? ? no?oeoo?a iin?a?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? ia? aooe aeaui a?aeei?eaiaaia (oaae.
8).

Oaaeeoey 8

Cai?iiiiiaaia ocaaaeueiaia no?oeoo?a iin?a?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo

eoeueoo? a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio ?aeii?

IieacieeOaeoe/ii o 1997 ?., %Iioeiaeueiee

aa??aioIa?niaeoeaiee

aa??aio% aei 1997 ?.% aei 1997 ?.Ca?iia?
eoeueoo?e44,944,5-0,441,4-3,5Oeoe?ia? ao?yee 1,0 1,2+0,2
2,8+1,8Niiyoiee 8,6 4,4-4,2 5,2-3,4Iai/? 1,8 9,7+7,9
9,5+7,7Ei?iia? eoeueoo?e43,740,2-3,541,4-2,6

I?ae iieacieeii ca?iia? eoeueoo?e ia’?aeiaii ieiu? iin?a?a ye oiaa?iiai,
oae ? oo?aaeiiai ca?ia. Iniaeeai iii?oi? ci?ie iaiao?aeii aianoe a ieiu?
eoeueoo? oaoi?/ii? a?oie. Ieiu? i?ae oeoe?iaei ao?yeii aeioe?eueii
ca?eueoeoe iaeaea aei 3 ? iai/?a aei 9,5% a?ae caaaeueii? ieiu? iin?a?a.

Ieoiia aaaa iin?a?a niiyoieeo o 1997 ?. cia/ii ia?aaeuoaaea a?aeiia?aei?
aa?iiii?/i? aeiiae, oiio ?? aeioe?eueii nei?ioeoe ia 3,4 ioieoo.

Ieiua iin?a?a ei?iiaeo eoeueoo? a?aeiia?aea? iio?aa? a ei?iao
a?iiaaenueeiai oaa?eiieoeoaa. Ieoiia aaaa ei?iiaeo eoeueoo? a
ia?niaeoeaiiio aa??aio? ia 2,6 ioieoo iaioa a?ae oaeoe/ii? a 1997 ?.,
aea aiia iiai?noth a?aeiia?aea? /enaeueiino? oaa?ei. Oea coiiaeaii ae?ae
ia?aoe?iiaeueiei aeei?enoaiiyi iayaii? ei?iiai? aace a ainiiaea?noaao oa
iaaaeueiith aeioe?euei?noth ? iiaeeeainoyie iie?auaiiy aiae?ae? oaa?ei
ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy aeei?enoaiiy eiioeaio?iaaieo ei?i?a ? n?ia, oa
ciaioaiiy caiaeiaoaaiiy nieiie (oaae. 9).

Oaaeeoey 9

A?aeiiaeaiiy /enaeueiino? iiaie?a’y ooaeiae oa ioeoe? a ainiiaea?noaao

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai ?aeiio

/aie?a/

A?oia oaa?eiOaeoe/ii o 1997 ?.Aa??aioAa??aioe aei

1997 ?., %iioeiaeueieeia?niaeoeaieeiioeiaeueieeia?niaeoeaieeAaeeea
?iaaoa ooaeiaa – anueiai335935487854063163,4160,9Ooiio /ene?
ei?iae99352195121625220,9217,7Naei? –
anueiai545771227122130,5130,5Ioeoey – anueiai, oen.
aie.59913741431229,4238,9

C ?acoeueoao?a, iaea?aeaieo a iane?aeie ae??oaiiy ye ia?oiai, oae ?
ae?oaiai aa??aio?a aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ii? caaea/?, aeieeaa?, ui
iiaie?a’y aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae, naeiae ? ioeoe? a iaio aa??aioao
a?aeiinii 1997 ?. ia? aooe iaaaaaoi a?eueoei – a?ae 130,5 aei 238,9%.
Ia?oi/a?aiaei caaaeaiiyi ainiiaea?noa ?aeiio ia? noaoe a?aeoai?aiiy
e?eueeino? ei??a, ye iniiae ?icaeoeo iiei/iiai ? i’yniiai neioa?noaa. Ca
?ic?aooieaie ?o e?euee?noue ia? ca?eueoeoenue c 9935 aie?a iaeaea aei 22
oen., ui a?eueoa a?ae oaeoe/iiai ??aiy 1997 ?. ia 12 oen. aie?a.

Caaaeueia iiaie?a’y naeiae, o oiio /ene? ia ae?iuoaaii? oa a?aeaiae?ae?,
o ?ic?aoiaaieo aa??aioao i?i?iaeueia a?ae iiaeeeaiai ca?aeii c oiiaaie
aeiiii?/ii? caaea/?, aea aiii iaeaea ia 2 oen. aie?a, oiaoi ia 30,5% ,
a?eueoa a?ae oaeoe/iiai o 1997 ?. Aa?oiueith iaaeath /enaeueiino?
na?aaeiuei??/iiai iiaie?a’y ioeoe? ? iiaeeea?noue oo?eiaiiy ?? a
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ioaoiainiiaea?noaao ?aeiio. A iioeiaeueiiio aa??aio?
na?aaeiuei??/ia iiaie?a’y ioeoe? a?eueoa a?ae oaeoe/iiai o 1997 ?. ia
775 oen. aie?a, a a ia?niaeoeaiiio ia 832 oeny/?. Oea coiiaeaii
iayai?noth iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace ? oei, ui ae?iuoaaiiy iieiaeiyeo
ioeoe? ia i’yni caaacia/o? aeineoue aenieee ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino?.
Eiai /enaeuei?noue a ia?niaeoeaiiio aa??aio? aeua a?ae aiaeia?/iiai
iieacieea a iioeiaeueiiio aa??aio? ia 73,8 oen. aie?a.

Caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeii? /enaeueiino? oaa?ei oa iie?ioaiiy ?o aiae?ae? ?
oo?eiaiiy aeathoue i?aenoaae ni?iaiicoaaoe cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy ianya?a
ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?aae?caoe?? an?o aeae?a oaa?eiieoeueei? i?iaeoeoe??, yea
? aeii?ioth/ith aeey n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ?aeiio. Cai?iiiiiaaiee
??aaiue ?icaeoeo aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa aea? i?aenoaae niiae?aaoeny ia
caaaeueiee aeiiii?/iee oa nioe?aeueiee aoaeo.

Ci?ie ae?iaie/i? no?oeoo?e oa i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa a
noni?eueiiio naeoi?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
?aeiio nooo?ai aieeiooue ia o?iainiaa noaiiaeua i?aei?e?inoa, yea a
noeneiio aeae? i?aaenoaaeaia a oaaeeoe? 10.

Caaaeueia noia ae?o/ee a?ae ?aae?caoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
i?iaeoeoe?? neeaaeaoeia 142 – 147 iei a?i., ui a 3,2 – 3,3 ?ace a?eueoa
oaeoe/iiai ??aiy 1997 ?ieo. ??cieoey i?ae iioeiaeueiei oa ia?niaeoeaiei
aa??aioaie iacia/ia – 4,8 iei a?i., aai 3,4%. A no?oeoo?? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
eioo?a a?eueoo ieoiio aaao caeia? i?iaeoeoe?y oaa?eiieoeoaa (57 – 60%).
Nia?aa?o?noue ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? ye ii ie?aieo aaeocyo, oae ? a
oe?eiio a ia?niaeoeaiiio aa??aio? o ii??aiyii? c iioeiaeueiei ieae/a ia
20%. Cao?aoe a oaa?eiieoeuee?e aaeoc? neeaaeathoue 60% a?ae caaaeueieo.

Oaaeeoey 10

Ia?niaeoeaa iie?ioaiiy o?iainiaiai noaio n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo

i?aei?e?inoa Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai ?aeiio

IieacieeOaeoe/ii o 1997 ?., iei a?i.Iioeiaeueiee aa??aioIa?niaeoeaiee
aa??aioiei a?i.%() aei 1997 ?.iei a?i.%() aei 1997 ?.Ae?o/ea a?ae
?aae?caoe?? – anueiai 44,2141,7320,5146,5331,4Ooiio /ene?:
?ineeiieoeoai14,760,3410,259,4404,1
oaa?eiieoeoai29,581,4275,987,1295,3Nia?aa?o?noue –
anueiai49,5125,1252,7100,6203,2Ooiio /ene?:
?ineeiieoeoai13,350,1376,740,4303,8
oaa?eiieoeoai36,275,0207,260,2166,3I?eaooie – anueiai- 5,316,6+
21,945,9+ 51,2Ooiio /ene?: ?ineeiieoeoai1,410,2+ 8,819,0+ 17,6
oaa?eiieoeoai- 6,76,4+ 13,126,9+ 33,6??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino?, %
na?aaei?e- 10,713,3+ 24,045,6+
56,3?ineeiieoeoaa10,520,2+ 9,747,0+ 36,5oaa?eiieoeoaa — 18,58,7+
27,244,6+ 63,1

I?iaiiciaaia c?inoaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa a ?aeii? aeanoue iiaeeea?noue
iicaooeny caeoeiaino? ? caaacia/eoe i?eaooie a ?ici??? 16,6 – 45,9 iei
a?i., eio?ee aeanoue iiaeeea?noue ae??oeoe ia aeinoaoiuei aenieiio ??ai?
ae?iaie/? ? nioe?aeuei? i?iaeaie a naeao ?aeiio.

?acoeueoaoe iiaeaethaaiiy ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia i?eeeaae?
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai ?aeiio Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeano? aeathoue
i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i aeioe?euei?noue caa?aaeaiiy e?oiiioiaa?iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a i?iieneiai ?icaeiaieo ?aa?iiao I?eaei?i?ia’y ? ia oe?e
iniia? coieieoe niaae ? caaacia/eoe iiaeaeueoa c?inoaiiy ianya?a
ae?iaieoeoaa ? aoaeoeaiino? aa?a?iiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio.

AENIIAEE

I?iaaaeai? iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii iaa?oiooaaiith iniaeeainoae
?aoi?ioaaiiy aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao i?iieneiai ?icaeiaiiai
?aa?iio I?eaei?i?ia’y aeathoue i?aenoaao c?iaeoe ocaaaeueithth/?
aeniiaee ? aianoe ?yae i?iiiceoe?e.

1. Aeiaaaeaii, ui a Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e iaeano? iaea?eueo iane/ai?
i?iieneia? ?aeiie Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee, E?eai??cueeee oa I?eiiieuenueeee
nooo?ai a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a aenieith /anoeith i?nueeiai
ianaeaiiy (87 – 97%) ? iaeith n?euenueeiai (3 – 13%), ui iaeeaei
a?aeaeoie ia no?oeoo?o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
niaoe?ae?caoe?th, ??aaiue ?ioaineaiino? oa eiiia?oaaiiy, a oaeiae ia
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ? ?ioeo naeoi??a aeiiii?ee. Ia?aaaaeia
a?eueo?noue ainiiaea?noa ?aa?iio ooieoe?iioaaea c aea?aeaaiith oi?iith
aeaniino? ? ae?iaeyea iai/?, iieiei, i?iaeoeoe?th ioao?aieoeoaa, ?ioa.
Iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia aaca aaaaoueio i?aei?e?inoa, aeiiii?/ia oa
nioe?aeueia ?io?ano?oeoo?e aoee e?aueie , i?ae a ?ioeo ?aa?iiao.

2. Anoaiiaeaii, ui caaaeueia aeiiii?/ia e?eca a e?a?i? i?ecaaea aei
caiaiaaeo aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? a Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e iaeano?, ia
aeeeth/ath/e ? i?iieneia? ?aa?iie. Aea oaiie niaaeo aeiiii?ee ooo aoee
aeaui ieae/eie, i?ae a oe?eiio ii Oe?a?i?, a ieoiia aaaa iaeano? o
ae?iaieoeoa? ?yaeo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy iaa?oue c?inea ia 0,9 – 3,7
a?aenioea. Ae?iaieoeoai aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia 100 aa n?eueainioa?aeue o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?aa?iiao a 1990 ?. ia?aaeuoaaei na?aaei?e iieaciee ii
iaeano? ia 37%, a a 1997 ?. aiii c?inei aei 51%.

3. Aecia/ai? cia/i? ci?ie a e?eueeino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa i?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio, ?o aaaaoioeeaaei?noue oa
??ciiiai?oi?noue o oi?iao ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Ii ?o e?eueeino? iii?oii
ia?aaaaeathoue ainiiaea?noaa c i?eaaoiith oi?iith aeaniino? ? oa?aeoa?ii
ae?iaieoeoaa, aea a caaaeuei?e ieiu? n?eueainioa?aeue aeiey i?aei?e?inoa
noni?eueiiai naeoi?a a ?aa?ii? ia?aaeuo? 95%, a naeyinuee? (oa?ia?nuee?)
ainiiaea?noaa iathoue iaiaaeaia ?iciianthaeaeaiiy. A o?i e?euee?ni?
iieacieee ?aoi?ioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa a oe?eiio ia aoee i?aee??ieai?
?ioeie oaeoi?aie ae?iaieoeoaa ? a ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? iaee
oi?iaeueiee oa?aeoa?, iaoiiaeaiee ye ia’?eoeaieie, oae ? noa’?eoeaieie
i?e/eiaie.

4. Aaeueia, ioaea ? a?ioiaa ioe?iea caiaeue ainiiaea?noa i?iieneiaiai
?aa?iio ieae/a, i?ae a na?aaeiueiio ii iaeano?, ia 141 a?i. ca 1 aa, aea
??aaiue ae?iaieoeoaa iniiaii? i?iaeoeoe?? ooo aeuee ia 55,6 a?aenioea,
oae ye a ainiiaea?noaao ?aa?iio cia/ii aeua ?ioaineai?noue oa
aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??.

5. Aeyaeaii, ui a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? i?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio
I?eaei?i?ia’y aeiee iniaeeaee iai?yiie i?iaaaeaiiy ?aoi?i, yeee /a?ac
ei??iio ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th ae?iaieoeoaa ni?eya ca?eueoaiith ?ici???a
ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo ? ia oe?e iniia? caaacia/ea a?eueo aoaeoeaia
ainiiaea?thaaiiy a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Ia?aeiieeaee i?eeeaae ia?
i?noea o AAO «*oiaee» oa ?ioeo ainiiaea?noaao Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
?aeiio aea ca inoaii? ?iee ye a ?ineeiieoeoa?, oae ? a oaa?eiieoeoa?
aeinyaioo? iieacieee na?oiaiai ??aiy (a?iaeaei?noue ca?iiaeo noaa?eueii
nyaa? 50 – 60 oe/aa, oaei? a?ae ei?iae ca 7,5 oen. ea).

6. Oi?ia aeaniino? ? iniiaiiieiaeiei oaeoi?ii a ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?, aea
a eiie?aoieo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aiia ia
caaaeaee ? aieiaiei /eiieeii aeey aeinyaiaiiy aenieiai aeiiii?/iiai ?
nioe?aeueiiai aoaeoo. A n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ?aa?iio ?niothoue
i?eeeaaee (aa?io??ia «Iaoeiaa» OAAI), eiee i?aei?e?inoaa c aea?aeaaiith
aai ci?oaiith oi?iith aeaniino? iaaaaaoi oni?oi?oa ooieoe?iiothoue a
oiio ae aeiiii?/ii-i?aaiaiio na?aaeiaeu?, ui ? i?aei?e?inoaa
iaaea?aeaaiiai naeoi?a.

7. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie aeiaaaeaii, ui a ?eieiaeo oiiaao iniaeeaa cia/aiiy
ia? iiaoaeiaa iioeiaeueii? ae?iaie/i? no?oeoo?e i?aei?e?inoa, oae ye
aiia ni?ey? iaea?eueo iiaiiio ? aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaiith ae?iaie/eo
?ano?n?a. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue ia an?o ??aiyo a?ae ie?aieo ainiiaea?noa
aei aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno ?aeiio caaacia/eoe ia eeoa iiaeeea?noue
i?inoiai, aea ? ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy iayaiiai iioaioe?aeo.

8. Aeieacaii, ui ia iniia? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
?icaeoeo aa?a?ii? noa?e ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeeeai i?aai?coaaoe a?eueo
?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy ?nioth/eo ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a ? ia oe?e
iniia? caaacia/eoe ?aioaaaeuei?noue ae?iaieoeoaa ia ??ai? 13,3 – 45,6
a?aenioe?a.

9. Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee aa??aio?a aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy iioei?caoe?? ae?iaie/i? no?oeoo?e aa?a?ii? noa?e AIE ia
i?eeeaae? Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai ?aeiio i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe ? a
?ioeo aiaeia?/ieo ciiao e?a?ie. Cai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaeiai i?aeoiaeo
aeicaiey? ae??ooaaoe aca?iiocaiaeaeaio caaea/o iioei?caoe?? ae?iaie/i?
no?oeoo?e i?aei?e?inoa aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ?aeiio ye ia iioi/iee ia??iae,
oae ? ia ia?niaeoeao.

10. Cai?iiiiiaaio aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue, c iaaiei nooiaiai
eiie?aoecaoe??, iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe ia ??ai? ie?aieo ainiiaea?thth/eo
noa’?eo?a.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Aa?eaaee A.A. Aaaaoioeeaaei?noue AIE ?iaeono??aeueiiai I?eaei?i?ia’y
// Aa?a?ia iaoea . – 1996. – ? 2. – N. 45.

2. Aa?eaaee A.A. Iniaeeaino? ?eieiaiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy aa?a?iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a ?iaeono??aeueii ?icaeiaieo ?aa?iiao // Iao. i?aeaoc.
iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: 1996. – N. 62.

3. Aa?eaaee A.A. Aeaye? iniaeeaino? aa?a?iiai naeoi?a E?eai??cueeiai
?aa?iio // Aeiiii?ea AIE. – 1997. – ? 2. – N. 46 – 48.

4. Aa?eaaee A.A. Oi?ioaaiiy aaaaoioeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee a AIE
?iaeono??aeueiiai I?eaei?i?ia’y // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. –
1997. – ? 47. – N. 46 – 48.

5. Aa?eaaee A.A. Iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo oaa?eiieoeoaa a I?eiiieuenueeiio
?iaeono??aeueiiio ?aa?ii? // A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee. – 1998. – ? 1. – N.
78 – 79.

AIIOAOe??

Aa?eaaee A.A. Iniaeeaino? ?aoi?ioaaiiy aa?a?iiai naeoi?a i?iieneiaiai
I?eaei?i?ia’y a oiiaao nioe?aeueii i???ioiaaii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.07.02 – aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ?
AIE. – Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi, ye? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaothoue iai?yiee
?aoi?ioaaiiy aa?a?iiai naeoi?a aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaiai I?eaei?i?ia’y c
o?aooaaiiyi eiai niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae oa nioe?aeueii? i???ioaoe??.
Aeeeaaeaii oai?aoe/i? iiaeyaee ? caaaeuei? i?eioeeie i?iaaaeaiiy ?aoi?ie
a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie. Aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? ?aoi?ioaaiiy
i?eoaiaii? I?eaei?i?ianueeiio i?iieneiaiio ?aa?iio. I?iaiae?ciaaiee
ei?eniee aeina?ae ? cai?iiiiiaai? oeyoe eiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy. Ca
aeiiiiiaith aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy i?iaaaeaia
iioei?caoe?y ae?iaie/i? no?oeoo?e ainiiaea?noa noni?eueiiai naeoi?a
aa?a?ii? noa?e aeiiii?ee ia i?eeeaae? Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai ?aeiio.
Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iiceoeaii ioe?iai? ea??aieeaie
?aeiiii? eaiee ? aoaeooue canoiniaoaaoenue i?e i?aai?caoe?? ?iaioe
i?aei?e?inoa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?aei?e?inoai, aa?a?iee naeoi?, aeiiii?ea, iai?yiie,
iniaeeaino?, ?aoi?ioaaiiy, ?aa?ii, no?oeoo?a, iioei?caoe?y,
iiaeaethaaiiy.

Aa?eaaue A.A. Iniaaiiinoe ?aoi?ie?iaaiey aa?a?iiai naeoi?a i?iiuoeaiiiai
I?eaeiai?iauey a oneiaeyo nioeeaeueii i?eaioe?iaaiiie ?uii/iie
yeiiiieee. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.02 – yeiiiieea naeueneiai oicyenoaa e AIE. –
Aeiai?iiao?ianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao,
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iao/iiai iainiiaaiey iai?aaeaiee
?aoi?ie?iaaiey aa?a?iiai naeoi?a yeiiiieee i?iiuoeaiiiai I?eaeiai?iauey
n o/aoii aai niaoeeoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoae e nioeeaeueiie i?eaioaoeee. A
i?ioeanna enneaaeiaaiee onoaiiaeaii, /oi aa?a?iue naeoi? yeiiiieee
i?iiuoeaiii ?acaeouo ?aaeiiia I?eaeiai?iauey io i?i/eo ioee/aaony
?aciuie i?iecaiaenoaaiiui e o?oaeiaui iioaioeeaeaie, iai?aaeaiiinoueth
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, yeiiiie/aneeie e nioeeaeueiuie
oneiaeyie. Yoi iaoneiaeaii iaee/eai aieueoiai eiee/anoaa
?oaeiaeiauaathueo, ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo, iaoaeeo?ae/aneeo e
aniiiiaaoaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee, nin?aaeioi/aiiuo a Aeiai?iiao?ianeii,
E?eai?iaeneii, Ieeiiieueneii e ae?oaeo ?aeiiao Aeiai?iiao?ianeie iaeanoe
– oeaio?a eiaeono?eaeueiiai I?eaeiai?iauey. Aunieay eiioeaio?aoeey
i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa auea i?e/eiie aicieeiiaaiey ?acaaoaeaiiie
naoe ai?iaeia e ?aai/eo iinaeeia, /oi ia iiaei ia io?aceoueny ia
aeaiia?aoe/aneii ninoiyiee naea e ?acaeoee aa?a?iie io?anee. Ia
naeueneiai aeeoaey a Ieeiiieueneii ?aeiia i?eoiaeeony ii/oe 7,
E?eai?iaeneii – 20, Aeiai?iiao?ianeii – 30 /aeiaae ai?iaeneiai
ianaeaiey. Naeueneioicyenoaaiiua i?aaei?eyoey yoeo ?aeiiia anaaaea auee
iaoeaeaiu, i?aaeaea anaai, ia i?iecaiaenoai iaeio?ainii?oaaaeueiie
i?iaeoeoeee aaeaaeiaaiiai iio?aaeaiey, eioi?ay ia iiaeeaaeaea
aeeeoaeueiiio o?aiaieth. Yoi, i?aaeaea anaai iaiue, naaaeaa iieiei,
yeoea e iyni. Iaania/aiea noaaeeueiiai niaaaeaiey ianaeaiey ?aaeiia
yoeie i?iaeoeoaie ieoaiey auei i?eioeeieaeueii aaaeiui aii?inii, iiyoiio
aeey yooaeoeaiiai i?iecaiaenoaa e aaconeiaiiai aaeieieno?aoeaiiai
oi?aaeaiey aa?a?iuie i?aaei?eyoeyie a aieueoeinoaa ec ieo auee nicaeaiu
niaoicu n aaaaeaieai ainoaea?noaaiiie oi?iu nianoaaiiinoe. Iaia?oaeaiu e
i?iaiaeece?iaaiu iniaaiiinoe i?iaaaeaiey ?aoi?iu eae a oeaeii ii ?aaeiio
– nio?aieaoaany e?oiiioiaa?iia i?iecaiaenoai, oae e ii aai
oa??eoi?eaeueiui aaeeieoeai, a eiaiii neo/ae oe?oiiaiey oicyenoaothueo
noauaeoia a Aeiai?iiao?ianeii ?aeiia, ae?iaeaiey a Ieeiiieueneii,
neeyiey aa?a?iuo i?aaei?eyoee n i?iiuoeaiiuie a E?eai?iaeneii.
N?aaieaaaony o?iaaiue i?iecaiaenoaa naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee a
eiaeono?eaeueiii ?aaeiia e iaeanoe a oeaeii. Aiaeece?oaony
iieiaeeoaeueiue iiuo i?iaaaeaiey ?aoi?iu a naeueneii oicyenoaa
I?eaeiai?ianeiai ?aaeiia. I?aaeeiaeaiu iooe aai aiaae?aiey a aeeceeo ii
niaoeeoeea ?aaeiiao. I?e iiiiue yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey
i?iecaaaeaia (a aeaoo aa?eaioao) iioeiecaoeey i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
no?oeoo?u i?aaei?eyoee iauanoaaiiiai naeoi?a aa?a?iie noa?u yeiiiieee
Aeiai?iiao?ianeiai ?aeiia. E?eoa?ee iioeiaeueiinoe – iaeneiecaoeey
i?eauee. I?iecaaaeaiiua ?an/aou iicaieytho oaycaoue eioa?anu
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee n nioeeaeueiuie o?aaiaaieyie
i?aiaeaaeathuaai a ?aaeiia ai?iaeneiai ianaeaiey a i?iaeoeoeee
aeeaioiiaiaenoaa e iaiuaaiaenoaa. Naeaeai i?iaiic ?acaeoey io?anee a
?aeiia. ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iieiaeeoaeueii ioeaiaiu
?oeiaiaeeoaeyie ?aeiiiiai caaia e aoaeoo eniieueciaaiu i?e i?aaiecaoeee
?aaiou naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee ?aeiia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?aaei?eyoea, aa?a?iue naeoi?, yeiiiieea, iai?aaeaiea,
iniaaiiinoe, ?aoi?ie?iaaiea, ?aaeii, no?oeoo?a, iioeiecaoeey,
iiaeaee?iaaiea.

Garkavy V.V. Peculiarities of industrial Pridneprovye agrarian sector
reformation under conditions of socially orientated market economy. –
Manuscript.

The dissertation for the scientific degree of candidate of economic
sciences by speciality 08.07.02 – economy of agriculture and the
agrarian industrial complex, Dniepropetrovsk State Agrarian University,
Dniepropetrovsk, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to scientific substantiation of ways of
industrial Pridneprovye agrarian sector reformation taking into
consideration its characteristic features and sense of social purpose.
General principles and theoretical fundamentals of Ukrainian agriculture
reformation are expounded. Peculiarities of reformation intrinsic in
Pridneprovsky industrial region were discovered. Useful experience was
analysed and the ways of its spreading were proposed. The optimum
production structure of public sector farms in agrarian sphere of
economy in case of Dniepropetrovsk region was determined with economic
and mathematical modelling. The results of investigation were positively
appreciated by leaders of district link and will be applied in
organising of agricultural enterprise’s work.

Key words: enterprise, agrarian sector, economy, way, peculiarities,
reformation, region, structure, to find an optimum, modelling.

Похожие записи